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ATES OF ADVERTISING
Your lines or 1838 COnstitute half a square. Ten lion
o r more than four, constitute a square.
Oalfsq.,oneday— -- $0.25 One sq., ay -40.30
gg one week. —. 1.00 g g one week..... 1.25
i c one month -.. 2.00 gg one month.
three months. 3.00 ea threes~ nuths. 6.00
c sirmonths— . 4.00 gg six months.— 8.00
tr. one year.— 5.00 gg one year.--10.00
irr Busineas notices inserted in the Looai. comma, or
before marriages and deaths, Well onsis Pell Linn fur each
insertion. to reerchantsand °there advertialugby theyear
liberalte, vs will be offered.
117" rtions must beaesignbted,on the
The numberof inse
ET Marriages and Deaths will be ingsrted at the mime
seas regular advertisemnts. -
_ - ,
110010, Otattoltern, fzr.
o fIOOL BOOKS.--School Directors
Teachers, Parents, Scholars, and others, in want of
School Books, School Stationery, &c., will find a complete
assortment at E. M. POLLOCK & SON'S BOOK STORE,
Diarket Square , Harrisbuig, comprising in part the follow-
I—ADEBS.—MeGuffef s, Parker's, Cobbl , Ad's
SPELLING BOOKS.—McGuffey's, Cobb's, Webster's,
coVa' Byerly' s. Combry's.
ENGLISH GP.AMMARS..BIIIIion's, Smith's, Wood
b r idge's, Monteith s, Tuthill s , Carve, We ll s',
RISTORIES.—:-Grimshwa, Davenport's, Prost% Wil
son% Willard's, Goodrich's, Pinnock's, Goldemitia's and
ARlTHALETlCGreenleataii, Stoddard's, Emerson's,
,rike's, Bose's, Colburn's, Smith and Duke's, Davie's.
AV1E1313113.--Greenleaf's, Davie's, Day's, Rare,
RICTIONARYI3.—WeiIIer's Scheel, Cobb% Walker,
School,'Woreesters -Primary, Web
ster's Pr te iMarys C,
Webster's High Webster's Quarto,
NATURAL PIIILOSOPHIS.--ConistoeVe Parker's,
Swim's. The abode with a great variety of ot hers can at
any time be found at my store. Also, a comp
meat of School Stationery, embracing in the a cstoreom
plate outfit for school purposes. Any book not w
in hi le
premed It one days notice.
fir Country Merchants supplied at wholesale rates-
ALMANACS.—John Baer and Son's Almanac tor sale al
B. M. POLLOCK & SON'S BOOK STORE, 'H
Kr Wholesale and Retail,
ADAMANTINE sLa TES
- OB 1TA810176 AIM AND kR/ONSI
Which, for beauty and use, cannot be excelled.
REMEMBER THE PLACBI
NO. 18 MANINT STREW. mart
N 2W BOOKS!
"SEAL AND SAY," by the author of ~ Wide, Wide
World" "Doll ere and Cents," Ito.
"HISTORY OR METKODISM,"byA.Stecens,LL.D
For sale at SCHEFFERS BOOK STOR,
ape No. 18 Mark. at
A LARGE AND - SPLENDID ASSORTMENT OF
RICHLY GILT AND ORNAMENTAL
Of various DesiguS and Colors, for 8 cents,
TISSUE PAPER AND CUT FLY PAPER,
At [miISCREFFER' S BOOKSTORE,
WALL PAPER! WALL PAPER, I
girist received, onr Spring Stock or WALL re.rmn,
BORDERS, FMB SCREENS, Its., &c. It is thelargest
and beat selected assortment in the city, ranging in price
from six (8) nimbi Up to one dollar and squatter 01.254
As we purchase very low for cash, we are prepared to
sell at as low rates, if not lower, than can be had else.
where, If purchasers will call and examine, we feel
confident that we can please them in respect - to price
and quality. E_ M POLLOCK & SON,
a p3 Below Jones' House, Market Square,
LETTER, CAP, NOTE PAPERS,
Pons, Holders, Pencils, Envelop..., Sealiv.o Wax, of
the best quality, at low prices, direst from the manu
maid° WHEFFEH'S CHEAP BOOKSTORE
"LAW BOOKS I LAW BOOKS I I-A
-LA general assortment of - LAW BOOKS, all the State
Reports and Standard Elementary Works, with many of
the old Raglish Reports, scarce and rare, together with
large assortment of second-band Law Books, at very
low prices, at the one prim Bookstore of'
E. M. POLLOCK at SON,
myg Market Square, Harrisburg.
AN ARRIVAL OF
APPROPRIATE TO THE SEASON!
BILK LINEN PAPER
FANS! FANS!! FANS!!!
ANOTICER AND SIPLENDID LOT Or
SPLICED FISHING ADDS!
