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"That Government is tlicbct which govern le:it."
fniJTTEU .f.l'I I'UIILISIILn
BY LEVI L. TATE.
The Teacher's Office.
"Take hetd that thou drtpire not one oj thnc
Desirest lh-u tearher's work ? Ask wisdom from
It is a work ot toil and care, of patience and of
Ask for an understanding heart, to rute in gnrlly
The feeble flock r which tin Lord hath made
Ala ! thou mrely mayest expect suuie evils to en
dure, E'en children's faulta ar hard to bear, and harder
still to rure.
They may be wilful, proud, pcrvese; in temper
In mind obtuse and ignorant in manner coarse
Thou uvay'st contend with fcluggiih minds, sad
weary, and depressed
To trace the windings of deceit, in many a youth
Yet scorn them not, remomber Him, who loved
his lambs t feed.
Who never quenched the smoking flax, nor broke
the bruised reed;
Who for the thankless and the vile, poured out
his precious blood
Who makes his sun to rise upon the evil and the
The love of God extends to all the works his hand
He wills not that the meanest child.should perish
Tray that His Holy Spirit may, thy selfish heart
To bear with all their waywardnesses He has
borne with thine.
If by example or by word, thou leadest them to
Thou perilest the precious souls, that Jesus died
If thon from indolent neglect, shouldest leave
their minds unsown,
Or shouldest their evil passions rouse, by yielding
to thy own;
Shouldest tlmu intimidate the weak.and so destroy
Or drive the stubborn to rebel, by harshness or
Shouldest thou their kindlier feelings chill, by
apalhy and scorn,
Twere good for them and fn- thyself, that thou
had'M e'cr been born.
But Oh! what blessings may be thine.whca thou
hast daily striven,
To guide them in the narrow path that leadelh up
What joy t see their youthful feet, in wisdom's
To know that b) the grace 'if God, thy labor is not
To watch the dawn of perfect day,in many a hope
To seethe crooked mind grow straight, the rug
ged tumper mild
To mark the sinful habit checked, the stubborn
The cold and' selfish spirit warmed by love and
To read in many a sparkling eye a depth of love
To hear ?he voice of joy and truth in every silver
Jf such Ihe joys that now repay the Teacher's
work of love ;
If such the iccoinpcnsc on earth, what must it bo
0 blessed are the faithful dead, who die unto the
Sweet is the rest they find in heaven, and great is
Their arts performed in humble failh, are all re
They see the travail of their souls, the answer to
Then may the teacher and the taught, one gtor
t in anthem raise,
And they who sow, and they who reap, unite in
The Golden Sand of Thought
BV THF.OPOKK A GOl'LD.
Thf v speak of California's shore,
With mines of glittering treasure fraught ;
The brain hath still a nber store
The golden sandB of thought ?
This wealth ne'er takelh wings to fly;
It owns no mre extraneous worth :
Ar.d nobler pleasures it will buy,
Than all the irjdd "I earth.
This is the wealth that cannot cloy;
A broader light its rays imparl ?
It bleiieth with a purer joy
It lilts to God the heart!
Oh, ye who seek, in distant lands,
The dazzling ore of earth to find,
Do not forget the rldcn saml,
That spaikle in the mind!
From the Pennsylvania"..
f fronlrate Politician.
The following confabulation will explain
Mayor. Ralph Hutchinson, you were
extricated from a mud puddle in Race
street, lust night; lying, like a beast, on
Ralph. Hold, sir ; thai lying wont
Mayor. How, sir-Lying ! What do
you mean ?
Ralph. Yon say I was lying, like a
beast, on my back. I never saw a beast
lie on its back. Beasts lie generally on
iheir billies; sometimes on their sides,
bul never on their backs.
Manor. You lie every way. A drun-
kard is a beast; and a dunkanl commonly
lies on his back.
Ralph. If he does, that's better than
lying in his throat. But I was not drunk,
sir, precisely ; 1 threw myself on the
ground in a fn of despair and unutterable
Mayor. On what account, pray ?
Ralph. Can your honor be a Whig and
ask that question ? Are wc not used up,
root and branch ? As soon as the terrible
news of out defeat came to my ears, I fell
into a swoon, with my face on the ground,
just as if I had been knocked down with a
Mayor. With your face on the ground !
But how does that account for your being
found on your back ?
Ralph. When I had lain insensible for
about fifteen minutes, I turned over and
looked upward, as if to see if there were
any dawnings of hope for us. But all was
Mayor. No wonder, when it was half-
past twelve o'clock.
