Newspaper Page Text
General Meade bad serious intentions of re
treating sa d be called a. council of war. The
Advice of 15041 C generals, however, and the cap
ture of his courier, with dispatches from Rich.
mond, from which it was learned that the ene
my would receive no reinforcements made hi m
decide to remain.
On Friday morning General Lee did not
desire to make the attack. Re eaw the supe
riority of the Federal position, and wiehed to
entice them out of it, and down into the valley.
With this design he withdrew all of his sharp
shooters and infantry from Gettysburg. The
deserted town lay there a very tempting bait,
but General Meade's men hid quietly behind
the fences and trees, and banks upon the hills.
They could look down into the streets and see
everything which was in progress,. They saw
the enemy march out and retire to the semi
nary, but made ne advance, and the Confede
" rates gained nothing by the movement. A
parting salute of musketry, however, from a
knoll north of the cemetery, accelerated the
Confederate retreat. For some time the town
had scarcely a soldier in it. Scores of dead
and wounded men and horses, with broken
wagons, bricks, stones, timber,. torn clothing
and abandoned accoutrements, lay here. • The
frightened inhabitants peered out of their win
dows to see what the armies were doing to
cause such a lull, and almost afraid of their
own shadows, they hastened away and crouched
in corners and cellars at the sound of every
shot or shell.
General Lee's evacuation bad no effect.—
Meade was neither to be enticed ince the town
nor into the valley. Enough dead bodies lay
in the fields and streets to give him warning
of what happened tb poor Reynolds two days
before, and he wisely determined to stay where
be was and let events shape themselves. The
enemy soon became impatient. They could
watt no longer; and after much solicitation
from his subordinates, General Lee permitted
General Longstreet to send his grand division
on a charge upon the cemetery. The federal
soldiers were on the alert. They were hid be
hind their embankments, some kneeling and
some flat on the ground. The Confederate ar
tillery opened. It was as fierce a-cannonade
no the one the day before, bat instead of being
s p rea d all over the line, every shell was thrown
at the cemetery. Experienced soldiers soon
devined what was coming, and in every por
tion of the federal line the cannon were di
rected towards the valley in front of the ceme
tery. All were ready. Amid the furious fire
from the confederate cannon, scarcely a federal
shot was heard. The artillerists, implements
in hand, crouched la the little ditches dug be
hind their cannon. With arms loaded, the in
fantry Waited the charge.
It soon came. From the woods of short,
scrubby timber and the rocks near the semi
nary there rose a yell. It was a long, loud,
unremitting. hideous screech from thousands
of voices. At the yell the Federal cannon
opened. Soon the enemy's columns emerged
from the woods. They came on a rush down
the hill, waiving their arms and still screech
ing. They climbed fences and rushed along,
each one bent upon getting first into the ceme
tery. The cannon roared, and grape and can
ister and spherical case fell thick among them.
Still they rushed onward, hundreds falling out
of the line. They came within musket-shot of
the Federal troops. Then the small arms be
gan to rattle. The Confederates approached
the outer line of works. They were laboring
up the hill. As they-mounted the low bank
in front of the rifle-pits, the Federal soldiers
retreated out of the ditch behind, turning and
firing en they went along. It was a. hand-to.
hand conflict. Every map fought by himself
and for himself. Myriads of the enemy pushed
forward down the hill, across into the works
and up to the cemetery. All were shouting,
and screaming, and swearing, clashing their
arms and firing their pieces. The enemy's
shells flew over tire field upon the Federal
artillerists on the hills above. These,'almost
disregarding- the storm which raged around
them, directed all their ire upon the surging
columns of the enemy's charge. Every avail
able. cannon on the Cemetery 11111, and -to the
.right and left, threw its shells and shot in
the valley. The fight was terrible; but des
pite every effort the enemy pushed up the bill
a nd some the second line of works. The fire
became hotter. The fight swayed back and
forth. One moment the enemy would be at
the railings of the cemetery ; then &rash from
the Federal side would drive them down into
the valley. Thenorith one of their horrid
ecreeches," they would fiercely run up the hill
again, into, the cemetery, and have a fierce
battle among the tombstones. It was the
h ar d ee t not of the day., and hundreds, were
slain. there. . Reckless daring, however, will
not always succeed. Several attempts were
made to take the place, but they were not suc
cessful; and late in the afternoon, leaving
dead and wounded behind them, the enemy's
forces slowly retreated up their
• own hill and
into their woods again.
They were not routed. They can scarcely
be said. to hutre.been driven. They had made
an Atli* and been repulsed, and after re
newed attempts, feeling that it was useless to
try any more, they retreated. It Itho. new
General hieade's turn to make an attack.
Though:they. had lost heavily, his soldiers felt
elated. They saw hopes of a victory, and
were ready to do almost anything to aboure it.
Although there had been so fierce'a battle.in
the valley below Gettysburg, yet the town was
as quiet and as much deserted as ever. Shelia
flew over it, and new and then one of its
houses would , haws wall cracked or a roof
broken, but neither force possessed it. Gen.
