Newspaper Page Text
LEVI L, TAvTE, EDITOn.
Bloomsbtii'g,.Kov. 21, 1857;)
J.aokawanua&BloomsburgK.R. j ro8lng "'c currency, and, consequently,
Tho Editors of tl,e Hnwiok Ga:ctte,rcto,ci t!' bi" for jts. ro-oharter. State
havo been authentically informed, tlial ' blnjS lh lotty pretensions of hocosty of
this great cntorpsise will bo completed and PurP0san4 r subst.ntlal wealth and ea-
inoi.crati.iu in loss than font weeks. W0lpacny' occarao P""m " puww
hopo their expectations may be fully rca-'
lijcd. '1 he Company havinc that work
Uncharge, are among tbo first business men a 10 .gooaia.ti, t tbo government
of our country.-haviBS managed its fi. enoy for tho people. They
nancial operations pruaontly)Pcrseveringly'reCC";c,a Government depositos and dis-
and successfully, notwithstanding ,tn
killing stringency sf tlw times and largely ' WaS rnP'dty 1S converted into govern
share the respect and confidence ol the . book, of tho banks.-.
Board Of County CommlsSlOUtrs.
ELlAs DlKTEitlOK. Esn" the ncwlv
sleeted (Democratic) Commiesioncrwas- I
on Saturday latt, duly inaugurated. Mr.
DUlcrick, is an aotivo and iutclliKont
mau, possessing largo business experience, i
and will brim: into rcnuisitiou. in tho ex-!
ercise of his official functions, all tho ini
portant qualifications of oaro, judgement
and discretion, so essentially necessary
tJ tho officient disihargo of tho various
duties of County Commissioner. 'J 'bo
Board now consist of Messrs. Faukinoeh,
lilTIENDB.NDUR &, DlETKlUCK, ea-ch, of
whom, aro not; only fin.clooking, plump
fellows, but possess, unitedly, as fir pro
portion of business-blent and fidelity, as
was ever comprized in, any previously
organized Board of Commissioners in
A Lucky Editor.
Col. Thos, B. SEARianr, tbs Senior
Editor of the Genius of Liberty," has
recently been tho recipient o numerous
honors. At tho lato election, tho demo
erat'ia party elected him Prothonotory of
layette county j at tho recent session of
tho United States District Court, lie was
selected Foreman of tho Grand Jury j and
now, lo Wit: Nov. J, 1807j as ihe Law
yers say, he has led to the Altar, Miss
Rose, tho accomplished daughter of tho
Hon. Itobt. P. Flenuikcn, of Pittsburg.
Truly, honors havo been showered upon
our worthy brother "thick and fast," and,
wo my add, well aro they deserved.
Lost Child Found.
Some weeks ago, we stated in our paper,
tiat a sen. of Mr. McKiernan, had wan
dered from bis homo, near the Long Pond
atid that tho woods and neighborhood
around were searched, but all to no purpose.
About two weeks ago, while tho father of
the lost child, was on a gunning excursion
ti. thu Food, he found tho body of his son
in tho water. It appears that Mr. AlcIC,
had shot a duck, and.it flew iu the water,
when ho waded in for it, and. found the
body, of his son above mentioned.
W. Wirt, Est., proscntcd us, on. last
Monday, with a plato of exceedingly fine, system and -distinctly recommended tho
choico .venison a full meal for all tbo ! government to act for itself vntbeut the
family for which wo tender him our 'uso of banks. Ono of tho noblest and
thanks. Mr. Wirt, is not ( nly a sound j loast selfish of our great men, Silas Wright,
lawyer, and good'Domocrat, but something was selected to prcparo and urge through
of a hunter. Ho bad just returned from a it bill to separate tho Stato from all con
hunting excursion, to tbo Long Pond, ncxion with banks, and to cs'ablisb assist
wilh another gentloman, bringing with them I ant treasuries r.t prominon t points to receive,
three fine Peer?, the tropliics,.of a week's keep, and pay out the publio money. His1
hunting expedition. , bill passed the Senate, but was defeated in
tUo House by a union botweon tho wbigs
ES5- We ore happy to unnounro that our anJ certa-m delnocrat3 wi,0 oft tier party
clever neiehbor of tha Democrat Qo, i .... , . . , .... .
cisvcr illinium .,,,.., H, to sustain tho wishes of tbo banks. Hits
Tate- :s back again 'at his post. Ho! .
has been abroad' for soniu four weeks out, measure again passed tbo Senate at tho
West. Trivelling agrees with the Col., for ( next regular session, and was again de
wo never saw him b ok so " fat, sleek aud feated in tho House. Tho Hou6o in the
hearty." Col. Co. llrp. j BCJt Congresa was demecratio and anti-
E2T We tender our thanks to Dr. John, bankj anJ Mr Wright had tho satisfaction
for the above compliment. Wc aro under of et.;ng llis grcak mcasur0( Mol j10
obligations to cur brethren of tho Press, in E0 long( )lUji .ind faithfiy sustained, be-
i'lttscurg, wearneiu.utiio.cic, lorsimiiaT
compliments. Gcutloincn.hercsto you
'Th-s fexv Immornl name
Thai were nci bum to die."
ThO MadifiOn HoUSO.
