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1 httvc BWorn "l;011 tl Altar of God, eternal hostility to every form of Tyrauny over tho Mind of Man.Thomas Jefferson.
OFFICE OF THE DEMOCRAT,
OrroaiTK St. Pauis Cmntcii, Main-st,
XTte C0LUM1UA DEMOCRAT 'will be
nullli.lhe.il enr.ni Snhinlmi mnrninir. nt
TWO DOLLARS per annum, payable
nwj yearly in advance, or Two JJollars
Fifty Cents, if not paid within the year.
Xfo sttbscriplion will be taken for a shorter
pmou man six months; nor any uiscon
tinuancc permitted, until all arrearages
ADVERTISEMENTS not exceeding a
square will be conspicuously inserted at
One Dollar for the first three insertions,
and Twenty-five cents for every subsc-
junu iistriiun. p.f-.rz iiucrtu uiscouni
made to those, vmo aivcrtise by the year.
LETTERS addressed on business, must
be post paid.
The following extraordinary net was per
formed by a child in Lyons not long ago
according to a continental paper:
An unfortunate nrtisan.fhc) father of a fam
ily, Was deprived of wotk by the depressed
stnto of liia trado dicing a whole winter.
It was with great (I'rfficulty that lie could
get n morsel of food now and then for his
famished wife and cIildron. Things grew
worse mid worso with him, and at length,
on attempting to rise ono morning for the
.purpose of going out as usual, in quest of
employment, ho. fell back in a faintinsr con
dilion besido his wifo, who had already
boon confined to her bed by illness for two
months. Tho poor man felt himself ill,
and his slrenth utterlv gone. ,Ho had two
bovs.n'Pt in childhood, anil
twelve or .thirteen yarsold,- J?,ova Io'rig,
'limwine wnoie cnarge 01 mo Household had
fallen on this flirt. Shn liarl lnnilf.fl tlin
bed of mother, and hd watched over her
Rttle brothers with more than parental care.
Now, when the father too was taken ill,
. I . l . .. f
lor mo wnnio lamuy, excepting jn the ex
ertions which might be made bv her. vounrr
as she was.
Tho first thought of tho poor little girl
was to seek for work proportioned to het
ctrenglli. Hut, that the family might not
starve in tho meantime, alio lesolved to go
In anf nf llin TTnuana ef PUi-iHf tr.t.n.n
food vras oiven out, as she liad hcanl. tn
(tin MMn- n.t.l 'f'!, ...I
tiu ijuiii uLiii nt iziiv. i lit; iirrtiin 111 ivr mm
rhen the case would havo been deliberated
nnn a hie 1 iinvm i na i .. u
. - . . ..l. ... .w MVIIUUIUIIWIH IW
narcnia nnn nrni mrs wnn wi cfnrvpi 'rhm
camo nirani to the streets, and almost
... -.7 mw imodt, i:i, O :
No one heeded tho modeat unobstrnctivo
as iuw iiui iu puiuiii hit 10 spcaic. unuiu
nv nnn nnrn .nnn inn nr nrinr. .n .in
puuou anu rciievcu. As the case stood, it
not perhaps surprising that snmo rude
tnn2 menaceu icr with the no ice. Shn
xsa frightened. Shiveniiir with cold, and
jiinon sno mounicu me siairs anu opened
Jjhe door, the first words tlxit she heard were
jthe cries of her brothers for something to
" bread ! bread !" he saw her fath-
. . ,
iv i i . 1 .1 i
erBootiung anu supporting her fainting moth-
. nnd heard him say, " Bread ! she dies
1m vant of food."
M6' I havo no bread !" cried tho . poor sirl
wmi onguish in hor toncn.
Thc cry of disappointment and despair
liich came at theso words from her father
nil brothers, caused her to recall what she
wl said, and conceal the truth. "I have
It got it," sho oxclalmod, " but I will huvo
ImmEdiatolv, I havo civon the uaUeN
TO"IT.rf(rh"WtrC3TnTS'Tm-i nnv irrnm. . , 11 ' " 1 1 ' JM.
' ' ir..l ,, AVAhLfUSrZU.. -n . .
the money; he was serving some, rich pe.
pie, and he told me to wait or come back.
