Daily patriot and union. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1858-1868, September 29, 1863, Image 1

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rear lino or lessometitate half smears. light llnes
aye more than four, sonatitats a mire.
Sell ac, one $G $ll OW at., amellay..-- $' se
one weak-- 190 " ass week.... 200 .
6, one month.. $OO gt one month. • 600
thr•enteatbs ii 00 gi three months 10 00
six spathe.. 600 gc OE mouths.. 15 00
g eawysar.....l2 00 cc gam year —9O 00
It? Oasis= mother hearted la the aokaz. MVO;
OT before marriages sod deaths, ran osirra raa Lora far
ash hieerzlea. TO seershmati wad etas= Ilienregag
este year, /10•1111 serwairol be eared.
sa mummer es totartura Band be &Wasted OS
Marriages wad Deaths will be fainted at theism
totes as regular advertisetnents.
ilinointoo tabs.
Office North Third greet, third door above Mar.
het, Harrisburp, Pa.
N. B.—Poosiovy *away and Military claims of all
Linde promeanted said aollectal.
Saar to Wow Mika O. Knakal, David Manna; 30. 7
and S. A. Lauthartna. styll-d&wilaa
lir H. H. MILLER,
omoil TN
seavrad Nearly opposite the Bumbler House.
THIRD 112.111,N0RM MUM
Ha lb agar My wowed to attsni *an* the
WINN& ilesfissitok lit all its WlPsisiNst
seem sip mt lesxsoissi. zoom. asrssissea
josekit bin in ineadat feu eseilasessesiertios se
sugsssesysesse" Mamie • EMMA* UelibelliNallegi
" iistriblisr =atom l a gas t aii f
' TH - 08. O. IdA.o D 0 Willik •
• • • • •
silwrAßY c L 4P ir 4 76 : 7 4: 17,1 f fr - 4, 4 11"
*Os ths Eamive, Woking et., (6'
*dein seesees 1101110011VANKWA114411 ta
%Ora_ F•44 1 2 1 , - ; 1 4,2,0_V: bid-
Ines ssy
_..e am wen toot
Igt!ilsoptsittst, sot mom toeT
The anderelgasil have unfired into an easordation for
the rid:leaden of Military Vicuna' and the eeenuring of
goatees for wounded sod disabled soldiers.
Muter is and hheeter.ort itelle L olieersi Pay Zone,
floinanee and Olethinp retinal, and an Mao Partaill
ing to the nrilitariaervioe ndli be sonie,ont properly
arid eipeditlourly.
011Ioe in the itreitsage ir t between
Seem& and Third streets new Omit'. Hotel. lierrill•
bare, Pa. • ; 'THOS. mAcuminaa,,
itas-atr THOMAS A. NUMMI.
act.l.l.,,fewra num sr., umustries.
. , RTLOMIONS,Inoxitss,
:Au** nubs, Fifes, Drsnu, dicarvieron,
87111811, Was Ann MOCK NOM, &0., &0.,
angrier and Mantis idtrzers, Square and Ovid Ihiroa*
ofeverydeseripliea niadtito order. Regaildingdose.
Agency ler Howe's hugging Whiebines:
117" Sheet Music seat by Hail; oaU4
Thioloot received' from New York, let snort.
moat of
end& be oleo to his milkmen aid the Weis at
OCOOK, Merchant Tailor, - •
, S 7 CH.IIIINUT BT., between &mond and front,
Has just returned from the city with an assortment of
Which will be sold at moderate prises aid made np to
order; and, aleo, an assortment of 11141)Y NADI
Clothing and fientlemmes
.Ifmruhliing_ Goods.
B. GEM, D. D. L,
27 11017111 OBOOND BTBUT, ABOVII 021:22D1FT,
sizemonnio, VA.
Depot for the ale of litereoeoopes,StereaseopleTlews,
undo and landoal Inotranionta. Also, sabserl ptloas
len fc religiONSPldleatthall. •
NESS CARDS executed In the most artiale styles and
most reasonable terra, decd44ll
Edge hum, corner of Broad street,
muuusistrati, PA.
The undersigned informs the public that, he has re
smithy renovated and refitted his well-known u Union
Rotel" on Ridge avenue, near the Round House, and is
prepared to aiscetaziodatil eitizens, strangers and t iavel
ors in the beat stile, at moderate rata',
His table-win be Supplied with the but the mukets
afford, and at his bar will be found superior brands of
liquors and malt beverages. The vary best accesuno
dation* for railroaders employed ,at the shops in this
teld dtfl MINIM .fieliTliaiN.
tlifs pleasant in ad Isammodloits Hotel bm lbeen tbo
Btliagbly se-iltted and re-feraialted_ It is plesaantly
gloated on north-West corner of Soward And Natalia
streets, a few doors west of tho Northing Onstnd
Doisot. livery attention peld tolthe'inanlart of Ids
guests. G.IIMMINIEF, Proprietor
Jana (Leta of Selina Gram Pli.)
ID" Pa:denim attention paid to printing. sling and
Mmin of Railroad BlafOsvfis 2 0,?•%" 1 , 1 1 1111 / 414
ales. Choke Bill-Heads.akes' r . •
Wedding, ifigitigg as Badasss Oardspriatedat eery
ifw Pleas end in Mit beftlidet t - _ 4lOl
gip. .zoorlor 151 :
Time. debseriber is ready at N 9 .04/451/31LIT 1... 1
bar deMs balmy Nur% street, to
desired style; and with skin - aid irdialletaim
Persons lashing Gutting done eon have it done it the
• - .
