Newspaper Page Text
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
Pour lines or less constitute half a square. Ten lines,
er more than four, constitute a square.
al" N.) one 13 30 One sq., one day. —. $0 60
" one week.... 1 201 " one week.... 200
" one month.. 300 " one month.. 600
" three mouths 5 Ot) " three monthslo 00
six mouths._ 800 " six months.. 15 00
-• CC one year...-12 00 " one year..:. 20 00
113" Business notices inserted in the LOCAL COLUMN,
or before merr iegos and deaths, TEN CENTS PBR LINK for
.each Insertion. To merchants and others advertising
by the year, liberal terms will be offered.
irr The n umber of insertions must be designated on
ht .rriages and Deaths will be inserted at the same
rates MI regular advertisements.
PENSIONS, BOUNTIES, BACK PAY,
War Claims and Claims for Indemnity.
STEWART, STEVENS, CLARK & CO.,
Attorneys and Counsellors-at-Law, and Solicitor*
for all kinds of Military Claims,
450 PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
This arm, having a thorough knowledge of the Pen-
SUM Business, and being familiar with the practice in
all the Departments of Government, believe that they
can- afford. greater facilities to Pension, Bounty, and
other Claimants, for the prompt and successful accom
plishment of bluenose entrusted to them, than any other
Arm in Washington. They desire to secure such an
amount of this business as will enable them to execute
the businese for each claimant very cheaply, and on the
basis of their pay contingent upon their success in each
wee. For this purpose they will secure the services of
Law Firms •in each prominent locality throughout the
States where such business may be had, furnish such
with all the necessary blank forms of application and
evidence requisite printed pamphlet instructions, and
eirenlars , for distribution in their vicinity, with asso
ciates names inserted, and upon the due exeoution of
the papers and transmission of the same to them by
their local associates, they will promptly perform the
frr Their charges will be ten dollars for officers and
jive dollars for privates, for each Pension or Bounty and
Dock Pay obtained, and ten per cent. on amount, of
Claims for Military Supplies or Claims for indemnity.
1 . 7' Soldiers enlisted since the let of March, 1861, in
any kind of service, Military or Naval, who are disabled
by disease or wounds, are entitled to Pensions. All
soldiers who serve for two years, or during the war,
should it sooner close. will be entitled to $lOO Bounty.
Widows of soldiers who die or are killed, are entitled to
Pensions, and the $lOO Bounty. If there be no widow,
then the minor children. And if no minor children,
then the father, mother sisters or brothers are enti
-Jed as above #o the slooBounty and Back Pay.
JOSEPH B. STEWART,
ZIESTOR L. STEVENS,
OSCAR A. STEVENS,
WILLIS B. GAYLORD.
"WASHINGTON, D. C., 1862.
Er Apply at our office, or to our Associate at
llannissuno, PA.—JOHN A. BIGLER, Attorney and
PITTSBORO, PA.—ARTHIIRS it RIDDELL, Attor
ParrsriLLE, Pt.-19111. R. SMITH, Attorney and
PHILADELPRIA, PA.—J. G. MINNICHILD, 46 Alwood
street, WM. M. SMITH, Attorney and Counsellor.
Wasarsaros, PA.-BOyD CSUMBINCE, Attorney
JACKSON & CO.'S
NO. 90% MART OTRNZT,
Where they ntend to devote their entire time to the
BOOTS AND SHOES
all hinds and varieties, in the neatest and most faah
_enable styles, and at satisfactory prices.
Their stock will consist, in part, of Gentlemen's Bni
Calf and Patent Leather Boots and Shoes, latest styles;
Ladies' and IkFuses , Gaiters, and other Shoes in great
variety; and in feet everything connected 'with the
CDS TO/ICEN WORKwill be particularly attended to,
and in all cases will satisfaction be warranted. Lasts
Pied up by one of the boss makers in cu cootntr y.
The long practical experience of the undersigned, and
their thorough knowledge of the business will, they
trust, be sufficient guarantee to the public that they
will do them justice, and furnish them an article tha
will recommend itself for utility, cheapness and dura
bility. pang] :AMMON & 00.
141JRINGER'S PATENT BEEF TEA,
M. a solid, concentrated extract of
BEEF AND VEGETABLES,
Convertible immediately into a nourishing and deli
cious soup. Highly approved. by a number of eminent
This admirable article condensed into a compact form,
all the substantial and nutritive properties of a large
bulk of meat and vegetables. The readiness with which
it dissolves into a rich and palatable Soup, which would
require hours of preparation according to the usual
method, is an advantage in many •situations of We l too
obvious to need urging. Its highly nourishing qualities
combined with its delicacy, renders it invaluable for the
sick; while for those in health, it is a perfectsubstitute
for fresh meat and vegetables. It will keep good in any
It is peculiarly well adapted YOB TEST/BURS, by
land or sea, who can thus avoid those accidental depriVa
lions of a comfortable meal, to which they are so liable.
FOR INVALIDS, whose capricious appetite can thus
be satisfied in a moment.
