Newspaper Page Text
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
Four line s than four constitute a square. or less constitute half a square. Ten lines
sq., one $0 30 Onn sq., one day. --. $0 fai
= one week..... 120
g 4 one week.... -2 00
g • one month.. 800 one month.. 000
three months 500 " three months 10 00
4 . six months.. 000 gg six months.. 15 00
4 one year....-12 00 g g one year 20 00
1D Detainees notices inserted in the LOCAL COMMIX,
DE bel marriages and deaths, Tint czars ran Lill for
.eh Lisertion. To merchants and others advertising
y The year, liberal terms will be offered.
gr. The number of insertions must be designated on
Or"' Marriages and Deaths will be inserted at the same
1:41111 sa regular advertisements.
ATTORNEY Ar LAW,
49ffee North, Third street, third door above Mar
ket, Harrisburg, Pa.
N. B.—Pension, Bounty and Military claims of all
kinds prosecuted and collected.
Refer to HON. John O. Kunkel, David Mumma, Jr.,
and R. A. Lumberton. niyll-faccernin
WM. H. MILLER,
R. E. FERGUSON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Zno EXILIC - ERIS BUILDINGS
BETWEEN-WALNUT and MARKET SQUARE,
sp-29w&d. Nearly opposite the Buehler House.
T HOS. C. MAoDOWELL,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MILITARY CLAIM AND PATENT AGENT.
Office in the Exchange, 'Walnut et., (Up Staira.)
Having formed a connection with parties in Wash
ington City, wno are reliable business men, any bud
no!ele conneeted with any of the Departments will meet
with immediate and careful attention. me-y •
SURGEON AND OCULIST,
warm= THIRD NAAR NORTH STRUT
Ito is now roily prepared to Attend promptly to the
dation of profession in all its branches.
A LOIG AID MT 8D001887171, WIDIO/I.IIPDDLIZOB
jtmtiles him in promising fall and ample satisfaction to
all who mayfavor biniwith a eall,be thedlseaseChronis
or any other nature. mlB4l/twly
MILITARY CLAIMS AND PEN
The undersigned have entered into an emaciation for
the collection of Military Claims and the securing of
Pensions for wounded and disabled soldiers. . •
Muster-in and Muster-out Rolla, officers' Pay Rolla,
Ordnance and Clothing returns, and all papers pertain
ing to the military serving will be made out properly
Office in the Xxehange Buildings, Walnut between
Second and Third streets, near Omit's Hotel. Harris
burg, Pa. THOS 0 MACDOWELL,
ie2s dtf THOMAS A. MAGUIRE.
NO. 11, NORTH THIRD BT., HANDISBDRO
MELODBONS, VIOLINS, tfIIITARS,
Banjos, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, .11ccordeous,
onsures, tuswar Asa acrox MOM, Jk-e..z
PHOTOGRAPH FRAMES. ALBUMS,
Large Pier and Mantle Mirrors, Square and Oval Frames
of every description made to order. Rewinding dons
Agency for Howais Sewing Machines.
Sheet Music sent by Mail. . octl-1
JOHN W. GLOVES,
Has jest received from New York, an anon.
which he offers to his customers and the public at
nor 22) MODERATE PRICES. dtt
SMITH & EWING,
THIRD STREET, Harrisburg,•
Practice in the several Courts of Dauphin county. Col
lections made promptly. A. C. MITA,
T 0001 C, Merchant. Tailor,
e 27 CEEESNUT ST., between Second and Trout,
Has just returned from the city with an assortment of
CLOTHS, CASSIMERES AND YESTINGS,
Which will be sold at moderate prices and made up to
order; and, also, an assortment of READY MADE
Clothlag and Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods.
D E N-T IS. T R
B. N. GILDEA, D. D. S.,
-- N 0 . 119 MARKET STREET,
KIM & KUNKXL'S BUILDING, 10P STAIRS.
RELIGIOUS BOOK STORE,
TRACT AND SUNDAY SCHOOL DEPOSITORY,
E. S. GERMAN,
8017TH 8100 ND STRUT, ANN' OHNENtiT,
Depot fortitude of StereoseopemAtereoseopieliews,
Kuala and Maudeal Inetramenta. Also, eubseri_pt!ons
taken for religious publications. SON-a 7
JOHN G. W. MARTIN,
.11.1118Wil NOTSL L HATIIIIIIKURG, PA.
lmatmer of VISITING, WEDDING AND BUSI
NESS CARDS executed In the most artistic styles and
mast reasonable terms. deol4-dtt
Ridge Ivens, corner of Brotid street,
The undersigned informs the public that he has re
cently renovated and refitted his well-known " Union
Hotel" on Ridge avenue, near the Itound , Honee, and is
prepared to accommodate citizezuh strangers and travel
era in the best style, at moderate rites.