Ralph. I saw what seemed to be a glim
mering star in the distance. This affor
ded me some comfort. The twinkling lu
minary drew nearer, and at last I discover
ed it to be a lighted sogar in the mouth of
a tipsy watchman, lie took the weed out
of his potatoe-trap ; spit about half a pint
of rank tobacco juice in my face, and then
asked me what I was doing there, making
a hog of myself.
Mayor. And a very penitent question it
was, I think. Now if you had sense en
ough to see and observe all this, why did'ut
you get out of the mud ?
Ralph. Well, the sense of shame and
distress I felt for the ruined prospects of
our party, made me feel like I did'nt care
where I was. Thinks I. if Whiggery's
gone to the dogs, I might as well go among
the hogs ; so I wallowed in the mud like
a real gruntcr. The ground vas pretty
dry when 1 first fell down : but I shed so
many tears for the ruin of Whig cause, that
I made it a real quagmire.
Mayor. Humph ! 1 wonder you were
not afraid of being taken up as drunk.
Ralph. Why I thought of that ; but
then I considered that if any fool of a watch
man should have the impudence to take
me, your honor would have sense enough
to set all to rights.
Mayor. This tale will hardly do, Mr.
Hutchinson , but considering all circuin.
stances, you may go. (July take care not
to give way to such extravagant grief anoth
er time, as my successor might have little
discretion enough to mistake your case for
one of intoxication.
Ralph. Very likely, sir. I'll take your
advice. Good morning, sir. Exit.
Ai.l the Deckncy r'ilz Henry Warren, se
cond assistant Post Master General, was arrested
at the depot in Springfield, Mass., on Tuesday,
jut before the departure of the southern train, by
officer Gorham, at the instance of a creditor in
Worcester, whose claim amounts to about $1 100.
Mr. Warren gave bail fur his appearance on the
VJOt b of next month.
Ur- The Teleeranh line fiom Philadelphia
through Doylestown, Hasten, and P.ethleheln, to
Allentnwn, lias been in successful operation lor
several weeks. It works well, and i doing a fair
grj-The burden of Park Benjamin's last good
thing is, that Mr. Clayton voluntarily gave to
M. Poiifsin wli.it his government ha 1 steadily re
fuse 1 to a brother Republic - l.wrrty t (Koam)
In the name and by the authority of the Common
wealth of Pennsylvauia.by WILLIAM F. JOHN
STON, Governor of the said Commonwealth.
A beneficent Cod has blessed
ImIOI tl10 p,i'le 0,1 tliis t'mr(,on"
Jfira-P1 wealth with health and abuttd
aiKe. The fields have yielded bountiful
returns to the labors of the husbandman.
The entcrprizes ol the citizens in all
branches of industry have been appropria
tely rewarded. Peace with all nations has
been vouchsafed to the country. Civil and
religious liberty, under the institutions of
free government, have been preserved in
violate, and the largest measure of earthly
happpincs, has been graciously dispensed
by an all wise and merciful Providence.
These blessings demand our gratitude to
1 1 i in , in whose hands are issues of life and
death who controls and directs the affairs
of man whose will is omnipotent to save
or destroy: and who mingles in the justice
of His judgments, the attributes of His
mercy before whose power nations are
exalted or cast down, and they call upon us
as one people to unite in solemn Thank
sgiving in humble supplication and praise
to the Almighty Author of every good and
perfect gift.for these his underserved bless
ings to his weak and sinful creatures. They
require the profound reverence of penitent
hearts, sensible of the unwortbiness of
humanity and of the enduring mercy of a
Believing the solemn truths; deeply
impressed with the duty of devout adora
tion, and humble prayer ; in compliance
with a venerated custom, and the desires of
the great body of the people : I, William
V. Johnston, Governor of the Common
wealth of Pennsylvania, do hereby ap
point and designate, THURSDAY, the
29th day of November next, as a day of
general Thanksgiving throughout the Stale,
and I hereby recommend and earnestly in
vite all the good people of this Common
wealth to a sincere and prayerful obser
vance of the same.
Given under my hand and the great seal
of the State, at Harrisburg, this twenty
fifth day of October, in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-nine,
and of the Commonwealth the sev-enty-fourth-
By the Governor :
Secretary of the Commonwealth.
The late elections having resulted in the
eleclion of a Democratic majority in both branch
. ..i tho r Kiril:itiiri. il follows, as a matter of
course, that a Democratic Slate Titamrer will
be chosen bv that body ; allow me, tneretore, to
suggest the "name of JOHN SNODGRASS, of
Westmoreland county, for that office. He is
known all over tho Slate as a faithful and untir
ing business man, mid a consistant and unwaver
ing Democrat. The ollice of State Treasurer is
one of great importance and responsibility, and
should he filled bv a irond and competent man
such is he w hom I have named.
