Newspaper Page Text
it wai legislative act, au.l Mr. I, Ind no
right 10 go behind l. Uer wenem bound
ary, il M true, had not been clearly defin
ed; we did not exacily know where ii oujjh'
to be but .'ill we did, we had no ritfhl '
depirt from'the bouml she h id Ihed m
here. W j admitted her wiili those bounds
il was a legislative acl,.atul the President
wu not to bl'.e (or il.' li'was hi otTicia
duty to lee the lawi Willfully enoctied in
frgard to Ihie s to nil' oiher thing. Am!
wlni hid ha donct lie tent mininer to
elite thai boundaiy not by war, but by
negoiialion; but Mexico refuted to negou-
te, ind laid (ho intended 10 aeule thai
qncttioa by ihe iword; ah would recon
Some gentlemen aald the President ahould
then have elood fast at the Nuecei. Uui
Mr. K. asked, what gave him any right to
atop theieT Had Texas Bpreed lhai hei
If iritory Hopped there? Did Mexico recog
nise ihe Nuecea at ihe boundary? M not,
wha', gave the Prraidenl the light lo do ao?
It was tiue that a certain distinguished Sen
alor had laid lhal it wo his opinion thai
that was ihe true line. But wai the Presi
deui lo lake hia word rather than an act ol
the Legislature? He was bound lo lake
ihe claim ofTexai tt prima fad evidence
that she was eniiiled io the boundary she
All ihti noise about an Execudve war
was nothing but poor mean effort in gen
(leriien 10 eaaape the reiponiibilil) of iheir
own act. So the world would view it.
And now, (said Mr. K.,; you peace-lov.
Ing, war haling, religious men, you have a
my great regaid fot Mexican blood. I un
derstand the anii.wcr principles, was
raised among the Quakers myself, Ihey held
to oon-resislanoe, bul I never could quite
. go thai, 1 alwayi feh ai if, after turning ihe
oilier cheek, (and that wai the exicnl of ihe
command.,) ,1 should like lo give the fellow
(hat struck me a good hard blow.
I admit lhal war is an evil, but I ask, who
is reiponsible for all ihe blood which has
been and shall be shed in Jlfexico? Who
, is responsible before all Just men? (I will
say nothing about the bar of my 'Maker.;
I will tell you; I hold you responsible foi
it. Ii it had not been for your obstinate
resistance to the annexation of Texas, and
.your Aiming speeches on that eurject, il
Mexico had notexpeeted support & aid to
lie. anfiA (mm vnn. mhm navnr wnnhl liniA
V. VM-V " J " "
presumed to make war upon ua. But they
believed you would keep your word. You
said that annexation wai wrong, and would
certainly bring war with II and they irus;
,sd to you lo keep llum out of war. They
must ba infatuated to expert to cope with
ue. No; ihey thought that they would
catch Taylor in a trap and cut him off be
fore we ould come to hia aid, and that then
there would be such a clamor by you a
gainst ihe Executive that we should give
them good terms of peace. Bul you have
.1 1 - ' . '
uius cast a snaue on your own pstr'ousni
and you are responsible for i)ie war. Were
not your inflammatory speeches published
in Mexico? Did not their leaders dwell on
the? o speeches tf yours as evidence lo show
'.hat you would paralyse the arm of the A
But lb i wai not all. Tour clamors a
giinsi the Executive, and your intimations
that you would nol suffer ihe President to
carry tha war into Mexico, emboldenrd
'.hem to alleck ua. - If you had threatened a
vigorous prooeeuiion of ihe war, ihey would
never have dared lo give us batile,afier hav
ing been so whipped at Palo .Alio. Good
as yuut intentions may be, I eny you are
responsible for the blood shod in Mexico,
I hold you responsible for it all, end so
will ihe American people.
If your power was equal lo your will,
you woiild make us now call back our army
from California and New Mexico, and if
you peisin long enough in your opposition
and they do not become fully satisfied thai
you will rot gal the teine of power, ihey
will go on in the hepe that, as coon ao you
come into power, you will net only with
draw your iroopo, but give them indemnity
for all the injury you have done them.
