Daily patriot and union. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1858-1868, January 09, 1861, Image 2

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    stortge. The muskets comprise a large num
ber of rifled piee-s. There are also 150.000
musket bolls, mm 32,000 ,000 pounds of nit re fur
the manufacture of powder; also, 460,000
pounds of sulphur fur the same purpost..
Atiouora, Jan. 7.—The State Con..ention met
here to day at noon. Mr. Philips, a secession
ist, was chosen temporary chairman, and Mr.
Bern temporary secretary. A call of the coun
ties showed that all the delegates were present.
William M. Brooks was then elected permanent
president by majority of eight over Jame
son. Mr. Fowler, a secessionist, was chosen
secretary. The proceedings were very quietly
°owl net ed.
The Convention organized at noon. W. S.
Ba ry, of Loundes county, was elected Presi
deo t, and addressed the Convention in favor of
separate State secession.
A resolution was then adopted appointing a
commute of Wive-, who were instrueted to
prepare and speedily report an -ordinance of
secession. providing for the immediate with
drawal of Mississippi from the Union. with
the view or the establishment of a new Con
federacy, composed of the eeeeding StAtes.
The Convention then adjourned till to-mor
AUGUSTA. Ga., Jan 7.—Returns from one
hundred and four counties have been received,
in which seventy delegates are elected Dam.
ble to imm diate secession, twenty-nine are for
eo-operation, and five are devided.
Vaitiot it . anon.
lishera and Proprietors
clononnolostions will not be published in the Panne:
LIM tams unless accompanied with the name of the
S. 31. PETTENOH-1. k CIL4
Advertising Agenta,ll9 Nassau street, New 'OA, and
10 State street, Boston, are the Agents for the PATRIOT
150 Thelon, and the most influential and largest circu
lating newspapers in the United States and Canadas
'hey are authorised to contract forms at ourdowest rates
• second-hand ADAMS PRESS, platen MN by 26 inches,
is good order; can be worked either by and or steam
p o wer. Terme moderate Inquire at this office.
TO Members of the Legislature.
TES DAILY PATRIOT AND IJNION wilt be furnished to
Members of the Legislature during the session at the
low price of 0115 DOLLAIS
Members wishing &at& CiSpien of the DAILY PURI'
AND Vision, can procure them by leaving their orders
at the publication office, Third street, or with our re-
Dorian in either Ulnae, the etrealeg Precious.
Ws publish a sketch of the recent able
speech delivered in the Senate by Judge Deca
l/LB, taking ground against the adoption of a
coercive policy to stay the progress of seces
sion, and in favor of preserving the Union by
concession and compromise.
IN the Senate yesterday Mr. Swim ofPhila.-
delphia, presented a petition signed by 11,000
citizens of Philadelphia in favor of the modifi
Mien of 80 much of the act of 1847 as tends to
obstruct the execution of the Fugitive Slave
law. Mr. M'Cutaz proposed to refer the sub
ject to the Judiciary Committee with instruc
tions to inquire what laws upon the statute
tool's, 11 any, euhnt- 4 - —lth the later of the
Federal Government. Mr,
the s ubject should be referred to a select com
mittee, as there was not a single Democrat upon
the Judiciary Committee. This proposition
Was defeated by a tie vote, and the motion to
refer to the Judiciary Committee prevailed.
During the discussion the Republican Sena
tors generally expressed the opinion that the
act of 1847 was not unconstitutional, or calcu
lated to interfere with the return of fugitive
slaves, and no disposition was manifested to
respond to the public demand that this act
Shall be modified. As there is not a single
Democrat on the Judiciary Committee, oppor
tunity is not even afforded for a minority re
port, setting forth the reasons why portions of
this net aught to be repealed_ •
Henry H. Foster.
The Democrats in the Legislature nominated
andvoted for Hans: D. roarna for United States
Senator in the joint Convention yesterday.—
Although this expression of preference could
only be of a complimentary character, it was a
compliment richly merited and conferred with
feelings of the deepest gratification. The no
ble canvass made by Gen. FOSTER during the
last campaign, when he boldly bore the Demo
cratic banner aloft under the most discouraging
eirsumstances, has endeared him to the Democ
racy of the State; and if the opportunity of
exhibiting their high appreciation of his char
slater and, services in a more substantial and
enduring manner should ever be afforded, they
will not be slow to embrace it.
Election of United States Senator.
The Legislature of Pennsylvania met in joint
Convention yesterday, at twelve o'clock, and
elected EDGAR A. COWAN, of Westmoreland
county, United States Senator for the term of
six years from the 4th of March next. Mr.
