Newspaper Page Text
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
n half a square. Ten lines
Poor Uses or leas cousi
er more than four, constant a square.
Elsa eq., one day-- lei 20 One sq., one day...—. $0 60
is one week.... 120 " One week.... 200
~ one m „ th.. 3 00 " one month.. 600
threemonths 501 ~ three montbslo 00
" g, monthg. .6 00 " Mx months.. 15 00
sc on e y ear ....... 12 00 " one year.... 20 00
1.0" Business notices inserted in the Loofa.
or b e f o re reer riages and deaths, TIN CENTS PEE LINE for
each insertion. To merchants and others advertising
by the year, liberal tome will be offered.
Er The number of insertiOnS MO be designated on
lie advertisement. 46
%r marr i a ges and Deaths will be inserted at the same
rtes as regular advertisements.
PENSIONS, BOUNTIES, BACK PAY,
Wu? Claims aid Claims for •Indemnity.
STEWART, STEVENS, CLARK dc CO.,
Attorneys and Counsellors-at-Law, and Solicitors
for ail kiwis of Military Claims,
460 PENNbYLVANIA AVENUE,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
This Arm, having a thorough knowledge of the Pen
sion gelidness, and being familiar with the praqtice in
all the Departments of Government, believe that they
can afford. greater facilities to Pension, Bounty, and
other Claimant', for the prompt and successful accom
plishment of business entreated to them, than any other
in. Washington. They desire to secure each an
amount of this business as will enable them to execute
the business for each claimant very cheaply, and on the
basis of their pay contingent upon their success is each
cam Tor this purpose they will secure the services of
Law Pirms in each prominent locality throughout the
States where such business may be had, furnish such
with all the necessary blank forms of application and
evidenos, requisite printed pamphlet instructions, and
drainers fer distribution in their vicinity, with asso
ciates names inserted, and upon the due execution of
the papers and transminaion of the same to them by
their local associates, they will promptly perform the
117' Their charges will be tea dollars for officers and
Ave dollars for lactates, for each Pension or Bounty and
Back Pay obtained, and ten per sent, on amount of
Oleims for Military Supplies or Claims or Indemnity.
117" Solers enlisted sines the Ist f arch 18111, in
any kind of d s ervice, Military or Naval, o who are ,
by disease or wounds, are entitled to Pensions. All
soldiers who serve for two years, or during the war,
should it sooner close. will be entitled to $lOO Bounty.
Widows of soldiers who die or are killed, are entitled to
Pensions, and the $lOO Bounty. If there be no widow,
then the minor children. And if 'no minor children,
Shen the father mother, sisters or brothers are enti
,asd as above to' tae slooBonnty and B
B ST e EWART Pay.
MOTOR L. STEVENS,
OSCAR A. STEVENS,
WILLIS E. GAYLORD.
Cuomoeon, D. 0.,1862.
9: „. ./Lpply at our officio, or to our Aosociate at
X Homo, PA.--JON A. BMA% Attorney end
PA.—MUTT= & RIDDELL, Attor
Perrsvu.Li, PA.—WM. R. SMITH, Attorney and
PiumAnnumu, G. MINED:MILD, 46 Alwood
street, WM. M. MTH, Attorney end Counsellor.
IVAmillturost, PA.—BOYD ORDMAINON, Attorney
JACKSON & CO.'S
NO. 903 E MARXIST BTZI.IIT,
Where they ideal to devote their entire time to the
BOOTS AND SHOES
all Muds and varieties, in the neatest and most fast.
onside Styles, sad at satisfactory prices.
Their dock will connint, in part, of anarhenwes /rum
Cuff awl Patent Leather Boots and Shoes, latent 'styles;
Ladies , and Misses' Gaiters, and otheraBhoen in great
variety; and in fact everything connected with the
CUSTOM3III WORK will be particularly attended to,
and in all CUM will satisfaction be warranted. Lassa
fitted up by oat of tin but makers in lAN country. •
lke long precticel experience of the undersigned, and
their - thorough knowledge of the business will, they
tmat, be sufficient guarantee to the public that they
will do nom justice, and furnish them an article the
will recommend itself for Utility, &Gammas and dim&
p.mblitty. JACKSON & 00.
lIfIJRINGER'S PATENT BEEF TEA,
ILL a solid, concentrated extract of
BEEF AND VEGETABLES,
Gozevertlble immediately into a nourishing and deli
cious soup. Me&Ey approved by a number of eminent
This admirable article condensed into a compact form,
all the substantial and nutritive properties of a large
bulk of meat and vegetables. The readiness with which
it dissolves into a rich and palatable Soup, which would
require hours oreparation according to the usual
method, is an ad v*tage . in many situations of life too
obviowi to need urging. Ito highly nourishing qualities
combined with its delicacy, renders it invaluable for the
sick; while for those in health, it is a perfect substitute
for fresh meat sad vegetables. It will keep good in any
It Is peculiarly well adapted FOR TRAVELERS, by
land,or sea, who can thus avoid thine accidentaldepnva
tions of a comfortable meal, to which they are eollable.
