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ROGERS ON COAL_
The Glasgow (Scotland) Herald says that
Prof. B. D. Rogers—formerly State geologist
of Pennsylvania, but now professor of natural
science in the Glasgow University—delivered
a lecture before the Geographical Society of
that city on the 26th of February, on "Coal,
its Distribution, Power and Product."
There are three chief peculiarities observa
ble in every seam of coal. First, An invaria
ble stratum of fire-clay—the fire-olay of the
Scottieh fields—which evidently served as a
bed for the note of trees, and for the over
lying profuse matter of coal vegetation. Sec
ond, The vegetation itself, often accumulated
in immense thickness, compressed, macerated.
and, in its upper portion, stratified and laid
even by the action of the water. Third, The
overlying shale or roof of the coal seam, con
taining, in the soft mud or fine sand cf which
it has been composed, beautiful impressions pf
ferns and other plants of the carboniferous
• age. Another unfailing characteristic of coal
,seams is their uniform stratification, especi
ally in the upper layers, showing conclusively
that the seams have been subjected to the lev
eling action of water in the vast bays and la
goons in which the vegetable mass first grew
and then subsided. In one instance, that of
the American coal fields, this mark of uniform
stratification extends over an area Of 14,000
square miles, thus showing that the physical
geography of the period when the coal was
formed must have been of a character and
upon a scale of which we can now form but a
There are different qualities of coal—an
thracite, or compressed coke, sem -bituminous
and bituminous —in one great coal field in
Pennsylvania.' Subterranean heat acting in
one part upon a vast scale distilled the bitu
minous matter from coal that was once bitu
minous, and, at the centre of greatest heat,
anthracite was produced. Gradually, from
this centre of heat, coal war obtained, varying
from anthracite to qualities containing twenty
per cent. to thirty per cent. of bituminous
matter, and so on to the unaltered coal con
taining its full proportion of bitumen. Prof.
Rogers attributes the petroleum of the oil wells
to the distillation of the bituminous coal. lie
stated that "the subterranean heat which con
verted the bituminous into anthracite coal had
she effect of distilling from that coal the rock
oil or petroleum of commerce, which, creeping
into the •fisSuret3 of the strata and impregna
ting the perms sandstones, remained collec
ted, as it - were, in vas; underground tanks for
the use of the present generation." The the
ory of Professor Rogers respecting the sources
of American petroleum is different from that of
With respect to the power of coal in effect
ing mechanical work by combustion, when
applied to operate an engine through steam
pressure. one pound is equal to the full day's
work of a man, and three tons of coal is equal
'to the work of a man for twenty years—almost
his entire working life !•The productive power
of a nation is in direct ratio to the coal at its
command. The area of the coal fields in Great
Britain is 8,139 square miles of bituminous
coal, and 3,72 0 square miles of anthracite in
Great Britain and Ireland. In France the coal
area is, 1,719 square miles of inferior 00al ;
Belgolm, 518 square miles; Prussia, 500 square
miles ; Spain, 3,408 square miles, and Russia
scarcely 100 square miles. The British coal
fields are able to sustain the national prosper
ity for ages to come. Bat the American coal
fields embrace an area of no less than 200,000
square miles—about twenty times greater than
those of all Europe! " How cheering for the
future," said Professor Rogers, "must be the
prospect as it regards the material prosperity
and industrial development of those vast coal
regions of America, which, in the course of
Providence, must be intended to bestow
happiness and comfort upon untold millions of
that comparatively virgin country !"
Gus.—We witnessed a trial of the
shoot-around a corner gun on iriday afternoon,
and cannot pronounce it a humbug by any
means.- We do not fall in with the sanguine
expectations of the inventor, but are ready to
believe, where belief is strengthened by ocu
lar demonstration, that is an invention which
will yet, with proper application, become emi
nently useful, whatever be its destructive qual
Our readers will imagine a diminutive mortar,
unlike the mere breech of a cannon, about a
foot long and nine inches in 'diameter. This
"chunk" is hung upon an axis, the muzzle
pointing perpendicularly in the air. The size
of the bore is three inches, and the depth about
eight. It carries a four-pound ball, and ro
quires about three ounces of powdea to propel
it. An iron ring is embedded in the ball.
To this ring is attached an iron link, to
which, again, is attached a small cord, about
the size of a common clothes' line.
To the further end of the cord is attached
an anchor or grapnel. The modes operandi of
firing is as follows: The mortar is loaded,
the ball barely going below the surface of the
muzzle. The target is set up and the grapnel
is cast precisely half way between the mortar
and the target. Now, observe, the cord is
tightened, one end of it is fastened to the grap
nel and the other to the link in the ball.—
The mortar is fired perpendicularly in the
air. As a matter of course, the ball cannot
fly out of the circle prescribed by the length
of the cord, and as certain as fate, therefore,
it descends upon the target. In the experi
ments yesterday, the target was a small sec
tion of three eighths boiler plate,the ball break
big it at every shot.
The great success of the invention depends
entirely upon the question as to whether fifty
or one hundred pound balls can be controlled
min directed in like manner. If they can,
then good bye to monitors, turrets and rants.
With two or three one hundred pound mor
tars upon the stern of a gunboat, and the
grapnel fastened at the bow, such a storm of
shot or shell could be poured perpendicularly
upon an enemy's deck, beside which, in point
of destructiveness, a thunderbolt would be less
certain and terrible.—Chicago Journal.