Cel. J. OTTg.NKittic, the gentlemanly
proprietor ot ttio Harmon uou.'e, oecona
ctrecr, netow Arcu, i miaacipuia, is a
leaning and obliging Landlord in every
tense of tbe word. His house has been
fixed up in tho best stylo, and tho acconi-,
m-dations are very good, Strangere j
visiting tno laty, will nna mo ".iiaaison
a firit rato Hotel. (
Troe-mendous Hadfsli I
Ex-SuEBirr I)EBB,of Jaokion township,
in this county, grow in his Garden tbo
past season, what wo would call, a trco
mendous Radish. It weighed eleven
pounds, and measured twenty one inches
in circumference. A fair sample of the
Wilson Aoeh, Esq., of this oounty, now
on a trip to California, has furnishod us a
long and interesting letter from the " El
dorado of the Wet," replete with stcjisti
cal fCt and prattles! information, which
we tike Brant pleasure, this week, in being
able o lay before the numerous readers of
the Columbia Ltmocrat,
ray Seo Gsonax" W. Elliott's adver
tiseioipnt for Acenls headad, "A Book for
eny Man's Library,"
Tho Sub-Tronsury,and its Soou
rity against Panics, and Flur
The sub-treasury originated in tho ill
faith of banks and tho defects of tho paper
ysteni. With his Keen, perception, Gen,
Jackson discovered tho rottenness of tho
Back of the United States, its mischievous
dabbling In politics, and tho falsity of its
assumptions of successfully osntro.Jing aud
money in 1833, and in 1830 an act was
1 T "VB " regumxo mew aonoo,
P"" .nnu mo pnwio aonwin
. u " w"" UIrcgi.iaicu fI"
speculation in public lnds, and to avoid
its swelling the paper bubblo to bursting,
wuiou bo had become inevitable,
and to sccure 801)10 rcal i'noy for public
uso Gcn' Jacksou, in the fall of t80, is.
sutl1 1)13 famous 8Pic circular, requiring
ti,at 6oId aDd sl1 0"Jy shmuld bo recoircd
at ,ho PuWio ,and ffioe3- Tll vil had
gouo too far to be remedied by any ruc.ma
within, hut power. Soon after Mr. Van
Buren came into office, in 1837, tho whole
paper system exploded, and, with many
millions of too nations money in their
vaults, every bank .proved faithless, and
not adoHarofre.il mocoy oould bo obtained
to meet any public engagement, however
Mr. Van Buren was compelled to cnn-l
veno Congress on ihe 4th of September.
Tho first act passed at this special session
was to prevent tho payment to the several
States ft the fourth insialment of the do
posite directed by the act of 1830, and the
second authorized tho issuing of ten millions
of treasury notes, recoivablo for public
dues. Another, passed at tho same time,
authorized the Secretary cf tlo Treasury
lo extend tho timo of payments upon all'
outstanding duty bonds, wliioli had been
given under tho then modo of collecting
duties from customs. Tho bills of ihe
banks wore at least ten per cent, below
par, and these who were compelled to
. ' 4
obtain specio bought it at that rate of bro
kers, who generally had a Daok-door con
nexion with tho banks, and mysteriously
procured it. Tie paper expansion had
been strikingly rapid, but tho contraction
more so. Tho government and tho people
sought a good currency, but tho banks,
despito all their boasting professions, had
furnished a most faulty and useless one.
Tho Stato banks had concurred with Gen.
Jackson rted tho demecratio party in pro
nouncing tho United States Bank to be
unconstitutional and inexpedient, and in
declaring it had wli'dly failed to iredcora
its boastful promises. The publio mind
was turned to the means of shielding tho
government against a rccurrcnco of the
disastrous consequences of tho explosion of
Mr. Van Buren took ground in his mes
sage agakst a national bank and in oppo-
to returning to tho dcpositc-bank
ome aJaw on tho 4tb of July. 1810. At
tbo first session of tho next Congress, which,
I through Wd cider and lo0' cabins, and
bank influence, had become stiomrlv whirr.
lllia wiso nicaslrr6 WB3 repealed, and an
altolnpt ma(Jo t0 charter and subsUtuto in
-,3 aco a naionai banl tltanl3 to
,.rc9Ment Tvic, fa:ied t-brourrh his veto.
Mn WrigLt ,-VC(j to 6CC tho grcat rooasure
of l0 timc ,vbich bo had pcrfected tna
eo Jo g anJ faitbfuiy and aiy advocated,
r0 enactcj jn isio, and which nowrerunins
in succccoiful operation, a'iko safe for the
government and salutary far tho peoplo,
i proving that there was no necessity of a
national bank for any purpose, and loast
of all ifor that of controlling tho peoplo in
managing their own affairs.
Tho sub-treasury system .was an all im
portant step in tho right direction in favor
of legislative purity and constitutional in
dependence, and was warmly supported by
President J.'uchanan in tho Senate Unliko
tho complex Contrivance and mysterious
operations of a national bank, tho sub
treasury is a simple jnochi.nOi readily com
prehended by the voters of tho country.