Trout Flies, Out and. Hair Snoods, Grass Lines, Silk
and.llair Plaited Lines, and a general assortment of
A GREAT VARIETY OF . .
WALKING - CANE S!
Which we will sell as cheap as the Cheapest!
Head Loaded sword Hic kory Fancy
Canes! Canes! Canes! Ganes! Canes!
ICRLLBRII DRUG AND FANCY SIOUX,
no- 91 MARKET STREET,
South ado, one door east of Fourth street je9.
0 A L!!!
.117" ONLY $1.75 PER TON!!!_r11
THEYERTON NUT COAL for sale at $1.75 per ton,
delivered by Patent Weigh Carts.
PINEGROVE COAL, just received by cars, for sale by
feb2l. JAMES M. WHEELER.
GARDEN SEEDS ! 1 1-A 'FRESH AND
COMPLETE assortment, just received and for sale by
feb2l WM. DOCK, JR., & CO.
TUST RECEIVED—A large Stock of
0 SCOTCH .A.LES, BROWN STOUT and LONDON
PORTER. For sale at the O lowest rates by .
JOHN H. ZIEGLER,
73 Market street.
S III!F I. 8 Hill
NACKEREL, (Nos.l, 2 and 3.)
SALMON, (very enperior.)
SHAD, (Hem and very WO
HERRING, (extra large.)
SHORED HERRING, (extra Digby.)
SARDINE!! AND ANCHOVIES.
Of the above we have Mackerel in whole, half, quarter
and eighth bbls. Herring in whole andf bble.
The math* 11.8WDIRSOT FRQX Ins ca l f ntmse, and
will sell them at the lowest market rates.
sepl4 WM. DOCK, in., & CO.
DUO DE MONTIZELLO,
HEIDSIECK & CO.
GIEBLIBR & CO"
MUMBI. & CO.ll
In store and for sale by
JOHN H. ZIEGLER,
73 Market street.
- - WOKORY WOOD! !--A. SUPE R IOR LOT
Nil just received, and for sale la quantities to suit pur
l:Mena, by JAMES M. WHEELER.
Also, OAK AND PINK constantly oa haul at the
/Solvent prices. dccB
" Y BIBLES, froth. 1$ to $lO,
J. „ke n and handsomely bound, printed on good paper,
wini a poit olear —ll,l7oipwB Oh BOO t
CitANBERRIES ! I I-A SPLENDID LOT
Jut received by
VOR a superior and cheap TABLE or
SALAD OIL go to .
ANIAISIVO D 2.40 STOUP.
Fruit Growers' liandboOk—by
WARlNG—wholemilit and retia at •
SRPERM CA.NDLES.—A large sapply
Ind remind by
sepi • WM; DOOK. JB., & 00.
YELLER'S DRUG STORE jkl
__ . tbe Place
1.3 1 .. to flog Vie bat susortment of Portfikonagaigl'
• WM. DOCK. la., & CO
, • -
411 0 1'
Lin:s of arautl,
WINTER TIME TABLE
FIVE TRAINS DAILY TO & FROX PHILADELPHIA
ON AND AFTER
MONDAY, 'NOVEMBER 2611 i, 1860,
The Pea Banger Trains of the P entieylvania Railroad Coi's
parry will depart from and arrive at Harrisburg md
Philadelphia as follows :
THROUGH EXPRESS TRAIN leaves Harrisburg a
2.40 a. in., and arrives at West Philadelphia at 6.50 a. ZEI
FAST LINE leaves Harrisburg at 12.86 p. in., and
arrives at West Philadelphia at 5.00 p.
MAIL TRAIN leaves Harrisburg at 5.15 p. m., and ar•
rives at West Philadelphia at 10.20 p. m.
These Trains make close connection at Philadelphia
with the New York Lines.
ACCOMMODATION TRAIN, No. 1, leaves Harrisburg
at 7.30 a. In., runs via Mount Jay, and arrives at West
Philadelphia at 12.30 p. m.
HARRISBURG ACCOMMODATION leaves Harris
burg at 1.15 p. m., and arrives at West Philadelphia at
6.40 p. in.
ACCOMMODATION TRAIN, N 0.2, leaves Harrisburg
at 5 25 p. m., runs via Mount Joy, connecting at Diller.
'dile with. MAIL TRAIN Bast for Philadelphia.
THROUGH EXPRESS TRAIN leaves Philadelphia
10.50 p. in., and arrives at Harrisburg at 8.10 a. m.
MAIL TRAIN leaves Philadelphia at 8.00 a. m., as
arrives at Harrisburg at 1.20 p. in.
LOCAL MAIL TRAIN leaves Harrisburg for Pittsbur
at 7.00 a. m.
FAST!DINE lemma riatiatdpida at 12 . 00 noon; an d ar
rives at Harrisburg st 4410 p. m.
HARRISBURG ACCOMMODATION TRAIN Leaves
Philadelphia at 2.00 p. m., and arrives at Harrisburg at
7.35 p. m..
