Newspaper Page Text
-- RATES ON ADVERTISING.
sour UEBB or lees oonsititutehalf &square. Might tines
or more then four, constitute a egnarn.
Half a l ., one day...-10 80 One et., one day. .--- SO
one week.... 120 i ‘ one week.... /00
" One month, 800 cc one month.
threemonthe 600 " three m onthslo 00
" six months.. 800 " six months.. 16 00
one year. 00 cc one year— 2000
117 Business notices Inserted in the LOOAL ooLtnix,
or before marriages and deaths, TIP users 111 Lima for
asn insertion. Te =ordinate and others advertising
wee Jeer, no.ratt s.teaft will he offered.
fie tne as or annertione must be designated on
Er Marriages and Deaths will iminairta4 at the gams
rates as regular advertisements.
R OBERT SHOIDGBASS t
ATTORNEY Al l LAW,
Ojice Ne 7211. Third -street, third door above Afar
N. R.—Pensloii, Bounty and Military claims of all
kinds prosecuted and collected.
Refer to Hons. John 0. Kunkel, David Mumma, fir.,
and R. A. Lamberton. myll-d&w6m
WM. IL MILLER,
R. E. FERGUSON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
SHO EMAKER'S BUILDINGS
BETWEEN WALNUT and MARKET SQUARE,
ap-29ad Newly opposite the Buehler House.
T HOS. C. MACDOWELL,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MILITARY CLAIM AND PATENT AGENT.
o . g r zte in the _Exchange, Walnut at., (Up Stare.)
Having formed a connection with parties in Wash
ington City, wno are reliable business men, any lumi
na's connected with any of the Department s win meet
with immediate and careful attention_ m6-y
D R, . C. WEICHEL,
SURGEON AND OCVLIST,
RESIDENCE THIRD NAB NORTH STREIT.
He le now fully prepared to attend promptly to few
duties of profeeeion in all its brutalise_
A DM AUND ynsr ovoosinsrus 111:11DIOAL MIUMIMMON
justidea tiro in promising fall and ample eatiafaction to
all nisomayfaror harawitir a call, be thedisease Obronie
or say °tiler nature. mlB-dtcwle
MILITARY CLAIMS AND PEN
The undersigned have entered into an association for
the collection of Military Claims and the securing of
Pensions for wounded and disabled soldiers.
Master-in and Mnster-ont Rolls, officers' Pay Bolls,
Ordnance and Clothing ratan& and all more portals
log to the military movies will be made out properly
Office in the Exchange Buildings, Walnut between
Second and Third streets, near Omit's Hotel. Harris
burg, Ps_ TILOS. 0 MACDOWELL,
je7A•dtf THOMAS A. MAOHIRE,
NO. 11, NORTH =IND BT., HARNII3BUDGI.
MELODEONS, VIOLINS, IiIIITABS,
Banjos, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, Accordeonas
STRINGS, MR UP PM 4 1 711 10 , & 13 .1
PRO TOGRAPR FRAMES. ALBUMS ;
Large Pier and Mantle Mirrors, Square and Oval Immo
of every description made to order. Regailding dons.
Agency for Howe's Sewing Machines.
§iteet Katlic sent by Mali. oetl-1
SOHN W. GLOVER,
Has just received from New rig% au afigillt
which be offers to his customers-and the public( 0
noiti) MODERATE rams. dtf
T . COOK, Merchant Tailor ,
• 27 CHESNUT ST., between Second and /rent,
CLOTHS, OASA'IMERES AND VESTING - S.,
Which will be 116141 at moderate prices-and made up to
order; and, also, an assortment of BRADT MADE
Clothing and Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods.
B. IL WS, D. D. 11. 1
-lY o. 119 MARKET STREET,
EBY k KUNKEL'S BUILDING . , UP STAIRS.
R ELIGIOUS 8.0011 STORE,
mute' AND S mon' SCHOOL EXPOS/TORY,
E. S. GERMAN,
117 3011711 8.110010 STRAIT, ABM OICIENtIT,
Depot for Ms sea of StosSolooosjiter99lAPPla inewli l
Kula and Muslool Instruments. Also, sabsorl_pbloss
taken for religions publications. noSSAY
JOHN G. W. MARTIN,
HERR'S ROM, HARRISBURG, PA.
Alimanner of VISITING - , WEDDING AND BUSI
NESS WiDs executed in the most artistic styles and
most reasonable tonne. dield‘dtt
Ridge Imo, tomer of Broad Area,
The undersigned informs the public that he has re-'
canny renovated and refitted his well-known " Union
Hotel" on Ridge avenue, near the Round House, and is
prepared to accommodate citizens, strangers and travel
era in the best style, it moderate rates.
