Daily patriot and union. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1858-1868, April 29, 1861, Image 2

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MONDAY MORNING, APRIL 29, 1861
0. BARRETT & THOMAS 0. MAODOWELL. Pub
linen and Proprietors.
Communicationnwfll not be published in the Puma!
In U 110! unless scenmyuiod with the nuno of the
Intior.
S. M. PETTENGI‘LL I: 00.,
Advertising Agents, 119 Nassau street, New York, um!
10 State ptroet, Boston, are the A ant; for tho PA'rnxor
Ann Union, mad the moat influentfial and largest circu
llting now-pope“ in the United States Ind 0111:an
The! In luthoriladto oontmotforult automation;
FOR SALE.
A “uni-hand Anus Pnnsgplatan 39}; by zaihchu,
12 good order; can be worked either by hand or Item
power. Tenn: model-no Inquire mt this ofico.
Arlington Heights.
Opposite Washington, on the Virginia side
of the Potomac, the adopted son of Washing
ton, (the son of Mrs. Washington by her first
husband,) Geo. Washington Parke Custis, dwelt
in a fine mansion, which he graced with gen
tlemanly hospitality. Arlington House was in
the centre ofhis estate of 1,000 acres. He died
in 1857, at the advanced age of 86.
It is from his house and grounds, so often
visited by the curious and the patriotic—spil
grim shrine second only to Mount Vernon—that
the attack on the Capital is expected. ‘
I [What a parieidal assault! It 'aims, as it
were. at the sources of- life of the Republic.
And yet such is the character of the contest ;
and the thunders of assault and the signals of
carnage are yet to wake the, echoes around the
tomb of Washington. I _
The Legislature.
The Legislature of Pennsylvania’ meets in
extra session to-morrow. in compliance with the
proclamation of the Governor. No doubt Gov
ernor Cunrm will sends. special message to
the Houses giving an account of the military
organization of the State, the manner inwhich
the appropriation of $500,000 has been ex
pended, and suggesting what amount will he'
required for future operations. ‘ The first thing
to he arrived at is, an intelligent understanding
of what will be required of the State—and for
this purpose it'is necessary that theplans of
the General Government should he communi
cated as far as practicable. Ifrthe laws are ‘to
be enforced in all the secede-1 States, and em
ergetie measures adopted to crush rebellion,
men and money to an almost unlimited extent
will be necessary. To restore the Union by
overthrowing those who are in arms against it,
will not be the work of. a single campaign, or
perhaps of a single year. It will require all
the resources of the General and State Gov
ernments—and these resources should be ap
pliedwiih deliberation,and a fullunderstanding
of the magnitude: of the undertaking. '
Pennsylvania is able anfi willing to bearher
fullshare of the expense; and after aseertaing
what is necessary to be done, her representa
tiVes should see that it is done properly. The
money appropriated for the equipment and
organization of her volunteers-must he applied
strictly, and with all due economy, to that pur
pose, nuder some regular system. The confu
sion and disorder of the last ten' days require
correction, in order to prevent the .waste of
money, and promote the efieient organization
of the troops. -
In case the President makes another requi
sition upon the State, the volunteers should not
be permitted to depart in the shabby and help
less plight of those who have preceded them
to Washington. The same necessity for hot
haste willnot exist after the safety of the Cap.
ital is assured. It would be much better-to
concentrate our troops in camps of instruction
at diiferent points in the State, where they-can
be properly disciplined by experienced oflicers
and rendered fit to enter upona campaign with
credit. To accomplish this, good officers
shown he obtained, if possible. Most of the
commanders of companies, and even of -regi
ments, are inexperienced, and require military
instruction as much or more than the men in
der them. Every one must see and feel how
lamentably deficient many of the oflicers are,
and heir incompetent to take charge of' men,
much less to win battles. It requires consid-'
emble courage for men toris‘k their lives'under
experienced leaders; but to go to war under
incompetentofiicers is the next thing to rush
ing upon certain death. Mere personal bravery
cannot supply deficiency of military knowledge.
Hence the absolute necessity of subjecting ofii—
cers and men to the most rigid discipline and
instruction.
The Legislature will undoubtedly take'all
these subjects into consideration, and act in
this emergency in a. manna" becoming the
represmtatives of a. great. State.
Sustain the Conttitnted Authorities.
The Journal of Commerce rebukes the violence ‘
of some of the New York papers against the ‘
Administration when it says :—There is at this
time, if we may judge from the tone of a por- 1
tion of the press which supported Mr. Lincoln
in the late presidential election, and which has
until lately sustained his policy, a tendency, if
not a concerted purpose, to “supersede” the
President in his official functions, and to place
“some representative leader',’ at the head of a
military force, which shall enable him to exer.
cise the power of a dictator. , _
The complaint is that Mr. Lincoln’s adminis
tration is dilatory' and ineflicient; that his
Ministers "parley with traitors," instead of»
arresting them, or sweeping them into the
ocean. He is censured by the presses alluded
to, for not concentrating a force at Washington
with greater promptness; in short, for not
being prepared, on a week’s notice, for an at
tack which some of the some papers have .told
us the South would not dare to make, and
which, until very recently, has been deemed by
the Administration and its friends, highly in.
probable, if 'not impossible. It is now twelve
days since the President issued his proclama.