Thcro is a treasurer at Washington and
sub-treasurers at numerous points whero
national revenue is collected, who credit
to his offico all money received, and charge
all urIts urawn Dy mm upon mem. no
is thus credited with tho entire rcvtjnuo ofj
the United States, and charged with what-
ever U paid out upon his draft, counter-
A.- it.. f ....I .!.-! !
oiucu, .u. iiiu jmipusu ui uuiiruiiiiuniiuu,
by tho llcfiistcr of tho Treasury. An
account is oponcd by tho treasurer with
each sub-treasurer, who !s charged for
whatever ho receives. It is nn indictable
offenco for tho treasurer or any sub-trca-
' surer to lend or apply to Ills own uso nny
monoys received by him in his official
capacity, and tho refusal to pay n draft
drawn for money in his hands is inado
evidence of guilt. When an account of
an Individual is settled at tho treasury a
warrant is drawn by tho Secretary upon,
tho trcasuror for the amount, which ho
pays in coin, tvt iU counter, or by draft
upon such sub-treasure? having funds as
tho payco may prefer. Such draft will
command specie nt almost ovcry point
where its holder dosircs money, and if
drawn on the sub-treasurer at Now York
will command specie, at par, in New Or
leans, St. I.ouis, Ohicai'o, Charleston, or
San Francisco. A national disbursing!
officer, in receiving advances for public
purposes, is lurmsuco. wim oralis upon uio i
treasurer ai asmngton, or upon Mou(of eIian , 8Ceilcs jB lif M&- ,
sub-troasurcr nsmav bavo rrnvrnmt , . . .. b J ,
or sell his draft for coin, but
rcccivo the coin
for nothing else, wherever ho chooses. A
disbursing agent can, at every important
point, sell tho treasurer s draft in his favor
for gold and silver coin.
Tho groat mass of drafts aro drawn upon
tho sub-treasurer of New York, whero a
very largo sh are of our rcvchUo is collected.
At all points tho' revenue is received and
paid out in gold and tilvcr coin, and it is
a statute offenco to rcceivo or pay out
anything elso- Tho effect of this provision
is to create, to a certain extent, a demand
for specie and retain it in that form, with
out reference to foreign demand or the
wants of gidd.ami silver manufacturers.
It is a wholc3amo regulator by its own
bimplo operations. When thoro is over
trading, by oxcessivo importations, the
demand for coin to pay du ics tends to
check it. Io such case specio, without tho
intcrfcrcnco of bank managers, accumu
lates in tbe sub.tteasury, which naturally
restrains overtrading. The greater tho
excess of duties above expenditures tho
larger will bo tbo accumulation in the
vaults of tho bub-treasury, all of which
1 may 1)0 "movod to tho treasury at Wash
.: :e .1.1 .1 nr, p
ington, if needed there. Whon, from panics
or other causes, .tho receipts of rovenuo fall
below expenses, tbo .current of gold and
silver will bo not to, liat from, tie sab-
Tho lato large importations increased
tho surplus in it, wliilo tho Tccont expen
ditures, exceeding our income, havo dimi
nished it But for tho accumulations in
tho tub-treasury tbo present financial
troubles would have 'been infinitely greater.
Whilo thoro was novo rovonnn received
than was paid out, tho surplus accumulated,
in gold and silver, until it checked impor
tations; and when tho revenues coated to
bo equal to tho expenses, tho current of
coin, which had flowed from the pockets of
tho peoplo into the treasury, began to flow
from it back again. Its surplus largely
tended to supply tho gold and silver fo
much needed by tho banks and merchants,
and but foe such surplus tbo crash would
bavo boon much moro fatal.
Ths sub treasury is a self t.djusttng
machine, which operates always advantage
ously, and novcr injuriously. It receives
and pays only real coin, and never disap
points anybody. Not a dollar has ever
been lost by it It docs not pretend to
rcjnunto exchanxes. Sinco tho death of
tho.NatianalBank ihefohavebcen regulated
by tho business of tho country, aud bavo
been lower and moro uniform than they
wero furnished by that exploded conocrn.
I heir present derangement is occasioned
wh"lly by a vicious paper currency. The
sub treasury ispowcrful for good, producing
no evil, and no scmiblo, ptnotio citizen
desires tho overthrow of this, ono of the
most useful measures ever adopted by
Congress. Except a few band worshippers,
it lias not an enemy in tho Union.
Its successful working should induco the
several States to adopt a simihr arraogo-
ment for tho manatremont of thcir financial
matters. It would croato an additional
demand for specie, and sccuro a much
greater circulation, and prcducc stability
and uniformity, and essentially contribute
to tho prevention of panics and revulsions.
If every State would rcceivo and pay out
roal money, tho demand for it would
greatly increase tho amount in the channels
of common circulation, and fill tho placo
now occupied by small paper. When tho
national revenues were rocoivert in paper ,
specie was seldom seen. Now, by doing
all its business with coin, enough is retained
in circulation to meet its wants. If the
Stato governments would pursuo tho same
oourse, tho samo result would follow. But
whilo they reccivo paper, tho bolter cur
reney is devoted to other purposes. If
there wero an increased demand for coin,
moro of our foreign debts would bo paid in
our own domestic products.
Tbo States havo it in their power, by tho
management of their own finances, to tako
an important step towards improving the
currenoy, and Tendering it stable and moro
valuable. Wo hopo to seo tbo States tako
up and act upon this subject in a.manoer
boncficial to all and injurious to no one.
165- Mr. William Bejibb, at tho Aquo-
aact Hills, last wceK, .KUlcil a pig
monthsold, which weighed 2 20 lb.
r WB WANT WOOD.
a pic 8
NOTES OF TOUR.
DV THE EDITOR.