His table will be supplied with the beet the masticate
afford, and at hie bar will be found superior brands of
liquors and malt beverages. The very best accommo
dations for railroaders employed at the shops in this
fan dtf] MONEY BOSTGEN.
Tait pleasant and commodious Hotel has been tho
roughly re-fitted and re-furnished. It is pleasantly
situated on North-West corner of Howard and Franklin
streets, a few doors west of the Northern Central Ball
way Depot, livery attention paid to the comfort of his
pests_ G. LNIONNRING, Proprietor,
Sel2-tf Mate of Bali= Grove. PIO
HEO. F. SCHEFFER,
BOOK. CARD AND JOB PRINTER,
NO_ 18 MARRY& STRBRI., HARRISBURG.
irr Particular ottani:kr paid to printing, ruling and
'binding of Railroad Blanks, Manifests, Insurance Poli
cies, Checks, Bill-Heads, &c.
W a d i ng, 'idling and Business Cards printed at Tim
law prices and in the best style. janSl
GE O. A. KLt C3i- 31Er..
The subscriber is ready at NO. 94, BURNET F.
four doors below Fourth street, to make
- MEN'S AND BOY'S CLOTHING
xu any desired style, end with skill and promptness.
Pet4lollB 10/thin entail done can have It done at the
shortest notice. sp27-dly
CJ ARLES F. VOLLMER,
Chestnut greet, four doors about Second,
(OlToarsa Weemsmon Hon Housn,) •
Is prepared to fungal' to order, in the very beat style of
workmanship. ring and Usk Mattresses, Window Ou
tman, Lounges:and all other articles of Furniture In his
QA short police and - moderate terms. Raving lip
iwriencs in the bluffing's, he feels Warr in asking a
share of public patriniage, readmit of hisability to give'
naunra c li on . janl7-iitt
SKY—LIGHT GA,LLERt—The rooms
on the termer of Wariest square and Market street,
OPPollito the Soma Mono, occupied as a (}airy for
Dalloormaty, Photograph sod Ambrotype !mom;
are FOS kIINT from t o of September mkt.
APPIY to JOHN WITH.
----- r - 44- . ..- keit i i
I _ .
VOL. 5.-NO. 301.
GREAT EXTERNAL REMEDY,
FOR RHEUMATISM, GOUT, NEURALGIA,
LUMBAGO, STIFF /TECH AND JOINTS,
SPRAINS, BRUISES, CUTS 416 WOUNDS,
PILES, HEADACHE, and ALL RHEU
MATIC and•NERVOUS DISORDERS.
Dr. Stephen Sweet, of Connecticut,
The great Natural Bone Setter
Dr. Stephen Sweet, of Connecticut,
Io known an over the 'United Ststos.
Dr. Stephen Sweet, of Connecticut,
la the author of " Dr_ Sweit'a Infalli'sle Liniment."
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Cures Rheumatism and never fails,
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Is a certain cure for Neuralgia.
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Onree Berne and Scalds immediately.
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Is the beet known remedy for Sprains and Bruises.
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Cures Headache immediately and was never known
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Affords immediate relief for Tiles. and seldom fails
Dr. Sweet's Infallible _Liniment
Cures Toothache in one minute.
Dr. Sweet's Inflllbte Liniment
Cures Cuts and Wounds immediately and leaves ad
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Is the best remedy for Sores in the known world.
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Has been used by more than a million people, and all
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Is truly a friend in need, ,, and every family should
have it at hand.
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Is for sale by all Druggists. Price 25 cents.
RICHARDSON k Co.,
Sole Proprietors, Norwich, Ct.
For sale by all Dealers. ap2o eow•dkw
/ILL WORK PROMIS
ONE W Ell St
STEAM DYEING ESTABLISHMENT,
104 MARKIT 13T11112T
BETWEEN FOURTH AND FIFTB,
Where every descripti on of lan& Gentlemen' s
alormente, Piece Goo ds, a ce., era Dyed, Cleansed, and
!nicked is the bcst m eaner and at the shortest notice.
n09.41&w17 BOMB & CO.. Proprietors.
T F. WATSON,
le prepared to. Bement the exterior of Buildings with
he New York Improved
Water-Proof Alastic Cement.
This Material is different from all other Cements.
