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RATES OF ADVERTISING.
YeUr iine23 or lees co astitute half a square. Ten lines
or more than four, constitute a
friusicomeday—....-4guis (Inc(O ' one day—.....50.6t
"33 r doe woes, .r LOO sq. ,
One week- -- 1.26
one month.. 2.00 i 0 one kouth... • /Lob
three mon th s. 3.00 If three month — a. 6.00
Biz months— . 4.00 ~ aix months.— 8.0 ,
~, one year— . 5.00 11 one year...« 10.00
v• Moine.. notices inaerted in the LOOAL COMMIX- or
for , = eines and dentin, PT'S evirs ran Lien for each
i bt ' ou ti o o Ea Idfircharttagnii others advertising la theyasy
l ib e ral tses IS will be offered.
117 r;le numberof insertions must bedesignatedon the
drertisencent. . .
v . &hom es and Deaths will be inserted at the same
e teg a regaiar -.I ertisemeete,
j3uuh, Ztatiotterv, &r.
scHOOl. BOOKS.--School Directors,
mo o rs, parents, Scholarsand others in want oil
&heel Books, School Sraihrre4, WM fled eomplete
issortment at B. M. POLLOCK & SON'S BOOR STORE,
gmketSquare, Ilarrisburg, comprising in part the follow
pau&DRKS.---thictitiffere, Parker's, Cobb's. Angell's
e psudric BOOKS.—Mefikaffey , s, Cobb's, Webster%
KNOLLSH PritAMHA.RB.—Bullion's, Smith's, wood
bedge'S, blenteith,s, Tuthill's, Hart's, Wells'.
HISTORISS —Grimshaw's, Davenport's, Frost's, Wil•
En o s , traisrd% Headrick's, Pinuock's, Holdinnith's and
ABSTMETlUM.—Hreenlears, Stoddard's, Emerson's,
pike's, Rose's, Colburn"s, Smith and Buiruhs, DOW&
ALOKBRAS.--GreenleaPs, Davis's, Dare, Ray's,
DICTION/MTS.—Walker's School, Cobb's, Walker,
iforcester's Comprehensive, Worcester's Primary, Web.
earls Primary, Webster's High School, Webster's Quarto,
HATIJRAL PHILOSOPHIES.—Comstock S s, Parker's,
Swift's. The above with a great variety of others can at
sny time be found at my store. Also, a complete assort
ment of School Stationery, embracing in the win is a com
plete outfit for school purposes. Any book not in the store.
procured it One days notice.
• Country%tee-halite sappUed at whOlesale rates.
A usuaLkes —robe Baer and Bon's Almanac for sale ai
it. M. POLLOCK SON'S BOOK STORE, Harrisburg.
Irr Wholesale and Retail. mil
• AT .
ADAMAN.7 . IIVE SLa TES
ON VARIOUS SIZES AND PRICES,
Which, for beauty and nee, cannot be excelled.
REMEMBER THE PLACE,
NO. 18 MARKET STREET. mart
B OOK AUCTION.
BEN F. FRENCH
Will supply his old friends and customers with the
following Books at Auction prices :
Pacific Railroad, 10 vole., complete, 4 illustrations
Zama Blpodition, 8 vols., complete, illustrated and
Emery's Expedition, 2 vols. , complete, illustrated
Congressional Globe, 51.50 per volume.
Waverly Novels, complete, 12 vole., cloth, $lO.
IS CS " 27 vole., half calf,l34i
All of the above Books I will deliver in Harrisburg
free of charge. BEN P. FRENCH,
278 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. O.
N E W B 0 0 K. S 1
"UAL AND SAY," by the author of Wide, Wide
World," Dollars and !Dents," &c.
"HISTORY OF METHODISM," by A. Stevens, LL.D.
For ease at SORRVFERs 2 BOoRSTORR,
ape No.lB Marko st.
A LARGE AND SPLENDID ASSORTMENT OF
RICHLY GILT AND ORNAMENTAL
TISSUE PAPER AND CUT FLY PAPER,
At luxy24l WILMER'S BOOKSTORE.
AN ALL PA..VER WALL PAPER 1
inet received, our Spring Stock of WALL PAPER,
BORDERS, FiRE SCREENS, &c., &c. lt ht the largest
and best selected assortment in the city, rangiug in price
from Ms (6) cents up to one dollar and a quarter ($1.25.)
As we purchase very low for cash, we are prepared to
sell at as low rates, if not lower, than can be had else
where. if purchasers will call and swami, we feel
confident that we can please them in respect to price
and quality. B. ei POLLOCK & SON,
aP3 Below Jones' House, Market Square.
T ETTE a, CAP, NOTE PAPERS,
1i Pena, Iloldere, Pencils ; Envelopes, Sealing Wax, of
the beat quality, at low prices, direct from the manna
BOREFFER'S MIEJLP BOOKSTORE
LAW BOOKS ! LAW BOOKS ! I-A
general assortment of LAW BOOKS, all the State
Reports and Standard Elementary Works, with many of
the old English Reports, scarce and rare, together with
a large assortment of second-hand Law Books, at very
low prices, at this one rite Bookstore of
E. M. POLLOCK k SON,
ins Market Square, Harrisburg.