FOR INVALIDS, whose capricious appetite can thus
re satisfied in a moment.
FOR SPORTSMEN and EXDURSIONISTB. to whom,
both is compactness' and easy preparation will reoom•
mend it. For sale by
CVEXCELLED BY ANY IN THE 11. STATES !
AND OUPPAITOR TO ANY
W ..416.11T ga -sr 13 XL .43. ZT IZI ----
OFFERED IN PENNSYLVANIA!
IT 1$ 'MADE AV
CHOICE MISSOURI WHITE WHEAT.
11:r Delivered any place in the city free of charge
!Dana cash on delivery.
)310 WM. DOCK, is., it CO.
QOLDIEWS CAMP COMPANION.-
ij A very convenient Writing Desk; also, Portfolios,
Ideniorandrim Beols,Portmonnaless &0., at
MOTIONS.--Quit' e s, variety of useful
LI and entertaining articles—cheap—at
l'eaches Tomatoes, Lobster Salmon, Oyrters,
Spiced Oysters , for sale by WM. DOCK, jr., & CO.
A BOOS sox THE TIKES I
_American Annual Cyclopedia and Register of
Imported Events for the Year 1861. In 1 vol.
vo. over 750 pages. Cloth 403, Leather $3.50.
Published by D. Appleton,.3 , Co., Hew York.
The design of this work is to furnish a record of all
the important knowledge of the year. The events of
the war,owing to their prominence, will, of course, (w
-eepy a angfplexions but all other brunehee_get.
ewe, Lit, Literature s the Mechanic Aria, Ace. will re .
skive due attention_ The work will be published &M
-ellish* by subeeription, and ready for delivery in June
Also, um maples
Debates of Congress,lo 15 and PAO
Itentosh Thirty Wars in D. S. Senate, Scam's', $2.10
Cychrpecita of Asterism Eloquence, containing au
speockes of tho most eminent Orators of dourica, 14
staid portraits, S eds. $2.50 each.
Parton s Lifs anti VIM, Of Andrei!, ARUN% 8 volumes,
Mimes S. P. STRASEAIIGH,
_Harrisburg, p a .
General AputAPPLETON - la 00.
Per Circulars doscripWo of Annual Cyclopedia.
NOTICE TO CAPITALISTS.
TALMO INTERMENT OFFERED.
The undersigned offers for sale PXU HIINDRICD
AND ZIOHTY.THILBE ACBRI3 of excellent 00/41
'ANDS, Containing the entire Allegheny coal alines.
situated in Washington township, Cambria county.
A vein of four feet in thickness has been opened and is
nos being worked in three places. The Pennsylvania
Central wined runs through the tract and along aide
Olen openings. Samples furnished on application
the proprietor. Reference as to quality may be had
by applying to 0. W. Barnes, Philadelphia, John W.
Wooster, Duncannon iron works, or in Cleveland, Ohio.
Hernia* P. V.,
Oambria county. Ps.
FRENCH MUSTARD, ENGLISH and
Domestic Pickles, (by the dozen or hundred,) flu.
Wrier Baled Oil, Ketchup, lianies and oondintents of
dlex7 drseriptims, for solo by
my9r, WK. DOCK, in., & Co
WAR! WARI , BRADY, No: 62
Market street, below Third, bas received $
sell v y
low. r Swears, num sod Haus ,
WM. BOOS, ao., & 00
:::: - . 1•'.--7.-,- . 1in 7: ...,14-,---- - ' . -- :- , .:- 1 --: -.'
„-• ~,,,—._,__, _ _
,lii. . ~.. .iti:. . •
tit 1111 11
VOL. 5.-NO. 205
THOS. C. MAciDOWELL,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MILITARY CLAIM AND PATENT AGENT.
Office in Burke'! Row, Third street, (Up Stairs.)
Raving formed a connection with parties in Wash
ington City, wno are reliable business men, any busi
ness connected with any of the Department! will meet
with immediate and careful attention.
D R. C. WEICHEL,
SURGEON AND OCULIST,
BASIDDROB THIRD NAAS NOW= STRAIT.
He is now hilly prepared to attend promptly to du
duties of profession in all its brandies.
A LONG AND TEST SUCCESSFUL NUDICAL INIESINNOS
justifies Wm inprondsing full and ample satisfaction to
all who may &Tor kini with a call, be the disease Chronic
or any other nature.
CHARLES F. VOLLM ER
Chestnut street, four doors above Second,
(OrPostra Wessustrros Hos' Homy ,)
Is prepared to furnish to order, in the very best style of
workmanship, Bpring and Hair 'Mattresses , Window Our
tains, Lounges, and ad 1 other articles of Furniture in his
line . , on short notice end moderate terms . . Having' =-
penmen in the bukiness, he feels warranted in asking a
share of public patronage, confident of his abipty to give
satisfaction. _ janl7-dtf
S ILAS WARD.
NO. 11, NORTH THIRD ST., HARRISBURG.