It forms a solid, durable adhesiveness to any surface,
imperishable by the action of water or frost. Every
good building should be coated with this Cement i it is
a perfect preserver to the walls, and makes a beautiful,
fine finish, equal to Eastern brown sandstone, or any
Among others for whom I have applied the Mastic
Cement, I refer to the following gentlemen :
7. Bissell, residence, Penn street, Pittsburg, finished
J. H. Shoenberger, residence, Lawrenceville, finished
dames M'Candlass, residence, Allegheny City,finished
five years. •
Calvin Adams, residence, Third et eet, finished four
A. Hoeveler, residence, Lawrenceville, finished four
J. D. M'Oord, Penn street, Onisbcd four yr.are.
Hon. Thomas Irwin s Diamond street, finished four
St Charles Hotel and Girard House, finished five
Kittanning Court House and Bank, for Barr & Moser,
Architects, Pittsburg, finished Bye years.
Orders received at the office of R_ MlRldowney, Paint
Shop, 20 Seventh street, or please address
T. F. WATSON,
mayl6—tf P.O. Box 1346. Pittsburg, Pa.
MESSRS. CHICKERING & CO.
HATE 40-41 N OBTAINBP THE
MECHANICS' FAIR. BOSTON,
P b 76 V 2 1rTY77771 roßst
Wareroom for the CHICHERINH PIANOS, at Harris.
b c ar e gg f l2 Market stree t, .
W KNOCHA'S WHIM STORM.
ADIES ! YOU KNOW WERE YOU
1.4 es./ get Ens Not Paper Envelopes, Visiting and
Wedding Cards ? At SOIIEPTER 3 S BOOKSTORE.
KUPERIOR STOCK OF _LIQUORS.-
wm. DOCK, Ts., dr. CO., are now able to offer to
their enetomcre and the public at large, a stock of the
purest liquors ever imported into this UMW, eompri•
sing in part the following varieties :
WHISKY—IRISH, SCOTCH,OLD BOURBON.
WINE—PORT, SHERRY, OLD MADEIRA.
OTARD, DUPEY & CO. PALE BRANDY.
PRIME NEW ENGLAND RUM.
DRAKE'S PLANTATION BITTERS_
These liquors our all be warranted; and in addition to
tbeae, Dock & Co. have on hand a large variety of
Wines, Whisky and Brandy, to which they invite tha
Particular attention of the public.
WENTER'd ARMY AND NAVY
Just received and for sale at
N EW ORLEANS SUGAR I -- F I R S T IN M
w i, !-Pm.
wht. DOOR & 00.
FOR., SAIE.-A TWO-STORY FRAIEE
g9vol,in Short street. inquire of
EXCELSIOR ! !--SUGAR CURED
!—A. Delicious Ram, eared expressly for
tamil*,iss. They are, superior to - iuly sew iu the mar
' ilaY 24 7 WK. DOOR, la., &00
HARRISBURG,. PA:, FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 1863.
T H E
Weekly it Patriot St, Union,
THE CHEAPEST PAPER PUBLISHED IN
THE ONLY DEMOCRATIC PAPER PUBLISHED AT
THE BEAT OF GOVERNMENT !
FORTY-FOUR COLUMNS OF READING MAT
TER EACH WEEK 1
AT THE LOW PRICE OF ONE DOLLAR
AND FIFTY CENTS
SUBSCRIBED FOR IN CLUBS OF NOT LESS
THAN TEN COPIES TO ONE ADDRESS!
We have been compelled to raise the club subscription
price to one dollar and fifty cents in order to save our
selves from actual loss. Paper has risen, including
taxes, about twenty-five per cent., and is still rising;
and when we tell our Democratic friends, candidly, that
we can no longer afford to sell the Weekly PATRIOT AND
UNION at one dollar a year. and must add fifty cents or
stop the publication, we trust they will appreciate our
position, and, instead of withdrawing their subscrip
tions, go to work with a will to increase our list inavery
county in the State. We have endeavored, and shall
continue our efforts, to make the paper useful as a party
organ, and welcome as a news messenger to every fam
ily. We flatter ourselves that it has not been without
some influence in producing the glorious revolution in
the politics of the State achieved at the late election;
and if fearlessness in the discharge of duty, fidelity to
the principles of the party, and an anxious desire to pro
mote its interests, with some experience and a moderate
degree of ability, can be made serviceable hereafter, the
Weekly Petnicer arnilixton win not be less useful to
the party or less welcome to the family circle In the fu
ture than it has been in the past. We confidently look
for 'increased encouragement in this great enterprise,
en d appeal to every influential Deemer/it in the State to
lend us his aid in running our supscription list up to
twenty or thirty .thousand. The expense to each indi
vidual is trifling, the benefit to the partymay be great.