Meade turned his attention there. The day
was waning and the hen.% had lulled, and he
determined, if possible, to drive the enemy
oat pf the seminary. His troops were placed
in or d er , stud charged down the hill and into
the town. They ran along every street, cha
sing a few of the enemy, still hid there, before •
them., 'They came out upon the west side,
slang the Tape-worm," and the Emmettsbarg
and Oetatysbarg roads, and amended the ene
my's:line amid a storm of grape and shell. .
At :the seminary the donfederatee were not
very Arm., They liell,weAnied that portion
-of the Um towieke the attack further to the
apinkthe eemetary.. They bad but few
cannon, and though they resisted some time,
they-tinalty retreated remit the sdge of the hill
and abandoned the .senatedia.., The Federal
troops did not chase „ : : d The land back of
the seminary wassoitom'fat; and cut up into
grain fields, with inei r w stied there,a-patch of
woods. The rife-pito, on the brow of the bill
proved an effectual aid to the Federal soldiers,
is maintaining their ground; and as they lay
-behind the bank, with the ditch in front, they
could pick off the stragglers from the retreat
ing enemy. There was but little serious fight
ing after this, and night put en end to Friday's
struggle; theConfoderates having retired about
a mile ea che.literfhi near the seminary, and a
Ulf mile on the south, at the little stream.
During the night the dead in the streets of
Oettyhbnrg were buried, and the wounded on
averts of thefield were collected and carried
ear the rtar. On the next morning General
Meade expected another attack; but instead
0 1 - malting it the -.enemy retreated further,
, idim d m og• their entire line of battle, and the
p i c kets reported that they were entrenching
at 'South' Mountain. The Federal army was
terribly' crippled and sadly in want of rest,
an d i f ° adaanouwas made, although pickets
were 'thrown oat across the enemy's old line
of battle, and towards the place where they
- were building -entrenchments. All the day '
was spent in reciting and resting the men.
Gettysburg wag Woo& into a tram hospital,
and impromptu oneerweee' made at a dozen
plans on the field: The.-rain' came, too, and
with it cool air and refreshment both from.
ead and rain. No one could tell what the
ery were doing; every picket reported that
they , were entrenching, and the night of the
4th of July closed upon the field with it in
It is very difficult to make any estimate of
the looses in any contest, but from all that can
be learned the number of killed, v(ounded and
captured of. the Federal army will scarce ly s
exceed fifteen • thousand. 'The enemy's loss
was about the mime. There is no reason why
it should exoeed that of General Meade, and
none which should lead us to place a lower
est i ma t e upon it. As to prisoners, it is mare
difficult to judge, but as there were no in
stances of any entire commands surrendering,
the only men captured being deserters, and
stragglers and wounded, who either lagged be
hind or lay upon the field, the two armies have
been equally depleted by captures. The con
federates, however, paroled nearly all whom
they took, and these are still with Gen. Meade.
Of captured Confederates there seem to have
been about six thousand.
AFTER THE BATTLE.
My visit to the field was made this (Tues
day) morning; and it presented a wonderful
though sorrowful spectacle for the curious.
Most of the dead had been buried, but many
were still lying about, few, however, being
federal soldiers. Every fence was knocked
down, and every house or shed upon the field
or around it had its windows ehattered, its
walls torn out and its roof in tatters. The
fences had all been torn down by passing and
repassing titoops, or else they had been carried
off bodily to make barricades or .breastworks.
The atones previously scattered over the sur
face of the ground had been collected in piles
for rifle ram Nearly every tree had limes
torn from it,oand all bore marks of bullets.-- , -
Seme had their bark stripped off in shreds by
the wind of passing shells. The ground was
tramped into a bog, and was covered with
every conceivable thing—old broken muskets,
bayonets anti ramrods, pieces of wsg•ins, bro
ken wheels, cartridge boxes, belle, tern cloth
ing, blankets, fragments or shale, and some
times unexploded ones, bullets, cartridges,
powder—everything used in war or by soldiers,
was scattered around in plenty. The grain'
and grass, which once grew there, was almost
ground to a jelly. Everywhere could be seen
traces of the carnage. Hundreds of dead
horses, still unburied, lay on the fields and in
boggy places and spots distant from the town,
ma n y att ic men were stilt unburied.
is something impressive about a dead.
man on a battlefield. To see him lying there,
with his hands clenched, his teeth set, and his ,
limbs drawn up, with ramrod or musket firmly
held—lying just as he was standing when the
fatal bullet struck him, teaches a sad lesson.
To see scores of them is more impressive ; and
that, with the awful desolation and bavee and
ruin on all sides, shows far too plainly for
delicate sense+ the terrible end of battle. To
know that at this fence where so many lie, a
tug of war was had for hours—to feel that that
tree whose bark is stripped off, showing red
stains on the inner wood, has received the
gushing blond of some poor soldier, is by far
the best teacher of war's evils. And when,
after all is over, men still lie on the damp'
ground, undisturbed as they fell, with hawks
and crows and buzzards sailing lazily over
them—their countenances bearing an expres
sion of horror, as the blearing, bloodshot eyes,
the blackened face and, the contorted features,
turn up towards you—when all this is seen,
and the fact that thousands like them have
lain there before is impressed upon the mind,
a remembrance is left which cannot be effaced.
