Newspaper Page Text
DATES OF ADVERTISING-.
/Our lines or less constitute half a square. Ten lines
or more than four, constitute a square.
. o un i
.080 day_ --VAT , One eq, one day —... 30.6 t,
one Weet...... 1.00 " one week...—. lab
o one mont 2.00 cc one month. _ Lee
three months. 3.00 " threemonths. 5.00
.1 ammonths— . 4.00 " six months.:-. S.OP
ono 5.00 " one ear.—..y 10.00
Thoinon n otices Inserted in the LOCAL Maw, or
oef % ma xriages and deaths, SIVE owns rantis wan
by the year
merchant:mad others advaring
maid t e , m will be offered.
t o- vbe nu mberofinsertions must bedesignatedon the
iv. marr i ag es sad Deaths will' be inserted at the !MS
stes se regular advertisements.
Books, etatiotterp, sfrz,c.
SCHOOL BOOKS.--School Di rec tors,
Teachers Parents, Scholars, and others, in want Of
School Rooks, School Stationery, &c., will and a complete
assortment at B. M. POLLOCK & SON'S BOOK STORNI,
Market Ware, Barriebers, comprising in part the
illi4DEß,9.—Menify's, Parker's, Cobb's, Angell's
SPELLING BOOKS.—MeGuffers, Cobb's, Weisner%
Town's, Briny's. Oombry's.
SIVGLISH GRABBARS.-13tellion's, Smith's, Wood
bridge's, Menteith,s, Bart's, Waite,
lllSTOBlSS.—Grusishewhi, Davenport's,' W t
son's, Wi ll ard's, Goodrich's, Pinnock 7 s, tlea and
ARITHMETIO'S.--Greenlears, Stoddard's, Emerson's,
pike's_ L Boss ' s, Connum , s, Smith and Duke's, D avies.
ALGERRAS.--Greenleire, Davie's, Day's, Bay's,
DICTION/MTS.—Walker's School, Cobb's, Walker,
Worcester's Comprehensive, Worcester's Primary, Web
ster's Primary, Webster's Bash School, Webster s . Quarto,
NAT/MAL PELLOSOPBIO3,--Comstocit's, Parker's,
Swift's. The above with a great variety of others can a
any time be found at my store. Also, a complete assort
ment of School Stationery, embracing in the while a com
plete outfit for school purposes. Any book not in the store.
procured at one days notice.
Country illernhanla supplied at wholesale rates.
ALMANACS_ ---john Baer and Son's Almanac for sale el
B OCK & SON'S BOOK STORE Banishers.
jrKr Wholesale and Retail. myl .
OP VARIOUS sum AND Paten,
Which, for beauty and use, cannot be excelled.
BgMSMBER THE PLACA
NO. 18 MARENT STREET. mart
"SEAL AND SAY," by the author of " Wide, Wide
World" "Dollars and Dente," &c.
"HISTORY OP MRTHODISM,"by A.Stevene, LL.D.
For sale at SCHEMES' - BOOKSTOPX,
ap9 No. 18 Marks at.
JUST RECEIVED . ,
A LARGE AND SPLENDID ASSORTMENT OP
RICHLY GILT . AND ORNAMENTAL
WINDOW CURTAINS ,
- PAPER BLINDS,
Of 'various Designs and Colors, for 8 cents, •
TISSUE PAPER AND
EP CUT FLY PAYER,
At [my24] SOHPER'S BOOKSTORE.
WALL PAPER I WALL PAPER ! !
Just received,. our Spring Stock of WALL PAPER,
BORDBBS,XIBB SOBBBNS t fko., Ac. It is the largest
and best selected assortment in the city, ranging in price
fromaix (6) cents up to one dollar and a quarter ($1.25.)
A l we purchase very low for cash, we are prepared to
sell at as low rates, if not lower, then can be had else_
where. if purcha s ers will call and examine, we feel
confident that we can please 'them in respect to price
and quality. B. M POLLOOK & SON,
aII3 Below Jones , House, Market Square.
T ETTE R, CAP, NOTE PAPERS,
.Lll Pena, Holders, Pencils, Envelopes, Sealing Wax, of
the best quality, at low pnces, direct Nom the manu
mar3o SOREITER , S CHEAP BOOKSTORE
TAW BOOKS ! LAW BOOKS 11-A
id general assortment of LAW BOOKS, all the State
Reports and Standard Elementary Works, with many of
the old English Reports, scarce and rare, together with
a large assortment of second-hand Law Books, at very
low prices, at the one price Bookstore of
M. M. POLLOCK & SON,
Market Square, Harrisburg.
AN ARRIVAL OF
APPROPRIATE TO THE SEASON!
BILK LINEN PAPER
ANOTESPI AND SPLENDID LOT OP '
SPLICED FISHING RODS!
Trout rum, Gut and Hair Snoods, Grass Linea, Silk
and Hair Naito& Linos, ands general assortment of
A GREAT VARIETY OF
Whig& we will sell as - cheap as the cheapest!
