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Font lines or leas constitute half a square. en I nes
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Half sq., one day.-- $0 30 One mi., °1143 20 61)
moat 120 " °n° week— 200
" one month.. 300 a Mill month_ 600
" three months 500 " three monthsl.o GO
OIX ..nthS.. 800 " six months.. 15 00
" one year.. • —l2 00 ,g one year —2O Oo
11X tlnsine•s noticeaingerted in the LOOAL COLVIN,
Or before marriages and deaths, TEN CENTS PCS LINE for
each insertion. To merchants and others advertising
by the year, liberal terms will to offered.
Er The n umber of insertions must be designated on
117 m a rriages and Denthswillhe inserted at the arne
rues a s regular advertiaementS.
FEN6IONg, BOUNTIES, BACK PAY,
Wu Claims and Chinn for Indemnity.
STEWART, STEVENS, CLW. & CO.,
&omega and MunroFlora-at-Law. and Brgiciiant
far all auk of Military Clainsr i ,
460 PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
This firm, having a thorough knowledge of the Pen
sion Business, and being familiar with the practice in
all the Departments of Goverrunetit, believe that they
can afford greaser facilities to Pension, Bounty, and
other Olaimante, for the prompt and successful accom
plishment of basilicas entrusted to them, than any other
firm in Washington. They desire to secure such an
amount of this brislings as will enable them to execute
the business for each claimant very cheaply, and on the
basis of Melt pay contingent upon their success is each
case. for this purpose they will secure the services of
Law Firms in each prominent locality throughentethe
States where such business may be had, furnish such
with all the necessary blank forms of application and
evidence, requisite edified pamphlet instructions, and
circulars for distribution in their vicinity, with asso
ciates names laberted, and upon the doe execution_ of
the payees and transmission of the same to them by
their local associates, they will promptly perform the
Ur Their charges will be ten dollars for officers and
five dollars for privates, for each Pension or Bounty and
Back Pay obtained, and ten per cent. on amount of
Claims for Military Supplies or Claims for Indemnity.
'„Soldiers enlisted since the let of March, 1881, in
any kind of service, Military or Naval, who are disabled
by diseas or wounds, are entitled to Pension. All
soldiers *ho serve for two years, or during the wsr,
should it sooner close, will be entitled to $lOO Bounty.
Widow* of soldiers who die or are killed, are entitled to
Pensions, and the $lOO Bounty. If there be no widow,
then the minor children. And if no minor children,
then the father, mother, sisters or brothers are anti-
Jed as above to the goo Bounty and Back Pay.
JOSEPH B. STEWART,
nEsroa L. STEVENS,
EDW &RD OL ARIL,
WILLIS A. GAYLORD.
WAsuisaron, D. 0. 2 1862.
" Apply at our office Or tO Our Associate at
Haaarenose, Pa.—JO HN A. BIGLER, Attorney and
Pirrilsesd, PA.—Matti:TES do RIDDILL, Atter
Perraviams, PA.—WM. R. SMITH, Attorney and
Pait.anrairmA, P&.—J. G. MINNIOILTLD, 46 Atwood
street, WM_ IL lIIIITII,Attorney and Couneellor.
asumorros, PA.—DOYD CRIIMIIROM, Attorney
JACBOON & CO.'S
S IL 0 E - 1' 0 R
NO. 90M litAllllllT BTEJJT,
HARJU - SD 11.116, PA.,
Wbore they stool to devote Voir entire time to ths
BOOTS' A NI) SHOES •
ail Muds and varieties, in the neatest and most bah.
enable styles, and at satisfactory priceS.
Their stock with:moist, in part, of Gentlemen's New
Calf and Patent Leather Boots cad Shoes, latest styles;
Ladies , and Misses , Gaiters, and otherj3hoes in great
variety; and in feat everything connected with the
CUSTOMER WORE will be particularly attended to,
and in all moos will satisfaction be warranted. Lasts
Sued asp by one of the beet makers in As costs:rye
She Jong practical experience of the undersigned, and
their thorough knowledge of the badness will, they
'trust, be sufficient guarantee to the public tliat the,
ell do them justice, and furnish them an article the
will recommend itself for utility, cheapness and duro
[pal!' JACKSON & CO.
lif URINGER'S PATENT BEEF TEA,
in a solid, conontratexl extract of
BEEF AND VEGETABLES.
Uonvortibie immediately into a nourishing and deli.
dons Poup. Highly approved by a number of eminent
Th a admirable article condensed into a compact form,
all the substantial and nutritive properties of a large
hulk ..f meat and vegetables. The retrainees with wide&
it dissolves into, a rich and palatable Soup, which would
require hour; of preparation according to the usual
arr.thod, is an advantage in many situat.one of lie, too
Obvious to need urging, Its highly nourishing qualiars
eontoined with ifs delicacy, renders it invaluable for the
sick; *idle for these in health, ills a pertecteobatitute
for fre.h meat and vegetables. It will keep good hastily
It is peculiarly well adapted FOR TR&VELEES, by
land or sea - , who an.. thus avoid those accidentaldepriva
lions of a comfortable meal, to whish they are Boilable.
