Daily patriot and union. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1858-1868, February 14, 1861, Image 1
tATBS OF ADVERTISING. Four lines or less constitute half a square. Ten Duce of more than four, constitute a square. HAIN ,oneday— --$0.25 One sq., one day —.... SO.6G one wee . —.... 1.00 ~ one week.— 1.25 o one month— - 2.00 ct one month... 3.00 ~. three months. 3.00 ci three months. 5.00 sit months— . 4.00 ci six months.— 8.00 i. one year. 5.00 gi one year...... 10.00 irr Business notices inserted in tbe Loom. tiottnet, or before marriages and deaths, rive MOTS Pia rims fur each insertion. To morohantsand others advertisingby theyeay liberal te. .as will be offered. . 11 3. The numbs rof insertions must be deshgnatedon the Stertisement. s and D 11:7 Marria,geeaths will be inserted at the same menu. aces regular Arertise • 8010, Otationerp, for. "."!CIIOOI4 BOOKS.--School Directors, Tesehers Parente, Scholars, and others, in want of School Books, School Stationery, &c., will find A eomplete assortment at B. M. POLLOCK & SOWS BOOK STORB, Market Square, Harrisburg, comprising in part tke follow- BRADBRS.—Mellinffey's, Parker'!, Cobb's, Angell's SPELLING BOOKS.—MeGuffef a, Cobb's, Webster's, Town's, Byerly's. Combry's. ENGLISH GRAMMARS.—BuIIion% Smith's, Wood bridge's, Monteith i s , Hart's, Wells". HISTORIES ,--Crimshaw's, Davengiorys, Frost's, Wil son's, Willard ' s, Goodrich ' s, Pinnock , O, Goldamiths and Clark's. AILITHMITIC'S.—GreenIears, Stoddard's, Bmeraon'es Pike's, Rose's Wilburn's, Smith and Dakes_, Davie's. ALCZBBAS.—Greenleaf% Davie Dare, Bay% DICTIONARYB.—WaIker's School, Cobb's, Walker, Worcester's Comprehensive, Worcester's Primary, Web ster's Primary, Webster's High School, Webster's Quarto, Academic. NATURAL PHILOSOPHIBS.—Comatock% Parker's Swift's. The above with a great variety of others can at any time be found at my store. Also, a complete assort ment of School Stationery, embracing in the win le a com plete outfit for school purposes. Any book not in the store. procured at one days notice. Country Merchants supplied at wholesale rata. ALMANACS.—John Baer and Son's Almanac for sale ai M. M. POLLOCK & SON'S ROOK STORB, Harrisburg. SIT Wholesale and Retail. myl JUST RECEIVED A r SCHEFFER'S BOOKSTORE, ADAM - AN : TINE SLATES 02 1 VARIOUS SIZES AND PRICES, Which, for beauty and nee, cannot be excelled. REMEMBER THE TLAQZ ) SCHEFFER , S BO OHS TOR A, NO. 18 MARKET STREET. mitt N E W BOOKS! 3170 1 / 1 RDOBIYED "SEAL AND SAY," by the author of ti Wide, Wide World," Lc Dollars and Oasts," &c. "HISTORIC OF METHODISM," by A. Stevens, LL.D. For male at SOKEFFERS , BOOKSTORE, mp g No.lB Marke at. JUST RECEIVED, A LARGE AND SPLENDID ASSORTMENT ON RICHLY GILT AND ORNAMENTAL WINDOW CURTAINS, PAPER BLINDS, Of miens Designs and Colors, for 9 cents, TISSUE PAPER AND CUT PLY PARER, At [my24l SOREFFER'S BOOKSTORE. WALL PAPER! WALL PAPER ! ! hit received, our spring Steel of WALL PAPER, BORDERS, FLEE SCREAMS, &0., &o. It's the 'used and best selected assortmentinthe city, ranging in price from six (6) cents up to one dollar and aquarter ($1.254 As we purchase very low for cash, we are prepared to gall at as low rates, if not lower, than can be had else where. If purchaser! will call and examine, we feel eonlident that we can please them in respect to price and quality. E. M POLLOCM k SON, apt Below Jones' House, Market Square. LET TE R, OAP,_ NOTE PAPERS, -LA Yens, folders, Pencils,. Envelopes, Sealing Wax, or the best quality, at low prices, direct honk the manu factories, at -mar3o SOUBFFER , S CICSAP BOOKSTORE - - "LAW BOOKS 1 LAW BOOKS t JA general assortment of LAW BOOKS, all the State Reports and Standard Elementary Works, with many of the old Baglieh Beperts,'searee and ears, together with a large assortment of second hand Law SeekS, st low prices, at the one price Bookstore of S. M. POLLOCK & SON, Market Square, Harrisburg: myB AnsaMucous. AN ARRIVAL OF NEW GOODS APPROPRIATE TO THE SEASON! OILS LINEN PAPER PANS! PANS!! FaNSIII ANOTHER AND SPLENDID LOT OP SPLICED FISHING RODS! Trout Flies, Ilut and Flair Snoods, emu Linea, Silk sol hair Platted Lined, AM a general assortment of FISHING . TACKLE! A GREAT VARIETY 01 WALKING MANES! Which we will sell as cheap as the cheapest! Silver Head 'Loaded Sword Hickory Fancy Canes! Canes Canes! Canes! Canes! HELLER'S DILITO AND FANCY STORE, No. 91 MARKET SEREST, South side, one door east of Fourth street je9. B. J. HARRIS, WORKER IN TIN, SHEET IRON, AND METALLIC ROOFING, Sesand Stresh beim Ocirenut, FIARRISBURII, le prepared to ail orders for any article in bis branch of business; and if not en band, he will make to order on abort no tice. METALLIC .1.100.71NG, of Tin or Galvanised Iron, constantly on hand. Also, Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware, Spouting, &c. He hopes, by strict attention to the wants of hie custo mers, to merit and receive a generous share of public pat reWlyvry 'walla strictly fulfilled. B. I. HARRIS, Seconi Street. below Chestnut. FlSnli MACKEREL, (Noe. 1, 2 and 3.) SALMON, (very superior.) SHAD, (Mess and vemilee.) — HERRING, (extra large.) COD FISH. • SMOKED HERRIN% (extra bigby.) SCOTCH RFAILINO. • SARDINES AND ANCHOVIES. OS the above we have Mackerel in whole, half, quarter and eighth bblit. Herring hi whole and half Abbr. The entire lot new—iniurn, PROS IRS viannaine, and irM sell them at the lowest market rates • eepl4 WM. BOOK, Js., & CO CHAMPAGNE WINESI DUO DE MONTEBELLO, HEIBKIECK & 00., • (MARLIN HEIDSIBOK, GIESLER & CO., ANCHOR—SILIERT M 0173311751, SPARKLING MUSCATEL, MUNE & CO. I B TERZENAY, CABINT. In store and for sale by .7011 N H. ZIEGLER, 73 Market street. 