Daily patriot and union. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1858-1868, August 26, 1863, Image 4
ROGERS ON COAL_ The Glasgow (Scotland) Herald says that Prof. B. D. Rogers—formerly State geologist of Pennsylvania, but now professor of natural science in the Glasgow University—delivered a lecture before the Geographical Society of that city on the 26th of February, on "Coal, its Distribution, Power and Product." There are three chief peculiarities observa ble in every seam of coal. First, An invaria ble stratum of fire-clay—the fire-olay of the Scottieh fields—which evidently served as a bed for the note of trees, and for the over lying profuse matter of coal vegetation. Sec ond, The vegetation itself, often accumulated in immense thickness, compressed, macerated. and, in its upper portion, stratified and laid even by the action of the water. Third, The overlying shale or roof of the coal seam, con taining, in the soft mud or fine sand cf which it has been composed, beautiful impressions pf ferns and other plants of the carboniferous • age. Another unfailing characteristic of coal ,seams is their uniform stratification, especi ally in the upper layers, showing conclusively that the seams have been subjected to the lev eling action of water in the vast bays and la goons in which the vegetable mass first grew and then subsided. In one instance, that of the American coal fields, this mark of uniform stratification extends over an area Of 14,000 square miles, thus showing that the physical geography of the period when the coal was formed must have been of a character and upon a scale of which we can now form but a limited eonseption. There are different qualities of coal—an thracite, or compressed coke, sem -bituminous and bituminous —in one great coal field in Pennsylvania.' Subterranean heat acting in one part upon a vast scale distilled the bitu minous matter from coal that was once bitu minous, and, at the centre of greatest heat, anthracite was produced. Gradually, from this centre of heat, coal war obtained, varying from anthracite to qualities containing twenty per cent. to thirty per cent. of bituminous matter, and so on to the unaltered coal con taining its full proportion of bitumen. Prof. Rogers attributes the petroleum of the oil wells to the distillation of the bituminous coal. lie stated that "the subterranean heat which con verted the bituminous into anthracite coal had she effect of distilling from that coal the rock oil or petroleum of commerce, which, creeping into the •fisSuret3 of the strata and impregna ting the perms sandstones, remained collec ted, as it - were, in vas; underground tanks for the use of the present generation." The the ory of Professor Rogers respecting the sources of American petroleum is different from that of most geologists. With respect to the power of coal in effect ing mechanical work by combustion, when applied to operate an engine through steam pressure. one pound is equal to the full day's work of a man, and three tons of coal is equal 'to the work of a man for twenty years—almost his entire working life !•The productive power of a nation is in direct ratio to the coal at its command. The area of the coal fields in Great Britain is 8,139 square miles of bituminous coal, and 3,72 0 square miles of anthracite in Great Britain and Ireland. In France the coal area is, 1,719 square miles of inferior 00al ; Belgolm, 518 square miles; Prussia, 500 square miles ; Spain, 3,408 square miles, and Russia scarcely 100 square miles. The British coal fields are able to sustain the national prosper ity for ages to come. Bat the American coal fields embrace an area of no less than 200,000 square miles—about twenty times greater than those of all Europe! " How cheering for the future," said Professor Rogers, "must be the prospect as it regards the material prosperity and industrial development of those vast coal regions of America, which, in the course of Providence, must be intended to bestow happiness and comfort upon untold millions of that comparatively virgin country !" Gus.—We witnessed a trial of the shoot-around a corner gun on iriday afternoon, and cannot pronounce it a humbug by any means.- We do not fall in with the sanguine expectations of the inventor, but are ready to believe, where belief is strengthened by ocu lar demonstration, that is an invention which will yet, with proper application, become emi nently useful, whatever be its destructive qual ities. Our readers will imagine a diminutive mortar, unlike the mere breech of a cannon, about a foot long and nine inches in 'diameter. This "chunk" is hung upon an axis, the muzzle pointing perpendicularly in the air. The size of the bore is three inches, and the depth about eight. It carries a four-pound ball, and ro quires about three ounces of powdea to propel it. An iron ring is embedded in the ball. To this ring is attached an iron link, to which, again, is attached a small cord, about the size of a common clothes' line. To the further end of the cord is attached an anchor or grapnel. The modes operandi of firing is as follows: The mortar is loaded, the ball barely going below the surface of the muzzle. The target is set up and the grapnel is cast precisely half way between the mortar and the target. Now, observe, the cord is tightened, one end of it is fastened to the grap nel and the other to the link in the ball.