1 came to tell you that it would son be
Af these words, without waiting for a re
ply, she left tho house again. A thought
had entered her head, and maddened bv tho
distresses of those she loved so dearly, sho
had instantaneously resolved to put it into
execution. She ran from ono street to a.
nnther till she saw a baker's shop in which
there appeared tobeno person, and then
summoning all her deteimination, sheen
tered, lifted a loaf, and fled ! the eliopkeep.
or saw hor from behind. He cried loudly
ran out after her, and pointed her out to the
people passing by. The cirl ran on. She
was pursued, and finally a man seized the
to, t which sho carried.
Tho object of her desire taken away(
sue nau no motive to proceed, and wasseiz
ed at once. They convoyed her towards
the office of tho police; a crowd, as usual,
having gathered in attendance. Tho poor
girl threw around her despairing glances
which seemed to seek some favorable ob
jeel from whom to ask mercy. At last.
when she had been brought to the court of
the police ofiice, and was in waiting for the
order to enter, sho saw before her a little
girl of her own age, who appeared to look
upon her with a glance full of kindness and
compassion. Under tho impulse of tho
moment, still thinking of the condition of
her family, she whispered to the stranger
tho cause of her act of thef;.
" Father and mother, and my two broth
ers, are dying for want of bread !" said
" Where ?" asked the strange girl anxi
IJnc , No. io" sho had onlv
time to add the name of her parents to this
commtfnicution, wlien sho was carried in
vbjifore the commissary of police.
Meanwhile, the poor family at home suf-
fered all tho miseries of suspense. Fears
for their child's safety were added to the
other afflictions of the parents'. Atlength
they heard footsteps ascondmg the stair.
An eager cry of hope was uttered bv all the
four unfortunates, but, alas ! a stranger ap
peared, in place of their own little one.
Yet the stranger appeared to them like an
angel. Her cheek had a beautiful bloom,
and long flaxen hair lell in curls upon her
shoulders. Sho brought to them bread, and
a small basket of other provisions. " Your
girl," she said, " will not como back per
haps to-day; but keep up your spirits ! See
what she has sent you " After these en
couraging words, tho youn? messenger of
good, put into the hands of the father five
francs, and then turning around to cast a
look of pity and satisfaction on tho poor
family, who were dumb with emotion, she
1 ho history of those fivo francs is the
most remarkablo part of this affair. The
itlle benevolent fairy was, it is almost un
necessary to say, the same pitying spectator
who had been addressed by the abstractor
of the loaf at tho police office. As soon
as she had heard what was said there, she
hud gone away, resolved to take somo meat
to the poor family. But she remembered
that her mamma was from home that day,
and was at a loss how to procure money or
food, until she bethought herself of a rc
souice of a strango kind. She recollected
that a hair-dresber who lived near her moth
er's house, and who knew ber family, had
often commended hor beautiful hair,and told
hor to come to him whenever she wished
to have it cut, and ho would givo her a Ioui
for it. This used to make her proud- ond
pleaded, but sho now thought of it in a dif
ferent may. In order to procoro money for
the assistance of the starving family, she
went straight to the hair-dresser's, put him
in rnind of his promise, and offered to let
him cut oft" all her pretty locks for whit he
thought them worth.
xNutu rally surprised by sucii an applica
tion, the hair-dresser, who was a kind and
intelligent man, made inquiry into the cause
of his young friend's visit. Her secret
was easily drawn from her, and it caused;
PltlNTED AND PUBLISHED BY II. WEBB.
the hair-drcssor almost (a sWrl ira r
pleasure. He feigned to comply with tbe
conditions proposed, and gave the bargainer
15 francs, premising to oomo and claim his
purchase at somo future day. The little
girl then got a basket, bought provisions,
and Bet out on her errand of meicy. Be
fore she returned, the hair-dresser had gone
to her mother's, found that lady come home;
and related to hor the whole circumstances.
So that when the possessor of the golden
tresses came back, she was gratified by
being received into the open arms of her
pleased and praising parent.
When the story was told at the polico of
fice by the hair-dresser, the abstraction of
the loaf was visited by no seveio punish
ment. The singular circumstances connec
ted with tho case raised many friends to the
artisan and his family, and ho was seon re
stored to health and comfort.
PltOSPECTS OF FEDERALISM.
The following very excellent article is
copied from the Pennsylvanian of iMay 4th.