020 HICKORY WOOD I—A aurEWM LOT just receiced, and for sale In quantities to snit pnr diatom by JAMES M. WHEELER. OAS AND PINE constantly on hand at the lowest prices. /Ica MAMMY BIBLES, from 1$ to $lO, .a.; strong and handsomely boned, printed on good paper, with elegant Clear new type at mahal 80 FIR'S Cheap itook.dvire. ANBERRIES !--A SPLENDID LOT OR N. , just received by eetlo 1j OR a superior and cheap TABLE or SALAD OIL go to %BLUR'S DRUG OTOBB. TllBFruit G rowert3' Handbook—by waarso—whounais Andrea at Isekkl BOHBFFNIVB Bookstore . RPERM CANDLES.—A large supply in,3t received by utplB WM_ DOM IL, tc 00, YELLER'S DRUG- STORE is the place .A3 L to Ultima beet sumortment of Porte Bionnaiei. F I B HI!! WM. DOCK, 7a., & CO 71 - H! •-- - - till atr-to . : . , 1 [ •1_1111 . E U . VIC" i 0 tr• VOL. 3. Coal. TO THE PUBLIC! JOHN TILL'S COAL YARD, SOUTH SECOND STREET, BELOW PRATT'S ROLLING MILL, HARRISBURG, PA., Where he has constantly on hand MEM VALLEY BROKEN, EUtI, STOVE AND NUT COAL. exso, WILIEESBARRE STEAMBOAT, BROKEN, STOVE AND NIIT COAL, ALL OF THE BEST QUALITY. It will be delivered to eonanmers clean, and full weight warranted. frj— CONSUMERS GIVE ME A CALL FOR YOUR WINTER SUPPLY. Orders left at my house, in Walnut street, near Fifth; or at Brubaker's, North street; J. L. Speel's, Market Squeal.; Wm. Bostick's, corner of Second and South streets, and john Lingle's, Second and Mulberry streets, will receive prompt attention. jyl3-d6m JOHN TILL. COAL! 0:0ALI! ONLY YARD IN TOWN_THAT DELIVERS COAL BY THE P A TENT WEIGH CARTS! NOW IS THE TIME For every family to get in their ripply of Coal for the winter—weighed at their door by the Patent Weigh Carts. The accuracy of these Carts no one disputes, and they never get out of order, es is frequently the use of the Platform Scales; besides, the consumer has the satisfaction of proving the weight of his Coal at his own house. I have a large supply of Coal on hand, co-.:Ast 4 og of S. M. CO.'S LYILENS VALLEY COAL all sizes, LYKENS VALLEY do ir WILKESBARRE do. • BITUMINOUS BROAD TOP do. All Coal of the beat quality mined, and delivered free from all impurities, at the lowest rates, by the boat or car load, single, half or third of tons, and by the bushel. JAMES M. WHEELER. Harrisburg, September 24,1800.--sep2s UP TOWN! TArszfr wprom CARTS. For the convenience of my numerous up town custom ers, I have established, in connection with my old yard, a Branch Coal Yard opposite North street, in a line with the Pennsylvania canal, having the office formerly occu pied by Mr_ R. Harris, where consumers et' geet in that vicinity and Verbeketown tan receive their Coal by the PATENT WEIGH CARTS, WITHOUT EXTRA CHARGE FOR HAULING, And in any quantity they may desire, as low as can be purchased anywhere. FIVE THOUSAND TONS COAL ON HAND, Of LYLENS VALLEY and WILRESBARRE, all sizes. Willing to maintain fair prices, but unwilling to be undersold by any parses. 117 All Coal forked up and delivered clean and free, fora all impurities" ant,the aesaaattlmiciatieo4,.. ...- Orders received at either Yard Will be promptlyfilled, nd all Coal delivered by the Patent Weigh Carts. Coal sold by Boat, Oar load, single, half or third of tons, and by the bushel. JAMBE M. wrizzLzn. Harrisburg, October 1880.6et16 T YKENS VALLEY NUT COAL- For Salo AT TWO DOLLAES Part TON. 113 . 4/1 doliesredby PATENT WEIG - HCARTO JAMES M. WHEELER. Cosldelirered from both yards. nol7 fttcbical. HELMBOLD'S HELMBOLD'S MELIMILBOLD , S HELMBOLD'S lIELMBOLD'S HELMBOLD'S HELMBOLD'S HELMBOLD'S HELMBOLD'S HELMBOLD'S HELMBOLD'S HELMBOLD'S HELMBOLD'S HELAIRO.LIre Extract Buchn, Extract Enchn, Extract Bnchn, Extract Bridal., Extract Machu, Extract Enehn, Extract Einem, Extract Each% Extract Dacha, Extract Bcchn i Extract Baba, Extract Bumf% Extract Becht', Extract Bache, FOR SECRET AND DELICATE DISORDERS. FOR SECRET AND DELICATE DISORDERS. FOR SECRET AND DELICATE DISORDERS. FOR SECRET AND DELICATE DISORDERS. FOR SECRET AND DELICATE DISORDERS. FOR SECRET AND DELICATE DISORDERS. FOR SECRET AND DELICATE DISORDERS, A Positive and Specific Remedy, A Pottitive and Specific Remedy. A Poeitive and Specific Remedy. A Positive and Specific Remedy. A Positive and Specific Remedy. A Positive and Specific Remedy. A Poeitive and Specific Reined". FOR DISEASES OF THE BLADDER, GRAVEL : KIDNEYS, DROPSY, BLADDER, GRAVEL, KIDNEYS, DROPSY, BLADDER, GRAVEL, KIDNEYS, .DROPSY, BLADDER, 61tAYKL, KIDNEYS, DROPSY, BLADDER, GRAVEL, KIDNEYS, DROPSY, BLADDER, GRAVEL, KIDNEYS, DROPSY' BLADDER, GRAVEL, KIDNEYS, DROPSY, OROANIO WEAKNESS, ORGA_NIO ws amass, ORGANIC WEAKNESS, onemno WEAKNESS, ORGANIC WEAKNESS, ORGANIC WEAKNESS, And elf Diseases of Sexual Organs, And all Diseases of Sexual Organs, And all Diseases of Sexual Organs, And all Diseases of