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ICATES int ADVERTISING.
Four lines or leseconstitute half &square. Eight linee
or more than four, constitute a square.
H s u sq,, one $0 30 One sq.. one day..—. oo so
one week-- 140 1, one week.... 400
." one month.. 800 , c one month. •6 00
threemonthe 600 " MOO menthsio oo
iglx mon ths.. 000 4d A n menthe— 16 00
one year. 00 « one year 4000
ousinoso notices inserted in the LOCAL COLWYN,
or before marriages and deaths, it osNIS PIA LIM for
each ihenertion. To merchants and others advertising
by the year, liberal terms will be offer ed -
he number of insertions must be designated on
Marriages and Deaths will be inserted at the same
rates as reenter advertisements.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
®►tce North Third arca, ihgrd door above Mar
ket, Harrisburg, Pa.
N. B.—Pension, Bounty and Military claims of all
kinds prosecuted and collected.
Refer to Mons. John O. Kunkel, David Mumma, jr.,
and B. A. Lumberton. myll-d&w6m
WM. H. MILLER,
R. E. FERGUSON,
`ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
BETWEEN WALNUT and MARKET SQUARE,
apalfakd Nearly opposite the Buehler Homo
T 11 03-
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MILITARY CLAIM AND PATENT AGENT.
OAce in the Exchange, Walnut at. ? (Up Stair&
Hawing formed a connection with parties in Wash
/Leon City, wno are reliable business men, any bird
men; connected with any of the Departments will meet
with Immediate and careful attention. me-y
SURGEON AND OCULIST,
REELTIRNOR THIRD PINAR NORTH OTRILIT.
lie is now fully prepared to attend promptly to the
duties of profession in all its 'branches.
A lone Aso 'num erroozoorm. XUDIOAL 11IP2BEZZOD
1111411011 kixti is premising fell awl woes) aattsfaction to
all wkomayfaTor him with a call, he the am*, Ohrooi4
or emy other nature. mlB4.3rArle
MILITARY CLATMS AND PEN
The undersigned have entered into an association for
the collection of Military Claims and the securing of
PCM3I . OIIII/ for wounded and disabled soldiers.
Master-in and Muster--out Bolls, officers , Pay Bolls,
Ordnance and Clothing returns, and all papers pertain
ing to the military service will be made out properly
Mee in the Exchange buildings, Walnut betwou
Second and Third streets, near Omit's Hotel. Harris
burg, Pa. THOS 0 MACDOWELL,
idlb-dtf THOMAS A. MAGUIRE.
316. 11, NORTH THIRD ST., HARRISBURG.
STEINWAY- 1 S PIANOS,
MELODEONS, VIOLINS, UNITABS,
Bales, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, • JecordeOnt,
STRANGE, BNNET AND BOOX MONO, &0., &0.,
PHOTOGRAPH FRAMES. ALBUMS,
Large Pier and Mantle Mirrors, Square and Oval Prone
of every description made to order. Regailding dons.
Agency ler Hewes Sewing Machines.
tg. Butt Igivii; pent by Mail. octl-1
JOHN W. GLOVER,
Ham jest received from Now York, an Assort
'chick he offers to his customers and the Wale at
noc22) MODERATE PRICES. dtf
COOK, Merchant Tailor,
.27 OfEMINUT ST., between Second and Front,
Sae just returned from the city with an assortment of
CLOTHS, CASSIMERES AND VES'TINGS,
Whisk will be sold at - moderate prices and made up to
order and, also, an assortment of WILD"( MADE
Climbing and Gentlenten's 'Furnishing Goads.
B. L 6ILDEA, D. D. S.,
O 119 IILiRKET STREET,
EBY & KUNEWB BUILDING, VP STAIRS.
RELIGIOUS BOOK STORE a
TRACY AND SUNDAY SCHOOL DEPOSITORY,
E. S. GERMAN,
IT HOTITR BICIOND MUT, ABM OHIENUT,
Depot fortbesale of Stereeseopes,litereoscopieViewa,
Muds and linaleal Instruments. Also, subsoat ar ions
taken for religions publications. i
JOHN G. W. MARTIN,
EBERT HOTEL, ILIRRIBBIIRO, PA.
Allausaner of VISITING, WEDDING AND BUSI
NESS CARDS ',aoudad is, the most artistic Miles and
mixt seaminabla terms. deal 4-1111
Ridge inane, corner of Broad street,
HAItRI 3 BIJAO, PA..
Ths t undersigned informs the public that he has re
may renovated and refitted his well-known " Union
Hotel" on Ridge avenue, near the Round House, and is
prepared to accommodate citizens, strangers and travel
era in the best style, at moderate rates.
His table will be eupplied with the beet the swam*
*Nord, and at his bar will be found superior brands of
liquors and malt beverages. The very beat accommo
dations for railroaders employed at the Atop in this
-vicanity. rat dtf] HENRY BOSTGEN.
FRANKLIN HOUSE ?
BAL - TIBIORN, MD.