— The mortar is fired perpendicularly in the air. As a matter of course, the ball cannot fly out of the circle prescribed by the length of the cord, and as certain as fate, therefore, it descends upon the target. In the experi ments yesterday, the target was a small sec tion of three eighths boiler plate,the ball break big it at every shot. The great success of the invention depends entirely upon the question as to whether fifty or one hundred pound balls can be controlled min directed in like manner. If they can, then good bye to monitors, turrets and rants. With two or three one hundred pound mor tars upon the stern of a gunboat, and the grapnel fastened at the bow, such a storm of shot or shell could be poured perpendicularly upon an enemy's deck, beside which, in point of destructiveness, a thunderbolt would be less certain and terrible.—Chicago Journal. OLD AND NSW STYLE.—The terms " old style" and " new style" may be thus ex plained! The old Julian Calendar assumed 865 1-4 days to constitute a year. The year really contains 865 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and fif ty seconds. Thus the calendar went astray 11 Militate an ten seconds every year, and by A. D. 1582 the error amounted to ten whole days. To correct this error, Pope Gregery ordained that ten days could be deduct ed from the year 1852, by caning what, accord ing to the old calendar, would have been the sth of October, the 15th of October. $0404, the sth of October,"old style," was, in 1852, the 15th of October, "new style." It was not till 1752 that Great Britian accepted this cor rection, and by that time the error amounted to eleven. daya. It was then ordained that eleven days should be omitted after the 2nd of September, 1751, and the next day called the 14th of September, 1751. NOTICEt THE DRAFT IN THE 15TH AND ADJOIN- ING DISTRICTS. sUBSTITITTE 41GENCL A. H. SWUM& & 00., having opened an office in Carlisle,at the Government Asseesoes offiee,in liheem's Ball, are now prepared to furnish substitutes at fair prices. finiatitates awned from this office will be able bod ied Aliens, not subject to draft. All drafted persons ear's& by us are guarantied a release !rein the draft_ Applyat once, In pontos or by letter, at the "Na tional Substitute Agency," absentia Hall, Carlisle. lieferences.--.1. K. Weakly, .loseph Meer jr 7. Ahem. g. Wings k. 66. August 11-4ltr T.OOKING GLASSES.—A Splendid assortment of Nov Looking Glass*, just received, et, W. HM00111145 Mule atom, 93 Market Ares; whom shoy will be sold cheap. Call sad examine. mr/2 lot Salt Sz.ECG anti. 'OR SALE.--The BUILDING on the corner of Walnut and Short streets, used as a UOoPlill =OP. This building was originally built BO ,hat it could be turned into Derailing Kmiec oen. ustsof three separate frames plaoed toptber, each frame being 26 by2o feet, nuking the entire building. ow itnow d au b, Ts feet long and 20 feet wide. Will Nen also an HIGET HORSE POWER ENGINE AND BOILER, sesriy new, and woof Drawback's PassatStave Cutters, Mad a Setof' Sams for Jointing Simms . The above P roperty wiII be mid at a banibith as we wish to demi the ground en which the %mildest stands_ 'lnquire at the Broken Once of 8. I..II , OIILLOCTI febildtt 126 Market Street. LOTS FOR SALE-;--ON NORTH ST. and Pennsylvania Avenue. Apply to - H. J. HALDRMAN, Utalt-dtf Gor. Front and Walnut ate. FOR SALE—A House and Lot on Sixth street, near State. Ingulreat the Exchange Office of S. L. MaGULLOOII, 28 Market street, Where the highest price always paid for tiOLD and SILVER. felil2-def , Ui~t~clt n n . PENSIONS, BOUNTIES, BACK PAY, War Claims and Claims for Indemnity. STEWART, STEVENS, CLARK. & CO., ittorne,ys and Counsellors-at-Law, and Solicitor* for all kinds of Military Claims, 450 PENNbYLVANIA AVENUE, WASHINGTON, D. C. This firm, imving* thorough knowledge of the Pen sion Business and being familiar with the practice in all the Departments of Government, believe that they can afford greater facilities to Pension, Bounty, and ether Claimants, for the prompt and successful accom plishment of business entrusted to them, than any other firm in Washington. They desire to secure such an amount of this business as will simple them to execute the business for each claimant very cheaply, and on the basis of their pay contingent upon their success iu each case. For this purpose they will secure the services of lotw,Firms in each prominent 'totality throughout the Btates where such business may be had, furnish such with all the necessary blank forms of application and evidence, requisite printed pamphlet instructions, and °lranian; for distribution in their vicinity, with nego tiates names inserted, and upon the due exeention of the papers and transmission of the same to them by their local associates, they will promptly perform the business here. tu- Their charges will be tea dollars for officers and roe donors for preemies, for each Pension or Bounty and Back Pay obtained, and ten per cent. on amount of Claims for Military Supplies or Claims for Indemnity. 117.