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I havo sworn upon Uio Altar of God, eternal hostility to every form of Tyranny brer the Mind of Mau."Tjlomas Jefferson.
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be post paid.
Trom the Philadelphia Saturday Chronicle
the tio.va op the sejjsojv.
BY WILLIS GAYLORD CLARKE.
V e lovo the Spring, for all the bloom
And fragrance which its glowing hours
"Shed o'er the cradle of the tomb,
It glorious lioritage of flowers;
For light, and air, and sounds that play,
In mingling danco around, above;
The radiance of the early day,
The presence of its soul of love.
And when the Summer's breast receives
In soft repose, Spring, virgin form
What sweetness Nature round her breaths;
Morn s light, or evening's rainbow storm
Tho fields with beauty then are wiiitc;
The ripening corn waves in tho breeze;
And landward, in the stilly night,
Come tho cool wind that fan tho seas.
Tho Autumn with its polden crown.
And dower of heaped &, countless sheaves,
d4 Lays at man s foot his treasures down,
1 To sigh amid the painted leaves;
His song is eloquent and low
' , Ho hastes to dio arid bo at-rest;
And. lays his aged head, in wo,
On winter's long and withered breast.
, Then Winter reigns 1 His icy sway
Usurps tho boauty of tho year;
His heraldry, oft evory 'spray;
Is pale, and desolate, and drear;
Last scene ot all the seasons' round
Where flowers, nor hopes nor verdue
From whence there breathes that solemn
" Thou living heart, behold thy dooral"
Your Heart is a Musical-box, Dearest.
Your heart is a musical-box, dearest 1
With exquisite tones at command,
Of melody sweetest and clearest,
If tried by a delicate hand;
But its workmanship, love, is so fine,
At a single rude touch it would break:
Then oh ! be tho magio key mine,
Its fairy-like whispers to wake !
And there's one little tune it can play,
That I fancy all others above
You learned it of Cupid ono day
It begins with-and cuds with " I love !"
' 1 lovo !"
It begins with and ends with ' I love 1"
Harrison Melody, Tho following par
ody is from tho Boston Post :
When desperate Whiggies stoop to folly,
. And find, too late, Old Tip's no go,"
What charm can soothe their melancholy ?
What art can mollify woe ?
The only art to save from ruin,
To hido tho shame of all their clan,
Is to denounce their former doing,
And join tho friends of Martin Van.
. Wellerisms," I'm ruined," as the old
woman said when her houso was on fire
liut it's a cold night, and I may as well
" Well this beats mo out," as the rye
said when the fellow hammered it over tho
Lead with tho flail.
" Oh, Nanny, wilt thou gang wi' me,"
s the fellow said when he was Irving to
steal the goat.
. " I won't take a stump," as tho girl said
when she was asked to marry a short man.
Who steals my purso steals trash," as
ho chap said ven he filled his wallet with
. Those dear eyes of thine," as the old
gentleman said ven ho bought hi? wife a
pair of the dollar specs,
DO NOT DECEIVE CHILDREN.
Many arc unaware of the evil conse
quences which result from this common
ptaclice. A physician was once called to
extract a tooth from a child the littlo boy
seeing the formidable instruments, and anti
cipating tho pain, was exceedingly fright
ened, and relused to open his mouth. Af
ter mucn ituitless consideration, tho physi
cian said, " Perhaps, there is no need of
.1 : : t !. . '.i
limning it. juui me ruo u a nine wuu my
handkerchief, and it may be all that is ne
cessary it will not hurt you in the least."
Tho boy trusts his woid,opened his mouth.
