Newspaper Page Text
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
four lines or less constitute half s square. Ten lines
sr more than four, constitute a square.
Valf sq., one day....— Su 30 Ono sq., o
ne w eek.... -- SO2
One week—. 300 LL
month.. 300 c; one month.. 600
three months 5 00 three months 10 00
1 . nix m-nths.. 800 , L six months.. 15 00
ne year...... 12 00 L , one year 20 03
BuSineas noticesinserted in the Loos'. cor.rnan,
ar before marriages and deaths, ram CENTS, pas LINE for
each insertion. To merchants and others advertising
by the year, liberal terms will be offered.
irr The number of insertions must be designated on
U - Marriages and Deaths will be inserted at the same
ates as regular advertisements_
PENSIONS, BouNTIES, BACK PAY,
War Claims and Claims for Indemnity.
STEWART, STEVENS, CLARK & CO„
A ttorn eys and. Counsellors-at-Law, and Solicitors
for all kinds of Military Claims,
460 PENNbYLVANIA AVENUE,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
This firm, having a thorough knowledge of the Pen
iion Business, and being familiar with the practice in
di the Departments of Government, believe that they
ca n afford greater facilities to Pension, Bounty, and
ether Claimants, for the prompt and successful accom
plishment of business; entrusted to them,than any other
arm in Washington. They desire to secure Oda an
amount of this business as will enable them to execute
the bLidness for each claimant very cheaply, and on the
bola of their pay contingent upon their success in each
toes. For this purpose they will secure the services of
'..aw Firms in each prominent locality throughout the
States where such business may be had,
with an the necessary blank forms of application and
evidence, requisite printed pamphlet instructions, and
circulars for distribution in their vicinity, with asso
ciates names inserted, and upon the due execution of
the papers and trarksodssion of the same to them by
their loud assesiates, they will promptly perform the
EX* Their charges will be ten dollars for officers and
Sue dollars for privates, for each Pension or Bounty and
Batik Pay obtained, and ten per cent. on amount of
Claims for Military Supplies or Claims for Indemnity.
irr Soldiers , enlisted since the lst of March, 1861, in
any kind of service, Military or Naval, who ere disab led
by disease or wounds, are entitled to Pensions. All
soldiers who serve for two years, or during the war,
thould it 11101:010r close, will be entitled to $lOO Bounty.
Widows of soldiers who die or are killed, are entitled to
Pensions, and the $lOO Bounty. If there be no widow,
',ken the minor children. And it no minor children,
area the fatlisr, mother, sisters or brothers are antis
.ed as above to the $lOO Bounty and Back Pay.
.10511 PH B. STBWART,
lIESTOR L. STEVENS,
RDW &RD CLARE,
OSCAR A. STEVENS
WILLIS B. 1:1-47/490.
irr Apply at our office or to our Associate at
HAnnissono, PA.-.40.61 A. BIGLER, Attorney and
PITTEIZIORG, PA.—ARTIIMIS do RIDDELL, Atter
Perrenvitts, Pi.—WH. R. SMITH, Attorney and
PErLammera.s., Pit.-4. G. MINNICHILD, 46 Atwood
street, WM M. SMITH, Attorney and Counsellor. '
lir ASIIINGTON, PA.—BOYD ORIIMEINCE, Attorney
JACKSON_ & CO.'S
NO. 903 i MARKET STREAT,
Where they ntend to devote their entire time to the
BOOTS A-ND SITOBS
all kinds and varieties, in the neatest and most Digo
cruable styles, and at satisfactory prices_
Their stock will consist, in part, of Gentlemen's Fine
Cseered patent ',many Roots and Shoes, latest styles:
Ladies' mid Misses' Gaiters, and otlier.Shoele in great
vtrin4y; and is fact everything connected with the
CUSTOMER WORK will be particularly attended to,
and in all cases will satisfaction be warranted. Lash
/Wed up by one of the best makers is the country.
She long practical experience of the undersigned, and
their thorough knowledge of the loudness will, they
_Let, be soliciAnt guarantee to the public that they
• tics u .1.1.1 ferule& them an article tha
• inoutusend itself for utility, cheapness and durar
Dank] JACKSON & CO.
E,' R,ispAT ENT BEEF TEA
cone—Aroo eftrso . of
. 1 . - .EF AND VEJGETAi;L fS,
,Jl.l nomedistrl: into a nourishing and deli
-Z:1.4 I car. l•-•:igit4 i• - sred by a number of eminent
1 - 13 e tidrairatiA article condensed into a compact form,
ID the snbotantial and nutritive properties of a large
• meat and vege cableo. The reanineskwith which
Aneilv , ..s 'into :I rich and palatable Soup, which would
require hours of preparation according to the usual
method, is an advantage in many situations of life, too
obvious to need urging. Ito highly nourishing qualities
combined with its delcsem renders it invaluable for the
; while for Visite ie tdr—dth, it is a perfectsubentote
fr.r fripb moat and vegetation. It will keep good in any
It is peculiarly well adapted FOR TRAVELERS, by
I ued or sea, who eau thus ay.z_ 74 :.nose acddentaldepriva
Lions of a comfortable mud, souso they are so liable.
