The Columbia Democrat. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1837-1850, September 02, 1837, Image 1
W THE CIIMMBIA MMOCM I liavo sworn upon the Altar of Cod, eternal hostility to every form of Tyranny over the Mlnil of Man." Thomas Jefferson. PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY J01IN S. INGRAM. m to Inm'c I. iti BIOGRAPHY. ' From tho Boston Atlas. 'GEN. RICHARD MONTGOMERY. Richard Montgomery was born in Ire land, in the year 1737, and was a member ofamost respectable family in the north part of that couniry. They arc not of "the titled nobility, but arc of such a standing "asrcspects property and character, that athey4 associate with the lushest in the land. - This was the standing of tho family when Richard was born, and such it continues to "to to the present day. tYrV$775, when troops were raised for ' the Continental service in these (then) Col onics, Mr. Montgomery was found residing on tho banks of the North River, in the State of New York. He had previously b6en in the British service, and been on tluty'with his regiment in this country, and had, in soldiers' phrase, seen a great deal of service.' His career from the first (and he held a commission at the ago of eighteen) waSjiriarkcd with intrepidity and rcmarka blecouragc, so much so, that he was a uni versal5 favorite with his fellow soldiers, i"rorn?the highest to the lowest. Notwith standing which, he resigned his commission whemhc returned with his regiment to Eng land. Soon after this event, which was proba bly only preparatory to the next step, he returned to this country, and, being a sol dier by profession, determined, if he fol lowed his profession, that his talents should -bo, used in the cause 'of liberty rather than Uiatof tyranny. vilh 1775, it has been stated, found him Residing in tho State of New York, and the Bame year found him in possession of a commission of Brigadier Gcntiral in the Colonial army. The post assigned him Was under General Schuyler, who then had "chief command of the northern army, bo called, and whoso position Was on or near the Canadian lines. He was not long idle aftcrjoining the army, and his numer ous engagements with the enemy were only a series of victories, until he finally captu red and took possession of tho important Fort.ofSt. Jolin and city of Montreal; Whilst these operations were going on, "Washington was encamped with the main tirmy in this vicinity, in Cambridge, and then and there projected the expedition Which set out under the command of Colo nel Arnold, and crossed the wilderness from the Kennebec river to the Canada lines. The intention oT General Washington was, that'thts detachment should join and co operate with the northern army under Schuyler, and that when united they would 'attack and capture tho fortress of Quebec. After Arnold had been some weeks on his march, 'and when he was in tho depths ot the wilderness, news came to Washington that Schuyler was sick, and was utterly , Unable to lead the army to the intended at- tack on Quebec. This was sad news to Washington, for two reasons; first, he was losing tho services of an officer in whom he had great confidence; and next, tho gentle ! rnan whoin he believed to be second in com mand, and who would of course . take Schuyler's place, was one in whom ho had Iittlo confidence for the execution of such an enterprise as was then in hand. He be i lieved fiio command devolved on General ) Wooster" and under this impression wrote to Schuyler (who was then sick) as follows: 't "General Wooster, I am informed, is not It of such activity as to press" through difil 'culties with which that service is environ eJ am therefore much alarmed for Ar , hold, whoso expedition was built upon j, yours, nand who will inevitably perish if the iriVasion and entry into Canada aro a trbandoneUby your successor.'1 Thesefears, however, were not needed, the fact being, though then unknown to Washington, that Montgomery stood one 0 flegrco higher than Woostor, consequently, he took the command, and Woostor, under took a portion of the army. AftCr this, when Washington was in formed .that Montgomery was entitled to (jrndiad assumed tho command, his joy was BliOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA unbounded. He knew Montgomery character for enterprise, perscvcrcnce and bravery, and consequently felt once more full confidence in the success of the expedi tion, th writing again to Schuyler, he requested him 'to convoy his best wishes and regards to General Montgomery.' The result of this hold attempt on a for tress which is one of the two strongest in the World, is known to every reader of A merican history. Montgomery fell in the actual possession of victory, but his fall created such a paViic and consternation a mongst his followers, that defeat followed almost instantly. To show the political sagacity, as well as the bravery of Montgomery, one fact may be