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(TKESIDENt's MESSAGE CONCLUDES.)
Vho decrease in numbers of the tribes
vithin the limils of thu States and Tcrrito
lies has been most rapid If they bo re
moved tlreycan bo protected from those
associations ftrrd Ovll Tiracticcs which ex
ert so pernicious and destructive an infill-
enco over ilicir destinies. 1 Key can be
induced to labor, and to acquire property,
-and its acquisition will inspire them with
"a feeling of independence. Their minds
can bo cultivated and they can bo taught
ho value of salutary and uniform laws, and
bo made sensible of tho blessings of free
government, and capable of enjoying its
advantages. In the possession of property,
knowledge and a good Government, free
to give what direction they please to their
labonr and sharer's in the legislation by
"which their persons and the profits oftheir
industry ate to bo protected and secured,
tliey will have an over present conviction
bf the importance of union, of peace a-
mong themselves, and of the preservation
w amicaoio relation wun us. i no inter-
csts of the united "States would also bo
greatly promoted by freeing the relations
Detwceh the General and State Govern
ments from what has proved a most em
barrassing incumbrance', by a satisfactory
adjustment of conflicting titles to lands,
-caused by tho occupation ofthc Indians,
"and by causing tho resources of the whole
country to be developed by the power of
the btato and Ueneral Uovcrnments, and
improved by the enterprise of white pop
ulation Intimately connected with tho subject is
he obligation of the government to fulfil its
treaty stipulations, and to protect the Indi-
"ans thus assembled "at their new residen-
oes from all it terruptions and disturbances
from arty other tribes or nations of Indians,
or from any other nerson or nersons what-
soever," and the equally solemn obligation
lo guard lrom Indian hostility its own bor-
tier settlements, stretching along a line of
more than one thousand miles. To enable
tho government to redeem this nlodtre to
hc Indians, and to aflbrd adequate protec-
w; N . , .,. .
non 10 us own citizens, win require mo
continual presence of a considerable regu
lar force on tho frontiers, and tho cstablish
. ment of a chain of permanent posts. Ex
aminations of the country are now making,
With a view to decide on the most suitable
points for the erection of fortresses and
other works of defence tho results of Which
will be presented to you by tho Secretary
of Wat 'At an early day, together with a
plan for the cffoc'ual protection of the
friendly Indians, and tho permanent defence
of the frontier States.
By tho report ofthc Secretary of tho
Navy herewith communicated, it appears
that unremitted exertions have been mado
at the different navv vards to carry into ef
fect all authorized measures for the exten
sion and employment of our naval force,
The launching and preparation of the ship
of the line Pennsylvania and the complete
repairs of the ships of the line Uhio, Dcla
ware and Columbus, may be noticed, as
forming a respectable addition to this nn
portant arm of our national defence. Our
commerco and navigation havo received in
creased aid and protection during the pre
sent year. Our squadrons in the Pacific
and on the Brazilian station have been
much increased, and that in the Mcditerra'
ncan, although small, is adequate to the
present wants of our commerce in that sea,
Additions have been made to our squadron
or the West India station, where the large
force under Commodore Dallas has been
most actively and efficiently employed in
protecting our commerce in preventing tho
importation of slaves, and in co-operating
with officers of tho Army in carrying on
the war in Honda.
The satisfactory condition of our naval
force abroad leaves at our disposal the
means ol conveniently providing tor a
liomo squadron, for the protection of com
merco upon our extensive coast. The a
mount of appropriations required for such
a squadron, will be found in tho general
estimates lor the naval service lor the year
The naval olhccrs engaged upon our
coast survey have rendered important scr
vice to our navigation. Tho discovery bf
a new channel into tho harbor of New Yorl
through which our largest ships may pass
Without danger, must afford important com
mercial advantages lo that harbor and add
greatly to its value as a naval station. The
accurate survey of George's shoals, off the
coast of Massachusetts, lately completed,
will render comparatively safe a navigation
hitherto considered dantrerous.
