Newspaper Page Text
RATES .01f ADVERTISING.
VOW 111:101 or lass &mamas half a spare. Ten lines
•eir more than four, constitute a square.
Half sq., One g 3 go one sq.. one day. 110 00
" 120 one week.... 200
.eita ninth.. 100 " One month.. 800
cc threemontha 1100 a three montholo 00
" dz mmths.. 800 4 , six menthol.. 10 00
" sae x..... 11 00 " one year --- 20 00
FBusiness notices inserted in the LOCAL COLIMA,
dllripstore marriages and deaths, VII OMITS C a
each insertion. To merchants and others advertising
by the year, liberal terms will be offered.
Er The number of insertions must be deal/gm:tad on
E adv rikurr ues end Deaths will belisearted st Thelma°
atm guireguisir advertisements. .
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
o . ffice with Hon. David Mamma, fr., Third street,
ramie Market,. flariisbuq, 'Pa.
N. B.—Peneion, Roan* and Military 'claims of all
hinds prosecuted sal collected.
Refer to Hone John 0. Kunkel, nimbi Mumma, jr.,
slid R. A. Lumberton. I, mylLdAireim
WM.. M. MILLER,
R. E. -FRIG IT 8,0 N ,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
- 8110 EMA.KER''S BUILDINGS
- SECOND STREET,
BETWEEN WALNUT awl MARKET SQUARE,
ep29-dikw Nearly opposite the Buehler Nouse.
THOS. O. MAODOWELL,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MILITARY CLAIM AND PATENT AGENT.
Office in Burke's Row, Third otreet, (Up Stairs.)
Haying formed a connection with parties in Wash
ington City, woo are reliable business men, any busi
ness conneetwi with any of the Departments' will meet
with immediate ana careful attention. me-y
DR. O. WEIOHEL,
SURGEON AND OCULIST;
• RESTDENOIS THIRD NIUR NORTH STRAIT.
He is now fully prepared to attend promptly to tim
duties of profemicei in aU itibranehea.
A Lowe min flair arioadiaMllL nDIGIL Sirsiinencia
justifies hina In promising Dill add ample eallefaoldon tv
all who may - Savor him - with& eall, be Sheathe's. Gluon's
Or NW ether nature_ mlB ditwlf
Gr M e CO . 7-a TT C - S.
The anbseriber hi ready et NO. 94, MARKET ST.,
four doors below Fourth street, to mete
MEN'S AND BOY'S CLOTHING
In any desired style, and with skill and promptness.
Persons - wishing getting flora* M. haws it done it the
aortae' notice ap2T-dly
CHARLES F. VOLLMEI,
Chastavi 'greet. four doors above Second,
Is prepared to tarnish to order, in the very hest style 01
workmanship, Spring and Hair Mattresses, Window Cat
talos, Lounges, and all other articles of litonstare in his
/has, on short notice sad moderate terms. Ha lag 4l
perionost in the badness, he feels warranted in asking
share of public patronage, confident of hisability to give
NO. 11, VOILTEE THIBe ST., RAZEIBBIIII4.
NELODZONS, VIOLINS, GNITALRS,
Banjos, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, 4ccordeons,
swims, sazirr - Aartk SOOK WINO, bO., &0 4
PHOTOGRAPH FRAMES. ALBUMS,
Imers Pier and Mantle 311riors i Square and Oral Prion«
of evorydescripnon made to order. Itegoildiogdosto.
Agency for Howe! Sewing Machines.
11:7' Sheet Music sent by Mail. ocaul
JOHN W. GLOVER,
Has just received from New York, an assort•
wide]; he Whoa to L9e coottAIMPA 111 d. the Walk al
nov22) MODERATE PR WOES. at'
WHARRY WILLI& viS,
MG WALNUT STILINV,
PBM DE 1.. P FHA.
General Claims for Soldiers promptly collected, State
Clainis adjusted. &c., &c. urte2o-dlm
B MITH & EWINa,
THIRD STREET, Harrisburg,
Praatice in theseveral Courts of Dnuphln 4:civility. Col
'satin= made prodiptly. A. 'O. 1011TH,
J. B. EWING.
T COOK, Merchant Tailor,
27 CHIIINUT IT., between Second and Trout,
Sunkist returned front the ray with an assortnteut of
CLOTHS, CASSIMERES• AND ritsrmes,
Whisk will IM sold at moderate prices sod made up to
order.; and. also, to assortment of IAWS3S4' GATT
Clothing and Geutlestert's Famishing Goods.
DEN TISTR Y.
L Dank D. D.
~141:44„: NO. 119 MARKET STREET
SBY & KUNIESIM BIIII;DINS, UP STAIRS
M AND SUNDAY ISCIIOOL DEPOSITORY,
E. S. GERMAN.
IT 8013TH SitioND muter, Awn ogasstry,
• . imateme s PA.
Depot fortaemile of Stersoscopss,atoroosoopinVierww,
Etude and Idasiest Instrtunenta. Also, subscriptions
taken for religious publiestions, =047
JOHN G. W-..MARTIN /
KIM'S HOTEL, HAP,IIIBBURG, PA.
AMIMIZZIOr of VISITING, WEDDING AND BUM-
Wiela CARDS masted ig 'the most arilatio stylseiuld
mast ~mato term.
UNION HOTEL, .