Sermons and precepts may I e exhausted in
vain ; but the lesson taught by a dead man
slain in battle, lying in his gore, is worth ten
thousand holiday exhortations. Yet many look
upon it without emotion Many walked about
amid the horrid stench of that field unmoved.
They turned over the rubbish, picked up bul
lets and fragments of shells for mementoes,
but that was all. They looked upon the dead,
to be sure ; but with no expression of pity if he
were a Federal soldier, and only a laugh or a
curse if he were a Confederate. They forgot
that the poor dead man bad been led to his
death by others more reaponsible than he.
All over the field there are newly made
graves. There are long rows of them, parallel
to each other, where the Federal soldiers lie.
Where the carnage has been great, a trench
receives the remains of all; they are thrown in
indiscriminately,' without burial service or
coffin. The elothes they wore when killed are
their shrouds, and the burial parties, or if not
they, the fiends who. always prowl about after
a battle, rob. the dead man's pockets before
they bury him. Nearly every dealt soldier's
pockets were turned inside out and rifled of
By the side of a ridge on the Emmettsburg
road is the grave of the Confederate, General
Bak/Aida. ft is a plain mound, with rough
pine head and foot boards. At his head, writ
ten with a lead-pencil, is the following inscrip
"BRIG. GEN. BARKSDALE,
" MiLaw's Division, Longatreets's Corps.
"Died July 3d.
" Wound in left breast—left leg broken.
"Eight years a Representative in Congress."
At the foot, written in the same hand, is :
" Gen. Barksdale, C. S. A."
At the Confederate general's feet, and al
most touchieg hint, it liee so close, is the grave
of a slain Federal officer. The headboard tells
us it is Captain Foster, of the 148th regiment
Pennsylvania volunteers. At the, captain',
feet is the grave at N. M. Wilson, a sergeant
of the 11th Massachusetts. There they lie,
New England, -Pennsylvania, and the South,
two of them bitter in 16141436 doting life, but
sleeping their last sleep together on the soil of
the other's wativefState.
So fame the fight was concerned, neither
army can be said to have gained any material
advantage. To retreat from a field and leave
it in the enemy's possession is technically a
defeat, and it may be conceded therefore 'that
General Meade gained 8./victory. Still, Lee's
army was not driven away. It was not routed.
It voluntarily fell back at a time when no one
was fighting it. Lee began to dig and to re
treat at the same time ; and so well did he
hitiehis manceuvers, that he secured thirty-six
hours start in his retreat.- Ile retired down
both oidoo or the South Mountain, (tad on Sun
day afternoon, while pursuit was commenced,
there were several skirmishes. Lee got safely
away, and unless the high water in the Poto
mac stops him, or he does not wish to cross, be
is by this time safely over with the greater
part of his army. • Gen. Meade is not able to
intercept him, and all ideas of JAB capturing
a host of fleeting invaders are foolish.
G•eneral Meade has done the best he
could. Re is a modest, unpretending., brave
officer, and has acted wisely and well. lie has
done all that lay in his power,- and it would be
the greatest injustice if fault were found with
him now because General Lee's army was not
routed of taken. The invasion is over. The
frightened-people of the North can now breathe
freely, Although millions of dollars of prof—
arty Ass been destroyed, and nearly the faucet
portions of Adams country ruined, yet the
enemy is out of the State, and we are once
Thousands of people are going to the battle
fielt. Every house and stied and stable in
Gettishurg is turned into a• lodging-hoime.
Every conceivable wheebil Vfibiehl which can
.carr3r,passengers is dragged to the battle-field.
The country for forty miles around seems to
have turned out to view the sad relics of one
of the fiercest battles of the war.
WHEN Mademoiselle Arnimlt, the actress, went
to visit Voltaire, he said to her, "Mt! madem
oiselle, I am eighty-foor years old, and I have
committed as many foolcries."--"Qulta a ra
de," replied the actress ; •'tam only forty, mid
have committed a thousand."
"Do you mean to insinuate that I lie, sir?"
exclaimed a fierce-looting, mustachioed gen
tleman to a raw Yankee, who hinted some
slight scejiticism as to one of his toughest state
ments. "No, mister, not at' all—only it kind o'
strikes me that you are %avail savin' of truth."
ifle 'II anion.
s SATURDAY MORNING, JULY n, 1863
0. BAILEUITT & CO., PROPRIBTOSS
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entworiptiong for us st our Lowest Rates.
DEMOCRATIC STATE NOMINATIONS.
HON. GEO: W. WOODWARD,
FOR JUDGE OF THE SUPREME COURT,
'WALTER R. LOWRIE,
OF ALLEGHENY COUNTY.