NOR INVALIDS, whose cap appetite can till=
to satisfied in a moment.
FOR SPuRTSMEN and EXCURSIONISTS. to whom,
both its compactness and easy preparation will recom
mend it. For sale by
A BOOK FOR THE TIMES I
American Annual Cyclopedia an oleic? of
Important Events for the Year 1861. 4 . In 1 yob
S no. over 750 page. Cloth p 3, Leartrer $3.60.
Published by D. Appleton .3. Co.. New York.
The design of this work is to furnish a record of all
77.8 important knowledge of the year. The event/ of
;he wai, awing to their prominence, Will a of comae,oo -
.lupy a conspicuous part, but all other branches-Bcl
eme, Art, Literature, the Mechanic Arts, &c., will re
ceive due attention. The wori will be
riosiely vabeetiption, and ready for liveryd in AIM
Alm, new complete
Desetaa , s Debases of Ceragress,ls column, $3 and PM
Santos's Thirty Years in U. S. &late, 2roolstrnes, S3I(
caul $8 per vol.
Cyacrpedis of Amaricah NLlttotat; etattaitgintr tAt
zposokes of the most eminent Chasms of America, 14
suet portraits, 2 vats. $2.50 tack.
Farton's Lift and Timms of Andrew Jackson, 8 vointssts,
,Tl , lO each.
1111d.1619 1 J. P. BTRABBADDII, Harrit'sarg, Ps.
General Agent for D. APPLETON & 00.
POT Oiroulnre dascriptiveof Am/ad Cyclopedia
t-pfEXCELLED BY ANY IN THE V. STATES!
AND SUPERIOR TO ANY
4cs 33. XV , 1 4 a" 33 la
OFFERED IN PENNSYLVANIA!
IT IS DIADD OP
CHOICE MISSOURI WHITE WHEAT.
*tn. Delivered any place in the city free of charge
-saws cash c. - e delivery.
zoo wm_ DOCK, Jz., is CO.
QOLDIER'S CAMP COMPANION.-
kJ A very convenient Writing Deaf; deo, Portfolios,
Ideninrananzi Seeks, P.lrtalonnsiee, &G , at
VOl'lONS.—cioite a variety of useful
Lisiss entertaining articles—cheap—at
ici - sumFITICALLY SEALID
Pessakes, Tomatoes, Lobatar, Salmon, Oyrters,
Ej.deed Oysters, for sale by Wld. DOCK, jr., & CO.
TMOTICE TO CAPITAL STS.
A VALUABLE INTEAMENT OFFERED
The under tigue.l offer. for sal PTVt HUNDRED
MOD BIGRTY Tiluall - ACRES of exeelleat COIL
eente i, e , t h e ent ire Allegheny Goal mines
situated to v. , .I , ingt.n township, Gambria
hymn of f sir fret in thickixers has been o..ened sw.d is
_ow being werked in three places. The Pennsylvania
laentral nairo.t- runs through the roof .nd al .31,s
cl thew opsuirgs. Samples furnished on Applia.tinn
-o she pr- pr et-1. Reference as to qua ill may he hot
by applying to 0- W. Baines, Philnoelphia Jobo W.
qotHter. Dunesonon iron works. or in Otevelaed,Ohio.
'CON I OLIO,
Hemlock P• 0
Cistihria ootary, Fa.
filarctitlll bIIIBTARD., ENGI4I;4I and
Domestic notes, (by the doyen or hundredatht-
Prder Salad OH, Ketchup, &noes and eondirsente
Van" description. for nide b 7
eiv7 WU. DOOR, Js., & Oo
W —BRA DY. No. 62
liwrket stook % below Third, luso received atarge
11 "Thaeni of Swan* Sasses aadwLsch h
WI soil very low. a ..0-dtf
WM_ BOOK. JR" & Co
i - r., - t . ,1-------im -:.---,- .
~... Al.' -'''-' ''----
..------.---:-...''.•'-"-;-..•: • 4 E,111": I . r
- D •' . 1 . '' ;-
. • 11l -RI
, ~, 111
.'• :. 1,- .1- ---: - _
VOL. 5 -NO. 201
SURGEON AND OCULIST,
RESIDENCE THIRD NEAR NORTH STREET.
He is now fully prepared to attend promptly to th.
duties et profession in all its branehes.
A LONG AND TWIT 69001188N9L KNDIOAL NIPININNON
justifies him in promising full and ample satisfaetion to
all who may kiWOr him with a sell, he the diereses Ohms&
or any ether nature.
WM. H. MILLER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
BATWEIN WALNUT AND MAILS= SWAMI,
no2S] Nearly oppoeite the Bashler HOll6O. fd&w.ey
T HOS. o. MAoDOWELL,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MILITARY CLAIM AND PATENT AGENT
Office in Burke's Row, Third street, (Up Stairs.)
