Newspaper Page Text
I havo sworn upon tho Altar of Cod, eternal hostility to ovory form of Tyrauny over the Mind of Man." I'homis Jefferson
JSLOOIMSmJRG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA. SATURDAY, DECE3IBRR 14, 1844.
.Vmiilier 34 o
OFFICE OF THE DEMOCRAT
orp.)3ixu Sr. Paul's Cituncn, Main-st.
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One Dollaror the first three inserlioni.
uit'l I wcnlu-tive cents lor even suusc
iuent nsertion. XCPJl liberal discount
mil te to those uio alvrrtise by thcyears
LI; I Af6 addressed on liusiuess,niusl
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From the New Haven ltcgii.lr.
tC7We republish the following good old
.iing of Jefferson mitl Liheiiy.as piiticular-It-
npnroiri.no at ill's lime, when the roun
irv has just emerged Irnnt ;i conical a tm-
......... ,i e icnn ;..
ll)n:ill III 111 IUMIII. HS WHHHI! III lUUWilll
lite triumph of Jefferson. Aside frmn if ir
patriniti: spirit, which is brealhsd in every
li ,c, llit'io is ii li.irmmiy in the vei i-ilicatli'ti .
unil a richness in tlio t!i ill olil nine, thai
make It highly pie Hug to republican ears
anil w t hope eveiy deinicr.il will preserve
a copy, learn tin! Iiliii", Si l' ready In s.el'
the chorus, at the lirsl 1 1 1 in r I it- fiival
'I'n such peri)iii an are anxious In gel up a
peiscotiltiiu war with naiur;iliz d citizen
we particularly roc.ii'iimeud n:
Jcfil'rsoii &, Libri'ly.
The glnnmy i.ight befoie ii" (lies,
I The reign of terror now is o'er
Ils gagi, inquisitors, ami spies,
lis hordes uf liiii nieu no more.
Ilcjiiiee, Columbia's. .S'orn, rejnirt !
Jo I iirantv never hen I the knee !
JSut join with heart and tout and voice.
lor Jelerson and JAuerty !
O'er vast Columbia's varied elimp,
Her cities, forests, shores and dales,
In rising majesty midline,
Immortal Liberty pievails.
II id! long exported, glorious ilay!
Illustrious, memorable morn !
That Freedom's Fabric from decay,
Rebuilds for millions yet unborn.
Within iia hallowed walls, immenso,
No hireling bands shall e'er arise,
ArrayM in tyranny's defenco,
To cru.h an injured people's erics.
Nn lording here, With gorging jaws,
Shall wring from Industry us food;
Nn fiery Bigot's holy laws
Lay tvaslo our fields and streets in blood.
Here strangers from a thousand shores,
Compelled by Tyranny to roa.Ti,
Shall find amidst abundant stores.
A nobler and a happier home.
Ileio Arfshall lift her laniel's head,
Wealth, Industry, and Peace divine;
And where dark pathless forests spiead,
Itich fields and lofty cities shine.
From Europe's wants and woes remote,
A !rarv waste of waves between,
Hern plenty cheers the humblest cut,
And smiles on every village green.
Bllere free as air's expanded space,
i i .i . - . ..i. . 1 1 i.
i o everv soin aim seei snau uu
TIihi Miered privilege of our race,
T'f worship of the deiiy.
ti nese guts, great Uborty! are thin;
t'en thousand moto wa own to tlieu
u Mill, tl ,11, lll.l IIIKIl IIJUIIIIM IUB PIIIIIU,
lio Ion y 111 ami died lor liberty.
nVhat heart but hails a seenn so bright,
What soul but lusplraiion draws
Who would not guard so dear n right.
Or die in such a glorious cause?
L"t foes to freedom dread tho name,
11 nt should tliey touch tho sacred tree
Millions ot patriot swonls shall 11. mm
For Jelliirson and Liberty!
iFrnm Florida to Lake Ohnmpluin,
From Main to the Pacific shore,
ITIir sons of freedom loud proclaim;
The reign of Whiggery u er !
Jfejolce, Columbia's sons rejoice!
To tyrants never bend tho knee,
Ilfioicj with heart, and hand- and voice,
For JAMES K. POLK, and Liberty!