THE WEEKLY PATRIOT AM UNION FOR
The Weekly PATRIOT' AND UNION- will
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the campaign, with an extra number giv
ing full returns of the October election,
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sively by 0. BARRETT and T. G. Pomsnor t un
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ment having ceased on the 20th November, inst.
Novtisnan 21, 1862-
THE NATIONAL' PLATFORM:
PURPOSES OF THE WAR.
Congress, by a vote nearly unanimous, passed
the foil awing resolution, which s expresses the
voico' of the Nation and is the true standard of
That the present deplorable civil war has been
forced upon the country by the disunioniata of the
Southern States, now to arms s gainet the Constitutional
Government, and in arms around the Capital; that in
this National emergency, Congress, banishing all feel
ing of mere passion or reaentment, will recollect only
its duty to the whole country; that this war is not
waged an„their part in any spina of oppression, or I*
any purpose of conquest or subjugation, or purpose-of
overthrowing or interfering with the rights or established
institutions of those States,bpt to defend and maintain
the supremacy of the Constitution. and to preserve the
Union, with all the dignity, equality and rights of the
several States unimpaired; and that as soon as these ob
j ects are accomplished the war ought to cease."
Secretary Seward's Late Speech_
Secretazy Seward, the arch agitator and au
thor of the "Irrepressible Conflict," in a speech
made at Washington, on hearing of the surren
der of Vicksburg, said in reference to the be
ginning of the war :
tt When I saw commotion uprising into civil
life, I thought it consistent with the duty of a
patriot and a Christian to avert the civil war
if it was possible, and I tried to do so."
But he did not say, as he must have said—
had he uttered the honest sentiments of his
heart—that, for many years, he had been agi
tating the public mind on the subject of sla
very, preaching a , 4 Higher Law," and thus
weakening the respect of the people for the
fundamental laws of the land ; upon which
alone our security as a nation rested. He did
not say that he bad spent his whole life in
building up a sectional party which he hoped
to control, for the purpose of keeping himself
in the ascendant. He did not say that when
the Abolition wave, set in motion by the fana
tics of New England, had reached New York,
that, instead of trying to stay its progress, he
mounted on its highest summit, increasing its
volume, and accelerating its velocity, until it
pot only overwhelmed his own State, but the
entire North West. He did not say that, more
than any other man, he had contributed to
produce the civil commotion and uprising to
which he alludes.
He did not say that., after having wrought
his party up to the point of nominating a sec
tional candidate for the Presidency, on a sec
tional platform, hoping himself to be the nomi
nee, he stumped hie own. State and the-North
west, for Abraham Lincoln ; increasing by hie
sophistries and eloquence the madness of his
followers ; and by his denunciations of South
ern men and Southern institutions, stirring up
to bitterness and hate the Southern mind. lie
did not say that the Democratio party, through
their orators and their presses, gave him earn.:
est and solemn Warnings that he was striking
at the heart of the Nation ; that the election
of a President on a sectional platform that ig
nored the rights of fifteen States of the Union
must inevitably destroy it ; that equal rights
to all was the basin iipda TWO the Union was
formed, anti upon which it could alone be pre
served! He dad not say that he turned a deaf
earto the wailing cry of danger, which welled
up from every patriotic heart in the land, and
disregarded the earnest appeals coming up from
the very graves of our patriot fathers. He did
net say that he sneeringly stigmatized an
"Union Savers" all who spoke of peril to our
institutions, and, hugging to his cold ambi
tious heart his dreams of party supremacy, and
place, and power, sowed the Dragon's teeth,
which have produced millions of armed menio
ravage and destroy our before peaceful and
Again he said:
1, 1 thought still further that it was consis
tent with my duty, as a patriot and a Chris
tian, to combine the loyal States and consoli
date them into one party for the Union, be
cause I knew that disunion had effectually
combined the people of the disloyal Stores to
overthrow the Union. 1 thought that this
could be done only through the sacrifice of
individual, and State, and sectional opinions,
interests, prejudices and ambitions. A nation
cannot be saved from death whose individual
citizens lack the virtue to make these sacri
L et us inr l aixa for , a moment how he has
carried out the duty he confesses rests upon
him as a patriot and Christian." As Pre
mier, he must necessarily have a large control
over the measures of • the administration and
the political party to which he belongs ; and
we cannot, therefore, separate him from them;
but mak holT him accountable, as an indivi
dual, for their combined action. What, then,
have they done to "combine the loyal States
and consolidate them into one party for the
Union?" When have they sacrificed individual
and sectional opinions, interests, prejudices
and ambition? When the war first broke out—
when the guns of South Carolina
upon Fort Sumpter, they reverberated through
all the hills of the North, and men of all par
ties rushed to urine iu defence of the Union
with an unanimity unparalleled in the history
of the world. Then the Northern States were
combined and oonsolidated—they accepted the
doctrines of Lincoln's inaugural address and
the resolution imaged by Congress - at its Sub
sequent extra session, and engaged with heart
and hand in a war they believed to be for the
restoration of the . " Union as it was under the
Constitution se it is." What has the party in
power since done to.preserve this unanimity of
They have violated their most solemn.
pledges, and made this a war avowedly for the
liberation of the slaves of the South and the
extermination of the slaveholders, thus making
a restoration of the - old Union impossible.