FOR INVALIDS, whose capricious appetite can Ulm
be satisfied in a moment.
FOR tiPuRTSBIEN and EXCURSIONISTS. to whom,
both its compactness and easy preparation will recom
mend it. For sale by
sep24-tf WM. DOCK. Jit., 4 CO
UNEXCELLED BY 4.NY IN THE V ETATEs
AND SUPERIOR TO ANY
OFFERED IN PENNSYLVINIII
IT IS MADE Or
CHOICE MISSOURI WHITE WHEAT.
1 Delivered any place in the city free of chary
Darns cash on detirocry.
WIC DOCK, , Jc CO
LOIADIE WS CAMP C(IMYANIO N
A very convenient Writing peek q also, Portfolios,
likensorandank Itooka, Portmonnatea, ate at
CH"SE ! 1-100 Boxes Prime Cheese
(on consignment) f9ir 0445 at less than market rate.
jylO WM. DOolt, Js., do CO
NOTIONS.—Quite a variety of useful
LI and entertaining artielea—cheap—at
80HEBY NMI BOWEBTODII,
WANTE D.—A GOOD 0 1 011. at the
BOMGARDNSit HOTEL. Apply Immedist
VLAR WINI4III !—We are closing oat
a alum BIIPBRIOR LOT at WS Mass cost!
WT4 DOCK Js CO
')RIME POTATOES 1-A LAMLE LOT
JIM. received and for sale low. •
eceMdtt WM. DOOR, & 00.
1.4 INCE ME kV—Very superior, just
ATI received and for sale by Wit DOOR, jr.. hCO
CONDENSED MILK —Just reeeived
and for susb. by WIN DOCK jr., Jr. 11.:0_
EL MITIC ALLY SEALED
peaebea, Tomatoeg, Lnbatar, Salmon, QyrterN,
(Vritera, for Sat , hi Wit NICK" ie., &CO
RiIIOKND BAUM(' —A very choice
b," article, just received and for sale by
WM %MLR.. lc 00.
"WRENCH MUSTARD, ENGLISH and
r Domestic Pickles, (by the dozen or hundred,) 811-
parlor Salad_ OD, Ketchup, Sauces and condiments of
every dess.sintisn_ For sale by
utvlS WM. DOCK, Jz.. & Co
AKE TROUT !!--A small invoice of
LAKE TROUT. (Maeldizaw,) trimmed, and the
quality "A NO. L" Unit reoeivril and for sale very lo w
WM noOK. JR.. A O4'.
AII 1V It DY, No. 62
Market strPst, below Third, has reeei►ed large
SaaOrtmetit cor Swamis, Saimaa and °aura. wL.eh h
Will sell very low. - •..-.0-dtf
1 / 4 0111,11 1 SEALING FRUIT JARS 1-
Bost and Cheapest in the markets! and
P)R RICNT—Two desirable OFlcitik.
t lima, I wo nid dory front of Wyoth'e Huddle!
darn'? of Market dome and Market street. Lppi r op
Mu eeD2Bd i f
11Si:1U 1111 L, Na.. 1, 2 sod 3, fa an shod packages
sow, 114 ea k pucka,. surramtsi. Just reieshrod, and
us oh to. is WK. DOME:JR., & 00.
DR. 0. WE - 101IEL,
SURGEON AND OCULIST,
RIOSIDINON THIRD NIAR NORTH STRUT.
Ho is now fully prepared to attend promptly to the
duties et profession in all its branches.
1.010 MID TART 1111001861/DL 312DICIAL 11101/RIMIIOII
justides him in promising full and ample oatiotsetion to
all who meylayor kimwith a cull, be thediseaseOhresde
or any ether nature.
WM. DOCK. JR.. a CO
VOL. 5 -NO. 188.
• %Maws des.
WM. H. MILLER :
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
BBIWNIN WALNUT AND MABXIIT SQUAB;
n023l Nearly opposite the Buehler Nouse. rdictiAy
THOS. 0. MAODOWELL,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MILITARY CLAIM AND PATENT AGENT.
Office in Burke's Row, Third street, (Up Biafra.)
fortiod s eenesetien with parties in Wash=
ington Oily, wno are reliable business men, any busi
ness connected with any of the Departments will meet
with immediate and careful attention. mil-y •
CHARLES F. VOLLMER
Chestnut street, four door.: above Second,
(Orman WASHINGTON Ross House,)
Is prepared to furnish to order, in the very best style of
workmanship, Spring and Flair Mattresses, Window env.
tains, Lounges, and all other articles of Furniture In hi.
line, on short notice end moderate terms. Having ex.
perienee in the business, he feels warranted in asking a
share of public patronage, confident of his ability tow s
NO. 11, NORTH THIRD ST., HARRISBURG.
MBLODRONS, VIOLINS, GUIT,AIIB,
Banjos, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, .aCcOrdeonv :
moms, SHIM AND BOOS =WO, &C., &0.,
rII(ITOGRAPM FRAMES. ALM:MN
Large Pier and Mantle Mirrors, Square and Oval Frame
of every desoripUon made to order. Reminding done.
