Newspaper Page Text
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
lour lines or less orientate half a square. Teo 11116 0
more than four, miasmata a s qua r e .
$0 30 Ono eq., one
one week.. —1 20 " one week.... 2
gg one month.. 300 " one month.. 600
gg three months 500 , 4 threesoonthslo 00
" 01x qiuntha.. 800 is six months— 15 00
" one xear.--.12 00 u one year 20 00
Er Business notices inserted in the Loma . ooLtrun,
or bet :a marriages and deaths, TEN CENTS pea LINT for
each iasertion. .To merchants and others advertising
by the year, liberal terms wilt be offered.
The number of insertions must be designated on
1.13" Marriages and D
41:tes se regular advertisements.
No. 11, mown( TRIED VIC., HARTLISBWMAIL
!lassies, Fiesta,' Fifes, Drums, Accordeons,
Bram% amen AID BOOK mono, &a, Ice.,
PHOTOGRAPH FRAMES. ALBUMS,
Large Pier and Mantle Mirrors, Square ind Oval Pram*
of everydeaeriptioa made to order. Reguilding done.
Agen4 fer Rowels sewing Machines.
U) . ' Moat Mule mot by MaR. eatl.7l
JOHN W. GLOVER,
Ras just received from New York, an assort•
erkieh he offers to hie customers and the palate fie
nov22) MODERATE PRICES. dtf
TIT HARRY WILLIAMS,
V V .
402 WALNUT STREST,
General Claims for Soldiers promptly collected State
Claims adjusted, &c., &c. mar2o-dim
SMITH & EWING,
THIRD STREET, Harrisburg,
Practise in the several Osiris Of Dauphin county. Col
lections naafi promptly. A. O. SMITE,
J. B. EWING.
1 - COOK, Merchant Tailor, •
CIFOGINUT ST., between geeond mid Front,
Mae just returned from the city with an assortment of
CLOTHS, CASSIZERES AND rEsnwes,
Which will be sold at moderate prices and nude up to
order and, also, an assortment of BEADY HADA
Clothing and Gentlemen's !Wrnishing Geode.
D -ENTISTR Y.
I L GILDER, D. D. IL,
N 0 . .119 MARKET STREET,
& KUNKEL'S 1117ILDING,UP STAIRS.
ELIGIOUS BOOK STORE,
Aber AND SMUT SCHOOL DEPOSITORY,
E. S. GERMAN,
SOUTH lIIK3OND STAMM', ABOVII OHISNUT,
Depotior Osman of Stereosoopesfitereosoopisiriews.
*ado and Misdeal* Instruments. Also, subsaristioni
Wien for religions publicerions. nol3o-d7
JOHN Gl. W. mhatTlN,
HOTRIA, RAPAII3III7It4, PA.
All manner of VISITING, WEDDING AND BUSI
NESS CARDS executed intim most artistioityles and
most reasonable terms. dbold-dtf
Ridge Avenue, corner of Broad greet,
The undersigned informs the public that he has re
cently renovated and rented his well-known-a Union
Hotel" an Ridge avenue, near the Round House, add is
*prepared to accommodate citizens, strangers and travel
era in the beet style, at moderate rites.
His table will be supplied with the best the machete
afford, and at his bar will be found superior brands of
liquors and man Artveriget, The very best aecoalre^-
liations for railroaders employed at the Whops in this
•imaily. • (alt dui MINIM DOSTGIII4.
F RANKLIN, HQUEIN,
- • BALTIMORI,
This pleasant and commodious Hotel has been the
roughly re-fitted and re-furnished. It is pleasantly
situated on North-West corner of - Howard and ltanklin
streets, a few doors west of the Northern Central Rail
way Depot. army attention paid to the comfort of hie
girds. . Q. LICIEIRNRING, Proprietor,
)014-tf Mate of Selina Grove. Ps.)
T HEO, F. BOREFFEII,.
BOOK, CARD AND 108 PRINTER,
NO. Me MANEBT STREIT, HABILIBIPUBIa.
E - Partlimbs attention paid to printing, ruling and
et:Mof Railroad Blanks, Manifests, Insurance Bon
eeks, Bill-Reads, &a.
Wedding, b unting and Business Garda printedat very
tow arlded isid in the beet little, -
T F. WATSON,
Is prepared to Cement the exterior of Buildings with
he New York Improved
Water-Proof Mastic Cement.
This Material is different from all other Cements.