AN ARRIVAL OF
APPROPRIATE TO TILE SEASON!
SILK LINEN PAPER
NANBI FANS!! FANS:::
ASOTHER AND SPLENDID LOT OF
SPLICED FISHING RODS!
Trout Plies, Gut and Hair Snoods, Grass Lines, Silk
and Hair Plaited Lines, and a general assortment of
s 0.1131A1. ?AMITY OP
Which we will sell as cheap as the cheapest!
Silver Head Loaded Sword Hickory Fancy
Canes! Hanes! Cones! Canes! Canes!
HELLER'S DRUG AND FANCY STORE,
NO. 91 MARICKT 811166 T,
South aide, one door east of Fourth street je9
11 J. HARRIS,
WORKER IN TIN,
SHEET IRON, AND
Second Street, below Chestnut,
le prepamd to fill orders for any article in his branch of
Dualisms; and if not on hand, ke will make to order on
METALLIC ROOFING, of Tin cr Clai►anised Iron,
constantly on bawl.
Alan, Tin and Sneet-Tron Ware, Spouting, &c.
Se hopes, by strict attention to the wantevf Ilia
mere, to merit and receive a generous than of public pat.
11:k• Bvery promise strictly fulfilled.
B. J. HARRIS,
jan7-dlyl Second Street, below Chestnut
F - 181111 FISIIIII
MACKEREL, (Nos. I, 2 and 3.)
SALMON, (very superior.)
MAD, (Nees and very Eno.)
HERRING, (extra large.)
314IOKED HERRING, (extra Digby.)
SARDINES AND ANCHOVIES.
Of the above we 11.8.0 Mackerel in whole. half. quarter
and eighth bble herring in whole and half bble.
The entire lot new—DianoT Paola THE FISHICRIBS, and
win null them at the lowest market rates.
sepl-1 Wit. DOOR, Jn., & 00.
FAAL', it .B 1 I3L ES, from 1* to $lO,
. tr wn g and handsomely bound s printed on good paper s
with elegant clear new type, sold at
mahal so it nee ISIVR Cheap Ronk t
CRANBERRIES !!!--A. SPLENDID LOT
just received by
FFUR,a superior and cheap TAtilit or
SALAD OIL go to
KELLER'S DRUG STORE.
THE Fruit Growers' Handbook—by
W AKlN[}—wholesale and retail at
MARI 80 II P WEI Bneketere.
SPERM CANDLES.--A large supply
ft , lust reeetved by
aeplB & CO.
VELUM'S DRUG STORE ie the place
11 to nut the beat amortment of Porte Monnalm.
WM. DOCK, JR., & CO
_ ,ArF.:-* -- _ - _ - 0 - '-'.2__ •.: - - - -'*,--i:- .
-- ' \ --,---• --- w - • . /1,- - . ----
L -- , - -=" V.:-,-„: - •:" — . N - - , ,, ,. -.._. !. .,, ,,, ~, ,,- -7 ..,
.---::•_"!,, IL:, -. 771 I . F,tr , l'! - 1,:." - ' • ; tilit4:"!:',L..: - !. . •-!", -
• - ,- '.f.- ,:'"_,:-' ..._." .. , ::: 7 " - -I____..„ ''7. - - , ' : :.T . :_:', :. Z... :. '-- -
:.72 - _, - LL1L. , !;, ' .: =14, • W 2,4 • i''KZ-i s! ' ',.:::"-.
!. !, i• ,_!• :' :::";!,
-"---------".- ' - '-•• 0!-:•3! ' .4...`".• --,-, ----. I. ''' '' : j ,
. - .
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• •.4 .. „ -,
•,- I . - 1! 4 A " '• • ' - • i,:•••• • •
• ~,, ~._,,,.,,,,...„
_ ...____.__Tc,r777.--c,-----_ •__
TO THE PUBLIC!
SOUTH SECOND STREET,
BELOW PRATT'S ROLLING MILL,
Where he has constantly on band
LIKENS VALLEY BROKEN, EGG, STOVE AND
WILKESBARRE STEAMBOAT, BROKEN, STOVE
AND NUT COAL,
ALL OF THE BEST QUALITY
It will be delivered to eansamera &aim, and full
117" CONSUMERS GIVE ME A CALL FOR YOUR
ily Orders left at my house, in Walnut street, near
Fifth; or at Brubaker's, North street; 3. L. Speer;
Market Square; Wm. Bostick's, corner of Second and
South streets, and John Lingle's, Second and Mulberry
streets, will receive prompt attention.
jyl3-dBns avail 'TILL.
ONLY YARD IN TOWN THAT DELIVERS
COAL BY Tll.ll
PATENT WEIGH CARTS!
NOW IS THE TIME
for every family to get in their supply of Coal for the
winter—weighed at their door by the Patent Weigh
Carts. The accuracy of these Carts no one disputes, and
they never get out of order, ae is frequently the ease of
the Platform agates; besides, the consumer has the
satisfaction of proving the weight of his Coal at his
I have a large supply of Coal on hand, co•-:. - ='ng of
S. M. CO.'S LYBENS VALLEY COAL all sizes,
LYHENS VALLEY d o 44 it
WILICESBARRB do. •
BITUMINOUS BROAD TOP - do.