FOR SPORTSMEN and EXCURSIONISTS. to whoni,
both its compactness and easy preparation will recdm
mend it. For sale by
CHARTER ! OAK -
UNEXCELLED BY ANY IN THE IL STATES !
AND SIIMIOR TO ANY
3E 2 C am' 33 Mt- AL. MX 3a El
OFI , EBED IN ZENIVSYLVANIAI
IT IS MADE OF
CHOICE MISSOURI WHITE WHEAT. .
Delivered any place in the city free of charge.
Terms cask on delivery.
'19 20 WM. DOCK, JR., dr, CO.
QOLD.TER'S CAMP COMPANION.-
U A very convenient Writing Beak; also, Portfolios,
Aim:nomad/um Books, Portmonnaies, dr,c., at
CHEESE !-100 Boxes Prime Cheese
(on consignment) for sale at less than market rate.
WM. DOCK, IRA & CO
WTOTIONS.—Quite a variety of useful
and entertaining articles—cheap—at
SCHER/TB -5 8 BOOKSTORB.
, AT ANTED.-A GOOD ,000 S at the
V 11031GABBNER HOTEL. Apply immedlat
OLARET WINE ! I—We are closing out
la a VIET SUPERIOR LOT at leas than cost!
jy9 WEL DOCK .TA CO.
DRIME POTATOES 1.--A LARGE LOT
just received and tor tale low.
oct24-dtf WM. DOCK, 75., & CO.
IifINCE MEAT'—Mer r y superior, just
received and for sale W. DOCK, jr.. 100.
ij arid for sole by
Peaches, Tomatoes, Lobster, Salmon, Oyrtere,
Spiced Oysters, for sale by WM. DOCK, jr., do CO.
SMOKED HALIBUT --A very . choice
article, jUSt received and for sale by
DOCK, jr.. & CO.
- WRENCH MUSTARD, ENGLISH. and
pomestie Pickles, (by the dozen or hundred,) Su
perior Salmi OA Ketchup, Sauces and condiments of
every description, for sale by
my2s WM. DOCK, 75. , & Co
ATCYITROUT ! !—A =all invoice of
LAM; TROUT, (Mackinaw,) trimmed, and the
quality ,1 4. N 0.1," just received and for sale very low
by WM. DOOR, /a, & OO
WAR! WAR! —BRADY, No. 62
Market street, below Third, has received a large
assortment of SWORDS, &Leans awl Miura, which h
will sell very low.
SELF SEALING FRUIT JARS
Beat and Cheapest in the markets! Clan and
FOR RENT—Tiro desirable OFFICE
BOOMS, second story front of W3reth's Building
renter of Market Square and Market street. Applyst
lids <Mee sendatisf
MACKEREL, Nos. 1, 2 and 3, in all sized paeanee
sew, and each package warranted. Just received, and
or We low by WM. DOCK, Ja., a 00•
WM. POCK. Js., & Co
LK L—Just tieeeived
Wu. DOCK jr., & CO.
[WM. BOOK, In., k 00
VOL. 5.-NO. 156.
DR. WM. R. DE WITT, silt.
SECOND STREET, ABOTE LOCUST.
RELIGIOIIS BOOK STORE,
TRACT AND SUNDAY SCHOOL DEPOSITORY,
E. S. G-EUMAN,
17 SOUTH DIMOND STREET, ADOVI 011111NIIT,
Depot for the sale of Stereoscopes,EltereoscoploViews,
flunks and Musical Instruments. Also, subscriptions
taken for religions publications. no2o-dy
ATM. H. MILLER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
MTWEEN WALNUT AND MARKET SQUARE,
no2B] Nearly oppordte the Buehler Nouse. rd&wly
JOHN G. W. MARTIN, •
HERE'S HOTEL, HARRISBURG, PA.
Allmanner of VISITING, WEDDING AND BUSI
NESS CARDS executed in the most artistic styles and
most reasonable terms. decl4-dlf
This pleasant and commodious Hotel has been tho
roughly re-fitted and re-furnished. It is pleasantly
situated on North-West corner of Howard and Pranklin
streets, a few doors west of the Northern Central Rail
way Depot. Avery attention paid to the comfort of his
guests. G. LEISENRING, Proprietor, ,
jel2-tf • (Late of Belli's Grove. Pa.)
T HE O. F. SCHEFFER,
BOOK, CARD AND JOB PRINTER,
NO. 18 MARKET STREET, HARRISBITR4.
117 Particular attention paid to printing, ruling and
binding of Railroad Blanks, Manifests, Insurance Poli
cies, Checks, &c.
Wedding, Visiting and Business Cards printed at very
low prices and in the best style. jan2l
D YOTTVILLE GLASS WORKS,
PHIL ADS L P Hid,
PORTER, MINERAL WATER, PICKLE AND
OP PUMP Dasompetcss.
H. B. & G. W. BERRIES •
oel9-dly 27 South Pront steret, Philadelphia.
NO. 93 MARKET STREET, HARRISBURG, PA.
SHEET MUSIC, PIANOB,
VIOLINS, BANJO STRINGS,
Of every description.