Haring formed a connection with parties in Wash
ington City, wno are reliable business men, any bad.
ness connected with any of the Departmenta will meet
with immediate and careful attention. me-y
CHARLES F. VOLLMER
Chestnut street, four doors above Second,
(OPPOSITE WASHINGTON Hoes Houss,)
Is prepared to furnish to order, in the very best style of
workmanship. Spring and Hair Mattresses, Window Our
taine, Lounge'', and all other articles of Furniture in lib
lice,. on short notice and moderate terms. Having ex.
penance in the business, he feels warranted in asking s
share of public patronage, confident of his ability to give
NO. 11, NORTH THIRD ST., HARRISBURG.
MELODEONS, VIOLINS, GUITARS,
Banjos, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, Accordeons,
STRINGS, SHIRT AND IGOR MMHG, &C., &C.,
PHOTOGRAPH FRAMES. ALBUMS,
Large Pier and Mantle Mirrors, Square and Oval Prams
of every description made to order. Reguilding done.
Agency for HeWeis Sewing Machines.
ID' Sheet Music sent by Mail. oetl-1
JOHN W. GLOVER,
Has just received from New York, an assort
which he offers to his customers and the public c
n 0722) MODERATE PRICES. dtt
ITT HARRY WILLILMS,
402 WALNUT BTII.IOIII I ,
General Claims for Soldiers promptly col'eeteo, State
Claims adjusted, &c., &c. mar2o-411m
SMITE & EWING,
THIRD STREET, Harrisburg,
Practice in the several Courts of Dauphin county. Col
lectione made promptly. A. 0. SMITE,
feb2o J. B. EWING.
JCOOK, Merchant Tailor,
. 27 CHESNUT ST., between Second and Front,
altB kid returned from the city with en omptortrn*y.A. cf
CLOTS, CA SSIM.E. it ES ..f.‘ . '
Which will be sold at moderate pricee and mane ::;1 to
order; and, also, an afreortment of READY Ni A trir;
Clothing and Gentlemen's' Furnishing Goods.
B. L GUM D. B. S.,
N 119 MARKET STREET,
EBY & HUNKBLII BUILDING, VP HAIR an S.
RELIGIOUS BOOK STORE,
TRACT AND SUNDAY SCHOOL DZIOSITORT,
E. S. lAN.
117 SOUTH /MOT" OHREINUT,
Depot forthe sale of StereosoopeS;StersoscopisViews,
Music and Musical Instruments. Also, subscriptions
taken for religious publications. no3o-d7
IORN G. W.L-MA.RTIN,
g . .ABHIONABLE
RBRRIS HOTEL, HARRISBURG, PA.
All manner of VISITING, WEDDING AND BUSI
NESS CARDS executed in the moat artistic styloS Atal
moat reasonable terms. decl4-dtt
This pleadant and commcdions Hotel has been tko
roughly re-fitted and re-furnished. It is pleasantly
situated on North-West corner of Howard and Franklin
streets, a few doors west of the Northern Central Rail
way Depot, /Army attention paid to the comfort of his
guests_ MITSIOTRING, Ptdpriethr,
jel2-tf • (Late of feline Grove. Pa.)
THEO. F. BOHEFFE_II,
BOOK, CARD AND JOB PRINTER,
NO. 18 MAR ET STREW!, HARRISBURG.
Wr Particular attention paid to printing, ruling and
binding of Railroad Blanks, Manifests, insurance Pon
ds)), ChelokeßillHostle, CO,
Wedding, Visiting and 8118111131111 Cards printedat vary
low prices and in the best style. jan2l
DYOTTVILLE GLASS WORKS,
WllOl4 PORTE% MINIBAL WATZE, Pioazl, AND
0! WINIT oisolurnoi.
H. B. & G. W. SINNERS,
ottiltdly ST South Prout dent. Philo&labia.
M 1113.1.0 STORM!
N 0.93 31ARENT SPRINT, HARRISBURG, PA.
SHEET MUSIC, PIANOS,
VIOLINS. SA &JO STRINGS,
Of every description.
DRUMS, MITES, VLUTIS, ACCORDIONS, etc. at
the lowest CITY PRIORS,
KNOO at N '
IVB mum STORE,
No 93 hi Aug? drum
pitocL A m ATION .—whereas, the
I Honorable Joni a. PRAOSOIII, President of the NUM
oft women Pleas in the Twelfth Judicial Disirict, con
sistlngof the counties of Lebanon and Dauphin. and the
HOD SAMUEL Lennie and Hon. 11108E3 it Toone, Aim.
daze Judges in Dauphin county, having lamed their pre.
