The Columbia Democrat. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1837-1850, December 29, 1838, Image 2

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"nvrn vituokz ttkn "
8JITUnV.1 DF.CEJiniilt 20, 183te.
It will bo perceived by the letter of our
ottrieepondent, that the Senate has recog
nised the dVitiocratic house. This is a
'damper upon the whigs, as by this act, they
nre condemned fey their own friend's, for
Iheir base attempt to overthrow the laws
and usages governing the organization of
iho Legislature. It is an acknowledge
ment, by tho Senate, that the whisr mem
bers from Philadelphia county, were not
entitled to seals, and that their attempt to
Vbtain them was fraudulent and corrupt.
i oo much praise cannot be given to Mes
hrs. Butler, Sturdevant and Montclius, for
he patriotic stand they have. taken in bring
ing about this event. To tlierri we are in
uebtcd, in a measure, for its thus early
jjeaceful termination. -That they will con
tinue to receive the curses of the piebald
jparty, there cannot be a doubt, but the ap
proval oi their conscience, for having done
their duty as Pennsylvania legislators, will
Jiiore.tnan oerbalanco all the denunciations
they may receive from violent and disap
pointed partizans. But to the democratic
members wo owe a debt of gratitude for
tneir hrmness in maintaining not only their
own rights, but the rights of the people,
against the lawlesss encroachments of an
unprincipled minority. Stevens and Bur
ro wes, the two principle agitators, will be
followed by the just indignation of the com
munity, and their names will be, handed
'down to posterity branded with infamy.
It will bo seen by the proceediugs that
the Honse of Representatives have appoint
ed a committee to prepare an Address to
the freemen of this Commonwealth, calling
upon them to take lrrimediate measures for
lia restoration of the Government. We
Jiave given as extended a sketch of the
highly Interesting debate upon the question,
ia pur limits would permit.
Since the proceedings referred to, and the
tibovo article were in type, the news' of the
Settlement of the difficulties came to hand,
which event, of course, renders the object
for which the committee was appointed nu
galory. They will not now, we presume
enter upon tho duties of their appointment.
Tho whigs, of Luzerne, have, at a public
Diee'ting held iii Wilkesbarre, justified the
eourso pursued by their representatives,
Messrs. Butler and Sturdevailt, in joining
the Hopkins house, and denounce, in no
measured terms, their whig brethren, for
.attempting to force into the house the spu
rious members from Philadelphia county.
The Wilkesbarre Advocate the) whig or
gan of that county, Bings to the samo tune,
and throws its darts, without mercy, to the
right and left, at the whig editors wWhavo
.so .violently abused them for their honora
bfe independent stanch
Mr. Wagner, one of tho spurious federal
, Senators from the county of Philadelphia,
" has resigned his usurped seat in the Senate.
It was expected that Mr. Hanna would fol
low sbfu
. The Legislature of Ohio have elected
Judge Benjamin Tappan United States Sen
ater, in place of Mr. Morris, whose term
of service expires on the 4th of Maich next.
Mr, Tnppnn is a democrat and a depi'ded
Buu-treasury manr
A full re;ognitfon, and intercommunica
fion has taken place between the two hoti
tv L . -I
, . receive me message
for our next paper.
WO have BO Other eXCUSe to ofTflr n nitr
, ml ..
patrona rot issuing this number upon a half
ilhftpt. tint flin flpftiT1?. fit in lintwlt. ... I
heet, but (lie desire of our hands to have
cnrisimas iinnuay. Ail woiK and no play
ttosUt Jaok tf dull boy.
ir.innxsnvnn coitriEso.vjon.vcE
IlAKnisntmo, Dec. 23, 1838.
!Ir. Webb,
Sir Since I last wrote you, there has
hot been any change in our oilatrs here.
The Senate and the two lower houses can
not come upon terms of capitulation. The
deinociats say that they are the only
house that is organised legally, While the
tories say they are, but they cannot raise a
quorum of members, if the Senate should
recognize them. We meet regularly every
day, but wo ate riot able to pass any laws,
but I think we are doing the State about as
much servi o by preventing them from
passing such laws as would cover their vil-
limy: The balance of General Joe's troops
evacuated tho fort yesterday, and we arc
left to the mercy of the good people of
December 25
I have the pleasure to inform you that
the great question as to which of the two
nouses ot Assembly was the legal one is
settled. It waB debated to-dav from' 11 o'-
clock, A. M. until 4 o'clock, P. M. and fi
nally decided by a vote of 17 to 10 that
the Hopkins house was the legal one. Six
of the whigs voting with tho democrats
Str'oHm, Fullerlon, Case, M'Conkey, Mich
lef, and Miller, of the city. The whins
look rather blue, and say many hard things
ot those that took part with tho democrats.