COWAN is a lawyer by profession, and has ac
quired some reputation in the western part of
the state. lie did not take a very prominent
part in polities until the last Presidential cam
paign, into which he entered heartily and zeal
ously en the Republican side, as a prelude to
his canvass for United States Senator. His
success in thrusting aside the old politicians,
who have labored so long to build up the Re
public= party, is one of those strokes of good
fortune which follow but few men. Without
being an eminent man, he has a respectable
degree of ability. As compared with Mr. WIL
MOT, his principal competitor, he may be re
garded as belonging to the conservative class of
R e p u blicans, having never rendered himself
obnoxious to the moderate men of the State by
excessive and intemperate denunciations of the
It is at least some gratification to know that
Davrn WILMOT has been thrown overboard, and
that he will not have the pleasure of speaking
for Pennsylvania in the Senate of the United
Staten. The persistent agitator has been re
buked by his own party. The Wilmot proviso
hasbeen condemned in the person of its author.
The Abolition counties have been taught a les-
MOM in favor o f moderation by the very party
they contributed to create and hoped to con
trol. It may have been ungrateful on the part
of the Republicans to thrust Mr. Wit.7 4oT out
into the cold, after all his exertions in their
behalf. Such conduct may justly incense his
Mends. We understand that he and they are
f eisessively angry, and, trust that this display
I nt emotion tn•.y have the ellect of ail viating
their 'lacerated feelings. But the people of
Pennsylvania will rejoice—Demoersts will re
joice—the majority of Republicans will re
joice—Union men in all penis of the country
will rejoice that DAVID WILMOT is denied a seat
in the United States Senate, and that earn the
Republicans of Pennsylvania are not ready to
be represented by o. e so ultra and intemperate
in his hostility to the South_
In case of the resignation of Gcn. Cameron,
Mr. WILMOT may be offered the remnant of the
term to compensate him for this cruel disap
pointment. and he may conclude to take the
fragment of a loaf rather than to go entirely
without bread ; but even if this opportunity
should be afforded hint, it would be a small
eettiprti4fidion for the lege of the full term, and
but a slight palliation of the rebuke adminis
tered in refusing to recognize his claim to a
full share of honor.
The Openly twuperintendeticy.
We have for some time been of the opinion
that. mo-t of the opposition which has existed
a g ainst this office, but which we are glad to
perceive is feat, deorcaeing, hoe originated from
the want of proper qualifications in many of
the incumbents. This was, perhaps, to be ex
pected in a new and untried t trice ; but. it is
time that the proper remedy should be applied.
We are, therefore, glad to perceive, by the
following instructions on the subject in the
official department of the last October number
of she Pennaytuania, School Journal, that the
manifest spirit and intention of the revised
school law of 1854 are hereafter to be enforced
by the present Slate Stlperintendent of common
Schools. We augur much benefit to the com
mon school system from the tigid enforcement
of these rules, which the reader trill peiteiVe
are applicable us well to cases of selection by
county conventions of directors as of appoint
ment to fill vacancies by the State Superin
06. Up to this time. inn epeci fie °fade' construction has
been given to th at part of the school law, which states,
in general terms, the qualifications that shalt enable a
person to hold the office of county Superintendent. In
dispo• ing of the cases of contested claims to the office,
which followed the recent triennial selection—the last
of which hattjud been terminated.—and or applications
to fill vacancies that subsequently occurred, the present
State Superinten nt was con , iderably embarrassed by
the want of certain and publicly prescribed rules on the
s bject. But as neither th.• selecting conventions nor
the applicants for the vacancies. had had full and distinct
notice or the qualific it one for the otter, that would he
requited, it was thought inexpedient, if not unfair, then
to frame and adopt rules and to apply them to previously
existing cases.
There le ing now, however, no existing claims to he
pn-judiced by cx po-t facto rulers, it is proposed to state
t h e que lia...- e ti oe e that Will mireilitef b. Imitated as, aa.d
which will alone entitle any one to hold the office of
County Superintendent—whetherselected by a convention
of directors, or originally selectee and appointed by the
State Superintendent.
1 Moral Character.—The 7th paragraph of the 46th
section of the general school laws, of M a y 8,1804, an
thorizes the State Superintend nt to remove any County
Superintendent for "immorality ;" and, a fiatiori, the
duty of requiring sound moral character as *quali fication
for appointment to the office originally, must be conceded.
Hence, habitual immorality will be an obstacle in all
eases ; and if allevd by persons of responsibility, will
be decisive, unless the charge be satiewtorily disprof
It is impossible here to specify every kind of disqualify
ing immorality; but it may he instanced, that habitual
intemperance profanity, lewdness, scoffing at religion,
falsehood or dishonesty. wilt be regarded as of this class ;
and they will be regarded as habitu d and continuing, if
occurring° near the time of application forappointment,
as to preclude the idea of intervening reformation.
