Newspaper Page Text
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LEVI h, TATE, Cdtor.
SATURDAY MORNING, JUNE 30, 180.
t OR f RESIDENT IN 1BW.
John 0. Breckinridge,
ron VICE r RESIDENT I
Cbarles 11. Buckalcw,
DKIH0C1UTIC STATU NOMINATIONS.
HENKY D. FOSTER,
Demooratlc Stato Executive
A meeting of ttia Democratic Ftale Uiceullve Com
mittee will tw held on Monday afternoon, July 2, 1SGO,
tt 3 ottock, at tho Merchant! Hotel, Philadelphia,
WILLIAM II. WELSH,
June 23, 1960. Chairman.
In the bandi of the above Committee rciti the destiny
tf th Democratic party and ihd eountry. They know
the Btato of I'cnuiylvanla hold in her handg the next
Fresldcnt. Without the Keystone Lincoln la baten.
It must be Bared to the Democracy, how shall it be
done? Our position It well known. Almost every
paper Is committed In some way. Will the Committee
lake such action as will allow each wing lU prefer
ence, orwitl itcoerc and ruin?
This U not a time to follow factious counsels.
There mutt be freedom cf action, or action itself is
uselcsi. Do not bind us hand and foot, and then or
dcr us to carry the State. We hnow this District, we
know Individual democrat j and we pray for conces
sion, for freedom for our preferences, and for tome
chatica for union and concert of action.
ET- Imlay and Dlckncll'i Standard Bank Note Detec
tor, for July. ha. been received at tbi. oiflee and it iaa
Among the marvel, of the age, is the mou run of
Good., and tho loa priet at which they are Belling, at
li'.ltla's Cheap Store, in Light Street.
Cheap Sttmmtr ClotMng, always to bo had. at Mr. Low
onberg'e Clothing Eemporium, in HI oomsburg, latest
stle. best make and lowest price.
Tlio Tariff Bill Postponed.
On Thursday last tho Tariff Bill was
up for consideration in the United States
Mr. Hunter, of Virginia, moved the
postponement of its consideration till De
cember next, stating that ho believed that
the present tariff would yield revenue
enough for the wants of the Government.
Senator Bigler was against tho postpone
ment and warmly urged the passage of the
bill as follows :
Ha said he had no intention to make an
extended speech. Tho present condition
of the industrial interests demand a change
in the rovenuo laws, and there existed a
real necessity for an increased revenue.
Tho Senator from Virginia had spoken of
what the expenses of the Government
ought to be, but that was a fallacious ba
sis for calculation. Our expenses keep
pace with the increase of our revenue, and
tho present tariff not affording sufficient
revenue, nor keeping up with tho ratio of
tho increase in tho expenses, all experience
had shown that the expenses of the Gov
ernment could not be kept down to the
point indicated by tho Senator from Vir
ginia. Mr. Bigler then went into a detailed
statement of the expenses of tho Govern
ment, showing their steady increase during
tho last four years, and that under the
tariff of 1857 tho revenues were going bo
hindhand, and tho deficiency constantly
increasing. The estimates of the De
partments more than exhaust the revenue
of the present year, and large sums have
been added by Congress to the estimate.
Many claims aro also coming upon tho
treasury, which would have to bo met,
among which ho reckoned the rrci
He also referred to tho existing debt of
the country and to the probability of
building the racitio Kailroad. ihc sec
retary of the Treasury had himself said
that if tho expenses are increased tho
revenue must also be increased to meet
them, and aid should be given to tho great
industrial interests of tho country, iu favor
of the labor of the land, lie argued in
favor of proper specific duties, but thought
tho objections against the ad valorem prin
ciple might be obviated. He defended the
House bill against the charges of tho Sen
ator from Virginia, and argued the ne
cessity of a tariff for the interests of the
great Stato ot I'eunsylvania.
The voto for postponement wa3 yeas,
S5, nays, 23, Senator Bigler voting in the
negative. Tho truth about tho tariff is
just this ; The Rcpublicuns, though now
professing to favor ft change in the Tariff
of 1657, aro directly responsible for tho
chango of the 4840 Tariff and tho sub
stitution in its stead of tho Tariff of 1857.
They had tho majority in tho House, and
the Committco of Ways and Mcaus which
reported tho Bill was composed of a ma
jority of Republicans, Besides, a very
largo amount of money, 857,000, by one
firm alone, waa spent to buy the 1857
Tariff Bill through Comgrcss. These are
tho facts and cannot bo denied. THE
REPUBLICAN PARTY ALONE IS
RESPONSIBLE FOR THE 1857 TAR
IFF. Phttadelpltia Evening News, is
tho cognomen of an evening Penny Daily,
just issued in that City, by J, R. Flani
gen, Esq. It goes for thc republican
nominations. Thc News makes a respec
table appearauco, and is conducted with
t&'fho Chicago Tribune saya; If ledger.