Instead of " sacrificing individual interests"
they have placed their most bitter partisans in
every office of trust—they have distributed
the contracts for army supplies to their favor
ites and followers, through whom the Treasury
has been plundered by millions.
Instead of sacrificing their prejudice on the
altar of our common country, they have waged
throughout the North the most bitter and un
r4testing party warfare; they have sent Mein=
bers of the Cabinet and hired orators into
distant St aces to propogate their peculiar views;
they have sent armed soldiers from. the battle
field where' their services were wanting, to
control, by their votes and bayonets, the elec
tions in peaceful States, and their hired par
tizan press has maligned, slandered and vili
fied the Democratic party—comprieing at least
one half of our citizens.
Instead of sacrificing their ambition, they
are aiming at a continuation of their reign,
through re-election or revolution. Their every
act tondo tiir *matt 6 0000eatration of power,
alike dangerous to State rights and individual
liberty. By taking from the States the con
stitutional right of organizing the militia, they
bold full possession of the sword. By their
system of finance they control the currency of
the country, and thus possess the purse.
• They have their creatures in every depart
ment. of government, not excepting the Bench,
thus crushing out those beautiful cheeks and
balances which are the very life of free insti
tutions. They have their Provost Marshals,
with their guards, in every city, tow* and dis
trict throughout the land, thus baying in their
hands all the means necessary for the erection
of a despotism, and we already begin to feel
its crushing force.
Was it in accordance with the sentiments he
now utters, whoa Mr. Seward said to Lord
Lyons, in September 1861, "My Lord, I can
touch a bell on my right hand,. and order the
arrest of a citizen .of Ohio. I can, touch the
bell again, and order the arrest of a citizen of
New York. Can the Queen of England in her
dominions do as much ?"
This was no idle boast. To the burning dis
grace of a people sailing themselves free, this
regal and despotic power has been exercised
in many instances. Public orators have been
dragged from the forum and imprisoned or
banished; editors of public journals have been
forced from their "sanctums" and incarcerated
in loathsome dUPgeons ; quiet and unollending
citizens have been torn from their peaceful
homes and despairing families, and thrown
into federal hostiles. And all this without any
charges being preferred, without warrant, or
any of the forms of law framed for the protec
tion of individual liberty, and in direct viola
tion of our Constitutions, State and National,
which Mr. Seward by his oath of office was
solemnly bound to support. And yet he talks
of being governed by the Christian obligations
resting upon him !
If this is being unselfish and unambitious,
if this is sacrificing sectional opinions and
prejudices, then we confess to be totally igno
rant of the workings of human passions, and
to have wrongly learned the teachings of his
For nearly two weeks our city has been
overrun with a large number of this unfortu
nate elate of "loyal American eitiseue of Afri
can descent." They were originally slaves in
Virginia, were well fed, well clad, and happy,
having comfortable homes and kind masters;
bat, seduced by the syren song of "liberty and
equality,", sung by oar negrophilists, they
have left their homes of their , own accord, or
been forced from them by a Banks or a Milroy.
They have been living for some time past with
our farmers in the "Southern tier," and fur
nished with a bare subsistence; and now
driven out from their new found homes by the
rebel raid, they come atnong us—Old men, men
in the prime of life, husbands, wives, half
grown daughters and boys, with a plentiful
sprinkling of those nondescripts called "picks
ninny's," mainly ragged and dirty, fit objects
of charity. Some of them have been employed
by our military authorities for six or eight
days, working on the entrenchments and other
places, but complain that for some reason or
other unknown to them they cannot get any
pay for their services, and desire to return.—
Two days since Mayor Roumfort, through his
own personal exertions, procured transporta
tion for about two hundred of them and sent
them on their way rejoicing. Today we un
derstand that one theueand rations were drawn
from the Quartermaster's department for them,
and therefore conclude - there must be that
They are unable to pay their fare to other
places, unable to get transportation from the
military authorities, unable to get employ
ment, which will relieve . their necessities, and
are in a suffering condition.
Here is a fine field for our Abolition friends
to show their sympathy with this "down•trod
den race"—here is a fine chance for putting
their theories into praetice.
We presume that they were not aware of the
suffering we chreniole, or they would long ere
this have rushed to relieve it, and we publish
this notice gratis to let them know the door is
W e observe there are some fine, healthy
looking lads and lasses among them ; and if
there are any here of the Wendell Phillips
school, they might readily find husbands for
their daughters,'or wives for their sons, and
thus contribute to "that sublime mingling of
raoes which is God's own method of civilizing
and elevating the world."
NEWS OF THE DAY.
RIMEL ACCOUNT OF THE BATTLE Or GETTYBBUItO.
