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it.;nr lines or less constitute half a square. Ten lines
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fone $) 30 One eq., one day. —• EO 6 0
• • one week. ••. 1 20 " one week.... 200
one month.. 300 Lg one month. •6 00
three months 500 " three months 10 00
6. sixmonths.- 800 " six months.. 15 00
one year 00 " one year 20 Oa
Ifj" Business notices inserted in the Loakt. COLUMN,
v; before marriages and deaths, TEN CENTS PEA Lisa for
cacti insertion. To merchants and others advertising
v year, liberal terms will be offered.
I E-7- The number of insertions must be designated on
1117' Marriages and Deaths will beinserted at the same
r_tes SS regular advertisement.
PENSIONS, BOUNTIES, BACK PAY,
Wu Claims and Claims fer Indemnity.
STEWART, STEVENS, CLARK & 00.,
4 4-terneo and Mannikin-at-Law, and Solicitors
jar all kiwis of Military Claims,
450 PEIMYLVANIA. AVENUE,
• WASHINGTON, D. C.
eds drm, having a thorough knowledge of the Pen
c.os Brisitmea, and being familiar with the practice in
the Departments of tilifernment, believe that they
can afford greater facilities to Tension, Bounty, and
other Claimants, for the prompt and successful accom
plishment of business entrusted to them, than any other
first in Washington. They desire to secure such an
a mount of this bushman as will enable them to execute
business for each claimant eery cheaply, dhd on the
basis of their pay contiegent upon their success in each
rise. Tor this purpose they will secure the services of
DM firms in each prominent locality throughout the
Ctates where such business may be had, furnish such
with all the necessary blank forms of application and
evidence, requisite printed pamphlet instructions, and
circulars for distribution in their vicinity, with asso
ciates =nee inserted, and upon the due execution of
the papers and transmission of the same to them by
their local associates, they will promptly perform the
11:7 - Their charges will be ten dollars for officers and
f ive dogirefer privates, for each Pension or Bounty and
Back Pay obtained, and ten C laim s on amount of
Claims for Military Suppyes or for Indemnity.
J 7 Soldiers enlisted since the let of March, 1861, in
any kind of service, Military - or Naval, who are disabled
by disease or wounds, are entitled to Pensions. An
soldiers who serve for two years, or daring the war,
should it sooner close, will be entitled to $lOO Bounty.
Widows of soldiers who die or are killed, are entitled to
Pensions, and the $lOO Bounty. - If there be no widow,
Sher the minor children. And if no minor children,
thee the father, mother, sisters or brothers are anti
ad as above to the $lOO Bounty and Back Pay.
- JOSEPH B. STEWART,
HESTOR L. STEVENS,
MAR A. PTEVENS,
er&SIIIMMON 7 D. 0., 1862.
Er Apply at our office, or to our Associate at
1L1112.188138.11 3 Pa.—JOHN A. BIGLEL Attorney and
P1P153117.11 2 PA..--Ani/litavEi A lIIDDIILL, Attar
l'arrsvirs.a, PA.—WM. It. WITH, Attorney and
Pau.anstratt, MINWICHILD, 48 Alwood
'treat, WM. M:B2IITH, Attorney and Counsellor.
Wafuenarott, Pa.—BOYD CILUMILINCR, Attorney
:y 3l -dly
JACKSON & ()O.'S
NO. COX NABILIT STRUT,
11ARR15817.1147; PA S ,
Where they ntend to devote their entire time to the
BOOTS AND SHOES
WI kinds and varieties, in the neatest and moat fish.
arable style; and at satisfactory prices.
Their stook will corudEtt, in part, of Gentkonne , s
Calf end Patent Lemke , Boots and noes, latest etylesi
Ladies' and Maw' Gaiters, and otherphoes in great
variety; and ht feet everything connected with the
CUSTOMER. WORKwill be particalaiV attended to,
and in all cases will satisfaction be warrinted. Lasts
Anted wp by one of the beet rakers in the country.
%he long practical experience of the undersigned, and
thetr thorough knowledge of the business will, they
-tist, be sullinient guarantee to the public that they
do them justice, and furnish them an article the
will recommend itself for utility, cheapness and dunk.
Gang) JACKSON & CO.
ITUEDNIEWS PATENT BEEF TEA,
.011. a solid, concentrated extract of
BEEF AND VEGETABLES,
Convertible immediately into a nourishing and deli
chow' soup. Highly approved by a *umber of eminent
Tide admirable article condensed into a compact form
all the substantial and nutritive properties of a large
bulk of meat and vegetables. The readinesswithwhich
it dissolves into a rich and palatable Soup, which would
require hours of preparation according to the usual
method, is an advantage in many situations of life too
obvious to need urging . Its highly nourishing qualities
combined with its delicacy, renders it invaluable for the
sick; while for those in health, it is a perfectsubstitnte
for fresh meat and vegetables. It will keep good Many
It is peculiarly Well adapted FOR TRAVELERS : by
had or sea, who can thus avoid those accidentaldepriva
lions of a comfortable meal, to which they are so liable.