OLD AND NSW STYLE.—The terms " old
style" and " new style" may be thus ex
plained! The old Julian Calendar assumed 865
1-4 days to constitute a year. The year really
contains 865 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and fif
ty seconds. Thus the calendar went astray 11
Militate an ten seconds every year, and by
A. D. 1582 the error amounted to ten whole
days. To correct this error, Pope Gregery
ordained that ten days could be deduct
ed from the year 1852, by caning what, accord
ing to the old calendar, would have been the
sth of October, the 15th of October. $0404,
the sth of October,"old style," was, in 1852,
the 15th of October, "new style." It was not
till 1752 that Great Britian accepted this cor
rection, and by that time the error amounted
to eleven. daya. It was then ordained that
eleven days should be omitted after the 2nd of
September, 1751, and the next day called the
14th of September, 1751.
THE DRAFT IN THE 15TH AND ADJOIN-
A. H. SWUM& & 00., having opened an office in
Carlisle,at the Government Asseesoes offiee,in liheem's
Ball, are now prepared to furnish substitutes at fair
finiatitates awned from this office will be able bod
ied Aliens, not subject to draft. All drafted persons
ear's& by us are guarantied a release !rein the draft_
Applyat once, In pontos or by letter, at the "Na
tional Substitute Agency," absentia Hall, Carlisle.
lieferences.--.1. K. Weakly, .loseph Meer jr 7.
Ahem. g. Wings k. 66.
T.OOKING GLASSES.—A Splendid
assortment of Nov Looking Glass*, just received,
et, W. HM00111145 Mule atom, 93 Market Ares; whom
shoy will be sold cheap. Call sad examine. mr/2
lot Salt Sz.ECG anti.
'OR SALE.--The BUILDING on the
corner of Walnut and Short streets, used as a
UOoPlill =OP. This building was originally built BO
,hat it could be turned into Derailing Kmiec oen.
ustsof three separate frames plaoed toptber, each frame
being 26 by2o feet, nuking the entire building. ow itnow
d au b, Ts feet long and 20 feet wide. Will Nen also an
HIGET HORSE POWER ENGINE AND BOILER,
sesriy new, and woof Drawback's PassatStave Cutters,
Mad a Setof' Sams for Jointing Simms . The above
P roperty wiII be mid at a banibith as we wish to demi
the ground en which the %mildest stands_ 'lnquire at
the Broken Once of 8. I..II , OIILLOCTI
febildtt 126 Market Street.
LOTS FOR SALE-;--ON NORTH ST.
and Pennsylvania Avenue. Apply to -
H. J. HALDRMAN,
Utalt-dtf Gor. Front and Walnut ate.
FOR SALE—A House and Lot on
Sixth street, near State. Ingulreat the Exchange
Office of S. L. MaGULLOOII,
28 Market street,
Where the highest price always paid for tiOLD and
, Ui~t~clt n n .
PENSIONS, BOUNTIES, BACK PAY,
War Claims and Claims for Indemnity.
STEWART, STEVENS, CLARK. & CO.,
ittorne,ys and Counsellors-at-Law, and Solicitor*
for all kinds of Military Claims,
450 PENNbYLVANIA AVENUE,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
This firm, imving* thorough knowledge of the Pen
sion Business and being familiar with the practice in
all the Departments of Government, believe that they
can afford greater facilities to Pension, Bounty, and
ether Claimants, for the prompt and successful accom
plishment of business entrusted to them, than any other
firm in Washington. They desire to secure such an
amount of this business as will simple them to execute
the business for each claimant very cheaply, and on the
basis of their pay contingent upon their success iu each
case. For this purpose they will secure the services of
lotw,Firms in each prominent 'totality throughout the
Btates where such business may be had, furnish such
with all the necessary blank forms of application and
evidence, requisite printed pamphlet instructions, and
°lranian; for distribution in their vicinity, with nego
tiates names inserted, and upon the due exeention of
the papers and transmission of the same to them by
their local associates, they will promptly perform the
tu- Their charges will be tea dollars for officers and
roe donors for preemies, for each Pension or Bounty and
Back Pay obtained, and ten per cent. on amount of
Claims for Military Supplies or Claims for Indemnity.
117.• Soldiers enlisted since the lst of March, 1861, in
any kind of service, Military or Naval, who are disabled
by disease or wounds, are entitled to Pensions. All
soidiers who serve for two years,. or during the war,
should it sooner aloes, will be entitled to $/00 Bounty.
Widows of soldiers who die or are killed, are entitled to
Pensions, and the $lOO Bounty. If there be no widow,
then the minor children. And if no minor children,
then the father, mother, sisters or brothers are enti
ad as above to the $lOO Bounty and Back Pay.
JOSEPH B. STEWART,
RESTOS L. STEVENS,
OSCAR A. STEVENS,
WILLIS B. HAYLOBH
Wasnntavon, D. 0., 1882.
Er Apply at our office, or to our Associate at
Hassisnoaa, PA.—JOHN A. BIHLER, Attorney and
PITTSBURG, Pa.—ARTIIII4B & EIDDBLL, Att,r
PATTEITILLS, PA. , --WM. R. SMITH, Attorney 8114
Puriaroznpara, PA G. MINNICHILD, 46 Alwood
street, WM. M. SMITH, Attorney and Counsellor.
Wasuisoros, Pa —BOYD ORIIMRINCI, Attorney
j74' 41 9
Al - Doubling Gap, Penn.
JAMES D. RENDLEY, Pitornrwrozz 7
Late of Kirkwood House, Washington.
SEASON OPENS 15th MEE, 1863.
These Springs are in Cumberland county,lPenn'a,
miles west of Harrisburg. They are accessible from all
the principal cities by railroad to Harrisburg, thence
by the Cumberland Valley railroad to Newville ; from
Nevrville, 8 miles good staging to the Springs. The
stage is always in waiting upon the arrival of the cars
Passengers leaving Philadelphia, Baltimore or Wash
ington. in the morning can arrive at the Springs the
game evening at Svc o'clock,
The Hotel is commodious and comfortable, with llot
and Cold Baths attached, and extensive grounds for
walks and amusement.