I think to-morrow them will hi n !nin mi.
to adjourn for 10 or 12 days, arid perhaps,
when we inect again we will have better
feelings towards each other.
For the Columbia Democrat
It is ah established principle in airricul-
turo that when tho soil-Is exhausted by re
peated cropping a process is required to sun-
ply it with such ingredionts which will give
proper and sufficient nutriment to nlants.
Clover and plaster have been at first applied
lor this purpose, but of late, it has been
discovered that this is not enough to put the
ground into a proper state of cultivation to
yield a good crop of wheat, lime has there
fore been added, and "with very good suc
cess, for every experienced farmer must
know that no wheat can bS laie'ed, unless
lime enters largely into the composition of
the soil. In mv intercourse with farm
the followingquestions have repeatedly been
askedj 1st. On what soil do you apply
lime ? Whether sand, clay, gravel or low
land 1 case you apply it indiscrimin
ately ,on what soil do you find it to take the
most effect ? 2nd How many bushels do
you put on an acre ? Do you put an equal
proportion on land, whother rich or poor ?
How often must you apply it, before your
land is in a good state of cultivation ? And
how long will it remain in this slate till a
nbther application is necessary ? 3d. -In
what manner do you apply it T Do vou
plough or harrow it in ? Whether in the
spring or fall; and with of without citable
manure ( lo these questions I would an
swer that on land of a dry warni loom soil,
intermixed with gravel or sand, lime will
take the greatest effect. Every one, who
has the least acquaintance with chymistry,
must be aware that lime has a tendency to
produce an important chance, in the nature
of any soil, either wet or cold, and it is an
established principle in farming to make
cold land warm and warm land cold it will
however not be so good on cold; clay soil,
or low wet lands. On poor laud I would
put frorri thirty to forty bushels, according
to the quality of tho lime, (that which
makes tho strongest and best morter is al
ways, preterred) I would not exnect anv
benefit fbf the first unless
manure is added to the lime. After raisin
a crop of oats or rye, I Would put fifty or
sixty ousneis more on tho acie. About
the first of April I would sow four quirts of
clover seed and oiie bushel of plaster per
acre on tho oats or rye, and then keep it for
two years in grass. You may then expect
to raise good crops of wheat without nnr
bthei manure for ten or fifteon years. A re
spectable and experienced farmer in Ches
ter county, 1'a. assures mo that he has im
proved poor land by putting only twenty
P""'S'u ' ' mi or spring for oats or
corn. Before the oats is put into the ground
it should be well harrowed and fho lime
thinly spread upon the surface. Lime, in
nnlnrtn honofi! Ik lo.wl .1, . ..
i --..v... ..... ,a,m ,B ijjobi, euouiu
always be kept upon the surface as near ns
I :uf- i r. .. .
, -i.-..,. i
possible. After the oats is cut nml inUn
from the ground, stabla mann ntmiiM u
,i,i r.i. .mil, 1 . . . ,
.ndded, for it will help the winter grain very
much. I hav however, known limo lo
have a groat eflect, without the aid of ma
nure. The richer the land tho more lime
it will boar and the longer it will last. My
friend in Chester County writes mo: "1
have put 100 bushels on tho aero at ono
time, it had a very good ofTect, and I have
yet to learn when it will bo exhausted."
W, J. E.
The following is tho lutter of Mr' Mon
tclius, explaining to his constituents tho
reasons for tho course he has takeni They
will bo found perfectly conclusive and sat
isfactory such as ever determine the course
of freemen, endued with either honesty, re
ligion or patriotism.
Of the district composed of the counties of
union aumaia ana iwjjun.
Fellow Citizens:
I have been in a deplorable situation for
eight or ten days past. 1 was elected your
icjiiuaumauvc. as such i am bound faith
fully to discliargo my duty to you, to my
ell, to bod. and mv caunirv. Vn
already informed that there worn twn Rn.a.
- w wjivun-
ers elected on tho 4lh inst. in the House of
Kepresentatives, Willi the information 1
had, and the advico of the friends in whom
I confided, I was induced to act hero with
the party who profess the same principles
with those of my constituents who nomina
ted and elected me. But full information,
cool arid deliberate reflection, and the warn
ings of my consclenco have convinced me
that my friends here have mistaken their
course, and that as a faithful representative
and an honest man, I was bound to retrace
my steps, do what I conscientiously be
lieved to bo right, and trust to the impar
tiality of your judgement upon a full and
fair examination of all the facts. Finding
my political friends had done wrong, accor
ding to my judgement, I withdrew from
them immediately, and have waited for sev
eral days to eive them time in mtmou ii,i.