ACCOMMODATION TRAIN leaVes Philadelphls
4.60 p. m, and arrives at Harrisburg at 0.45 p. m.
-.Attention is called to the fact, that passengers leaving
Philadelphia at 4 p. m. connect at Lancaster with
MOUNT JOY ACCOIIIS,IODA.TION . TRAIN, and arrive
Harrisburg at 0.45 p.
SAMUEL D. YOUNG,
- n023-dtt Supt. East. . Div. Pentea Railroad.
NENV AIR LINE ROUTE
.T 0 .
Shattest in Distance and Quickest in Tinu
BETWEEN THE TWO CITIES OP
NEW YORK AND HARRISBURG,
READING, ALLENTOWN AND EASTON
MORNING EXPRESS, West, leaves New York at 0
a. in, arriving at Harrisburg at 1 p. m., only 6,11 hours
between the two cities.
MAIL LINE leaves New York at 12.00 noon, and ar
rives at Harrisburg at 8.15 p. m.
MORNING MAIL LINE, Ent, leaves Harrisburg
8.00 a. m., arriving at New York at 5.20 p. m.
AFTERNOON EXPRESS LINE, East, leaves Harris.
burg at 1.15 p. m., arriving at New York at 9.45 p. m.
Connections are made at Harrisburg at I.oop. in. with
the Passenger Trains in each direction on the Pennsylva.
Cumberland Valley and Northern Central Railroads
All Prelim connect at Beading WiSh Frans for Potts.
ville and Philadelphia, and at Allentown for Manch
Chunk, Easton, Ac. .
No change of Passenger Oars or Baggage between New
York and Harrisburg, by the 6.00 a. m. Line from Nets
York or the 1.15 p. in. from Harrisburg.
For beauty of scenery and speed, comfort and *own
Medatioall, this Route presents superior inducements to
the traveling public.
FarebetweenNew York and Harrisburg, F !vs DOLLARS
For Tickets and other information apply to
J. J. CLYDE, General Agent,
ON AND AFTER DEC. 12, 1860,
TWO PABB3NOBR TRAINS LEAVE HARRISBURG
DAILY ) (Sundays eicepted,) at LOU A. hf., and Mt P.
X., for Philadelphia, arriving there at 1.25 P.M., and 6.15
RETURNING, LEAVE PHILADELPHIA at 8.00
and 3.30 P.M., arriving at Harrisburg at 1 P. M. and 8.10
FARES :—To Philadelphia ; No. 1 Cars, $8.25; No. 2,
an same train) $2.75.
PARES :.—To lleadinr $1 End p.so.
At Reading, connect with trains for Pottsvilo, Moen
villa, Tamaqua, Catawissa, dr.e.
FOUR TRAINS LEAVE READING FOR PHILADEL
PHIA DAILY, at 6A. N., 10.45 A. N., 12.80 noon and
3.43 P. M.
LEAVE PHILADELPHIA FOR READING at 8 A.
M.,1.00 P. M., 3.80 P. M., and 5.00 P. hi.
FARES:—Reading to Philadelphia; $1.75 and $1.45.
THE MORNING TRAIN FROM HARRISBURG CON
NECTS AT BEADING with up train for Willresbarrs
Pittaton and Scranton.
For through tickets and other information apply to
7. . CLYDE,
dels.dtf General Agent.
REDUCTION 02 PASSENGER FARES,
ON AND AFTER MONDAY, APRIL 2, 1860
With 26 Coupons, will be issued between any points
desired, good for the holder and any member of his
family, in any Passenger train, and at any time —. it 2b
per cent. below the regular fares.
Parties having occasion to use the Road frequently on
business or pleasure, will find the above arrangement
convenient and. eitmOmieal; 35 FORT Passenger trains
run daily each wry between Reading and Philadelphia,
and Two Train" dr‘'w between Reading, Pottsville and
Harrisburg. Or fiusdays onlyone morning train Down,
and one afterr ere train U p , runs between Pottsville and
Philadelphir and no Passenger train on the Lebanon
Valley Brrneb Railroad.
For the above Tickets, or any information relating
thereto apply to 8: Bradford, Esq., Treasurer, Philadel.
phis • the reopectivn Tieket Agents on the line, or to
G. A. NIOOLLB, General Sup't.
March 27, 1860.—nuu28-dtf
FIRST CLASS GROCERIES !
nkviNO, JUST RITURN&D from the Eastern cities, where
we haiomelected with,the greatest care a large and corn
pieta assortment of superior GOODS, which embraces
everything kept in the beat City Groceries, we respect.
fully and cordially invite the public to examine ear
stock and hear our prices.
feble, WM. DOCK, Ja., & CO.
THE AMERICAN READER !