This. pleasant and ooninubdiouu Hotel has been no
roughly re-fitted and re-furnished. It is pleasantly
-situated on North-West corner of Howard and Franklin
attests, * few doors weet of the Northern Neutral Rail
way Depot. ivory attention paid to the comfort of his
-gnats. G. lIIIHINRING, Proprietor,
isl 2-1 1. Mate of Selina Grove, Pa.)
T HE O. F. SCHEFFER,
BOOK, CARD AND JOB PRINTER,
110. 18 MAXIM STRZWP, HARRISBURG.
Particular attention paid to printing, ruling and
=of Railroad Blanks, Manifests, Insurance Poll
eche BiU-Hunis, Bco.
Wedding, visiting and Business Cards printed at very
low pricea and in the beet style. jan2l
TAILOR - INQ,
. WC M. 17 Gr. s.
The subscriber is ready at NO. 94, MARKET BT.,
four doors below Fourth street, to make
NEWS AND BOY'S CLOTHING
any desired style, end with akin and promptness.
Persons wishing cutting done can have it done at the
doziest notice. ap274
CHARLES F. VOLLMER,
G'& stmt street, four doors above Second,
(OPTIMISM WASHINGTON HOSE HOITBN,)
prepared to furnish to order in the very best style of
workmanship, epring cud Hair Hattfhises, Window clar.
Lounges, and all other articles of Furniture in his
line, on short notice end moderate terms. Having ex
perience in the business, he feels warranted in asking a
share of public patronage, conildent of his abilitjto give
VEY—LIGHT GALLERY.—The rooms
nu the corner of Harlot Namara and Market street,
apposite the Janes House, occupied as a Gallery for
Daguerreotype, Photograph and Ambrotype purposes,
are FOR HINT from the 9th of Septembe r nex t
Apply to JOHN WYSTIL
WEBSTER'S ARMY AND NAVY
avotteosived and for gale at
Mir ()ALBANS SUGAR
UM MEAUX? !—Tor sale bir
bas Wit. DOCK Js., & CO.
1 11 4
._,• .- -
' r '
VOL. 6.-NO. 4.
GREAT EXTERNAL REMEDY,
FOR RHEUMATISM, GOUT, NEURALGIA,
LUMBAGO, STIFF NECK AND JOINTS,
MAU% BRUISES, CUTS A WOUNDS,
PILES, HEADACHE, and ALL MEV
MATIC and NERVOUS DISORDERS.
Dr. Stephen Sweet, of Connecticut,
The great Natural Bone Setter
Dr. Stephen Sweet, of Conneotiont,
Is known all over the United States.
Dr. Stephen Sweet, of Connecticut,
Is the author of " Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment."
Dr_ f Sweethi Infallible Liniment
Cures Rheumatism and never fails,
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Is a certain cure for Neuralgia.
Dr. SWeet"s Infallible Liniment
Cures Burns and Scalds immediately.
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Is the best known remedy for Sprains and Bruises.
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Cures Headache immediately and was never known
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Affords itdosdiate relief for Piles, and seldom fails
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Cures Toothache in one minute.
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Cures Outs and Wounds huntOdiat4ly ea& lemma no
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Is the best remedy for Bores in the known world.
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Has been used by more than a million people, and al
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
I 8 truly a " friend in need," and every family should
have it at hand.
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Is for sale by all Druggists. Price 26 cents.
RICHARDSON & Co.,
Sole Proprietors, Norwich, 'Ct.
For sale by all Dealers. ap2o eow4&w
ALL WORK PROMISED Ik
3. 0 .96 •
STEAM DYEING- ESTABLISHMENT,
104 MABICAT aTBIIT,
BETWEEN OR 2$ AND FIFTB,
HARSIBBUR_ E 1
Where every deenip tionGoods, of Lodi& Pi aneessitlemen's
airmen Picot 4 1 ovi ed, sad
%Med in '
the Past manner o, and aS the Newton noWeinsedi
no041&wly DODGE & CO.. Proprietors.
01 F. WATSON,
Is prepared to Cement the exterior of Buildings with
he New York /11104Til
Water-Proof Mastic Cement.
This Material is different from an other Cements.
It forms a solid, durable adhesiveness to any surface,
imperishable by the action of water or frost. Every
good building should be coated with this Cement i it is
a perfect preserver to the walla, and waked a beautiful,
One finish, equal to Eastern brown sandstone, or any
Among others for whew I have applied the Mastic
Cement, I refer to the following gentlemen :
J. Bissell, residence, Penn street, Pittsburg, finished
:..n. Shoenberger, reildBfio, Laitreneeville, finished
James WCandimm, residence, Allegheny Oity,fininhed
Calvin Adams, residence, Third street, finished four
A. /UMW, flinTddenea, Lawraneeville, finished four
.7. D. M'Cord, Penn street, finished four years.