MAW Wag Mgr doors above Betorwi;
(Omura WASIMIFORM llosellowsra
PloPerstte rarnishileWidler iiike.verybest style ol
workmanship. Spring sad Hair ,widow Our.
Amish temegoa l iked ail ether ortloi l'emittais le*
ille, en short notice swinialetote terms. awls, en.
telienes in the bushman, Whigs warranted
i V n mains a
ie Weasel% av~ 414 ‘ 14 - 1
VO OPS R'S GELATM.tho _ban
AI mil" is 11116 msairMast , ramie* aiiit b 7
emigt.te int wait ar,
• • - tiWitivmutis skomMlizo
Vif N ART : . s
rmilkwr"x" •
autrimir•aapi ~... •
84.1111111111 1 1P8 800 Kirrimik
tgOttOtt'Alt ZN
NEW OR , •
I•Xus 1145401' DOOR Z a., k 00.
? -: ,_U•
- ,
' p ........._ R
--- ' , I if..` . ..
. . •
. '
--r- . --; - -
. .
. ,
VOL. 6.-NO. 24.
PILES, licAbAolll, 111114 A*. RIMII
Tor all of which it is a goody and Certain rOntodY,
Oa OMIT Nis. This. Liniment is prepared from the
recipe of Di. Eitspiien 'twist.; of Coniiiistitat, the fa
mous' bolo setter, and Us been used in , hispractios for
More than twisty years with the moot astordshloir MO
AB 4Z ALLEY/ATl:is OP PAIN. it ti nviiiisled
by .aprftwatiok bolorttho itablid, Of 'Whisk the Most
sko sed may be oonvinani by a single Mat i )
T Liniment will aura rapidly and radically, I=lDf.
MAara -01803D1818 of 4s*ry hind, And ii thontands
of ases where it ha. been used it , has mom been blown
- •Wilt 111111tAffrg, It Will Mid '3oBmiliale Wig
I *TOM ease, *mow dlolpoOdni..
._- , L .. ,.; -...,,,,,-
.;• - ,' !
It -Nu relieve the wore*. 1m05t., 4 1fft0M61,44 1 12 ;
three minutes and' istWmfflintod lir dolt: . -
TOOT/11MM 'lda twilt it esmtinstliitic , .. 4 / 4
DA • aItPILIIIK 4144) , W*AL
LAO DA . ii;imiigieB s? !TIM., this
Linton, is tt" -
hardftrakittlnin lion ' 'llnlalngitiMesecthana and
worftialw; 11131006 , 00d/POSltlfm.ft, to.4llostidts ?!ad
, . ..
. :ri-,n 6 - - ' Wit
Vs/ it PLLSS —lts` ag tektft a t ta tti i 118
ft is the best USW and ein 11114 lepre.
dew an equOl• -3 11,61 7 4-etim of, ;diginselLoSpom
_plaint ohoaldniyo it atrial, for it ' sat WI to &Word
, 81 , iota' relief, and in ininliniti is sines *ill 'West
rQUINST wog SORE 21:004r,f 1 "..w8. libilBo.lllW
tromely malignant end dianmoos;lmt a timaiyaprica.
Won of thiolWment will INVei fail lo cum - -' • '
SPRAINS are Sennothaalsranywilitimanj antailirso.
moat of the Joints is liabloAo °craw it.nooooto4., Aim
worst 'wow Too: bo ocknoted by tfilolleitoont# two or
Itraws inij 5a4408._/111a r a.m. rair ....!
bawling proportim of DB. B w Ann ~ sen
TANIUM when used &mitt" tediteetiool. ' Mak
. . •
aheuld'hav,e tide remedy at twig, for ita timely um at
the Ant appprines of ihianeness will 'effectually pre
vent those .ft - inthistole dismount° home are
lialde and, whiqh .render so aunty other/lee valuable
hurtles nearly worthless.
Over four hundred voluntary teeilmodialelo the won
ilartaL eurative properties of this Liniment have been
miteived within the Jut two yeaniong maw ot, them
`from poisons in the highest ranks or life.
To avoid. imgtion, °teem the Signature and Like
ned! of Dr. hen Sweet on every label, and also
" Stephen Swint Infallible Linhugall " blown in .the
glass of ea& bottle, without which none are genuine.
Sole Proprietors, Iforwith, Ot.
For sale by all dealers. aplleow-d&w
0 X 11 W X:X N. 1
Wkers every dtkoription of. WIN' Sod , Cilateleak
akketeeate, Piece Goode; he., , ore Dyed, Olsanaid, and
%diked to the bud moaner an d it the akorteat naiad.
no&d&wly DODO! & CO.. Protristora.
Is prepared to Comsat the exterior of Buildings with
he New York Improved
Water-Proof Mastic. Cement.
This Material is different from all other Cements.
It forms a solid, durable adhesiveness to any surface,
imperishable by the action of water Or •frost. Every
good building should-be coated with, this Clement,' it is
pgrfect,prsgerver to the walls, and rakes a beset:lll;
fins finish, equal to Esateen brown sandstone, 'er any
color desired.
Among others-for whom I have applied the Mastic
Clement, I refer to the following gentlemen :
J.: Bissell, residence, Penn street, Pittsburg, finished
five Scare. ' •'
J. H. Shoenberger, residence, Lawrenceville, neighed
five years.
James filVendlass, residence, Allegheny City,finished
five years.
Calvin Adams, residence, Third street, Stahel four
A. Homier, residence, Lawrenceville, finished four
J. D. ld'Oord, Penn street, finished four years.
Hon. Thomas Irwin, Diamond street, finished four
St Charles - Holed and Strand Home, gashed Aye
Kittanning Court, Howie and Bank, for Barr & Moser,
Architects, Pittsbug, finished lye years.
