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jr&tfj?""''' r'""MS'"?1- TyifiitffCT
THE CUIiU.UMA DEMOCRAT.
'A " ly" Iiij'ram Jit Mills
"TIIUTI! WITHOUT FEAIl
!f s.i rujin.fr, .v.iitcjr 10,
- fj VOn GOVERNOR :
C ttEN. DAVID It. POitTEfi,
(OF HUNTINGDON COUNTY.)
The Blh of March Democratic State Convention
Vloscd their labors on Tuesday last. Every County
in the State was fully represented; and on the se
cond ballot Gen. DAVID II. PORTER, of Hun
tingdon county was nominated as the candidato of
the democrittte party for Governor, having received
M votes of the 133 delegates in attendance. A re
solution wus unanimously adopted pledging the in
dividual exertions of each member of tho Conven
tion to promote the election of the nominee ; and a
spirit of harmony and good feeling plainly indicated
that all were gratified with tho result, notwithstand
in? they had lost the nominatidn of their personal
favorites. Gen. I'onTBii is at present a member of
Jlho stato Senate has uniformly supported the meas
ures and candidates of the democratic patty po:
Frsses talcMs of a superior order is most popular
ivherc b'csl known iind will undoubtedly tako tho
place of the present incumbent in December next.
AVe have, raised his name to our mast's head, where
it shall remain during our control over the "Colum
bia Democrat ;" and tho democracy of Fcnnsylvn.
nia may rejoico in the nomination of so pure and
popular a democratic republican as their candidate.
(Tj Tho Antimasonic Conservative Bank party
liave re-nominatcd Mr. Kitncr as their candidate for
(JoVerhdrj and recommended Gen. Harrison for the
Presidency. Thii is all well enough for form's sake;
but what an immense trouble and expense, must
this amalgamated trio of party jugglers sustain mere
ly to find themselves wofully defeated in October
next. Ho must hb blind Indeed, who cannot sco the
power and determination of the democratic party of
Pennsylvania; J hey will rout tho present dynasty
and sccurd the clcctidn of sucli candidate as will
once more put tho Cohilriomvcalth's Matter in good
The Bank Jllli;
This bill, the provisions of which wo noticed a
fort-night since, passed a final reading in the House
of Representatives on the d inst. by a voto of 60 to
40. No decisive action has been had upon it in tho
Scna'ti, hut its defeat there is a matter beyond all
(Jj 'On the 3d inst. in tho Senate, Mr. McCen.
key offered sundry resolutions in relation to banks.
The first, requiring the banks to resume specie pay
ihchts was negatived by a voto of 20 to 13. When
the second resolution, making tho stockholders per
sonally responsible, was under consideration, Mr.
Pearson wished tho toto takon immediately ho
Wished to sc'b who dare voto in favor of it and con
cluded his remarks by saying that ho would have no
more, confidence, in a senator that would voto for it,
than lie would havo In a horse thief.'.' Truly, he
ii d bfavd ! ''Riding on a rail" would cbbl such a
dj The Berwick "Sentinel" has passed into the
hands of Mr. Levi L. Tate, who promises to ad
vocato tho principles and measuicsof tho Democrat
Ictyaity; Wc wishhim success.
In our next number we shall publish the JYetu
Constitution, as amended by the RcfcrmConvention,
and which will bo submitted to tho people of
Pennsylvania for adoption or rejection at the next
election. An interesting address of the democratic
members df tho Convention will bo found n a pre,
The Murder Case.