• Soldiers enlisted since the lst of March, 1861, in any kind of service, Military or Naval, who are disabled by disease or wounds, are entitled to Pensions. All soidiers who serve for two years,. or during the war, should it sooner aloes, will be entitled to $/00 Bounty. Widows of soldiers who die or are killed, are entitled to Pensions, and the $lOO Bounty. If there be no widow, then the minor children. And if no minor children, then the father, mother, sisters or brothers are enti ad as above to the $lOO Bounty and Back Pay. JOSEPH B. STEWART, RESTOS L. STEVENS, EDWARD CLARK, OSCAR A. STEVENS, WILLIS B. HAYLOBH Wasnntavon, D. 0., 1882. Er Apply at our office, or to our Associate at Hassisnoaa, PA.—JOHN A. BIHLER, Attorney and Counsellor. PITTSBURG, Pa.—ARTIIII4B & EIDDBLL, Att,r eeys-st-Law, PATTEITILLS, PA. , --WM. R. SMITH, Attorney 8114 Oeunsellor. Puriaroznpara, PA G. MINNICHILD, 46 Alwood street, WM. M. SMITH, Attorney and Counsellor. Wasuisoros, Pa —BOYD ORIIMRINCI, Attorney and Counsellor. j74' 41 9 WHITE SULPHUR AND CHALYBEATE SPRINGS, Al - Doubling Gap, Penn. JAMES D. RENDLEY, Pitornrwrozz 7 Late of Kirkwood House, Washington. SEASON OPENS 15th MEE, 1863. These Springs are in Cumberland county,lPenn'a, miles west of Harrisburg. They are accessible from all the principal cities by railroad to Harrisburg, thence by the Cumberland Valley railroad to Newville ; from Nevrville, 8 miles good staging to the Springs. The stage is always in waiting upon the arrival of the cars at Newville. Passengers leaving Philadelphia, Baltimore or Wash ington. in the morning can arrive at the Springs the game evening at Svc o'clock, The Hotel is commodious and comfortable, with llot and Cold Baths attached, and extensive grounds for walks and amusement. The long experience of the present Proprietor (for many years past at the Kirkwood House inWashington 7 D. C ,) enables him to say, that it will be conducted in a manner to pleaeO all TisiTors. TIMMS !.-52 per day; $l2 per week ; 4 weeks s4o. Children and servants half price. je9-d2m JUST RECEIVED! THE LARGEST AND BEST ASSORTMEN OP PINE STEEL ENGRAVINGS I PRINTS, AND HEADS, SCENES, ADAPTED FOR GRECIAN OIL. PAINTINGS, AT • linochels Musie Store. No. 9t Market street,' Harrisburg. MORTON'SUNRIVALLED GOLD PEN.-PIR(iT QUALITY WARRANTED. NON,E BETTER IN THE WHOLE WORLD. A (}BEAT LUXURY: P.IIBBONB in want of a superior and really good wows ems will find with me a large assortment to select from, and have the privilege to exchange the Pens until their hand is perfectly silted. And if by fair means the Dia mond points break off daring twelve months, the pur chaser shall have the privilege to Sleleet a new one, without any charge. I bare very good Gold Peas, Made by Mr. Morton, not warranted in strong silver-plated eases, for $l, $1.21, 1160, $2.4 For sale at SCHIPPRWS BOONSTOBB, No. IS Market Street, Harrisburg, Pa. MITRINGER'S PATENT BEEF TEA, ju. a solid, concentrated extract of BEEF AND VEGETABLES, Convertible immediately into a nourishing and deli cious reap. Highly approved by a number of eminent Physicians- • This admirable article condensed Into& compact form, all the substantial and nutritive properties of a largo bulk of meat and vegetables. The readiness withwhich it dissolves into a rich and palatable Soup, which would require hours of preparation according to the usual method, is an advantage in many situations of life too obvious to nee d urging. l i te highly nourishing qualities oombitied with Its &limy, renders it inrslasbte for the sick; while for those in health, it is a perfect gubstitute for fresh meat and vegetables. It will keep good in any climate. It is peculiarly well adapted FOR TRAVILNBS,.by land or Hea l who Can thus avoid those accidental depriva Sons of a comfortable meal, to Wllleh they are soluble. !'OR INVALIDS, whoa.) capricious appetite can thus me satisfied in a moment. FOR SPORTSMEN and EXCURSIONISTS. to whom, both its compactness and easy preparation will recom mend it. For sale by sep24-tf WM. DOOR. & Co. CHARTER OAS. FAMILY FLOUR! WNEICELLED BY ANY IN THE U. STATES! Awl sIIPI2IOII, TO ANT it zr Y SRS. I\I" XX 13 OFFERED IN PENNSYLVANIA! IT If MADD Of CHOICE 11113SQURI WHITE WHEAT. ur Delivered any ple.ee In the eft) frog of charge Terms Cask , 0% delivery. , bite WM. DOCK, Js., & 90. HA M 8 ! ! ! Newbold% celebrated, NielteneVe Bloolitior . Nvans & Swift% impeder, Jersey Plain very fine. Also, Dried Beef, Tongues and Bologna Belying.. For sale by apl4. WD[. COOL Jr. & Co. FMPTY BARREL S .--;- A large number of empty wine s D raw ly Whirler Burgs for oak by DOCK, Jr., & CO. BOSTON CRACKERS.-A LARGE SUPPLY of these dollateas crackers just resolved sod for We by WM. DOOR, Jo., & CO. GOLD PENS I—The largest and hi 01001 i. (tom *l.OO t. s4.oo—wanooted—.t 1101131,12M1 1100/111TORS. thus of Crain!. SUMMER ARRANGEMENT. NEW AIR LINE ROUTE. wommsAtia , THREE TRAINS DAILY TO NEW YOU. AND PHILADELPHIA ON AND AFTER MONDAY, April 20,1803, the pas senger Trains will leave the Philadelphia sad Reading Railroad Depot, at Harrisburg, for New York and Phil irdelphis, as followa, viz : 11A8TVi'iLlID REPRZOB LINE leaves Harriebirg at 2.15 a. arrival of Pennsylvania Railroad Express Train from the West, arriving in New York at 9.15 a. m., and at Philadelphiat at 9.20 a. in. A sleeping car is attached to Us train through from Pittsburg without change. MAIL TRAIN leaves Harrisburg at 0.00 a. u 4, ar riving in New York at' 5.80 p. m., and at Philadelphia at 1.50 