The long experience of the present Proprietor (for
many years past at the Kirkwood House inWashington 7
D. C ,) enables him to say, that it will be conducted in
a manner to pleaeO all TisiTors.
TIMMS !.-52 per day; $l2 per week ; 4 weeks s4o.
Children and servants half price. je9-d2m
THE LARGEST AND BEST ASSORTMEN
STEEL ENGRAVINGS I
PRINTS, AND HEADS,
SCENES, ADAPTED FOR GRECIAN
OIL. PAINTINGS, AT •
linochels Musie Store.
No. 9t Market street,' Harrisburg.
PEN.-PIR(iT QUALITY WARRANTED.
NON,E BETTER IN THE WHOLE WORLD.
A (}BEAT LUXURY:
P.IIBBONB in want of a superior and really good wows
ems will find with me a large assortment to select from,
and have the privilege to exchange the Pens until their
hand is perfectly silted. And if by fair means the Dia
mond points break off daring twelve months, the pur
chaser shall have the privilege to Sleleet a new one,
without any charge.
I bare very good Gold Peas, Made by Mr. Morton, not
warranted in strong silver-plated eases, for $l, $1.21,
For sale at SCHIPPRWS BOONSTOBB,
No. IS Market Street, Harrisburg, Pa.
MITRINGER'S PATENT BEEF TEA,
ju. a solid, concentrated extract of
BEEF AND VEGETABLES,
Convertible immediately into a nourishing and deli
cious reap. Highly approved by a number of eminent
This admirable article condensed Into& compact form,
all the substantial and nutritive properties of a largo
bulk of meat and vegetables. The readiness withwhich
it dissolves into a rich and palatable Soup, which would
require hours of preparation according to the usual
method, is an advantage in many situations of life too
obvious to nee d urging. l i te highly nourishing qualities
oombitied with Its &limy, renders it inrslasbte for the
sick; while for those in health, it is a perfect gubstitute
for fresh meat and vegetables. It will keep good in any
It is peculiarly well adapted FOR TRAVILNBS,.by
land or Hea l who Can thus avoid those accidental depriva
Sons of a comfortable meal, to Wllleh they are soluble.
!'OR INVALIDS, whoa.) capricious appetite can thus
me satisfied in a moment.
FOR SPORTSMEN and EXCURSIONISTS. to whom,
both its compactness and easy preparation will recom
mend it. For sale by
sep24-tf WM. DOOR. & Co.
WNEICELLED BY ANY IN THE U. STATES!
Awl sIIPI2IOII, TO ANT
it zr Y SRS. I\I" XX 13
OFFERED IN PENNSYLVANIA!
IT If MADD Of
CHOICE 11113SQURI WHITE WHEAT.
ur Delivered any ple.ee In the eft) frog of charge
Terms Cask , 0% delivery. ,
bite WM. DOCK, Js., & 90.
HA M 8 ! ! !
NielteneVe Bloolitior .
Nvans & Swift% impeder,
Jersey Plain very fine.
Also, Dried Beef, Tongues and Bologna Belying.. For
sale by apl4. WD[. COOL Jr. & Co.
FMPTY BARREL S .--;- A large number
of empty wine s D raw ly Whirler Burgs for
oak by DOCK, Jr., & CO.
BOSTON CRACKERS.-A LARGE
SUPPLY of these dollateas crackers just resolved
sod for We by WM. DOOR, Jo., & CO.
GOLD PENS I—The largest and hi
01001 i. (tom *l.OO t. s4.oo—wanooted—.t
thus of Crain!.
NEW AIR LINE ROUTE.
THREE TRAINS DAILY TO NEW YOU.
ON AND AFTER MONDAY, April 20,1803, the pas
senger Trains will leave the Philadelphia sad Reading
Railroad Depot, at Harrisburg, for New York and Phil
irdelphis, as followa, viz :
REPRZOB LINE leaves Harriebirg at 2.15 a.
arrival of Pennsylvania Railroad Express Train from
the West, arriving in New York at 9.15 a. m., and at
Philadelphiat at 9.20 a. in. A sleeping car is attached
to Us train through from Pittsburg without change.
MAIL TRAIN leaves Harrisburg at 0.00 a. u 4, ar
riving in New York at' 5.80 p. m., and at Philadelphia
at 1.50 p. nt.
PAST LINE leaves Harrisburg at 2.00 p. m., do ar
rival of Pennsylvania Railioad Fast Mail, arrivi n g in
New York at 10.25 p. in., and Philadelphia at 7.05 p.m.
7ABT LINE leaves New York at 5.00 a. m., andtkilla
delphia at 8.15 a. at., arriving at Harrisburg at 1.2 p. m.
MAIL TRAIN leaves New York . at 12.00 nook,, and
Philadelphia at SAO p. m., arriving at Harrisburg kt 8/0
NXPItEBB LINK leaves New York at 7.00 p. in . , ar
riving at Harrisburg at 1.45 a. m., and cennecti l t with
She PenasylvardaExpress Train for Pittsburg. sleep
ing oar is oleo attaebotl to this train.
Connections are made at If arrisburg with trai °lithe
Pennsylvania, Northern Central and Cumberlms Valley
Railroads, and at Reading for Philadelphia, Pot i aville,
Wilkesbarre, Allentown, Easton, Ice.
Baggage checked through. lore between Hells York
and Harrisburg, $5.15; between Harrisburg an Fhia
delphia, $3.35 in No. 1 care , and $3 . 00. in No. 2.
For tickets and other information apply to I
J.J. CLYDE, General Ag at,
spt.'9 : Harrl urg.
N ORTHERN CENTRAL RAIL AY.
SUMMER TIME TABLE.