Lincoln is elected, ho wont bring much' tSF Mr. John A. Sheep, of Washing
that is ornamental into the Whito Houso." tonvillc, has secured tho contract for car
and tho BostouVxV thihks that's so, if thc rying thc mail between Danville and that
portraits of him are corrtct. place, daily, for four year.
It. Inhabitant., Advantage, and Improvement..
Whilst attending Court last week at
Williamsport, we employed a few leisuro it is broken into two apparently irrcconci
momcnts, in noting some of tho Items of .lablc divisions, On Saturday last tho
interest inbcmncction with that beautiful j Democratic Natioual Convention at Ualti
and crowing village, for tho edification of 1 more nominated Stephen A. Dauglas, for
tho readers of tho Columbia Democrat. i
Visitors to the Everlasting State, alwoys J
.tnn nt thn "United Slates Hntnl." knnthv ,
our worthy young friend V. S. Doeblcr,
Ksn. This is a First Class House, unex-'
colled in all tho essentialities of comfort
and convenience, by any City Hotel. One
of tho essential fixtures attaching to the
TTnitml St.. i. mif nond frinnd. Mr. '
Charles R. Doebler, the younger broth
er of tho Proprietor, who acts in tho ca
pacity of General Superintendent, aud
whose courtesy, kindness and politeness is
as proverbial, as the United States is popu
lar. Hundreds of customers dine here
daily, and many, many more, are daily
denied admission, for "want of room in
"Doeblcr's Hall," is a magnificent now
edifice, on Third Street, below the United
States Hotel, just erected by its enterpri
sing proprietor, Mr. V. S. Doeblcr. It is
a brick building, 00 m 02 feel, four stones
high, with Restaurants in tho basement,
Hotel on the first Moor, conducted on the
European Plan, Stores, Offices and Bill
iard Saloons on tho upper floors and n spa
cious Town Hall in the next story, iu
which aro temporarily held tho Circuit
and District Courts of tho United States.
This building was erected at the cost of
some 818,000, and is creditable to tho en
larged cntcrpriso of its already wealthy
proprietor, and is an honor and ornament
even to Williamsport.
The fouudation of the Lycoming County
Court Houso, to be erected upon tho ecito
of tho old building, is already completed,
and the structuro is rapidly progressing.
Tho new building will be 05 a 130 feet,
with a space of 29 feet between tho floor
and Foiling. The building contract has
been takeu by Ex-Sheriff Rissell, for
833,000, including the material of tho old
fabric, but as it is to be put up in the most
modern style, will doubtless cost when
completed, near double that amount. It
is intended, in addition to the wants of the
County Courts aud Public Offices, to ac
commodate tho United States Courts, with
Marshal's Office, Jury Rooms, and Fire
Proofs attached, for which purpose the
Grand Juries of 1850 and also of 1860,
at the June Sessions, respectively, recom
mended to the General Government an
appropriation of 810,000 of tho Public
monies for the accommodation of that
branch of tho Government Officials.
The Anniversary Exercises of tho Dick
inson Seminary, commenced last week, at
Williamsport. Tho introductory Sermon,
was preached by the Rev. B. B. Hamlin,
of Danville. We enjoyed tho satisfaction
of attending tho evening Sessions of the
College, which were chiefly made up of
Speeches and Declamation by the Stu
dents, and gave very general satisfaction
Indeed they exhibited marked advance
ment over the exercises of last year, when
we also enjoyed the pleasure of witnessing
the Exercises of tho Annual Commence
ment of the College. This is a Literary
Institution of distinguished reputation, un
dcr tho direction of the M. E. Denoinina
tion, of which the Rev. Mr. Mitchell, is
Principal, assisted by a largo aud intclli
gent Faculty of Ladies and Gentlemen.
uwu. 'iiui ,lu.lt.1U, Wl JJJ i.UlIllll,
it appears to be pretty generally agreed in
political circles, will I
political circles, will bo tho Democratic
Candidate for Congress. This would be a
n..iu.,. . f mi.!. i.i .
iudicious nomination. n,l .imnln in.tinn tn
,o. iuu nuuiu a.
' wi'.iiwu aiii. aaiiuniuui:i;u UIU111S VI I
, , , .. .i
an old nnd consistent Natioual Democrat. I
Gen. Fleming, is a lawyer of largo abili
ty, a gentleman of high social qualities and I
a distinguished public speaker, and will
make a most creditable Representative in
Did time and spaso permit, we should
gladly speak of other improvements in aud
l,ni ir;ii:..i a.:.:. ... i
, . . ,, . .. . ' , .. '
briefly noto the spirit of tho Public Press,
. T, , .. a. i t ,
in tho Evcrlcstiug State. In addition to
tho old Lycoming Gazette, published by
Messrs. Clauk & Higoins, Cha's. C.
