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I have sworn upon the Alter of Cod, eternal hostility to every furui of Tyranny ever the Mind of Man." Thomaf JetTuran
Iff. WEBB, EDITOR AND PliOPKIETOR.
IJLOOMSIWm:, COLUMBIA COLIVTV, PA. SATURDAY, OCTOHKU 24, I8KJ.
OFFICE OF THE DEMOCRAT.
South bide of Main, a few doors de
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published even Saturday morning, at
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LK ri 'EES addressed on business, must
be post paid.
THE GAUL AND
With sweetest f invert tnrleh'd,
"From various gardens cull'd with care."
A DIRGE FOlt THIS BEAUTIFUL.
BY ELLEN GOODMAN.
Lay her to test;
Tlace the turf lightly
On her young breast;
Lend o'er the bed
Where ye have pillowed
Thus eirly her head.
Plant a young willow
Close by her grave;
Lei its long branches
Twine a sweet rose tree
Over the tomb;
Sprinkle fresh buds there
Beauty atid bloom.
Lei a bright fountain
Limpid aud cleat,
Murmur its music,
Smile throng!) a tear
Scatter its diamonds
riicre the loved lies
Brilliant and slurry,
Like angers eyes.
Then shall the bright birds
On golden wing
Then shal! the soft breeze
Bearing rich fragrance
And melody by.
Lay the sod lightly
Over her breast,
Calm be her slumbers,
Peaceful her rest.
She was but given,
A fair bud to earth,
fo blossom in Heaven.
An eccentric English divine was called
jipon to perform the funeral service of a
lead debtor. After the ceremony was net-
o.med.and the corpse was on its way lo S- Wood-., (aerving with l infantry )
i ,i...n 1 1 on in uniT . apimn i, i. worn
Head quarters Army of Occupation,
Camp before Monteiey, Sept. 22, 1840.
Sir; I have the honor to report that the
troop under my command, including the
mounted volunteers from Texas, marched
from Marin on the 18th, and encamped be
fore Monterev on the 19 h itist. It was
immediately discovered thai the enemy oc
cupied ihe town in force, and had added
greatly lo its strength by fortifying the ap
proaches and commanding heights, A close
reconnoissance was made the same evening
by the officers of engineers and lopogrnplii
cal engineers on both flanks of the town
and it was determined, fro n the informa
tion procured, to ocenpy the Sdliillo road in
rear of the town, carrying, if practic-ablt
the seveial fortified eminences in thatdirec
lion. The 2d division of regulu troop
and i portion of Col. Una's regiment ol
mounted volunteers was accordingly detach
ed under Brig. Gen Worth on this service.
:it noon on the 20th. A ten-inch mortal
and two 21 pounder howitzers were placed
in baheiy during the night to play upon Ihe
citadel and town. At 7 o'clock these guns
opened and continued a deliberate (ire,
which was returned. To creates still fur
ther diversion in favor of Gen, Worth's
movement, the remainder of the lurce, ex.
cept a camp guard, was displayed around
the centre and left of the town. The infan
try and one battery of the 1st division made
a strong demonstration on the lefv.and soon
became so closely engaged that I moved for
ward Ihe volunteer division under Major
General Butler to its support, leaving one
battalion, (1st Kentucky) to cover the mor
tar battery. A close contest then ensued
which resuled in the capture of one strong
battery of four guns, which with some ad
jncent defences our troops now occupy, A
garrison was left lo hold this position, anil
the remainder of the force returned it
In the mean time General Worth had en
gaged the enemy early in the morning, and
lefeated him with considerable loss. In
the course of the day two of the battcris
in rear of the town were carried by storm
ng parties of the 2d division, and a third
was carried this morning at dawn of day
rhi Bishop's Palace occupied the only re
maining height in rear of ilic town, and is
completely commanded by the works al
ready carried. Gen. Worth's division oc
cupies the Siil lil lo road, and cuts off all sue
cour or support from the interior. I must
reserve a more minute repot of the impor
tant operations of yesterday until those ol
ihe different commanders are rendered, and
jIso until a lopographicol ketch of the
country can be preputial.