Such (Mr. K said) were hia vieus, he
was not learned; he meant nothing bul what
in sai J, and he meant all he said. To hi u.
it seemed pissing strar.ge thai, in nil their
clamor against the President and '.he war,
gentlemen i-emed clean lo forget all ihe
outrages perpetrated by Mexico on the pei
snns and property of our citizens.
Surely, it would better become gentlemen
when looking for the causes of '.ha war, nut
quite to pans over all lhal Mexico had done
tons, llui he feared ihey were exposing
themselves before the vorld. They occu
pied seats which ought lo be filled by
statesmen and lovers of their country's hon
or Tint, after the course adopted here, ho
A . t
nok in ihe faie ovou the picture ot me
father of his cmmtiy. ere ihey not aci
irg the pin of mere pirusmis, who were
not able to draw a distinction between par-
y welfare in time of pmfound peacr,snd
arty wsr againstl iheir own Chief Magis-
irate when conducting the nation wart
Such men, either from a natnia! want ol
brains, or from the sort of heart they had in
their bosoms, wero incapable of being true
A-imricane. He cared not where this cen-
etire might Ml; if il bore on himself, he
was willing to lake hi full share of Mie
All the alterc-pis of the gentleman over the
way lo ibrow firebrands among the menu
of ihe President were perfectly seen through
and his brands were quenched as soon it
thrown. Even if Mr. K. had any private
and personal quarrel with the President, he
wanted lo help his country oul of ihe war,
and with honor, before he made any on
slaught upon the president on his own ac
Finally; If gentlemen were determine
in carry on this course of discussion, I e
xsktd ihem if ihy could ilo so without giv
ing both aid and comfort to our enemies?
The effuct mighi be to induce them lo carr)
on the war, and, if they did, il would final
ly annihilate litem; for the Government
could not, and would nol, retreat from i s
position until we eifler obtained an honor
able peace, or had crushed and annihilated
our enemy. They must give us peace, or
be extinguish! d. At to ihe attack upon the
President, he said to gentlemen, keep it up
lay on; the President was abundantly ca
pable of defending himself; and so ne of
iheie gentlemen were already very sore pre
oely because he had done so. He was a
slender man, personally; Mr. K. did not
say he wb a Hercules, bul, jusl as he stood
Mr. K, would pit him sgainsi ihe whole ol
ihem, and felt sure he would come out ol
the arena unscathed. Yes lei gentlemen go
on; bul lei ihem also count the cost. They
would either induce iheir constituents to
despise and condemn iheir own country, or
ihey would degrade themselves. The first
they could not do. If they could, so many
of thoir parly would nol have displayed
such nuble courage and patriotism on the
fields of battle. No; ihey could nol do it;
and Ihe lesnlt Would enly follow to ihe
deep grave of infamy ihe men who had sig
nalized themselves by a similar couiss in
our last war.
Ji lake rflurm Col. King telle Ihe
following snecdole, relative lo oneol
his maichei in South America,'
'On ptssmg through the woods ofHari
lis, our advance guard suddenly came
in, slating lhal from a noise ahead, ihej
were sure that o body of men mtisl be
approaching.Their report led me to sup
pose lhal Ihe enemy had anticipated oui
movement, and were coming to mte'
os. I imnie disltly crdeird every man
lo Lis pos', anil continued advancing. In
a few minutes the noise wag distinctly
heard, but bore no rrseniblunca lo Hit
aound that would arise from Ihe move
ment of a body of met). There was no
clattering of horsb's hoofs.no distinct
vo'ce, but a continuous JJibel-hke con
clusion of sound, as if a nginienlol
women were chattering together. Siill
we advanced at a slow pace; when Ic7
on tinning a sharp promontory, we bt-
held about two bundled n.onkeys swing
ing themselves from Iree lo tree, iwtsi.
ing their long tails around ih j branches
and all enjoying the most perfect fiee
loin of speech and action. As wo came
in sight however, all was suddenly as
silent as death nol a cieaune among
them moved each several monkey slop-
oina in his career of fun, in th? exaci
j)oition in which we discovered litem
Seme hting penunnt by their tails lo the
blanche?, soma lK-g cut-sireithed up'
on a limb, and olhers, in the cl ui
imbing, remained with their long ni m
.. . i,-1 -i. .i i ,.