Hie table will be @applied with the beat the maeltete
afford, and at his bar will be found superior brands of
liquors and malt beverages. The very best accommo
dations for railroaders employed at the shops in this
VOA WI HENRY DATUM(
This pleasant and commodious Hotel has been tin,
roughly re-fitted and re-tarnished. It is pleasantly
Situated on Worth earner of nomad and Ifrauldia
streets, a few doors west of the Northers Central Rail
way Depot. Murry attention paid to themer% of his
guests. G. LEIBIINRING, etor,
iel2.tf (Late of Satins Grove. Pa.)
THEO. F. BOIJEFFER,
BOOK, CARD AND JOB PRINTER,
NO 18 MARIEBT MORT, HARRISBURG.
ID' - Particular atteutiost paid to printing, ruling and
binanB et ttaiiroad Illanki, Mizarasts, buinrsace Poli.
cies , Oneekß, BM-Reads, &o.
Wedging, Visiting and Brighten Clara printed at very
low prices and in the best style. jardi
Cr -W CI . g. Mr. Ma 17 1131 r XX .
The imbseriber is ready at 1.0. 94, MARKST BT.,
four doors below Fourth street, to make
MEN'S AND 1391"8 CLOTHINQ
In any desired style, and with skill and promptness.
Persons wishing cutting done can have it done at the
shortest notice. ap274
CHARLES F. VOIALREB,
Ch.estnut street, four doors above Second,
(OPPosiva WlainialoX HMO 00n81,)
Ie prepared to furnighto order is very best style et
workmanship, Spring and Hair Mattresses, Winnow Gar
tabs' s, Lounges, and all other articles
terms. o f inrratlire in his
line, on short notice end moderate Raving ex
perience in the business, he feels warranted in asking
share of putdie patronage, confident of bisability to give
COOPERT GELATINE.—The beat
artiele In the market, just received and for sale by
inarl44f WM. DOOM .7s
MOTIONS, -- Quite a variety of nee
LI sod entertaining articles—cheap—at
WEBSTER'S ARMY AND NAY!
Just received and for rude at
SWIBITERVI 800 STORB.
NEW ORLEANS SUGAR I—FIRST IN
ma m 10410
102 Ru r 111 %. DOOR h., is CO.
e - ' - '_. . ~•,.. ~, 111Z1
- ---.7- :• 4 ,-;•= - :- . ...• 11 - 1.. , ' 4 ,- . --, . - 7:.; - :-: , ± - •':-._-' •
: ..,, •
A '±:_----: 4 1 ::::.4,- •-•°•.• t , ' -. J . 1
. . ..
_- - .7-.7. :_ - • - ' 7..* :. - 1- IP . . , - . • :-...-..- . _ ....----
---, iii - .-...-
. „..„.„..7 .. 11 , 1 i . .. :. „....,
1111 I 0 n.
~,,...,..,,on.. ._ ...•
~.. ..,,...3 • 7 -- - ""- -"'---?
-.: MAI '.• i-, •
._ • _
. . .
VOL. 6.-NO. 18.
GREAT EXTERNAL REMEDY,
FOR RHEUMATISM, GOUT, NEURALGIA,
LUMBAGO, STIFF NECK AND JOINTS,
SPRAINS, BRUISES, CUTS A WHIMS,
PILES, HEADACHE, and. ALL RHEU
MATIC and NERVOUS DISORDERS.
Dr. Stephen Sweet, of Conneetiett,
The great Natural Bone getter.
Dr. Stephen Sweet, of Connecticut,
Ie known all over the United e Wee.
Dr. Stephen Sweet f Connecticut,
Ie the author of " Dr. Sweet , silible Liniment."
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Cures Rheumatism and never falls.
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Is a certain care foi Nenralila.
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Cline Bum and Bolds immediately.
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Lint Mint
Is the best known remedy for Sprains and Bruised.
Dr. Sweets Infallible Liniment
Cures Headsobe Immediately and was never known
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Onree Toothache in one minute.
Dr. Sweetie InihUible Liniment
Cures Cute and Wean& 'lmmediately and leaves Da
Dr. SweeVa Infallible Liniment
Ix the belt remedy for Born hi the known world.
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Has been used by more than a million people, and all
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Is truly friend ier ae4d," *44 Iyiry Nay should
have it at hand.
Dr. Sweet's Intitilib's Liniment
Is for see by all Druggists. Price 25 cants.
RIMEARDSON & Co,
Sole Proprietors, Norwich, Ot.
For sale by all Dealers. ap2O eow-d&w
• N D
Is prepared to Cement the +Warier of Buildings with
he New York Improved
Water-Proof Mastic Cement.
This Material is different from all other Cements.
