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RATES OF ADVERTISING.
Four lines or Imai constitute half a equate. Ten Melt
or more than four, constitute a equate.
g o ifog_orteday- $0.25 One sq., °today-- $0.60
Li one weer. —. 1.00 44 one week.-- 1 . 25
t 4 one month- . 2.00 44 one month... 3. 00
t‘ three months. 3.00 44 three months. 6.00
44 simmonths - . 4.00 44 six months. - 8.00
(.4 one year. .gm « one year. -.- 10.00
Buelnesa notices inserted in the Loom. cka.mot, or
Were marriages and deaths, rms clans Pea Lute for eaeb
insertion. To merchauteand others advertising by 'Mayen
liberalte , as will be °Cued.
11:1 - The namberof inaertions must be designated= tbe
117" Marriages and Deaths will be inserted at the mane
ease regular Advertisements .
Booko, Statiotterp, gz,L.
SCHOOL BOOKS.—Sehool Directors,
Teachers, Parente, echelon, and ahem in wont of
School Books, School Stationery, &c., will in& a complete
assortment at E. M. POLLOCK & SON'S BOOK STORE,
odarket Sven, Harrisburg, comprising in part the follow-
BEADERS.—Meanffees Parker's, Cobb's, AngelPs
SPELLING BOOKS.—MeGnffey's, Cobb's, Webster's,
Ponies, Byerlfs. Combry's.
ENGLISH GBAMEMlS.—Ballion's, Smith's, Wood
bridge's, illoutsith,s, Tuthill's, Hart's, Wells'.
MSTolll.l3B.—Grimstutw% Davenport's, Frost's, Wil
son's, lirillard's, Goodrich's, Phu:ma's, tioldsmith's and
AKITHEISTIO'S.--Greenleat's, Stoddard's, Emerson's,
Pike's, Bose's, Colburn's, Smith and Duke's, Davie's.
ALGEDBAS.--ereenlear's, Davies, Day's, Bars,
DIOTIONARTS.—WaIker's School, Cobb's, Walker,
Worcester's Comprehensive, Worcester's Primary, Web.
ster's Primary , Webster's High School, Webster 's Quarto,
NATURAL PHILOSOPHIES.--Oomstocit's, Parker's,
Swift's. ' The above with a great variety of others can at
any time be found at my store. Also, a complete assort.
meat of School Stationery, embracing in the wht le a com
plete outfit for school purposes. Any book not in the store.
procured at one days notice.
Country Merchants supplied at wholesale rates.
ALMANACS.--John Baer and Son's Almanac for sale si
B. M. POLLOCK SON'S BOOK STORE, Harrisburg.
MCP Wholesale and Retail. myl
C. F. - VOLLMER
Is prepared to do all kinds of work in the
Pays particular attention to MAKING AND PUTTING
DOWN CARPETS, MAKING AND REPAIRING MAT
TRASSES, REPAIRING FURNITURE, /cc., ace. He
can be found at all times at his residence, in the rear of
the William Tell House, corner of Raspberry and Black
berry alleys. sep29-dly
T ETTE R, CAP, NOTE PAPERS,
JLI Pena, littlders, Pencils, Envelopes, Sealing Wax, of
the beat quality, at low prices, direct from the manu
SCHENTER , B CIEK/U' BOOIESTORN
LAW BOOKS ! LAW BOOKS ! !-A
-Li general assortment of LAW BOOKS, all the State
Reports and Standard Elementary Works, with many of
the old Eng li sh Reports, scarce and rare, together with
a large assortment of second-hand Law Books, at very
low prices, at the one price Bookstore of
S. M. POLLOCK. & SON,
myS Market Square, Harrisburg.
AN ARRIVAL OF
APPROPRIATE TO THE SEASON!
SILK LINEN PAPER
FANS! PANS!! FANS!!!
ANOTHER AND SPLENDID LOT OF
SPLICED FISHING R ODS!
?root Flies., Gut and Hair Snoods, G rass . Lines, Silk
and Hair Plaited Lines, and a general assortment of
FISHING TACKLE!! .
A. GREAT 'VARIETY OF
WA . LKINH CANES!
Which we will sell as cheap as the cheapest!
Silver Head Loaded Sword Hickory Fancy
Canes! Canes! Canes! Canes! Canes!
HELLER'S DRUG AND FANCY STORE,
NO. 91 MARKET STREET,
SOGth side, one door oast of Fourth street je9.
NVE OFFER - TO
A New Lot of
Of Beautiful Styles, substantially made
A Splendid Assortment of
A New and Elegant Perfume,
KNIGHTS TEMPLARS' tBOQUET,
Put up in Cut Glass Engraved Bottles.
A Complete Assortment of
Of the beat Manufacture.
A very Handsome Variety of
POWDER PUFF BOXES.
KELLER'S DRUG STORE,
701 el Market street.
CHEMICAL SPERM. CANDLES,
STAR (SUPERIOR) CANDLES,
A large invoice of the above in BUM% and for sale at
insucualty low fates, by
WM. DOOR, JD.,
Opposite the Court Home
GUN AND BLASTING POWDER.