MRLODBONS, VIOLINS, GUITARS,
Banjos, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, accordeons,
STBISGS, BEEK" AND BOOK BMW, dce.,
PHOTOGRAPH FRAMES. ALBUMS, -
Large Pier and Mantle Mirrors, Square and Oval Tramar
of every description made to order. Regoilding done.
Agency for Howes Sewing Machines.
ID - Sheet Music sent by Mail. oetl-3
J OHN W. GLOVER,
Has just received. from New York, an assort
which he offers to his customers and the public at
nov22) MODERATE PRICES. dtf
W. HARRY WILLIAMS,
902 WALNUT STRUT,
General Claims for Solders promptly collected, state
Claims adjusted, &a., &a. mar2o-dlm
SMITH & EWING,
- AT T ORNEYS-A T-LAW,
THIRD STREET, Harrisburg,
Practice in the several Courts of Dauphin county. Col
lections made promptly. A. O. SMITH,
feb26 J. B. JAWING.
T COOK, Merchant Tailor,
t y • 27 CHISONIIT ST., between Second and Front,
Has just returned from the city with an assortment of
CLOTHS, CASSIMER * ES AND TESTI:S7GS,
Which will be cold at moderate prima and made up to
order; and, /ago, an assortment of BRADY MADE
Clothing and Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods.
DENTISTRY . .. ,
B. L BRUM D. D. -1,
N 0 . 11 9 MARXET STREET,
1a t .i
EBY & RUNREL'S TIP STAIRS.
RELIGIOUS BOOK STORE,
TRACT AND SUNDAY SCHOOL DEPOSITORY,
• E. S. GERMAN,
T On= OBOOND STUNT, ABUT! UNISNIIT,
Depot fortbe sale of Stereoscopes Atereoe eopielriews,
Music and Musical Instruments. Also, subscriptions
taken for religious publications. nollo-d7
QUN I. W. MARTIN I
HERB'S HOTEL, HARRISBURG, PA.
Ailmanner of VISITING WEDDING AND BUSI
NESS CARDS execrated bl i the moat aztistio etyles and
most reasonable terms. de014.41U
This pleasant and commodious Hotel has been tho
roughly re-fitted and re-furnished. It is pleasantly
situated on North-West Corner of Howard and Franklin
streets, a few doors wait of the Northern °antral Rail
way Depot. Ivory attention paid to the comfort of his
guests. G. LRISRNRING, Proprietor,
JelS-tf (Late of Selina Grove. Pa.)
THEO. F. BOITEFFER,
BOOK, LARD AND JOB PRINTER,
NO. 18 MARKET STREET, RARRISBURG.
iCr Particular attention paid to printing, ruling and
binding of Railroad Blanks, Manifesto, Insurance Poli
cia', Oheekx, &a.
Wedding, Visiting and Bunkum Cards printed at eery
/ow prices and in the best style. '
DYOTTITILLE GLASS WORKS,
WINE, PORTER, MINERAL WATNR, PICKLE AND
. Of DIBOZIPTION.
H. B. G. W.BINNEBIS,
oele-dly 27 South Front dont Phibidelphis.
EU 95 MAW STRIET, HARRISBI33O, PA.
SHEET MUSIC, PIANOS,
VIOLINS, BANJO STRINGS,
Of *very description.
DRI7IIII, TITES ILCTIS, ACCORDIONS, ete. at
the lowest CITY PENNS,H'S
W. ENOC% MUSIC BTORI,
No. 98 lisamsw flows.
100,000 BARRELS of the LODI
130 South antes, Philadelphia, Pa.
This company, with a capital of $150,000. the most
extensirsa works of the kind in the world, and an expe
rience in manufacturing of over 23 years, with a repu
tation long established, having also the exclusive control
of an the night Noll of the great city of New York, are
prepared to furnish an article, which is, without on bt
the Cheapest afal very best fertiliser in market. It
greatly increases the yield, aid ripens the MVP from two
to three weeks earlier, at an expense of from three to
four dollars per acre , with little or no labor. Also,
PLITT TONS OP BONN TAIESII, being a mixture of
bone and night soil ground fine, at $45 per ton—a su
perior article for grain and grass. Price of POUD
BATTS, $1 60 per barrel. Seven barrels and over
delivered free of charge. A pamphlet containing ell
necessary information, may be had free by addressing a
letter to the subscriber.
JAMES T. FOSTER,
Care of the Lodi Diannfactlirl2ll Company,
febl9-w3at 88 Couitimid at.. New Teri;
3,000 BU SHELS York State Potatoes,
of different kinds,
000 Bushels York State Apples,
A choice lot of York State Butter.
Alan, a superior lot of OatatpUilirapee, and 60 bushels
Bhellbarkei just received and for sale low by
B. W.BIBLE & CO.,
deel-dtf No. 106 Market street.
HAMS, DRIED BEEF, BOLOGNA
TONGI7BO, ice, for solo low, by
WM. DOCK. Ji.. &
LADIES I YOU KNOW WERE YOU
eall get line Note Payer, Envelopes, Visiting_end
Wedding Cards At NOMIPPERI3 BOOKSPORN-
HARRISBURG, PA:, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 29, 1863.