tion for troops; and without any of the facili
ties for concentrating them at a given point
which are always at hand when a war has been
fairly entered upon, it is complained that by a
failure to be now prepared for the dangers
which threatened the national Capital, he has
proved himself incompetent and unfit for his
position. In none cases doubts are even
thrown upon hie patriotism and fidelity to the
Union. -. '
Nor should it be forgotten that in his present
trying position the President has the advice and
aid of the first military man in this country,
perhaps in the world. We do not presume to
set up our judgment in military affairs over
that of Lient. Gen. Scott, the President, the
Secretary of War, the whole Cabinet, and the
military science 6? the country; On the con
trary, we are honorably bound to‘ believe, and
we do believe, that since the condition of afl‘airs
came to be understood by the Administration,
everything has been done which could be done
to prepare for the emergency. The difliculties
he has encountered have been extraordinary
and unexpected; and it is not probable they
have been anticipated by any one 'of his re
yilers. Yet, with one or two exceptions, the
tone of the Republican press in this city is that
of denunciation and abuse—of which not. only
the President, but Mr. Seward, Mr. Cameron
and General Scott receive each their share.—
Apropositien is made for a “representative
leader,” to supersede the President and usurp
the functions of the constituted authorities.—
Men who, while difi'ering from the Administra
tion in its policy, neverthelesi recognize the
obligation of every citizen to obey the laws,
and to abstain from whatever tends to obstruct
their execution, are pronounced traitors by those
who suggest that the President be deposed, and the
forms of constitutional government disregarded.
Much has been said lately about the evils of
anarchy; and they can scarcely be , exagger
ated. But if the possibility of incurring them
is a valid argument against even a respectful
opposition to certain measures of the Govern
ment, how much more is it a valid argument
against any and every measure looking to the
overthrow of that Government. Who does not
know that President Lincoln could not be sup
planted by a usurper, under whatever pretext,
without the most {rightful anarchy? Many of
hisp‘olitical friends would rally around him
with might and mains So would the Democrats
and Bell-Everett men without exception. For,
little as some may like Mr. Lincoln, they would
prefer him, or almost any other man constitu~
tionally elected. to a military Dictator, or to a
usurper of any sort. Of course Americans would
not yield 'to such an usurpation except by
force, and that couldonly be made efi‘ective
through seas of blood. _Beware.then, of the
beginnings of evil. Stand by the Government,
until it is regularly superseded, according to
the forms of the Constitution. '
REGENT P ÜBLIO'A Tl ONB.
Bascxwoon’s MAGAZINE ron Army, 1861. lo
published by .L. Scor‘r «t 00.. 54 Gold street,
New York. _Price $3 per annum. .
In these momentous times, when the minds of
men are almost wholly engrossed hy the events of
the day, the ordinary light literature of the tine is
hardly solid enongh {or their intervals of rest and
relaxation. . Bnt‘old Blackwood is not unlikely to
maintain his acknowledged position of pro-emi
nence, from the earnest, hearty fashion with which
he deals with whatever he takes up. When he
condescends to he amusing, he does not descend to
‘ trifling; when he sets out to instruct, he goes to
} work in such a way that we feel he writes from tho
fulness of well-digested. knowledge, and not from
the crude repletion of a “cram’f for the special oe
casion. The number beforeus is a very fair speci
men of the present character of the Magazine“ It
commences with a" paper on "Spontaneous Gom-‘
bastion,” in which an acconntis given of the prin
cipal cases which have been recorded, and the
evidence sifted with care anddiscriminatiou, the
cznclusion being reached that there is nothing to
give the slightest countenance to the theory, and
that “the continuance of its advocacy in dictiona
ries, cyclopeedias and works on medical jurispru—
dence, is a disgrace to the science of our day.” Then
follows “Italy :by Marc Monnier,”a work which
deals with the intellectual rather than with the mil
taryior political condition of that country. V
A good-natured Review of Bartlett's Dictionary
of Americanisms follows : and then we have a
paper on Life in Central Africa, Being the result of
sixteen years’ travel by Willian Fatherick, who
seems to have written a very readable and trust.
worthy narrative. Then we have the World of
Weimar, a gossiping letter, of the nature of which
the'title is a snfioisnt indication. Thh serial tale
of Nor-main Sinclair is helped another stage on its
way. “General Patrick Gordon, the Russian Soot,"
furnishes another of these autobiographies, which
let us into the private life of S'eottish worthies of
hy-gone times. The number closes with “The Pan.
jab in 1857,” being a summary of the book on that
subject by the Rev. J. Cave-Brown, Chaplain of
the Punjab Moveable Column. _ ‘ . "
Leonard Scott & Co. 8186;6pnb1i-55 thel‘London,
Westminster, Edinburgh, and Norm British Re-
views.
Price of one Review, $3 a year. Price of the
four Reviews, $B. “-Blnckwodd" and the four Ra
views, $lO. V > '
IMPORTANT ro MlLlrAnrMsm—A Manuel. or Instanc
rrox roe Vonuxrsnns um MILITIA, BY Muon Wu.-
msu Gums, Ls-rs 11:3. Anny, Issrauo-ron or Tsa
ncs um Common-r or (lens-rs, VIRGINIA MIL!-
nnv Insure-rs. 1 oval. demi Svo, 743 pages and 200
Illustrations. Published by Charles Desilver. 1229
Chesnut street, Philadelphia, and for sale at the Rue};-
ler House, Harrisburg, by James Msginnis.