JAMES M. WHEELER,
AGENT FAR ALL
POWDER AND FUSE
I. B. DUPONT DE NEMOURS it 00.,
r; iLmnvc7-ToN, DELAWARE.
Er A large supply always on band. For sate at manu
facturer's prices. Magazine two miles below town.
117-Orders received at Warehouse. nol 7
TUST RECEIVED—A large Stock of
ofi SCOTCH. ALES, BROWN: STOUT and LONDON
PORTER. For sale at the lowest rates y
JOHN H. ZIEGLER,
73 Market street.
:MACKEREL, (Nos. I, 2
SALMON, (very superior.)
MAD, (Mess and very fine.)
HERRING - , (extra. large.)
SMOKED HERRING-, (extra Digby.)
SCOTCH - HERRING.
SARDINES AND ANCHOVIES.
Of the above we have Mackerel in whole, half, quarter
and eighth bbls. Herring in whole and half bbls.
The entire lot new—DIBEBT FROM THE rimmazas, and
will sell them at the lowest market rates.
&114 Witl. DOCK, JR., & CO.
OKO RY WOOD !-A SUPERIOR LOT
11. just received, and for aale in quantities to suit pur
chasers, by JAMES M. WHEELER.
Also ' 0/4.13. AND PINE constantly on hand at the
lowest prices_ dee6
VANUA BIBLES, from 1$ to $lO,
strong and 'handsomely boand, printed on good paper,
With elegant clear new type, sold at
me= SCURFY BR'S Cheap Book•tare.
BOURBON WHISKY .-A very
rior Article of BOURBON WHISKY, in quart bot
tles, in store and for sale by JOHNH. ZIEGLER,
mars 73 Market Street.
HARRISON'SII. 60 BOXES OF THIS PBRFECT SOAP. For sale
at Manufacturer's prices. A. ROBINSON & CO.
HAVANA ORANGES I I !
Xi_ A prime lot just received by
oe3o. WM. DOCK, Js., & Co.
FOR a superior and cheap TABLE or
SALAD OIL go to
KELLER'S DIWO ovum_
THE Fruit Growers' Handbook—by
WARlNG—wholesale and retail at
BOBBY FMB Bookstore.
RPERM CANDLES.—A large supply
W/i. BOOS. & co.
ARDEN SEEDS ! ! !-A 'FRESH AND
COXPLETE assortment, just received and for sale by
.feb2.l WM. DOCK, dn., & CO.
4RANBERRIES ! I !--A SPLENDID LOT
just received by
VRANBERRIES--A very Superior lot
ki at oct2B.] WM. DOOR, Wu. & CO'S
WM. DOCK. Js., & CO.
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PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD. ,
WINTER TIME TABLE
FIVE TRAINS DAILY TO & FROM PHILADELPHIA
ON AND AFTER
MONDAY, NOVEMBER 26vn, 1860,
The Passenger Trains of the Pennsylvania Railroad Cora
puny will depart from and arrive at Harrisburg MI
Philadelphia as follows ;
THROUGH EXPRESS TRAIN leaves Harrisburg a
2.405. in., and arrives at West Philadelphia at 6.50 a. ZU
FAST LINE leaves Harrisburg at 12.55 p. m., and
arrives at West Philadelphia at 5.00 p. m.
MAIL TRAIN leaves Harrisburg at 5.15 p. m., and ar•
rives at West Philadelphia at 10.20 p. m.
These Trains make close connection at Philadelphia
with the New York Lines.
ACCOMMODATION TRAIN, No. 1, leaves Harrisburg
at 7.30 a. in., runs via Mount Joy, and arrives at West
Philadelphia at 12.30 p. m.
HARRISBURG ACCOMMODATION leaves Harris
burg at 1.15 p. m. , and arrives at West Philadelphia at
6.40 p. m.
ACCOMMODATION TRAIN, N 0.2, leaves Harrisburg
at 5.25 p. m. , runs via Mount Joy, connecting at Dille r
vilewith MAIL TRAIN East for Philadelphia.
THROUGH EXPRESS TRAIN leaves Philadelphia
10.50 p. in., and arrives at Harrisburg at 3.10 a. M.
MAIL TRAIN leaves Philadelphia at 8.00 a. 1:11. 3 an
arrives at Harrisburg at 1.20 p. in.
LOCAL MAIL TRAIN leaves Harrisburg for Pittsbui g
at 7.00 a. in.
FAST LINE leaves Philadelphia at 12.00 noon, and sr
riven at Harrisburg at 4.10 p. in.
HARRISBURG ACCOMMODATION TRAIN leaves
Philadelphia at 2.00 p. m., and arrives at Harrisburg at
7.85 p. m.
ACCOMMODATION TRAIN leaves Philadelphia
4.00 p. m., and arrives at Harrisburg at 9.45 p. m. -
Attention is called to the fact, that passengers leaving
Philadelphia at 4 p. m. connect it Lancaster with
MOUNT JOY ACCOMMODATION TRAIN, and arrive
Harrisburg at 9.45 p. m.