Silver Head - Loaded Sword Hickory 'Nancy
Vanes! Canes! Canes! (lanes! Canes!
HALLER'S DRUG AND FANCY STORE,
NO. 91 MARKET STEER;
Beath Bide, one door out of Iroarth street jag
B. J. HARRIS,
WORKER IN TIN,
SHEET MON, AND
Second Street, below 'Chestnut,
la preparel to fill orders for any article in his branch of
business ; and if not on hand, he will mole to order on
METALLIC ROO FING, of Tin or Galvanized Iron,
constantly on band.
Also, Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware, Spouting, &e.
He hopes, by strict attention to the wants of his Gusto
inure, to merit and receive a generous share of pnblis pot*
./D• ivory promise strictly fulfilled.
B. J. HARRIS,
jsza-dly] Second Street. below Chestnut.
MACKEREL, (Nos. 1, 2 and 3.)
SALMON, (very superior.)
MAD, (Mena and very fine.)
HERRING, (extra large.)
SHORED HERRING, (extra Digby.)
SARDINES AND ANCHOVIES.
Of the above we have Mackerel in whole, half, quarter
and eighth bbls. Herring in whole and half bbls.
The entire lot new—manor FROM TUB FISEIBISMS, and
will sell them at the lowest market rates.
sepli WM. DOCK, Ta. , & CO.
DUO DE MONTEBELLO,
REIDSIECK & CO.,
GIESLER & CO.,
MUMM A. CO.'S,
In store and for sale by
HICKORY WOOD! !—A SUPERIOR LOT
just received, and for sale in quantities to shit *ix
chants. by JAMES M. WHEELRR.
Also, OAK. AND PINE constantly on hand at the
lowest, prices. dote
FAMILY 'BIBLES, from 10 t o *i t) ,
strong and handsomely bound, printed on good paper,
with elegant OW new typo sold at
IDoWgl aosarnays Cheap Book-tire.
jut received by - -
oda WD[, DOCAL4.9& co
"V°84b1111 an d a"LßliKi"AD Olrgont°: ` ch e a p
THE Fruit sarowe n e puidbook-- - by
WARlNO— Wholeashiandretail i; A i ;
just recedved by PERM CAND LES .-11
a - y
wpm Inc Dom ,/,444 0, 1 1 , '
ELLER'S DRUG STORE ie the ow .
Bad Ulm bait ulartanAt of Porto ample*. .r
JOHN 11. ZIEGLIGB,
72 Market street
sBLLsR'a DfUG TOEL
lun t :ou
TO THE PUBLIC!
SOUTR SEOOND STREET;I
BELOW PRATT'S ROLLING MILL,
Where he has constantly on hand
LTHENS VALLEY BROKEN, EGG-, STOVE AND
WILRESBAREE STEAMBOAT, BAQIEEN, STOVE
AND NUT COAL,
ALL OP THE BEST QUALITY.
It will be delivered to consumers clean, and full
fEr CONSUMERS GIVE ME A CALL FOB, YOUR
Orders left at my house, in Walnut street, near
Fifth; or at Brubaker's, North street; J. L. Sped's,
Market Square; Wm. Bostick's, corner of Second, and
South streets, and John Lingle's, Second and Mulberry
streets, will receive prompt attention.
jylB-116m ZORN TILL.
COAL! COAL!! ,
ONLY YARD IN TOWN THAT DELIVERS
COAL BY THR
P A TENT V EIGH CARTS!
NOW IS TIIE TIME
For every family to get in their supply of Coal for the
winter—weighed at their door by the Patent Weigh
Carts. The accuracy of these Carts no one disputes, and
they never get out of order, as is frequently the case of
the Platform scales; besides, the consumer has the
satisfaction of proving the weight of his Coal at his
I have a large supply of Coal on hand, con.llzt."ag of
8: M. CO.'S LYRENS VALLEY COAL all sires. .
LYNXES VALLEY do "
WIEKESBABRE do. v
BITUMINOUS BROAD TOP do.
111 Coal of the best quality mined, and delivered free
from all impuritiee, at the lowest rates, by the boat or
ear load, single, half or third of tone, and by the bushel.
JAMES M. WHEELER.
Harrisburg, September 24;1860.—wep25
PATENT WEIGH CARTS.
For the convenience of my numerous up town custom
ers, I have established, in connection with my old yard,
e Branch Coal Yard opposite North street, in a line with
the Pennsylvania canal, having the office formerly item
"pled by Mr. it. Harris. where consumers of Coal in that
vicinity and Verbeketewn can receive their Coal by the
PATENT WEIGH CARTS,
WITHOUT EXTRA CHARGE FOR HAULING,
And in any quantity they may. desire, as low as can be
FIVE THOUSAND TONS COAL ON HAND,
Of LYRENS VALLEY and WILBESBARtIi, all sizes.
1177 Wiling to maintain fair prices, but unwilling
to be 'undersold by any parties. - • '
All Coal forked up and delivered clean and free
from all impurities, and the but article mined.
Orders received at either 'Yard will be promptly filled,
nd all Coal delivered by the Patent Weigh Carts.