Considerable additions have been mado
to tho number of captains, commanders,
Lieutenants, surgeons, and assistant sur
geons, in tho Navy. These additions were
rendered necessary, by the increased num
ber or vessels put in commissipn, to an
swer the exigencies of our growing com
Your attention is respectfully- invited to
the various suggestions ot the secretary
for the improvement of the naval servico
The report of the Post Mastor General
exhibits tho progress and condition of tho
mall service. The operations ofthc post
office department constitute one of the
most active elements of our national pros
peritv, and it is gfatifiing to obsorve with
what vigour they aro conducted, Tho
mail route of tho United btatos cover an
jctent of about one hundred and forty-two
Inousand eicht hundred and seventy seven
miles, having been increased about thirty
sen thousand one nunurcu buu uiree
miles within thelast twd years, The an
nual mail transportation on these routes is
about thirty six millions two hundred and
twenty "eight thousand nine hundred and
sixty two miles, hannir been increased a-
ootft ten millions three hundred and fifty
nine thousand fourhundrcd and seventy six
miles within the samo period.
bcr of post offices has also been Increased
irom ten thousand seven hundred and sev
enty to twelve thousand and ninety nine,
very low ol which receive the mails less
than once a week, and a largo portion of
them daily Contractors and post masters
in general arc lepresenled as attending to
their duties vith most commendable zeal
The revenue of the Department, within
the year ending on the thirtieth Juno last,
was four millions one hundred and thirty
seven thousand and fifty-six dollars and
fifty-ninO cents; and its liabilities accruing
within the samo time were three millions
ilirnn lmnflinrl nnrl ntrrlltir flinilRfinri mailt
hundred and fortyseVen dollars and seventy-
fivc ccnt3. The increase Of revcii
that of the preceding year was seven hun
dred and eight thousand one hundred and
sixty-six dollars and iorty-one cents.
For many interesting details I refer you
to the, report of the Postmaster General,
With the accompanying paper. Your par
ticular attention is liivuuu iu mu necessity
of providing a more safo and convenient
building for the accommodation of that De
I lay before Congress copies of reports
submitted in pursuance ofa call made by
me upon the heads of Departments, for
such suggestions as their experience might
cnamo tnem 10 maKo as 10 wnai lunner 10-
gislativc provisions may bo advantageously
adopted to secure the faithful application of
public moneys to the objects lor winch they
are appropriated; to prevent their misappll-
canon or cmuezziomeni oy inoso cnirusien
wan tno expenunure 01 mem; anu general
ly to increase the security of the Govern
ment against losses in their disbursement
It Is heedless to dilato on the Importance of
- i. r 1
'iuhumk outii uuiv suicunuius . uic wnun
the power of legislation to promote these
ends: and -I have little to add to the rccotn
mendations submitted m the accompanying
By law, the terms of service of bur most
important collecting and disbursing officers
in the civil departments are limited to four
years, and when reappointed, their bonus
are required lo be renewed.
The' safety Of lite public is much increa
sed by this feature of the law, and there can
bo no doubt that its application to all offi
cers entrusted with the collection or dis-
bursment of the public money whatever
may be tho tenure of their offices, would
bo equally beneficial. I therefore recom
mend, in addition to such ot the suggestions
presented by the heads of Departments as
ybu may think useful, a general provision,
that all officers of tho Army or Navy, or in
the Civil Dcbartment, entrusted with the
receipt or payment of public money, and
whose term of service is cither unlimited
or for a longer time than four years, bo re
'quired lo give bonds, with good and sufii
cient sureties, at tho expiration ot every
A chhnge in the period of terminating tho
fiscal year, from tho first of October to tho
first of April, has been frequently recom
mended, and appears to be desirable.