It forms a solid, durable adhesiveness to any surface,
Imperishable by the actien of Mtge or frost. Beery
good building should be coated with this Cement p it is
a perfect preserver to the walls, and makes a beautiful,
fine finish, equal to Eastern brown sandstone, or any
Among others for wham I have applied the Mantle
C emen t, I corot to the following gentleilen
J. Bissell, residence, Penn street, Pittsburg, finished
J. H. Shoenberger, residence, Lawrenceville, finished
James M'Candlass, residence, Allegheny City,flnished
Calvin Adams, residence, Third et eet, finished four
A. Hoeveler, residence, Lawrenceville, finished four
D. M'Cord, Penn street, Quished four years.
Hon. Thomas Irwin, Diamond street, finished four
St Charles Hotel and Girard House, dnlhhed five
Kittanning Court House and Bank, for Barr & Moser,
Architects, Pittsburg, finished fiveyears.
Orders received at the offr.ce of B M'Eldowney, Paint
•flhop, Seventh street, er plum video'
T. Y. WATSON,
ma 16-tf P. 0. Box 131.6. Pittsburg, Pa.
. M S I - I I
20,000, lbs. Composed of the following Brands
mat received :
EVANS & SWlFT'S—Superior.
MICIIINER'S EXCELSIORLNot amylase&
IRON CITY—Not canvassed.
PLAIN HAMS—Strictly prime.
ORDINARY HAMS—Very good.
Kr Every Ham sold will be gu ar anteed as represen
tad_ WM. DOCK. Jr., & CO.
RUPERIOR STOOL . OF LIQUIIRS.-
la WK. DOCK, Tn., & 00- are now able •to offer to
their customers and the public at large, a stock of the
purest liquors ever imported into this. market, compri
sing in part the following varieties :
WHISKY—IRISH, SCOTCFLOLD BOURBON,
WINE—PORT, SHERRY, OLD MADEIRA.
OTARD, DIIPEY & CO. PALE BRANDY.
pimp NEW ENGLAND RUM.
DRAKE'S PLANTATION BITTERS.
These liquors can all be warranted; and in addition to
these, Dock & Co. Wave on hand a large variety of
Wi n es, Whisky and
theyßrand, to which they invite the
partionlai attention of public.
MEBBIII3. OHICKERING k 00.
HAVE AGAIN OBTAINED TILE
. AT THI
MECHANICS' FAIR, EoB1 4 0N,
VELD #gll rucrandoe vrairz,
0 VER COMPETITORS!
Wareroom for mo WITOSIGBINVIP/ANCMI, at Ilarrio-
Vd4, 92 /au k" Trip 'a iusu sToRu
WAR I WAR —BRADY, No. 62
Market street, below Third, has received a large
assortmits9 of sw9lln, Wail 1 / 1 " 8 ' whick
sell wore low eat.° dii
EXCELSIOR I 1 !---STIGAR CURED
Hata !—A Delicious Ham, mud tartish" fe
ThoLar. espesios to easy sow in the mar
ket/ - WA% WK. DOM kC9
HARRISBURG, PA:, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1863
' E llatriot anin.
TUESDAY MORNING, SEPT. 22, 1863.
HON. J. ROSS SNOWDEN,
At the Mass Meeting in Independence Square,
Philadelphia, Sept. 17, 1863.
Mr. SNOWDEN said :
Fellow-Citizens:—All the issues of former
years sink into insignificance when compared
with the momentous questions now before us,
Heretofore the American people were divided
into parties involving merely questions of in
ternal policy or our relations with foreign gov
ernments. The chief questions related to the
currency, a tariff, distribution of the public
lands, the veto power, and kindred suhjects.
In all these questions the policy of the Demo
cratic party has been • fully vindicated and
maintained. But now, growing out of the
seeds of disunion, planted by a fanaticism
which has its root in New England, we have
the question of the very existence of the Union
and of constitutional liberty presented to us.
The Democratic party is now, and always
has been, the true friend of the Union and of
Constitutional freedom. It has been the means,
under Providence, of establishing and main
taining in this land the , principles of civil and
religious liberty, and of advancing the pros
perity and happiness of the, people in the
wondrous career which characterized our once
happy and united country, now, alas, trembling
on the verge of destruction.
- Whence comes the cause of this sad ahatige ?