*opt, bearing date the 24th day Of l'O h rla ry, 18t S. to me
directed. for holding a Court of Oyer and Terminer and
General Jail Deiiverr and Quarter Sessionsof the peace
at Harrisburg, for the county of Dauphin, and te oom.
memos on thcf•erifi Men ay of Sprlf nem:, beins the
27th day of Aril 1283. and to continue two 'reeks
Notice is there ere hereby glean to the Coroner, Jun.
tiees of the Pence. Aldermen. and Countable. of he raid
county ,i 1" Dauphin, that they be then and there in their
proper persons, at 10 o'clock in the forenoon of said day,
with their records, inquisitions. exandatations, and their
own remembranees, to do those thing. *bier' to their
°See appertains to be done, and those who are bonne in
reeognisauees to prosecute against the prisoners that are
or shall be in the Jail of Dauphin county, be then and
there to meme n t o against them as shall be inn
Given *inder my hand, et liserisbarc, the 24 h day of
April, in the year of on • Lord 11141 , and in the eighty
seventh year of the indovendenee of the (hilted St •tes
!lAMB, DRIND BEEF IS LAKIN A
U Temckvida, ice. , fn• sal. low, b
WM. DOCK. /a.. & I
ILA.RHISBURG, PA., FRIDAY, APRIL 24 1863.
T H E
Weekly "Patriot Sr, Union,"
THE CHEAPEST PAPER PUBLISHED IN
THE ONLY DEMOCRATIC PAPER PUBLISHED AT
THE SEAT OF GOVERNMENT!
FORTY-FOUR COLUMNS OF READING MAT
TER EACH WEEK!
AT THE LOW PRICE OF ONE DOLLAR
AND FIFTY CENTS !
SUBSCRIBED FOR IN CLUBS OF NOT LESS
THAN TEN COPIES TO ONE ADDRESS!
We have been compelled to raise the club subscription
price to one dollar and fifty cents in order to save our
selves from actual loss. Paper. has /leen, including
taxes, about twenty-five per cent., and is still riling;
and when we tell our Democratic friends, candidly, that
we can no longer afford to sell the Weekly ' , Armor AND
Uaioa at one dollar a year, and must add fifty cents or
stop the publication, we trust they will appreciate our
position, and, instead of withdrawing their subscrip
tions, go to work with a will to increase our list in every
county in the State. We have endeavored. and shall
continue our efforts, to make the paper useful sui a party
organ, and welcome as a news messenger to every fam
ily. We flatter ourselves that it has not been without
some influence in producing the glorious revolution in
the politics of the State achieved at the late election T'
and if fearlessness in the discharge of duty, fidelity to
the principles of the party, and an anxious desire to pro
mote its interests, with some experience and a moderate
degree of ability, can be made serviceable he . i.eafter, the
Weekly PASZIOT AND UNION will not be less useful to
the party or less welcome to the family circle in the fu
ture than it has been in the past. We confidently look
for increased encouragement in this great enterprise,
and appeal to every influential Democrat in the State to
lend us his aid in running our subscription list up to
twenty or thirty thousand. The expense to each indi
vidual is trifling, the benefit to the party may be great.
Believing that the Democracy of the State feel the ne
cessity of sustaining a fearless central organ, we make
this appeal to them for assistance with the fullest confi
dence of success.
The Sense reiniCcia which induce no to Wee the prise
of the Weekly, operate in regard to the Daily paper, the
price of which is also increased. The additional cost to
each subscriber will be but trifling; and, while we can
not persuade ourselves that the change necessarily made
will result in any diminution of our daily circulation,
yet, were we certain that such would be the conic
quence, we should still be compelled to make it, or suf
for a ruinone loss. Under these cireumstances we must
throw ourselves upon the generosity, or, rather, the
justice' of the public, and abide their verdict, whatever
it may be.
The period for which many of our subscribers have
paid for their paper being on the eve of expiring, we
take the liberty of leaning this notice, reminding them
of the same, in order that they may
RENEW THEIR CLUBS.
We shall also take it as an especial favor if our present
subscribers will urge upon their neighbors the fact that
the PATRIOT AND UNION ID the only Democratic paper
printed in Harrisburg, and considering the large amount
of reading matter, embracing all the current news of
the day, and
lerern everywhere up to the moment the paper goes to
press, political, miscellaneous, general and local news
market reports, is decidedly the
THE STATE '
Titer , . in scarcely a village or town in the State in
which a club cannot be raised if the proper exertion be
made, and surely there are few places in which one or
more energetic men cannot be found who are in favor of
the dissemination of sound Democratic doctrines, who
would be willing to make the effort to raise a club.
DEMOCRATS OF THE INTERIOR 1
Let as hear from you. The existing war, and the ap•
preaching seseions of Congress and the State Leglsla
tare; are Invested with unueuil intermit, and every man
should have the news.
DAILY PATRIOT AND UNION.
Single eopy for one year, in advance /6 00
Dinah) copy during the session of the Legislature.. 2 00,
City subscribers ten cents per week.
Copies supplied to agents at the rate of $1 60 per hun
WEEKLY PATRIOT AND UNION,
Published every Thursday.
