Daily patriot and union. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1858-1868, July 02, 1863, Image 1
RATES OF ADVERTISING. Pour lines or less Constitute half a square; Ten lines or more thou four, constitute a square. Half sq., one day.-- $> SO One sq., one day. —. a() 80 16 one week.... 120 66 0. , e week.... 200 "‘ one month.. 300 " one mouth.. 600 " three months 501 " three months 10 00 " 611 C TN mithe.. 800 6, six months.. -15 00 " one year .. 12 00 " one year 20 00 to- Mosinee' notices inserted in the Loom. COLUMN, or beLsee marriages and deaths, TEN CENTS PER LINE fg each i.isertion. To merchants and others advertising by the year, liberal terms will be offered. The number of insertions must be designated oh he adverSieement. to- Marriages and Deaths will be inserted at the Name aLteii as regular advertisements. Saginaw dards. R OBERT SNODG.RASS: ATTORNEY AP LAW, o,ifice North Third street, thard door above Mar- • ket, Harrisburg, Pa. N. g,--Penaloo, Bounty and Military dating or 8 . 11 kinds ploseent dind collected_ . _ Refer to Hone doha 0. Kunkel, David Mumma, jr, and R. A. Lamberton. myll-d&w6m WM. H. HILLER 4 AND It. E. FERGUSON, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. OFFICE IL* SHOEMAKER'S BUILDINGS SECOND STREET, BETWEEN WALNUT and MARKET SQUARE, arAt-dhw Nearly opposite the Buehler House. THOS. O. MAaDOWELL, ATTORNEY AT LAW, MILITARY CLAIM AND PATENT AGRIVT. O f fice in the gze„hange, Walnut at" (Up Stairs.) Haring formrti a connection lath parties in Wash ington City, wno are reliable business men, any busi ness connected with any of the Departments will meet with immediate and careful attention. mB-y DR. C. WEICHEL, SURGEON AND OCULIST, ERSIDRNOR THIRD NAAR. NORTH STRUT. de la now fully prepared to attend promptly to ths do.t.lea of profectdon in all itil branclim LOGO AND TM 81/0011111197L justi.les trim in promising full and ample satterfaction to all who may favor kim with a eel, be thedisesseehronit or any other nature. SILAS WARD. NO. 11, NORTH THIRD ST., HARRISBURG. STEINWAY'S PIANOS, MELODEONS, VIOLINS, OLT/LIES, Banjos, Flutes, Fifes, Drum*, decanted**, STRINGS, SNERT AND ROOK YUQIO , &C., &0., PHOTOGRAPH FRAMES. ALBUMS, Large Pier and Mantle Mirrors, Square and Oval Frame of every description nude to order. Rewinding done. Agency ler Houre , s Sewing Machines. 117 ' Sheet Miele eent by Man. octl-1 JOE - INT W. GLOVER, MERCHANT TAILOR! Has just received from New York, an assort. moot of SEASONABLE GOODS, which he offers to his customers end the public as nov22) MODERATE PRIORS- dtt W*HARRY WILLIAMS , - • CIALALICAX 402 WA.. iTT 8111.16.61`, PH rz, A DE LP MIA. General Claims for Holders prOmptly collected, State Claims adjusted, Zee., Ise: inar2o-41.110 • SMITH. it ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW, THIRD STREET, Harrisburg, Prftetiee In the several Courts of Dauphin county. Col lections made promptly. A. C. SMITH, J. B. EWING. T - COOK, Merchant Tailor, t o • 27 cazawur ST., between Second and Front, gas just returned from the city with an assortment of CLOVECS, CASSEMERES A_ND rEsrmus, Whisk will be sold at mederate prim cud assOO op to order; And. also, tin - Assortment of 831ADF MAIM CLOthillg sad Gentians...a.. DENTISTRY. B. L GILDER, D. D. 744 4444= N . 119 MARKET STREET, Rim & guNirws itumblNG 4 UP STAIRS _ Janseit R ELIGIOUS BOOK STORE, TRACT AHD SUNDAY SCHOOL DEPOSITORY, - ' E. S. GERMAN. ST SOUTH BROOM) STRXIIIT, ABOVIOII3I3NUT, REAAAnnuse, PA. Depot for the sale of Stereosoopes,Stereosoopio Views, iinedo and Musical Instrumental. - illint,,sabfariptions taken for:religions publications.noBo-dy JOHN 431 . . W. MARTIN, FAIIHIOICABLD CAED WRITER, MIRII , B HOTWL, HARRISBURG, PA. Allmanner of VISITING, WEDDING AND D un- NESS CARDS execrated in the most artistic styles and most =amenable terms. deel4-dtt N 1.0 N 110 TEL, Ridge inane, corner of Broad street, HARRISBURG, PA. The undersigned informs the public that he has re cently renovated and refitted his well-known " 'Onion Hotel , ' on Ridge avenue, near the Round House, and is prepared to accommodate citizens, strangers and travel ars in the best style, at moderate rites His table will be supplied with the best the maskets afford, and at his bar wi.l be found superior brands of ligaors and mast beverages. The very best accommo dations for railroaders employed at the ehope in this trieutilar- WA an HENRY 1306Talrg. FRANKLIN HOUSE ; BALTIMOILM, MD. This pleasant and commodious Hotel has been the roughly re-fitted and re-furnished. It is pleasantly situated on North-West corner of Howard and Franklin streets. a few doors west of the Northern Central Rail way Depot. Allay attentio n paid to the comfort of his A - 1;6 , 544- LN lUNSING, PrOPrOtor, ju72-tr iLate of Wiwi (Gove. Fa.) THEO. F. SCHEFFER, BOOK, CARD AND JOB PRINTER NO. 18 MARKET STREET, HARRISBURG. Er" Particular attention paid to printing, ruling and binding of Railroad Blanks, Manifests, Insurance Poll utes, Checks, Bill-Heads, &c. Wedding, Visiting and Business Oardsprintedat very and in the best style_ jan2l mESSRS. CHICKERING & CO. HATS AGAIN OBTAINND TEE GOLD Mk DAL! AT THE MECHANICS' FAIL BOSTON, OVER rill , co l irPi g Piro.asi wararoook for the OBIONWiIIt PIANOB, &I 1114074 it )1 16 Market VeiNOOHX , B MUSIC STORE. ADIb.IB ! YOU KNOW WERE YOU 4 A can get fine Note Paper, Envelopes, Visiting and Wedding Cards At BOHNITER 3 B BOOKSTORE. :.