We set sail on tho 14th of October for
Philadelphia. Arriving in the Quaker
City, wo spent two days thoro with pleasant
frionds in discussing politics and digesting
tho Election returns and occasionally
engaging in other matters of business
transactions, (social engagements and plea
surable amusement",) after which, wo took
our scat in ilio oar, for Pittsburg, a dis
tanco of about 3S1 miles, by tho Pennsyl
vania llailroad. During our sojourn in
Philadelphia, wo should not omit to men
tion, that wo enjoyed Uio gratification of a
very agrcoab'o interview with our esteemed
friend, tho Hon. Wm. B, Foster, Jr.,
formerly State Enginoor, and Canal Com
missioucr, and now occupying tho more
responsible and lucrative position of Vice
President of tho said Pennsylvania llailroad
Company. Of Mr. Foster, it may truly be
said, that ho is a gentleman of large bus!
qualifications, and through a vicissitudo
pusis ox irusc anu nonor, sustains u rcpu
tatin fr Probii',fiHtyand integrity, I
It lleli hlful rMi (on Uie
ng on tliellails,)
between Philadelphia and Pittsburg-from 1
tho Uc aware to tho Allcr?henv-in about1
1i l,nnM .;(,.( ,
14 liours, almost without interruotion
;.,i ,:,,, a t .J!."' Ul UUI . "'"V"u""? '""'-Idown.
stopping only no minutes at Altoona, on
the Allegheny Mountains, for breakfast-
On! landing in tho Smoky City, and of
all stnoke towns wo ever witnessed, Pitts
burg takes tho lead, afior an abscneo of
near thirty joars, it was interesting t
observe tho changes timo and enterprise
havo effected. However, as Pittsburg is
n manufacturing City, tbo crisis linn made
its mark there in tho general prostration of
Wo stopped, during our stay in PittsbuTg,
at .tho St. Charles Hotel. This is an excel
lent first class City Hotel, if not exactly
Uemocratic head quarters, it is tho resort
of distinguished strangers, the home of the
Judges of tho Supremo Court, United
States Marshal, Jurors and Suitors in at
tendance at tbo various Courts kept by
Col. Harry Siiirls, assisted by Messrs.
Fenn and Tubbs, his gentlemanly attend
ants, Our friends, going west, will always
find good faro and comfortable quarters at
tho St. Charles.
Ilr.NUY Spiioul, Esq., Clerk of tho
District Court, and United States Commis
sioner, formerly a citizen cf Columbia.
county and n brother in law to Judge
Giier, treated kj with all Dao cordiality
and hospitality of a friend and brother.
Opening his hospitable mansion and invit
ing a number of stringers then hi tbo city,
wn joined with tho party, and partook ot
a most sumptuous Oyster Supper with Mr.
f-'proul's accomplished Luly and highly
interesting daughters. In Mr. S., aro at
once to bo found all tlie noMcr trai s of a
warm-hearted Irishman, finished gentleman
and an uncompromising Dem- rrnt.
Col. Jaju-s P. Baur, tho able Ediu-r of
tbo Daily Morning Poit, laid us under
many obligations, and greasy facilitated
our visit in Pittsbnrg, by Uic numerous
officcB of courcsy and kindness. Mr. Barr
publihos a inodol Democratie Dally Paper
Uio very best sheet in Western Pennsyl
vania, anu wo suouiu ne giaa to iaavo it
extensively patronized by our Northern
Democrats. Mr. B., wc understand, ij .on
applicant for tho appointment of Post
Master, in that City, and wo feel quite
confident that President Buchanan could
not mure essentially subscrvo tho publio
interest and confer a favor upon a more
meritorious young democrat, than to givo
Col. Barr tho appointment.
T. W. I. Pauli, Esq., of tho Waynes
bora' Messenger, with whom we also had
tho pleasure of meeting in Pittsburg, is a
social and intelligent gentleman and sound
dentoeratio Editor. Tho name of Mr
Pauli, has been mentioned, In politic. 1
circles, as tho next Western Democratic
Candidate for Canal Commissioner. Wo
should bo ploasod to favcr that enterprise
assured that he would tnuko a c impotent
and efficient member of the Canal Board.
PasBtng westward wo soon 'reached tho
lmrrlnra F llMr, Of nur .visit il.nrr. wn.
have heretofore spoken. Wo found uiiich
thatwc admired in Ohio, hut wo still jpnsfor
a rcsldenco in Penmylvania,
Returning from the wst, wo next visited
twice binco had wo visited that spot wo
lovo to call our home. Grcat, .indeed,
during that time, havo been tho changes
in tho appcaranco of its general aspect. -
Then, it was a now county comparatively,
unimproved. Now, it io .mostly settled
and thickly improved. Our farmers in
that .section, in our judgment, havo Mien
into ta grand error. They have too much
neglected thcir Farming interests for tho
Lumbering business. Tho latter business
is fluctuating in its nature, sometimes
lumbor depreciates invaluo.and sometimes ,
thoy fail in getting it to market, tfter tUo .
incecsant labors of a long winter and tho,
consumption of most of their produce, with
very heavy Store Bills to pay, then, in tho ',
absence of their usual orous. thov aro left .
noor indeed. This mistaken noliev. with.
out tho produots of tho Farm to lean upon,
has largoly tended to impoverish tho county
of .Clearfield. Wo truit itH citizens here-
after will do better. As AonicuiuiiE is
tho most honorablo calling of tho ago, it
should be tbo firt object and primary
busiucs ot cury citizen.
