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l hare sworn upon the Alter of God, eternal hoatlllty to every for of Tyranny ever the Mind of Man." Thomas Jefferson
II. WEBB, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
I1LOOJISI1UKG, COLUMBIA. CJOLNTV, PA. SATURDAY, AUGUST 1. I84G.
OFFICE OF THE DEMOCRAT.
SOUTH SIDE OF MAIN, a few poors db
LOW M ARICKT STKEtT.
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LETTERS addressed on business, must
be post paid.
From the New Orleans Picayune.
THE HEROINE OF FORT BROWN
More familiary known in the Army
of Occupation as the 'The Great Wes
tern was first brought lo Ihe notice o!
public in i few remsi ks by Lieut. Bragg,
t the collation given by (he army t
(he Zntiisiana delegation, at Gen. tfri.
la's head quarters, in Mjlamoraa. lie
mentioned her gallant coniluct and no
ble bearing during Ihe whula of the
bombardment. A few of the incident
of ihe life of this extraordinary woman,
which I havebeen ablatopick u incamp
will be read with some interest; they
prove that the sex has not been unrepre
penied In the sole stiring tnd bloody
scen s on the Rio Grande.
The Great Western belongs to a class
known and recognized in the organtzi
tion of the army as 'Laundresses,' three
of whom ate sllowod to draw rations in
each companj ,and are requited to wash
for the soldiers Ihereof.al a price regulat
rd by a council of officer?. She arrived at
Corpus Chri?ti last autumn, with the 7th
Infantry, to one oi the companions ol
which her hu band was attached. U
to the army marching for the Rio
Grnde,she performed all her appropri
ate dutiea,aiid in addition, Ifcepl a 'mes'
for the young officers of Ihe regiment.
When the arrr.y look up its line of
march Lr Ihe Rio Gronde, the women,
with a few rare of exceptions, were lelt
behind 10 come by ses. JI very few
procured ponies and followed their hud
band on their tedious and arduous
march Not so with The Great Wes
tern. Her husband was spnl by water
whether on duty or for disability lam
unable to learn; but she, true to her
charader.declaring that the boys'(young
officers of her meamut have eomebod
y to lake care of them,' purchased a
mule and cart, parked her baggage,
cooking untenstls and supplies mounled
behind her donkey, with whip in hand
and displayed upon her whole route
qualities and attainments which the bes'
leams'ere in the train might have envied.
During the whole journey she kept up
the 'mes,' a relief from the burdens ol
which is ihe greateet boon to an officer
on the maich. The brigade lo vbich
the was attached arrived upon the banks
of the Sl Colorado as Gen. Taylor war
preparing to cross with the Dragoons
and the 1st brigade of Infaotiy. The
Mexicans upon the opposite bank were
making great demonstrations by blow
jng bugles, etc. etc. After calmly sur
veying the scene from her cart, she re
marked, with gt eat coolness and deter
mination, that 'if the General would
give her a good strong pair of longs,she
woul I wade that river and whip every
scoundrel that dare show lumel.7' I
may be imagined that the men were not
backward in crowing alter that.
When Gen. Taylor marched forPoinl
Iiabel with his at my, on the 1ft May,
the 7h Infantry, and of course, The
Great Western, remained to garriffoat
Fort Brown. How Ibat noble Rgi
menl and the two companies of Anil
'ery left in this work sustained them
selves, is slready known, but nothing
will more gratify them than to have jus
lica done their gallant heroine,
whom they speak in ihe warm's! term
She with all the other women led be
hind, some eight or ten, moved into !h
fort, where her mess was soon put
operation, the positim of her lent an
fire being near the centre, of the fort
The enemy' fire opened on the 3rd just
as she was commencing her arrange
mena for the 'boys' breakfast- Every
ecurity that could pos.ihly be provided
was offered lo ihe women, to whom the
gallant soldier always gives h s first at
tention. 1 he mauaz.nes Were the onh
'bom proofs' in the fur', and as Ihe got
-rnment had sent no ammunition to fil
them, the next most inflimable''maieri8
the women found per feci security ir
hem. These women, however, be i'
said lo Ihe honor of Ihe sex, were not
die. Most nobly did they ply thf
needle in preparing sand bugs out ol
he officers and soldiers' lenls, where
with to strengthen the work, and pro
ect the artillerymen when serving their
guns. 1 he Ureal vv eatern, true lo her
self again, declined participating i. Ifm
protection or sewing, and continued hei
abora at the fire, in the open air. From
he firing of Ihe first gun ell hands wen
t their posts, Lowd'e and Bug's artil
ery speaking in tones of thunder the in-
ignation they felt at thus being ealutei'
on a bright May morning. Wnen Ihe
liour for breakf but fw expected lh
nxary which awaited them. Ths mei
was as well attended to as if nothing
but a morning drill with blank eartii
gel had come ifl, and in addititior. f
irge supply of delicious hot coffee w.