Orders received at the utiles of it WEldowney, Paint
fihop, 20 Boron& street, or please address .
T.. 7. WA'l'lsok, •
maylfr-tf P. 0. zox 113,16.2itttburg,-ra.
H A M.S ! 1,1 1
'20,000,1b5. Corupoood of the following Naiads
just received:
• NEWBOLDll—Oolobrotod. •
EVANS t SWIFT'S-Superior.
1110BINBILI3 EXOBLSIOR-oonvimo4l.
"tromNsitVEXCIILSIOR--Nk Gummed.
iaqr ClTY 7 rpu!vassid., , • ,
!BON CITY — Not odnrsoodd. •
Plight RA/ 13- 4 1 0 1 7 . P,r 1 Put.,.,
oaporAiir,Z/48- 7 iery good.
ET Beery Ham /old will be guaranteed aa represen
ted_ . _ _ WM. DOOM, & ,CO.
WK. 11001 C, Js., & 00.. are now able tn ,olfiw to
theiratouiets sod the public at laze, a stash of the
isteentlinneattiver Imported Into this inirket, aonspri.
ging moot b tistfolloWin& vedettes
Walal sgoTologi,scivitixis.
wnar.,Rum*Eirskir, QI.D stAmaß4.,
/4/41041, 6P/SITI3.
mower •?Lit . NTATION .BITTERB
'these %more e o , & 2 7 weiriudod;. and in addition to
these, Doeh & c o f lii on bald a *Wet, of
Wines, Whisky en d ;to 1011 the
inalitoolin attention nt Witillies, •
AR 1 W ' '=—BRADIE, No.- 62
fagot street, 'bib* indrd;baii iiesived Imo
ins of Swamis, Omni me 9atsi, 4 40 44 / 10
VW maw lay ,juag di
t-titeGAIC WM=
rtgANKI-4 1M4401/8 Mimi; fart 'V a t:*
midiVigaii.' illyettistlii. the lOW
Wit n i = ran CIO
tit 4 4 '.►
TIIEBDar M9ll/411M, BEPT. 29 i 1888
• ii:10 11) 11 8 S
New Hope, Bucks County, Sept:ll7, 1863
[Conclusion .1
I: should Hie to talk to you it tome length .
" about, the efforts to compromise'; and settle in
. the wiatei of 'lB6O--1; het r Must :iiiileasarily
ba brief. Of the imitate PtiOPositirons brought
before Congress to adjast Otir trot:ft:des, there
Was none thatiaVe promise cirlefft4etlire and
'thiarsettletnent Bidet' that Oro Matt Mr•
' Crittenden: ' It was in : the tuitirte Of an equita
ble•partitien of the territories'rather than quer
' rel lodger. It was believed that ' with this ba-
Metall eligelliat was nebestsery:could be `attain
'lt ante Item thel36tith; inffitiagenerons
• follia 'l 4 7iirith. , '' We, then ha libteutll4oo,ooo
Kitt billed IA Ilonitten tertadoratid - it 'pro
posed to give ill all north oflthitttjrAdi degrees
thirty minutes north latitude, being abed three
• Ibtitthii)? he it* els; bi'.9oojoo Betake - miles
,' - 'fiprittraitabatanyinspilithil itinpirevonld bai , e
' , awarded us.' "rhe :readons - fpreleed.t upon the
! dOnliiiselVpartriti-fesbrief .the andeptimee of
this fropositioni so three itelatterketheterri
,totielp were these : lirskjfiitf, ted a) material in
tereatubontswhiehave ern . eanstetntithegii here is
..7,aliiontherrerspropealliont tildiriatel thOriNorth
‘ , iiiirse4fontatus ell it.; Jleen ifo4lkbe the . appli
cation' of evelithedt 4onimipile,_ , it applies: the
-doetrinetkof the Gish: gO, alatfortni to ethree
fOlaths,of-thil commenurrikory. , ;Thu ivere
.44m reminded thaty 4 ,4 1 4 4 9 1 4114 . 10/4711e - legally
elected Mr. :Lincoln „Eresident,,, az ; were
nearly a • million,in! themlpor!ty i at,thepolls ;
. and being so 4.1107 14 the
s 4, tulliciitn.lt, ,il 2 ,eY se
murad.dhe-1111P4A9n 94 . :, till* vl: o o l4 4Pcts to
three-fourths ofthecom&onm4ete t ,tpsyconld
Jus4/boitiOC9t lgoatt liPts9l7ll l .1 211SarTAid ,
enjoy their 44/ebt i4 Y9# 2R I' B/ 4 ,
' -
Poe a time /tAllf,e Perlf Iftll n ßd t°4 l 4 o 4i i n'
,ftueneg.With, the 1114,4‘474 40 ~ i id
10,Fiy.; but A° radicals, z evert vfi-,a/-
6wa yp imPraCtie.able, were soon Mit e i ot, de
non4Cingthe proposition ; ' 0' tleittO4iv of the
ritetubliesin party, and in'direc't qt6t, ention
,Of' That sacred instrument; . tlig, e1A644) plat
form ( 'They held tinit the WoPleilatT e passed
upon this question ' at'llteE'polla, ' a?idlifutt'sla
' very Wei forever interdieteffkrour all the terri
tories: In vain WertifthesiAeon retfirifiled that
a million more men hdd'VOted egtridetldr: Lin
coin than for the, and that-die :Widen they
claimed could by no possibility have been made.
