Newspaper Page Text
HATES OF ADVERTISING.
fors lines or less constitute half a square. Ten Ruse
or more than four, constitute a squarl3.
eallaq .eneday— --WM, 1 Ontlel.i o
4 , one west... 1..00 '"k.— /
„ one mou th_ . 2,00 , " one month... 8.00
4, three months. 3.00 " three months. 6.00
~ six months— . 4.0 " six months.— o.or
. one year.... 0. 00 " one year..... 10.00
u;i•' ilosiness notices inserted in the Loom. smbows, or
before n auriagee and Maths, MU OliriTB PER UNE foram*
insertion f o werchantsaud others tuivertisingby thelfsal
liberal te, se flint* offered.
f a. r i ll n amberofinsertions most hedesignatedon the
La- _damages and Details will be inserted at the Mill
ales as regalat advertisements'.
i3ooks, Otationcru, St,c.
CiIOOL BOOKS.—School Directors,
) 4 3 Teachers Parente, Scholars, and others, in want of
Sabo& nooks: School Stationery, &c., will and a complete
easortinent at Z. M. POLLOCK & SON'S BOOK STOKE,
Market dove, Harrisburg, conaprieing in part the follow
ABADlCBS.—McGulfey's, Parker's, Cobb's, Angell's
CPNLLING BOOKS.—McGuffees, Cobb's, Webster's,
Town's, Byerlee. Combrre.
BNObLnkt tittlantlailS.—Bullion,e,_Smith'e, Wood
bridge'', illeutoith,e, Within's, Hart's, Welhe.
GlSTORlNS.—Gtrimshaw's, Davenport's,Front's, WU-
Mel. Willard's, Goodrich's, Pinnock% eldsmith's and
Aft irratiggruis_Greardeara Stoddard's, Emerson's,
fikesi, Rose's , Colburn ' s, Smith and Dirke'e, Davbee.
juag Brusg.___GreenleaPs, Dario% Dire, Ray's,
DICTIoNABYS.—WaIker's School, Cobb's, Walker,
Worcester's Ooioprehenaive, Worcester's Primary, Web
ster's Primary, Webster's High School, Webster's Quarto,
NATURAL PIULOSOPHIRS.—ComstockIi, Parker's,
Swift's. The above with a great variety of others can at
any ben be found at my store. Also, a complete assort
ment of School Stationery, embracing in the win le a COM
plats as for school purposes. Any book not in the store.
procured .t one days notiCe,
Er country Merchants supplied at wholesale =tee.
ALMANACS.—dohs Baer and Son's Almanac for sale al
N. M. POLLOCK. & SON'S BOOK STOKII, Harrisburg,.
irr Wholesale and Retail. my].
AD A MANI - 11VE SLATES
Olt VARIOUS SIZES AND PRICES,
-Which, for beauty and we, cannot be excelled.
REMEMBER THE PLACE,
NO. 1S MARKET STREET. mart
NEW•BOOK S I
to SEAL AND BAY," by the author of Lc Wide, Wide
World" " Dollars and Oents,” ace.
"JthTONY OP MSTUODIBII, 7 )byA.Bteiens,ILL.D.
Per sale at 80111 MITER S, SOOIISTORD,
aP9 No.lB Marke et.
- A LARGE AND SPLENDID ASSORTMENT OE '
RICHLY GILT AND ORNAMENTAL
Of via-lowa Designs and colors, for 8 cents,
"lad= PAPER AND CUT FLY PAPER,
At pny24l SCREPPER 3 B BOOKSTORE.
WALL PAPER! WALL PAPER
ink received, our .Spring Stock of WALL PAPER,
BOBDSIWPIItS 2111111.EN8 tie., to_ It is the largest
and best selected assortment in the city, rangi nen price
'from six (6) canto up to one dollar and aquarter ($1.25.)
As we purchase very low for cash, we are prepared to
sell at as low rates, if not lower, than can be had else
where. 1.1 parch:worn will call and examine, we feel
vottildett Mutt we can please then respect_to price
and quell ty. B. m POLLOCK ar, ratsfr,
ann Below Jon& Rouse, Market
TETTE R, CAP, NOTE PAPERS,
re. % Holders, Pencils, Envelopes, Sealing Wax, of
the beat quality, at low prices, Sirect from the manu
mar3o EOHEPPEWS CHEAP BOOKSTORE
T . AW BOOKS ! LAW BOOKS ! !-A
Ai general assortment of LAW BOOKS, all the State
Reports and Standard Elementary Works, with many of
the old ling - fish Reports, seems and rare, together With
a large assortment of second-nand Law Hooka, at very
low prices, at the one price Bookstare of
E. POLLCION. & SON,
Market Square, Harrisburg.
AN ARRIVAL OF
APPROPRIATE TO THE SEASON!
YAM PANE!! PANS!!;
Ascrinsii AND IiFIANDID LOT OF
SPLICED FISHING RODS!
Trout Plies, Gut and flair Snoods, erase Lines, Silk
and Hair Plaited Lines, and a generai assortment of
/1 Will" TAWNY"' OP
Which we will sell u cheap as the ,chespeet:
en v " g es 4, Loaded. Sword Hickory Fancy
Canes! Danes! Caeca! 0811011! cum!