(waiting the thirety,who hail to ell anr
pitlake, without distinction of rink T
some of Ihe Artillery men, who wer-
inabla to leave their guns, the bevei-
ige was carried by this 'ministering an-
el,' and, as may readily believed, ni
belle of Oi lean, ss much as she miah
be admired and beloved, ever met ;
more gracious reception. The fiie o!
he artilley was kept up almost inces
intly until dinner hour a soldier'-
(inner hour is at 1 o'clock when tl.
irood and generous woman again pinvi
ted for those who were almost ulierh
' xhaus'cdSi worn oua delicious diah ol
bean tovp which is declared by theMex
cans to be Ihe foundation ol that invin'
einie spun winch tney have seen m
strikingly dy the Yankee soldiers. Thif-
she distributed siin, without money,
and without price. Thus did she enn-
inue lo discharge her duties during th
seven days that the enemy kept up at
incessant canonade and bombardment
She was ever to be found at her post;
her meal were always ready at ihe houi
and always of Ihe best the market affor
led.' When Ihe despatches were made
up for Gen. Taylor, on the evening' o'
the 4th, a numbea of officers and others
had written lo their friends at Point I
abel, and among them the Great Wcs
tern' had found lime to communirate
with her husband and I have frrq .enily
heard it said, by those who saw her lei
er, for it waa Irudly called for and madt
public, that her description, if not tlx
moat accurate, was certainly the mo
raphic which was given of the even't
ot Ihe 3d and 4th Aay.
She expressed her full confidence in
the ability of the garison to sustain itsell
.nd only regretted the absence of her
t.usbaml. To supply his place, howev
;r, I sm told ehe applied, early in the
idion, for a musket and ammunition,
which she received and put in a secure
place, ejiprebsing her determination lr
have full saiisfadioo whenever the coe
ny should dare approach within range,
ii ner piece, i ney never uiu, anu otiri"" ....... - ........ ft
leroine must rest contented with the re.
lection that she nobly performed her
lu'y, and will long be remembered by
ihe besieged garrison of Fort Brown.
She ia probably aa celebrated for her
personal appearance she is for her
leeds; With an erect and majestic car
risgf, she glories in h height tixfiet
which entitles her to a place InlheGren.
idiers, any soldier of which might well
envy her athletic but graceful form. But
her reputation, ihe dearest of all Ihing-
o a woman, is what she prides hers ll
n. 1 he tongue ol plunder has never
hred to attack her well earned and well
itistained character. With virtue aa a
asi, and such heroic conduct to build
with, she never need fear the necessity
jf excercising her extraordinary phyai-
al ability in defence of that reputation,
lut if attacked, the defenders of Fort
Jrown will, I doubt not, be found pres
sing forward in her defence, and wo be
he dagtard who receives a discharge of
rtillery from such gunners.
Your strulyj H.
riJE MORMON TEMPLE AT NAU
The Ilsncork Engle published at Nauvoo
nivcs the following description of the great
lormon Temple at lliat place, i tsays.
We have made Ko different vinitt to ihis
eat monument ol human industry and al-
houli our Btlantion has been drawn lo ev-
ry apartment in it, yet such is the vast ex-
em of the immense edifice and the com-
lexiiy of its architectural designs that our
bservations have been necessarily very eu
lernciai. ll statins in a most prominent
loiition on the bluff which overlooks the
ower town and river; such ia the elevation
if its spire, that it ia distinctly visible from
distanco of twenty or thirty milea in va-
ious directions. Viewed from the bank
if the river, its whole appearance is grant
uid imposing. The niateriul of which it it
hit fly built, is whiie limestone, which har
een worked and faced down to a perfeci
Its dimensions, as far ss we ran remllen
ire as follovvs'Length 128 feet, wirhli 88
eet, height ol comb of roof 77 feet, from the
i round lo top of spire 170 feet.