Equally vain was it'. ttocriint. to the imperilled
attitude of 'the Union: They were joined to
their idols, and determined to rule or ruin. To
meet these objections, absurd as they were,
the real friends of the , Union and peace deter
mined, after consultation, to go• to the people
for relief, especially as the impracticables base
their action on the decision of' the people. It
was to that end that I myself submitted for the
consideration of' the Senate a bill, not as char
ged, to amend the Constitution in an irregular
way, but to give the people in the several States
and Congressional districts the opportunity to
decide whether the Crittenden proposition
should be submitted for the ratification R . , the
States, as - provided - by the Constitution, or
not ; in other- words, to .instruct their repre
sentatives to vote for.or against its submission.
Nothing could be fairer or sac& ; it was simply
going to„the fountain'of political authority for
actilee in times of serious trouble justwhat
our fathers did and doUbtleis intended we
should do. Gen.• Cameron and.others at first
declared their determination to support this
proposition; but their could not stand out
against the vehement denunciations of the redi
,cals. I verily - believe that, had this bill pre
vailed, the Crittenden proposition would have
been accepted by an overwhelming majority
North and South ; but it fell, at the hands of
the radicals, as did all other efficient means of
settlement. I envy not , the position of 'men
who not only persistently refused, as represen
tatives, to, offer or accept any.effective means
of averting our present calamities, bnt in addi'
tion denied the people the opportunity of set
tling the question for themselves ; and for this
great wrong they must answer, to , their con
stituents. . , . ....
But ever since that time, wily politicians of
the Republican . party, hoping to'mitigate these
crimes against the country, have been alleging
that time Republican members did vote for the
Crittenden proposition,' and others against
them. Not only this, but the Hon. John Brough,
the Republican candidate fOr Governbr in
Qbto, has recently asserted that the Crittenden
proposition had been tendered to`the Southern
by the Northern members of Congiess, and re
jected. Why, gentlemen, Mr. Brough is ut
terly' mistaken ; he must be the dupe of some
lying newspaper. No statement could be `more
destitute of truth than this ; it is "baseless as
the'fabric of a vision." The reverse is much
nearer the truth, and I intend to prove it. But I
have reason to thank Mr. Brough for the state
ment, for he thereby admits the admissibility
of the proposition, and that it ought to have
been accepted by the Republicans. The truth
is, it was offered by the. Northern Democrats
and Southern Senators to the Republicans,
and by them rejected. I challenge Mr. Brough
or any other man, to show where any Republi
can member of Congress spoke for or voted for
the Crittenden proposition. I aver that they
invariably and unitedly opposed it. It never
was A considered in the House of Representa
tivell; and I am too familiar with.what occur
red in the Senate to be mistaken on any usseit
tial point. The Republicans of that body op
pose& it without any exceptions. Their oppo
sition took.the usual form of amendinents and
PeaniOneilient. tin the 14th of January, 1861,
they cast a united vote against its considera
tion, and they did the same thing On the' 15th.
On the 17th they voted for litr Clark's Motion ,
to strike out the Crittenden_ proposition and
insert certain resolutions agreeable to them
selves. On this vote the yeas were twenty
five, and the nays twenty-three, so Mr. Clark's
aMendthent pretailed, and the Crittenden pro
positien Wall defeated. • Thip is' the vote on
which the cotton State Senators withheld their
votes, and of this which I shall have occasion
to speak hereafter. Gen. Cameron,, as though
alarmed at whet had WOW dune, iwmnediately
moved a reconsideration of the vote. This mo
tion came up for consideration the next day,
being, t . be, 18t4; when Gen. Cameron (to, hip
Aherne De it laid) voted against his, own ,motion,
and. was gusteined by every mernber of the Re-
Putdicall Pail. The final, 1,0 0 was not. taken
until the 8d of March,, when every Northern
Demobrat and every &ither° Senator than
present Voted in-the affirinitt4e, and Re
publican' in the negative. The truth is, the
radicide of that body shoived no ificilhation to
. settlel they: Sneered at the ` ' attitude of the
South and arthe suggestiod of real danger.—
It' is WVII known thatrvrben the Beimail; Coffer,
cute Was in 'Religion Olds& men exerted , them
selves So'haee it filled with inipracticable radi
cals. Mr Chandler a ud Mr Harlin Inure de
- Meted in this unworthy . , OW* l ' J
• But more' aud.worse. u'liftdr emu
'cable radicals had succeeded in so :d wing the
proceedings of ti the ; gliefoosOunforeno" , as An
destroy their influence oo the Southern mind,
and they were referred to a committee of the
Senate, composed of Messrs. Critteeden,
Seward, Thompson, Trumbull and myself—
Mr. Seward, in that committee, in a spirit of
sarcasm and ridicule, because even that much
had been done toward settlement, moved to
strike out those proceeding and insert certain
futile words of his own. He afterwards did
this in open Senate. When Mr. Critteitten
remonstrated against his course, he replied
with that profound complacency for which he
is so remarkable : ceWhy, gentlemen, this ex
citement is totally unnecessary; the troubles
you are so alarmed about will not last ninety
Why, gentlemen, this class of men were as
determined against any 'compromise as were
Messrs. Wigfall and Iverson. Mr. Wade,with
whom I served in the Committee of Thirteen,
seemed to become distressed and indignant at
the slightest indications of settlement. About
.the same time it was that Mr. Greeley was. en
couraging the "wayward sisters to depart in
peace," for the sole purpose, as it now appears,
of 'inaugurating a war of extermination against
slavery, for I suppose no one will deny that the
overthrow of , slavery and not the restoration
of the Union is now the real object of, the
Greeley school of fanatics.
But it is now said thafthe Southern Members
of. Congress could have adopted the •Critten
d% Compromise , had they desired to dp
N`o allegation could be more preiosterons.