Coal sold by Boat, Car , load, single, half .or third of
tons, and by the bushel.
JAMES N. WHEELER.
Harrisburg, October 18, 1860.—0ct15
tirligNS VALLEY NUT COALL
-LA For Sale AT TWO DOLLARS NCR TON.
4 Ali Coal dolivered by PATENT WEIGH CARTS
JAMES M. WHEELER
frr Oosldellvered from both yards. nol7
HELMBOLD'S HELMHOLD 7 S
Extract Rocha, Extract Racial,
Extra,t Bitchr, Extract Bnchn;
Extract finclui, Extract Such%
_Extract Bach% Extract Raclin,
Extraet Botha, Extract Bachn,
Extract Bactor, Eitract Ruche,
Extract Buchn, Extract Bache
FOR SECRET AND DELICATE .DIS ' ORDEES.
POR SECRET AND DELICATE. DISO.RDERS.
lox. SECRET AND DEL/CATE DISORDERS.
FOR SECRET AND DELICATE DISORDER&
FOR SECRET AND DALIUATE DISORDERS.
FOR SECRET AND DELICATE DISORDERS.
MR SECRET AND DELICATE DISORDERS.
A Positive and Specific Remedy.
A Positive and Specific Remedy.
A Positive and Spears Rowdy.
A Positive and Specific Remedy.
A Positive and Sprcific Remedy.
A Positive and Specific Remedy.
A Positive and Specific Remedy.
FOR DmEASEs OP TEE
BLADDER, GRAVEL, KIDNEYS, DROPSY,
BLADDER, GRAVEL, KIDNEYS, DROPSY,
BLADDER, GRAVEL, KIDNEYS, DROPSY,
BLADDER, GRAVEL, KIDNEYS, DROPSY,
BLADDER, GRAVEL, KIDNEYS, DROPNY,
BLADDER, GRAVEL, KIDNEYS, DROPSY'
OR GRAVEL, KI DNE
R AVEL, I
ORGANIC WE "REEKS,
And all Diseases of Seauat Organt,
And all Diseases of Sexual (organs,
And all Diseases of Sexual Organs,
And all Diseases of Sexual Organs,
And all Diseases of Sexual Organs,
And all Diseases of Se.sual Organs,
Excesses, Exposures, end Impnviencies in Life.
Excesses, Exposures, and Imprudencies in Life.
Excesses, Exposure-, and Imprudeueies in Life.
Exc.sees,B=vo , ures, and IMPktidenties in Life.
Excesses, Exposures, and.lmprudoncies in Life.
Excesses, Exposures, and Imprucencies in life.
From whatever cause originating, and whether orieting La
MALE OR FEMALE.
Females, take no more Pills ! They are of no avail for
Oomplainte incidne ke +be sex. Use .
Helmbolirs Extract Bodin is a Medicine which is per
fectly pleasant in its
TASTE AND ODOR,
But immediate in its antinn, giving health and :Vigor to
the Yretn6, Bioom to the Pallid Cheek, and restoring the
patient to a perfect state of
. . RRALTII AND PURITY.. .
Relmbold's Extract-Bacon is prapared according to
Pharmacy and Chemistry and is pr.e , ribed and need by
THE MOST EMINENT PfIrsICIANS
Delay no longer. Precut* the remedy at onee
Price $1 pPr Dottie, or eiz for:ss. •
D.pot , 104 Booth Tenth atreet. Philadelphia.
• BEWARE OF lINPEINUIPLED• DEALERS
Trying to palm off their own or other articles of BUOLIII
OD the reputation attained by
OBLMBOLD'S EXTRACT BUOHD,
The edging and only Genuine.
We desire to ma on the
MERIT OF OUR ARTICLE!
Thnir's is W4,rthlesq —lx sold att much leo rates and com
minions, consequently paying a.mneh betty/. FAIL
WE DWI 0011. PETITION
HELMBOLDI EXTRACT WORM
Take no other.
Bold by JOHN WYETH, Dnwist, corner of Market and
Second atreets t Harrisburg,
AND ALL DRUGGISTSRYRRYWHR.RE.
• • .
nold d&wam. .
WOODSWORTH & BUNNXL , fir
SUPERIOR FLAVORING EXTRACTS
BITTER ALMOND 07 •
PIMA A PPLE
• • 1 " , • OrdiarßlßßY, •
r , . • • /1.08111
- I r ANAIAs
Just received sad for NI. by • • • • •
iedb IL. DOGE, Js., & CO.
HARRISBURG,Pk., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 1861.
qt Vairiet & Union.
WEDNESDAY MORNING, JAN. 23, 1861
THE NATIONAL CRISIS.
We present below two Democratic speeches
on the Senate resolutions, relative to the per
petuity of the Union. They were .delivered in
the House of Representatives by Messrs. Hill,
of Montgomery, and Bryne, of Luzerne. Mr.