The physician concealing his instrument
in his handkerchief, seized hold of tho tooth,
and wrenched it out. Tho parents highly
applaudod his artifice. But tho man chea
ted tho child. Uu abused his conGdcnco
and he inflicted an injuiy upon his moral
feelings, not soon to be effaced. Will that
physician got his handkerchief into that
child's mouth again 1 Will he beliovo what
the physician will hereafter say 1 And
when told that it is wicked to say that which
is not true, will not the remembrance of tho
doctor's falsehood be fresh in his mind 7
And while conscious that his parents ap
proved of the deception, will ho not feel it
to be right for him to deceive, that he may
accomplish his desires ? This practice is
attended with the most ruinous consequen
ces. Itunavoidably teachos the child to de
spise his parents. After he has detected
them in one falsehood, he will not believe
them when thoy speak tho truth. It des
troys his tenderness of conscience, and it
teaches arts of deception. And what arc
its advantages ? Why in one particular in
stance the point is gained.
Let compulsion be resorted to, when nc
cessary; but deception never. If a child
cannot place implicit confidence in his pa
rent, most assurely no confidence can be re
posed in the child. Is it possible for a
mother to practise arts of deception and
falsehood, and at tho same time her daugh
tor bo forming a character of frankness and
truth f We must be what wo wish our clul
dren to be. They will form their character
A',mnthor was once trying to persuade
her-littlo son to' take some medicine. The
.medicine was very unpalatable, and she, to
induce lam to laue it, declared it did not
tasto bad. He did not believe. He Knew
by sad experience that her word was not to
be trusted. A gentleman and friend who
was present, took the spoon, and said,
"James, this is medicine, and it tastes
very badly. I should not liko to take it,
but I would if necessary. You have cour
age enough to swallow something which
docs not taste good, have you not V
" Yes," said James, looking a littlo less
sulky; ' but it is very bad, indeed."
" I know it," said tho gentleman. " I
presume you havo never tasted anything
much worse." lhe gentleman then tasted
tho medicine himself, and said : It is real
ly very unpleasant. But now let us see if
you have not courage to take it, bad as it
The boy hesitatingly took the spoon.
' It is, really, rather bad," said tho gen
tleman, " but the best way is to summon all
your resolution, and down with it at once,
like a man.
James made in reality, a creat effort for
a child, and swallowed tho dose. And who
will this child most respect ? his deceitful
mother, or the honest dealing stranger ?
And who will ho hereafter most readily be
lieve. It ought, however, to bo remarked,
that had tho child been properly governed,
he would at once, and without a murmur,
have taken what his mother presented. It
U certainly, however, a supposable case,
that tho child might after all tho arguments
of tho gentleman, still have refused to do
his duly. What course should then be pur
sued I Resort to compulsion, but neyer to
decoit. Wo catuiot deceive our children
without seriously injuring them, and des.
troying our own influeuco. Frank and o
pen dealing is the only safe policy in fami
ly government, as well as in tho wide thea
tre of life. Tho underhand arts and cun
ning manmuvcjs of the intrigues, are sure,
in the end, to promote his own overthrow.
Bo sincere and honest, and you are safe.
Tho only sure way of securing benefi
cial results, is by virtuous and honorable
Speaking Grammar- " Well, Miss,"
said a knight of the birch rod, " can you
decline a kiss ? " Yes, sir," said the girl,
dropping a perplexed courtesy, " I can
but I hato to, most plaguily,"
Art. Art is not the bread, but it is tho
wine of Iifo. To reject it for tho sake of
utility, Is to act like Domilian, who ordered
all the. vines in tho empire to be pulled up,
to promote agriculture,
MR. BUCHANAN'S REMARKS.
Mr. Buchanan said : I rejoice at this day's
debate. It has been tho most nronitious
day for eliciting truth which wo havo seen
since the commencement of tho session.
Its consequences, for good or for evil, must
po Jell, and will be felt either by our friends
in the Opposition or by ourselves. I am
most willing to abide the result.