L* forms a solid, durable adhesiveness to any surface,
Imperishable by the action of water or frost. Every
good building should be coated with this Cement; it is
a perfect preserver to the walls, and makes a beautiful,
fine finish, equal to Eastern brown' sandstone, or any
Among others fir whom I have applied the Mastic
Cement, I refer to the following gentlemen :
I. Bissell, residence, resus argot, Pittsburg, finished
J. H. Shoenberger, residence, Lawrenceville, finished
James 111 , 0andleas, residence, Allegheny Oity,finished
Calvin Adams, residence, Third st - eat, finished four
J. D. DrOord, Penn erne% Suiehol four yearn,
lice Timm 4 i Diaanoss.d etrAet, linialui4 fent
St Charles Hotel and Girard House, 'Wished five
Kittanning Court House and Bank, for Barr & Moser,
Architects, Pitt*bar& finished Ave years.
Orders received at the once of B WBldowney, Paint
Mop, 20 Seventh street, or please address
P. 0. Box 13.6 Pittsburg, Pa.
NIEBEIBB. 011.10KEILING & 00.
HAYS AGAIN OBTAINED TER
MECHANICS' FAIR, BOSTON,
mo TES PREOEDING
VER 1131.4" TY COMP.IO7I2IOBSI
Wardroom for Um OMIORMIUM4I PIANO", at Mamie-
Mu at Market Areas
oda-tf W. KNOOHE'S MITEITO STORM.
T ADIEB ! YOU KNOW WERE YOU
A can get tin Note Paver, 'Envelopes, Visi
Wedding Cards At 801111/YRIVS WOORSTORIi.
ha IIPERIOR STOCK OF LIQII , uts,
WM- DOCK, .7a, k 00.. are now able to offor
their ansto.nera and tem poliie at large, a etoek of Ate
Melt iiviora over imported late Ws market, compd.
fling in part the foiloirine varieties :
WitlSKx -IRISH, SCOTCH,OLD BOURBON
.SHERRY, OLD MADEIRA.
OTARD, DOPEY & CO. PALE BRANDY.
PRIME NEW ENGLAND RUM.
DRAKE'S PLANTATION BITTERS
Timm *pore can all be warranted i and in addition to
Mae% Doe& di do_ have on hand a large misty_
Wh iesi Aid Brandy, to which they brit. the
particular attention of the public.
NOTION3.--Quite - a variety of useful
and entertsizdng articleß--cheap—at
TtLAUILIiNG I 1--DasoN's "CHALLawas
Btaoanto."-1110 Gaon& assorted size , just r«
calved and fag sale, eirkolssalet and setaii.
bet WM. DOOB, At 00.
-:.---- s ' ,
, •-- ',±--,-,_-; :-' >.- ', 0- Ir I"I
7, - - ,--' --' - :-
_,-, __....: .
,-.. •_-1 II
nit I 0 Vl*
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.. ... • .
VOL. 5.-NO. 268.
LEGISLATIVE BANK NOTICE.-
Notiee is hereby given that application will be
made to the legislative authority - of Pennsylvania, at
the next session of the General Assembly thereof. corn
velur g the first Tuesday of January, A. D, 1864, for
the incorporation of ai Bank having banking and dis
counting privileges, with a capital of One Million Dol
lars, by the name and style of it The Oil City Bank,"
and to be located at Oil ,City, Venango county, Penn
sylvania. 0. V. CULVER.
June 29th, 1868-6 m
NOTlCE.—Notice is hereby given that
"The Commercial Bank of Pennsylvania "intend
to Apply to the Legislative of Pennsylvania at Anima
session, for a renewal of their charter. Said bank is lo
cated in the city of Philadelphia, with an authorized
capital of one million of dollars, a renewal of which
will be asked for, with the usual banking privileges.—
By order of the Board. S. 0. PALM Cashier.
PHILADHLMIA, June 29,1863-6 m
NOTlCE.—Notice is hereby given that
application will be made to the Legislature of
Pennsylvania at their next session, for a renewal of the
*barter of The Fanners , Bank of Schuylkill County,
located in Pottsville, in the county of Schuylkill, with
the present capital of one hundred thousand dollars,
and with the usualbarking privileges_
J. W. OAHU, Cashier,.
Jane 16,1563.-7 m
BANK NOTICE.--Notiee is hereby
given that the undersigned have formed an moods
tion and prepared a oertiflcate for the purpose of estab
lishing a Bank of Issue, Discount and Deposit, under
the provisions of the act entitled cc/L. supplement to an
aet to establish a system of Free Banking in Pennsyl-
Tanis, and to secure the public against loss from Insol
vent Banks," approved the first day of May Anno Domini
eighteen hundred and sixty-one. The said Bank to be
called THE PARMERS , HANII OP MOUNT JOY, to
be located in the borough of Mount Joy, to consist of a
capital stock of One Hundred Thousand Dollars, in
shares of Fifty Dollars each, with the privilege of in
creasing the same to any amount not exceeding Three
Hundred Thousand Dollars in all.
