The Columbia Democrat. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1837-1850, August 08, 1846, Image 1

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    I .hnve in'rn unon (be Alter of tloi, tenia I hostility to very f.ielU of Tyranny over the Ml ml of Mail." Thomas Je.lter.on
Volume A.
iAllllllKT 1C,
LOW Markkt-stuut.
TEF.1.3 :
published even Saturday morning, at
TIIO DOLLARS per annum payable
It'ilf yearly in advance, or I wo Dollars
,' Lcnts,iJ not paid within the ytui .
Vr subscription will betaken for a shorter
period than six months; nor any discon
tinuance prrmitted,until all arrearages
JlDVEliriSEMESS not exceeding a
square will he conspicuously inserted at
One Dollar for the first three insertions.
and 1 wenty-Jive cents tor every subse
quent nsertion. t j.? liberal discoun
made to those, who advertise by the year
LETTERS addressed on business,rnust
be post paid.
Tor the full understanding of ihe accompa
nying extract, it is necessary to premise,
thai on n cold winter evening, a young
London surgeon was ssalcd by his cheerful
lire, listening' to the wind beating llie rain
against the window, and howling dismally
clown the chimney, when Lis musings were
inierrupied by a visit fiom a singularly tall
female, muffled in a black shawl, as ii foi
the purpose of concealment, and her face
shrouded by a thick black veil, After
prolonged interview, the young Burgeon
gathers, that tho next morning, precisely
at nine, his scrvices'will be indispensable
on behalf of n patient who will then, and
not till then, he under the charcc of his
visitor. '1 may be mad, lo ask your aid,
sir,' said the woman, weeping bitterly; 'but
night after night, through tho long, dreary
hours of watching and weeping, the Thought
has ever been presont to my mind; and al
though even i see the hopelessness of hu
man assistance availing him, the bare
thought of laying him in his grave without
it makes my blood run cold!' Just before
the hour appointed, the surceon was at the
designated plane, a desolate, detached dwell
ing in one of tho Biiburhs of the grer.t city.
As he knocked at the door, a low whisper,
as of stealthy conversation in (lie passage,
became audible. Presently, tho door was
opened by a tall, ill-favored man, with
black hair, and pale and haggard as a dacd
man's. In answer to the surgson's ques
tion, 'Am I in lime?' the man replied, 'Too
soon, Sir; but if you'll step in here, Sir,
you won't be detained five minutes, I as
sure you.' The surgeon walks in, the
dorr is closed upon him, and he is left alone
And now commences our scene:
It was a little cold room with no other
furniture than two deal chairs, and a tabb
of the eame material. A handful of fire,
unguarded bv any fender, was burnine in
the crate, which brought out the damp, if
it served no moie comfortable piirposes-fnr
the unwholesome moisture was stealing
down the walls in Jong Blue-like tracks.
The window, which was broken and patch
ed in many places, looked into a small piece
of ground almost covered with water. Not
a sound was to bo heard, either within the
house or without. The young surgeon ai
down by the fire-place to await the result
of his professional visit.
lie had not remained in his position ma
ny minutes, when the noise of some ap
jwachiug vehicle struck hi ear. t Mop
ped: the street door was opened, a low talk
ing succeeded, accompanied with a shuffling
noise of footsteps along the passigo on the
Blair a few seconds afterwards, annouced
that the new eomcru, having completed
their task, whatever it was wero leaving the
hoube. The door again closed, and the
former silence restored.
Another five minute elapcd, and the
surgeon had just resolved to cxplme the
house, in search of some one to whom In
might make hi errand Jtnovn, when the
loom-door opened, and his last night v!r.
itor, dressed in the same (tanner, with the
veil lowered as before, motioned him to
advance. The singular height of her for in
ouplcd with tho nicunisUin e of her not
speaking, caused the idea to pass across ihe
brail for an instant that it might be a mai
disguised in woman' attire. The hystcrii
icsobs which issued from beneath the veil
and tho convulsive attitude of grief of th
whole figure, however at once rxposcd th
absurdity of the suspicion, and he hastily
'I hc woman led the way up stair to th
Ironl room, and paused at tho door to
him emci first, t was scantily furnishec
wiih an old deal box, a few chairs, and
tent bedstead without hangings or cruss
rails, which was covered with a palchwork
'ounierpane. The dim light admitted
through the rurlain which he had noticed
from the outside, rendered the objects ii
ihe room o indistinct, communicated to all
of ihem so uniform a hue. ifvit he did not a
first perceive the object on which his eye
at once rested, when the woman niched
framiealy past him, and Hung herself upo;,
tier knee at the hsd-side.