A popular and very interesting Reader, designed for
the use of
ACADEMIES AND SCHOOLS
generally throughout our country, and now in the useof
the Public Schools of the First School District of Penn-
Sylvania, by order, and with the unanimous vote of the
Board of School Controllers of said District. It may be
had on application to the Author and Publisher South
west corner f Lombard and 23d streets, Phil ad elphia,
for $6.50 per dozen, or 75 cents per copy.
Orders may be left at this office for any quantity or
number of them, and they will be promptly delivered to
address free of freight or porterage. febl9-dens.
A rPLE 'vvILISXY ;-Pilitm EltSt7 AP
rue !—ln store and for sale by
JOHN H. ZIEGLER,
• febT 73 Market street.
DRIED BEEF—An extra lot of DRIED
BMW just received by
UO9 WM. DOOM, Js., & CO.
BLJELINGTON HERRING 1
Juiri received by WM. DOM : 73, & CO
HNRRISI3URG, PA., SATURDAt, MARCH 2, 1861.
That we have recently added to our already fall stock
HARI KARI, -
FOR THE HANDKERCHIEF :
ODOR OF mum
LUBIN'S ESSENCE BOUQUET ,
FOR THE HAIR:
MYRTLE AND VIOLET POMATUM.
FOR THE COMPLEXION:
TALC OF VENICE,
ROSE LEAF POWDER,
NEW MOWN HAY POWDER,
BLANC DE PERLES.
MOSS ROSE, '
NE* MOWN HAY
Having the largest stock and bad assortment of Toilet
Articles, we fancy that we are better able than our com
petitors to get up a complete Toilet Set at any price de
sired. Call and see.
Always on. band a FRESH Stock of DRUGS, MEDI
CINES, CHEMICALS, , consequent of our re
ceiving almost daily additions thereto.
KELLER'S DRUG AND FANCY STORE,
91 Market Street, two doors- East of Fourth Street,
eepe So'uth side.
JACKSON & CO.'S
NO ~90X MARKET B.TR . E,ET,
,Where they.intend to devote their entire time to the
•B - OOTS. AND SHOES
Of :all kinds and varieties, in the neatest and most faPh
ionable styles, and at satisfactory prices.
Thai stock 7111 consist, in part, of Gentlemen's Fine
Clq and Patent. Leather Boots and Shoes, latest styles i
Ladies' and Misses' Gaiters, and other Shoes in great
variety; and in fact everything connected with the
CUSTOMER WORK will be particularly attended to,
and in all cases will satisfaction be warranted. Lasts
fisted up bt one of the best•makers in the country.
The long practical experience of the undersigned, and
their thorough knowledge of the business will, they
trust, be sufficient guarantee to the public that they
will do them justice, and furnish them an article tha
will recommend Mien for utility, cheapness and dura
bility:' [Ani] JACKSON & CO.
A FOIL ASSORTMENT OP
HUMPHREYIS HOMEOPATHIC SPECIFICS
TO win." IN:41T11.1811
ATTENTION OF THE AFFLICTED!:
For Bale at
801IEFFPR 7 S BOONSTOBS,
'49 No.lB Market et.
WE OFFE'R TO
A New Lot of
Of Beautiful Styles, eubstauilally made
A Splendid Assortment of
A New andjjElegant Perfume,
KNIOTITS TEBIPILARS , tBOQUET,
Put up in Oat (Hass Engraved Bottles.
A complete Assortment of . ]
:HANDKERCHIEF - , PER - NUMBS,
Of the best Manufacture.
A very Handsome Variety of
POWDER PUFF bo2EBIS.
KELLER'S DRUG STORE,
JOHN W. (LOVER,
MERCHANT TAILOR !,
Has removed to
60 MARKET STREET,
Where he will be pleased to see all his Mena .
CHEMICAL SPERM CANDLES,
STAR (SUPERIOR) CANDLES,
A large invoice of the above in store, and for sale at
unusually /ow rates, by
WM. DOCK, JR. , & CO.,
janl Opposite the•Conrt House
GUN AND BLASTING POWDER.
JAMES M. WHEELER,
AGENT FOR ALL
POWDER AND FUSE
I. E. DUPONT DE NEMOURS it CO.,
try - A large supply always on hand. For sate at manu
faeturees prices. Magazine two miles below town.
frrOrders received at Warehouse. nol7
SCOTCH WHISKY.—One Puncheon
of PURR SCOTCH WHISKY just received and for
EMPTY BOTTLES ! I I—Of all sizes
and descriptions, for Bale low by
dtco WM. DOCK,Ja.,& CO.
H A T (3 H& C 0. ,
138 WALNUT BTREET, PUILADELPHIA,
FLOUR, GRAIN, PRODUCE, COTTON,
WINES AND LIQUORS,
TOBACCO AND CIGABS..
DYOTTVILLE GLASS WORKS,
WINE, PORTER, MINERAL WATER, PICKLE AND
OF EVERT DESCRIPTION.
