Newspaper Page Text
From tha Coxs'ickio Standard.
"REDUCTION OF WAGES."
'J'lio Federalists aro raising a huo and cry
about iho tondenav of Uic Independent
Treasury to "reduce the wages or labor."
The Democracy iu general deny that it will
produce any such effect. Hut we believe
Su a great many cases, Hot one of which
howover lias yet b?en enumerated in the
Federal catalogue, the tendency of the meas
'uro will be jilsl such ad has been predicted
by its enemies to reduce their wages. Let
us scite caeca where iho Independent Trea
sury Will "rcduco wages."
It will "reduce the wages" of the stock
holders, directors, presidents, cashiers, tol
lers, clerks and runners of the nine hundred
'banks in the United States, whose wanes.
drawn from tho laboring and producing
classes, have enabled them tor yoars to oc
cupy marble palaces for shaving sfiops,
dwell in magnificent mansions, support ox
travagant carriages and equipments, with a
host of servants, bauquet upon the luxuries
of tho world, and to loll in case and idle
It will "reduce tho wagos' of a legion of
spesulators who have been employing tho
taxes collected from the people to monopo
lize the business of tho country, and Ihcro
by cheat producers and the real laboring
classes out of their just dues.
It will "reduce the wages" of Federal
members of Congress, who have heretofore
been paid hundred of thousands of dollar?,
in the shapo of loans, to sustain that corrupt
and Dilantins: British shaving machine a
United States Bank,
It will "reduco the wages" of the Con-
f ervaltre Judases, who seceded from the
Democratic ranks for the "wages of their
hire," in the shape of heavy loans for their
leaders iu Congress, and small facilities for
their runners in the country.
It will "reduce the wages" of your
Swartwouts and other Conservative defaul
ters by placing tho penalty of felony over
their hoids, and arresting them, oven in a
foreign country, if they attempt to filch
farthin? of tho people's money.
It will "roduco tho wages" of tho authors
of irredeemable shinplaslcrs and broken
bills, who grow fat upon their imposition
and of brokers who hang in squads about
their "dens of iniquity" because it will
tend to purify tho paper circulating medium
bv furnisjlinir the,. nfirinle-wilJ mora of
the precious metalVrBWristriutiOnal cur
It will "reduce tho wages" of bar room
ranters, who are hanging in idleness about
vour crofr"eries,laboring to seduce the hon
tnii nm? industrious nsor from their labor and
port mem in ineir i.iaoience aim disgraceful
In brief.it will "reduce the wages" of all
ttbo aro living in indolence, at tho expense
of honesty and the industry of the laboring
and produping class?. But to pretend
will have a tendency to injure their inter
ests is sheer nonsense. The reverss will hB
its whole effect. It will regulate businesf.
ttntt direct and coniine it to its legitimate
(channel. It will secure to the producer an
equitable and steady remuneration for his
toils, and to the laborer a fair and peima
Bent reward for .his services.
James Henderson, liso,., one of the lead
ing whig politicians of Indiana, has address
ed " to John C. Wright, David Gwynno
and O. M. Spencer, Esq," a long, able,
and indignapt letter, of which the following
is the conclusion.
"I ask of you, ffentlemen.to retrace your
stop?, to disband the confidential commit
tee,' and permit the General's thoughts and
actions to be as free as the air ho breathes.
Let the old soldier return to his native can
dor, and his frank and generous heart will
disdain all petty subterfuges, and scout all
species of indirection.
Believe me, gentlemen, tho interrogato
ries propounded by the Oswogo Union As
sociation, aro pregnant with much which
concerns the interest of the people of this
republic; ad the honor and iutercst of Gen
eral Harrison and that of his supporters are
as intimately connected therewith. You
may possibly satisfy your friends that no
actual force has been perpetrated to obtain
your control.but the moral condition ofhim
whom you niako your prisoner, will not bo
in the least elevated in the estimation of the
Iu conclusion, whether you follow tho
advice here suggested or not, I trust that
there aro yet enough of tke Genoral's friends
who will sea the ubsoluto necessity of dis
lodging yau from your position, and restor
ing him to the free and uncontiolled exer
cise of his own volition.
I am, gentlemen, most respectfully, per
sonally and politically.your friend and obe
dient servant. JAMES HENDERSON.
The Austin (Texos) Sentinel confirms
the raported defeat of tho Central forces in
JMoxieo, at Guerrero. Col. Zapata after
boing taken near Mear, by God. Arista, was
Uetapiatcdand his head placed upon a pole
iu front of his house at Guerrero. This
provoked a resentment of a brother of Za
pata, who raising a forco of 400 men, en
tirely destroyed the Central nrmy, by at
tacking it when divided into small parties.