Mr. Speaker. When these resolutions were
first placed upon our file it was my purpose
simply to record my vote, without speech or
Comment. They have given rise to a general
debate, and the whole political field has been
traversed. Whilst I deplore the tone of par-,
tizanship which gentlemen have indulged in, I
do not regret that there has been opportunity
offered for free and full exprenion of opinion.
These expressions, more than anything em
braced in the resolutions themselves, constrain
me to ask the indulgence of the House while I
make a few remarks. I will confine myself to
those of a general character. I will, as far se
the case will admit, refrain from any expression
of mere partizan influence. I consider the
time for that has gone by, and I am impelled to
say that he, of the dominant party, now in ex
istence, who indulges in political harangues
against the Democratic party, mistakes his
position, and, in my judgment, does not fully
comprehend the serious questions *Molt now
agitate the people, and threaten to destroy the
noblest fabric in the world.
The American people; of all others, should
feel a deep, abiding interest in all that pertains
to the welfare of the nation. On the face of
God's green earth there is not a land where all
the elements so combine to add to our comfort,
our Wealth and prosperity.
The traveler may wend his way around the
habitable globe, and he will not find a single
nation whose government can compare with
ours in all that exalts man, and bestows privi
leges and renders him securo.in all that he
esteems and holds dear..
Never since our country was established as
a nation has there been a period when there
has' been such great anxiety, such painful fore
bodings, as at present.
Dark; portentous clouds bang over us, threat
ening to pour down a deluge to sweep away all
that we have been taught to prize. When deep
Muttering reale of thunder roll 'alongthe arch
of Heaven, and the swift-winged lightnings
flash across our pathway, we are warned that
the storm approaches, and' the prudent man
seeks shelter from its violence and fury, No
man who reads and listens oan fail to be im
pressed with the startling fact that it this time
Over our land hangs the dark pall of death.—
And hofrever painful it may be to contemplate
the deplbeable condition to which we are re
dueed, we should, nevertheless, by no means
shut our eyes to the faqt, and listen to some
syren voice until we are - transforpiedinto beasts.
Let us rather look the danger - fultin 'the face;
and by wise counsels do whatever, and all that
may be in our power, to avert the direful ca
I propose, Mr. Speaker, briefly, in consider
ing the proposition which the resolutions em
brace and make reference to, to consider the
wants and our course of conduct in the past,
present and future. These are three great di
visions of time, and eternity can be no greater.
The past is gone, and is irrevocable—all the
words and deeds of men are entered on the re•
cord— and whether they be wise or foolish,
whether for weal or woe, they cannot be , re
called, or by any human ingenuity erased—
they will go down to succeeding ages, and will
be taken cognizance of according to their de
serts. Yet notwithstanding they are so irre
vocable and unchangable, it may be made a
profitable employment, to take the .retrospec
tive glance, and meditate on the influences
which time has matured and circumstances de
veloped, and to draw our inferences, and learn
the great lessons of life, and to shape and con
duct our course according to the judgments we
may form. There is no way of judging•of the
future as well as from the lessons of the past.
The present is like the fleeting shadow of a
cloud. It hurries by into the ocean Fast before
one can fully comprehend its, presence. Like
the swift-winged lightning flash, it appears and
disappears, era we can pronounce the words—
The future, Mr. Speaker, is ours, and if we
are wise, may be improved. To this end let us
apply ourselves. With a deep sense of our ob
ligations and the sacredness of our trust; let
ns do nothing that will endanger our Union, let
us do everything honorable to restore it to peace
and safety. It is but a little over three score
and ten years since by solemn compact we be
came a united nation. We had just emerged
from a long and trying war; and at its close
our fathers found themselves in a strange and
anomalous condition. Their independence, for
which they, had united and struggled, was ac
knowledged by the mother country, and yet
there was nothing to unite them or make them
one people; they were still thirteen separate
and distinct sovereign States. In order to
meet the emergency, a convention was called,
for the purpose of forming a "more perfect
union, to establish justice, to ensure domestic
tranquility, to provide for the common defence,
to promote the general welfare, and secure to
them and their •posterity the blessings of lib
erty." . .
There was then, as now, diversity of opinion
and conflicting interests. In that Convention
were wise and good men—our Washington,
Franklin and Madison. They had much to
encounter. Their difficulties at one time ap
peared to be almost insurmountable—they in-
VoXed the throne of Heaven—they made con
cession—they practiced conciliation, and as the
first of their labors they formed an instrument,
which, for wisdom and admirable construction
of checks and balances, stands unrivalled by
anything, that has emanated from men. The
people endorsed and ratified their action, and
we had for our bond of union the Constitution
of the United States of America.
Under that Constitution we have prospered
beyond any nation on the globe. It has been,
and still is, the great bulwark of our past
greatness—the palladium of our future hopes.