- - -
Three daily trains to and from Baltimore an Wash
ington City. Cy:mm.s64l6M made with trains n Penn
sylvania Railroad to and from Pitteburg and e West
two trains daily to and from the North aid Wee
Branch, Susquehanna, Elmira and all North ern New
ON AND AFTER MONDAY, APRIL 20, Lie% the
Passenger Trains of the Northern Central BaHway will
arrive and depart from Harrisburg and Baltimore as
Howe, viz :
MAIL TRAIN leaves Sunbury daily (except Sunday
at 10.10 a. m.; leaves Harrisburg at 1.16 p. m. , and ar
rives at Baltimore at 5.85 p. ra,
MIMES TRAIN leaves Sunbury daily (eicept Sun
day) at U. 07 p. in.; leaves Harrisburg (except Monday;
at 2.00 a. m., and arrives at Baltimore daily (except
Monday) at 6.15 a. in.
HARRISBURG ACCOMMODATION TRAIN leave
Harrisburg daily at 6.30 a. mi.
N OR TRWARD
MAIL TRAIN leaves Baltimore daily(except Sunday
at 9.15 a. m„ Harrisburg at 1.15 p. m., and arrives al
Sunbury at 4.05 p. m.
EXPRESS TRAIN leaTegi saltimore daily at 9.15 p.
m., arrives at Harrisburg at 1.36 a m., and leaves liar
risburg daily ,(except Monday) at 3.00 a. m., and arrive/
at Sunbury at 5.38 a. m.
HARRISBURG ACCOMMODATION TRAIN leave.
Baltimore daily (except Sunday) at 2.65 p. m., and •
117013 at thwristnirg at 7.20 p.m.
For further information apply at the Office, In Pen
Sylvania Railroad Depot. J.N. DoBARRY,
Harrisburg, April 20, 1863-dtf
SUMMER TIME TABLEt
[M=I!M I +TMMW.i
ON AND AFTER •
MONDAY, APRIL 20, 1563,
The Passenger Trains of the Pennsylvania Railroad
Company will depart from and arrive at, Harrisburg and
Philadelphia as follows
THROUGH BXPRBBS TRAIN leaven Harrisburg
daily at 2.00 a. in., and arrival at West Philadelphia at
6,/0 a, tn.
TART LINE leaves Harrisburg - daily (except Monday)
at 6.46 a. in., and arrives at West Philadblphia at 9.66
a. nt. Passengers take breakfast at Lancaster. -
WAY ACCOMMODATION, via Mount boy, leaves
Harrisburg at 7.00 a. M., and arrives at West Philadel
phia at 1.2.96 p. in. •
PAST MAIL TRAIN leaves Harrisburg daily (ex
oept Sunday) at 1.00 p. m., and arrives at West Phila
iaat 6.00 p. m.
SBURG ACCOMMODATION TRAIN, via Co
lusibia., leaves Harrisburg at 4.00 p. in., And arrival it
West Philadelphia at 9.30 p. m.
BALTIMORE EXPRESS TRAIN leaves Harriabur
daily (except Monday) at 2.00 a. m ; Attoona,l7.DB,-
take breakfast, and arrives at Pittsinn at 12.
PHILADELPHIA maims TRAIN leaves Has
burg daily at 3.00 a. in., Altoona at b 00 a.m., take break
fast, and arrives at Pittsburg at 12.30 p. m.
MALL TRAIN loam Harrisburg at 1.15 p. m., Al
toona at 7.15 p. m., take eupper,and arrives at Pittsburg
at 12.30 a. m.
IPABT LINR leaves Harrisburg 3.50 p. m., Altoona
8.85 p.en., and arrives at Pittsburg at I,oon, m.
HARRISBURG AOCOMMODAVON TRAIN leant,
Philadelphia at 2.30 p. in., and arrives at Harrisburg at
8.00 p. m.
WAY ACCOMMODATION TRAIN leaves Philadei.
phis at 4.00 p. m., and arrives at Harrbiburg at 0.40
p. in. This train runs via Mount Joy.
&MUM. D. TOTING,
Superintendent Miidie Div.;Peosnla B. R.
Harrisburg, April 16, 11183.—dtf
'HILADELPHIA & ERIE RAIL
ROAD.—This great line traverses the Northern
and Northwest counties of Pennsylvania to the city of
Erie, on Lake Erie.
It has been leased by the Pennsylvania Rail Road
Company, and under their apaspices is being rapidly
oiined throughout its entire length.
It is now in use for Passenger and Freight business
from Harrisburg to Driftwood, (Second Fork,) (177
- miles) on the Eastern Division, and from Sheffield to
Ede, (7S miles) oil the Western Di v i s i on.
TIME OF PASSENGER TRAINS AT HA All
Nan Train.— 1,15 a. 332. I Express Train.. 3.00 a. 111
Carl run through without chtuip both ways on Os* •
trains between Philadelphia and Lock Haven, and
tween Baltimore and Look Raven
Elegant Sleeping Cars on Express Trains th way
between Williamsport and 13sltbnore, and Wilinunspe t
For information respecting Passenger business appl
at the S. M. cor. rith and Market streets. .
And for Freight business of the Company's Agents
S. B. Kingston, Jr., cor. 18th and Market stre
J. W. Reynolds, Brie.
J. M. Drill, Agent N. C. R. R., Maim .
H. H. HOUSTON
Gen'l Freight I gt.,
LEWIS L. HOUPT, -
Ilona Ticket Aft,
JOB. D. POTTB,
mars-41Y Gen'l Manage; Williamsport.
F I N
333 2r. lzt AL CI W is!
T I ANILLA G/NOIR,
//TINS ALMOND, (=Rim
CINNAMON N I OTAING
goolumr,AL, (for eoloring,) assorted. dames, fa
Tke above s
Unwed ZalternH r o t l m lo n 6-o u 4 t
Bt iv e bn a s o
s f the
rested: [MarlOJ WM. DOOR, &
DOCKET SNIVES.—A vpry fine as
sormenit. SORMBRII BOOESTOR
Books, Stationav, &c.