All Coal of the beat quality mined, and delivered free
from all Impurities, at the lowest rates, by the boat or
car load, single, half or third of tons, and by the bushel.
JAMES M. WHEELER.
Harrisburg, September 2 0 1. 2860.--sep2s
TOW N !
PATENT WEIGH CARTS
For the convenience of my numerous uptown custom
ere, I have established, in connection w.th my old yard,
a Branch Coal Yard opposite North Street, in a line with
the Pennsylvania canal, having the Once formerly occu
pied by Mr. it. Harris. where consumers or Coal in that
vicinity and Verbeketown can receive their Coal by the
PATENT WEIGH CARTS,
WITHOUT EXTRA CHARGE FOR HAULING,
And in any quantity they may desire, as low as can be
FIFE THOUSAND TONS COAL ON HAND,
Or LYKENS VALLEY and WILICESBARRE, all sizes.
iEr Willing to maintain fair prices, but unwilling
to be undersold by any parties.
Err All Coal forked up and delivered clean and free
from all Impurities, and the best article mined.
Orders received at either Yard will be promptly ailed,
tons, and by the bushel.
JAMES M. WHEELER.
Harrisburg, October 13,186.1.—0ct1b
ITKENS VALLEY NUT COAL
POP Sale AM TWO DOLLARS PER TOE.
irr All Coal delivered by PATENT WEIGHCARTS
JAMES WHEEL Kft
gr. Coaldeliverod from both yards. .no/7
HELMBOL))'S .11 LMBOLD'S
ELMBOLDYS HELM BOLD'S
H ELM 134 oLD'S HELM BOLD'S
KELMBOLD 9 S II EL MBOLD's
Extract Bnchn, Extract Bach%
Extra tt Eucbtt, Extract Berlin,
Extriut Bustin, Extract ourbiz,
Extract Dicta', Extract Buctas,
Ext act Socha, Extract Rocha,
Extract Buc - itt, Extract Bunn,
Extract Raclin. Extract
FOR SECRET AND DELICATE .1 , ISORDE.RS
FOR SECRET AND DELICATE DISORDERS
FOee SECRET AND D PLICATE DISORDERS
FUR SECRET AND DELICATE DISORoERS
FOR SECRET AND D S LD'AT E . DISORDERS
FOR SECRET A%.1) DELICATE DISORDERS
MR SECRET AND DELICATE DISORDERS
A Positive and Specific Remedy.
A PesitTe and 14 Petitie Eirnefir.
A Positive and Spec Be medV•
A Positive and Specific Remaly,
A Positive and Remedy.
A Posi lye and Sr- vfle Remedy.
A Positive and Bperific Remedy.
FOR DISKAMBv@ THE
BLADDER, GRAVEL : KIDN EYS, DROPSY,
BLADDER, GRAVEL, EIDN EYS, DROPSY,
BLADDER, GRAVEL, KIDNEYS, DROPSY,
BLADDER, GRAVEL, KIDNEYS, DROPSY,
BLADDER, GRAVEL, KIDNIiYS,
BLADDER, GRA vex., KIDNEYS, DROPSY.
BLADDER, GRAVEL, KIDNEYS, DROPSY.
ORGANIC WE ..IfN.i 4 B,
ORGANIC W EAKNI.I9S,
ORGANIC WEAe NESS,
ORGAN C WS:A[OWe,
And all Diseases of be:, wit Organg,
And ail Diseases of Sexual r••rgans,
And all Diseases of Sexual o,gans,
And all Diseases of Sezwz l 0 '4' 043 1
And all Diseases col 3112.9011 Organs,
Ati4 all Disi-asrs of Sezital O rgans)
Exemises,Expoiures, awl Impruiencies in Lire.
Excesses, Exposures, and Isnerndenews in Life.
Excesses, Exposure•, and imprudences in Life.
EXCeP3eS, Ext oi urea, and Innnudeneira in Life.
Exc.ases, Exposures, and Imp udencies in Lire.
Excesses, Exposure", and Impru•ieneiee in Lift.
Prom whatever aiiso orfalmiting s ; roiwhether 4.xistiog in
MALE OR FR II ALE
Nemolea, take no more Pala! They are of no avail for
Complaints incicl.ot to , he Rex. Use
i. X rRACT BUCHII
Helmho Extract tinchn is a Medicine which is per
fectly pleasant in its
TASTE AND ODOR,
Bat immediate in its acti^n. Kiving Health and Vigor to
the Frame, Bloom to the Pallid Coeek, and restoring the
patient to a pen n t stst. of
lIVAL PR AND PURITY.
Mambold's Fatract Bue,,ti is prepared according to
pharmsea and Chemiataband in pr.! Tined and nand by
THE MOST EMI ENT PHYSICIANS
Delay no longer. procure tie remedy at once.
Price $1 p-r or ix, for Si.
D...pot 104 Sontu Tenth atm. et. Philadelphia.