J. Hoffman' Hershey / John M. Hershey,
Martin B. Pelfer, Jacob M. Stauffer,
Reuben Gerber, - John M. Bear.
NOTICE. Notice is hereby given of an
intention to establish a Bank of Discount, Deposit
and Circulation. under the provisions of an act, entitled
“An Act to establish a system of free banking in Penn
ayh,„nia.ll 8,0 and the supplement theieto • said Bank
to be called "Mg NANI7PAOTIIIIIIREP BANS," to
be located in the borough of COlumbla, Lancaster
county, Pa., with a capital of One Hundred Thousand
Dollars, to be divided Into two thousand shares.of Fifty
Dollars each. decd-6md
ALLIIIIITOWN BAN!, June 20, 11163.
Notice is hereby given, that application will be made
to the Legislature of Pennsylvania, at its next ;melon,
for an thereon of the capital of said Think to the anwant
of $200,000 in addition to that authorised by the present
Charteri and also for an extension of the Charter of
said Bank for twenty years from the. expiration of the
By order of the Board of Directors.
je2o-dtml CHARLES W. 000PBR, Cashier. '
BANK NOTICE !—The Stockholders
of this E&RMERS' AND BANS Or
WAYMBNIMbiI, in %tern county, r*,, will apply to
the next Legislature of the htate, for en extension of
chatter, for the term of fifteen years from the expire
Lion of its present term. The location, corpointe name
and privileges, and amount oti capital stock, to wit:
one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, to be the same
as undgy its present oharter.
By olitier of the Board
Waynesburg, Green no., Pa., June lb, 1863—jer.0-dtml
MOTlCK—Notice is hereby given, in
I.‘ conformity with the act of Assembly, that the
stockholders of the Bank of Montgomery County will
make an application to the next Legislature of Penn
sylvania for a renewal of the Charter of said Book, with
the same amount of capital (Pour Hundred. Thousand
Dollars) as under the present Charter, to continue its
present name and location.
By order of the Board of rdreCtors.
W. H. PLINGLUPP,
Norristown. Pa., June 20, 1868.-6 m
NOTICE.—The Miners' Bank of Potts
ville,/. in the eounty of Schuylkill, hereby give
notice that they intend to any to the Legislature of
Pennsylvania at their next session for a renewal of their
charter. 'Said Bank is located in the borough of Potts
ville, in the county of Schnylizilk with an authorized
what of Five Hundred Thousand Dollars--a renewal of
which will be asked Without any extension of privileges.
By order of the Board
ORA. LOESER, Cashier
Pottsville, June 20, 1863.--Bmd - .
XTOTICE is hereby given, that applica
tion will be. made at the next annual melon of the
Legislature of Pennsylvania. fora renewal of the charter
of the aditRISBURG.BANIC. withits present name and
style, Inn Mon, pritile#6ll, and capital of Three Hundred
Thousand Dollars. By eider of the Board of Directors.
J. W. WEIR.
PHILADELPHIA, Jnnm 24,1863
Notice is hereby given. in conformity with the laws
of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, that the Trades
men's Bank, of Phifildelnbin, located in the City of
-Philadelphia, created with banking and discounting
privileges, with a capital of One Hundred and Fifty
Thcusani Dollars, that application will be made by the
said Bank to the next Legislature for authority to in
crease the capital One „Hundred and Fifty Thousand
By order of the Board of Directors.
j7 6 -tmL
THE BEST FAMILY SEWING.
NEW OFFICE, Market Square, next .to Colder's
ID"' CAI and see them in operation.
A general assortment of machinery and needles con
stoutly on ban&.
MISS MARGARET HIRAI'
Will exhibit and sell them, and also do all ethos t
machine sewing on these machines in the beat manner.
The patronage of the public is respectfully solicited.
- F r A M B!!1
Evans & Swift?' auperlor i
jersey Plain very fine.
Also, Dried Beet, Tongues and Bologna Sausage. For
sale by Apia WM. DOCD, jr. & Co.
NDEPEN DENCE ISLAND.
Mesars. BROKEN it lf &LH, Proprietors, announce to
the citizens of Harrisburg that this cool and delightful
summer retreat 15 now onen for 'suitors. Accommoda
tions will be furnished to parties and picnics at reason
able terms, saucing platform having been tweeted f. r
their special use. Beason tickets for families, good for
one year, $l.OO
No improper characters admitted, and no intoxicated
person will be permitted to visit the Island. ..