FOB INVALIDS, whose capricious appetite Can thus
se satisfied in a moment.
FOR SPORTEMBN and EXCURSIONISTS. to whom,
both its oompactness and easy preparation will neon
mend it. For sale by
sep244f WM. DOCK, Ja., & Co.
VNEXOELLED BY ANY IN THE U. STATES!
AND SUPERIOR TO ANY
.11. AT 0Q SRAN 3a MEI
OFFERED IN PENNSYLVANIA!
IT IS MADE OP
OROICE MISSOURI WRITE WHEAT.
frr Delivered any place in the city free of charge.
rerves cash ore delivery.
jy3o WU. DOCK, dz., & CO.
4 QOLDIER'S CAMP COMPANION.-
1...) A very osavenient Writing Desk; also, Portfolios,
Sieraoranduln Books, Portosounales, &a., at
VOTIONS.—Quite a variety of useful
and entertaining articles—cheap—at
Lobster, Salmon, %%tars,
Spiced Oysters, for sale by WK. DOCK, jr:, & CO.
A BOOK FOR THE TIMES 1
American Annual Cyclopedia and Register of
Important Events for the Year 1861. in 1 cot.
8 vo. over 750 papa. Cloth pB, Leather $8.60.
Pub/it/zed by D. Appleton Co., Hew York.
The design of this work is to furnish a record of all
the important knowledge of the year. The events of
-the war, owing to their prominence, will, of course, oe
cupy a conspicuone part, but all other branches—Sol
-moo, Art, Literature, the Mechanic Art 4,10 .2 will re
ceive due attention. The work will be published ex
elusively by subscription, and ready for delivery is
Also, new complete
Boston's Debates of Congress, 16 volumes, $3 and $3. 33
Ben t " )s Thiot3 Years in 11. S. Swats, toolurnee, $2.60
and $3 per vat.
ClidoPedia of America* Eloquence, containing the
speeches of the most eminent Orators of America, 14
steel portraits, 2 vols. $2.50 each.
J?artosts Life and rims; of Andrew Jackson," hallow,
Maven I. P. STRAUB/MGR, Harrisburg, Ps.
General Agent for D. APPLETON & CO.
- For Oirculsre deemiptireof hewtml Ogolopedis.
OTIOE TO CAPITALISTS:
A VALUABLE INVESTMENT OFFERED-
The undersigned offers for sale FIVE HUNDRED
AND EIGHTY THREE ACRES of exeellent COAL
LANDS, containing the entire Allegheny coal mines.
situated in Washington township, Calabria county.
vein of fcnr feet in thickness has been opened and in
now being worked in three places. The Pennsylvania
Central railroad runs Owen& the tract and along side
of these openings. Samples furnished on application
to the proprietor. Reference as to quality may be bad
by applying to 0. W. Barnes, -Philadelphia, John W.
liVoester, Duneannon iron works, or in Cleveland, Ohio.
Tittle indisputable—terms easy.
Hemlock P. 0..
Cambria county, Pa.
ENCH MUSTARD, ENGLISH and
Domestic pi c kl e s, (by the dozen or hundred,) DU
pucka Salad Oil, Ketchup, Sauces and condiments of
every description, for We by
my 26 WILDOOK, Js., & Oo
WAR ! WAR! --.-BRADY, No. 62
Market street, below Third, has reeeived &large
samortment of SWORDS, &Me and 11sLTS,
will oeU very IoW. aa.2.0-af
WM. H. MILLER,
R. E. FERGUSON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
BETWEEN WALNUT and MARKET SQUARE,
ap2e-d&w Nearly opposite the Buehler Howe.
THOS. C. MAoDOWELL,
Office a Burke's Row, Third street, (Up Stairs.)
Having formed a connection with parties in Wash
ington Oity, wno are reliable business men, any busi
ness connected with any of the Departments will meet
with immediate and careful attention. m6-y
DR. 0. WEICHEL,
SURGEON AND OCULIST,
RESIDENCE THIRD NEAR NORTH STREET.
He is now fully prepared to attend promptly to the
duties of profession in all its bramohea.
A LONG AID WON 800011881 0 11 L KEDICIAL 1111.11111111011
justifies him in promising fall and ample satisfaction to
all who mayfavor him with a call, be the disease Chronic
Grimy other nature.