H. D. & H. W. BENNER;
oe/9-dly 27 South Front steed, Philadelphia.
BT C 0 S TI ! !
OTTLED WINES, BRANDItS,
LIQUORS OFEVERY DESCRIPTION:
Together with a complete assortment, (wholesale and
retail,) embracing everything in the line, will be sold at
coat, without reserve.
japl WM. DOCK Ja , & CO.
HAVANA CIGARS.—A Fine Assort
ment, comprising Figaro, Zalagozonit, La Silica
Bird, Fire.lly Etelvins, Berinto, Capitolio of all
sizes and qualities, in quarter, one-Sikh and one-tenth
boxes, just received, and for sale low by
JOHN H. ZIEGLER,
Jan3l. . 73 Market Street.
IT ELLER'S DRUG STORE is the place
.11. to buy Mimetic Biedidnos
JOHN H. ZIEGLER ;
73 Market street
qt Vatriot ttfr . thin.
SATURDAY MORNING, MARCH 2, 1861
THE NATIONAL CRISIS.
REPRESENTATION AND MISREPRESENTATION.
As it is now, we have in Congress delegations
from the adhering slave States, which may or
may not properly represent the present opinions
of the people, having been elected on other
issues, two years ago. Thus from Virginia
there is a delegation, which, if we may judge
from the recent election, does not in either
House fairly speak the opinion of the State ;
Tennessee has a delegation on the other hand,
which a recent appeal to the people proves to
have spoken her views faithfully; and Arkansas
has one again which apparently does not speak
her views. And with the other slave States
still represented in Congress it is an open and
debated question, how far either unionists or
secessionists can claim to represent them cor
reedy. la the Peace Conference the case is,
if possible, even worse. Delegations have
been sent to that conference, appointed indiffer
ently by the legislatures or Governors of the
several States, and:representing such views aS
these bodiis or officers—themselves elected
long since on other issues—desire to see repre
sented. Had there been any r . eference to the
popular will, who can suppose that ex-President
Tyler would have had occasion to come forward
from his retirement to speak for Virginia, or
that Hon. James Guthrie would suddenly have
started into political life again from Kentucky ?
It chanced, however, that Democratic influences
still had their foothold in the State government
of ,both of these States; and we see the result.
And the case is the same with other border
States.—Boston Advertiser. -
It often happens, in periods of great political
interest., when public questions of an important
Character come unexpectedly before the people,
that the Representatives of _Mates, districts
and constituencies, do not reflect the popular
will, and fail to meet the wishes of those by
whose votes they were elected. Such we con
ceive to 'be pre-eminently the case at this time,
when the great issues before the country have
arisen with remarkable suddenness, and now
present. questions either not anticipated at
the elections at which most of the Representa
tives in Congress and the State Legislatures
were chosen, or if then existing, certainly not,
Possessing the consequence now belonging to
them. Agreeing thus upon the general fact
with our Boston cotemporary, we might also
proceed to point out States and constituencies
which are misrepresented at the present time.
Under such circumstances our attention would
be directed towards Massachusetts; which we
believe is at this moment misrepresented in
the Senate, and to some extent in the House of
Representatives. Her Senators were chosen,
one of them four and the other two years ago,
and her entire Congressional delegation, more
than two years before the present issues were
brought before the country. We do not believe
that Mr. Sumner, at this time, practically repre
sents the popular sentiments of Massachusetts,
or that if delegates to a national convention for
the revision of the organic law were to be chosen
by the vote of the electors he could find a
constituency in the State which would return
him as its representative in such a body.
Nor is Massachusetts the only' Northern
State now.misrepresented in our national
Councils. Connecticut, if her voice could be
heard on the present issues, would instruct her
representatives to act differently from their
present line of policy—unless we make an ex
ception in the case of Senator Dixon, who has
shown a degree of independence of party disci
pline highly creditable. So of New York. We
are ready to accord all due honor to Senator
Seward, for the partial amends which his recent
action seems to make for a long course of fa
naticism on the slavery question, and We hope
he may persevere in the Aurae which his re
cent speeches seem to indicate. Such conduct
now, when he is to be charged with important
duties and responsibilities in connection with
the new Administration, will, if continued and
adhered to, win the approval of the conserva
tive men of the State, who care less for men
than for principles, and who would as cheer
fully accord to Mr. Seward as to • any other
statesman, the honors which await the incom
ing Administration, if it shall put its foot upon
sectionalism, and.restore the country to a con
dition of union and peace. .