Agency for Howes Sewing Machines.
Irr Sheet Music sent by Mail. oetl-1
OHN W. GLOVER).
Has jest received from New York, an assort.
which he offers to his costomere and the public
nov22) MODERATE PRICES. •/. dtf
SMITH. & EWING,
THIRD STREET, Illarrisburg,
Praetice in the several Courts of Cestphln county. Col
g made promptly. A. . SMITH
feta° 7, B. *WINO!.
I COOK, Merchant Tailor,
•Y • 27 GELBEINITT ST., between Second and Front,
Has just returned from the city with an assortment of
CCOTHS, CASknifERES AND - FESTINGS,
Which will be sold at moderate prices and made up to
order; and, also, an assortment of READY MADE
Clothing and Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods.
B. L GEDDA, D. D. S.,
N 0 . 119 MARKET STREET,
EBY & KUNKEL'S BUILDING, UP STAIRS.
RELIGIOUS BOOK STORE
TRACT AND SUNDAY SCHOOL DEPOSITORY,
E. S. GERMAN,.
IT SOUTH 111100tito STUNT, 1,1401f1 011.11013 T,
Depot for the sale of Steremicopes,Stereosoopieliews,
Mode and Mioidesd Instrumento. Also, subscriptions
taken for religious publications. n 013047
JOHN G. W. MARTIN,
HERE'S HOTEL, HARRISBURG, Pd-
All manner of VISITING, WEDDING AND BUSI
NESS CARDS executed in the most artistic styles and
most resaonable terms. decl4.dtf
This pleasant and commodious Hotel has been tho
; roughly re-fitted and re-furnished. It is pleasantly
tuated on North-West earner of Howard and Franklin
streets, a few doom west of the Northern Central Rail
way Depot. leery attention paid to the comfort of his
guests. G. LEIBBNRING, Proprieor,
.1612-tf (Late of Saline Grove t . Pa.)
THEO. F. SCITEFFER,
BOOK, CARD AND JOB PRINTER'
NO. 18 MARKET STREET, HARRISBURG.
133 Particular &Om:Aka pad to printing, ruling and
binding of Railroad Blanks, Manifests, Insurance Poli
cies, Checks, Bill-Heads, &a.
Wedding, Visiting and Business Cards printed at very
low prices and in the best style. jan2l
DVAITVIIALE6 GLASS WORKS,
MINA PORTER, MINERAL WATER, PIORIII die
OF IVIRT DIIIOIIIIPTIOS.
8.5.& 0. W:BlINNIIRS,
0a1.941y ff Bouth Pront /Merit, Philadelphia.
10:98 itAILIST 'OREM HARRISBURG}, PA!
SKIRT MUSIC, PIANOS,
VIOLINS. BANJO STRINGS,
Of every description. f •
DRUMS, 11718, VLUTBS, ACCORDIONS, eta. at
tie lowest CITY PlllOlB, at
W. KNOOIII , B MUSIC STORM,
No. 93 Hamm Brassy.,
A BOOK FOR THE TIMES I
a - •
American Annual Cyclopedia and Regular cj
Important &ante for the Year 1861. In 1 vol
8 tro. over 750 pages. Cloth 03, Leather $3.60
Tub/irked by P. Appleton 4. Co., New York.
The design of this work is to furnish a record of all
the important hunwledge of the year. The events of
the war, owing to their prominoucc. will, of course, egg
cup; a conspicuous part, but all other branches--Bcd.
ence, Art, bitrrature, the Mechanic Arts, , will re.
eel.° due attention. The work will be published ex.
ciooooly by subscription, and reedy for delivery bosun.
Aloe, new complete
Gencoses Debates of Cosy" est ,16 emilinges $8 and $8.68
Benson' Thirty Years is 17. S. Senate, 2vohemes,
and IS per Vol.
Cyclopedia of American llo q uswes, covtaistitep tea
speeches of the m o s t eminent Orators of America, 14
steel portraits. 2 vols. 22. 50 each .
Partosee Life and Tiotol of Andrew J 44801111 valemus
Sadness J. F. STRellitall6ll, ffardobillgt
General agent for D. &PRATO es 00.
for Circulate deaerlonivo of mono] Cyclopedia
D"'D PE ‘CHIC%-PAttED AND
117NPABED-ht-t reeeiv.4 by
wm Dom rn
Wfirrs OH AN 19Y I ! i—feakt eitiiSliit V
puspossit.—A very *sports? article, (mica,
PeF.,),fost readied aid for sale by
AIM • DOOR, ir., &Vs.
Hy K h ISBU KG, PA., THURSDAY . APR' t. 9 I 863.
Ott :II atrial & Rion.
THURSDAY MORNINO, APRIL 9 1863
COMMITTEE ON THE CONDUCT OF THE WA
At 10.45, a. m., of the 31st of August, Gen.