SAMUEL D. YOUNG,
Supt. East.'Div. Penn'a Railroad
NEW 'AIR LINE ROUTE
Shortest in Distance and Quickest in Time
BETWEEN THE TWO CITIES OP
NEW YORK AND HARRISBURG,
READING, ALLENTOWN AND EASTON
MORNING EXPRESS, West, leaves New York at 8
a. in., arriving at Harrisburg at 1 p. m., only 6X hours
between the two cities.
MAIL LINE leaves New York at 12.00 noon, and ar
rives at Harrisburg at 8.15 p. in.
MORNING MAIL LINE, East, leaves Harrisburg
8.00 a. 131., arriving at New York at 5.20 p. m.
AFTERNOON EXPRESS LINE, East, leaves Harris.
burg at 1.15 p. m. , arriving at New York at 9.45 p. m.
Connections are made at Harrisburg at 1.00 p. m. with
the Passenger Trains in each direction on the Pennsylva
Ilia, Cumberland Valley and Northern Central Railroads
All Trains connect at Reading with Trains for Potts.
villa and Philadelphia, and at Allentown for Maucb
Chunk, Easton, &c.
No change of Passenger Cars or Baggage between New
York and Harrisburg, by the 6.00 a. in. Line from New
York or the 1.15 p. in. from Harrisburg.
For beauty of scenery and speed, comfort and &mom
modation, this Route presents superior inducements to
the traveling public.
FarebetweenNew York and Harrisburg, Fry's DOLLARS
For Tickets and other information apply to
7. I. CLYDE, General Agent,
WINTERARRAN G EMENT.
ON AND Arun DEC. 12, 1860,
TWO PASSENGER TRAINS LEAVE HARRISBURG
DAILY, (Sundays excepted,) at 6.00 A. M., and 1.15 P.
M., for Philadelphia, arriving there at 1.25 P. M., and 6.15
RETURNING, LEAVE PHILADELPHIA at 8.00 A.M.
and 3.80 P. M., arriving at Harnabarg at 1 P M. and B.le
FARES :—To Philadelphia, No. 1 Caro, $3.25 ; Ne. 5,
Oa same train) $2.75.
FARES:—To Readinv; $1.60 and 31.80.
At Reading, connect with trains for Pottsvite, Paters
mile, Tamaqua, Oatawissa, dr,c.
FOUR TRAINS LEAVE READING FOR PHILADEL
PHIA DAILY, at 6A. M., 10.45 A. M., 12.80 noon and
3.48 P. M.
LEAVE PHILADELPHIA FOR READING at 8 A.
M.,1.00 P. M., 5.30 P. H., and 5.00 P. Iv:.
FARES:—Reading to Philadelphia, sl.7b and $1.45.
THE MORNING TRAIN FROM HARRISBURG CON
NECTS AT READING with up train for Wilkeabarre
Pittston and Scranton.
For through tickets and other information apply to
I. J. CLYDE,
dels4ltf General Agent.
SEDUCTION OF PASSENGER FARES,
ON AND AFTER MONDAY, APRIL 2, 11360
With 26 Coupons, will be issued between any points
desired, good for the holder and any member of his
family, in any Passenger train, and at any time—at 21
per cent. below the regular fares.
Parties having occasion to use the Road frequently on
business or pleasure, will find the above arrangement
convenient and erreomicali as Four Passenger train)
ran daily each wry between Reading and Philadelphia,
and Two Train, On' , r between Reading, Pottsville and
Harrisburg. Or eV MATO, onlyone morning train Down.
and one affair.'"). train Hp, runs between POttiVille and
Philadelphi r an 4 no Passenger train oh the Lebanon
Valley Brand. Railroad.
For the above Tickets, or any information relating
therete apply to S. Bradford, Esq., Treasurer, Philadel.
phis, a the respective Ticket Agents on the line, or to
G. A. NIOOLLS, General Supt.
March. 27, 1860.—mar26-dtf
NORTHERN CENTRAL RAILWAY.
CHANGE OF SCHEDULE.
• ON AND AFTER FRIDAY, MARCH lsr, 1861 the
Passenger Trains of the Northern Central Railway will
leave Harrisburg as follows :
ACCOMMODATION TRAIN will leave at.. 3.00 a. m.
EXPRESS TRAIN will leave at.......... 7.40 a. m
MAIL TRAIN will leave at . 1.00 1). re.
MAIL TRAIN will ILLve Lt.
EXPRESS TRAIN will leave at _.....8.50 p. m.
The only Train leaving Harrisburg on. Sunday will V e
the ACCOMMODATION TRAIN South. at 3.00 a. m.
For curther information apply at the office, in Penn
Sylvania Railroad Depot. JOHN W. HALL, Agent.
Harrisburg, March Ist-dtf.
DRIED BEEF—An extra lot of DRIED
meg just received by
nog WM. DOCK, JR., it CO.
BURLINGTON HERRING !
Just received by WM. DOCK, JR., & CO
V PTY BOTTLES ! I—Of all sizes
_EA and descriptions, for pale low by
dec6 WM. DOOR, 7a., & CO.