p. nt. PAST LINE leaves Harrisburg at 2.00 p. m., do ar rival of Pennsylvania Railioad Fast Mail, arrivi n g in New York at 10.25 p. in., and Philadelphia at 7.05 p.m. WESTWARD 7ABT LINE leaves New York at 5.00 a. m., andtkilla delphia at 8.15 a. at., arriving at Harrisburg at 1.2 p. m. MAIL TRAIN leaves New York . at 12.00 nook,, and Philadelphia at SAO p. m., arriving at Harrisburg kt 8/0 p.m. NXPItEBB LINK leaves New York at 7.00 p. in . , ar riving at Harrisburg at 1.45 a. m., and cennecti l t with She PenasylvardaExpress Train for Pittsburg. sleep ing oar is oleo attaebotl to this train. l t Connections are made at If arrisburg with trai °lithe Pennsylvania, Northern Central and Cumberlms Valley Railroads, and at Reading for Philadelphia, Pot i aville, Wilkesbarre, Allentown, Easton, Ice. 1 • Baggage checked through. lore between Hells York and Harrisburg, $5.15; between Harrisburg an Fhia delphia, $3.35 in No. 1 care , and $3 . 00. in No. 2. For tickets and other information apply to I J.J. CLYDE, General Ag at, spt.'9 : Harrl urg. N ORTHERN CENTRAL RAIL AY. SUMMER TIME TABLE. - - - Three daily trains to and from Baltimore an Wash ington City. Cy:mm.s64l6M made with trains n Penn sylvania Railroad to and from Pitteburg and e West two trains daily to and from the North aid Wee Branch, Susquehanna, Elmira and all North ern New York. ON AND AFTER MONDAY, APRIL 20, Lie% the Passenger Trains of the Northern Central BaHway will arrive and depart from Harrisburg and Baltimore as Howe, viz : SOUTHWARD. MAIL TRAIN leaves Sunbury daily (except Sunday at 10.10 a. m.; leaves Harrisburg at 1.16 p. m. , and ar rives at Baltimore at 5.85 p. ra, MIMES TRAIN leaves Sunbury daily (eicept Sun day) at U. 07 p. in.; leaves Harrisburg (except Monday; at 2.00 a. m., and arrives at Baltimore daily (except Monday) at 6.15 a. in. HARRISBURG ACCOMMODATION TRAIN leave Harrisburg daily at 6.30 a. mi. N OR TRWARD MAIL TRAIN leaves Baltimore daily(except Sunday at 9.15 a. m„ Harrisburg at 1.15 p. m., and arrives al Sunbury at 4.05 p. m. EXPRESS TRAIN leaTegi saltimore daily at 9.15 p. m., arrives at Harrisburg at 1.36 a m., and leaves liar risburg daily ,(except Monday) at 3.00 a. m., and arrive/ at Sunbury at 5.38 a. m. HARRISBURG ACCOMMODATION TRAIN leave. Baltimore daily (except Sunday) at 2.65 p. m., and • 117013 at thwristnirg at 7.20 p.m. For further information apply at the Office, In Pen Sylvania Railroad Depot. J.N. DoBARRY, General Superintendent. Harrisburg, April 20, 1863-dtf RENNSYLVANIA RAILRO/L_D ' I SUMMER TIME TABLEt Z-T: att, , MUM, . [M=I!M I +TMMW.i ON AND AFTER • MONDAY, APRIL 20, 1563, The Passenger Trains of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company will depart from and arrive at, Harrisburg and Philadelphia as follows EASTWARD THROUGH BXPRBBS TRAIN leaven Harrisburg daily at 2.00 a. in., and arrival at West Philadelphia at 6,/0 a, tn. TART LINE leaves Harrisburg - daily (except Monday) at 6.46 a. in., and arrives at West Philadblphia at 9.66 a. nt. Passengers take breakfast at Lancaster. - WAY ACCOMMODATION, via Mount boy, leaves Harrisburg at 7.00 a. M., and arrives at West Philadel phia at 1.2.96 p. in. • PAST MAIL TRAIN leaves Harrisburg daily (ex oept Sunday) at 1.00 p. m., and arrives at West Phila deZbulti iaat 6.00 p. m. SBURG ACCOMMODATION TRAIN, via Co lusibia., leaves Harrisburg at 4.00 p. in., And arrival it West Philadelphia at 9.30 p. m. • WESTWARD. BALTIMORE EXPRESS TRAIN leaves Harriabur daily (except Monday) at 2.00 a. m ; Attoona,l7.DB,- take breakfast, and arrives at Pittsinn at 12. PHILADELPHIA maims TRAIN leaves Has burg daily at 3.00 a. in., Altoona at b 00 a.m., take break fast, and arrives at Pittsburg at 12.30 p. m. MALL TRAIN loam Harrisburg at 1.15 p. m., Al toona at 7.15 p. m., take eupper,and arrives at Pittsburg at 12.30 a. m. IPABT LINR leaves Harrisburg 3.50 p. m., Altoona 8.85 p.en., and arrives at Pittsburg at I,oon, m. HARRISBURG AOCOMMODAVON TRAIN leant, Philadelphia at 2.30 p. in., and arrives at Harrisburg at 8.00 p. m. WAY ACCOMMODATION TRAIN leaves Philadei. phis at 4.00 p. m., and arrives at Harrbiburg at 0.40 p. in. This train runs via Mount Joy. &MUM. D. TOTING, Superintendent Miidie Div.;Peosnla B. R. Harrisburg, April 16, 11183.—dtf 1863. 1863. 'HILADELPHIA & ERIE RAIL ROAD.—This great line traverses the Northern and Northwest counties of Pennsylvania to the city of Erie, on Lake Erie. It has been leased by the Pennsylvania Rail Road Company, and under their apaspices is being rapidly oiined throughout its entire length. It is now in use for Passenger and Freight business from Harrisburg to Driftwood, (Second Fork,) (177 - miles) on the Eastern Division, and from Sheffield to Ede, (7S miles) oil the Western Di v i s i on. TIME OF PASSENGER TRAINS AT HA All BURG. Leave Northward, Nan Train.— 1,15 a. 332. I Express Train.. 