Believing that the Democracy of the State feel the ne
cessity of sustaining a fearless Gears' organ, we make
thin appeal to them foe assistance with the fullest confi
dence of success.
The same reasons which induce us to raise the price
of the Weekly, operate in regard to the Dailj paper, the
price of Which is also increased. The additional cost to
each subscriber will be but trifling; ana, while we can
not persuade ourselves that the change necessarilymade
will result in any diminution of our daily circulation,
yet, were we certain that such would be the conse
quence, we should still be compelled to make it, or suf
fer a ruinous loss. trader these circumstances we must
throw ourselves upon the generosity, or, rather, the
justice of the public, and abide their verdict, whatever
it may be.
The period for which many of our subscribers have
paid for their paper being on the eye of expiring, we
take the liberty of issuing this notice, reminding them
of the came, in order that they may
RENEW THEIR CLUBS.
We shall also take it as ap especial favor if our present
subscribers will urge upon their neighbors the fact that
the PATRIOT AND Unaun is the only Democratic propei
printed in Darrisbirg, and considering the large amount
of reading matter, embracing all the current news of
the day, and
Prom everywhere up to the moment the paper goes to
pram, political, miscellaneous, general and
!sorbet repirrte, is deCidedly the
CHEAPEST NEWSPAPER PUBLISHED IN
There Is scarcely a village or town in the State in
which a club cannot be Weedy the proper exertion be
inside, and Surely there are few places in which one or
more energetic men cannot be found who are in favor of
the dissemination of sound Democratic doctrine; who
would be willing to make the effort to raise a club.
DEMOCRATS OF TILE INTERIOR 1
Let us hear from you. The Mining War, and the ap.
proaohing sessions of Congress and the State Legisla
ture, are invested with unusual interest, and every man
shoull have the news.
DAILY PATRIOT AND UNION.
Single copy for one year, in advance.— . . 00
Sinai@ copy (luring the session of the Leg islature.. 2 00
Oity subscribers ten coots per week.
Oopies supplied to agents at the rate of $1 50 per hun
WZRELY PATRIOT AND UNION,
Pub Tithed every Thursday.
Single copy one year, in advance $2 00
Ten copies to one address, 10 00
Subscriptions may commenceat any time. PAY AL
WAYS IN ADVAhCE. We are obliged to make this
imperative. In every instance cask must accompany
subscription. Any person sending us a club of twenty
subscribers to the Weekly will be entitled to a copy for
kis services. The price, even at the advanced rate la
so k w that we cannot offer greater inducements thin
this. Additions maybe made at any time to a club of
subscribers by remitting one dollar and fifty cents
for each additional name. It is not necessary to send
as the aamea of those constituting a club, as we cannot
undertake to address each paper to club subscribers
separately. Specimen copies of the Weekly will be sent
to all who desire it.
0. BARRHTT & CO., Harrisburg, Pa
N. B.—The following law, weed by Congress in 1860,
dame; the chity of Postmasters in relation to the de
livery of newspapers to slab imbseribare
(Set Little, Brown* Co.'s edition of the . l. : atos of 1880,
page 8$; chapter 131, seciiins 1.)
"Provided, however, that where packages of new pa
pers or periodicals are received at any post office directed
to ooe address, and the 'names of the club enbaeribers, to
which x hey belong, with' the postage fora quarter in ad.
'Fame, Anil he handed to the ppetmaster, Shall de
liver the same to their respective owners."
To enable the Postmaster to comply with this regula
tion, it will be necessary that be be furnished with the
het of names composing the club, and paid a quarter's
(or year's) postage.in advinee. The uniform courtesy
of Postmasters, affords the mumrance that they will
eheerfuliyacoommoaate club subscribers, and the latter
should take care that the postage, which is but a trifle
.each case, be paid in advance. Send on the clubs
A . SPLENDID ASSORTMENT
Formerly retailed at from $8 to $5, ere now offered at
60 and 75 cents, and $1 and $1 60—rublished by the Ar
Union, and formerly retailed by them.
Splendid Photographic Album Pictures of all dfatin
gabbed men and Generals of the army, at only 10 eta.
For ease at SOHEFFER'ElMookstore,
18 Market street, Harrisburg.
LAVIEE4 TRAVELING . ,
For 0 101 r, by
WHITE BRANDY l!!—Fon, PRESEELV
two Poarosss.—A very superior article, (strictly
par.,) just received aad for sale by
julyl WM. DOGS, Jr., & Co.
trAOKEREL • !