Butt, Esq., conducts the WiUiamsport
Press, and a new republican paper, called
the '! Wcst-lirnnch llullctin," has been
commenced by Cvnus Jeffmes. Esq,,
whilstour excellent young friend, DANIEL
BOWER, Esq., is about issuing, in con
nection with a Mr. Fitzoehalp, a new
Daily paper, under tho cognomen of thc
" Williamsport Daily Times," Mr. Bow
er , is a gentleman of ability, energy and
high social qualities, with which he com
bines thc pro-requisites of a thorough prac
tical Printer. Tho enterprise of publish
ing a Daily Paper, in the interior of thc
Stato, is most commendable, and should
bo cordially seconded by tho citizens of
that intelligent section of country, although
its success may be regarded as 6omewhat
problematical, yet we scarcely think tho
project can well fail when Fustaincd by
euch a Bower,
The Coal Ledger, is the title of a
very neat newspaper, published at Miners
ville, Schuylkill county, by F. T. Bennett,
Esq. It appears to bo neutral in politics.
Wo liko tho tone nnd appoaranco of thc
Tho Bnltimoro Conventions. I
Tho calamltv so loaff hovorino over tlio
Democratic parly has at last occurred, and
-----rf----o O I
President, and Benjamin Fitzpatrick, of
Alabama, for Vice President, while thoso
who succeeded from tho Convention, iu
'connection with delegates excluded by the
adoption of tho majority report of the Con-
vention, in connection with delegates ex-
eluded by tho adoption of tho majority
report of tho Committco on Credentials,
formed a new Convention and nominated
John C. Breckinridge, for President, and
Joseph Lane, for Vice President. This
result, while it was not entirely uncxpec-.
ted, extinguishes tho hopes that wo in com-
mon with the groat mass of the Democratic
party oi l onnsylvania entertained, that the . iuc l,u,lc 1 iju.-i. mns is .uumus
representatives of the party at Baltimore ,ml la,er instance of the same kind in
would riso superior to the personal jealous- ( Pennsylvania history of the ro-convening
ics and hair-splitting abstractions that '. of Bn ul Convention upon a special cmor
caused the division at Charleston, and in gencyi and with both these notable cases
a spirit of enlarged patriotism bury past ,n V1BW wo 110 ,,nt 800 l,ow "n mclI!0'
differences and dissensions, for tho good of, the Pennsylvania delegation rould have
the Democratic party aud tho welfare offvoltMl for "10 oxcl"8' of the regular del
the whole-Union. This anticipation is, for ' centioD from I'nu'sian because it was
the present at least, dissipated. The stub- rlwson by nn old Convention re-convfned
born, unyielding determination of both
sidc.-t not tn mVo an inn), tn snvn tlm TWr,. .
cratio party from disruption, has been fol- j
lowed bv its ncccssarv consciences, which
wo a,.o in tl,n nnn.inr.tinn nft nnn,l!.itn I
for tho Presidency tho ono nominated i
mainly by votes from the North, and the'
other by votes principally from Southern
It is not a pleasant task to review the
causes of this disruption. But it is appa
rent that the difficulties and disasters at
Baltimore had their germ in tho foolish,
XIJI11U1U1U HUH tliUll ITUI IU III till) 1UU11M1.
... , . , , . ., . . .r,
ill advised and suicidal secession of South-
.! .I..lnntrt f.n... fl . ,
tin ui-ik-uuiva irum ml! uoiivcuuon at
rii , , fp, . . ,
Charleston. -that movement was made
precipitately, and without sufficient -al-l
culation of its consequences, Tho dele
gates who restorted to secession iu a mo
ment of passion, discovered, as soon as
they had time to examine their position
with coolness, that they had been guilty of
a great blunder. The Convention, willing
to grant time and opportunity that this '
mistake might be repaired, and the States
left without representatives bv tho defect -
ion of their delegates, afforded tho privi -
o i i
lego of supplying the vacancies, and re
constituting tnc convention a great national
reprcscuiaure uoay oi ine iiemocracy cn
.. , ....
tho whole Union, adjourned to Baltimore,
after adopting a resolution rcsncctfully
" recomnic idin" to tho D mo- atie ri t
.. Q 1 cmocra ic pat-y
Ul U1U DUlUltll Uli.lLUa IU JUilhU II1UV1S1UUI
for supplying all vacancies
ill llieir iu
"spective delegations to this Convention
" when it shall rc-a-semblc." Under this
authority the Democratic organizations in
the several States from which delegates
withdrew at Charleston, , proceed to take
the necessary step, for filling the vacancies.
In so doing, dissensions and divuions oc-
. . , ,
curled in several of the states, and double
, ,. " , , ' . i
claiming scats and the true representatives
of the Democratic party of their States j
This now complication was caused by !
the effort of tho vecedin. delegates tQ i
hc cuou ot tho.ccedin0 delegates to get
back to the Convention, and repair the'
enormous blunder they had committed at
Had they acted with cool-
ncss aim uiBcreuon in tuo nrst instance,
aud not denarte.d from thnir .iilnrrtnnnn tn'
the democratio party simply because tho
, j .., , , , ",!