of our nativity, in Clearfield 1 nvo 0UDUCeu mues amonS 1110 nlUDlalD3 hundred pounds can bo seen hero rolling
. Twenty years ago, we left Clear-iana m,mDS 'la"'t."M, and therefore, arouDu ia tho dirt in the most jolly laood
migrated to Columbia. Onlv tmnK J. Know now the ;ycjlow stuu u got. . ossiblo i hero crows tho larcestcabbaco I
When in Clearfield, wo re visited that
sacred spot, tho Family Burial Ground
whero rcposo tho remains of our departed
Parents, an honored Father and Sainted
Mother. If one spot on earth, more than
another, is adapted to serious reflection
and pious meditation, that plaoo is among
tho tombs of tho departed dead tho house
appointed for all living meditating on tho
lessons of childhood, the teachings of a
pious Mother tho stern a'dmonitions per
haps, of a strong-minded Father, adminis
tered in justice, -but in rebuke, for childish
foibles and youthful indi?cretions. Tho
maturo mind bows with submission to
Heaven's decree, and derives satisfaction
in thus meditating upon the reminiscences
of the. past, finding consolation in flio cer
tain reflections, that
The urnves ofall htf Saints h bleu.
And waieri every bed,
Waere "ill hit dying metnbert rut,
liul nith'tbelr dying head.
Our interview was ti us agreeably pica
fltat with tho Editors of Clearfield. Messrs.
Laurimgu !i Waiid, publish the democratic
paper of that oounty, called tho Clearfield
y The former
is a Lawyer,
and tho latter a Practical Printer both
clevcr Gonllem.nly fellows, and conduct
their sheet w.th spirit and ability,
orth of (ll0 Sn.rtan Tyflmooracv
of Ccat Awong- tlcir prominent 3ho .kind of
......., . b. . L.Jt,10y havo 1 kind of paddlo that they knock
"UCIU n'"aios,woaroprouuwj uuiauer,t j UL ,b t ba,tin(r lbe '
r i : I "1Lm u " ' " 1 v '"e.
in tho eatiso of democracy and c.vil.zation
wuo nave tunce uceu prcraotou to pc-ai-
tions of honor and distinction
r and distinction such as i
Governor Biglcr, Judge Barrett, and Hon.
Wm. L. Moore, whilom, our partner In
publishing the democratic paper in Clear
field, and now 8 Merchant in affluent cir
cumstanccs, and promoted by his fellow
citizens to an Associate Judgeship. Each
of these young men, stariiog on nothing
but character, with us iu life, hanc by their
om undivided effort, rose to rank and
honor, and havo left a record for young
men worthy of emulation. Their historirs
verify tho saying, that
iflonor ami fame
From no condition ilic,
Act well your p.111,
Tlieru oitttie no.von Hce
Wo siould not omit to say: 'that our
ynung fnenu, is. IJ. itow, lisa., of tho
Raftsman's Journal, is also a ,cry ploa
sant and intelligent goutlcman. Wo largely
enjoyod his sociality and generous friend
ship. Mr. Row publishes a. fpicy and
well conducted newspaper, and as ho has
asseverated his only objection to us, is on
account of our being " such an uncompro
mising dcinocr.it,'' wc can reciprocate the
compliment, by saying that our principal
objection to him could bo, that ho is tuch
an erratic " Republican."
Wo also paid allying visit to eur Father's
old and excellont Iriend, Ignatius Thomp
son, Esq. Hero wo were shown tlio greatest
cuiioiity, in tho shape of a vcgotablo prr
duction, wo hatl ever seen. It was a sweet
Pumpkin, raised in tho 'Squire's Garden,
which weighed about 180 lbs., and mea
sured exactly seven feci in circumference.
Leaving Clearfield., returning hence, tit
PhilipsburjT, Tyrone City,itho Central Rail
road, and Pliiladckliia, .wa arrived at
Ill.,..,l,,,.. ., !, 1 l.L .r t T .!
UtfVU.DUth, UIJll IIIU X'l.U Ut JlUICmiar,
after an an abscneo of one .morrtl: -niyfl one
day having had a pleasant excursion and
enjoyed a most delightful visit. Uurjour
noy was facilitated throughout, by the
chceriEg repor.ts of democratic vicloiies, re-1
verberating fromtho Keystone, itlarough the
Empire and Buckeye States and indeed
the entire country and on arriving at
home, with a light heart and easy conscience,
wo found all right hero, and now rest at
ease, with tho pleasing assurance that, tho
" Union is Safe." And hero we hcjjpo to
ilivo and 'lsAior, in our pleasant sanctum,
for tho prosperity of the democratic party,
tho honor of our beloved country, and tho
growing grcatnoss of tho Columbia Demo-
San FrtAscisca, California,
Octbtr lOtb, 185.7.
Col. L. L. Tath j
Dear Sir: I embarked in tbo j a
.Steamship Central America, atNew York, at tilu abl gtate pra Sa-n Francisoo, I i" aliV.i'i" Jky h, Trustee.. wi,h ihei, new p,in
on the Stub of last August for this Stato. tint I havo over ecn : whv. T!01.. T MW 'i'Z'i S,1.' ",u"" " of ,ho r
After a passage nf tweuty sir d.iys, twoiity
I tbreo bours au1 twenty six ininuten, I ar-
' . . i . .i .. . .. t. . .