Ttie upper windows of the steeple serve
s an observatory, fro n which a mngnifi-
cnt view of the aurrounding country mij
ie had. The Mississippi ie aeen winrlins
t? serpentine form along the wooden valley
o ihe North and South the hill of Iowa
rise in bold relief to the westward and lose
henuelvcs in lbs blue distance; while the
pranks, fields, gardens and private buildings
ie spread out like a map below.
The walls of the temple are of masaive
tone, anci at least two feet lliick. Ori ei
her side, & at ihe end, are rows of grace
ful pilasters, ciowned with elaborately car
ved caps, upon the external surface of which
is exhibited in bas relief, the face of the
'man in the moon.' and two hands graopinp
rumpets Each pilaster rests upon invert
ed eresce nti, and are at least 50 feet long.
They are thirty in number, and the nni-
ted cost of them is estimaled it about 8100,
000. The structure is lighted bv four
rows of windows, two of which are quad
rilateral, and two circulars. These, with
the other novel architeclual embelliahmenti
give the whole pile an original and not un.
pleasing aspect. All entraneeg are from
he West, and the immense doorways are
ja:oed sy a flight of stone steps, i ho in
erior contains a basement fin the centre ol
which stands the celebrated baptismal font.)
Two great halls which extend nearly the
entire length and breadth of the bulding
and a third hall underneath the roof, with
small apartments on either side.
The baptismal font ia 3 moot exlraoidina
ry work, and will stand a monument of
Mormon extravagance and grotesquenes!
of taste. It ie an immense stone reservoir
resting upon the backs of twelve oxen, also
cn! out of stone, and aa large as life.' The
effect of a first view of these rigid animals,
landing in such a singular position, and
wc""'ng such mysterious countenances
stition soon gives'way to curiosity, and the
beholder is lost in wonder at the magnitude
of the design, and extraordinary amount of
labour that must have been expended in the
erection of the work.
The hall on the first floor was intended
as the regular meeting-place of the congre
gation, and when freed from the rubbisl
and surplus limber that now encumbers it,
will have a beautiful and imposing effect.
The architectural decoration are chaste and
ich; and the two grand pulpits al the East
and West ends, give lo the whole an ap
nearaiice of Oriental mairnificence. The
attic fas it may be ralledj U lighted fron
the roof.and was designed for a large school
room. Leaving the body of the building
yo'J ascend to the bell room of the steeple,
hence to the clock room, and laat to ttV
ib-eivatory i he immense structure is a
hef d 'oeuvre of architecture, and will rank
in grandeur with the largest and most cost
ly edifices of modern limes The entire
cost of its erection is estimated at betvsen
700 and 800 thousand dollars. The tenr
pie will be nearly completed and in re-uli-
neasfor dedication by the first of May
vtffier it shall have been conaecra'ed, it will
be abandoned at a place of rehgoua wor-
hip by the sect that erected it.nnd cither be
sold or rented for a college, 7t has been
xamined by the agents of two or three dif
ferent insttuitions; and from what we can
learn, is likely to bo transferred to the
Methouste.'by them to be used for literary
and religious purposes.
ACCOUNT OF THE HESSIAN FLY.
Wheat being the great staple of our farm
ersany thing affecting its culture, will there,
fore be interesting not only to the farmer
hut the whole community, nd aa the fh
is, of all the enemies of that precious grair
the most formidable, a short hiitory of i
may not be amiss Here is a description
from the pen, we believo of W. Gaylord:
It is a very small black insect, not so
urge as a muoquito, with two fine transpa
rent wing, from the roots of which three
ribs diverge, as through the leaf of a plant
I'he body, when examined by a micro-
icnpe, is found to be divided into four seg
ments, with a few hairs observable on each.
