The Columbia Democrat. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1837-1850, November 07, 1846, Image 1
j i'K y (jl'r V I nave wornupon the AHor of t'ott, eternal hoitlUty t eery form uf Tyranny ever the Mind of Man." Thomas Jriftrimi II. WEBB, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. ' , . . - iiloomsiiurg, coluaiiili colxtv, fa. Saturday, novemhuk 7, is-io. Vohuae X. ltiiihei l OFFICE OF TIIE DEMOCRAT South " of Main, a tew doors be low Market-street. The COL UMBIJi DEMOCRAT will It published every Saturday morning, at TWO DOLLARS per annum payabh half yearly in advance, or Two Dollar Fifty Cent a, if not paid within the year. So subscription will be taken for a shorter period than six monins; nor any aiscon tinuance pennmea,umu an arrearage are discharged. AD VER TI SEMENS not exceeding square will be conspicuously inserted at One Dollar J or the jirst three insertion n,nl Twentii.ive cents for event subsc quent nser'tion. liberal discoun viade to those who advertise by the year LETTERS addressed on businest,must be post paid EGESvMEILiILJLSS lEdLTSo From tho New Orleans Doha. TIIE MST SOVEREIGN. There is spirit wiikin, which arrays The thing we doal upon with colorings Richer than rose brighter lhan the beams Of the clear sun at morning- Harry Corn tevll. And well thus gift, may ye bear the thrill Of Social sorrows and ideal wiong, The.i'Eolion harp that heaven's pure bicezes fill Must breathe, at times a melancholy song. Good. GeorgeMelville was born in Liver pool, some forty years ago, more or les- for we sre not of lhat gossip class who re nice to a fault, especially when fid get on the wrong side of lime; and ak the friend's eye may follow ihai sketch ing of incidents which shadowed his ear ly career, we would not send him to the wife or ghss to count wrinkles or grey hair!1, which ao becoming'y adirn the upper man, or call to his mind an un pleasant thought bnt to establish and brighten the links of social joy. Hm ors and titles had been wreathed in the history of his fathers from William of Normandyj and family pride, in latter dijs, had bound misery to the wheel of fortune wilh the iron chains of pover ty, under which then descendants lan guished for many years, uniilan effort of enterprise on the part of the grand father ol Georg", broke on bonds with the restraints of rank which lay enwrap ped in the cerements of the dead, by connecting himself in commercial pur. su la with a gentleman of wealth. The titled merchant was never forgiven by the collateral branches, for having so demeaned himself as to prefer indrpen. dence and usefulness, to infilled dignity with the concomitant evils of indolence and poverty; and his children were wont to look with regret upon wha1 they unjustly deemed stained escutch eon ; one, however, wisely followed in his father's path, believing in honest in. xlustry, peace and honor. The third generation were looking for fooling and place in the world, under the golden banners which prosperous yer-ra of la bor had thrown over their house, when war was declared between Great Britain and a giant child, thai .springing to na tional stature the nurseling of freedom her An'scus arms already outstretch ing for the world's embrace in love and liberty, with strength beyond the pow er of Herculean tyrany to strangle. The effects cf this, from the peculiar relation of the QSr of the firm with the mercai. tile communities involvod in the rii pute,were disastrou;'he blast of the war trumpet I'fl in the path ol its tempest breath, the piinctly merchant an uttti wreck. George was old enough to have a faiol perc?p'ion of the change which wat's fciechance had wrought lor him, but his was a sturdy nature, and tvii)i the sanguines confidence of youth helooked cheerfully forward, giving m.i a Any n humt ivnn nweu ... . a i i IIHIQ VI lUllfUltilWH w niww "' i .l - .... -.nHmeenifie. of their .t.telv the storm, as tney resigneu me " O halls. The father, nothing daunted by the overwhelming calamity, no rfgiein'ng the gilded visions of the past, replaced by loreaching shadow.", labored among the ruins 10 make ;hem go as far ss pos sible to meet the obligit ons resting up on bis lair name, and to rebuild with friementf a more humblo business- diopping from his canvas spread mer chant ships over the world, to the sup ply of the daily wants of a email com munity. and thus was he enabled to complete the education of his children, ind provide all necessari( s of life for ti is family, retaining (he respect and luvi of all who had known him as the skill ful nd, liberal msnager of capital toh oy the interests of millions of pound." nd people. George Melville, long before finishing hjs education, had be come attached to a dauahier of h t faihei's partner; the descenl on eithei iide had not made necessary any chang- n the s'yle of the origi rial firm so, win he children; what had beer the natura estilt of associate interests, became, in he hour of afliclion, that sympathy vhich builds love's temple in the heart, nd brings into partnership the joys, cares ann anxieties 01 me. i ne i . 