. - ...
rlv.ed at, lho clty b,an 1,rauci3(1"i sln00
which timo I havo visited a number of the
i mmlnS "istncts I havo travelled, about
( as a general ming, me pnoo oi laoor in
tho mines is from Ihreo to vo dollars ,per
LivlDS is bieb BI)d lifo s uP-
j M"haDos can do well here. As a general
tbiu' thcir wa2ea aro bifiher thlQ roinor3'
""""" 6" "um c,uu 10 C'JU Per m0QU1
Sta6 d"VCM $l25 0JC divcra ?75 A
man can do pretty well with an ox team. ;
he can clear about three hundred dollars
in a month, hulling, &c but what is
1 called a team in this country, is fivo or six
yoko to ona wagon. Somo tiro making
raouey mw P10K mu,C3 D P""ing outuo
mountains whoro a team cannot get. A
man anJ two Ws wiU tako about
carrying over three hundred
Pound3 over the mountains like
S0'5- J w 1ulte a curiosity to mo too
I seo tbcm at C'St ODO with a barrel of
flur D Jts Wk aud anotbor witb a barrl
f,sh and alot bf tubs' toling along,
Qulto 8 IarSe lumber ot'Chinanun are
bero ,n 11)0 '"'"'"S diitricts, who make a
8ood b' ' bo skulking parties that
plover tbo eoantry, who, very often, when
they find a lot of Chinamen working
rich cl.im, murder tho wholo party, tlknT-MrtSittttpm1tf
tbo money and work or dispose of the chlm AIUU UUlUIUUimU
as they choojo. A Chinamin has a poor jJcTo tuf MlT I cn"
chancb it. this country, they are not pSS Af
allowed tO givo CVldonCO in any CRW, J whUiaye untitled account wild Iheiubn-rlber,
whatever. Many of thorn havo Ibclr can &,TOyk
cutoff, but nothing is done with tho pii0'inw.tert.rd.l. ,.... a 'Hyp-
faoo for such crimci. Tho Indians also Mn..N6.af, iew
disliko them ; while I was in Grass valley, QaQST !? tLSIf ITSUiSj,
ono of tho greatest quartz mining districts, t EMAINING In tho Post Office nt
I saw two Chinamen brought la that had Bloomiburg.ra., Quarter endlnj NoTemltrleib
been killed by tho Indians, one of tbcm
had thirty-six arrows in utuij-of which one
would be sufficient to cnuso death In s short
time, for tho arrows used by these tribes
. ,.1 -,, , n, 1,( ,
IUI.UU lu RU.l. i ii.i.uiib. .mm., nu.u ruwu.
in a man, about six inches of the arrow and
flint with' tho p'pison, which is placed near
the butt of tho flint, remains in tho flesh
whilo tho part that carries the' feather will
comc out leaving tho poison all in. Ono
day I went with-nn Indian agent to settle
socio difficulty with a. tribe. 1 tell, you it I
was ono of the greatest curiosities lover
n . .
Witnessed. TtlO ibqiiaws Wero ;DEtlL'e(in
getting somcUnn to cat tho Indians make
tho Squaws do nearly all tho labor. Tbe
Squaws had prepared for food, acorns,
roots, bugs, pismires, grasshoppers, snakes,
Till. . . .. . .
Thoy aro tho hardest looking
, e-yer . , c ion -f;
nartvof Mesieans that I sawnt Aeanulen
. . .i ji j ir.
nuklW, lui:j. Irtl.U LUUUI Ull uvt, .1. &IUJ
ot tho natives on the Isthmus, of Darien go
entirely naked. 1 have seen more ot the
uuicreni triocs owtic cnrin tins trip, man
I ever saw before. It seems to me as
though a portion of all nations, and all
kind of characters, have collected together
in this country, for all tongues and all
kind of men, a large portion of whom, are
the cursedest set of rascals that remain
unhung, arc to be found here. 1 think they
can, andiSi) commit ail manner of crime
that ean bo committed by man or woman.
They dont care a straw how they got
money, only so they get it,,a d tho women
aro but little brtttcr than the men, about
one half of them that come to tkiecc-uotry
leave their husbands, oaly think, over three
hundred divorces wero granted tho last
year here, more than double the number
granted than iu tho rest of tho United
'1 lC clianeCS for SnakinCi money in this
.... . T
Country is OOt achat cnanv thtnk It IS. It
J ' , . .
is a rare chance that a man can do anything
lo the mines without a -Capital cf forty Or
uibj muuauuu uuiiaia, uuu tutu mui iiutps
outoffivo he will come out tt itlto Ettlc
r.c... ,1. ...,.! .iit... r... :.
.end of Alia born, if .bo dont know tho ropes.
A few that liave trioh claa ns .are piling 'it'
There aro so many bogus opera 'Ioes tint
men havo io keep thu top eye open or they
will get in a trap that is not eisily got out
Thousands of men have lost fortunes
. ., . .. ti . .1 . i , "llii- Itirluili'M tome, ol iirr het T-Hea nml Skrlehe..
in tins City. 1 roperty that Would have win. I, together win, a ri.trert and beautiful portrait or
ll i - oir.fwtmi mi . i ' tbrnutiior. by tli.itiiMiirigulhel arliet. J. tin riarfaln,
sulci fr 6150,000, will not now bring ,,a.i , will ren,'i.r It p.iilieularly acceptable tn her nu
eor nrtj. rfneroua frleeil".
v-i)u,uu, a.j uonk a hanil'eme I2mu volume, printed on
T . . , 'the fluent piper, tiouii.l hi n neat and beauliful ityle,
L hnu many tli -t aire anxious to return ami tint m anv ii.ut or the iimte,! st,ir by man.
1 1... it .. ., ... .,
IU IIIU liUSI, UUI llll
can't raiso tbo 'tin'
to go with. It corts a great deal to live
here ; one must pay SI for a meal, the same
for lodging, fifty cents for shaving, the
snrac for cutting hair, &c.