A Ferry Boat plies constantly between the Island and
the foot of Broad street, West tiarrisbarg. jel3-!m
TOOLING GLASSES —A Splendid
Apartment of Now Looking Niemen, Mt received,
at. W. KNOWINIi Made /tore 93 disrhet Mont, where
then will be sold cheap. Call and examine. mrlll
BROOMS, BRUSHES, TUBS AND
UV BdMain of ali deseriptionss qualities and prices,
for solo by WM. DOOR, Jo.. & 00.
CHARLES F. VOLLMER,
Muting street four ((QM ,abc , vc Scond,
Ormuz W.pillpiciTON 1:(0131/ 1101783 j
Is prepared to furnieh to order, in the very best style of
workmanship, Spring and Hair Mattresses, Window Him
tains, Lounges, and all other articles of Furniture in his
,line, on short notice and. moderate terms. Having ex
!perience in the business ; he feels warranted in asking a
;share of public patronage, confident of his ability to give
JA PANERE TEA.-A choice lot of
this 6 4 0 7 rafted TOO Nei tlitltAiAd. it it or the AM
gene ever 'imported, and i n mush superior to the Old
nese Tess irrquality, strength and fragrance, and is also
entirely free of adulteration, coloring or mixture of any
It is the natural leaf of the. Japeriese Tea Plant.
For sale by WM.
„DOCK, jr., & Co.
I, IOLDIER'S CAMP COMPANION.-
A very convenient Writing Deek; siso, Porthilios,
itersorandtun Books, Portnronnaine, are., at
BCHI l!$ BOO S/
S. LAZE AR, Cashier
HEALTH MONEY! HAPPINESS !I
At this season of year, when so MUM sickness prevails,
every one should provide himself with DR. •RITM
PHEW'S HOBRROPATRIO MID (}IN and prevent
disease in its beginning.
• A fresh supply always on hand at
8011/17/PDRIS -W ORD, 800
HARRISBURG. PA., MONDAY, JULY 13, 1863.
CREAT EXTERNAL REMEDY,
FOR RHEUMATISM, GOUT, NEURALGIA,
LUMBAGO, STIPP NECK AND JOINTS,
SPRAINS, BRUISES, CUTS do WOUNDS,
PILES, tIEADACRE, and ALL RHEU
MATIC and NERVOUS DISORDERS.
Dr. Stephen Sweet, bf Connecticut,
The great Natural Bottefietter.
Dr. Stephen Sweet, of Connecticut,
Is known all over the United States
Dr. Stephen Sweet, of Connecticut,
Is the author of II Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment??
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Qures Rheumatism and never fails.
Dr. Sweet's Infallible LiniMent
Ise certain cure for Neuralgia.
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Cures Burns and Scalds immediately.
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Is the best known remedy for Sprains and Nruises.
Dr. Sweets Infallible Liniment
Cures Headache immediately and was never known
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Affords immediate relief for Pike; and ne/does fails
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Cures Toothache in one minute. . •
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Cures Cuts and . Wounde immediately and leaves no
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Is the beet remedy for Bores in the known world.
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Has been used by more than a million people, and all
Dr. sweet's Infaillble Liniment
Is truly " friend in need," and every family Obrald
bare it at hand.
Dr. Sweet's Infallible Liniment
Is for sale by all Druggists. Price 25 cents,
RIONARDSON & Ce.,
• Sole Proprietors, Norwich, Ct.
For sale by all Dealers. ap2o sow-d&w
ATTORNEY* Ar LAW ,
Office North Third tared, third door above Mar
ket? Harrisburg, Pa.
N. B.—Pension, Ronekty and Military &obits of ill
lauds prosecuted and collected. -
Refer to Roes John 0. Kunkel, David Mumma, Jr.,
and B.A. Lawberton. inyll-d&wOm
WM. H. MILLER,
R. -E. FERGIIIB , OII,
ATTORNEYS A.T LAW.
BETWEEN WALNUT' and MARKET SQUARE,
ap-29a&11 • Nearly opposite the Buehler House.
I.H 0 S.' 0; 'MAOD.OWE.TAL,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MILITARY CLAIM AND ' PATENT AGENT.
Office in the Exchange, Walnut Bt., (Up Staira.)
Having formed a connection with parties in Wash
ington City, wno are reliable business men, any busi
ness oonneeted with any of the Departments will meet
with immediate and careful attention, mitT
DR. C. WEICHEL,
• SURGEON AND OCULIST,
RERIDRNOE THIRD NRAIt NORTH STRAIT.
He is now fully prepared to attend promptly to the
duties of profession fn all its branches.