1 do not rise to discuss any of the frreat
questions agitated to-day, which havo not
uu laiuiuuiaia uu.uiug uu W1U 6U0JCCI UdOrC
tho4Senate. My purpose is, so tar as my
voico can be heard, to fix the attention of
tho Senate and the country upon the very
question now at issue between tho twogteat
political parties; which is, havo tho present
Administration been guilty of an extrava
gant and wasteful expenditure of the public
As to the result of tho next Presidential
election; I shall never inako thai a subject
of discussion in this body, unless I should
bo forced into it by Senators in tho Oppnsi
tion. In passing, 1 would merely say,
"Let not him that girdeth on his harness
boast himself, as he that putteth it off" 1
shall never raise tho shout of victory, until
the baitlo has been fought and won;although
I may feel groat confidence in tho result,
1 he event, under Providence, is in tho
hands of tho American people; and this
day's debate will essentially servo to enlight
en their judgment and to influence their de
cision. Mr. Van Buren came into office on the
4th of March, 1837. Since that day, we
must an admit that tho Treasury has not
been full. On the contrary, wo havo found
difficulty ever since in raising the ways and
means. This fact we cannot deny ; and if
wo nave been guilty ol extravagant and un
necessary expenditures of tho public money
within that period, we can neither justify
nor excuso ourselves under the plea of an
overflowing Treasury. Wo desire (o es
cape from this charge under no such sub
terfuge. Wc boldly deny the accusation
of extravagance j referred against uo by our
political opponents, and demand the proofs
by which it is to be sustained.
In order to establish their accusation.that
this iAdminisira'tion lias been eulitv'' of an
extravagant and unnecessary expenditure of
uio people s monoy since the 4th of March,
1837, thoy must clearly and distinctly point
out tho items and the objects of this extrav-
. 1 . r
again aim unnecessary exocnuiture. we
call upon them for their bill of particulars
We ask them where, when, and how, havo
these expenditures been incurred ? Vague
and general charges of extravagance, at
though clothed in the most eloquent lan
guage, amount-to nothing. We call for
specifications for items. By this report
lrom the secretary ot the Treasury, wo
furnish our opponents with the best weap
ons to assail us, if wo aro vulnerable. It
enumerates, under different heads all the
expenditures of publio money since the
present Administration camointo power.
ll presents the subject, item by Hem, and
makes an aggrKgate for the last year (1839)
of thirty-seven millions of dollars, The
permanent and regular expenses of the Go
vernment, daring that year, did not reach
thirteen millions and a half; and it has nev
er to my knowledge, been asserted, either
by fiiend or foe, that under any system of
wise oconomy, they could have been reduc
er! below this sum. The remaining twenty-three
millions and a half (I speak in
round numbers) consists of eleven millions
expended in the payment of tho publio debt
which wo were compelled to creato in con
sequence of the bank explosion of 1837 ;
and twelve millions and a half appropriated
by Congress for the purpose of meeting ex-
uuuiuinury anu temporary expenditures
which wo allege were unavoidable. Wo
now como to the very point in controversy.
This is a question of figures; and honorable
Senators in the Opposition are called upon
wun uio report oi mo secretary ot tho
Treasury in hand, to lay their finjror upon
those item3 of expenditure, whether ordina
ry or extraordinary, which they condemn.
Let them pom, out such as could havo been
avoided. This, and this alone, is the mode
by which they can establish tho charge of
extravagance against the present Adminis
tration. Now, sir, our casoispresentod.
The heads of our expenditure aro before
tho Senate, and tho people of the United
States, in an official and authentic formjand
feeble as I may be, I am willing to tako up
the guantlet, and do battle with any of our
political opponents in defence of the pres
ent Administration against this charge. I
shall not refer to the journals for the pur
pose of proring that they themselvos have
voted in detail for tho very expenditures
which they now condemn in mass, This
has never been my practice. I tako these
expenditures as I find them ; and all I ask
is, that our opponents shall como forward
and specify in a distinct and tangible form,
those particulars which they deem unneces
sary and extravagant.