The distressing casualties in steamboats
which have as frequently happened during
the year, seem to evince the necessity ot at
tempting to prevent them, by means of se
vere provisions connected with their custom
house papers, t his object was submitted
to the attention ot Congress bv the becreta
ry of tho Treasury in his last anual report,
and will be again at Uic present session,
with rddilional details. It will doubtless
receive that early and careful consideration
which its pressing importance appears to
Your attention has heietoforo been frequent
ly called to the affairs of the District of Co
lutnbmi and 1 should not again asic it, uiu
not their entire dependence on Congress
give them a constant claim upon its notice
Separated by the Constitution lrom tho rest
of the Union, limited m extent, and aided
by no Legislature of its own, it would
seem to be a spot where a wise and uniform
system ol local government might havo
hcen easily adopted, i his uisinct, now
over, unfortunately, has been left to linger
behind tho rest ol the Union; us codes
civil and criminal, arc not only very defee
live, but full of obsolete or inconvenient
provisions; being formed of portions of tw
States, discrepancies in tho laws prevail in
different parts ofthc territory, small as it
is; & although it was selected as the seatol
tho General Government) the silo ol Us nub
" lie edifices, tho depository of its archives
xSi tho residence of ofliccra entrusted with
largo amounts of public property, &thc
management oi puuuu uuswuss, yui u nas
never been subjected to, or received that
special and comprehensive legislation which
theso circumstances ppcuiany uomanu. i
am well aware of tho various subjects of
greater magnitude and immediate interest
that press themselves on the consideration
of Cotigressj but I believe thore is not one
that appeals more directly to its justico
than a liberal, anil even gonorousi attention
to tho Distilot of Columbia, andn thorough
and careful revision of its local government,
M. VAN DUREN,
Washington Dec. Cth, 183?,
OFFICE OF THE DEMOCRAT,
PCnxr noon to Rotjison's Stage OrncEi
The COLUMBIA DEMOCRJH will oe
published every Saturday morning, an
Tlf'0 1)0 L LARS per annum, payable
hnir lienrlu in advance. OT J 100 Dollars
Pt'flii . ifnnt naid within the year.
No subscription will be taken for a shorter
period than sixvionths; nor am discon-
Sancc permitted, until all arrearages
square will be conspicuously inserted at
One Dollar for the first three insertions,
and Twenty-five cents for every subsc.
quoit nserlion. CpA liberal discount
made lo those who advertise by the year.
LETTERS addressed on business, must
bt post paid.
StfORE GOODS AT COST!
ptTlIE Bubscribcr is going lo remove to tho West
El on the first of Januarv next, and would re
spectfully inform tho public that ho js now (telling
oil his stock of Merchandize, conisisung oi
Dry Goods, Hardware,
At cost, for cash or country Produce, or Lumber
Cattawissa, Oct. 14, 1837.
LL persons indebted to tho subscriber are so
licited to call and settle immediately, other
wise their accounts will be placed in the hands of
magistrate for collection.
Cattawissa, Oct. 14, 1837.
FHE subscriber would respectfully inform the
public, that ho has taken llio storo recently
occupied by Jur. McDowell, in Urnngcwlle, and is
now bpening and receiving from New York anil
rinhulciplua, a splendid assortment ol all Kinds o
which he will dispose of at the most reduced prices
for cash or country produce. 1 lie pulilic arc invi
ted to call and examine jor themselves.
Orangevillc, Oct. 7, 1837
JOHN S. INGRAM,
f fTJENDERS his professional services to the citi-
M zens ot Uolumbia county. 11c will leel grate
ful for business cntrustod to his earn. Office in the
samo building with the 'Columbia 'Democrat?
Bloomsburg, May, 1837.
UR CAPS, just received, and for salo at tho
now & cheap storo of
J. T. Musselman, $ Co.
TON OF A SUPERIOR QUALITY
just received, and for sal'o at the new
and cheap storo of J. T. MUbbLL.MAIS, & Uo.
Oct. 28, 1837i
jpiAMLET, for Cloaks, for sale very cheap at
the new cc encap store of
,. J. Musselman, $ Co.
Sept. 30, 1837
pO)ETERSHAM and Bearskin cloths, for Ovcr-
coats, juui rcceivcu uiui lor suic oy
Ji T Musselman, Co.
Sept. 30, 1837;
LANICEl Shawls, and Ladies' Capes and
Tippets, just opened at the new &. cheap
J. T. Musselman, Co.
Sept. 30, 1837.
N assortment of HARDWARE, just opened
and lor sale at Uic new cc cheap store of
.7. T Musselman, $ Co.
Sept 30, 1837.
TT ADIES' FUR CAPES, just received, and for
ti J sulo at tlio new cc clicap store of
. T. Musselman, Sf Co.
Oct. 11, 1837.
LEIGH WHIPS & BELLS, just received, and
tor sale at the new ix cheap ctore of
7'. Musselman, Co.
Oct. 14, 1837.
LOTUS, Cdsslmcrcs, nnd Sattinctts, of every
colour and quality, just received at our new
and clicap ttorc, and now oflercd for sale at City
J. J . Musselman, Co.
Dec. 9, 1837.