DRUMS, arsßs, BLUTTS, AOOORDZONti, eta. et
the lowest CITY PRICES, at
W. KNOOHIPS 5 VBlO STORE,
No. 98 DlAllirf STMENT.
COAL NOTICRL-WE HAVE THIS
day completed an arrangement with Henry Thomas,
Esq., for the sale of the entire amount of LYKENS
VALLEY and SHORT MOUNTAIN COAL, mined
by him to be delivered at' Millersburg, have this day
appointed E. BYERS sole Agent for the State of Penn
sylvania, except Philadelphia.
SUTTON, PRNNINGTON & CO.
Harrisburg, Feb. 12, 1863.—febl8•d4ir
II AMSIII —Just received, a large
LI supply of COVERED SUGAR-OIIRED HAMS, of
.4e best brand is the market. Every one I old le guar
instead. 3une.271 WM. DOOR, JR., & 00.
BANK NOTICE. —Notice is hereby
given that the undersigned have formed an associa
tion and prepared a certificate for the purpose of estab
lishing a Bank of Issue, Discount and Deposit, under
the provisions of the act entitled "A supplement to an
act tO establish a system of Free Banking in Pennsyl
vania, and to secure the public against loss from Insol
vent Banks," approved the first day of May Arum Domini
eighteen hundred and sixty-one. The said Bank to be
called TUB PARMMItiII BANN. OF MOUNT SOY, to
be located in the borough of Mount Joy, to consist of a
capital stock of One Hundred Thousand Dollars, in
shares of Fifty Dollars each, with the privilege of in
creasing the same to any amount not exceeding Three
Hundred Thousand Dollars in all.
J. Hoffman Hershey, John M. Hershey,
Martin B. Peifer, Jacob M. Stauffer,
Reuben Gerber, john M. Bear.
FANCY FURS!! FANCY FURS !I I
No. 718 ARCII.BTREET,
below Eighth, south side,
P HILAD E LP Hia.
IMPORTER AND MANUFACTII
EBR OF, AND DEALER IN ALL
7or Ladies' and Ohildren's wear.
I desirito say to my friends of Dauphin and the sur
rounding counties, that I have now in store, one of the
largest and most beautiful assortments of all kinds and
qualities of FANCY FURS, for Ladies ) and Children's
wear, that will be worn during this Fall and Winter.
My Furs were purchased in Europe, previous to the
rise in Sterling Exchange, and the New Duty Imposed
on all Furs, imported since the first of August.
• I would also state, that as long as my stock lasts, I
will offer it at prices proportionate to what the goods
cost me; bat, it will be impossible for me to import and
manufacture any more Furs, and sell them at teh rattle
prices, owing to the unsettled state of the affairs df the
Remernber she name, number and street—
sepl2-415m 718 Arch street, Philadelphia.
A BOOK FOR THE TIMES I
American Annual Cyclopedia and Register of
Important Events for the Year 1861. In 1 vot.
8 vo : over 750 pages. ClotkoS, Leather $3.50.
Published by .l. ippleton ,j• Co., New York.
The &alp of thie work ie to MIAMI a record of an
the important knowledge of the year. The events of
the war, owing to their prominence, will, of course, oc
cupy a conspiououe part, but all other branches---liksi
ence, Art, Literature, the Mechanic Arte, &c., will re
ceive doe attention. The work will be published ex
clusively ity subscription, and ready for delivery in aline
Also, new complete
Benson's Debates of Coosgress,l6 volumes, $3 and $3.60
Benton's Thirty Tears is il. S. Senate, 2rodinnss, $2.60
and $3 per vol.
Cyclopedia of American Eloquent's. containing lA4
speeehis of the mint eminent Oratdies of America, 14
steel portraits, 2 vols. $2.50 each.
Parton's Life and Times of Andrew Jackson, 8 volumes,
Address 1% 1. STAMBAUGH, Harrisburg, Pa.
General Agent for D. APPLPTON & CO.
For Circulars descriptive of Annual Oydopedia.
QWEET CIDER !—A. very superior lot
10 just received and for sale by WM. DOCE,jr., &Co.
DOTATOES.-300 BUSHELS OF A
superior quality just received and for sale low, by
WM. DOCli, eG 00.
D - - -
RIED PEACHES-PARED AND
lINPARED—ittet received by
WM. DOCK. U., & CO.
FIFTY 43-ROBB of the above Superior Matches just
°aired, and for gale by WM. DOCK, Js, I Cu.
INCE PIES I —Raisins, Currants,
Citron spices, Lemons, Cider, Wine, Brandy and
Brna, for sale by WM. DOCK, jr.. & Co.
DUCKWHEAT MEAL 1-15,000 lbs
Super Extra just received and for sale by
deci WK. DOCK, K. & CO.
HARRISBURG, PA:, TUESDAY, MARCH 3, 1863.
Weekly "Patriot & Union,"
THE CHEAPEST PAPER PUBLISHED IN
THE ONLY DEMOCRATIC PAPER PIII3L/PERD AT
THE BEAT OF GOVERNMENT I
FORTY-FOUR COLUMNS OP READING MAT
TER EACH WEEK!