CHARLES F. V OLLMKR
Is prepared to furnishto order, hi the very best style of
workmanship; Spring and Hair Mattresses, Window Cur-
Ulna, Lounges, and all other articles of Furnrtrure In hit
line, on short notice snd moderate terms. Having ex
perience in the business, he feels warranted in asking a
share of public patronage, confident of his ability to give
NO. 11, NORTH THIRD ST., HARRISBURG.
Banjos, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, Accorcleons,
STRINGS, SWIZZ AND ZOOK KOZIO, &Ot, &Oamb
PHOTOGRAPH FRAMES. ALBUMS,
Large Pier and Mantle Mirrors, Square and Oval Pramsl
of every description made to order. Beguilding done.
Agency for Howe's Sewing Machines.
11:7 Sheet Music sent by Mail. ootl-1
JOHN W. GLOVER,
MERCHANT TAILOR !
Has Jut received from New York, an assort
which he Whore to hie customers end the public at
nov22) MODERATE PRICES. dtt
402 WALNUT ETNIINT.
General Maims for Soldiere promptly collected, State
Claim adjuated, &c., ke. mar2o-dim
SMITH & EWING,
THIRD STREET, Harrisburg,
Practice in the several Courts of Dauphin county. Col
lections made promptly. A. 0. SMITH,
feb26 J. B. EWING-.
I COOK, Merchant Tailor,
. 27 OHESNUT ST., between Second and Front,
Has just returned from the city with an assortment of
CLOTHS, CASSIMERES AND VESTING'S,
Which will be sold at moderate prices and made np to
order; and, also, an assortment of BEADY bli.DB
Clothing and Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods.
. L N. GILDER, IL IL 8.,
N 0 . 119 MARKET STREET,
I St }h,
BBY & KUNKEL'S BUILDING, UP STAIRS.
RELIGIOUS BOOK STORE,
TRACT AND SUNDAY SCHOOL DEPOSITORY,
E. S. GERMAN,
IT 801.7 TH. SZOOND STREET, ABOVE
Depot for thesals of Stereoocopes,Stereoscopiel r iewS,
Music and Musical Instruments. Also, subscriptions
taboo for re li gions publications. noiledy
JOHN G. W. MARTIN,
HERIVEI HOTEL , HARRIBIII7II4, PA.
Alimanner of VISITING, WEDDING AND BUM
NESS CARDS executed in the most artistic ylstes and
most reasonable terms. decl4-dtf
This pleasant and commodious Hotel has been tho
roughly re-fitted and re-furnished. It iA pieasantly
situated on North-West corner of Howard and Franklin
streets, a few doors west of the Northern Central Rail
way Depot. Avery attention paid to the comfort of his
gucete. G. LBISNNRING, Proprietor,
jel2-tf (Late of Selina Grove. Pa.)
THEO. F. BOHEFFER,
BOOK, CARD AND JOB PRINTER,
NO. IS MARKET STREET, HARB/BIMR4.
117" Particular attention paid to printing, ruling and
binding of Railroad Blanks, Manifests, Insurance Poll
*Ws, Checks, Bill-Reads_, kn.
We4ding, Visiting and Business Cards printed at very
low prices and in the beat style. 7an2L
DYOTTVILLE GLASS WORKS,
WINE, PORTER, BUNNELL WATER, PICKLE AND
or MR? DIUMPTION,
H. B. k Gh. W. WINNERS,
ST South Front ateret, Philadelphia.
NO. IS MARNIT BINSIST, 11A111111381711N, PA.
SHEET MUSIC, PIANOS,
VIOLINS, BANJO STRINGS,
Of every deeeription.
DRUMS, PIM, PLUM, AOOORDNONO, eta. at
the lowest OITY MONO, at
W. KNINHINII MUM STOPS,
No. 93 Miser &ream
3,000 BUSHELS York State Potatoes )
of different kinds,
1,400 Bushels York State Apples,
A Choice lot of York State Butter.
Also, a superior lot of Catawba Grapes, and Sil Whet
Shel'barks, just received and for sale low by
N. W. BIBLE & CO.,
decl-dtf No. 106 Market street.
HAMS, DRIED BEEF, BOLOGNA
SAUSAGES, TONGUES, &c., for sale low, by
W.M. DOCK. Ja.. &
i ... . .
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..- '• - _
VOL. 5.-NO. 210.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MILITARY CLAIM AND PATENT AGENT.
Chestnut street, four doors above Second,
(OPPOSITE WASHINGTON HOSE Hotrsa,)
MELODEONS, VIOLINS, GIIITMI,
T AMES! YOU KNOW WERE YOU
citti get fine No Paper, Envelopes, Visiting nod
Wedding c al la 7 te
At BotrIPPIRTS BOOKSTORE.