Stretched upon the bed, closely, envelop
ed in a linen wrapper, and covered will
blankets, lay a human form, stiff and mo
iionless The head and face, which wen
those of a man, was uncovvted save by
bandage, which passed over tho head and
under the cliir. The eyes were closed
The left arm lay heavily across the bed
ind the woman held the passive hind. Tin
surgeon gently pushed the woma.i aside,
in J took the hand in bis.
My God!' he exclaimed, letting it fil
involuntarily, 'the man is dead'
The woman started to her led, and bea
!icr hands logeil.ei: 'Oh! don't say so, hi!'
ihe exclaimed, with a buist of passion a
mounting almost to phrenzy, 'oli.' don't say
io, sir! I can't bear it indeed I cauV Met,
have been brought to life before when un
skilful people have given lliein up for lus
and men have died who might have beci
restored, if proper means hail boon rcsor 101
in. Don't let him lis here, sir without ai
f jTorl to cave him. This very moment lift
nay be passing away. Do try sir do foi
God'a sake!' And while speaking site bur-
icdlv chafed first the foi e head and the I
wildly beat the cold hands, which when sin
eased to hold them', fell heavily and list
lessly back on the coverlet.
It is of no use, my good woman,' sail
he surgeou, soothingly as he withdrew In-
hand from the man' breast. 'Stay unde
i hat cut lain.'
Why? said the woman, starting up.
'Undo that curtain!' repealed the surgeoi.
in an agitated tone.
I darkened the room on purpose,' sain
ihe woman, (blowing herself b. fore him. as
lie rose Id undraw it 'Oh.' sir have pin
in me.' If it can be of no usn, and he h
really dead, do not do not expose that corpsi
io other eyes than mine!'
'This man died no natural or easy death,
aid the surgeon. 'I mus see the body.'
And with a motion so sudden that the wo
man hardly knew that he had slipped from
beside her, he tore open iho curtain admii-
ed the full light of day, and returned to tin-
I'liere has been violence here!' he said
pomliiif toward the body, and gazing intent''
ly on the face Iroin which the black veil
was now for the first time removed. In
the excitement of a minute before, the fe
nalc bad dashed off the honnsl and veil,
nd now stood with her eyrs fixed upon
him. Her features were those of a wdidhii
of about fifty, who had once been hand
some. Sorrow and weeping had left li arcs
upon them which not time itself would ever
have produced without their aid; her face
was deadly pale, and there was a nervous
ontortiou of the lip. and unnatural fire inj
her eye, which showed loo plainly that In i
bodily and mrntj powers had nearly sunk
beneath an accumulation of misery.
There has been violence here!' raid
the urgenn, preserving his searching
'There has!' replied the woman.
'This man has been murdered '
'That I call God to witness he has!' said
the woman, passionately; 'pitilessly, inhu
manly inuidcied!'
'By whom?' raid the surgeon eeiing tin
woman bv the ami.
'Look at the butcher's marks and thcn.ed the piisoner all forlorn, that wis (a
k me.'' she replied.
The suigoon turned hi face toward the
bed and bent over the body, which lay fu
n tho lie ht of ihe window. The throat
wa swollen, and a blue, livid mark encir
clean. 1 ne irutn insnea auuuomy uno
1 (Ill Si I 1 1 I
This is one of the men who were liunc
this morning!' he exclaimed tinning away
with a shudder.
'It is' replied the woman with a cold un
meaning stare.
Who was he?' inquired the surgeon.
'Mil son' rejoined the woman; and fell
senseless at his feel.
Ant) her snn it was, A rnmpainn equally
,'tiilty with himself, had been acquitted fo
ack of evidence, while he had been left fo
leath, ar.d executed. The mother, a wid
ow, without friends or money, had dentei
herself the necessities of life, to bestow
them upon her orphan boy, who, unmtnd
ful of her prayers, and forgetful of the in
cessant anxie'y ol mind and voluntary star
vition of body which she had endured lot
him, Ind plunged i nto a career of dissipa
lion and ciiine, which had resulted in his
noiher's shame and incurable insanity.
Frt Brown. This is the house thai
Z ick built.
The Cannon These are Ihe dog
hat hy in I lie house lhal Z ck built.
The Ganison. These are the men
that fed the dogs that lay in the liousr
Zick. built.