It may not be generally known, hut i
13 a lact, that editors work lor n living
just tig olhei pcoplv do. One would sup
pose, to hear thu abuse la'islicd on news
paper writers, that they were species ol
monsters, committing all soils ol inischiel
for iniscliiul's sake. Editois are publii
properly. Every loafer in every three ren1
L'rogery in town hiiows nts tongue to run
i i i ii .1.....
ai.raoiHiio uiioiii uit;ii iri buiiuii iiiiiiiuv
to him; and who would not know him foi
hall l he world's licnsury, as though the)
iveto inlinute. acquaintance. A nasty
feeling of envy prompts every thick-hcad-id
upstart to venture his crude opinnu upon
tic merits of ihe editors, to t xpntMle on
their private ehaiaclers, to point out llinir
weakness, lako exceptions to their dress,
ridicule their oiauners, and lie away iheii
reputation. AH the while these (inform
laics arc writing away in comers of print
mi' offii'if, (I raw i hi' on their brains to lib
their stomachs; day after day, from the
year's begiuuig lo its end, taking theii
'eats at the old dcflis, toiling for bread
I he mechanic has liw proper time in
which to do specified work, and when it if
oinpleied, the critical eyes of the employ
i'r alone, can scan it. But thu editor duet-
very thing in haste, and all that he accom
dishes passes tinder the cold, fault scokini!
yes of the public. Some men, loo mag
inimons to bestow censure alone, do in
eed nwaid pra 6e;bin the mash lovo to finif
fault. It tl ies sjnt'.fv llieni to gel a chanci'
hi abuse an ediloi, and no poor scribbler
iver escapes the venom of their tongue
hen, btcausu lie happens to be a
editor, Ins private affiin aio a legitimate
subject for public comment. Ho happens
to have some domestic tumbles forth will
hey arc noised around.
The old maid, dabbling her hand in th
lop bowl at the tea table, tells tho cotnpa
ly all about the sorrows of poor Mrs. So
nd-3o, without knowing the oriein or th
rinht or wrong of the mailer Or if th
dilor possesses taste enough to dress will
narked plainness, in these doys of einptj
how, when the human calves wear th
finest coals, the inquiry is instantly started
wether Mr, is not disipated? Wha
f7j ho do with his mnnevt II never oe
urs lo these very cu riotis people that lb
iciim of this malicious remark may hav
some claims on his heart mote powerfo
than all liie haberdashery temptatioi.s ol
Ilroadway lhal young sisters or brothers
ir it may be a widowed mother, look to
him in his honest manhood, and do noi
took vain. These excellent gabblers d
int allow Iheniselves to suppose for a mo
ment that their ill-natured and continued
backbiting has its origin in a miserabl
mitil of envy. Why, nn editor Ins a free
admission to all places of public amusement
occasionally he has a seat al some sjirea
oftentimes he gels a how from n gre
man. v ml a lorn naie ihi uw : iiiiu men
. r.n t 1 t.n..
loo, he appears in type, his name is at th
head of the firt column of a paper, or look
lown in all ihe pomp of capitals, from ll
top of a magazine atticlp. To the vulg
eyes of ignorance these are privileges and
honors of great vhIup, nnd yet tneir posaess
or not valuing them a fig. would give th em
II. and more, for lhal obscurity which shut
out from the humble hut of the peasant
the prying nyes whose reflation set in mo
linn ills deirActlnrj ton'iue. ;V. Y. Sun
A couniry lad having just entered a liter
ary institution in one of our eastern (owns.
was viewing the curiosities of the diUerem
shops, and happened to step into a boot,
store. After gazing about for n tinic.woniler
iui! al the vasi amount of books piled upon
the shelves, ho asked Hie hook seller, ii
man of Inch feelings, what ho kept for sale
there. The reply was, numbsculls. The
boy ttitnliiL' lo leave, replied, 'I guss you
bnvn n noor assnrlincn) don't SCC but
An Irishman said, he did not come to thU
con ulry for wont. He had abundance
that in his own cour.Uy. The chap is
BY Till: AUTHOR OF " UMNO A MCE.