AT THE LOW PRICE OF ONE DOLLAR
AND FIFTY CENTS! -
SUBSCRIBED FOR IN CLUBS OF NOT LESS
THAN TEN COPIES TO ONE ADDRESS!
We have been compelled to ratite the club enbeeription
price to one dollar and fifty cents in order to - save our
selves from actual loss. Paper has risen, including
taxes, about twenty-five per cent., and is still rising;
and when we tell our. Democratic friends, candidly, that
we can no longer afford to sell the Weekly PATRIOT AND
UNION at one dollar a year, and moot add fifty cents or
stop the publication, we trust they will appreciate our
position, and, instead of withdrawing their subscrip
tions, go to work with a will to increase our list in every
county in the State. We have endeavored, and shall
continue our efforts, to make the paper useful aka party
organ, and welcome as a news messenger to every fam
ily. We flatter ourselves that it has not been without
some influence in producing the glorious revolution in
the politics of the State achieved at the late election;
and if fearlessness in the discharge of duty, fidelity to
the principles of the party, and an anxiousdesire to pro
mote its interests, with some experience and a moderate
degree of ability, can be made serviceable hereafter, the
Weekly PATRIOT AND Union will not be less useful to
the party or less welcome to, the family circle in the fu
ture than it has been in the past. We confidently look
for increased encouragement in this great enterprise,
and appeal to every influential Democrat in the State to
lend us his aid in running our supscription list up to
twenty or thirty thousand. The expense to each indi
vidual is trifling, the benefit to the party may be great.
Believing that the Democracy of the State feel the ne
cessity of sustaining a fearless central organ, we make
this appeal to them for assistance with the fullest confi
dence of success.
The same reasons which induce us to raise the price
of the Weekly, operate his regardlo the Dailypaper, the
price of which is also increased. The additional cost to
each subscriber will be but trifling; and, while we can
not persuade ourselves that the change necessarilymade
will result in any diminution of our daily circulation,
yet, were we certain that such Would be the conse
quence, we should still be compelled to make it, or suf .
fer a ruinous loss. tinder these circumstances we must
throw ourselves upon the generosity, or, rather, the
justice of the public, and abide their verdict, whatever
it may be.
The period for which many of our subscribers have
paid for their paper being on the eve of expiring, we
take the liberty of issuing this notice, reminding them
of the same, in order they may
' RENEW THEIR CLUBS.
We shall also take It as an especial favor if our present
subscribers will urge upon their neighbors the fact that
the PATIIIOI , AND Union is the only Democratic paper
printed in Harrisburg, and considering the large amount
of reading matter, embracing all the current news of
the day, and
From everywhere 'np to the moment the paper goes to
press, political, miscellaneous, general and local news
market report; is decidedly the
CHEAPEST NEWSPAPER PUBLISHED IN
There is scarcely a village or town in the State in
which a club cannot be raised if the proper exertion be
made, and surely, there are few places in which one or
more energetic men cannot be found who are in favor of
the dissemination of Bound Democratic doctrines, who
would be willing to make the effort to raise a club.
DEMOCRATS OF THE INTERIOR
Let US hear from you. The existing war, and the ap•
proaching sessions of Congress and the State Legisla
ture, are invested with unusual interest, and every man
should have the news.
DArLY PATRIOT AND UNION.
Single copy for one year, in advance.... - $5 00
Single copy during the session of the Legislature.. 2 00
City subscribers ten cents per week.
Copies supplied to agents at the rate of $l5O per bun
WEEKLY PATRIOT AND 'ONION,
Published missy Thursday.
Single copy one year, in advance $2 00
Ten copies to one address ' 16 00
. Subscriptions maycommence at any time. PAY AL
WAYS IN ADTAh OIL We are obliged to make this
imperative. In every instance cask must accompany
subscription. Any person sending ns a club of twenty
subscribers to the Weekly will be entitled to a copy for
his services. The price, even at the advanced rate, is
so low that we cannot offer greater inducements than
this. Additional maybe made at any time to a club of
subscribers by remitting one dollar and fifty cents
for each additional name. It is not necessary to send
us the names of those constituting , a club, as we cannot
undertake to address each paper to club subscribers
separately. Specimen copies of the Weekly will be sent
to all who desire it
0. BARRETT & 00.,Harriebnrg, Pa
N. B.—The following law,passetkby Oongress In 1880,
defines the duty of Postmasters in relation to the de
livery of newspapers to club subscribers
(See Little, Brews ¢ Co.'s edition of the Laws of IWO,
page 38, chapter 13; section 2.)
"Provided, however, that where package's of news's
persi or periodicals are received at any post office directed
to one address, and the names of the club subscilbers to
which they beleng, with the postage for a quarter in ad
vance, shall be handed to the postmaster, he shall de
liver the same to their respective owners."
To enable the Postmaster to comply with this regula
tion, it will be necessary that he be furnished with the
list of names composing the club, and paid a quarter's
(or year's) postage in. advance. The uniform .courtesy
Of Bostmasters, affords the assurance that they will
eheerfullysecommoaste club subscribing, and the latter
should take care that the postage, which is but a trifle
in each case, bepaid in advance. Send on the clubs.