'tinging '0 me lice. l:ii ihj'ii mi
r i . l I i . I . .. . . k .
part ol a ueau inoi.Krj, u bum nir
fust momenl of mortification at I a vi g
rraved and rallied my men fur i,(h a
pit-cr of i ill cule, I could not resist in
init g in the universal ior of laughiei
hat followed the discovry Sunie cf
he least fuboi dii ste men 'en lied their
p:(ceii at the intKcvul ciealurrs lhat had
produced a tempi rary excitement s
rnong us, but 1 iiiMititly drdered lbs'
they should not one of ihem be banned
and we lii'l them, no doubt congratul.v
irig ilieniselvcs on their fortunate t-ci;ie.'
There is a family living in Jasper co.
Texas' a man, his wife, and fjilirr-in-
should ihink lhal some genilemm would bw, who wtigb, together, ous ihousand
fffs! aahemtd to'Valk inlo iho Koiundo an 'pounds.' ,
1ffair9 of California and Ihe faci-
fic.Tht Union of Tuesday evening
onlains the President' me-ssge and a
iitmber of the documents IranS'niMed
o Congrea", oil Monday, in answer lo
he resolutions passed by the House on
he 13 h insi., concerning instructions
o out officers in California and the IV
i fi c. In leferenee lo the voluminou
locumenie accompaning the mesaagf,
the Union ssys:
We have no room at this moment lo
enter into a full investigation of ihese
interesting papers. Bul we may under
take to say lhal therein nothing in the
President's view, or in ihe secrelaiier
instruction'; which are not fully in uni
son with the constittiiion of our country
nd ihe laws of nations. The open
charges and secret insinuations which
have been made agmnsi the Proidant
bp found amply refuted, and bis course
and that of his secrelarie' fully vindica
ted from all cetiMire. there were no
instructions to Gn. K-arney none lo
Commodore Most and Stockton to an
nex pei mnently any territory to IheU
Stales. The PrtMdent never dreamed
th.il .Mich a measure could be adopted
by military or executive authority alone
Mo instruction1! hjve been given to ex
ercise any o'her authority lhan are, un
der the laws of war, applicable lo terri
t iry conquered by ihe force jf arms.'
The following is tha message of the
To the Home of Wepresentalive of the
In compliance with Ihe reqnst con
ained in the resnlu'ion of the Hnusol
Rprefntaiivea of the 15th irn:.,I com
municate herewith rpori from Ihe S c
'. f War and the .Secretary i,f the Navy,
wilh the documents which accompany
These (loctimenii) conUin a!l the 'or"
dors or in? Ii odious' lo any niili'aty.na.
val, or other effier i,f the gTvernniem,
in I elation lo iho esLiblisliinent cr in
4aniztion of civil government in ary
por lion of the lerritnry ofMexico, which
has nr might betaken possession of by
he army or nivy ol Ihe U. Stales.'
These orders and instructions wer'
iven lo rpgulnte ihe exercisn of ihe
right of a btligerent, engaged in acttnl
war, over such portions of ihe territo
ry of onr enemy as, by military ron
quest, miihl be 'taken posision of,'
;ind be occupied by, our armed forces
lights necessarily resulting liom a state
of war, and cleat ly recognised by lh
laws of nations. This wis ihe BU'hnrity
which could be delrgited to on r milinn
comnniders, anil i's txerrise tva
inilfpf-nsable lo I ho sect.re occ njiatici
md possession of territory cf the enemy
which niifcht he coi quered. The rcgu
laiions auit.orized were temporary, and
dependent on ihe rights acquired bj
eonqufst, They were nmhoi izd a he
ligerenl rights, and were !o be csrtieii
inlo effect by mtliiary or nv.'al i fficer"
They were but the amelioration of mar-
iisl law, which modem civihzi'ion re
quires, and were due as well lo ihe sr
airily of the conquest, as lo the inhabi
lan's of the cot quered lenilory.
The documents enmmunicled N
contain ihe reports of several hiof,l
meritorious officers of our iniy and n,i
vy, who have conquered and taken po
spision of poilions of the enemy'a territory.