Sexual Organs, And all Diseases of Sexual Organs, And all Diseases of Sexual Organs, ARISING PROM Excesses, Exposures, and Imprailencies in Life. Excuses, Exposures, and Imprndenoies in Life. Excesses, Exposnreg, and Imprudencies in Life. • Enema, Exposures, and Imprndencies in Life. Ilmeakeed, Ittposured, and Impredeneies in Life. Excuses, Exposures!" and Imprudenciee in Life. From whatever canoe originating, and whether existing in MALE OR FEMALE. Females, take no more Pills ! They are of no avail for Complaints incident to the sex. lies BICTEACT DUCTAL Helmbeld 7 e Extract Dacha is a Medicine which is per fectly pleasant in its TASTE AND ODOR. Bet Immediate in its action, giving Health and Vigor to the "frame, Bloom to the Pallid Cheek, and reaterlog the patient to a perfect state of HEALTH AND PURITY. Mamboid , a Sztract Duehn is prepared according to Rhanadty Ind Chentis, and is prescribed and and by THE most SMIWEITT PHYSIOLINs. Delay no longer. Procure the remedy at once. Price $1 per bottle, or Mx for $5. Depot 104 South Tenth street, Philadelphia. 'BEWARE 07 UNPRINCIPLED DEAL - EMI Trying to palm off their own or other articles of WORT, on the reputation attained by HELEBOLD'II EXTRACT DiTOHU, The Original and only. Clennhis. We desire to run on the MERIT OF OUR ARTICLE ! Their's is worthless —is mold at moth lege rates and Com mission*, 00niletinently paying a much better profit. WI DEItIr OOMPSTITION Ask for HRLIEBOLDII EXTRACT WORD. Take sip Other. Bold by .TORE WYRTH, Druggist, corner of Market and Second streaks, Martetogrg, AND ALL DRUGGISTS ErRitYWARRE. mold d&w3in. EXTRACTS! EXTRACTS! WOODSWORTII & BUNNEMB SUPERIOR FLAVORING EXTRACTS O 1 BITTER ALMOND, REOTARIN, PINE A PPLE STRAWBERRY, ROSE, MN 4* YAWL j Just received and for Rale by ieE) WM. DOOR, Ja. HARRISBURG, PA:, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1861, it* ;patriot Pith . Dion. THURSDAY MORNING, FEB. 14, 1861. THE NATIONAL CRISIS. ORGANIZATION OF THE NEW CONIMDERACY The adoption by the Southern Congress of a Constitution, and the election of officers for a Provisional Government, change in some degree the aspect of the secession question, and give to the movement a more stable character.— Instead of several States acting separately and individually, in hostility to the authority and laws of the United States, we have now to en counter a Confederation of six States under a single government, to be hereafter—if the action of the Congress shall be ratified by the several States which are parties to the Confed eration—directed by a single purpose, and united in a common object, to secure which, all their combined energies *ill' b 6 put forth. We regard this -new. phase of the question as in some respects better than the . old ; likely to conduce to more prudent "action; and to les3 en the danger of warlike movements which may be made in either section .. of the Union. It establishes a Government possesling consider able resources and much military strength, but , not sufficiently so to prompt its officers to rush madly into war, or to engage in, hostilities in any form, until peaceful remedies shall first have been exhausted. It places the seceding States, not as heretofore, in an attitude of desperate and rash exasperation and defiance, but in a position for deliberation, for counsel, and for testing the public judgment of other nations, respecting their policy and course.— It places upon them a weight of responsibility Which eanunot but prewete caution and en gender prudence in the action which the new Confederacy will be called upon to to e, in seeking to acquire a place and a rank among the nations of the world, It is probable that the organization of a Southern Confederacy will have the effect to postpone at least, any hostile demostrations against Port Sumpter arid the other Southern fortifications in possession of United States troops. It would neither comport with the dignity, nor redound to the interest of the South, to proceed at once to attack such forti fications; and we may be assured that such a policy will not be adopted—certainly not until negotiations shall have failed, and the ability to procure a recognition of the new government proved abortive. We anticipate an effort on the part of the authorities there, to establish a rank and position by peaceful means, and to obtain, if possible, from the United States and from other powers, an acknowledgment of their indepondence and separate existence. Such a policy I§ dictated by every sense of interest, humanity and statesmanship. It would be looked upon with greater favor than would any belligerent attitude, both here and throughout the world ; and might secure the end desired— the separate and independent establishment of a Southern Confederacy, embracing the present seceded States and such others as may choose -te-Aoin4l,4eir-,fartaukaa-witit,granz—fax.4steih purpose. There is of course no security that war will not sooner or later ensue between the seceding and remaining States ; but we deem its proba bility, at least for the present, materially lessened by the confederating together of those States which have determined to cast their fortunes into the secession movement. As a last