(Jen. Tat lor. This is the general as
harp as a thorn, that led the men that
fed the dog, that lay in t lie house t ha
Zick. built.
C'en. tlfista, This is ihc leader t!io
ose in the morn, to metl ihe geneial a-
larp a a thorn, that led llie men,'lia
fed (be dogs, that lay in Ihe house lliat
Zick. built.
Mexican Troops These are tin
roops all laltcrecl and torn, thai lullow-
d the leader that rose in the morn, i
ncel Ihe general a sharp as a I horn ,iha
led the men, thai fed ihe dogs, thai lay
n the house lhal Zick. built.
Cipt. May of the Dragacns. Thi
is the captain nol shaven or shorn, thai
harged ihe troops all latlered and ion
that followed Ihe leader that rose
in Ihe morn, to meet Ihe ge.irrnl
is sharp as a thorn, lhal led the
nen, lhal fed llie. (log", lhal lay in the
house lhal Zick buill.
Gen. Vega. This is the prisoner of
ill forlern, that was taken by the cap
ain not shaven or shorn, that char
ged the troops all tattered and lorn, lhai
'ollowed the leader (hat roe in the
morn, Io meet the general as sharp as a
thorn, lhal led the men, that ftd tin
log'', thai lay in the house that Jick.
Mexican Army. These are Ihc men
ill weary and worn, lhal abandoned t hr
prisoner all forlorn, lhal w is taken by
'he captain not shaven or shorn; thai
charged the troops all latirrcd and torn,
that followed the leader that i'oe in the
morn, Io meel Ihe gneral as sharp as t
thorn, that led the men, that fed the
ilofig. Hut by in the home lhal Zack
The 1me.rcans.-'Xw are Ihe yan
kces rVmrrican bom, that ''tleat' d tin
men all wearv and worn, Hut abaridan
ed the prisoner all forlern, that was ,'
ken by the captain not ghavhii or shoit
lhal charged ihetroop tallered and lorn;
'hat followed the leader that rose in tin
mom, lo meet the general as sharp as i
lln-in, lhal led the men, that fed lb
dogs, lhal lay in the house that ZjcI
HicI'iCiS. I Ins' is llif) nres will.
us netvsimin's hoi 11. lhal told of the yan
ker s American bom, ilui defealeJ ll.i
men nil weaiy and worn, lhal aiuiidon
ken by ihe captain not shaven or shorn,
that charged the troops all latlered and
lorn, that followed their leader that rose
in the morn, to meet the general as
iharp as thorn that led ihe men lhal
led the dogs, that lay in the house thai
Z ick built.
Wtitagtfrom the President of he United
Stn'ts communka ing a proposition on
ihe part of tte llrvish Government foi
iie djusmcn of he Oregon, question
June 10, 1810-read.
To ihe Senaeof:hc Unued Arties;
I lay befoie the Senate a proposal in ih
form of a Convention, presented to theSec
retarv of the Stale 011 the C1I1 inst, by the
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni
potcntiary ol her Britannic Ma 'esty, for Ihe
djustmenl of the Oregon question, together
ith a motocai of lhi proceeding. 1 sub
nil this proposal lo the consideration ol
ihe Senate, and request their advico as tn
he action which in their judgment, it may
be proper lo take in reference to it.
In the eatly periods of the Government
he opinion and advice of the Senate wen
often taken in advance upon importont que
lions of our foreign policy. Gen' Wash-
ngton repeatedly consulted the Senate am
sked their previous advice, to which In
I way 8 conformed his rction. This prac
tice, though rarely resorted to in lain
imes, was, in my judgment, eminently
wise and may on occasions of great impor.
tance, be properly revived. The Senate an
branch of the treaty making power, am'
y consulting them in advance of his owi
action, upon important measure of foreigi
policy which may ulumcly come befon
them for consideration, iho President se
cures harmony of action between that body
ud llilinicll. The Senate ro morwovor s
branch of the war making power, and i
nay be eminently proper for the Executive
10 lake iho opinion and advice of that bod;
111 advance upon any great question whirl
may involve in its decision ihc issue ol
ptiace on wai. un the present occasim
he niagnitudo of ihe subject would indiu 1
me, under any circumslances, to desire tin
irevious advico of the Senate, and lhatde-
.111 e is increased by the recent debates am
proceedings in Congress, which render n
11 my judgment, not only respectful lo tin
Senate, but necessary and proper if not in-
lispcnsible lo insure harmonious action be
tween lhal body and the Executive. It
:onfering on ihe Executive the authority k
Jive ihe notice lor the abrogation of ihe'Joi
vemion of 1827, (he Senate acted publicly
.10 large a part, that the decision on the pro
posal now made by ihe DritishGovernmeii'
without a definite knowledge of Ihe vie
of that body in reference to it might rendei
the question still more complicated and difh
:ult of adjustment. For the? reasons' 1
invito the consideration of the Senate lo tin
ptoposa! of the Hrilhish Government foi
ihe settlement of the Oregon question, ami
auk their advice on the snbjnct.