FOR RENT—Two desirable OFFICE
ROOMS, second story front of Wyeth's Building
isomer or Market /Square and Market street. Annlist
klo Mike sepissir
DIANOS carefully packed or removed
bt S. WARD.
r23-2w 12 North Third street.
OONDENSBI) MILK I—Just received
sad for eats by WK. DOCK jr., fc 00.
HARRISBURG, PA:, WEDNESDAY, MAY G, 1863.
atriot it 'anion,
WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 6, 1863
For the Patriot and Union.
CAUSES OF THE BAD CONDUCT AND
INCAPACITY OF NEW ENGLAND
Mr. EDITOR :-I will now discuss the causes
of the incompetency and bad conduct of New
England Generals, displayed, as I hairi shown,
not only during the rebellion j but through our
whole military history.
I will first dispose of the attribute called
courage or bravery—call it as you choose.
All the American people, in the general, are
brave, and possess the primary qualifications
of a military people—that is, can ride, shoot
and swim ; and, of course, the New England
people are included. Whilst this is admitted,
there is no portion of our population so defi
cient in the great qualities to make distin
guished military men as they are ; and this is
very obvious when you come to reflect that
their character does not harmonize with those
exalted feelings which go to make up martial
sentiment—high spirit, lofty aspirations and a
self-sacrificing nature—so far from this, the
leading traits of New England character stand
in direct antagonism to them, being a selfish
people, sordid and mercenary to a proverb,
and imbued with an uudylag spirit of acquisi
tiveness—all degrading characteristics, and
hostile in sentiment to the martial spirit.
The character of these people is likewise
deformed by animosity and vindictiveness—
counterparts of magnanimity and forbearance,
and they never have or can respond to the high
soldiership which can act as if gg toil were pas
time, danger pleasure, death nothing, glory
everything." To them such sentiments would
They are not an eloquent people—l mean
possessing that true eloquence that comes from
the heart, and not what is acquired by scho
lastic training or logical acumen. This has
• been most abundantly shown again and again.
Their educational system is the most vicious
imaginable for elevating the mind and charac
ter; and, in fact, is debasing, as it fosters the
very traits which deform their character and
They are almost entirely deficient in native ge
nius, and are forced, from their poverty in this
respect, to substitute for it the lower qualities
of cultivated talent and ability; and, in fine,
the very highest type of a New Englander is
mediocrity to the genius that has been dis
played in other portions of our common coun
try. I could give an hundred examples to
illustrate and prove this, if necessary, if not
familiar to all.
Yon will see, Mr. Editor, by this short por
trait of the race, why it is that no great or
eminent soldier has sprung from such a com
munity. One there was, it is true—Gen. Na
thaniel Green, one of the most illustrious he
roes and commanders of the Revolution; but
when I tell you he was a Quaker, and the de
scendant of a family of Quakers, persecuted
by these very Puritans, the whole secret is de
veloped; and to this day he is not fully esti
mated by them. Nor does this apply to sol
diers only, but to the other great walks of
public life; and so manifest is this, that these
people show a great reluctance to estimate
greatness in others; and it has always been
necessary to extort its admission from them;
and how could you expect it otherwise, when
they have actually, for all the great virtues,
substituted lower qualities in their place as
standards of excellence, and misnamed them,
and making them rules of practice? I will
recite a few. With tlitem egotism stands in
the place of greatnes, success 'of justice, sun
ning of wisdom, cupidity of enterprise, sedi
tion of liberty, cant of piety, and clamishness
in the place of patriotism.
With such characteristics, joined to the
deepest fanaticism, which has characterized
them from their early origin, it is not at all
wonderful that these people have been the
great disturbing element in our nation's his
tory, in destroying the peace and tranquility
of the people of the United States, and weak
ening and destroying the entente cordiale be
tween the several States. No one can pretend
to deny this. Our whole history shows it.
I now, Mr. Editor, come to the application of
these causes, and close, and it is the most alar
ming of all.
These people, with their cunning leaders,
hare a paramount influence at Washington, in
directing the policyof the government in sup
pressing the rebellion (of which they were the
primary fomenters) and restoring the Union,
and they have already used it to base and ig
noble purposes, and marred its success, as 1
have already shown, by their incapacity and
bad conduct. The only hope I see for the fu
ture is, in discarding them from influencing
public affairs—for, whilst their influence is
paramount, I cannot see how our present
Union is to be restored, or even a reconstruc
tion of it effected.
The President has twice admitted that he "is
embarrassed by their influence." Well, then,
discard them—change the course of the gov
ernment to its true and legitimate policy, the
restoration of the Constitution and Union in
strict conformity to the Inaugural oath, and
secure the support of the whole people ; for it
appears manifest that emancipation proclama
tions will no more do that, at the South, than
the establishment of Abolition Union Leagues
will do it at the North—that confiscation acts
will no more win back the alienated Union
people of the South, than Presidential jokes
will allay the anguish of the patriotic people
of the North—or that arming insurgent slaves
at the South will no more restore the Union,
than shackling the press or suspending the
habeas corpus will do so at the North.