. u"'"uu" i qucsuoit oi piauorm, ine
" ,""J'm .TP b0 ",uc" Pr0,CS3CU 10
, nnlnrn am iirl.Inli llin,. lnnl- v . ml .n,
' 7 ;. 7
i . . , , , ,
revolutionary means to avert, might have
, . , , ,, , , ..
uteu jiiuveuieu iiy puacuiui aim legilliuaic
j processes. Ihey had it in their power to
prevent any but a national nomination,
and thus avert tho disastrous division whioh
has overtaken the onco invincible Demo
cratic party ; but by following rash coun
sels, and plunging into devious and unccr
tain paths, they contributed in a grcat
degree to tho final disruption, and placed
. , , , . , . '. ' '
in the hands of their enemies weapons for
But after the Charleston Convention had
requested the several States to fill va
cancies, it was not for tho Baltimore Con
vention to dctermino who should be cho
sen by the respective States ns their rep
resentatives. That was a question for the
exclusive determination of tho States.
They had the right to re-commission the
sccediug delegates and the Convention had
no right to question their authority. Al
abama, Louisiana, Mississippi and Geor
gia did re-elect the delegates who seceded
from Charleston, in whole or in part, and
every requirement of regularity, every
principle of justice, demanded that they
should bo admitted to their seats, not by
virtuo of their old commissions, which
were possibly vacated by their secession,
but by virtue of the new commissions they
bore from tho regular Democratic organ
izations of Sovereign States. Yet the
majority of the Committee on Credentials
acted upon thc idea that secession affixed
a stigma to theso delegates, aud operated
as an argument against their re-admission.
Tako tho caso of Louisiana for instance.
Tho regular Executive Committco of that
Stato reconvened tho old Stato Conven
tion, which re-elected the seceding dele
gates. As the only living organization
of the party in tho State, tho Committco
was the oD.y power eompotcnt to indicate
the manner in which the parly machinery
al.onldle put in operation. In opposition I
this Convention, a nbvr Convention
was convened hf a voluntary orcanua
tion of Democrats vestrd with no power
from thc;Domocraoy (if the Stalo, which
elected another set of delegates ho&dcd by
Mr. Soulo. Tho Committee on Crcdontl.
als, evidently governed hy partiality on
the one hand and prejudice on the other,
admitted liio Soule delegation and ex-
eluded the delegation re-elected hy the
old uouveiiiion, on tlio grounu niai xue
Convention had adjourned sine du after
exercising its original powers, nod that the
Executive Committco could not rovivo it.
H this rea-oning was correct, then the
nomination of Governor Slmnk in 1814 by
a Convention which bad adjourned sine
rf'c "i'1 was ngtti" ro' vcncA. after tho
death of Mr. Muhlenberg, was invalid,
The Dcmocraoy of Pennsylvania never
01 lno ca'! 01 lnb '''"""I've uoininutee,
Dna admitted a set of delegates whoso
olcction WM eoeaaedly irregular. Wc
instance this one oasc as a typo of tho
rest. The Alabama coso is even stronger
n . a
rent lor tho
Sftil"t the majority ol the C
xue outra """nipi'teo in u
Gcorgia delegation was too great lor tho '
majority of tho Convention, ready as thoy !
wero to endorse the report of the Commit-
. , . , T, . .
iuu iii iiili ijon-iiuitiia, i u in u unit '
space permitted wc could point out the ;
inconsistency and partiality of this tin-'
iority report, which was adopted by the
' V. U 1 1 K. IILIU 1 1 111 II 3 I U K Ul llIU ll.ltl
I rule control ing t ie minority nl the New
, fe . . .
iiru iiuuuu'jii tn him uiiji.-t iuiiuii. v,;ia
the turning point of the Convention. Had
justice been done, and the regularly com-
. . , , , , . ,, .... .
missioned delegate, from these States been
admitted to the Convention, tho breach
which followed their exclusion would have
been averted. Mr. DouMas miht not
, " u "' . unuy aim
t i !.i v . .i i
Jm - u'uui uul"
! Hc" Prcsorvc,1
, t hn ,1 n n v mnn
and this is worth
Wo do not
tho personal success of any man in this
count m mMcr h()w tfat j, t;.li-ut-
, ,.". t,:. fr:,ia
.no matter how numerous his Iricnus or
' , , . . . .
, C .cll"a(:-H worth the 1-rieo
0Il'ar'J "'"'"tegrauoii. n we nati necn
jUo most devoted iriend of Judge Douglas
. nm, lnn-.r 'iiftlnn-i tnr ln iimiiitifirimi in
wouid have labored the more earnestly to
rescue him from association iu any way
with the division of the Democratic party.
It is a poor triumph nt the best, to scenic
n llnmiu-ttinn m,-r tin. i.(-i,tiil.li,i., 1rji..
i mcnt4 of t h
bccn much t,(j Collvemiou
, . n r, .
ken measures to pro-erve the Democratic
. , , . , . , o i ,.
j party whole and united. Such n result
was worth a great priev even the defeat
of a fnvorito canfJWal(..