1 1 ..nil
steps, and to allow all concerned lo arrange
r""'"""; mm juuuj, uiu uunappy uiuercn
ces that had arisen: but finilinn- iln ,;u .
been accomplished, 1 have nothing left for
me.but to do that which 1 believe to be right,
and leave but to those who would destroy
uiu,qu oidiq we consequences of their
rashness. Do not think I linvn antn,!
ly. The step I have taken was takpti iIp.
liberately and coolly, and jn obedience to
my understandiiif of tli
laws 6f our dear country. I am for peace.
us wird iiiemer secle lange zu wohnen
bey deren die don fripdnn li!.cn., i
- ....www... ami x
hope the course I have taken may help to
save our beloved Pennsylvania from blood
shed and the Horrors of a civil war. The
great question is, whether the majority shall
rule, and upon this question I know you all
think with me. Now all I have dorm ha
been done with an honpt rip.;
out this great principle in our free govern
ment, that the minority must yield to the
majority. And I am certain not one of
you, llOWevet filronir fl n.irlv mnr, I..
be will blame me for maintaining this prin-
Pin ft ir . ..
.... v.uiiiiiucnis, narticuiai v m
Union county, all k
them all, before they condemn me, fully
and coolly to examine all the facts. I have
not, in this instance, acted as a paity man,
my conscience.
in joining with my party friends in or-
. injusiu oi nepresontativcs,
with tho eicrht PhilaiMnl,;,, po..i
rraninnrr tftA IT.... r . ,
bcrsofthe Whig party, I thought these
uuu oen eiecteu by a majority of the votes
of tho county, and had been returned by a
majority of tho judges, but I noon found
umvv .ia was not true, and that the eight
members- of the opposition party in the
county or Philadelphia had been elected by
a majority of about fivn h
whole county, and had been returned elect-
cu uy a niHjoriiy oi tiiejudges.
I am sorrv to sav ttmi iim r
the State kept back these returna, which I
mm uas wrong, under these ciicum
stances I could Hot pmilinun tr nn, ...ill.
men who had no right to their seats, no
uiuib man my opponent had to mine. You
WOllId not as honest mnn ntr mp in
so bad a principle and it is tnat I know your
honesty that I havn ininpl iim.o .,!. i
, j. . , - "HU HUTU
been fairly elected by the majority. Mv
pany otunions and principles have not
chanced, and mv fuium Knnnn ..liii
V- - v ' 1 " oiiurv
t.iat 1 am truo lo those principles. On
J.U..I vrtiin juugoment l rely. What I have
done has been done for wW T hpiiB.-p m i,
your interest, and is approved by my con-
Hall of tho H. R. December 18, 1838.
The Oldest flemnr
... .ku f imiii
At tho latfi election. Anrlrnw W1imi. n
war worn veteran aged 122 ivintcrs, at
tended the polls in his own t6wnship (Jack
son,) m Gurnsoy county, under tho banner
of a hickory bush, and voted the democrat
ic ticket. Mr. "W. was a volunteer Boldier
of the revolution.
At sixty years of rien tip olin,ii,irn,i i,;
musket to repel the aggressionc of a foreign
iuc, mm ui uiu age oi iz5 wo iind him
Sl" 112
" " ...... ..mi a.
.. "D . "
ouuiu umy ujui ii was men. uicssiugs on
tho old veteran 1 He. is a living witness to
tho purity of tho principles which ho pro
fesses. Mav neither he nor thnv P.vnr want
warm nearts to support, or a
defend them -Ohio Eu3U.
warm hearts to stpport, or strong arms to
An account of the proceedings in both
houses upon the announcement of his mel
ancholy event Is contained in this paper.
Mr. Cassat was In his seat yesterday; par
tieinated in the debates, and retired at
night in usual health. About eleven o'clock
to day he was found dead in his bed lying
apparently as ho had disposed himself to
slumber, intelligence of this was immedi
atoly communicated to the crowded audito
ry in tho senate by the speaker, which pro
duced deep sensation, and awakened emo
JioiiB that seemed to subdue all party feeling.
Vha usual testimonials of respect for the
deceased were adopted in the legislature.
Keystone Dec, i$5.