Weekly "Patriot & Union, "
THE CHEAPEST PAPER PUBLISHED IN
THE ONLY DEMOCRATIC PAPER PUBLISHED AT
THZ OZAT OF GOVERNhLEINT
FORTY-FOUR COLUMNS OF READING MAT
TER EACH WEEK I.
AT THE LOW PRICE OF ONE. DOLLAR
AND FIFTY CENTS !
SUBSCRIBED FOR IN CLUBS OF NOT LESS
THAN TEN COPIES TO ONE ADDRESS!
We have been compelled to raise the club enbeeription
price to one dollar and fifty cents in order to save our
selves from actual loss. Paper has risen, including
taxes, about twenty-five per cent., and is still rising; -
and when we tell our Democratic friend; Candidly, that'
We can no longer afford to sell the Weekly PATRIOT AND
Limos at one dollar a year, and must add fifty cents or
stop the publication, we trust they will appreciate our
position, and, instead of withdrawing their subscrip
tions, go to work with a will to increase our list in every
county in the State. We have endeavored, and shall
continue our efforts, to make the papefusefni se *party
organ, and welcome as a news messenger to every fam
ily. We flatter ourselves that it has not been without
some influence in producing the glorious revolution in
the politics of the State achieved at the late election ;
and if fearlessness in the dieeharige of duty, fidelity to
the principles of the party, and an anxiousdesire to pro
mote its Interests, with some experience and a moderate
degree'of ability, can be made serviceable hereafter, the
Weekly PATRIOT AND UNION will not be leas useful to
the party or lase welcome to the family circle in the fu
ture than it has been in the past. We confidently look
foi increased encouragement in this great enterprise,
and appeal to every influential Democrat in the gtate to
lend us his aid in running our supseription list up to
twenty or thirty thousand. The expense to each indi
vidual is trifling, the benefit to the party maybe great.
Believing that the Democracy of the State feel the ne
cessity of snetaining a fearless central organ, we make
this appeal to them for assistance with the fullest confi
dence of success.
The same reasons which induce us to raise the price
of the Weekly, operate in regard to the Dailrpaper, the
price of which is also increased. The additional cost to
each subscriber will be but trifling; and, while we can
not persuade ourselves that the change necessarilymade
will result in any diminution of our daily circulation,
yet, were we certain that such would be the cones
quence, we should still be compelled to make it, or suf
fer a ruinous loss. Under these circumstances we must
throw ourselves upon the generosity, or, rather, the
justice of the public, and abide their verdict, whatever
it may be.
The period for which many of our subscribers have
paid for their paper being on the eve of expiring, we
take the liberty of issuing this notice, reminding them
of the same, in order that they may
• RENEW THEIR CLUBS.
We shall also tate it as an especial favor if our present
subscribers will urge upon their neighbors the feet that
the PATRIOT •Nn UNION is the only Democratic paper
printed . in Harrisburg, and considering the large amount
of reading matter, embracing all the current news of
the day, and
TELEGIVAPHI - C DISPATCIIIII3
'from everywhere up to the moment the paper goes to
press, poUtiosi, miscellaneous, general and local news
market reports, is decidedly the-
CHEAPEST NEWSPAPER PUBLISHED IN
There is scarcely a. village or town in the state in
which a club cannot be raised if the proper exertion be
made, and surely there are few places in which one or
more energetic men cannot be found who are in favor of
the dissemination of sound Democratic doctrines, who
would be willing to make the effort to raise a club.
DEMOCRATS OF THE INTERIOR 1
Let w 3 hear from you. The existing war, and the ap
proaching sessions of Congress and the State Legisla
ture, are invested with unusual interest, and every man
should have the news.
DAILY PATRIOT AND UNION
Single copy for one year, in advance - $0 00
Single copyduring the session of the Legislature.. 2 00
City subscribers ten cents per week.
Copies supplied to agents at the rate of $1 50 per hun
WEEKLY PATRIOT AND UNION,
. Published every Thursday.
Single copy one year, in advance $2 00
Ten copies to one address 15 00
Subscriptionsmay couunence at any time. PAY AL
WAYS IN ADVANCE. We are obliged to make this
imperative. In every instance cash must accompany
subscription. Any person sending us a club of twenty
subscribers to the Weekly will be entitled to a copy for
his services. The price, even at the advanced rate is
so low that we cannot offer greater inducements than
this. Additions maybe made at any time to a club of
anbseribers by remitting one dollar and fifty cents
for each additional name. It is not necessary to send
um the names of those constituting a club, as we cannot
undertake to address each paper to club subscribers
Separately. Specimen copies of the Weekly will be sent
to all who desire it.
0. BARRETT & CO., Harrisburg, Pa.
N. B.—The following law, passed by Congress in 1860,
defines the duty of Postmasters in relation to the de
livery of newspapers to club subscribers :
(See Little, Breton 4 Co.'s edition of the Laws of 1860,
page 88, chapter 181, section 1.)