It is a fair picture of the prospects of Fed
eralism, and as such we ask for it an atten
"Thero are irremediable defects about the
opposition party in this country.which must
ever prevent their general success, Partial
and accidental triumphs will of courso be
theirs from time to lime, luting them into
groat defcatsjbut they have no ground even
to hope, while we remain united, for that
occurrence of victories necessary to givo
them the command of the national govern
ment. They lack a common principla ef
action they cannot commit themselves up
on a SVStem nf nnlir-w nntt nrniii t tioCiro
- J J " W T I 1
tli8tpeo"pIe; for being made up' "the odds nnd
ends of factions; being tne body of old fed
eralism patched up with all sorts of incon
gruous materials tho moment a distinct
position is taken, that instant this political
"omnium gatherum" falls to pieces. Thus
we find Harrison in charge of a committee,
who will not permit him to answer any
questions as to his views upon national
concerns, and we 6ee that throughout the
Union tho Hairison presses cannot be pre
vailed upon to furnish a glimyse.ol their in
tentions incases of the success which they
delusively premise to themselves. The most
guarded silence is preserved upon all essen
tial topics, whilo the efforts is general to
gull the people and draw their attontion
from tho main point by filling the' air with
childish and unmeaning clamor.
"But this bar to success, great as it is,
does not by any means form the only one
which crosses the path of our opponents.
They are tho worst partisans and the most
bungling tacticians that over took the field.
The demociatie party, who rest their cause
upon its merits and trust to the force of
their truth and principle for a triumph.have
no call to pursuo tho crooked ways of tho
strategist and manouuvercr. They move
straightforward; but federalism having a
character to assumo and a part to play for
eign to its real nature, must avail itself of
schemes, devices and tricks, yet so awk
wardly is this done that like an unskilful
pugilist, it ovoireaches and prostrates itself.
This grand enthusiasm movement, for in
stance this extensive humbur. which cau-
ses so many to make themselves ridiculous
tor tho amusement of the nation was per
haps good enough in its way; butlhoy who
put in motion havo shown an ignorance of
human nature whio'i is really surprising,
Assuming for a moment wo should be sor
ry te pay so ill a compliment to our fellow
countrymen for a longer spaco of time
that the Amorican people are to be swept
from their convictions and precipitated into
action by tbe wild oxcitement of a precon
ceited hurra, it is clear that tho effect ceuld
not only be produced ljy the nicest calcula
tion as to the moment c'f'springing such a
mine if not accurately timed if a littlo
too soon or a little too late, it must fail
not only fail, but cover the engineers with
dust, shame and confusion- A federal
I .1. .. - - . ...
coup de main, by exploding at the moment
has often been successful. Tho circulation
of a recent political document did its work
to a certain extent in Virginia; but the shal
low contrivances of feigned euthuaiasm,'
with its logs and cider barrels, were thrust
forward many months in advance of the in
stant which would have given efficacy to
the movement. Its strength is evaporating
already and the grand gathering in Balti
more to-day will be the crisis of its formen
tatfon, and after that it will be weary, stale,
flat and unprofitable. The fever having
passed away, even those who felt its influ
eneo will gaze around with nerves unstrung
and blush at their folly, whilo the country
at large, having time for cool reflection.will
turn with disgust from a party which has
recourse to such modes of electioneering.
Had the thing bepn tried a few weeks be
fore tho election, then perhaps it might
have accomplished some of the results ex
pected from it; but with half a year to inter
vene.it cannot be otherwise than disastrous.
It is a poor business to fire away on?s am
munition in the hope of frightening an ene
my before tho foe is within range of the
guns. 1 he successful wrestler does not
waislo his strength and exposo all the
resources of his ait in capering about the
green before he grapples with his foe.
Wo therofore always draw the brightest
auguries of our ultimate triumph by noting
the temper of our adversary. When federal
whiggery is flushed with confidence as it is
at present when it fights the battle in ad
vance shows how it pioposes to trip our
heels, and shouts itself hoarse in the joyous
anticipation of victory then wo feel the
"sober certainty" that it is sinsinir its own
death-song, and that democracy, calm and
collected.as it always is when work is to be
tfone.haf nothing verysonous tospnrohend
Our opp6uents labor to instil the conviction
into their troops that nothing can stand bo
fore them. Under some circumstances and
with certain materials, this policy is wise,
but with the federal party the feeling causes
such wild discreditable antics, creates such
arrogance of demeanor and such general
madness of deportment, that this alone is
almost sufficient to secure defeat without
the operation of other circumstances. In
stead, therefore of discouraging political
log cabmism, we rejoice to see our oppo
nents so busily engaged in playing "baby
house" instead of objecting to the fashion
of "fuddling their noses" with hard cider
we trust they will drink oceans of that as
tringent beverage and do nothing from now
to the election but shout Harrison sonss and
delight the children by inarching about the
sheets loaded with badger, trinkets and lit
tle barrels. We trust they will have no rea
son to call for "more rope" but take cable
enough to give themselves a full swing.