Hon. Thomas Irwin, Diamond street, Welled four
St Oberlin' Hotel and Girard House, finished five
Xittanning Court Roan and Bank ; for Barr & Mom s
Architects, Pittsburg, finished five years.
Orders received at the office of R Wlldowney, Paint
Shop, 20 Seventh street, or please address ..
T. P. WATSON.
P. O. Box 13C8. Pittsburg, Ps.
TADIES I YOU KNOW WERE YOU
can get tine Note Paper, Envelopes, Visiting and
Wedding Cards ? At SOHBFFER , S BOOKSTORE.
gITPERIOR STOCK OF LIQUORS.—
WM- DOME, la. , & co.. are now able to offer to
their customers and the public at large, a stock of the
purest liquors ever imported into this market, compri
sing in part the following varieties :
WHISKY SCOTCH,OLD BOURBON.
WINE—PORT, SHERRY, OLD MADEIRA.
OTARD, DUPEY & CO: PALE BRANDY.
PRIME NEW ENGLAND RUM.
DRAKE'S PLANTATION BITTERS.
These liquors can all be warranted; and in addition to
these, Dock & Go. have on band a large variety of
Wines, Whisky and Brandy, to which they invite the
eartieular attention of the public.
THE DRAFT IN THE 15TH AND ADJOIN
NATIONAL SUBSTITUTE AGENCY.
A. K. 'BWIEIVER & CO-, having opened an °Moe in
Carlisle,at the Government Assessor's office,in Rheem's
are now prepared to furnish substitutes at fair
Substitutes supplied from this office will be able bod
ied Aliens, not subjeet to draft. All drafted maroons
served by us are guarantied a release from the draft.
Apply at once, in person or by letter, at the "Na
tional Substitute Agency," Rheem , s Hall; Carlisle.
References. -- J . m. weiddey, Joseph jr-, J.
Rheum. A. K. SWIMS& ar. CO.
WAR I WAR! —BRADY, No. 62
Market street, below.Thlrd, has recalred a large
.of SWORDS WEIS and Baud, which he
will evil Very low . au4o tit
EXCELSIOR ! I !--STMAR CURED
KAM I—A Delicious Ham, cued srpressiT for
family UM. They are superior to an sots in t h e mar
ket. [m,2 41 WK. DOCK, is., & 00
L GLASSES.— . Splendid
JLI Assortment of New Looking Glum, just received,
at W. KN00111 , 13 Mimic Store, 93 Market street, when
they viU be sold cheap. Call and examine. mr/3
HARRISBURG, PA:, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1863.
NOTlCE.—Notice is hereby given that
application will be made at the neat annual ses
sion of the Legislature of Pennsylvania, for a renewal
of the charter of the West Brapah Back, of Williams
port, Pa., With to peasant name and style, location,
privileges and capital of $lOO,OOO.
By order of the Board of Directors .
Tune 30th, 1863-jy4-tml
LEGISLATIVE BANK NOTICE.--
Notice is hereby given that application will be
made to the legislative authority of rennsylvenie e at
the next session of the General Assembly thereof. com
mencing the first Tuesday of January, A. D, 1864, for
the incorporation of a Bank having banking and dis
counting privileges, with a capital of One Killion Dol
lars, by the name and style of " The Oil City Book,"
and to be located at Oil City, Venango county, Penn
sylvania. C. V. CULVER.
June 29th, 1863-13 m
MOTlCE.—Notice is hereby given t I at
ffThe Commercial Bank of Pennsylvania ," intend
to apply to the Legislature of Pennsylvania at their net
session, for a renewal of their charter. Said bank is lo
cated in the city of Philadelphia, with an authorized
capital of one million of dollars, a renewal of which
will be asked for, with the usual banking privileges.—
By order of the Board. S. O. PALMER, Cashier.
pgii.,timi.eurA, lane 29,1863-8 m
NOTlCE.—Notice is hereby given that
application will be made to the Legislature of
Pennsylvania at their next session, for a renewal of the
charter of The Farmers , Bank of Schuylkill County,
located in Pottsville, in the county of Schuylkill, With
the present capital of one hundred thousand dollars,
and with the usual banking privileges.
J. NW% CAKE, Cashier.
June 16, 1863.-7 m
Bvp A NOTICE —Notice is hereby
given that the undersigned hive formed an anode.
Lion and prepared a certificate for the purpose of estab
lishing a Bank of Issue, Discount and Deposit, under
the provisions of the cot entitled "A supplement to an
act to establish a system of Free Banking in Pennsyl
vania and to secure the public against loss from Insol
vent Bauks," approved the &et &get May Anne Diehini
eighteen hundred and sixty-one. The ad Bank to be
called TUB FAIIMBREP BANK OF MOUNT JOY, to
be located in the borough of Mount Joy, to consist of a
capital stock of One Hundred Thousand Dollars, in
shares of Fifty Dollars each, with the privilege. of in
creasing the same to any amount not azoooding Three
Hundred Thousand Dollars in all.
J. Hoffman Hershey, John M. Hershey,
Martin B. Peiter, Jacob M. Stauffer,
Reuben Gerber, John M. Bear.