2. Li'erary Aeme rem sit.--The 39th section of the law
of 1854. enj. his that per-ot s selected for the office of
County Supelintentient shall be •Mf literary and scien
tific acquiretnents " This somewhat vague language is,
however, explained and particu' arized by other expres
gamma in the same act. The 23d section authorizes di
rectors ' , to establish schools of difftrent stades," cud to
each school;" the 35th section eujoins upon the County
Superintendent "to see that in every district shall be
taught melt- graphs", reading, writ ing, English grammar,
geography and arithmetic_ as well as such other branches
Aa tae directors shall require ;" and the 41st section
makes it "the duty of the County Superintendent to
examine all the candidates for the profession of teacher,
in his county, and to give to each person found qualified
a certificate, setting forth the branches of learning he or
she is capable of teaching; and such examination and
certificate shall be renewed as often as any such teacher
shalt be emplus to% in teaching any branch of learning,
other than those enumerated in his or her certificate ;
Mid no teacher shall be employed in any school to teach
t ther branches than those set forth in such certificate of
such teacher." Hence, as it is plain that any branch of
general learning (short of a professionall education) may
be taught in a common school, it must be equally plain
that the County Superintendent is to be Capable Of eX
&mining teaches in all the branches taught in the Com
mon schools of his county And he must be qualified to
visit the schools also. But, as the branenes in the dif
fereut counties, beyond what are called the six common
school studies, are very various, it would be impossible
here to presc , ibe any list that would suit all. The only
expedient, therefore, left, isto adopt theistic professional
rertificate, or a State ormal school certificate or diploma,
as the standard, and as evidence of proficiency in the
branches which either enumerates; leaving particular
cases to depend, each, on its own circumstances.
Hereafter, therefore, no one will be recognized as an
applicant for 'he office of County Superintendent, who
does not either bold the full county certificate, of proli
eleusy iii oellisgestplar, .ending. welting, Engin& gram
mar, geography and arithmetic, issued at a regular ex
amination by sonie County Superintendent in good stand
ing, and not issued at a, private examination, or for the
express purpose of qualifying the applicant to be a can
didate ; or. the certificate or diploma of a State Normal
School. there is nothing hard or unfair hi *his rule,
but simply the reverse. He whosepirea to the authority
of examining others and their schools, ahoult himself
have, by an examination, shown his ability to do what he
undertakes to jud.te of and decimi upon in their cases.—
And it is worse than a farce—it is an injury to the cause
of education—to see teachers puzzled by questions which,
perh,ps, the propounder could not answer without the
book, or to hear him decide on the grades of certficates,
the highest of which he himself m'ght, if places were
changed, fail to obtain. Scholarship, then, to the extent
of a lull professional certificate, will hereafter be an
indispena ble qualification.
3 professional Skill —The 39th section of the law
requires "skill and experience in the art of teaching,"
in the County 'Superintendent. But as the possession of
a profession& certificate cannot be obtained without
satisfactory pr of of this "skill," to the officer issuing
it nothing more need be said, except to add, that the
"experience" will be required to be reasonably recent.
The County Superintendency and the system for the
public examination of teachers, have now been hi ope
ration six years. During that time they must, at least,
have produced candidates enough. qualified according to
thei. own s andards, to fill the office in all the counties.
Experience in teaching a common school within six
years preceding the appointment, will, therefore, in all
cases, by requi red as n gnoliticatiou. This limit is, per
haps, too wide; for the
. improvements in the art of
teaching are so numerous, and many of them so recent,
that, a teacher out of school forsix years, my be "behind
the times" in these respects. But it is not well to draw
the limits too close i and in case of rival applications,
the more meant experienee, all other things being equal,
can always be preferred.
4. Residence in the County.—There is no office amongst
us, whose efficient and proper discharge more largely
requires a full knowledee of the theatre of action, and
of the people • o be ministered to, than that of County
Superintendent It was the 'opinion of a former State
Superintendecd, that a B t.'ahg''t to the county mei the
people, lost had his first term before he learned the lo
calities of the school house, the names and standing of
the teachers, or the disposition and plans of the different
boards of directors. The constitutional qualification of
residence, at least one year belbre appointment, will ae
aceordingly be enforced.
5. Deportment.—Se ranch depends on the appearance,
tact, and power of expression of a County Superint-nd
ent, that an opportunity to form an opinion on these
points, from actual observation, is more than merely de
sirable—it is almost essential. Besides, when the officer
is appointed, a personal interview affords the best oppor
tunity for advice aa4 *oltaultation_ More can be effected,
by this mean., in one hour, than by a quire of written
To conclude, by reducing the foregoing to a form of
rules, which my be more easily remembered and acted
on, it is now announced that, to qualify any one to be
commissioned as County Superintendent:
1. The moral character must be shown to be above just
2. A full professional county or State certificate must
be produced.