flic legs are of a yellowish cast and trans
parent; the head inflicted with a abort pro
This, aa is common wiih r.eariy all oth
er insect, pae-cs through four distinct sta
ges of existence U, ihe egg: 2d the laiv
3d, p?j pa or dormant stage: and 4ih, tlx
perfect or winged inseet. In this part ol
he country it pasaee through two gsnera-
tions in one season, and attacks Ihe wheat
both in spring end autumn. The fly or
perfect inaeet, depositee the eggs in autumn
soon after the young plants appear above
ground, between the lowest part of the leaf
and that which forms the stem, and as near
trie grouna as possiDte. it riaennies at
i a i i 9
first a very email white nil, and as it grows
arger, becomes a sluggish almost inanimate
maggot of a white color. In this state the
proper and most natural food i the sap ol
that kind of green wheat which has the
moat delicate a. raw. It remains in thi.
situation during the whole winter apparent
ly in thia chrysalis stale, without eufferinp
my injury from the froet or 6nowj and ir
the spring, as soon as the weather becomet
warm enough, and generally about the linie
vegetation hae fair'y commenced, it is trans
formed into the fly, u this state n per
forata the functions neceaaary for a contin
uation of its species. J lays its egf be
tween the etra-r Dr stem, and the sheet!
which encloses it as before described, an(
lies- and a new generation sacreeda.
These eggs are soon hatched by thr
warmth of the sesson, and the young in
aecta may be discovered in the form of smsHj
white maggots, within the sheath of the
straw and just ab-va the lower joint They
here continue to feed on the sap and tender
fibies of the plant, by reason of which it
either withers and dies, or is stinted in its
growth, so that the grain doea Dot arrive at
maturity. They are changed into the pu
pa state befjie harvest, and at this season
while ths wheat is yet green, their present
isjmay be readily detested by walking through
V,U ,mv.8 , ri9 ,ne
C .1 I i f i . ... .
m.BOr.-, wn.cn ie-i ao,, .no nQ,,fd
K,a.0, 0 wmni nsvo oeen in
Mured by the insect;
And it such sta ksbe'
examined they will be found neai the low,' , , '' "
er joints, aomewb.t resembling. flax.,red,1JelClf0rwh,C,, I'jon lo that
nut smaller and alenderer, and of a dark
t try i
urown coior. i noy continue in this state
until aftet harvest, and may be found upon
the stubbie in ths field. Early they pass
into their winged state, lay their ege-g in
the young plants of wheat as before describ
ed When the flv is about in inane Irnm
the pupa state into that of a perfect insect
it disengages itself by boring a small round
hole through the brown case in which it is
enclosed, and through the sheath or the
wheat just opposite to the place where i lie
lodged, and thia hole may bo easily dis
covered as long as the stubble remains en
AN IRISH INTERPRE TEH.
A Mexican passes through the camp with
i large jug. curiously laced with strips of
raw hide, suspended on his back by a belt
running over hia forehead, he is crying in
his own language 'milk, milk.' A group
of soldiers slop him and commence buying
his grateful food. Everything goes on well
as long as every cup full of milk delivered
is promptly responded to by a picayune,
holds out his cup and aaya in lotind Eng
lish, 'Mr. Mexican, let me have some milk
and I will pay you in the morning. Mon
grel stares eloquently, ! don't understand
you.' The soldier repeats his wish to pur
chase presently and to pay prospectively.
I he Mexican is still staring about for in
formation. A good natured Irishman, who
distinguished himself by his bravery in the
battle of the 9th, comes to the relief of thi
embarrassed parties. Turning to the mills
nan he says in round Hibernian. 'Ye mix
ed divil, don't ye understand that Jim Frj
there wishes to get some milk on a credit,
ye blackguard?' and Paddy turns on hi
heel perfectly satisfied that he has dissipa
ed the matter of difficulty under cons dera
tion. A. O, Tropic.
Dow, jr., cloned a sermon on kifsinj
with Ihe following qnaint advice.
' want you, my young sinners, to ki
t - -. ; i. . i , .
uiu go iimmeui ana inen oevoie yotu nun
to morality and money making. Then Ie
vour homes bo well provided with sue!
eomforts and necessaries ss piety, pickles.
!ots and kettles, brushes brooms benevo
lence, bread charity cheese faith Hour affec
tion cider sincerity vinegar virtuo wine and
wisdom. Have these always ou hand, and
happiness will be with you, Do not drink
anything intoxicating eat moderately gc
about business after breakfast lounge a
little after dinner, chat afier tes, and kiss
after quarrelling, then all the joy, the peace,
and the bliss the earth can afl'ord shall bt
yours, until the grave cloae over you, and
your spirits are borne to a brighter snd
A WomansJldvantuges. A womar
may say what she likee to you withcu
'he rit.k of gating knockad down.