KELLER'S DIIOO AND FANCY STONE,
Iffib. 91 PURIM STREET,
Beath side, one door east of Fourth street jet/
WORKER IN TIN,
BURET IRON, AND
• METALLIC ROOM%
Second Street, below Chestnut,
upreparoi to all orders for any article in his branch 01
business; and if not on hand, he will make to order on
Merril. LW ROD PING, of Tin or Galvanised iron,
aorntantly on band.
Also, Tin and Sheet-Iroa Ware, Spouting, &e.
Re hopes, by strict attention to the wants of his outdo
mere, to merit and receive a generous share of public pat.
-11:- livery premise strictly MEWL
B. J. HARRIS,
jan7-dlyi Second Street, below Chestnut.
F s !
KLOMMItEL, (Noe, I, 2 and 3 , )
SALMON, (very importer.)
SHAD, (Mesa and very fine.)
HERRING, (extra large.)
SMOKED HERRING, (extra Digby.)
r.410114:11:11:4: 4 10Ifirci
SARDINES AND ANCHOVIES.
Of the above we have Mackerel in whole, half, quarter
hid eighth bbla. Herring in whole and half bbls.
The entire lot new—bleedT FROM Tag risumnsa, and
will sell them at the lowest market rates.
-sepl4 Will. DOCK, 7a., & CO.
DM DE MONTEBELLO,
lISIDSIECK & CO.,
QIESLIR fr.- 00 -7
ANCUOR-SILLE wit stotranux,
AIUMM & CO
In store and for halo by
HICKORY WOOD I I-A SUPERIOR LOT
just received, and for sale in quantities to suit pur
shatters, by JAMF.S W ELNELER.
Alm, OAK AND PINE constantly on hand at the
iertest prices. dcc6
FAMILY BIBLES, from L to 41 , 10
strong and handsomely bound, printed on good paper,
with elegant altar noW tYPa, oold at
mehal 8.0 - Hgordhie Cheap tkpoimme.
CRANBERRIES !!!—A SPLENDID LOT
t received by
set% WM. DOCIC..Ta., & CO.
l a a auperiOr and cheap TABLE or
OIL go to
KELLER'S DRUG STORM
LIE FrTat Growers' lisodbcok—by
WARl NG—+tholeasle =dead' at
BOHBFFIII 9 B Bookstore.
PERM CANDLES.—A large =PM
just received by
Wu. 1:402. & CO.
ELLER'SDRUG STORE is the place
to Ind the best otoortmeot of Potts Mosumitoo.
F IS Hill
JOHN H. ZIEGLER,
73 Market street
• 7:77 - ' ..,' - '1%,•F.,11 4 , ; ; 1 1 1 i . 1 7 -••-• ‘ : 11 , , L;; ; -=-1-•.." ---11 - 1 .
riot„... i : 2 . .. • • ;.- i 1 1 1 1 .. 1 I , , ;,•___l-: . -•:,:•'• ' -.; "
' • ; 1 -i.-7::;;;; 7 1 ',1 1 , r 1; 7......i - iii - .1 . , ..7 . - !',.,.:
_::-.7. - :.-,..:_,-• ----- 1 -.- 4 0
. ' . - - -4 , • • . --. ' -.7r i ': 4.1 :-, -. I ' '
_._.,----;_--T'l.)l-I . i -- (II ' . . ri-
1%. - : 2010
..' ji (
.. f- ll ...., •. 1
-- ..,1 .
To THE PUBLIC!
SOUTH SECOND STREET, - ,'
BELOW PRATT'S ROLLING MILL,
Where ha has constantly on hand
LYKENS VALLEY BROKEN, EGO, STOVE AND
WILKESBARRE STEAMBOAT, BROKEN, STOVE
AND NUT COAL,
ALL OP THE BEST QUALITY.
It will be delivered to eonsumerg clean, and fall
iii' CONSUMERS GIVE ME A CALL FOR YOUR
irr Orders left at my house, in Walnut street, near
Fifth; or at Brubaker's, North street; J. L. Sped's,
Market Square; Wm. Bostick's, corner of Second and
South streets, and John Lingle's, Second and Mulberry
streets, will receive prompt attention.
jyl3-416m JOHN TILL.
ONLY YARD IN TOWN THAT DRLITERS
COAL BY THE
P A TENT WEIGH CARTS!
NOW IS TEE TIME
For every family to get in their supply of Coal for the
winter—weighed at their door by the Patent Weigh
Carts. The accuracy of these Carts no one disputes, sad
they never get eat of order, se is freoneTtly the case of
the Platform Scales; besides, the consumer has the
satisfaction of proving the weight of his Cosi at his
own hollow_ •
I have a large supply of Coal on hand, oat:tdat , rig of
B. M. 00.1 LYKENB VALLEY COAL all sizes,
LYXENS VALLEY do " "
BITVIIINOUB BROAD TOP do.
AU Coal of the best quality mined, and delivered free
from all impurities, at the lowest rates, by the boat or
car load, single, half or third of tons, and by the bushel.
JAMES M. WHEELER.
Harrisburg, September 84,1660.—5ep25
P T 0 W N!
PATENT WEIGH CAR TS.
