Newspaper Page Text
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
Four lines or less constitute half a sonars. Ten lines
or more than four, constitute a square.
OW sq., one day..— 85 30 One 1 eq.. one day.-- $0 60
" one week—. 120 " oae week.— 200
4 4 one month.. 300 " one month.. 600
4 4 three months 500 44 three months 10 00
Mx m intim.. 800 " six months.. 15 00
4 4 one year—. —l2 00 4 ‘ one year —2O 00
u_T Basinfuls notice!. im..rted in the Loos'. ootxxx,
or bet. ee marriages and deaths. TIM OUSTS Mit LIKE for
ea ch iJsertion. To merchants and others advertising
by the year, liberal terms will be offered,
11:7 The number of insertions mast be designated on
117" Marriages and Deaths will be inserted at the same
aces as regular advertisements.
ATTORNEY ...A.1 1 LAW,
06 c e with Hon. David irummi.jr., Third street,
above Market, Harrisburg, I'a.
C. B.—Pension, Bounty and Military claims of all
kinds prosecntAd and collected-
Hofer to Hone John C. }Kunkel, David Mumma, Jr.,
and A. Lumberton- myll-d&w6m
W.M. H. MILLER,
R. E. FERGUSON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
OFFICE - IN
- g II 0 E M AKER'S BUILDINGS
BETWEEN wALNur and MARKET SQUARE,
ap29-d&w Nearly opposite the Buehler House
T HOS. --- -
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MILITARY CLAIM AND PATENT AGENT.
Nce in Burke's Row, Third street, (Up Stairs.)
m o pi ng r aram i a eennection With parties in Waal
legion City, woo are reliable tattiness men, any beat- -
peas connected with any at the Departments will meet
with immediate and careful attention. msl_
.I . p. C. WEI.CHEL,'
SURGEON AND OCULIST,
RESIDENCE THIRD NEAR NORTH STREIT.
He is now fully prepared to attend promptly to tat
duties of profession in all its branches.
A LONG AND RAT 80OONSEIVOL MEDICAL 11211111011
jructides him in promising fall and ample satisfaction tc
all sto mayfavor hintwith a nall,be the disease Chronic
or any other nature. mIS-dAcwl.
iar CP. ..9... SLV GRrS.
The EmbscribPr is ready at MD. 94, IVIARKAT BT.,
four doors below Fourth street, to make
MEN'S AND BOY'S CLOTHING
In any desired style, and with skill and promptness.
Persons wishing mating done can have it done at the
-shortest notice ap27-dly
C.LIABLES F. VOLLMEB,
Mom street. four ikkPlql above &dad,
(OPPOSITY WASHINGTON ROSS ROIISH,)
Is prepared to turnishto order, in the very best style 01
workmanship, Spring and Hair litattresses, Window Cur
tains, Lounges, and all other articles of Furniture in hie
line, on short notice and moderate terms. Having ex
perience in the business, he feels warranted .n add eg s
share of entail:patronage, confident of his ability to give
Mt3nTR WIRD ST., ThißßlSßirlith
MELODEONS, VIOLINS, GUITARS,
Banjos, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, Accordeotia,
STRINGS, SHEET AND ROOT MDSIO, &C., &0.,
Large Pier and Mantle Mirrors, Square and Oval Pramm
of every description made to order. itegailding dons
Agestey for Dowe's Sewing Machines.
- 11:7" Sheet Mimie sent by Mail, sal]
J -01-11t1 W. GLOVER,
MERCHANT TAILOR! .
Has just received from New York, an assort
which he offers to his customers mad the public so
nov22) MODERATE PRICES. dir
W HARRY WILLIA S,
402 WALNUT STRRNT,
P TLADELP HI A.
general Claim for Soldiery pecnaptly colleClea, State
Claim adjusted, &c., Ac. te-tr2.11-dlm
SMITH & EWING,
ATTORNEYS-AT - LAW ,
THIRD STREET, Harrisburg,
Practice in the several Courts of Dauphin county. Col
lections made promptly. A. C. SMITH
T. BWIN ,
T COOK, Mervinart Tailor,
. 27 CELISBAUT ST, bane= &c.a. and 'Front,
Has just returned from the city with an avortment of
CLOTHS, CASSIMERES AND VESTINGS,
Which will be sold at moderate prices and made
order; and, also, an assortment of BRADY
Clothing and Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods.
D. L GILDER, B. D. 3.,
N 0 . 119 MARKET STREET,
ZBY & KUNKEL% BUILDING, 17P BTAIBB•
RELIGIOUS BOOK STORE,
TRACT AND SUNDAY SCHOOL DEPOSITORY,
E. S. GERMAN.
ST 110IITII 81100 ND STRUT, ABOVB 01411SNIJT,
Dep o tt a rtlasala of SterenaCera i nereodoold_qium)
Ilkusle and Miudaai Inettements_ Ale% inatemplema
taken for religious pelli eaten'. 110M•ay
JOHN O. W. MARTIN,
ItEREE HOTEL, HARRISISURAI, PA.