Come Ellen, wc have Iwn hours to
tneive,v, let us once moio latce our ia
Tho sneaker Graen Wilmnt had seen
v ' .- .. .?t:..i..i..
i sevcoiecn .stiininers, yoi aircmy uer
heail had sliaycd from Iho home in
which In r infancy was cradled, and this
iy tdic was lo i;o foith liooi lis qutei
icuiics into I lie -vorld, vviih hioi whom
he had chosen for her grille. ThoiiRh
ho ;ljy sun was scarce an hour hinh
she was already ailircd for her bridal,
an I may be seen in ihe fronlipiece, a
she appeared on this, i he most eveiitlul
iinrnini' of her lite.
Over a full skirl of muslin, she wears
bodice of satin wi'h stomacher and
Hint wills of lace. Tho veil which
HoaiD around her form is confined lo hei
lead by a wreath ofor.inno I avers, be
ieai',1 which her hair IjILs upon Iter nccli
in ils own natural rinelnts. Liestdc her
kneeling fom-. slandu her sister lHeri
iver whoic classic fealurcs Isnie lias
hrown a deeper .shadow. ton ycari
older than Oi ice, Rlleo had, at her age
ii'lnlged the same bright hope wind
low (laddenod her; but ll ey h.ul bec?i
inlilenly and lorever darkened
I'ht' crave had closed over the forn
which was associated with all her ima
'i in n ! ot 111', and lllou invoke Irom
he fust stupefjclioo of niief lo feel that
henceforlh she lived, not lor hersell oi
'or the prehent;bui for the friends wlmni
ler ahi'idoomeot lo -opuw would altl'c
md for Ihe h isful lien-after promised
to those who 'eodii'r! as shoioz iimi
who ii invisible.' G -aduilly ihe ro-'
id letumi'd lo her chc,siiil the smil.
o her lip, Inn Ihe one hid never bloom
.1 so vividly, nor i tie other been
n ous us in il i v- o vore She wa
ne'v. if ever, seen m the aemtiilies o
ie young and iiy, bill her presenci
,v 'he uii liil'ii ol tier la'iiers nome
oil it wis no uncommon ohsirv.iiim
villi li s visilois lii.it 'it would lis
ileasnre to no to lllf! pstsoo.lgc. if
veie only to se Ellen tlinot's sweel
laco and lo lecsivo her choerlul, Uindl
Grace, had but a dim, shadowy remen
uanco of her moihet's voice and stej
for they had vanished from her hum
vhoti she was scarce Itvo veais old.
Ellen had never assumed over her you
ei kister a inothm'H aulhornv, but sh
lidw.ilched with a moilim s mieres
he unfolding of her miiul, ami heart, &
ihie ded her with meternal caie Irom
he very touch of sorrow.
Mr. Wilmot's ieelines toward Ihi
youoget darling, who had lost, so eaily
i mother's love, which nothing can ie
iilace were neculiarlv lender. In Ellen
he confided; ,she was his loved compin
ion as well as his child.bui 'little Gnet
s she had continued to he called,, when
ilmost as tall as her sister, was a no
lamb, lo be fondled and cherished.to b
lii-lieit'd in his very heari, and pieserv
ed if possible, in her childish innocence
nd Invingness from a chilling mid coi
rtiDiini: world. Gmce repiid with tin
warmest affliction, the lendui ness of hei
alhcr and sisters.
Mr. Wilmot was a clergyman and th
reverenca for his sacred office which mm
gled somewhat of awe with the love ol
nis children; checked oven in the heed
less Grace tho complete ou'potiring o
Her thought!) and feelings; hut Irom he
isier EMen nothing was withheld, am
long before Iho aillcss gill suspecied
.night ill her own feelings to Fhili
Ellerslie, which sho might havo hesil
led lo reveal, Ellen had recognized
them Ihe lovo whose disappointment
had clouded her life. To Mr. Wilmoi
it had been o painful surprise when
was asked lo sanction Ins dpughler s en
aacenient, hut a child, as she seemed
him, he saw thai her heart had neen ai
ready bestowed on him who now bough
her hand, and whose character nnd pro
peels in life left him no just reason for
Philip Ellerslin was a young lawyer
whose talents and application had alrea
dy giined him high ocomiuuis, and
whose generous support oi nis wuioweo
mother and sisters panshORers ot ivir.