3.00 a. 111 Carl run through without chtuip both ways on Os* • trains between Philadelphia and Lock Haven, and tween Baltimore and Look Raven Elegant Sleeping Cars on Express Trains th way between Williamsport and 13sltbnore, and Wilinunspe t and Philadelphia, For information respecting Passenger business appl at the S. M. cor. rith and Market streets. . And for Freight business of the Company's Agents S. B. Kingston, Jr., cor. 18th and Market stre Philadelphia. J. W. Reynolds, Brie. J. M. Drill, Agent N. C. R. R., Maim . H. H. HOUSTON Gen'l Freight I gt., LEWIS L. HOUPT, - Ilona Ticket Aft, JOB. D. POTTB, mars-41Y Gen'l Manage; Williamsport. F I N 333 2r. lzt AL CI W is! NonLIMON, T I ANILLA G/NOIR, ALVOND, OBANaII APPLI, //TINS ALMOND, (=Rim CINNAMON N I OTAING NROTARINI, PIMENTO, goolumr,AL, (for eoloring,) assorted. dames, fa family ors. Tke above s Unwed ZalternH r o t l m lo n 6-o u 4 t Bt iv e bn a s o knaeg o s f the war rested: [MarlOJ WM. DOOR, & DOCKET SNIVES.—A vpry fine as sormenit. SORMBRII BOOESTOR Books, Stationav, &c. QCHOOL BOOKS.—School Directors, Teacher; Parents, Scholars, and others, in need of School Books, School Stationery, &0., will find a corn plots assortment at E. M. POLLOCK¢ SON'S 8008 STOKE, Market Square, Harrisburg, comprising in part the following : RBADBllB.—MMlnffers, Parker's, Cobb's Angell's. SPHLLING BOOBS.— ucHntrey's, Cobb's,Webster's, Town's, Byerly's Combrrs. lINGLI6H GRAMMARS.—Bullion's, Smith's, Wood bridge's, Monteith's, Tuthill's, Hart's, Wells'. HISTORIES .--jirineshaw's, Davenport's,Frost l / 4 ,,W11- son's', Willard; U'oodriehls, Dlnnoek's, Goldsmith's and 0 tam's._ A.BITAIMATIO'I3.—GreenIeaPs, Stoddard's, lawmen's Site's, lore's, Colburn's, Smith and Duke's, Davie'. ALGSBIIdii.-,-Greenleaf's, Davie's, Dare, lay's, Bridge's. plCTlONAM.—Woreecter's Quarto, Academic. Qom creherisive and Primary Dictiocarem Weaved School, Cobb's, Walker, Webster's Primary, Webster's High School, Webster's Quarto. Academic. NATURAL PHILOSOPHI7i3.--Comatock% Parker's, Swift 4. The above with a great variety of others can at say time be found at soy store. Also, a complete assort mint of School Stationery, embracing in the wit< le a com plete outfit for calm! porFoice, An beek not In the etOrri precured at one dap notice. izr Country Merchants supplied at wholesale rates. ALMANACS.—John Baer and Bon% Almanac for sale at B. M. POLLOOR & SON'S BOOK STORM, Illarrietinrg. (Q" Wholesale and Retail. myl WALL PAPER! WALL PAPER I I net received, our Spring Stook of WALL PAPAB BORDERS, PIB.B SORBENSt, &c., &a. Itis the largest and best eelentedassortment inth e city, ranging i n price froinrix (6) coutii T.tp to one dollar and a quarter (p 1.25.) As we purchase very low for cash, we ese prepared to sell at as low rates, if not lower, than can be had else where. If purchasers will call and examine we feel confldent that we can please them in respec t Price and quality. M POLLOCK & SOH, mar2B Below Jones' House, Market Square. L AW BOOKS ! LAW BOOKS I I-A general assortment of LAW BOOKS, all the State Reports and Standard Elementary Works, with many of the old English Reports. scarce and rare, together with a large assortment of second-hand Law Books, at Tarp law prices, St .he one price BoOkstore of B. M. POLLOCK & SON, myB I Market Square, Harrisburg. THE subscribers propose to publish by I subscription a "FARM MAP" of the Township of (BWATARA,." Dauphin county, Pa., if sufficient en couragement is given. The Map will embrace the Bounds, ries 01 the Townehip and Farms contained therein, cum ber of Ames, Location of Residences and Names of Pro pertyholders generally. There will also be on the Map a Table of Distances, showing the distance from each Cross Road in the Township to Harrisburg, thus ren dering it a valuable Map to Farmers and Dealers in Real LAW pl4rtieulerly. Those desiring Views of their Residences put on the 161 --op will be charged a moderate extra price. The Map will be neatly executed, colored and mounted, and delivered at the low price of Dive Dol lars, payable on delivery of the same. CLARK & AIJD, 882 Walnut street, Philadelphia. Harrisburg, November 1., 1861.—tf WORCESTER'S ROYAL QUARTO DICTIONARY! MI BM DAWNING AND PRONOUNCING DICTIONARY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE, Contains 1,854 Royal Quarto Pages and 20,000 words and meanings not found in any other English Dictionary; more than 1,000 Illustrations inserted in their proper places; over 5,000 words eynonymited; together with numerous tables of pronounced proper names. Bold by E. M. POLLOCK fa BON. Also Worcester's School Dictionaries. mar 23 ANOTHER SUPPLY OF MORTON'S UNRIVALLED GOLD PENS! NONE BETTER IN THE WHOLE WORLD ! For 7b tents, $l, $1.25, $1.50, $2, $3, $4. Warranted to made of good gold, at febls SOHEFFER , S BOOKSTORE. ONLY ONE DOLLAR for a good Sub saintial bound Family Bible at Schelllees Bookstore. CHEFFER'fi Bookstore is the plaice to hay vaold Peno.--I.nrraittisA WH. KNOCHE, 93 MARKET ST, HARRISBURG, PA DEALER IN PIANOS. NEW ROSEWOOD PIANOS, from the best makers, from $2OO upwards. MELODEONS. THE BEST MANUFACTURED INSTRU MENTS, from $45 to $lOO. Guitars, Violins, Accordeons, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, Banjos, Tambourines, Violin and Guitar strings and mu sical merchandise • • in general, SHEET MUSIC. The LATEST PUBLICATIONS always on hand Music sent by mail to any part of the country. OVAL, SQUARE, GILT AND ROSEWOC FRAMES, Suitacie for looking glasses and all kinds pictures always on hand. A fine assortment of beat plated LOOKING GLASSES From smallest to largest sizes. ser Any style of frame made to order at the shortest notice. WM. KNOCHE, novl-ditto 98 Market st. TOWE'S Sewing Machine, 437 Broad way, New York; branch office 