ndticcd. Whilst he was pushing his conquests along the Canada lines, Con gress saw the advantages that would be gained, if the Canadians could be brought over to take part with these colonics, and appointed a committee to proceed to the Northern Army and there confer with and assist General Sehuyler. In tho instruc tions to this committee arc these words: "Congress desires you to exert your utmost endeavors to induce the Canadians to ac cede to a union with these Colonics, and that they form from their several parishes a provincial convention, and send delegates to this Congress. "This was done in the wisdom of Congress, arid all the formality of a travelling Committee had to be used to lay the invitations before the Canadians. But, what was Montgomery doing all this time? He had done, single handed, and by the volition of his own will, the very thihg which Congress had voted to do. When he took possession of Montreal on the 12th of November, ho issued a procla mation or address to tho Canadians, in which he gives the same invitation that the Congress committee was. instructed to give, and tho language of the twp 'documents is so similar, that it would almost appear as if they had been written by the same hand So much for the sagacity and zeal with which he devoted himself to the service of his adopted country! Montgomery's sense of honor was very acute. He was one of the most high-mind ed of men. An instance in proof will be given. When the Fort of St. John capitu lated to him, his own soldiers were riot in the most comfortable situation as respected their clothing. The British soldiers were well provided. The circumstance was rather tempting to the victorious army, par ticularly on the approach and within the reach of a Canadian winter. They thought then, as some politicians are said to have thought since, 'that the spoils belong to the victors. Uut Iwongomcry said JNo: pri vate property shall be respected. These men are our prisoners, but we will not strip them. He describes tho circumstance himself, as follows, in a letter addressed to General Schuyler at the lines and any other language than his own would do him injustice, when that ran be had access to. 'The officers of the first regiment of Yorkers ami artillery company were very near a munity the other day, because I would not stop the clothing of the garrison of St. Johns. I would not have sullied my own reputation nor disgraced the continen tal army, with such a breach ofcapitulation for the world. There was no driving it into their heads that tho clothing was real ly tho property of tho soldier. That he had paid for it, and that every regiment in this country, especially, saved a year's clothing to have decent clothes to wear on particular occasions.' To such noble conduct did his sense of honor prompt him. In thoso days it was no drawback to a brave man and a soldier, that he was an I rishman. Washington esteemed tho tal ents and services of-tho Irish Montgomery as much as he did those of tho Amorican Schuyler. An instance will bo given The insubordination of tho troops was a source of great trouble to all tho command ing officers in tho colonial service. This contempt of authority had gained such as COUNTY, PAi SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, cendancy in the northern army, that Schuyl er, and Montgomery were both driven to the determination at one time of lesigning their commissions. Washington heard of their chagrin, and wrote to Schuyler as follows: "I am very sorry to find that both you and General Montgomery incline to quit the service. Let me ask you, sir, when is the time for brave men to exert themselves in the cause of liberty and their country, if tins is not? Should any difficulties that they may have to encounter at this impor tant crisis deter them? God knows thcrj is not a difficulty that you both very justly complain of, which" I have not in an emi nent degree experienced. We must bear up against them, and make the most of mankind as they are, since we cannot have them as we wish. Let me, therefore, con jure you to lay aside such thoughts whilst the country so much needs the services of gentlemen of your abilities." One more instance will only be given, to show the esteem in which Montgomery was held by Washington. After he had heard of his fall in the city of Quebec, he wrote to General Schuyler a letter, from which thn following is an extract: "I am heartily sorry, and most sincere ly condole with you, upon the Vail of the brave and worthy Montgomery. In the death of this gentleman, America has sus tained a heavy loss, having proven himself a steady friend to her rights, and of ability to render her the most essential service." A EVOLUTIONARY ROMANCE. West Point was one of tho most imprcg. nable posts of the American army during the revolutionary army. Its command ing situation afforded a prospect of the country for many miles round, and its