She csn lake a snooze after dinner,
while her husband has to go work.
She csn dress herself in nest snd tid
y Calicoes for a dollar, while a man hat
to fork over at least forty to get a res
She can go forth into the ere!
without being invited to treat st ever)
She cau paint her face If too pale, or
flour if it be too red,
She can weir corset if too thick,oth
r fiiina if ton thin.
She can stay at hom in time of war,
nd wed again if her h'isbsnd is kil led.
She can a, Jrink and be merry,
without i's costing her a ppnoy.
She can get divor ced from her hi
hand, whenever she sees any one phe
likes oetter. 1
She can run in debt, and msVt her
nusband poney up Ihe cash.
And sho can wear shoes, whilo her
husband has lo tug to get his boots on
Contemplated Independence nf M
xvortnen Males rf Mexico. The
tin. mrsfrom s,n,a F re0(er no(
- iiboi .k.. .i.-nt... c. .
- . , , , .
putc anu inai io oaiitorniB are no doubt
intended to accompli-h. Ji Gentleman
recently from Santa Fe, atates lo ihj
St. Louis Republican, that Gov. Arm jo
informed him juil before he left, that
v. a mnj , mm nine g measure hi con
templation, to form a new coofeJera
tion of States in Northern Mexico; that
they proposed to de:bre their indepen
dence of Mexico, and then to unite as a
Republic.Mhat, to secure the coporadon
of ihe Department of New Mexico ia
this enterprise, Mr. ITacku., a lawyer
of some celebrity, from Chihuahui, hsd
visited him al Santa Fe, and developed
the plan lo him. The Stales of Zica'8
car, Durango and Sonora, :Temtulipa.,
nd Nuevs Lon, are to be united in
one Stilf. Coahui a. Chihuhn ,
California, were parlies to the contem
plated revolution, and ihe object of the
mission of Mr. Hackus to Santa Fe.w.s
o enlist Gov, Armijo in the struggle.
Gov. Armijio is understood lo have re
'urned an evasive antwer, leaving it to
time to determine the most politic
course for him to pursue.
If such be the disposition of the pco
pie of Northen Mexico, Col. Kearny
and Col. Stevenson will not have any
serious d.fficulliea to contend against (
er they reach their deslinsiion. With
1500 U. S. troops in Santa Fe, .fimfjo
will soon come io a conclusion what is
besl to do. If these r-ttes separate
from tho central government, it will
iot bo long before they are united to our
own. They constitue t he btst and
ich est portion of Mexico.
TIT FOR TAT.
A country fellow was passing down
Washington street the other day, when
wag ihiusl his head out of a window
f a boarding house, and sung out,' H
'o, ihere.Squire, when did come down?'
Jonathan east up at the window, and re
pltce, 'I say, Mister, you'd heller haul
n your head, folks will thinkyou keep
slaughter house, seeing a calf's head
banging out the window.
Gems from Jean Paul One learns
ulence best among those who havt
none, and talkativeness bot among
hose who ere silent.
The bier is the cradle of Heaven!
When one does not hold still at the
sting of a 6ee or fortune, (he snug tears
out tnd remains behind.
The angel who can fei-l no resr-nt
ment, yei must envy the man who over
A good physician, if he does not al
ways save fiom disease, at least aavet
'rom t quirk.
A slight afliclion make ut betide
hi rst-Ives; a great one restore us. A
iell with s slight crack sounds dead,
mt when the track is wider, it sounds
To men as to books, there are be
fore and behind two emp'y covers
chi'dhnod and old age.
When thou forgivest. the nrn who
wounds Ihv heart is like the sea worm
hat perforates the oyster hel', which
elr-eM up the wound with pearls.
Memory is the only paradise from
which wg, cannot be expelled. E'en
our first parents were not banished
REWARDS OF MERIT.
'Sm' said one little urchin to another
yeetfiday -Sam, does your achoolmistrr
ever give any rewards of meritf
'I e'p ee he does.' was the rejoinder; 'r-e
gie me a licking regularly every day, ani
save I merit two!'