I regret to report that our suemscs have
not been obtained without severe lust, to be
attributed h a good measure to the order o!
the troops in pressing forward. No return
of killed and wounded have yet been re
ceived, nor is it known what corps of Gen.
Worth's division have suffered most, lo
the other portion of the amy the 1st, 3d.
and 4 ih regiments of infantry , and regiments
if Tennessee volunteers, have sustained the
greatest loss. The following is believed U
lie an accurate lis i of the oflicurs killed and
2d Infantry Brevet 1st Lientennnt J
crnmbie. sliuhllvv Canl. J. II. Lamutts.se- Itsn's to leave Ihe rilv. Ttv 11
"..I... n t.. u,,,. n a. ..... . "'. ' . V wo am. reuoemenl lhaf
tcibi;,-i.i jjicu,, . v, .v..v x . im., ine n uivision, wnicn naa en- whatever may be ihe event of il
hands of the enemy, 2d Lieut. H, Dilworth tereJ lhe Iown from ,h. direction of ihe ent contest, von will , PT
u,..i. ... . . . L j unifta hih
"""""'J li snon a l'alarf. had atlva teed within ami ii K.n I,. .
Zdnfantn -Major W. W. Lear. ie ' ... ,. ' . , . ... "c "W, '.u ran
" une b nuire ni imp nr nr m ninzi. inn
i i i i
."ij-LTi". 1 " u' '.-'.LiXi'I
verely, Capt, II. Bainbridge slijhily.
ith Infantry, 1st Lieut. K. II Graham
5 Infantry 1st Lieut. N, B.Uosse
7th Infantry. 2d Lieut. J. II. Potter
8A Infantry. 2 Lieut, George Wain
Genera Staff. A.jor General W, 0
fluile r slightly,
Ohio Ilegi-ncnt. Col A. M. Mitchel
rflighily; Capt. James George, slightly; 1st
Lieut, and Adjutant A. W. Armstrong
very severely, 1st Lieut. N. Niles, severely
1st Lieut. L. Motter, slightly,
Mississippi regiment. Lieut. Col. A
II, McClung, severely, Captain R. N
Downing, slightly; 1st Lieut. II, F. Cook
slightly; 2d Lieut. It. K. Arthur, slightly
DIVISION OF TEXAS MOUNTED VOLUNTEERS
li regiment. Capt. It. A. Gillespie
1 need hardly add, that lhe conduct ol
our troops, both regulars and volunteers.
throughout the operations, has been every
thing that could be desired. The part which
each corps contributed to the successes ol
the day will rppcat more fully in future re.
ports. To ftlnjor Generals Butler bdii
Henderson, and Brigadier Generals "i'vriggc
aod forlh, commanding division?, I must
express my obligations for the tHieient sup
port which they have rendered particular
ly io lo Brigadier Gen. Worth, whose ser
vices, from Ins detached position, have been
1 am, sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
M "jor General, U. S. A. Com
The Adjutant General of the Army
Washington, D, C.
occupied Ihe city up to thai point. Th
mortir had, in the meantime, been place
ed in ba'lerry in cemetery, within good
range of (he head ol Ihe town, and was
served throughout the night with goo
'Early in the morning of the 2-1'h,
received a flag Irom the town, bearing
t commnnicaiion from Gen, Ampudia
which I enclose, (No. 1) I also arranged
with the bearer ol the flag i cessation
of fire until 13 o'clock.which hour 1 ap-
l.oinied lo receive Ihe final answer ol
General Ampudia at Gen. WorthV
head quarters. Ueiore the appointed
time, however, Gen. Ampudia had Big
fied to Gr n. Worih his desire for t per
onal inieiview with me, for the purpose
of making some definitive arrangement.
An interview was accordingly appoint
ed for 1 o'clock, and resulted in the
naming of a commission lo draw up ar
ticles of agreement regulating Ihe with
liiwal of the Mexican force, and
temporary cessation of liosiiliiiee. The
commissioners named by the Mexican
generaLin-chief were Generals Onega
and Reqnena and DonManuelM. Llano
governor tf Nt w Leon. Those named
o the American side wtre Gen. Worth
Ilendercon, governor ol Texas,
nd Colonel Davis, of the Mississippi
volunteers. The commission finally
settled upon ihe articles, of which I en-
ose a copy (No. 4,) the duplicanls ol
a rsinnhU i;mn r - . .