Uenilemen, in the first place, fix fifteen
millions of dollars as the proper annual ex
penditure of tho Government, slid then
charge tho Administration with extrava
gance, because it has exceeded this imagin
ary standard. The present report of the
Secretary of tho Treasury exposes, in tho
clearest light, the fallacy and the injustice
of such a course, Amomr tho items consti-
luting the twelve and a half millijns of the
extraordinary and temporary expenditures
during tho last year, we must certainly find
the evidence of this extravagance.if it is any
where to be found. Can any Senator spe
cify a single expenditure upon this list
which ought not to havo been made I In
it tho items for Indian wars, for tho pur
chase of lands from tho Indians, and their
removal west of the Mississippi, amount to
a large sura But who will say that these
expenditures have been unnecessary? Tho
present Administration, when it camo into
power, found an Indian war raging on our
Southern frontier. This war was more sa
vage, if possible, than any war which thn
savages had ever waged against us. Men,
women, and children, were murdered in.
discrinately. Would any of our friends on
this side of tho House, stop to calculate tho
cost of defending our citizens against such
a cruel and treacherous foe ? 1 answer.not
one. If millions more had been iicppohv
for this purpose, they would themselves
have granted these millions. With what
justice then can the Administration bo cen
sured for this expenditure ? Extravagance
in this particular can with no more justice
be charged on Mr. Van Buren, than on the
Emperor ot China. Ho found tho Florida
war raging when he came into power, and
he was bound, by the most imperative ob
ligations, to apply tho money granted by
Congress to tho defence of the country.
Had he acted otherwise, he would have vi
olated the highest duty of his station, and
yet tins is u ueavy uom in mo exlravanant
oxponditure with which ho is charged. It
is perfectly lair lor gentlemen to examine
carefully the manner in which this war has
been conducted, and if they can find any
thing in it justly censurable, to hold it up
to public view. But the war itself, and the
necessary expenses of conducting were
inevitable, Then as to tho removal of the
Indians and the purchase of their lands.
This policy was, I believe, commenced un
der the administration ol ftlr. Monroe, and
has been steadily pursued throujliont all
the succeeding Administrations, Tho ob
jeet has now happily been almost accom
plished. Is Mr. Van Buren chargeable
with the expense incurred by pursuing this
policy ? If Indian treaties, ratified by the
Senate, and sanctioned by Congress, had
rcqui.cd the expenditure of fivo or ten mil
lions more in removing the Indians from
the States east of the Mississippi to the
west of that river, who could have fairly
charged Mr. Van Buren with extravagance
in this increased expenditure ? Is there
any Senator who would restore tho Indians
to Georgia, and the other States from
whonco they were removed, oven if, by
doing so, he could restore the cost of their
removal to tho public Treasury ? Not
Tho most extraordinary item embraced
in this goneral charge of extravagance, is
the large amount of indemnities paid by
the Treasury to our own citizens, for loss
es sustained by the iniustico of foreign Go
vernments, and which the administration of
General Jackson obtained from these Go
vernments by its vigorons and successful
policy. These sums wore paid into the
Treasury in trust for the claiments, and of
necessity they wore paid out to tho clai
ments. And yet this very disbursements
contributes laigoly in swelling the aggregate
expenditure of tho last year to $37,000,000
and is thus made to constitute one of the
Hems of proof to establish the chargo of
extravagance against the present Adminis
I might examine in detail tho whole list
of these extraordinary and temporary ex.
penses of the Government during the last
year, and ask which ono of them could
have been avoided; and tho answer to each
iiuuviuuai question must bo tho same.
J! . ...
1 hey wore all necessarv. Mr. Van Bu-
rcn is fairly chargeable with none of them.
Point out when and where and how, he
could have avoided or diminished any of
them. Unless you can do this, you give up
Tho honorable Senator from Kentucky
fMr. Clay! takes up the expenses of tho
civil list. Ho compares their aggregate a
mount with what it was a number of years
ago, and shows that it has increased This
increaso has been rendered absolutely ne
cessary by the increase of our rapidly ex
tending country. But he deals altogether
in generals. Ho does not descend to par-
ticulars where we could meet him:
Here Mr. Clay said, I do descend into
nnrlKMllnro. I mnn nti. iltn
number of custom-house officers.
Mr. BirnirANAltf. Thn (rortlpmnn nf.
frnnmnllv tn thn niutnm.hnntA nth.... .
