The Columbia Democrat. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1837-1850, September 30, 1837, Image 1

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    "I liavo sworn upon tbo Altar of Cod, eternal hostility to every form of Tyranny over tlie Blind of 3Iai..-
-Thomas Jefferson,
''For the Columbia Dcmncraf.
nHuo summer of tho year 1828 1 was
l!jFf . pIirly "I0)' ,0 oxploro the
mminona region between tlic Susquc
JnSljiayinJ Schuylkill, and the fornicr and
jEejiigh. At that time there was a few
JsMtjcrcil hoVels in the wilds, and a few
pupucjiiiouse3 aiong tnc uiiiorent ieadhiT
ijyl b"t ncverthelcs3rllic appearance of
p'w:'"trY Jcll0,C(1 tli"'!r lHic the hustle
ipljdnisincss. There was then one solitary
javcrn'Avhcre the pleasant village of Beaver
flMag6ws now offers to the weary travel
ler no'only the necessaries hut the luxu
ries of life. 'J'hc sanio may be snid of
Hazleton, and perhaps still less of Tama-
and several other fine villages which
lliming up, sb by magic, under the in
SJtof tna' nil-moving-hand, internal
v$$g1Cnl' 1 was wo!l,lScr-bound then,
(wi) in the neighbourhood of Ucavcr
ICadows. I sat down, sad and diseonsn
l'lc wno'c w'lds of tho mountains
befpronnc. I saw the ravines, the streams,
aylio' swamps, skirled with laurel and
othorFnaruv ever-creens. woven tocmtlior
whnwvincs anil rrreen hnVrsi. till iln r-,.
eentcd la"-barrier formidable to the traveller:
tnoBmojintains were heaving up their pine
cltuHJspjrcs, with aspect as wild as in the
l'lc'r sl'jcction to aboriginal gov
fcrnmet; untrodden by the fdot of civilized
IsIP11 travcrsinS 1'1C wilderness I found
bcwauinally a narrow path, which my
lgutuof!yould say "leads somewhere," but
wliiclf-nppcarcd more like the footway of
thj!tavny savage or the beast oT pnjjy,
Jjanlikthat cf civilized men in llicme- Tho yi
tcentli' century.
I'was exploring with a view to Railroad
or Canal communication, but upon rcvolv
ing?the subject in my mind during a gloomy
Uayf I'could scarcely persuade myself that
thcwhole project was not visionary. The
trackless- space, the rugged hills, the tang
letHjforcst, all conspired to defy human en
terprise, and I faultcred in uncertainty at
fevciy new difficulty.
. But how di(l"rdnt is the scone now!
Thorail-road from '1'amaqua to Port-Clinton
In comploto operation, and its extension to
Cattawissa under contract so that the whole
linorc'scnts a bustle in complete contrast
withitsjprinicval solitude. - The Ilazlclon
rpadSumler contract, with a force which
uispohylespondcncy; and the coal mines in
operation to such extent as to convince the
most J credulous of their wealth and the
practicability of making thatstorc available.
'pleasant hamlet at tho mines enlivens
tnqrnrosppct with a glance at domestic
com(or.whilo the moro magnificent edifi
ces at.tlic village proper, carries the visitor,
ixi imagination, to the portals of ancient
Grcccfaand, in realitt, furnishes every ac
commodation that an epicure need demand.
yAt the Beaver Meadow mines is another
hamlet larger than the former, because the
-minesjarc worked to a much greater extent;
jhnd tlinqrillagc proper contains a numerous
ipojmlatfpn of mechanics and operatives,
yhoJfiUithc streets with all tho bustle inci
ucnt (oaclivo life in the most populous dis
tricts. ,1 lie sound ol tools ami maclimcrv,
liihclattcr of bells and drums, and the con-
fiwibn of many voices, dispel the gloom of
iouniam rcsiucuce ami lorm nsiriuiug cuu-
fist to the loneliness of 1828. Tho loco
Jivccm the rail-road, witli his train of
uihjyjloadcd cars, grim in aspect, pushing
mrVjaas with tho cloments of an earth
quakedefying all opposition, finishes
9 picture, and proclaims at onco that with
the aid dgtheso elements, and the light of
science, man is invincible. The mighty
barrier and the fleet invador, the fluid aning
i onjst and tho ad? mantino opposition, all fall
oefaro tho force of coirfmiugled oleinonls, or
KyjeW thoir powers and qualitios to aid the
i mighty, operation.