The Hon: John Fairfield, of Maine, has introdu
ced a series of resolutions in Congress, calling for
tho appointment of a select committeo to investigate
tho causes which led to the murder of his colleague,
the late Jonathan Cilley. Tho Resolutions passed
by a voto 162 to 49 j and the committee havopow-
Vr to send for persons and papers. Mr. Fairfield
'addressed the Housa in ail eloquent speech, in whid
it is said ho roado Wise, of Virginia, tho primo rrio
M'r in llio dud, turn palo as death, and quake liko
iJtL aspen leaf. Wo hdpo thd committeo may per
.trSrra their duty fuithfully ; ond in doing so, llicy
will undoubtedly put upon Gravc,Visc, and Webb,
that reproach and punishment which tho'y deserve
'ni principal and accessories in the perpetration of
an atrocious and cold-blooded murder;
Several papers, of all parties, are urging upon1 the
authorities of Maryland the immediate arrest of
Graves, Wise and Webb, for the atrocious murder
of Mr. Cilley, Tho public vbico cries aloud for jus
lice and we roe no better mode of securing iHhaii
by the trial pf this tlio, through whose joint mean
lbs outrage wai perpetrated:
Tim MAKKKTfl.Fr.orn is idling In Phila
delphia at $.7 0;Jn Baltimore at s. 25,000
Lttbltels of Foreign Wheat were Fold In Baltimore
on tho 2d inst. at SI 62 per bmliel.
Tho select committee appointed In tno Houso of
Representatives to inquire into tho causes which
led to tho death of Mr. Cilley, arc Mr. Touccy, of
Connecticut, Mr. Porter, of Pennsylvania, Mr.
Grennell, of Massa'chuaetts, Mr. Ellmorc, of South
Carolina, Mr. Bruycr. of New York, Mr. Grtml-
land, of Georgia', and Mr. Haridtn, of Indiana.
Take tlmo by tho forelock."
Deli aui:T SuuscntuEits wilt bear in mind
that unless tllcy dischargo their dues prior t'o llio
publication of number S3, (which will be in a few
weeks,) that $2 CO will be strictly exacted, in ac
cordance with our published terms, Those at a dis
tance can remit current shin-plasters by tnail.
AVc congratulate the Dcnlo'craoy of Pa.
upon the harmony winch characterised the
proceedings of the convention. Every co.
M the state was fully represented, and eve
ry delegate sccineil deeply impressed with
the high importance of the trust committed
to his charge. All hearts were bent upon
the holy purpose of rescuing our beloved
Pennsylvania fiom the hlisrulo 'of the fae
tion which now predominates in the Exe
cutive Derpartnioul of the Commonwealth,
and from the determined snivit manifested
upon this occasion, there can scarcely he
tho shadow df a doubt that that riurrioSu will
be accomplished in October next. Never
did a convention assemble in a better spi
rit; and never did a convention close the
pripeipal business for which It was conve
ncd With greater harmony and unity df fee
lingi Disappointments in personal prefer
ences were obliterated by the conviction
that victory was about id perch upon the
Democratic banner, and that act of the con
vention would be sanctioned and approved
by the Ireo and untrammelled ycomany ol
this good old Commonwealth. Let every
democrat who values his principles and is
slhcercly attached to the republican institu
tions which protect his lights and secure
his liberties, put Ins shoulder to the wheel,
and victory is outs. Fa. Jleporlcr.
This day we have tho pleasure df pre
scnting to our democratic friends, the Hume
of Cicn. DAXU) It. POUTER, of Him
iingdon county, ns the candidate for Gover
nor, put in nomination, with rreat unanimi.
ly, by llio Democratic Convention. This
body was entirely full, and comprised
rihiong its members marly of the most re
spectable and influential democrats id the
state; It assembled under very favbrsiole
auspices conducted its proceedings in a
most commendable' spirit rif patriotic unity
of feeling and its' work, wo doubt not, will
t i' it n '.ti
uo cpraia uy approved uy every honest dem
oerat in tlio state Uy reference to its pro
cccdings, it will bc seen, that a number of
distinguished and excellent democrats, were
named as candidates for nomination each,
and ali of whom, were eminently worthy of
the honor but of the whole number, we
risque nothing in saying, Oen, Porter is in
every respect second to none, in his title
to tho confidence and distinction, by which
he has. been honored;
lib is a iiatlvc Of Montgomery county a
sod of a feoidiqr bf iho revolution a most
consistent and unwavering democrat a man
of superior talclilShighly cultivated mind
thoroughly acquainted with all the great
interests of thd plioBIe and of much expe
rience in legislation. He is a practical far
mer residing in the centre ol the state, and
has a most comprehensive acquaintance
with all its interests and resources in every
section. Hid htincsty and honor are with
out stain or reproach, and his personal pop
ularity unbounded, as his recent election to
the senate, in a district strongly opposed to
him in politics, abundantly proves.