Peaches from 25 cents tn SI, eavh. All
appear to drink more or less liquor. A
1 drink of any kind of intoxicating beverage,
I 'in a -respeotable house, costs f r.o n 25 to
I fifty cents; a good suit uf cli.thes oostsSlOO.
' I havo iad itlae caino amount of machinery
I mado in Philadelphia for 820 which cost
mo hero 8100. Four dollars is tho price
' for shooing a horse, and everything else
in proportion. Tho clima e .in this city is
( delightful ; tv-oalogs ratihcf cool; in tho
mountains the middle of Sr.pteuibex.at noon
j die sua shines very not, but as soon as it
I disappears in the evening, it is disagreeably
cold on account of tho mountain tops being
' eovored with snow. They havo no rain
.here during thu bummer months. How
wgetation grows, as It does, I cannot im
li'inc. I saw Uio iai cebt an'l best fnut
aDnle.s and noaches that weiihed - .iboutl
forty ol. and wit, tlic hcit of iiavor,
l Ouinns generally grow ns largo around a8
; a common bauccr j potatoes grow very
la,g0; plenty of pumpkins that weigh two
( cvcr saw without searching a tailors scrap
( cn6st ; figs grow very fino, in fact, almost
anything but corn ; tho seasons is too dry
, for oorn . ehcep Is doing fino Loro. a
uumjbor .camo out at tho timo I did, tho
prico of bringing a ehoep hero from New
i York is seventy fivo dollars , dogs S20,
some fetch bocs with them. They bring
ono .hundred and thirty dollars a swarm
This .evening wo wero visited with tho
second oarthrjuako sinco I havo been here
-nosarious dangor, only ono houso falling.
I guoss .tbo placo will .not 'go in' until I
get out of iti It is now after Eleven at
night, and tho steamer loaves at 0 in the
morning, consequently, I must stop as I
hive others to write ,too.
1 am 'very trnly yours,
P. Br-Dear Co, You must exouso my
many orrors as I am a little excited about
tho earth quakt. W. A.
SSyWe direct attention to the Prospectus
fit.. V..,. irr. tv.-i : ., , I...
nf.llin AVi Vn,l- frik,,,,. : .1.. ..1 f .
1 columna of this "Colunjb'ia Dcmocr.t."
nittonicn.ter. Mary u
rillllpa Jobn S.
reck Allen IV
RObbJM U BMH
Wewrcr W J
.tin! N (I.
Marr Alem -
loinak llniliet 1
mci Wnllejr (fliin
)nn James )
1rtrcrionacattlnfffor Hie above tciie'ri wiifnleaia
e-.y Ihcy nro ndvenlicil.
iTllOOK FOR EVEUY i)IAi'S LI lilt Alt V,
Rare Inducements to Agents.
i-ianvasserh wanted torbtmn utiterf for tbe
Cnmnrehent Ire OeorriDhv And HlMuir. Artrlrnl
andIdern. oltheWorld: tilO onodrleh, (Peler
naiedwitb soo benutitui enEtii and to mnpi.-
PNee43. Bold only by agent to each of wbom
penal district mil be given. Applicant! ibniild alat
4iat eountlea tbey woule like lo eanvael. The book
le now teady. Copteawillbc aent by maltpoii paid,
on receipt of the price. U'lla on all loiveltl banka
taken ai par. The lions Jocaait, aayt orihii wnrki
No family whatever should be wlthoal It." Tor full
imrticutare in regard to an agency, addreaa
(JKoaUi: V. CM.tOTT,
Puhllehcr and ttookaetler,
No. UlWIIIialil Btreet, New York.
cuTa,. rublicailo..B.ntlon,ry and Map rni.hedai
,h.,tr-ioniDriB. oraf. ...neiierf. no. si
t9 All k I mil of School anil Mltcillaneoua nooka
'L ... :L
i.ItUclVINti NCW OOODb alL.THb timk,
BrtOCItn ShawliJ Hit reeelvnl ami lor rate at Hart
r.l.M.VG Oondd very ihenp lor Card nt
'pile! Tlllllll nrrltnl
ol (10IJUS lor Uie Bi-nwn a t
NOTICE ihereby given to ntt pcrioni.Jniereatcri,
that the lollowliig account have been nted In the
I'rolholotvy'a Uflice of ' olumbla county, and will be
prep.nted ft the Citart of Common Tlea. of eaM county
for CGnArmntiun ami iillnnance on Wcitneadiiy. the 9th
day nf lleciMubrr A. n. 1i'i7
I The nicoutu ol" Jhn K Mnyer, Cemailllee of the
pereon ant! celato of I'ctei Melick, n lunatic of fjcolt
3. The aceount of Jonathan lllthel. Committee ofthi
pernon and rttalo of John Rlsbel, a lunatic, late of
3. The account of John Snyder. Committee nf the
pereon and eatate of Atexnhdci Stuker. an habitual
drunkard, of Uloum lowneUp.
Sov 11, 1857 fre!o!ery.
COLUMBIA COUNTY, SS.
AT nnornhan'e Courl held at niocmt.
1urg. in and Inr paid County, on Monday.
ueptemner Tin. tea a rum waa granteu
upon all the helre and legal repreyenla
livea of Cngel Tox, late ol Lcuat town
rhin. in eaid county, deceareit : to wit.