Tho ftumanehes had brought in two Mexi
can women taken from San Antonio river a
yjar since, They appear unwilling to give
up the Amcsican prisoner? still in their pos-esiKoii,
A STORM At CHARLESTON.
The Charleston papor of Friday give the
details of a furious stoim which visited that
city on Wednesday night lest. HaiUtnnes
fell as largo as hen's eggs. The ship Sut
ton, Captain Bcntman, was struck by light
ning, and two of the crow were knocked
down and stunned. A postcript in the Mer
cury of Friday morning says :
" Draymen were pelted (torn their carts
and lsft their horses to run about tho streets
half frantic expoed windows were smash
ed to atoms. A gentleman informs us that
ho weighed a pieeo of hail and found it to
be threo ounces, after it had lain about a
quarter of an hour in tho wash of tho rain.
Wo can Tcadily cicdit it. Tho rattle of tho
hail on the house tops was like tho falling
of a shower of brickbats. About 7 o'clock
the storm seemed passed; but it was soon
renewed though without hail, and as wo
write (8 o'clock, P. M.) tho rain is falling
A Jiomdnlic Scene. Among e inci
dents attending tho Cumanohe tragedies we
find the following, which is really worth a
place in somo new novel, it is so tinctured
with romance One Indian took possess
ion of a store-house, and with his bow and
quiver he defended tho narrow passage, so
that no one could enter the door without
tho certainty of death. They attempted to
smoke him out, but ho withstood red pep
per tobacco and assafoBlida. A Mexican
then made a ball of terpentine, and set it on
fire, in hope of its illuminating tho room.
It happened to strike on the top of the Indi
an's head, and stick; he came bounding out
of the room, tho turpentine upon his head
blazing four foot high. It mado too good
a mark to be missed, and at the samo in
stant ho was pierced by several rifle balls
Our neighbor of the Danville Intelligen
cer will ploasc remember that the furnaces
for making Iron with Anthracite wero com
menced in Columbia county beforo tho Iron
Ore of this region had been properly de
veloped; and wo appiohend that those who
invested their capital in that quarter w.ould
now be willing to procure purchasers for
tho purpose of constructing furfiaccs, fee. in
this region. However, we will not dispar
age tho prospects of our neighbors wo
wish them every possible success in their
exlonaive and laudable undertakings; and
with Mr. Furry to superintend their hot
blasts wo have no apprehension of their
continued success in tho manufacture of
Iron with Anthracite. As to Messrs. Hay
wood &; Snyder, wo suppose they thought
an agency of their works here would bo
well loeatod at Danville, and wo hope
they may not be deceived. Potlsville Em
The Portsmouth (Ohio) Tribune of Fri
day week stales, that a few days previous,
a son oi sirs, ivjrly, ol Uushcreck town
shin, ten vnnrs nf aim. rmU .nt.n t.nHA
to water in tho creek a short distanco from
Iho house, in a feivemtnutos after he start
ed, tho family were shocked with the dread
ful spectacle of the horse returning .it full
speed, draseinir the lifeless bov on tlm
ground, with a rope around his neck faslci
o.i iio i i ,.
'' iiuuau, .inn vvvry panicle oi
clonics torn irom ins person. 1 lie hoiso
had dashed through tho bushes, and frag
ments of the child's clotliCB were strRivii!
along the route. It was Impossible to as
certain how he could have become tied in
Presence of Mind. A fbw Anv ncrn
says the Trenton (N. J.) Gazette, as tho'af
ternoon train of car3 from Camden was ap
nroachinrr iho three lnnfea. nmi- T.nmlmrtr.n
f I. I 4U(W. .11...
tho engineer discovered a boy lying between
tho rails at a short distance in advance, and
aoRarcntlv fast asleeo. lie rhw rt nmn
that ho could not stop the train entirely, bo-
lore reacning trie place wnoro the boy was
lying, and if the boy should be awakened,
he would nrobablv iumn nn. iuct in limn in
throw himself in the way of tho train. He,
therefore, put tho engine at tho top of its
speed, and dashed over the boy as quick as
possible. He then stopped tho train and
returned to see whether any injury had
been done to him. He could not be seen
at first, but was soon discovered among the
bushes On tllO side of the road. nniTiimr rifl
as fast as lis could. On being called back,
it was found that he had escaped almost all
injury. One of his feet happening to lie
near tho rail, the flange of tho wheel had
cut off a Dart of tho flesh of the heel. hut liml
not touched the bone.