1 n er of Lucy Dmoiv (we do not derciilo her for she was nothing el-e lhan pei feci) had not been able to bear up untlti the reverse of fortune, and sunk 10 rest with a broken heart, leaving ho family to sutfer the cumulating ills ol the transition from one rx'reme to the, .ther, of the vicisitudei of life, until b- he energy of Melville, enough Wiis r rieved to make a partial support. Il levoled lo the family of his friends t pro rata interest in the pnfit of hi- new business. and the blessings of go d ierts followed him for preventing th- ears of widow or orphans. He carriu into Iile the spirit of Delia's sweet am )8 py thought of kindnes: 'Spent kindly lo thy brother man, for he hat many cares thou dost not know. Oh. speak kindly lo him! Per haps a word from thee will kindle ih glit of joy in his o'ershadowed heart. and make his pathway to the tomb i pleasant one,' It was not thought pru lent thai George and Lucy should lie 11 iled until the smiling of Ihe h'ttn days; but Geoige had determined Ic make a bold cast for his lurtune in tin New Woild, aud she was willing to lol ow where his spirit might lead, aim share his weal or woe. ?ut thou, 0 hope, with eyes so fdr, What was thy delighted nieasti re f ' Slill it whisper'd promised pleasuie, And bade the lovely scenes at distance hail.' Thev were married : anil, wilh Ihe lervent prayers of patents, that the ligh of heavenly love might be cist on theii unknown path and mingle in theii heari's affections ihey embarked for Boston, where they limled in safety in the spring of 1S23,io Uke thfir first les on in the nalities of lif They cstab lished a school in Ihe cil) : and, through he jealousy of rival institutions, of per haps less merit, and Ihe fact of Ou ir bt rg slrangfrs and foreignt x making it more difficult to excite intt rest snd ub'ain the confidence nec rnary for nic cess, they fail d in the undertaking, will. thelobsof mom of the means vliich,1'1 lu ai1" "'llC In momeiti. ah hey had predicted opon i;bi their h.ladul nol fink under the fi.a. cloud or its glourr, chafe iheir fpirila'l'ghtne.'i. Th-y visited New Yoik for ihe pur pose of making another iris', wilh Ihf bought that the locality wisdom of Gotham would be nir.re propitious; but ,,Pjr fll(.t rnisfonune followed Ihem the shatl.ow cf evil, their exit lions were by want of confidence, caused by Mi infturreci anu uncnvi name B'licuirnij . - fif ihnaa who had neiDHU tneir rum. ai- ler fruitless attempts t3 obtain other bu . . ........ I.e.... It I , , . , ...horo 1 I1RSI ineV Ifl I IUI IKIHIIIVir, nriinr J they hoped f ir brighter things in s'ore seeing that but few remained of lhoie shining passports to human favor in the chape of dollars. They looked.nol he hind, or thought of advising Ihe dear friends in their far home, whose heart would ache knowing their sad trouble. They loved, and would endure alone such fate as might await them; and ihe wife had the sweet Christian's trusting imposition, referring all her care back io thb Great source from whence i came in earnest prayer: and the hu? band rested upon her pure faith as i gurdian angel arm, when the daikening shade shrouded in all the picturing which hope had spread upon hi soul. They had made every effort their en ergetic and confident hearts could sug est, but they had proved inelfeciual heir means had wasted, and at last they re left wiihoui shelter, and from over wrought mind and anxiety the busbar d i taken rick, whilst the devoted wilV (raws near to the most interesting period f women's existence. They have been compelled to seek a house in ihe out- ikitis of the city, where the western far ner, drovers and wagoners are em r lined, and where the privilege of sleep- ii j on the fi .or uf a lumber and harnesa co 0 in is accorded lo them for a shilling ach night, for which thy provided out if the leant nesessary articles of their vardrobe. Medicine and advica sn ecesjary fur Ihe invalid, and the wile, n an agony of fear, prepares for a be' fro it to procure assistance; she quiet!) .vithdraws wilh her bonnet and her Ihn' bawl; and w ih a heavy