NOTlCE.—Notice is hereby given of an
intention to establish a Bank of Discount, Deposit
and Circulation, under the provisions of an act, entitled
"An Act to establish a system of free banking in Penn
sylvania," &c., and the supplement thereto; said Bank
to be called "THS MANUFACTURERS' BANK," to
be toasted in the borough of Colneikin, Lnneester
county, Pa., with a capital of One Hundred Thousand
Dollars, to be divided into two thousand shares of Fifty
Dollars each. deo4-6md
A . L . L.ENTOWN BANK. •
AILENTOWN LIM June 20, 1868.
Notice is hereby given, that app li cation will 'be made
to the Legislature of Pennsylvania, at its next session,
for an increase of the capital of said Bank to the amount
of $200,000 in addition to that authorized by the present
Charter- and also for an extension of the Charter of
said Ban k for twenty years from the expiration of the
By order of the Board of Directors.
je2o-dtml CHARLES W. COOPBR, Cashier.
RANK NOTICE !—The Stockholders
AP of the FARMERS' AND DRQVERS' DANK' QF
WAYS - IC:MEMO., In Green County, Pa., will apply to
the next Legislature of the State, for an extension of
charter;.for the . term of lifteren-years -from the expire
tion of its present term. The location, corporate name
and privileges, and amount of capital stock, to wit:
one hundred and fifty thousand , dollar., to be tne same
as tinder its present charter.
By order of the Board, I. LAMB, Cashier,
Waynesburg, Green co., Pa., June 16,1863—jek041tm1
MOTlOE.—Notiee is hereby given, in
conformity with the act of Assembly, that the
stockholders of the Bank of Montgomery County will
make an application to the next Legislature of Penn
sylvania fora renewal of the.Charterof said Bank, with
the same amount of capital (Four Hundred Thousand
Dollars) as under the present Charter, to continue its
present name and location.
By order of the Board of Directore.
W. H. BLINGLIITT, Cashier.
Norristown. Tit., Juno 20,1808.-6rn
NOTICE.—The Miners' Bank of Potts-
Till, in the county of Schuylki ll , hereby give
notice that they intend to apply to the Legislature of
Pennsylvania at their next session for a renewal of their
charter. Said Bank is located in the borough of Potts
ville, in the county ot Sehuylkill, with an authorised
capital of Five Hundred Thousand Dollars--a renewal of
which will be asked without say extension of privileges,
By order of the Board.
ORA. LOESER, Cashier
Pottsville, Jane 20, 1868.-6md
NOTICE is hereby given, that appliea
tion will be made at the next annual session of the
Legislature of Pennsylvania, fors renewal of the charter
of the HARRISBURG BANK, with its present name and
style, lee ttion, privileges, and capital of Three Hundred
Thousand Dollars. Br order of the Board of Directors.
J. W. WILT.R.
TRA.DESMEN I S BANK,
PHILADELPHIA, Tune 24,1368.
Notice is hereby given. in conformity with the laws
9f the commonwealth of Pennsylvania, that the Trades
men's Bank, of Philadelphia, located In the oliy of
Philadelphia, crested with banking and discounting
privileges, with a capital of One Hundred and Fifty
Thousand Dollars, that application will be made by the
said Bank to the next Legislature for authority to in
crease the capital One Hundred and Fifty Thousand
By oilier of the Board of 'Directors.
JOHN CAB rNEB,
33 , 64 - ml Cashier
Messrs. BROKER & F ALII, Proprietors, announce to
the citizens of Harrisburg that this cool and delightful
Bummer retreat is now open for visitors. Accommoda
tions will be furnished to parties and pie-nice at reason
able terms, a dancing platform having been erected for
their spaniel use. Beason Ballets for families, good for
one year, $l.OO
No improper characters admitted, and no intoxicated
person will be permitted to visit the Island.
A Ferry Boat plies constantly between the Island and
the foot ofilroad street, West Harrisburg. jel.B-3m
A SPLENDID AS SORTMENT
Formerly retailed at from $8 to $5, ere now offered at
50 and 75 cents, and $1 and $1 50—rublished by the Ar
Union, and formerly retailed by them.
Splendid Photographic Album Pictures of all distin
guished men and Generals of the army, at only 1Q 8 ".
For Sae at BCHBFFEB,II Bookstore,
18 Market etreet. Harrisburg.
For Bale low, by CANE,
jel2 WM. DOCK, Jr., k 00.
'WHITE BRANDY!! I—FOR FRESERV
ING PIMPOSMS.-A very superior article, (strictly
pored inet received and for sale by
.ogvl WM. DOOR, Jr.. & Co.
MESSRS. OHICKERING it CO.
HAVE AGAIN OBTAIN,ND TEN
AT TUN '
MECHANICS' FAIR, BOSTON,
OVER TriTY PAi g n i a P w l
il t I roils/
WareroomfortheOlLlONNSlNG P !AMOS, At Hard&
61 :14 a W .
atree kNOONIPS NITRO STONE.