„, I UPERIOII , STOCK 01? LIQUORS.- .., wm. DOCK, 7z., ha CO., are now able to offer to their custaalcrs and the public at large, a stock of the -5.• livers ewer imported into this market, compile sing in part the follo : iting varieties WHISK -IRISH, SCOTCH,OLD BOURBON. WINE_PORT, SHERRY; OLD MADEIRA. OTARD, DUPE! & CO. PALE BRANDY. JAMICA 'SPIRITS. PRIME NEW ENGLAND RUM. DRAKE'S PLANTATION BITTERS. These liquors can all be warranted ; and in addition to these, Dock & Co. have on hand a large variety of Wines, Whisky and Brandy, to which they invite the particular attention of the public. MOtIONS.--Quite a variety of useful IA wad tatertainicg articles—chesp—at "f Staluusswo aecticsro-lul. VOL. 5.-NO. 259. *** INFALLIBLE LINIMENT GREAT EXTERNAL REMEDY, FOR RHEUMATISM, GOUT, NEURALGIA, LUMBAGO, STIFF NECK AND JOINTS, SPRAINS, BRUISES, CUTS do WOUNDS, PILES, HEADACHE, and ALL RHEU MATIC and NERVOUS DISORDERS For all of which it is a speedy and certain remedy, and never fails This Liniment is prepared from the recipe of Dr Stephen Sweet, of Connecticut, the fa mous bone setter, and has been used in hie practice for more than twenty years with the most astonishing suc cess. AS AN ALLEVIATOR OF` PAIN, it is unrivaled by any preparation before the public, of which the most skeptical may - be convinced by- a single trial. Tlninseat will ears rapidlyikroiradiedly, MEM NATIO iiIBORDERS of every kind, and in thousands of cases where it has been used it has never been known to fail. FOR NEURALGIA, it will afford immediate relief in every case, however distressing. It will relieve the worst cases of HEADACHE in three minutes and is warranted to do it. TOOTHACHE also will it cure instantly. FOR NERVOUS DEBILITY AND"G - ENERAL LASSITUDE, arising from imprudence or excess. this Liniment is a moat happy and unfailing remedy. Act+ in directly upon the nervous tissues, it stresehstle and revivifies the system, and restores it to elasticity and vigor. FOR PILES.—as an external remedy, we claim that it is the best known, and we challenge the world to pro duce an equal. Every victim of this distressing com plaint should give it a trial, for it will not fail to afford immediate relief, and in a majority of cases will effect &radical cure. QUINSY aud SORE THROAT are sometimes ex tremely malignant and dangerous, but a timely applica tion of thin Liniment will never fail to mire. SPRAINS are sometimes very obstinate, and enlarge. , ment of the joints is liable to occur if neglected. The worst case may be conquered by this Liniment in two or three days. BRUISES. CUTS, WOUNDS, SORES, ULCERS, BURNS and SCALDS, yield readily to the wonderful healing properties of DR. SWEET'S INFALLIBLE LiPirimßNT, when need according to directions. Also, CHILBLATN.N. FRnSTED FEET, and INSECT Birgs and STINGS EVERY HORSE OWNER should have this remedy at hand, for its timely use at the first appearance of. Lameness will effectuatly pre vent those formidable diseases to which all horses are liable and which render so many otherwise valuable horses nearly worthless. Over tour hundred volantarytestimonials to the won derful curative properties of this Liniment have been received within the last two years. and many of them from parsons in the highest ranks of life, UTlollif. To avoid imposit on, observe the Signature and Like ness of Dr. Stephen Sweet on every label, and also " Stephen Sweet's Infallible Liniment " blown in the glass of each bottle, without which none are genuine. RICH 9 RDSON & CO. Sole Proprietors, Norwich , , Ct. For sale by all dealers. aplleow-d&w WHIT -E SULPHUR AND CHALYSEATE SPRINGS, At Doubling Gap, Penn., JAMES D. HENDLEY, PROPRIBTOP., Late of Kirkwood House, Washington. SEASON OPENS 15th JUNE, 1863 These''Springs are in Onnilherland county Por-- " Nr miler west of II arrldw..= the principal - ottleo by railroad to Harrigan g, ta0..00 by the etunborland Talky railroad: to Newvllle i from mring B_idleg_ggplataring_toto - o *prUqp, Tho stage afwaga in waiting upon the arrival of the cars at Newviile. nov2l-Iyd Passengers leaving Philadelphia, Baltimore or Wash ington in the morning can arrive at the Springs the same evening at jive o'clock. The Hotel is commodious and comfortable, with Hot and Oold Baths attached, and extensive grounds for walks and amusement. The long experience of the present Proprietor (for many years past at the Eirkwoo i House in Washington, C 7 ) enables him to say, that it will be conducted in manner to please all Viei' ors T 0311(131—$2 flat illy; .112 pOrT s Areek 1 - 4 wssAa Children and servants half price. j e9-d2e2 H AMS!! 20,000, lbs. Composed of the following Brands just received: NEWBOLD'S—Celebrated. NEW JERSEY—SeIect. EVANS do SWlFT'S—Superior. MICHINER'S EXCELSlOR—Canvassed. lIIIMINER'S EXCELSIOR—Not canvassed. IRON ClTY—Canvassed. • IRON CITY—Not canvassed. . PLAIN HAMS—Strictly prime. ORDINARY HAMS—Very good. xvurp Ram sold will be guareatced as represen ted. WM. DOCK. jr., eo_ • MORTON'S UNRIVALLED GOLD PEN.