WHITE BRANDY !!!—FOR PR,:sMßv
tsa PIIRPOSES.-A very superior article, (strictly
pared just received and for aale by
31119/ WM. DOCK, Jr., ft Co.
NEW PATENT CORN SHELLER-
Cheapest and most complete ever invented. Far
mers and often' please call and see it at WIROFF'I3
Cigar Store, Market street, 2d door below Third.
County Rights and Machines for sale. feta
COAL NOTICE.—We would respect
v.) fully inform our
.cPstomers that we have appointed
Major DAVID WCORMICK Agent for the sale of Tre
verton Coal. All orders sent to him will receive prompt
attention at our regular prices. MOW TON &CO ,
Lessee of Treverton Coadines.
Having received an agency for the sale of everton
Coal, I take pleasure in recommending it to all my cus
tomers as a that class, free burning coal, free from all im
purities and does not clinker. For domestic and steam
purposes this coal cannot be excelled.
Harrisburg, February 14, 18133-feblB.6t*
BROOMS, BRUSHES, TUBS AND
BASKETS of all descriptions, qualities and prices,
for sale by WM. DOCK, Ta., & CO.
HAMS, DRIED BEEF, BOLOGNA
SAUSAGES, TONGUES, &c., for sale low, by
Whl DOCK. 7x.. & CO;
(IOFFEES AND SUGARS OF ALL
N.,./ GRADES, and at reasonable prices, for sale by
- WM. DOOR, Ja., /k. 00.
COOPS R'S GELATINE.—The best
article in the market, net received and for sale by
rearl4.o WM. DOME al
NEW. ORLEANS SUGAR I-FIRST IN
inta MAUER? !—For sale by
i 342 WM. DOCK, 7R., tc. CO.
ett afrmnt Rion.
TUESDAY MORNIND, MARCH 8. 1863
LETTER FROM . HON. C. R. BUCKALEW.
The following is the letter of the Hon. C. IL
Buckalew, to the Central Democratic Club, on
the celebration of Washington's Birthday :
To P. M'Cald, Egg., Chairman of Committee: -
DEAR SIR :—ln response to your friendly in
vitation, I have to express some views upon
public topics, which may be suomitted.to your
meeting on the.2Bd inst. And I do this very
cheerfully, although I cannot know-that any
words of mine will deepen popular dozniction
upon the necessity of
,ohanging our rulers and;
overthrowing their present policy, or quicken
popular zeal for the accomplishment of these
A conviction that the country is misgoverned,
the war mismanaged, and liberty itself in peril,
is growing up in the public mind, and thou
sands are alert, inquisitive, and critical, who
gav,e to government uncalculating and enthusi
astic support, founded upon complete confi
dence, twelve months ago. The day of blind,
headlong passion, and of confident, unquestion
ing trust in our rulers has passed, and the
electoral duties of the citizen will now be dis
charged with a more . intelligent comprehension
than was possible in the earlier months of the
The sure result of this will be to perfect the
political revolution in the North and West,
begun by the late elections, and to exclude the
Republican party, with its sectional passions,
its fanaticism, its curruption, and its incapa
city, permanently from power.
But can this be accomplished in time to save
the country ? to preserve its unity and liberty ?
And if these vital objects can be secured,
either sooner' or later, by the . restoration of
the Democratic party to power, upon what
policy shall that party act in their attainment ?
These. questions are timely and important
enough to occupy the space and leisure pow at
my command. Complete control in the State
government can be secured to our party in
October next. Control of the Federal govern
ment een be obtained by it a year later, , in the
election of President, assuming that the reno
vation of Congress, now begun, shall go on and
be consummated by that time.
The time here mentioned must elapse before
power can be completely lodged in safe hands;
before the work of reconstructing the Union,
and thoroughly reforming the government can
be performed. In the meantime, how much of
calamity must we undergo ? To what measures
of evil must we be subjected? The public
debt will be swollen enormously ; a financial
crash may come sweeping away private for
tunes, and crippling public credit and power;
and it is not impossible that in an hour of
desperation our rulers may abandon. the war,
and place the barrier of a bad treaty, or the
impertinence of a foreign mediation, in the
way of reunion. Unquestionably, there are
great dangers in the immediate future, and ap
prehension of evil is timely, and justified by
the events of the past two years. But during
this period of danger, of trial, of peril—this
interval which separates us from the clay of
relief and security—what shall be the attitude
of our party toward the administration and
the war' This question may reasonably be
asked by the thousands in this State, and by
thousands in other States who are willing to
join in and assist in the redemption of the
The 'question may by answered, in part, by
referring to the past. The object of the war
was announced in the outset by a resolution of
Congress, which went out North and South,
and to foreign countries, as the platform of
the government in its prosecution. That reso
lution announced the object of the war to be,
the defense and maintenance of the supremacy
of the Constitution and the preservation of the
Union, with all the dignity, equality and rights
of the several States unimpaired, and expli
citly denied that it was waged in any spirit of
oppression, or for any purpose of conquest or
subjugation, or purpose of overthrowing or
interfering with the rights or established in
stitutions of the Southern Stgtes.