Dreadful Itevanrm.Wn mtii!ni,il
-J-- 0-. -
some time ago tho murdor, in Indiana, of a
Miss Orr, by her sweothearf, without slat
IniT tho naittcnlnrR. It Renins (tint i Hf
Johnson had for years paid his addresses to
the young lady, though in opposition to the
wm oi ner parents. At lengiu lie piopos
ed; but Miss Orr, though manifestly fond
of him, declared her determination never to
marry against ner parents' consent. John
son was of a vindictive temperament, and
to revenge himself on tho parents, ho invi
ted Mis Orr to accompany him in a walk
to a grove, about half a mile ftom her fath
er's house, where he perpetrated the bloody
tragedy, by first stabbing her through the
body with a long and sharp pointed knife,
and then cutting her throat. He then re
paired to Mr. Orr'n house, with tho bloody
knifo in his hands, where ho slated what
ho hud donc,and disappeared beforo he could
be arrested. This is said to bo a true state
ment of the droadful affair.
I'hila. Spirit of the Times.
The Legislature adjourned oil lhe4 12th
inst. at onri o'clock A. M." after having pas
sed an Improvement Bill and a Tax Bill.
In tho House, a bill to pay interest on
the public debt in specie, was passed, yeas
39, nays 37.
On motion of Mr. Snowdkn, tho thanks
of the House, were presented to Mr. Spoak
A messago from the Governor, vetoing
the Lancaster Loan company bill, was re
ceived, 3000 copies were ordered to be prin
ted. No action was taken on tho vetoed
On this jiousincj, both houses' adjourned
aboat one o'clock, but before the adjourn
ment the speaker addressed tho houso as
Gentleman : The period to which wo
have all been looking forward with such
intense anxiety, has at last arrived, and be
fore wo separate, I desire to say that the
peculiar circumstances by which we wero
surrounded on tho evening of the adjourn
ment of the legislature, on the 10th of A
pril last, prevented me from making the
proper acknowledgements for the very flat
tering resolution you were then pleased to
adopt, in rcfcrcnco to my official Conduct;
I, therefore, avail myself of the present
occasion, to assure, you, that that resolution,
as well as the nno of similar character which
you had tho kindness to adopt on yester
day, calls forth tho most grateful, emotions
of my heart. When I assumed the ardu
ous duties of the office which.your partial
ity prompted you to confer upon mo, I did
not flatter myself that I could be able to
discharge t)ie Various duties connected with
the ofllre, in such a manner as to meet with
unusual approbation. I was aware of tho
responsibility of the station, but rolying.ou
your kind indulgence, I freely accepted it,
and I am happy to say, that I was not mis
taken in supposing that you would always
be ready to supply any deficiency on my
part, by your generous forbearance.
Tljat questions of order would sometimes
arise, -the decisions of which would be at
variance with the views of some gentleman
'was to be oxpeclid, but the kind terms of
the resolution retcrred to assures" me, that
you have dono me the justice to attribute
the errors committed to 'an error of judg'
mcnt, and not to improper motires. Lean-
not permit this .opportunity to pass, without
tendering you my grttJtiil acknowledge
ments for your kind and gentlemanly de-
1 pnrtmcut towards me, as your presidingof
courso has been free, social, and to me most
pleasing, notwithstanding questions have of
ten been .presented for our considerations
which led to excited debate, and which ner
haps sometimes, for the moment, may uavo
produced unkind feelings; yet I rejoice to
believe, that those hrstilo feelings always
ended with discussion. You have invaria
bly evincod a disposition to award to each
other honesty of purpose differenco of
opinion nave never neon anotveu lo ma our
social intcrcourco. " We have shared each
others plcasuies" and have mutually par-
milium in uiu noapiiuiiiied oi me icinu cit
izens ot llarnsburg, which have been so
abundantly bestowed upon us. But, Gen
tlemen, our social relations are about being
severed; in a few moments we part', many
of us,nover to meet again in this life. This
is a solemn thought, and one which croates
in my bosom sensatio.is of the most painful
character. When I leavo this place to-day,
Gentlemen, it is with a fixd purpose not
to return again as a member. This deter
mination is the result of long medintion;
whrti, therefore, I cast my eyes over this
hall, and behold tho many Gentlemen, with
whom I have been so familiary associated,
and in whoso future prosperity I feel so
doep an interost.snd then reflect, that when
I tako my leavo of you now, it is without
a reasonable hope of oven again having tho
picaBuro ot enjoying your society, my feel
ings of sorrow aro inexpressible. In con-
cluBon. Gentlemen, allow me to assure you,
that towering mountains may intervene' be
tween us, and though wo miy bo separated
as far from each other as is the eaet from
the west, yet I shall never fowot the friend
ships which have hitherto characterized our
intercourse; and shall cherish till my latest
breath, an ardent desire for your present
and eternal happiness. That an all merci-
fd Providence may grant you all a safe re
turn to embraco of your families and friends,
ana grant you in health and prosperity
long to live," is my sincere prayer. I bid
you, Gentleman, collnctively and individu-
111.. ir..! . j, . '
an;- an uiiecuonaiu aaieu I
The following is a synopsis of the Tax
bill,as it passed tho Legislature. It is sup
posed tho objects proposed to be taxed,will
realize about $1,000,000.