Ridge Avenue, corner of Broad greet,
The undersigned Informs the public that he hie re
cently rrneratrd and vented his well-known " Union
Hotel" on Ridge avenue, near the Round Hon-e, Ann is
prepared to sceoinciodste igto Sens, pt abseils and travel
•are in the Mat style, at moderate r tee
This table will impale' wall the best the ntastete
afford, and at his bar wl I be found stmerior brands of
Thrum mut mwt. 1 I , 4falAgali. The very boil seClPton"-
-datione for railroaders employed et the ,hops in this
vi iulty . (*A dtf] iIIANRY BOSTOXIC
F RANKLIN HOUSE,
This P leasant and eommedieve Hotel htd boon tiO
leag hly reditted and re-furnished_ It is pleasantly
situated on North-West corner of Howard and Pranklin
streets, a few 'doors west of the Northern Central Rail
way Depot. livery attention paid to the comfort of the
guest.. G. LIIRRNItIIiti, Proprietor,
751241 cute a Helios Grove. Pa.)
Tifso. P. soH - EFRE,R,
1300 L CARD AND JOB PILINTER,
110. 18 MiRRIIT STRUT, HARUISAVAId.
Er Par Hond a, attention paid to print/MR ruling and
.bioding of Railroad Blanks, Minfresta, Insurance Poli
cia*. Bill•Heids, &o.
Wadding, Visiting and Baldness Oar& printed at vet,
l o w poses and kith. beat style. isa2l
GRICKERING as 0 0
EATS AQAIW OBTAINiD TSB
NENCHANIVS' FAIL BOSTON,
isLD ISM Tizorampe daft
0 VBR I' c9mrivrlrovu
Warszawa tor 149 iltnr-OHNILIN PIANO& at Hariis.
- - •it ,
bars, at 92 Market olsoah.,
0d994f W. Anuvgla • ' l"""4.' CL Wl°
, . .
-- 1 1 ..7 -,. ---, - - .
. _ ..
1%,,i, - ,„. *.:_- 4 - --
• . . J -7--- 7-"'..- . , '--" 4 ,...4.". , , ; 4 '.. -
•-, ' - - :
• 1 . ,
. * . • ' ....-...-.... . • ,a, . .
I . ' ' 0 94. • : . 1 .
. . .
VOL. 5.-NO. 240
PENSIONS, BOUNTIES, BACK PAY,
War Chid and Claims for Indemnity.
STEWART, STEVENS, CLARK & CO.,
Attorneys and Counsellors-at-Law, and Solicitors
for all kinds of Military Claims,
450 PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
This firm, baring a thorough knowledge of the Pen.
don Business, and being familiar with the practice in
ell the Departments of Government, believe that they
can afford greater facilities to Pension, Bounty, and
other Claimants, for the prompt and successful aceem
pliehment of business entreated to them, than any other
arm in Washington. They desire to Omura each an
amount of this business as will enable them to execute
the business for each illaimast very cheaply, and on the
basis of their pay contingent neon their success in each
case. For this purpose they will secure the eereices of
Law Firms in each prominent. locality throughout the
States where suck business may be had, furnish such
with ell the necessary blank forms of application and
evidence, regulate printed pamphlet instructions, and
dreaded; for distribution in their vicinity, With esso.
elates names inserted, and upon the due execution of
the papers and transmiesimsof the same to them by
their local emeedatesi they will promptly perform the
Cr Their charges will be ten dollars for dicers and
/Eve dollais for privates, fo u r each Benelon or Bounty and
Beek Pay obtained, and ten 'per cent. on amount of
Weems ter tdditary Supplitt er athi4M-1 fao Indemnity.
11 . 7 . Soldiers enlisted state the Ist of March, 1861, t0
any kind of service, Military or Navel, who are disabled
by disease or wounds, are entitled to Pensions. All
soldiers who serve for two yeam, or during the war
should it sooner close, Will be entitled to $lO O Bounty!
Widows of soldiers who die or are killed, are entitled to
Pensions, and the $lOO Bounty. If there be no widow,
then the minor children. And if no minor chiidren;
them the father, mother, sisters or brothers are enti
ed as above to the $lOO Bounty and Baal Pay. -
JOSEPH B. STEWART,
HESTON L. STEVENS,
-NDW ARD CLARA
• OBOAR A. STEVENS,
• . WILLIS R. GAYLORD.
frAXIMIGTON, D. 0.,1862.
01W - '• Ape,' at our office, or to our Associate at
Nicaicsome, PA.—JOHN A. BIGLIR. Attorney' WA
Prrtesose, DA..=-ARTHTIBB & RIDDDLL, Atin
Ferranti's, R. a1;ITH 1 Attorney an
PnILADrLWA, PA.-3. G. MINNICHItD,4IIAIwooti
street„ M. 8111/TIC, Attorney and Oonneellor.
I, assumes, Pa.—BOYD OAIIIIIRINCB, Attorney
JA.GICBON & CO.'S
SH 0-E 'STORE,
No. oog bid3II.IIT , EITAII2T,
• HARRISBURG, PA.,
Where they stand to devote their entire time to the
BOOTS AND SHOES
all kinds and varieties, in the neatest and most fink.
enable styles, and at Satisfactory prices.
Their stook will &maid, in pert, of Onstivissn's .Pine
Calf and Patent Leather Boots and Shoes, latest etyles;
Ladies , and Masse Gaiters, and otber„Elhoes in great
variety, and in tent everything emirate& with the
Shoe business. •
CUSTOMBR WORK will be particularly amended to,
and in an oases will satisfaction be warranted. Lasts
&tad up by one of tits best makers in the country.