WINDOW SHADES of lineup gilt
bordered; and PAM BLINDS of an indkni
variety_ of designs and ornaments; also, CURTAIN
7/7LTURBS and TAMILS at very low prima. Call at
tit :I: &lot & d thou.
THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION NOT
TO BE WITHDRAWN-NO MOVEMENT
TO BE MADE FOR PEACE-THE ABOLI.
WON POLICY DEFENDED.
CHICAGO, Sept. 2.—The following is Presi
dent Lincoln's letter to the Springfield,
• ENV:WITS MANSION,
WASHINGTON, August 26, 1863.
Hon. Janes C. Conkling.—MY DEAR 8/R :
Your letter inviting me to attend a mass meet
ing of unconditional Union men, to be held at
the capital of Illinois, on the ad day of Sep
tember, has been received.
It would be very agreeable to me thus to
meet my old friends at my own home, but I
cannot just now be absent from this city so long
as a visit there would require. The meeting
is to be of all those who maintain unconditional
devotion to the Union, and I am sure that my
old political friends will thank me for tender
ing, as I do, the nation's gratitude to those
other noble men, whom no partisan malice or
partisan hope can make false to the nation's
There are those who are dissatisfied with me.
To suqh I would say, "You desire peace, and
youtblame me that we do not have it. Bat
how can we attain it ? There are but three
conceivable ways : First. To suppress the re
bellion by force ofistrms. This lam trying to
do. Are your for it ? if you are, 80 far we
are agreed. If you aro not for it, we are not
agreed. A second way is to give up the Union.
lam against this. If you are, you should say
so plainly. If you are not for force, yet not
for dissolution, there only remains some imagi
nary compromise. I do not believe that any
compromise embracing the maintenance of the
Union is now possible. All that I learn leads
to a directly opposite belief. The strength of
the rebellion is its military—its army. That
army dominates all the country and all the peo
ple within its range. Any offer of terms made
by any man or men within that range, in oppo
sition to that army, is simply nothing for the
present, because such man or men have no
power whatever to enforce their side of a com
promise, if one were made with them. To
illustrate—suppose a refugee from the South
and the peace men of the North get together
in Convention, and frame and proclaim a com
promise embracing a restoration of the Union,
in what way can that compromise be used to
keep Gen. Lee's army out of Pennsylvania ?
Gen. Meade's army can keep Lee's army out of
Pennsylvania, and I think can ultimately drive
it out of existence ; but no paper compromise;
to which the controllers of Gen. Lee's army
are not agreed, can at all effect that army. In
an effort at such compromise we would waste
the time which the enemy would improve to
our disadvantage, and that would be all.
A compromise, to be effective, must be made
either with those who control the rebel army,
or with the people, first liberated from the
domination of that army by the success of our
Now, allow me to assure you that no word
or intimation from the rebel army or from any
of the men controlling it, in relation to any
peace compromise, has ever came to my knowl
edge or belief. All charges or intimations to
the contrary are deceptive and groundless, and
I promise you that if any such proposition
shall hereafter 'some, it shall not be rejebted
and kept secret froth you. I freely acknowl
edge myself to be the servant of the people,
according to the bond of eervice, the United
States Constitution, and that as such I am re
sponsible to them.
But, to be plain, you are dissatisfied with
me about the negro. Quite likely there is a
difference of opinion between you and myself
upon that subject. I certainly wish that all
men could be free, while you, I suppose, do
not. Yet I have neither adopted nor proposed
any measure which is not consistent with even
your views, provided you are for the Union.
I suggested oempeneated emancipation, to
which you replied that you wished not to be
taxed to buy negroes. But I bad not asked
you to be taxed to buy negroes, except in such
a way as to save you from greater taxation to
save the Union exclusiuely by other means.
You dislike the Emancipation proclamation,
and perhaps you want to have it retracted.—
You say it is unconstitutional. I think differ
ently. I think that the Constitution invests
its Commander-in-Chief with the law of war in
time of war. The most that can be said, if
so much is, that slaves are property.
Is there, has there ever been, any question
that by the law of war the property, both of
enemies and friends, may be taken when
needed, and is it not needed whenever taken
it helps us or hurts the enemy ? Armies, the
world over, destroy enemies' property when
they cannot use it, and even destroy their own
to keep it from the enemy.. Civilized bellig
erents do all in their power to help themselves
or hurt the enemy, except a few things re
garded as barbarous or cruel. Among the ex
ceptions are the massacre of vanquished foes
and etea-combetitate, male and female. But
the proclamation, as law, is valid or not valid.
If it is not valid, it needs no retraction ; if it
is valid, it cannot be retracted any more than
the dead can be brought to life. Some of you
profess to think that its retraction would ope
rate favorably for the Union. Why better after
the retraction than before the issue ?