Our territory has !Tread from the Bay of Fula
day on the Norih, to the Gulf of Mexico on
the South, and across the entire continent from
the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. From three
millions we have became thirty millions. From
thirteen States we now number tbirty-tbree,—
Our public debt, which at the close of the war,
amounted to seventy-five, millions of dollars,
was on the let day of January, 1835, entirely
paid off, and we presented the imp - 3811m spec
tacle of a great aud peWer;ful nation free from
In viewing the
. postoese on 4
prosperity of this pagan, under all tho
cumatafncsq,,our hearts are filled with gratitude
to that Omnipotent Pci•wer Who controls, the
t et* dpi dap presperity, becomes forgetful
of his blessings, - and' in a spirit of: defiance or
arrogance will oft times destroy t ; which he
should be most careful to preserve. We have
heard from a gentleman who stands very high
in the country that "there is a higher law than
We have heard from another, who stands also
high in the estimation of a large party, "that
the times demand, and we, must have, an anti
We have also beard from impious and pro
fane lips that our Constitution was a covenant
with Death and an agreement with Hell. And
if the toad-spotted traitor who made the utter
ance had been banished from the land, he would
hare had his just deserts.
These doctrines I conceive to be very danger
ous, and lead, and have led, to that deplorable
condition in our national affairs which have
prompted the introduction of the resolutions
now before us.
No man will deny that the feeling which has
given rise to these expressions, is a feeling of
hostility against one of the institutions of the
Southern States. That sentiment has been
gradually growing, until it now pervades the
majority in all the Northern States. frhias'
manifested its hatred in various ways, and that
tinCeasingly. It has established what is termed
the underground railroad, for the purpose of
robbing our brethren of the South of their
It has sewn broad-cast Abolition incendiary
documents for the purpose of inciting the
slaves to insurrection and murder. It has pro
duced mad fanaticism, and caused raids upon
other States, armed with the weapons of death
It has placed on our statute books unfriendly;
if not unconstitutional laws,. the obvious inten
tion and effect of which are to nullify the Con
stitution of the United States and the laws
made in pursuance thereof, which are the au
preuie law of the land, and which legislators
take a solemn oath, before Almighty God, that
they will suppoit. -
It has appealed to the passions and prejudices
of man fromthepress; the stump , and the sacred
pulpit, until the heart of the North is entirely
alienated from their brethren of the South.
It has been indefatigable in scattering fire
braids, arrows ,and death, till they have so far
been successful, as to array the eighteen North
ern States, with their one hundred and eighty
votes in th electoral college, against the fifteen
Southern States,, with their one hundred and
It has built up a great political party that is
in its character sectional or geographical, which
Washington, in his last affectionate farewell
address, cautioned us so much against, and ad
vised "a frowning upon the first dawning of
every attempt to alienate any portion of our
country from the rest." It was to this party
that the great and illustrious Henry Clay ap
pealed, when he exclaimed in the United States
Senate in 1839-"'I beseech you solemnly to
pause in your mad and fatal course, and select
some object of humanity more harmless, that
does not threaten to • deluge our , country in
blood, - and which must inevitably lead to the
most calamitous consequences." Is , this pro
phecy &bent to be fulfilled? Has :the crisis
Aeistotle, the great master of political science,
has fold its in One of his aphorisms,, that revo
futiOns do nottake place for email causes, but
from small causes. It was not merely the
mall tax on tea that caused our fathers to take
up arms against the mother country. There
had been a continued series of grievances, in
which there was a principle involved, and when
the blast of war was once sounded, it was folly
to cry, Peace, Peace, no matter bow unprepared
or unexpected it might be. On the 21st day
of February, 1848, Paris was as calm as an un
clouded sky—there was no sign of approaching
storm. French stocks were at par, the theatres
were open, and the people were engaged, as
usual, in their avocations. On the 24th, three
days after, Louis Philippe was fleeing in dis
guise ; the Tuileries were sacked, and the old
est monarcy of Europe ceased to exist.
So was it in ancient Rome. In her palmiest
day, when she had conquered the fairest por
tion of the earth and she was ,justly styled the
mistress of the world, lawless ambition plotted
destruction and at the foot of Pompey's statue,
(which the Poet writes, all the while ran blood,)
great °wear felt, and in the ears of astonished
men the cry was "Haves, and let slip the dogs
of war." Her streets were deluged with the
blood of her citizens. Brother fought with
brother ; and she fell from her high estate, and
now her name stands on the page of history as
a bye-word and a reproach !
It was so in St. Domingo :in 1791. No one
anticipated an outbreak.. It came like a thief
in the night, and the most murderous and atro
cious deeds were committed. The abominations
inflicted by the blacks were too horrible for
christian lips to speak or christian ears to
listen to. •
To save my country from the calamity of civil
war with all its terrible consequences, I advise,
with all earnestness, at this present time, that
we pass no resolutions but such as shall breathe
a spirit of peace and conciliation. Let us
entirely exhaust all honorable means; let us
exercise forbearance; let us counsel together;
let us make all honorable sacrifices—and when
all shall fail, if fail they must, then, and not
till then, will we be justified in proposing the
means of war. The people are anxious, and
looking to us, their servants, to repeal certain
.acts relative to the rendition of fugitive slaves,
considered unfriendly and unnecessary. Let us
make manifest that the people of Pennsylvania
are willing and ready; not only to support the
Constitution of the Uaited States according to
its letter, but in its very spirit. I repeat, Mr.