For the convenience of my numerous up town custom
ers, I have established, in connection with my old yard,
a Branch Coal Yard opposite North street, in a line With
the Pennsylvania canal, havingthe office formerly occu
pied by Mr- R. Harris, where consumers of Coal in that
vicinity and YerbcketoWn Can NOWT@ their Coal by the
PATENT WEIGH CARTS,
WITHOUT EXTRA CHARGE FOR HAULING,
And in any quantity they may desire, as low as can be
FIVE THOUSAND TONS COAL ON HAND,
Of OMEN'S VALLEY and WILRESBARRE, all sizes.
w igdirilling to nusinsain fair pricu i but unwilling
115" ;a Coalll f o7liZeup and delivered Clean and free
from all impurities, and the best article mined.
Orders received at either Yard will be promptly filled,
nd all Coal delivered by the Patent We i gh Carts.
Coal sold by Boat, Car load, Anglo . , half or ;third of
tons, and by the bushel.
JAMES M. WHEELER.
Harriabnig, October 13. 1863.—octlf•
LyKIZNS VALLEY NUT COAL-
For Bale AT TWO DOLLARS TER TON.
IL7' AU Coat doliverca by PATENT W7lOll Win
JAMES M. WHEELER
Coaldelivered from both yards. nor/
HE L MBOLD 9 3 HELMBOLD'S
xi &adult( +UPS BELMBOLD'S
B ELM BoLD7s
HELM BoLDPS HELMBOLD'S
MEL MBOLD 9 8 HELMBOLD'S
ILELMISOI.I) 9 B nE,LMBO.LirIs
Estee44 Estella, Extract Each%
Extra . % Raclin; Extract &whit,
Extract Dacha, Extract linchn,
Extract Thiel% Extract Backer,
Ext-act Bacha, Extract
Extract Baohn, Extract Baehr',
Extract Mahn, /Wrest RIM,
FOR SECRET AND DELICATE DISORDERS.
FOR SECRET AND DELICATE DISORDERS.
10 H. SECRET AND DELICATE DISORDERS.
FUR SECRET AND DELICATE DISORDERS.
FOR SECRET AND DELICATE DISORDERS.
FOR SECRET A'D DELdc ATE. DISORDERS.
FOR SECRET AND DELICATE DISORDERS,
A PoPitive and Specific Remedy.
A Positive and Specific Remedy.
A Positive and Specific Remedy.
A Positive and Specific Remedy.
A Pnattive and Braille Remedy.
A Poet lye and Specific Remedy.
A Positive and Specifier Remedy.
FOR DISICAUS OF THE
BLADDER, GRAVEL, KIDNEYS, DROPSY,
BLADDER, RAVEL, KIDNEYS, DROPSY,
BLADDER, drill., KIDNEYS, DROPSY,
BLADDER, fr AVEC, KIDNEYS, DROPSY,
BLADDER, GRAVEL, KIDNEYS, DROPSY,
BLADDER, GRAVEL, KIDNEYS, DROPSY.
BLADDER, GRdVEL, KIDNEYS, DROPSY,
ORGANIC WE isRNIPIN;
GR , i-A le LC W RARN RBB,
ORO AN 0 W nAHNEKI,
ORGANIC W NAnNERS. •
Arid all Lbseases bd.l nal Organs,
And Dis•osta of ScoTIF(4) •rgarisi
And all Ilisras,s of Sexual Organs,
And all Disputa of Sexual Organs,
And all Diseases of Sexual Organs,
And all Dis.a4o-s of Sexual Organs,
Enamel!, Exposunse, awl Linimiennieil in Lire.
Zeeeseea, kipoeneee, and Inafigidenoles in Life.
.Exleeeee, Exposure +, and ImprndKneisse in Life.
Excwaa.a, Rx...otnres, and Lueindencies in Life.
xxe.linee, Enunpurve, and I nip ndencies In Life.
Exeeesee, Rxioeur.e, an d Irepraienaisse in Lire.
From whatever ev . ee originating, 4 ndnlinther *xisting in
MALE OR PEttALE.
Females, take zie mote Pills They are of no o val f or
Complaints ineid.n' t« 'be Rex. Use
t X I'RaCT BIICHII.
rtAnkbold% Extract Bache le a Medicine wbich fe per.
featly pleasant in its
T-ISTE AND QDOR,
But inameiiste in its eetien. giving Daunt' and 'Vigor to
the Frame, Mown to the Pallid Cueek, and restoring the
patient toe periPet, Sant. of
HEALTH AND PURITY.
Heimbold'a nitroct BucL.o is prapsred according to
rh anGAGT w n 4 Vitamin'', and is pr. arrinad and used by
THE 1110 ST EMIABNI I PHINICIANS.
Delay no lon;er. Procure tne remedy at once
Price it p.r ►ottlr, or six for V.
D-pot 104 Santo Tenth street Philadelphia.
isiew&its or . wienauirwitt DEALERS
Trying to halm off their own or other mutinies of HUHU
on the mats ion attained by
BELIffisOLD'S EXTRACT BUOHU,
The %lOW acid only Genuine.
We desire lo ran on thR
MERIT ole OUR ARTICLE!
Th.lesis wyrthlrsa —is Redd 4 much lea rates and Gout
miaeiona f coneequentbr oayinga. mach hrtter profit.
WI DIOPY CO dRETITION !
HELPABOLDII War/ACT DUCRU.