?mong the doruments arenmpmy inn
the report of the Secretary of War, will
he found a 'form if novernmeni' 'estiib-i-hed
and crganizetl' by the military
commander who conquoied and occupi
'il wilh his forces the lerriloiy of New
.Mex ro. i his document wasrereivo:
at the war D-partmenl in Ihe later pari
of the hsl month, anil (as will be per
ceived by the lepirl cl the Secretary of
War) was not, for the reason statnl by
ihal cflirer, brought lo my r.ni'ce until
,fter my anual mtsssge of the 13 h iii.t-
was communicaied lo (Congress.
It is declared on its fce to bo a Mem-
pnrnry government of the Paul territory
iut there are portions of it which pur.
port to 'fcs'ablisli and organize' a per
manent tf ri itorial government of Ihe U.
St;.tca over Ihe tertiary, and to impart
10 its inhabitants political rights which,
under the constitution cf the United
Stales, can be erjoytd permanently on
ly by citizens of IheUni'ed S a'rs. These
have net bsen 'upptoycd d recogniz
ed' by me. Such organized regulations
ai have been established in any of the
conquered territories for tho security ol
our conqjest, for the preset vat ion of
oider, for Ihe protection of the light ol
the inhabitants, and for depiivmg llo
enemy of the advantages of these leiri
tories while Ihe military possession o'
them by the forces of the United S ales
continue, will be recognised and apptov
Il will be apparent, from lh report ol
officers who have been required by the
success which ha crowned their arm to
exercise Ihe powers uf temporary govern
ment over the conquered territories, that il
any excess of powers has been exercined,
ihe departure has been the offspring of u
p limine desire lo tive to the inhabitants the
privileges and immunities so cherished by
the people of nut own country, and which
tlioy believod calculated lo improve tilth
condition and piomoie iheir pro-pti i ty -And
such excess has resulted in no practical in
jury, bul can and will be e.iily corrected in
a manner lo slienalv as little as possible the
good feeling! of llie inhabitmits of the con
quered territory, James K. 1ik,
ff'uihington; Dec. 12, 1810.
I p i i -
"THUTII W I Til OUT f KAtt
SJTl ltlf.IV, lH".
V. IJ, rA l.Mbli i.t,n. it nullum zca uutciu j inn ii .Me
Ai;cnt for lite ' Colum hi.i Dkmiichat,' and rr-'j (() (yjet
'tipt (ill monies for Xubicriutiun and Adurti:,-
ins "I hi a ALf nciti in
J'hiMIi'uu A'.). 60 I'lnt-ftrct.
New York " lfio .Y,i.i.v((-i':i7.
Jl.itoii " 10 Klotc-hlrwt.
thiltimore ;, cor. Unit, unit t'u'vcrl-sh.
il' rciiinl.s-U.c!i)iriics nnd Truilc-mm nitty find
I to licir iidvuiitni lo udrerlitt in tins j ujitr us
t is the null one jmlLtlud ut the J nun!
nd him a printer ciiculnHiin in lite counhj liun
iinj oilier jjiijitr puhiihiiia wiutin suuimin.
Dniie' Su) der,
Leflki Wil at,
Oliver C. Stepliens, PIhsicht,
Motion K. Mauley, Curd winner
Andrew Welliver, Hrn-liiiniker
Gallant Sfjair. -Our southern
pipersgivous fuilher pnticulars of a
brilliant little sfTur tint took place un
der the v ry walls of the Castle of San
Jinn d'Ul'oa, by thteo young cflicers
and five men ol the squadron, which
was no less than burning a Mexican
packet vessel culled the Creole, taking
H'-ven pi isonem ami making a S:tle le
real' They were discovered before
reaching the Creolel and th ahum bdl-
of IheCasile and c ly of Vera Cm.