SPEAKER, its very spirit. For the protection
of the Union, and the prompt execution of the
laws, I yield the palm to no 'man. I am as
ready to enter the field and jeopard my life,
my all, as he who ories the loudest ; but the
time is, in my opinion, not yet at hand. Our
endeavor should be to avert the calamity—to
still the storm—to restore quietude. The gen
tleman from Allegheny advises extirpation ; the
use of fire and the sword ; 'the implements of
death. His counsel Ido not approve of.
will not consent to it. I will not follow. I
will not share the awful resposibility. I will
use all my best efforts against it.. will vote
against every resolution that looks toward such
a purpose ; and in doing so I will feel my con
science clear. I will feel that I am supported
by the whole Democratic party of the noble
Keystone State. I will feel that my course will
be approved of by a very large majority of the
conservatives—the good men of all parties ; and
if war, with all its;borrors, shall be prevented,
and the Union saved, and the stars and stripes
still float to the gehtle breeze of Heaven, I
will rejoice with a heart full of gratitute and
praise to him, who is Lord over all and holds
in Ills hand the destiny of the Nation.
SPEECH OV Ma: WERNE
Mr. BYRNE. Mr. SPEAKAB, we have ar
rived at strange times. A part of our Union
is now in open rebellion. Another part, our
sister States of the border, yet remain friendly.
It will be,reeolleeted that' sometime ago there
was sm ung st u s i n the North a; party whose
spirit was eternal hostility to the South. , that
party seems to have been swallowed up ; but
there is before this House this evening conolur
t wo evwfmc that the ipitlElieuta, of that aboli
tion psr / Oet
,tnirvive. now a time to
oast o,teNvisipiouid,i4 tell the Sotith thit
they,are asking of us to bow in submission to
them, and to eat dirt at their bidding? Is that
the language which should be held at this time?
Aly opinion is that a different position is much
the wiser and better.
J propose to say a few words in regard to
those portions of that act of 1860 which it is
proposed to repeal. My friends from Jefferson
(Mr. Gordon) and Philadelphia (Mr. Abbott)
contend that there is nothing in any of those
sections conflicting with the Constitution. I
take an entirely different view. I consider
parts of those sections to be unconstitutional. I
think they should be blotted out, and I will give
We have presented to us petitions from thou
sands of citizens asking for their abrogation ;
but we have not a single petition asking that
they shall still be retained upon our statute
book. The gentleman from Jefferson has de
clared that in his portion of the country the
people are of opinion that the ninety-fifth and
ninety 7 siztth sections should remain. In regard
to my county, I may say that, if L am rightly
iiiforthed, - tleere are tifteew , the 'mend voters there
who wish that portion of those sections should
be blotted from our statute book. I have not
spoken to a Republican or Democrat in Lucerne
county who does not wish for their repeal.
Mr. FRAZIER. I would like to ask the
gentleman a question.
Mr. BYRNE. I will answer a short one.
Mr. FRAZIER. I would like to ask whether
the gentleman did not vote for this same Penal
Cobe last year.
Mr. BYRNE. I think not. I Cannot say
whether I did or not; I suppose not.
But it is argued that these portions of our
law should not be repealed. What reasons are
given ? It is said that because commissioners
were appointed fully conversant with the laws
and who reported these sections, and because
our Democratic Gcriernor signed the bill, these
enactments should be retained. If this argu
ment proves anything, it proves too much.—
This Penal Code was submitted to the Senate
and the House ; and in both branches of the
Legislature many parts of this excellent com
pendium were changed, some struck out and
others inserted. If this Penal Code fell from
the hands of the commissioners pure as the dew
of Heaven falling on the rose, why did:mem
bers of the Legislature presume to change por
tions of this already perfect work. As to
statement that this code received the sanction
of the Governor, let me remark that we do not
always conform to the opinions of the Gover
nor. Numerous bills, as we all know, have
received the disapproval of the Govertior ; yet
this House, not accepting his opinion, has, in
its wisdom, presumed to disregard his recom
mendations. Hence, I say, that theSe arguments
prove too much.
At any rate, is it to be maintained that, be- .
cause certain portions of our laws have, at some
time received the approval of certain authori
ties, they shall never be modified or repealed,
as subsequent circumstances may require ?
Have not the people spoken ? Have not they
called on us to repeal these sections ? If I un
derstand the Inaugural of our present Gover
nor, he calla for the repeal. The late Governor
has called for it. Here then are strong and
powerful reasons; but these ,is yet another;
the repeal would be.a peace offering_--such a
peace offering as we should make to our sister
States of the South. What is there in these
enactment's which imperatively demands that
we shall retain them on our statute books ?
Who ever heard of a case in which a slave-owner
attempted to arrest his fugitive in a riotous and
tumultuous manner ? The person who attempts
to arrest a fugitive slave comes armed with the
warrant of the law, and is it to be presumed
that he will exercise his authority in a riotous
Suppose the gentleman from Jefferson (Mr.