-FIRST QUALITY WARRANTED. NONE BETTER IN THE WHOLE WORLD. A 4DEAT LUXURY! PERSONS in want of a superior and really good GOLD MN will find with me a large assortment to select from, and have the privilege to exchange the Pens until their hand is perfectly suited. And if by fair means the Dia mond points break off during twelve months, the pur slower Mill have the privilege fv seitlit 4 new ens, without any charge.' I have very good Gold Peas, made by Mr. Morton, not warranted, in strong silver-plated eases, for $l , $ 1.25, $1.50, $2.00 For eels at SCHIFFER'S BOORSTORI, No. 18 Market Street, Harrisburg, Pa. D T. BABBITT'S Concentrated, Con j % depsed, or Pulverised Soft Soap. Three gallons of bikodsame white soft soap made hi STO 12131111telt, No grease required. DIRSOTIONS :—Dissolve one pound of the soap in one gallon boiling water, then add twe gallons warm, when cool you will have three gallons HANDSOISS WHITS BOPT Som.. Ten pounds will make one barrel of soft soap. The soap tbus made is an excellent wash for trees, shrubs and plants of all kinds. For sale by my2B- WM. DOCK, jr., a CO. H EALTH, MONEY I HAPPINESS I I At this season of roar, whoa se much sickness prevails, o rThrr 91 , 9 4, 91 ,14 provide himself with DB. num- PHBRIPS HOMOCCIPAMO ifiIDICINN, and prevent disease in its beginning. A fresh supply always on hand at BCIZEIFSB.WB BOOX-STOR3I, usage Harrisburg. A SPLENDID, ASSORTMENT • of LITHOGRAPHS, Formerly retailed at from $8 to $5, ere now offered at SO and 76 conic, and and $1 50—rublieheii by the Az Tinton, and furanicif retailed by them. Splendid Photographic Album Maim 01 all Main: goished men and Generals of the army, at only 10 tits. For sale at SOGEFFEWS Bookstore 18 Market street, Harrisburg. WHITE B RANDY !! i—FOll PRESIRV- Pearl:num.—A very superior article, (strictly pi re i ) just received aud'for sale by July]. WM. DOOR, Jr.. & Co. WANTED -$75 A MONTh I I want to hire Agents in every ecaurty at #7s a month expenses paid, to sell my new cheep Family Sewing MaeDinea. Address, S. MADISON, m5-d3m Alfred, Maine. W.ANTED.—S6 . O A MONTH ! We want Agents at $6O a month, expenses paid, to sell our Naerlasting Pencils, Oriental Burners, and thirteen other new, useful and curious articles. Fifteen circulars sent free. Address, m5-d3m BEAN & CLARK, Biddefoirl, Maine. uTAR I I WAR I—BRADY, No. 62 VV r Market 'street, below Third, has received a largo assortment of Wean, BAiinn and /311141, which he Will nll very low. anao dtl AA _..._ . . . ... • _ . . . _ p • o. rtirt• _ • I \ ' .-V) '. . 1 . „ 1 .. _ . 1- ~ .1..!..i..-.A.....1..Ak., t....,.:...1„ --i;- t . ; , - ' ' i . • ~i'.rl.-'...-._,..-.:... r..,.,_ A . :A ..: •.- i ,, - ~: - ...._:,: - . ? _'-_.•! I_*-” -. . ._:,_:_-- .. , A ~i : lii _-_ • 11 * .. _ _ .._.. _ .._ .„_ nion. Aliebiral. DR. SWEET'S THE HARRISBURG, PA:, TIIMDAY, JULY 2, 1863 Cke Ottrint tt- Ruin. THURSDAY MORNING, JULY 2 1863 SPEECH. OP GEORGE W. WOODWARD, AT THE Great Union Meeting, held Becember 13, 1860, in Independence Square, Philadelphia. [The meeting was called by the Mayor of the city, at the request of the Select and Common ()OUIICIIB, and wee held et noon, ThadldaVA.iih 1,666455.1161', 1560, in Independence Square Mayor Henry was called to pre side, and a large number of gentlemen onic , ated as Vice Presidents and Secretari• a, The meeting wan opened with prayer by Bishop Potter. The address of the Mayor followed: The resolutions were read by John B. Myers. The speakers selected by-a Committee of Conn• cats, then addressed the vast concourse assembled in the Square in the following order : Hon. Joseph It Inger -3.11, George W. Woodward, Charles E. lea, Theodore Cuyler and Isaac liszlehurst.) We have assembled, fellow citizens, in pur suance of the proclamation of the Mayor, that we may " oottasel together to avert the danger which threatens our country." That danger is not reoent or new. It has a history. And we must glance at that; we must obtain a clear view of the actual state of the crisis, before we can give or receive intelligent coun sel. It was announced a few years ago that the conflict which had sprung up in this country between free and slave labor was irrepressible; that a house divided against itself could not stand ; that all the States of this Union must become free or slave States. The meaning of this was, and is, that all were to become free States, for the soil and climate of a majority of 'the States are such that it never can become the interest of the superior race to maintain slavery in theme Everybody knows this, and therefore the alter native form of the proposition was only to give it an appearance of fairness and a little more rhetorical effect. The full scope and meaning of the announce ment are, then, that citizens of the United States are to be totally divested of the property they now hold in four or five millions of slaves, of the aggregate value of many hun dred millions of dollars, and that the habits and domestic condition of the people—their, commercial relations and their political rights, in so far as these interests are connected with the institution of slavery, are to undergo a revolution. Nor was-this prediction the voice of an ob scure and unhonored prophet, but of a citizen whom the people of the free States have just distinguished, in a signal manner, by confer ring on him the highhest office they had to give. In so far as their voters are to be con sidered as responsive to his announcement, they are a loud amen—a solemn answer, so let it be. Whilst t ..t t= be doubted t. at multitudes voted for the President elect with other views, and did not intend a distinct endorsement of his fa\rorite proposition, yet, as the record is made up, the prophecy and the prophet stand approved by a majority of the people of the free States. The inexorable excluden4 •.