Single copy one year, in advance 52 00
Ten copies to one address 15 00
Snbseriptions may commence at any time, PAY AL
WAYS IN ADVANCE. We are obliged to make this
imperative. ./n every instance cash must accompany
subscription. Any person sending us a club of twenty
subscribers to the Weekly will be entitled to a copy for
his services. The price, even at the advanced rate is
so low that we cannot offer greater inducements than
this. Additions may be made ♦t any time to a club of
eubscribers by remitting one dollar and fifty cents
for each additional name. It is not necessary to rend
us the names of those constituting a club, as we cannot
undertake to address each paper to club subscribers
separately. Specimen espies of the Weekly will be sent
to all who desire It
O. BARRETT & CO., Harrisburg, Pa.
N. B.—The following law ; passed by Congress in 1800,
defines the duty of Postmasters in relation to the de
livery of newspapers to chili eubscribPra
(Nes Little, Brown Q - Co.'s edition of the Laws 0f1.860,
page 38,'rhapter 131, section 1.)
"Provided, however, that where packages of newspa
parlor periodicals are received at any post office directed
to one addrm, and the names of the club aubscrlbers to
which th ey belong, with the postage for a quarter to ad
vance, shall be handed to the postmaster, he shall de-
liver the came to their respective owners."
To enable the Postmaster to comply with this regula-
tion, it will be necessary that be be famished with the
List of names composing the club, and paid a quarter's
(or year's) postage in advance. The uniform courtesy
of Postmasters affords the assurance that they will
Cheerfnliyacconimonate club subscribers, and the latter
should take care that the postage, which is but a trifle
In each case, be paid in advance. Send on the clubs
T a PANE E TEA.—A choice kt of
tbie celebrated Tesjust received. It is of the flret
cargo ever imported, and iP mu,:h eurrior to the Chi
nese Teaa in quality, strength and licence. and is also
entirely free of adulteration, coloring or mixture of any
It le the natural leaf of the Japenece Tim Plant.
Fur sal. by WM. DOCK. jr , & Co.
Ridge Avenue, corner of Broad street,
- o'he undersigned informs th- public that he has re
renovatea and reet'ed Well known " rnion
Hotel' , on Ridge avenue. near the Pound noese, and is
prepared to cc , immodate citis ps,strang-rsand travel
ers in •he beat stile, at moderate rates
Ma table will 'n supplied with the best the markets
afford, an • at his tol,r will fouud o.upericir bratr's of
itioarn and malt b enrages. The very best essommo
datinosior railroaders employed at sh-pr in this
vicinity HEN nY BuSTGEtiI
hi in tt rikel l'wu daarable ()Fri( !F
!Looms, second story front of Wyeties Building
armor of Marker Elonsre sod Market street Applyst
I iIANOS carefully packed or removed
t INDENSHID NIL K —Jura received
and for nolo by WM DOME Jr.. D. DO
141,F SE ULM° FRUIT JARS t_
Bret, ee k e m e espeet 19 the glarkets clan and
WlO. DOOK, JR, & 00
geeilatriot C 'anion.
FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 24 1863
For the Patriot and Union,
NEW ENGLAND GENERALS WH 0
HAVE SRO WN A WANT OF CAPA
CITY DURING THE REBELLION.
Mn. Ent on :—ln my last communication
having disposed of seven New England Gene
rals since the breaking out of the rebellion for
bad conduct, I will now proceed to those who
have shown their incompetency for high com
mands, or want of capacity, and they happen
to be of the hignest rank, Major Generals, and
it is their capacity alone I shall speak of for
Ist, General Butler. Of this officer nothing
can be said of his exhibiting great military
capacity, as I believe he has never commanded
troops actually in the field, or never fought a
battle, though he has been in high positions
and has had the opportunity to do so. I must
therefore speak of him negatively, and we can
thus dispose of this New England General,
mentioning only facts, to be judged of inferen
The antecedents of this officer, politically
and professionally, were very creditable in
civil life, and since he has been in command
in the army has shown great administrative
abilities, but in a military view is almost a
blank, and I believe has never been under fire.
Whilst in command at Fortress Monroe it was
part of the large military force under his
command who were defeated at Big Bethel.
That defeat was never repaired by him; nor
did he retake Norfolk and Portsmouth, or at
tempt to do so, though he had a large naval
force at his elbow as an auxiliary, with the
full command of the Chesapeake waters. This
showed incapacity, and this incapacity was
more fully shown by the fact that after he left
the command the cities of Norfolk and Ports
mouth were taken, with less force than he bad
and with greater obstacles to contend against.
During this part of his military career this
New England General's time was principally
taken up in negro affairs, corresponding with
his government on this interesting subject—
looking after the marauders of the New En
gland regiments, continually landing at the
Fortress, so that they should not be caught or
hurt, and scolding the Virginia rebels gene
rally, male and female.
The General thence was sent by his govern
ment as commander of the Department of the
Gulf, and after the capture of New Orleans by
the navy, and the navy alone, set up head
quarters there, and went into negro affairs :ma
grand scale—quarreled with the authorities
and the rJlrcbanis aud the haake :a7spa
pers—scolded and worried the ladies awfully,
and hung a man. Reverdy Johnson, a distin
guished lawyer, was sent down to look into one
of his acts—did not approve of it. The gov
ernment recalled the General, who returned
home safe and sound, without getting the yel
low fever. I will merely add that since the
General's return he has made several speeches,
giving his "experience" of negro affairs and
expatiating upon the rebellion generally.