Goan* had stolen from him his watch or his
horse, or anything else of value, would he hesi
tate a moment in retaking his stolen property?
But he is more imperatively called upon to as
sist, when necessary, in re-capturing a fugitive
I think, sir, that the Constitution deniands
of us a repeal of those portions of our statutes
which plainly interfere with the successful as
sertion of a Constitutional claim.
Are we to throw a barrier in the way of the
execution of that law? I take it that we are
not to do so. The very act restricting the
power of our State magistrates is contrary to
the law of 1793, which was recommended by
George Washington, and the constitutionality
of which has been fully sustained.
We have already had, in the course of this
debate, much citation of legal authbrity. Some
lawyers, let me say, can make their law-books
serve like musical instruments ; they can make
them perform various tunes at various times.
I shall, therefore, take the liberty of reading
an extract from the case already so much re
ferred to—that of Prigg its. the Commonwealth
of Pennsylvania. I read from the decision of
Chief Justice Story, at page 622:
"As to the authority so conferred upon State
magistrates, while a difference of opinion has
existed, and may still exist on the point, in the
different States, whether State magistrates are
bound to act under it, none is entertained by
this court, that State magistrates may, if they
choose, exercise that authority unless prohibited
by State legislation."
In the very face of this decision, we have
enacted a law prohibiting our magistrates from
taking jurisdiction of the case of a fugitive
slave. Is this carrying out our constitutional
obligations? Our constitutional duty has been
declared 'by the highest authority. If this
House should pass an enactment declaring a
law constitutional or unconstitutional, that
would not decide the point. But is not the
meaning of the Constitution plain on its face ?
The Constitution says that fugitive slaves "shall
be delivered up." Does not that give the
owner the right to re capture his slave ? Is
language to have any meaning? But the law
of Pennsylvania says the State Judge shall not
act; the State officers shall not act; they shall
not deliver up to the master a runaway .slave.
Here is our enactment in direct contradiction
of the words of the Constitution. Under the
laws of Pennsylvania the master cannot exer
cise his constitutional right; be dare not do it.
On the law question before us, we have had
offered to us some English authorities. Ido
not care much about them—very little indeed.
Such authorities are SOMOtiMeta like spent thun
derbolts—things that may be laughed at. In
other cases such authorities may be very good
When the repeal of these sections has been
recommended by our late Governor—when it
has been recommended in the Inaugural of our
present Governor—when wehave had hundreds
of petitions demanding this repeal—when we
have, too, net a single petition presented
demanding that these enactments shall remain
—why should we hesitate as to the propriety
of removing' Man' our statute books these ob
jeetioriable provisions. t What can prompf.
their retention-but a spirit of hostility to the
The gentleman from Schuylkill (Mr. Bar
tbolotnew,) bac declared that pennsylvania as
not irvfavor of recapturing slaves. I cannot
agree With that gentleinan. Is it to be said
that Pennsylvania is not in 'favor of fulfilling
her 'ifeWitti obligations to the 'Constitution:?
PahrtylVania'notin favor of diaoharging •
BY 0. BARRETT & CO.
Tux DAILY PATRIOT AND UNION will be served to Cab
s eribers residing in the Borough for six CENTS ?Di was=
payable to the Carrier. Mail subscribers, semi Dot,
bane ran. ANNUM.
WEEKLY will be published sit heretofore, semi.
weekly during the session of the Legislature, and once a
week the remainder of the year, for two dollars in ad
ranee, or three dollars at the expiration of the year.
Connected with this establishment is an extensive
JOB OBFICV, containing a variety of plain and fano,
type, unequalled by any establishment Lithe interior of
the State, for which the patronage of the public is so
licited. . •
duty! I cannot agree with the gentlimuirt;
such an idea is a total misconception.
I regret that the gentleman hurls the whole
blame of our present difficulties upon us few
unfortunate Democrats. I cannot agree with
the gentleman. Does he not remember to have
heard through the newspapers of the day—
newspapers of his own county—does he not
remember to have heard before the election that
"slavery and polygamy are twin-relics of bar
barism ? " Where did that sentiment emanate 7
Did not the Chicago Convention nominate the
very man who had declared that this Untoa,,,all
it has existed from the time of our fathers, can
not stand—that it must be all free States or all
slave States? Who was it that made a motion
that the word "National," should be stricken
from your platform ? Does not the gentleman
remember that incident of the Mono ota
Mr, PATTERSON. Will fhe gentleman from
Luzerne allow me to ask him a question?
Mr. BYRNE. Yes ? sir.
Mr. PATTERSON. I should like to ask the
gentleman whether Mr. Lincoln did say that
this Union cannot be maintained ?
Mr. BYRNE. Yes, sir; he said so in Illinois
Mr. PATTERSON. Can the gentleman pro-'
duce the authority ?
Mr. BYRNE. I think I can; I have not it
here at present ; hut I think I can. I presume
the fact is patent to every gentleman who had
read the newspapers, and I am astonished that
my friend should ask me such a question. I did
not suppose there was a politician in the land
who was not familiar with that declaration of
Why was it that the representatives of the
slave States were hissed when the names of
their States were called in the Chicago conven
tion ? Who was it that made a motion in that,
convention that no delegate from a slave State'
should be received there?