BEWARE OF lINPRINOIPLED DEALERS
Trying to palm off thrir own or other &amine Of RUCH('
on the repuia ion actaiood by
RELNItIM.D , i EXTRACT RUCH];
The Othrinel only Cknuine.
We desire io run on th.
MERIT OP OUR ARTICLE
Thair'sia w..rthlvaq gyld A t woo ma rates and com
missions); conaequently pßvlig a much britttr profit.
W. DEFY CO vtPIaITION:
BELIKBOLDI3 EXTRACT =CHM
Take ao o , h4T.
&Id by JOHN WYETH, Druggist, corner of Market and
Second streets, Harrtnintrg.
AND Ar.L DICVDCrISTS EVERYWHERE.
WOODSWORTH & BIINNRL'S
SUPERIOR FLAVORING EXTRACTS
BOSS , LEON orb
inn received and for sale by
foie W3ll. !LOOS. 7i., /COO.
Eljt Vstrut & anion.
To Me Senate and Ilouee of Representatives:
At the opening of your present session I
called your attention to the dancers which
threatened the existence of the Union. I ex
pressed my opinion freely Jolt:en:king the orig.
final causes of these dangers, and recommended
such measures as I believed would have the
effect of tranquilizing the country and saving
it from the peril in which it had been need
lessly and most unfortunately involved. Those
opinions and recommendations I do not propose
now to repeat. My .own convictions upon the
whole sulject remain unchanged. The fact
that a grez.t calamity was impending over the
nation wan even at that time aeknolvintlged by
every intelligent citizen. It had already made
itself telt throughout the length and breadth of
The necessary consequences of the alarm
thus produced were most deplorable. The Iw.
ports, fell ofT with a rapidity never known be
ft,re, except. in time of war, in the history of
our foreign commerce. The treasury was un
expectedly left without the means which it had
reasonably counted upon to meet its public en
gagements, tea le was paralyzed, manufactures
were stopped, the best public securities sud
denly sunk in the market., every species of pro
perty depreciated more or less, and thousands
of poor men, who depended on their daily la
ocir for their daily bread, were turned out of
employment. I deeply regret that lam not
able to give you any information upon the stale
of the Union which is more satisfactory than
what. I was then obliged to communicate. On
the contrary. matters are still worse at the pre
sent time than they were. When Congress
met a !Along hope pervaded the whole public
mind that some amicable adjustment of the
subject would be speedily made by the repre
sentatives of the States and of the people,
which might restore peace between the con
flicting sections of the country.
That hope has been diminished by every
hour of delay, antias the prospect of a blood
less settlement lades away, the public distress
becomes more and more aggravated. As an evi
dence of this, it is only necessary to say that
the Ti ea-ury notes authorized by the act of the
17th of December last, were advertised, accord
tog to law, and that no respon,ible bidder
offered to take any considerable sum at par, at
a lower rate of interest than 12 per cent. From
these facts it appears that in a. government
organized like ours, domestic strife, or even a
well-grounded fear of civil hostilities, is more
destructive to our public and private interests
than the most formidable foreign war.
In my annual message I espreaced the con
viction which I have long deliberately held, and
which recent reflection has only tended to
deepen and confirm, that no State has the right,
by its own act, to secede from. the tr-iAti or
throw off its Federal ohli.atitins at .icatsure. t
right existed, and should be exercised by any
State of the Confederacy, the Executive Depart
ment of this Government had no authority under
the Constitutipn to recognize its validity by
acknowledging the independence of such State.
This left me no alternative, as the Chief-Execu
tive officer, under the Constitution of the United
States, but to collect the public revenue and
protect the public property, as far as this might
be priteieahle under the existing laws. This
is still my purpose. My province is to execute,
not to make, the laws. It belongs to Congress
exclusively to repeal, modify, or enlarge their
provisions to meet exigencies as they occur. I
possess no dispensing power. I Certainly had
no right to make an aggressive war upon any
State, and I am perfectly satisfied that the
Constitution has wisely withheld that power
even from Congress.
But the right. and the duty to use the military
force defensively against those who resist the
Federal officers in the execution of their legal
functions, and against those who assail the pro
perty of the Federal Government, is clear and
undeniable. But the dangerous and hostile at
titude of States towards each other has already
far transcended and cast into the shade the
ordinary Executive duties already provided for
by law, and has assumed such vast and alarm
ing proportions as to place the subject entirely
above and beyond the Executive control. The
fact cannot be disguised that we are in the
midst of a great revolution. In all its various
bearings, therefore, I commend the question to
Congress, as the only human tribunal under
Providence possessing the power to meet the
existing emergency. To them exclusively be
longs the power to declare war or authorize
the employment of the military force in all
cases contemplated by the Constitution, and
they alone possess the power to remove the
grievances which might lead to war, and to
secure peace and union to this distracted coun
try. On them, and on them alone, rests the
The Union is a sacred trust left by ourrevo
lutionary fathers to their descendants, and
never did any other people inherit so rich a
legacy. It has rendered us prosperous in pone
and triumphant in war. The national flag has
floated with glory over every sea. Under its
shadow American citizens have found protec
tion and respect in all lands beneath the sun.