Ai LONG AND VIII SUCCESSFUL USDIOAL sissiumsda
justidee him in promising full and ample satisfaction to
all who inaytemor him - with a call, be tliediseasbCitsccis
or any ether nature. mlB-drcwlr
ALL WORK PROMISED IN
• • 1. 096 . •
STEAM DYEING ESTABLISIIENT,
104 MA .11.311 ii
T .T 1114 ,
BETWERN FOURTH AND FIRTH,
HARAIDBU.4%, PA, -
Where every description of Ladles , andGentlemenh
Garments, Piece. Goods, &c., are Dyed, Gleamed, &dd
latched in the hut manner and at the shortest noose.
nolil&wly DODGI & CO.: Proprietors.
VALUABLE IRON PROPERTY for
GALE—MATILDA FIIIINAINIS and 088 B ►NHS.
This property is s.tnared on the Juniata river, In Mifflin
and Huntingdon counties, ra., within one mile of Mount
Union Station, on Pennsylvania railroad. The Juniata
canal and Pennsylvania railroad pass through the. pro.
party. It embraces abbot TWenty-seven Hundred Acres
of land, about -three hundred acres of which is good
farm laud, in a high state of cultivations the balance
is good timber land, would supple sufficient charcoal for
the furnaces The improvements are a good substantial
- Furnace, Stack, Steam llngine,lron Blowing Cylinders,
&c., with all the necessary buildings. There is on this
property an extensive bed of Iron ure, being We - Mica,
in the geological series, wit:. that at Danville and
Bloomsburg. This ore can be mined and delivered at
the furnaces for about one dollar per ton. Limestone
in abundance, of good quality, on this property. The
extensive coal fields of the Broad Top and Alleghenies
are from forty to fifty miles distant, by Pennsvlvaula
railroad or canal, and the canal running through the
property makes it one of the best locations, for -the
manufacture of iron, either with coke or anthracite.
In addition to the charcoal, the buildings for the fur
nace and farm are ample, substantial, and in good repair.
The property will be sold a bargain ) and on easy term.
Per further particulars address
Oomittara. Lancaster county, Pa.
P. 8..L.P0r quantity and quality of the• ore see Prof.
Lasalle's report en same. jell.d/rwlm
WEBSTER'S ARMY AND NAVY
and received and for male at,
SORRIPIPNRIS 800 KSTOBN.
Vatrityt tt. anion.
MONDAY i I MORNING, JULY 13, 1863
Written for the Patriot and Union.
As alone at thy:lose of the evening I sit,
My heart wandering back o'er the past ;
What visions d fancy Around me do flit,
But fading, tAreal to the last.
I view thus ths absent; I think of the dead;
kome friendly voles breaks on my ear ;
I sigh for the kappiness forever now fled,
In ley eye then there gathers a tear.
On yonder wide plain, 'Death the shade of the pine,
He's sleeping down there where he fell ;
As fair as the rose, in her sweet morning prime,
'Twee for Country—he loved her too well.
"He died not of sickness, or lingering decay ;"
No; there's bloat round the spot o'er his bier;
.urke steel of the foeman hes seept•hini away,"
and mointened our eyes with a tear.
Afir where the hills of New England arias,
'heath their shadow a cot may be seen;
A itelden is there, but there are tears in her eyes„
ongh yet she is scarcely sixteen.
Bu the tale is soon told, for now it is old,
et we sigh as its sorrow we hear;
Hill fell in the tight, defending the right;
?is his memory that claims now a tear,
Or yonder sick conch see the gentle one bend,
[While bathing the war-weary brow;
pitching faint words, to be sent to` a friend; ,
But hark! of the wife he speaks now :
Th more shall I gee her, or my little one bleu;
;Its darkness, all darknees, here ;
list give her my love, will yon? Answer; Yes;
lAnd there falls on the pillow a tear.
Am yonder fair bride, with the wreath on her brow,
; Shies parting from the home of her youth;
ger faith it is pledged, and sealed is the vow,
Confiding in him for its tenth. • .
Jut the little oars press, and father Is Asti,
While mother, she gently draws near ;
!•Godfilescitiee, my child," and there fills in each eye
The proof of affection r a tear.
We find it with beauty, it sparkles in age, '
And sets on the fair brow of youth ;
From the Anvil it fell, as man did rebel,
And vrandorv4 mtv frim the trwth
'Tie found on the throne, in the poor liumb Is out,
In sadness, in sorro*, in fem. ; •
In friendship, in hate, in joy, or in love,
There sparkles throughout them a tear.