QCHOOL BOOKS.—School Directors,
Teacher; Parents, Scholars, and others, in need of
School Books, School Stationery, &0., will find a corn
plots assortment at E. M. POLLOCK¢ SON'S 8008
STOKE, Market Square, Harrisburg, comprising in part
the following :
RBADBllB.—MMlnffers, Parker's, Cobb's Angell's.
SPHLLING BOOBS.— ucHntrey's, Cobb's,Webster's,
Town's, Byerly's Combrrs.
lINGLI6H GRAMMARS.—Bullion's, Smith's, Wood
bridge's, Monteith's, Tuthill's, Hart's, Wells'.
HISTORIES .--jirineshaw's, Davenport's,Frost l / 4 ,,W11-
son's', Willard; U'oodriehls, Dlnnoek's, Goldsmith's and
A.BITAIMATIO'I3.—GreenIeaPs, Stoddard's, lawmen's
Site's, lore's, Colburn's, Smith and Duke's, Davie'.
ALGSBIIdii.-,-Greenleaf's, Davie's, Dare, lay's,
plCTlONAM.—Woreecter's Quarto, Academic. Qom
creherisive and Primary Dictiocarem Weaved School,
Cobb's, Walker, Webster's Primary, Webster's High
School, Webster's Quarto. Academic.
NATURAL PHILOSOPHI7i3.--Comatock% Parker's,
Swift 4. The above with a great variety of others can at
say time be found at soy store. Also, a complete assort
mint of School Stationery, embracing in the wit< le a com
plete outfit for calm! porFoice, An beek not In the etOrri
precured at one dap notice.
izr Country Merchants supplied at wholesale rates.
ALMANACS.—John Baer and Bon% Almanac for sale at
B. M. POLLOOR & SON'S BOOK STORM, Illarrietinrg.
(Q" Wholesale and Retail. myl
WALL PAPER! WALL PAPER I I
net received, our Spring Stook of WALL PAPAB
BORDERS, PIB.B SORBENSt, &c., &a. Itis the largest
and best eelentedassortment inth e city, ranging i n price
froinrix (6) coutii T.tp to one dollar and a quarter (p 1.25.)
As we purchase very low for cash, we ese prepared to
sell at as low rates, if not lower, than can be had else
where. If purchasers will call and examine we feel
confldent that we can please them in respec t Price
and quality. M POLLOCK & SOH,
mar2B Below Jones' House, Market Square.
L AW BOOKS ! LAW BOOKS I I-A
general assortment of LAW BOOKS, all the State
Reports and Standard Elementary Works, with many of
the old English Reports. scarce and rare, together with
a large assortment of second-hand Law Books, at Tarp
law prices, St .he one price BoOkstore of
B. M. POLLOCK & SON,
myB I Market Square, Harrisburg.
THE subscribers propose to publish by
I subscription a "FARM MAP" of the Township of
(BWATARA,." Dauphin county, Pa., if sufficient en
couragement is given. The Map will embrace the Bounds,
ries 01 the Townehip and Farms contained therein, cum
ber of Ames, Location of Residences and Names of Pro
pertyholders generally. There will also be on the Map
a Table of Distances, showing the distance from each
Cross Road in the Township to Harrisburg, thus ren
dering it a valuable Map to Farmers and Dealers in Real
LAW pl4rtieulerly. Those desiring Views of their
Residences put on the 161 --op will be charged a moderate
extra price. The Map will be neatly executed, colored
and mounted, and delivered at the low price of Dive Dol
lars, payable on delivery of the same.
CLARK & AIJD,
882 Walnut street, Philadelphia.
Harrisburg, November 1., 1861.—tf
WORCESTER'S ROYAL QUARTO
MI BM DAWNING AND PRONOUNCING
DICTIONARY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE,
Contains 1,854 Royal Quarto Pages and 20,000 words and
meanings not found in any other English Dictionary;
more than 1,000 Illustrations inserted in their proper
places; over 5,000 words eynonymited; together with
numerous tables of pronounced proper names.
Bold by E. M. POLLOCK fa BON. Also Worcester's
School Dictionaries. mar 23
ANOTHER SUPPLY OF
UNRIVALLED GOLD PENS!
NONE BETTER IN THE WHOLE WORLD !
For 7b tents, $l, $1.25, $1.50, $2, $3, $4.
Warranted to made of good gold, at
febls SOHEFFER , S BOOKSTORE.
ONLY ONE DOLLAR for a good Sub
saintial bound Family Bible at
CHEFFER'fi Bookstore is the plaice to
hay vaold Peno.--I.nrraittisA
93 MARKET ST, HARRISBURG, PA
NEW ROSEWOOD PIANOS, from the best
makers, from $2OO upwards.
THE BEST MANUFACTURED INSTRU
MENTS, from $45 to $lOO.
Guitars, Violins, Accordeons,
Flutes, Fifes, Drums, Banjos,
Tambourines, Violin and
Guitar strings and mu
sical merchandise •
• in general,
The LATEST PUBLICATIONS always on hand
Music sent by mail to any part
of the country.
OVAL, SQUARE, GILT AND ROSEWOC
Suitacie for looking glasses and all kinds
pictures always on hand.
A fine assortment of beat plated
From smallest to largest sizes.
ser Any style of frame made to order at
the shortest notice. WM. KNOCHE,
novl-ditto 98 Market st.
TOWE'S Sewing Machine, 437 Broad
way, New York; branch office 90X, Market street,
Harrisburg. The updersigned respectfully Informs
the manufacturers and citizens of Harrisburg tharh_ e
kiss opened a sewing machine office for the mile of - the
celebrated 'rowels sewing machine, making the well
known leek-stitch, and adapted for all Janda of leather
and cloth, and family use. O. M. RILPHABL I
GIITTA PERCHA WATER-PROOF
13 La IL C 1 32C I AT Cr .1
FOR BOOTR:, FEaqst_HARNESS.