This work supplies a deficiency long‘ felt in our
service, and is of great value to our volunteer forces
at this time. It is based on the practical experi
'me of the past rand suited to the exigencies of
the present. It gives full tactical instructions for
every arm of the service, and is in-,strict conformity
to the regulations of the United States army. ' ' Be
sides the system of tactics‘conoisely and clearly
‘laid down, it contains a vast amount of informa
tion which is alike indispensable to ofliccrs and
men—such as a glossary of all the terms in use
smongs’t military men, army organization, duties
devolving upon the various stafi' departments, arms
and ammunition and a description of the same,
honors paid to olficers, the duties of all oflicers in
camp, garrison and' in the field, the manner of
bringing troops into action, the various orders of
Wattle, the duties of infantry. cavalry and artillery
with in action; also, all forms, regulations, courts
martial 3nd the articles of war-fend, in fact, every
thing necessary to render this the most complete
manual ever published. '
“ Knowleflg° is power,” and now, Is thousand:
ef'our bravest son. are called from their peaceful
evocation to the battlefield without the advan
tage: of I. militar! e“Nation, nothing should he
left undone by our State luthorities which can
add to the efieieney 0f 0'“ have army. We
hope, therefore, to see this work, which is strongly
recommended by the highest military authority
both North and South, placed in the hands of every
omeer It the expense of the State.
THE WAR NEWS!
IMPORTANT FROM THE CONFEDERATE STATES
DEMORALIZED CONDITION OF THE SEGESSION.
ISTS AT PENSACOLA—FORT PICKENS REIN.
FORCED—THE PREPARATIONS I‘o . ATTACK
WASHINGTON—ANARCHY AT THE SOUTH, 8w
CINCINNATI, Aprit 26.—1 arrived here this
morning from near Pensacola, having been
swiped on my way to that. place and ordered
baa . - . v . . -
I derived accurate and authentic information,
however, as to the condition of the Confederate
States army and their defenms near Fort Pick
ens. Up to the 2lst instant no action had
taken place between the opposing forces. Since
FortPickens has been reinforced, General Bragg
has intimated to his oflicers, despairingly, his
utter inability to reduce Fort Pickens.
The strength of Gen. Bragg’s works, and the
calibre of his guns, have heretofore been ex
aggerated. His largest guns are forty-two
pounders, and he has no columhiads. His sup
ply of ammunition is small. and his army of
5,000 men are poorly supplied, and thoroughly
demoralized.
He has also intimated that he will act purely
on the defensive.
Eight United States vessels were of Fort
Pickens on the 215 i. inst., with their guns ready
for immediate action. A United States land
force of five thousand'men is to co—operate with
Fort Pickens. It is believed that the fleet
would scatter the revolutionary army to the four
winds, and be able to retake the ,Navy Yard
and forts near Warrington. ' '
I passed through Montgomery on the 22d,
at which time President Davis was making
active preparations for his .attack on Washing
ton. I passed, en route, volunteers from Ala.-
bama and Georgia. destined for Richmond..—
They passed through Augusta, where they re
ceived their arms a’nd equipments.
General Renan, of Tennessee, was at Mont
gomery, concluding arrangements for sending
two thousand des’pera‘does, in citizens’ dress,
to Baltimore and Washington, to secretly ope
rate in the attack near Washington. ~
The Confederate States are in a state of anar
chy. Business, prostrated. Thinking people
are less confident, and the country in a state of
mob law.
People are availing themselves of every op
porh’mity to escape from the country. I ea
cep'ed only with my life by assuming a. disguise.
Numerous outrages on Northern travelers have
recently fallen under my notice.
ARHS FOB. ILLINOIS TROOPS—PURCHASE 0F
POWDER BY THE STATE—PLOT T 0 BURN RAIL
ROAD BRIDGES—RECRUITING BY THE FEDE-
EAL GOVERNMENT.
Sr. Lows. April 26,—Twenty-one thousand
stand otj'arms, with ammunition, were sent
from the, United States Arsenal in this city
last night, to Alton, whence they are to‘be
forwarded to Springfield, to arm the Illinois
troops. » , _
Rumors beingleurrent yesterday that the
powder magazine of Laflin, Smith 8v Boris, a
few miles above the city, wouidr be seized by
irresponsible .perties, Mr. 'Laflin called upon
thelPoliee Commissioners to protect it, and a
detachment of the State militia. was ordered to
guard“. last night and to-day. All the pow
der It!“ been purchased by the State Govern
men . - .
The Evening Journal learns by aletter, and
from private sources, that two Germans Were
arrested yesterday at Wentzville, Mo., who
confessed that a. plan had been laid to burn
the. bridges on the North Pacific and Iron
Mountain railroads, to prevent. the concentra
tion’ of troops in ,St. Louis from the interior. ‘
Volunteers continue to enter the arsenal
under the President’s proclamation. There are
now already 5,000 troops there, undergoing
vigorous drilling. ‘
Several companies of. the State. militia are
recruiting, and a strict. guard is kept over their
armoriea every night. » h -
SEIZURE you 9mm AND ONATnBAND Goons
“moment: Arman ON 041110
CAIRO, 111., April 26,—The steamer C'. T.
Htllman, from St. Louis, bound to Nashville,
Tenn., waslabandoned by the officers and crew,
when opposite this place._ The deserted steamer
was boarded by Capt. Scott, in the steamer
Swallow, who found on board, 1,000 kegs of
powder, and a large quantity of other contra
band goods. , It issuppoeed that the captain
and crew of the Hillman,-deserted her. for fear
of thevconsequences if caught by the troops at
the other point.
Passengers from the South report that troops
are being raisedat Memphis. Randolph and
other Southern points, with the plan of pro
ceeding by rail to Columbus, Kentucky, and
from thel‘e march to Cairo, and attack it from
the Opposite side of the river. The steamer
J. D. Perry, from St.‘ Louis, was brought to
last night, but no contraband goods being
found on board she was allowed to proceed.