My opinions and my action on ihe Ore
gon question were fully made known le
Congress in my annual message of the 2d
l)ei-embcr last, and It.e opinions therein ex
pressed reiriiin unchanged.
Should the Senate by the Constituliona
majority rrquiied for the ratification ol
I'realics, sdviee the arceptance of this prop
osition, or advise it with wurh modification'
is they may upon full deliSrrmion derni
pioper, I shall 1 onlonn inv aciinn Ii ilirn
idviee. Should the Srtiii linivem de
line by such ('onstmrio ul majority te
jive such advice, or to cxpros such an o-
union on the subject, I shall coiicidcr it tm
luly lo 1 eject lbs offer.
I also communicate hrrewnh sn extract
trom a despatch of the Secretary of Slain lo
die lmister of the tinned States at London
mder dale of ihe 28 h of Annl lam. diiceted
him in accordance with the i.iiiu resolution.
if Congress, 'Concerning ihe'Orccmi Ter.!5"'1" ,ronl mahlng "" regulations re-
rilory' to deliver the Notice to the British
Government for ihe abrogation of the Con-'or
vcntion of ihe t.ih August. J827, and also
f-py of the Notice transmitted to hint for
thai purpose together with ejtlrads horn a
lerpatth it that Minister lo ilje- JJiuclan
- of Siale, bearing date, the I8lh May last.
Washington, June 10, 1816.
Frora the Murih American
Convention belween the United S'ales
of America and herMijesiyphtQ ieep
of the United Kidgdom of Great Urn
ain and Ireland, concluded at Wash
ington, the 15ih of June, 1 846
June 16, 1846 Read a first lime.
une 1, ifi-io vUead a second lime
and ordered to be printed in confidence
for the use of the Senate.
1 he Coiled blates of America and
tierMajesly the Qoeen of llie United
Kina-dom of deal Urilain andlreland
leeming it to be desirebl, for the future
welfare of both countries, that the stale
of doubt and uucertainly which h
hitherto prevailed respecting the sov
ereignly and government of the terrilo
ry on the Norlh West coast of ?;neri
ea, lying wesiward of ihe Rocky orSio
ly Mountains, should be finally termi
naieu by an amicable compromise ol
he righls mutually asserted by two
isrlies over said territory, nave respect
fully named Plenipotentiaries to treei
ind agree concerning Ihe terms of such
elllemenl: lhal is lo say, ihe Fiesi
lent or the Uniled Stales of America
has on his pari furnished wiih full pow
er Jarne Buchanan, Secretary of S ale
if ihe United Slates; and her Majesty,
he Queen of the United K'ngdom of
if Great Britain and Ireland, has on hei
iart appointed the Right Honorable
tichard iJdkenham, a member of her
Majesty's moat honorable Privy Council,
iiid her Majesty'. Envoy Extraordinary
.id Mi.
Siales, who after having communicated
i ech other iheir respective and fuli
lowers, foi med in good and due forn.
iave agreed upon and concluded tin
olio wing articles.
Article 1 From point on ihe 19 1
iralle' of norlh latitude, where lln
boundary laid down in existing treat ie
nd conventions belween Grant Britain
nd Ihe United Stales terminates lln
ine of boundary belween Ihe lerrilorief
f her i)Vitaneic Majesty and those ol
he U, S. shall be continued westward
long ihe 49th parallel of north latitude
10 then middle of the channel which
eparates the continent from V'ancou-
vti s l.-lauil, and thence southerly
hrough the middle of the sid channel,
nd Fuci straits lo llie Pacific Ocean;
Kovided, however, lhal the navigation
f the said channel and straits, south ol
the 49th parallel of nor th latitude, re
main free and open lo both parties.