But - w ithout specifying other cases of un
doubted misrepresentation by the Senators and
members of the lower House from many of the
States, we may assume that if the questions at
issue were fairly submitted to the people at this
time, there would be not only a popular major
ity in favor of some reasonable plan of adjust
ment, but, as we believe, a majority in more
than half of the free States. It is for the pur
pose of getting an expression of the popular
will, that we have urged a direct submission of
the Crittenden proposition, or its equivalent, to
the people. We have believed it but fair and
just that they should be afforded an opportu
nity to vote directly on a question of vital im
portance, which has sprung up since their
Representatives in Congress were chosen, and
which demands a speedy adjudication, in the
mode best calculated to reflect the popular
The Advertiser, in common with many other
newspapers in the Northern Stutes, seems to favor
a National Convention, as the safest and surest
remedy for the evils under which we are suffer
ing. Such a resort would be authoritative and
Controlling, either for the reunion or the per
manent separation of the States; and if the
delegates were chosen by the popular vote in
the several States , there could be no complaint
that the people were not properly and fairly rep
resented. But while we may be prepared to
yield to that as a last resort, we have seen no rea
son, pending the discussion of the questions in
volved in our national troubles, to change the
views we expressed at an early stage of the
difficulty, or to cease to entertain serious ap
prehension of the result, should a Convention
be assembled in the present state of the public
mind. 'While the possibility exists of placing
in a Convention delegates of the ultra charac
ter of some of those now in the Peace Con
ference, the power to prevent an amicable
adjustment must also exist, and the impossibil
ity of a reunion be rendered more sure and
We can see no possible objection to a direct
submission to a popular vote of some distinct
plan of settlement. If the sectionalists have,
as they insist, a majority opposed to compro
mise, they risk nothing by the trial ; and if not
—if the majority of the people of the free
States are prepared, as we fully believe they
are,•to endorse the Crittenden plan—it surely
becomes all good citizens to afford an opportu
nity of thus extending the olive branch to the
slave States, and providing, before it shall be
forever too late, for a re-oonetruction of the
Union.--.Tournaf of Commerce.
From the Journal of Commerce.
WHAT SCRIPTURE HISTORY TEACHES.
Many years ago, existed on the East of the
Mediterranean Sea, a nation comprising twelve
tribes or States. The nation derived its name
from the patriarch who was the ancestor of all
the people ; and from ten of his sons and two
of his grandsons, each of whom was the pro
genitor of one of the tribes, did the twelve States
respectively receive their designations. The
nation was bound together by the strongest
ties which can unite a people ; they had a com
mon origin; they were the only nation on the
face of the earth which worshipped the true
God; they spoke a common language; they were
the peculiar people whom the Lord had chosen
to preserve his oracles which he had committed
to their charge; they had grown from a very
small beginning, even from a band of extirpa
ted eaptives into a great and rich nation.
At the period to which I desire to refer, they
were in the very acme of prosperity, conquer
ors over all hostile nations; rich almost be
yond comprehension with other lands. Solo
mon, their King, was so wise, so rich, and so
powerful, that when the queen of another nation
came to visit him, drawn thither by the fame
of his wisdom and his wealth, she was so as
tonished "there was no more spirit in her."
She said to the king :—"lt was a true report
that I beard in my own land of thy acts and of
thy wisdom. Howbeit, I believed not the
words until I came, and my eyes had seen it ;
and behold the half was not told me ; thy wis
dom and prosperity exceedeth the fame which
This wise and mighty monarch had gone to
his reward; and his son, Rehoboam, had just
ascended the throne. The people, before ac
cepting the son for their king, desired to have
some guarantees for their liberties in the fu
ture. So all the people celled upon him to
declare his future policy. The king at first
consulted the old and wise men of the nation—
the Crittendens and Guthries of that day—and
they recommended to him conciliation, and as
sured him that if he was disposed to kindness
and conciliation, that then the people would be
faithful to him and sustain him always. He,
however, turned himself from these sage advi
sers and consulted with the young upstarts
about him; and they urge-I him to refuse com
promise and conciliation towards traitors, but
to reduce them to submission and to enforce the
laws. He made his declaration in accordance
with the recommendations of his rash advisers.
And what was the consequence ? Ten out of
the twelve tribes or States seceded, went out
from the nation, and established a distinct na
tion, with Jeroboam for their king.
Rehoboam then endeavors to "collect the reve
nue" in the revolted States, and for that pur
pose sent to them "Adoram, who was over the
tribute," and ".the people Stoned him with
stones that he died."
Then Rehoboam assembled an army of one
hundred and eighty thousand men, to make
war upon these rebellious States. But the
Lord sent a message unto him saying, "Ye
shall not go up nor fight against your breth
ren; return every man to his home. They
hearkened therefore to the word of the Lord
and returned, to depart according to the word
of the Lord."