KAOHIMBL, Nos. 1, 2 and 3, in el sisal packaPl- -
new, and each package warranted. Jae. ivosindj and
for isle low by WM. DOCK Jr.. & 00.
BLACKIN . 1...i.dgA1401 4 /eli "OHAIAWINGN
BLaoatna. l lloo Onus& assorted ohs , just It
saved and for sale, erkotesate awl retail.
4sol Wit. DOCK. Js.. k CO.
WINDOW SHADES of linen, gilt
v tortured ; ilia PAM BLINDS of La 01110601
Mb% of disigns and Ot`nanainte ; alao, CURTAIN
'PIET PM and TABFULTA at yeryJaw piano. OAR it
lobster's - lkooluitere.
WM. DOCK, Jr., & Co
e4t toot bun.
FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 21, 1868
STATE REGUTS AND STATE REMEDIES—No. 8.
To His Excellency A. G. Curtin, Governor of
Rearacren Sift thy last I 'drew y'nur
attention to some of the judicial decisions, in
support of the doctrines of State Rights, in
which Judges have incidently recognized the
fact, that for all civil and domestic purposes,
the States of this confederacy stand in the re
lation to each other, not as parts of one great
consolidated empire, but as sovereign and in
dependent States, and it shall ba my purpose
at present to continue this subject, and en
deavor to show that the established , law on this
point, is that assumed by the friends of State
Rights. You are a Lawyer, and know that a
man cannot be indicted in one State for a lar
ceny committed in enother State, though the
possession of the stolen goods continuo le the
former State. This 1 question was very fully
discussed and considered in the Supreme Court
of Pennsylvania, in the case of Simmons vs.
The Commonwealth, reported in 5 Binney, 617.
Simmons was indicted for stealing goods in the
State of Delaware, and that he brought the
same into the 'city of Philadelphia. He was
found guilty in the Inferior Court, but the
Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the
Court below, ea the ground of want of juris
diction. Chief Justice Tilghman, in that case,
held this language : " The different States are
altogether as independent of each other in
point of jurisdiction as any two nations,"
Judge Tellies. * " Thus autrefois con
vict in one county, may be pleaded in bar to
another prosecution for the same offence in
another county. But not so as between dis
tinct and . independent 'States, governed by dif
ferent laws." The same doctrine prevails in
New 'York. If the people of the United States
are all consolidated by their Federal Union
into one mass, the mere fact that the Courts of
Delaware and Pennsylvania were different jur
isdictions, would not prevent the application
•of the principle. Again, a bill of exchange
drawn by a eitieen of one State upon another,
is held to be foreign, not an inland bill On
this point I refer to the opinion of the Court
of South Carolina, in 1817, reported in the
case of Duncan vs. Course, Ist S. C, Cued,
Rep. 100, where the bill was decided to be a
foreign and not an inland bill—observing, that
Chancellor Kent remarks, in the third volume
of his commentaries, page 63, note C, speak
ing on this subject : ti The decision in South
Carolina was a solemn adjudication of the ar
gument, on the very question, and the weight of
American authority is, therefore, on that side."
Judge Nett delivered the opinion of the Court.
After referring to authorities on the sudjeet, be
says : " Soyereigoty or jurisdiction over the
subject appears to be the criterion by which
to determiue the 'Character of the instrument.
Previous to the adoption
. of our present Con
stitution, the several States must bav‘ been
considered separate and independent sove
reignties. The old articles of Confederation,
cx ri termini, Were nothing more than a league
or treaty, by which so many sovereign and in
dependent States had agreed to Kt together
for certain specific purposes; and although
they have assumed somewhat more of a con
solidated form of government as to certain na
tional objects; yet as to all objects of internal
concerti, their individual sovereignty remains
unimpaired. It would seem correct, there
fore, to consider bills between the several
The same question came before the Circuit
Court of the United States, for the Eastern
District' of Pennsylvania, in the case of Lons
dale vs. Brown, reported in 4th Washington's
Circuit Court reports, page 148. I give a few
extracts from Judge Washington's opinion,
which fully supports the position, that as to
all undelegated pawers, the States still retain
their separate independent and sovereign
character. He says
'• The union between England and Scotland
is politically spoiling, as intimate as between
England and Wales. or between the different
countries of either. They form one Kiagdom ;
are subject to the same government, and are
represented by the same legislative body, &c.