90X, Market street, Harrisburg. The updersigned respectfully Informs the manufacturers and citizens of Harrisburg tharh_ e kiss opened a sewing machine office for the mile of - the celebrated 'rowels sewing machine, making the well known leek-stitch, and adapted for all Janda of leather and cloth, and family use. O. M. RILPHABL I feb2s-dly Agcet. GIITTA PERCHA WATER-PROOF 13 La IL C 1 32C I AT Cr .1 (WITHOUT BRUSHING-0 FOR BOOTR:, FEaqst_HARNESS. AND liilLlTill'AaTlTlliii-WORK. This new and excellent article excels everything ever before in use, for beautifying and softening the Leather. It makes a polish like patent leather ; will not rub off with water, nor stain the finest white silk, and makes the leather perfectly water-proof. Twice a month ap plied on boots and shoes, and once a month for harness is sufficient. If the leather becomes dirty, wash it off with clean water and the polish will re-appear. War ranted as represented. DIRMOTIONS FOR DBE.—Apply a few drops on a sponge, rub it Slowly over the leather, and the polish is complete. Price, 87X cents per bottle. ,lAOKBON & 00., Bole Agents, 90% Market street. • jan9-4itf JACKSON & CO.'S SHOE STORE, NO. 1103 MARKIT OTEBIT, HARRISBURG, PA.; Where they °tend to devote their eatire time to the auumfacitare of BOOTS AND 8110E8 all kinds and varieties, in the neatest and most fish• onable styles, and at satisfactory prices. Their stook will consist, in part, of Gottionsser Calf and Palmas Lander Boots and Arcs, latest Myles; Ladies' and Misses' Gaiters, and otherphoes in great variety; And in fact everything connoted With the Shoe business. CUSTOMER WORE will be particularly attended to, and ie all asses will eatisfastion be warranted. LSO. Amid up by OM of the boss makers in the country. The long practical experience of the undersigned, and their thorough knowledge of the business will, they trust, be sufficient guarantee to the public that they will do them knit's., and furnish them an article that will reoommend Well' for utility, &eeriness and dun. bility. pane] JACKSON & 00. BOARDERS WANTED.—The under signed, having rented tine large and . ateranadione iii9Wlto, alber27 street, two doors from the corner of Second street, in #te city of Harrisburg, Os ie prepared to accommodate single gentlemen, sr gentlemen and their wives, with boarding on reasonable terms. jll9-dem R. A. JOHNSON. F LUID AND ALCOHOL, IN LARGE quantillool and of ma quality, for Ws by WK. DOOR, 3c., & CO jAVANA ORANGES.—Just received by WK. DOM, 00. DAMS, DRIED BEEP, BOLOGNA EIAITBAO/10, TeNtlingito for Nolo low by 41111.9D00/4 EAGLE WORKS, HARRISBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, MANIIYAOTURNIt OP BOOII.IODERr ULM NUMB AND PENS, STANDING PRESSES, SAWING MACHINES, PRESS BOALAS, AND MADMEN FON GRINDING CUTTING-MACHINE KNIVES. Portable Cider Mille and Fodder Cutters, SCHOOL FURNITURE, General Machine Work and Iron and Brass CASTINGS, WOOD TURNING IN ALL ITS BRANCHES, SCROLL SAWING, PLANING, .ETC., ETC. Any Machine of Wood, Iron or Brace made to order. gear and Screw Cutting, &c., &o. HIOKOZ'S PATENT WOODEN SCREW CUTTING TOOLS. ur Cash paid for Old Copper, Braes, Bpe:ter : fr.e. STEAM BOILERS. PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD, CELLAR WINDOW GRATES of Tartans pattern!, bath stationary and swinging, BASH WRIUM and Tacit/Nut other king Castings, tnr Bade every cheap at the pay24-dlyj EAGLE WORKS. J. C. MOLTZ , ENGINEER, MACHINIST 4- STEAM .F7TTER, No. 8, NORTEI SUITII STREET, Between Walnut and Market, Harrisburg, Pa. Machinery of every description made and repaired. Brass Cocks of all sizes, and a large assortment of Gas Fittings constantly on hand. All work done in this establishment will be under bis own supervision, and warranted to give satisfaction. °ea* STEAM BOILERS. Having made efficient and permanent arrangements for the purpose, we are now prepared to make EnCIMALAM . -11EICAXX,AMTs.164 of every kind promptly and at reasonable rates. We shall use iron made by Bailey & Bro., the reputation of which Is second to none in the market. 11:7bN one but the best hands employed. Repairing promptly attended to. Address RAGLII WORREq may2B-dlyj Harrisburg; Pa. WM. A. PARICHI.I,I4, PLUMBER AND GAS FITTER, U_______ Stores, dwellings, churches, public buildings, facto ries, &c., filled up with gas, lead and iron pipe in a workman-like manner. hydrants, Wash Basins, Bath Tubs, Lift and Force Pumps, Water Closets, Lead and Iron Pipe for water, gas and steam. A. share of public patronage is respectfully solicited. All work promptly attended to. 34-Um E M 0 V A L. The subscriber has removed his PLUMBING AND DRABS FOUNDRY from Market street to Fourth street above Market, opposite the Bethel Church Thankful for past patronage, he hopes, by strict attention to busi ness, to merit a continuance of it. mar27•dtf WM. PARRE/LL. INSURANCE AGENCY SAFETY INSURANCE COMPANY OF PHILADELPHIA. INCORPORATED 1835. This Institution is doing business on the Mutual In surance principle combined with a Joint Stock Capital. By the act of incorporation the stock is pledged for the payment of any losses which the company may sus tain. And as an additional security to the assured, the act requires that the pr ofi ts of the business shall be funded and remain with the corporation, as a guarantee and protection