The long practical experience of the undersigned, and
,heir thorough knowledge of the business will, they
trust, be endisieni guarantee is the public that they
will do them justice, and tarnish them an article that
Mill recommend itself for utility, cheapness and dirs.
bility. [fans] JACKSON & 00.
wrURINGE R'S PATENT J3EEF TEA,
111. sohd, ooncrutrited extract of
BEEF AND VEGETABLES,
Convertible immediately into a nourishing and deli
rious soup. Highly approved by a lumber of eminent
Thm admirable article condensed Into a oompact form,
all the substantial and nutritive properties of a large
hulk of meat and vnembles. The readiness with which
it dissolves into a rich and palatable Soup, which would
require hours of preparation according to the usual
method, is an advantage in many situahons of We, too
obvious to Reed urging. Its highly nourishing gualides
combined with its delicacy, renders it invaluable for the
tick; while for thine in health, It lea perfectsubstitate
for trade meat and vegetables. It will keep good in any
It is peculiarly well adepul 11.011 TRAVEL'S% by
land or sea, who aid thus avoid those Lecidentaldepriva
lions of a comfortable meal, to which they are so liable.
SOD INVALIDS, whom capricious appetite can thus
se satisfied in a moment
'FOR BPuItTBMCN an d BXOI7REIONLISTS. to whom,
both its compactness and easy preparation will recom
mend it, /or sale by
sep744l WK. DIXIII, as., &vOO.
CHARTER , QAK
rfNEICELLED BY ANY IN rffs tr. 7 4TBS
4N) BIIPBRIOS TO ANY
IP AL. IV 33 391..416 3=,
OFFERED Dif PEBNEYLVANIA!
IT IB MADE 011 1
CHOICE MISSOURI WHITE. WHEAT.
ifj• Delivered any place in the eity Ave of charge.
Tarns emit es &Wag.
JyBo WM. DOCK, Ja., it CO.
BOOK FOR THE TIMES 1
Amerkan Annual Cyelopedia and b itegieter of
• Important Events for the Year 1861. in 1 col
8 vo. over 780 papa. Cloth ~pB, Leather $8.60,
Prtbliahed by D. Appleton 4- Co., New York.
The desigrs of this work is to furnish a record of all
the important knowledge of the year. The events of
the war; owing , to their .preminence, will i of mom; uck
copy a conspicuous part; but all other branches—Sci
ence, Art, Literature, the Mechanic Arts, ike., rek
mil! due attention. The work will be publiehed sx•
einsively by anbeanyllon s and nay for delver/ in Alse
Also, now complete:
Benton's Debates of Corgress,lB eoluntes,l2l and $3 00
Beseetmeis Thirty Dan en V. V. Beastees, ivols.mes, $2.60
cad per vol. . •
Cyclopedia If America* Eloquence, containing the
spookily Vas 'Man efflinatt Orators of ittrtersea, 24
am/ portraits, 9 vols. $2.50 satA.
Parton , : Lift and Tinos of dadroi Jaeksos, Soo/Imes,
Address 'l. F. STRASBAVON, lffarrinburg, Pa.
General Agent for D. aP el. 141 4 M & Co.
For Circulars dosoriplive of annual cyclopedia.
D YOTTVILJAE OA.ABEI WORKS, -
WPM, PONAMR, MINE RAL WATER, P/OWIal
Of 1711 OSBOIWTIOI4.
_ • L B. &O. W. PINNAWa t
D ewily gr BOltil Front stmt. Plingdolpbis
Ta. PANE - E TEA. - -A choice lot of
tl 018 •Salebrltett Teaj us received It la of th 9 first
cargo e'er imported, and ie ma h sup•rior to the vhi
nese Time in quality, strength and 'regrance. and I also
entirely free of adulteration, coloring or mixture of any
It la the natural leaf of the Zap-nese Tee. Plant.
For sac by WK. DUCK, jr & CO.
8:000BrisHE L 8 York State Potato 0139
of Milerent kinds ,. l,4oo Buatiele Vork Orate Apples,
A s h ales lot of Yolk otitis Butter.
Alto. a onootior lot of CatswbgtGrapon, and 50 b uhe i,
Shellbarks, just received and for sale low by
- U. W- SI girl & 00 ,
No. 100 Market street.
L MAMMAL, los. 1, 2 sae 3. in stud pastilles—
new, and each package anarranted. Just resolved MO
tor'ealelow by • , s/it. DOME, Jr.. h dn.
c'tELF SEALING FRUIT JA KS
Best and Cheapest in the ssarketa! Oall sad
BURICHART & ROBBINS
(VORMBRLY BURKHART AND STAVIN.)
PHOTOGRAPH AND AMBROTTPH GALLERY ,
Arcrsk Third street, opposite the "Patriot and Mid"
Office, Hrrrisborg, Pa.
BVRKHART & ROBBINS have fitted up a splend'd
new gallery in Mumma% building, On Third street ;
where they are'prepared to take
PHOTOGRAPHS CARTES DE VISITE AND
In all the impreved atylea. Particular attention given
to OARD PHOTOGRAPHS. Alen on hand, a complete
assortmentef GILT FRAMES, which their will sell at
very low prices Call and examine specimens.
Cartes de Visite $2 50 per dozen.
Vignettes 2 00...de.
Whole size Photographs in frames from from $2 to $ 5
GREAT EXTERNAL REMEDY,
FOR RHEUMATISM, GOUT, NEURALGIA,
LUMBAGO, STIFF NECK AND JOINTS,
SPRAINS, BRUISES, CUTS A WOUNDS,
PILES, HEADACHE, and ALL RHEU
MATIC and NERVOUS DISORDERS.