Correspondence of the Baliniore Republican,
Washington, Oct. 20, ls4:.
Dear Argus; The appointment today
of McClintoek Young, Esq., to the post of
Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, has
created quite a sensation in the Whig ranks.
They arc galled at the idea of a Democrat
being called to so important a post, and
whose service are deemed no tssnriiul
to assist in performing the duties assigned
the Secretary. As a gentleman and scholar,
Mr. Young has no superior,- and, as to
capacity, it is useless for mc to add any
thing to his wide spread reputation.
Mr. Penrose returns, I learn, to his re
sidence in Philadelphia, disgusted with the
whole Taylor party, as must be every so.
ber-thinging man, who has had cognizance
of its corruption.
I have understood that the Congrr agonal
delegation of several of the States, have
addressed Gen. Taylor, requesting him to
dismiss two or three members of his Cab
inet, or the party is irretrievably lost to
tally annihilated ! So you may expect a
blow up soon after the annual reports arc
submitted to Congress-. I- said that
Kwig's mission to Ohio i. dm the
troubled waters." Go it,".'" . of the
Intciior of the Mat' vffhi .' "
CO. , SATURDAY,
He cannot bo an unhappy man, who lias
the love and smiles of woman to accompa
ny him in every department of life. The
world may look dark and cheerless without
enemies may gather in his path but
when he relumes to the fireside and feels
the tender love of woman, he forgets his
cares and his troubles, and is a compara
tively liappy man. He is but half prepa
red for the journey of life, M ho takes not
with him, to soothe and comfort him, that
friend who will forsake him in no emer
gency who will divide his sorrows in
crease his joys lift the veil from his heart
and throw sunshine amid the darkest scenes
N'o man cannot he miserable, who has
such a companion, be he ever so poor, des
pised and trodden upon by the world.
Who is the author of the following gem ? U'e
i . ....
nave seen it gum I tie rounds ot the press lor a
number of years in a stale ol orphanage, like "Ja
phel in search of his father;" and we send it on
its way again, in hopes that so pretty a bantling
may not always be bereft of paientage.
The Sea llotfs Farewell,
Wail, ye winds, till I repeat
A parting signal to the fleet,
Whose station is at home.
Then watt the sea boy's prayer,
And let it oft be whispered there !
While other climes I roam.
Farewell to father rev'rend hulk,
Who, spite of metal, spite of hulk,
May soon his cables slip :
And while the parting tear is moist,
The flag of gratitude I'll hoist,
In duty to the ship.
Farewell to Mother first-class she,
Who launched tnn on life's stormy sea,
And rigged me fore and aft ;
May Providence her timber spare,
And keep her hull in good repair,
To tow the smaller craft.
Farewell to sister lovely yacht,
But w hether she'll be manrje'd or not,
I cannot now forsec:
May some good ship a tender piove,
Well found iu stores uftruih and love,
And tak her under lee.
Farewell to George the jolly boat,
And all the little craft afloat
In home's delightful bay ;
When they arrive at sailing age,
May wisdom give the weather-gaije
And guide them on their way.
Farewell to all on life's rude main
Perhaps we ne'er may meet again,
Thro' stress of stormy weather ;
But summon'd by the. board above.
May haibor in the port of Love,
And all be rnoor'd together.
OtJ-Thomas J. Gross, for many years assistant
clerk of the Ilouscof Representatives of this State,
died at his residence near the Trappe, on the 25ib
ult.aged 10 years.
From the Kaston Sentinel, Nov. '2.
We are pained to learn that the heavy
rain of Monday, caused a tremendous Hood
iu Hickory Run, a tributary of the Lehigh,
in Kidder township, Carbon county, which
caused the breaking of no less than three
dams, and the destruction of three saw
mills ; one belonging to J. oy S. Gould,
and two to Mahlon K. Taylor, Esq., and
sevfral dwellings. Nor is this the worst
of the catastrophe seven lives were lost.
One, a daughter of Mr. Gould, and the en
tire family of Mr, West, an enterprizing
blacksmith, who had settled there some
time since; whose dwelling was swept off,
and family, with the exception of himself,
The Mauch Chunk (lutrtle furnishes us with
the lollowing additional particulars ;
It appears that on Hickory Kun.a stream
which empties into the Lehigh, about live
miles below V lute Jlaven, there was a
large dam, belonging to Mahlon K. Tay
lor, which covered about 70 acres of ground
when full, and insome places 40 feet deep.