Such is the man, presented to the people
ot Pennsylvania by tie democratic conven
tion, as n competitor of Jescph Ritner. The
result is not, for an instant doubtful. The
melancholy visages of the Rituermen, and
the low abuse heaped upon Gen. Porter by
P,nt iilnl nthnr.c in ibnir vmvnnlinr,. rrivn
full earnest of their desperation. "The
avenging hour has come," and Gov. Ritner
Willi the sins and follies of his aununiStra
tion oh his head, must speedily sink into
disgrace and contempt. Keystone.
RAIL ROAD CONVENTION!
A railroad Convention consisting df about
300 delegates, from tho different counties
of this state, and from several of the border
ing counties in Ohio, is now in session hero
Wo notice among its members, a number
ot distinguished champions of the Internal
Improvement system of Pennsylvania!
The lion, Robert T. Contad, of Philadcl
phia, is President) assisted by six Vice Pre
sidents and Secretaries. lb
There arc three things with which a man
should keep on terms his Wife, his Sto
mach, arid his Conscience.
An Old Uachelot- is the most mlsorable
animal on earth.
THE Episcopal Church in Bloomsburg,
will be open for. Divine Servico, on Sunday
the 18th inst,, notwithstanding notice hav
ing been given to the contrary.
March 10, 1033.
STATEMENT OF THE COMMON SCHOOL APPROPRIATION DDE FROM
THE STATE TO THE DIFFERENT DISTRICTS OF COLUMBIA CO.
80 01 i
Roaring Creek belonged to Cattawissa
The forcoins statement exhibits not only
fifth Common School year (1839) payable
wnen mat year coimneiiuca, io mi uiu uimucia in mu uuumy, uui aiso inose lor trie 1st
2d, 3d and 4th school years, (viz: 1833, 1830, 1837 and 1838,) now duo to such dis
tricts as havo either not accccpted or not yet applied in the proper manner for their mo
ney, The whole arribunt ol State appropriation yet due each district, since the first year
of' the system, is exhibited in the last column.
The State appropriation for 1835 or the first school year, was $75,000 : for 1830. or
the second school year, $700,000, (including the Building Fund of $500,000;) and for
. ...... i i t 'III. . An.in nnn !l'il.. I
iHiio; or ttie nun year, ii win dc uu,uuu
i I Aiin zifiA !i ...'II 1. ! &.rn nnn .
isiaiurc auu 5iuu,uuu it win uu 5iiuu,uuu
the eomindhccirient of the sVstein or Sl,250!000 without, dr Sl,350i000 with the ex
Undrawn dividends of the two first year's appropriation are to be received from the
The dividend of subsequent years arc payable by the State Treasurer, on application
to the sdncrinlclklant. The following is the form of the necessary certificate, which
should be fdf warded t'6 the superintendant, m
S District Tax fur 183 . (Dale.)
"7'ofie Sitpcrintcndant of Common Schools,
"Sm I do hpreby certity that a school tax amqunting t dollars cents, has
"been retrularly levied and. assessed, lor the school year 183 , upon district
"countv ; that a warrant for thd collection
lector according to law, and that the aFdresaid sum is at least equal to this district's an
nual share of the State appropriation.
'I do fUither certify that of
"appointed Treasurer oi mis uistriei.
By the next mail after the receipt of Jhc foregoing dltllis department, a warrant dri tlio
ate Treasurer for the appropriation of the current year, will be seiit to tlic District
Treasurer; tosether with similar warrants
. . . . S . L 1. I . '
maininir in the suatc treasury, i o outain
that oiie tax fd'r tlib current year, equai tb tlm District's share of the ordinary aniiUal state
appropriation (S&dOiOOO) Vill be sufficient td enable It to receive all dividends of former
As" sbon as tile District previously iidri-accepling, accepts the system and receives its
moncv from tho State Treasury, it is thereby entitled to all money remaining for its use
in the County Treasury, provided it accepts
case it is the duty of the County Treasurer
District Treasurer, on the order of the Board
ccptance and the receipt of the money from
accompanies uiu warrum ui uiu kjujiumuunutui, u uic jmmutuuuui w.uuu uic vouiuy
Treasurer will be perfectly safe in paying over the dividends in his hands.