3. Practical experience in teaching a school during a
reasonable time, within the next preceding six years.
moat be shown
4. One yearla legal residence, in the county, next be. ,
fore the appointment. mu-t be established.
5. No one will hereafter be appointed to fill &vacancy,
with. ut a personal interview with the State Superin
railroad has paid to its stockholsers thirty-nix
dividends, amounting to $1,917,065, averaging
annually $106.536 74, or a fraction over eight
per cent_ on the capital, which has varied i n
its amottn t—5 4 ,297,818 83 being its „ Tm . age.
It has paid in dividends above $400,000 more
than the present capital of one and one-half
millions. It is' 85 miles in length, and was
opened ici 1842—Concord (N. IL) Statesman.
For the Patriot and Union
The dangers which overshadow the country have
shaken confidence, deranged business and driven
money from the usual channels of circulation. In
order to relieve the community as far as in their
power, the banks have autpended specie payiniente,
trusting to public forbearance for deliverance from
legal penalties. In framing the laws governing
the banks, revolutionary agitations were not con
templated. Would it not be proper, therefore, for
the Legislature to take action upon the subject, and
legalize the suspension for a given period?
And whilst thus protecting these institutions
would it not be eminently proper, also, to pass a
stay-law for the protection of individuals ? Our
existing laws for the collection of debts were in
tended for peaceful times, and not for times like
the present, when money is being fast gathered
into the coffers of the rich, who will soon monpo
lize a large share of the property of the debtor
portion of community, unless timely relief is given
by the Legislature.
Let equal justice be done. If the banks take
extensions on their liabilities, why should not citi
zens be allowed to do the same ? Let us have such
legiNlation as will mitigate, as far as possible, the
evits lowering upon the country, the extent of
which no one can now foresee. Let the laws Le
adjusted to the times, as it is impossible to adjust
the times to the lawit D.
Correspondence of the Patriot and Union.
WASHINGTON, January 5, 1861
DEAR PATRIOT: -At the meeting of the commit
tee of the Sena tote and memiscre representing the
Northern and Southern border States, on the lith
instant, there was personally a pretty good feeling
among them, and they informally agreed, at a late
hour, upon the following propositions, viz
To recommend a repeal of all personal liberty bills.
An efficient amendini; of the Netive slave law, pre•
tenting kidnapping, equalizing coimnissioneral fees. &c.
That the Constitution be so amended as to prohibit
any interference with slavery in any of the States.
That Congress shall not abolish slavery hi the Ossk
yards, &e.. nor in the District of columbia, without con
sent of Maryland, and the consent of the inhabitants of
the District, nor without compensation.
That Congress shall not interfere with inter-State
slave trade.
That there shall be a perpetual prohibition of the Af.
riean slave trade.
That the line of 36 deg. 30 min. shall be run through
all the existing terri'ory of the United States, and in
all north of th:•t line slavery shall be prohibited; south
of that line neither Congress nor Territorial Legisla
ture rbnll horogrior pm' any law Witching, prohibit
ing, or in any manner interfering with African slavery;
and when any Territory containing sufficient population
for one member of Congress in any area of 60,000 square
miles, shall apply fur admission as a State, it shall be
admitted with •r without slavery, as its Constitution
tni! , y sitterwine,
The committee represented at its meeting Mary
land, Viriibia, Missouri, North Carolina, Texas,
Kentucky, Ohio, lowa, Indiana, Illinois, Delaware,
Arkansas, Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
These propositions were submitted respectively
by those of the committee of each party to meet
ings of their respective parties, and opposed with
some violence by the extremists of each; so that
the question now is whether enough of each party
can be induced to vote for them to amount to a
two-thirds vote. I have my fears of the result.—
The venerable and patrotie Mr. Crittenden is chair
man of the committee.
In the meantime, the committee of the House,
of which Ms. Corwin is chairman, is endeavoring
to arrive at some made of adjustment. The pro
gramme before it which seems to meet with most
favor is to admit the territory south of 36 deg. 30
min. as a State, and when it has a population
equal to the ratio of representation, within a given
area, (I believe of 60,000 square milee,) to admit
the portion within that area as a separate State,
'wun or - slavery, as Constitution may
require ; and in the territory north of that slavery
is to be forever prohibited. The other matters,
relpeeting Personal Liberty Bills, Fugitive Slave
Law, to., are pretty much as the_ border States
have agreed to recommend. The Southern extre
miste complain that, inasmuch as the propositions
contain an unqualified prohibition north of 36 deg.