How different is the Union of these Stater
They are, in their political capacities, sov
ereign and independent of each other, except
so far as they have united for their common
defence and for national purposer. They have
each a constitution and form of government,
with all the attributes of sovereignty. *• * *
It is true that the citizens of each State are en
titled to all the privileges and immunities of
citizens in every other State—that the sov
ereignty of the States, in relation to fugitives
from justice and from service, is limited—and
that each State ie bound to give full faith and
credit to the public acts, records, and judicial
proceedings •of her sister States. But these
privileges and disabilities are mere creatures of
the Constttution,' and it is fair to argue that the
framers of that instrument deemed it neces
sary to secure them by express provisions. * * *
That with respect to their municipal laws, the
States are foreign to each other. And if this
be so, I am at a loss to conceive bow a bill of
exchange, drawn in one State, upon a person
residing in another, can be considered as an
I presume comment is unnecessary. It may
be true that these legal extracts may not be
interesting to all classes of readers; but as
these numbers may become a matter of refer
ence, I thought it would be useful to take these
and similar cases down from the shelves of de
mere lawyer and place them on record, so that
the laymen might know some of the legal de
cisions in favor of State Rights.
Now, sir, let:us again refer to the Pennsyl
vania doctrine as to the powers of the Federal
government, as touz,4 In the proceedings of the
Legislature, relative to the renewal of the
charter of the Bank of the United States in
1810-11„, as extracted from the Journal. On
the 13th December, leio, Mr. Holgate and Mr.
Shearer submitted a preamble and resolutions.
The preamble declare's :
PRICE 'I I Wo CEN To.
"The States comprising the United States,
by the adoption of the Federal Constitution,
established a general government for special
purposes, which purposes are stated in the
Constitution ; each State reserving to itself and
its citizens all the rights and authorities not
delegated to the general government. To this
compact each State acceded in its character as
a State, and is a party, the other States form
ing, as to it, the other party—the written
agreement thus entered into being, to all in
tents and purposes, a treaty between p.overe/,ryn
powers. The general government, by this
treaty, was not constituted the exclusive or
final judge of the powers it was to exercise ; if
it were so to j udge, then its judgment and dis
cretion, and not the Constitution, would be the
measure of its authority. The interpretation
of that instrument was, as in all other cases of
compact, between parties baying no common
umpire, each party having an eeual right to•
determine for itself, not only as to infractions
of the compact, but as to the kind of redress to
svhich'it would resort, and having at all times
and under all circumstances, an indubitable
right to express its opinions and use its influ
ence in the national councils and, with its sis
ter States, to preven,t any apprehended infrac
tion of the general compact. Should the general
government, in any of its departments, violate
any of the provisions of the Constitution, it
rests with the States to apply constitutional
remedies, and embrace the earliest occasion to
provide against future violations."
This part of the preamble, and the resolution
requesting our Senators and instructing our
Representatives in Congress "to use every
exertion in ‘ their power, to prevent the charter
of the Bank of the United States, &c., except
it shall be specially provided in the charter
that the Bank shall be established and remain
within the District of Columbia," on the 4th
of January, 1811, passed the House of Repre
sentatives by a vote of 68 yeas to 20 nays—the
House at that time consisting oL ningty-five
members. It was sent to the Senate on the
10th of January. That body made some im
material amendments, and, on the 11th of July,
they were returned to the . Rouse. The Rouse,
on motion, concurred ; of which concurrence
the clerk informed the Senate ; and the pre
amble and resolutions were approved by the
Governor, Simon Snyder.
Here, sir, you again find that our State Leg
islature, by a three fourth vote, were in favor
of State Rights, by declaring that, "in the ab
sence of a common umpire, eac'e party has an
equti right to determine for itself not only as
to infractions of the compact, but as to the
kind of redr . ess to which it would resort," and
as respects State remedies, that, "should the
general government, iu any department, vio
late the provisions of the Constitution, it rests
with the States and with the - .people to apply
This preamble and resolutions are plain, un
answerable, and easily understood, and should
convince you, on "sober second thought," that
State Rights Ltnd State Remedies are not to be
"regarded as the dreams of the visionary,"
but are the foundation stone upon which the
Union of these States is erected, and which it
is your duty, as Executive, to guard and pro
Again, the proceedings of the Ohio Legisla
ture, in 1820, against the Bulk of the United
States, to prevent its establishment in that
State, avows and sustains the doctrines of
State Rights and State Remedies, as well by
their able report and their firm resolutions, as
by an act of outlawry passed against the Bank
and its officers. The report referred to, which
is a most masterly one, of near forty pages in
extent, justifies the laying of a tax upon the
erection and operations of a breach of the
United States Bank within the State.