It will be found in the organization- of a sec
tional party opposed to the constitutional com
pact between the States on the subject of negro
elavery. Before the success of the Abolition
ized Republicans produced the dieruption of
our political Union, the moral Union which
heretofore existed between: the people of the
several States Was undermined and destroyed
by the reckless and wicked course of the lead
ers of that party, and by the unconstittitional
and unfrateraal action of the Legislatures .of
such of the Northern States as they governed
To save our beloved country wa must restore
the moral as well as the political Union, as es
tablished by our fathers. Such a Union can
never bs restored by the Republican-Abolition
ists: They have been warring for years
against the. Constitution of the United States
and the rights of the States under it. They
are now confessedly carrying on the war which
desolates our land, p Nl' the restoration of
the Union as it heretofore existed, but for the
abolition of slavery. This object of their de
sire they now believe is within their grasp, and
they are pursuing it, regardless of the obliga
tions of the Constitution, or the rights of the
States, or of persons or property. A recent
proof of this is given in a speech made at
Keokuk by Col. Stone, the administration can
didate for Governor of lowa, He said "
admit 1., th a t
orildallialMi 4 “ , .. -. " I
that it could not 'subdue the
Soitth else than by making it an Abolition war,
and they have done so ; and it will be contin
ued as an Abolition war so long as there is one
slave at the South to be made free."
In 1856, at Honesdale, in this State, I heard
Senator Wilson, of Massachusetts, make a
speech under a banner on which was inscribed,
"No Union with Blaveholdere." Re preached
disunion then, and he and his party are acting
it out now. The theme of his discourse was
an effort to show the equality of the negro
with the white man ; &Itt4 I. recollect that he
misquoted the Declaratiot of Independence by
inserting the word "free"—as if Mr. Jefferson
and the signers of that immortal document,
nearly all of whom were the owners of negro
slaves, meant to affirm that all white and black
men were free and equal..
The men of the . Revolution, and those who
formed the Constitution of the different States
and of the United States,. acknowledged no
each principal of equality: They recognized
the lawfulness of the relation of master and
slave, and were content to leave that, relation
to the action of the States and of the people
Interested in it.. The' Democratic party has
always been willing to abide by Slid preierve
inviolate the covenants between the States and
the compromises of the Constitution, leaving to
each State in this respect, and in all others
provided by the Constitution, the regulation of
its own affairs. The States provide by law for
the regulation of the relation of master and ap
prentice, of guardian and ward, of trustee and
the beneficiary—why not that of master and
slave ? No outside authority has any legal or
constitutional right to interfere with these re
lations. The Democratic party leave these
points where the Constitution and laws of the
Union place them. We are not like the New
England Pharisees, who profanely "thank God
that they are better than other men;" and yet
such as they are
,were pronounced by the high
est authority "to be hypocrites, who omit the
weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy
and faith—blind guides, which strain at a gnat
and swallow a camel."
In an evi f e l
lour the administration of t:he
governMentlnto the hands of these "blina
guides ;" not however, it may be well to re
member, by a majority of the people, for Mr.
Lincoln was in a minority of upwards a mil
lion of the popular vote. And here, in order
that I may not be misunderstood as to the
words Administration and Government, let me
quote and adopt the resolution of the last
House of Representatives of our State, and
which was unanimously approved by the late
Democratic State Conventions.
"This General Assembly recognizes a mani
fest difference between the administration of
the government and the government itself—the
one is transitory, limited in duration to that
period of time to which the officers elected by
the people are charged with the conduct of the
same; Ale other is permanent, and intended
by its founders to endure forever." s
But Mr. Lincoln and his party were galled
to administer the government, Alas ! what
and calamities has this advent brought upon
the country: Disunion, civil war, desolation
of homes, destruction of myriads of lives and
countless property, a deprioiated currency, a
national debt of gigantic proportions, swelling
day by day, with grinding taxation now; and
fearful oppression in the future. •
This is the feast to whieh we are Invited.
The National debt—what is it now ? Who can
tell? An official statement recently published
says that it amounted on the 80. h of Jane last
to one thousand one hundred and ninety.-seven
millions two hundred and Seventy-four thou•
sand three hundred and sixty-six dollarti.—
It consisted of the following classes of oblige.-
tione : •
Your nor °anti .8.059:295
rive per eenti 101,N7',828
Six per cents 481 27e 875
Seven and three-tentbe per cent 189_820, 600
Debt not Besting intereet .............. 598,724057
Total tttttt • • • • • . •• .............. $1 197,274,3 66
But this frightful sum total does not include
all the liabilities of the goyernment. I see in
the newspapers of the day other items men
tionedt namely U; tilt certificates of indebted-
ness ; new 11. S. certificates of indebtedness ;
orders for certificates of indebtedness ; quar
termasters' touchers. These and many other
items constitute a floating debt, most of which
is not embraced in the above financial state.
Some idea of the magnitude of the busipees
of settling army paymasters' accounts may be
inferred from the fact that over one titillated
and fifty clerks are employed upon them at the
office of the Second Auditor; yet, with all this
force, there is a year and 'a half's accumula
tion of accounts and claims in that office.