Pope sends the following to Gen. Halle*
"Our troops are all here, and in position,
though much used up and worn out. I think
it would, perhaps, have been greatly better if
Sumner and Franklin had been here three, or
four days ago. But you may rely upon our
giving them (the enemy) as desperate a fight
as I can force our men to stand up to. I should
like to know whether you feel secure about
Washington should this army be destroyed. I
shall fight it as lohg as a man will stand up to
the work. You must judge what is to be done,
having in.view the safety of the capital. The
enemy is already pushing a cavalry reoonnois
sance in our front at Cub run, whether in ad
vance of an-attack to-day I don't yet know. I
send you this that you may know our position
and my purpose."
On the 2d of September General Pope was
ordered to fall back to the vicinity of Wash
ington, where his army came under the com
mand of Gen. M'Clellan.
The following is from the testimony of Gen.
Question. Had the Army of the Potomac
been brought to cooperate with the Army of
Virginia with the utmost energy that circum
stances would have permitted, in your judg
ment, as a military man, would it not have
resulted in our victory instead of our defeat ?
"Answer. I thought so at the time, and
still think so."
In relation to the command of Gen. M'Clel
lan, he himself testifies as follows:
"question. What position did you occupy
after your arrival at Alexandria,and you had
forwarded the troops which ha been under
your command to the assistance of general
"Answer. I was for some ,little time—ono
or two days, two or three days, perhaps—with
out any position; merely at my camp, without
any command. On Monday, the let of Sep
tember, I received verbal inetruations from
General Halleek to take command of the de
fences of Washington. I was, however,
expressly prohibited from, in any way, assu
ming any control over the troops under Gen.
Pope. I think It was on the next clay atter
that that I was instructed verb.dly by the
President and General Halleck to go out and
meet the army which watt coming in, and to
assume command of it when it approitAed the
po s ition that I eonsidered it ought to occupy
for defensive purposes, and to post it properly."
The testimony of General Halleck npon the
same point is its follows:
"Question. What was the position of Gen
M'Clellan in regard to the troops of the Army
of the Potomac NI they landed at Acquia Cre k
and Alexandria? - Were they under his corn
mend ; and if so. how long did they remain
under his command ? -
'Answer. General M.'Clellan retained the
command of the army of the Potomac, as it
landed at those two points, except such portions
of it as were sent into the field under General
Pope. Those portions were considered as
temporarily detached from his command, but
still belonging to his army, and he was direc
ted that all orders sent from him to the troops
as detached, while under General Pope's im
mediate command, mast be sent through the
headquarters at Washington. He retained
command of all the troops of his army as they
landed' at those places until sent into the field,
and reported to General Pope; and they con
tinned to remain under his .commend, with the
exception - of the detacbmenis, until General
Pope's army fell back on Icat.hington, when
all came under General M'Clellan's commend.
"On his (General 141:Clellan'Forrival at A'ex
andria he w*s told to take immediate command
of all the troops in and about Waebnigton, to
addition to those which prcKerly belonged to
the Ar,my of the Potomac. Some days atter be
had been verbally directed to take command
he aaktd fat' a formal orJer, which was issued
from the Adjutant General's office. Tne order
issued from the Adjutant General's office was
after General Pope's ermy omm'n ed tslliag•
back, and was dated September 2; but Grit
M'Clellan had been in command ever since his
arrival in Alexandria.
'•Question. At what time did he arrive in
"Answer: ffe arrived at Alexandria on the
26th of August. The formal order was issued
that he might have no difficulty with General
Pope's forces; that they might not question his
CAMPAIGN IN MARYLAND
Very soon titter General Pope and his army
fell bank on Washington the rebel army entered
Maryland. Peeprrations were immediately
made by the authorities in Washington to follow
In relation to the.command of the army in
Maryland your committee will quote from the
testimony of General M'Clellan and General
ElaHeck. The testimony of General WCtenon
is as follows: * *
"Quesion. How long did you remain in
command of the defeetes of Waehingion, and
what orders did you next receive, and from
4 •Answer. I do not think that order, assign
ing me to the defences of Washington, was ever
reecindeJ, or any o her one issued in its place.
I had only verbal communications with Gent
eral ilaHeck betore I started on the Antietam
campaign' And it was never definitely de
ckled, up to the time that I left, as to whether
I was to go or not. I asked the question two
or three times of General whether I
waß 10 COMM6I4d the troop in the field, and he
said that had not been determined. And Ido
not think that was one of those things that
grew into shape itself. When the time came I
The following is the testimony of General
Halleck upon twit point:
••Question By whose orders was General
ellen placed in sammand or the army that
lift Washington to operate in Mar)lanu ; and
were those orders verbal or in waiting?