For all of which it is a speedy and certain remedy,
and never fails Thin Liniment is prepared from the
recipe of Dr Stephen Sweet, of Connecticut, the
mone bone setter, and bee been need In hie practice for
more than twenty yearn with the most astonishing suc
AS AN ALLEVIATOR OF PAIN, it is unrivaled
by any preparation before the public, of which the most
akeptleal may be contused bye single trial.
This Liniment will cure rapidly and radically, RHEIN
SLITIO DISORDERS - of every kind, and in thousands
of cases where it has been used it has never been known
to fall. - ;
WM: BOOK, IL. CO,k
HARRISBURG, PA:, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 10. 1863.
BURKHART & ROBBINS,
FoR NEVRALGIA, it will afford immediate relief
in every' case, however distressing.
it will relieve the worst of HEADACHE ,in
three ?ninnies and is warranted to do it,
TOOTH4CI#E also w , ll it cure Instantly,
FOR NERrOUS DEBILITY AND GENERAL
LASSITUDR, arbing from imprudence or excess ; this
Liniment is aWA happy and unfailiog remedy. • Act
in" directly upon the nervone +bones, it airengtheni and
revivifies the system, and restores it to elastioity and
FOR PILES.—Ae an external remedy, we claim that
it lo the beet hoonoi and we challenge the world to pro.
duce an equal. Every victim of this diatreasi og com
plaint ehould give it a trial, for it will hot -fail to afford
immediate relief, and in a'majority of cases will effect
a rrsdiccit cure. •
QUINSY awl SOUR ' THROAT ere sometimes es•
tremelymaligoant and dangerous, bats timely applica
tion of this Liniment will nev.r fail to cure.
S es I INS are somrtio‘es'rert obstinate, and enlarge
ment Of the joints is hike to occur if neglected. The
worst ease May be conquered by this Liniment in two or
BRUISES curs, WOUN DS , SORES, ULCERS
BURNS awf. SC AL US, yield readily to the wonderful
healing properties or .DA: MA'AM'S INFAt.I.J.BLE
LiVIM O INT, when used according' to directions. Also,
CHTLELA Ms. FRPSTED FEAT, and INSECT
.V.M*5 and STINGS
EVERY HORSE OWNER
should have this remedy at hand, for its timely'use at
the first appearance of Lameness will effeetwely isre
went those formoable diseases to which all horsaa are
liable and which render so many otherwise valuable ,
horses nearly worthless.
Over tour tondred voluntary testimonials to the won
derful curati.e properties of this Liaimenc have been
received wiihin the last two yea a and many of thep2
from persons in the highest ranks a life.
To avoid imposit on, obsirirve tie Signature and Me
sons of Dr Stephen Sweet on every label, and also
Stepbea Sweet's Infallible Linituent blown in the
glees of each bottle, without which Popo are genuine.
RICH MISCH & CO.,
Pole Proprietors, Norwich. Ct.
For sale by all dealers. aplleOw-d&ar
H ÜBBARD 13R05.,
IMPOETEU OF WATCHES,
Nave the pleasure of ann-wicing +0 their numerous
friends and patrons in the Arwy, that they are prepared.
to fill orders and transmit parcels nv MAIL, with the nt
meat c re and proinptitnde. Watches an forwarded are
I-watered; we take upon onmelees all riska Of trent/pi/S
-tation, and gearMtee 4. safe 'delivery.
Improved Solid Ster Silveri= ENGLISH
LEYSIAIS, ip go• d running order, and warranted se
mi ate timepieces. , ibis Of. entire, flour pattern made
expresny Tor American Army and Navy sale They are
manufactured in a vinyllawisinste manner mid Perg/iek
&NMI• MAO. titritiging their gutseriessess ; all us
they are a most desirable Narels trwefr.resnais Mat
fret. d News of Feb'. 21st, '63, EOM `H OXNARD'S
eserinta are becoming proverbial for their rellebil•ty
and AuselArY. They isi•e partionlarly valuable for offi
cers in the army, and travelers 91 The prim IS itIiVaNTYN
TWO DOLLARS ($72) per case - of six, being about ORE..
third the colt of ordinary Mash Levers, while they
wilt •-eadlly retail fora larger prim. Postage, per Me,
I' l 'B4 •
RAILWAY TIMEKEEPERS4ar Army Speen
blitien..--rote Army and sty Gazette of rhilanel
pbia, in its Penretery number, s.yi This imports..
tion of tne Hussaar. Mos ,of New York, ells a lung.
felt. want, being-a handsom• and serviceable 'Watch at
an extremely low fignre." Superior in sty, le and 4.1;34!
IlethDttly the most taking novaties out.' Should retail
at Ireiri Onto $ 0 each. Geed imitation of
chid and saver, with fausycolared hands and beautiful
diela, with SIS 7 odor regulated movement. Sold only by
the 'case of six. of aasort-d dodges Pngraved and
superior elected-plated with gold. and silver-plated,_per
case of RilL, DOLLAitB, (1142.) By mail,
. 66 per ca"e.