"The committee recommend that a pro
position of a compromise be made by law, ma.
king provision that upon the bank discontin
uing the suits prosecuted against the public
officers, and giving assurance that the branches
shall be withdrawn, and only an agency be left
to settle its business and collect its debts, the
amount collected for tax shall be paid without
interest * * * It behooves - the General
Assembly, even if a. compromise be effected,
to take measures for vindicating the charac
ter of the State, and also for awakening the
attention of the separate States to the conse
quences that may result from the doctrines of
the Federal courts upon the questions that have
arisen. And besides, as it is probable that the
proposition of compromise may not be accep
ted, it is the duty of the' general assembly to
take ulterior measures for asserting and main
taining the rights of the State. For this pur
pose the committee recommend that a provision
be made by law forbidding the keepers of our
jails from receiving persons committed at the
suit of the U. 5. 1 13ank, or for any injury
done them—prohibiting any judicial officer
from taking acknowledgement . of convey
ances, where the bank is a party, or when
made for their use—and our recorders from
receiving or recording such conveyances
forbidding our courts, justices of peace, j ud
gee and grand juries from taking cognizance
of any wrong alleged to have been committed
upon any species of property owned by the
bank, or upon any of its corporate rights or
privileges—and prohibiting our notaries pub
lic from protesting any notes or bills held by
the bank or their agents, or made payable to
them. * The measures proposed are
peaceable and constitutional, conceived in no
spirit of hostility to the government of the
Union, but intended to bring fairly before the
nation great and important questions, which
must be one day discussed, and which may
now be very safely investigated."
In accordance with these recommendations
an act was passed depriving the bank of all
protection from State laws, and almost all
civil rights. And, although this State after
wards consented to withdraw her restrictions
upon the bank, and to allow its existence, this
does not at all affect the principle ae at first
asserted and enforced by her. We have here
in the above report and in the act of legislation
of Ohio, the practical Effect of State remedies
most satisfactorily explained ; and hoi per
fectly peaceful the operation of this doctrine was
understood to be, and how ably set forth by the
Democracy of that day, you have before you.
The Mid of the United States was not called
as the arbiter at that time.
How appropriate is the danguage of Presi
dent Jackson in his "talk" to the Indian dele
gation from Georgia, in 1829: "The arms of
the governnint can never be employed;to stay any
State of the Union from the exercise of those legiti-
PUBLISHED EVERY WIRNIN'ti.
11111111 MYS ZEOITTZD
BY 0. BARRETT t
Tii DAILY Pica°. /ID UNION will ha lIIMMIIi to sub.
scribers residing in the Borough for TIC stops yisa wise,
payable to the Carrier. Mail subscribers, ma "iot.t.Ais
Tan Weeny PATRIOT AND UNION le pUblighedillaNWO
DOLLARS rex ANNllN,tavariablyln ad•ans*. Ten cope
to one Addrese,filseex doVarz
Olenseted With ibis establlehmenr n extensive
JOB OFFIOB, Containing a variety of plain and faney
type, unequalled by any establishment in the interior of
the State, for Which the patronage of the public is ao •
mate p o wer,' which belong to her sivereiarn char
This is truly Democratic, and what a pity
it is .that President Lincoln has not practiced
upou it, In my next I shall take notice of the
New Engll,nd States.
PROCLAMATION BY GOY. SEYMOUR
Exuervve CIIAMBER, August 18, 1863
I have received information that the draft is
about to be made in the cities of Nevi York
and Brooklyn, and I understand that there is
danger of disorderly and riotous attacks upon
those who are engaged in executing the law of
I cannot believe that any considerable number
of citizens are disposed to renew the shamefill
and sad scenes of the past month, in which
the lives of so many, as well of the innocent
as of the guilty, sere destroyed. Our Courts
are now consigning to severe punishment many
of those who were then guilty of aets destrue
ive of the lives and property of their fellow
citizens. ' These events bhould teach that real
or imaginary wrongs cannot be corrected by
unlawful violence. The liberties of our country
and the rights of our citizens can only be pre
served by a just regard for legal obligations
and an acquieicence in the decision of judicial
While I believe it would have been a wise
and humane policy to have procured a judicial
decision with regard to the constitutionality
of the Conscription act, at an early day and by
a summary process, 'yet the failure to do this
in no degree jtistiftes any violent opposition to
an act of Congress. Until it is set.aside-by
the decision of judicial tribunals, it must be
obeyed like any other of the State or National
The following rule of duty in this respect has
laid down in the farewell address of Andrew
Jackson. This view has always been accepted
by the friends of our Union, and the upholders
of our Constitution :
" Unionstitutional or oppressive laws may
no doubt be passed by Congress, either from
erroneous views or the want of due considera
tion. If they are in reach of judioial authority,
the remedy is easy and peaceful; and if,from
the character of the law, his an abuse of power
not within the judiciary, then free dismission
and calm appeals to reason and to the justice
of the , people, will not fail to redress the wrong.