Acceptance of the Common School System, under the present laws, can only take
place iy vote oi a majority oi sucu ciuzuns ui uaua iion-uuceining uisinci, as asscmuie
on the day of electing Directors, being in most cases the third Friday df March; The
citizens then assembled have hvo acts to perform; 1st, to elect Directors, which must be
done whether the system is to bo put in operation or not ; and 2d, to decide the question
whether the system shall be accepted or not. This last question is only to bo submit
ted in siich Districts as previously rejected the system, bdtndt in accepting districts, and
may be decided in the aflirmativd by a mere majority of the votes polled. Sec the 13th
Section of the Common School Law of 1830.
Having thus explained the condition of the State apprbpriations,the manner of dbtainirtg
them; and the mode of accepting tho system, the Superintendent would respectfully ad
dress a word of information and advice to the citizens of such tdwnships, wards and bd
roufrhs di have not vet received it. In doing this ho has no wish officially to become the
advocate of thd system, but solely promote
their situation in relation to it.
By the first Common School Law (that of April 1st 1834,) if any number Districts Hi
a County even one accepted the system, they thereby became entitled to the receipt
Ol lUO ivnuie otaie appropnaiiuil inicnuuu iui uu uiu uismuia in uiu uuuuiy iui uilh yuur.
This harsh provision was repealed by tho supplement of April 15, 1835, which enacts
that non-aCcepting districts should have two years, (which of course counted from the
date of the' Supplement,) within which time they might accept and Save1 forfeiture of the
undrawh dividends. Before the passage of tho supplement, however, the forfeiture
contemplated by tho act of 1834, had tauen
the appropriation of tho first school year
Thus iho law remained till the passage
the declaratoiv resolution of 27th May.
Schdot Fjmd." By the joint operation of these acts thr period of foifelturo was further
postponed till the lsl df November 1838, (next November) with this difference, that the
forfeited dividends be distributed among tho accepting districts of the same county, but
are to be added to tho principal of the general Cbihmon School Fund in the State Tiea.
sury, tho interest of which drily is annually distributable.
Bui though the law reads thus, tho legal act of acceptance must be performed a consid
erable time before , tho 1st of November, 1838. Under the existing law non-accepting
districts can only adopt tho system, by the
tors, which in most cases takes' place on the
that though the completion of he forfeiture ddes not tako place till November; yet; that
thd act of nccoptaneo which cdrf alone prevent it from attaching, much be performed for
townships in Match,, and for wards and borotlghs, at the time next spring wlicn they
elect their prdpor officers. Nor is tho operatldn of this forfeiture confined to the opera
tion of the current year, but embraces those
the system, bee the 1st and 13th sections.
This being the manner ond effect of the forfeiture
to state tho consequences of present adoption.
Acceptance- of tha system1 next snrirle will Hot
of 1840, or for two yeurs, at tho end of which time
an tut qualiliecl voters ot the district, it the oxpeninent stioum not prove sausiaciory, oco sec. i j.
Present acceptance will prevent tho forfeiture, not of one, but of foifror fivo years' state appropriations,
including that of noxt school year, amounting in tho ngtrrcgolo to about 51 to each taxable in
habitant, two thousand dollars in a district containing S00 taxables, without counting any thing on a
probablo increaso of appropriation by the present Legislature.
Acceptance next spring, and the consequent receipt of tho above accumulated dividends, will only
burthen each District next year, with a school tax equal to 04 j cents on each taxable. This tax, howev
er, is not to be paid in that prportion by each taxable, in the manner of a poll tax, but will be assessed
on the property, professions end persons thai pay county rates, and on such personal property as paid stato
tax. Tho school tax on a township having 500 taxables, and receiving gS,000 of state appropriaUons,
would bo something less $325,
Hut In reality, ecccptihce will not add rriuch, if any thing, fd the burdien of taxation, in the popu
lous counties. It is known that in many districts tho tax collected by the Oommisioners for the educa
tion of poor children, is equal to the sum which would bo necessary to entitle thoso districts to the re
ceipt of the Common school Funds, if they should adopt like system. Nor would It be necessary, in most
cases, lo lovy a tax beyond tho lowest amount necessary in ordor to secure th" state aid, because their ac
cumulated stato appropriation of four or five years, will He sufficient to build or otherwise prpvids good
school houses, thus leaving th current year's lax and appropriation wholly applicable to instruction, for
which purpose It would be narly ralMcnt.