MAGIC TIME OBSERVERS, the Perfection
of Mechanism AND ()piss .sax,
Or 'LARY'S OR URSTLIMiti' W ATOS ONBIZIRD. WITH PA
TORT SOLT W maize Isteac S
oiameer New York Il
lustrated News, the leading pictorial paper of the Uni
ted Ststes 'in its issue of Jan. 10th, 1863, on pane 147,
voluntarily says have been Shown a moat plea s
ingnove.ty, ef which the FithissaD BROS New"trnrk,
are the sole importers. It is called the Magic Time
liaserver t and is a Hunting and Wen Face Watch sow
bitted. One of the prettiest, most convenient. and de
clitedly tbe beet and cheapest timepiece for general and
re4ieb'e use ever offered It has within it and cameo.
teil,,with Pa machinery, its own winding attachment,
rendering a key entirely uneeccessary. The cones of
this Wa• eh are composed of two metals, the outer one
being One 10 carat gold It has ti , e improved ruby ac
tion lever movement, and law .rranted as aCettrllta
piece." Price, aueerbly engraved, per case of half
&dep. $204 Sample Wateo• a in neat me °vie boxes,
for those propoeing to bny at wholesale, $35. Tf sent
by mail the postage ie 38 cents. Itetaila at $ lOO and
news. ds. -
E 7.. We have no agents or circulars. Buyers uing
deal a ith us direct, .ordering from ibis advertisemen t.
T. ruts Cash in advance Remittance/1 may be Ton" in
United litates money, or draft payable to our oraer in
this city If you wish goods sent by mail, enclose the
amount of the instep with your order. Write your
address in full. Registered Lepers only at our risk.
Address WC BRA RD BRO • , MPORTkRS,
East Cor. Nassau and Jolts streets,
apati dim New York
20,000,1 be. Composed of the following Braude
• NEW JERSEY—SeIect.
EVANS & SWlPT'S—Superior.
MICIIINER'S EXCELSIOR—Not canvassed
• IRON ClTY—Canvassed.
IRON CITY—Not canvassed.
PLAIN HAMS—Strietly prime.
ORDINARY HAMS--Very good.
117 - Every Ham sold will be guaranteed as represen
W M. DOOR. jr., & eO.
is DMA .YOU KNO w a ERE YOU
can get Ann Note Popov,- E. selopeo,.Visinog and
WediatTis cordoi T At OORAPVER'S 800/LBTORE.
Lt attiot i#l4in+
WEDNESDAY MORNING..JUNE 10 1863
INTERESTING LETTER FROM JUDGE
The Albany Argus publishes the following
interesting letter from Judge WILLIAM ALMX
ANDRE NEE; L. L. D., author of "Lectures on
the Constitutional Jurisprudence of the United
States," and formerly President-of Columbia
College. The letter is one of the ablest expo
sitions of the peculiar condition of the country
we have seen, and the suggestions it throws
out and the advice it contains are well worthy
the serious considerat' of our people. We
presume the letter w dressed to the late
Albany Mass Demoora meeting:
OSWEGO, May 20, 1863.
Gentlemen—l received some time ago your
letter inviting me to attend the public meeting
called to vindicate the right of the people to
express their sentiments upon politionl ques
tions. It was not in my power to be present
at the meeting, and illness has prevented me
until the present moment from answering your
letter. I answer it now, though late, both to
explain my apparent incivility, and also because
I think that in the present crisis no loyal citi
zen ought to shrink from the expression of his
The action that has taken place since your
meeting *as held, convinces me that it is the
intention of the President and his advisers to
crush opposition to their acts by means of
forcer and terror. For this purpose they have
established and do now actually enforce martial
law in . several %pal States, and they will
doubtless do the same in New York, and every
where else, unless they are made to know that
the people will not submit to it:
To many persons the words "martial law"
do not convey any very definite idea. They
know that it is something very harsh and rigor
ous, and summary, but they suppose that it
bears some resemblance to all other laws of
which they have ever heard or read, in this re
spect at least : that it defines offences and fixes
their punishment. Andl cannot but suppose
that many of those who clamor for its estab
lishinent are ignorant that it is nothing in the
world but the absolute and unrestrained will of
a military Chieftain. Permit me then to give
a description of martial law upon the authority
otthe highest judicial tribunal of our country.
The language is that of Jndge Woodbury, in
delivering the opinion of the court, in a case
determined by the Supreme Conft of the Uni
ted State : ".49,y it," says the court, "every cid
zen, instead of reposiny under the shield of known
and fixed laws as to his liberty. property and life,
aidtB With a rope round hie neck, subject to be hung
up by a military despot at the next lamp poet, under-
Me sentence of some drum-head court martial."
It is true that Republicans have reason to
believe that they will be safe from the horrors
of this law, under a Republican administra
tion. No Republican or Abolitionist has yet
been arrested, imprisoned or banished, and
they may reasonably calculate that none ever
will be. Such persons are permitted to stig
matize the Constitution as a league 'with hell,
and insist that the war shall be prosecuted,
not to restore the Union, but to - destroy it,
without being regarded as guilty of any "dis
loyal practices." The- only sufferers, so far,
have been Democrats. Indeed, the very pur
pose for which 'the establishment of martial
law is sought by the managers of thn, clubs and
leagues, is to destroy the Demoortio party.
And we find it declared in an officlifdoeument
emanating from the War Department, that to
support the Democratic' party is to support the
cause of the rebels. This terrible engine,
I then, is to be set in 'motion by one political ,
party for the persecution of another, aiming
neighbor against neighbor; and setting issues
in every household. 'The machinery is pee
-1 pared. Already the secret societies are in mo
tion, bound by what oaths I know not. That
they who design these things design all their,
dreadful consequences I do not believe; but
they know little of human nature and little of
history who cannot dieoern thew- Under a
single despot there is equality;. from a 'single
despot there may be hope of escape. But the
worst form that despotism can assume is that.
of the tyranny of party over party; and if
anything can add to its horrors 'it is when the
dominant faction is inflamed by fanaticism and
led by priests.