Scotch pLhl lor ihe evening wa wet and cold, . i r i z z ling rain falling near akin to tied -ILged by the duties of love and a deal l'i at haztrd, with a vague hope kind- In g i.i her heart, she could nol be stop ped, but with lightsome strp she tc i long ihe slippery path An Ameneei diip from Hamburg had arrived in por uine (wo weeks previous lo the linn vhir.h we now reach, and among hei new wis a youth of eighteen year?,whi 'nd chosen the sailor's life oi toil and peril in the enthusiasim of boyhood, and continued in it to preserve consistency mil independence, althongh he might i.ive been comfortably berthed on shoir laving family and connexions to sccurr my position that he might have desiied. Charles Winn was a noble warm hearted sailor, combining the franknes. and honesty that seemed best nurlurrd by the rocking of the ocean wave, with he urbanity and.cojrtesy of a polished gentleman; and having been some dap on shore, his funds had melted from hip grasp, where or how he had scarcely needed; but the not q'liet pleasant bought was creeping into his mind, thai he must Mock rut a ship.' Ha has how ver, one sovereign left, and, donning iorih his bes', sallies forth to make night of it,' for the last, lo begin with a bowse' at the theatre. The sailors cos ume of rich material for his shore pas ime he never dolled fjr the 'long tail straights of I he cit,' for the reason thai ue hd the faultless form that best be comes it. His eye of the quick black, indicated intelligence, wit humor am' vl" vmf""' ann ,,e couia Wl" ou . . i . j i . l j k,lt w U" J"vul ls h9 ,breaJe(J ,ht :c" u"8" ".uw.ugn.ar. no an wouio hum ihe fi m knei-s lni beamed from hi onl in f-nry lotk he gave. He passed nn hi wkj' wiib cauU'M air. and, yet with grtctful anil elastic step, his face briuhtnine with iurehait anil r.irilH iinnuclieii x W caies u m a sweet blue eye from beneslh a cottage bonnet caunh. hi, g'z-.and light form nm unit iu ma nuc iiiumcm iu awj im i - step assured Ihslinthat look lay the ho e that sparkled in her mind, knowing al io (hat ink's fault is generosity, shi heiiiaied not lo pour into his ear. with v voice of melting sweelness,her sorrow mg tale. At Ihe moment he though i he cunning w tehery of some syrei vsho would mislead him, snd he passed jnward, leaving unanswered Ihe plain live wailing ol soirow's child; but heart reproach cauned him lo turn ere Jozm steps were made, and he saw the mgel look of despondency in tha fixed drooping ey. evidently overcome bj he agony of disappointed expectation n Ihe only countensnce she had dared o trust in two hours' wandering. With a child deadeni.ig the heart ihrob hope, and genily raising her eyt to heaven, she was preparing to relun ilisconsolaip.with no oil to pour inlothi wounds of sfliclion, when the sailor boy was at her side, had taken her hand and isked forgiveness for misdoubting f.)i an instant her pleadings, which she had evidently been unu-ed lo nnke II made affectionate inquiries; gave cheer ing words snd the 'est sovereign, which ho had intended (o waste in idle and un profi'.able plennircs, snd causing her ti take his arm, he called upon a phyeiri&i who praciieed for years in his fa'hei' family snd whose beneiolence and Mu plael kindly together; begging him as ih evening clusing in with a dark dreer night tc go will) her to her temporary hnnn of tlistresa. She is hnniled into a carrmg' followed by one whose naiurs is love am n a few moments is by the ride of her bus hand w ho is transferred lo a comfortable a- p;irtrr,eni and bed under ihe tieatmrnl lha ooked as much lo soo'he ilio serret sorrov vhicli ofl he al iho bottom of dihciise as 1 i i reel physical treatment. The husband i aved; and the humane physician would re eive no fee being inslrnoied bj ihn nobh iailnr wncre 10 unu ins rewaru ur ai he might outlay, On the first morning that Melville hd leaning on his wife's arm entered the Indie dtting room he was met by a plainly clad iui venerable-looking countryman wiio s posted him with kindly words of inquiiy ympaihy opened by the generous deed o die not thoughtless boy ch ristened by hi-; messmates 'Plain Oharlcy,' who was thi-i bounding over the deep blue sea wiili hp;r as a feather light buoyed up by the uu-pok en thanks of the saved wife for she woule have fallen as the withered leaf had life led .he trunk vital to her; and the hunband fe! realful for the chords of feeling lhal hi found wakening around him. The old gen tleman observed: 'I have been waiting here twelve days (or your recovery having un derstood that you wished to establish x school: if so, I