HARRISBURG, PA., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 3, 1861.
That we have recently added to our already full stook
FOR THE HANDKERCHIEF:
ODOR OF MUSK,
LUBIN'S ESSENCE BOUQUET.
FOR THE Ham;
MYRTLE AND VIOLET POMATUM.
FOR THE COMPLEXION:
TALO OF VENICE,
ROSE LEAF POWDER,
NEW MOWN HAY POWDER,
BLANC DE PERLES.
NEW MOWN HAY,
the largest stock and beet assortment of Toilet
Articles, we fancy that we are better able than our com
petitors to get up a complete Toilet Set at any price de
sired. Calf and see.
Always on hand, a FRESH Stock of DRUGS, MEDI
CINES, CHEMICALS,Ao , consequent of our re.
ceiving almost daily addi tions thereto.
KELLER'S DRUG AND FANCY STORE,
91 Market Street, two doors East of Fourth Street,
aerie South aide.
JACKSON & CO.'S
SHOE 'S TORE,
NO. 90X MARKET STREET ;
Where they intend to devote their entire time to the
BOOTS AND SHOES
Of all kinds and varieties, in the neatest and most fash
ionable styles, and at satisfactory prices.
Their stock will consist, in part, of Gentlemen's Fine
Calf and Patent Leather Boots and Shoes, latest styles;
Ladies' and Misses' Gaiters, and other Shoes in great
variety; and in fact everything connected with the
CUSTOMER WORE will be particularly attended to,
and in all cases will satisfaction be warranted. Lasts
fitted up by one of the beet makers in the country.
The long practical experience of the undersigned, and
their thorough knowledge of the business will, they
trust, be sufficient guarantee to the public that they
Will do them justice, and furnish them an article tha
will recommend itself for utility, cheapness and dura
bility. tjan9] JACKSON k CO.
THE AMERICAN BYRON
A- TALE OF LOVE AND WAR.
A Poem in the style of DON JUAN, and equal in
spirit, matter and manner to that brilliant production
of the 4, Barnatz' Bean." By a well known citizen.of
Philadelphia, who served with distinction in the late
War with Mexico.
PRICE SEVENTY-FIVE CENTS.
Eor sale at SO [METER'S BOOKSTORE,
niar6 No. 18 Market Street, Harrisburg, Pa.
A NEW FEATURE IN THE SPICE
IMPORTANT TO HOUSEKEEPERS ! ! !
E. It. DUES EE & CO'S SELECT SPICES,
In Tin Poi' ~ined with Paper,) and full Weigit.—
BLACK PLPPER, GINGER, NUTMEG, WHITE T'Et-
PER, ALLSPICE, MACE, CAYENNE PEpPEK,
CINNAMON. CLOVES, MUSTARD`.
In this age of adulterated and tasteless4stcl#ljkis
With eordidenoe , that we introduce to the 'eaten on of
Housekeepers these superior and genuine articles. We
guarantee them not only ABSOLUTELY AND PERFECTLY
PURE, but ground from fresh Spices, selected and cleaned
by us expressly for the purpose, without reference to
cosi. They are beautifully packed in tin foil, (lined with
paper.) to prevent injury by keeping, and are FULL
WEIGHT, while the ordinary ground Spices are almost
invariably short. We warrant them, in point of strength
and richness of flavor, beyond all comparison, as a sin
gle trial will abundantly prove.
Every package bears our TRADE MARK.
Manufactured only by E. R. DURKEE & CO., New
For sale by [feb27.] WM. DOCK, JR., &CO
ONLY YARRIN TOWN THAT DELIVERS
100 AL BY TUB
P A TENT WEIGH CARTS!
NOW IS THE TIME
For every family to get in their supply of Coal fo the
winter—weighed at their door by the Patent Weigh
Carts. The accuracy of these Carts no one disputes, and .
they never get out of order, as is frequently the ease ef
the rlatform Scales; besides, the consumer has the
satisfaction of proving the weight of his Coal at his
I have a large supply of Coal on hand, co-17.:.: 4 , 4 0g of
S. M. CO.'S LYKENS VALLEY COAL all sizes.
LYKENS VALLEY 14 if
WILKESBARRE ; do. •
BITIIMINOI7O BROAD TOP do.
All Coal of the beet quality mined, and delivered free
from all impurities, at the lowest rates ; by the boat or
car load, single, half or third of tons, and by the bushel.
JAMES M. WHEELER.
Harrisburg, September 24. 1860.—5ep25
HA T C H& C 0., .*:*
138 WALNUT STREET, PHILADELPHIA,
FLOUR, GRAIN, PRODUCE, COTTON,
WINES AND LIQUORS,
TOBACCO AND CIGARS.
DYOTTVILLE GLASS WORKS,
WINE, PORTER, MINERAL WATER, PICKLE AND
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
H. B. & G. W. TANNERS,
ocl9-dly 27 South Front steret, Philadelphia.
WARRANTED TWELVE MONTHS!