What matter!' it that these men are eonaci..
entious ; ihat they act under a sense of duty,
of religious dety 1 .1 do not impeach their
motives. The more ponseientious they are, the
worse. All 'fanatics are conscientious, and it
is this ilia, makes their tyranny, of all tyran
nies, the most insufferable.
What we .cati and ought to do, beyond the
mere e,xpression of• our sympathy, in aid of
our oppressed - countrymen in Ohio; Benlinclty
'and Indiana, is a subject upon which it may be ,
as well at present •to say nothing. , Let:us wait,
the course of events. We have an immediate
questions toidetermine for oureelves,snd that is
whether we will permit the establishment of
the same species of government in our own
State—a government which not only no En
gliahman and no Frenchman would endure,. but
against which the very laszaroui of Naples
would revolt. • I do not speak of exceptional
cases of en extreme public necessity, such as
we may imagine, though their occurrence is
not at all propable ; but I speak of systematic
acts, done under claim of right, without neces
sity, upon false pretences, acts which are not
only flagrantly unconstitutional, but utterly
subversive of liberty and of law, and of which
the manifest tendency, if not the purpose, is
not to maintain the Union, but to destroy it.
I am sure that we will not submit to this, and
we ought to say so plainly. I have no faith
in any petitions, protests or remonstrances
that fall short of this. There is danger in
leaving the President ignorant of our purpose.
I am got sanguine enough to hope for anything
from his sense of justice or respect for the law.
The powers that control him, whether spiritual
or terrestrial, will do to us whatever we will
suffer, but are not likely to attempt that which
they know we will not suffer. '
At the same time I deprecate all resistance
that is not strictly constitutional. Let us not
only submit to, but support all proper autho
rity. The Pfesident claims the constitutional
power to establish Martial law over the body
of the people in the loyal Staten. We deny it.
Let the courts determine the question. The
judicial authority is vested ig the Courts, and
not in the President, the Congress, or the army.
It is as much the duty of the President, as of
any private citizen, to submit to that authority,
If he resists it, he becomes an usurper, and
may himself be lawfully resisted. And, on the
other hand, if any court or judge, acting under
the forms of law, shall sanction his monstrous
assumptions, let us in turn submit; not be
cause there may not he judicial as well as ex
ecutive usurpation, and the same right.in ex
treme cases to resist the one as. the other, but
on account of the condition of the country, ,en d
the double dangers that assail us. In this.
way there feLay be occasional acts of tyranny,
PRICE TWO CENTS.
as has been already, but upon the whole the
restraint of the judiciary will be found ade
quate to our protection, if the President him
self will respect it.
But if any citizen of this State shall be ar
rested or imprisoned by military men, or by
provost marshals or other officers, acting un
der the authority of the President, and the
court before whom the question shall be brought
shall determine that he is entitled to his liber
ty, then, if in spite of this decision, force shall
be used to detain him, there ought to be no
hesitation to support the judiciary in opposi
tion to military usurpation, and I should re
gard it as base and cowardly not to do so, un
less In the face of such a force as should make
resistance quite hopeless. If it be said that
such action would impede the successful pros
ecution of the war, I answer that it is better
that a nation should lose a portion of its terri.
tory than its liberty. And if for this cause the
rebellious States shall succeed in establishing
their independence, the fault will . be that of
the administration ; and the people, driven to
choose between two evils, will have wisely
chosen that which, beyond all comparison, is
the least. •
The times require, in a very high degree,
the exercise of the virtues of courage and of
prudence. Moderation in our counsels will
give us strength and unity in action. Let us
accept as our leader, him whom not less merit
than position designates, (the Chief Magietrate
of our State,) and follow and support that
moderate and patriotic, but not feeble or un
manly, policy which he has recommended and
enforced with so much dignity and success,
and I shall yet hope that the Union may tri
umph over both classes of its enemies—the
Southern Secessionists and the Northern Abo
I remain, gentlemen,
• Very respectfully, your Beryl.,
To Gideon J. Tucker, John Hardy and An
drew Mathewson, Esq.
CHESTER COUNTY. •
DEMOCRATIC COUNTY CONYENTioN
In pursuance of a call of the committee of
Correspondence, a Democratic Delegate Con
vention assembled in Horticultural Hall, in
West• Chester. on Tuesday, Jane 2d, 1863', and
organized by appointing Nadia!' T. M'Veigh,
'Esq., President; Joseph P. Walton, Es;., and
John D. Evans, Vice Presidents ; and Capt,
Samuel Holman and H. E. Monaghan, Esq.,
On motion, Joseph Ebner, Esq., George
Ross, R. A. Gilpin,
John B. Schniale, DP. L:
Oberholtzer, John Miller, John D. Evans, R.
E. Monaghan, Henry Hamor, Jaoob C,
nel, 'Forrester Hoopes, Morton Garrett, and
John IL Mackey, were atopointed a committee
to prepare resolutions for the consideration of
the convention, and withdrew for that purpose.