Wiltnot spoko volumes of his moral
excellence. Ho had commenced the
nrnctico oi his profession in a distant
city, and thither iniM (Iraco remove
with him on her marriage, fiom the
homo which hail been lhal of her whole
life fir Mr. Wiltnot possessing an in
i'j'ilipendent fortune, and tiuo christian
humanity, had nuiilier been impelled by
,s neccssilies nor lempled by hisambi-
linn from the simple flock to whom he
had lirsl broken the bread of life, und
ho so loved him, lhal lo them ttuih
came welcome irom It is lips, i tic
ountfy rooiuT the parsonage, lor it w.n,
tho couniry, was beautiful anil pictu-
esque and otioofMr. Wiimot's recrea-
ions had been lo bestow on its grounds
hose adornments which his tasle sun
ceted ar.il his health permitted. Walk
had been opened to points of peculiar
beauty. Soma of these w-ilks wore
iravulcd and Rent uy tho cirdener as
carefully as thoe which sne ned hi
more immediate charce. To one of ihesi
it was lhal Gace now invited her silet.
Caking a luskel on her arm Ellen said
we will galher some flowers as we go
for your bnqtiel. L'nked arm in arm
he stslers ptocecded Ihroogh the gar
leu, sod pissing' through ils gale in the
ear. entered a urove in which naltii
had been lefl uncontrolled, the walk
winding hilher and thi'lvr, wherever i.
ot ihl iiod tinobs'rucicd space. I he
ees were just opening Iheir leafy Inid
o ihe halmv breath of May. Some
carce ventured to peep forth from their
coverinn of roJSRl blown, and othei
wearing their first dclicale tinge of gtei n
Fiom this grovn the walk soon cm. rg
el into Ihe clear sunlight. In ihunprn
pice, ihe cistiTii ban bordered it with
licit Cvntite flowers Here weie thi-
brighl Crocus, the modes,! Siiou-diop
ind the Lily uf the valley, emblem ul
purity with veiy slender petal geniiti
nd. with Hie dews of mornin.
Ellen stopped lo fill her biakel-lrace
o cast a . look of linceringlove at a seem-
linked with mmy a dear remembiance
if her happy childhood, and her lotiih
Jeside her, from a green knoll low.ird a
lofty o.ik beneath whose, shadow hi
lad sported with compminns as joyoti
is herself, ihruiigh many a kiMiniei
veiling. J-foie her lay ihe smill lake
ir pond al which the walk terminated
N'e.ver had it looked levelier, ihan now
is ils waters liy spirkling in the sun
ieam?,except al i's eastern shorp,vher.
he verdant hills which almost eueitclci
t cast their darkening shadow on iU
From these most distant object
Grace mined to the flowers at her fee
md "looped lo search amoog ihem for :
iieasur a violet, she nad scarcely no
il to find. It
was Ellen's fivnnt-
llovver and fiom her chihnood (jrice
had watched the opening of Ihe first vio
lei, that she might bear il to hi r stslei
in ofTerlng of love. And this year, to
ihat pleasures shall he hers for see sh-
lolds the litllo puriile fl iwer which has
just begun to unfold its petals ami hind
ing its delicate stem lo a elutT of liilu
of the valley, sho ufiVt s it lo Ellen, ex-1
claiming, sSsp, dear Ellen; our own
(1 liver? is it nol an omen of good that
I should have totind it this moining
does il not lell us that we cannot he
wholly parted while wo have ihe memo-
y of ihe past, and even a simple rww-i
can awake so many ihoughts of love?
Wear this to-day deai Ellen, and ilim
put it carefully by, and promise me lo
look nt il once every da)', and Hunk
'hat I am with yor, ihoiigh you do no1
'Nay, my own Grace, dwelling in th'
home of our childhood,whero every ob
ject is associated with you and talk nl
you will season every meal. I need
no such memonlo but in ihe new hnnv
o which you go who will speak io yov
l Ellen ? whal Ireo or flower whict
we have loved and nursed together sh.it
uvaken tender memories of her in yum
heart ? Do you take those flowers, ni)
beloved Grace-lining emblems are Ibex
of the simple and pure affections of you
caily home, look at them ofton, and oh!