The unauthorized invasion of Upper
Canrda, by an armed parly of about three
hundred men, at Sandwich, near Detroit,
lias resulted in tho defeat, capture, or death
of nearly all concerned in it. As soon as
the invaders entered the peaceful Province
of their neighbouro, they buriil a steamboat,
some barracks and 2 houses, besides mur
dering a physician whom they met; and a
negro barber, aged 70, because ho would
not say he was a "Patriot." About 40 got
back to the American shore, 21 were killed
and 31 prisoners 4 of whom were shot by
order of Col. Prince, in cold blood, an net
alike repulsive to humanity and law. The
rest were dispersed in the woods. Von
Shoultz, the leader in the Prescott aflair,
has been hung at Kingston, as well as Dore
thns Abbey, and David Georges. ?,!ucl!
sympathy is expressed for the other prison
ers, nearly all of whom are young men,
and have been seduced into their present
situation by artful and designing leaders,
We perceive, from the proceedings of
. b. "...... u, a memorial,
asking pecuniary aid for the Mormon wo
men and children of Caldwell county, was
laid before that body on the 3d. inst. 'It ap
pears, observes the Louisville Journal, 'that
the houses of many of the Mormons in that
county have been burned down that about
00 Mormon men, all of them married have
been arrested and imprisoned, 40 killed,
and 100 cnmnelled tn mV m n.-;, ,i.u .
gaancc of the ciu'rcim, and that 200 women
mum ui wmim nave small children, are
thus left destitute, with no food to keep
them from starvation, and no shelter to pro
tect them from the winter storms. Wo
tiust'lhatthe Slate, through h,er Legislature,
will promptly do what hk
foul and cruel wrongs perpetrated by her
The Galena fill ilinls ailvprtinr rnnl.ii..
an account of a man being frozen to death
on the 2l)thult.,nearthe Three Milo Branch.
A Mr. TalmniliTP util r.. i : .
i ! d 1 '" tuuiviiig iur nig cm
tie, discovered a wagon in the mire with
two horses, one dend and the, other alive
but unable to stand up. In the wagon was
a iir. Stephen Lrook.Trozcn to death; and
a Mr. Smith, who wai iiiLnii i,
supposed, from two jugs of whiskey being
in the wagon, that they had become intoxi
cated, and while thus the team had left the
roau anu wandered to where they were
r.....i i... , .....
iuuiiu uy mr. i aimaagc.
ThO Hon. JaOIP.S rtllf-hannn
a few hours in this place yesterday as he
was passing from Washington to his rcsi-
uencem J,iincaster. Numerous members
of the legulatuies, citizens and strangers,
availed themselves of tho opportunity thus
presented, of calling upon and testifying
ineir respect to this able popular member
oi wie oenate of the United 'Stales.
Dills arennw nnilpr l,.imn,-.iu : .v
r i V ".imi-iiiiiuii in me
Lcgislatnrc of South Carolina, to remove
mC capuai oi mo Btate trom Columbia to
Cliarlrston; to take a census of the popula
tion of tho Slate; to give the clecliun of gov
ernor lo the people and to prevent the car
rying deadly weapons.
Fifteen or twenty gamblers were arrested
in New York on Sunday morning. They
were fined and held to bail to answor the
MARRIED Bv the Rev. D. S. Tobias
on the 23d f inst. Mr. Moses Krtsthr, to
Mn Aiahala Larose, both of Bloom
On the 12th ipsf. by the Rev. J. flahl,
i !Tl Jlf0'er' 10 m3 Webb,
both of Bloom township.
DIED On the 17lh inst. fn Bricrcreek,
of the fever, FMjah Hagenbuch, an cstima
bio and very worthy young man in tho 20th
year of his age.
Af his residence in Bloom township, on
the 14th of November, Mr. John JUriaht
aged 74 years all to 0 days.
Alcohol, allonctta, arjuo forties, Hock tin, cIovm,
ginger, camphor, gum copal, window glau. nl'
ep-co gum dtellwk, isinsUs , mnMarJ, nipple aheU,, lucking tiottels, oden bittefj, wafer"
waling wax, stove black, and l.eppor. For alo at
IS hereby given to Ml who are Indebted ta.U
ubsenber, either no Dook, Notes, or Judccmtnlj
Docko.,, that they must come forward fflJ
their rrapcctlve dues between now mid the fi, V?
of Kebuary, 1880, or thov will bo sevefi
JWoom.bunrpce.S9U, 1838?
French IHieiiDBsafEsm Koctor'
Informs tlie public that lw has returned
lo liloomsburp. after an ntrnxnn. .
ly last, and can be found nt tho Hotel o !
Daniel Snyder, aUlimct l
'". anu 10 pations wiio are afillcled
with Rheumatic pains in the limbs or r4
Bloomsbtirg Dec. 29lh 1833.