1. On all dividends by any bailSS. com
panies, or institutions of one nor cent., or
over, a lax of 1 and a half mills "on every
dollar of the value thoreof."
2. On all personal property, occupations
&e. made taxable by law, the county com
missioners to add a tax of 1 mill on oveiv
dollar of valuo:
Oq all bonds, mortaires, monies at 'inter-
est, &c. stock, (except Commonweahh
stock, Ac.) a tax of half mill on every dol-
lar of vaiuc, '!oh .which one percent, tiivi
dend or a profit irlay accrue." t
On All household furniture, gold or sil
ver plate exceeding $300, 5 mills on th'c
Upon pleasure carriages one porcent. on
tho value. 1
On gold lever watches SI upon gold
and silver watches 76 cents upon every
other description of watchos 00 cents.
Upon all salary oflices of the Common
wealth one per cent "on overy dollar of the
3. Duty ofcodnty commissioners, and
4. County commissioners and assessors
to ascertain valuo ol subjects Uaule to taxa'
tion, as early as possible.
5. Assessors lo give the usual notice.
G. County commissioners to transmit as
scssments to Auditor General, by 1st Sep
7. Duties of county Treasurer.
8. Taxes to bo applied to payments ol
interest on State loans.
9. County Treasurer to givo bond, &c.
10. Secretary of iho Commonwealth to
publish law and transmit.
THE COLUMBIA DEMOCRAT.
"TIltlTH WiTISOCT FIUH "
S.3TVIID.2X; JTU'S 20, 1840.
Presidential election isio.
MARTIN" VAN BUREN.
Fon Vice President,
RICHARD M. JOHNSON.
James Clarke, of Indiana, ' . ,
n t.t.,d r. ni, f Senatorial
1 Hul. Jnlm Thivnnsnn
- ---- -
'2 Benjamin Milllhi
3 Urn. II. Smith
. X JolinJ''.j3tc'uiro"
Henry My crs
6 Daniel Jacoby
6 Jesso Johnson
7 Jncoli Ablo
8 Goo. (Jhrislman
& 'Wm. Shocner
10 Henry Dehuir
12 I'roJcrick Smith
13 Charles M'Cluro
14 J. M. Gcmmrll
15 G. M. Hollenbaek
1,10 Lconanl J'foutz
17 John Jlortonjr.
18 William i'hilson
18 John Morrison
"0 Wcstly Frost
21 Beni. Aii-lerson
22 William Wilkins
23 A. K. Wright
2't John Fiiidley
25 Stephen Darlow
The last Danville Intelligencer contains
a communication reflecting sovercly upon
the Canal Commissioners for ordering tho
water to be let out of tho Canal on the firs.
of July, for iho purposo of completing the
IjOcKs now under contract. Tho complaints
of the writer are unjust in the extreme, as
he has no causa whatever to censure, either
the Canal Commissioners or Contractors.
The Commissioners gave notice at the open
ing of the Canal in tho spring, that tho wa
ter would be let out the first of July.artd if
tho Iron master iu Danville has not procured
sufficient coal to answer his purposes, it is
wliolly Ins own fault, and more especially
so, as wo understand ho lot six or oiht
weeks of the best of tho boatinir season
pass by, before he over mado a contract for
coal, hoping to be ablo to jew tho coal mer
chants of Wyoming in their price. Now
it this bo tho caso, who is in fault, because
he has not a supply on hand. Shall the
contractors suffer for his negligence, or shall
the state suffer an extra expenso of several
thousand dollars in consequence ? His in
sinuation that the work is not " in the
hands of trust-worthy and faithful contrac
tors, is wholly gratuitous, and of a piece
with the rest of his communication. Thev
are all old contractors, and aro competent
and thorough going mon. They havo used
every oxertion in thoir power to be prenar-
od saving of noithcr trouble or expenso
in procuring materials, and we havo no
doubt wil be ready on the first day of July,
with materials and workmen to complete
the locks in .as short a time as possible.
Thoy havo not been dilatoru and nceleclful
of thoir business to save a few dollars.
Then, we again ask, why should they bo
made to suffer, berauso others, bv doin?
so, are not ready f There is no justice in
it. Were they to wait until all wero ready,
the locks would never bo re-built.
There is another reason why thev should
be vo-built immediately-. It is with the ut
most difficulty, that they can bo kept in
sucfliient repair, to pass boats, indeed, ono
or more of them . is in danger of fulling lA
daily, and. notvtho least prospect of stand
ing till fall and in addition, the Canal is
so much out of repair, that sufficient water
connot bo passed to float loaded boats, and
no prospect of any additional water for sev
eral weeks unles it is drained off and ra.
pairs made. While this is doing the locks
ean be built and a good fall business dono
afterwards. Tho interest of the many
should be looked to, not that of iho few,
and if it bo necessary for tho " Canal Com
missioners to wrap themselves up in their
state authority" to effect this, tho people1
will be satisfied, and not consider it a 11 mis
managcrnent of our public works."
THE IRON BUSINESS.
The fioltlomcr.t of tho question of mak
ing bar iron from Anthracite pig; has arous
ed the public mind upon the subject of man
ufacturing iron, and turned the attention of
iron masters towards Fishing Creek ivatcr
power. During the past tveek wo have'
been visited by several gentlemen who camo
to view the scilcs on this stream, and lo
cate works in our immediate neighborhood!
and wo understand that contrasts aro now
in uegocialion for at least two situations fur
the purposo of creating oxlensie works,
and offers have boon made for several tracts
of oro lands. Wo would, therefore, advise
all who aro desitous of locating iron works
upon a large and never failing stream of wa
ter, in the centre of the iron region, neaf
tho canal, surrounded by a fertile cultivated
country, to be on tho alert, and buy soon,
as wo have no doubt every scite will be ta
ken up within a few months. Wo say to
the iron masters abroad, bofuro you locato
yourself any whero else, como and view
the neighborhood of Fishing Creek, for wo
aro confident it presents advantages fur tho
manufactory of iron no whero else to bo
found in the state.
In this neighborhood, wo have two largo
brick yards, 0110 owned by Mi. Henry
Wells and the other by Mr.. Joseph Hen
dershot. Mr.. Wells ha a kiln now burnt,
and Mr. Hcndershot has one piled for burn
ing, and tho brick from both engaged, and
although they intend making several hun
dred thousand during the season, yet we un
derstand, they will bo unable to supply tho
great demand for them, and several who
wero intending to build this summer will
be compelled lo defer it until another year.
So much for the blustering bolow.
The June number of this valuable month'
ly publication, nov lies upon our table, and
wo have read it with increasing intcicst.
The present number is almost oatircly ori
ginal, containing several very interesting
miscellaneous articles, and as tho editor re
marks, " may be taken as a pretty specimen
of Philadelphia authorship." W'e would
advise lovers of light reading to immediate
ly become subscribers.
The " Bcrwiok Conservator," is tho title
of a now whig paper just started at Ber
wick in this county. Tho Editor professes
much, and pledges himself to conduct tho
war without engaging in personal abuse.'
Let him not only stick o this himself, but
but also keep his correspondents within tho
bounds of honorablo warfare, and he shall
never receivo occasion Irom us to duviato
from this correct cause. Although we dif
fer politically let us duffer honorably.
Tho whigs ropublish with great glee, on
extract of a letter, written by Senator Tall-
madgo in which he makes a calculation of
the event of the next Presidential election
and gives Martin Van Burcn tho votes of
only three States. Tho Lancaster Intolii
gonccr gives jt the following happy hit.
"Emphatically tho most foolish 'thins of
tho campaign is the letter of N. P. Tall
madgo. on the prospects of Harrison. A.
Cherokee Indian would give a bettor and
truer view of ihinas, while ho woold not
encounter tho ridicule which, from all sen
sible men, is visited upon Tllmadge,for aiv
estimato in which ho allows Menin Van
Burcn but three States, giving Harrison the
groat chance for tho remainder 1 lie must
havo a most contemptible idea of the intelli-
genie of the people.
Tlio Spirit of the Times, of Saturday,
informs its readers that a number of labor
ers wero discharged from employment at
tyrant Oollogo, because, they would not con
sent to work more than Ten Hours every
day. Girard College is in tho hands of ths
friends of Harrison thoso who are loudest
in favor of high wages.