my treasured sister, may Iho niemnrlp
with whioh they aie linked preserve you
from tho influenco nf the false, tho heart
less and thu vain "
A fellow wishing to insult a clergy
man pretended to hu drunk. Swaggtr
ing round, ho repealed sevoral timet.,
'I never gel drunk except in godly com
pany.' 'And do vou wish to know the
reasou?'said the minuter. 'It is berausi
there you have all the drink lo your'
A naval officer, who some limn ago
ramo lo reside in E linburg, hav ng pre
viously engaged a largo mansion on
shun lease, despatched his butler to re
ceivc his itirnltore, and havo the houi
put in order. The builer engaged i
young woman residing iti the ncighbot-
hood, to clean out the rooms and arr.ingi
pari ol Ihe funnlun:, ind he assisted bar
himself to carry up a large chest of rath
or singular appearance. This gigantic
box his mascr had purchased
is a curiosity; hut unlike I hat describe'
in the song of the "Mtsleto Hough," i
lid nol shut, hut opened with a silting
i'Uched lo the lock: which being touch
eil, the lit) Hew opeo, and a till brawny
Highland man, in full cos ume, t.luo I
erect, and struck out his right aim, in
which was a wooden sword.
The gentleman had puichaseil it as a
curious piece of mechanism, and wa
wont to amuse his children with it.
That's a heavy chesl,'' said a wo
man, as lhe placed ii on the floor
" Ves,"dtiswer''d Ihe huiler,who wa
a w ig ol the first water, Mheie's some
thing il it, t hat'.s ceilain; hut thert
oiiieihing my.tei iouj about it also, lo
Ithuugh the key hangs at Ihe end ol it
no one is allowed to open i
" Did you ever see the inside of il?"
replied she, walking lound il.
' Never," slid he, "it's as much a
any of our places is worth even lo spea
So aying, the knight of the coik
sciew looked firt al the woman, thei
h the dies', then on Ihe fl tor, and then
eliied slowly down the strirs whistling
to uoik on the ground flit. Mm gi
proceeded lo put things to lights in lb
room; but evety time she passed the
chest she thought il looked more mid
' Frailty, thy name is woman!" Stif
rapped on thu lil v(K Wor U..LUt i
had a cuiious, hollow sound very :
And none nf the servants had dated i
open H ! What on earth could il coo
inn? Well.it was none of her biiMtie-s,
4d iho wont diligently to woik for fivi
ninutc.s, at the end of which time hi
,aw htrself standing, with her rrm-
kimho gazing on i!ie chest. "It cat
do no harm lo look into it." though
-he; so she quietly look ihe key fiom
iho nail and applied it In Ihe look. Ol
cotiise stir heard footsteps on the Mi'i
as eieiy one will do when alraid o1
lettetion in ihe contmij-sion of ome sr
they wih to keep bictrt. Again sin
eg.iined confidence, and tetninetl lo
he ches' ; he bt ioped iltl'l tut ned tin
key. Up flew the lid; and the ivoodei
flighlaiidman kill. and, pl.ilah g.
spiang on his 'egs with more Ihan hu
man agi'Hy. and letchfd t lie pi'tnli"
a i-harp uhack actors ihe huuidti
wiih ihe fljt of his "Andiea Feiraia."
prolonged shttek, ending in a moai
of despaii, indicated lhal the poor no-
nan had sotighi rclt.t in a swoon.
In the couru of a lew monieuls tin
woman io-iP. nn her elbow, looking mio
y aiotiud Hie loom, till !i-i eyes cutigh'
iie H ghljndman bending over her.
Seeing nothing hut destruction awaiiing
her, two springs look her lo the dooi.
lown stairs sho went, nor did she slacl.
n her pice till she found heiself tnid-
ing in the house of a lady in the neigh'
hoi hood. The poor woman did n
iceover nom uer iiigtit tor .evera'
Far Every Body. Let the business
of cvety body else alone, and attend in
your own. Uon t buy whal you don '
want; un eveiy hour in advantage, and
tidy even to make leisure houis useful;
think iwice before ynu jiend a shilling,
jemember you will havo another Ii
mke for Hjjliod lecrealion in looking
uer your nusiness,aii(i so your uiisine.