An to omoor of rrgirriva, mrsDDING AND BUSI
NBSS CARDS szaiirstra Intim molt WM" Miell"
most reasonable terms. desl4-811
- UNION HOTEL,
'Ridge Avenue, toner of Broad Wea l
The undersigned informs the public that he has Le.
orally renovated and refitted his well-known "Union
Hotel" on Ridge avenue, near the Round Howie, and is
prepared to accommodate citraens, at -angers and travel
ors in the Mat style, at moderate r .tee
His table will be supplied llnia UP , hot the Minute
afford, and at his bar wi 1 be found superior brands of
liquor* and mast beverages. The very beat sCCommo
dations for railroaders employed at the shops in this
vicinity, fald dtfi HENRY BOSTGEN.
F RANKLIN HOUSE,
This pleasant and commodious Rotel ku been tbo
roughly re-fitted and re-furnished. It is pleasantly
eitinaed on Nertn-Weet corner of Howard and Franklin
Amato, a. few doom west of the Northern Central Rail
way Depot. Nvery attention paid to the comfort of We
gnats. LIIIIINNRING, Proprietor,
jel2-tf (Late of Selina Grove. Fa.)
THEO. F. B•CHEFFER,
BOOK, CARD AND JOB PRINTER
NO. 18 MARKET STREET, HARRISBURG.
I D- Particular attention paid to printing, ruling sad
binding of Railroad Blanks, manifests, insurance Bolt.
cies, Cheeks, Bill-Heeds, &a.
Wedding, Visiting and Business Cards printed at very
l o w prices end in the bent style. jan2l
lessus. CHIOKERING & Co.
HATE AGAIN OBTAINED THE
AT THIII MEDAL!
MECHANICS' FAIL BOSTON,
OVEN Irlll7/11%117,7Pi roast
Wareteom for the GUI ILIOII, &taint &
burg, et 92 Market street,
**WU W. INOCHWI3 MUBIO OTORM.
4 , =
t • it
_ 111 1 0
VoL. 5 —NO. 242.
PENSIONS, BOUNTIES, BACK PAY,
War Claims and Claims for Indemnity,
STEWART, STEVENS, CLARK & CO.,
Attorneys and Counsellors-at-Law, and Solicitors
fer all kinds of Military Claims,
450 PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE,
WASHINGTON, D. C
This firm, having a thorough knowledge of the Pen
sion BUBII/048, and being familiar with the practice in
all the Departments of Government, believe that they
can afford, greater facilities to Pension, Bounty, and
other Claimants, for the prompt and successful accom
plishment of business entrusted to them, than any other
arm in Washington. They desire to secure such an
amount of this business as will enable them to execute
the business for each claimant eery cheaply, and on the
basis of their pay eautittgent upon their stteeeSs en each
ruse. For this purpose they will seders the services of
Law Firma in each prominent locality throughout the
States where such business may be had, furnish such
with all the necessary blank forms of application and
evidence, requisite printed pamphlet instructions, and
circulars for distribution in their vicinity, with also
:dates names inserted, and upon the due execution of
the papers and transmission of the same to them by
their local associates, they will -promptly perform the
business here. .
DX* Their charges will be ten dollars for officers and
dollars for privates, for each Pension or Bounty and
Sack Pay obtained, and ten per cent, on emennt of
Claims for Military Supplies or Claims for indemnity.
irr Soldiers enlisted since the lat of March, 1861 in
any kind of service, Military or Naval, who are disabled
by disease or wounds, are entitled to Pensions. All
soldiers who serve for two years, or during the war,
should it sooner close, will be entitled to $lOO Bounty.
Widows 01 soldiers who die or are killed, are entitled to
Pensions, and the $lOO Bounty. If there be no widow,
then the minor children. And if no minor children,
then the father, mother, sisters or brothers are enti
ed as above to the $lOO Bounty and Back Pay.
JOSEPH B. STEWART,
HBSTOR L. STEVENS,
EDW &RD CLA RE
OSCAR A. PTEVENS t
WILLIS B. GAYLORD-
WASHINGTON, D. 0., 1862.
117' Apply at our office,
_or to our Associate at
HAREISHDEG, PA.—JOHN A. BIGLER. Attorney and
Pyrranono, PA.—ARM:IRS & RIDDELL, Attr. ,
POTTSVILLE, PA.—WM. R. SMITH, Attorney an,:
PHILADELPHIA, PA.-7. G. MINNIORILD, 46 A blood
street, Will M. SMITH, Attorney and Counsellor.
.IThieninaros, PA.—BOYD 011IIMRIEOE, Attorney
JACKSON & 00.'8
NO. 90% MAR.KET STRAIT,
Where they ntend to devote their entire time to the
BOOTS AND SHOES
all kinds and varieties, in the neatest and most fash.
onable etyles, and at sallafactor7 Fie**.