and terrible resort; in ease no concessions are made on one side and no abatement of pre tensions on the other, an appeal to arms may be made, and then will be realized, in the fullest measure, the horrors of a civil war. The possibility of such a calamity will depend in no small , degree upon the men at the head of the respective governments; and the occasion, therefore, is one for the exercise of the utmost wisdom and forbearance on the part of both. The near approach of Mr. Lincoln's inaugura tion, renders it probable that so far as the United States Government is concerned, the issue will be left for the new Administration. How it will be met—whether in a spirit of con ciliation and moderation, or in a tone of defi ance and menace, it is at present impossible to determine. There are strong reasons to hope that the policy of the Lincoln Adminis tration will be peaceful ; and we shall take great pleasure, should such be the case, in according to it all the merit which such a pol icy would elicit, from patriotic and peace loving citizens. In adopting ouch a course, the President elect we cannot doubt, will have the encouragement and support of a large por tion of his own political party,—of that portion whose moderation and good sense are stronger than their passions and partizanship—and the approval of a vast majority of the 'people of the whole Vision. The anti-compromise, anti slavery, Abolition branch of the Republican party, will of course denounce such a policy, possibly to the point of dismembering that political organization ; but that will be of small moment to the country, so long as the public honor shall be maintained, the public peace preserved, and 4he evils, horrors and demoral ization of a civil war, avoided. The choice of provisional officers to preside over the new Confederacy, fills us with admi ration for the wisdom and good sense of the Southern Congress. If in this they have re flected, as we see no reason to dispute, the views and wishes of their constituents, we hail the omen as one of the happiest. attending the secession Mvement. If we must encounter a rival government upon soil hitherto common to every Amercan citizen, we greatly prefer that it should be one controlled by statesmen of ample experience and ability, such as have been chosen to control the destinies of the Southern Confederacy. It is the weak and the incompe tent who plunge their people into war, and precipitate its terrible calamities. Statesmen of larger calibre, better appreciate and understand the blessings of peace, and labor more intelli gently and effectively to preserve them. The selection of Jefferson Pavia .for President, and Alexander H. Stephens for Vice . President of the "Confederate States of America," is a step. which will go far towards the acOomplishment of the object in view—the establishment of an independent government. General Davis is a statesman of great power, combining in an un usual degree, the 'various qualifications for his new position. He is efficient in action, cool in judgment, firm in purpose, and conscientious in his opinions. He is not by any means the fire eater which many, orthern presses have represented him; and we are not sure that he has any superior for the first office in the gift of any people on this Continent. For Vice President, the Southern Confederacy has a man who less than two months ago, was pronounced by the entire Republican press, a patriot and fie s - ..pf the first order ; a moderate, honorable r its trt- or X; the Union While " "' tb— who thus praised Mr. 5t k .•,;'W:7_7. 1 47:.-4,:i.uer in a_.ans: were ei'4 l 3 some degree ignorant of, his position, or what is more probable, governed by partizan malice, their general estimate of his character was quite correct. He deplores the necessity for secession, and has favored an appeal to the justice of the North, before taking the haul step ; and we have no doubt that - both he and General Davis would have been infinitely better pleased to preserve the Union unbroken, than thus to be made leaders in its dismemberment. We intimated in a former article, that Mr. Lincoln, on his accession to power, was likely to find a government fully organized, claiming supreme jurisdiction over a portion of the States, and that such government was quite likely also, to possess vastly greater ability and vigor, in its Executive department, than the remaining government of-the United States. The sequel shows the correctness of our predic tion ; and the fact will prove painfully true before the close of the next Administration, should Mr. Lincoln listen to the counsels of the rash and anti-compromising wing of his party. This he ought not to do. With the alternative before him of peace and the happiness and prosperity of thirty millions of people, or war with all its attendant calamities and miseries. he ought not for a moment to hesitate in the choice.—Journal of Commerce. TICE AUTUORITATIVE COERCION PROGRAMME OF MR. LINCOLN AND HIS ADMINISTRATION— Cr? IL WAR UPON US. [From the N. Y. Herald.] The bells of Bt. Germain d'Auxerrois have at length tolled forth the signal for massacre and bloodshed by the incoming administration.