The President has• said another thing, in
hearing of the writer, viz ; "What we really
want is military success." True, most true.
Then recall these incompetent Abolition Gen
erals, and employ officers that . have the confi
dence of the army and the people. Why, Mr.
Editor, I as firmly believe it as I now state" . it
—that 30,000 of the hardy mountaineers of
Western Virginia, Eastern Tennessee, Western
North Carolina and Northern Alabama, brought
under the United States standard, and led by
such Generals as M'Clellan, Rosecrans, Hein&
zelman, M'Call, and others I could name,
would be of more service to restore the Union
(familiar as they are with arms) than 800,000
fanatical New Englanders, led by all the Abo
lition Generals whose names are to be found
in the U. S. Army Register.
I will now close these communications, and if
I should, with your leave, Mr. Editor, pursue
this theme, (particularly instructive at this
particular crisis)—having already shown that
New England has degraded the military char
acter of the American people—l will go on to
show that New England has also degraded the
commercial character, the religious character,
the political character and the philanthropic
character of the American people, and to a
great extent corrupted their language—relying
upon nothing but historical facts in doing so.
Nor.—For the nest week or two we intend
devoting a large portion of our columns to liter
ary and miscellaneous matter, and, conse
quently, shall not have space for any matter
of a different character, as the inside columns
of the daily afford barely room enough for
editorial and news..--EDS. PATRIOT AND UNION.
LETTER FROM HON. EDMUND BURKE
To the Editor of the National Eagle!
In your issue of the 16th inst., I noticed a
communication dated at "Hilton Head, S. C.,
April 1,1863," signed "G. H. W.," purporting
to have been written by a soldier, in which I
find the following sentences:
"I would like to come North and stop one
week. I would appoint a Copperhead funeral
every day, and would see' that a corpse was
ready." * * * "I would as soon shoot a
Copperhead as I would a snake by that name."
From the language of the Republican press
and orators I understand a "Copperhead" to
be a Democrat. It is a blackguard term, but I
do not quarrel with the Republican presses and
orators for using it, they being the best judges
of what is becoming and respectable for them
in the matter of manners. Such being the
meaning of the term, the soldier, therefore,
Who wrote the letter published in your paper,
avows his determination to shoot and murder
his fellow-citizens because they believe in the
Democratic faith, and support the principles
and policy of the Democratic party.
You publish the letter without word or com
ment, or dissent from the atrocious and mur
derowi sentiments which it expresses. You
thus, unwittingly, I hope, contribute the in
fluence of your paper to stir up to deeds of vio
lencc,- outrage and blood, the latent, undiscip
lined passions of society which, when once let
loose, like famishing wolves, know no restraint
Are we, Democrats, many of us your neigh
bors and subscribers to your paper, to infer
that you approve of such sentiments? We 'de
sire, and are entitled to, a distinct. answer to
Have you reflected upon the probable conse
quences of the utterance of such inflammatory
and vile sentiments as are contained in the
letter of the soldier above referred to, and are
too common in the columns of the Republican
press, and in the mouths of Republican orators?
If they were to prevail would you be entirely
safe? If Democrats, or "Copperheads"—as we
are called, in derision, by a party who carry
upon their shoulders the awful. and appalling
sin of being the primary authors of the pre
sent civil war and the destruction of the Union
—are to be shot down and murdered in cold
bloCod, do you think that the public peace would
be long maintained in the North, and that you,
Republicans, would escape all danger?
"Lay no such flattering unction to your
soul." The beginning of such business is the
beginning of civil war and anarchy here in the
North. The first Democrat shot down will be
the signal for the slaughter of a Republican,
and the horrible work once begun; where would
it end? And what would be the fate of the
Republicans between the fire of the rebels on
one aide, and the outraged and incensed Demo
crats on the other? I will answer no further
than to say, that the Democracy would not be
the greatest sufferers in the end, and would not
As to the soldier who wrote the letter above
alluded to, if he be a soldier, and has thus dis
graced his patriotic calling, all I have to say,
is, that ho has uttered sentiments worthy only
of a vile and execrable murderer. Let him
come on, and dare attempt to execute his atro
cious threats. He would not make many corp
ses before he would be one himself. Both he,
and you, and all Republicans, should under
stand, that it is the firm spirit and resolute
purpose of the Democracy to defend themselves,
their property and their rights, to any extre•
mity which the occasion may demand.