If we descend to considerations of purely
material interest, when, in the history of all
time, has a confederacy been bound together
with such strong ties of mutual interest?—
Each portion of it is dependent on all, and all
upon eaoh portion, for prosperity and domestic
security. A free trade throughout the whole
supplies the wants of one portion from the
productions of another; and scatters wealth
everywhere. The great planting and farming
States require, and commercial navigating
States send their productions to domestic and
foreign markets, and furnish a naval power to
render their transportation secure against all
hostile atraeks. Should the Union perish in
the midst of the present excitement, We have
already had a sad foretaste of the universal
suffering which would result from its destruc
tion. The calamity would be severe in every
portion of the Union, and would . be quite as
peat, to say the least, in the Southern as in
the Northern States.
The greatest aggravation of the evil, and that
which would place us in a most unfavorable
li g ht, both before the world and posterity, is,
as I am firmly convinced, that the secession
movement has been chiefly based upon a mis
apprehension at the South of the sentiments of
'the majority in several of the Northern States.
Let the question be transferred from po Weal
assemblies 'to the ballot-box, and the people
themselves would speedily redress the serious
grievances which the South have suffered.
But, in Heaven's name, let the trial be made
before we plunge into an armed conflict upon
the mere assumption that there is no other al
Time is a great conservative power. Lei us
pantie at this momentous moment, and' afford
the people of both the North and'Bouth an 0-
HARK ISA) H,G. PA., FRIDAY, JANUARY 11, 1861.
FRIDAY MORNING, JAN. 11, 1861
THE NATIONAL CRISIS.
portunity for reflection. Would that South
Carolina had been convinced of this truth be
fore her percipitated anion. I therefore appeal,
through you, to the people of the country, to
declare in their might that "THE Union MOST
AND SHALL BE PIIESEBVED" by all constitutional
I most earnestly recommend that you devote
yourselves exclusively to the question how this
can be accomplished in peace. All other ques
tions, when compared with this, sink into in
sightfieance. The present is no time for pal
liation. Action, prompt action, is required.—
A delay in Congress to prescribe and recom
mend a distinct and practical proposition for
conciliation, may drive us to a point from
which it will be almost impossible to recede.
A common ground on which conciliation and
harmony may be produced is surely not unat
The proposition to compromise by letting the
Narth have esclusive control of the territory
above a certain line, and giving Southern insti
tutions protection below that line, ought to
receive universal approbation. In itself, in
deed, it may not be entirely satisfactory; but
when the alternative is between a reasonable
concession on both sides, and the destruction
of the Union, it is an imputation on the patri
otism of Congress to assert that its members
will hesitate for a moment.
Even now the danger is upon us. In several
States which have not seceded, the forts, arse
nals and magazines of the United States have
been seized. This is by far the most serious
step which has been Wee siege the commence
ment of the troubles. This public property
has long been left without garrisons and troops
for its protection, because no person doubted
its security under the flag of the country in all
the States of the Union. Besides, our small
army hos scircely been sufficient to guard our
remote frontiers against Indian incursions.—
The seizure of this property, from all appear
ances, has been purely aggressive, and not in
resistance to any attempt to coerce a state or
States to remain in the Union.
At the beginning of these unhappy troubles,
I determined that no act of mine should in
crease the excitement in either section of the
country. If the political conflict were to end
in civil war, it was my determined purpose not
to commence it, nor even to furnish an excuse
for it by
,any act of this Government.. My
opinion remains unchanged, that justice as well
as sound policy requires us still to seek a peace
ful solution of the questions at issue between
the North and South. Entertaining this con
viction, I refrained even from sending rein
forcements to Major Anderson, who commanded
the forts in Charleston harbor, until an absolute
necessity for doings() should make itself appa
rent, least it might unjustly be regarded as a
menace of military coercion, and thus furnish,
if not a provocation, at least a pretext for an
outbreak on the part of South Carolina. No
necessity for these reinforcements seemed to
I was assured by distinguished and upright
gentlemen from South Carolina that no attack
on Major Anderson was intended, but that, on
the contrary, it.,.was the desire of the State
authorities, as riiire as it was my own, to avoid
the fataLcumwma n d heie 1 * deem
for your information copies
of a uommun 4 cation dated the 28th of Decem
ber, 1860, addressed to me by R. W. Barnwell,
J. H. Adams and James L. Orr, Commissioners
from South Carolina, with accompanying dorm
ments, and copies of my answer thereto, dated
the 81st of December.
In further explanation of Major Anderson's
removal from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumpter,
it is proper to state that after my answer to
the South Carolina Commissioners, the War
Department received a letter from that gallant
officer, dated on the 27th of December, 1800,
(the day after this movement,) from which the
following is an extract
"I will add, as my opinion, that many
things convinced me that the authorities of the
State designed to proceed to a hostile act.—
[Evidently referring to the orders dated De
cember 11th, of the late Secretary of War.]—
Under this impression I could not hesitate that
it was my solemn duly to move my command
from a fort which we could not. possibly have
held longer than forty-eight or sixty hours, to
this one, where my power of resistance is in
creased in a very great degree."
It will be recollected that the concluding part
of those orders were in the following terms:
" The smallness of your force will not permit
you, perhaps, to occupy more than one of the
three forts ; but an attack on, or an attempt to
take possession of either of them, will be re
garded as an act of hostility, and you may then
put your command into either of them which
you may deem most proper to increase, its
power of resistance. You are also authorized
to take similar defensive stepsw- h
have tangible evidence of a design to proceed
to a hostile act."
It is said that serious apprehensions are to
some extent entertained that the pence of this
District may be disturbed before March next.
In any event it will be my duty to prevent it,
and this duty shall be performed.
In Conclusion, it may be permitted to me to
remark, that I have often warned my country
men of the dangers which now surround us.—
This may be the last time I shall refer to the
subject officially. I feel that my duty has been
faithfully, though imperfectly performed, and
whatever the result may be, I shall carryto my
grave the consciousness that I at least meant
well for my country. (Signed)
WASHINGTON CITY, Jan. 8, 1861.
TILE IMPENDING CRISIS
Front the Albany Argue.
We spoke of the encouragement offered by
the official recommendations of the incoming and
outgoing Governors of Pennsylvania, and by
other evidences of a growing conciliatory
spirit. These signs, however, are r.ot general
enough to afford a well grounded hope that loy
alty to the Constitution at the South is to be
restored by the example of returning fidelity
to it, at the North.
The retreating Governor of Michigan sends a
Partition arrow back, poisoned with sectional
hate. His successor in the same State upholds
the unconstitutional Liberty bills in the Mee of
judicial condemnation, and we may add, public
reprobation and civil war.
Worse still, the newly installed Governor of
Massachusetts, a lawyer of low type and a
brutal fanatic, proposes to maintain the con
demned statutes of that State, and to force upon
the South by arms, an allegiance to the Con
stitution thus violated.
How do threats of " coercion" sound from
the lips of a demagogue who proclaimed that
"John Brown was right."—John Brown who,
going into Virginia, murdered the mayor of one
of its cities, robbed the family of Washington,
and imprisoned its members and others, and
emancipated one slave, by liberating his soul
from his body because he refused to, join the
predatory and murderous gang—and who, after
sacrificing the lives of his followers, expiated
his crimes with his own. When his instigators
and upholders talk of "coercion," while per
sisting in treason, they only prove that the
gallows on which he suffered was erected too
far from their homes to be a sufficient lesson
These miserable threats are made in the face
of the fact that even such moderate men as the
Governor of MissoUri, (a Douglas man. elected
against the Secessionists,) says that unte=s the
guarantees of the Constitution are enforced
for the North, his State will go off with the
Virginia is prsparing for a like result, and
as our telegrams of to-day show, the crisis is
precipitating itself with a terrible gravitation.
Meantime, the Black Republicans, hoping lo
arouse &Agar spirit in the North cry "No
compromise," and proposes to adjourn Con
They would adjourn the Union sine die, for
the day would never dawn upon it again.
• l'o. : OOMiII 0' :IR '.- • -
A NEW FUGIT/YEaLat.T.E LAW.
The Natiend e lntelliaeneer publishes the sev
eral propositions adopted by the committee of
thirty-three, appointed by the House of Repre
sentatives to consider and report some plan Of
adjusting the present sectional difficulties.—
The resolutions of Mr. Davis, of Md.; Mr.
Adams, of Mass.; Mr. Bristow, of Kentucky,
and Mr. Dunn, of Indiana, included in the
propositions adopted, have heretofore been
published, and are, we presume, familiar to
our readers. On the 7th instant the committee
adopted the following fugitive slave bill, to be
submitted to the consideration of Congress:
Be it enacted, t tc., That every person arrested
under the laws of Congress for the delivery up
of fugitives from labor shall be produced be
fore a court, judge, or comutiatieher, mentioned
in the law approved the eighteenth of Sep
tember, eighteen kindred and fifty, for the
State or Territory wherein the arrest may be
made; and upon such production of the per
son, together with the proofs mentioned in the
sixth or the tenth section of said act, such
court, judge, or commissioner shall proceed to
hear and consider the case publicly; and if
such court, judge, or commissioner is of opin
ion that the person arrested owes labor or ser
vice to the claimant according to the laws of
any other State, Territory, or the District of
Columbia, and escape therefrom, the court,
judge, or commissioner shall make out and
deliver to the claimant, or his agent, a certi
ficate stating those facts; and if the said fugi
tive shall, upon the decision of the court,
judge, or commissioner being made known to
him, aver that he is free and does not owe ser
vice or labor according to the law of the State
or Territory to which he is to be returned,
such averment shall be entered on the certifi
cate, and the fugitive shall be delivered by the
court, judge, or commissioner to the marshal,
to be by him taken and delivered to the mar
shal of the United States for the State or dis
trict from which the fugitive is ascertained to
have fled, who shall produce said fugitive be
fore one Of the judges of the circuit court of
the United States for the last-mentioned State
or district, whose duty it shall be, if said
alleged fugitive shall persist in his averment.,
forthwith, or at the next term of the circuit
court., to cause a jury to be empanneled and
sworn to try the issue whether such fugitive
owe labor or service to the person by or on
keiatiWt --- tro-I, l tteealeterrekreeledened. and _ &Aram
on which trial the fugitive shall be entitled to
the aid of counsel and to process for procuring
evidence at the coat of the United States; and
upon such finding the judge shall render judg
ment and cause said fugitive to be delivered to
the claimant, or returned to the place where
be was arrested, at the expense of the United
States, according to the finding of the jury;
and if the judge or court be not satisfied with
the verdict, he may cause another jury to be
empanneled forthwith in like manner,
verdict shall be final. And it shall be the
duty of said marshal so delivering said alleged
fugitive to take from the marshal of the State
from which said fugitive is alleged to have
escaped a certificate, acknowledging that said
alleged fugitive had been delivered to him,
giving a minute description of said alleged
fugitive, which certificate shall be authentica
ted by the United States district judge, or a
eemmissioner of a United States court for said
State from which said fugitive was alleged to
have escaped, which certificate shall be filed in
the offiee of the Clerk of the United States
District Court for the State or district.ip which
said alleged fugitive was seized, within sixty
days from the date of the arrest of said fugitive;
and should said marshal fail to comply with
the provisions of this act, he shall be deemed
guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be punished
by a fine of one thousand dollars and impris
onment for six menthe, and until his said fine
Sec. 2, And be it further enacted, That no cit
izen of any State shall be compelled to aid
the marshal or owner of any fugitive in the
capture or detention of such fugitive, unless
where force is employed or reasonably appre
hended to prevent such capture or detention
too powerful to be resisted by the marshal or
owner; and the fees of the commissioners ap
pointed under the act of eighteenth Septelnber,
eighteen hundred and fifty, shall be ten dollars
for every case of a fugitive from labor beard
and determined by such commissioner.
On the Bth inst. the committee held another
meeting, when certain resolutions presented
by Mr. Dunn, on the 27th ultimo, were called
up for consideration, and after various amend
ments had been proposed, the original reso
lutions and amendments were referred to a
committee consisting of Messrs. Dunn, Davis
and Nelson, who it is understood, have agreed
to report the following:
1. Resolved, That the faithful observance,
on the part of all the States, of all their con
stitutional obligations to each other and to the
Federal government is essential to the peace of
2. Resolved, That it is the duty of the Federal
government to enforce the fetieril laws, protect
the federal property and preserve the Union of
a, Resolved, That each State be requested to
revise its statutes, and, if necessary, so to
amend the same as to secure, wit bout legislation
by Congress, to citizens of other States travel
ing therein the same protection as citizens of
such State enjoy; and also to protect the citi
zens of other States traveling or sojourning
therein against popular violence or legal sum
mary pun i s h me nt, without trial in due form of
law, for imputed crimes.
4. Resolved, That each State be also respect
fully requested to enact such laws as will pre
vent and punish any attempt whatever in such
State to organize or set on foot the lawless in
vasion of any other State or Territory.
6. Resolved, That the President be requested
to transmit copies of the foregoing resolutions
to the Governors of the several States, with a
request that they be communicated to their re
A MAGINANIMUUS dAMBLEIL—The Grand Duke
of Baden—the keeper of one of the largest
gambling establishments in Europe, in the
Grand Duchy of that name—has, by ordinance
of December 4, pardoned all the persons who
were condemned for high treason and rebel
lion, in 1848 and 1849, and authorizes such of
them as are in foreign countries to , return
BY O.BARRETT & CO.
CIIY. DAILY DATP.IIIT can ljsion will be served to sub
scribers residing in the Borough for six OMITS rex vrims
rival)]e to the Carrier. Mail subscribers, POOR. DOL.
T uß waggsm will be publinhed se heretefere,
weekly during the session of the Legislature, and once •
week the remainder of the year, ;or giro dollars in ad.
Vance, ar three dollars at the expiration of the year.
Connected with this establishment is an extensive
JOB OFF/CE, containing a variety of plain and Taney type, unequalled byany establishment in tho interior Of
the State, for which the patrons& of the inane to 1110.
The Senate was called to order at H o'clock,
by the SPEAKER. Prayer by the Rev. Mr.
The SPEAKER. said before the Senate the
report of the Commissioners of the Sinking
Fund, which was ordered to be printed in the
The Committee on Corporations reported a
number of bills, as committed—among them
the act to incorporate the Penn gas coal com
pany, the Continental brush company, the Ame
rican engravers' company, (with amendments,)
an Rot in relation to saying funds, &c,
On motion of Mr. SMITH, the bill appre
printing $5,000 to furnishing and repairing the
Executive Mansion was taken up.
Mr. PENNEY moved to amend by making the
KIM $2.600, and dispense with the repairs.
Mr. lIIEST AND offered an amendment to the
amendment, that $5OO additional be added for
The amendment of Mr. lIIESTAND was lost.
The amendment of Mr, PENDITI 19843
yeas 13, nays 17.
The motion recurring on the original resolu
tion, a committee from the House invited the
Senators to a joint meeting, to open the returns
of the late election for Governor,
On the return of the Senators, the resolution
appropriating $5,000 to re-furnish and repair
the Executive Mansion, was again taken up and
passed—yeas 20, nays 10, as follows;
YEAS—Mema. Benson, Blood, Clymer, Connell, Craw•
ford, Finney, Gregg, Hall, Hamilton, Imbrie, Landon,
Wein ro, Mott, Nichols, Parke; Schindel, Smith, Welsh,
'Wharton and Palm'r, Speaker-20.
Nary—MeSara. Bound, Fuller, Irish, Lawrence, Mere
dith, Penney, Robinson, Serrell, Thompson and Yard
Mr. KETCHAM, an act relating to the Dela
ware and Hudson canal company.
Mr. SCHINDEL, a supplement to the act in
corporating the Allentown railroad company.
Mr. NICHOLS, an act in relation to the police
Mr. PARKER, an act to incorporate the Lom
bard and South Streets passenger railway com
Bill No. 1 on the file of the Senate, entitled
"A joint resolution for the maintenance of the
Union," was taken up.
Mr. WHARTON moved to strike out all after
the word "whereas," and substitute a series
prepared by himself, which were read.
Mr. WELSH moved to amend by substituting
"Resolved, That it is the, right and duty Of
every citizen and public officer of this Com
monwealth, to aid end assist in the execution
of the Constitution of the United States, and
the acts of Congress passed to carry its provi
sions into offset ; that any act of Assembly
which interrupts, impedes, limits, embarrasses,
delays or postpones the exercise of such right
and duty, is a plain and direct violation of the
Constitution ; and that it is therefore expedient
to repeal the 3d, 4th, 6th and 7th sections of
the Act to Prevent Kidnapping, &e.,passed the
atsfalvoNff i lac u sip t l u t he 95th an 96th see
-81, 1860. r , Juu - v, - Passed March
"Tnat tie - . . •
section 2, clause 3, of the Constitution or MeV
United States, which declares that 'no person
held to service or labor in one State, under the
laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in
consequence of any law or regulation therein,
be discharged from such service or labor, but
shall be delivered up on the claim of the party
to whom such service or labor may be due,' is
sacred, inviolable and binding upon the people
of all the States, and that it is a positive viola
tion of good faith for any State to enact or main
tain any law which interferes with the rights
of the master to reclaim his fugitive slave, or
encourage in any manner, the citizen to aid in
the escape of such fugitive, or embarrass in any
way the officers of the law in executing process
under the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.
' , That the people of Pennsylvania are now,
as they ever have been, true to the Constitution
and the Union; that, in a spirit of justice and
fraternity, they will exclude from their Court.
ells any measures that are calculated to irritate.
or inflame any portion of the confederacy;
that they will exhaust all peaceable remedies
to prevent the destruction of the common bond
and common brotherhood ;' and that, clearing
their record of all causes of complaint, no mat
ter from what quarter they may come, they will
stand unflinchingly by the Executive of the
United States in all his efforts to maintain the
Constitution and exact obedience to the laws.
"That the people of Pennsylvania fully re
cognize and acknowledge the equal rights of
all the people of the several States in the com
mon Territories of the Federal Union ; and that
they earnestly pray that such amendment or
amendments may be speedily made to the Con
stitution of the United States as will permit the
citizens of all the States equally to enjoy said
Territories, without Molestation from any quar
ter, and thus remove the question of slavery
forever from the political arena."
Mr. SMITH spoke in support of his resolu
Mr. IRISH asked leave to read or submit a
resolution, which was granted. It was as fol
Resolved, That we will roll in the dirt until we
bear the first tap of a Southern drum, whew we
will bide under our beds,
Mr. IRISH'S resolution was ruled out of
Mr. WHARTON addressed the Senate in favor
of his amendments.
The hour of one o'clock having arrived, the
Senators repaired to the Hall of the House to
elect a State Treasurer, in place of Eli Slifer,
The Senators having returned to their Cham
ber, Mr. SMITIi moved that when the Senate
adjourns it adjourns to meet nt 3 o'clock, for
the purpose of consiticiing hill No. 1; which
was not agreed to—yeas 14, nays 14.
Mr. HUSH moved an adjournment; which
was agreed to—yeas 21, nays 8.
lICIUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
The House was ealled to co drr at 11 o'clock
a. m. by the SPEAKER. and prayer was of
fered by Rev. Mr. Robinson.
The SPEAKER laid before the House the
report of the Commissioners of the Sinking
Petitions and memorials were then received.
Many of them were in favor of the repeal of
certain portions of the 95th and 96th sections
of the Kidnappers' law of the State.
A resolution was offered referring that part
of the State Treasurer's report relative to taxes
on private bankers to a committee of five. The
House refused to proceed to a eecondreading.
Mr. ABBOTT offered a joint resolution in
culcating Union sentiments. Laid over for one
On motion of Mr. HILL. the House pro
seeded to make nomin at ions for State Treasurer.
Mr. BALL nominated Henry D. Moore, of
PUBLISHED EVERY PrIORNING,
THURSDAY, Jan. 10, 1861.
BILLS IN PLACE.
THURSDA Y, January 10, 1861