During Monday night, in consequence of
the heavy rains on that day, this dam tilled
to overllowing,(the waste gates having been
neglected to be hoisted,) and the darn gave
way about midnight, sweeping everything
before it. Douses with theirspeping in
mates, were dashed to atoms, and their in
habitants, without a moment's warning, car
ried away by the mighty flood.
Nothiny; lias been heard from below the
mouth of the creek ; and serious apprehen
sions are entertained for several families
living just below, tn a narrow gorge. They
must have perished.
As the Lehigh wis high at the time, we
very much fear there has been disastrous
work along the whole line of Lehigh
NOV. 10, 1849.
The Duel between Decatur
From Kennedy's lifo (,f Wirt, we take the lid
lowing letter to Judge Carr, upon the ill omened
duel bWweuri Decaiur am P.arron, in which a
gallant patriot threw away his life:
Washington, April 'i, 1820.
I thank you, my dear friend, for your
short letter, which I would have sooner an
swered, hut fur causes beyond my control.
Instead of attempting to give you an ac
count of the quarrel between our lamented
I'eeattirand llarron, I propose to send you
in this paper a copy of their correspondence
wiiien we are promisoil Irom the lntell
gencer press to-morrow. Decatur showed
me this correspondence, in confidence, late
last lull, so lar as it had hen rone : and
used every effort to prevent I lie fight.which
lie was very lar from wishins to brins on
but which he considered as forced upon him
iu such a way that there was no avoiding
it but by disavowing what he had already
said anil thought ol Harron, and of this
need not say he was incapable. He di
not approve of duelling.
He then passed to his own case. Fight
ing, lie said, was Ins nrolession.andit woul
be impossible for him to keep his station
and preserve his respectability, without
snowing himsell ready at all limes, to an
swer the call of any one w ho bore the name
ol a gentleman.
After rny return from Ilallimore, I heard
nothing more of it till he was brought home
mortally wounded; and then I saw him no
more till he was a corpse. As I stood near
him, alone, and looked at his dear face
marked as it still was, with the traces of
his departed spirit, I could not help saying:
"What is life, and what all the glory that
this world can give? 1 he soliloquy is
not a very novel one,indccd. I have made
it, in common with others, a thousand times
before, but I never felt its force till then ;
for never till then, had 1 seen the corpse ol
such a man. I hey boih fell at the shot
which was so simultaneous that the report
ol two pistols could not he heard by those
who stood out of sight, though close within
ear-shot. This I heard from Commodore
Porter, who was standing thus with Rogers
He exclaimed immediately "One of them
is Killed lor there is only one shot.
Very different was the scene when he
got to the ground. Decatur was apparent
ly shot dead; he revived soon alter, and
he and Harron held a parley as they lay
upon the ground. Doctor Wasliinglon,who
got up just then, says that it reminded him
of the elosinj; scene of n tragedy Hamlet
and Laeters Com. Harron proposed that
they should make friends before they met
in heaven, (lor he supposed they would
both die immediately.) Decatur said he
had never been his enemy, that he freely
forgave him his death though he could
not forgive those who stimulated him to
seek his life. One report says that Har
ron exclaimed, "Would to God you had
said so much yesterday !" It is certain
that the parley was a friendly one, and that
they parted in peace. Decatur knew he
was to die, and Ins only sorrow was that
ic had not died in the service or his coun
try. It is believed that Harron will recov
er though this is far from certain. The
papers will tell you everything as to Dcca
ter's funeral, procession, Cvc,
Your friend, WM. WIRT.
ES" The Riots in Philadelphia have cost
us just a qvuetcr of a million of dollars.
One forth the rnoaev would have armed the
police and preserved us from the disgrace
and the destruction. This is whig economy.
The St. Paul's (Minesola) Chronicle
furnishes some interesting particulars res
pecting the climate, productions, &c, of
that territory, Esculents of every descrip
tion and of superior quality are produced
in abundance, and the crops of oats and In
dian corn are rpokcnofns being much
heavier than those of Ohio and Indiana.
Mechanics, and particularly house-builders,
arc in great demand, and it is believed that
artizans of small means could there acquire
property and grow up with the country.