Taks tto Won
Sold by JOHN WYETH, Druggist, corner of Iderksi end
Second streets, Harrisburg
AND ALL DRUGGISTS EVERYWHERE%
WOODSWORTU & BUNNZL'I9
SUPRAII9II FLA rointra EXTRACTS
.fnet received and for isle
IeMP WM. DOCK, Ja., & CO
HA.RRISBU'RG, PA., THURSDAY, JANUARY 24, 186 L
E4t ',Patriot 4 . Union.
THURSDAY MORNING, JAN. 24, 1861.
SPEECH OF MR. LEISENEING
Mr. SPEAKER : The resolutions before the
House are such as require the calm and dispas
sionate consideration of every member of this
body. No one should attempt to consider them
in the light of partizanship—whether Repub
lican or Democrat—their purport is too mo
mentous, at this time, to be affected by party.
When our common country is convulsed and
agitated through misunderstanding or preju
dice—when some of our Southern brethren,
led on by blind fanaticism, have defied the ob
ligations resting upon themes members of this
glorious confederacy, and, so far as their eon
ventions have decided, dissolved their connec
tion with the United States—when civil war,
growing out of imaginary evils, and when one
of the best governments ever originated by
mankind is likely to be destroyed, and a free
government rendered for the present impracti
cable, is it not proper that we, the representa
tives of three millions of people, should pause,
and. ponder well what course seems best, and
what policy should be adopted by the Legisla
ture of Pennsylvania in this emergency ?
A crisis fearful and terrible is upon us. The
people of this mighty Commonwealth trehible
under its threatenings, and well they may, when
the property of its citizens is depreciating in
value by millions ; its business is being cur
tailed in every quarter of it, and Rs manufac
turing industry crippled to a degree far greater
than during any financial crisis with which its
oldest inhabitants are familiar. True it is; Mr.
Speaker, that these are frightful times;
equally true it is that we, in our representative
capacity, should provide some remedy, if pos
sible, that will place Pennsylvania right before
the citizens of our sister States,
in the hope that
her conservatism may have a tendency, if not
the effect, to avert the impending calamity.—
Her voice should be for peace, and not fratrici
dal war—her power, to its utmost extent,
should be used to check the maddening fury of
sectionalism, whether in the North or the South,
and prevent, by every legitimate means, the
revolution, now local, but which threatens
soon to become general. May the God of Hea
ven interpose to prevent so direful a calamity
—may He who arranges all things and dis
penses all things for His own glory, give me
the heart and the voice to defend the right...
This is not the time, nor the occasions proper
One, t 0 Consider the causes for our national trou
bles. The discussion of them, in this place,
would produce orimination and re-crimination
of suoh.a character as to weaken, if not dispel,
all hope of doing justice to ourselves—to Penn
sylvania. Suffice it to say, however, they have
been growing for a long series of years, and
only recently reached that culminating point
when,. to provide a remedy for final destruction
and he overthrovr of our Government, is our
hlnitettt and should be otiemest pleasant, duty_uon
n - tromm mi
en - ve nOt - ineeulUtP6abcouv l r.--,-
North or South alone. Prominent individuals
of each locality figured conspicuously in fanning
the flame of jealousy and discord; and, until the
excitements and prejudices of both have given
the one a pretext for rebellion, we managed to
live in union, if not in peace and harmony.—
This change in our national feelings, under the
circumstances, is not entirely unexpeted ; and
the people of Pennsylvania, anxious to renew
the assurances of their good feeling to the cis
izens of every other State, have requested the
Representatives and Senators to do—what ?
Not to compromise principles or sacrifice per
sonal opinion; not to acknowledge unconstitu
tional acts committed against the laws of our
common country or the citizens of any sister
Commonwealth ; net to fall on our knees at. the
shrine of Commerce and beg for mercy when
we have done no wrong; but simply to purge
ourselves of ail seeming unfriendliness to our
neighbors, and magnanimously exhibit to the
world a devotedness to the laws of the land as
well as those which regulate a common brother
hood between man and man. Is there anything
unrighteous in this ? Anything derogatory to
our characters stil their - Representatives ? Any
thing that pertains, in any particular, to a de
parture from the strict path of right and justice,
or that which should animate every heart and
prompt every conscience with the high prerog
ative of doing unto others as we would have
them do to us? No, Mr. • Speaker, there is
nothing wrong, nothing unjust in this request;
and when I contemplate who these fifteen
thousand petitioners are, every impulse of my
nature, and every prompting of my mind, com
pels me to answer to their prayer, "Thy will
be done." A large proportion of these peti
tioners are my friends—my neighbors—and
many hundreds of them my immeilate constit
uents—your party supporters—who speak to
me in thunder tones in this wise: "Whereas,
we not being more wise, just, honest or pa
triotic than they, (meaning the people of every
section of the Uuited States,) are bound, in jus
lice to our children, to leave this glorious Union
to them as an inheritance—the same as left to
us by our Fathers—and to secure this end,
(mark the great benefits to result,) justice and
patriotism require that we should do every
thing in our power to effect such compromises
as will restore peace and harmony to our dis
tracted country, and perpetuate the Union of
these States." Now, what greater bode do we
want to bestow on our children than the perpe
tuity of the Union ? Nothing in my judgment
is dearer to an American citizen—nothing more
sacred or more important to an individual,
except the salvation of his soul!
Who are these petitioners ? The member.
from Allegheny (Mr. WiLlaalis) has told us
_they are the merchants and manufacturers of
Philadelphia--a race of men whose principles
and feelings are governed entirely by trade.