For oorsolvM w0 m0llrn ,he rash and
:, , .i. . , ,
'u c,11P"ate counsels that have brought
grcat ca,an,ty upo) ,h(1 DalBoeratlc
t W0 regrct that foolish and culpa-
Wo bCCCMion ou the ono sido. should have
,,,, ,,,, -v . at ,v,. n ,
been punished by unjust exclusion on the
Our most earnest desiro i. for tho
. defeat of the Black Rcnublican nartv mwl
; its e.,-;,:,,,,, nmi 01,rd,itv i In follow tl,n
path that promises to lead most directly
. tl a, . i
and in so doing wc shall
1 not, in any event, be severed from the
grcat mass ot th.
lie Democracy of Pcnnsyl-
-Patriot ij- U.tion.
Who aro tho Tariff Mon?
The Abolition Republican party, who
arc crying protcition, no doubt as a kind
of bid for Pennsylvania votes, in 1850
nominated John C. Fremont, a Free Trade
man, for President.
T ,or, . , . ., .
In 1857 ... Pennsylvania, theynomina-
tcd David Vt ilmot, the only Free' Trade
Congressman in tho Pennsylvania Legisla-
turo, in 1310, for Governor.
Tn lsrm tiiov nn.nii,niirl Hnn TlnnnSKol
TT 1!.. -1 -sT ... ., . . m ,
i of all
for Vice President , and in tho faco
these realities tney are, hy their leading
journals, questioning the veracity of Mr. whirlwind. Loud applause. They had tives which induced my despatch four years
Foster, who is usiii" every effort in his nt Charleston voted to construe the two-1 ago, withdrawing my namo from the Cm
power, at Washington, for the ndvanM-'K of'ho 10' ci"nati Convention With this knowledge
1 ? , , . ., 01 "10 Electoral College, at the request of, of my opinions and wishes, you and other
protcetion ot her mineral wealth and homo
industry a position he has always been
kuown to tako, and in defence of which he
is now laboring assiduously.
Tho Richmond Convention.
Nomination of Breckinridge and I.ane
the Cliarlaton Majority Pla'orm Re
affirmed. Richmond, June 20. The Convention
re-assemblod to-day and declared Breck
inridge and Lane to be the unanimous
choieo of tho Convention for President1
and Vico President.
The Convention re-aflirmed the ma
jority platform adopted by the samn body
ut Charleston and then adjourned sine
Tho delegation of notional dologates
from New York were not admitted tn
Death of Ion, John Schuarti.llon.
Johu Schwartz, member of Congress from
tho Berks District in thit State, died at
Washington, on Wednesday night of last
BJLTIltlOUlJ NATIONAL DBMOCKATIC
The proceeding? of tho Convention nub
sequent to thoie in tho Columbia Demo
crat, of last week, consisted of a ecrios of
contests as to tho admission of tho original
delegates to Charleston, or to thoso vari
ously chosen, to fill the vacancy caused by
tho former secession. Tho Committee on
Credentials presented thrco reports, and
that of the majority favoring the admission
of tho Southern Douglas delegations, adop
ted by tho Convention. hereupon a
very considerable number of tho Delegates
from the different portious of tho Union
retired from the Convention. Some retired
absolutely, some for consultation, and oth
ers notified the body remaining, that they
would not rctiro, but would decline to take
any part iu tho subsequent proceedings.
Thus stood tho casfl on Friday evening,
and wo give below tlit) proceedings of both
wings on Saturday. It will be seen that
in tho Douglat Convention there were iu
all left 105 votes ; and in the BrcckinrTdge
Convention 105 votes. We copy from tho
Tlio Two ISaltimorc Co mentions.
Ro)ltlnations by lioih Douglas and Fit
pitmen oy om urcmennuge ana i.ane
ty the other.
Tho proceedings of the Democratio Con-
volitions nt .
J$altmioru,oii Saturday can uejinc Honor conierrco on ins ovate in select
imed up. President Cushing 1 ing for the candidate for the Presidency
having resigned the position as preriding
Ofjjocr 0f the regular Convcntion.tliat body
substituted Mr. Todd, of Ohio, to fill tho
'lilace. The resolution to nroceed with a
place. The resolution to proceed with a I
ballot was then adopted, mid the roll was j
c."11' When Louisiana was called, Mr.
Soulo spoke lor the delegation. Ho was
, a L . ,, i,,.
.ln.i.Timtivl rm 1
"political fossils crusted in office,1' and
churned that war had been waged on Don
. . . . t
glas hy an army of unprincipled nnd un-1
scrupulous politicians. T hole who raised
i. .. t- 1 i. i
t. Secession h a word uied to conceal
t in Hfnrm urn hnnnil til Milk- nnd I l:mt,pnr
another word, and one of inore sigmfie.inec
ii musi ncgw disunion, j lie reason giv-
en by the secessionists for leaving the Con-
vont," wt.ru "lv " Potest. '1 hey were
mere tools in the lianda ot intriguers. Jhe
Sou,h cannot nd ,Q .,u,. b 110VC1Ilellt
He alluded to the admission of California
into the Union as a free State, and the
threats made at the South at the tune.