Arliclc 2. From ihe point at which
he 49th parallel of north latitude .hall
be found lo intersect Ihe great northern
branch of ihe Columbia river, Ihe nav-
gBlion of the siid branch shall be free
and open lo Ihe 7udson'a Bay Company
nd lb all British subjects trading with
ihe same lo the point where tho said
bianch meets the main stream of the
Columbia, snd ihence down ihe said
nain s'rfam lo Ihe ocean, with free ac-
cees into and thiough the said liver ot
iters, il being understood thai all tin
usual (.oriHgo along ihe line (bus dp
cubed shall in like manner bn fief and
mil open. In navigating the said uv-i, Hiitish subj-cis, with their
goods and produce, shall be treated on
the Sillie fooling a il'irns of llie Uiillf'
Sla!e; il being, however, always un
deistood that nothing in this at dole shall
be consin.ed s preventing, or in'ondeiJ
10 Prev' n: the government of lln UnMed
"(,ec;,,,g 'he navigation of the said rivei
'ver?i not inccnsistanl, wi'h the pre
a!flen! treaty.
Article 3. In Iho Ai'nre sppropi iation
of ihe Icu iloiy south ol'49;h parallel 0
north latitude, a? jiiovided in Ihe fust
article of this treaty, the possessory
righls of the Hudson's Bay Company,
and of all British subject who may bo
already in the occupation of land or oth
er properly lawfully acquired within
the said territory shall be respected.
Article 4. Tho farms, lands, and
other properly of every description, be
longing lo Ihe PugetV Sound .Agricul
tural Company, on ihe norlh aide of
the Columbia r vcr, shall be confnmed
to the said Company. In case, howev
er, Ihe aituation of (hose farms and lands
should be considered by theUniledSialea
to be of public and political importance,
nd the Uniled SiaKs Government
should signify a desire to obtain posses
iion of ihe whole or of any part (hereof
he properlv eo required shall be trans
trred to the said Government at a
proper valuation to be agreed upon be
lween ike parties.
Ariicle5. The piesent Trealy shall
be ralified by the President of the Uni-
ted Stales, by and with the advice and
consent of llieSenaie Ihereof.and by her
ErilanicMaJe-iiy ;and the talilicationsshall
he exchanged alLondon at the cxpira
lion of six months from the dale hereof
or sooner if possible.
In witness whereof, Ihe respective
.'lenipolenliaries have signed ihe same
and have affixed ihereunlo the seals ot
their arm.
Done at Washington, the fifteenth
ay of Jane, in the year of our L'rd one
thousand eight hundred and forty six.
Tho followiir. Proclamation has b'-rn
is-sued by Gcu- Taylor, am is pubiii!ict
in both the i'ngllsh and Spanish lan
guage in the Malamoras papess;
By li General Commanding the ,'?r-
my if the United Stales ofdmerka.
To the People of Mexico: Aller
nany years of palient endurauce, Iho
tV'uiled Stales are at length constrained
0 acknowledge lhal a war now exists
between our government and the g-ov-
rnmcnl of Mexico, For many yens
our citizens have been subjected lo re
pealed insults and injuries, our vessels
id cargoes have bean seized and con
fiscated, our merchants have been plun-
ered; inaimed, imprisoned without
ouse, and without reputation.
At length your govern m ent scknowl-
;lged Ihe justice of our claims, and a-
1 ted by treaty to make satisfaction, by
pay ment of several millions of dollar;;
bu his reay has been violaed by
your idlers, and he sipnlaed pay
mens have been wih held. Our late
effort j erminae all d.fficulrtcs by
peaceful negoiaion has been rej' ced
hy he Dtcaor Parede, and oiirMm
tfltr been refused a hearing, lib has
oeen reaed wih indigniy and insu'
md Pii.-edes hag announced h wet
xis between us. This war, thus
lirs proclaimed by .him, has been ac
knowledged a an extsii'g Let by our
Pifstden and Congres, with per er
inanmiy, and will be prosecuted vvi11
vigor and energy against yr.ur army
ind rulers, Lu hos-e of lie Mexican
people who remain neural will no ba
Your government is in ifie bauds of ly
rants and usurpers. They have abolished
1 our Slate governments, they have o'er,
brown your lederal tonstiiution, they haa
Irprned you of iho right of suffrage, (l(.
irnyed the liberty of the press, di spoiled von
ol yniir anus, and re'lucd you to a late nf
absolute dependence upon the power of a
military Dictator. Your army and rulers
extorl from the people by grcvious laxatior.
by forced loins, and military seizure?, tl.n
veiy money winch sustains the usurpers in
power l!ein$ disarmed you were left
dtfeniel1.s, an eay prey lo iho sjvsgcCd-
iiitiKht's, uho not only destroy yuur (;voj