If we add to the above statement all the lia
bilities incurred for war purposes since the
30th of June, and claims for damages, pen
sions, bounties, ,Szo., &0., we wilt not overstate
the total liabilities of the United States at the
present time at TWO THOUSAND MILLIONS OF
Pennsylvania is about one-tenth of the
"Union as it was." Her proportion of the
National debt is, therefore, two hundred mil
lions of dollars. But if we impoverish and de
stroy the South, depopulate her cities, her
towns and her plantations, the proportion of
the debt to Pennsylvania will be increased fifty
per cent. ; making her liabilities for the war
four hunred millions of dollars. The expense
of the General Government, for all purposes,
at the piesent time exceed two millions of dol
lar(' Per day; that is, at the rate of more than
seven hundred millions per annum. The internal
revenue tax now levied is estimated at one
hundred - and fifty millions of dollars. It is very
deubtful whether that amount will be collec
t ted ; but whether it is or not, these figures
' will show what an immense increase every
month and every year+ of war will make to
the above-mentioned - enormous amount of lia
The debt is now represented by a mere Pro
mise to pay, but it is payable in money, which
the Constitution recognizes to be gold and sil
ver. It will increase our understanding of the
amount of the money I have named when we
consider the weight of those amounts itt gold
and silver. The debt is now, say, two thou
sand millions of dollars . ; this in gold coin of
the United States would weigh three thousand
eight hundred and seventy-five tohs. (A. ton
of gold weighs about 3,685 pounds.) To move
this amount on an ordinary road would re
quire 3,885 horses, or V2 l / wagons with four
horses. Silver weighs about fifteen times as
much as gold. It would therefore, require a
greater force, in that proportion, to move the
above amount if estimated in that metal. How
much these amounts would weigh in paper
which has no intrinsic value, I have no means
of calculating. •
The valuation of all the property, real and
personal,. in reugeyliania, as fixed by the
Revenue Board of 1863, is five hundred and
ninety-six millions of dollars. The ascertained
and registered debt of the United States on the
30th of June last, alone, without reference to
other debts and liabilities, is nearly twice as
great as the whole value of the assessed prop
erty in this Commonwealth ! If we include the
estimated debts before referred to, including
assessors to the county commissioners.
This comparison also will assist us se form
some adequate idea of the magnitude of the
. . .
Again, Boston, in proportion to her popula
tion, is the richest city in the United States.
The total wealth of that city, as recently valued
by the assessors, is three hundred and two mil
lions bf dollars_ The whole wealth of that city
will nbt pay the expenses of the government
for mulch more than one hundred days.
Our\ own Commonwealth has had . some ex
perienOe in reference to a State debt. I do not
wish t; revive unpleasant recollections, but it
must b • admitted that for two or three years we
failed • pay the interest on our debt of forty
milli° :. Since 1846, under the influence of
the to , of three mina OA the dollar authorized
by the act of 1844, 'we have paid the interest,
with s , ii e deductions which ought not to be
made, ut the debt debt remains about the same
amoun according to the last official report of
the St to authorities, It is estimated that
about c . e million more 'will be required to pay
certain n'ilitary claims authorized to be paid
by a re : . t act of Assembly.
When we reflect that the last two years and
a half ve added an additional debt of hero
hundre millions as the proportion of Penn
sylvani 'we may well be alarmed for the fu
ture. e will find that the heavy taxes now
imposed are only the. precursors of heavier
and mo exhausting taxation in the future ;
and, un es arrested in our downward career,
our hit rto free, prosperous and happy land
will-be erwhelmed in irretrievable bankrupt
cy and in—a pitiable spectacle to ourselves
and to t world of a great nation destroying
itself in the vain expectation of placing the
negro or an equality with the white man, and
of eubju icing eight millions of our felloW
'citizens ' the endeavor to accomplish such an
unnatur' and impossible .event.
If we a from the subject of the finances
and look 'the currency of the country, what
an curio inary spectacle meets our views—
The Cons 'ution of the United States makes
gold and .ver the only legal money of the
United St es. Heretofore, as the result of
Democrat' measures, gold and silver coin,
with a pr o portion of bank notes payable in
coin, formft the currency of the country. The
Gold bill afi the Sub-Treasury law; once so
much abas4 by the enemies of the Democrat
ic party,fiiilled the expectations of the friends
of a soundiurrency. The mint poured forth
its milliontlif coin. The prophecy was real
ized; gold ci 4 in did shine through the intersti
ces of thdurses of the people. It was the
era of gold'ond golden hoped for the future
beat high ilevery true American heart. Then
every Amelan at home or abroad could, in
the leagueof Benton, consider himself "a
hundred fe tel."