John Fox, Km In I llughea, tale Uachcl Fol J Franklin
Ithoilca, Uunrtli'in nf Rarliael Fox, and LVrpar lliighea,
Ounrillan 41 KlUlbelh Fox. Harriet r'ox, Interniarrieit
with llrlnhTlley and William Fox.rhlldren ol' William
VtiX . Hj.rfn.nl ...t. nl to EH llnvnl PnT. Runnlrln lh.
t be nntl nppenratan Orphan'! Court lobe hetil atlhe
p Con rt llniiic In llloonirbuig, in auid cnunt) of Cotum
bla.nn the7lli tl.iv or llpcnnlii-r next; then and there
Iu accept or refuse Hie relate of t he eaid decedent at
the valuation thereof; mt in co the aid paniea no
K any Ihey lueee, why the lint 'flinuld not be told'
Thelheira nnd leealfeiireeentatlvei, and all pereon
imcrcitt il in theEtateof the eaid Hngcl Fo, decafd..
are hereby notified of l he oiilaiu'iig and alitence ot tlx
above rule, and oft tierelurn diy ihcreof
fITKflll'.N II. MILI.FR.
L IV I -V AND I.OVINO.
II V MISS VIRGINIA F. TOWNHf.Nl.
'Xl'S? TOWNKNl la known ne one of our bit
' not her enuil iu her pcouliarctyle. Thcpr.eeut rot.
iramje,ou rreiini 01 iinr pr tr. gl
J W KRAIII.nV. PMl.f.i..
tS Norlh.rourih Street, riiilaitelphia.
Nov II. 18CT
. Ectntc of Benjamin Piatt.
IT ETTKHS of Administration on tho
IJ Kt.lleof llemanhlri l'inlt. Inteof Fine townthii.
Columbia rounty. ileceaaed..)inve heeu (ranted by the
Regitiier of Columbia county . to the underiigneil 'who
realdea in aaiil Tine Mnn'ihip, In Columbia county.;
nil peraom hating ctltm ncniiiet tin e.late nr thu
decedent ore roiueated to prevent them In the Admin
intralnr uithnut del y. and all peiioua indebted lo
make payment hrlhuiih.
Oct 1SS7 Jtiminittraturi
Estate nf David Smith, deed.
NOTICE la hereby given that I elleri nf AdnijnUtra.
Hon. Willi tbe will annexed, .upon Ihe Er-iate of
Oavid Smith tale of Hemlock townr-blp. Columbia,
county, deceaa etl. have been granted to the undereigned.
realding at Buckhnni,.ln llieaiil tawnahlp of llrmloek.
Atl peraone indebied to he Cilate are requeued .to
make payiueioi without .delay, and thnae having ac
counts lor sctttenicirl lanreaenttnem to
f dntlnbjlrutor vita tai vilt tnntui.
Duckhorn. Nov S. IS37.
COLUMBUS MALE AND PEMALE
TUB Trustee ol ihia Juatitutlon 'have iinanimouily
elected II II. Walker, A M., of l.ewi.lurg, 1'rin
.cipat o said Acndeiiiv, in pl.ice of I'rof. Anderson,
lllut.. l!m,.,nlrit uilhiih.n...iMi... ,1.- lAik .l.a
' Mr. Walker will surccedJIr. Anderson Immediately
Oct 17, 1WS7
"'A I EN I' 'ItlNU IlliD BOTTOMS,
i.ujoii tn. t want to ret and sleep good, call or
A I.Llou th. t want lo re.t and sleep good, call on
right of Columbia county, uud is now prepared u? fu".
msb flottoins applicable, to old us well as new bedsteads.
jir mis ajio on uanu oil hinusot cabinet rurn.lure,
Clntrs. Cottage Uedsleads, and olhcrCotugu furniture,
which he will sell as cheap us the cheaper!.
Also, Heady made Cumus.
fii:oit(ii: w. cokell.
AllCII STUEET, A DOVE SIXTH.
rpilE BTAR COJITANV, composed of the finest Ar
X ti.tesiuthe world, anil eicreitjug iu Utrenglh and
Talent a iy Orarcatic combination heretofore offered lo
the Theatrical public, will appear every night in Com.
edy. Tragedy, Berio Comic Uramaj Vaudevilles, Musi
cal Burleiui, be. Ilc. When viiiiiue the City, to
Oct .11, 18i7-;u
President and Manaeara of ihn rAiiawl..
Dridea Cnmnanv have Ihla ti v Hrbi A UM..
af 3 prrd. (73 cis pet share) on the Capital Block of
said Company for the last sli months, payable lo the
Stockholder' or their legal representatives on or after
the lUlhof October,
Catlaw.ssa Bridge office, ) rrrsiurie.
Brick! Brick '. Brick!
I7IVE IIUMDUED THOUSAND
.' I'll I Mi; jjkICK, just turned out, el the eubscri
ber'a Uriak Yurds in Uloomsburg, and are enured for
sale, Tha best in the country. Apoly to
nioomihurg, Ocli.l.e r 10, 1857
" SUA HP NOTICE.
A LL persons knowing theatre Ives indebted, or having
-TV unsettled Lime rutaounts with the subscriber ajt,
hereby uolifled to call upoti.feyrina Aliyiaed, r? , who
ean be (ouud In hia odlcu every tlaiuraay afternoon, aud
ec.io in same oeiore ilia rtrst or jaouatyneit t or
afterwbich limn ail uncollected ncounle wlllbeplaeMl
in hands of oftcurs far collection .
TVEW.NO, 3 ( ACKEREL lusl rsceived ut
SjlOlji. COAL Oril. by
, w 4 iv ii ctcArry