30 min., they do not contain a reciprocal guaran
tee for the perpetuation of slavery south of it.—
They seem to want a quid pro quo in the arrange
ment. lam in hopes that there may be enough
votes to carry one or the other of the arrangements,
and thus relieve the country of the gloom and
despondency that now overcasts it. Several States
are going out next week if the matter is not ad
justed. I think the North ought, by all means, to
make the Southern malcontents a fair and liberal
offer, and then, if they don't accept it, let them go
out at their peril. I feel pretty sure that the con
servative Southern States are disposed to adopt
any fair proposition that may be offered them.
I have learned from a reliable source that there
is a secret military organization going on in some of
the neighboring Southern States, for defensive pur
poses, is case the worst Mtge 49 the worst. The
Mayor of this city has, I am informed, given assu
rances that, so far as his authority extends, protec
tion shall be given to Mr. Lincoln against assaults;
but if all the Southern States should withdraw, his
policemen would be nowhere.
There were religious meetings held at the Capi
tol and in all the churches in this city on the 4th,
and I am informed that the exhortations and prayer
ful invocations at each of them elicited a copious
shedding of tears. I witnessed the fact myself at
Doctor Sunderland's church, where there was
soarcely a dry cheek to be seen. Dr. S. himself
utterly despaired of any reconciliation between the
two sections of the country, and advised his people
to prepare to meet the awful crisis so near at hand
with Christian resignation. Rev. Mr. Stockton,
the venerable chaplain of the House, delivered a
most impressive, eloquent and touching address;
and under its influence his vast assemblage of
hearers were suffused in tears. It was remarked,
however, that but few of the members of the House
were present. Mr. Stockton very emphatically de
nied that true Christians in the North and South
bated each other, and contended that they loved
each other. True Christians cannot hate anybody
—but I fear they are a scarce article among the
politicians of either section. If we had a fair
proportion of true Christians in Congrees the coun
try would not be in Ha present state of distress
and alarm. The few that are here are generally
on the side of peace.
What has become of those "three thousand New
England clergymen" who sent their remonstrance
to Congress against the repeal of the Missouri
Compromise line? I hope they will wake up now,
and help to re-establish it on an irrevocable basis.
It is generally understood here that Gov. Sew
ard will be Lincoln's Secretary of State, General
Cameron his Secretary of the Treasury, Hon.
ojdooa Welles, of Conneetient, hie Poetmeeter
General, Mr. Groben, of North Carolina, his Sec
retary of the Navy, Mr. Bates, of Missouri, his
Attorney General, and General Scott his Secretary
of War. Yours truly, SOLOHe
still further conciliate England, has given every
Englishman the right to travel in France with
out a passport. This is more liberal towards
England than it is to Frenchmen, who have
stilt to provide themselves with passports when
they wish to travel. It is likely, however,
that the Emperor intends to get rid entirely of
the passport system, and in this wise intention
propitiates the good will of England by making
Englishmen the first recipients of the favor.
The progress - of •the great countries of Europe
is steadily towards enlightened' freedom.
1 4- IJESDAY: January 8, 1861.
The Senate was called to order at 11 o'clock
by the SPEAKEB Prayer by the Rev. Mr.
Martz. Journal of yesterday read and ap
Messrs. SELTZFR and SMITH, of Berke, a
committee from the House, invited the Senate
to the Hall of the House. to bear the proela
motion in regard to nullification, issued by
President Jaelt-on, in 1832, read; which invi
tation was accepted, on motion of Mr. HIES
On the return of the Senators, Mr. FINNEY
asked and obtained leave to offer the following
Resolved, That so much of the Governor's
messa,ge as refers to the repairs of the Exe•
cutivTMansion be referred to a select commit
tee of three. Agreed to.
Mr. M'CLURE called up House hill in rela
tion to extending the act of 1851 to the borough
of Greencastle; which was passed finally.
A committee of the House announced that
the House was ready to proceed to the eleetion
of a United States Senator whereupon the
Senate proceeded to the Hall of the House for
that purpose.
On the return of the Senators, Mr. KETCH
AM, Teller, made report.
Mr. SMITH presented a petition signed 17
11,000 citizens of Philadelphia, pr yiug for a
modification of the 95th and 96th sections of
the Penal Code.
Messrs. PARKER and CLYMER presented
petitions praying for the re emu-talent Of thaw
permitting Southern citizens to bring their ser
vants into the State.
Mr. BLOOD called up House bill No. 2, in
relation to a writ of error in C arion county,
which, after some debate, was laid over.,
Mr. M'CLURE offered a resolution that the
Judiciary Committee be instructed to inquire
what laws upon the statute b.,oks of the Com
monwealth, if any, conflict with the laws of the
Federal Govetnment and report,
W.RLSII opposed the referring of this
matter to the Judiciary Committee, as there
was not a Democrat on it—that he w.s in favor
of the resolution, but he wished it referred to a
special committee.