"Provided, however, that where packages of newspa
persor periodicals are received at any post office directed
to one address, and the names of the club . subieribere to a
which the r belong, with the postage for quarter in ad.
vance, shall be handed to the postmaster, he alkali de
liver the same to their respective owners."
To enable the Postmaster to comply with this regale
tion, it will be necessary that he be furnished with the
list of names composing the club, and paid a quarter's
(or year's) postage in advance. The uniform courtesy
of Postmasters, affords the assurance that they will
eheerfuliyaecommodate club subscribers, and the latter
ilhenld take ease that the postage, *lsiah is bat a trifle
in each ease, bepaid in advance. Bend on the elute.
TAPANESE TEA.—A choice lot of
this celebrated Tea just received. It la of the first
cargo ever imported, and is much superior to the Chi
nese Teas in quality, strength and fragrance, and is also
entirely free of adulteration, coloringor mixture of any
It is the natural leaf of the Japanese Tea Plant.
For sale by WM. DOCK, jr., & Co.
Ridge Avenue, corner of Broad street
The undersigned informs the public that he has re
cently renovated and refitted his well-known. as Union
Hotel" on Ridge avenue, near the Round Rouse, and is
prepared to accommodate citizens, strangers and travel
ers in the best style, at moderate rates.
His table will be supplied with the beet the markets
afford, and at his bar will be found superior brands of
liquors and malt beverages. The very best accommo
dations for railroaders employed at the shops in this
vicinity. HENRY BOIBTOrEN.
FOR RENT—Two desirable OFFICE
BOOMS, second story front of Wyeth , e Building
eorner of Market Soars and Market street. Applyat
kit once HOMO
DIANOS carefully packed or removed
j_ by S. WARD,
r23-2ar 12 North Third street.
CONDENSBD MILK !--Just received
and fvr solo by
SELF SELLING FRUIT JARS
Best and Cheeped in the markets I Call end
301 WM, DOCK, h., I CO.
tkt `l 4 :atriot i aim
WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRIL 29. 1863.
SHOULD SOLDIERS VOTE BY PROXY?
This question has been before the Legisla
tures of Pennsylvania and New York, brought
forward, we have no hesitation in saying, by
base men for a base purpose, and has received
some attention from the press and been talked
upon by the people. We never had a doubt of
its exceeding impropriety, of its great danger.
We do net think that any honest man, clearly
understanding its liability to abuse, and pro
perly appreciating the entire dependence of
republican institutions upon the purity of the
ballot, would advocate .such a measure. And
yet it was advocated and is advocated still.—
Abolition Senators and the Abolition press did
and do advocate it. But who will pretend
that they were honest ? None but the most
hopeless fool. Who would suspect Lowry eta
his fellow-Senators, Forney, Deacon Bergner,
and their associates of the Lincoln press, of
cumbering their hearts with so humble a vir
tue as honesty ? No z these men were not hon
est in their advocacy of the measure—they.
played the hypocrite—they acted from base
motives for a - wicked, purpose. Their design
was to pollute the ballot-box—to control by
force or fraud the army vote, and cheat the
majority out of their rights, and it is not their
fault that the well-laid scheme was defeated.
In order that the subject may be fully com
prehended in all its bearings, we present our
readers with three articles, which we think ho
ver the whole ground.
The first article, from the Boston Daily Ad
vertiser, presents the views entertained by that
respectable and honorable portion of the ad
ministration party which pretends to preserve
some respect for the Constitution and some
repugnance to encouraging fraud, or becoming
slaves.' After premising that the question has
not been mooted in Ilissachusetts, and there
fore they can speak impartially and dispas
sionately, the Advertiser says :
46 When the scheme is thus viewed with re
ference solely to • its merits, it appears to us
that it is open to objections which our friends
elsewhere are not in a condition to weigh as
they should. It will hardly be possible, we
suspect, to frame the details of such a measure
so as not to open the door to many frauds and
deceptions. The actual presence of the voter
is by no means a complete security against
such evils ; and when to the practicee, to which
he is subjected there are added the chances of
unfait:tfulneos 'or fraud on the part of the other
agencies necessarily brought into- action- by
absentee voting, the probability that the purity
of elections will be preserved" under such a
system is greatly diminished. This evil has
been experienced, we believe, in other States
which have undertaken to collect the votes of
soldiers. In those cases the details of th
scheme may have been imperfect, but with the
best plan that ingenuity can devise, we sus
pect that the evil will be found to be inherent
and ineradicable in any system of voting which
does not proceed upon the actual presence of
.the voter at the place of election.
"It is no disparagement to the character of
cur soldiers to inquire whether they are ex
actly in the condition for the free exercise of
their franchise as citizens. For an honorable
purpose they have volimtarily placed them
selves under the control of others. They are
no longer masters of their own motions, but
are bound to render an unquestioning obedi
ence to others. Although their politicaljudg
meat may be sound, then, will it be possible
for them to exercise it without the suspicion
of influence on the part of their officers ? Will
it be possible for them in a great many cases
to escape this influence ? If the officer can
not compel the soldier to vote against his own
judgment, may he not by a thousand, easily
imagined expedients, not capable of being re
duced to a matter of actual interference, pre
vent his voting at all ? It Was supposed by
many to be necessary, even in this Common
wealth, a few years ago, to resort to extraor
dinary measures to prevent undue influence
over voters in the employ of others. Will not
the danger then apprehended become real and
serious, and difficult to be remedied, when the
voter is necessarily in such subjection to the
will of another as a private is to that of his
WM. DOOR jr., 4 00.