na tural delences, assisted with a little art, rendered it one of the most important fast nesses of the American army during the eigni years contest with the British na tion; and the consequences attached to it. in a military point of view, was evinced by the frequent but unsuccessful efforts of the enemy to obtain possession of it. It was here that Arnold conceived the horrid ptlrpose of bartering his country lor gold. I his conspiracy, however, which aimed a death blow at liberty in the western hemisphere, resulted, as every one knows, only m the universal contempt and ignominy of Arnold, and tho lament ed death of the unfortunate Andre. It was in tho latter part of the year 17 , the fourth year of the struggle be tween England and her colonies, that the Urilish meditated another attack on West Point, which they intended should decide tne contest. For this pnrpose, secret preparations had been going on for some time, and small parties were daily sent out to reconnoitre the American camp. About three or four days before this me morable action took place, one of these reconnoitcring parties, fatigued with the exertions of the day, and finding thf in un able to reach their place of destination before night, halted near the entrance of a wood, resolving there to take up their quarters for the night. The partv was headed by a brave officer, Col Wi . who though young, had already distin guished himself in several engagements. Being within three miles of the American camp, and of courso liable at any moment to bo surprised and taken prisoners by the Americans, or the savages who' prow led around, two of the party were obliged to act as sentinels, while the others repo sed themselves. Col. W , not being inclined to sleep laid himself on the ground near a tree, which his comnanion had as- cended, and was soon completely absorb ed in a reverie of bright hones of future glory, strangely mingled with thoughts of those nc had ictt in Ins native land, sud denly he was aroused by tho tramping of a horse, and seizing his musket, was pre. paring to awaken his companions, when he nreccived through tho trees, a foaming stood, who had ran away with its rider; an instant ho perceived it was a lady, and . , I darting through the thicket, he caught the bridle of the horse just in time to pre vent her from being crushed under his heels. He assisted the lady to dismount, and half dead with 'error, she sank almost senseless on the trunk ofa tree. By the time the officer had secured the horse, she recovered from her fright, and informed him that she was the daughter of General Montrose, commander of the garrison then stationed at West Point; that riding out with somo of her companions, her horse had taken fright, and she was soon lost to their view, and probably but for his time ly assistance, she would have been dash ed to pieces in the forest. When the la dy Was sufficiently rested, the gallant of ficer, at her own request, set out to escort her home. The sun was just setting in all its splendor and throwing its departing beams upon the beautiful variegated hue oi mo uisian; iorests, as tiiey came in sight of tho American cncamnirient: thev had not proceeded far, when they met the lady's companions, her own brother and a young friend, riding at full Speed in search of her. Overjoyed at finding her in safety, they forgot for a moment the presence ofa stranger; the rescued ladv was first to remember, and turning to the officer, said, "by what name shall 1 thank the brave preserver of my life?" "Re serve your thanks, fair lady, forllim.in whosehands I was but the humble instru menf," said the officer; "my name is Es gene W Colonel in his majesty's 42d regiment." "Engcne W - said th lady's brother, "is it possible he can have forgotten his friend Georire Montrose?' "What ! arc you George Montrose?" said the officer, and the soldiers embraced each other. They had been classmates and in tihiatc friends at Oxford, and when the fallior of Montrose removed with his fam .. . . . . f. t , , . lly to America, just befdre the breaking 3 . , , . ,. u"-a,v,"fa friends expect at parting to meet again as soldiers in a different cause, The morning at last dawned, which Was as it might be said, to decide the fate of the colonics; fot the British were already in possession of New York, and several other importaut places, and expected, if successful in this last attempt, to bring the colonies into entire submission. But their projects were defeated th'c Ameri cans received Intellgence of their move ments a few hours before, and made such hasty, preparations as time would permit, and being actuated by one spirit, "to con quer or to die,', this small garrison of five hundred men, held out against four thou sand of the British troops, till they recei ved relief from head, quarters, three days after, and then the British were entierly defeated. General Montrose was woun ded, but not mortally, and