Now, Mr. Editor, read over these facts and say
what you think of the military capacity of this
, New England General.
I will now take up another New England
General—Major General Banks. This officer,
before the rebellion, had occupied high posi
tions, one of them the 4th officer of the igove,
erument, the Speaker of the House of Re,pre
eentatives. It was during his occupancy of
that high post he annunciated that treasonable
and atrocious saying—" Let the Union slide."
He was one of the faction already alluded to,
and in spite of his incompetency since be has
been in the service, has always been their pet,
merit or no merit, and occupied high commands.
His first military service was to guard the
fords of the upper Potomac and some other
positions around Washington, as a kind of
military watch dog. Soon, by the influence of
the Faction, he received a separate and inde
pendent command of an army corps, posted in
the Shenandoah valley, and here we first meet
him practically in the field. .•
His first exploit in arms showed his medi
ocrity and want of capacity, in allowing him
self to be surprised, and making a disorderly
flight across the Potomac. This was called by
his political partisans and pimps, in and out
of the army, of course, a "splendidly conduc
ted retreat." True it is, he did escape by the
skin of his teeth, as it were, losing some 200
wagons of his transportation and many priso
ners. But what are the facts ? He had a large
cavalry force—some 1,600. Now, if he had
been a General of any capacity, with such a
force to guard his approaches, he never could
have been so discreditably surprised. His re
treat was conduaied with so much precipitancy
and so irregularly that his cavalry was where
his infantry shoWd have been ; and so as to
his artillery and transportation—they were in
the wrong place as respects the other arms of
the service. All this can be clearly shown by
the operations of another of our Generals,
Shields, for it is a remarkable fact that he was
placed on the same ground, with part, of the
same troops, against the same opponent, with
not half as numerous a cavalry. He was not
surprised—he did not make a disorderly re
treat—he did not lose any of his wagons—ens,
on the contrary, ho defeated his antagonist
(and the same antagonist), and drove him out
of the Valley ; but he—not being an Abolii ion
New England General, not one of the n
and being also a meritorious officer I
commanded our troops in Mexico—of
he got, no hie,hor command. Oue earl
conceive a mere just rompgrison, sad a S Ong'
proof of ie paoity. lima these Parallel cases
We n• at meet Ibis cifirer attached to the
Army of the Potorroos with commhtid nochr
Gen. Pope. Here he fought a battle at Cedar
PRICE TWO CENTS.
Mountain, where his troops as well as himself
showed great bravery ; but it led to no result ;
it did not stop the pursuit of Pope's army;
and whether entered into with judgment or
not, or showing capacity or not, is a vexed
question, the testimony preponderating greatly
against the exhibition of either. We next meet
Gen. Banks in still higher command, viz: the
Department of the Gulf, fitting out a large ex
pedition in New York. He sails, and the first
we bear are loud complaints against the parties
employed by him of peculation and frauds
against his government. He arrives, takes
command of large forces, issues a pompous
and inflated proclamation with but little real
sense in it; he proceeds up the Mississippi
with his forces to co-operate with the navy—
does not co-operate—and the very last we hear
of him is issuing circulars to planters regula
ting negro labor in his department.
Here we have a picture of another New En
gland General who, with the very best oppor
tunities to exhibit military abilities and Capa
city, exhibits neither, but sheer incapacity.
This leaves but one remaining New England
General, Maj. Gen. Hooker, now commanding
the Army of the Potomac—a powerful and
splendid army, supported by a powerful artil
lery and superb cavalry, all made to his hand,
well fed, well clothed and provisioned. He
has now just taken the field, and has
opened the campaign in Virginia, and may
show great abilities and capacity, making
himself an exception to all the rest, (and, by
making himself the exception, prove the rule
as to the other 'New England Generals). With
the hope that it may turn out so, I close this
communication, and will close the subject in
my next. PUBLICOLA.
The Democratic county meeting held in Read
ing on Tuesday last, the 21st, was very large
and very enthusiastic. A correspondent of the
Age furnishes the proceedings, as follows :
The meeting was ealled to order at 1 o'clock
p. m., by Wm. B. Albright, Esq., Chairman of
the County Committee, and organized by the
selection of Hon. S. E. Ancona as President,
ono vice president from each township, borou.!i
and ward, and eight secretaries. A deleo.tiet.;
from Montgomery county, being present,
Messrs. Rufas D. Longneeker, Daniel Gilbert,
and George Van Bushhick, were added to the
number of Tin presidents.
Hon. S. E. Ancona, on taking the chair, de
livered a short address explanatory of the ob
ject of the meeting, as set forth in the request
to the chairman of the standing committee
After one member from every township, bo.
rough and ward had been appointed to serve
on a Committee on Resolutions, to express the
sentiments of the meeting, and after the com
mittee bad retired, the meeting was addr es sed
by the gentleman named below.