M.l ... -I I ., 1 .1 ... I
incv cuaiigeu mcir crowm men. aim
throat?to AmqU Un,01 WM
not realised. The Southern States had
male a sacrifice then, in exchange for the
principle of non intervention. Tho South
could not Iu-earnest in its devotion to its
principles, if, by division among thcmsel-
ves, they give up the tioverunicnt to their !
v- .1 j n . t -j ,
cneiiuef, North and West. Jlr. noulcs1
spCeeh was repeatedly cheered, especially .
when it reflected most severely on tho sj
ees.-ionists. At its elo-e, ho c.it the vut
of Louisiana for Stephen A. Don;
Mr. Russell, of New York, withdrew the
name of Horatio Seymour, and read a let
ter from him.
-' P. M- The firt ballot for President
resulted as follows :
" Henry A. lae,
" Un kin. on.
Pennsylvania voted ns follows: For
Douglas, 10 votes; for Breckeniidge, it :
for Seymour, 1; for Guthrie, 3. The
ivf"'c'1 JJ'fr Great excitement
lollowed the voto of rennsylvania, with do-
matl(l3 to kuow wIl0 h (U,lcpatns wcru
that roflM(1 to vot(Jt ln .imi0,1(.in(; tll0
voto of Pennsylvania, Mr. Dawson .stated
that nine delegates had refused to vote.-
Uno delegate cast his vote for Horatio
Seymour, of New York.
tn,l . Ti..i...P.? v:.,ii. i..i:.... i.'i.:.i.
1 he following states were not represen-
Mississinni. Texas. California t'lUon -7.'
Georgia was represented in part, but
Mr. Church (N. Y.) offered the follow
Resolved, That Stephen A. Douglas
haviug received two-thirds of all the votes
cast in this National Democratic Conven
tiou, is, according to the rules of this Con
vention and the usages of the Democratic
party, declared to bo nominated for the
office of President of the United States.
Mr. Church said that tho New York
delegation iu this contest had been willing
to yield nil except their personal honor
nnu tuo nonor oi tneir constituents, to con -
anJ -,,. (iu 3 .
ty, ut wi,cn tuoy wurc apProat,ije(i an,i
told that they must yield a candidate who
was tho choieo of tho Democracy of tho
State, and in addition admit uucoiiditiou-
ally to the Convention men who had scce-
ally to the Convention men who had scce-
jcj witi,out auv just cauS(,) ,aj Spur.
ned the overtures. Thoy would go home
and sweep tho State of New York as a
and sweep tho State of .New York as a
oomu, who remained witn tijcm on tno
pledge that it they so voted tho South
would remain with tho Convention. A
portion of tho South had broken the pledge
mm now mis wrong construction ot the
rule was no longer a peaco offering. New
York was prepared to tako all the respon
sibility for the resolution now offered.
At the solicitation of Col. Flournev.
(Ark.) who wished another ballot, bo they ' the seceding democratic convention
could inako the voto for Douglas btrongcr. ! The members of the Democratio Con
Mr. Chnrch withdrew his resolution. vention who seceded on Friday evening
Mr. David L. Seymour, on tho part of, held a Convention nt tho Maryland Insti
the Dickinson men of tho New York dele-' tuto. which was crowded with sneelaini-H.
gates, voted for Douglas.
Mr. Mason, (Ivy.) a Guthrie man, gave
in ins nuegiauce to uougias, i
The becoiid ballot was then announced, j
second ri allot.
rtrec kcnniigc. -I i
'Juthrie. 5j i
The resolution declaring Senator Dou-
glaB as tho nomineo, was then seconded,,
and adopted unanimously.
A scene of excitement ensued that clear
ly ovinced the violence of tho feelings of
Douglas' friends, so long pont up. Tbo
cheers wero deafening. Hats and handk-,
crchicfswcro waved und thrown into tho
air. From tho upper tier, bauners long
kept in reserve for tbb occasion were un-
furled and waved before tho audience. 1
On tho stago appeared a banner which
was borne by tho delegation from Pcnn-1
sylvania, bearing tho motto, "Pcnnsylva-!Mr.
ma gOOU ior '.u.vvu ninjoniy wr iuu
Uhecrs lor tue "iiiuio uiani' were pro
posed and responded to with a will, until
all was a porfect roar inside of tho build
ing and on tho outside. After considera
ble time had elapsed, and something like
order was restored, the President Boid
"With heartfelt satisfaction, as presid
ing officer of this Convention, I declare
Stenhcn A. Douclas. bv a unanimous voto
the caudidato of tho Democratic party of
tho Union for President of these United .
States, and may God in his infinite mercy
protect him and the Union he represents."