• • • WC government holds in trust for the people of ail the States, is a natural and direct step towards the grand result of extinguishing slave property altogether, and was one of the record issues of the late election. This policy must be consideied as approved also. Not that every man who voted for the successful nominees meant to affirm, that a trustee for several co equal partiei has a right, in law or reason, to exclude the property of some and admit that of others of the parties for whom he holds— but so is the record. And whilst it is not to be taken as expressing the wziversal sense of the voters, it does, undoubtedly, imply that vast masses of Northern people do heartily ap prove, both of the proposition to make all the States free, and of beginning by excluding slavery from the territories. • The South seems inclined so to accept the judgment. She holds the property that is to be shut out of the territories, that is to be restticted, cribbed, and confined, more and more, until it is finally extinguished. Every where in the South the people are beginning to look out for the means of self defence.— Could it be expected that they would be in different to such events as have cteeurred ? That they would stand idle and see measures concerted and carried forward for the annihila tion, sooner or later, of her property in slaves ? Such expectations, if indulged, were not rea sonable. The law of self-defence includes right of property as well as of person; and it appears to mc, that there must be a time, in the progress of this conflict, if it be indeed ir repressible, when slaveholders may lawfully fall back on their natural rights, and employ, in defence of their property, whatever means of protection they possess or can command. I de not agree with them that the time has ar rived yet; but it would be well for those who push on this conflict, in whatever form, to consider that they are hastening on that tire, and that they have convinced one or more Southern States that it has already come. Several States propose to retire -from the Confederacy, and that justly alarms us. We come together to consider what may be done to prevent it, and we are bound, in fidelity to ourselves and others, to take thwmeasure of the whole magnitude of the danger, this irrepressible conflict has grown out of the Anglo-Saxon love of freedom What that passion is, and how it was offended by the in troduction of negro slaves, may be read in the chronicles of the American Provinces, and especially in the earnest, the eloquent, and repeated remonstrances addressed by the Colony of Virginia to the Crown and Parlia ment of Great Britian against their introduc don.. But it the Anglo Saxon loves liberty above all other men, he is not indifferent to gain and thrift, and is remarkable for his capacity of adaptation, whereby he takes advantage of any circumstances in which he finds himself placed. And, accordingly, by the time the colonies were prepared to throw off the British yoke, and to assume among the powers of the earth the sep arate and equal station to which the laws of nature and of 1/eitur6'is (il-44 Ohtitie Own, it had been discovered that the unwelcome workers, against whose introduction such earnest pro tPsts had been made, could be turned to profita ble account in the Southern States ; that the African constitution was well adapted to labor in latitudes which alone could produce some of the great staples of life ; and that the North, which could not employ them profitably, would be bene - fitted by such employment as the South could afford. Considerations of humanity, also, as well as the rights of private property, en tered into the discussions of that day. What was best for an inferior race thrust unwillingly upon a superior? That both should be free, or that the inferior should serve the superior, and the superior be bound by the law of the relation to protect the infbrior ? If best for both races that the existing sla very should continue, then what was to be its relalon to the general gouernment? HOW sho, it be represented in the councils of the Nat? How far protected or discouraged by the wer of the nett government?.Should juristion to abolish it be granted to the govehent, or reserved to the States and the peoplt' the States ?. These were great ques tionainl, like all the questions of that day, were lely settled. Therrhern States abolished their slavery, and sitatifisd their innate love of freedom but thidid it gradually, and so did not wound their of gain. 