ADIES' Gum Fur Top Shoes, and superior
Men's do. of tho best quality, just received t
for sale at tnc new anu cheap store of
J. T. Musselman, Co.
Dec. 9, 1837.
ERINOS, Calicoes, Muslins, and Flehnols,
oi all descriptions, and at remarkably low
prices, just received and for sale at tho new and
cheap store of
J, T. Musselman, Co.
Dec. 0, 1837.
very extensive assortment of Cedar AVaro just
rccciveu. anu lor saic at tno new store ol
J. T. MUSSELMAN, & Co.
Bloomsburg, August 30,1837,
UEENSWARE, of every variety offiuil
anu pneo, jusi receiveu cc lor sale liy
. 'A Musselman. & Co.
Kept. 30, 1837,
TS'SSriNE, Brandy, Gin, Cordial, Ac. iust re-
V V ceived, and reddy for delivery to customers
ai very reuuecu prices, uy
J. T, Musselman, Co.
Sept. 30, 1837.
Orphan' Court Sale.
X pursuance of an order of tho Orphan's Court
nf Onhiifilitn countv. will bo cxnoncd to salff, hy
pUbltC VClimio ijromcry, on mommy, uic jam y
oj January next, me loucwmg
pcny.w... V"' ,
.;,,,,,! itmlnwrnliinnf Madison. Columbia coun-
v. bounded liv lands of William lihtun, Esq. John
Heller, John Mllhcim, and others, containing about
EIghty-i;'our Acre, about tno-tMrd of which
cleared land, and on which are erected a
iAND A KAXIv iSAIiN,
a LOG STABLE, a SlMJING.HOUSE.and olhcr
out-buildiugs. A good spring of water is conve
nient to the dwelling, and on the premises is an ex
cellent PEACH & APPLE
containing n choice selection of fruit. 1 he lanu ii
watered with numerous prings, and about FIVE
AUKUH of winch u good niciUow ground.
(rVrho salo will commence at 10 o'clock of said
day, on tho premises, when due nttendanco will bo
given, anu terms of sale made known, by
WILLIAM GIRTON, Adm'r.
December 9, 1837.
general supply of FRESH OYSTER8 may
always bo obtained during the pcrsm. by ap-
plyingat the Refectory ol the subscriber in Blooms
burg. JUHK If. JIUiUK,
December 2, 1837.
,F the most durable materials, and finished in a
' superior and fathionablo style, at from
to S!l each, just received and for sale at the store
ofr C. B. FISHER
Bloomsburg, December 2, 1837.
The Estate of ADAM WELLIVER,
late of Madison 'Township, Columbia
"T&vTOTIOE is hereby given, that Letters of Ad-
Jj ministration havo been granted to the sub
scribers on said estate. Therefore all persons hav
ing claims against said estate, aro requested to pre
sent them, and thoso indebted arc requested to make
November 17, 1837. Administrators
The Estate of JOHN KITCHEN, late
of Madison township, Columbia coun
"OTICE is heeby given, that Letters Testa
melitory have been crantcd to llio subscri
bers on the estate of said deceased. Therefore al
persons having claims against said eelate are re
quested to prrsent tlu in, nnd those indebted arc to-
quci-ted to make immediate payment.
Nuncy Kitchen, Executrix,
Richard Dcmolt, Executor.
November 17, 1837.
VERY respectfully informs his friends and the
public, that he has always on hand, at hh Li
very oiauio in Uloomsburg, for tho purposes of Hire
v. uAuiiuuge, u variety oi
GIGS, WAGGONS AND SLEIGHS,
which he will feel gratified to keep in readiucss for
tno accommodation ot customers.
Personal application can be made at bis residence.
when every means will be utedto render entire sat
isfaction to those who may give him a rail.
Bloomsburg, November 4, 1837."
INSURANCE AGAINST FIRE.
THE DELAWARE COUNTY
Capital authorised by Law, 6250,000.
jnnHE public arc rospcctfully informed, that this
H Company will make insurance, cither ncr-
inancnt or limited, on property and effects of every
description, against los.s or damage by fire, on tho
reasonable terms, at llieir ollico in Chester,
Delaware county, Pennsylvania.