Tho scene of excitement was rcnewod
with all its previous intensity by this
speech. Mr. Dawson, of Pennsylvania,
gave the endorsement of Pennsylvania to
tlio nominee, declaring Ins admiration ior
hi ability, gallantry nnd davotion to the
Democracy and to tho Union.
Mr. John Cochrane, of New York on
behalf of tho Guthrio men of New York,
warmly endorsed Judge Douglas, admit
ting that ho was, above all others, the
choice of the Democracy of New York.and
declaring their iutcntion to support him
with tho utmost enthusiasm.
Other delegates gave in the allegiance)
ot their States, lioud applause tollowcu
I In tho evening the Convention again
I ti.nt fitul tirMiiin'i tn,! llntiiimin l.'i trnntripV
for yKa ircsiclont.
Mr !iciiarafon 0f Illinois, made n
speech. Ho thanked tho Convention for
her favorito son.
idcrs, Inlaid if tho 1
be defeated, and Its
' illed, thoy (the scr
Alluding to the scco
Democratic party should
its perpetual ruin iinpor-
illed, thoy (the serodcrs) mint bear the
responsibility, and not Douglas or his
friends. In this connection he produced
a letter from Mr. Douglas, dated ash
in-tnn. llm 2()lli m.-t. uutlxii'izini? and re
' quoting his friends, to withdraw his
I name it, in their judgment, harmony could
, 1 1 11 . 1 1 l I
bo produced. He introduced this letter as
I an evidence of Douglas' aeadiacss lobar-
I .t 'I! 1 IT
moirze uiu parry y Miuriia-ing iui.im'u.
but the withdrawal of the sccudcrs proven
ted his friends from making any use of it
He announced that Mr. Douglas accepted
LCTTKH OF SKNATOU POUdLAS OFt'i.lUNO
TO WITHDRAW FOH TI1K tSAKK OP Till!
Washington, June 20, 180011 P.
M Private. M Dkak Sir: I learn
there is imminent danger that the Demo
cratic party will be demoralized, if not de
stroyed, by the breekiug up ot the Oonven
tion. Such a result would liioutahly ex
I po-,c the country tu the perils of sectional
strife between the Smith and North,
laud tho Southern partisans of Congress-
I ioml intervention upon the subject ot ehv
ry m the Territories.
J t .. . , ..,,,. .
I hrinlv ai.d ron-cientiously believe tint
there s no safety for the country-no
hope for the preservation of the Union, ex
cept by a faithful and ngid adherence to
the doctrine of nou-intervenli m by Co i
gress with slater in the t Tiitories. In
terveiition means di-union There is no
difference in the principle between North
ern and Southern intervention. The one
intervenes for slavery, an the other a-gain-t
slavery ; but each appeals to tho
ptssious and prejudices- of bis own section
again-t the peace of the whole country
anil the light of self government by the
p "npln of the territories. Hence the doc
trine of n ill-intervention mii-t be main
tamed at all hazards, liut while I can,
never sacrifice the principle, even to at-
tain the Preside ey, I will cl.eerfuUy and
joylully sacrifice myself O maintain tlw
. . ' V.r -j . .
heroic firmness al Charltston and Baltimore
shall be of the opinion that tho principle
can be preserved, and thc unity and as
cendency of the Democratic party main
tained and the country sacd from the
i peiils of Northern abolftioiiism and South
I 1111 bunion by withdrawing my name,
" uniting ujpuu cuim; viiici i ! I ii it; j i u
tion, l moil-loving Democrat, I bcjccch
you to pursue that cour.-e.
i)o not understand me as wishing to die
tate to my friends. I have explicit coufi
denee in your and their patriotism, judg
ment and discretion, Whatever you may
do in the premises will meet my htarty
approval ; but I conjure you to act with
an eye single to the safety aud welfare of
the country, and without tho slightest ro-
gard to my individual interest or agjran.
dizemcnt. My interest will bj bit pro-
moted, and my ambition gratihcd, and
1 motives viuuieai:u, ny mat cium, on me
tpirt 0f,y friends,' which will bo most af-
fective in .saving the couutry from being-
J ruled oi ruined by a sectional party. Tin
action of tho Charleston Convention, iu
sustaining mo by so largo a unjirity on
tho platform, and designating me as the
tuo plattorm, and designating me as the
j Jirst choice of tho paity" for the Presidency
I "H the personal triumph I desire,
1 This letter is prompted by the same mo-
This letter is prompted by
iricnds must act apon your own convic-
1 tions of duty.
Very truly, your friend,
S. A. Douolas.
To Hon. Wm. A. Richardson, Baltimore,
After the passage of several unimport
ant resoiutious, tho Convention adjourucd
' Ji'nc dir.
( Tho roll was called and tho following
1 States raprescnted, viz :
New Vork responded
Flnnila responded not sllhrre. but will be soon.
Teias, "All Ikic."