If the svsteru ba adoritd noit snrinir. o'mV one
pid by the Districts; bsfore thsy will hire sn oppsrtumty of diseintmuinj tin jyUsta at th triennKl elsc-
tho dividends of State appropriation fur tho
on or after the first Monday of June, 1838,
ii uiu iaw remains unaltered, nut it the Leg.
i -.. . "
uiuuing an aggregate given Dy mo state smco
every case, as soon as the facts will justify
thereof has been delivered to the district Col
Post Office; county, is the lawfully
(Signed,) . ,
lor all undrawn dividends of former years te.
.1.1.. I .
me lauer no auuuionai tax is necessary; so
belorc tho 1st of November, 1838. In that
to pay over such money forthwith to the
ofDircetois. The best proof of such ac
the State Treasurer, is the circular which
the interests of those districts; by explaining
place in several counties, so lar as related to
of the crjtnmoil school law of Juno 13, 1830,
1837, " relative to undrawit balances in tho
vole ol the citizens assembled to elect Direc
third Friday in March. Hence it follows,
of ull the years since the commencement of
caused by continued rejection, It becomes proper
fasten it on the district forever, but only till the snrinz
it may be discontinued by the vote of a majority of
other tax. aftw Ihst of next year, must nsceeMiilv be
on the 1st Turner ef Mm. tin 'rih. .;?
ment of this tax. caul to 04 Wi fnt
blei will nrobablv entitle them, besido rr1lir.i.Z?
from tha nortr srfinnl tdr. tn a tint
equal to 1 for each taxable for the second vear
fin .1... .1.- . r il nr.- . . '. . '
uiut iuo imyweiu oi pi ou lor eacn taxable id
yesrs, iviu enaoio inose uiiincu to receive $5
each tftinMn. fmm ihn otntjt It. t.n .1.
tT , uuic urao.
llenCO It teem tn ha fnr llio ln). nf .1
accepting districts, to take tho matter, seriously into
dehber'ation Independent of all considerations aril
ins from the merits or tmn'a r l.. r :
o i c . w. ..... wuuuun
ThoUttb. .tho fiVfitpm la a tn I. Lf.k 4. i
wit T v :, , t iiuuucy, ii nas
produce, wme decided and salutary changs In the.
Ttio School H(nlSCS ara cenprolto. ,,..t. : ,
being either new, or well repaired, and more equal-
Tho comnennation tif Tmflw, l.t.. i r. .,.
one third, aud the prolession is ropldly and nronor.
tinnot.l Vi!nr in .,.0fl,.- .4 .
v ... (.fv.muwo auu niuepenuence.
Thn nitmhnr nf Clhthlwn tnt.n-tit In rt
- , vi -j. ui uiu summon
Schools, is at least doublo that of the schools which
preccuca mem in mo same districts.
The duration of teachtritr in each
t .j j uwwuft
The kind ofimtruction is In all coles as good;
id in most better than In tho old. echpols.
The cost of teachlnir. tinti.;ili.i.i:i. .l. :
creased compensation of the teachers the impro
ved condition of the hnnp. nr,A ki,.. .1 1
... ,uv uEuu vmtr snu
kind of instruction, it is only ono half of what it was
miiuii: mc nymcra went into operation. Formerly It
was $2 25 on an average over the state, now It is
$ 1 12J for each pupil per quarter.