There was more than a year and a half for
trial to suppress the rebellion before the proc
lamation was issued; the last
. one hundred
days of which passed under an exploit notice
that it was coming unless averted by those in
revolt returning to their allegiance. The war
has certainly progressed as favorably for us
since the issue of the proclamation as before.
I know as fully as one can know the opinions
of others, that.some of the commanders of our
armies in the field who have given us our
most important victories, believe the emanci
pation policy and the aid of colored troops con
stitute the heaviest blows yet dealt to the re
bellion ; and that at least one of those impor
tant successes could not have been achieved
when it was, but for the aid of black soldiers.
Among the commanders holding these views
are some who have never had any affinity with
what is called Abolitionism, or with the Re
publican party politics, but who hold them
purely as military opinions. I submit their
opinions as being entitled to some weight
against•the objections often urged that eman
eipatioll and the arming of the blacks are un
wise as military measures, and were not
adopted •as 'such in good faith. You say that
you will not fight to free negroes. Some of
them seem to. be willing to fight for you ' • bat
no matter—fight yon, then, exclusively, to
I issued the proolamation on purpose to aid
you in saving the Union. Whenever you shall
have conquered all resistance to the Union, if
I shall urge yen to continue fighting, it Will be
an apt time then for you to declare that you
Will not fight to free negroee. I thought that,
FRIDAY MORNING, SEPT. 4, 1863
LETTER PROM THE PRESIDENT.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
in your struggle for the Union, W whatever
extent the negroes should cease helping the
enemy, to that extent it weakened the enemy
in his resistance to you. Do you think differ
ently ? I thought that whatever negroes can
be got to do as soldiers,leaves just so much less
for white eoldiers to do in saving the Union.
Dees it appear otherwise to you ? But negroes,
like other people, act upon motives. Why
should they do anything for us, if we will do
nothing for them ? If they stake their lives
for us, they must be prompted by the strongest
motives—even the promise of freedom; and
the promise, being made, must be kept.
The signs look better. The Father of Wa
ters again goes unvexed to the sea; thanks to
the great Northwest for it; not yet wholly to
them. Three hundred miles up they met New
England, the Empire, the Keystone, and New
Jersey, hewing their way right and left. The
sunny South, too, in more colors than one, also
lent a hand, on the spot ; their part of the
history wee jotted down in black and white,
The job was a great national one ; and let none
be banned who bore an honorable part in it,
while those who have cleared the great river
may well be proud.
Even that is not all. It is hard to say that
anything has been more bravely and better
done than at Antietam, Murfreesboro, Gettys
burg, and on many fields of less note. Nor
must Uncle Sam's web-feet be forgotten. At
all the water's margins they have been pre
sent, not only on the deep sea, the broad bay
and the rapid river, but also up the narrow,
muddy bayou, and Wherever the ground was a
little damp they have been and made their
tracks. Thanks to all For the great Re
public—for the principles by which it lives
and keeps alive—for man's vast future; thanks
Peace does not appear so distant 40 it did.
I hope it will come soon, and come to stay, and
BO cow; as to be wortb the, keeping in all future
time. It will then have • been proved that
among freemen there can be no successful ap
peal from the ballot to the bullet, and that
they who take such appeal are sure to lose
their case and pay the cost; and then there
will be some black men who • can remember
that, with silent tongue, and clenched teeth,
and steady eye, and well poised bayonet, they
have helped mankind on to this great consum
mation, while I fear that there jvill be some
white men unable to forget that, with malig
nant heart and deceitful speech, they have
striven to hinder it.. Still, let us not be over
sanguine of a speedy final triumph. Let us be
quite sober. Let us diligently apply the means,
never doubting that ajast God, in his own good
time, will give us the rightful result.
Yours, very truly,
WOODWARD AND CURTIN.
/turn the Westmoreland Republican.
The work goes bravely on, each day brings
fresh slander and viler vituperation of the pure
man whose strong arms bear aloft the banner
of Democracy, and thus, by areusing the in
dignation and sympathy of all honest men, as
sures triumph for the cause of constitutional
liberty and Union. We confess that, when
Judge Woodward was nominated; the instant
indorsement of his political enemies and their
universal' testimony to his personal merits,
gave us some uneasiness, for we recollected
the ancient patriot, who, when applauded by
his opponents, asked, "what tow he had
done V' Happily • all this is ended. The office
holders, contractors, speculators, suttlera, De
grees, Abolitionists, fanatics, infidels, and the
whole pack of government hounds, have opened
the full cry of ravenous eagerness and desire
for destruction, so, that Judge Woodward, now
has, not only the sanction of a Democratic
nomination but the substantial certificate of his
virtues in the condemnation of all the votaries
of vice. •
Although these assaults are - very noisy,
they are of so .unsubstantial nature, that it is
difficult for perception to seize, and for reason
to reply to them: The real trouble in defend
ing Judge Woodward :arises ae much from the
indefiniteness of the assaults which are made
upon him, as from the contemptible characters
of his assailants.