Mr. M'CLURE supported his resolution in a
few brief remarks.
Mr. IRISH did not see the necessity for the
passage of the resolution, and should vote
against it.
The hour of adjournment was extended, and
a running debate between IRISH, M'CLURE,
SMITH and others followed
Mr. M'CLUttE 6naltymoai6ed his resolution
so as to refer that part of the Governor's m.s
sage on this subject to the Judiciary Commit
Mr. WELSH moved that it be referred to a
select committee, which was not agreed to—
yeas 15, nays 15, as follows:
YEAS—Messrs. Blood. Bound. Clymer, Con
nell,Crawford, Hall, Trish, Ketcham, Lawrence,
Meredith, Mott, Schindel, Sonia, Smith and
NAYS—Messrs. Benson, Finney, Fuller,
Gregg, Hiestand, Imbrie, Landon, M'Clure,
Nichols, Parker, Penney, Robinson, Wharton,
Yardley and Pamer, Spoeavr-115.
The modified resolution then passed—yeas
28, nays 2. Adjourned.
The House was celled to order at 11 o'clock,
a. at., by the SPEAKER, and after the reading
of the Journal, the members of the Senate were
introduced by 6 committee of the House, con
sisting of Messrs. SELTZER and SMITH, of
The Clerk of the House of Representatives
then read the Address of President Jackson to
the pcoptv _
don of the millification of south Carolina.
The reading having been concluded, Mr.
LICHTENWALLNER offered the following re
solution :
Resolved, That 151013erfO,Tackson 7 s doctrine is
the only true one by whieh the Government
can be sustained.
The resolution was declared to be out of order.
The members of the Senate then retired.
Mr. IRVIN offered a resolution appointing a
committee of three, to act in conjunction with
a similar committee of the Senate, and make
the necessary arrangements for the Governor's
inauguration—the inauguration to take place
at 12, m., at the portico of the capitol, and the
committee to conduct the Governor elect from
his residence to the place designated. The
resolution was agreed to.
On leave given, Mr. THOMAS presented an
act to incorporate the Seventh and Ninth
Streets passenger railway of Philadelphia, and
Idt. SELTZER an act to incorporate the Lom
bard and Shippen Streets passenger railway.
Mr. PEIRCE offered a rrsolution appointing
a committee of three, to act in conjunction with
one from the Senate, and fix a time and place
ttt open and publish the returns of the late
Governor's election. Agreed to.
At twelve o'clock the Speaker and members
of the Senate were introduced, at►d the Wt.
Houses went into convention for the election of
a 11. S. Senator.
The SPEAKER of the Senate presided, and
the roll being called—the. Senators by the
Clerk of the Senate, and the members of the
House by the Clerk of the House—the first
ballot resulted in the election of Edgar A.
Cowan, of Westmoreland. The vote stood as
Edgar A. Cowan. 98
Henry to. roster. 35
The SPEAKER and members of the Senate
then retired, and the Teller appointed on the
part of the House announced the result.
Mr. PATTERSON called up the joint reso
lution appointing a committee to consider that
part of the Governor's Message relative to fur
nishing the Executive Mansion. The resolu
tion was passed.
Mr. GORDON presented an act allowing
bank cashiers to hold certain offices in the
walks of theology, literature, science, medi
oM and law.
Mr. HILL, an act incorporating the llalbo
rough monument association.
Mr. -, an act imposing a tonnage tax
on the Cumberland Valley railroad.
Mr. MOORE, an act suppressing fortune
telling; also, an act incorporating the Penn
coal gas company, and a supplement to the city
of Philadelphia.
All of the above were appropriately referred.
An Act relative to property held by aliens
was called up and passed.
An Act making an appropriation to pay the
electoral college was passed.
Senate resolutions in reference to the death
of the late Senator Nunnemacher were re
ceived. Mr. SMITH, of Berke, offered a reso
lution expressing the sorrow of the House at
the loss of the deceased,
Mr. SMITH then delivered an eloquent and
affecting address, alluding to the merits of the
late Senator Nunnemacher. He was followed
by Mr. RHOADS, of Berks.
The resolution of M. SMITH was then
agreed to. Adjourned.
The French governmental organs begiu seri
ously to occupy themselves with the project of
the gale of Venetia by Austria, and Grasdguil
lot supports it in the Constitutionnel. The of
ficial journalist's article significantly concludes
with what may be construed into a threat, in
asmuch as he expresses the hope that Austria,
who knows how provinces are gained, " will
ale° remember how they are lost." The. Pattie
asserts that the Pepe, "guided bia conciliatory
spirit, consents to a - revision of theAbstrian,
Concordat." • •
TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 1861
From. 1 111 ashiligtott_
It is understood that prominent members of
the Diplomatic Corps have addressed the gov
erdment, in reference to the commercial inter
ests of their respective countries, in view of
the present political troubles, and what degree
of protection may be expected, or something
to this effect. The government, however, has
not replied.