Of superior Stoue Coal, received and fot
sain uy nuriiHT St BARTON
Dec. 22d.
Between Wilkesbarre NorthumierlanS,
TI1IS Lino will leavn Wilkes-barrc afterthe.r!
rival orthoStngea from Montrose, Tunkhan.
nock, rowando, Owego, Bmghampton, CarbanJal,
and Ilnncr-dalet and rirnvo at Northumberland tho
following morning in time to take tho coach at
North'b and arrive at Hamburg aamo cvenine
Passengers by this line will arrive at Harrisbnra
from Montrose 24 hours In advance of the mail
coining up on the arrival of the HarrisbUrg etae'Tt
Whd pacngers will take this line, arrive tt
Wilkesbarre on the following ,morningby7 o'clock,
find will reach Montrose irame evening 24 hours in
advance of the mail that leave. Harrisburg withthi
tame coach. Thhi line also connects, at Berwick
with the Mauch Chunk, Beaver Meadow, Hazif
ton.Towanda aftd Elmira coaches. Tho propria,
(ore haie stocked the routo with good teams and
coaches, under the charge ofcareful drivers. These
advantages, it is expected, willinduco the trareiw
community to give their line a trial.
Fare through (3.
J. C HORTON, NorthumbcrlDnJ,
v w aii v v Proprietors,
iM. a. All baggage at the owner's risk. dec. 22tt
a two sronr
ITUATRDt the east end of the villaec cf
I illooinaburir. in llnni,:...!ii. m,
' 7 --oi "i'iiiiic, ine awn
property will be mid cheap, and on rcawnab!.
terms, upon application to the subscriber.
Bloomsburg. Dtd. 32, 1838. 3J
CAME into tho inclosurt of tih
subfccriliers, on or about the'l5thcf
July laat. 4 SHEEPj (2 yews, J
IslttiK un.l t . 1 v . X t' 1 wt'iiiaL'r.i inarKp.i will
aiiu n But Ill me enu. itd
owner must prove property, pay charge, and tike
-...j, nui uv Bum nccormng 10 ww,
rifchjng Creek, Dee. 22, 1838. as
X am in Earnest?"
A few months since I gave notice that I wasH
and but very little attention was paicfto it by tho
interosled. I now give further notice, that all
.. ..,.c,mtruums wiui me, must call and
iH-tllu them, either bv Note or RDl. !il,:n Tivn
.MU.Miisj from date, or thov mill w w! to
setllc wilha Justicoof th l'eace. No mlstakelJu
Hlooms'jurg, Dec. 8, 1838.
N. 1). I have also on hand several X0TE8T
which must also be exchanged for CASH, within
the above time, or the signers will have to pay coit.
""J111?8' '"fil'onorubl. ELLIS LBW19
V y PiMiJwt of the Courts of Oyer and Tt
miner and Cencral Jail Delivery, Court of Quart
bmiona ofthe Peace, and Court pf Common Pitts,
and Orphan's Court, in tho eighth Judicial District,
composed of the counties of Northumberland, UrM
Columbia and Lycoming ; and tho Hon. Wniua
JloMTaoMF.Hr and Leo.-uhd RursnT, Esquir
associate Judges in Columbia county, havo issued
their precept bearing date tlio 20lh day of Nov.'
in the year of our Lord ono thousand eight hundred,
uud thirty-eight, and to mo directed for holding
Ji Court of Oyer and Terminer and G.n
eat Jail Delivery-, .General Quarter
Sessions of the Peace, Common
Pleas, and Orphan's Court,
Itf DAN ILLE, in tho county of Columbia, on'
the third Mmday of Jan. next, (being tho Slit
day) and to continue ono week.
NOTICE is therefore hereby given to the CcA'
oner, the Jueticea of the Peace, and Constables d
ho said County of Columbia, that they bo then ari
thov in their proper persons, nt ten o'clock, in the
forenoon of said day, with their records, inquisition'
andotherrcmcmbranccatodothoso things which
to their oflicos appertain to he dono. And thoav
who are bound by recognizances to protccuw
against tho prisoners that aro or may bo in tho jail
of uaid county of Columbia, aro to bo then and there
to preiccuto against them as shall bo just. Jurori
areecqucstedtobo punctual In tluir attendances
greeably to their notices.
Dated at Danville, tho 2Utday of December, ia.
the year of om Lord ono thousand eight bun-,
dredand thirty-eight, and in the C3d yearo
the independence of tho United States of Amer
lea. WLf.T.IAM 7flTnrri?Mi vj. 'vr- .
BhcruT'. OJBcr, PanyUle.'