The committee returned at about 3 o'clock
and reported, through Jesse J. Hawley, Esq.,
the following resolutions, which wero unanir
mously eci ;
Arneneas, It is among the inalienable rights
of a free people to assemble either in public or
In private, openly or secretly, as they may
choose, subject only the the Constitution and
laws of the land:
And whereas, An attempt has recently been
made by the present authorities of the United
States, in violation of those rights, by arrest
ing peaceable citizens, of the county of Berke,
carrying them beyond the jurisdiction of their
own courts on charges and pretences founded
on mere rumor, and without the slightest foun
dation in fact; therefore
Resolved, By the Democracy of Berks county,
in mass meeting assembled, that, while we will
obey the Constitution and laws of our country,
and make no forcible resistance to the execu
tion of any process administered by the gev
ernment within the' limits of its legitimate
functions, we will not submt to nor tolerate the
slightest encroachments upon our rights and
tielvileges ; such attempt will meet with our
resistance at all hazards and regardless of con-
°lva, That secret societies, political or
oth wise, are not in themselves in violation
of the Constitution and laws, and that when
ever a free people see proper to organize them
selves, in secret or in public, they have a right
to protection, and if the Government, for po
litical purposes, fails to render that protection,
we pledge ourselves to furnish it to the extent
of our power.
Resolved, That whenever such societies are
organized upon principles at variance with the
Constitution and laws in their letter or spirit,
or leherever the tendency of such organization
infringes upon the constitutional rights of any
citizen on account of the place of his birth,
his religion, or any other guaranteed right, we
regard such societies as illegal, subversive of
law order, and deserving the condemnation of
all good citizens.
Resolved, That while the Democracy of Berks
recognize and sustain the Tights of our people,
under such restrictions, to so organize ; as a
mere question of right appertaining to freemen,
and. deem it of the highest importance that
eternal vigilance at all times should be exer
cised to guard against the slightest encroach.
men a upon any rights, we do dot deem secret
political organization either desirable or expe
dient, as long as open organization can be
maintained without danger from armed inter
vention or of bodily harm. Unless such danger
exists, the tendency will almost invariably be ,
dangerous to the rights of others, by falling
into the hands of bad men. Public liberty, as
well as private rights, may be undermined be
fore the public is aware of the danger. These
evils, under the control of good and,. true men,
may he avoided ; but secret societies of , a po
litical character torfavoritee with all that class
of men who dread the light for fear of expo
Resolved, That if secret political societies
have recently been organized among ns, it is to
be presumtei they are fur no other purpose
than the protection of their rights against un
lawful arrest or the elocution of unecnistitut
initial laws. Until the contrary is proven the
character of our people warrant this belief;
hut, as such objects can better be secured by
the open organization of our whole people, in
strict accordance with law, and without fur
nishing pretei.te for armed inteivention by
a military power, we earnestly recommend all
much to abandon the secret features, and join us
open organization in every ward, township
rough of our county. Such a movement
a strength and power at home, in
•noe and wield moral influence
~ That we are equally hostile to
AbolitionlEps North and Secessionists South.
We reg.ird both alike as tending to the game
remuita —one is the openly avowed advocate of
a separate Confe terasy—the other the advo
cite of principles which must inevitably mad
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNINGs
BY 0. BARRETT & CO 1
TEE DAILY PATE/ON AND UNION will be serval tomb.
scribers residing in the Borough for YEN OIETB PER wan;
payable to the Carrier. Mail subscribers, vrvz DOLL ABI
TiE WEEKLY PATRIOT AND UNION Is published stew*
DOLLY RE PER ANNUM, invariably in advance. Ten sepias
to one address, fifteen dollars.
Connected With this establishment le an eatenalva
JOB OFFICE, containing varietya of plain and fancy
type, unequalled by any eStablishment in the interior of
the State, for which the patronage of the public is WO..
Resolved, That we regard the emancipation
proclamation, the conscription law, and th•
confiscation acts as clearly unconstitutional;
but while we pledge our united efforts to test
them in all legal modes within our reach, we
will not infringe upon or violate any law,
whatever may be our present opinions, until it
is pronounced by the proper judicial authori
ties to be null and void. It is better to bear
many grievances of a temporary character
than to plunge our country into anarchy, end
ing in military despotism and destroying all
our hopes for the future.
Resolved, That resistance by force to an in
vasion of our personal freedom is a virtue;
and if the insane threat of a distinguished
military chieftain, (distinguished more for the
position he holds, than for achievements is
arms,) to put his heel upon the necks of North
ern men, be attempted to be carried out, we
promise him a warm reception. In order to
allay any undue excitement, however ? that
might be occasioned by this threat, we deem
it proper to add, that as this same authority
has informed us that we are not to be molested
until the rebels are first subdued, we are of
opinion, judging by past progress, that the
present generation at the North can hardly
feel themselves interested in the question.
Resolved, That we recommend open organi
zations in every township, ward and borough
of our county, in order to sustain the Constitu
tion, the Union and the laws; and at the same
time to resist every encroachment upon our
personal rights and freedom, guaranteed by
that instrument and those laws.