What trinrt nf n h nf nnrlinl... to ,Ut 1
If the the number of custom-house officers
t. - l , i i i .i r. , i ...
increase was made without necessity, aw
was not required by the publio service.
i ins i inmii win prove to be a duhcult
task. Let tho subject bo minutely InvcstU
This is not a question to be carried by
eloquent appeals, but by closo examination1
of facts and figures. The Secretary of tho
Treasury has laid the caso fairly open for
gentlemen, and if there has been any expen
diture not justified by necessity, I ani wilU
ing to unito with them in condemning it.
inree years ot the expenditures of the pres
ent Administration are now before the coun
try; and I shall expect an early day, to hear
from our friends in the opposition oil this
subject. I repeat again, let them point out
tho items of extravagance; and if we whd
are the political friends of this Administra
tion cannot defend each one of them in do
tail, we must suffer the consequences. Tho
people of this country have a right to know
whether any, and, if any, what amount of
the thirty-seven millions of dollars paid out
of the Treasury during tho last year, h&i
been expended without necessity,
Sir, tho necessary expenses of this Go
vernment must go on increasing. No hu
man prudence or foresight can prevent it.
All that wc can do, is to tako care that not
a dollar shall be expended which is not ne
cessary, to promoe the interest or defend
the honor of tho country. You might, with
equal propriety, say that tho same quantity
of cloth would mako a carmont for the full
grown man, which was sufficient for hirri
when he was a little bov, as to allcgo that
uiu nucussary expcnimuru lor nun country;
.1:. r . t. - .
now embracing twenty-six States and thieo
populous territories, should bs limited by
what they had been ten or twenty years a
go. Tho position cannot for a moment, bo
maintained. , .
I agree with the Senator from South Car1
olina Mr. Preston that sound policy dic
tates to us to increase our navy. It is our
best and most natural defence against a for
eign foe,and our cdmmcrcc,which is spread
over evcty sea, demands additional protec
tion. But, according to ihe positions as
sumed by gentlemen, the appropriations'
which may be made by Congress to carry
this policy into effect would constitute, irt
the aggregate of the account current, a hea
vy item of extravagant expenditure against
the President, who should execute our
The'presont issue is precise and limited
in its character. Havo the expenses of tho
Government been extravagant since the 4tU
of March,' J837 J V are ready for the
trial. This question, however, is not to ba
decided by comparing the aggreateu of ex
penditures for tno year 1837, 1838, and
1839, with the aggregate lor previous years
when there were no Indian wars no Indi
an lands to be purchased, nor Indians to be
removed, and nono of tho bther enumerated
extraordinary expenses to be incurred. I
have nothing more to say
an Affecting incident.
During tho silting of tho Democratic Na
tional Convention at Baltimore, there oc
curred an incident which is described by all
who witnessed it aa a most thrilling occur
rence. General Cariol, the venerable com
patriot in arms of the old hero of tho Her
mitago, presided over the deliberations of
lhe convention. His scarred forehead, and
the yet painful effects of his services iri tha
field, added to his grey head, and the recol
lection of his unspotted political character,
mado him the observed of all observers.
It happened that tho Hon. Tishlman A.
Howard, the Democratic candidate for Go
vernor of Indiana, a dclegato from that
State, was called upon to address the con
vention, which ho did in that peculiar and
eloquent style which renders him so pow
erful in debate, and so popular " on tho
"This certificate general;" ho said, refer
ring to the Hero of tho British Whigs;
"who was obliged to get his men to certify
that ho did not run from the battlefield, in
now tho candidate of Federalism. I will
point you to a soldier, Mr President. I
can see him now in his impetuous youth,
with firm step, and devoted enthusiasm, fol
lowing the great Jackson through tho Indi
an wars mingling with him in tho bloody
fields of Enuoekfaw, of Talidiga,and of tho
Horseshoe, driving tho red fiendt from their
hiding places, defeating them on their own'
ground, and taking their prisoners in their
own towns, I can see him again, now ady
vanced to mature manhood, leading a regi
ment of Tennessee militia, on the far-far
and immemorial field of New Orlea''
the legions of Great Britain ' 9tf
back upon each other lifce ' .et 'itthen
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