The star t ag was then , the emblem of free
dom, union '
d strength • and woe be to that
emperor or g who would touch but a hair
on the head ithe humblest citizen who reposed
under its sad folds. But now, alas ! there
are none so or as to do her reverence. To
add to our ery and humiliation, whilst we
now speak,cgotiations are going forward
among the gs and despots Of Europe to
plant an Astrian kingdom, supported by
French bayobts on this North America of
ours—hithert sacred from the intrusion of
Let us hasto settle our difficnlties, and
with a unite , ountry say to these rulers of
Europe, Cros of the Atlantic. Advance not
one step upo he American soil. Americana
must govern herneelves, and be the arbiters
of their own p,estiny, But, alas I we are in
no condition ilassert our rights, much less to
stand upon o digitity and honor. Even our
personal rig seem to be passing away,like
the snow upo the mountains. The tread of
military des ism seems to be advancing
nearer and n er. We should be thankful, I
suppose, for e privilege of meeting here,
under the Alm! of Independence Hall, where
our fathers d red themselves free and iinde
pendent.:W 're indeed thankful that this
privilege is I us.
Let me ret from this digression. With
PRICE TWO CENTS.
I civil war comes a grinding debt, heavy taxes,
and a depreciated - paper currency. The cur
rency consists of notes that are a legal tender
by act of Congress, but not convertible into
. gold or silver. No one will keep these paper
premises long. They wi!l net be hoarded
away under hearthstones and in the cellars
like gold and silver. The practice of hoarding
I do not in any ease approve; I only speak of
it to show the home-appreciation of the differ
ence between .gold and silver on the one hand
and notes on the other. If a man has more of
the latter than he needs to pay his debts and
buy what he wants for himself and his family
he will fund it. This is well enough, and he
is doing the best he can. If there was some
reasonable limit to this business it would do
better. The operation of printing money may
be carried too far. I notice, moreover, that
the printing establishments of the Government
are not able to print the notes fast enough.
Mr. Chase has, within the pad few days, called
on the banks tor a . lean to the amount of the
imall'sura of fifty millions of dollars. These
millions will not list him a month, brit they
will give time for the paper machines to get
ahead of the pressing demands from all quar
ters upon the Treasury. Fifty millions of dol
lars in years past was quite a sum of money.
During Mr. Van Buren's administration, when
he had, besides the government to attend to,
a war with the Florideindians on his hands,
the country was convulsed with indignation,
because the expenditures reached the sum of
thirty five millions, per annum ! This had
more to do in preventing his re-election than
the other arguments used against him, namely:
Army"—"One Term," and "No Veto." '
Mr. Polk carried 'on the government and 'a
war with Mexico at a cost of forty three mil
lions per annum. With these tens of millions
he "conquered a p eace," securel to us Texas,
and bought the golden region of California.
But his administration was denounced for its
extravagant expenditures I These figures were
mountains then—they are pigmies now.
But the currency sympathises with prices,
and at this time with all things of value, but
especially with cotton goods. Five dollars . in
paper money does not go far in buying a dress
for the wife or a frock for the child, or even
in filling the market basket. A half eagle for
merly did at least twice the work. Prices go
up as paper money goes down. A currency
based upon credit is deplorable indeed; the
farther the credit is stretched the worse the
currency becomes. The Continental money
and the Vrench Aesignats were current for a
time,but the expansion at last became too great
•—elaSticity has some limits—the strings burst,
and then came the collapse. An irredeemable
OurrenCy ie like 4 despotism in this : it exists
only by. the sufferance of the people. They
suffer from both, or either, until sufferance
ceases to be a virtue, and then comes the
I come now to suggest a remedy for.these
present and impending :Mils. This will be an
easy task if all our people North and South
ot7rb nations airif ofWeil
•is not 'found in the fire, nor the tempest, nor
the whirlwind, but in the still small voice of
gentleness, kindness and love. •
Have we gone so far in this work of blood
and devastation that there is no return? Is
the path of conciliation, compromise and peace
forever olosed ? Surely not, my friends, surely
not. We may yet, by the withdrawal of the
Emancipation Proclamation, the repeal of the
Conscription bill, and all measures of HU
character, evoke and revive that feeling for the
Union in the South which was destroyed by
these obnoxious measures. Let us then offer
in good faith the guarantees proposed by 8811-
&too Crittenden and Douglas, to insure,, the
domestic tranquility, safety and equality of
all the Staten, and restore peace, *unity and
fraternity to the wholecountry.
The remedy was well stated by our candi
date for Governor from this sacred spot on the
15th of December, 1860.