Mr. WILLIAMS. I beg leave to correct the
gentleman. I took occasion the other day to
correct a misstatement of the same kind, (I do
not use this language in any offensive sense,)
made by another gentleman from Philadel
phia, (Mr SEEPPARD,) ani I hoped that would
be sufficient.. I said nothing „bout the manu
facturers of Philadelphia. They are a class of
men whom I represent very largely myself.
Mr. LEISENRING. I took occasion, sir, to
take some notes during the remarks of the
gentleman, and I would say here. that his
speech as reported in the Record is not the
speech delivered on the floor, so far as Phila
delphia is concerned.
Mr. WILLIAMS. Therein I must be allowed
to say, it is word for word, and letter for letter,
the identical speech. I ought to have Q better
recollection of the matter than the gentleman
Mr. LEISENRING. Let me say—
Mr. WILLIAMS. I Should suppose, hoWeVOr,
that it would .have been sufficient for me to
have disclaimed it. There the controversy
ought to end.
Mr, LEISENRING. Let me say to the mem
bers of this body, that if such be the estimate
placed upon the merchants and manufacturers
of the metropolis of our Stite,„by the member
from Allegheny, it is worth'sbottf, - as much as
his opinion of tbe SOirremOVottrt Of this Com.
monwealth. Ile insinuates that the names
were secured by purchase, and that they do not
preeent the sentiment of even those who signed
the petitions much less the community. Let
me say, again, that his random shots and slan
ders fall harmless before those gentlemen,
whose characters for fidelity to their country,
strict business integrity, honesty of purpose,
and loyalty to the Constitution, are so well es
tablished throughout the length and breadth of
the land as to need no particular vindication
at my hands. They are an ingustrious, intelli
gent, peace-loving and law-abiding population,
used to meeting their obligations, opposed, in
every manner, to repudiation, and always
ready and willing to sustain the supreme tribu
nal of the Commonwealth in punishing repu
Sir, in times past, the citizens of that same
Philadelphia, ancestors, doubtless, of these very
petitioners, exhibited their love of country in
the war which gained env independence. They
nobly came to the rescue 1.. nee;: of. the darkest
periods of the Revointion, and not only pledged
their tosist , nce, by force of arms, to maintain
their rights, but their means and credit were
freely given, and through them that great finan
cier, Robert . Morris, was enabled to sustain
the cause of liberty by contributions of material
aid, which enervated the power of the right
for which they were then struggling, and fed
the honored and patriotic ancestors of the mem
ber from Allegheny, whom, he has told us,
marched to Germantown to protect Philadel
phia. As the merchants of Philadelphia then
came forward to participate in that war which
has given us the inestimable blessings we all
enjoy, so do their descendants now come for
ward and ask us to show our love of liberty--
our appreciation of the peace and harmony
which should exist in the governments of this
great nation, by holding out the olive branch to
our friends in the Border States, and those of
other Southern States who oppose secession, and
believe that all grievances, whether real or im
aginary, can be redressed under the Constitu
tion, by an appeal to the proper tribunal—Con
gress or the Supreme Court of the United States.
It is not only the merchants and manufacturers
of Philadelphia who have petitioned this body
to repeal all unfriendly legislation, as the
amendment before us proposes. The laboring
classes are crying aloud for justice ; the opera
tives—hundreda and thousands of whom are
now out of emplyment, and many suffering
for bread—appeal to us for succor in this the
hour of their trial and the nation's peril, to
extend to every section of the Union the assu
rance that Pennsylvania sympathizes in the
misfortunes of the people of a few States and
recognizes in the Border States sufficient mag
nanimity, wisdom and patriotism, to withstand
the secession mania and prove their loyalty to.
the Union and devotedness to the Constitution.
They ask, as the amendment proposes, that a
portion of the 95th. and 96th sections of the
Revised Penal Code should be repealed—and
why not? Some have petitioned, also, for the
re-enactment of the sojourning act of 1780.
In 1838, Mr. Seward said, in regard to the re
peal of the nine months sojuruing act of New
York, " I can conceive of benefits to the great
cause of human liberty, from the cultivation of
this intercourse with the South,"
loin mr:uantxpressitaTamor"u6rethit, I r t ( PP.
of toe unfriendly legislation contained in por
tions of the 95th and 96th sections of the Revised
Penal Code? Gov. Curtin, in his Inaugural,
says in regard to this matter :
.s I have already taken occasion to say pub
licly, and I now repeat, that if we have any
lawsupon our statute books which infringe upon
the rights of the people of any of the States, or
contravene any law of the Federal tiovernment,
i•r obstruct its execution, they ought to be re
pealed. We ought not to hesitate to exhibit to
other States that may have enacted laws inter
fering with the rights, or obstructive of the
remedies which belong constitutionally to all
American citizens, an example of magnanimity
and implicit obedience to the paramount law,
and by a prom' t repeal of every statute that
may, even by implication, be liable to reason
, able objection, do our part to remove every
, just. cause of dissatisfaction with our legisla
By adopting the amendments to the Senate
resolutions we will take one step in that " ex
ample of magnanimity," and "remove every
just cause of dieriatiafaction with our legisla
Mr. Speaker, we will further show, by our
action, that we endorse the action of Gov. Hicks,
of. Maryland, the Legislatures of Delaware and
Arkansas, and highly approve of the Union
sentiments pervading the people of those States,
as well as those of Kentucky, Tennessee, North
Carolina, Missouri, Louisiana and Texas, and
many of the oitiseris of Georgia, Mississippi,
Alabama, Florida and South Carolina.