Thus the cities on tho seaboard, and the
hamlet in the interior, hrrome near neigh-
UOdrs, ond find t'.Kir mutural comlort and
COrtVeWimino nmrn tntinvifplv nnnnpelp.l nniU
ilepenilenl on each other. By exchange of
product each becomes possessed of all the
comforts .or the whole. This exchange
cannot take place without the aid of science
and industry, and hence much of the hap
piness of life depends on them for its source
and continuance.
Now if we could raise an imagination to
form a picture of the countiy fifty years
hence, on the plan of progressive improve
ment now commenced, and on the ratio
of the last ten years, what would it prc-
cnt? It is indescribable, beyond calcula
tion, and lost in infinitude!- Then who
shall legislate for such a people? Who
sh..ll form laws, now adapted to their state
then? Mountains will be cities barrens
will be vineyards forests will be farms
vacuum will cease to be, void: There will
be villages of note under ground, and the
mail from them looked for on the sutfare,
with as much anxiety then as a "Washing
ton paper" now during the session of Con
gress. In all probability Pennsylvania will
be a silk glowing and sugar making state.
W ere I a poet, I would sing the wonders
of the wilderness, but as I am not, 1 will j
only add a rhyme, on the subject.
Yc van rough mountains, nature's wild domain;
Till lato tlio subject of Iho forest's reign
Ourn'U liy weak man as useless and a blot,
On tlio fair mapof freedom's favorite (.pot:
Your base contains the clement of wealth;
our waters brace the nerves of fading health;
Your forests form the edifice of pride,
And bear our commerce o'er tho lietft ins tide.
Let Art and Science use your ample store,
And embryo cities on yoitr stiiiuniu soar; '
l.cttcaming commerce call you to her aid,
Turn out vour snoiUfor u',o in every trade:
Coal, nartit, stone, timber, every hidden wealth,
With heriw ami plants, conducive to our health
Ton thoosnnd treasures from the hills mv come,
To graco tho city or improe ycnirjiome. -
cllow harvest waiving as a tide
riiomotlcv drove of ruminating kinc,
The flock of sheep, and grunting group of swine
These, and all cle, the tanners source ot gam,
liaised and mjjured upon the smiling plain,
Find ready market and a brisk demand,
Whcrocoul, not grain, tho product isof land.
The pleasant parlor, warmed ith anthracite,
(The place ofcomfort and serene delight )
Speaks loud in prafco of mountain region coal,
Shows nature's parts form one stupendous whole.
All shows that nature wrought a perfect plan,
To serve and comfort her lest creature, in!in:
Yet sho so wrought, a left his powers of mind,
Her means to conquer and their use to Imd.
September 23, 1JS37.
IIomk. What is home? A magic word
a sound that falls upon the car like the
strain of a lute, as it is home out on the
still evening air. What is honio? Ask the
mariner, as lie rocks upon the tossed deep.-
Ilia time-worn brow softens his bosom
heaves with the rush of youthful thoughts,
as he points to the dim line where the sea
and clouds blend together, and tells you,
'7'(frf.'' and that by the roaring reef it
in tho howling storm, he bethinks him ol
homo beloved spot, which lies not on the
welcome lee and sighs. Ask the classic
youth who, just free from his JJlmu Mater,
roams over the wide-spreading prairie, or
climbs the blue mountains of the west,
overlooking far-reaching vales, nndoxhaust
ing horizon, encircling hill and lake, and
upland-slope, and winding river ask him
if he thinks of home, and he will tell you
that each returning evening speaks of it.
and that as ho turns his eye to tho cloud
that is tinged by the farewell rays of tho
departed sun, hangs fir in tho- east, and
scums In imagination to sleep over tho
nlano of his birth he is in an instant thoie.