,With the wisdom
and foresight which charat;terizes the true
statesman, he.said, "We mast arouse ourselves
and reassert the rights of the slaveholder, and
add such guarantees to our Constitution as will
protect his property frOm the spoliation of re
ligious bigotry and persecution, or else we must
give up our Constitution and Union. The al
ternative is plainly before ne—constitntional
union and liberty according to American law,
or else extinction of slave property, negro
freedom, dissolntion of the Union; and anarchy
The war had not then actually commenocd.
If counsel like this had been followed
of a- similar Character, the dismal chapter
of civil war, with all its calamities and Mise
ries, would not have been written in letters of
blood ; but peace and Union would now wave
her banner over us. .
The party - now in power do not appear to
desire reconciliation or adjustment. Their
radical measures are incongliaterit with either,
and they declare that'the war is now for .the
abolition of slavery and for the subjugation of
the South, and that it shall be carried on to
the bitter end.
Bat let us not despair of the Ittpublio. Tet
us, through the ballot-box, show °dr devotion
to the principles of constitutional liberty ; cur
determination to use every honest and fair
means to plaee at the head of our State gov ,
ernment a statesman of the good old Demo
cratic school; a school that teaches our duties
to our fellow citizens, our sister. States, and to
the Union, as well as Our rights under the Con
stitution and laws.
Our success at the next election will put our
own ship of State on the old Demobratic tack,
with a firm, honest, able and' enlightened
statesman at the helm. We will then be in
condition to help forward the cause of the
Union and the Constitution in the - Presidential
contest in 1864, which will decide the fate of
the nation perhaps for all future time.
If all measures for conciliation and tempo
mice on fair and -honorable terms should fail,
when fairly and honestly 'presented, the De
mocracy of Pennsylvania stand pledged "to
use all possible constitutional efforts to flap
press the present rebellion." The Convention
which nominated Judge Woodward and Judge
Lowrie further declared, (adopting he resolu
tion of the House of Representatives,) "That
this General Assembly nondemas and denoun
ces the faults of the administration antletbe
encroachments of the. Abolitionists; it does
also most thorougly condemn and denounce
the heresy of secession as unwarranted by the
Constitution, and destructive alike of the secu
rity and perpetuity of the government and of
the peace and liberty of the people, audit does
hereby most solemnly declare that the people
of this State are unalterably opposed to any
division of the Union, and will persistently
exert their whole influence and power, und er
the Constitution, to maintaiteand defend it."
The same Convention also adopted the fol
"Resolved, That the Democracy of Pennsyl
vania heti ever been true to the cause of the
Union. It was in the name an for the sake
of the Union that our party was made ; that we
denounce the least intimation that the Demo
erotic party entertains now, or ever has enter:
tabled, or ever can entertain, the slightest
PITBLIBRED EVERY MORNINO
IMIDATI =RPM •
BY 0. BARRETT' 00
Taz DAILY Passim' Asa tralea will be verveLIAIS IO
seriben resittinglL the Berea,. for
payable to the Vanier. Kell zubeetibere, "054 , 4a0
Tan WRIRLT Pavaroe Ain 17111011111 piablisked fitIWO
DOLLARS PER ARIII7K, invariably !nativism:a. TOR WOO
to one address, fifteen dollars
Ot.nnected with this establishment. seaway'
Jog opoicur o_ooristy- of plain mot tun)
type, unequaAed by any establishment in the interior of
the State, for which the patronagbottbb lOUs is 043
symp l ithi_with the present gigantic Tel4tqn,
or with traitors in arms against the govern
ment, or would ever consent to peace upon any
terms involving a dismemberment of the Union,
as utterly unjust; and in proof of this, we
point with eitultation to the lavish contribu
tions to the war - in blood and treasure hereto
fore and now : bding made by the hundreds of
thousands of Deinocratio citizens who were
among the first to fly to the rescue of the
Union, and peril their lives in its defence."
These resolutions show the platform of the
Democratic party. Upon these principles our
distinguished candidates stand before the MA
try. When the reins of government are re
stored to the Democratic party, let us hasten
to repair the grievous errors of the past. Let
us, by all means in our power, endeavor to re
store that moral as well ah political Union
which was established by Washington and
maintained by Jackson. Then we shall have
peace and Union under the same Constitution,
and with the one flig of many owe floating OM
us. Then it will be the old Union of our hearts
and hands, and we shall shed tears of joy as
we hail it in the breeze, "The flag of the Union
One word more. A teoent proclamation of
the President suspends the habeas corpus act
in certain enumerated oases. The lives and
liberties of the people are now no longer under
the protection of the laaw, "The President,
the military, naval and civil officers of the
United States, or any of them," can arrest and
" hold" any citizen at their will or pleasure.