— The speech of Mr. Lincoln, at Indianapolis, is the first authoritative proclamation of his in tentions in the present crisis. His words are pregnant with meaning, and deserve the ma ture and deliberate consideration of every con servative citizen of the country. "If the Uni ted States," he exclaimed, "should merely hold and retake its own forts and the properties, and collect the duties on foreign importations, or even withhold the mails from places where they are habitually violated, would any of these things be invasion or coercion ? Would the marching of an army into South Carolina be invasion ?" The Premier of Mr. Lincoln had already declared to the United States Senate that "battle," which should sweep away oppo nents to Republicanism "as moths before the whirlwind," was his idea of the final develop ment of the "irrepressible conflict." And, by a well calculated coincidence, on the same day s perhaps at the same moment that Mr. Lincoln was indoctrinating the citizens of Indiana into invasive and coercive principles, Senators King and Fessenden were announcing, at Washing ton, their reasons for reinforcing the navy of the United States with vessels which should be able to penetrate Southern harbors, and attack Southern fortresses. " Treason " says Mr. King, "is abroad in this land, and I believe there is an occasion and a necessity of the increase of the armament and the power of the country. But for the condi tion of things in the country now, I would vote against it, but I vote for it as a measure to put the country in a condition to defend itself against its enemies, whether they are domestic or foreign enemies. This government and this country cannot be peaceably destroyed or over thrown or divided, Men cannot talk treason— they must act it; and he who acts it, in my judgment, should take the fate of a traitor, and should not seek to escape by pretending that he cannot commit it peacefully against the country. I tell these gentlemen that, in my judgment, this treason must come to an end, peacefully I hope, but never, in my judgment, peieefttlirlfliSr` an MN:Masi - 6n of the honor of the people of this country to tral. tors. Never. I desire , peace, but I would pro vide, amply provide, for the means of defence of the country, by war, if necessary. senator Pessendon was equally positive in deciding "that if the time was coming to use force, he was perfectly ready to do it." Where, then, does the ,country stand ? Gov. Morgan offers the militia df New York to Mr. Lincoln, • and a large sum of money is appropriated by the State Legislature for coercive purposes ; the authorities of Massachusetts mobilize their forces to act outside of the State ; Pennsylva nia avenue is turned into a Champ de Mars; Generals like Wool, Sandford, Scott and Weightman are sharpening their swords for bloodshed; members of the Cabinet isete in structions to "shoot on the spot" active sece ders, and every preparation is being made for the inauguration of sectional hostilities, after the 4th of March next. It is declared that the Southern seceding States must prepare for a blockade of their ports ; to surrender the fort resses they have seized upon, and to fall back into the passive submission which Republican. aggression has demanded for over thirty years. In the present deplorable condition of the country, is this the right policy ? Is it expe dient? The Southern Congress, at Montgomery, offer the hand of friendship to the North, on such terms as they believe to be consistent with its dignity. They have provided, in the sixth article of the Constitution of the Southern Republic, that its government "shall take im mediate steps for the settlement of all matters between the States forming it and their late confederates of the United States in relation to the public propel ty and public debt at the time of their withdrawal from them, these States hereby declaring it to be their wish and earnest desire to adjust everything pertaining to the common property, common liabilities and com mon obligations of that Union upon principles of right, justice, equity and good faith." To all this the Republican party answer—" Submit to the abstractions of the Chicago platform, or there shall be no alternative but war—a bloody, internecine, destructive conflict, which shall bury in ruins the prosperity of the country." Sober minded, patriotic citizens at the North, have no time to lose,if they would avert irre parable disaster. eetings should at once be held in every city, town and village of the Union, proclaiming, first of all, as an indispen sable, irrevocable preliminary, the resolve' of the people to maintain peace, and, nest their desire to aid in the work of reconstruction, which the exigencies of the time imperatively demand, The declarations of Mr. Lincoln, of his Premier, and of the Republican Senators and members in Congress, have rendered clearer than noonday the suicidal intentions. of the incoming government. They are founded upon the gigantic scheme of General Scott for the subjugation of the South, which was .exposed by the Congressional representatives of Louisi ana, in their address of the 14th ultimo, to the Convention at Baton Rouge, and which includes the garrisoning of Southern forts and