We do not enter into any defense of our pa
triotism and loyalty in comparison with the
pat:Heti= and loyalty of Republicans. We
have always been true to our country and to
the Union. We have been neither the origina
tors nor fermenters of a sectional party, which
has resulted in the destruction of the Union
and in civil war. We have opposed the causes
and the men that have brought these calami
tous results upon the country. And we have
rallied with as much zeal as the Republicans
to the support of the existing administration
in its constitutional measures to repair the
huge mischiefs which the Republican party has
been instrumental in bringing about; at the
same time being resolved to hold that party
responsible at the bar of God and the People
for their agency in this terrible business of
destroying our country; and from which re
sponsibility we do not intend they shall escape,
by any threats or menaces of violence to our
selves. And finally, the Democracy are re
solved to maintain their rights at all hazards,
let them be assailed from whatever source they
may. And in view of the bloody menaces
which appear in Republican newspapers and
fall from the lips of Republican orators, I say
to my Democratic friends—Be ready for any
I therefore submit to your cool and calm
judgment, whether it is best, or prudent., for
orators or soldiers, to in
dulge in any more threats to murder Demo
crats, or to commit outrages upon them, be•
cause they claim and will enjoy the rights and
privileges of American citizens. I can hardly
think the leaders of the Republican party
really desire to inaugurate murder, revolution
and anarchy at their own doors. But I may
be mistaken. Their infatuation in this dark
period of our country's peril and suffering is
astonishing, and nobody can foresee to what
folly, crime and calamity it may lead.
The very fact that you have published, with
out dissent and censure, such a letter as that
which has called forth this communication, is
one of the gloomy presages of impending evil
which overshadows our now sufficiently af
If the administration and the Republican
soldiers would display half as much resolution
and energy in conquering the rebels as they
manifest in their endeavors to put down the
Democratic party, they might win some victo
ries which would be creditable to themselves
and the country. But the conquest and sub
jugation of the Democratic party they will find
to be an utter impossibility, whether they at
tempt to accomplish the result. by contumely,
threats or arms. It is high time they compre
hended this fact, and acted accordingly.
As I am never ashamed, nor afraid, to avow
publicly what I write for the public press, I
sign my name, in propria persona.
With much personal respect and esteem, &c.
NEWPORT, N. IL, April 18, 1863.
CONSCRIPTION REGULATIONS TO BE
From the Philadelphia Sunday Dispatch, (Abolit!on.)
The provost marshals have nearly all been
selected, and Colonel Fry, the Provost Marshal
General, has prepared and issued the "regula
tions for the government of the Bureau of the
Provost Marshal General," as approved by the
President who orders " tha they be strictly
observed." There are one hundred and thirty
one separate regulations with twenty from the
general regulations of the army, and full diree•
tions for filling up the thirty-nine printed forms
of blank returns, &c.
NQ DEMOCRATS TO FILL THE OFFICES.
Each provost marshal has jurisdiction over
a Congressional district. He may appoint two
deputies, or more, if necessary, at salaries of
not more than $lOO per month each ; four spe
cial officers for detecting and arresting spies
or deserters, at from $4O to $65 per month
each, depending on their usefulness; enrolling
officers, at not exceeding $3 per diem for the
time actually employed ; and special guards
for deserters, at not more than $1 per diem,
besides their actual expenses. All these ap
pointments are to be made subject to the ap
proval of the Provost Marshal General here,
who will unquestionably be guided by the
Representative in Congress from the district,
if a Republican—if not, by prominent politi
GENTLEMEN TO BE STRIPPED NAKED, OR PAY
Those who neither wish to " fight or pay,"
but hope to avoid being drafted by obtaining
a medical certificate from their family physi
elan, will find themselves mistaken. All those
who plead exemption on account of bodily
infirmities or disease must go before the regu
lar authorities, and the regulations prescribe
that men are to be "examined, stripped, in the
day time, in the presence of the board of en
rollment, and in a room well lighted and suffi
ciently large for the draftei men to walk about
and exercise his limbs, which he must be re
quired to do briskly."
Now many a man will fork over his $3OO
rather than thus be trotted about naked before
four or five other men, who will sit in judg
ment on him as the famed Council of Ten of
the Sons of Malta used to examine the candi
dates for initiation into that respectable order.
A list of fifty-five diseases and infirmities is
published as "those which disqualify for mili
tary service," and for which only drafted men
are to be rejected as physically or mentally
unfit for service.
Upon which the Philadelphia Evening Journal
The blood and money of every citizen in the
countryttre taxed alike for the support of the
government, and now we have it announced
that some two hundred provost marshals are
to appoint sixty or seventy men, at large sala
ries, in perhaps two hundred districts, subject
to the approval of the Provost Marshal Gene
ral, which is to he "guided by the Representative
iri Oongress from the district, if a Republican—if
not, by prominent (Republican) politicians.