Their stock Will semis% in part, of GentlatomotAt
Calf and Patent Leather Boots and Shoes, latest styles,
Ladies' and Misses' Gaiters, and otherjihoes in great
variety; and in fact everything connected with the
crrsTOMER WORK will be particularly attended to,
and in all cases will satisfaction be warranted. Lasts
dried up by one of the best tr.akers in the country.
me ion practical experience of the undersigned, and
their thoreuge knowledge of the hnsincse will, the)
trust, be sufficient guarantee to the public that the)
will do them justice, and furnish them an astaols. *Um%
will recommend itself for utility, cheapness and dire.
bilitv. pang) JACKSON A CO.
jrITRINGER'S PATENT BEEF - TEA )
Lifj a solid, conamtrated extract of
BEEF AND VEGETABLES,
Convertible immediately into a nourishing and deli
:ions soup. Highly approved by a number of eminent
This admirable article condensed into a compact form,
all the substantial and nutritive properties of a large
'sulk of meat and vegetables. The readiness with which
it dissolves into a rich and palatable Soup, which would
require boars of preparation according to the usual
melba, is an advantage is many lituattope of li•e i too
obvious to need urging.. Its highly sioarlebinS g eailllea
combined with its delicacy, renders it invaluable for the
sick; while for those in health, it is a pertect substitute
for fresh meat and vegetables. It will keep good in any
It is peculiarly well adapted FOR TRAVELERS, by
land or sea, who can thus avoid those accidentaldepriva ,
Lions of a comfortable meal, to which they are so liable.
FOR INVALIDS, whose capricious appetite can thus
se satisfied in a moment.
FOR SFuRTSMEN and EXCURSIONISTS. to whom,
both its compactness and easy preparation will recom
mend it, For sale by
sep24.tf wr . 4. DOD& IR, & Co.
IVNEXCELLED l Y ANY IN THE Cf. STATES !
AND SUPERIOR TO ANY
FAL IV C:J -sr . 13 3EL.A. 3:) gEg
OFFERED IN PENNSYLVANIA!
IT Id MAW?. OM
CHOICE MISSOURI WHITE WHEAT..
UT Delivered any place in the city free of charge.
Terms cash on delivery.
IY3O *M. DOOR, Ts., & 00.
MUSIC STORII 1
NO. 93 MARKET STREET, HARRISBURG, PA.
SHEET MUSIC, PIANOS,
VIOLINS, BANJO STRINGS,
Of every description.
DRUMS, iritE r a, PUMA; ACOOMMONB, 0t.. 1 at
the lowest CITY PRICES, at
W. KNOCHE'S MUSIC STORE,
No. 98 MARKET STURIT.
THE BEST Fry SEWING
NEW OFFICE, Market Spuare, next to Colder's
irr Call and see them in operation.
♦ general assortment of machinery and needles con.
stantly on hand.
MISS MARGARET IMRE" .
Will exhibit and sell them, and also do all nada. t
machine sewing on these nidcbines in the best manner.
The patronage of the public is respectfully solicapl ited.
DYOTTITILLE GLASS WOKS,
WINE, FORT'S, MINERAL WATER, PICKLE AND
01 MST DISOZIPTION.
H. B. & O. w. BZMNBBS
0e1.9-dly SY South Front eteret, Philadelphia.
TAPANEE TEA.--A choice lot of
r t ] this celebrated Tea just reoeived. It is of the drat
cargo ewer imported, and is much superior to the Chi
nese Teas in quality, strength and fragrance. and is also
entirely free of adulteration, coloring or mixture of any
It is the natural leaf of the Japanese Tea Plant.
For sale by WM. DOClitjr., & Co.
3000 BTISFIELS York State Potatoes ;
of different kinds,
1,400 Bushels York State Apples,
A choice lot of York State Butter.
Also,. a superior lot of Catawba Grapes, and 80 bigwig
iihsllberkg, Ns & received and for sale low by
S. W. MIA OP 00
deel-dtf No. 108 Market street,
KACHIMBL, Noe. 1, 2 and 3. in ell deed pseksger—
new, and sack.ackage warranted. Just received, end
for ;ale low OM. voilifir, Jr.. tc on.
QELF SEALING FRUIT JARS 1—
t, Bost and Cheeped is the anertete s van nd
WM. DOCK, IL, k.
HARRISBURG, PA., FRIDAY, JUNE 12. 1863.
GREAT EXTERNAL REMEDY.,
FOR RHEUMATISM, GOUT, NEURALGIA,
LUMBAGO, STIFF NECK AND JOINTS,
SPRAINS, BRUISES, curs A WOUNDS,
PILES, HEADACHE, and ALL RHEU
MATIC and NERVOUS DISORDERS
F6t. All of which it is a Speedy ancrcerta 2 n remedy >
and never fads This Liniment is prepared 'rem the
recipe of Dr Stephen Swe,t, of Connectiout, the fa
mous bone setter, and has been used in his practice for
more than twenty years with the most astonishing suc
AS AN ALLEVIATOR OF PAIN, It is unrivaled
by any preparation before the publ'e, of which the most
skeptical may be convinced by a aogle trial.
This Liniment will core rapidlysnd radically. RUED
MATTA) bISORDERS of ever• bind, and in thousands
of cases where it has been used it has never been known
Fdn NEURALGIA., it will afford immediate relief
in every case. however distressing.
It will relieve the worst i.ases of HEADACHE in
three minutes and is warranted to do it.
,TOOTHACHE alFo w 11 it cure ineantly.