"Rsimmorts, July 10.—The Richmond En
quirer, of July Bth, received here, has the fol
lowing account of the battle of Gettysburg,
showing that they are wonderfully in the dark
down in Dixie
"Our loss is estimated at 10.000 at the battle
of Gettysburg. Between 3,000 and 4,000 of
our wounded arrived at Winchester, July 7.
"Dens. Armistead, Barksdale, Game t and
Kemper are tam -- ,
Seales, Ponder, Jones, Heth, Ander
son' Hampton and Hood are wounded. -
"The Yankee army is estimated at one hun
dred and seventy-five thousand.
.1 The fighting of the four days is regarded
as the severest of the war, and the slaughter
unprecedented. The enemy are said to have
SIX HUNDRED 11.1186L8 CAPTURIBD BY OSNIRALS
PLBABONTON AND KILPATRICK.
FREDERICK, MD., July 10.—I learn from the
front this morning that on Wedneeday night
Pleasonton and Kilpatrick were engaged
8408 t Stuart and Fitz Hugh Lee, near Funks
town when they drove the enemy and captured'
IMPORTANT SOIITIIRRN NEWS
WAMIN 0 roar, July 9.
The Richmond Dispatch of duly 7th says:
In Libby prisen yesterday, by order of Gen.
Winder, the captains among the Yankee pri
soners drew lots for two to be shot in retalia
tion for the shooting of Capt. Wm. F. Gor
bine and Lt. M'Graw hy Gen. Burnside at San
dusky, Ghia, on the 15th of May last.
The pzieotters were assembled in a. room, at
12 o'clock, by Capt. Turner, the commandant
of the prison ; and after being formed in a
hollow square around the table, were informed
of the order of Gen. Winder.
• A slip of paper with the name of each man
within it and carefully folded up was depos
ited on the table, and Capt. Turner informed
the men that they might select who they
pleased to draw the names, and the first two
name* drawn wore to indicate those to be shot.
The lots were drawn by Rev. Mr. Brown amid
a silence almost death like. Those drawn were
Capt. Henry Washington, let New Jersey cav
alry, and Capt. John Flinn, 51st Indiana. The
day of their execution has not yet been fixed.
FROM FORTRESS MONROE•
FOUTRESS MONROE, July 9.—Major General
Dix and staff arrived at Fortress Mourne 140
evening and report that the expedition has
been a perfect success. General Getty's divi
sion passed over the Pamunkey river near the
foilowingnear the river to South
Anna Branch, where they destroyed the Cen
tral railroad bridges, and not being tittle to
reach the bridge of the Fredericksburg road,
they tore up and destroyed about six miles of
its track,•and leaving effectually destroyed all
direct communication between Richmond and
Gen. Lee's army.
BY THE MAILS.
A SEVERE CAVALRY BSTRAIIERt-ORN. XILPATRICK
BALTIMORE, Ju!y 9.—The A.merica'n, has re
ceived the following special dispatch :
FREDERICK, July 9.—Our cavalry hive bad
a sharp fight with the rebels between Bunks
town and Boonsboro'. • about six miles this
side of Hagerstown.
The enemy were in heavy force, and our cav
alry were compelled to fall back•to Boonsboro',
with some loss.
I regret to say that General Kilpatrick is re
ported to have been killed, though some ac
counts say he is only wounded. •
The particulars of the fight have not been
received, but we learn that his command was
entirely surrounded, and were compelled to cut
their way through. .
The rebels are still on this side of the river,
massed near Hagerstown, endeavoring to get
their plunder and wagons across.
Scouts of the 13th New York cavalry, who
arrived at Monocacy Junction yesterday after
noon, bring a report that the advance of the
rebel column. was crossing the river at
liamsport. If this be true we need look for no
fight in Maryland.
The impression at headquarters before it
left here, was that the rebels had no means of
crossing except some scows, on which they
sutra sending over their wounded. A day will
probably show where the rebels are and the
probable location of the next battle field,
Considerable artillery firing was heard this
afternoon for about an hour in the direction of
Hagerstown. It was probably our cavalry
The latter has been very hard to find during
the rebel retreat, and, according to all ac
counts, his cavalry have lost the dash and con
fidence that once enabled them to roam around
Our forces at Booneboro' report that the
enemy's pickets are being thrown out nearly
to that point, Sod enclosing within their linen
the Antietam battle field and the Shemotrds-.
town crossing. The main force is, however,
considerably west of this, and covering the
three roads that concentrate at Williamsport,
had the movement of our army is such as will,
to•day. fully uncover the enemy's position.
Frederick, in a military sense, is quiet,
though still crowded by the followers of the
Seven hundred rebel prisoners arrived yes
terday from the front. They. were the results
of our cavalry• operations along the line of
rebel retreat. Among the party are a num
ber of officers and several Baltimoreans. One
of the latter is John Lemmon, a member of the
Maryland Guards, who was arrested for cut
ting the halyards of the flag at the Custom
House soon after the 19th of April insurrec
tion. Small parties of prisoners; by the tens
and twelves, come in constantly. The whole
number of prisoners reported at headquarters
up to this morning was twelve thousand.