Respectable Republicans do not hesitate to
declare their admiration of Judge Woodward's
exalted talents, their appreciation of his high
character, and their confidence in his wisdom.
Many such men, untrammeled by office, inde
pendent in opinion and action, will vote for
him. Many others, who equally appreciate
hie eingural merits, express their regret for the
degradation to which they are subjected, by
being compelled to support Gov. Curtin, whom,
in their hearts, they know to have proved him
self utterly unfit for the high position to which
he aspires. This compuleion is the result of a
false idea of party fealty, and a mistaken no
tion of Curtin's towering loyalty. As to the
first of these, we beg to ask, what party nomi
nated hem ? The convention itself, like a fugi
tive malefactor, had divers different name—
sometimes Republican, sometimes Union, some
times Loyal—and it was composed of the rag
ged remnants and rejected fragments of all
the broken factions which have sprung up,
withered and died during the last twenty years,
The motley assembly at Pittsburg presented a
curious spectacle of political mosaic work, of
all shapes, sizes and colors—round and smooth,
angular and rugged, black and white, men so
small no to be visible only by the microscope Of
vanity, others, affecting greatness, puffed up
like the toad in the fable, members, spectators,
wire -workers, advisers, all clamorous and con
tentions, one side full of impossible promises,
another breathing threatenings and vengeance,
and still another watching to seize the spoils
of the strongest, or to desert and denounc e
their colleagues if in that mode most plunder
could be filched. We cannot believe all that
they said of each other. If half of it was true
such a pack of rascals never met together.—
In the midst of clamor and confusion, threats,
promises, denunciations and supplications, they
nominated Curtin, whom the best of them de
clared to be utterly unworthy of confidence,
and sure to be beaten. The patriotic Whigs,
who supported the gallant, eloquent, and de
voted Henry Clay, can scarcely be called on to
recognize the inheritance of their allegiance to
one whom Clay would have spurned as an im
becile and a dastard.
Curtin's claims on the ground of loyalty
have their sole strength in the impudent bold
ness with which they are declared. What has
he done ? He has sent our brave volqnteers
into the field, victims of fraud, and unable,
from their shameful equipment, to endure the
haidships of even a summer campaign—twice
he has allowed the State to be invaded—always
he has been the !servant of a servant of the
War Department—he has permitted our citizens
to be kidnapped and abducted—he has humbly
crouched before foreign military adventurers,
ruling us in violation of our undoubted right
of selfgovernment , -he has permitted the plun
der of. our people—he has done.his beet-to re
duce our great Commonwealth to the condition
of a conquered province, and his only courage
has been shown in shameless violation of his
oath to support the Constitution and enforce
the laws of Pennsylvania. Such is the record
of his "loyalty," which Commends him to those
who nominated him only because many of them
have a personal interest in prolcinging a horrid
BY O. BARRETT Ab
Tint DAILY Piezio: AID triton arm be DIM& teeith•
scribers residing in the Borough foe mot curve Men vfm
Payable to the Carrier. Mail sabieribera, 'mum
TM WISELY PAlntar AID ram is pablietiat More
DOLL.Las PZIR mint, ieyeriably is abeam, Tie nigh
to ens address, JEJU NA trotters
Owineeted with title establisluneit n eitensive
JOB O7F/0.11„ eontainjgg kyppiety of pliP4u ad *ac
typo, unsvutiled by any satablislurient in the %team 01
the State, for which the pationse of the Was la so
civil war, which, at the cost to others of death
and mutilation, debt and taxation, , Mingo to
them vast revenues from fraud an'extOrtion.
We ask our Republican friends to recollect
that the attacks on.(icy. Curtin are 111 . , from
their own party. he Democratic .press Kas
not originated and hatkhut imperfectly repeated
the most serious charges made against him...
How then can his ettitse''he adionated.on the
ground of loyalty Is it not u even as put by
his parasites, a logioal contradiction .to say
that he is loyal becsuee he has-been-ditdoyal to
Pennsylvania—beeanae,. as bie , himself de
clares, the State is tinaignificant," when com
pared with the transient and aceldialtil coterie
who miserably mismanage Federal - affairs ?
Contrast all this wretched detail with the
high tone, the exalted devotion; iliiimtirniched
honor, the pure patriotism and true loyalty,. of
George W. Woodward. .Real what he himself
said, before our present troubles—deolarations
of principle unconnected with candidature for
Office—the frank and fearless sent iments.of .an
enlightened statesman and independent citizen
—Most eloquent vindication of the Union of
the States and of the rights of each—which
justly demand, and will surely receive, the ap
proval of a vast majority of the people
" These States are glorious in their individ
uality, but their collective glories are in the
Union. By all means, at all hazards, are they
to be maintained in their integrity and the full
measure of their constitutional rights for
only so is the Union to be presereed—only so
is it worth preserving. It is the perfection of
the prismatic colors. which, blended, produce
the ray of light. It is the completeness of
these assembled sovereignties, lacking nothing
which they have not lent for a great purpose,
that makes the Union precious. This word
Union is a word of gracious omen. It implies
confidence and affeetion—mutual . support and
protection against external dangers. It is the
chosen expression of the strongest passion of
young hearts. It is the charmed circle within
which the family dwells. It is a man helping
his fellow-man in this world. It is Stites per
fect in themselves, confederated for mutual
advantage. It is the people -of States, wan
ted by lines, and interests, and institutions,
and usages, ffnd laws, all forming one glorious
nation—all moving onward to the same sub
lime destiny, and all instinct with a Comecon
life. Our fathers pledged their, lives,- their
fortunes and their saored honors to form this
Union—let ours be pledged to maintain it."