. IVI Ulcul ,0 eave
I ha a it. U a. . i
- ma iiunor ro saiuie our eenera
n chief of the aimy of occupation of the
Unniied States, and to assure of vou m
God and L."b rty.
ritAPsCO DEP. MORALES,
GeNEUAI. IN ClIIEP of iHa Arm..
----- nw 411 i j jr
Oci-uj anon ol ihe United Slates.
ihR rhnrrh vr,l ll,A .hprifT made a descent J" i'yri. npinin
1 I ft it i: i.i. ri . r f
fln he bodv and allanhed it for debt as bv ",l,w,n u- 1 ,el,,; u,evel Mir 1 - 1
I i i ..a.r: . ia. ..iiLif
lh ihntaw of F.notand l. h.rf nnwer lo "out; 8. O.
Atli Jnjantry. lii Lieut, and Adj t., U
Move on!' said he priest.
.'Stop' shouted the sheriff,
'Move on!' exclaimed the priest again,
This body is mine!' said the sheriff.
This body is God's!' loared the priest.
In the King's name, I command you to
lower the coffin!' exclaimed the sheriff.
Bury the man!' shouted the infuriated
priest, 'and if the sheriff says three words.
take him tool I've read the funeral service
aod somebody shall be buried."
8A iuntry. Capt. II. Mi Kaveit.
Maryland and JJ'jshmgton Jhiltalio,'.
J'olunlccrs. Lieut. Col. W. II, Watson
Ohio Regiment. 1st Lieut. M. lieu.
Tennessee Regiment. Captain W. B
Allen; Lieut. S. M. Pumian.
Corps of -Engineers, Brevet Mj r J
K. T Mansfield, slightly.
AnEnglish editor with much gravity says Cor) of opogrophical Engineers -
i'at they procure black wiiting ink in Capt. W. O. Williams, (in bunds of iln
tSouth Carolina by whipping the negroes enemy.)
until tbey cry, and then catching the tears. I 1st Infuntry.DtwC. Major J L Aber-
(No. 90 )
Head quarters Army ov Occupation.
Camp before Monterey, Sept. 23, 1810
Sir: 1 have the gratification to report tha
he Bishop's Palace was gallantly narriec
yesterday by the troops of the 2 I division
In the course of the night the batteries be
tow the lown were with one exception, a
bandoned by the enemy, and this morning
were occupied by our troops. To-day the
3d iufmiry, with the ftold artillery of tin
1st division, the Mississippi and Tennessee
regiment, and the 2d regiment of Texas ri-
Ik-ji.en, (dismounted,) have been warmly
eng iged with the enemy in the town and
have driven him, with considerable loss, to
ihe plaza and its vicinity, which is ye
rougly occupied. A portion of (he 2d di
vision has also advanced into Ihe town on
the rigtM, and holds a position there The
enemy still maintains himself in the plaza
and citadel, and seems determined to make
a stubborn resistance.
1 am particularly gratified to lepot that
our successes of yesterday & to day, though
disastrous lo the enemy, have been achiev
i-d without mateiial loss,
I cmnot speak in too high terms of the
ijallaniry and percevc ranee of our troopt-
;hronglioul the arduous oporuiioiis of the
last three da) e.
I am, sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Major General U. fcl. A. Com.
The Adjutant General of the Army,
Washington, D- C.
Headquarters Army or Occupation.