This new and excellent article excels everything ever
before in use, for beautifying and softening the Leather.
It makes a polish like patent leather ; will not rub off
with water, nor stain the finest white silk, and makes
the leather perfectly water-proof. Twice a month ap
plied on boots and shoes, and once a month for harness
is sufficient. If the leather becomes dirty, wash it off
with clean water and the polish will re-appear. War
ranted as represented.
DIRMOTIONS FOR DBE.—Apply a few drops on a
sponge, rub it Slowly over the leather, and the polish is
complete. Price, 87X cents per bottle.
,lAOKBON & 00., Bole Agents, 90% Market street. •
JACKSON & CO.'S
NO. 1103 MARKIT OTEBIT,
Where they °tend to devote their eatire time to the
BOOTS AND 8110E8
all kinds and varieties, in the neatest and most fish•
onable styles, and at satisfactory prices.
Their stook will consist, in part, of Gottionsser
Calf and Palmas Lander Boots and Arcs, latest Myles;
Ladies' and Misses' Gaiters, and otherphoes in great
variety; And in fact everything connoted With the
CUSTOMER WORE will be particularly attended to,
and ie all asses will eatisfastion be warranted. LSO.
Amid up by OM of the boss makers in the country.
The long practical experience of the undersigned, and
their thorough knowledge of the business will, they
trust, be sufficient guarantee to the public that they
will do them knit's., and furnish them an article that
will reoommend Well' for utility, &eeriness and dun.
bility. pane] JACKSON & 00.
BOARDERS WANTED.—The under
signed, having rented tine large and . ateranadione
iii9Wlto, alber27 street, two doors from the corner of
Second street, in #te city of Harrisburg, Os ie prepared
to accommodate single gentlemen, sr gentlemen and
their wives, with boarding on reasonable terms.
jll9-dem R. A. JOHNSON.
F LUID AND ALCOHOL, IN LARGE quantillool and of ma quality, for Ws by
WK. DOOR, 3c., & CO
jAVANA ORANGES.—Just received
by WK. DOM, 00.
DAMS, DRIED BEEP, BOLOGNA
EIAITBAO/10, TeNtlingito for Nolo low by
BOOII.IODERr ULM NUMB AND PENS,
SAWING MACHINES, PRESS BOALAS,
AND MADMEN FON
GRINDING CUTTING-MACHINE KNIVES.
Portable Cider Mille and Fodder Cutters,
General Machine Work and Iron and Brass
WOOD TURNING IN ALL ITS BRANCHES,
SCROLL SAWING, PLANING, .ETC., ETC.
Any Machine of Wood, Iron or Brace made to
order. gear and Screw Cutting, &c., &o.
PATENT WOODEN SCREW CUTTING TOOLS.
ur Cash paid for Old Copper, Braes, Bpe:ter : fr.e.
CELLAR WINDOW GRATES
of Tartans pattern!, bath stationary and swinging, BASH
WRIUM and Tacit/Nut other king Castings, tnr Bade
every cheap at the pay24-dlyj EAGLE WORKS.
J. C. MOLTZ ,
ENGINEER, MACHINIST 4- STEAM .F7TTER,
No. 8, NORTEI SUITII STREET,
Between Walnut and Market, Harrisburg, Pa.
Machinery of every description made and repaired.
Brass Cocks of all sizes, and a large assortment of Gas
Fittings constantly on hand.
All work done in this establishment will be under bis
own supervision, and warranted to give satisfaction.
Having made efficient and permanent arrangements
for the purpose, we are now prepared to make
EnCIMALAM . -11EICAXX,AMTs.164
of every kind promptly and at reasonable rates. We
shall use iron made by Bailey & Bro., the reputation of
which Is second to none in the market.
11:7bN one but the best hands employed. Repairing
promptly attended to. Address
may2B-dlyj Harrisburg; Pa.
WM. A. PARICHI.I,I4,
PLUMBER AND GAS FITTER,
Stores, dwellings, churches, public buildings, facto
ries, &c., filled up with gas, lead and iron pipe in a
workman-like manner. hydrants, Wash Basins, Bath
Tubs, Lift and Force Pumps, Water Closets, Lead and
Iron Pipe for water, gas and steam. A. share of public
patronage is respectfully solicited. All work promptly
attended to. 34-Um
E M 0 V A L.
The subscriber has removed his PLUMBING AND
DRABS FOUNDRY from Market street to Fourth street
above Market, opposite the Bethel Church Thankful
for past patronage, he hopes, by strict attention to busi
ness, to merit a continuance of it.
mar27•dtf WM. PARRE/LL.
SAFETY INSURANCE COMPANY
This Institution is doing business on the Mutual In
surance principle combined with a Joint Stock Capital.
By the act of incorporation the stock is pledged for
the payment of any losses which the company may sus
tain. And as an additional security to the assured, the
act requires that the pr ofi ts of the business shall be
funded and remain with the corporation, as a guarantee
and protection to the insured against loss, until ordered
by the Board of Directors to be redeemed in accordance
with a provision of the act of incorporation. This fund
will be represented by scrip issued by the company,
bearing interest not exceeding six per cent.
No dividend of scrip can be made when the losses and
expenses exceed the amount of earned premiums.
Insurances will be made on Vessels, Freights and Car
goes i on Goode transported by railroads or canals, and
by steamboats on rivers and lakes ; also, against damage
or loss by Fire, for a limited time, or permanently.
The undersigned, as &gent for the above well known
company, will make Insurance against loss or damage
by lire, either perpetually or annually, on property in
either town or country.
Marine and Inland Transportation Risks also taken.