Returns are daily received at the proper
office from the South Carolina Postmasters,
showing that the business is progressing as
heretofore, including the honoring of con
tractor's orders and the purchase of postage
Sa, utes were fired here to-day in honor of the
anniversary of the battle of New Orleans:
A. Salute of Three Hundred and Thirty
three gulls lu Old Berks.
READING, Jan. 8.
Old Berke is true to the flag or the Union. A
salute or two hundred guns was fired here to
day, one hundred by Capt. M'Kn ght's com
piny of Ringo,old Artillery, and one hundred
by t he citizens of Reading, in honor of General
Jackson, Major Anderson and the flag of our
A salute of thirty-three guns was fired here
last night, by the Junior Fire Company, in honor
of Major Anderson.
HAMBURG, Jan. B.—A salute of one hundred
guns was fired here to• day by citizens, in honor
of the turtle of New Orleans, General Jackson
rind Atijor Anderson.
Nonm MOWN, Jan. B.—The Wayne Artiller
ists, of this city, fired a salute of thirty-three
guns, at noon, in honor of Major Anderson,
mid anntlwr waive of fifteen guns in honor of
thy etand for the Union taken by Gov. Hicks,
of Maryland.
Message of the Governor of Tennessee.
LoirsvlLLE, Jan. 8.
A dispatch from Nashville, dated the 7th,
soya that the Legislature had assembled. The
Governor's message recommends that the ques
tion of ceiling I eitii*enlieh be left to the people.
stays the remedy for present evils exists only
in constitutional amendments, on refusal where
of Tennessee should maintain her eqnality in
or independence out of the Union. He recom
mends the organization of the militia and the
purchase of arms. Leaves bank suspension
penalties to the discretion of the Legislature.
It was reported that Hon. S. S. Staunton and
John H. Savage had left for Kentucky to fight
a duel.
Later News from Mexico.
The British steamship Gladiator, from Vera
Cruz, bound to Pensecola, touched at the South
West pass, and reports that Miramon wats OM
pletely routed on the 22d. ult., and on Christ
mas day the Liberals occupied the capital.—
Puebla has also capitulated to the Liberals.
Prepideut Jugrez had been sent for and was to
leave on the 3.1. inst., to take posaaasion of the
seat of government. The city of Mexico, under
the new order of National affairs, was tran
Movement of Government Troops.
The troops from Fort Leavenworth left this
morning for Baltimore via St. Joseph, Chicago
and Pittsburg. The force consists of two
panies of Light Artillery, comprising 210 men,
with 130 horses. A force of 20 Dragoons re
mains at Fort Leavenworth.
Resignation of Naval Officers.
Lieut. Chapman and Master Mills, of the
United States sloop-of-war Brooklyn, have re
'*CCOSSI9II 'victory in -,ovvir /..zwuer,
The election in this city has resulted in the
success of the immediate secessionists.
The Illarkete,
Flour firm, with small sales ; common and extra at
$5.26a6 62% per 1.111.; $5 754.75 for extra family and
fanny lots. Grain ; sales 1,1 0 bushelq Western and
Penns. Red at $1.30a1.33; 500 bn good white at 11 1 45.
Penna. Apo at 75e. 150 booby's corn 6914, at T4O. for
old and 62 for new. Oats 3445 c. Penna. Cloverseed at
85a5.25 per 64 lbs Whisky ; 1 thin bbls. 19c.; Penna. do.
183ic.; hhds. 18c.; Drudge 1730.
Flour dull; Howard and Ohio $5 t - 0; City Mills $5.
Wheat firm ; red $1 30a$1 86 ; white $1 4041 60. Corn
firm; old white 6841 cents; nr w 6240 cents. Previa.
for s firmer; Mess Pork Mt Lard 10X cents. ib offce
active at 12%a13 cents fur Rio. Whisky dull at 18a10
Flour heavy; sales 7/00 Mlle. Wheat dedliuing •
wHte Kentucky $1.50. Corn dull; 20,000 bushels sold
at 69a70 cents ; yellow Southern 6534 cents. Provisions
on a new model, paned through TooJouve re
cently, coming from Bordeaux, and proceeded
to Toulon, where she is to be prepared for sea.
This boat is constructed on an entirely new
model, of which the plan is said to have been
given by the Emperor. It is composed of steel
plates, and will be propelled by two screws, set
in motion by a machine of fourteen horse power.
It will carry but one piece of cannon. The boat
is shaped like a tortoise. The mouth of the
eattoon will pass just ever the back of the fish,
which will present an inclined plane to the
enemy, over which the balls will slide. The
crew will be completely sheltered under this
roof, of which the force of resistance is so well
calculated that the heaviest shot or shell can.
not injure it,.