'FOR NERVOUS DEBILITY AND GENERAL
LASSITUDE, arising from imprudence or excess, this
Linimelit is a most happy and unfai leg remedy. ,it'at
ins' directly upon the nervous 'issues, it strengthons and
revivifies the system, and restores it to elasticity and
FOR PTLES.—As an external remedy, we claim that
it is the best known, and we challenge the world to pro
duce an equal. Every victim •.,f this distressing com
plaint should give it a trial, fur it will not fail to afford
immediate' relief, and in a majority of oases will effect
a rarlie4l cure.
QUINSY aud SO RR THROAT are sometimes ea
tremely malignant and dangerous, bat a timely applica
tion of this Liniment will never fail to cure.
S PR 41 - NS are sornsti ,, es very obstinate, and enlarge
ment of the joints is liable to occur if neelected. The
worst case may be conquered by this Liniment in two or
UISES CUTS, WOUNDS, SORES. ULCERS,
BURNS arta SCALDS, yield readi'y to the wonderful
healing properties of DR. SWEET'S INFAbLIRIX
LTNIM ENT, when used accords , to directions. Also,
CHILBLAIN , . FRI.STED FEET, and INSECT
BITES and STING'S
EVERY HORSE OWNER
sheald have this remedy at ham; for its timely use St
the Bret appearance of Lameness will edectus pre
vent those formi.lable diseases to which all horses are
liable and which render so many otherwise valuable
horses nearly worthless.
Over tour hundred voluntary testimonials to the won
derful curative properties of this Liniment have b,en
received within the last two yea a and many of them
from persons in the highest ranks i.f life.
C A CTION.
To avoid imposit on, observe the Signature and Like
ness of Dr Stephen Sweet on every label, and also
t- Stephen Sweet's inrallibin Liniment" blown in the
glass of each bottle, without wttich one are A' minima.
MOTT RDSON &
Sole Proprietors, Norwich, Ct.
For sale by all dealers. aplleow-d&w
IMPORTERS OF WATCffES,
nave the pleasure or annruncing to 'awl.' ht""" 0114
yalendt, uou N . t. Olt., t•-• .k. Arm,
to fill orders and transmit parcels Er Win.. with the ut
most c3re and promptitude. Watches so farwarded are
registered; we take upon ourselves all risks of transpor
tation, and guar/rote. e safe delivery. -
Improved Solid Sterling Silver Im ENGLISIR
LEVERS, in go3.d running order. and warranted ac
curate timepieces, This is an entire new pattern. made
expressly for American Army and Navy sale They are
manufactured in ave:y handsome manner with Eng,lieh
crown mart-. certifying their genuineness; all in all,
hey are a most desirable Watch Frank Leslie's Illus.
trat.d News of Feb. 2lst, '63, says 3—'Hunit den's 1
EREPERS are becoming proverbial for their reliability
and accuracy. They are particularly vatuable fir offi
cers in the army, and travelers " The price is SEVRNTY
TWO DOLLARS ($72) per case of six, being about one
third the coat of ordinary English Levers, while they
will readily retail for a larger price. re*tage3 per case,
• RAILWAY TIMEKEEPERS, for Army Specu
lation.—The Army and avy Gazette of Philatret
phis, units February number, seys This importa
tion of the lElminsan BROS , of New York. fills a long
felt want, being a handsome and serviceable Watch at
an extremely low figure." Superior in sti,le and lit LSh !
Decidedly the most taking novelties out! Should retail
at prices from 62d to $ 0 each. Good imitation of both
gold and silver, with fancy colored hands and beautiful
dials, with sureribr regulated movement. Sold only by
the case of six of assort...A designs Engraved and
superior electro-plated with gold. and silver-plated, per
case of Fin, Posev-sicare BouhailS, ($48.) By mail,
postage, 91.65 per case.
MAGIC TIME OBSERVERS, the Perfection
of Mechanism 1:--BRING A 131rwritt0 AND OPRN Saes,
or LADY'S OR GENTLRRAN'S W ATCH • 0/41111H&D.WITH PA
TENT Zany-WINDING IMPROVIIMICNT —The New York Il
lustrated News, the leading pictorial paper of the Ilui
ted States in its issue of Jan. 10th, 1863, on page 147,
voluntarily sayst—t-We have been shown a moat pleas
ing novelty. of which the titian ARD BROS., of New York,
are the sole importers. It is called the Magic Time
(*server, and is a Ranting and Open Face Watch com
bined. One of the prettiest, most convenient, and de
cidedly the beet and cheapest timepiece for general and
rtai&Vc nut tyet , offered It has within it and connec
ted with its machinery, its own Winding attachment,
rendering a key entirely unneccessary. The awes of
this Watch are composed of two metals, the outer one
being fine 16 carat gold. It has the improved ruby ac
tion lever movement, and is warranted an accurate time
piece." Price, superbly engraved, per case of half
dozen $204. Sample Widows '
in neat mot occo boxes,
for those proposing to buy at wholesale, $36. If sent
by mail the postage is 86 cents. Retails at $lOO and
j7' We have no agents or erculans. Buyers must
deal with us direct, ordering from this advertisement.