GALLAIT EXPtOIT 0F ILLINOIS'VOLUNTEERS—
ARTILLERY AND AMMUNITION RESCUE!) EROM
THE. SECESSIONISTS. , '
Cmomo, April 26.--The Illinois tnoo'ps have
struck a. great blow at the_Secessionista of Mis
soun. '_
Acting under, orders from the President 'of
the United States, an expedition of Illinois
volunteers crossed over to St. Louis last night,
advanced upon the Federal Arsenal at St. Louis,
and brought away immense stores of artillery,
ammunition and small arms, which had been
stored at that post by the Government. - ,
The amount of Federal property this rescued
from the hands of the SeeessionistsofMissouri
is'of great value.' Among the articles recovered
were twenty-one thOusa'nd stand ‘of small arms
.and a park of artillery. There was no fighting.
Chrome, April 26.’i—Twenty-oue thousand
stand of arms were'reinoved last night from the
St. Louis Arsenal, and take’n'to Springfield, in
this State, for safe keeping. . - .
How Tm! TROOPS BEACH!!!) WASAINGTON—THE
Ham our . ANNAPOLIB—PASSAGE. OVER THE
RAILROAD. . . -‘
From the Baltimore American, 28th inst.
We learn from agentleman who lettAnnap
olis yesterday morning, that there had been a
great increase in the number of troops landed
on Wednesday and yesterday. The enclosure
of the Naval Academy was literally filled with
them. The privates were not generally al
lowed to enter the city, but the. oflieers were
moving about in every direction, and making
purchases to such'an extent as to cause quite
a brisk business among the shopkeepers.
They were also purchasing horses and vehicles,
and paying large prices for them. Horses not
worth a hundred dollars had been sold
to them as high as $250 and $3OO. - Our in
formant said that there was. scarcely a horse
left within six miles of the city.
An incident showing the mechanical repre
sentation among the forces, is related in con
nection with the seizure ofthe Annapolis Rail
road depot. The locomotive was found to be
so disarranged as to be useless. A call was
immediately made on the troops for machinist-s,
an engineer and fireman, when a score or more
of, these professions stepped forward from the
ranks and proceeded to the depot. One of the
machinists, on looking at the locomotive,
claimed it as on old acquaintance, he having
been foreman of the shop in which it was con
stru'cted. Of course it was soon put in‘run—
ning order for the conveyance of baggage to
the Junction. ' , .
The steamer Pioneer reports four' large
steamers lying off the Naval Academy. The
Constitution was also lying in Annapolis Roads,
50 that the rumor'of her being at the mouth of
the Patspsoo is altogether unfounded. ‘ .
At 10 o’clock~ on Thursday morning the
Seventh Regiment was at the Junction, having
walked from Annapolis, a. large concourse of
people 'from the neighborhood having collected
to view the stirring scene. About ‘ eleven
o’clock an. immense train was in readiness 0n
the Washington road, consisting of freight Rd
passenger cars to‘ the number o’f'fifteen, carry:
ing one thousand men and their baggage. which
moved 03' for Washington, arriving there about
twelve o’clock. '
- At 2 o’clock in the liter-noon another thou.-
sand men reached the Junction, about whichi
time the train from Washington had returned,
and when our informant left they were about
taking their departure for Washington. A
force of two hundred men were left at the
Junction, and. all along the line of the Annap-.
olis road picket guards were‘stationed at 'such
distance as to be able to come to the assistance
of each other if attacked. Every barn and
shed had its quota, and all the prominent
points were so guarded as to prevent surprise,
and watch the bed of the road. At each of the
bridges about thirty men were stationed.
Allialong the Washington road, from the
Junction to the capital, a large force is also
stationed, and all the bridges are strongly
guarded. ' The soldiers mixed among the peo
ple and quite' a number visited the town of
Laurel during the day to make purchases.
It. was understood that the military train
would continue running all night, though it
proceeded with great caution, fearing that some
obstruction might be placed on the track.
Erom information gleaned from those who
accompanied the train and other sources, it
would appear that reinforcements are being
very rapidly thrown into Washington; ' One
train which passed the Junction- this morning
was said to have contained 981 men! 'Up to
the latest accounts 3,000 troops had passed the
Junction going toward the Capital. and 6,000
more were on the march between Annapolis and
the Junction, leaving 1,000 at" Annapolis. It
is said that the, Government has in use on the.
read other care than those seized at Washing
ton and at Annapolis, and it is supposed that
cars have been transported from the Philadel
phia road by the steamer Maryland, now plying
regularly between the Susquehanna and Anna
polis. ~ _ .
There is but little evidence of ill feeling on
the part of the inhabitants along the line of the
road toward the troops. Many incidents are
related as showing their avoidence of every
thing calculated to offend, or in any way tres
passing on private rights. The soldiers were"
buying freely of the inhabitants, striking bar
gains for poultry and spring chickens. and
paying whatever price was asked.» In one
instance a squad of New Yorkers, being bouil
tifully entertained with substantial Maryland
fare, ‘at the nominal price of a quarter a head,
paid their host a dollar each as a mark éof
their .appreciation of the quantity and quality
of their repast. ' ' ‘
THE BALTIMORE SUN NOT FOR SEGESSION—AN
APPEAL FOR. DELIBEBATIONA CONVENTION
RECOMMENDED .