ver idling the tale while on r galLni
allows were engaged in the woi k. The
llicers eng'iced were Lieu'. J. L pir
Iter, Passed Mid-hiptnt n, J, U. ilyn-
on and R. C, Ilcgeis ihe five seamen
ire nol meiitioneil in ihe rrp rl, winch
on .eludes as follows:
wen :Mextcans were loiiml on
'osrd ami forced into our boats as pris
oners, and landed al S.icr fh ios. Insel-
!ing fne lo ihe train, Ihe fi : st altemj.i
laiied the liht was then accidenily ex
The Democialtc litizens of Peunsylia
nia who have nol already appoin'ed, aie it-
i tested lo meet al the iimi.iI phu'i s i f linli!
inj,' their to.vnshi) and ci unty meuniiga and
seleel delegates equal in unnibcr nl iheir
Senators and HepresciiUiives in the Stall
Legislature lo represent ihom in die State
Convention lo b hidden at Ihrrihburg in.
Thuisday tho 4th day of Match next lor tin
pmpose of nominating candidates for lie
offices of Covernoi and Canal Commission
er, and f performing such other duties IJ
may peilain lo ihem in accordance with tin
usages of tlic party.
7y order ol the Democratic Stale Centra,
JO IN C. DUCIJER,
IIi'.nry Uufhler Sec'y. Chairman.
Han ibbur Nov. 28 181G.
"ingti shed everything looked ominoiif,
ul failure. The me of firearms would
have provoked the firo of the rastle.Our
of Ihe M-xicans were forced lo find fire
with ii pistol at his head II was a sin-
j'e coal, and il was on the point of jo
ing out. 1 u save the last chance, Mr,
llynson then pound powder from hi
hand upon Ihe con!, and succeeded. He
was however, considerably horned.
After going inlo the boat, in older lo be
ure, the officers reitirnml lo make a
second fire in the hold; anil having no
other means nf carry ing ihe fire Ihey
lore vp I heir shlrt-ta is, which burned
remarkably well. The Mexicans mut
he astonished when Ihey find how man
y diverse purpose a Yankee shtrl may
-e put lo; the oilier diy at Tuspan, it
it was a fl g of Iruci this is, fa'diom' o!
.7 ISftlional Government Mnssa-
crtru. A iiornnie massac ee occur i ed
i lhn cy of Kitainariiloo, iho cpi'al
f ihe ki' tfdnin nl Nepr,!)1, in Niirtlirrii
! ilia, la-l S p'eri lur. The queen hd
favoii'e, ('i)p Gen. (jiiiin Sxili ,
Ahum i h- K'iih nriUred lo by murder
d no ihe 11 h of Sppiember, nl 10 o'-
c'nek al night. Ilcr M ji sty w as mi
outraged at Ihe loss of her pi.rimotir,
hat sho at once instigated Ihe nnss.ice
of the Prince Minister, Ihe Members oi
he Cabinet, 1 lie nobility, Council cf
Stale, gene mis nnd elm f men ; the runn
ier ol two hundred. The K ng alone
uscwped, bul bis w 'hereabouts was not
known. Q singlo nobleman only was
saved, and ti e Quet n appointed him
cornmander-in-chif f. The Queen is
he King's second w fe. The male chil
Iren by Ihe fits! wife, who would havi
neceded her children in the govern
mtni;wre smong those aUin or con
fined in dungeons, ftepaul js power
lul kingdom, having Bbout three mill-
oner of inhabitants. The rnMional re-
lii'um is l'uddhism. iMost of ihe if o
pie are 'iartam, as may readily be in
ferred from the conduct of the Queen.
Col. L. L. Tate ban disposed of his in.
terest in Ihe Columbia Enquirer to IJi-nj S
(Jilinore by whom it is hereafer lo be pub
On Monday last the Columbia (iuard?
staricd from Danville for ihe scat of war.
They went by way uf .ewisbtirg, Uarilelun
llulidavsbnrg. itn. lo Pittsburg al which
place they will bo musteri (I into servii'e.
The company ntnnbired at starling over
100 men. Wo ive their nanifsi in the list
below. On Sabbath Dee. 2? ill the Guards
were eluqueiilly & impressively addressed
by llev. Mr Jghiner and Ilcv. Mr. Yeo
mnns. The Commissioners of this county made
in appropriation of $700 to the Guards
which aildpd io the sum raised by inilivid
n al donation, was sufficient to send ihem uf!
in a rcspi'cikb e manner, and py their ne
cessary expenses until ihey are inusieied
LIST OF MEMBERS
COMPOSIXC THE COl.TJMniA GUAr,D3.