HE ATTITUDE OF PARTIES-THE
ISSUE FAIRLY *ADE UP.
When we gravely consider the tone and
spirit of public journals in closest communica
tion with the administration—nay; when we
consider the utterances of men in high official
stations, we find much to silence in us all in
difference or levity, we find cause for the pro
foundest anxiety, and if we were true men the
most unflinching determination. The, exhili
ration of victories steadily achieved by our
troops, cannot, Mould not, blind us to the fact,
that a party which his proven itself utterly
hostile to the letter and spirit of our great
charter, and to the spirit of our institutions ; is
converting every human agency within its
reach into an instrument to perpetuate itself in
power. The antecedents of this party and its
fatal record, during the war, would be enough
to alarm and shock the great majority of our
citizens at the idea of its continuing in pos
session of functions it had so shamefully
abused, but when, in addition to these antece
dents and the ugly recital of its career during
the war, is added the wild revolutionary pro
gramme it has declared for its future policy
through Stanton, Chase, Whiting, and the ac
tion of Mr. Lincoln himself, a programme In
volving the total. upturning of the industrial
system of the South, the introduction of ne
groes as voters and office holders, end the
permanent incorporation of large'bodieis of ne
grove into our regular army, together with a
vast enlergement of the powers of the 'govern
ment at the expense of both States and people
—when this is added—we are, either aroused
to a sense of a vast pliblie digger Wept:ening
the future liberties of the nation, or 'we:have
not intelligence or patriotism enough to be
sensible to any important phase of public
affairs. - Let us do the people justice. . hey
are aroused. They have • pondered weand
wisely the strange scenes which have beat
enacted in the land during the high revel in
office, of the party which, starting out with the
theory that this country most be "all shire, or
all free," is now turning the enginery of this
war—given it to preserve the old eystem......hito
an instrument to establish this theory and, with
it, a new system unforeseen by the fotinders
of our government, and undesired by the majority
of the American people.
1 1'47 gQ4omplteb We gigantic , crime, sell we
cannot designate it by a milder term, -how
wonderfully has this levelling faction followed
in the route of Imperial France. It is not a
great while ago that M. de Peraigny, Minister
and friend of Louis Napoleon, addressed the
Prefects : "The Prefects are instructed toile
cure the election of only such candidates as the
government officials recommended to the vo
ters." To stifle all opposition the folloWing
order followed : •
' , The opposing parties will not be allowed to
hold public meetings or to appoint a. Central
Committee. and the journals are not permitted
to encourage the election of the opposing can
Concerning the press, the following appeared
in a Court organ, edited by some French For
ney, if there be another such on the earth,
which God forefend : “Several papers are
suppressed. The leading opposition pnruals
of Paris are put upon their good Wavier."
The election was ard June Ist. but there
was enough virtue let' in France to defeat, to
a certain extent, these madhinations against
public liberty. Contemporaneous with these
arbitrary proceedings the Duke of Aumale
published at Paris HA history of the Primes
of Conde during the sixteenth and seventeenth
centuries." Its criticisms, , though -fair and
truthful, excited the wrath of Louis Napoleon,
and the rrefeets throughout Franoe were or
dered to see that it was denied the wags - and
confiscated when found.
Here is the very model seleoted by an ad
ministration occupying the seat of George
Washington, and sworn to support the great
charter framed by Jai.es Madison and hia
illustrious compatriots. Missouri was virtu
ally disfranchised, Kentucky' was actually dis
franchised. The mails are perverted to parti
san purposes. Federal officers are ordered to
disobey Writs issued from judicial tribunals.
The soldiers are deprived of journals which
they prefer. Political tests are made the con
dition of preferment in the army. Cene erea .
five statesmen are harrassed and purnecinted
into their very graves. MPasures uct ar l y a b_
noxious to the popnlarjudgmest ate crammed
down the throats of the . Odople. - Novel and
dangerous theories of the poWers of the tem
porary incumbents of government are boldly
proclaimed, and with equ a l aoituity put at
practice; and finally, the whole, physical
strength of the oonntry is threatened to be
used to substitute on the ruins of the lark 'if
our fathers a sectional edifies, designed ,by the
redden' firohitectg Imo bite 09 long labored
to destroy the old natiolal homestead. .
We speak it plainly, solemnly and truth-
PUBLISHED EVERT mounnis