'Wfiy, 'everYbody knows that the Southern
members were largely in the minority in both
branches of Congress; how, then could they
adopt anything without Northern aid ?. But
everybody knows, besides ' that the COnstitu
tidn requires a ' vote of two-thirds 'in both
branches, to submit 'amendments to. the Con
stitution • not having a majority in either
brawl, how could the Southern members cast
a taro -third vete in &db . , — The truth' is, that
with the vote of every Southern 'Senator and
every Northern' Democrat, it Would attli have
required some eight or nine Republican: votes
to have Submitted the proposition as an amend
ment' to the donstlintionAnd not one Was given
on any occasion. lint,'suppose the allegatieu
was true, what Gould it have availed to have
adopted any measure by a mere party or sec
tional vote ? Such action would have been
about as' effectual as the "Pope's Bull against
the comet," or Mr. Lincoln's • proclamation
freeing the slaves in the heart of the , revol
ted States. The Republican was the , dominant
party in the North,. and no adjustment could
. prevail in the States without their active sup
port, and this was perfectly understood in the
But I am aware that the circumstances of six
or eight Senators from the cotton State with
holding their votes on MrXlark's amendment
has been made the basis for this latter allega
tion. Now, gentlemen, see how ,plain a tale
will put down this fabric, behind which these
men seek to conceal their own deformities. It
is true that these cotton State Senators did
withhold their votes on the 17th, thereby al= .
lowing Mr. Clark's amendment to, prevail over
the Crittenden proposition; but lit is equally
true that when Gen. Cameron's motion to re
consider this vote came up the next day, those
Senators, or as many of them as were present,
repented their error of the day before; and
cast their votes for the reconsideration, and it
was carried by their votes; and thus, by their
action, the compromise was placed in precisely
the same position which it occupied the day
before. But if it was a grave error in the cot
lon States Senators to withhold their votes
fiercethe -Compromise in , this '-singlei -instance,
What can be said for the. Republicans who
stood up against it on that and all other votes?
It is also said that' the Sonthern Senators
would not have accepted Mr. Crittenden's pro
position had it been tendered them by the
dominant party. never saw any sufficient
reason for this allegation.. Tith few excep
tions they were openly fin: it. Mr. Iverioe and
Mr. Wigfall were against any settiernent; but
their influence was quite limited. Mr. Slidell
and Mr. Mason were in the habit of dismissing
the subject by , saying the ot4er side intended
to do nothing. Mr. Hunter "voted for it in the
Committee of Thirteen.' Me. Brown, of Mis
slash*, when the danger became, imminent, ,
frequently declared to ,me his vvillingness to
accept it. Mr. Mallory was openly for it, and
I read a letter from him, dated ahout ffie thee
of the secession of Florida; addressed ,to Mr;
Russell, his former Secretary, in which he
said that Florida would come back into the
Union on the basis of the Crittenden resolu
Mr. Davis and Mr. Toombs In 'the Commit
tee of Thirteen, bpth declare d willingness
to accept. and sustain it, if the Republican side
would unite - , with them good Mr.
Toombs said so in open Senate, as will appear
on page 270, G10be, first part,
Thirty-fifth *Congress.
The following statements made by Mr. Doug
las, in the course., of an elaborate speenh, on
the 3d of January', 1861, is conclusive on this
point :
cc If you of the Republican side are not will
ing to accept this nor the proposition of. the
Senator froth' Kentucky, pray tell us what
-you will no Y I address the inquiry to'the Re
publicans alone, for the reason that in the Com
mitten of Tbirteep,a few days ago, EVER 111[E*-
iT ER Pirmit is SOVITI, including those froMthe
Cotton States, (Messrs. Davis and Toombs)
expressed their readiness to accept the proposi
tion of my venerable friend from, Kentucky as a
_final settlement of the controversy, if tendered
and sustained by the Republican members.
Hence the sole responsibility of our disagree
ment, and the only difficulty in the way of an
amicable adjustment, is With the Republican
These,remarks were, made, as I well remem
ber, before a very full Senate—in the presence
of nearly, it not quite all, the Republicans, and
Southern Senators, and no one dare to dispute
the facts stated. '
Mr. Pugh, on the .2d day of March, in the
course of a very able speech, remarked : ,
‘. The Crittendeu proposition has been en
dorsed by the almost unanimous vote of the
Legislature of Kentucky. .It has , . been en
dorsed by the Legislature of the noble, t old
COMMOUWeaIth Of Virgiaia- ; It has been Peti
tioned for by a larger number of electors of the
United' States than any proposition that was
ever before Congress. I believe in my heart,
to,day, that it ,would carry an overwhelming
majority of the,„,peeple of my State ; aye, sir,
and of nearly eVery other State in the Union.
13efore the Senators from the State Of Missis
sippi left thil chamber, I beard one ,of the*,
who ossistaes,, at lerkikto be President el., the
Scnithern Confederacy,.propose , to acyipt it, and
to maintain the Chum if that propbsitiOis could
receive the vote it ought to receive from the `other
side.qf this .Charabsr. '
Mr. Douglas, at the same time, , said, iu re
can confirm` the Senator's declaration
that Senator Davis hiniseif, when on the 'Com
mittee of Thirteen IP= IV* at alk times to
csinprotntse,pit the .. .Crittenden proposition., I
wilt go further,. and say that lir. ,Toonibs was
also ready to do so."'
Bat if"thit teitidfOliy were natio existence
at.all, do we not . af know that tbs. genaystate
-.of ykrginia endorsed. thlie propointiotp and sub
mitted it to the other States' as a basil of a
anal adjustment and permanent peace? " It was
this Weis owl-which' thittStativettlied for the
Peace'Confeigetine astithilbfelfebon there •
It. was also endorsed by almost the unani-
mous vote of the Legislature .of . Kentucky,
and subsequently by those of Tennessee and
North Carolina.