G.o. O. TYRRELL
STATE RIGHTS AND STATE REMEDIES—No
To Be.l Fxeelleney A. G. Curtin, Governor of
RESPECTED Sin :—The War of Independence
was terminated by His Britannic Majesty
acknowledging the States united." to be free,
sovereign and independent States." But it was
ascertained that the Artieles of Confederation
were not sufficient in power over foreign (mai
merce, &c., and the Congress, after several at
tempts. succeeded, on the 21st of February,
1787, in passing the following resolution :
• "Resolved. That in the opinion of Congress
it is expedient that on the second Monday of
May next a convention of delegates, who shall
have been appointed by the several States, to be
held at Philadelphia, for the sole and expects
purpose of revising the Articles of Confedera
don, an'd reporting to Congress and the seve
ral Legislatures such alterations and provisions
therein as shall, when agreed to ifi'Congress
and confirmed by the States, render the Federal
Constitution adequate to the exigencies of
government and the preservation of the
ln conformity with - this resolution twelve
States appointed delegates to the convention
at Philadelphia in May, 1787, and when they
met they unanimously elected General George
Washington i'resident of the convention. On
the 29th of May, 1787, Mr. Randolph, of Vir
ginia, offered thirteen resolutions proposing a
national government, a national executive, a
national legislature, a national judiciary,
national council of revision, with power of
rejecting all laws by Sate Legislatures con-
travening the articles of Union. May 80th Mr.
Randolph moved " that an Union of the States
merely Federal will nqt accomplish the object
proposed by the Articles of Confederation ;"
and Bd, " That a national government ought to
be established, consisting of a supreme judicial,.
legislative and executive."
Now, sir, let us see what became of the
word national, &o. On the 20th of June Judge
Ellsworth moved to "expunge the word national,
and insert in the room of it, government of the
United States, which was agreed to nem. eon:"
Luther Martin, a delegate fram Maryland, in
his report of the proceedings of the convention
to the Le stature, giving an account of the
c%ntest between the friends of State rights and
the consolidationists, says " that the word na
gional was struck eut, ke., because viewing it as
a national, not afederal government,was calcula
ted and designed' not to protect and preserve,
but to abolish And annihilate the State govern
ments." Here, then, the precise question
which is now at issue betwees the friends of
State rights and consolidation, was proposed
and debited in the convention ant defeated.
On the same day Mr. C. Pinckney, of South
Carolina, offered his system of a constitution,
consisting of sixteen articles, differing very
little from those offered by Mr. Eandolph;
and on the 16th of June Mr. Patterson, of
New Jersey, offered his propositions, consist
ing of eleven resolves; and on the 19th of
June Mr.-Hamilton offered his plan of govern
ment, containing in his third article:,
" The Senate to consist of parsons elected
to serve during good behaviour. 4. The su
preme executive authority of the tlnited States
to be vested in a, Governor to be elected .to
serve daring good h o havior," ke.
10. "All.laws of the particular States, con
trary to the Constitution or laws of the United
States to be utterly void ; and the better to
prevent such laws being passed, the Governor
or President of each State shall be appointed by
the general. government and shall have a nega
tive upon all laws about to be passed in the
State of which be is, governor or President."
11. No State to have any force, land or na
val; and the militia of all the States to be un
der the ante apt exclusive direction of the United
States; the officers of which to be appointed
and commissioned by them."
Mr. Hamilton supported his plan in a
.speech in , favor of an eleotive mon
archy. All tbeefe different plans of a Conan
PRICE TWO CENTS.
tution were referred on the 26th of Ju1y,1787,
to a committee of detail consisting of Messrs.
Ruthledge, Randolph, Gorham, Ellsworth and
Wilson, "for the purpose of reporting a Con
stitution." This committee on the 6th of Au
gust reported the first draft of a Constitution.
The preamble commenced as follows : "We,
the people of the States of New Hampshire,
Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Providence
Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jer
sey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Vir
ginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and
Georgia, do ordain, declare and establish the
following Constitution, for the government of
ourselves and our posterity ;" and by referring
to. the Journal of the Convention it will be
found that on the 7th of August, the day after
it was reported, that in this form the preamble
was unanimously adopted by the Convebtion.
After a discussion on the provisions of the
draft, it does not appear that the preamble
was ever brought into view'. A. committee of
fire was appointed to 'revise the style of and ar
range the articles agreed to by the House."