'They sold out slavery to the Sot, and they received a full equivalent, not lin the pribe paid down, but in the manuf ring and commercial prosperity which iw up from the productions of slave labor- WbolOwe Constitution mama to be formed ' some ofie northern States still held slaves, but sev 1 had abolished the institution, and it must ye been apparent that natural causes would f e it ultimately altogether upon the South. e love of liberty was as intense as ever, an s strong at the South as at the North, 1 and the ' e of gain was common also to both section Here were two master passions to be adjuste nder circumstances of the greatest delieuoy i They were adjusted and the great queetto f the time were settled, in the only manner. ssible. Concession and compromise —consi stion for each other's leelings and interestz•aciifices of prejudices, forbearance and MO ation—these were the means by which t " more perfect Union" was formed. And ;t a work it was! If the Union had never b. ght us a single blessing, the Con stitutio . f the United States would still have been a gnifieent monument to the unselfish patrioti: of its founders. Not an alliance merely, it; a close and perfect union between peoples natty ambitious, equally devoted to freedomqually bent on bettering their con dition; t separated by State lines, and jeal i ous ofte rights—one section seeking its prosperi under institutions which were to ma k e o f - Tann a free 1011111 the other under institutio which tolerated negro slavery. Had tlitt Constitution failed' to work out the benefice n results intended, here was ,an in stance of human effort to do good—an effort to restr. and regulate two natural passions, and to mpel.them to co-operate in blessing tit c f . ankin WIACh would forever have chal lenged tie admiration of all good and thought. ful mar But it did not fail, thank God ; it has mad us a great and prosperous nation and .thei.dmiration of the world, for the mo tives of lie founders is swallowed up in wonder at the s coils of this work. But, 11 this the "irrepressible conflict" le ig nores. The passion for liberty, spurning the restrairite imposed, has burned out all memo ries of the l compromise and the compact in those Northern communities, which, under the raise name of Liberty Bills, obstruct the execution of the bargain. What part of the purposes of the founders are the under ground railroads intended to promote ? Whence come these excessive sensibilities that cannot bear a few slaves in a remote ter ritory until the white people establish a con stitution ? What does that editor or preacher know of the Union, and of the men who made it, who habitually reviles and misrepresents the Southern people, and excites the ignorant . „ , , .oEiese in our midst to hate and S'l ad' - nstr:tillittg_ .Ab a drautte .. .A , • ' u pre me Coat as the• final expositor of the compact ? Be not deceived. Let me not prophesy smooth things, and cry peace when there is no peace. Let the truth be spoken, be beard, be pondered, if we mean to save the Union. The conflict boasts that it is irrepressible. It allies itself with equal readiness to religion and infidelity. It -enlists all our passions, good and bad. It makes common cause with the champions of freedom the world over, and with the promoters of insurrection, riot and discord at home. With Freedom inscribed on th e banner it bears, it tramples under foot the guarantees of freedom Contained In the Con. stitution and laws. How is it to be repressed ? Governmental administration cannot subdue it. That has been tried for several successive periods, and the conflict has waxed hotter and hotter. Will the next administration be more successful? Hving for the best it can do, what right have you or I to anticipate that the honest man who has been elected will prove recreant to the maxims that made him President? Can' trade and commerce subdue it ? Look at the votes of Boston, Philadelphia and Pittsburg. The manufacturers and merchant@ are the govern ing olasseh in these cities. They are intelli gent and quick to discoier their interests. They have weighed and measured the Southern trade, and then have voted against the South ern people. But what if they had not—what if, like the city of New York, they had voted against the conflict, only to be overruled by the country counties ? Commercial cities can not repress the conflict, if thee people of the interior lend it their sympathies. No, no, there is reason in the boast that the States shall all become free. There ie good ground to apprehend the extinction of property in slaves. All New England has decreed it. The great States of New York and Ohio have re peated, again and again, the decree. Penn sylvania seems to have earietiened it. The Northwestern States stand for the present committed to it. What hope is left for the Union? Is there a man in this assembly who deems that this con flict can go on and the Union last ? If there be, that man is beside himself ; he has lost his wits. i. will reason with no such man. But, though few may believe that the Union can long endure the shook of the conflict, yet many people think that freedom—absolute, uncon ditional, universal freedom—is so great a boon, and negro slavery so great a reproach and evil, that the whole influence of a good man's life and conduct should be directed to promote the one and suppress the other—even though, as a consequence, the slave States should be driven ont, of the Union. This is the prevalent dis temper of the public mind. " Who can minister to a mind diseased ?" Fellow-citizens, I profess no ability in this regard, but my mouth is open, and I will utter some of the thoughts that press up from the heart to the lips. When, under-the articles of confederation, which carried us through our Revolutionary d w i a s r, ob e S d ta i e t n e s t ; gt the e o w a n e 2 4 7 1 1 . t el ol e o , v e n r i m r a e t n e t r n h a s I, anti d proved itself too weak to suppress conflicts that were arising, the people took the remedy into their own hands, called &Conveni ion, and formed a stronger