to the insured against loss, until ordered by the Board of Directors to be redeemed in accordance with a provision of the act of incorporation. This fund will be represented by scrip issued by the company, bearing interest not exceeding six per cent. No dividend of scrip can be made when the losses and expenses exceed the amount of earned premiums. Insurances will be made on Vessels, Freights and Car goes i on Goode transported by railroads or canals, and by steamboats on rivers and lakes ; also, against damage or loss by Fire, for a limited time, or permanently. The undersigned, as &gent for the above well known company, will make Insurance against loss or damage by lire, either perpetually or annually, on property in either town or country. Marine and Inland Transportation Risks also taken. Apply personally or by letter to ROBERT L. WENCH, . Harrisburg, Pa. jan26-tf UNITED STATES HOTEL, OPPOBITI TUB PENNSYLVANIA AND LIBANON The undersigned having taken the above Hotel, which has been refitted and furnished throughout, begs leave to worm the public that he le well prepared to second mate those who may favor him with their patronage, a that will give entire satisfaction. The HNITND !RATAN HOTNL is located in the Immo diate vicinity of the depots of the Pennsylvania and Lebanon Valley railroad; where the traveling public eft be acoommodated with every comfort without the 'neon. venison@ or expense of going np-tOwn Neither pains nor enemas shill be oared to render the guests of this establishment as comfortable u they can poseibly be elsewhere in the city of Harrisburg. Careful and competent pertain will always be feund at the depots on the arrival of the train; to take charge of the baggage fres of ohms's. Ask for the tiIIITXD SPAM HOTNI:. mrr-dIY L. W. TNN RYON, Proprietor. NATIONAL _HOTEL, (7~ATS WHITE OW.A.N,) Race street, above Third, Philadelphia, CARRIAGES, This establishment offers great inducements, not only on account of reduced rates of board, but from the cen tral location to the avenues of trade, as well as the con veniences afforded by several passenger railroads run ning at and contignetel to it, by which guests can pees to and from the Hotel to Mb different railroad depots, should they be preferred to the regular omnibuses be. longing to the house. I am determined to devote my whole attention to the comfort and convenience of my guests, and endeavor to give general satisfaction. Terms--$1.25 Per Day. DAVID C. FIEGEIST, (Formerly of Eagle Hotel, Lebanon, Ps.) T. V. RHODSS, Clerk. . mrll-dtf DANIEL A. DItTENCH, Agent of the Old Wallower Line, Respectfully informs the public that this Old Dail) Traneportation Line, (the only Wallower Line now is exiatenee In %hie city,) is In successful operation, and prepared to carry Freight as low as any other individual line between Philadelphia, Harrisburg, Sunbury, Lewis burg, Williamsport, Jersey Shore, Lock Haven, and all other points on the Northern Oertral, Philadelphia and Erie and Williamsport are Elmil a Railroads. DAZI/X4.. . tIi3JNCH , Agent, Harrisburg, Pa. Goode sent to the Warehouse of Messrs, Peacock, Zell & Hinchman, No. 808 and 810 Market street, above Eighth, Philadelphia, by 4 o'clock p. in., will arrive at Harrisburg, ready for delivery, next morning. my 6 50,000 POUNDS!! ! Fifty Thousand Pounds "EXCELSIOR" HAMS sun 11.103TIVING, which we will sell at a very le* tigers by the Hogshead, 'Berea, Barrel or Single Ham. my3o WM. DOCK, jr., & CO. SOLAR MATCHES! NO SULPHUR! NO SMELL! 1 PTY GROSS of the shore Superior Matches just eeived. and for sale by WM. WM, Js.. & 00. WRITING FLUIDS.—BOSS' Ameri aka WPiting Plaid, a. eplendid ink, at 62 cents per quart i, AHNOLD'iI genuine Writing Plaid, HAN BOON'S Columbian Writing Fluid, LAUGHLIN & . NUSIUPLILIPI3 Ink, Copying Ink , Carmine and Red Inks of the beet quality, Blue Ink, Mucilage, &c., at SONZIOPRIS BOOKSTORP. CONDENSED MILK T—Just received and for sale by WM. D 498 jr & CO. ,fticit4inerv. ABOVE STATE STREET PRINTING OPPION 3nsuranc. THE DELAWARE MUTUAL isottio. VALLRY RAILROAD REPOTS, Hazininume, transportation. #fflisctUancous. SOIifETHDIG FOR THE TIKES S I A NECESSITY IN EVERY HOUSEHOLD!! JOHNS & CROSLErs. AMERICAN CEMENT GLUE! THE STRONGEST GLUE IN THE WORLD! FOR CEMENTING WOOD, LEATHER, GLASS,. IVORY, CHINA, MARBLE, PORCELAIN, AIsABASTER, BONE, CORAL, AU., .ita, AC. THE ONLY ARTICLE OE THE KIND EVER-PRO DUCED WHICH WILL WITHSTAND WATER': EXTRACTS. • "Every housekeeper should have a supply of Johns Crosiers American Cement Giiie."—Net• York " nil "It le so convenient to have in the housa."—Nsw- York Express. ""It to &Nays ready; this commends it to everybody. —New York independent. "We have tried it, and Had it as anent] in oar hone as water.”