On the 12th of September the committee of
revision reported the Constitution as revised in
style and arranged by them, in which the pre
amble read as follows :
“We, the people of the United States, in or.
der to form a more perfect union, establish
justice, ensure domestic tranquillity, provide
for the common defence, promote the general
welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to
ourselves and ofir roalerily, do ordain and estab
lish this Constitution for the United States of
Let us stop for a moment and learn the rea
son for the change by the committee in the
phraseology of the preamble by the insertion
of the words •'United States," instead of re_
capitulating the names of the' several States
as they did in the draft, before it was re
ferred to the committee of revision ; and it
is apparent enough, and let me ask if that
phrase was not the one best adapted to express
who were the real framers of the federal govern
ment. That it was not formed by the State
governments, is very certain ; but by the pee•
pie of the several States, in their sovereign
capacity. The preamble, too, declares that
the object of the Constitution is, amongst other
things, to form "a more perfect union," which
can only have reference to the Union then ex
isting under the Articles of Confederation,
which we have shown was a union between
sovereign and independent States. And to in
fer the annihilation of State sovereignty from
the expression, "we, the people of the United
States," and degrade them into municipalities,
is a specimen of logical legerdemain, to which
the assumptions and absurdities of ancient ,
and modern metaphysics can exhibit no par
Let us now follow up our , history and see
what was the form of the ratification on the
17th of September, 1787. The Constitution
was adopted, and the convention adjourned,
transmittieg to the Congress,. still acting under
the articles of confederati.t, a report of its
proceedings. Who adopted it ? The repre
sentatives of the whole people of the United
States ? No !it was " done in convention by
the unanimous consent of the States present."
'Congress, on the 28th of the same month, passed
the following resolution : ;
Resolved unanimously, That the said report,
with the resolutions and letter accompanying•
the same, be transmitted to the several Legis
latures, in order to he submitted to a conven
tion of delegates chosen in each State by the
people thereof, in conformity to the resolves of
the convention, made and provided in that case.
In conformity to the resolve, the Legislature
of each state enacted a law calling a convention
of the people thereof, in their separate capacity
of a sovereign,, free and independent Sate, and
to these contentions was submitted the Con
stitution for ratification, and by their conven
tions it was ratified ; and so clearly were those
ratifications the acts of the States, and not the
people as an aggregate mass, that it, was in
the power of the five smallest States, contain
ing a population of only 622,000 persons, by
withholding their assent, to defeat the adoption
of the Constitution against the wishes of the
other eight States, containing a population of
upwards of three millions. These ratifications,
executed by the people of each State in their
separate and sovereign, capacity, and not by
State Legislatures, were in the form and mode
prescribed by the seventh article of the Con
stitution, which declares " The ratification
of the conventions of nine States shall be suf
ficient for the establisnment of this Constitu
tion between the States, so ratifying the same ;"-
and this is apparent from the following pro
ceedings extracted from the Journal of the old
" United States in Congress assembled,
" WEDNESDAY, July 2, 1788.
g , The State of New Hampshire having rati
fied the Constitution transmitted to them by
the act of 28th September last, and transmit
ted to Congress their ratification, and tae same
being read, the President reminded Congress
that this was the ninth ratification transmitted
and last before them ; whereupon, it was
" Ordered, That the ratifications of the Con
stitution of the United States, transmitted to
Congress, be referred to a Ow witt,e o is examine
the sante*-' and report an ant of Congrese for
putting the said Constitution into operation,
in pursuance of the resolutions of the late Fed
At a subsequent day, viz: on the lath Sep
tember, 1788, the Congress passed a resolution
in the following words:
fl Medved, That the arse Wednesday in Jan
uary neit be the day for appointing electors
in the several States, which, before the said day
shall have ratified the Constitution, that the
first Wednesday in February next be tlle day _
for the electors to assemble in their respective
States and vote for a President; and that the
first Wednesday in March next be the time and
the present seat of COngress the place for com-
guBOug proceedings under the said Ponatitn
But let the fact be remembered here, that
the Constitution was submitted specifically to
a convention of the people of each distinct
and independent State ; and that it was so rati
fied by the common compact oteaohAtate who
acoeeded to it; the people in convention in
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the State, for which the patronage of the public is 'D
each State were considered the only compe
tent authority to adopt, or reject a, proposed
constitution. In conformity with the above
resolution were the elections held on the 4th
of March,, 1786. The first Congress under the
new Coortitation assembled at New York and
commenced its 'duties, and on the 80th of April
George Washington, who had been unani
mously elected President of the United States,
was inducted into office. It shoild not be for
gotten that from the ..'l7th of Elepteinber,
1787, when the form of Constitution which
the convention had tranetnited to Congress, to
be laid before conventions, delegated, by the
people of the several States for their assent
and ratification, it was very doubtful whether
the people in the State Conventions would
ratify the same ; because they considered that
State rights were not sufficiently reserved and
protected. There were sixty-five delegates
elected, to the convention, thirty-nine signed,
ten never attended and sixteen attended but
did not sign. This caused HAMILTON, JAY and
MAROON to write the numbers so well known
under the title of the "Federalist," and which
were written previous to the ten declaratory
and restrictive amendments to the Constitu
tion so fortunately insisted .on by the States,
and Mr. Madison urging the States vto adopt
the Constitution, in its 80th No., says:
Each State in ratifying the Constitution is
considered as a sovereign body, independent of all
others, and only to be boynd by ice °ten voluntary
act. h this relations, then. the NM Constitution
mill, if established, be a Federal, and not a na
See also No. 89. Yet we find that North
Carolina did not ratify the Constitution until
the 21st of 'November, 1789, and that Rhode
Island bad no &legatee in the cevention and
did not ratify until the 29th May, 1790—when
the amendments to the Constitution were made
by the States, in whicn it is declared, "that the
powers not delegated to the United States are
reserved to the States respectively, or to the
people." The people is a word used as synoni
mona with State, for with us a State is the
people in convention. The departments of
government are all subordinate and derivative.