Apply personally or by letter to
ROBERT L. WENCH, .
UNITED STATES HOTEL,
OPPOBITI TUB PENNSYLVANIA AND LIBANON
The undersigned having taken the above Hotel, which
has been refitted and furnished throughout, begs leave
to worm the public that he le well prepared to second
mate those who may favor him with their patronage,
a that will give entire satisfaction.
The HNITND !RATAN HOTNL is located in the Immo
diate vicinity of the depots of the Pennsylvania and
Lebanon Valley railroad; where the traveling public eft
be acoommodated with every comfort without the 'neon.
venison@ or expense of going np-tOwn
Neither pains nor enemas shill be oared to render
the guests of this establishment as comfortable u they
can poseibly be elsewhere in the city of Harrisburg.
Careful and competent pertain will always be feund at
the depots on the arrival of the train; to take charge
of the baggage fres of ohms's.
Ask for the tiIIITXD SPAM HOTNI:.
mrr-dIY L. W. TNN RYON, Proprietor.
(7~ATS WHITE OW.A.N,)
Race street, above Third, Philadelphia,
This establishment offers great inducements, not only
on account of reduced rates of board, but from the cen
tral location to the avenues of trade, as well as the con
veniences afforded by several passenger railroads run
ning at and contignetel to it, by which guests can pees
to and from the Hotel to Mb different railroad depots,
should they be preferred to the regular omnibuses be.
longing to the house. I am determined to devote my
whole attention to the comfort and convenience of my
guests, and endeavor to give general satisfaction.
Terms--$1.25 Per Day.
DAVID C. FIEGEIST,
(Formerly of Eagle Hotel, Lebanon, Ps.)
T. V. RHODSS, Clerk. . mrll-dtf
DANIEL A. DItTENCH,
Agent of the Old Wallower Line,
Respectfully informs the public that this Old Dail)
Traneportation Line, (the only Wallower Line now is
exiatenee In %hie city,) is In successful operation, and
prepared to carry Freight as low as any other individual
line between Philadelphia, Harrisburg, Sunbury, Lewis
burg, Williamsport, Jersey Shore, Lock Haven, and all
other points on the Northern Oertral, Philadelphia and
Erie and Williamsport are Elmil a Railroads.
DAZI/X4.. . tIi3JNCH , Agent,
Goode sent to the Warehouse of Messrs, Peacock,
Zell & Hinchman, No. 808 and 810 Market street, above
Eighth, Philadelphia, by 4 o'clock p. in., will arrive at
Harrisburg, ready for delivery, next morning. my 6
50,000 POUNDS!! !
Fifty Thousand Pounds
sun 11.103TIVING, which we will sell at a very le*
tigers by the Hogshead, 'Berea, Barrel or Single Ham.
my3o WM. DOCK, jr., & CO.
1 PTY GROSS of the shore Superior Matches just
eeived. and for sale by WM. WM, Js.. & 00.
WRITING FLUIDS.—BOSS' Ameri
aka WPiting Plaid, a. eplendid ink, at 62 cents
per quart i, AHNOLD'iI genuine Writing Plaid, HAN
BOON'S Columbian Writing Fluid, LAUGHLIN & .
NUSIUPLILIPI3 Ink, Copying Ink , Carmine and Red
Inks of the beet quality, Blue Ink, Mucilage, &c., at
CONDENSED MILK T—Just received
and for sale by WM. D 498 jr & CO.
ABOVE STATE STREET
THE DELAWARE MUTUAL
VALLRY RAILROAD REPOTS,
SOIifETHDIG FOR THE TIKES S I
A NECESSITY IN EVERY HOUSEHOLD!!
JOHNS & CROSLErs.
AMERICAN CEMENT GLUE!
THE STRONGEST GLUE IN THE WORLD!
FOR CEMENTING WOOD, LEATHER, GLASS,.
IVORY, CHINA, MARBLE, PORCELAIN,
AIsABASTER, BONE, CORAL,
AU., .ita, AC.
THE ONLY ARTICLE OE THE KIND EVER-PRO
DUCED WHICH WILL WITHSTAND WATER':
"Every housekeeper should have a supply of Johns
Crosiers American Cement Giiie."—Net• York " nil
"It le so convenient to have in the housa."—Nsw-
""It to &Nays ready; this commends it to everybody.
—New York independent.
"We have tried it, and Had it as anent] in oar hone
as water.”— Wilkes , Spirit of eke Times.
PRICE 26 CENTS PER 'BOTTLE.
VERY LIBERAL REDUCTIONS TO WHOLESALE ,
117- For sale by all Druggists and Storekeepers gene
rally throughout the country.
JOHNS & CROSLEY,
78 WILLIAM STREET,
(Corner of Liberty street,)
NEW YORK. dly
T . LYON'S PORE 01110 CATAWBA
THE OHIO CATAWBA . BRANDY has,. for several
years, been manufactured from the pure juice of the
AMERICAN CATAWEApand ISABELLA URAPE, and
has attained a rare popularity throughout the West and
South, where great quantities of this superb article is.
sold for MEDICINAL and FAMILY purposes. It not
only equals, but excels the moat choice IMPORTED
BRANDIES in PURITY, QUALITY and RICHNESS OP
FLAVOR, and wherever it has been introduced it had
invariably Met the moat unqyarifieC. favor mid extended
The want of really pure Brandy hut long been felt in
this country, and the opportunity to procure an article
of such quality as to supercede the sale and use of the
many vile compounds so often sold under the name of
Brandy, ,, can be regarded only as-a public good.
L. LYON'S CATAWBA. BRANDY poNiesses aU the
Choice qualities of the best importettliquor , audio posi
tively known to be of PRILY.bOT 71:131Wrie and ofliU.
In support of the above statement, we refer to the
certificate of the undermentioned well-known chemists :
Dr. A. A. Hayes, Assayer, Boston, Mass.