Mr. Speaker, let us, for a moment, examine
the amendments in connection with the Senate
resolutions. The firStreSolution of the amend
ment sets forth that the provisions contained
in article fourth, section second, amuse third
of the Constitution of the United States, which
declares that ""no person h. Id to service or la
bor in one State, under the laws thereof, esca
ping into another, shall, in consequence of any
taw or regulation therein, be discharged from
such service or labor, but shall be delivered up
on the claim of the patty to whew such service
or labor may be due," is sacred, inviolate and
binding upon the people of all the States, and
'that it is a positive violation of good faith for
any State to enact and maintain any law which
interferes with the tights of the master to re
claim his fugitive slave, or encourages, in any
manner, the citizens to aid in the escape of stich
fugitive, or embarrass, in any way, the officers
of the law in executing process under the fu
gitive slave act., passed by Congress in one
thousand eight hundred and fifty.
Now what is wrong in this proposition? No
member on this floor. I think, can interpose an
objection to the principle that the laws of the
United States are tutored and inviolate,
What does the second propose ? The repeal
of the sth and 7th sections of the act to prevent
kidnapping, preserve the public peace, &c.,
passed Marsh 3tl, 1847, and the 95th and 96th
sections of the act, entitled ""An Act to consol
idete, revise and amend the Penal laws of the
Commonwealth, passed March 81st, 1860, ex
cept that portion of the 95th section which de- .
fines and punishes the offence of kidnapping."
The third resolution, which sets forth that the
people of Pennsylvania fully recognize and
acknowledge the equal rights of all the people
Of (lie ScVeral States in the common territories
of the Federal Union, and that they earnestly
pray that such amendment or, amendments may
be speedily made to the Constitution of the
United States, as will permit the citizens of all
the States equally Le. enjoy said territories,
without - let, hindrance or molestation from any
quarter and thus remove the question of slavery
forever from the political arena, is not required
at this time,. because it is merely declaratory of
the rights of the several States in the eoratncti
property of the general government. The
Supreme Court of the United States is the sole
arbiter of the equality of these rights of the
several States, an d therefore it would be merely
resolving that which comes within the purview
of the decision of the highest judicial tribunal
known to the laws of the country.
Thu fourth, I hope, all will agree to, This
states that Pennsylvanians are true now, as
they have ever been, to the Constitution and the
Union, and in a spirit of justice and fraternity
will exclude from their councils all measures
calculated to irritate or influence any of our
fellow-citizens, no matter where they belong, at
the same time proposing the exhaustion of all
peaceable and constitutional remedies to prevent
the destruction of the common bond and common
brotherhood, and that clearing their record of
all causes of complaint, no matter front what
quarter they may come, they will stand un
flinchingly by the Executive of the United
States, in all his efforts to maintain the Consti
tution, exact obedience to the laws, and protect
the property of the General Government. This,
it will be observed, contains the gist of the
whole matter—that of clearing our own record,
and then sustaining, as the Constitution of the
United States requires, the President of the
Nation in every emergency.
The preamble to the Senate resolutions recites
what a few misguided men in a sister State have
done, and the resolutions, in effect , , threaten
coercion, without suggesting any remedy for
existing evils and dangers. Where is the
necessity for such an announcement from the
Legislature of old conservative Pennsylvania?
When her citizens appeal to us to clean their
skirts, it seems indelicate, to say the least, for
us to set up our judgment and determination
against their wishes and earnest desires. Let
the politicians bow in submission to the popular
will, and our National troubles will soon cease.
The people will apply a remedy, if the oppor
tunity is afforded, and the old barque will sail
onward and upward as in days of yore. Unless
there be something practical in our action all may
be lost. What is the use of resolving that all
remedies for complaints are within the provis
ions of the Constitution ? I admit there is for
all legal grievances, but not for public senti
ment. Is the Constitution able, of itself, to
control a public sentiment ever so morbid?
Public virtue has, and might do so again, but
where there is no virtue. what is the conse
quence? Why written laws are laughed at, and
the unwritten denied. We read that the first
effort to destroy the Roman Republic found its
origin iii a refusal to adhere to the decisions of
the magistrates, and that the history of every
Republic whose downfall has cursed the world
with civil war and never ending feuds, teaches
that the beginning was in the open and shame
ful violation of law. We are a law-abiding
people, it is said ; and if the allegation be true
that the Judiciary has become corrupt, what
stronger evidence is needed to convince the
right-minded and thinking that the masses are
also corrupt. Where, then, is public virtue?
Alas, it. may be feared, it has descended so low
in the scale of human thought as to render it
impotent and powerless.
Why resolve that secession is revolution ?
We say that this Union should be preserved,
but who is it that can look upon the fearful
consequences of coercion without a shudder ?
It has been said, and we hear the same senti
ment reiterated here, that if war ensues, sla
very becomes extinct. Be it so—what then ?