ANOTHER LOT OF
MORTON'S UNRIVALLED GOLD PENsi
PERSONS in want of a superior and really good COLD
PEN will find with me a large assortment to select from,
and have the privilege to exchange the Pens until their
hand is perfectly suited.- And if by fair means the Dia
mond points break off during twelve months, the pur
chaser shall have the privilege to select a new one,
without any charge.
I have very good Gold Pens, in strong silver-plated
cases, for $l, $1.25, $1 50. $ . 2.00
For sale at SUIIbFFER'S BOOKSTORE,
mar 26 No. 18 Market Street, Harrisburg, Pa.
A T C O S TI!!
BOTTLED WINES, BRANDIES,
LIQUORS OFETERY DESCRIPTION!
Together with a complete assortment, (wholesale and
retail,) emblacing everything in the line, will be sold at
cost, without reserve
janl WM. DOCK. Ja., & CO
ALEN TINES ! VALENTINES ! !
A large assortment of COMIC and SENTIMENTAL
VALENTINES of different styles and prices. For sale
at , KHMER'S BOOKSTORE,
feb9 18 Market Street, liarrisburg, Pa.
1...1M0KE SMOKE ! ! SMOKE ! !--Is
not objectionable when from a CIGAR purchased a
£RLLER'S DRUG IRMA 91 Market street. sepl9
Q4t ',Patriot rdnion.
WEDNESDAY MORNING. APRIL 3, 1861.
The gloomy forest in which I witnessed what
I am about to relate is situated at a short dis
tance from the town of Dielky, in the East India
Island of Timore.
On• a small plot of ground where stands a
group of about fifty buildings of most fantastic
shapes, each surrounded by its own inclosures,
live and die a few sickly Europeans and a num
ber of Malays who blacken their teeth with
betel, areka, and lime. Here they live, and
near them—so near indeed that he can reach
them at a single bound—lives the terrible boa
constrictor, who only devours myriads of in
sects when he happens not to have pounced
upon a buffalo in his rapid flight.
The buffalo is the boa's natural food. The
moment he has siezed upon an animal of this
description, he drags him toward one of the
sturdy giants of the forest, enfolds him,
squeezes him, and stifles him, in spite of his
sharp horns. his frightful bellowing and his
sturdy shoulders; then covers him with slime,
his rough tongue seeming at once to caress and
inject his victim; ho kneads his body, he
stretches it out and pounds his bones, and
when these hidious preparations are comple
ted, and his reptile instinct tells him that his
victim is in a state to be devoured, he lets it
fall, and placing himself at full length opposite
the lifeless buffalo's bead, opens his jaws, the
elasticity of which is almost beyond credence
—till his rings creak as they draw nearer each
other, and then draws a long breath, when
the quadruped is sucked in by a series of j erks,
and no sooner is its body half engulfed than
the voracious boa grows calm, feels drowsy,
and at length falls asleep as if wearied by a
struggle that has exhausted his strength. •
If theboa was alone before he attacked the
buffalo, and if his female is asleep at some dis
tance from him, you may. then approach in
full confidence, for you have nothing to fear
from his strength, his slime, nor his open jaws
that are yawning like some vast furnace. I
have said_ that he is asleep, but it would be
more correct to say dead, for he is as insensible
as the trunk of a tree.
There is no glory 98 you may perceive in
killing the boa in the state of torper is which
he is thrown at the beginning of his loathsome
repast, but as no one thinks of glory in the
daily war waged against this hidt ous reptile,
the best plan is to take him in the midst of
his feast, and for several men to kneel down
from-his head to the middle of his body, as if
before,some.venerated idol, and then to place
a poisoned arrow on a string made of the en
trails of fish,
and, at a given sig n al, to let fly
simultaneously at this crawlingLucullus, who
is struck by death in the midst of his feast.
Hunting a boa is far more perilous, and, for
my part., I should a thousand times prefer at
tacking a tiger or a hungry lion in the desert,
than the dreaded boa constrictor in the forest..
Bullets are ineffectual against him—for how
were it. possible to direct them with a sure aim
in the midst of his rapid undulation, as the
flickering of a flame ? Besides, where is your
enemy ? You fancy you hear him rustling un
der your feet, when, lo! he is hanging by the
last rings of his tail to some high branch,
swinging to and fro ready to dart upon you,
and crush you to atoms as he would a buffalo.
It may be, as there is no sting to be feared,
that you may have eulficient presence of mind
to divide the reptile's body with your sword;
hut, for my part, I should g ive myself up as
lost the moment his slimy body had encircled
me in its folds, and I should only believe in
the success of yourattempt, if you assure me
you are born a Malay, and inhabit Timore.
The depredations on the herds of buffaloes
belonging to Europeans and to the - Rajahs
tributary to the Resident of Dielky, committed
by the boas of the forest adjoining this unfortu
nate colony, had become so frequent and so
fatal that the Governor, Jose Pinto Alcoferado
de Azevedo Souzza, determined at length . to
organize hunting parties for the purpose of
destroying, or at any rate driving away, these
dangerous reptiles. For this purpose he en
listed a number of stout-hearted, energetic
men, who were not afraid of entering the gloomy
forest by day or by night, and making war
on its dreadful rulers. Their weapons consisted
of the formidable crisle, whose undulating blade
is generally steeped in the yellowish gum of
the upas-tree, and of short jagged arrows that
are placed in the shape of a fan, on their chests,
and which they dart at the monster whenever
they surprise him asleep. But so many of the
hunters fell victims to the reptile, that they at
length gave up this mode of attack, for which
condemned felons were chiefly employed.