I bo citizens of Columbia county are hereby in-
lorrned, that insurances by tho abovo Company of
every description of property, can bo efl'cctcd by
applying to tho undersigned agent. In Cattawiesa
llio following aro tho annual Rates oflnaiuniiee
on the $100, upon tho most Common description
of propci ty, viz: f
atwie or Jsrick dwelling
Frame or Log do. 00 to 75
Brick or Stone barns, 50o02i "
J'rame or Log dot
Brick or Stone Grist
75o 100 '
02i to 100"
75 to 100
.Merchandize and furniture contained in houser.
unci gram ana uicntiisin mills and barns, in pro,
portion. Information con bo had by applying el
llier personally, or by letter post paid, to
umia a. IIAVHUllST, Agtnti
Cattawissa, September 30, 1837.
AR IRON, Just received, and for sale at the
new & clicap storo of
J. T. Musselman, 4' Co.
Nyeiubr A, 1887.
Ma n limy
?a&sdsa EXCHANGE. k?a
New & Cheap Goods,
Al I 111
liUPEXIT & BARTON,
(Successors to 12. II. lllggs,)
RESPECTFULLY announce to thoir
friends and tho public, that they have pur
chased from E. II. Biggs his interest in tlie
storo formerly kept by him, and that they
have just received an extensive and splen
did assortment ol
Pall & Winter Goods,
which they are now opening for tho exa
mination and accommodation of Customers',
at the New Store House, just constructed
by Mr. Riggs, and opposite to Mr. Robi-
sons stage ollicc. i lieir assortment is not
only very extensive, but carefully selected
to answer the demands ol llio neighbour
hood; and although they wish not to adver
tise their prices, yet they feel confident that
they have better goods, and will sell chea
per than any store in Bloomsburg.
J Heir new stock lias been purchased at
the manufacturers' establishments, at the
very lowest prices, and consists of
Jllttc, Dlaclc, Brown, Invisible Gr,een, and
Fancy coloured Cloths, Cassimeret
ana Satlinells ; Silks, Merinos,
Ginghams, and Calicoes ;
Linnens and Muslins ;
In fine, they have every thing which no
ccssity or fancy may desire from a yard of
tape to tho finest article in Dry Goods, and
from a needle to a stovo in Hardware.
Their stock of
QUEENS WARE :
Groceries & Liquors.
Oils, Salt and Fish, Hollow-ware,
is more extensive and better selected than
the samo articles in any of the neigh
Those who wish new, cheap, and good
articles of Merchandize, should call at the
"Bloomsburg Arcade" cither before br af
ter cxaming elsewhere, and make their pur
chases. All kinds of Country Produco taken in
payment at the highest nfarket prices.
Bloomsburg, Nov. 18, 1837.
dtfiF a BUPcrior quality, just received nnd for salo
ViJ? by tho subscriber. 0. B. FISHER.
Bloomsburg, Ang. 0, 1837.
Salt ! Salt I
6I& 1TBARRELS of Lake Salt, and a large
JiZiJ? BlD quantity of Ground Alum Salt, just
received, and for salo at tho cheap store of
J. T Musselman, 8f Co.
Nov. 11, 1837.
"ITL'ST received' and for sale at the store of th
CJiJ subscriber, splendid obsortment of WOOD
8T0 riiS', both I'lain and with Boilers. Also an
vssortmcnt of round and squaro Coal Sloven of 9
Bloomihurg, Sept. 30, 1837.
D Pieces of Assorted Merinos, doubU wedtW
(i and an assortment of lilaelc Merinos, of ovt'
rv superior quality, iust onen'ed and for sale at the
New nnd Cheap Storo of the subscribers in Bloom
LUrg; J. T, ll-SSJiI.M AN, &
October 31, 1837
ILL bo paid, but no adi.y
al charges, for the annrelic'1
sion and delivery of Irani" Hunter, on approMiH
to llio J ailonng business, who absquatulated tm
my employment on Sunday morhlng last. 8H
boy is about 10 years of age, fair complexion, d1
uair, ami nau on a uarK brown new coat anu y'f
taloons. A 11 persons aro cautioned against harbor
nig or trusting saw uoy at their peril.
Bleomsburtf, Dec. 8, 1837,
Dushelsof Flax-Seed wanted, Mi
the highest prlco paid, by
J, T. Musselman, $ Co,