Five millions of ignorant black slaves, gov
erned almost exclusively by their passions, are
let loose to roam over this fair latici of ours and
&ouch it in blood. What a fine theme for
"a - 11117 TaticuTiiitimi3 - 608affteetra p thet
mistaken sense of humanity. A war of races
to carry out humanity! We love the black
man so much that we are compelled to shoot
him down to save ourselves. But will the
South not suffer ? Suppose she does ! Sup
pose her sons—our fathers, brothers and sons
—are killed? Suppose her daughters—our
mothers, sisters and daughters—are ravished
and degraded to the level of the brute creation,
her fair fields laid waste, and even our very
climate rendered pestilential by the horrors of
desolation—what then? Is amalgamation,
with all its attendant evils and horrors, to be
the last dregs of the wretched cup which abo
litionism has held to our mouths? God grant
that these scenes may never be witnessed in our
country—that the more party politician, who
forsakes the principles of manhood, justice,
right, law and order, to accomplish his own
sinister purposes, and gratify an ambition by
no means laudable, may find his level, and
public virtue, however small, may again rise to
the surface, and once more direct the councils
of the nation.
Why does the member from AlleghenyAyr.
WILLIAMS) so much covet revolution ? Have
we revolutionists on this floor ? The fact is
undeniable that a constituency is represented
here which has repeatedly defied the laws of
this State, and which allow their commissioners
to suffer incarceration rather than to submit to
the mandates of the Supreme Court. It is also
a fact, not so notorious, however, that notwith
standing the tirade against the Supreme bench
of Pennsylvania, the Supreme Court of the
United States have affirmed the decision of our
State court., in a great test question familiar to
all ; and whether the Supreme Court of this
Commonwealth be composed of "COUUtry•law
yers. whose decisions have to be reversed at
least once a year, and sometimes oftener," the
highest tribunal in the land has given them a
good certificate for sound judgment by the
affirmation in this particular case. But it may
be, that foiled in repeated efforts to subvert
law and to accomplish dishonest purposes
through legel chicanery, it is intended design
edly to plattge this country into revolution as
the only and last meana, terrible thoughit may
be. to escape the payment of just debts. In revo
lution no debts are paid. They are often wiped
out entirely, and in a fratricidal war it may
be that a temporary relief may be found from
that taxation, to the payment of which revolu
tion is so much preferred. The sentiments
uttered by the gentleman from Allegheny are
a fitting type of the constituency he represents.
Fur long years, it is said, they have used him
as a willing instrument in their purposed repu
diation, and it appears as if parties are used
now, in this other sphere, to create a state of
affairs by which alone they can achieve further
distinction in their peculiar ideas. Ii honor
there be in such a course, let the gentlemen
favoring this purpose wear the laurels. My
constituents, who are the creditors of some of
the parties here represented, want none of
Mr. Speaker, turning aside from this terrible
thought of revolution, I appeal to the conserva
tive members on this floor to wand firm, and,
in the language of Qovernor Curtin, "by a
prompt repeal of every statute that may, even
by implication, be liable to reasonable objec
tion, do our part to remove every just cause for
dissatisfaction with our legislation." Let us for-
get party, sacrifice partizan views and princi
ples, if necessary, to bolster up and conciliate
those of the border States whose interests aro
identified with ours, and who, like us, are
opposed to the thought, folly, effect and curse
of secession. Let us plant ourselves on the
platform—not of this or that party—but the
Coastitntion, to observe which compromises
have been made in the past and must be ar
ranged in the future. This will, as Governor
Curtin requests us, " exhibit to other States
that may have enacted laws interfering with
the rights, or obstructive of the remedies,
which belong constitutionally to all American
citizens, an example of magnanimity and of
implicit - obedience to the paramount law." As
partizans we can accomplish nothing. Com m it
ourselves to the policy of compromise, as the
;TAMED EVERY MOANING,
6Y 0. BAURETT & 00 .
faa DAILY ?Amor Alto Viten * I?be_eeriedteeab
Jeri bore reading in the Borough for Six guava rex mesa
poyiado to the Carrier. Alsil entriVirbere, rook Doi
CARS PIK Asimar.
, . .
THIS WZIRLY will, be pnbliiiiied as heretofore, mil.
weekly during the session of the Legishiture t arid Once a
week the remainder of the year, for two dollars in ad.
Vance, or three dollars at the expiration of the year.
Connected with this establishment is air intensive
JOB OFFICE, containing a variety of plain sad fancy
type, unequalled by any establishment In the interferer
the State, for which the patronage of the pabt l ais so
brightest intellects and tried men, (who bare
gone to an eternal rest, I trial, in the arms of
a forgiving Savior,) always did, in the hour of
difficulty, and old Penosylvanin may still be
able to• hold her exalted, conservative position
in the family of States comprising the Union.
This cannot be done by a series of revolutions,
adopted by a mere majority of her Legislature,
which suggest nothing to heal the troubles in
which we art involved, provide no remedy for
the evils which must neeessarily be entailed
upon us, offer nothing in the shape of peace
or compromise, but hold out a threat. My
friends, my juilgineut teaches me that this
policy, on our part, is suicidal Adopt it, an'd
the leaders of secession have gained a triumph
over the co-operationists. Their efforts to
plunge us into a civil war will be. seconded by
the authorities of Pennsylvania—oil hopes of
settlement may pass away, and the valleysand
plains of the sunny Svulltv will be crimsoned
with the blood of our fathefa and rnothem
brothers and sisters and dearchildren: Legis
lators of Pennsylvania! I appeal to you, this
day, to record your votesin opposition to such
scenes—in opposition to the propositivo* to aid
in bringing about a worse condition off' affairs
than has ever yet been witnessed on the - habi
MARYLAND AND PENNSYLVANIA.
CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN• GOTERNORe
My Dear Sir—l have just returned from , the •
ceremony of my inauguration; and, as thefirst
act of my official' career, I write to•express• to
you my profound admiration of the patriotic
resolution you have displayed in assisting to
maintain the Union of our beloved country in
the present perilous crisis. In• comrmon•with
all the citizens of Pennsylvania, I have regar
ded with the deepest respect and gratitude your
firm and manly resistance of the efforts.wineh ,
have been made to swerve you from- the path
of duty which you had wisely resolved to fel- •
low ; and in behalf of those eitizensi..lttender
to you assurances of all the aid that as, earnest
sympathy and an active co-operation •in what
ever measures of just - coneiliation majklie pro
posed, can give you.
• lit order that I may lbarn by what means we '
can best sustain you and your. Union-loving
coadjutors in the accomplishment of the noble
purpose you have in view, I have informally
commissioned the Hon. R. M. Palmeri Speaker
of our State Senate, the Hon.. Gideon J.. Ball, a
leading and influential member of our Ifouse
of Representatives, and . Morton McMichael,
Esq., a distingzished citizen of this Common
wealth, to wait upon you for me, and in my
stead, to convey to you-personally the opinions
I entertain, and to confen with you generally
on all such topics as may be necessary. to a full,
mutual understanding of our respective wishes
and objects. These gentlemen arc amply au
thorized to speak to you in my name, to spread
before you my views, to receive from you any
suggestions you may feel inclined -to make;
and they are, also, amply qualified to explain
to you the feelings and opinions of the people
of this State on the great questions-which now
- With assurances di ttre - trinst - e
I am, my dear sir, very truly,
A. G. CURTIN.
His Excellency, Thomas H. Hicks,
Governor of Maryland,
Illy Dear Sir avail myself of the first
leisure moment to assurtryou th4t /tun not in
sensible to the obligation under which you ,
have placed me by your patriotic, kind and
friendly letter of the 15th instant., handed me
on Thursday by Messrs. Palmer, Ball at Mc-
Michael—the gentlemen charged by you with
its custody and delivery.
With these gentlemen I had a frank, free
and full conversation. I told them_ that while
I could only meet them informally, and had
no power to pledge Maryland to adopt any
particular measures of co-operation or concil
iation, I would hear with pleasure anyluggen
tions they could make with a view to a satis
factory adjustment of our nationabdifficulties.
I also, during the interview, inqpired of them
as to the rumored intention of a military dis
play in Washington on or about the fourth of
March, and was gratified to learn. that the pea.
ple of Pennsylvania entertained' no such de
sign. I told them, and I take pleasure in re
peating it to you now, that the people of Mary
land are Union-loving and law-abiding; and,
with some few exceptions, decided in feeling
and action for the preservation of the Union,.
and will not desert it, until the necessity shall
be more apparent than At present- Strongly
opposed, as they were, to the election of Mr.
Lincoln, the people of Maryland intend ta make
no opposition to, but, if necessary. will aid in
securing the peaceable inauguration. of the
President elected according to the forms of the
I thank you most sincerely for the kind
Manner you tender the co-operation of the
people of Pennsylvania "Itt whatever just
measures of conciliation may be proposed."
Trusting in G. d, and confiding in the good
sense of the American people, I still look to
Congress for a satisfactory adjustment of our
difficulties—and I earnestly hope that you, and
those acting with you, may be successful in
your patriotic endeavors to secure measures of
I am aware that much of the ill feeling be.
tween the sections is attributable to the Per
sonal Liberty laws of some of the Northern
States, and though these have been decided by
the courts to be unconstitutional, yet they are
offensive to us, and should be, as I do not doubt
they will he, repealed.
I believe the great body of the people North
and South are still sound in their attaehmentto
the Union, and that the ultraists alone, North
and South, by their unholy ambition, politiaal
and pecuniary, have brought our great country
to its present deplorable condition.
Though my sympathies are with the South,
I feel no undue prejudice against our Northern
brethren, believing, as I do, that there is little
difference between the extremists of either
section as to the effect produced upon the
country. I look, therefore, to the prudent
action of the patriotic men now in council, and
to the people themselves, to save the country
and restore those fraternal relations that made
us the a dmiration of the world. Though the
dreadful crisis now upon us threatens the
destruction of the Union, I trust in the same
providence that guided our patriot fathers ; and
hope, through His interposition, wise counsels
may yet pr.vail and stay the hands now raised
to strike the fatal blow.
I am a native of Maryland, the owner Of I,
number of slaves, and my feelings and sympa
thies are naturally with the South; but above
and beyond all these, I am for the Union; . and
forgetting all but honor, am ready to 'merle°,
1 life and fortune, to Save and perpetuate the
Union of the States, formed by our fathers
under the providence of God.
With sincere regard, I am, wiry truly, your
friend. Timms H.' HICKS.
His Excellency, A. G. Ouvki9l Qoyeiior of
TIN AND GOVERNOR RICKS
HAIMIBIYIIRO) January:l6oBBl. 5
A-Iv:term.% January 19, 1881.1