From the Baltimore Sun. , ‘ '
Tun MEETING or the .LnorsnArnnn.—The
special session of the Legislature, convened
by the Governor at a. period in the fearful cri
sis of the day, when almost all :hope is bani
ished, and legislative action can be at best only
remedial, demands the exercise _of the utmost
wisdom and prudence. We are unwilling to
fling reproach against any man inoflieinlpo?
sition, and we canonly say that the accounts—
bility which ‘the' Governor of'Maryland’has'
incurred in deferring to this eleventh hour the
not he has now authorized, can be best relieved
by the wise and discreet deliberations'of those
upon whom the aggravated burden ‘of respon
sibility‘is now developed. It is impossible to
say what has conduced to the sad procrastine-4
tion which seems to have been fruitful only of
perplexity and disaster ; but accepting it as an
error of judgment, or an unfortunate subordi
nation .to the opinions of others, ' -or to the
strong prejudices of party. it'remeins now fer
the Legislature to make thebest of the condi
tion. _
We find in certain quarters a disposition to
urge the immediate passage of a secession or
dinance by the Legislature; in others the ex
pectation of such a. measure. These proposi
tions take us by surprise, and we cannot,‘ of
course, maintain the consistency of The ,Sun,
and assent to them.' Some of our ‘citizens who
have been willing to believe what others have
said of us, rather than what we have said our--
selves. will now perhaps accept the fact that
ThelSun is not a recession paper. ' , ’
In one word, it is not and never has been for
or against recession, and it has never- contained
a line to justify the imputation one way or the
other. It has been slander-ed in this as it is
with regard to almOst every other thing in,
which it is supposed that misrepresentation
can impair its influence. We have insisted,
that, with the secession of the Confederate
Statesan accomplished fact, and Virginia in
alliance with them,’- the interests. of Baltimore.
commercial and manufacturing, would also
identify her with them; Thisris our opinion ;
but this, with the actual question of secession,
is for the people themselves to pass upon.. The
Sun has been through all the early phases of
.our present troublesa staunch Southernltights
paper, earnest and zealous for the salvation of»
the' Union, and by ‘the only means we believe
possible. . We urged with all the sincerity of
our love and devotion to the Union some sort
of concert of action on the part of all the slave
States, not for secession—neyer for secession,
only as an inexorable alternative—but for the
maintenance and protection of the equal rights
of the States.‘ To this end we pressed the ne
cessin of, and pleaded for, some action on the
part of the Governor of Maryland by which the
sentiment of the people could be . brought out
one way or the other. _ Pending the inactivity
and apathy of the border States. South, Qaro;
lina acceded, and one after another the seven
States which now constitute the Southern Con
federacy. . . , '' .. . ,_ -.
Upon the formation of the Southern COn-.
federacy, we realized the hopelessness of re
union or. to construction; but the necessity
for decisive popular action in‘Maryland still
existed, and we stillhop‘ed, from day .to day,
that the Governor wouldelicit’scch action be-‘
fore Mr. Lincoln. reached Washington that the
difficulties which now surround us 'might have
been avoided. An honest, “unrestricted exhi
bition of the sentiment .of Maryland would
have contributed to the adjustment of ditiicul-;
ties, which only became more complicated by
the processes resorted to at Washington during
the session of Congress, ' - '' ' . e
' With'these sentiments'we enter now upon a‘
newph‘ase of the crisis, but with the compli-:
cations aggravated a hundred fold. Therquesl
tion of State and southern rights is now totally
ignored at the North. The very idea of "rights”
as pertaining to any Southern State, is oblite
rated in the Free States by passion and malig.’
nity,_and even menlend'erslof the Democracy
are in arms against the South. Here is a new
positionfto be realized; but it is one' which,
like every other, afi'ccting the well being of the
people, should be directly referred to them, and
withthe least possible, delay. _ t
For the Legislature to pass an ordinance of
secession would be, in our opinion, to arrogate
powers not vested in them Dimmer. it~oon.
sists; in the main, of a body 0 ~ it who were
elected under circumstances so widely difl’erent
"from those; which now exist,.and which had"
no reference to the special subject of this‘called
eeeaiou, that they cannot, by‘any' conceivable
fiction, be said to represent the people of the
State. Hence We infer that the Legislature,
with a due regard to the' rights of the. people
to be consulted upon the momentous issue of
the day,'will take measures to present it to
their consideration and action.
How this should be done with the best regard
for the welfare of the State is an important
inquiry. With some the idea; seems to prevail
that the passqge of a seeeSsion ordinance, to
lee-submitted to a. popular vote at a given day,
would be best. To our view there are very
great and very serious objections to this mode
of proceeding. And we are. brought to the
conclusion that the most practicable and most
consistent plan to adopt. is to provide for the
election of a. sovereign Convention by the peo
ple' of the State. ' _
Such an election, we believe, would result in
the choice of a body of men to whom the inter
ests of the State might. be confided with perfect
safety, and it could continue in seamen as long
as it should be necessary, with the exercise of
the most salutary influence upon the public
mind. and maintain a prov'isionsry relation to
the current of events. ~ -
We submit these views to the consideration
of our readers, and with the consistent and
uniform principle which actuates us, always
ready and Willing to abide by the popular will,
fairly, hgnestly, legally expressed.
WHAT IS TBEASON INiTENNESSEE?
The Nashville va'an of the 117th says : “The
Federal Court commenced its' session in this
city‘yesterdey, Judge Hnmphreys-presiding.
In his charge to the Grand jury the judge
maintained the ground thati».Linooln’s procla
tion was unconstitutional; that the Governor
should disregard his requisition upon this State
for volunteers to coerce the seceded States, and
that the jury should find no true bills for
treason. He also maintained the ground that
in the present collision between the North and
South there is no such thing as treason, and
that parties taken on the one side or the other
should be held as prisoners, and not as trai
tors.” . ‘ * -
GENERAL NE WB.
A correspondence, of Which the following is
the substance; is said to have passed between
Governor Hicks of Maryland and Governor
Sprngne of Rhode Island, on Friday or Satur
day of_ last- week,- by telegraph :—-Governor
Hicks to Governor Sprague—“ I understand
you areahout to proceed to Washington with
the Rhode Island regiment. 'I advise you not
to take them through :Ballimore, and thus
avoid trouble.” Governor Sprague to Governor
Hicks—“ The Rhode' Island regiment are going
to fight, and it. matters not v'vhether they fight.
at Baltimore or Washington.”