government. The call of the Convention, the election of deputies, the State Conventions which followed, all served to en gage the public mind, and to direct it to the common danger, and the possible remedy. Thus the popular mind prepared itself to receive with approbation the Coristitation that was formed, and d a ai in s gd d t dangers were averted. example. Let us philosophy be be instructd e by teachin g thiexam ple. by 127 i As we, Pennsylvanians, were the first to abolish slavery, let us be the first to move for the salvation of the Union. Under the amenda tory clause of the Constitution, Congress is bound to. call a general convention on the ap plication of the Legislatures of two-thirds of the States. Our Legislature will assemble neat PRICE TWO CENTS. month. Let us petition them to demand the convention. Good examples, like bad ones, are contagious. Perhaps one and another of the Northern and Southern States may do the like until the requisite number have concurred, and then we will hate a National Convention to consider the evils and dangers of the day, and to devise remedies which, it may be hoped, shall prove as salutary as those of 1787. And DOW, as then, the progress of these measures will awaken inquiry anti thoughtfulness in the masses, will.oall off their minds from the petty polities of the day, and from the mis chievous agitation of slavery questions, to the grand problem of how we can render this glo rious Union perpetual. In what form and to what extent the power of the general government should be increased is not for me to indicate, but with the confes sions of President Buchanan and Attorney- General Black before us, that the government, as now , constituted, is tumble to prevent or punish secession, or to suppress the proud conflict that disturbs our peace and boasts it self irrepressible, have I not a right to assume that the government needs to be strengthened ? Have 1 not a right to say that a government which was all sufficient for the country fifty 'years ago, when !soil and climate and State sovereignty could be trusted to regulate the sprend of slavery, is insufficient to-day, when every upstart politician can stir the people to mutiny against the domestic institutions of our Southern neighbors—when the ribald jests of seditious editors, like Greeley and Beecher, can sway legislatures and popular votes against the handiwork et' Wathington and Madison— when the searrillous hbvls of such a book as Helper's become a favorite campaign docu ment, and are accepted by thousands as law and gospel both--when jealousy and hate have killed out all our fraternal feelings for those who were born our brethren, and who have done us no harm ? Tile traditions of the elders lingered in the generations which immediately succeeded the adoption 4f the Constitution, and their pas sion for freedom, just as strong as ours, was chastened into loyalty to the Union, and vene ration for the rights of the States. The Consti tution, which was strong enough to govern such men, is too weak to restrain us who have outgrown the grave and moderate wisdom that excited no irrepressible conflict between breth ren, but taught them to dwell together in unity. I would make it strong enough to restrain the madness of our day. And let the people consider the motives for preserving the Union. They would be brought directly to these by the debates of the Con vention, and by the antecedent and subse quent debates. I can suggest only some of them. First, our name, and place, and power, an one of the nations of the earth. Are not these worth preserving ? In eighty years we have matched the greatness that Rome and England were centuries in attaining. What may be done in the next eighty ? I heard a sagacious statesman say, about three years ago, that' in twenty years from that time, if we kept together, we would drive England from all the markets of the world as a first-class trader. They were word's of cheer, but there was the inevitable if. In what mar ket we should rival England, or even the pet tiest kingdom of the earth, after dissolution of fetraiiiare.p — " • See what prosperity would come to us of the North in the process of the grand rivalry pre dicted by that statesman. Manufactures and navigation have built up the greatness of En gland, and they would do the same for us as a nation, and for our section of the nation. Man lecturing has already made us great. In no one respect are the rise and progress of our country so remarkable as in its manufactures. The narrow minded English statesman, who would -not have us manufacture even a "hob nail," could he be carried alive. through the factories of Philadelphia, Pittsburg or Lowell, would, to he consistent with himself, curse the false gods who had inspired his unreasonable wish, and hasten to die again. We shalt never need to depend again on any foreign nation for a fabric that can be made of cotton, iron or wood. Thus far, at least, we have come. And what cities, and towns, and railroads, and canals have we built up in our progress! How much personal wealth and social happiness have we created—what additions to our population— what accretions in the value of our farms and minerals—what industry have we stimulated gad rewarded—what commerce have we won! Think of these things, fellow yountrymen=.