During their absence, John Rutter, Esq., at
the call of the convention, made a brier but
able speech, in which he eloquently discussed
some of the subjects at present greatly agita
ting the public mind. At the conclusion of his .
reparke, the committee reported the following
resolutions which were received with enthusi
astic approbation, and adopted by a unanimous
1. Resolved, That the Union of .the States,
under the Constitution as formed and, under
. stood by the framers thereof, has cver , been
and still• continues to be the great deaire of the
Democratic party, and history must record , it
as free from all responsibility for the present
disrupting and ruinous civil war brought about
by Northern Abolition and Southern Secession--
a condition of things which would eertlunly
have, been prevented and avoided, if the lead?
ere and eontrollere of the Republican party bad
discarded sectional and yielded to the dictates
of patriotism and the wise and conservative
Counsels of Washington and JaCkson.
2. Resolved, That the life of the American
system of free government consists in the pre
servation of the constitutional rights and lib
erties of the citizens. Permit these to , be vio
lated without jusCrebuke and condemnation, •
and liberty dies; the reople become the slaves
of arbitrary power ; and extended doxiinibn
is but extended despotism. •
8. Resolved, That more than two years of.
experience cannot have failed to convince all
unprejudiced idtizens' whose first with is fertile
general :welfare of the wholevountry, that the
Republican party is utterly inoompetent te ad.
minister, successfully, the affairs of • govern
ment ; that its views and purposes are teo.?el
flat and sectional ; that its fanatical and un
practical ideas in behalf of the negroes, lesdit
to neglect the intereese and violete the rights
_white men. We therefore,call upon all. who
desire a restoration of the good old• times of
unites, prosperity and peace, to rally' at 'Once
with the Democratic party, and ' • again . give it
the power and control of the State and general
gevernmeets, fee it was under the policy .and
administration of That party that our country
had become 'mat among nations, and our
citizens happy, prosperous and peacefnl at
4. Resolved, That th*frequent and repeated
violations of the Constitution in its assurances
and guarantees of rights to the people and the
States, by the present administration of the
general government—especially its arrest,
trial and punishment, by military law, of citi
zens not connected with the army or navy, or
in ineurreatien or retiellion against the general
government, but residing in States where the
civil law is in unobstructed force, and United
States and State courts open—are acts of usur
pation destructive of free• governme nt, . and
should arouse the citizens to a propeesense of
the dangers now threatening their liberties.
5. •Resolved, That the arrest, trial and pun
ishment, by military power and force, of the
Hon. Clement L. Vallandigham i of Ohio, for
an alleged offence which, if silk offence at all,
was cognizable only by the U. S. Courts under
acts of Congress approved by President •Lin
coin, was an outrage upon Law and the clearly
defined constitutional rights of the citizen,
which presents some of the worst features of
military despotism, and, if sanctioned by the
American people, will prove them unworthy of
the free institutions inherited from their revo
[On the reading of the foregoing resolution,
the Convention arose and gave three earnest
and enthusiastic cheers for Clement L. Vallan
dighsm, three more for the cause he represents,
and three more for the petple who , support
him and his cause.]
• O. Resolved, That the conduct of Governor
Curtin, in silently and tamely permitting citi
zens of • Pennsylvania, guilty of no offence
known to the law, and esertieing no privilege
or right not guarabteed by the Constitution,
to be arrested, molded out of the State, and
subjected to unjust and illegal punishment, has
shown himself unworthy of the Gubernatorial
7. Resolved, That the people of Pennsylvania
are about entering into one of the most impor
tant civil contests in which they have ever
'participated, 'because of the influence which
the result must exercise for or against the in-
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING,
lIIIIDAYB NECIMPTIID I
BY 0. BARRETT & CO
Tai DAILY DATAIOT 4x►os Win be snored Its sub
seribersresidinaiatheHorough for rex °sure sus vans,
payible to the Carrier. - Dfail subscribers, FITZ noLiaas
Tun WsiuLT TATIIOT Ain Triton is published atiwO
DCMILABEI its annuli, invariably in admin.. Ten **pie
to one address, jfifteen dollars. •
Connected with this establishment is an er.tenalvo
JOB OFFICE, containing a,rariety of plain and fanny
type, unequalled by any establiihment in the interior of
„the Mate, for which the patronage of t3te. P 1614 is 1116
tereits of the citizens, the rights of the States,
the restoration of the Union as it wasi. avid the
cause of constitutional government. It is,
therefore, incumbent upon the Democracy to
select, as their Gubernatorial candidate, a man
whose private character and personal integrity
cannot be truthfully assailed—whose fidelity
to the doctrines and .principles of State rights
and Federal Union ve above suspicion—and
whose moral courage in behalf of right, and in
opposition to won', mai confidently be relied
on by the people, in any crisis through which
they may be called to pass: Such a man is
our fellow citizen, Nimrod Strickland; and if
the State Convention, in ite wisdom and judg,
ment, should confer the nomination upon him,
we know that the Democracy of Chester county
would unanimously ratify it and unitedly rally
with their Democratic brethren of the State,
to his support as the standard-bearer of the
true and great Constitutional Union party of
By authority of the convention, the Presi
de& appointed Col. Joseph B. Baker, Dr. E.
C. Evans, and Wm. W. Downing conferees on
the subject of a delegate to represent the Sen
atorial district of Chester and Delaware coun
ties in the State Convention.
On motion, the convention proceeded to vote
for delegates to represent the county in the
State Convention, when the following were
elected : •
Northern district—Charles C. Moore, of U.
Uwohlan; Middle die.—John H. Brinton, Esq.,
of West Chester; Southern dis.—Dr. John A.
Morrison, of West Fallow field.