arsenals, the marching of forces into the seceding States, with a - view of employing them for domestic intimidation. The Republicrn party is only awaiting, in fact, the close of the present Aministration to clothe itself with the panoply of vow, and to initiate acts of aggression, which it fills the mind with horror to contemplate. Imagination Cannot coneeive the disasters that will over whelm the land, if an appeal is permitted to cannon and the bayonet to solve the inter-State problem which the developements of the last few months have created. The only remedy is with 'the people. UnleSs they rise in. their lute , ' and put an end to the agitations by • Mva l aical Republic is convulsed, the calamities virlibh - I.o l .ffired in Mr. Lincoln's speech at In oreshadotl will, before the close of one month diAnapolif be felt from one end of the Union to begin t.t ir. the eaq, . THE PEACE COMM. • : [From the National Intelligennar.] igh the politeness of the Secretary of Throi! , erence we are able to give to our read the centAy a full and correct list of the Committ ers to dar' f the twenty-one States representel sioners et". in that important body, and we think it may be affirmed that they have scarcely ever been equalled by the same number of persons as sembled in any representative capacity in our country, from the beginning of its history, in respect either to the distinguished posts its members have filled, or in the qualities of ripe experience, wisdom, dignity, and weight of character. This fortunate composition of a body chargedwith a mission of momentous im portance is duo in a great measure to the mode of their selection. Not chosen by popular elec tion or party favor, fitness for the high trust was alone consulted. The consequence is that we have from all the States the sagest of their citizens, if not in every case their oldest. There may be found among them a venerable Ex- President of the United States, Ex-Cabinet Ministers, Ex-Foreign Ministers, Ex-Senators, Ex-Members of the House of Representatives, Ex-Chief Justices of State Courts, Ex-Chancel lors, a Governor and Ex-Governors, Ex-Attor ney Generals, &c. May we not confidenly hope from the counsels of such a body of men, ani mated by love of country and deep affection for the noble fabric of Union and Government founded by their immortal fathers, a solution to our present perilous difficulties and the res toration of peace and harmony to our distracted and suffering country ? OFFICERS John Tyler, of Virginia, President ; Crafts J. Wright, of Ohio, Secretary; James M. Tower, of New Jersey ; J. Hemy Puleston, Pennsylva nia ; Wm. M. Hoppin, of Rhode Island ; John Stryker, of New York, assistants. DELEGATES. Maine.—Wm. P. Fessenden, Lott M. Morrill, Daniel E. Somes, John J. Perry, Ezra B. French, Freeman H. Morse, Stephen Coburn, and Stephen C. Foster. New liampshire.—Amos Tuck, Levi Cham berlain, and Asa Fowler. - Vermont—lnland Hall, Levi Underwood, H. Henry Baxter, L. E. Chittenden, and B. L. Har ris. Massachusetts —John Z. Goodrich, John M. Forbes, Richard P. Waters, Theophilus P. Chandler, Francis B. Crowninshield, George S. Boutwell, and Charles Allen. Rhode Island.—Samuel Ames, Alexander Duncan, William W. Hoppip, George H. Browne, and Samuel G. Arnold. Connecticut —Roger S. Baldwin, Chauncey F. Cleveland, Charles J. M'Curdy, James T. Pratt, Robbins Battelle, and Amos Treat,. New York.—David Dudley Field, Wm. Curtis Noyes, James S. Wadsworth, James C. Smith, Amaziah B. James, Erastus Corning, Greene C. Bronson, William B, Dodge, John A. King, and John E. Wool. New Jersey.—Charles S. Olden, Peter D. Vroom, Robert F. Stockton, Benjamin William son, Joseph F. Randolph, Fred. T. Frelinghuy sen, Rodman M. Prioe, William C. Alexander, and Thoms J. Stryker. Pennsylvania.—Thomas White, James Pol leek, William M. Meredith, David Wilmot, 41t, W. Loomis, Thomas E. Franklin, and William M'Kennan. Delaware.—George B. Rodney, Daniel M. Bates, Henry Ridgely, John W. Houston, and William Cannon. Maryland.—John F. Dent, Revel* Johnson, John 2 W.-CriefiekVAnguatner W. Bradford, Wm. T. Goldsborough, J. Dixon Roman, and Benja min 0. Howard. Virginia.—John Tyler, William C. Rives, John W. Brookenborough, George W. Summers, and James A. Seddon. North Carolina.—George Davie, Thomas Ruf fin, David S. Reid, D. M. Barringer, and John M. Morehead. Tennessee.—Samuel Mil3igaS, Josiah M. An derson, Robert L. Caruthers, Thomas Martin, Isaac IL Hawkins, A. 0. W. Totton, Robert J. M'Rinney, Alvin Cullom, Wm. Hickerson, George W. Jones, F. R. Zollicoffer, and William H. Stevens. Kentucky.—William 0. Butler, James B. Clay, Joshua F. Bell, Charles S. Morehead, James Guthrie awl Charles A. Wickliffe. Missouri.—John D. Coalter, Alexander 111. Doniphan, Waldo P. Johnson, Aylett H. Buck ner and Harrison Hough. Ohio.—John C. Wright, Salmon P. Chase, William S. Groesbeck, Franklin T. Backus, Reuben Hitheock, Thomas Ewing, and V. B. Horton. Indiana. Caleb B. Smith, Pleasant IL 11401;- leman, Godlove S. Orth, E. W. IL Ellis, and Thos. C. Slaughter. Illinois.—John Wood, Stephen Logan, John M. Palmer, Burton O. Cook, and Thomas J. Turner. lou,a.—James Harlan, James W. Grimes, Samuel R. Curtis, and Wm. Van Deveer. Wisconain.