- con them over, one by one—dissect and ana lyze each fact—trace its connections and con sequences ; and then, when yon combine them all in one glowing picture of national prosper ity, remember that COTTON, the produce of slave labor, has been one of the indispensable ele ments of all this prosperity. More, it must be an indispensable element of all our future prosperity. I say it must be. The world can not and will not live without cotton. There is not a matron in all the Union that can clothe her family or herself without it. Nor can En gland do without our cotton. Her mills and ours would rot, and her operatives atd ours would starve, if the negroes did not raise cot ton. Manumit them and they will never raise another crop. They need the authority of a master and the eye of an overseer to compel and direct them to the duties to the cotton plant which must be rendered at the right sea son precisely, or the crop is lost. • An thus it happens that the Providence of that Good Being who has watched over us from the beginning, and saved us from exter nal foes, has eo ordered our internal relations as to make negro slavery an incalculable blase ing to us and to the people of Great Britain. I say to us; for I do not enter into, the ques tion whether the institution be an evil to the people of the southern States. That is their concern, not ours. We have nothing to do ; with it. And to obtrude our opinions upon the people of "sovereign States, concerning their domestic institutions, would be sheer im pertinence, Bat do you not see and feel how good it was for us to hand over our slaves to our friends of the South—how good it was for us that they have employed them in raising a staple for our manufacturers—how wise it was to so adjust the compromises of the Constitu tion that we could live in union with them and reap the signal advantages to which I have adverted ? We consign them to no heathen thrall, but to Christian men, professing the mime faith with us—speaking the same lan guage—reading the golden rule, in no One sided and distorted shape, but as it is recorded, a rule to slaves as well as masters. This allusion to the golden rule reminds me of an objection which will be urged to much that I have advanced. It will be said that slavery is a sin against God, and, therefore, that all reasons drawn from our matdrial in terests, for levering or abetting it, mast go for nothing. If it be a sin, I agree there is an end to my argument, but what right has the Abolitionist to pronounce it a sin ? I say Abolitionist, be cause the pastor of the First Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn, in a sermon preached within a week, defined an Abolitionist to be one 'rho holds thai slavery is a sin. I accept the definition, bad accordingto it many of our beet christian peoPle must be accounted Abo- PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING, SUNDAYS EXCEPTED, BY 0. BARRETT & CO Tan DAILY DATNIOT AND 'UNION will be served to Boribers residing in the Borough for TEN CINNTB rut yang, parible to the Carrier. Mail subscribers, FITZ NuaAis PIA ANNUM. TER WsHELY PATRIOT AID UNION le published at TWO DOLLARS Pll ANNUM, invariably in advance,. Tim colds to one address, fifteen dollars c i , nn eetog with this establistunent n extension .708 opnCii„ . containing it m variety of plain and fancy t ype, e t eMinalie l d by any establishment in the interior of the State, for width the patronage of the public is at - 11dWil, litionists; for it is astonishing how extensively the religions mind of the North has admitted into itself the Suspicion, not to say conviction, that slaveholding is mein. If a sin, then it is a violation of some Divine law, for sin is the transgression of the is:W. . Now,l deny that any such law his ever been reveald. The burden of showing it is on him who alleges, and when it is shown, I agree it shall rule out all that has been said or can be said for a Union founded on !Way. I bind myself never to raise my voice again in behait of such a Union. But, so far from any such law being found plainly written for our irt , struction, whoever will study the Patriarchal and Levitical institutions, will see the prinoi ple of human bondage, and of property in man, divinely sanctioned:if not divinely ordained; en d in ail the sayings of our Saviour we hew no injunction for the suppression of a slavery which existed under his eyes, while he deliv ered many maxims and principles, which, like the golden rule, enter right into and regulate the relation. So do the writings of Paul abound with regulations of the relation, but not with injunctions for its suppression. If we go to the most accredited commentators, or consult divines really wise and good in our midst ; or what is better, study and search the Scriptures for ourselves, we shall fail to find a lair which, fairly interpreted and applied, justifies any man in asserting, in or out of the pulpit, that the negro slavery of the United States is sin ful. What right, then, I ask again, has the Abolitionist to cheat tender consciences into hostility to an institution on which our Union is founded in part. Good people say we do not wish to disturb slavery where it exists by local law, but believing it to be sinful and in expedient, we will not submit to its extension, nor assist to restore the fugitive to his master. Such people soon come to conceive that the more unfriendly they can