After these unsuccessful attempts, which
would have finished by depopulating the island
far more rapidly than dysentery or the most
pernicious fevers, Dou Jose Pinto determined
to set fire to the wood, even at the expense of
a general conflagration throughout the island.
He, however, adopted every precaution re
quired under the circumstances; and as soon
as the buffaloes that were sent forward to be
sacrificed to the reptiles, had given token of
the presence of one or more of these monsters,
he caused a quantity of trees to be felled in a
circle round the spot thus indicated. And as
the serpent remains in a state of torpor for some
months after his repast, the courageous wood
cutters had only to be on their guard against
those-reptiles which had not yet gorged them
selves, but were not sufficiently bold to attack
a troop of men ready to repel them.
No sooner were the time honored trunks
felled to the ground, together with the luxuri
ant branches, so varied and so fantastic in
their shapes, than whole armfuls of dry leaves
were cast into a heap in the middle, these were
set on fire, and the fire was continually fed by
fresh fuel cast in from the outer circle, and
then through the fitful undulations of the
lambent flames the dreaded boas might be
seen writhing round and round in the fiery
circle, in their struggles to escape from death ;
then leaping at a bound to the topmost
branches of the trees, and attempting to clear
the belt of flames that hedged them in—but in
vain were their endeavors. They fell exhausted
in the midst of the furnace, and breathed their
last amid the most hideous contortions, ex
pressive of the horrors of so agonizing a death.
Some of them, however, as Don Jose Pinto
assured me, contrived to leap beyond the scene
of danger, rushed upon the intrepid Malays,
several of whom forfeited their lives before the
reptiles could be subdued.
But it is when the boa oomPs forth from the
gloomy and silent forest-, omicseours the plain
to enjoy the light and the sunshine, that hu
man life is in the greatest jeopardy, even in the
most securely closed habitations. The boa
constrictor possesses all the cunning and hy
pocrisy of the jackal and the tiger; he crawls
along stealthily through the fences, fellowifig
all the sinuosities of the soil, so as not to make
a noise by striking against any object that
might impede his passage. He stoops his head
beneath the leaves and branches of the shrubs,
and then raises it up again with due caution,
having previously listened to ascertain whether
there might be some easy prey near at hand,
after which he crawls onward in the direction
of the spot he aims at, when suddenly by a
series of rapid bounds and evolutions, that can
be compared to nothing more aptly than the
streamer on the mainmast of a vessel dallying
with the wind, he twists himself, now to the
right, now to the left, then turns backward,
and anon leaps forward as though he were
seized with a vertigo. But in this fevered state
the boa has marked his victim, and his greedy
eye has at once discerned which animal will
afford him the largest digestion.
Such of the natives of Timore as are employed
on plantations open to the incursions of the boa,
have therefore devised the following stratagem:
They tie up a buffalo with strong ropes to a
tree or a rock, with crenated openings, where
they can ensconce themselves in safety, while
they are enabled to watch their enemy's manoeu
vres. The boa now rushes upon its victim, and
the suppressed roar of the buffalo soon pro
claims the reptile's triumph and the feast that
-But it must not be imagined that when the
monster is impelled by hunger be acts in the
cautious manner I have just described—just
the contrary; at such times his bearing is bold
and decisive ; be towers proudly above the tall
heath, uttering a hissing sound like the moan
ing of the -wind in a tempest, and following as
straight a line as an arrow shot out of a bow by
some practiced hand. Then, oh ! then, woe to
the unhappy man upon whom this hideous rep
tile is about to rush ! Nothing can save him
from his deadly grasp, and frequently have
several fallen a prey to his voracity, when he
stalks with a rapidity far exceeding that of the
most nimble tiger.
It is difficult to comprehend the wonderful
elasticity of the boa's jaws. His head is no
larger than a man's two fists put together, yet
his jaws expand without any great effort, and
engulf masses of astounding onormity. Thus
when the whole body of the buffalo has been
consigned to his living tomb, you may see the
boa's scaly skin distended . by a number of
domes, while the victim's horns rise up like two
sharp peaks, as if about to pierce through the
hard walls of a prison.
But of all sights in the world, none is at
once more curious and more frightful than an
encounter between two boas, which are con
tending for the possession of a female or of a
Don Jose Pinto and !witnessed an encounter'
of this kind one evening, taking care, however,
to keep at a respectful distance.
We took up our positions on a lofty Belvi
dere, from whence, though at a distance of
about a thousand footsteps from the scene of
action, we could bear the sonorous hissing—
more ike gusts of wind than anything else—of
combatants, about to enter the lists. We saw
the scattered branches on the ground rising
like whirlwinds in mid-air, impelled by the
rapid evolutions of the two infuriated combat
ants, and flying like rockets in all directions.