"Answer. As I sawed the cater day, the
order was given verb.ally to General WC ellen
by the Pre-tdent, at G -nem' Ilan's Mallet
about 9 o'clock in the mornia g, previous to Gen.
biTtellsn leaving the city for ltockville.-;
141 will add that U. n. M . Clellau s iu virtue of
hie being placed in command of the tirtitica•
thins of Washington and the troops for defence
within them, wat+ reAlly in cottimoud or alh the
troops here at thattime. Theque4tion was &it
custud by the Tres de it for two or three drys
as to who should take command of the troops
that. were to go into the field. The decision
we' mode by himself, and announced to Oen.
bletellau in my presence. I did not. knew
wh4t, that decision was until I heard it thus
In vgard to the inelyttetione given to OWL
M'Clellan his testimony is se follower •
"Question. Did you have any interview
with the President in relation to taking cons.
wand of the troops for the Maryland campaign,
or receive any instructions fram him on that
"Answer. , I do not think he gave me any
instructions after that morning, when I was
told to take command of the army in front of
Washington. Ido not think he gave me any
instructions about the Maryland campaign.
"Question. After you commenced the move
ment did you receive any instructions from
"Answer. I received some telegrams that
might be looked upon in the nature of instruc
tions, from General Halleok and from the Pre
sident. The general tenor of General Halleck's
dispatches was that I was committing an error
in going so far away from Washington ; that I
was going rather too fast. He had the impres
sion that the main force of the enemy was on
the south aide of the Potomac, and that they
had only a small force in front of me to draw
me on, and then they would come into Wash
ington in rear. As late as the 1 8th of Septem
ber, I recollect a telegram of General Halleck
in which he pressed that came idea, and told
me that I was wrong in going so far away."
The testimony of General Halleok upon that
point is as follows :
`•Question. What instructions, if any, were
given to General M'Ciellan in regard to the
conduct of the campaign in Maryland ?"
"Answer. The day the President gave Gen
eral M'Clellan directions to take command of
the forces in the field, we had a long conversa
tion in regard to the campaign in Maryland.
It was agreed between us that the troops should
move up the Potomac, and, if possible, separate
that portion of General Lee's army which had
crossed the Potoinac from the remainder on the
Virginia side. There were no defiuite instruc
tions further than that understanding between
us; as to the general plan of the campaign.
" I submit herewith copies of dispatches
to and from Gen. M'Clellan, after he left Wash
ington to take command of operations in Ma
ryland, to the time that he was relieved from
command These papfrs comprise all the dis
patches sent to and received from General
M'Clellan, so far se I know, except a letter
dated October 13, addressed to him by the Pre
sident, and which was' shown to me just as the
President was about to dispatch it to General
M'Clellan, and General M'Clellan's reply, da
ted October 17." [The letter of the President,
with the reply of Geo. is incorpo
rated in another part of this report.]
"In regard to Gen M'Ctellan going too fast
or too far from Washington, there can he found
no such telegram from me to hem. He has
mistaken the meaning of the telegrams I sent
him. I telegraphed him that he was going too
far, not from Washington, but from the Poto
mac, leaving General Lee the opportunity to
come down the Potomac and get between him
and Washington. I thought General M'Clellan
should keep more upon the Potomac, and press
forward his left rather than his right, so as
the more readily to relieve Harper's Ferry,
which was the point then in most immediate
danger ; that be was pu'hing forward hie right.
too fast relative y to the movements of his left
—not that the army was nfoving too fast or too
far from Washington."
The letter 4-f G e neral Halleck of Sept. 13.
referred to by Gen, itl'Clellan, is as follows :
[N. B.—Gen. hi'Clellan referred to a letter as
late as the 13th. Doubtless this is not the letter
" WAR. DRPARIIOI4I..
‘ - WASITINGTON D. U., flnpt. 13. 1562
" MAJOR G MiIt:UAL GLELL AN : Yuura of
5 80. p. m , yesterday, is jam. ri ceived. General
B a l ga cannot solely spare eight new regiments
from here You must remember that very few
troops are now received from the north s nearly
all being :stopped to guard the railroad. Four
regiments were Ordered to General Dix to re
place Peck's division. Porter took away yes
terday over 20.000. Until you know more oer
tautly the enemy's force souih of the Potomac
you are wrong in thus uncovering the Capital
I am of opinion that the enemy will send a
small column towards Pennsylvania, eo se to
draw your forces in that direction, then end
denly move on Washington with the forces
sou:h of the Potomac, and those he may cross
"In your letter of the eleventh you attach
too little importance to the Capital. I as-ute
you that you are wrong. Tne oepture of this
pace wilt'' brow us back six monthe,if it should
not. destroy us. Beware of the (rile I SOW
point out to you. You saw theta when here
but seem to forget, them in the tiistanee. No
more troops can he Sent from here till we have
fresh arriVale from the north."
The letter of General of the 11th.
to which General llalleck here refers, contains
"I believe this army fully appreciates the
importance of a timely at. ibis time , anti will
tight well ;. taut the result of a general battle,
with such odds as the enemy now appenre to
have spinet us, might, to say the least, be
d uhtful ; ant, if we shout'] be defeated, the
consequences to the country would be disas
trous in the extreme. 'Under three cireumsten
ore, I would recomqond that one or LWO of the
three army corps now on the Potomac, opposite
Washington, be at once withdrawn, and es tit
to reinforce ibis army. I would ..lso advise
that the force of Colonel Miles at Harper's
Ferry, where it can be of little use, and is
con•inurtlly exposed to be cut off by the enemy,
be immediately ordered hire. • This would add
about 25 000 old troops t 3 our present force..
and would greatly streng.lieu us.
"If there are any rebel forces remaining on
the other side of the Potomac, they mutt be so
few that the troape left in the f..its, after the
two carrel shall have heen withdrawn, will be
sufficient to ch. ok them; and with the large
cavalry force now on that. side, kept well out
in front to give warning of the distant approach
of Huy very large , a part of tins army
might be sent hack within the iutrenchtneute
to assist in repelling au attack. But even if
Washington should he taken while these armi-s
are cnnfrenting each other, this would not, in
my judgment., bear camped-on with the ruin
and disasters which would f /Dow a.sinsle de
feat. of this army. If we should be successful
in conquering the gigantic 100 army be•ore
118, we should 118 1 7 0 no ditticul y in reeo.tering
it. On the otht r band, should their form- prove
sufficiently pow. efts' to defeat us, could all the
forces now around Wilahiagtou he ruthairat to
pr. vent. such a victorious army. from earrying
the works ou this aide of the Potoutatt,after
they are uncovered by our, army Y I think
In relation to the policy of re ewing the
sits k on the day after the hauteur Antietam,
General N1'06.1410 testift -e:
'4T next mar •ih¢
ourlo t eol It ( r th e e ..t, lB at ti ld ) itef o re un w d ne th e a ct
much distoginization in some of the com•
mantis, that. I did not consider it prop-r to
renew the titlark that day. e-penially its I was
ears of the arrival that d ay or two fresh diyi
sione, amountit g to sibilut 15 000 men
in..tatee of the condition at some Otthetroops
that turn cling, L happen to ree.dieet the returns
of the first eorpa—General Ito It-At—made
the morning of the 18th, by which ilivre wars
shout 3 IWO men reparie.l peel' nt for duty.
Four d .30 after th it the return, of the same
corps showed 18,500.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
gi I had arranged, however, to renew the at
tack at daybreak on the 19th, but I learned
sometime during the night or early in the
morning, that the enemy had abandoned his
position. It afterwards proved that he moved
with great rapidity, and, not being encum
bered by wagons, was enabled to get his troops
across the river before we could do him any
serious injury. I think that, taking into con
sideration what the troops brad gone through,
we got as much out of them in this Antietam
campaign as human endurance WOpld bear."
Shortly after the battle of Frederioksburg,
General Burnside devised a plan for attacking
the enemy in his fort. The main army was to
croBe at a place some six or seven miles below
Fredericksburg. The positions for the artil
lery to protect the crossing were all selected ;
the roads were all surveyed, and the corduroy
was cut for.preparing the roads. At the same
time a feint of crossing was to be made awe
distance above Falmouth, which feint could be
turned into, a positive attack should the enemy
disoover the movement below; otherwise the
main attack wan to be made below.
In connection with this movement of the
main army, a cavalry expedition was organized,
consisting of. 2,600 of the best cavalry in the
army of the Potomac, 1,000 of whom were
picked men. The plan of that expedition was
as follows : Accompanied by a brigade of in
fantry detailed to protect the crossing of the
Rappahannock, it was to proceed up to Kelly's
Ford; there the thousand picked men were to
cross, and to proceed to the Rapidan and cross
that river at Raccoon Ford ; then to go onward
and cross the Virginia Central railroad at Lon-
Asa Court House ; the James river at Goochland
or Carter's, blowing up the looks of the James
River canal at the place of crossing ; cross the
Richmond and Lynchburg railroad at a poirk
south of there, blowing up the iron bridge at
the place of crossing; cross the Richmond,
Petersburg and Weldon railroad where it
crossed the Nottoway river, destroying the
railroad bridge there ; and then proceed on by
General Pryor's command, and effect a junc
tion with General Peck at Suffolk. where
steamers were to be in waiting to take them
to Aoquia Creek. --
To distract the attention of the enemy. and
deceive them in regard to which body of cav
alry watt the attacking column, at the time the
thousand picked men crossed the Reppahan
nook a portion of the remaining 1,500 was to
proceed towards Warrenton ; another portion
'towards Culpeper Court House; and the re
mainder were to accompany the thousand
picked men as far as Raccoon Ford, and then
return. While this country expedition was in
progress the general movement wee to be made
across the river.
On the 26th of December an order was is
sued for the entire command to prepare three
days' cooked rations; to have their wagons
filled with ten days' small rations, if possible;
to have from ten to twelve days' supply of beef
cattle with them; to take fora-e for their teams
and their artillery and cavalry horses, and the
requisite amount of ammunition—ln fact, to be
in a condition to move at twelve hours' notice.
Shortly after that order was issued General
John Newton and General John Cochrane—the
one commanding a Avision and the other a
brigade in the lest grand division, under Gen.
William B. Fraoklin—oame up to Washington
on leave of absence. Previous to obtaining
leave of absence from General Fraklin; they
informed him and General William F. Smith
that when they came to Washington they
should take the opportunity to represent to
some one in authority hete the dispirited con
dition of the army, and the danger there was
in attempting any movement against the enemy
at that time.
When they reached Washington Oen. 'Coch
rane, as he slates, endeavored to find certain
members of Congress, to whom to make the
desired communication. Fatliog to find them,
he determined to seek an iuterview with the
President for the purpose of making the coin.
muuication directly to him. Oa proceeding to
the Pr.eident's house, he there met Secretary
Seward, to whom he explained the co jest of his
being there sod the general purport of his pro
posed communication to the President, and
requested him to procure an interview for them,
which Mr. Seward promised to do, and which
he did do.
That day the interview took place, and Gen
eral Newton opened the eu.',llct to the Presi
dent. At first the President, as General New
ton expresses it, "very naturally conceived
that they had come there for the purpose of
injuring General Burnside, and suggesang
Mime other person to fill his place." General
Newton states, that while he firmly believed
ilkat the principal cause of the dispirited con
dition of the army was want of confidence in
the military capacity of General Burnside, he
deemed it improper to say so to the President
"right square out," and therefore endeavored
to convey the same idea indirectly. When
asked if he considered it any leas improper to
do such a thing indirectly than it woe to do it
directly, he qualified his precious assertion by
saying that his ohjoct was to inform the
Pt esitirnt of what he consithred to be the con
dition of the army, in the hope that the Presi
dent would mike inquiry, and learn the true
cause fur himself. Upon perceiving this im
pression upon the mind of the Present Generals
Newton and Ocethratie state that they hastened
to assure the President that he was entirely
mistaken, and so far succeeded, that at the
close of the interview the President sail to
them he was glad they had called upon him,
acid that he hoped that good would result from
To ri.‘ urn to General Burnside. The cavalry
eltpeplitiou h‘d warted; the brigade of infantry
d.-tailed to alsoompAny IL had CroB2llloll the Itap•
pahannock at Rich-trd'e Ford, and reiurtied by
way or Bile's For.l, leaving the way clear fur
the cavalry to eres4 at Kelty's Ford The day
th.y hu I arranged to make the crossing, Gett•
era' Burnside received frvm the Prealttnt the
t• I. have good re mon for saying that you
mu•t not maim it getrral movement without
letting ma'am), of it."
(tenet al Burnside states that he could not
intall 4l °, at the time, what reason the Prcsi
d,nt could have for mending him such a tele'
grain. None of the otheera of his command,
accept one or two of hie staff who had remained
iu camp had been told sorbing of his plan
olltnot the simple fact that a univrment WAN to
13:1 wade. lle could only suppose th it the die
patch rellied in POO e way to important military
moveni..tits in t,thee pitta of the counry, in
wh , ch it wee iseee,sary to have co•otor ition.
Upon the receipt of that tel-gram, steps were
in to is eiy taken 10 halt the, cavalry I apedi•
tion where it then was (11l Kelley's Ford) i nt. 1
forth r orders. A portion of it WHEI sootily
afterwards p•ent if to intere pt Stuart, who
had ju.a wade a raid to Duttarirs sod the
B ei B,borhood of .Foiriaz Court House, which
it ►'ailed to 46.
Genrral Iltroside same to Wa4bington to As
certain trom the President the true grate of the
case. Hrl was iaternird by the Prreid. w that
•tae iteorral tamers from the Armv f the
porous ,o, 'dicer nom s he decl nod to g Ye, had
o tiled upon t.ini and reptesentrd that tarurral
Burnside contemplated soon making a move-
Mot, and that the army was SO dispirited and
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING,
BY 0. BARRETT & CO '
Twi DAILY PAreloY AID 11WION Will be tiered to alb.
seribererenidlug lathe Borough for vex mire rag Weir
payable to the carrier. Mail elibileribeill, flew DOLLAIaI
THE WRIIRLY PATRIOT AID lls<lQa is published at TWO
DOLLARS Pia snuck, invariably in advance. Ten copies
to one addreee,fifteen dollars.
Connected with this establishment is an extensive
JOB OFFICE, containing variety '
of plain and fancy
type, unequalled by any establishment in the interior o f
the State, for which the patronage of the public IN So
demoralised 16+4 any attempt to make a 1130T0.;
meat at that time must result in disaster; that
no prominent officers in the Army of the Poto
mac were in favor of any movement at that
General Burnside informed the President
that none of his officers had been informed
what his plan was, , and then proceeded to ex-,
plain it in detail to the President. He urged
upon the President to grant him permission
to carry it out, but the President declined to
do so at that time. General Hansa and Sec
retary Stanton were sent for, and then learned,
for the first time, of the President's action in
stopping the movement ; although General
Halleck was previously aware that a movement
was contemplated by General Burnside, Gen.
Halleck, with General Burnside, held that the
officers who had made those representations to
the President should be at once dismissed the
service. General Burneide remained here at
that time for two days, but no conclusion was
reached upon' the subject.
When he returned to his camp be learned
that many of the details of the general move
ment, and the details of the cavalry expedition,
had become known to the rebel sympathisers
in Washington, thereby rendering Cult plan
impracticable. When asked to whom he had
communicated his plans, he stated that he had told
no one in Washington except the President, Secre
tary Stanton and General Halleck; and in his•
camp none knew of it, except one or two of Mosta/
officers who had remained in camp all the time.
He professed himself unable to tell how his
plans had become known to the enemy.
A correspondence then took place between
the President, General Halleck, and General
Burnside. General Burnside desired the
distinct authority from General " Hanel*,
or some one authorized to give it, to make a
movement across the river. While urging the
importance and necessity for such a movement,
he candidly admitted that there was hardly a
general offteerin hie command who approved of
it.. While willing to take upon himself all the
redponsibility of the movement, and promising
to keep in view the President's caution con
cerning running any risk of destroying the
Army of the Potomac, he desired to have at
least General Helleats sanction or permission
for the movement. General Halleck replied
that while he had always favored a forward
movement, he could not take the responsibility
Of giving any directioni se to how and when
it should. be made.
General Burnside then determined to make a
movement without any further correspon
dence on that subject, He was unable to de
vise any as promising as the one just thwarted
by this interference of his subordinate officers,
Which interference gave the enemy . the time,
if not the means, to ascertain what we had prci
posed to do. He, however, devised a plan of
movement, and proceeded to put it into execu
tion. As is well known, it was rendered abor
tive in consequence of the severe storm which
took place shortly after the movement began.,
General Burnside states that, besides the
imclemency of the weather, there was another
powerful reason for aVandoning the movement,
viz : the almost universal feeling among his
general officers against it. Some of these offi
cers freely gave vent to their feelings in the
presence of their inferiors.
In consequence of this, and also what had
taken place during the hattle of Fredericksburg,
Ste., tieneral Burnside directed an order to be
issued, which was styled general order No. 8.
That order dismissed some officers from the
service, subject to the approval_of the Presi
dent, relieved others from duty with the Army
of the Potomac, and also pronounced sentence
of death upon some deserters who had been
tried and convicted:
General Burnside states that he had become
satisfied that it was absolutely necessary that
some such examples should be made, in order
to enable him to maintain the proper authority
over the army under his command. The order
Wee duly signed and issued, and only waited
Two or three of his most trusted staff officers
represented to General Burnside that. should
be then publish that order, he would force upon
the President the necessity of at once sanction
ing it, or, by refusing his approval, sesame an
attitude of hostility to General Burnside. The
publication of the order was accordingly de
leyed for the time.
General Burnside returned to histoemp, and
came again to Washington that night at the
request of the President, and the next morning
called upon the President fortis decision. He
was informed that the President declined to
appruve.his order No. 8, but had concluded to
relieve him from she command of the Army of
the Potomac, and to appoint General Hooker
in his place. Thereupon General Burnside
-again insisted that his resignation be accepted.
This the President declined to do; and, after
some Urging, Gen. Burnside consented to take
a leave of absence for thirty daye, with the
understanding that, at. the end of that time, he
should be assigned to do duty, as he deemed it
improrer to hold a commission as major gen
eral, and receive his pay without rendering
service therefor. Gen. Burnside objected to
the wording of the order which releived him
from his command, and which stated that it
was at his own request, as being unjust to him
and unfounded in fact; but upon the represen
tation that any other order would do iujury to
the cause, he eoneented to let it rentain as it
B. F. Wade and Z. Chandler, on the part of
D. W. Gooch, John Covode, G. W. Julian and
M. F. Odell, on the part of the House.
WHAT TILE WAR IS COMING TO.
The Philadelphia Mercury, speculating Upton
the schemes and designs of the administration
and its Abo!ition supporters in reference to the
future, uses the following language:
• ••We_will declare it our honest, deliber
ate conviction, that the war in which we are
eugogrd ie rapidly ceasing to be a war to
cotrtte the seceded States back into the Linton,
and becoming a• war, on the part of tbe admin
istration and its party, against the rights and
liberties of the. States and people of the North,
witn a view to continue political power, with
its immense and corrupting patronage, in the
hands of those who now possess and wield it.
The war upon the South is kept up, very ohvi
ouely, as a cover under which the RPpUbliCanil
may ,hide their designs to parry the rowing
elections in the loyal Stares. It affards the
prtrtieane of the administration an oreomioll tO
make the most rowertul appeals to the , people
fie support.. It furnishes them, at the same
time, with the pecuniary means to corrupt the
masses. It jue ifies them in keeping up an
enormous military force, which they may em-,
Flo, to suppress a free exercise of the right
of suffrage while, under the plea of gimilliary
netreetty," it gives an tipprent sanction to
Executive measures which, la ea ppreesing tree
speech and a free press, tend to destroy all
fr. edam of popular protest and action against
the men end the party who are ruining the
country. The people, of course, will not
submit to such abuse. They will, as they dis
cover the designs upon their liberties, rebel
against them As the oontroverey prygresses,
the power of the government will be more anti