O sacred, breathing thought! The soul i
lost in sea of memory! Dwelling, grove,
and solemn forest arc animated. Scone
after scene, association after association,
come rushing quick upon tho mind, and in
n momont his past lifq comes back upon
him. Jl'io forgets the parent's last look
the pnrling kiss tho loved one's tear!
Tlio splondid mansion or lowly cottage
ferlile plain or barren rock all aro hallow
oil, as wo look buck upon them though the
vista of time that the village church is
crumbling tho walls of tho pntomal
dwelling sinking to ruin 'and around
them iho woodbino is climbing yet mere,
and where even the wild grass wavo over
tlio frrato oi our nm--, mwi .... .
there WC bc-'ail tO llVC WB lOVClMO llllJCr.
Wo have rarely seen the contactor of
the Creator of the universe,, jg a Father,
described in more glowing colijfs than the
annexed extract. Aside from the sacred
naluro of the subject, the language and im
agery employed arc truly sublime.
"There is one distinctive feature which
gives to the religion of the gofpel a glori
ous pre-eminence over every other system
ever devised by human ingenuitj or addres
sed 10 tinman uelicl. And this were of
itself sufficient to prove the divinity ofits
origin, and secure for it the cordial assent
and obedience of cvory child oC Adam. It
is the paternal character of Him whoso spir
it breathed inspiration into tho snored vol
ume, and stamped it with Hie sglI of infalli
bility. The gods of the heatlron delight in
human sacrifices the smell of li blood is
as grateful inceuse to them. Thu sword,
(lie fire-brand, the warhorsc aro sacred to
them, and the man of many scalps is great
in their regard. The Roman i religions
worshipped their bloodly eagle ho eagle
was the emblem of Jupilcr. J At Cor-
iiin mere was a huge brazen statue of Sat
urn, in whose cxtclidcJ arms ! children
were accustomed to bo thrown, frosi whence
they fell at length into a chaldron jof liquid
lire beneath. On one occasion 00 chil
dren of the first families at Corlkth were
thus sacrificed to appease the aiifpr of the
cruel god. ;
With what satisfaction and delht does
le christian turn away from this fnournful
picture to contemplate the charaCSfr of his
God. Here is no sanguinary altar no
instrument of torture no trcmbliiif victim.
fh.'re -sir iiu, - j. ,'nc enVC
branch bf peace the bright bow of promise
spans the heavens from the emerald throne
there comes a voice sweeter and clearer
than the melody of an yEolian harp, say
ing, 'There needeth now no more sacrifice
for sin, for a Lamb without spot was found,
and he bowed his head beneath the stroke.'
Here are no hidden images no foolish
charms no juggling priesthood. The eye
iff faith needs no visible representative of
the Immortal and Eternal. Its keen glance
penetrates the veil darts into the 'holy of
holies,' and sparkles with joy as it beholds
the Great Whim Throne and Ilim who sits
thereon. 'Our Father in Heaven' every
christian knows tho meaning of it it is full
of meaning, and its meaning is full of joy.
Ai down in tho sunloss retreats of the ocean,
Sweet flowers arc ppringing no mortal can sco,
So deep in my heart the btill prayer of devotion
Unheard by tho world rises silently.
As still to the star ofits worship though clouded,
The needle points faithfully o'er tho dim soa
So dark a3 I roan through this wintry world shrou.
Tho hope of my spirit turns trembling to Thee.
From Lord Bacon's Essays.
Nature is often hidden, sometimes over
come, seldom extinguished. Force niakcth
nature irioro violent in the return; doctrine
and discourse maketli nature less impor
tune; but custom only doth niter arid sub
due nature. He that sceketh victory over
his nature, let him not set himself too great
nor loo small tasks; for the first will make
him dejected by often failing, and the second
will make him a small procccdcr, though
by ofton prevailing: anil at tho first, lot him
practice with helps, as swimmers do with
bladders, or rushes; but, after a time, Ict
him practice with disadvantages, as dancers
do with thick shoes; for it needs, great
perfection if the practice bo harder than tjic
use. Wh.orc naturo is mighty, and there
fore the victory hard, the degreos had need
bo, first to stay nndarrost naturo in time;
like to him that would say over the four
and twenty lettors when ho was angry;
thon go less in quantity: as if one should, in
forboaring wine, come from drinking healths
to a draught at a meal; and lastly, to discon
tinue althogoiher: but if a man have tho for
titude and resolution to enfranchise him at
once, that is tho best:
'Optimusillo animl vindei laidcutia pcctui
iiicula qui nipit.dedoluiuiuo wrnel."