—James R. Doolittle, C. Durkee,. John F. Potter, and C. C. Washburne. THE LATE ELECTION IN VIRGINIA. Then is doubtless a misapprehension in many minds at the North, RS to the results of the recent elections in. Virginia and other bor der slaveholding States. Or rather, as to the force and meaning of those results. Those persons greatly err who imagine that Virginia, or any other slaveholding State, will remain in the Union, without renewed guarantees that they shall enjoy without abridgement the rights secured to them by the Constitution of the United States. Hear what the Richmond Whig, the organ of John Minor Botts, and one of the most Northern papers in Virginia, says on this bead : WHAT WAS DETERMINED BY Tin LATE ELSO TioN.—We regret to see, from many of our Northern exchanges, that the import of the late election in this State is, to a large extent, mis understood or misrepresented in that section. The impression that Virginia has determined 'to remain in the Union as matters now stand— to submit to the rule of the new dynasty under the Chicago programme—is a gross and perni cious error. She has decided to do no such thing; nay, she has decided to do just the re verse, by a popular judgment approximating unanimity. She has determined that her con nection with the Northern States shall end, uuleati satisfactory and inviolable assurances are given that every constitutional right she has will be recognised and respected, and that her equality and safety, as a member of the Confederacy, will be free from all jeopardy. Perhaps - we may make ourselves better under stood by reproducing from our own columns a portion of an editorial that appeared on the moreing of the election, as follows: "We expect to see elected a vest preponder ance of fair minded, rational, conservative men; and yet men who, unless the North 'will agree to a speedy, satisfactory and final adjust meat of the issues in controversy, will boldly unfurl the standard of resistance, and resolve to stand or fall out of the Union." 's We exhort the people and politicians of the North, in advance, not to be deceived by the result of the election in Virginia to-day, should that result be against the precipitators and in favor of what are called here conservative can didates, as we feel confident it will be. For, let us assure them, in all sincerity and candor, that Virginia's remaining in the Union, or going out, depends entirely upon the decision of the 'Peace Congress'—the convention of State com missioners—which assembles in Washington. Should this commissioners' convention fail to agree upon terms of adjustment, 094019 pm- PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING, SUNDAYS EXCEPT&D, BY 0. BARRETT & CO Tin' DAILY PATRIOT AND trims will be served to Bab scribers residing in the Borough for BIN 0111711 PER West payable to the Carrier. Mail subscribers, YOUR DOI. &AU MR ANNI7g. Tux WIBBILT Will be published as heretofore, Nen& weekly during the session of the Legislature and ones a week the remainder of the year, for two dollars in ad. Vance, or three donors-At the expiration of the year. Connected with thin is sp 973011411T0 JOB OPPICB, containing variety of plain and fancy type, unequalled by any estab li shment in the interior of the State, for which the patronage of the pnblia is so. Itched. NO. 140. tion will be irrevocably settled against the Union, so far as Virginia is concerned. And if Virginia resolves to go out of the Union, there not a slaveholding State but will immeilately follow her example, as we religiously believe. In other words, the failure of the 'Peaoe Con gress' in Washington to adjust the pending controversy, or to put things in such train as will inevitably lead to an early, satisfactory and final adjustment, will certainly be followed by the prompt withdrawal of the whole of the alaveholding States. This is our earnest and deliberate opinion, and we admonish the North ern people and politicians to place full confi deuce in the accuracy of that opinion, and act according, or the Union will infallibly be num bered with the things that were I" We now add that our prediction as to the character of men who would be elected has been fully realized, and we warn the people of the North that the admonition to them, coupled with that prediction, is no less truly prophetic, should the contingency occur. We hope this will be taken as our response to the many applications which have been made to us from distant States, both North and South, for information on this subject. A correspondent of the Philadelphia Lai" writing from Paris, in November, 1860, hai the following: Here is a fine river, some 180 miles long, be tween Paris and Havre, on the ocean, that is almost unused• If we had it in America, what uses we should make of it! It has a depth of water equal to, certainly, five feet, up to Paris, yet it is not used, we may say, for the trans portation of merchandise, The Frenchman has some idea of a steam ship, but none at all of a steamboat for navi gating inland streams with shallow draught of water. The steamboats that do ply upon the Seine get along in the following primitive way : In the centre of the river, along nearly its whole