We are glad to learn that the authorities of
this State have decided to muster into immedic
ate service the whole of 'the 30.000 volunteers
authorized by the Legislature. This will make
17,000 more troops thin the President has cal
led for, but. ‘even this force is but half what
New York can raise, and ' ought to raise.—
Thirty thousand men should be called ’6l“ in
addition td'the 17. regiments demanded by the
United States.——N. Y. Tribune, April 23.
Tun Amman Anon—David Bidwell an
nounces that he is in ,possession of a fine spe
cimen of that rare plant, the Agave Americana,
or American Aloe, familiarly known as the
Century Plant, from the traditional idea that
it blooms~ but once in a hundred years. He
intends to send it to New York, for sale or
exhibition, should he not, before the 25th inst,
receive propositions for its purchase—M' O.
Picayune. . ' .
. A Quaker merchant in New York said to 'one
of his clerks—“ Well, friend —, is thee
willing to enlist ?” “I. have thought of it,”
replied the clerk, “but hesitated because I
feared to lose. my situation." “If thee will
enlist,” replied the Quaker, “ not only shell
thee have thy situation, but thy salary shall
go on while thee is absent. But if thee will not
serve thy‘ country, thee cannot stay in this
store.”—-—N. Y. Post. ~«‘ ' -- - ' '
' In ’reply to equestibn as to the conduct of
the men,- Major Anderson said to 'a. gentleman
connected‘with the army, “Until a. man is half
starved, half smothered, half poisoned, and on
the verge of eternity in this state, he' can never
know what men I had, or understand the
measure of the valor that . made surrender the
last thought with them.” _ —‘
MURDER. IN Tnor, N. Y.-—A dreadful murder
was cbmmitted on Saturday evening‘lsst‘ in
Troy. ‘ The.victim was named John :Breslin,
the perpetrator: James .Haleyw , Some domestic
troubles were the cause, and -a i-encontre, took
‘p‘lace, Haley using only small pénknife, which,
however," penetroted‘ the _he’a_tt. Holey is in
jail. . . . , ‘ .
Snnr-IMROnrmcit.—'-Of s'u'ch' mighty import-~
ance every man-is to himself: sn'd ready to‘ think
he is so to others, without once 'making this.
easy and obvious reflection, that his afi'aiifs can
have no more weight with ‘other'men “than
theirs have with him; and how little that ishhe
is sensible enough—Swift. '' '- ' ‘ "
. PATnlorxc.'—The 'Manufacturers’ and, Me
.chsnics’ bunkhpf Tx'inton,N.-J.,hnve tendered
the Governor $25,000 as a. loan, for the ‘fnmi
lies of_ those Wll9. mny'volunteer, and for other
war purposes.‘ The Director’s mode a. personal
subscription of $1,200 towards a fund to ,be
raised among the citizens. ' . '
.an AND Loss on Linn—Early 'on' Friday,
morning last, the storeof, a.. Mr. Wilkinson, in
the town of Clyde, New York,.wasrdestroyed
by fire. A French musician, sleeping inthe
room over the store, was burned to death,—
hoss‘ of 'goods~s3,ooo, which is oovered by
insurance. .
Axonmn ,Munnnn.-‘—Edward King, a promié
? nent. citizen of Fountain county, Ind. ,' was
'killed in an alfrny Thursday‘afternoon. There
1 wa’s a. diflicu’lty about the possession of ahouse,
: and he ‘was struck on. the head‘by agoungman
I named M’Elroy, and died in about. two hours.
TEE Sournanx-Loan.—lt is étatod- that. the
“American Bank Note Company” have received
orders byvtelegraph from their New Orleans
office to stopall work on' the plates for the
Southern Loan. This 1?“ occurred ' since the
President issued his Proclamation l ‘ ‘
, BUGHANAN’S SUBSCRIPTION ss,ooo.——We have
been informed by reliable parties, that.Ex:Pre
sident' Buchnnim ha's subscribed the sum of
$5,000 for thé‘ bquipmexit of volunteers at Lan
caster. . g ;_ - z .
A Scotcli girl, named Barbara meford, has
been found in one of the islands. of Torres
Straits.‘ She gran the only person iauvedfrom
a. Wreck, and had been kindly used by the nu;
tives, among whom she lived five years..., - g ' ,-
PArnxousu In. New Young—Tho venerable
Ifeter Cooper says he is too old to fight, but he
has some money; which the Government can
have every dollar of, if his needed.~~ eg' -. -
" Goon—Mr; Dean Peabody, of‘L‘ynn, pre
sented the Light Infantry"- of‘ that place ”with
$4OO, and to each oflicer he“ gavel silver
mounted revolver. ' ‘
THE LATEST!
-RE Q UISIT’ION UPON G 0 VJ 7 OUR
TIN FOR MORE TROOPS!
TWENTY-ONE REGIMENTS MORE FROM
' PENNSYLVANIA! ‘
‘The General Government; yesterday made a.
requisition upon Gov. Cur-tin for ‘twefity .regi
meaty of infantry-end oneiof oaralry—rnaliring
a total of thirty-eight regirnengs from this
State, and a grand motel of 29,500'men. These
regiments will be lpeedily brofight forward.
‘ The Governor, we understand; will recom
i'nend in his Mesgnge the formation of ten regi;
mentsos a. reserve, to be brought' out, should
occasion reguireiit; , A " '-
HIGHLY IMPORT;*NT 1
Reported Movements of the Governor of
Ohio for the Protection of Union Men in
Virginia. ‘ .
It. was reported last night that the Governor
of Ohio had moved six regiments to the South
ern frontier of that State to protect the, Union
men‘ of Western Virginia who refuse to acqui
esce in secession. Two regiments at Bridge
port, opposite Wheeling, one Opposite Parker's
bm'g, one opposite Guyandotte, one opposite
Point Pleasant, and one to be held in reserve
at Zenesville, the latter. to be moved to any
point where its services may be required.
At Cincinnati 3. short. time before sunset, last,
'Sunday, two suns were distinctly visible within
nshort distance of each other, a. dark cloud
intervening. So. vivid was the “ counterfeit
resemblance,” that the spectators could hardly
distinguish which was the legitimate luminary.
'SAD ACCIDENT.—On Friday last, as a com
pany of military were in progress from Reu
sellaer to Indianapolis, 3. young recruit fell
from the platform of the car, and had his leg.
horribly crushed. His injuries will prove fa.-
tal. ‘
Nam lbmfiisemeuts.
100 000 BRICK for sale. Enquire
, at the Broker’s oflce of
. S. L. M’OULLOCH,
anT-dlw No. 126 Mnrket street.
BUTLER HOUSE,
NO._ 112 SIXTH, BELOW CHESNUT,
" ' PHILADELPHIA.
apfl—dlwfit W. MOCHERMAN, Pnopmn'ron
T 0 ARMS! TO ARM 8!!
NOTE PAPER. ENVELOPES, Illumimted with Na
tional Emblems, NOTE PAPER, with I fine View of our
patriotic city, made Ind for sale at
. SGHEFFER‘B BOOKSTORE
, ‘ Near the Harrisburg Bridée
.Also, just printing, UNION FLAGS for 10 cents' A
place. “P 25
TOY-BOOKS of .an endless variety,
8033;913:313" 31:33:10 ““10 01m, I
Kfikflfisnst BflggnSTOBE is the place
SEEfiEEhSfi‘DLESFA large supply
""15 ___’n«&co.
IST OF APPLICATIONS for Tavern
J License, to April Sessions, Idol—Dauphin county.
(May Bth) .
Lewis Koenig.. . . . ... .. . First Ward, Harrisburg.
Christian E. Jauns....-.. do. do. do.
JohnlL. Felder... .. . .... do. do. (10.
John Adam Erb..... do. do. do.
Jacob Brenneman....'... do. do. do.
Richard Hogan. Sr" .. . . do. do. do.
John M’Grannghan... . . . Second do. do.
’ William Morris.. ...... . do. do. do.
J. D. H0fl’man.......... do. ‘do. do.
Benjamin Buck. .. . . . do. do. ‘ ' do.
B. G. Peter 5............ do. do. do. »
William G. Thompson” do. do. do.
. Leonard Kramer..-..... do. do. ' do.
Wells Gorerly. ... do. , do. do.
Daniel Wagner.......... do do. do. .
J. H. Benford & 00..... do. do. do.
SamuelW. Freeburn...l‘h‘lrd= do. do. ‘
Ebenezer Lundy... ... . . do. - do. do.
L. W."l‘en Eyck” .... .. do. do. do.
'Robert Vaughn_.. .. ... . . do. do. do.
Samuel It. Dunlap.... .. do.» - do. do. '
Henry omit...-...... do. do. - do.
John 11. Brant ..... do. do. do.
JosephW. Stone..." .- do. . do. do. .
William Ranch" . .... . . do. . “do. do.
Charles Miller... .... . . . do. do. ‘ do.
1?. P. Haehnlen... . do. do. do. .
George J. Bolton. ...... do. do. do.
' William P. Hughes... . .Fourth do. do.
William Umberger.... ... do. . do. do.
. Lazarus Barnhart..'... . . do. do. do.
Michael Hair..... . ..... . do. do. do.
Owen M’Gabe....-—-.... do. do. do.
- Jimes W. Morgan...... do. do. do.
John Brady. .... . ‘. ...... .. do. do. do.
Patrick J0rdan..........1-‘ifth do.‘ do.
John ,Raymond" .. . .... do. do. do.
Vincenz orsinger.. .. . ..Sixth do. do.
John MortimWeaver... . do. ,do. , do.
John Stemler..... ..... . do. d 0.., do.
‘ Henry Bastge'n... .... . . . do. . do. do.
William H. 80h1'........ do. do. do.
Samuel W. Holman." . do. do. do.
Jacob Livingston.. . ; . . .Snsquehanna township.
Michael G. Bchreiner... do. ' - do.
‘ Henry Mayer .. . ....L-.. ' do: do.
Margaret Halbach...... . do. do.
John Pyrex-"..-... ...... do. do.
William P. Henry'.. . . . . do. do.
Victor Shannon..... . “Stator: township.
John Dillon. .... ......- do. do. .
Samuel Niehling. ......Lower Swatarn township.
CharlotfeWolf" . . .... . do. ' do.‘ do.
. Susan Lehman........ . do. do. do.
" .Elijnh Bllflbnugh..'.n. do. do. do.
Mrs. Mary Green..." . . do. do. do.
Frederick Koerper.. . . .North Ward, Middletown.
Samuel Detwiler.. ... . . do. do. do.
' Valentine D0150n......' do. do. do.
- Raymond & Kendig... .Middle Ward, do.
Christian Ned.........' do. do. do.
' Charles Steiner” ...—.... South Ward, do‘. '
David Osborn... . . ... .. ' do. do. . do.
J0hn5tanb............ do‘. do. do.
. Henry Hickernel-1...-... do. do. do.
John Oldwiler.. . . . . . . . Londondel'ry township.
Henry Gross..-.+.-..... do. do. _
Isaac W. Kelchner... . do. do.
John Snyder. .... .. . . . .Conev'r'ago township.
John O. Tittle ........Derry do.
David H.13aun1.......‘. , do. do.
Marlin Hooker, Jr... . . , do. do.
Peter Schwanger_..... . . . do. . do.
_ Peter Fitting. . .‘_. .. . . . .East Hanover townshipo'r
' William Frantz. . . ... . . do. ’ do. ._
A.H.80,ver..........'. do. do. '
7 Thomas Dingle“ ..... . do. do. "
Peter Killinger. ... do. do.
Join: Buck. .. . . . . .. . . .West Hanover township.
, George Hoeker.. ... . . .Sonth Hanover township.
» E. W. Amm0n.....—... .Lower Paxton township:
Benjamin Geese]... .. . do. do.
Josethain...-. . ...... do. do.
'John W. Stoher . .-.- .. do. do.
Charles S. Rhonda. ... .Borongh of Dauphin.
. Joseph.oockley..... . do. do. »
Jacob Gayman......... do. do.
Frederick Stees...... .. . do. do.
Charles Freeland.... ..Middle Paxton township.
John Umbergor . ..." _ do. _ do. .
Frederick P}. Maus.. . . . do. do.
Jacob Fessler'... . . ._. . . .Reed township.
Melchoir H. Miller.... . do. do.
Nathsn Li chtenwalner.Ealifax ‘ ' do.
John Mar5h.....4.-.... do. do.
Louisa Wright. ... -... do. do.
John 8yr0de..... .. .. do. do. ‘
Henry B.‘ Casiow- .-.- do. do.
David Mi11er..... ......Jackson do.
Samuel Buck».-. -'-. '. . .‘Upper Paxton do.
John 80rdn5r......... do. _ do.
George Kain. . . . . .. . . .Wiconisco’ do.
Jacob P. Hoffman. .. .. do. do.
Daniel Bittermnn... . . . do. do.
. Jacob Tallman. .... . . ‘ do: do.
_. Daniel E. Wanner... ‘ do. do.
VMatilda Wingert..... . .‘Washington do.
Abraham Bohnernao... Mifllin do.
:.‘Benjnmin‘Bordnor.....‘ do. do.
John D. Baum.. . .... . .Borough of Grota.‘
Matthias Bellon.-..’...'- ' . do. ', do.
' John Miller'...‘...‘-. .. . do. Millersburg.
Thaddeus B. Freeland. , do. do.
, flp26-2m&ltw. - ' WM. MITCHELL, Clerk.
W A-L L P A P E R
CEILING PAPER, v, '
. , TRANSOM PAPER,
» ; . BORDERS, FIRE
, P . :“PRINTS, WINDOW
CURTAINS,T:ASS_ELS, ' . -.
AND FIXTURES,
' ; 4 AT LOW PRICES, at
, SCHEFFER’S Book-store.
25 Near the Harrisburg Bridgg»
mar , ,
ASS IGNEES’ SALE OF REAL ES
- TATE—The SUBSCRIBEBS will sell by public
outcry, at the Court House, It Harrisburg, on Suturdsy,
the 15th day of June mad. “,2 o’clock p. m ,
' The farm of John Wallower,‘Br., consisting of 186
acres, situated in Susquehanna township, shout; three
miles from Harrisburg, adjoining lsnds of John K. Fox,
John Ziun and others. ‘ ,
There are erected on the farm a. large Two-Story Stone
House, a Book Born, Tenn-nl5 Homes; Stables, am.
There is also a large orchard of apple, pear, peach and
cherry tree: of choice varieties in excellent belting
order. . V
Also, seven] veins of good Lime Stone, which have
been and can be worked to advantage.
The propErty will‘ he sold in a. body, or in parcels, to
suit' purchasers ; find the sale he peremptory.
‘GONDITIONE.—One-folllrth the purchase money to be
paid within one week of the day of sale. when pOssession
Wilkbe given subject to a lease running to ‘ho 15*! 0‘
Apr-11 next. fhe purchaser to be entitled to one-half
the crops; one-fourth onthe Ist day of October, the
residue on the Ist of April. The two last payments to
carry interest from the day of sale, and to be satisfacto
rily secured.
There will also be offered for sale at the same time
and place, the undivided half interest of 150 acres of
Coal Lands, demoted en the Short Mountain, Lykens
Valley, Dauphin county.
ap24-dtawéktd
REMO V A L . .
{l‘he subscriber ht! removed his PLUMBING- AND
BRASS FOUNDBI‘from Msrket street to Fourth atreefi
above Market, dpposite the Bethel Church Thanqul
for past patronage, he hopes, by strict Intention to bull--
man, to merit a. continuance of it. *
marm-dtf WM. PARKHIIJA. -
___—___________.m_
SCHUYLKILL AND SUSQUEHAN
NA RAILROAD COMPANY.—The Annual Meeting
Ind Election of the Stockholders of the Schuylkill and
Susquehanna Railroad Company, as required by their
charter, will be held at the continents-l Hotel, in the
city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. o'l Monday, May
“mum, at 12 o’clock, M., for the pm'llose of choc-ins
u. Presiden': and six Manager! to mm for the ensuing
yen, and 1130 for the oonsideutinn of Inch other buli
nou u may properly be brought before said meeting.
. ._ . .. FRANK S. BOND, Secret-:1.
April 18, “(BL—spud“ -
A. 0. HIESTER,
.0. F. MUENGH,
Assignees