Neither is tho ailcient rule amiss, to bend
nnturo as a wand, to a contrary exlrcmo,
whereby to set it right; understanding it
where the1 contrary extreme is no vice.
Let not a man force a habit upon himself
with a perpetual continuance, but with
some intermission; for both the pause rein
forccth tho new onset'; and, if a man that is
not perfect be ever in practice, he shall as
well practice his errors as his abilities, and
induce one habit of both; and there is no
means to help this but by seasonable inter
mission: but let not a matt trust his victory
over his nature loo farj for nature will lie
buried a great time, and yet revive upon
tho occasion, or temptation; like as it was
with Esop's damsel, turned from a cat to
a woman, who sat very demurely at the
board's end till a mouso tan before her:
therefore, let a irian cither avoid t!-c occa
sion altogether, or put himself often toil,
that he may be little moved with it A
man's nature is best perceived in privatc
ness; for there is no affection in passion;
for tiiat putteth a man out of his precepts
and in a new case or experiment, for there
custom leaveth him. They are happy men
whose natures sort with their vocations;
otherwise they may say, 'mulium incola
fruit anima mea,' when they converse in
those things they do not affect. In studies,
whatsoever a man commandeth upon him
self, let him set hours for it; but whatsovcr
ujjujuuuiu iu ms naiurc, ict mm take no
care for any set times; for his thoughts
will Ily to it ot themselves, so as the spaces
of other business or studies will suffice. A
man's nature runs either to herbs or weeds;
awl destroy life oilm- " 'i'
scexh ik a school itoosr.
Master. "Fuss class'n jografce!"
Scholars. "Veth'm."
Master. "Tummas, What's the
gest liver in Ameriky?"
"The Tombigbce, zur ; Ike keeps a pin
chie' on me!"
"He pinch't me first zur, and I pinch't
him back again."
"Take ycr scats; fuss class in parsin!
Moses, parse 'Arkansas' sixth line from
"A-r-k-ark, a-n-s ans, Aarkans a-s-s ass,
"Pronounce it Arkansaw; but Moses
you ainl spellin' ycr parsin child."
f'O, ycth'cr! Ilarkhandsaw is a noun,
objective case, indicitv mode, comparitivc
degree, third person and nominativ case to
scizzars." "You hav'ntsaid what gender,
'.'Fcminnine gender."
"Corzitz '
"Next." ,
"Corzitz a shemalc."
"Forgotlon, zim"
"Come David, you know."
"Whcll, why is Arkansas of the femin
ine gender, David?"
"Corzitz why cozits its got Miss Sou
ry on tho norf, Louisa Anna on the sottf,
Mrs. Sippy on the cast, ami .ever so many
more she females on tho west."
"Very well, David, you may go to the
head; you're a rising genious, and'll make
a man before ycr mother.
Como friend,' said a creditor to his
debtor, 'I want that money.'
'I hav.en't got it.'
'But I must hnvo it now.'
Well if you get it before I do, just let
mo know, will you?'
This is a good one, showing heat on one
sido and coolness on tho other.
AUniUAnr. ExTiuonniNAiir, Married at Sun
Jerry. Mass., on tho lOth of August, by tho Roy,
Mr. Cranicrry, Mr. Nehemiah Blackiwy to
Miss Catharino Eldcrierry of Daniury. Wo hope
tht uooondanU will uot piot to bo aoottterriu.
IVunihcr 28.