The two boas reached, at a bound, the solid
branches of a couple of trees standing near each
other; and then there was a kind of lull, only
interrupted by the feverish rustling of the
thick foliage, in which the terrible combatants
On a sudden the trees quivered all over, and
two sturdy cables rushed at each other. These
cables were the two inveterate foes hanging by
the last ring of their tails, each to a branch,
entwined in, each other's folds, like cemented
stones of a bridge; and poised above the abyss
below. Sometimes they formed a convex, and
at other times a concave arch, Then they re
mained motionless awhile; yet even during their
apparent immobility, they would crush and,
pound each other's rings, and under this seem
ing calm there was rage, despair, and gnashing
of teeth. The body of one of the boas must
drop lifeless to the ground, and the other fall
asleep beside his vanquished foe.
The struggle had lasted for about a quarter
of an hour, when the two champions, as if by
mutual agreement, loosened their hold of each
other, and retreated each to his former station,
• till the hostilities should be resumed. The war
cry was a kind of stifled hiss,but more prolonged
than the two first we had heard,after which both
monsters slid down the smooth trunk of the
tree they had chosen for the field of b.dtle, and
then followed a violent attack as rapid aslight
fling's fierce onslaught, and the last agonies of
one of the combatants seemed almost simulta
neous. One of the reptiles had drawn his ad
versary within his vortex, and the rings of his
tail were relaxing their hold by slow degrees.
The bodies of the two monsters were now side
by side, and stretched at full length. ()Demme
motionless; the other more agitated, and after
carefully coiling himself round the tree, he at
length stifled his adversary within his deadly
A SNORING WlEB.—Talk about your scolding
wives and your smoky chimneys, but they ain't
nowhere—they ain't a circumstance I I would
rather have a chimney that emits smoke enough
to cure the whole family, and be forced to live
with a dozen Xautippes all together—let them
be ever so much predisposed in favor of
" sprinkling" with (un) " holy water"—than
to have to " put up" with a snoring wife !
Oh! The very idea makes a nervous man
tremble from the top of his stove-pipe hat to
about a foot below the soles of his boots ! A
snoring wife ! 800-o-o•o !
But I started out to tell a story, and I am
going to do it.
Well, "In life's morning march when my
bosom was young." I wooed and won the beau
tiful and accomplished Miss. Ann Dash. The
difficulties of the courtship I will not here enu
merate, for they will not weave into the plan of
this story, which is•intehded to be short—very
The appointed time for the wedding arrived,
and hundreds of young people, from far and
near, assembled at the mansion of the old man
Dash to witness the ceremony, and "trip the
light fantastic toe." It was a brilliantwedding,
and " happiness—our being's end and aim"—
was ours. When a couple really love, their
wedding day is the happiest of their lives ; and
if they should be unfortunate in after life, they
look back to that day as a bright oasis in the
desert of their memory. About two o'clock in
the morning the company broke up, and we
went to bed. * * *
Before I got to sleep, Nancy began to snore!
I was dumbfounded. " Great God :" I men
tally ejaculated, "is this a reality ? Is it pos
sible that I am bound up for life to a woman
who snores Y" I was miserable. I thought over
Pope's couplet :
"Oh! thoughtless mortal, ever blind tr) fate,
Too soon dejected and too soon elate!"
Here I had been just a moment before in ec
stacies over the possession of, as I thought, a
treasure! Can I love her? I asked of my heart.
And the answer instantly came : "It is impos.
sible !" I debated with myself whether or
not I should "secede," but snoring was not a
ground of divorce. It ought to be—"you can
bet." I sat up in the bed, and from thinking, I
went to talking:
g, I can't and won't stand this. I'll just get
up and leave, let the consequences be what they
may. I loved her, I know, but I did not know
that she snored
About this time I noticed That she had quit
snoring, and was shaking the bed with sup
And I began to see that I was sold. There
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Connected with this establishment is an extensive
JOB OFFICE, containing a variety of plain and fancy
type, unequalled by any establishment in the interior of
the State, for which the patronage of the piano is so
never was a poor wight before nor since that
rejoiced more at discovering that be had been
" Why," said she; " I thought you promised
to take me for better or for worse, but here you
are raising a row, and threatening to leave me
at the first little fault you find about me."