Jon a responded to by Mr. Heath, of that State,
Minnesota rs. ponded,
Orcjon, "All here "
Total, twenty lno flutes
Tho Convention permanently organized
by the election of Hon. Caleb Gushing, of
Massachusetts, for President of the body,
Cmliing was greeted with immonso
cheering, tho whole mass rising to their
A resolution was ydoptod, inviting the
South Carolina and Florida delegates, no
credited to Richmond, to unite with this
Mr. Avery of North Carolina,, reported
from the Committee on Resolutions, tho
platform of tho National Democrats at
Charleston, without crossing a I or dotting
an i. Ho moved the previous question,
which was ordered, aud the plattorm adop-
A committee was appointed to prepare
au address to the Democracy of the Uni
on. Tho platform of the seccdersatCcarles
ton was adopted.
All tho States of tho Udion wero invited
to run an electoral ticket for the candidate
of this Convention.
A National Committee was ordered to
bo appointed. The next Convention was
ordered to be heid at Philadelphia.
On motion the Convention then pro
ceeded to nominate candidates for Presi
dent and Vica President of tho United
For. President John 0. Brcckenndgo.
For Vice President Joseph Lane.
Massachusetts nominated John C Brock
enridgo. Loud applause.
Mr. Denny (Pa.) seconded the nomina
Hon. R. M. T. Hunter, of Virginia,was
nominated. Also Daniel S. Dickinson, of
Mr. Stevens of Oregon, nominated Sen
ator Laue (applau.e) a man who has
for tho last halt century had a practical
experience in the active line of our grow
ing country. Ho alluded to his achieve
ments in Mexico, to his worth as a states
man, and as a man of unblemished honor,
Mississippi, for the sake of harmony,
withdraw the namo of Jefferson Davis.
Senator Hunter's name was also with
drawn, as well as Senator Lane's.
The Convention then proceeded to a bal
lot. The voto stood
I'nr llr-rki'iirilpc. SI
Fur lirkinnti, Ul
Dickinson was withdrawn, nnd the full
vote of the Convention, 105 votes, was
For President John C. Brcckenridge
For. Vice President Joseph Lane, of
'1 he ticket was received with immense
. Deafening calls were made for Mr.
j Yancey, who took tho platform aud made
a brilliant speech, congratulating the C'oi.-
vention on its representation of the State
I Rights Democracy, that was prepared to
I maintain the rights of tho Constitution
He begged them to accept of thee congratulation-at
the hands of a mail who had
some reputation as a factionist and a di.s
unionist; uf a man who was ten years agi
an adficatc of di-union, becaife he saw
the constitutional rights of the South, inva
ded by the admission of California with
squatter sovereignty, and by the interfer
ence with the slave trade in" the District of
Columbia. Ho had gone before the Statu
of Alabama and asked them to secede.
He had been voted down by tho StaU.aiid
had no since advocated disunion. Thn-e
who said he haJ uttered a fal-chool. He
was neither for the Union nor against it.
lie was prep ired for a secession from tho
I'liion whenever he saw the con-titutional
rights of the. South invaded. The Con
vention then adjourned sine dir.
ClirlOUS "Constitutional" Farl.V'
Thc 1( ,,,,;,., h th , J ,
Constitutional Party of the couutry."-
Let us pee a moment how this is.
Tho " Constitution was framed" (.sec
preamble) among other things, to "insure
domestic tranquility aud a more perfect
How do the Republicans propose to ear-
! O' "esc purposes into effect.
Note, that the distinguished gentlemen
I who opened tlio ball in the Chica"0 Con-
vention, by calling it to order-is not only
an endorser of the infamous Helper Book,
but an advertised contributor of 8100, in
cash, to help circulate it. Tho cardinal
principles iu that publication, thus endors
ed are :
No co-opcralion with Slave-holders in
" No patronage to Slave holdidg Mer
chants." " No affiliation with them in Society.''
" No fellowship with them in Religion."
" Noguestship in Slave-holding Hotels."
"No audience to Slave holding Parsons"
" No fees to Slave-holding Lawyers."
" No employment for Slave holding
" No recognition of pro slavery men,
except ns Ruffians, Outlaws, and Crimi
"Immediate death to Slavery; or if
not immediate, unqualified Prescription to
its Advocates during the period ot its ex
istcuce." That is tho way to ensuro " Domestio
Tranquility." That is the way to "Secure
a moro Perfect Union." Outlawing ana
thematizing fifteen Slave States, in this
way, "to promote the Genoral Welfare,"
and to demonstrate ono loyalty to the Con
Remember, the Helper Book has been
circulated as a regular electioneering docu
ment for "tho campaign." Hence there
waa a peucliar fitness iu having oue of tho
most liberal contributors, in aid of tho cir
culation, call the Chicago Convention to.
order. But there was no nennlinr fit
in the proclamation from tho Chair, that
tho Republican party, is a Constitutional
party-nor anyihing like it. National
J6T''0ld Ann" B.NCOLN. tha nam
nco of the Republican Convention, claims
t to be tho author, invontor, and discoverer
of the irrtpressiblo conflict, and his friends
charge Seward With having ttlen his