length, is a chain, moored to floats at proper distances. Each steamboat has a aide drum-wheel, around which a turn is made of this chain ; and the steam-power is used to wind the endless chain around the drum, and thus warp the boat forward. This being the mode of river navigation, it will not surprise any one that the railway car ries the merchandize. No wonder fuel is high in Paris , and manufacturers are at disadVall tage.. Wood is chiefly used in families, and its retail price is half a cent a pound! The quality is but middling; it is mostly small sticks of beechwood. Fuel can be cheapened by doing as we do at New York,. viz having boats to run• from the mines to the port of Consumption without breaking bulk. The coals of England and Belgium are almost on the ocean. Boats of proper construction to carry 600 tons can be made to load at Liff Castle, for instance, and thence to go, without breaking bulk, to Paris. The English Channel may require, at times, a center board of large dimensions, which can be provided. In• this way only can fuel be brought to reasonable rates in Paris. It may be mentioned that the coals. of France are far from this centre, and the quality is inferior. The enterprise of America is making itself known cit the earth. In Russia we build their railways ;. in the Crimea we raise their sunken vessels ; and we provide all Europe with sewing machines. It would be a paying speculation if our people could get, a concession for the steam navigation of the Seine. All over Parle, in the greatest profusion, conveniences are. provided for the private re tiracy of the passer by the way. Along the curves of the boulevards these useful arrange ments consist of hollow cylinders of iron. The part towards the street way is open. They af ford barely sufficient concealment. The whole surface, exclusively, of the actual retiracy, is let out to advertisers. The interior, facing the person, en retiradea, is also used by medical advertisers of a certain selection. In other parts of Paris, wherever a corner can be made,. (and a three inch projection of one wall beyond another is considered a corner,) it is arrange& with offs flows for the purpose. You can scarcely go three squares in any direction and not fin& one of some sort. There wag, to our- eye, at first, an indelicate exposure in. all this. But we have got used to it, and it no longer offends. At first it does seem out of all propriety that women are ever brushing up, as they must do on narrow pavements, against men so circum stanced. But as they don't mind it at all, neither do we, after a like training of Wit. Indeed, all their statuary is open to similar re marks. We look upon the institutions we have named as so essential to health, and So demanded by a reasonable:regard to decency, as veiwed from another aspect, that we may appeal to our American city governments to say if they are not behind the age and behind the namable performance of their duty to the public in omitting all provision for this purpose. Cabinets (d'aisance) are also numerous all over Paris. These are kept in the neatest or der, and Are frequented, as occasion urges, by both sexes. They are always in charge of women. It 'le in very few things that we can learn from Europe. We are generally ahead. But when we find anything that can be commended for imitation, we think it right to mention it, and we trust the genic, well intended will cover an unavoided exposure if separable from the description. There is a company - which finds eltetild% business in Paris supplying to Wands ruovear ble gas arrangements. Their large wagons Are• freighted with numerous oast iron jars; holdt)l4 gas, forced in. A flexible pipe is attachedi to the customer's receiver, which is replesiehed from the wagon. It is common in Paris ise,lieht shops and all halls with gas, direct. I#4t• Pert apartments are fitted with pipes antl fixtures for gas. This peculiarity gives businesato the Portable. Company. The price of gee direct from the works ; is vs per 1,000 cukio.feet, [the price in New York is only $8 per I,OOA feet ! ) and one is amazed how liberally it is used in the street lamps, and in shops and Awes of amusement. We boast of butter in Philadelphia; but it is better made on ale continent. It rarely you find butter not presentable. It is always made without salt; hence the necessity of working all milky particles out of it. The.re suit is, that it Po always l i ike. putty, and that it keeps sweet much longer than ours. Phila delphia butter is justly celebrated for itsdeli icnattewro orieh th nes r s ec o i during grassWe find titae.: when salt is, applied, as occasion demands at the table s it is quite the same as when originally worked persona of delicate organs. would order their butter made without Stdt, 1144 COT respondingly better worked, they would find it an improvement. But Americans are apt to like it unsalted after a training. N o b o d y i n Europe would eat butter salted. As thqurks look on sugar and oream as exactly spoiling the fine bitter of coffee, so do peoplein Europe look on th 9 salt ofbutter 114 its destruotin, PECULIARITIES OF PARIS. TRH RIVER RHINE THA BETIRADES OF PARIS. PORTABLE OAS. UNSALTED BUTTER Taa. BEST.