On motion it was resolved that the proceed
ings be published in the Joffersonian, the Age,
the Philadelphia Evening Journal, and the Ps.-
TRIOT AND UNION.
The convention then adjourned.
Front tin Albany Argue.
There is no more earnest and determined
advocate of a Anal separation of the Union—
no fiercer enemy of reconstruction on the battle
of the Constitution, than the Richmond Enqui
rer. As the organ of Jefferson Davila, and of
the men who, under him, have risen to power
in the Confederate . Government, it is naturally
opposed to any restoration of the Federal. re
lations, which would strip these ilea of their
homeit and coneign them to Oblivion. ,Any re
union of the States, whether accomplished by
the strong arm of War, or by peaceful means,
would be annihilation to the Enquirer and its
party. It believes' that by the Sword alone,
the reconstruction it so dreads and deprecates
can neyer,be brought about, and is therefore
willing that the war ahould continue until, ex
hausted and ruined, the North must submit to
final separation. What it really fears its lest
the Democracy in the next Presidential elec
tion should bring the masses of both sections
together again in friendly council to reason, to
persuade, to yield, and by mutual concessions
to put a stop to
. the present unnatural strife,
and again live in brotherhood under a common
Constitution and a common Government. This
is the Skeleton in Rehouse. It fears the Dent
°credo party as the only party by which the
Union can be restored add the South prevented
front accomplishing its object of a separate
Confederacy, and it does not cease to warn its
Made of the danger that threatens the cause
of final separation in this direction.
In its assaults upon the Democracy—in its
exhOriatlon to the South. not to listen to ,the
Union sentiments and patriotic reaseninge of
the'Detoocratiepresa of the North—in its ter
ror least the cildrelatiOne of all the States' to
the Vederal government ehotild be restored, it
finds a sympathizing ally in N'orthern dieuni
onists, call them Abolitionists, Republicans,
Loyal Lettgners, Peace . Men, or what. you will,
Every hater Si the old Union—every reviler of
the old ConstittitiOn, unites with the avowed
rebel in denunciation of : the•only political or
, ganizatiOn - that, based upon prioctple, has-al
ways stood &tax up in ,defence. of , tke Union
and the Constitution, and rep:Wine faithful to
both in the hour of the nation's peril .
We have before us, quoted approvingly in
the Evening, Isurual, An article ,from the Rich
niond Aquirer f wideheays.:
fero be plain, we fear antdietritat farmore
these apparel:4,Y 4'0 1141 1y advance' of the De
mocrats than the open, atrocity ,of ..philautbro
riga of Mitothadieitli. That . Democratic party
always Was Qui 'inenrk; ' hfa r its poi
sonous -embrace. awe States would 'have been free
and clear 9/the ttntfatugal Union twenty year. ago.
It is not.the &wards?Tul Sumn,era, the Black Re
publicans Ab o litionists, who have hurt us.—
They wereriglit ; - there free as irre
pressible itoullictPlsettreen two different chili
so.lo4B ; OPY'wers, 3 Act more able •to lire peace
fully together, in, of, ,goveronteitt Akan., two
hands can wear oilsatm. If . le did not dis
cover Ito' itObie titi Abolitionists' this great
truth; it !was lisiatite.* the' Veinocratio: party,
ne •it .was .ia , principle, taloa , to both
aides, and .wholly• indifferent to the , morals; of
either of the , 9ppoi4ag
liver bdtiveett." - .
`'This' language Of the decessiOit Enquirer the
Attendee JottrnaiAraithly endue - ties; . ..Imo
ought•to know the trecotranietert of the De
moorec,y,bitter khan; the t Ertqwirytnrtit sake.—
We might add•-‘‘,.and who should better know
the Chaineter of the Bewardi andanniners, the
Bleck Itepttblibaneand Anolititinists with whom
the eticeasioniets have been in -sympathy, and
by whom, as the Enquirer deolaree, they have
not been 'hurtr ". 1
'Ave cannot the Journal in its en.
dorsement• ofs the Enquirer's positioue. The
Democratic party has ever , stood betvieen the
two opposing COMMULthiell of the -North and
South, and raise d . its strong arm again and
again to beat back the enemies of the Union.
4. Twenty yeeols'agoil'i*the nattionral Union,"
as the Enquirer sidhletirnal agree d would have
been brosen.into:frwliMente-hut for the brave
leaders and earnttn, masse s of the Democratic
part:. And'now; wiltn t he . nation is reeling
and rocking iterli,hroes of dissolution,
it is the mosses of Us Demeiratio organiza
tion, the-triumph of Democratic principles that
aloge is f'egrecklirthe extremists of both sec
tions; Who desire to preVent a restoration of
the Union 'tinder the Conivitution.
The people who are not traitors to the gov
eromeut,,will rodend understand aright this
sympathy of sentiment between sec.asioniam
at the South and Abolitionism at the North.—
They will know why the Albany Journat copies
and applauds the Riehmorid Enquirer's assault
upon the. Deemer...3y, and why, on the Dame
day,. the TriOne calls upon the President to
beware the. Democratic party and its lead
ero,:!:t The people. wo • oa i, e ,will understand
this, and will learn from it the truth that in
the success of the Democracy—the enemy alike
of secession disunion and Abolition disunion
—lies the only hope of the salvation of the
Vuebhattanoogs Rebel ,will have its joke.
Minding to a sudden void , rasp. it says: ~T he
sadden change of the' weather may be attribu.
ted to the coolness of, the Yankee cavalry : in
presuming to visit the Warmest portions o