When the struggle was at its height in Geor
gia, between Robert Toombs for secession and
A. 11; Stephimstagainst it, had those men-in
the Committee of Thirteen, who aro now so
blameless in their own estimation, given us
their votes, or even three of them,Stephens
would have defeated Toombs, an secession
would have been prostrated. I heard Mr.
Toombs say to Mr. Douglas that the result in
Georgia was staked on the action of the Com
mittee of Thirteen. If it accepted the Critten
den proposition; Stephens would defeat him ;
if not,. he would carry the State ollt by 40,000
majority. The three votes from the Repub
lican side would have, carried it at any
time; but Union and Peace in the balance
against the Chicago platford were sure to be
found wanting. • .
But all attempts settlement failed. ' Seces
sion and war suddenly followed ; and upon Mr.
Lincoln and Mr. Seward devolved the duty of
,a bloody strife, which they could
much more 'readily have averted. I have
never united in complaints against the admin
istration fora wantof vigor in the prosecution
of the war. . I think it has been,managed with
decided vigor and some nbilitY;,'bqt the poli
tical polity' necessarily connected with the war
has been, in my judgment, the worst for the
Usilorilbri&the,wit of man, cetild-devitte, tend
ingdirgeft to snit., the Southern and divide
the 'NortherripciiPle. This would: seem to be
an itieferierible error; ler thedlifielon in Seuth
ern sentiment 'Child ilcit!haVe been missunde
stood by., the !administration.. It never. ; was
more apparent than in the large vote against
seceesioninAritgitila; Tenee'ssee; , North'Ciiro-
Iltitt?, Geotilb ftIA. 4 40 1thliauff- , ,,1d0 ,3 4, Ad .0 4
beginning, the opponents of secession were in
a decided.majbrity funkert Of these States, and
gomm.anded a,. hypo majerity in all those now
claiming to . be out of the Union. In these
'struggles thniUtiionists maintained that tee
theti,,inceining administration contemplated
no interference with' the loCal institutions of
the :slaveholding States, and that it was the
true policy of those ; States to remain in the
Union and contend for theierights and equali
ty under the Conatitiition. " The secessionists
reasoned to.the .contrary; audit WAS for the
administration,to sustain ; one side or the other.
_For a time, we had reason to hope. that ; the
Union Men vrould be sustained; that die war
would be conducted on the principles of the
reaolutions :hdopted by the Rouse of Repre
sentatives, in July, 1861; and that in case of .a
decided defeat of the rebel army in the field,
(which originallY represented only the seces
sionists and the de facto governnient,) . the
- Unionists ‘ would rise up and overthrow Davis
and his associates, and bring the revolted
States back to their wonted allegiance. This
was my hope, and almost my only hope for the
Union, after war began; bnt this hope was
bleated by the unwise measures of Mr. Lincoln
and his cabinet. Their policy sustained the
rebels and broke down the Unionists. One
after another, in rapid succession, came the
abolition of slavery in the. District of Columbia;
the act. of confiscation, (harmful only in some
of its parts ;) thermessage of the President for
compensated emancipation, a measure totally
unwarranted by the Constitution ; his procla
mation freeing the'slaves in the revolted States,
TERS; and next the admission of West Vir
ginia as a State 9f the Union, in utter violation
i of the fundamental law of the land; inter
''spersed byiimpelitic ordera,)saYings and pro
clamations of the generals in the field; and
-Oils, step-by stop; the , men Pr the South who
had defended i the. North, andenntended for the ;
Union—chigrined, - disheartened and burnift
•ated—were literally driven:into the ranks-of
the secessionists:- But for these impolitic
measures the war would probably have termiA
,nated ere this. ". . , •
I never had much faith in warns - an'agency
of Unibri. ,. It` looks to the very like e paradox. ,
1. - thcolight it imihould - vhaverboon-avolded at any
,reascreehle mcrifice,,,,and I
,exerted myseif, to
the utinost to , attain that:end. :I‘tevertheleas
when war began as a'means to save the Union,
I wished' it' Suecelis in that goodliVotit i and
there were times in.2the course of its progress
when I
. t.heught that, with4he i properpoilticel
policy' on the part of the admin t stration; the
desired end might hive teen attained. But
this always failed. That policy Would 'have
conducted the mar as though slavery had net
existed—have looked. steadily for help to the
- enemies of Se - 948810n in tlieSontli,'"and riot to
the neird . or the"cause Of the negro: , Suee
policy wouldlonbtlesslyiedividedthe South
-1 ern people, - -and- possiblyoverthrown the de
facto , governtirent.? at Richnioncl.:. , -But, :even
: with thiabad policy,. if, aLareeent.date,rnfter
the fall, of Vicksburg and Pert Hudson, ind the
defeat of Lee's army at Oettyshurg, t the Presi
.dent had, - in the `attitudeof aiiicter;addretieed
I himself to thecpeople of tho -Sontbern-Stiteo,
1 assuring tnern that thegaveiNcieet,at , Wash
ington had no, pleasure in their misfortunes
and siifferingsthat It did not seek 'their hu
miliation or subjugation; hutnimplydesired to
, maintain the Government-al ithail fleSecOsil
from the fathers, and that ao ,soon as resistance
! tO the authority of the Gevernaient within any
State' ceased, its' equal rigida end dignities with
` the , other State§ shoubitepromptlyriteognieed
and abundantly gnaranteed,,yisiting,the Regal
, ties for resistance, whatever they might be,'
upon the leaders—it is quite piabable, indeed
there 'fuel:many • thingh Willett Jttatifyltlie itti
presaion, that we should, now Ititriess decided,
if not , successful, movements ,i; the, South
against the rebellion. But insten
,Of this, men
from Loitisiaria, who Bought the countenance
of -the Government' in' au ' effort to Ibring4het
State back into the Union, were disinimed with
an intimationthat elavery trutst.firat r .he l 091-
ished. ., ' ' .