The powers granted are expressly delegated.
Now, a right cannot be reserved that did not
exist before the reservation, hence it follows
that those rights thus‘ reserved to the States
must have been rights inherent in the sove
reignty of the States, which will be further
illustrated as I proceed with these numbers.
THRILLING ADVENTURE WITH A BURGLAR.-
This extract!, from a reminiscence venom/lug
a aeries of murders committed some yearn since
in France, developer a rare instance of pre;
siltee of mind in women.. We will premise that
the murderer was known by the fact that in
some previous brawl or scene of murder he
had lost three fingers from one of his hands:
There lived on the outskirts of Dieppe a
widow lady by the name of Beaumanrice. She
had no family, but with one servant girl lived
in a very retired manner. The cottage in
which she, resided , was situated about half a
mile from the city—a little off frpm the public
Madame Beanmanrice bad been the wife of
an officer of the Guards. She was an extraor
dinary woman in every particular ; but espe
cially so in respect to a certain coolnese of
character she possessed, in the miciet of dan
ger, which, together With a large amount of
moral courage, made ber a very notableiper.
son. The recent murders made, perhaps, less
impression on her mind than upon any, one
else in Dieppe; although it was naturally
supposed the retired situation in which she
lived would have caused hiir to be more fear
About 10 o'clock on the night of the 80th of
April, just ten days alter the: murders in the
Rue Grenard, Madame Besumaurioe went up
into her bedroom. She was suffering from a
nervous headache. She felt very sleepy; and
seated herself. The lamp was placed On a
chest of drawers, behind her. Opposite to her
was a toilet table, with a oloth .on it reaching
to the floor. She had already commenced
taking off her . clothes, when happening to look
around her, she saw something that fot a mo
ment chilled her blood. It was the shadow of
a man's hand on the floor. The hand had only
She divined the truth in a moment—the as
sassin was there—in her house—ander the
table. She made not the least motion or sign,
but reflected two..or three minutes as to the
best course to be pursued.
She divined what to do, and'advaneing to
the door, called the servant maid.
"Oh, Mary l" exclaimed she, when the girl
entered the room; "do you know where Mons.
Bernard lives ?"
have to pay 5,000 !ratios away very early
-the morning. YOU 'All have to-run to hie
house and get money for me."
"Very well, madame."
"I will write a note. which you will deliver
to him, and he will give you bank bills 'to the
She wrote as follOws :
MY MAAR Monsinua.Banssitn.—The assas
sin of lb° Rue dee Amen and the'Rne Grelard
is in my house. Come immediately with some
gene d'armes, and take him before.he escapes.
And, without entering into any explanation
with her servant, she dispatched her on her
errand. She:then quietly re-Belted tereelt and
Yes, she eat in the room with that min tin
der the table for a whole hour. She sat there,
calm. cool and collected. She saw the shadow
• of the hand shift several times, but the.mur
darer did not make any attempt to escape frem
his place of concealment.
In due time the gene d'armes arrived, and
Jacques Reynaulds was arrested—not, how
ever, without a violent struggle.
, 1 need. scarcely add that the most convineing
; proof as to .his guilt was found, and in due
time he was guillotined.
PYRAMIDS or Ponx:—ln his advance from
Port Gibson, General Grant captured two im
mense piles of bacon, each covering an area
of two thousand five hundred feet, piled a s
high sa the branches of the forest trees, and
each Oontaining, by estlmate, forty thetigand
pounds. The rebels, not expecting 'Grant to
advance, had piled up the bacon in the woods,
where .our boys when advancing, found it.
A person fond of the marvellous told an
improbable story, adding, as was hip wont,
"Did you ever hear of that before ?"—"No,
sir," said the other; "pray did you ?"