— Wilkes , Spirit of eke Times. PRICE 26 CENTS PER 'BOTTLE. VERY LIBERAL REDUCTIONS TO WHOLESALE , DEALERS. TERMS CASH. 117- For sale by all Druggists and Storekeepers gene rally throughout the country. JOHNS & CROSLEY, (Sole Manufacturers,) 78 WILLIAM STREET, (Corner of Liberty street,) NEW YORK. dly T . LYON'S PORE 01110 CATAWBA BRANDY. THE OHIO CATAWBA . BRANDY has,. for several years, been manufactured from the pure juice of the AMERICAN CATAWEApand ISABELLA URAPE, and has attained a rare popularity throughout the West and South, where great quantities of this superb article is. sold for MEDICINAL and FAMILY purposes. It not only equals, but excels the moat choice IMPORTED BRANDIES in PURITY, QUALITY and RICHNESS OP FLAVOR, and wherever it has been introduced it had invariably Met the moat unqyarifieC. favor mid extended sale. The want of really pure Brandy hut long been felt in this country, and the opportunity to procure an article of such quality as to supercede the sale and use of the many vile compounds so often sold under the name of Brandy, ,, can be regarded only as-a public good. L. LYON'S CATAWBA. BRANDY poNiesses aU the Choice qualities of the best importettliquor , audio posi tively known to be of PRILY.bOT 71:131Wrie and ofliU. PERIOR FLAVOR. In support of the above statement, we refer to the certificate of the undermentioned well-known chemists : Dr. A. A. Hayes, Assayer, Boston, Mass. Dr. James R. Chilton A Co., Chemists, New York. Dr. tames R. Nichols,- Analytical Chemist, Boston. Mass. Dr. T. V. F. Blaney & Dr. G. A. Marriner, Analytical and Consulting Chemists, Chicago, Illinois. Dr. Cox, Chemist, Cincinnati , Olio. Dr. Charles Upham Sheppard, Charleston, S. G. Messrs'. Gentry and Blackwood, Chetaista, Tenn. Dr. N_ A. Pratt, Savannah, Georgia. All of whom have analyzed the Brandy and reoommen: it as a perfectly pure article and as an invaluable medi , cinal agent.i I have been aepointed the sole agent for the sale cf this Brandy for the city of Harrisburg and Dauphin cc. nova-dy Dr. LOUIS WT.ETH. JOHN TILL'S - COAL YARD, SOUTH SECOND STREET, BELOW PRATT.` , ROLLING MILL, Where he keeps constantly on hand LYKENS AND WILICESBARRE COAL, 13nCh as STEAMBOAT, BROKEN, EGG and NWT which he will dispose of at the lowest market price. Consumers will do well to call on him and, lay their supply, as the Coal will be delivered clean, we, fall weight, /4145-d6rl QT. LOUIS FLOUR. - THE BEST BRAND FOR FAMILY USE in the market. DR barrels of the celebrated St. Louis Flour, universally' pronounced the most superior article ever offered in the market, Jest received and for sale by WM. DOCK, Ja., & CO. .RESII FISH every Tuesday and Fr.. J.: day at JOHN WISE'S Store, corner of Third arm' Walnut. iny3 V i PAPER a AND WINDOW SHADES. HENRY C. SHAFF.SR Has a large stock of Widow Shades and Wall Paper ea hand which will be sold very low. Call and examine Paper Hanging personally attented to. N 0.12, MARKET STRKET, Near the bridge. oct2ilit,f CEDAR, TUBS, CHURNS and MEA. BEFRBS, together with a large assortment of BAR SITS, BROOMS &0., jest received, and for sale soy by WM. DOOR, la., & CO H P. & W. C. TAYLOR'S 311 NAT N 3 CA AL It is economical and highly detersive. It contains no Rosin and will not waste. It is warranted not to injure the hands. It will impart an agreeable odor, and is thereto? suitable for every purpose. For mile by WM. DOOR, Js., & 00. FOR BALE.-3,000 Busacras PRIME YELLOW CORN. 500 bushels barley malt, tint quality. 500 bushels rye. 50 barrels whisky, first quality. Buquire of RICHARD HOORLARD, sep29if Washington Arms, Harrisburg EMPTY HOGSHEADS.—A large of Empty Meat llopbeads, in goad eonslitinn an 4 with heeds in. Theme Hogeheade &Po deolrab/e lot Builders, Farmers ks sold at s very my price. WM. DOCK, Jr., & CO. AMSII! —just received, a large Cl supply of COVBERD SUGAR-017MM RAMS, ei bite but brand in the market. /Ivory one sold is gust soma. june27) WM. 8008, 78., & 08. BOSTON CRACKERS.—A supply of these delicious crackers just received and for 118.4 WM. DOOM, jr., & 00. MINCE MEAT.-A SUPERIOR AR TIOLN just received cud for sae by WM. DOOR, Ja g it 00. • 6000 POUNDS Extra Prime Sugar . cured 'Ramos for sale very low, wholesale o: retail by WM. DOCK IR. 0 GREEN CORN_—WINSLOW'S fresh Omen Cora just TOCOLVed, by WM. DOCK, IE., & CO. THE FINEST STOCK OF PHOTO ' GRAPH ALBUMS, PORT FOLIOS, CARD-CVW POOMMT-800.813, for waft at Sebefferls Bookstore, fUCKWHEAT MEAL.-15,000 LBS SUPER .EXTR,A, from Wyoming Valley, for sale by WM. DOOK 4 JR, & CO WALL PAPER, BORDERS, ke. Ste., at last year prices, for sale at Rohde Bookstore. jeh FOR LETTER, NOTE and FOOLS OAP Paper, Boveloses and allatind of Stationet7 eall at Scheffer's Bookstore. jell TUST RECEIVED—Another lot J Beautiful Albums, at Seheffer's Bookstore, 18 Alr ket street. jar Alarge variety of Notions just receir at Botieffer's Bookstore. ELF SEALING FRUIT JARB '• KJ Best sad Cheapest is the markets! Call 01 examine them. irta WM. DOCIC, da., & FRENCH MUSTARD, ENGLISH 91 2 ' Domestic 'Pickles, (by the dozen, or hundred' ) e a ; perior Baled Oil, Ketchup, Sauces end coudiszezo 0- erer uju desodpbien, for gale by WM. HOOK, /Li & C° - A New Assortment of MORTON'' - 11. Unrivalled Gold Pens, in Gold Plated Desk It. dews, just received, at Scheffees Bookeiore, Darr jelo street. rr rirOW ARE YOU GREBN' U BACKS,"—DAN BRYANT'S new colic 2 " 4 . Price 30 cents, Ant received and for sale by WAIO - :;, his Music store, Third street. Call and get a id early. WALLPAPER, BORDERS, &c., L t sold yet at Int pear's pri without may ear e . e -I.op4KamVm BREAKFAST BACON.—A small ))//: very choice lot of Sugar Oared "Breakfast Ike° 3 (equal to the Imported Yorkehire )just received. ~„ 100 WM. DOOM, JR., 3; uv DRIED PEACHES—PARED ,AlO uNpARED—Just received by Wm. Doos. 75., & Tst NATIONAL ALMANAC AO ANNI74I. Imam for 1861, for Ws al .„,itz 00111117811 D0004""'