JOHN S. WILSON. Captain.
Clarench W. Prick, First Lieutenant
L'bwakd fn: ('true, Second do
Wii.i.iam nniNOi.i:, do do
George S Kline, First Seargeanl
John I). Sister, 2d do
Hubert Clark, 3d do
(.'hi rh s ICvans, 4ih do
John Adams, First Corporal
James Oliver, 2 I do
J.ihn Smith, lid do
A. J. Ce irhar'., lib do
Jesse C. Clark. Printer
Thomas Clark, Machinist
15-njamin J M niiii, Gui'.h man
I'ctcr S Ui-cd, Centlt inati
Ada m M. Ray, Unatnian
Caspei Oienwtider, Laborer
Peter M. Sjiace, Laborer
Ira L'lwn-biirjj, Fiirnaopriiari
Jasper Mnssclman, Mouider
ICd wind Si'er,
Dniiel S. Fullmer.
James A Stuarl.
Peter S. Knheiis,
.-icbai I Corigan,
Jerome W sdker,
Jom jiIi Smith,
Samuel D, Iluker,
!. II. JrKeen,
Chailrs W, Adams
John 0. Snyder,
Jerome K inkle,
('has. W Former.
Norman H. Mick,
Joseph II. Siraton,
Win. S. Kn'z,
A. U. Corley,
Below will be found the names of tha
.mmpanies accepted into tlhe' second reffi-
ment of Volunteers from this Suite.
Captain V. Gutzwiler, German Gravs.
Capi. J. Johnson, 7estmoielandGuards.
Capt. J: S. Wilson, Columbia Guard.-..
Capt. T. S, Leoser, Heading Artillery,
Capi J. W. Greary. American High
landers, Summit, Cambria county.
Captain James Murry, Cambria Guards,
Capi. L. C. Williams, CamcronTJuardsi,
Captain E. B Roberts, Fayette County
Cap). Charles Nay lor National Hin-
Capi James Miller, Stockton Jriilietists,
Wealthy In the tnwi.GiII, inMaine
containing 1.000 inhabitants, but Ihree
dird doring the past year, and tSost
wete nil ever eighty years of egr.
Don F Hevalon,
Cdward M agonal,
lierj. F. Siamm,
Chomas D. Marlin
J. A, Lowery,
S imiel lltutl,
David Alh gar,
Wilhclm Wekmann, Shoemaker
Wm. II. Deitetich,
Shop. W. Girlon,
Joha. K. Sanders,
Wm. W Bright,
Finn B. Bonham,
Peier K. Cilger,
Gen, Scot' and Suite arrived at New Or
cm s on the I8',h insl. in the id, in I'm,,,,
H; was ui leave in a day or iwo for Riu
A Nerro Boy beloncing io Gen. Taylor
was iiinidered 1 1 Monterey, by two m xi
ans on ihe 2d Nov He whs in a li-lil
.iroeuruifj a load df com, when the two I'd
ows set upon liim with knives and minder
d him on ihe spot.
Pile firn "rriinei'.l of Po nil sylvan ia Vol
niteers left Pni-burg, for New Orleans on
me 2 1st. 221 and 23J nil' in Steamboats
where ihey will lake passage for iho Hi.)
Gen Tay 'cr nt the last accounts still ic
maincd nl Monterey, and was actively en-
!,'aycd in pushing bis troops forward to Sal
n Ilo and Victoria. The troops on l!io Hio
Grande under the command of Gen. Patier-
on, were moving, either by water oi land
foi Tampico, with the view, .19 was gener-
lly supposed, lo unite with ihe naval force
in die attack on Vera Cruz.
Curious Coincidence. The HjUnn
Pravellei' rf Monday nifthl says; 'In
our paper 10 day we reporllhp hus rf
he? ship llionns P, Cope, of Phi.'adcl-
ihia, by Ine, and Ihe abandonment gt
ea of Ihe brig Thomas I Chip, of
ihunswick, Me. The only two vessel
of lhat name in the Ucited State. ;