The money spent is god for trade tho
log cabins will be dry for firewood the
Whigs will have had their sport in advance
and we shall carry our President "soberly,'
as Lady Grace has it; so that philosophi
cally considered, every party will have its
sharo of pleasuro horn the campaign of
Who opposed Martin Van Buren because
he was the nominee of a Convention.
Who support Gen. Harrison because he
was a nominee of a convention. I
Who opposed Gem Jcekson because he
was a military chieftain i
Who urge tho claims of Gen. Harrison
because he is the hero of Tippecanoe I
Who in 1827 denounced conventions as
dangerocs to the Republic, "conventions of
craft and cunuing."
Who in 1830,obsequiously took tho yoke
imposed by a convention I
Who claim to bo the exclusive sfmon
pure patriots going "for measures, not
Who supporta man who left his post in
in tho middle of tho war.becauso he was not
made commander-in-chief, like, the sheep
that would bo Bell-wether, or none at
Who are continually prating about reform
curtailment and waste, etc I
Who are in favor of the expensive v.
tem of Internal Improvement? Who wish
to have Congress to assume to nav two
hundred millions of debt, uselessly contrac
ted by the States 1
Who is it that continually comolaln of s
waste of public time and money "in out Na-
tional and State Legislature X
Who have consumed the most time and
money in futile motions, factions amend,
ments, and abusive partizan speeches ?
In 11 days of the-present session of Con.
grcss.the whigs have made 200 speeches to
91 by tho democratic members; besides in
numerable motions, votes and amendments
taken and offered.
WHIG ESTIMATION OF THE CHAR.
AOTER OF THE PEOPLE I
Men may change.but principles never."
is an old and true maxim. There may bo
error in opinion, and, undoubtedly, much
error docs exist in tho minds of men, whe,
at the same time, are honestly and firmly
impressed with the belief that they arc right
but men convinced of their error, gladly ac
knowledge it, and .adopt the only course
that befits an honest man. It is different
with principles they are elernal.and fixed,
and no changes of men, nor times, nor cir
curastances, can ever reverse their position.
Admitting this self evident truth, what must
be thought of the party that attempts by
throwing dust in the eyes of the people, to
cover up their former avowed principles ?
To accomplish this, a resort is had to man
osurving well calculated to amuse children,
and, at the same time, exhibits their innato
estimation of the intelligence of the people.
"Log cabins and hard cider," and other
fantastic tricks, not forgetting frequent pota
tions to keep up an enthusiasm, are the on
ly weapons by which they would revolu
tionize the sentiments of the people, and
cause them to approvo of doctrines which,
over and over again, they have honestly,
nobly and patriotically repudiated. Not
greater insult could be offered to the peo
ple, than this humbug of all humbugs,
wherein they represented themselves as
children, "pleased with a rattle, and tickled
with a straw 1" Shame whore is thv blusht
The descendants of the ancient Federalism
whose fathers openly avowed the alien and.
sedition laws, were gentlemen in compari
son to these men. If the principles of tho
former were erroneous, they at least had
norve enough to acknowledge them, and
not skulk behind a vain and bombastic par
ade of child's-play.to divert public attention
from their doctrines. Dt not farther apos-
tatize. They were bad enoueh. will von
bo worse? Take advice mend yqur ways
so that in future you may at least be con
sistent, even in error. 'State Cap. Ga
zelle. Another Harrison Change. We pub
lish the following paragraph, for the pur
pose of keeping our readers advised of tho
" Great Harrison changes 1" which urn (at.
ing place in Washington county, for whlish
iniuimuuuii wo aro lnuemea to the editor ot
" Our Country." A few nmrn siiftli Minn.
ges, the Federalists say will revolutionize
the State for the " Harrison MnJiHalR."
Just like all their arguments :
" T. J. Fox Alden, Esq. a leading whig
orator, considered one of the mosleloquent
Debaters in the West, and who, at the great
Whig Meellnc itf this olace. rcannndBft m
enthusiastic calls, in a glowing speecht ap
peared last nignt uetore tho Ukmockatio
Cr.UD, and in an address of considerable
length disclatiicd the principles of the
those of the Demoa-attnarly.