Fuller information places our losses in killed
and wounded, hi the three days' fight, at fit.
teen thousand. The rebel loss in killed and
wounded frill be at least five thousand in ex
cess of this.
Reports received at headquarters state that
twenty-three hundred of the rebel dead had
been buried by our burying parties, and only
two-thirds of the field of battle had been ex
plored. The whole of their killed left on the
field will be in tame of three thousand. The
usual proportion Of wounded to killed is six to
one, which would make their wounded amount
to eighteen thousand.
Without overstraining the estimate their to
tal loss in killed, wounded and prisoners, may
be put down at 30,000.
Mej. Gen. French has been appointed to the
command of the Third army sorps_ It will con.
silt principally of troops from Harper's Ferry
and reinforcements which have arrived here
from other points.
Colonel Lefferts, of the New York Seventh
regiment, has been appointed commandant of
the post here, Colonel Reynolds having left to
join his rtigiment, under Gen. Pleasanton. The
seventh are doing provost guard duty.
MOUNTAIN Houma, near BooNsuoao', July, 9.
—There has been no fighting this morning.
The fight yesterday near Boonsborol, was be
tween Buford's and Kilpatrick's cavalry, and a
party of rebel infantry, and was conducted
principally in the bushwacking style.
Our troops fell back early in the day, but
subsequently reoccupied the ground. Artillery
was used on both sides.
There is .no truth in the reported death of
MOUNT Union,ly 9.—Three hundred and
forty rebels who were captured by our forces
near Merversburg, were brought here to day.
Many are wounded and in a suffering condi
tien. They leave for Harrisburg tonight.
CONCENTRATION OF MEADE'S AND COUCH'S AR
MIEB-GEN. LEE'S HEADQUARTERS STILL AT
SIIIPPENEIBURO, July 9.—The armies of Gen
erals Meade and Couch are rapidly concentra
ting in front of the "Army of Virginia."
The headquarters of Gen. Conch are at this
place to night.
The news from Waynesboro' shows that
portion of Lee's army is only three miles from
the forces under Gen. Smith.
The enemy's cavalry. paid a flying visit, to.
day, to Greencastle, probably. for the'Purpose
of watching our movements and gathering
Lee's headquarters are still believed to best
Exciting events are likely to. transpire with
in the. next two days.
- BooNstiono,' July 3.—There have been no
active operations on our front to-day.
After the cavalry
fight or yesterday the ene
my drew in their forces toward Hagerstown
and formed . a line on an elevated ground, ex
tending from Funkatown on the right to the
bend of the river below Williamsport, thus un
covering the Shepherdstown crossing.
Our scouts and reconnoitering parties report
that Lee is entrenching his front. and dr . awing
amunition from his train on the Virginia side,
and making general preparations for another
It is contradided to-night that we have a
force in Lee's line of retreat in Virginia. It.
is not likely that a general battle will take
place to-morrow. •
GENERAL DIX'S OPERATIONS- COMEIINIOAT/ON
BRTWREN RICHMOND AND. DEN. LER CUT OFF.
The operations of Gen. Dix's command at
White House and on the Peninsula are suc
cessful, haying cut off all direct communica
tion from Richmond and Gen. Lee's army. and
detained a large number of troops In and
about Richmond, who would otherwise have
gone to reinforce Lee.
AYER'S COMPOUND EXTRACT BARBA
RILLA.—No one remedy is more needisi in this country
than a reliable Alterative,l ut the sick have.been so out.-
rageenely cheated by the weralean preparation, of Sae.
saparilla abroad that they are disgusted even with the
name. Yet the dug cannot be blamed for the imposi
tions from which 1 hey have suffered. Most of the en
called Sarsaparillas in the market contain little of the
Tinned of Sarsaparilla or anything else. They are mere
slops—inert and worthless, while a concentrated extract
of the active variety of Sarsaparilla compounded with
Dock, Stillingia,lodins, etc.. is. as it ever will be,
powerful alterative and an effectual remedy. Such is
Ayer'e Mxtrect of Pereeperilla, as its truly wonderful
cures of the treat variety of complaints which require
an alterative medicine have abundantly shown. Do not,
therefore, discard this irvaluable meuicine, because you
have been imposed upon by something pretending to be
Sarsaparilla, while it was rot. When you have used
ATRlOS—then and net till then, will you know the vir
tue's of Sarsaparilla. For minute particulars of the
diseases it cures, we refer you to Ayees American Alma
nee, which the agents below named will furnish gratis
to all Who GAIL for it.
AYER'S UAIHARTIO PILLS-40r the care of roft44eseAs.,
Jaundice, Dyepeptin ' Indigestion, Dysentery ' , Pout
Stomach, Heada.-he, Piles, Rheumatism, Hearttmem
arising from disordered stomach, Pain or Morbid Inac
tion of the Bowes, Parideney. Loss of Appetite, Laver
Complaist, Dropsy, Worms, Gout, heuralgsa, and for
a Dinner Pill.