Camp before Monterey ,S, pi. 25 1816.
hi rt: At noon on tww 23d insi., while
which l.i Spanish and Enti.h hav
been duly signed. Agreeably to Ih
provisions of the 4ih article, our troop
have this morning occupied the c Made
It will be seen that the (arms granted
the Mexican garrison are less rigorou
han those first imposed. The gallant
lefence of the town, and the fact of
'ecent change of government in Mexico
iialieveJ to be favorable to the interes
of peace, induced me lo concur wish
the comission in these terms, which
will, I trust, receive the approval of Ihe
government. The latter consideration
ilso prompted the convention for a tern
porary cessation of hostilities. Thougl:
scarcely warranted by my instructions,
yet the change ol affairs since those in
structions were issued seemed to wjrrant
i hi course. I beg to be advised, as ear
ly as practicable, whether I have met
'he views of the government in thee
I regret lo report that Capt. Williams,
topographical engineer, and Lieut. Ter
ret, 1st infantry, hav e dkd of the wound.
received in the engagement of the 21st
Capt. Gatlin, Dth infantry, wounded
not badly on the 23d.
I am, sir, respectisully,
Your obedient servant,
Mj. Gen. U. S. commanding
The Adjutant General of the army,
AVashingtou, D. C.
Dr, Franco De r. Morales, Governor
of New Leon to Major Uenerul T
Monterey, Sepf 26, 8 o'clock A.M.
As you are resolved to occupy the
, i r . ...
place ny rorce or arms, auu tne .Mexi
can gpneral in chief reso'ved to defend
it ai every cost, as his honor and duty
n quire him to do. Thousand of vic-
Nn. 2 -1
D. Pedro Ampudia, den. in chief, to
uWijur Len. Tiylor.
Head Quarters at Monterey,
Sept. 23, 1S46, y o'dptk P. M.
Senoii Ge.mbr.u-Having made tht
dtfence of which, I believe this city
susceptible, I have fulfilled my dutv.
nd have satii-fitd that military honor
which, in a certain ma.mer, is commoi
o all armies of tho civilized world,
To prosecute the defence, Iherefore.
would only result in distress lo the pop
ulaiion who have already suffered e
nough from the mir-forlunes consrquen
on wr;tnd taking it for granted (hat t
American government has manifested
disposition to negotiate, I propose
you lo evacuate the city and its fo l, ta
king wilh ma the personellc and mate
i leue wnich have remained and undei
the assurance that no harm shall
sue lo the inhabitants who have laker.
pari in lhe defence.
Be pleaied to accept lhe assurance o
my rno6t distinguished consideration.
lo Sexou Do.v Z Taylor. General-n
chief of Ihefimrican ..irmy.
lurtioops were closely engaged in the tuns, who, from intelligence and want of
lower pari of I city, a r ported in m' tneatic, find themselves now in a theatre
last deypaiih, 1 received hy a fig, a of war, and who would be uselessly sac-
communication from Ihe Governor of rTiced, claim the right, which in all
the State of New Leon, which 'H heie-.tiines, and all countries humanity ex-
lends, governor of (he Stair, and a
legitimate representative of the people,!
state their case to you, and hope from
with enclosed, (No. 1.) To ibis corn
muniestion, I deemed it my du'y to re
turn an answer declining to tl ow inhab.
Camp before Monterey, b- pi. 24, IS 1(5
7 o'clock, A. M
MR. lour communication, bearing
date at nine o'clock P. A., 0n the 23
msi., haU rust been received by thi
hands of Col. Moreno.
In answer to your proposition to e
vacuale the city and fort with all th
personal and material ofwrr, I haven
state my duty compels me lo declim
acceding (o it. l complete surrende
of the lown and garrison, the latter a
prisoners of war, is now demanded. L5u
such surrender will be upon terms, and
he gallant defence of the place, credita
ble alike to the Mexican troops and na
lion, will prompt me tp mako thosi
terms as liberal as possible. The garri
son will be allowed, at your option, af
. . i ,
ier laying uown its arms, lo retire lo
the interior on condition of not serving
igain during the war, or until regularly
exchanged. I need hardly say ihat lhe
ights of non combatants will bepect-
t . ..
.-in diiBwer iu mis communication
required by 12 o'clock. Ifyou assen
o an accommodation, an oHicer will hi
lespatcneu ai once, under instruction.--
lo arrange the conditions.
I am, sir. verv resnecifulU-
Your obedient set van),
Senou I). Pedro de Ampudia,
Gen. in Chief, Monterey.