But until the law shall be declared void by . the
Marls, or repealed by Congress, no inlividual
or combination of intlividuale, can be justified
in resisting its execution."
The antagonistic doctt ice that men may right
fully resist laws opposed to their own ideas of
right or duty, has not only led to great ditordere
and violence, but is one of the chief causes
of the destructive civil war which has wasted
the blood and treasure of our people. Disregard
for the sacredness of the Constitution, for the
rucjasty of the law, and fur the decisions of
the Judiciary, is at 034 time the greatest clin
ger which. threatens American liberty. This
spirit of disloyalty must be put down. It is
inconsistent with social older and social secu
rity, destructive to the safety of persons and
property, and subversive of the liberty of the
citizen and the freedom of the nation, Those
who fear that there are designs in any quarter
to overthrow the rights of the citizen, or to
obstruct the accustomed administration of our
laws, or to usurp any power in violation of
consiitutional restraints, should bear in mind
that all acts cf violence, all public disorders
pave the way for these very usurpations, and
that they will be regarded with satisfaction by
those who for any cause may wish to destroy
either the power or rights of our national or
S ate Governments.
The Constitution and statutes of the State
and nation contain ample remedies for all
wrongs which may be committed either by ru
lers or citizens, and those who wish to pre
serve their rights or to punish offenders,
whether in public or private in life, should
themselves carefully perform their duty, att.
stain from all illegal acts, generously support
the government and then calmly and resolutely
claim their rights. I again repeat the warn
ing, which I gave to you during the riotous
proceeding of the pest month, that "the only
opposition to the conscription which can be
allowed is an appeal to the courts.
"The right of every citizen to make such an
appeal will be maintained, and the decision of
the courts must be respected and obeyed- by
rulers and people alike. No other course - -la
consistent with the maintenance of the limy
the peace and order of the city, and the sail*
of its inhabit ants.
.. Riotous proceedings must and shill be
put down. The laws of the State of New York
must .be enforced, its peace and order main
tallied, and the lives and property of citizens
protected at any and every hazard. The rights
of every citizen will be properly guarded and
defended by the Chief Magistrate of the State."
I hereby admonish all judicial and executive
officers, whose duty it is to enforce that law
and preserve public order, that they takeirigo.
roils and effective measures to put down any
riotous or unlawful assemblages; and if they
find their power insufficient for that purpose,
to call upon the military in the manner pointed
out in the statutes of the State. If thme meas
ures should prove insufficient, I shall then ex
ert the full power of the State, in order that the
public order may be preserved, and the persons
and property of the citizens be fully protected.
HORAT/0 56115101 M.
JUDGE WOODWARD ON THE WORD
WHITE' IN OUR CONSTITUTION.
In January 1838, twenty-five years ago, a
great question came before. the Convention
which made our present Constitntion whether
the rigb to vote should be confined to white men
or extended so as to embrace blacks. To the
powerful efforts and speech of Judge Woodward
upon that occasion we are indebted for that
word in our Conatitutirn which now, in view of
the emancipation policy of the administration,
becomes more valuable than ever. The Judge
commenced his great speech upon the motion to
insert the word "white" by saying :
"Who ought to be Voters in Pennsylvania, or,
in other words who ought to have political con
trol of our government ? This is a question of
the first impression and of great magnitude.—
When you have established and distributed its
powers among the several departmente--legis
lative, executive and judicial, it remains to de
cide who shall direct and control that government.
The machine may be well supplied with all the
necessary wheels and spring., but in preparing
and fitting them, no question can arise of so
great moment, as who shall have the regulation
of its motion: and direction, when it is filli,M4
and ready for use. This question hae now to
be answered with reference to two distinct and
separate 'classes of men, the whites' . and the
blacks, and from all the reflection I have been
tahbelepolitgieiavlepottseuebfj t e h e i t o l g a oy m e;- p a re mert r ot t h o t t e v a f;
exercised exclusively by the whites. In coming to ;
this conclusion I have endeavored, as far as
possible, to divert my mind of all popular pre
judices against the African race, whom we bays
among us.. They deeeree my sympathies and
they have them ; but feel unwilling to num.