From that day, the power and glory of that
nation departed. Worn out by internecine
wars, the disrupted section became too feeble
separately to resist, a powe - ful enemy, and
after being conquered and carried away into
captivity—first by one nation and then by
another—finally the ten tribes became so scat
tered that, to use an expression of a United
States Senator, " No one but God knows what
has become of them," and the two tribes have
become exiled wanderers upon the face of the
earth. " The things which were written afore
time were written for our learning," and
"these things are an ensample unto us." We
are taught by this history that the only cement
which can bind a nation together, and maintain
the union of all its elements, is composed of
compromise and conciliation ; that after sepa
ration has taken place ' it is not the of God
that the Union should be restored by war and
conquest, and that when a great and prosperous
nation, through unwillingness to compromise
has been rent asunder, its greatness, strength
and prosperity is gone forever. Further com
ment is unnecessary. Let all those who are
insanely crying out "No compromise !" care
fully read the first book of Kings, from the
A New Hann Minty man, a mechanic, wri
ting from Kingston, Ga., where he has been
living for the last 14 months, writes to the New
Haven _Palladium as follows :
Among other misrepresentations of the
Southern people I notice an account of a young
man from New Hampshire, who was abused
and sent home, for simply minding his own bu
siness, and employing a free negro to take a
letter to the postoffice for him. It says that
the letter was taken and broken open, and sent
back to the persecuted young man, together
with an order for him to quit the South. Now
there is a great deal of inconsistency in the
story, for you must bear in mind that there is
hardly a town in the State that does not fur
nish employment to from one to twenty or more
Yankees, all of whom are daily doing the same
thing for which it is claimed the young man
from New Hampshire was banished. Now one
of two things is certain ; either the young man
was minding more than his own business, or
the whole story is a fabrication, as are hun
dreds of stories of the same character, which I
am constantly noticing in Northern papers.—
Again, a letter from Old Wallingford, which
refers to an old schoolmate of mine, where 'tis
said that while on a visit to South Carolina,
he was threatened with being drafted into the
service of that Republio. South Carolina has
never drafted a single man —has had no occasion
for that resort—while on the contrary, Gov.
Pickens has refused the tendered services of
whole regiments, armed and equipped—as he
has more men than he has use for. Within the
last six months, I have noticed accounts of no
less than five men having been hung in this
county for simply expressing their sentiments.
I will admit that this is a strong Southern
rights county, and that since the Presidential
election there has been but one opinion among
the people, which opinion was that secession
- was the only hope of the South—although there
was some little difference as to the manner of
effecting that object. Kingston voted unani
mously for immediate secession, and I suppose
it would therefore be called the hot-bed of "fire
eaters," but I have lived in this hotbed fer
fourteen months, and know of but one case of
hanging in that time, and he happened to be
" a man of straw"—(which takes off all the hor
THE BAPTISM OF BLOOD.
Rhetorical declaimers in both sections of the
country have chosen, as a beautiful figure of
speech, to speak frequently of blood as a apu
rifier"—blood as a sacred element of "baptism"
and consecration—blood as a " cement," &c.,
seeming to be fully convinced that for the
founding of a new Confederacy, or the preser
vation of the old one, it is essential, if we
would consult the happiness . of the people, that
an indefinite number of them should be shot or
bayoneted. A distinguished legislator said the
other day, apparently in mitigation of the con
sequences of civil war, that " we would then
have the purification of fire and blood—the
great purifier of the Almighty, from the Cross
down." But let it be remembered, the first
blood ever spilled on the ground cried for "Ven
geance !" and the most horrible -crimes which
hail/ desecrated the earth have been associated
BY 0. BARRETT & CO
Tz DAILY PATRIOT AND UNION will be served to NII.II
s ribers residing in the Borough for Bra MINTS DNB winti
parbble to the Carrier. Mail rubsoribero, soon nos
LANS PER ANNUM.
Tax WEEKLY will be published se heretofore, semi
weekly during the session of the Legislature, and once a
steak the remainder of the year, for two dollars in ad.
vance, or three dollars at the expiration of the year.
Connected with this establishment is an extensive
JOB OFFICB, containing a variety of plain and fancy
type, unequalled by any establishment in the interior of
the State, for which the patronage of the public is so.
with blood. Better keep the -blood of Amert*
cans where it is, and dispense with the poetical
allusions.—New York Journal of -Commerce.
ACTION OP THE HOUSE TO AMEND THEI DON-
In the House of Representatives on Thursday
the joint resolution to amend the Constitution,
with Corwin's amendment, was reconsidered
and adopted by a vote of 133 to 65—a consti
tutional majority. The following is the joint
resolution with Mr. Corwin's amendment
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the United Stated of Ame
rica in Congress assembled, (two-thirds of both
Flousea concurring,) That the following article
be proposed to the Legislatures of the several
States as an amendment to the Constitution
of the United States, which when ratified by
three-fourths of said Legislatures, shall be
valid, to all intents and purposes, as part of
said Constitution, viz :
Art. 12. No amendment of this Constitution,
having for - its object any interference within
the States with the relation between their citi
zens and those described in section second of
the first article of the Constitution as "all
other persons" shall originate 'with any 5t140
that does not recognize that relation within its
own limits, or shall be valid without the assent
of every one of the States composing the
Mr. Corwin's amendment:
" Ng %mendment shall be made to the Con
stitution which will authorize or give to Con
gress the power to abolish or interfere, within.
any State, with the domestic institutions
thereof, including that of persona held to labor
or service by the laws of said State.