T.rms Cash in advance Remittances may be made in
United States money, or draft payable to our order in
this city, If yea wish goods mint by Mil, enclose the
amount of the postage with your order. Write r6ll ,
address in full. Registered Letters only at our risk.
Address RUBBA RD BRO 4., PORTXRB,
East Coy. Nassau and John streets,
ap29 dam New York
20,000,1b5. Composed of the following Brands
EVANS do SWlFT'S—Superior.
MICRINER'S EXCELSIOR—Not oauvaEsed.
IRON . ClTY—Canvassed.
IRON CITY—Not canvassed
PLAIN HAMS—Striotly prime.
ORDINARY RAMS—Very' good.
H Every Ham sold will be guaranteed as represen
ted. WM. BOOK jr., do fO.
T/MINS! YOU KNOW WERE YOU
I can get fine Note Paper, Envelopes, Visiting and
Wedding Cards ? At nen PFFEIt'S ROOKSTORE
RUPHRIOR STOCK OF WU , )RB.-
wm. DOCK, JA., & CO.. are now able to offer to
their gusto...era and ttre public at large, a stock of the
purest liquors ever imported into this market, compri
sing in part the following varieties :
WHISKY —IRISH, SCOTCH,OLD BOURBON.
WINE—PORT, SHERRY, OLD MADEIRA.
OTARD, DUPEY Si CO. BALE BRANDY.
PRIME NEW ENGLAND RUM.
DRAKE'S PLANTATION BITTERS.
These liquors can all be warranted; and in addition to
these, Dock & Co. have on baud a large variety of
Wines, Whisky and . Brandy, to which they invite the
pattisular attention of the public.
MOTIONS.---Quite a variety of useful
LI and entertaining articles—cheap—at
PRENCII MUSTARD, ENGLISH and
I: Domestic Pickles, (by the dozen or hundred,) Su
perior Salad 014 Ketchup, Sauces and condiments of
Peery description, for sae by
=Aft WM, DOCK, iß.i its CO
it Vairtat gluon
FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 12 1863
THE WOOD PEACE .2110VEMENT.
(From the Journal of Ocmmeree
The gentlemen who have endeavored to or
ganize a party, or who think that they can sus
tain such an organization on what they call
the peace platform, make an error which is
plain to those who have watched the course of
popular opinion and feeling in a nation like
ours. This error is not in advocating peace,
or in professing to be devoted to the attain
ment of that most desirable result, but it is in
net presenting a practical and definite plan of
peace for public; discuesion and approval. In
the absence of any such plan, the field is open
for any other organization to come forward
with a definite plan, acceptable to the popular
mind, and thus render worse than vain, in ef
fect ridiculous, the position of men who cried
"peace, peace,",merely to catch the ear and win
votes for political effect, without offering any
method of adjustment of difficulties, or of elo
eine the War.
For, be it observed, we are not now in the
position we were in two years ago. A vastly
different qiimition is presented to the nation
from that which was offered before the open
ing of hostilities. " Shall we begin a war ?"
is one question ; " Shall we atop a war ?" is a
totally different question. However we might
regard it as madness to commence a war, it is
nevertheleba plain that the very error of com
mencing it and leading a nation into its com
plications may so place matters, so jeopardize
the very existence of the nation, as to compel
the men who were opposed to its commence
ment to be very cautions in regard to its sud
den and precipitate close. For to bring a war
to an end requires greater skill, greater wis
dom, more accomplished statesmanship, than
to commence a war. Any, ruler, any set of
men in power can plunge a nation i*to war,
but it is not every ruler or every cabinet that
can close a war once begun, and save even the
life or'the fragments of a nationality.
Passing from these general truths to the im
mediate condition of our own country, it is
abundantly evident that however ardent are
our desires for peace, however taking may seem
to be the sound of that delightful word, we can
only obtain peace and safety for the nation by
some practical method which will commend it
self to the mind of the people. And here, weare
persuaded, will be found the grand distinction
between the policy of the present administra
tion and the policy which a portion of the peo
ple demand. The administration policy pro
poses to attain peace by conquering the
rebellion, and absolutely eatermittaing it, so
that nothing shalt be left, of it. They propose
to re-possess the property of the United States,
re-establish the courts of the United States,
enforce the laws of the United States in every
inch of Southern territory by force of arms.—
They steadfastly refuse to negotiate with the
rebel enemy, or to hold any other communica
tion with them than is made necessary, in the
Way of exchanr-e. se., by the eitgeuutcd vi
state of war. This plan of war, which may
be said to include the entire policy of the ad
ministration, the proclamation of freedom, the
coefiscati- n acts, the arming of negroes, &c.,
&0., looks to no other possible peace than that
which is to be attained by the absolute sub
mission of the enemy to the power of the gov
ernment. That peace is visible, if at all, in a
future, over many battle fields yet to be fought.
Its attainment demands a united, unwavering,
unquestioning support of the war, of the ad
ministration, of all its measures, by the entire
people of the North. Should there be a deci
ded difference or division among the people
of the North in the support of this war policy,
its success is postponed indefinitely.
It cannot be denied that a very large part
of the people of the North—fully one-half,
probably more than one-half—have no confi
dence in the success of this policy under any
circumstances. Aside from all questions of
willingness to lay down the Constitution and
abandon the laws for the purpose of carrying
it refereed, the Democrats of the North, and
many of the Republicans, do not believe that
this policy will result in compelling submis
sion; and in addition to these, immense num
bers regard the demand of a sacrifice of per
sonal judgment and liberty, a surrender of
constitutional immunities, and the practical
conferring of military dictatorship on the head
of the army, as altogether too great a sacrifice
for the uncertain result hoped and promised.
Still, these persons, be they more or less, de
sire peace and the restoration of the power
of the Union and Constitution over every
inch of the United States. They desire the
same end, the same peace which the admin
istration proffers the hope to obtain. Wherein,
then, do they differ from the administration
The men who propose to organize a peace
party on ilae vague notion of crying "Peace,
peace," mistake greatly, if they suppose that
these hundreds of thousands who are opposed
to the war policy of the administration are op
posed to it because it is a policy for war, in
opposition to a policy for peace. They are op
posed to it because they think it a war policy
which does not promise to conquer a peace.—
They regard it., therefore, as deficient in one of
the grand characteristics of a' successful war
Policy, that it • hold 3 open no end of war,
no peace to the nation, except by absolute
conquest, oecupation and subinission of the
disaffected States and parts of States, a result
which they do not believe it will attain. In
plain words, they think the war policy ought
to have attached to it a plan of peace by nego
tiation, always open, always practicable, which
would invite and encourage disunion and dis
agreement in the councils of the enemy, and
lead to the formation of a peace or negotiation
party in the Southern States.
We art now endeavoring to state the actual
condition of the public mind, and we respect
fully beg.the reader not to pause here to charge
us with revealing either of these views of policy.
We design simply to state the facts, as seen
from our point of vision. Nor will any intelli
gent man, with means of understanding the
public mind, dispute the statement that the
grave point of difference between the Support
ers of the administration and the opponents is
this, that the one party are opposed to any
"negotiation with rebels in arms," while the
others are of opinion that the war cannot be
carried on successfully unless negotiations
be offered at all times, and entered upon when
ever the enemy are willing', or with parts of
them, whenever their supporters are divided.
Mark distinctly, however, that this idea of
peace by negotiation does not involve "stop
ping the war" to offer terms of peace. On the
contrary, it involves strengthening the arm of .
the government, increasing the armies, nerving
every portion of the national body to the work,
The reason that some few men are willing to
talk or peace at any price is only because they
are hopeless of any peace as the result of the
war under present policy. The opposition
idea, which we have outlined, involves a total
. ly different plan of war. For it includes the
PRICE TWO CENTS.
idea. of prosecuting .the war so as. to induce
men to yield, as well as to force them to yield.
It necessarily requires a total change of policy
in regard to confiscations, proclamations of
freedom, and the like, so that the men who
now support rebellion shall be led to see it to
their interest, instead of their disadvantage, to
Withdraw that support and come back to their
duty, So that submission to law, instead of ap
pearing to be an absolute sacrifice of every
thing, shall appear to be a means of safety
and security for person and property. So
that, in short, temptations may be offered to a
party in the South to regard the Union and
the Constitution as preferable to that misera
ble choice they have made of disunion, espe
cially when the government, as it then would,
offered them peace with the one hand, and
perfect peace, with property and political
rights unimpaired, while with the other hand,
strengthened by the vast conservative masses
of the North, it wielded a weapon of war such
sl.a would bet irresistible,
But the "peace platform" of the men who
have recently met in New York does not in
clude any such possibility as this, and there
fore it is deficient in what must be supplied to
a party movement expected to command pop
ular respect and votes. If then any party
shall, this summer, place itself before the peo
ple on the simple ground that the policy of
war, for the §ake of absolute and final con
quest is not the correct policy, but that the old
American plan of talking with the dissatisfied,
negotiating, substituting words for cannon
bells whenever they are willing to talk, ought
to be a part of the war policy, then such a
party will, unquestionably, touch the precise
spot in the hearts of men who are opposed to
the administration ; and the "peace party,"
whose words are mere words, without practical
force, will be forgotten. If, on such an occa
sion, the peace party should declare itself in
favor of absolute peace by the acknowledgment
of the Southern Confederacy, then it would
at once fall into the embrace of the Abolition
ists, who are the original Northern disunion
ists-, and who would joyfully work with them
to secure a consummation so long and so de
voutly wished for.
We have given More prominence to the peace
movement than it is entitled to, using it as the
text for a statement of public affairs and gene
ral opinions. It has already passed into the
first shades of obscurity. The grand deci
sions of the coming elections will not be affec
ted by any such premature moveteente in the
bands of politicians justivsuspected of personal
interest in the proceedings they control. - If
we were to-day entering on a Presidential elec
tion, the division, of the people would not be
on the question of carrying forward the war
or stopping the war. The only men who would
advocate stopping the war would be the origi
nal disunionists, and such politicians as might
foolishly think t,ey would make a little per
sonal and local notoriety by advocating peace in
vague terms. But the question would be-se to
the method of obtaining peace by the war;
namely, whether it could be attained by the
present policy of absolute Couquest, closing
our ears to " compromise with traitors," and
yielding personal liberty, freedom of the press,
the right of judgment and discussion, the con
trol of States over their militia, in short., all
etre retiertuu pow em 01 tau
gencies of euCh a policy ; or whether it could
be better attained by a return to a strictly
constitutional policy of war, 'vigorous, stern
and strong, accompanied always by the free
offer of negotiation and parley whenever the
enemy would enter into it, and by the holding
out of every possible inducement which might
draw Southern men to favor the Union cause,
and to create a Southern party in favor of,
peace and Union.
And if a Democratic President were elected
to-day, and were to commence his term of of
fice to-morrow, he would not dream of "stop
ping the war" by any sudden order, or by yield
ing anywhere one inch of territory to the
Aemy. He would, on the contrary, strengthen
his military arm, accumulate his resources of
cannon and powder avid ships, and then,- ex
hibiting to the enemy the strength of the loyal
people of the North, undivided by any uncon
stitutional proceedings, or by -any demands for
the sacrifice of the immunities of freemen, he
,would offer the old Union, with all its blessings,
as the inevitable future of the country, either
by the prosecution or the war, if the rebellion
should accept that alternative, or by negotia-
Lion whenever they chose that. if any one
imagines that he would sound a retreat, call
back our armies from Virginia, Tennessee, Mis
sissippi, Louisiana and other Southern States,
permit the enemy to overrun gallant old Ken
tucky, Maryland, Missouri, and whatever other
States they might choose to lay unholy hands
upon—in short, say "Let there be peace," and
go about the folly of trying to make it by "stop
, ping the way," we can only say that such an
imagination places a Democratic President
considerably lower in the scale of common
sense than one is ever likely to be found. He
might as well decline the election at once, for
if he thus inaugurated his administration, he
would not have a country to preside over seven
We have endeavored to enlighten some men,
of both political parties, on the real differences
which to-day separate the two bodies in the
North, known as Administration men and the
Opposition. There are exceptions in both
parties to the views we have given. But in
the main the line is correctly drawn.
If the administration pursues the present
policy, not heeding the views of the opposi
tion, misconceiving its numbers and its patri
otic sincerity, no one can tell what may be the
position of that opposition a few months
hence. For since, as we have before stated,
there is a vast difference between the question
"Shall we begin a war ?" and the question
"Shill we stop a war ?" So also there is a
vast difference in the question "How shall we
obtain peace ?" to-day, and the same question
next month or next year. To-day we can see
the possibility, if a wise policy were adopted,
of peace and union as the result of the war,
• but if evil counsels prevail in the nation it may
be that a year hence the despairing cry of the
leading radical journal in this city for "the
best attainable peace" may be echoed by many
GEORGIA VALOR.-A correspondent of the
:Times, writing from the battle-field of Cham
pion Hills, says :
The rebels, who, on this occasion, were
commanded by General Pemberton in person,
fought with the most reckless gallantry. They
were mainly composed of Georgians, and were
it not that their efforts were expended in the
cause of treason, Georgia would have reason
to remember with lasting pride the day upon
which her sons fought and died at Champion
Hills. One entire regiment, posted in support
of a series of batteries on the crest, refused
to retreat when Hovey came upon them, and
were to a man killed, wounded or captured.
Five-sixtho of the regiment were killed where
they stood, refusing the boon of life at the ex
pense of being taken priaottars.
Fr is stated that there are yet over 60,000
deserters from the army, who have not heeded
the President's proclamation to return to their
PUBLISHED EVERY /HORNING,
BY O. BARRETT & CO
TER DAILY Tavern, Aso UNTou will be served tomb.
scribers reeiding in the Borough for vas mire raft WISSIL,
paylible to the Carrier, Mail subscribers, viva Douai'
Tait Warty PATRIOT AND UNION is published at Two
DOLLARS PSR ANNUM, invariably in advance. Ten cople
to one address,
C.nmected With thin establishment is as extend's
JOB OFFICE, containing a variety of plain sad fancy
type, unequalled by any establishment in the Interior of
the state, for Which the patronage of the public is no -
TILE WOMEN OF VICKSBURG.
A correspondent of the New York .Tinics
writes from Grant's army, on the authority of
Federal prisoners who were taken to Vicksburg
The women and children all remain in town.
although ordered at various times to leave. Oa
the day our men left, a morning report +showed
the sad fact that, up to that time, 119 of these
unfortunates bad been killed by our shells,,
among whom is the wife of Gen. Pemberton.
The women of Vicksburg are either brave be
yond ordinary mortals, or desperate in the
extreme. The shells search every part of the
town, and yet the children play as usual sport
the streets, and the women seek no protection,
but. boldly promenade the r üblia thorough
fares and attend to their household duties. In
a house close to the jail our men saw several.
ladies, who•sat in groups on the piazza, moved,
leisurely about the house, and at times made'
the air melodious with voices and piano.
What quality is this shown by these women ?