feel towards slavery, the more harsh speeches they make about slaveholdere, the more they help on the irre pressible conflict, the better will they recom mend themselves to God. In BOW Churches anti-slavery sentiments have become Essential to good standing. According to• some ecclesi astical councils, it would seem that the great duty of the American Christian is to war with his neighbor's property, and, if opportunity presents, to help steal and bide it. Alas I else I for the times upon which we have fallen. We must arouse ourselves and re -assert the rights of the slaveholder and add such guaran tees .to our Constitution as will protect his property from the spoliation of religious big otry and persecution, or else we must give up our Constitution and Union. Events are pla cing the alternative plainly before 1113—Consti tutional Union aftd MeV according to American law; or else ' extinction of slave property, negro freedom, dissolution of the Union, and anarchy and confusion. Can any man, even though his mindhas been poisoned by the sophisms of infidels and Abo litionists, seriously contemplate the alternative with composure and indifference ? We hear it said, let South Caroliga go out of the Union peaceably. I say let her go peaceably, if she go at all, out why should South Carolina be driven ont of the 'Union by an irrepressible con flict about slavery I' Other States will be sure to follow, sooner or later. The work of diem-- - ce fairly established, will not end States. • Already we see it announced, on the floor of Congress. that the city of New York, tired of her connections with Puritan New Eng land, and the fanatical interior of her own State, will improve the opportunity to set up for herself, and throw open her magnificent port to the unrestricted commerce of the world. Let us be wise in time. Our resolutions are soothing and encouraging in their tone. and this vast assemblage is symptomatic of return ing health in the public mind; but popular meetings and fair-spoken resolutions are not going to save the Union from destruction. The people must set, and act promptly and eili oiently. Let theta show the South that the heart of the great State of Pennsylvania is sound still. It is said that the late elections do not commit Pennsylvania, unalterably, to the mischievous conflict. lam willing to be lieve it. I hope it is so. I hope the events of the winter and our future elections will prove it. Then let Pennsylvania appeal to the South to stand by us a little longer, till we have proved, not by fair words, but by deeds, that we will arrest the - irrepressible conflict; that we are not ready to give up constitutional li berty for tieentiona liberty that we will not sacrifice all the memories of the past. and all the hopeLof the future, for negro freedom; no, not for negro freedom even; for though we tear down this fair fabric, we make no ne gro free, but for a vain and mad attempt at negro freedom. Thetis the poor, the abortive, the absurd, the wicked purpose for which we arc capeutod to neorifice our Otorod inherit. once. God forbid it. Here on this consecrated spot of earth. where the foundations were laid of the best government the world ever saw, let us renew our vows to the Union and send salutations to our brethern. Talk not of secession—go not rashly out of the Union—dim no star of our glorious flag—give us time to place ourselves right in respect to your " peculiar institution," and to roll back the aloud that now obscures, for the moment, our devotion to the Union as it is. Speak thus to-the Southern States, and follow our words by fitting deeds, and Penn sylvania can stop secession or care it if it Am our& We can win back any State that may stray off, if only we can prove our own loyalty to the Constitution and Union as our fathers formed them. And would t inot be a proud page in the his tory of Pennsylvania that should reoord the rescue of the American Union from impending ruin, by prompt, generous, united action of the people of Pennsylvania? That great glory may be ours. Let us grasp it ere it be forever too late. THE WOMEN or PARIE.—I do not agree with my friend Belle Britten that "the women . of Paris ate not handsome." I think, as a gen eral rule, that they are. But I do agree with him that there is something indescribably neat, trim, and fascinating about them; and that they take much more pains to please, in little things, than either the American or English women ; and to me there is a certain indiscrib able witchery of manner about them wonder fully irresistible and a style perfectly enchan ting, Comparison, I know, are "odorous," but give me a French woman before any other! Gad, it's muff to drive any nervous man into 1853 fits a minute to look at 'em For 'take the veriest and most ordinary waiting maid, and even if not pretty, she will have a deli ciously fitting dress, with suck a pretty little waist, and look so trim, clean, and neat, with l a y! little that w i "capi r t e e iro a a p d u es t lonotenoireoked con- sideration," as John Brougham gays, to pass 'sin by, without wishing there a happy New Year I --ifaasett MODE CONPABA AND Lass Cnsig.—A piano four feet long, nineteen inches deep,, and three feet four inches high, with a compass of seven octaves and a full rich tone, has been intro dnoed into London, and is sold, at less than a hundred dollars.