In tho old schools some paid for their own edu
cation, and some were educated at the expense of
tho county. This unpleasant distinction is not
tound in tho Common Schools. All receive tho
satno Instruction, paid for out of the same common
stock. Thcio is no room, tthnrornrn r. w;i:.i.
on the part of tho teacher towards particular pupils,
cr of distinction among tho scholars.
uui 11 is not on account ol these, its undeniable
fruits, that the non-ncecntinn- fHctriMo .i
drcsscd. Ihcse facta aro alluded to merely to shovr
that there is no danirpr tn tlm mr.i;rr,r.M Ti,A t
' I I O " j V ........ . LUUUU
jeet of the Supcnntcndant is to lay the whole mat-
u.-i uciuiu uiuso msincis, mat iney may, act undcr-
hnal decision next spring.
As a friend; ho would advise all to accept the sys
tem for tho next two years, because at the end of
that time it can bo discontinued If found insufficient.
In tho mean time tlm nrriimiilntn.i fA nr
-......... .unv. V, 1 11. v
years will bo secured and can bo applied to the per-
u.unwsi. .iij,iu.wiici(1 ui uiu bcuooi nouses 01 mo
District, and to a fair trial of tho Common School
mode of teaching. At tho eri& of that time, if tha
system be discontinued, each District will be in pos
session of rroful Rf.hnnl hnncna nnA C
- 0 - - --vf iiii intwiUCU UJL
perienco in the subject of instruction, which will, bo
gmTilv i:nr(h ihn mn1l t.r r.nt.1 rA. ,1.
If the system be accepted by any of the districts
in question, tho Superintendant would adviso that
such citizens as hnvrj heretofore been opfidit'd to iil
but who ore carirfia' and intelligent men snau 1,0
elected directors They will have it in their power
to keep down the dinouiit of taxation, and to test
the experiment m such a manner as to prevent any
imputation of partiality for the syp tcrri. .Such men;
also, reproacntating the feelings of tlio mojority of
the district, will carry public confidence along with
them, and tho result whether for or against Com
mon Schools, will be satisfactory to the district.
THO. H. BURROWS,
Superintendent of Common Scliools:
Skchetiht's Orncs, 7
llarrrisburg, Jan. 13, 1838.5 . (j . ,
tCP To Friiit'cirsl. 03
The I'jditors having issued propasals for tho pub
licatioit of a newspaper at another place, they now
direr for sale the! printing materials and subscrip
tion list df
' THE COLUMBIA DEMOCRAT."
To a young man with a limited capital this offica
offers considerable inducements, It Having upwards
of five hundred subscribers, and Kn advertising anc
job custom Worth frdm 800, lo 1000 per aftnuro;
Tho original cost of tlw establishment will be all
that we shall require from the purchaser., Any in
quiries by mail will be strictly attended Jo. ,
"Trie Columbia Dsmochat" is published at
Dloomsburg, in the most central part of Cbiiimliii
county, and acts with the dominant party both iri
political and sectional feelings.
, J INGRAM & MILLS,
Bloomsburg, Feb. 10, 1838.
TO OUR CUSTOMERS.
1 t , 1
Those indebted to this establishment for subscrip
tions, jobs, or advertisements, are requested to mako
immediate payment, as in a short time our books
will bo placed in the hands of a magistrate to enforco
collection, Those who do not pay within theycar
will be charged 2 50 in conformity with our terms
of publication. We hope that all may see tlio ne
cessity of complying with this' notice,, as, wo must
pursue this course in order to comply with our pay
JOHN S. INGRAM,
. FRANKLIN 8. MILLS.
February 10, 1828.
CHEESE I-CIIEESE ! I
POUNDS of CHEESE
just received from. jMevr
Vork. It is a nrime loll
and will be sold by wholesale or retail at (ho
store of C. B. FISHER.
Bloomsburg, March 10, 1838.
ZiooJrC at This 1 1
ALL persons indebted to the subscriber
either by Note or Book Account, pre-
vioiis to tnis oaie, win oblige him by
riiakinir payment before tha first rlnv of a j
pril next. After thai date trie collection of
such demands will be attended with Costs.
There will be nb mistake in this notice.
, . , 0. B. FISHER.
Bloomsburg, March 10, 1838.
e1n,Wtvania MlMa 4' Volunteers
1 lie Adjutant General has made his annual
report, from which.it appears that tho nam
ber of Ml tin nml Vnlii.u.
v viuukutja uip
, -.6 year
- ousincsti mutt