want you to hurry on a co n of health and go West with me for if I tay here much longer wife will be looking for a husband and my boys will become ai wild as our prairie deer Few words were necessary to detail the wants of the hamlei and its lug school and meeting house n isity that now ia and the airargements an made. They arrived safely and becoming welcomed by a matron who had not even a scolding word or look to give as had been loofien intimated in words that meant jus' I the reverse of their appaiwtit sense. Yeai- miiling years have boen theirs as or.e may see who crosses the Prairie du , observ ing to his right just before reaching it the gentle slope spotted with stock and in the loitoin before him a pure streamlet hurry ing to lose its purity in the turbid bosom of ihe great waters; ihe bridge a little to your left, leading to the cottage half concealed with forest trees and shrubs, and the gold en-lock group of children, sporting in lha shade, are parts of the nine gifts of love. As I have looked upon and enjoyed ihis pleasant scene, it seemed 'An hour cf Psradise restored Enden forth mirror'd to the view again, As yet ere happiness forsook its bowers, Or sinlc?s cresturts owu'd the svay ol death.' One word for 'Plain Charley,' whose last sovereign, with the denial ol Ins even mg's enjoyment, wrought as fair a picturs is ever resled on a lap of earih, and more lappiness than often falls to mortal's lot Vfter some years buffeting wilh wim( and 'etther, and various fortunes, he wearied if the sea; where he had never foigmten.in he hour of peril or moment of joy the Jweet peace that flowed upon his soul when he had made one heart happy, l.e who have feeling, folio w him in a morning' ride from a prosperous Western city, which terminated al the cottage we have briefly noticed; where hearts are wailing lo givt love's warm welcome to ihe name that had visiiod their lips morning and evening, ii praise and thanksgiving for long years tlu form even unknown, that was to meet theii :ordil greetings. He comes! all arms en fold him, and the lisping infant, walk ex tends not over the catching dis'ance of i mother's care, breathes his name, with u iwn Charles Winn Melville In a city tof a thousand miles from New Orleans ives 'Plain Charley,' filling a highly re- peclable and responsible situation, with laily opportunities for ihe kindly minister ng of his natuie, arid winning the love ol II who know him. He laughs al the world, and he laughs at C8re, With a sovereign and love ever to spare.' FROM OUR SQUADRON. '.It Sea, July 31, 1 8 JO. On the 7th of June, the commodore re ceived information t Maznlau, that the Mexican troops, six or sevju thousand irong, had, by order of ihe JA xican gov rnmeni, invi ded ihe territory of the United! States, north of the Kin Grande, ind had iiiacked the forces under Gen. Taylor, and liai the squadron of ihe United Siatts wa: ilockading the coast of Mexico on the Gulf. 'These hostilities, he considered, would justify cuniiiii'iK'inj offensive operations on die wost coabt, Hu thereloio sailed on tht iih, in the Savannah, for the coasl of Call ornia, leaving the Warren at ,1tzatlan, m ring any despatches or iuiporiHt.t informa ion that might reach ilierei lie arrived ai dontcrey on the 2.1 of July, where wt oiiud the Cyn ne and I.f vani, nnd leainct hat tin Portsmouth was at San Francisco. 'On ihe morning of ihe 7ih having prev'r nisly f xamined il.e defences and locilnies f the town, ihe cninn ndore senl Captain VIcrvina vitii a summons lo the miliary nniuiandant of Mnruer.-y, requiting him tu surrrender the place forthwith lo ihe fon-ec if die United States. In reply, he stated liai lie was nol auihoiizd to surrender ihe oiacr, Dim rtirrieu tne commodore in me joiiimanding general of California, JJon J.ise Castro. 'Every i rf ingeuient having been made' the day previous) the Coiiiino lore immedi ately embmkt'd the necessary furre ('ahom two hundred and fifiy seamen and in.irii.rs) in the boats of the squadron, which landed at 10 o'clock, under cover of die guns of die ships, wilh great promptitude and good order, under the immediate command oi Captain Win. Mervine, assisted by Com mander H, N. IVge ne second. The foices were- immediately formed and marched to the cusloin house, where Com module Sloat's proclamation to the inhabir smitH of California was read, the standard ol ihe United Slates hoisted, amid thref dearly cheers by ihe iroops and foreigners present, and a salute of nvenlv-one gans tired by all ihe ships. Immediately after wards die proclamation, both in English and Spanish, was posted up about the town and two justices of the peace appointed It preserve ordei and punish delinquencies the alcaldes declining to serve. 