" Well," said, I, " I will make the same pro
mise again, if you won't snore; but I'll be
hanged if I would live with a_snoring wife ten
ORIGIN OP THE Grrsias.—The Gypsies are
not Egyptians, as is commonly supposed, but
are of the lowest class of Indians among the
estates of Hindostan, commonly called Pariars,
or in Hindostan, Sunders. They are found in
Persia, Turkey, Russia, Hungary, and most of
the continental nations, amounting to more
than seven hundred thousand; they all speak
one language, differing only in a slight degree
from each other, as the provincial accents of a
kingdom may differ, and this language is nearly
the same—the• Hindostanee. The emigration
of this people from their own country is at
tributed to the war of Timour Beg, (408,) at
which period their arrival -in Europe is con
firmed by historical authorities. So cruel was
the conqueror, that one hundred thousand, who
surrendered as slaves, were put to death ; in
consequence of which, a universal panic seized
the inhabitants, and they fled in all directions,
the Sundays gradually finding their way into
Europe. The features of the Gypsies plainly
showed their eastern origin ; but they had so
well contrived to dupe the European inhabi
tants that, till the advancement of Oriental lit
erature, their country could never be clearly
traced. In England, where they arrived in the
time of Henry VIII, they met the taste of the
vulgar by pretended skill in astrology, and the
art of palmistry, bringing with them their na
tive tricks of juggling. -That the Gypsies are
of the race mentioned, can scarcely be doubted,
when we put all the reasons together for estab
lishing the theory. The date of the scattering
of the Indian tribes by Timour Beg agrees with
that of their emigration to Europe ; their lan
guage accords with that of Hindostanee ; their
persons strongly resemble the people of that
country—so much so, that the troops of Hin
doetan struck the British officers with surprise
when they joined their armies, as so nearly re
sembling these people ; and their customs and
mode of life in every respect are perfectly in
accordance with those of the Sunders; both are
filthy and disgusting in their habits ; both are
given to steal ; both dislike to communicate
their language to strangers ; they are remarka
bly fond of horses ; they prefer food killed by
disease ; they have similar dances; they are
alike wanderers, and are averse to civilized
life; they equally dislike agricultural pursuit*
and practice music, or travel about with their
tinker's tools, ready to work at every door ;
their marriage customs are similar. The be
lief that the Gypsies were Egyptians arose from
the report circulated by the first of them, that
they were pilgrims from Egypt. The Gypsies
have no particular religion, all professedly
conformit b , . to that of the countries where they
dwell, but being for the most part, destitute of
WONDERFUL CALC UL ATION .—A writer thus
undertakes to convey some idea of the great
ness of the population of China:
"The.mind cannot grasp the real import of
so vast a number. Four hundred millions !
What does it mean? Count it. Night and
day, without rest, or food, or sleep, you con
tinue the weary work ; yet eleven days have
passed before you have counted the first mil
lion, and more than as many years before the
end of the tedious task can be reached."
He also supposes this mighty multitude to
take up its line of march, in a grand proces
sion, placed in single file at six feet apart, and
marching at the rate of thirty miles per day,
except on the Sabbath, which is given to rest.
'bay after day the moving column advances,
the head pushing on far toward the rising sun,
now bridges the Pacific, now bridges the Atlan
tic. And now the Pacific is crossed, but still
the long procession marches on, stretching
across high mountains, and sunny plains, and
broad rivers, through China and India, and the
European kingdoms, and on again over the
stormy bosom of the Atlantic. But the circuit
of the world itself affords no standing room.—
The endless column will double upon itself, and
double again and again, and shall girdle the
earth eighteen times before the great reservoir
which furnishes these numberles multitudes is
exhausted. Weeks, months, and years roll
away, and still they come—men, women, and
children. Since the march began the little
child . has become a man, and yet on they come
in unfailing numbers. Not till the end of forty
one years will the last of the long procession
Such is China in its population; and if liomer
could preach eloquently on the vanity of man
as a mortal, with equal eloquence, had he seen
or contemplated the millions of China, could
he have preached on the vanity of man as an
GALLANTRY AN]) COURAGE OF COL. SUMNER.—
His Love ,Affair with the Queen of Spain.—The
Mac-a-Cheek Press relates this instance of the
courage and gallantry of Col. Sumner, late
companion of Mr. Lincoln on his journey to
In the summer of 1855 hq was sent to Europe
on a special mission connected with the War
Department, and made at the same time bearer
of dispatches to our Legation at Madrid, by
Gov. Marcy, the then Secretary of State.
Cob Sumner's dispatches referred to the
Black Warrior affair, and Col. Sumner proceeded
at once to deliver them to Mr. Soule, our Min
The Col. was presented, of course, to the
Queen of Spain, and said some handsome things
to liar Majesty, which Mr. Soule's wady wit
and oily tongue made very sparkling in the
translation from English into Spanish. The
Queep was struck. We would not be considered
extravagant by those knowing the parties and
remembering the Colonel's tall, handsome per
son and soldierly address, and the susceptibility
of Her Majesty, to say that the Queen was
That same afternoon the Colonel received a
polite note from Her Majesty, inviting him to a
little supper, in the gardens of the palace, to
which only her intimate friends and associates
"Ah ! this is a compliment—a high'honor,"
said Mr. Soule.
"Well, sir," responded the Colonel, "at what
hour precisely shall I go ?"
"But you will not go," said Soule.
"Why not. ?"
"These Spaniards are very much excited
about this Cuban business; hate us Americans;
and if you go near the palace after night you
will be watched, followed and assassinated. I
dare not do such a thing." '
"Mr. Soule," responded Col. Sumner, with
emphasis, "when a pretty woman invites me
to supper I go, assassination or no assassina
The Colonel was as good as his'word. At the
proper time he tucked his sword under his arm
and drove away. Fie appeared the next morn
ing at breakfast in his usual health and spirits.
Such men are seldom assassinated.