his son esca peil unhurt, although he was in the thick est part of the fray. Several of the ene my were taken prisoners, among whom was the gallant Col. V . Severely wounded, he would never have recovered, but for the care and attention of Kmilv Montrose. After tho campaign was ended, these two persons, so singularly bro't to gether, were united in marriage. A WEDDING. The bride turned a little pale, and then little flushed, and at last had iust the right quantity of bright, becoming color, and almost shed a tear, but not quito, for a smile camo instead and chased it away. The bridegroom was warned not to for get tho ring, and a'l wore assembled round tho altar. "I will," was uttered in a clear, low voice, arid the now name was written and Sophy Grey was Sophy Groy no moro: and she turned her bright faco to bo looked on, and loved: and admired, bv tho crowd of relations and friends surroun ding her; and they thought that Sophy Stoketon was still dearer and prettier than even Sophy Grey had been and then the carriages were entered, and tho house was reached, Sophy walkod into her father's in 1837. Number 19. house her childhood's home her home " UUIJM no longer and tho bridal drees was chan ged, and the travelling dress took its place and all crowded round her to say good bv to look and look on that dear facts more to feel that her fate was scaled to pray that it might be a happy one to think that she was going away away from her nome away with a stranger? and tnars nml miles were mingled, and fond looks, and long embraces, and father's mingled tear and sorrow was on her cheek: and the sis ter's teai, that vainly tried to be a smile, and the mother's sons: and Rn I - 1 "J V.Wjf left her father's house left with the bright beam of joy and hope upon her brow; and another morncn', the carriage door was clos ed, the last (good-by uttered and Sophy was gone. Uh! how melancholy! how lonely docs the hcuie appear, where but i moment before all had been interest and hurry! Who ha3 not experienced thedc- sertcd sensation, When those we have been accustomed to see ate gone when the agitation, the interest at parting is over.- the forlorn, empty look of the room the work box, the drawing materials, the music, all gone; or berhaps, one single thing left to remind how all was a flower, perhaps, that had been gathered and cast aside the cover of a letter Which had been scrippled over in the forgetfulncss of the happy con versation. MODESTY. Modesty is an essential moral qualifica tion to every individual in society, but this virtue shines with a peculiar lustre in trie female character. As the sun in the fir mament, through the medium of its rays, imparts a genial warmth to our earth, and thereby accelerates the growth ofvegeta tation, so this bright luminary of virtue dif fuses its vivifying iuflucnce over tho maral horizon, and dispels the clouds of vice by : r..i t '' i 113 "Jjiuguni oeams. ucnuine modesty, .!.. . r, , m contradistinction to false modesty, may i be known by its general unassuming; char- acter and a manifest diffidence in attaching claim to undcrserved merit. The perpet ual cultivation of this invaluable moral prin ciple, is essentially requisite both at homo and abroad. At home it establishes a char acter of virtue, and abroad it deservedly excites universal applause. YOUTHFUL LIFE; Whenever I want to be exquisitely hap py I call up to my recollection the pas sionate emotions which thropped in tlie bosom when it had counted about eighteen J summer suns. The age of romance, fancy, and imagination too often ceases at five and twenty, but there is no pleasure so exqui site as the first sensations which female loveliness excites in tho bosom ofa roman tic youth. It approaches to the ecstacyof a higher existence. Tho object of his thoughts seen afar off is sufficient to put him on flame. The very green sward which she treads acquires the character of holy ground. The house in which she, resides kindles the flame of devotion. But how soon all these fine feelings subside in, the breast of the male sex. It glows, and flames, and burns for a few short years on both sides of twenty, and then sinks dowri forever. The heart of woman is different. Love and cfiection are the absorbents of her whole existance. Man has a hundred other objects, Young men are not unfrequentlv discour aged from engagirig in useful studies, or elevated pursuits, because they are told they possess no Genius. There is hardly a word in the English language which has been moro misapplied than th'is. Original genius, says a distinguished writer, which is by many supposed to moan a natural bril liancy of intellect, is uotjiing moro than an acquired habit of th inking. And any per son, with the assistanco of thoso about him, may bo considered as tho author of his own genius. Mi fortunes. Misfortunes eat into us as do insects into the pearl-shell, but it ia onl lhat poarls may gt$w."