'Previous to lauding, a 'general order,' was read to ths crews of ill the ships for their guidance under ihe new circumstance in which they were placed. We feel con ndent (hit the inhabitants of Monterey ami all oiher places where our forces were, havt been safe from the least depredation or do tdighteet insult. 'Immediately afier taking possession ol Monterey, Com. Sloal despatched a coniii-i hi Ceneral Castro, the mililny command aut cf California, vriih a lei f r snd a cup:. of his proclamation, to which he received reply. On the Oih, he despatched a letter iy courier to Sr. Pio Picj, the governor al ianta Barbara, 'On the Oih of July he despatched orders 'iy sea lo Commander Montgomery to take immediate possession of the bay of San Fraaciacn, &n and at 7 A. M. of the 9iln that officer hoisted the flag at .Van Francis co read and posted up Commodore Slosi'u proclamation, and took possession of that part of the eouniry in the name of the Uni ted Stales 'On the I3ih, at the request of the for eigners at the Puebo of San Jmei, the com- nodore furnished a flg to be hoisted a hat place ibout 70 miles interior from Monterey, and appointed a justice of th ieace to preserve order h the lown tha alcaldes declining to serve. The flag w at misted on the 1 6i h 'On the 8th Commodore Sloat seleced Purser I). Faunlleroy lo organize a enmpa- ly of 35 dragoons from volunteers from iho h!ps, and citizens on shore, lo reconnoitre the country keep open ihe communication iieiween Monterey and Kan Francisco, ami to prevent ihe people of the county front being robbed, &e, kc. and directed him to purchase the necessary horses and equipi menu lo mount them. 'Passed Midshipman Louis Mi Lane bar. ing also volunteered for ihai seivhp, he ap pointed him first Lieut, of the company, On the 17th, Mr FauniUroy war directed to reconnoi'ja the country with his coir., in and as fjr rs the mission of St. Johns to lake possession of that place hoist the Ha, and to recover ten brass guns said o have been buried there by General Castro when he retreated fmm that place. On his airival ther;, Mr. Fonnlleroy found the place had been taken possession of an hour or two previous by Capt. Fremont, wilh. whom he returned toMonierey on the I'J.b, He was subsequently senl to garrison the place, dig., up mount the guns, and recover a. large quantity of powder and shoi said to have been secreled there; all of which he accomplished before we sailed from Monte-, rey; between which the Pueblo of San Jose and Kan Francisco, a perfectly free communication was maintained. On ihe afternoon of ihe 15th of July ll o Congress arrived with Commodore Siock ton. On tho lGili the Briiish Admiral, Sir Ceorge I'. Seymour, srrived in the Colling .vond, 80, An officer was immediately -ent by Commodore Sloal lo lender hint the usual coiiriesiKri and ihe f.inliueg of the port, lln as subsequently furnished with a set of topgallant masts and other soars for his ship, and sailed on the 23d for ihe Sand irh Inlands. The vibit of the admiral. I have no doubj was very seviceable lo our cause in Califor nia, us ihe inhubittnls fully believed ha would take part with them, and that we would be obliged to abandon our conquest hut when they saw lha friendly iuercourse subs sting between the two commanders, ind found tin1, he could not interfere in iheir behalf, they abandoned all hope of ever seeing ihe Mexican flag fly in Califor nia ngain, 'On die 23d Commodore Sloat direcled Commodore Stockton to assume the ronr nand oi Ihe forces and o, eiaiions on shorn ind on ihe 29th, having determined to re urn to the United Stales via Panama, ha hoisted his bioad pendant on board the In vent and sailed for Mt-zatlan and Panama, leaving the remainder of die squadion under 'lis command. At the time of our leaving Monterey, ihe United Suu-s were in quiei possession if all 'Alia California' north of Sauia Bar bara. 'The Cyane sailed fir Si. Diego on ilia 2flth, to curry down Capt. Frenvint, with ibout 150 riflemen, (Americans. j to luko possession there, and to cm . ff Gmi, ds ro's reireal to Lmver Cahlo.-md or AUxn f!0. The Congress w? to saii on the 30h for San Pedro. io inke possession ihere. That pla;:e it 27 in s from die ciiy of An gela, where Goo. Oasiro and Governor I'm ;o ihen wer; .idiJ ti vab Seiieveo mat irt" oeilnielv mi hr srrjval il.ey would sura renner. w hicli would put ho end io nil opt (iiisition io the Uniied Stales in ttie C-aitfotj ll JO.