Vergcvexance and Enterprise of tn
.2ntncan Ytth. 7here has been for
seveial weeks pas , at diff ient hours of
t.e day says the JVew Yoik TrtLune,
hi the stoop of the.7-tor House, a ltd
if sixteen exposing for ale a backet of
toft clothes brushes, whot-e ready com
mand of language for his customeis re
cently attracted our notice in. passing,
md convinced thai he was a shrewd
ankee lad, we entered into conversa
tion with him and gradually diew from
a brief narrative cf his life, which de-
velopod the possession and practice of
inliring industry, crowded as il ever is
wh-n united to perseverance: wilh ihs
nost brilliaut success. Like many
41 eat men before him, he was ushured
into hft teens while performing the low
est duties of a printing office in Boston,
where by his activity and piudence he
cqi.ired & laid by the necessaiy meana
lor indulging his own trading power.
lis first tfljtt was ai the funeral servi.
es ol the lamenlid h irrisn, where he
realized a very snug pn fi from the aala
I mourning badges, and f om that lime
with a running and judgnu nt thai would
do honor lo much older hei(.,-e has ta
ken advantage of every exriiing brerza
tow-flhim still nearer the goal of his
ambition. lie accompanied the IJogton
Dslrgalion lo Baltimore Convtnlion,
where his ready wil commanded for hiu
purse the mosi substMntial compliments
md at every crowded aesunuly social
or political, like the razor strop man
he is on the spo'. During the height
if the season ju.-t gorf, he has been
it Nabant, Newport, Sdralogo, Niaga
ra, and even at Montreal, during the ra -
es. He has SSOO deposited in the
Savings Uank of his native city, and
( hia health be continued he will soon
loublelhat sum, for he is deiiving a
very brisk businesi in his present line.
During ihe change hours he is in Wall
treet, always ready lo crack a joke or
ell a bauh.
The American So'Jitr The stiar-k up-
in Monterey, hy the American forces under
General Taylor, displays, in our judgment
t least, as consummaifl military skill a
vas ever displayed in any of tho great ac
loris upon the Cor.tiiiiHii of Europe, nud
laces in a fivnrable lit'hl ih American sot -
r when compared with the veieran troop
of any other country. The trois jiurs of
September must convince the wurid that
he American will he pre-eminent in war
is he is foremost in the arts, manufactures,
grir.ulitirc, and commerce ntluiiiling a stato
peace. In this severe and sanguinary
struggle against superior numbers who had
every advantage of pnsiiion, our troops hav?
won imperishable glory. Thry displayed,
not the blind fi'iy of goaded men ruliin
kc a toireul upon the enemy, nor yet ihe
ncchanical coldness and indifference of the
trained soldier nf Koiopr, but linn and nu-
flinching bravery, directed by the higl.eet
mihlary skill and wiih just enougli of im
petuosity to show thai their hearts were in
the coiiieM. With such troops we iru in--vincible,
'Are you an 0ld Fellow.?'
'No, sir, I've been married a week.'
'I mean, do you bulong lo the order
of Odd Fellowi-?'
A'.; I belong lo the order of married
Thunder! how dumb! Are you aMa
on.? No; I am a ra'pentrr by taaJe."
A hen with four legs is on exhibition Ml
Providence K. 1.
A dutious fellow. A li w days npn in
Herwick, Me. a good honest looking coiim
try fellow was looking ;it the teleraphie
wires there with astoniahrnen'. A p.iiHer
by asked him what he thought ol it. 'Weil
I don'i know ex icily, replied the Mluw,
but I am sure ihey won'l got me lo mlii mi
the darnd thing them wires &jpnM would,
tear my breeches all to piere.-.'
Ainl your name GAet?'
No, it's Post.'
Ah, I thought 1 was near i'. g iii
md posts always goes together, you
yiie Newspaiers are tllmj of r uMit
ill Ilailowell, ,Mc , h Iim ale href lil l;H u,
horns growing out ol his lrcl,i-ai!; .-mil ,n
afterwards .ite sausages l.ll he bari.td hi.e 9