Is it heroism , desperation;or what ? Death is
all about them—it hisses through the air,
crashes through their edifices, mites down
tlieir innocent children and themselves, and yet
they unconcernedly sit, sing, chat and laugh
through it all—through a combination of hor
rors that would almost make a coward of the
bravest man who ever drew a :sword. These
things seem incredible; but they are true, for
our prisoners unite in vouching for the fact, alt
phases of which they themselves_ heard and
While in the jail our men received a messen
ger from our fleet in the shape of a 200-pound
shell that made itself a capacious entrance
through the roof. Passing down, it carried
away nearly the entire floor of the room in
which it entered, and then exploded in the hall
below. Wonderfully enough 'it hurt no one,
although several were in the very room; it did
no further damage than to open an irregular
and extended skylight in the roof, blow out all
the glass in the building, and knock down
enough brick, mortar and old iron to keep
busy two colored gentlemen with wheelbarrows
a day and a half in removing the accumulated
Almost every building in the town bears the
mark of shells, some of which have fallen from
the mortar fleet, and others from the Parrott
batteries in the rear. Our men passed one
house through which a 13-inch shell had.
dropped from roof to basement-ti group Of
ladies sat on the balcony, and servants were
engaged in wheeling the shattered fragments
out of the building.
Tn Dry Tortugas, properly called Fort Jef
ferson, is situated in the waters skirting the
coast of Florida. "Dry" it is called, but it
stands upon one of an archipelago of sand
banks miles away from any main rand, and is,
in all its bearings, very wet. Fort Jeffers= iS
on one of the Tortugas group, which covers a
nautical area of about twelve miles, and lies
in the Gulf in latitude 24 40 and longitude 82
50. The islands are mere sand heaps, cov
ered, however, with beautiful shells, and sur
rounded by reefs of white coral. This is a
great resort for sea turtles. The Fort is de-
grounds are beautiful'y laid ont, and contain a
commendable display of - dower beds Eitl4 ether
natural decorations. There are an abundance.
of trees, promiscuously among which are the
red oak and alianthus. The mosquitoes trouble
the latter only to die. But the most attractive
tree here is that which bears the cocoa nut.
These trees are sprinkled in sqdads through
out the grounds, and are as grateful to the eye
as they are useful for shade. A long coarse
crass carpets the sand very acceptably indeed,
This is the paradise of forts—as elegant as it
is strong and useful.
One of the members of toe Ist Kansas regi
ment, a sergeant, died in the hospital at Lake
Providence, La., same few weeks ago. After
death his comrades discovered that their com
panion, by the side of whom they had marched
and fought for almost two years, was a wo
man. She was of rather more than average
size for a woman, with rather strongly marked
features, so that, with the aid. of man's attire,
she had quite a masculine look. She was in
the battle of Springfield, where General Lyon
was killed, and fought in a dozen battles and .
skirmishes. She always susteined an exeel.
lent reputation, both as a man and a soldier,
was brave as a lion in battle. and never flinched
from any duty or hardships that fell to her lot.
She must have been very shrewd to have lived.
in the regiment so long and. preserved her se—
cret so well..
A soldier writes to the Springfield Republi
can all the fine delusions with which
history feeds you, none are more unceremoni
ously shattered by experience than that of
war. This one is holy, the forces are im
mense, the battles bloody—yet in the front
and centre of an invading army, within spialt
ing distance of the enemy, the war.pictures of
earlier years seem as far off as they did in boy
hood. We are filled with the same feelings.
and impressions and impulses that we had in
private life. Your brass don't delight you. if
you have to scour .it; your big boots don't
please you, if you've got a blister. Say what
you will slunut enthusiasm and pride and all
that, a soldier marches oat to dress-parade
very much as he used to march out to the
barn-yard to milk. He's the same man."
FERNANDO WOOD.--Es-blayor Wood has pnb..
lished the following card :
To the Editor of the New York World: It is
not true as stated that while in Washington lash
week I denied to the President that my late
speeches in New York had been .oorrectly re
ported. On the contrary, I repeated in my
interview with him the substance of them as
delivered here ; nor is it true thatiat Baltimore
I was insulted by approbrioua language by
New York soldiers, or by any other soldiers so
far as I know and believe. New York soldiers
are gentlemen, not blackguards. I make this
statement injustice to the reporters of this city,
who daguerreotyped the speeches referred to
with wonderful accuracy, and to the soldiers
of New York, who have always treated me with
respectful courtesy. FERNANDO WOOD.
YOUNG Az.tutrea.—A. lad, after asking his
father if he might enlist as a drummer boy,
was told that he was not old enough. "Pooh,"
said Young America, '•Bi11 donee has listed."
"Well," said the father, "Bill is eighteen years
of age, and yon are only twelve." "I ghould
like to know what that's got to do with it,"
replied the lad ; "if he is older than I be, I've
licked him three times, and can do it again and
not half try. Now mayn't lao ?"
ALTHOUGH the New Ham Oshtre Senate con
sists of three Democrats and eight R,bnblicans,
the regular Republican nominee:Moo: Isaac
FT W OU I 7 m O i n t Presiden t,
e h l ) oW f leiriks:9
c ed t:o Ben,
the Democrats.uniting l iiitit the 49senting Re
. nblicans. ,
The enrollment under the conscription law
in in progress in York county.