Dr. James R. Chilton A Co., Chemists, New York.
Dr. tames R. Nichols,- Analytical Chemist, Boston.
Dr. T. V. F. Blaney & Dr. G. A. Marriner, Analytical
and Consulting Chemists, Chicago, Illinois.
Dr. Cox, Chemist, Cincinnati , Olio.
Dr. Charles Upham Sheppard, Charleston, S. G.
Messrs'. Gentry and Blackwood, Chetaista, Tenn.
Dr. N_ A. Pratt, Savannah, Georgia.
All of whom have analyzed the Brandy and reoommen:
it as a perfectly pure article and as an invaluable medi ,
I have been aepointed the sole agent for the sale cf
this Brandy for the city of Harrisburg and Dauphin cc.
nova-dy Dr. LOUIS WT.ETH.
- COAL YARD,
SOUTH SECOND STREET, BELOW PRATT.` ,
Where he keeps constantly on hand
LYKENS AND WILICESBARRE COAL,
13nCh as STEAMBOAT, BROKEN, EGG and NWT
which he will dispose of at the lowest market price.
Consumers will do well to call on him and, lay
their supply, as the Coal will be delivered clean, we,
fall weight, /4145-d6rl
QT. LOUIS FLOUR. - THE BEST
BRAND FOR FAMILY USE in the market. DR
barrels of the celebrated St. Louis Flour, universally'
pronounced the most superior article ever offered in the
market, Jest received and for sale by
WM. DOCK, Ja., & CO.
.RESII FISH every Tuesday and Fr..
J.: day at JOHN WISE'S Store, corner of Third arm'
V i PAPER a AND WINDOW
HENRY C. SHAFF.SR
Has a large stock of Widow Shades and Wall Paper ea
hand which will be sold very low. Call and examine
Paper Hanging personally attented to.
N 0.12, MARKET STRKET,
Near the bridge.
CEDAR, TUBS, CHURNS and MEA.
BEFRBS, together with a large assortment of BAR
SITS, BROOMS &0., jest received, and for sale soy
by WM. DOOR, la., & CO
H P. & W. C. TAYLOR'S
311 NAT N 3 CA AL
It is economical and highly detersive.
It contains no Rosin and will not waste.
It is warranted not to injure the hands.
It will impart an agreeable odor, and is thereto?
suitable for every purpose. For mile by
WM. DOOR, Js., & 00.
FOR BALE.-3,000 Busacras PRIME
500 bushels barley malt, tint quality.
500 bushels rye.
50 barrels whisky, first quality.
Buquire of RICHARD HOORLARD,
sep29if Washington Arms, Harrisburg
EMPTY HOGSHEADS.—A large
of Empty Meat llopbeads, in goad eonslitinn an 4
with heeds in. Theme Hogeheade &Po deolrab/e lot
Builders, Farmers ks sold at s very my
price. WM. DOCK, Jr., & CO.
AMSII! —just received, a large
Cl supply of COVBERD SUGAR-017MM RAMS, ei
bite but brand in the market. /Ivory one sold is gust
soma. june27) WM. 8008, 78., & 08.
BOSTON CRACKERS.—A supply of
these delicious crackers just received and for 118.4
WM. DOOM, jr., & 00.
MINCE MEAT.-A SUPERIOR AR
TIOLN just received cud for sae by
WM. DOOR, Ja g it 00.
6000 POUNDS Extra Prime Sugar
. cured 'Ramos for sale very low, wholesale o:
retail by WM. DOCK IR. 0
GREEN CORN_—WINSLOW'S fresh
Omen Cora just TOCOLVed, by
WM. DOCK, IE., & CO.
THE FINEST STOCK OF PHOTO
' GRAPH ALBUMS, PORT FOLIOS, CARD-CVW
POOMMT-800.813, for waft at
fUCKWHEAT MEAL.-15,000 LBS
SUPER .EXTR,A, from Wyoming Valley, for sale
by WM. DOOK 4 JR, & CO
WALL PAPER, BORDERS, ke.
Ste., at last year prices, for sale at Rohde
FOR LETTER, NOTE and FOOLS
OAP Paper, Boveloses and allatind of Stationet7
eall at Scheffer's Bookstore. jell
TUST RECEIVED—Another lot
J Beautiful Albums, at Seheffer's Bookstore, 18 Alr
ket street. jar
Alarge variety of Notions just receir
at Botieffer's Bookstore.
ELF SEALING FRUIT JARB '•
KJ Best sad Cheapest is the markets! Call 01
irta WM. DOCIC, da., &
FRENCH MUSTARD, ENGLISH 91 2 '
Domestic 'Pickles, (by the dozen, or hundred' ) e a ;
perior Baled Oil, Ketchup, Sauces end coudiszezo 0-
erer uju desodpbien, for gale by
WM. HOOK, /Li & C°
- A New Assortment of MORTON'' -
11. Unrivalled Gold Pens, in Gold Plated Desk It.
dews, just received, at Scheffees Bookeiore, Darr
rr rirOW ARE YOU GREBN'
U BACKS,"—DAN BRYANT'S new colic 2 " 4 .
Price 30 cents, Ant received and for sale by WAIO - :;,
his Music store, Third street. Call and get a id early.
WALLPAPER, BORDERS, &c., L
t sold yet at Int pear's pri without may ear e . e
BREAKFAST BACON.—A small ))//:
very choice lot of Sugar Oared "Breakfast Ike° 3
(equal to the Imported Yorkehire )just received.
100 WM. DOOM, JR., 3; uv
DRIED PEACHES—PARED ,AlO
uNpARED—Just received by
Wm. Doos. 75., &
Tst NATIONAL ALMANAC AO
ANNI74I. Imam for 1861, for Ws al .„,itz