They are sugar-Coated, so that the most sensitive can
take them pleasantly, and they-are the best Aperient
in the wend for all the purposes of a Lordly physic.
Price 2b cents per bes.. rive bovea for st.
Do not be put off by unprincipled dralera with other
preparations which they make more profit on. • Demand
Area's and take no others. The sick want the bestaid
there is mor them, and they should have it.
Prepared by Da. J. O. AMR & CO. Lowell, Mass.
Bold by 0. A. BANNVAR7, Guess &. C o., 0. B.
Lea, J. Bomneamota, Da. MlAsana, and L. llrvirew. Dar
risburx, and dealers everywhere. • je4-d&w2m
. No. 64 Second street, between Mulberry street and
Cherry alley, ,
Afl parte of guns, pistol; &0., made to order. Bu—
pairing of all kinds doue at the rhortrst notice.
Flanging of bells and repairing of cloche attended to
at moderate rates. PETER ALTMAIER.
PHOTOGRAPH ALBUMS.—A large
and beautiful ai•aortment of Photograph Albums
just received and for eels cheap, at 101004E 7 8,
jy9 93 ideritet street.
'MOTILE.—Nociee is hereby given that
1 II application will be made at the neat annual Nes
slon of the Legislature of Penpaylvania, for a renewal
of the charter of the West Branch Batik, of Williams..
port, Pa , with ita present name and style, location,
privileges and capital of $lOO,OOO.
By order of the Board of Directors
Jupe 30th, 1803-jr4•tml
NEW MUST. C.
"Why I Loved Her," " Treasures of the Heart," and
Childhood Days," three new and beautiful songs, by
J. S. Cox.
"our Country and Flag," a new and beautiful song,
with highly colored title page, by Culver, are am ,, ng
the latest receipts of new music by W. KNOCHE, where
can be found at all times a full assortment of Drums;
Fife., and all kinds of n usics.l instruments.
Remember the place, No. 93 Market street. js9
NIOBOLS & BOWMAN,
WHOLESALE One RETAIL &ROGERS,
Corner Front and Market streets, •
Respectfully inform their customers and the publie
generally that they did not remove any of their goods
during the late invasion. and consequently they will be
able to sell all their choice stock of - Groceries at much
lower prices than can be par: based elsewhere. Call and
see our full shelves and rheas
NICHOLS & BOWMAN.
jy7-et • . Cor. Front and Market streets.
MILITARY CLAIMS Als11) PEN
The undersigned hr`` entered into an Association for
the collection of biilit.q Claims and the securing of
Pensions for wounded- and disabled sold ici s
bineter-in and Muster-out Bolls, officers) Pay Ro lla,
Ordnance and Clothing returns, and all pawn perta' c
ies to the military Berries will be made out properly
Office in the Fachangelidinge• WAIOOt betworii
Br coud and Third streets, 'Mar Omit 7 B Hood. Herrin!
bu•si. Pa. THOS C MACDOWtLL,
B RANT'S HALL.
FOR ONE WEEK ONLY!
Commencing Monday, July 6, 1863.
TILT LARGEST IN TRIO WORLD.
With Alen and Horses Life-Size.
• The largest and moat Oeiroilitt elllibition ever terrors
the American public. Commenced •t tb. first breaking
out of the Rob , 'lion it liaa been in steady program
down to the present time. „Every feene sketched upon
the spot and painted with scrupulous fidelity by a Corps
of celebrated Artists
It showe every event of importance from the Bom
bardment of Sumter through a space of more than two
ywara or hostilities to the last grand Bottle, profuse
with dioramic effect., entirely yew and on a scale of
magnificence never before attempted. The Ore eed
smoke of the advancing host is seen, the thunder of
cannon and the din or battle fall upon the ears of the
audience, and the fearful wear of carnage and death is
presented' with a distinctness making reality, so that
the audience can readily imagine themselves actual
spectators of the sublime and stirring scenes repre
Doors open at seven. Panorama commences moving at
TICKETS 25 CENTS. 011ILDTLION n CENTS ,
je2s-tf Front seats reserved for ladies.
WANTED.— po A MONTE I We
want Agents at $6O a month, expenses pip , to
sell our .Fverfastueg Pencils, Orients/ Surarrs, and
thirteen other new, useful and curious articles. Fifteen
circulars sent free. Address,
m6-d3ra SHAW & CLAIN, Biddeford, Maine._
WANTED.—S7S A MONTH! I want
to hire Agents in every ceauty s i t V 75 a month
anises.' paid, to sell wry as* cheap ,Terally Sewing
Machines. Address, S. MADISON,
mb-dein Alfred, Maine
WAR I WAR ! —BRADY, No. 62
Market street, below Third, has received a large
aeeortmeot of SwowDS, WENS and BELTS, which he
will sell very low. • sal,e dti
B. JOBNB, Mader
TEIOMAe A. MAGU tRS