" 'Not onlyttiii3,' hitt itideeinetiowlolfie al rave
question at 'Washington wbltt kind of twee 4t ,
has been on the other.eidc- 7 -Fbether, tt, A wer, rib
States, as alien enemies outside of the Minion, '
Or aivide-spreadlisitrrection Within 'the Bete
rat Stittoth If the feriner,then,Vhelid'eTekted,
the Jebel Stateitionhisnlymesunitatheit (Imo- •
tions, in th,ct Union on „Buell „terms, fie ,tlie _con
queror might grant;, if the' latter, - then, When
resistance 'ceases withid a' attit6;l; Would 're
aurae its . funetiona askirfretefbrev:l ;no nothr
tend to discuss therinpoints,rfer Idonot con- 1
cur in either of, these positions ; knit it seem!'
to me clear that those who have dioieethe
right of 1' Stale to"go , out of thrfUnfOrrbY Rs
own action,nannot now hold; that. the States
are alien enemies; thoughthe secessionists may
dole. l But of .thial amennyinertain';4lf it be
announced, as signified by Mr. Whiting, an in
timate friend of the Piesident„stbitt . the . /re
volted Atqes qan (linty resume ' their , formaise
inthe Unien oistick tdtma as the - Aditiihin- '
tration tuay presefide; it *Mild beibuitrit fresh
anitaiowerful)incentive to rearmed efforts and
continnedresitgance in Squtherp ; Stitt%
leading them, probably to the adejigon 0 , 1 ,
guerrilla inede of warfare ,` bY'ilfhtoll . Mining
the strife might . be prolonged V* eel; itideflitte
Retied,l , - :,.,:1 / ),
But what do all these 41401itifoOpa j mean T
Are there to be no OgeTb4 F - for settlemeet sec'
trident ' lifenbjilgatioti l eir ezteitiiiiiatten teak
the word ? Why,ztlite. -Lintels( tolonie tilr fie
itmigißrett: ,0 449Rdo.45 ) .WlierIndllia/Mket *Ott
always ; and ' , Aim, after much lona on, both t
aides and no gait On eitlier;ibu Minn tighthit,
the identical queetninis,of interheirsel,will be
upon' you." Mr: Lined*. iiefef tittered& triair
sentiment. It shows that before the war be-
SIIIDATII 14101111PTI!lo
BY 0: BARRETT k 00
INN DAILY Palms AND UNION will be 1104111 1e MM.
writers residing In tbe Borough tot.sor auk* *poi *AM
payable to the Cantata'. Mall snburthers, pus "owns
no Ammo.
ins WZBILY PATIIIIN AID UNION is plitAiltAlld at ewe
sPeLLina rig Kum, lamiatoly lb ackinnow. 'Nit opts
to ens address, fifteen dollars
%mammal with this eitabllsionen•, p astawelve
JOB OPPIOM, containing azirsriety of plain mid homy
b." unequalled by any establishment la the Weeks of
the State, for whleh the patronise of the pablla is so
wan, he anticipated the necessity - of stopping
it to adjust its causes. He manifestly then con
teMplated a wart for the Union only, not for
Subjugation 'or extermination ; and 'thus ho
could see thatthe Union could only be restored
by negotiltibe and settletnent—that 'Subjuga
tion or extermination would not give back the
Unien. - Both are against the Union`; and
there was great philosophy in his s th timent,
and had he adhered to it, and adhere to the
resolution of Mr. Ciittenden, adopted by Con
gress in 1861, he would doubtless have done
his country a vital service. But , the counsels
of the radicals prevailed ; and, gentlemen, I
fear they always will prevail:
I do not care at this time to discuss terms
of settlement ; but I am exceedingly anxious
that Mr. Lincoln should recur to' that wise
paragraph in his inaugural. God' knOWS; we
have had " much loss on both sides and no
gain on either " now we should-like ex
ceedingly to havei cc the identical quetitiOns :of
interemirse" and settlement. We hitiPei had
losses ' enough, blood enough,' taXeS cough,
drafts and conscriptions eneugh. ' We - new
want peace—such peace as will save the
try-as will give us the Union as it was, of- a
Union as similar as possible. Givens at' leatt
peaceful agencies with the sword, if we have
not fought enough to make it patriotieto at
tenapt to cease. At least let the olive 'branch
and the sword go into the South side hirable,
aathey did in. Mexico, if the fratricidal strife
cannot entirely terminate.
- But, gentlemen, whilst shedding rivets of
brood and 'spending countless treasure' to pet
down rebellion in the South, let us not forget
'that liberty is - as dear to us as 'Unionthat
Union without 'liberty would'' be- a barren
achievement—cc a word of promise tolhe ear,
to be broken- the -holm" . - Let us rather
adopt the greatlientiment of Webateroff
erty and Union, one and inseparable, now and
forever;" liberty and Unioroare 'now both
imperiled. Thegreat principles of civil liberty,
for which Hampden and Sydney suffered in
England nearly two centuries ago,
and the love
of which brought- our ancestors to this country,
are imperiled by the incidents of this cruel war.