"A more serious difficulty, however, as it ap
pears to us, is that arising from the need of
discussion preparatory- to an intelligent vote.
The men who are to vote must have the proper
facilities for information and for the examina
tion of both aides of the questions presented to
them. The ordinary means of information are
the political newspapers, pamphlets and
speeches. But there are very few, we trust,
who would be willing to see the camp made the
scene of political harangues, debates, and the
passions naturally excited by such means.
There are very few who would be willing in
the fall, our best season for military operations,
to see our soldiers, who should have but a sin
gle thought and purpose, divided by the poli
tical debates which distract us here at home.
The incongruity would be painful, the danger
palpable ; and yet what escape is there from
this danger, except to have our soldiers either
forbear voting, or vote in comparative igno
rance of the issues which they are invited to
decide by their ballots ?
"Such, as it seems to us,
are some of the
considerations bearing upon the original ques
tion as Lb soldiers' votes, which are not likely
to be taken into account in New York as mat
ters now stand. It is well for us, however, at
this distance not to forget the dictates of po
litical prudence, which circumstances have si
The next article to which we invite attention
is the veto message of Gov. Seymour, which,
with the article that follows from the New
York World, we think will satisfy the masses
of all parties, and the soldiers themselves, that
the proxy vote proposed was an infamous
scheme, intended to accomplish an infamous
purpose, and was therefore rightly rejected.
STATE OP NEW YORK, EXEOPTIVE DEPARIEMENT,
MBANK, April 24, 1865.
To the Senate :
I return without my signature the bill, enti
tied "An act to secure the elective franchise to
the qualified voters of the army and navy of
the State of New York."
It is so clearly in violation of the Constitu
tion, in the judgment of men of all parties,
that it is needless to dwell upon that objection
to the bill. While it only received in the As
sembly the number of votes necessary •to its
passage, some of those who voted for it openly
gated their opposition to the measure. After
PRICE TWO CENTS.
its passage, that branch of the Legislature,
with great unanimity, and without regard to
political differences, adopted the resolution for
an amendment to the Constitution, to secure
the objects of this bill in accordance with the
recommendations of the message which I lately
sent to the Legislature on this subject. I do
not doubt that the Senate will also pass the
resolutions with the same unanimity, and then
the whole subject will be disposed of with the
assent and approval of all and in a mode free
from all doubts and uncertainties.
This bilLis not only unconstitutional, but it
is also extremely defective and highly cpbjeo
The time yet remaining of the present ses
sion will not permit me to speoify all the ob
jections to its details. It does not require the
proxy of the soldier to be proven before the
representative of the State, but gives the power
only to field officers of regiments who have
been recently brought within the operation of
the most arbitrary rules of military govern
ment; it does not permit the soldier to choose
the friend in whom he would most confide as
his proxy, but requires him to select one from
the class of freeholders who are not recognized
by our Constitution as entitled to special privi
leges ; it subjects the person' appointed (though
without . his consent) as a proxy to the penal
ties of a criminal offense, fine and imprison
ment, for refusing or neglecting to deposite the
vote he receives, though he may believe that it
is not genuine; it provides no means of veri
fying at the polls the authenticity of proxies ;
it requires the inspectors to deposite in the
ballot box, under the penalties of a criminal
offense, the ballots received with any proxy,
however much reason there may be to doubt
Its authenticity ; it allows proxies and ballots
to be sent by mail or otherwise, which permits
a messenger to be selected by other persons
' than the voter ; it does not require the mes
senger tine sworn; it does not require him to
deliver the proxies and ballots to the persons
I named as proxies, but permits him to destroy
or change the proxies and ballots or deliver
them to any unworn and unauthorized person
he may select; it does not make the change or
destruction of the ballots, except by the person
appointed proxy, a criminal offense, or. punish
such an act in any manner ; it fails to protect
the secrecy of the ballot ; and it requires the
person named as proxy to deposits in the bal
lot box the ballots delivered to him with a
proxy by an unknown person, although they
-may be different from those he knows were
sent by the voter. Thiel ' brief statement will
be sufficient to satisfy all of the many oppor
tunities this billtaffords for gross frauds upon
the electors in the armvend upon the ballot
box at home. The deposit of a ballot is a
final and irrevocable act, and the people will
never permit ballots to be received unless with
abundant guarantees that they are, beyond
doubt, the free act of the electors.
The bill is in conflict with vital principles of
electoral purity and independence. It is well
said by Dr. Lieber, in his work on "Civil
Liberty and Self-Government," that "all elec
tions must be superintended by election judges
and officers, independent of the executive or
any other organized or unorganized power of
the. government. The -indecency as well as
-the absurdity and immorality of the govern
ment recommending what is to be voted ought
never to be permitted."