Odious as the mildest form of a conscription
must be, it appears that " the powers that be"
are to test to the utmost the endurance and pa
tience of the people, by using their blood and
agony to support and perpetuate a partisan
administration. Behold what a political engine
this money of the people is to pay for. Besides
a provost marshal, with the pay of a captain
of cavalry, and two assistants, there is to be
2 Deputies, at $lOO per month. $2OO
4 Spies, at $65 per month . 260
10 (est.) Enrolling Officers, at $8 per
50 (est.) Guards, at $1 per diem, and
Here are over thirteen thousand officers re
ceiving nearly one million of dollars per month
(estimating 200 districts) out of the public
treasury, wrung from the hard earnings of the
people by taxes. Nor is the indignity and in
justice to stop here. The sum of $3OO is to be
extorted from every invalid under pain of being
stripped naked, and exhibited like a beast be
fore four or five men. No American will be
found so lost to decency as to submit to this
indignity. We advise the powers that be not
to try the patience of the people to that humi
THE BLUNDERS OF. THE WAR
The time-honored saying that "experience
makers fools wise," does not seem to apply to
the administration at Washington. It is noto
riou that most of the disasters to the Union
arms in Virginia, have been attributable to the
interference of blundering officials at Wash
ington who, while sitting in their easy quarters
at the Capital, have undertaken to control
movements in the field, and to order the advance
or retreat of armies according as their own
confidence or alarm prevailed. It was thus
that M'Clellau's movements were hampered
and crippled, and thus that M'Dowell was pre
vented from forming a union with his chief,
and kept for months inactive and useless. On
the very day the great victory at Antietam
was won, when the Confederate forcee were
checked and driven back in the flush and pride
of victory, during the progress of the battle
the Federal Commander received three several
dispatches from hie terrified "superiors" in
forming him that the enemy he was then en
gaging had escaped, that Washington was . in
danger, and ordering him peremptorily to fall
back by forced marches to the rescue of the
And now we learn that the repulse and dis
asters at Charleston are due to a similar inter
ference. The Chaplain of the 115th regiment
of N. Y. S. Volunteers, writing over hie own
name from Hilton Head, in defence of Gen.
Hunter, whose action in the Charleston affair
has been censured, tells the following story :
4 'Soon after the attack on Fort Sumpter had
commenced, and when promising favorable re
nal, a dispatch arrived from Washington
ordering a delay in the attack on Charleston, and
restored to health in a feu
gy, after having suffered Bert.
• affection, and that dread
*ins to make known to hi
Till send a copy of
1 with the three ,
" h they wi
r Bronc l.
PRICE TWO CEN ti
THREE HUNDRED DOLLARS
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING,
dißi BY 0. BARRETT & CO
DAILY PATRIOT AID UNION Will be "erred to Nub.
residing in the Borough for TEN CENTS PER WEEK,
Ia the Carrier. Mail subscribers, FITE DOLL/NN
NEELY PATRIOT AND UNION IB'
11 flnd a
'forma- =.- PER ANNUM, i nvariably l'uff
f pi —.Led atrium
h s , pes nedere.ns,Afteendoua;.s. in advance. Ten copies
rlodie-Ciottattkiii eStabiinhment is an eztenei►s
it h tor...which the
a n ny eLt.,,oriety of plain and fancy
Admi. iegnalled by lishment in the interior of
patronage of the publie is so.
Charleston had not
rival of the order, a et-7.1_
was held. Some of them weitß perished with
continuing the attack, but Admiral in history,
decided in the negative. He reasone
If I should continue the attack contra•ablished as
dem, and should succeed, the go - i our forces
might sustain me. If I should make dy done, and
and lose the Monitors, I should lose my leased.
Who will say that this was not soundbours, but
log As soon as it was known at Waswar. Our
that the attack on Charleston had alreake enemy,
menced, and that it would go out to that heavily
try as a failure, another order came for all saved.
mediate renewal of the attack." )111' rear,
What a sad budget of foolish and rim front,
blunders will the history of this war per forces
to future generations !—Albany Argus. iin an
FROM NORFOLK AND SUFFOLA true
Our Norfolk oorreepoadent, "8k K 1 but orce,
under date of May 2, writes quite an inter th em
ing letter, from which we take the follov
"We are still waiting for a decisive res..' 113 n
of the contest which has so long been going.' ol'''
at Suffolk, where two large armies arrayOrauey
against each other in close proximity have 'Wet
been skirmishing, sometimes lightly and some
times severely, for the past twenty days.—
There has been some ion on both sides—but
it does not amount to thousands, and is there
fore lightly thought of. The outside pickets
are close enough to each other to converse, and
we are expecting stirring news from yto
day. Our army ought, I think, to be in a oon- '
dition to advance—they are certainly strong
enough in men and material. Gen. Dix is on
the move nearly all the time, keeping a very .
watchful eye over the movements of the enemy.