The lumber business is spoken of as at
tracting much attention, and increasing in
importance with the return of every spring,
and the rapid augmentation of the popula
tion. Mercantile and professional pursuits
arc in small demand, although St. Paul's, it
is believed, would compare favorably in
this respect with any other town of the
same size. The oldest inhabitants of the
territory declare that at no place where
they had formerly resided, have they, or
their families, mjoyed a greater share of
he ;l ih than at Mincsota.
VP'' NUMBER 34.
Extract of a Utter from Colonel
in mot to Col. Utnton, dated.
Mon tkrut, Juneid,lfc49.
" I shall be anxious to receive the best infwB.a
tim. relative to your pUn for the railid-whut
th prospects are f.r its adoption, and towtrd
what point uf this couulry it will probably b
"In conversing with Mr. Duller Kokand Gen
eral Persiler Smith, a lew day since, this road
wasHsubjrctof gen,.,,! inll!rlti , melti(JheJ
that lheli,,eexplr,.din my last journey, was
admirably calculated fr the ,01ld. passing the
mountains between the Arkansas and the M
Norte, with scarcely an ineu.ual.ty ofprofile, and
with knowledge obtained since our disaster show
ed what would have been the character ot its ex
tension further weM, to the Great Basin. A re
ference to Hie map will show you that this lino
crosses the valley of the Del Norte at the norther.,
edge of the New Mexican settlements.! handsome
and fertile country whence a branch rood might
be thrown down the valhiyof the river, snd though,
the settlements, to Santa Fe. The road would en
ter the basin at thesoulhern end ef ihe Morrm.a
settlements, and cross by way of Humboldt river.
About midway of the river's course, a large valley
opens into it.and up this Irs an excellent wav to
a pass near the head of the lower Sacramento val
ley. Before reaching this pass, a way diverging to
Ihe north affords a very practicable valley road
into Oregon ; and, in my opinion, far the best Ly
which you can reach that county.
"Immediately nfler this conversation, Genonl
Smith determined upon a party to explore that
part of the route which I have lastdescribed.wuh
a view to report upon it at tho ensuing session ot
Congress. He afterwards called upon me tore
quest that I would send him a written communica
tion, to the same effect in order that hereafter the
suggestion might remain wiih mc. It is ot pleas
ant to see Ihe work pass into other hands, but pri
vate ir.eans are inadequate to si.xh Undertaking
Charles Kino has retired from the N,
Old and JT,w Members.
On looking over the list of members elect to tho
noxt House, Kays the llairisbure Union, we ob
serve that there are tw,nly-fuW ineu.bm elect
who were members of the last Houe. In a.ldi
lion to thee there are somesix nr eisjht who rnv?
ben members of the llou,e at some former neri-
od. Among-l the new men-.hrs wn notice that
there are several geidmnen on both iides uossm-
smg great talents and ability, ,0 that e may ex
pect the House to compare very favorable will,
Put Nkt Gain of communicants to flip Bap
tist Church in the United States, for the tat
year, has been set down at IS. 007.
IlARnisnvKii. Sutntov morninc f)rt oo icm
Massrs. Hamilton, Fur my A- Co
A lire was discoved at 2' o'clock ihm
morninn;, in the four story buildinc. nrn.r,;
ed by M'Kinley& Lesscure, proprietors of
the Democratic Unionml Printers for the
State, which destroyed nearly even-thin
in the second (toy of the building in which"
the newspaper and job materials were located-
The principal part of the materi:.U
on which the Slate Printing ii done beinn
on the third stoty was saved by the tfihi-
lit exertions ol our firemen.
The valuable stock of Law Book in Hip
first and second story, was principally fv.
ed, the loss of these confined to a lot on the
lust story. J lie steam engine and machine
irrsses were but partially injured.
dj'The Governor ol Ohio has appointed the
Tth i list , as a day of Thanksgiving.
t'"It is thought 1 5,000 emigrants to Cal
ifornia by the plains, will have to winter at
the Morman settlement at the Salt Lake,
owing to the earlier parlies of emigrants
laving set fire to and burned the grass.
I'hey will fortunately be able to obtain sub
sistence there, as the Mormans have raised
immense crops of grain, their farms exten
ding eighty miles in length, and more than
twenty in width, though they have br-en
there but two years. Surely these Mor
mons arc a singnlar people.
Soithf.rv Convention. The Missis
sippi state convention, which met to discuss
the best method of protecting the rights of
the south, in relation to the question of
slavery, has just concluded its sittings, n:ul
adopted a rt njlution providing for a conven
tion of the slavrholding stales in the city of
Nashville, on the firnt Monday in June
next, "to devise and adopt soms mode of
resistance tn th ?i;rf ssionn of tb.94'