This bill not only fails to guard against
abuses and frauds, but it offers every induce
ment and temptation to perpetrate them, by
those who are under the immediate and par
ticular control of the general government.—
That government has not hesitated to interfere
directly with the local elections by permitting
officers of high rank to engage in them in
states of which they are not citizens. In
marked instances high and profitable military
commissions have been given to those who
have never rendered one day of military duty,
who have never been upon a battle-field, but
who have been in the receipt of military pay
and military honors, to support them in their
'interference, in behalf of the administration,
with the elective franchises of different sover
eign and loyal States.
Not only have some thus been rewarded for
going beyond the bounds of military propriety,
but others and subordinate officers have been
punished and degraded for the fair and inde
pendent exercise of their political rights, at
their own homes, and in the performance of
their civil duties. I call 'the attention of the
Legislature and the public to the following or
ADJUTANT-OK /MEAL'S OFFICE,
Wssunrorox, March 13, MO.
Special Orders No. 119.
34. By direction of the President the follow
ing officers are hereby dismissed from the ser
vice of the United States.
Lieut. A. J. Edgerly, Fourth New Hampshire
Volunteers, for circulating Copperhead tickets
and doing all in Ws power to promote the suc
cess of the rebel pause in his state
By order of the Secretary of War,
L. Tames, Adjutant-General.
To the Governor of New Hamrs'aire.
I regret to say that I have ample evidence
that this order was issued in the terms above
This order, unjust and unworthy in its pur
poses and most offensive in its terms, punishes
a citizen and a soldier for supporting a candi
date for the office of Governor in his own State
who received many thousand more of the votes
of its electors than any other candidate for the
station, including the one who represented
more particularly the views and purposes of
the national administration. Such acts are
more disastrous to the cause of our Union than
the loss of battles, such violent measures of
partisanship weaken, divide and distract the
people of the North at the very moment they
are called upon without distinction of party to
make vast sacrifices of blood end treasure to
uphold the government. Notwithstanding the
notoriety of these acts, the bill! return throws
no guard around the rights and independence
of oar soldiers in the field. An amendment
designed to protect them against coercion and
fraud was rejected in one branch of the Legis
I deem it my duty not only to state these ob
jections to the bill as reasons why I cannot
sign it, but also to protest in behalf of the
people of this State against the wrongs of
which I have spoken, and for the further pur
pose of securing such discussion in regard to
them, when the Constitution is amended in
pursuance of the recommendations I have sub
mitted, that the legislation which may be here
after had shall be calculated to secure the
rights of our citizens and soldiers, and to pun
ish every attempt to invade their rights by
force or by fraud. HORkTIO" SEYMOVE.
From the New York World
GOVERNOR. SEYMOUR'S Vrao.—Gov. Seymour
d eserve s the thanks of all citizens who respect
written constitutions and the purity of the
elective franchise, for his prompt veto of the
unconstitutional act for placing our elections
under the direct control of the Republican ad
ministration. It is the right of the soldiers to
vote; but it is equally their right to canvass
men and measures, and - to exercise that entire
freedom of opinion, discussion and political
action which is enjoyed by their follow citi-
PUBLISHED EVERY AIORNING,
BY 0. BARRETT & 001
TEE DAILY PATRIOT AND UNION will be served to sub
scribers residing in the Borough for TEE OENTE PEI WEI;
payible to the Carrier. Mail sabecribers, rns nora•aan
Tin WRERLY PATRIOT AND UNION is published Maw*
DOLLARS PER AMOUR, invariably in advance. Ten Copied
to one address, en dollars.
Connected with this establishment is an castensiva
JOB OFF/OS, containing a_oarlety of plain and fancy
type, unequalled by any establishment in the interior of
the State, for which the patronage of the public is so-
zens at home. The bill which Gov. Seymour
has vetoed was artfully contrived to place the
vote of the army under ,the control of the Pre
sident. The secrecy and silence in which it
aimed to envelop the action of the soldier was
well calculated to conceal the coercion, intimi
dation, or other influence of the electioneer
ing agents of the administration. The only
person having any cognizance of the transac- •
tion was to be an officer of the army. The
proxy was to be transmitted through the hAnds
of government agents. No provision was made
against its being fingered on the way, and the
person receiving it (or its forged substitute)
would have been compelled by heavy penalties
to take it to the polls and deposit it with the
inspectors, even though be believed it to be
fraudulent, and though he chose to exercise
the undoubted right of a freeman to stay away ,
from the polls altogether. We trust no one
interested in this subject will fail to read Gov.
Seymour's vigorous exposure of the absurdi
ties and fraudulent character of this bill.