There was some difficulty the other day at
Suffolk between the army and navy, but it has
been amicably settled. They move along har
moniously now, and will, therefore, probably
accomplish more than they have heretofore in
" There has been a shipment of contrabands
from this place to Suffolk to work on the in
trenchments there. About ene hundred and
twenty-five were called for, but when they
were gathered together to be sent off, I tell
you they were a sick set of fellows, variously
afflicted with rheumatism, headache, fever, and
all other diseases to which frail hudtanity is
subject. These contrabands, for whose eman
cipation the Abolitionists are willing to sacri
fice the Union, are generally very worthless
fellows. They will not work without being
driven to it, and then one white Pennsylvania
laborer is worth five of the best of them. To
the government they are not worth their vic
tuals and clothes. Here the Degrees go where
they please without a pass, except to Fortress
Monroe, which is more than white people can
do, and they have, besides, another advantage
—they ride at half price. As far as I have
been able to judge from actual observation the
negroes who come to us are even more worth
less than your Harrisburg darkies—from which
you can make an estimate of their value.
" Norfolk has become quite a point of ship- --
ment for government goods. There is a con—
stant business stir on the streets. The Nor
folk and Suffolk railroad is used now enter
sively to carry supplies, &c., to our large arr i
at. the latter point, and is well managed by
Wentz, the superintendent, and his assist .
"Our regiment will be held here for
guard service. Four companies ha e` been in
the city for some time, and the 4thers will
soon be stationed in and around it.: Two com
panies occupy Port Norfolk, whic i lii is just be
low the city. The regiment is f composed of
fine material, most of the men lbeing farmers
or mechanics. General Veille remarked in a
speech which he made to us,' the other day,
that the men comprising this regiment had
conducted themselves better than any others he
had ever under his command and this was the
thirty-seventh regiment he. ad commanded
since the commencement of l '.! e war. A high
compliment, wasn't it ?
" The weather is very warm here. Old
Summer seems to come right down on us at.
once. If the heat increases, in proportion, a
few weeks longer, we shall have a hot time of
it before our time expires.
is The gunboat Juniata has left for Havana,
where she goes as the flagship of Com. Wilkes.
There was not much use for her here in the
estimation of the Navy Department, I presume,
as it would be almost impossible for the reba
to take this place by land, and they have, at
present, no navy worth speaking of.
While I am writing a report comes in from
Suffolk that the ball has been opened in ear
nest there, and that two rebel regiments have
been cut to pieces. I give the rumor as I re
ceive it, without note or comment, hoping it
may be true. This I know, it has been the
intention of our army, for a week past, to ad
vance. What delayed it Ido not know. I see
the administration still lingers with its feeler,'
as we call the draft down here."
THE SPOTTED FEVER,-Dr. James Morrison,
of Manayunk, (Philadelphia,) in a communi
cation to a Philadelphia paper, makes the fol
lowing statements in reference to the disease
called "spotted fever," which has recently ap
peared in that and some other neighborhoods :
"The disease is essentially a malignant form
of typhus fever, and in common parlance is
familiarly styled spotted fever, from the spots
which appear upon the surface of the skin.
In bad cases the rash puts on a blueish appear
ance; while in those which terminate favorably
the rash has a florid hue. In some cases death
occurred in a few hours—so amount of stimu
lation seeming to have any effect in producing
reaction. In fatal cases the intensity of the
poison is so great as to destroy at once the
vitality of the blood, and death rapidly occurs
as a consequence.
"Dr Bacot speaks of this fever having pre
vailed in Spain during the Peninsula war.
During the epidemic cholera in England, pa
tients attacked with typhus were brought to
the London hospitals; after only a few hours'
illness their bodies became cold and eoverea
with spots, their faces bloated and almost pur
ple, and their eyes red. Ther died in a short
time—at farthest is a few days.
"Fortunately for this place, this disease has
not assumed an epidemic form ; for as yet we
have not had more than twenty oases in all.
Nor is it, confined to Manayunk and the Falls;
it has made its appearance on the Wissahickon,
as well as in Lower Merion, on the opposite
bank of the Schuylkill. At this present wri
ting I believe there is not a single case of the
disease in town."
SOLDIER WIT.—A soldier dying of a lung
disease in one of the Washington hospitals,
had a blister applied between his shoulders by
the surgeon. The poor fellow looked wag
gishly at the doctor, and grimly asked "if a
man had to have a stamp put upon him before
he could be allowed to die ?"
" MAT'S SO I"—The Logan Gasettg gays
“The Republican• party is, distinguished for
mobbery, robbery, jobbery astil snobbery."