Gentlemen, I do not mention these things in
any harsh spirit; but accusations have been
hurled upon me and my party, and I hurl them
Sir, I have never believed that by virtue of
the Constitution slavery exists in the Territo
ries. I have never believed that Stephen A.
Douglas was in favor of squatter sovereignty.
I have believed him to be in favor of popular
sovereignty ; and those gentlemen who will
take the trouble to read his speeches will see
clearly pointed out the distinction betireen
squatter and popular sovereignty. •
Mr. ABBOTT. I ask thngentleman's pardon.
Mr. BYRNE. It is granted before you ask.
Mr. ABBOTT. I ask the gentleman's pardon
and that of the adherAtnts of Mr. Douglas, if I
used the word “squatter.." I intended to Way
popular sovereignty. I admit my mistake, and
I desire to correct it.
Mr. BYRNE. All right, sir. Popular Sov
ereignty is the sovereignty of the people ; and
who is against that ? Does the gentle Man from
Philadelphia (Mr. ABBOTT) oppose that ? Does
he pretend that the people should not goyern,
in all places ? Certainly he cannot be against
that doctrine. The position of Stephen A.'
Douglas is, that 'when a portion of our territory
has.been organized as a territory by act of Con. :
gress, then the power to exclude or to allow
slavery vests in the people. I have heard
nothing to contradict that dootrino. I have
heard no argument that can make a province
of a territory. I have heard no argument that
can take away from the people their rights in
a territory. If a citizen of Pennsylvania goes
to a territory, does he leave behind him all his
political power? The affirmative of this Will
hardly be maintained.
As. I have said, I would, at a time like this,
hold out the olive-branch to our sister States.
I care nothing for South Carolina. Against
such a cause as her hostility to the Union I
would place myself in the foremost rank of an
army, such as that of M'Donald at the battle of
Wagram, where, out of fifteen thousand men,
fifteen hundred overthrew the Austrians, and
gained the victory. I care nothing for South
Carolina—rebels ought to be treated as they
deserve. But those who love this glorious
Union should stand up and maintain it whole
and undivided forever.
MR. DOUGLAS' SUBSTITUTE PROPOSED TO BE
OFFERED SHOULD MR. CRITTENDEN'S RESO
LUTIONS FAIL TO PASS.
Amendments Proposed to the Constitution of the United
ARTICLE THIRTEEN. —Sec. 1. Congress shall
make no laws in respect to domestic servitude
in any Territory of the United States; and all
Territorial governnments shall be formed on
the model and in the terms of the organic acts
approved September nine, eighteen hundred
and fifty, called " The Compromise • Measures ' -"
and the validity of all Territorial enactmen ts
shall be finally 'determined by the Supreme
Court of the United States, on appeal, or writ
of error from the Territorial courts; but no
new Territory shall be organised until it shall
contain twenty thousand white inhabitants ;
nor shall any new State be admitted into the
Union until it shall contain the requisite pop
ulation for a representative in Congress, ac
cording to the then federal ratio of repritalita
Sec. 2. Congress shall have no power to
abolish or interfere with the relation of per
sons held to service or labor in any state, under
the laws thereof; nor in any place under the
exclusive jurisdiction of Congress, and situate
within the limits of any State or Territory
under whose laws persons are held to service
or labor; nor shall Congress have power to
abolish or impair the relation of persons held
to service or labor in the;Distriet of Columbia,
under the laws in force therein, without the
consent of Maryland and Virginia, so l o ng as
such relation shall exist in either of those
States under the laws thereof; nor shall Con
gress have power to interfere with or prevent
the removal of persons held to service or labor
from one State or Territory to another.
Sec. 8. The African slave trade shall be for
ever suppressed; and it shall be the duty of
Congress to make such laws as will effectually
prevent the immigration or importation into
the United States of persons held to service or
labor for life or for a period years, or of any
person intended to be so held in any State or
place within the United States, under any pre
See. 4. The second clause of the second sec
tion of the fourth article of the Constitution
shall be construed to include all crimes com
mitted within wad against the State
from which the fugitive fled, whether the acts
charged were criminal or not in the place
where the fugitive was found.
S e c, 5, The elective franchise and the right
to hold office, whether federal, State, territo
rial or municipal, shall not be exercised by
persons of the African race, in whole or In
See. 6. The United States shalt have politer
to acquire districts of country in Africa.,or
South America, for the colonization, at the ex
pense of the federal treasury, of suchlreeite
grecs and mulattoes as the several States: may
desire to have removed from within thelr,lliu.
its, and from the District of
,Colntobitt t ,Nid
such other places as be under 'We i Juris
diction of Congress. •- • vt,
gee. 7. Whenever anyiersonbeld to service
orlaber, , as providekin.the third clause otthe
second section oftltn.fwth article, 011ie C,on
stitution, shall 'qi3Oapel . sad •the-marshal` or
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING,