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restrained from securing without blood thepos
session of this important fortress, After many
and reiterated assurances given on your behalf,
which we cannot believe unauthorized, they
determined to forbear, and in good faith sent
on their Commissioners to negotiate with you.
They meant you no harm—wished you no ill_
They thought of you kindly, believed you true,
and were willing, as far as was consistent with
duty, to spare you unnecessary and hostile
collision. Scarcely had these Commissioners
left than Major Anderson waged war, No other
words will describe his action. It was not a
peaceful change from one fort to another; it
was a hostile act in the highest sense, and only
justified in the presence of a superior enemy,
and in imminent peril, lie abandoned hie po
sition, spiked his guns, burnt his gun-carriages,
made preparations for the destruction of his
post, and withdrew under cover of the night to
a safer position. This was war. No man could
have believed (without your assurance) that
any officer could have taken such a step " not
only without orders, but against orders."
What the State did was in simple self-de
fence ; for this act, with all its attending cir
cumstances, was as much war as firing a vol
ley ; and war being thus begun, until those
commencing it explained their action and
disavowed their intention, there was no room
for delay ; and even at this moment, while we
are writing, it is more than probable, from the
tenor of your letter, that reinforcements are
hurrying on to the conflict, so that when the
first gun shall be fired there will have been, on
your part, one continuous, consistent series of
actiow, commencing in a demonstration essen
tially warlike, su) ported by regular reinforce
ment, and terminating in defeat or victory.—
And all this without the slightest provocation ;
for, among the many things which you have
said, there is one thing you cannot sey—you
have Waited anxiously for news from the Seat
bf war, in hopes that delay would furnish
some excuse for this precipitation. But this
"tangible evidence of a design to proceed to
a hostile act, on the part of the authorities of
South Carolina," which is the only justification
of Major Anderson, you are forced to admit,
"has not yet been alleged." But you have
decided; you have resolved to hold by force
what you have obtained through our misplaced
confidence; and by refusing to disavow the
action of Major Anderson have converted his
violation of orders into a legitimate act ofyour
tteentive authority_ Be the issue what it may,
of this we are assured, that if Fort Moultrie
has been recorded in history as a Memorial of
Carolina gallantry, Fort Sumpter will live Upon
the succeeding page as an imperishable testi
mony of Carolina faith.
By your course you have probably rendered
civil war inevitable. Be it so. If you choose
to force this issue upon us, the state of South
Carolina will accept it; and relying upon Him
who is the God of Justice as well as the God of
Hosts, will endeaver to' erform the great duty
which lies before her hopefully, bravely and
Our missior being one for negotiation and
peace, and yor-, note leaving us without hope
of a withdrawsl of the troops from Fort. Sump
ter, or of the restoration of the atatu quo ex
isting at the time of our arrival, and intimating,
as we think, your determination to reinforce
the garrison in the harbor of Charleston, we
respectfully inform you that we purpose re
turning to Charleston to-morrow afternoon.
We have the hour to be, sir, very respect
fully, year obedient servants,
IL W. BARNWELL,
J. H. ADAMS,
JAMES L. ORR,
To Ms Excellency the PRESIDENT 'United
The followint is the endorsement upon the
EXCIITITE MAZieIOS. 33 o'clock, Wednesday.
Tide paper, lust preeented to the President, is of such
-a character that he declines to native it.
u t 4l it afar* Li tutu
THURSDAY MORNING, JAN. 10, 1861.
O. BARBSTT & THOMAS 0- HanDOWHLL. Pub
lishers and Proprietors.
Oommunicationswill not be published in the PATRIOT
LID Mum unless accompanied with the name of the
S. M. PET TENGILL & CO.,
Advertising Agents,ll9 NASSAU street, New York, and
10 State street, Boston, are the Agents for the Psrmor
AND Baton, and the most influential and largest circu
lating newspapers in the United States and Canadas
They are authorized to contract for neat ourlowest rates
A second-hand:Amuse Paass,piaten 39% by 26 inches,
In good order; can be worked either by hand or steam
power. Terms moderate Inquire at this °See.
To Members of the Legislature.
THE DAILY PA. , l , fitOT AND UNION Will be flit/lathed to
Members of the Legieleture daring the aesaion et the
Mw prieo of Osrg Stomas
Members wishing extra copies of the toanar Psraror
Lea Union, can procure them by leaving their orders
at the publication *lace, third street, or with our re
porters in either:Home, the evening previous.
It is stated that Mr. Graham, of North Caro
lina, declines to accept a seat in Lincoln's Cat-
The Hon. Jacob Thompson, Secretary of the
Interior, on Tuesday tendered his resignation,
on hearing that -the steamer Star of the West
had been dispatched from New York with V.
S. troops to reinforce Major Anderson at Fort
Wa publish the full correspondence between
the President of the United States and the
South Carolina -Commissioners, in which the
President shows that he never made any agree
ment with parties acting for the seceding
Suite to surrender the Government defences at
Charleston. In reply to the demand that the
troops should immediately be withdrawn from
Charleston the President says " This I cannot
"do; this I will not de. Such an idea was
"never thought of by me in any possible can
The answer of the Commissioners to the Pre
sident's communication is of such a character
that he declined to receive it.
The steamer Star of the West left New York
on Saturday with a body of U. S. troops, pro
visions and munitions of war, supposed to be
destined for the reinforcement of Major Ander
son. The Tour nat .of Commerce has the follow-
IN rr.—ne mor, out of the
which have been busily O
circulate ru d of late, with referencemultitude
to Government movements from this port, has a real
foundation in fact. It is true that the tine steamship
star of the West, which ostensibly cleared for Havana
and New Orleans on Saturday, was chartered by the
eovernment for important secret service, and is bound—
somewhere, with somebody and something on board.
various shrewd conjectures are made In the street as to
her destination and nee passenger s and freight, but these
It le unnecessary to repeat, as they are onlyguesses, and
the facts will undoubtedly be reported by telegraph to.
day, on the arrival of the Star of the West at the port
or 'which, perhaps, she
to which she now speeding,
has by this time reached.
In this conuection t it may be atotali, that a agnates. of
gentlemen of this city, friends and admirers of Major
Anderson, commenced a subscription several days ago
to charters steamer and freight it with provisions for
that gallant officer and his . men. They obtained plenty
of ald on every side, bat, towards the end of last week,
Were oldally informed that Wien ea their part was
nuisaChillary, as the Government'wou/dtaendle the gar.
noon at Fort. Sumpter all the supplied they needed,.
Fresh provisions would be very' aceppteii),le tO the Major
And his command about this time-
Senator Douglas's Speech—The Issue.
Senator Douglas, in a patriotic word f or con
ciliation uttered in a strong speech, by sim
ply stating things precisely as they are, has
presented the momentous issue fairly before
Setting aside the State of South Carolina,
ten millions of the citizens of this Republic,
as one man, believe themselves entitled to cer
tain constitutional rights ; and that these rights
are practically denied. This is their position.
There are differences of opinion among them,
as yet, as to the mode of asserting these rights.
whether within or out of the Federal Union,
but no difference as to what these rights are.
It is surplusage, now, to argue the question
with the South, as to the nature of these
rights. Their opinion is formed; their judg
ment is made up; and the question now is,
shall these constitutional rights be acknowl
edged ? Or shall they be refused with war as
Let us re state this question plainly, just as
all experience in like cases shows it to be; for
let-war come—let the twenty Northern millions
and the ten. Southern millions engage in bar
tle, and still reason, the quiet voice of history,
and negotiation, must settle the matter at last.
The lacerated and agonized American heart,
mourning for precious blood, will cry out in
trumpet tones for peace, Most forcibly does
Senator Douglas say :
4, A. war between eighteen States, on the one side, and
fifteen seceding States on the other, is to me a revolting
thing. For what tUrpoae is the war to be waged ? Cer
tainly not for the purpose of presorting the Union. I
have too much respect for gentlemen on the other side
of the chamber, collectively and individually, to be
lieve there is one among them who does not know what
war is. You cannot expect to exterminate ten millions
of people, whose passions are excited with the belief
that you mean to invade their homes and light the dames
of insurrection in their midst. You must expect to ex
terminate them, or subjugate them, or else, when you
have got tired of war, to make a treaty with them. No
matter whether the war lasts one year, or seven years,
or thirty yeata, it mutt
_haTe aD 9114 7,;ime time
Sooner Or /at@l inth Parties will become tired and ex
hausted, and when rendered Incapable of fighting any
lenge; they will make a treaty of peace, and that treaty
will be one of separation. 'l i ne history of this world
does not furnish an example of a war of sections, or be
tween States of the same nation, where the war ended in
reconciliation Such a war always ends in a treaty of
peaces and a finial, eternal separation. I don't under
stand, then, how a man can claim to be a friend of the
Union, and yet be in favor of a war upon ten millions of
people in the Union. You cannot cover it up much
longer under the pretext of 1-re for the Union. Now,
the question must be met, and whatever eoneeeeitine I
am called upon to make, I choose to make voluntarily,
before blood is shed, and not afterward. No man has
more pride of country than I. It humbles my pride to
see the authority of the government questioned, but we
aro not the first nation whose pride has been humbled.
Republics, empires and kingdoms, alike in all ages, have
been subject to the same humiliating fact. But where
there is adeep-seated discontent pervading ten millions
of people, penetrating every man, woman and child, and
involving everything dear to them, it is time for inqui
ring whether there is not some cause for the feeling
If there be just cause for it, in God's name let us re.
move it. Are we not criminal in the sight of Heaven
and posterity, if we do not remove the just cause? If
there is no cause, and yet they believe there is, so much
the greater the necessity for removing the misconcep
Mr. Lincoln's Cabinet.
The following is given with something like
official authority to be the probable construc
tion of Air. Lincoln's Cabinet :
State—William Seward, of New York.
Treasury—Salmon P. Chase. of Ohio.
Attorney General—Edward Bates, of Missouri.
War—Simon Cameron, of Penns )Ivania.
Navy—Robert B. Scott, of Virginia
Interior—William A. Graham, of North Carolina.
Postmaster General—Gideon Welles, of Connecticut
The New York Tribune intimates that Mr.
Seward has not yet positively accepted, and
that an appointment may be tendered to Hon.
John A. Gilmer, of North Carolina, instead of
Hon. William A. Graham, of that State. There
pointment, and whether, if selected, he will
have the Treasury or War Department. This
composition of the Cabinet is viewed as - a. de
feat of the Greeley or radical wing of the party.
The New York Ruin argues that Mr. Seward
can go farther than any other prominent Re
publican in the way of compromising difficulties
with the South. It says :
The inference which will be finally drawn from this
appointrdent by reflecting min, th refore, will be, in our
judgment, favorable to a pacific adjustment of pending
di.ffieulties. Mr. Seward, at the Astor House proclaimed
his confidence in such an issue. His acceptance of this
post -bows his willingness to undertake the fulfillment
of his prediction. On the other hsnd the Republic in
party have no reason to apprehend at Mr Se ward's hands
the surrender of any principle or of any position essen
tial to the validity and lull fi union of the victory they
have achieved. Kr. Seward is not the man thus to
throw away the fi MU Of whole public lir. and labor,
nor is be likely to forget t he lessons taught by the expe
rience of his illustrious preleceasors.
The Journal of Commerce thinks that Mr.
Greeley has not only been defeated in the com
position of the Cabinet, but also that there is
a disposition upon the part of the Republican
party in New . York to disregard his extreme
advice and to favor a plan of compromise and
conciliation. The Journal says :
The Tribune is against compromise. concession, justice
or fair dealing on the question of slavery in the Territo
ries, or slavery anywhere; and especially is opposed to
the plan which h.s the j lint sup. ort of the two leading
party papers in this State, (the Atlas and Argus. and the
Evening Journald 'or the admission or all rental. ing
territory at once as St rtes. What, then must have been
the est n.shment of its editor on learn•ag th 4 Mr. hob
inson, for whom he had made such a powerful effort, (to
elect him Speaker of the Legislature.) had octually in
!realised into the Arttembly resolutions endoraing th A "nog
proplaition. This act, which will probably receive the
approval of the Legislature red people of the Stites, fills
up the cup of our neighbor's affliction and COMM. nds him
to our sympathy. He has told us a thou-and times' h he
country was suffering for the great nation-. 1 sin of slavery;
but we will not retort by charging his multip a riami•
tea to the partisan and fierce agitation or the slivery
question. Better is it to leave him t. that self-examina
tion which is appropriate to the circumstances
PEA N'A _LEGISLATURE.
WEDNESDAY, January 9, 1861.
Senate was called to order at 11 o'clock by
the SPEAKER.. Prayer by Rev. Mr, Martz.
The SPEAKER laid before the Senate the re
port of the Attorney General for 1860; also,
die report of the State Librarian ; also, the
report of the committee on the claim of Thomas
Mr. CLYMER, chairman of a special com
mittee, reported a rmolution in favor of appro
priating $5,000 for refitting and repairing the
Executive Mansion ; which, after some debate,
was postponed for the present, and the whole
subject referred to a joint committee of both
Mr. SMITH, (Judiciary,) reported a further
supplement to the act incorporating the city of
Philadelphia, as committed.
Also, (Corporations,) a supplement to the
act incorporating the borough of Birmingham.
Mr. PENNEY, (select,) reported Thursday,
the 10th of January, at 11 o'clock, a. in., for
the opening of the Gubernatorial election re
turns by the SPEAKER of the Senate, in the
Hall of the House.
BILLS IN PLACE
Mr. SMITH, an act to remit the collateral
inheritance tax upon certain charitable be
Mr. CONNELL, an act in relation to saving
funds and trust companies; also, a further
supplement to the act incorporating the city of
Mr. NICHOLSON, an act to incorporate the
Pennsylvania gas coal company.
Mr. CLYMER, an act to ratify and confirm
the title of certain real estate in Barks county,
Mr. BENSON, an act to incorporate the
Tideoute and Brokenstraw railroad company;
also, an act in relation to the road laws in Tioga
Mr. PARKER, an act to incorporate the
Philadelphia improvement, savings and loan
company ; also, an act to incorporate the Amer
-lean and India commercial company.
Mr. KETCHAM, a supplement in relation to
foreign insurance, annuity and trust compa
nies ; also, a supplement to the act incorpora
ting the Wilkesharre and Scranton railroad
Mr. tiIIEGG, a supplement to - Abe act rela
tive to the employment and support of the
Mr. LANDON, an act to incorporate the To
wanda telegraph company.
Mr. SMITH offered a resolution to appoint
a suitable person to take charge of the heating
and ventilating apparatus of the Capitol, at a
compensation not exceeding two dollars a day.
Mr. BENSON offered a resolution that 1000
copies of the State Librarian's report he pub
lished for the use of the Senate, and 100 copies
for the use of the Librarian. Adopted.
On motion Kennedy M'Kaw was appointed
an Assistant. Sergeant-at-Arms.
On motion of Mr. GREGG, Daniel Welsh, of
Centre county, was appointed an additional
William Miller, James Lyndall and Samuel
Price were voted in as folders.
Numerous amendments were offered, substi
tuting the names of other persons for these of
fices, all of which were voted down.
A message from the Governor was read, an
nouncing the resignation of Eli Slifer, State
Mr. M'CLURE offered a joint resolution that
both Houses meet in convention in the Hall of
the House on Thursday, the 10th, at 1 o'clock,
to elect a State Treasurer, in place of Eli Slifer,
The SPEAKER appointed Mr) PARKER
Teller on behalf of the Senate.
On motion of Mr, M'CLITRE, the Senate
Mr. M'CLURI nominated Henry D. Moore.
Mr. CRAWFORD nominated John Rowe.
Mr. BLOOD nominated George W. Miller.
Mr. MOTT nominated J. 0. James.
A small bill in relation to a writ of error in
Clarion county was passed, when,
On motion of Mr. IMBRIE, the Senate ad
HOUSE OV REPRESENTATIVES:
WEDNESDAY, ian. 9, 1861,
The house was called to order at 11 o'clock
by the SPEANER, and prayer was offered by
Rec. Mr. Robinson.
After the reading of the Journal,
The SPEAKER laid before the House the
annual report of the State Librarian ; also, a
communication from the Attorney General,
State Treasurer and Auditor General, setting
forth that Thomas Morley has preferred "'cer
tain claim for damages against the Common
wealth for losses incurred on the North Branch
canal. The three officers of the State just
named are of opinion that the North Branch
canal company is responsible to Morley for
whatever damages he may have sustained, and
that the State cannot be held responsible.
A communication from the Attorney General
displayed the annual business of the depart
ment.. It alluded to the tonnage tax still due
from the Pennsylvania railroad company, and
to the litigation which attended the case. St.
George Tucker Campbell was employed as coun
sel in this matter, and the Attorney General
advises an appropriation to pay him.
The report of the Western saving fund of
Philadelphia was received, and ordered to be
printed in the Record.
Mr. FRAZIER offered a resolution ordering
the printing of 600 copies of the report of the
State Librarian, 400 of which should be for the
House and 100 for the Librarian.
Mr. MOORE called for the reading of the
report. It was read, and set forth that $4.86
remained in the hands of the Librarian. Geo
logicarreports of Pennsylvania, to the number
of five, were sent to various European govern
~,,,,whie n tl 4 3o,lll , 4osll , Al224AKEit an
ing was agreed to.
A resolution authorizing the committee on
the contested election case of the member from
Luzerne county to proceed to Scranton to take
testimony, was offered and was agreed to.
Mr. LEI§ENRING offered the following
WHEREAS, Some 12,000 citizens of Pennsyl.
vania have petitioned the Legislature of this
Commonwealth for the repeal of the ninety-fifth
and ninety-sixth sections of the Penal Code:
And whereas, The Executive of the Common
wealth has recommended the unconditional re
peal of said ninety-fifth and ninety-sixth sec
(ions, "as their retention on our statute books
is calculated to create the impression that the
people of this State are unfavorable to the exe
cution of the Fugitive Slave law and the dis
charge of their confederate duties. and with the
view of removing the subject of reproach:" And
whereas, Mr. Palmer, Speaker of the Senate, in
his address, suggests that if any just cause of
complaint exists it should be promptly removed:
And whereas. Mr. Davis, Speaker of the House of
Representatives, says, in his address, that if
there is any law upon Ate statute books of the
State which can in any woy.be tortured into
an excuse for treason, he would desire its im
mediate repeal : And whereas, A great diversity
of opinion exists as to the constitutionality and
effect of a portion of said ninety-fifth and nine.
ty-sixth sections of the Penal Code referred to;
Resolved, That the Speaker and Chairman of
the Judiciary Committee (General) be, and they
are hereby, appointed a committee, with in
structions to request any two Judges of the
Supreme Court of Pennsylvania to furnish to
this body an opinion, in writing, whether, in
their judgment, there is anything on our statute
books relative to fugitives from service or labor
that conlicts in any particular, or can be con
strued so as to conflict, with the Constitution
or laws of the United States, in the true spirit
and meaning thereof.
On proceeding to the second reading of the
resolution the yeas and nays were called by
LEISENRING and Mr. BYRNE, and were
YEAs—Messrs. Arrustrona, Aaileum, Ball, Barnsley,
'Paler, Boyer, Bredlvad, Butler, (0 4rto . n,) Byrne, Cald
well, Oollins, Cop., Cowan, Diana nt, Donley,
Duffield, Biwa; Dunlap, Ellenberger, Gaskill,Elibtuney,
IL-ok, Hill. Rianoin. Irvin, $ in-, Lawrence, heisenring,
Lichtenwallner, M'Donou h, Manifold, Moose, M.rrison,
My-rs. Oeterhou . Preston, Rand 11, Re lr; Rh^ade,
way, Roller, Sobreek, Sheppard, Smith, (Bei 1c , ,)
(Philadelphia,) Stoneback, 1 lamas, Wildey and Wilson—
NAYS-31 , 1mA. Abbott, Ackar, Alexander, Anderson,
Austin. Ba tholomew, Big I. Blanchard, Bliss, Bres-ler,
Brewster, Burns, Butler, (Craw ord.) CI irk, Cr.ig, Doug.
lags Elliott, Frazier, Goehring, Cordon, Gram o, Thp.
per, Harvey, Elayeg, noting, /Dahl), Hoch, Lowther,
G 0001, Bli rehall, Idol; ip, er, potereen, Piet ce, P ugh e,
Robinson, Seltzer, Shafer, Stehman, Strang, Taylor, Tel
ler, Tracey, Walker, White, Williams and Davis ' I.peak
So the question was determined in the af
Mr. SHEPPARD moved to amend the reso
lution so as to refer the matter to all of the
Judges of the Supreme Court of the State in
stead of "any two Judges of the Supreme Court."
Mr. GORDON opposed this on the ground
that the Legislature was itself supposed to be
competent and able I o assume the responsibility
of any change of the laws.
Mr. ABBOTT took the same view.
Mr. BYRNE held that it was the proper bu
siness of the Supreme Court of the State to in
terpret the laws, and that it was correct to re
fer to them as the highest tribunal.
Mr. ELLIOTT denied that there were any
statutes conflicting with United States laws.
Mr. WILLIAMS thought that the resolutionS
reflected on the capacity of the Legislature to
transact its own business. The matter should
be left to the best lawyers, and they were not
to be found in the Supreme Court -4 tribunal
Whine laWkl were like an laraflllllo, changing
every year. Moreover it was not the province
of these Judges to volunteer an extra-judicial
opinion. It was their duty to determine spe
cific cases when argued by competent counsel.
Ile then reviewed the whole around upon which
the repeal was asked. He held that no amount
of concession would have. any effect on States
which were alreadr . estriziged, and.thst how
i nex pedient and unwise to adopt any measures
of repeal, as proposed.
The hour of twelve having arrived, the
House proceeded, agreeably to order, to select
a Committee to try the contested election case of
Mr. CALDWELL, of the First district of Phila
The usual formalities having been gone
through with, the foll owing' committee was an
The committee consisted of Messrs. FBA
ASHCOMB, SCHROCK, MOORE, TRA
CY, ABBOTT, HECK, DUNLAP and BLANCH
Mr. ACKER, from the committee to ft a
time for opening the election returns for Gov
ernor, appointed Thursday, at 111 a, m,
The question recurring upon the resolutions
of Mr. LEISENRING, (offered before the ap
pointment of the contested election committee,)
Mr. WILSON moved to postpone the resolu
tions for t e present.
Mr. WILLIAMS favored the postponement.
fie did so more willingly because telegraphic
news had just arrived that the flag of the Uni
ted States had been fired upon by the South
Carolinians. The time had now oome for no
Further debate ensued between Messrs. LEI
SENRING and WILSON.
On the question of postponement for the
present, the yeas and nays were required by
Mr. LEISENRING and Mr. PATTERSON, and
were as follows, viz :
YLlB.—Messrs. Abbott, Acker, Alexander, Armstrong,
Austin ? Barnaley, Bartholomew, Sisal, Dialer, Blair Blan
chard, Bliss , Bressler, Brewster, Butte r.(Orawford ;Clark,
Cowan, Craig, Douglass, Duncan, Elliott, Frazier, Goeh
ring, Gordon, Graham, Harvey, Hinman, Hoflus, Huhn,
Koch, Lowther, Marshall, Moore, Mullin,
Ober, Patterson, Pierce, Pughe, Reiley, Ridgway, Rob
inson, Roller, Schrock, Seltzer, Shafer, Sheppard, Steh
man, Teller, Thomas, Tracy, Walker, White, Wilson and
NAYS.—Messrs. Anderson, Boyer, Brodhead, Burns,
Butler, (Carbon,) Byrne, Caldwell, Collins, Cope, De
vins, Dismant, Duffield, Dunlap, Ellenberger, Gaakill,
Rapper, Heck, Hill, Kline, Lawrence, Leiscuring, Lich
termsiiner, M'Donough, Manifold, Morrison, Went, Os
terhout, Preston, Randall, Reiff, Rhoads,limith, (Berks.)
Smith, (Philadelphia,) Stoutback, Strang, Taylor, Wil
dey and Williams-33,
So the question tras determined in the af
Mr. PATTERSON offered a resolution em
bracing the following points, viz :
1. Recognizing the Constitution of the United
States, and declaring all conflicting statutes to
2. Denouncing nullification laws.
3. Declaring that citizens of free States have
just cause of complaint against those of the
slave States, on the ground of an invasion of
their personal rights.
4. Recognizing the right of slave States to
regulate their own institutions, and denying
the right of Congress to interfere with slavery
where it exists.
5. In opposition to any abridgement of the
rights of free speech or a free press.
6. In favor of the adjustment by Congress of
the Territorial slavery question, by an amend
ment to the Constitution fixing a dividing line.
7. Declaring the loyalty of Pennsylvania to
8. Expressing fraternal regard for the peo
ple of the slave States.
9. Declaring that secession is revolution.
The resolutions being joint, were laid over
for one day.
The House concurred in Senate resolutions
relative to the election of a State Treasurer,
and received the letter of resignation of Mr.
THE NATIONAL CRISIS.
FURTHER DETAULS OF MOVEMENTS AT CHARLES
The Columbia South Carolinian has a letter
dated Charleston, January 3, from which we
take the following ; •
During the whole of yesterday and this day
the most intense excitement prevailed through
demand for the latest news, cut off by the non
issue of the daily papers. The people looked
upon the action of the President and Congress
as the most insulting that could be borne; they
seemed to be ready to throw themselves at once
upon Fort Sumpter and die in the attempt. to
take it. Crowds had assembled in the pelting
rain before the Courier and Mercury offices,
despite the slosh in which they stood, and the
drizzling, disagreeable sky above them. The
news from Savannah was greeted with loud
cheers ; it was hailed as an emblem of the policy
Large bodies of workmen are on the islands
near Charleston and in the harbor, throwing
up ramparts; cannons are being transported
every day. The various military companies
are in active service, and those left behind are
grumbling because no work tuts been given to
It is true that the buoys have been removed
and the lights in the light-house extinguished.
Pilots have declared to me that it is utterly
impossible for any ship to enter the harbor in
its present. condition, even by the aid of a pilot,
if the attempt is made at night ; and that du
ring the daytime the attempt would be attended
with considerable danger. How, then, can any
United States cutter attempt to enter the har
bor—especially when, during the most difficult
part of their passage, they will be flattered by
the reception of a salute of fifteen guns from
Morris' Island. lam informed—but how true
it is, is another matter—that no ship can give
the fort on Morris' Island its broadside; this
is the result of the nature of the channel. In
any attempt on the United States men-of-war
by the fort on Morris' Island, no danger will
be apprehended from Fort Sumpter, as it does
not command it.
We are preparing earnestly for war. In every
house that I visit I see sisters and younger
brothers moulding bullets and slugs for the
soldier of the families. From some families all
the brothers are buckling on their armor and
preparing for the fight. In many the support
is taken away, or rather voluntarily offers his
services to the State.
IMPORTANT ARMY MOVEMENTS-THE REIN
FORCEMENTS FOR FORT SUMPTER.
It was stated yesterday that the steamer Star
of the West had quietly sailed from New York
with supplies and reinforcements for Major
Anderson. The New York Time. has the fol
lowing additional particulars:
Farther investigation respecting the expedi
tion for the relief of Major Anderson has
elicited the fact that Colonel Thomas, the aid
de-camp of Lieutenant General Scott, came
from Washington and personally superintended
the embarkation of the troops which were des
tined for the reinforcement of Fort Sumpter.
They consisted of two hundred and fifty artil
lerists and marines, with ample supplies of
provisions and arms, and were put on board
the Star of the West in the lower bay on Sat
urday night, so as not to attract attention.
It is stated that a movement had, last week,
obtained the sanction and support of several
wealthy merchants of this city for sending re
lief to Major Anderson, and that a large amount
of money and materials were contributed, and
a steamer selected for the purpose, in charge of
Lieutenant Bartlett. On Saturday the parties
who were at the head of the movement were
informed that the United' States government
had undertaken to send supplies and men to
the post, and that consequently their services
would not be required.
It is understood that South Carolina has
agents in this city, and at other important
points, who promptly notify the Governor of
every movement of troops intended for rein
forcing the military posts at the South.
We have good reason to know that it is now
understooi on Governor's Island that an order
has been received in this city from the war
department, in obedience to which all the
available troops at this station willbe mustered
and critically inspected at Governor's Island
on Thursday next. Le, t any man should be
creisedclit makitit otit' the daily libertt Hata
4 . -)1,4 e •••:44-, ; 7 • • 's? l 4
and no soldier can leave the Island except by
special permission. The order is supposed to
have authorized the complete equipment and
preparation for the road eall the troops in the
INTENSE EXCITEMENT TN WASHINGTON-RH
MOMS OF AN ATTACK ON THE STAR or THE
WEST NE AR CHARLESTON, AND THE (IANNONA
DIM} OF THAT CITY BY MAJOR ANDERSON.
WASHINGT )N, Jan. B.—Rumors . of an attack
having been made on the steamer Star of the
West, sent to' reinforce Fort Sumpter, in the
neighborhood of Charleatott, and of the can
nonading of that city by Major Anderson, are
rife everywhere this evening, but the report
cannot be traced to any reliable authority.
An adjourned meeting of the Republicans is
made subject to the call of the chairman. The
resolutions of the border States committee will
then again be the subject for discussion.
The report that orders have been issued from
the British Government to the consuls at the
ports of the seceding States to refuse certifi
cates of clearances to English vessels is denied,
and it i 4 added that Mr. Bunch, the English
consul at Charleston, recognizes the de facto
government by granting such Certificates to
outgoing vessels of that nation.
As to whether the Congressmen from the se
ceding States will remain here after the decla
ratory acts are passed will depend on the action
Of their seVeral conventions.
Agents are here from the Southern States
and continue to arrive for the purchase of
arms, but the government, has, for the present,
refused to sell any to the States or private
parties. An agent. from Mississippi starts for
the North to-tnorrow, although it is said that
the supplies there are not abundant.
HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM WASRINGTOT-RE
SIGNATION OFSECRETARY TROMP:4ON, OF THE
INTERIOR DEPARTMkNT -HE RESINS BE
cAVOS REINFQRCEMENTS RAYS /IXEDT RENT
TO MAJOR ANDERSON.
Secretary Thompson, of the Interior Depart
ment, to-day resigned to the President hie com
mission as Secretary of the Interior Depart
ment, on the ground that after the order to
reinforce Major Anderson was countermanded
on the 31st of December, there was a distinct
understanding that no troops should be ordered
South without the subject being considered and
decided on in the Cabinet. At the Cabinet
meeting on the 2d of January the matter was
again debated but not determined on. Notwith
standing these facts, the Secretary of War,
without the knowledge of Secretary Thompson,
sent 260 troops on the steamer Star of the West,
to re-inforce Major Anderson at Fort Sumpter.
Not learning of this till this morning, he forth
POSITION OP KENTUCKY
Mr. S. F. Ifqlle, commissioner from Alabama,
has recently visited Kentucky to enlist her
Governor in measures of resistance to the ap
proaching ascendancy of republicanism. In
reply to Mr. Halle,'s letter, the Governor as
sents to all the views expressed in it, but says
that Kentucky is opposed to separate action,
and prefers a convention of all the slave Sates
to be held—say at Washington—as early as the
sth of February, He thinks that an immediate
agreement could be had upon guarantees to be
demanded of the Federal Government, and that
if these should be refused, the South would be
a unit for senaration.
TaLranassaTFla., January 7th.—The com
missioners appointed by the States of Alabama
and South Carolina were introduced to the
convention of this State to-day, who both de
livered addresses. The latter also presented
certain documents frOm , his State.
Judge Mclntosh's preamble and resolution,
the special order for the day,-was taken up, as
Wwzruses, All hope of preserving the Union
upon terms consistent with the safety and
honor of the slaveholding States have been
finally dissipated by recent indications of the
strength of the anti-slavery sentiment of the
free States; therefore be it
vention assembled, that it is undoubtedly right
for the several States of the Union to withdraw
from said Union at such times and for such
causes as in the opinion of the people of each
State, acting in their sovereign capacity, may
be just and proper.
Resolved, That in the opinion of this conven
tion the existing causes are such as to compel
the State of Florida to proceed to the exercise
of that right,
The preamble and resolutions were adopted
—ayes 62, nays 5.
The convention -continued in secret session
most of the afternoon.
It is reported that the forte and other federa
property in the State halie been taken posses
sion of by the Governor.
LATEST BY TELEGRAPH
House.—Mr. Stratton (N. J.) naked leave to
present the memorial of the citizens of Prince
ton, New Jersey, on the subject of National
affairs, containing practical suggestions.
Mr. Burnett (Ky.) objected.
The Speaker laid before the House a message
from the President. The President says at the
opening of the session he called attention to
the dangers of the Union, and recommended
such measures of relief as he believed would
have the effect of tranquilizing the country and
saving it from the perils in which it had been
needlessly and unfortunately placed. His con
victions then expressed remain unchanged.
He regrets to say that matters instead of
being better, are still worse, and hope is di
minished. Alluding to the condition of South
Carolina, he says' he has no other alternative
but to collect the revenue and protect the pub
lic property as far as practicable.
He appeals to Congress to say, in their might,
that "the Union must and shall be preserved,"
by all Constitutional means. He recommends
Congress to devote themselves to prompt action
with a view to peace. He, the President, had
warned his country of the danger. He felt that
the duty devolving upon him had been faith
fully though imperfectly performed, and he was
himself conscious that he had meant well for
A division of the Territory in the line of 86
degrees 80 minutes. is suggested, as calculated
to produce an adjustment. It was an imputa
tion on the members to say they will hesitate
for a moment. The danger is upon us. In
several of the States the Forts and Arsenals of
the United States have been seized by aggres
sive acts. Congress should endeavor to give
the difficulties a peaceful solution. He states
the reasons why he refrained from sending
troops to Charleston harbor, believing this
would have furnished a pretext, if not a provo
cation, on the part of South Carolina.
SENATE.-A message was received from the
President of the United States.
Mr. Slidell presented a resolution of inquiry,
that the President inform the Senate whether
John B. Floyd at present fills the post of Sec
retary of War, and if not who fills the office,
and if the appointment as acting or Secretary
had been made and when, and by what au
thority it was made, and why the fact of such
appointment has not been communicated to the
Senate ? Laid over.
Tobacco Manufactory Burned.
BUFFALO, January 9.
James Adams & Co's., tobacco manufactory,
on Washington street was burned this morning.
Loss on the stock $36,000. Insurance $lB,OO.
Loss on the building $12,000. Insurance
Maine United Inge; ftnator.
AUGUSTA, Me., January 9.
Ex-Geir,cAfir. - idurrill was to-day elected
Unitp,44*ltilenator in place of Mr. Hamlin.
WASHINGTON, JOH. 8
WARIIINOTOH, Jan. 9.
WASHINGTON, ,Tsa, 9 .
There MOMS to be a mistake or misapprehen
sion somewhere. It is denied by gentlemen.
very intimately related to the Administration,
that the recruits to Fort. Sumpter were ordered
without the previous sanction of the President;
and further, that the subject was discussed l a .
the Cabinet, and acting Secretary of War Holt,
as well as some of the other members of th e
Cabinet, clearly understood that it wa s the
wish of the President that the recruit() Shank
at once be sent.
The War Department is in possession of irk
formation that the Governor of South Car o li na
has forbidden the United States sub-Treasurer
at Charleston, from paying the drafts of ti t ,
Paymaster in favor of Major Anderson and his
command, and the sub-Treasurer has refused
accordingly. Half a million in specie is daily
expected from New York by the Treasury D e ,
Commander Maury says the long passage o f
the Levant does not, in his judgment, justify
the supposition of her loss, and gives the res,
eon for his belief in her safety.
A company of Marines, number forty ran g .
kets, under Lieutenant Howel, came in a special
train from Washington this morning, and t oo k
possession of Fort M'Henry, raising the stars
SIGNEE'S NOTICE .—Notice is
hereby given that WILLIAM MOYER, of Dauphi n
county. by voluntary assignment , ban assigned and trans.
ferred to the undersigned all his propertl, in trust for
the benefit of his creditors. All persons, therefore,
having chime agaluat the geld Moyer will pr e .
sent them to the nndersigned, and those indebted slit
make immediate payment to
ROBERT L. MITENOIL Assignee,
Residence Harrisburg Pa.
Harrisburg, January e,1861. janlo4l.3t& iret
VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL
TO BE GIVEN IN
ST. LAWRENCE CFIIIRCRI
FRONT STREET, ON
TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 22, 1861,
AT TX O'CLOCK.
TICKETS 25 CENTS.
QUARLOR—(lnittrumental). By L. Ssatuoiliti,
SONATO—In G., for Violin and Piano..By Basraorzw.
BATTLE-PRAYER—Bass Solo. By Haim.
POLONAISE—(For Four Hands) By O. M. Winn.
O SALUTARIS—Soprano Solo By Hixmin..
OVERTURE, TO "CALIPH OF BAGDAD"(Orchestra.)
QUATUOB, FROM "SEMlRAMl.D.E"—(lnstsumental.)
By DR BERM.
ANGELS EVER BRIGHT AND PAlR—Soprano Solo.
QUO CONCENTRANTE—For Violin and Piano.
By M. OROS.
THE TEMPEST—Bass Solo.
WEDDING MARCH—(For Four Hands)
JUDlTH—Soprano Selo By Corm's.
POTPOURI, FROM "MARTHA”—(Orehaatra.) -
janlOrdtd - By PLOTOR.
G R AND
INAUGURATION BALL 7
TO BE OWEN AT
ON THE EVE OF THE INAUGURATION,
MONDAY EVENING', JANUARY 14, 1801,
TINDER. TIM IIIiNALOINICIPT OP MI
HOPE FIRE COMPANY, NO. 2.
TIMM $l.OO. All Tickets mist be pre-paid. For
sale at the principal Hotels and by any member of the
JACKSON Sc CO.'S
-- £3 XILON. STORE,
NO. 90ji MARKET STR BET,
Where they intend to devote their entire time to the
BOOTS AND SHOES
Of all kinds and varieties, in the neatest and most feeli
ionable styles, and at satisfactory prices.
Their stock will consist, in part, of Gentlemen's Fine
Calf and Patent Leather Roots and Shoes, latest styles;
Ladies , and Misses' Gaiters, and other Shoes in great
variety; and in fact everything connected with the
CUSTOMER WORE will be particularly attended to,
and in all cases will satisfaction be warranted. Lap
fitted up by one of the best makers in the country.
The lone practical experience of the undersigned, and
their thorough knowledge of the badness will, they
trust, be sufficient guarantee to the pablle 'that thet ,
will do themjnatice, and furnish them an article that
will recommend itself for utility, cheapness and duns.
bility. • [j&M)] JACKSON & 00.
UCKWITEAT MEAL L-EXTRA
QueLivr, in 123 and 25 lb bags, just received and
for sale by [lang] WM. DOCK, Ja. , & CO,
GRAN -D INAUGURATION
MILITARY AND CITIZENS'
DR , ESS BALL!
AT .GRANT'S hrAbb,
ON VITESDAY - EVENING; JAN. 15, 1861.
The services of Kieffer's Lancaster String Band
and the Harrisburg State Capital Band have been secured
fir the occasion.
TICKETS $2.00. To be had at the principal:Hotels,
WHITE HALL RESTAURANT!
Respectfully informs the public thatbe has taken the
well known REST AIIRAbI T und”r the White Mall, where
he is prepared at all times to serve up OYSTERS in every
style, and Reading and Philadelphia ALL Having long
been in the employ of Mr. W. Oreitinger, be guarantees
to serve up Oysters In the same manner as while em
ployed at that establishment, jaa4.4llw
A T C O S TIII
BOTTLED WINES, BRANDIES,
LIQUORS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION?
Together with a completeossortment, (wholesale and
retail,) embracing everything in the line, will be sold at
cost, without reserve.
janl WM. DOCK, la., & 00,
BOARDING .—Mrs. Eat - EaT, in Locust
street, below Third, is prepared to aceomrnoclate
number of BOARDERS in the best manner, and at rea
sonable prices. de2o-eodlm
CHEMICAL SPERM CANDLES,
STAR (serzazon) CANDLE F.
A large invoice of the above in store, and for sale .74
unusually low rates, by
WM. DOM, ia. , & CO.,
Opposite the Court ROOM
DIE ROBERT PEEL,
ENGLISH PllTsEas ix l7.
by w 0,,
DYOTTVILLE GLASS WORKS,
WINE, PORTER, MINERAL WATER, !MLLE AND
.R ESSE VS ROT T,L
H. B. &DENNERS
vELLICIVI3 DRUG STOItt 47V, tke plioe
LILL. 1 0 1 bu 7 his I 3144101 ina