This clear and emphatic resolution was ac
cepted and approved by the Democracy, by the
Border States, and by conservative men gene
rally, and thereupon all the magnificent re
sources of the country in men and money were
put at the disposal of the administration, for
the prosecution of the war in accordance there
with, and it has had command of those resour
ces unopposed and almost unquestioned down,
to this hour.
But the time came when this ground of a
contest for the' supremacy of the Constitution
and the preservation of the Union, became, in
the policy of the administratioroonneoted with,
if not subordinated to, another and different
object. The tinsel rhetoric of Sumner, the
dictatorial utterances of Greeley, and the ra
bid violence of Phillips and Garrison, became
of more consequence at Washington than the
views of the great majority of the people and
the pledged faith of the nation. A policy of
emancipation was announced, involving enor
mous expense, doubling the difficulties of the
contest, and in flat contradiction of the solemn
declaration upon the object of the war, just
recited. And this was done by Presidential
deOreei—the fiat of a single man—without au
thority, and at the instance of men who would
be among the very last selected by the Ameri
can people to advise their rulers.
To this, and to all like departures from the
Constitution and from good faith and sound .
pocy, we are, and must remain, unalterabl
o p posed. I say like departures, for the pretence
military necessity upon which emancipation
ha been announced, has been extended to
of er subjects besides the status of the negro,
as ithe debates of the day abundantly testify.
T , : seizure of citizens in States untouched by
re olt, and their incarceration in distant pri
se S, remote from witnesses who might testify
in heir favor, and from friends who might
in , • reeds for them, is .one of the most promi-
ne t of these, and deserves all the condemns..
tie it is receiving from the people.
he Father of his Country, the anniversary
of whose birth you celebrate, had no concep
tion of a doctrine of military necessity as a
substitute for the Constitution and laws of
the land ; nor of those undefined, unlimited
powers, now asserted to exist in the 'President
as Commander-in-Chief of the army and navy
of United states and of the militia of the
States when called into actual service, nor can
we recognize them except as baseless preten
sions, to be put down with strong public dis
approbation at the earliest possible moment.
Washington's views of military jurisdiction
and conduct in a time of insurrection, were
given 4 to the army sent by him to quell the
revolt in Western Pennsylvania in 1794, when
he admonished them, "that every officer and
soldier will constantly bear in mind that he
comes to support the laws, and that it would
be peculiarly unbecoming in him to be in any
way the infractor of them ; that the essential
principles of a free • government confine the
province of the military when called forth on
such occasions, to these two objects: first, to
PRICE TWO CENTS.
combat and subdue all who may be found in
arms in opposition to' the national will and an
thority ; secondly, to aid and support the civil
magistrates in bringing offenders to justice.—
The dispensation of this justice belongs to the
civil magistrates, and let it ever be our pride
and our glory to leave the sacred deposit there
In the spirit of this admonition, and of the
constitutional doctrine that "the military
shall, in all cases, and at all times, be in strict
subordination to - the civil power," we must
stand opposed to the abuse of the military
power in applying it to other purposes than
those appointed and regulated by law; as the
seizure of private property of non-combatants
not legally liable to confiscation; the seizure
of hordes of negroes, and their support, in
struction, transportation, drill and payment,
as allies; the seizure and imprisonment of
northern freemen, without law and against t;
the suppression of newspapers, or the closing
of the mails against them, and the encroach
ment upon the.- State jurisdiction by the ap
pointment of sundry police officials to exercise
powers undefined by and unknown to the laws.
What is asked is that the military power 'shall
be applied and confined to its appropriate uses;
that there shall be no invasion uponliberty by
it; in short, that it shall be.subjected to the
domination of established laws. And we are
, perfectly persuaded that government will be
all the stronger, all the more successful, by
following this policy and sternly refusing to
yield to the temptations which assail those
entrusted with. authority in revolutionary
times. Let our rulers carefully imitate the
example - of Washington, who exercised mili
tary powers in the Revolution with constant
respect for the laws and the authority of the
Continental Congress, unsettled as the times
were, and fruitful of pretexts for departure
from regular and legitimate action.
In addition to the signal advantages which
will be secured to our cause by reversing the
policy of the administration—by establishing
other and truer doctrines than those just ex
amined—the Democracy can take into account
as one of the agencies for restoring the Union,
the powerful and invaluable aid . of allies in
the border and Confederate States—men who
have gone into revolt. reluctantly, or who now
stand with divided inclinations, uncertain of
the position they shall assume. The issue of
the war has always depended as much upon
the determination and union of the Confede
rate States as upon the magnitude of the
efforts put forth by us against them. Mani
festly, therefore, our true line of policy has
been to divide them; to conciliate a part of
their -population, and dampen the ardor of the
revolutionary spirit by subjecting it to conser
vative opposition in the very communities
where it arose. The subjugation of the South
by the mere exertion of physical force against
it, assuming it to be really united and in
earnest, :is a work of extreme difficulty, and
requires an amount of wisdom and vigor which
our administration has failed to exhibit. In a
war of invasion upon the South, most formida
ble natural obstacles are to be encountered,
and also the powers of the enemy, and our
strength must be, or be made to be, adequate
to overcome both. In short, in this case,
allies in the enemy's country were necessary to
certain or prontpt success, and to secure them
all thit arts of policy and all . the means of con
ciliation within our. power, should have been
Bat what is the policy of our rulers? Is i
not written in the history of the Critenden
Compromise and of the Peace Conference
'resolves ? in Congressional enactments and
Presidential proclamations ? No concession,
no conciliation, but only sheer force to compel
complete submission ! This policy, at once
incalculating and impassioned, was persisted
in until repeated disasters came to exhibit its
folly and impotency. Yes ! the necessity of
allies, utterly scouted in the outset, became
demonstrated on the plains of Manassas and in
to swamps of the Chiekahominy. The course
of events taught us that assistance would be
useful, if not indispensable, to the great work
of subduing rebellion and restoring the integ
rity of the Union.
Recognizing this truth, the men in power
have turned their attention to the negroes—
the subject race of the South—and propose to
arm and employ them as allies in the war.
This experiment is likely to be carried out, to
be freely tested; and to produce results which,
to say the least, will be instructive to future
In marked •contrast to this desperate expe
riment, conservative men look for alliance and
aid to the white race—our own stock and kin
dred—and propose to secure their co-operation
in restoring the Union by a policy of concilia
tion, and by the example of a return by our
own government to a true constitutional rule,
uninfluenced by fanatical passion and regard
ful of al State and individual rights as estab
lished by our fathers. In their policy, the
conservative element along the border and in
the South is to be encouraged and developed,
not repelled, spurned and insulted.
Great allowance is doubtless to be made for
an administration charged with the conduct of
a great war, and particularly a civil war. The
difficulties to be surmounted are great, and
often the course to be pursued is but a choice
' between evils. At such a time a generous mind
will not seek occasion of offense, and can over
look small points of objection in reviewing
But the subjects now brought into debate by'
the policy of governinent are fundamental and
vital; it is impossible to be indifferent to them,
and it would be unmanly to evade them.
Frank, full, open debate upon them, will lead
to useful conclusions, and give dne direction
to our efforts as citizens of a broken and
It results from what has been said, that the
administration now in power may expect from
the great mass of those politically opposed to
it, acquiescence in a legitimate exercise of the
powers with which it is invested, whether re
lating to the war or to internal administration.
But they will claim and exercise the right of
discussing the wisdom and constitutionality of
its policy, and will resist, by all lawful means,
any attempt to pervert the war from its true
object, or to use the war power as an instru
ment for introducing arbitrary rule amongstu s.
And they will labor to prepare the way for
the complete re-union of the States, upon their
accession to power; or, if (in contradiction of
their fears) such re-union should previously
be achieved by arms, then to confirm it and
render it real, cordial and perpetual.
Let it be distinctly understood that the great
mass of the Democratic party and of the con-
servative men of the country have never agreed,
do not now. agree, and have no intention of
agreeing in future, to a dissolution of the
American Union founded by Washington and
his compatriots, and that they will not cease
their efforts for its complete restoration in its
original, pristine vigor. But to acomplish this
purpose, they, unlike their opponents, will use
all legitimate means of restoration, and not
physical foroe alone. This may be boldly and
openly announced, everywhere, and ought to
be accepted everywhere, as the only reasonable
and patriotic ground upon which a party can
stand that desires and intends to save the
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING,
BM W'S B2ICBPTBD.
BY 0. BARRETT & COI
TIM DAILY PATRIOT AND UNION will , be served to sub.
scribers residing in the Borough for TEN emirs PREMISE,
payable to the Carrier. Ddsil subscribers, awn noLLawa
Nyanza , - nitarof INS UNION is publish,-sa
DOLLARS PER ANNUM, invariably in advance'. Ten copie
to one address,filtees dollars.
Connected with this establlehment is an
a mi no ~ SOB OFFICE ., containing a variety of plain and fano
type, unequalled by any establishment in the interior o
the State, for which the patronage of the public is so
The administration has deliberately east
away allmeane of restoration, except physical
force, and has called into existence great and
unnecessary obstacles to success, until, not
withstanding the immediate difference of ap
parent strength between the parties to the
war, its issue hangs trembling in the balance.
But let us not despair of the future. "Out of
this nettle, danger" we may yet "pluck the
flower, safety." We may hope that the remain
ing months of lifr.Lincoln's term will be got past
without complete exhaustion, and the point of
time arrived at, when a vigorous and truly
great party, clean_handed from the past,
thoroughly Union, upright, just, patriotic and
brave, will assume possession of the powers of
gpvernment. And the* this party, with an
old history, ,Identified with the glories of the
country binding it to sympathy and affection'
:Ilia every quarter, with no selfish, local or fa
natical passions, to weaken or mislead it ; with
a generous, even-handed, impartial, time
tried creed, conformed to the Constitution, and
springing naturally from its principles—this
party, thus qualified to speak to the whole
land, and to be heard with affection and reve
rence, can and will command these wild
waves of human passion to be still, and, re
jecting alike the fanaticism of Boston and of
Charleston, will rebind these great States to
gether, in enduring bonds of interest and
I am, dear sir, very truly yours,
• C. R. BUCKALEW.'
BLoonmuuau, Feb. 20, 1863,
TIONISTS CELEBRATING WASH
INGTON'S BIRTH DAY.
The N. Y. Journal of Commerce of the 28th
If the spirits of the mighty dead are per
mitted to revisit the scenes of earth and wit
ness the transactions of men who profess to
honor their memories, we can imagine the
venerable Washington turning with profound
disgust and horror from the assembly of self
styled "Republicans" which on Saturday even
ing last, in this city, professed to celebrate his
birth and life among men. From beginning
to end the entire Beene was in contradiction of
all that he taught, all that he practiced. Had
some one arisen at the table and quoted from
his Farewell Address in the hearing of the as
sembled politicians, they would have been
astounded at the words of wisdom, or would
have expelled the bold man as one who did not
belong to the.spirit of the occasion. The prin
cipal speech was made by a bitterly -disap
pointed politician of the class whom Washing
ton profoundly abhorred. There is no occa
sion to speak of him or his speech. Both will
be soon forgotten. But there was another
speech made in this meeting which is a lasting
disgrace to the 'mea who eat by and did not
disapprove, or who, as the reporters tell us,
"loudly applauded" it. This extract may
suffice to show its character :
"The slave aristocracy of the South may
writhe, the slave Democracy of the North may
howl, but whatever the event of the war, the
doom of slavery is pronounced. The rebels
against our government are even now treading
upon a thin crust which overlies the fires of a
volcano, and they know it.
"The diseased imagination of Cromwell
painted in the air hands holding daggers
aimed at his heart. Southern rebels gaze in
to space and fear to see 'hands with daggers
pointed to avenge long years of wrong, and as
they gaze their arms are paralyzed."
There has been a sedulous effort on the part
of the more wily radical politicians to conceal
their desire for slave insurrections ; but in vino
v craw+, and when men talk freely over a din
ner they often let out secrets. Is it not dis
graceful, is it not barbarous, that men in New
York could sit around a table celebrating the
memory of the Virginian Washington, him
self a slaveholder, and applaud a sentiment of
exultation over the prospect of slave insurrec
tions in the home of the great father of
American institutions ? And this not for the
purpose of suppressing the rebellion, but sole
ly for the "avenging" of slavery ! Is this the
spirit of Union ? Is this the spirit which
Washington would inculcate were he living ?
Is this the, way to induce peace ? It is pre
cisely this Sort of wickednes which makes rad
ical anti-war men. It is this constantly re
curring evidence of the fiendishness of the
radical abolition spirit which produces an en
tire unwillingness among sensible men to act
with these people, who are only fit representa
tives of savage nations. The sentiment of this
speaker at a Washington dinner would dis
grace the Feejee Islander.
A NEW METHOD OF AMPUTATION.—Dr. Chas
saignac, Surgeon to the Hospital Lariboisiere,
has published a letter in the medical journals
on a new method of his of amputating limbs
without the aid of the knife. For this purpose
he uses what he calls a caustic bracelet consis
ting of a ring, round which are placed little
crystal cups of a rectangular form. The ring
is applied to the exact place where the amputa
tion is to take place. A pledget of lint, impreg
nated with a solution of perchloride of iron at
35 degrees, is placed above and under the ring,
and the cups are then charged with fragment,
of the Filhos caustic. The member to be am
putated is subjected to a considerable degree
of depression, which removes some portion of
the liquids of the body from the diseased part.
As the caustic proceeds in its action copious ,
bleeding might occur,to remedy which the oper
ator or his assistants exercise a digital pressure
on the principal artery until the operation its.
completed. There is a considerable difference
in .the behavior of a muscle separated by the
knife or by the action of the caustic. In the
first case it contracts, and a large interval is
left between the two parts that have been di
vided; but under the action of the caustic the
muscle does not recede either way. Dr. Chas
saignac has tried his method twice, in cases
where the patients were so feeble as to render
ordinary amputation extremely dangerous; in
both cases the operation was successful. The
bracelet in one case was applied five times for
twelve hours each, before all the soft parts
could be eaten away by the caustic. As soon
as the bone became apparent,it was cut through
by means of the chainsaw.—Galignani.
A young man going a journey, entrusted a,
hundred deenara to an old man. When he came
back the old man denied having had any mon
ey deposited with him, and he was had up be
fore the Khaaee. is Where were you, young
man, when you delivered this money ?"
Under a tree."
"Take my seal and summon that tree," said
the judge. “Go, young man, and tell the tree
to come hither, and the tree will obey when
you show it the seal."
The young man went in wonder. After hi.
had been gone some time, the Shame said to ,
the old man—
n Re is long, do you think he has.got there
No," said the old, man," it is at some dis
tance. He has pot got there 'yet?"
" How knowest thou, old man, where that
tree is?" cried the Rhazee.
The young man returned and said the tree
would not come.
‘. He has been bore, young man, and'sbren
hie evideese, The money is thine.".