This is a tremendous power to give any man
or set of men. A leading administration paper
in this city says that " this power would be
dangerous in the hands of a corrupt ruler, but
the honesty and incorruptible patriotism of
Abraham Lincoln guarantees its upright and
impartial exercise." There would be some
force in this remark, even admitting, for the
sake of the argument, the adjectives applied
to the President, but his proclamation gives
the same power also to each "military, naval
and civil officer in the United States." Mr.
Lincoln has not the power of übiquity nor
omniscience. He cannot know what his ua
merous subordinates, in different parts of our
attended country, are doing in his name 'and
by his authorily. What the writ of habeas
carpus gives to the citizen, namely: a hearing,
at least, is taken from him, to say nothing of
the common law provision, " that no freeman
shall be imprisoned or detained without cause
• In every government, arbitrary as well as
free, it has beret ofore been the first and most
important object to secure the citizen or the
subjec:: from violence or detention unautho
rized by law. Our own Chief justice, (Lowrie)
in a recent case. announced a familiar princi
ple when he said : "It is alleged that the fact
complained of was authorized by the President
of the United States, and was executed by im
portant Federal officers. But this element loses
all its legal importance when we consider that
all public functionaries in this land are under
law, and that none, from the highest to the
are_ab 1 yegat..!:„.. tr ..........-gewata‘ to that"
condition of society when force was the only
rule, and men wore swords by their sides to
protect themselves from injury and oppres
But let not these oppressive measures drive
us from our propriety of conduct, We are
now, as we always have been, the friends of
law and order ; and though the laws may be
temporarily'silent, we will give them obedi-.
ence. Let us, therefore, be earful to do noth
ing against the peace and dignity of the Com=
monwealth of Pennsylvania.
- We still have by Art. I of the Amendmints
to the Constitution of the United States, "the
right peaceably to assemble and petition the
Government for a redress of grievances." Our
own Constitution—art. ix, sec. I—declares
that the people "have certain inherent. and
indefessable rights, among which are thole-of
enjoying and defending life and liberty,,of, ae
quiring and possessing property, and or pun,
suing their own happinese.' The seventh sec
tion of the second article ordains, " that the
printing presses shall be free to every person
who undertakes to eSaMitte the proceedings Of
'the Legislature or any branch of the Govern
ment.; and no law shall be made to rostrata
the, exercise thereof." "The free communica
tion of thoughts and opinions is one of the
invaluable rights of man, and every `citizen
may freely speak, write and print on any sub
ject, being responsible for the abuse of that
liberty." These and other common , and in
herent rights still remain to us. And above
all, in the present crisis of our public affairs,
we have the right of the ballot. Let us see to
it that this right is exercised at the next elec
tion. It is a right sacred to freedom, and for
midable to tyrants only. It is now our only
hope for the future. If a majority of the
voters of Pennsylvania decide in favor of the
resent Administration,we will, as law-abiding
citiiens, calmly and passively abide the result.
All we ask is a fair and honest arbitrament at
the polls. .
And here, under the shadow of this venera
ble Hall of Independence, and on this anniver
sary of the adoption nf. thee Constitution, we
solemnly declare that we intend to assert this
right with all the vigor and earnestnees 'of
freemen engned in the holy cause of main
taining the Constitution, the Union and free
FACTS TO BE REMEMBERED.
The 'Constitution was adopted Sept. 17th,•
1787, and ratified by nine Stott* (the number
required to set 'it in motion,) in 1788 The
last remaining State of the old thirteen (Rhode
Island) ratified the Constitution in May, 1790.
In the original Constitution occurs the clause
—“The privilige of habeas corpus shall not be
suspended, except when in oases of invasion
or rebellion the public safety may require it."
The Constitution as it thus stood was after
wards amended—via. ; in December, 17 9 / 1
nearly two years after all the thirteen States'
had ratified the old Constitution.
The amendments are important, as they.
qualify and explain many parts of the original
Constitution. It is in the amendments that
the passages are found:
" The ,right of the people to keep and bear
arms shall not be infringed."
" The people shall at all times be secure iB
their houses, persona and effects, against ill
seaichinga and seizures."
Cis all criminal prosecutions the right of
trial by jury shall be preserved, (except in
cases of-pereone In the .tailitary or naval ear
vice of the Unkted States in time of war.)"
" Persons -accused shall be entitled to a
speedy trial by jury within the district in
which the offence is alleged to have been com
"The powers not delegated to the rederal
government are reserved to the States or to the
punishments shalt not be
"Cruel or uninual
How do these amendments accord with Lin
coin's claim to supreme power as commander
in-chief of the army,. Refusing men jury tri
oio, or inflicting _ unusual ponishmenie by
sending them into exile.— Cleveland Rain