W'o believe that the existence of such
legal provisions as are contained in the
following- article is not generally thought
of but they should nevertheless be rigid
ly enforced. There arc frequent instances
of 'able bodied men,' and aliens, hawking
and peddling goods among tho people, in
outrage of the law. The matter should be
looked to We have our resident mer
chants among us, who pay heavy taxes to
the support of government and contribute
their share to all the benevolent projects
of society and it is the height of injustice
to allow strolling pedlars, who are frequent
ly men of infamous character, to supplant
them in the ways of business.
Act of 28th March 1791, 4 Dallas, p.372; 3
Smith, p. 379. Purdons Digest, 5 edition
p. 799. A supplimcnt to ".In act to reg
ulate Hauliers and Pedlars."
Sect. 1. No person shall be licensed as
a hawker, pedlar, or petty chapman with
in this State, but such only as is a citizen
of the United States, and who from age,
loss of limb, or other bodily imfirmity,
shall be disabled from procuring a livele
hood by labor, which disability shall be
proven by certificates from one or more
physicians of respectable character.
Sect, 2. If any pcrso not being licen
sed as aforesaid, (except' such whose li
cense may not be expired, shall be found
hawking, pedling, travelling from place to
place through any pail of the State, to sell,
or expose for sale, any foreign goods,
wares, or merchandize'; every person so
offending against this act, shall be liable to
a fine of Firry dollars, or if any person
hjyinga license shall IcimI, orotherwhjs dis-
the person so lending, and the person so
receiving the same, shall be liable to a fine
of fifty dollars, respectively, which fine
shall be recovered and applied as by the
act to whicluhis is a supplement, is direc
ted and provided.
Sect. 3. No person licensed for the
purpose aforesaid, shall be permitted to
sell, vend or expose for sale any foreign
goods, wares or merchandize, in any pri
vate or public house, or in any of the open
streets, lanes or alleys, or in any other
part or place of the city of Philadelphia,
the district of Southwaik, or the townships
of tho Nothcrn Liberties, Moyamensing or
Passyunk, or any of the corporate or coun
ty towns of this Slate, under the penally of
FIFTY DOLLARS to be recovered and
applied as before mentioned.
Sect. 4. So much of tho act to which
this is a supplement as is hereby altered or
amended, is hereby repealed.
SncT. M. Sergeant & Rawles, reports
398, a Hawker and Pedlar who goes from,
house to house, or an unincorportcd county
town offering for sale goods prohibited by
the act of the 28th March 179D, and sells
anyone article, even of trifling value, incurs
the penally of fifty dollars imposed by that
The New Orleans Bco of the Oth instant expres'cs
its regret at the tnal-opportuno arrival of a largo nura
borof emigrants from tho north, and from Europe,
at a moment when tlicy are almost sure to plungo in
to a prcmaluro grave, from tho pestilenco which is
raging. Predisposed always by their northern con
stitutions to fevers of hot latitudes, they aro doubly
so when the atmosphere is maniibetly charged with
an epidemic poison. Thonunlbcr of arrivals within
tho few days picccding tho Oth, were.
My the Caroline, from Havre, 101
" Eliza, from New York, 80
" stoamboat Alton from St. Louis, 0
" llayou Sara, 10
Two hundred deaths occurred at New Orleans on
tho 9th, 10th and Uthinsts.
to TiEMovr. ixKsroTs. Tho Wheeling Times
says that tho tomato will remove stains of ink, and
what is commonly called iron rust from linen.
A Plaoue or Flies. An insect called the allise
bleue has committed such ravages in some of tho
vineyards of both Franco and Spain, that in the
churches of Malaga it has been prayod against-
Wo liavo seen somo excellent toasts which were
given on tlio last anniversary, but wo beiiovo tho
following conveys the most liberal, generous, and
patriotic sentiment that wo havo yet soen, by D. L.
"Tno ships of our navy,
. Tho Ladies of our land;
May tho former be well rigged,
And the latter be well mann'd."
Commerce is completely stagnant in Egypt
Largo remittances in 6pccio have been made tluthor
from Marseilles and Leghorn. The Pacha has
00,000 bales of cotton, but will not fell frr I tht
10 1-8 dollars.