The most formidable engine that could pos
sibly be contrived for the subversion of our
liberties, is a voting army, without efficient
guards for seouring.to the soldiers free discus
don and complete exemption from executive
intimidation. A voting army is the invention
of Louis Napoleon Bonaparte. It was one of
the instruments with which he overthrew the
republican constitution of France which he
had solemnly sworn to support. When the
President of the French Republic " set the
snare, (these apt phrases are AIX. Kinglake's,)
which he called universal suffrage;" when he
"strangled a nation in the night time with a
thing which he called a plebiscite," it was on a
voting armpsubject to his control that he re
lied for success. This is matter of history ;
thelesson is too recent and too memorable to
be lost on the American people. A distin
guished publicist, Dr. Lieber, commenting OU
this fraud by which Louis Napoleon strangled
a nation in the night time, made these forcible
observations : " Trotes without liberty of the
press have no meaning; votes without liberty of
the press and WITH A VAST STANDING AMT IT
SELF POSSESSING THE RIGHT TO VOTE, and con
sidering itself above all law, HAVE A SINISTER
MEANING ; votes without an unshackled press
with such an army, and with a compact body of
officials, whose number with those directly depend
ing upon them OR UPON GOVERNMENT CONTRACTS,
amounts to nearly a million, have no meaning
whether he who appeals to the people says
that he leaves 'the fate of France in the hands
of the people' or not." It needs but a change
of name and all this is perfectly applicable to
oar own condition, if we are to have a voting
army without securing to it the benefits of a
free press and exemption from executive inter
What a tremendous engine for destroying
the substance while maintaining the form of
free elections a voting army might become
in the hands of an unscrupulous administra
tion, will appear if we consider that the num
ber of men in the army from each State is more
than double the average majorities by which
State elections are carried. When you take
out of each State a larger number of voters
than are necessary to turn the scale, and
give the Commander-in-Chief of the army the
control of their politiCal action, you make him
as complete a master of the public liberties as
was Louis Napoleon in France, when he " set
the snare he called universal suffrage." If no
newspapers circulate in the army except suoh
as the President and his officers are pleased to
allow ; if soldiers are not perniitted to discuss
public questions and freely canvass the acts of
the administratation ; if the votes or proxies
of the soldiers are to pass through the hands
of government agents, suffrage in the army
Should be a delusion and a snare in this coun
try, just as it.was. the most convenient instru
ment for establishing despotism in France.—
The officers of the army naturally possess great
influence and ascendency over the minds of
their men ; but these officers are dependent on
the administration and its agents for promo
tion, for assignments to duty suitable to their
wishes, for leaves of absence, and for chances
of appointment in the regular army when they
are mustered out as volunteers. Their sol
diers are, in turn, dependent on them for the
promptness of their pay, for humane treat
ment, for furloughs, for relief from exhausting
duties and exposure, for lenient treatment of
petty offenses against discipline, and for nu
merous mitigations of the hardships of military
service. Besides the influence of the officers
there is that of the sutlers. They are, for the
most part, a set of extortioners, who are al
ways ready to toady the officers for the sake
of an opportunity to swindle the soldiers.—
These scoundrelly sutlers are just such a set
of tools as unscrupulous politicians would
choose to work with. By the system which the
administration adopts of keeping the pay of
the soldiers several months in arrear, the sut
lers are enabled to keep most of them in debt,
and consequently possess over them the rawer
of a grinding creditor over a dependent debtor.
The soldiers are neither better nor worse, in
their ordinary morals, than the mass of the
communities from which they are taken. Eve
rybody knows what a powerful electioneering
influence resides ia the dram-shops. Give to
either party exclusive control of the liquor sa
loons, and. it would stand a good chance to
carry any election. It is notorious that the
exposures and hardships which so rapidly and
fearfully undermine the health of soldiers cre
ate a strong and involuntary craving for stim
ulants. Taking advantage of this oirumstance,
the administration could control the vote of
the army by connivance with the sutlers and
using them as electioneering agents. No sys
tem of voting should be tolerated in the army
which does not make provision for neutrali
zing the influence of the sutlers, wits) are by
1 their position the subservient tools of the ad
That the present administration would not
scruple to interfere with the, suffrage of the
soldiers and use it as an instrument for per
petuating its power, is proved by its unwar
rantable interference with the right of suffrage
in the States. As administration that cashiered
Lieutenant Edgerly, of NeW Hampshire, for
distributing Democratic ballots at his own
home, will tolerate no free suffrage in the
army ; much less the free discussion and un
trammeled political action without which vo
ting is a fraudulent mockery. An administra.
Lion that commissions Major-Generals, and
then, instead of assigning. them commands,
uses them to carry elections in States of which
they are not residents, will have no scruples in
using the officers and sutlers of the army for
similar purposes. Within the lines of the army,
where no intelligence circulates but by its per
missiPly where speaking disrespectfully of go
vernment officials is a penal offense, where its
control over the pay and comfort of the soldiers
is complete, and its power of life and death
over them is nearly absolute, voting ought under
no circumstances to be allowed unless aeoom
panied by safeguards against abuses.
« Goon a'mity, it's a gal. I was gwine to
call dat baby A. Linkum, but dat's all up wid
m o now," said Pompey. " Hush up Pompey,"
said Dinah, " Pee got a name for dat ha baby,
jis means de same dug 'zactly. I's gwine to
call dat ah baby Abby Main." " dis 841n0
Ong, Dinah ? list's a fay."