.-- Whilst repellingAbo.heresy of secession, let
us beware lest we become the victims of others
quite, as intolerable., the midst of a bleody
struggle with"secession" another issue has
sprung up quite as startling,-the issue of popu
lar liberty on the one hand and Executive
power on the other. From the beginning I
have feared this tendency as an incident of war,
even in prudent hands. Indeed, I shall never
forget the remark of a sagacious citizen, at the
beginning of the war, touching its' tendencies.
He said it would give us dissolution or despot
ism.; and unless the people were unusually
vigilant in guarding their rights, it would give
ns both. The States would be separated; and
both sections become subject to despotic rule.
The startling sentiment has lingered on my
mind ever since, and the recollection of it has
been often renewed by the encroachments laltron
constitutional liberty by the Cabinet at Wash
Not only is an open, manly dissent from the
policy of the administration held to be disloy.
ally to the Government, but Mr. Lincoln, in
his Albany letter; has enunciated the extraor
.dinary doctrine that ""the man who stands by
and says nothing, while the peril of his cowl.
is discussed, is to be euspected—much more so
he who speaks for his country with ifs , and
buts." In the name of Heaven, has it come
to this? Cannot a man speak or think his
sentiments without being suspected of .disloy
nifty to the . Government? cc Much more to,
1 he who speaks with buts and ifs !" I ;have
thought and spoken much, as doubtless you all
have ; 'and yet, at God is ms
,jedge, * .l have
never had a thmighr in'favort 'of disunion;
never uttered a sentiment in' favor ,of that
wicked work; andyet / should despise myself,
were - I capable of to far • sacrificing my own
judgment as to agree With Mr, Lincoln in his
policy. I have differed with him, not because
I was less for the Union than he, but because
my clear convictions were that the Union, never
could be saved AM , his political. policy: So
feeling I must so speak, come may
But to _return. df any ,nfati, has , praetieed
crime against the government, ietchim be ar
rested, tried and convicted„andpunished ac
cording to law, but not kidnapped and in4i
cerated.,,arid.4nied the writ of. habeas corpus,
to which wrivevewthe criminal is entitled; and
to daily whi6ll tO place the liberties of every
disposal of a single . man.en
tlemen we ,shall not act our part as freemen if
we fai l resist these aggressions by all the in
fluence we can command. . , i th4,,CohBtitution
expressly guarantees freedom of speech and of
thecprest l / 4 yet everybody knows that private
eitisens haire;heen arrested and iniprisoned in
numerous instances in utter disregard of this
anise. -The' freedom of the press has been
abridged by a:sydtem of espofelge and'eabinet
and military' ortieft.' ) The Constitution also
provides -that in all cases' of criminal -Prosecu
tion the acciseff'shiiii• enjoy the right to a
ePeedk end This has been dhnled
in.many Aset.' . l 'lndeed, the'whole of the Sixth
the:Constitution has been treated as
a dead letter.
Stit,l4' most .. alitrining iheresy ortbe times
;is that whictenteasures authority by necessity;
in..totheetiords, Which determines the author
,ity 9fthe,president by the ()phlloll.he M
i ay
tertan as to what Measures , will beet. cable
him to suppress the rebellion. Wbateverin
his opinion will:best enablehim to do this, the
war power; it is contended,lauthorizes him• to
adopt. Away Away go ' yOtir Conatitiitinn abd 'JAWS
ccat one fell' swoop!", A meihber of Congress
happens to differ with the Executive, and
forthwith the President concludes that it, will
best enable him, to stippress the rebellion to
have,, the refractAry. fellow kidnapped for, a
while, and so he is promptly called upon by e
milltaty provotit. c i
. As Many' members as oWi
plain of Ilie"6t are' disposed of in tha. ;WAllie
way, until Congress is compose& only. of
ccloyal" friends of the President, and the'X,O=
gislative department absorbed hy,:thCE - ieiL
Ultra, 'An opinion.of &judge. il unestWiit o 4
.to- the President; and forthwith-Mr.` Seward
rings that potential , belksow so familiar in for
eign ceurts„and the jgdge is sent to prison on
the niiinewerahli) plea"ttraCit will best enable
the 'Frenidefit t r o t tnie'dinyttboebuilion ond
soon tiff The stadicififf dWalitilient is merged:lft
the Executive, and the President ClotbeVurtth
ilietaterittl , ;powerth =rtdivllynot . oharge Yr.: Lin
cnia MOT any such r•ptirposer I-bapierbetter
things; some tear it; but surely ati*op, that
BO supk t ilenign, has eveN eiAegutl,the brain of
any oPe, ki)40,400Y ;_F14.4 Pn AO !we all agree
that witospef i er tletykerifisslitAntertains the
idea will merit all the chastiaetnent that wan
gliiiiAsit ..1R912 man, 'pig all the punishment re
affieeeltor tee dinitiddlinreiffer. Should we
row acquieice in th`tieic tfille doctrinsiti'SOCe
tit& hence,' Witilm"if worse' man that NEC . Lin-
Coln becomes treaktent, 'he might-attempt;
lite' the•' authority''of these precedelits;l9
usurp the Government and declare iiiMbalf a
dtotatou '• ' i ' ' "
NOW; peewee, I think I have 'llllolfll you
that thalami now in authority shave Ailed to
redeem their oft-vaunted promisea,ol:ll9nesty
antj , ennnfeny in the manageimuk, I:,tbp Gov-
P. -1 fiat they beik,an,itgpc (Ifni i 4
i n
sowing the seeds of,dis9Glrd,betivee "the North
r,4 South which cultnip ted:intiecetwien and
rebellion; that their djie tiAa'aerved tto atimu
leak, and cherish jealous if and hostilities be
tween the slaveholding and non-blavehelding
State.; OW*Attiloit Of their fanatical feel
ings against slavery, they are utterly incapable