Resolved, That we are inflexibly and unalter
ably devoted to the Constitution and the Union,
with such additional guarantees as may pro
tect the rights of minorities from all future
aggression. We do not approve of this war as
at present conducted. We never did approve
of it in itself, but accepted it in preference to
disunion, anarchy and despotism, under
pledges that it should be conducted solely
with a view to the restoration of the Union.
These pledges have been broken, the war is
converted into an Abolition crusade, and we
are free from any obligations, except those of
obedience to law.
Resolved, , Thai we will patiently wait the
progress of l events, until power passes front the
hands of the present administration under the
forms of law. We will continue to urge upon
Congress and upon the States the repeal of all
unconstitutional acts, and the calling of a Na
tional Convention to amend the Constitnton.—
If these fail our hopes centre in the sovereign
rir:hts of the State of Pennsylvania, and in
order that she may be prepared to exercise
fhoge rights, we urge upon our fellow.eitisena
e necessity of organization, the selection and
eleinion of our ableA and test men, for Gover
n' Le6i,lators ; and in OH: meantime We
have no terms of peace to offer to any quarter,
except upon the basis of re-union.
The cling was ably addressed in the spirit
of those resolutions, by W. Rosenthal, Esq.,
Hon. J. Glancy Jones, Hon. Hiester Clymer
and James B. Bechtel, Beq., and then ad
Resolved, That the proeedings of this meet
ing be published in the Decnocratio papers of
the oonnty, in the-Philadelpb ; ol Age, Evening
Journal, Patriot and Union, Norristown Regis
ter, and Pittsburg Poe.
rER II A TTER As AND ALABAMA.
Our readers we think will feel interested in
the rebel account of the battle off Galveston
between the U. S. armed steamer Hatteras and
the celebrated Confederate privateer Alabama,
in which the forms was sunk anddier officers
and crew taken prisoners. We published, we
believe, the account 3f the action by Commander
Blake, and were well satisfied that our noble
tars had bravely done all that could be done
against the superior vessel and armament of
the rebels, but we did not know before this
relation of the enemy met oar eye how near
the Hatteras came to blowing the Alabama to
pieces, or at least disabling and capturing her.
We presume the account we now publish, com
ing from a rebel officer, is in the main reliable.
It is dated on board the Alabama, at sea, Jan
uary 20, 1863, and is as follows:
ESTEEMED FRIEND— * * * We
have at this present 17 officers and 101 men
rescued from the genboat Hatteras, which we
entirety destroyed on the evening of the 11th
January, 1863. As it is likely yon may see
the Northern accounts, I will give you the true
version, or rather facts as they actually Oc
curred. On the Bth of December we captured
the California steamer Ariel, and obtained late
files of New York papers containing accounts
of the formidable Banks expedition. This we
judged was destined to operate against Galves
ton, Texas, and as our whereabouts was un
known, we believed that a sudden and unexpected
dart into their midst, and the destruction of some
of their transports, under cover of darkness, would
be crowned with success, and consequently put an
end to or delay for an indefinite time this part of
The pros and cons of the matter were fully
discussed, and pronounced feasible. Accord
ingly, on the Bth of January we shaped our
course for Galveston, and at mid-day of the
11th the look-out reported six men-of-war at
anchor off the bar. In accordance with our
prearranged plans (for night attacks,) we
hauled in shore, taking the bearings of the
fleet, intending when dark came on to make
one bold stroke for Dixie, and determination in
perceptiblelines to do or die was traced in each
countenance. But, as the result show., all
human calculiktions by the will of an overru•
ling Providence are oft times brought to naught,
or entirely subverted. Scarcely half an hour
elapsed after changing our course, wheitathe
look-out informed us that a steamer wall in
chase, showing that we had been under obser
vation; and seeing us heading off shore, bon
eluded at once that our Object was to rua the
Under this false impression, the gunboat
Hatteras, of 1200 tons, 132 men, and mount
ing seven gunk was sent to capture and bring
us into port. We continued our course with
out alteration until we bad succeeded in draw
ing her beyond the reach of assistance, when
suddenly, furling everything, we turned to meet
her. Every man was at his station, guns leaded
with five second shill and run out, and in al
most breathless silence we surfaced the ap
proaching vessel. By this time the deepening
shades of twilight had fallen upon us. This
enemy. steaming rapidly up, ranged close
alongside and bailed for our name and nation
ality. Our reply was, "H. B. M. gunboat Pe
trel," and demanding the same of them, were
answered, "the U. S gunboat Hatteras." Im
mediately upon receiving this an swer, we in
formed them properly that our sh ip was the C.
9. steamer Alabama, and immediately pe ene d
a broadside into her.
The fire was promptly and vigernusly re
turned, and for a ebort time shut and shell
hurled thick and fast around ne, w ith ou t do i ng
any material damage. I will give the Yankee
credit for fighting well and bravely, tut the
prestige of the Alabama's name hung, Übe *