The Texas Legislature has passed a bill to
authorize the organizaion of companies of
mounted men, sixty men in each frontier
county, ten . of whom may remain constantly in
service, and call out the remainder of the com.
pony for any time not exceeding twelve days
at one time ; the said companies to furnish
their own arms, horses, provisions and ammu
nition, and to receive pay as follows : Privates
and non-commissioned officers, $1.50; lieuten
ants, $2 ; captains, $2.50 par day for every
day's actual service. To provide money, the
House has passed a bill authorizing the issu
ance of treasury warrants to all parties having
claims against the State, and making such war
rants receivable for taxes. The House has
also passed a bill authorizing the Governor to
issue State bonds to the amount of five hun
dred thousind dollars, in case of invasion from
any quarter, one-fifth of the whole annual
State tax to be appropriated as a sinking fund
until the bonds are paid.
VISIT 07 JEFF. DAVIS TO MAJOR ANDERSON
A gentleman who arrived here by the steamer
Columbia, and who professes to be well in
formed on the subject, states that shortly after
the arrival of Hon, Jefferson Davis at Charles
ton, it was quietly arranged for him to pay a
visit to Fort Sumpter, which was accomplished
privately. The interview is represented to have
been an earnest and prolonged one, but all not
immediately in the secret were left wholly to
conjecture as to what took place between him
and Major Anderson. It has, however, been
knowingly given out at Charleston that there
will be no fight at Fort Sumpter—great stress
evidently being placed upon the fact that these
two old acquaintances in the army cannot be
brought into bloody conflict with each other.—
N. Y. Times.
The Senate was called to order at 11 o'clock by
the SPEAKER. Prayer by Rev. Mr. Bishop.
A number of petitions, remonstrances, &e.,
of stroller import to those already promoted,
Mr. NICHOLS, a petition from citizens of
Philadelphia, for a law against the sale of fish
during certain seasons.
Mr. CONNELL presented seven petitions in
favor of the Lettihard and,Shpippen Streets pas
Also, a remonstrance from citizens of the
19th ward against any division of said ward.
Messrs. YARDLEY, - MEREDITH and FUL
LER, petitions praying for a State appropria
tion to foster emigration to Liberia.
Mr. YARDLEY, a petition from Lewis S.
Coryell, praying for damages sustained on the
Mr. BOUGHTER, two petitions from citizens
of Philadelphia, praying for the incorporation
of the Guarantee express company.
Mr. CRAW FORD, an act to annul the charters
of certain banks of this Commonwealth,
An act to provide for the election of an ad
ditional judge in the District Court of Al
legheny county; passed finally.
Mr. CRAWFORD called up an act to fix the
boundaries of Mechanicsburg; which was pas
Mr. PARKER called up House bill, entitled
"An Act to incorporate the Sonora improve
ment company;" which was passed finally.
Mr. FULLER callerup House bill, entitled
"An Act to perfect the boundaries of the town
ship of Union, in the county of Fayette;" which
was passed finally.
Mr. CONNELL asked for and obtained leave
to read in place at this iiin6 an act relating to
Mr. McCLURE called up an act to vacate
the State road from Drake's Ferry to the
Maryland line; which was passed finally.
Mr. GREGG- called up supplement to an act
to encourage the destruction of noxious animals
in certain counties; which was passed.
Mr. HALL called up the act to authorize the
erection of a lock-up in the borough of Sum
mitville, county of Cambria ; which was
Mr. HAMILTON called up the act to provide
for the payment of the claim of J. B. Bitner &
Bro.; which, after amendment, was passed.
Mr. IRISH called up the act to incorporate
the Ohio and Mississippi steam packet .com
pany ; which was passed.
Mr. IMBRIE called pp the act to extend the
provisions of an act to protect fruit and ?Unit&
tresspas, to Beaver, Blair, Lehigh, York, and
Jefferson counties • which was passed.
Mr. BENSON called up the joint resolution,
to pay for the flag, flag staff, &c., ($775.00
which was passed.
Mr. IRISH called up the act to incorporate
the Oakland park association. Laid over on
Mr. CONNELL called up House hill authori.
zing the German Reformed congregation of
Philadelphia, to Bell certain ground rents ;
which was passed finally.
Mr. CLYMER called up the act to incorpo
rate the Mazatawney cernetery,inßerks county;
which was, passed. Adjourned until the 12th
of March, a 3 o'clock, p.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
FRIDAY, March 1, 1861•
The SPEAKER called the House to order at
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING,
TEXAS RAISING AN ARMY.
FRIDAY, March 1, 1861.
PETITIONS, MEMORIALS, AC.
BILLS IN PLACE