vill not bf neglected in looking aflt i
recreation: buy low sell fair, and lake
ire ot ihe profits, look over your book
eegularly, and if you did an eiror Han
il out; should a stioke of misfortune
oniH open you in trade, ielieneh,woik
hirder, bill never fly iho tr.ick;confinii'
iilhculties wiih in. flinching persever
ucc, ami I hey will disappear ut last;
hough vou should even lit! in tin
struggle, ynu will bn honutod; hi
shrink from tho task ami you will be
What was this world madu for hu
enjoymeni? Then Mgo it while you'ie
young, lor when you'ie old you can't
The Hat nf Ihe World "W
cid ?' Mow Ireqiiently is that brief
ii admonitory senionce inleifercd Willi
ml exciting any hut the most transient
million- without Bivakening a deeppr
ir in nre nermanpnl reflection til a It Iho
next pissing thought will entirely obltt
crate' from the mind ! Two friends shall
casually meet after a temporal' separa-
ton, and Inqnito alter a third and mutu
al friend. " IIo's dead !" is the melan
holy and impressive rejoinder. If men
of business, perhaps ho also was onu
who entered htgely into Iheir s)ecula-
tions all, tlicir worldly minded schemefl
of aggrsndiji -menl yet he's dead !" 1
I lie intelligence is received with an ex
clamation of surprise a significant
'hake of Ihe head a sensation neaily
illicit to pity and regret; but it is nol
icard "as if an angel spoke," and as
time passes they hurry off without fur-
her comment lo their lespccuve conn
ing houses, where the unexpected infor
nilion of the rise in sugars the depres
non of the money matkel the failure
of somo great hoUsc in which they had
placed implicit confidence, or some
qually Vital and impoPant allatr, de
mands Iheir Immediate attention to
tally absoths their minds, and they en
liiely forget lhal they have just heattl
in echo of their own tnevitahlc doom.
Locality has strong power, whalcver
may bo aigued to the contrary, in iccal
ling impressions, and cvety wounded
hem l nny tell how insupportable the
-cenc becomes where it Ins been bless
ed, and where it is blessed no mote.
The abtncl of pain or pleasure ii with
in us in all places, at all t'.mes; but its
iioilraiiure, its vivid itlleclion lies pic
tured in the places and in the object
where our feelings have been stretch
ed on the lock whether of pleasure or
Causes of the Decreuse f Mania,
ires. I'll tell you why young ladies du
not go off so frequently as formerly.
They are loo nice, and loo pi odd, &c.
I "know a young lady not very
voung now indeed who to my cer
tain knowledge, has refused nine of-
One because the gentleman could not
Uf i p a cart iage.
Another, because ho conld not fpeak
he Frr nch language.
A third, because he knew no'liing of
A fourth, because he stooped in his
A filth, because he had hot fo'ttuna
A sixth, because he was a trades
A seventh, because he was a iqImcco
The eight because he was too bashful
Ninth, becsuse he wore fpectaclcs.
Education is to the mind, what fire nnd
labor of arts is to the native oar, it brings
out its latent powers nnd capabilities, giving
strength, brilliancy and fineness to its qual
uy and an infinie versatility of application
we do not now mem the machine matin
chofar,milled through a limited number of
dd Latin sentences, but thai unchaining of
nan's immortality which gives n frmlnm 1
the spirit, a scope and power to tho soul
tltnl wings the eleinity of scicn -e &, unfold
the pages of nature with such certainly and
clearness, as lo make iho wotld ashamed
hat it hid not seen the truth before.
What is more neglected, what more spar
ingly paid, than tho department of school
instruction? Yet ihe influenco of lhn few
whe, unseen by dip public eye; toil upon
the truo prinoiplos of tlnir vocation;
make the whole land glad with the bright
ning dawn of intellectual lifht.
Was'nt tnis a capital hint? 'Hi collert,
sir' said a tavoin keepor lo a genileman u ho
was about leaving ids house without paying
his reckoning, 'rerolleci, sir; if you loso
your purse; ynu did'ni pull il out jiuru!'
.1 lover calls his tnislress a jrwsharp (it
delight, and a healing plaster for pain in
A negro fellow the other day gol him
df into trouble by marraying to wiye.
A great miny while men do the sarno
iy man ay ing one,