MOVEMENT OF A STEAMER. —The Philadelphia
Inquirer, of Monday, says : The steamer Water
witch, ying at the Philadelphia Navy Yard,
has been ordered to fit out for sea immediately,
and will probably proceed to Charleston. Ac
cording to a dispatch from Washington, late
yesterday afternoon, the officers have been or
dered to her, and will report during the week.
LAME FIRE AT ;ALTON, ILL.—A fire broke
out last Friday night in the liquor store of Kent
& Carr, at Alton, 111., destroying that and nine
other buildings adjoining, embracing the entire
block bounded by Short, State and Levee
streets. Loss $50,000 ;" insured $25,000. A
German, name unknown, was burned to death.
sian secreted himself on board of an English
steamer while she was taking in flax. He got
between two bales, and the crew, ignorant of
his presence, piled a large cargo on top of him.
Arrived at Hull, the steamer unloaded, and his
dead body was discovered.
A project has bean started in Plymouth,
Massachusetts, to organize a party of fifty men
to purchase one hundred and sixty acres of
land in some desirable part of the Western
country to form a Plymouth colony.
The friends of W. IL Russell, in Lafayette
county, Mo., are reported to have signed the
bonds amounting to $1,000,000, which will be
tendered to the Federal authorities for his re
lease from prison.
It is proposod to build a ciroular railroad
around London, forming a complete cordon, at
an average of fifteen miles from its centre. In
ancient times a wall would have been proposed.
The prices of wheat, flour, beef, pork, and
most Oregon products, are now the lowest of
any we have ever known in the country, says
the Oregon Times of December 1.
Mr. Belmont has purchased fourteen acres
of land in Newport for $47,000. It is said
that the rich banker intends the erection of a
splendid villa, to cost not less than $200,000.
A volunteer police force of one hundred men
has,been organized in New Orleans.
Col. J. B. F. Russell, formerly of the United
States army, died in Chicago last week.
There are thirty thOuttan4 more men than
women in lowa. • -
NEW YORE. Jan. 8
HORRIBLE MURDER.—On Monday last r m .
3 planter, liviog about fi r :
c i us T. m.I
miles from Weldon, N. C., was izrd t,y
of hie 6 ` 14 v 04, I 4L vn !Pio "llftd.l"illivg Vice:
and his head chortled off with an nu. /I t o
body was discovered on Friday, aid flu; „ Q.
grot , s were arrested. According to tht•ir cot ,
fession, the murder woe perpt•trated tircitatti
t h e i r ei „,,A rr "wa r d tN 41_11,W. Itep.,ou
from other plantations to v'ett his farm 'hair,
Christmas. He was seized at ins dirt 'hog.
notwithstanding his entreatit.s, was taken t o
the woods and inhumanly butchered_ G reat
excitement prevai ed at Weldon on gi t t erdat ,
and it was thought the murderers wooed be
summarily executed.
tamer, gave his first public egltintiipn of hi,
"art and science" of training uon ctodt :
equines, since his return from Barone. at. NI.
lo's Saloon, New Ytick, on Saturday, in th e
pres.nee of as m:my people, masculine and
teiniaine, as could fi d :-Ifting or manual:l vame,
The eelehratol "Cruiser," and several oth er
untamed horses. were put through a e n urB „ 01
training—coming in as furious as lions, an.)
going out as gattle as lambs,
The DPW itp•urance sta , tito of Tenneg ßoo rt .
quires a deposit wit h the Comptroller of twenty
thousand dollars of rzia per cent. State h
both by domestic corpor.tiong and "cents of
foreign companies. The rec,nt legial.,t,t oo o f
the State is causing a stampede ate thr
At the meeting of the Boston Common Coca•
oil Thursday evening, Mr John C. Tucker in.
troduoed some resolutions ex pret•sint , national
sentiments, which were unanimously adopted.
The Representatives in the Legislature were
requs•sted to use their influence for the repeal
of the Personal Liberty Bill.
Hon. D. S. Dickinson, of New York, has
written a letter to Senat• re Mason and Bonier,
of Virginia, beseeching them to use their
fluence to have Virginia to act as a mediator
between the North and South, in the present
Mrs. Anderson. the wife of Major Anderson,
who has been sojourning in Washington for the
past few days, left that city for Charleston Or k
Saturday evening.
The expense of maintaining the army an 4
navy of F. anon, for the currentyear, is estima
ted at $107.400,000.
New liburvtieenitut.9.
Be it onmined by the Common aroma: the mid City,
That [loth ng in any of the ordinana a or by-lawn o' the
said city shall be so construed as to deprive the party or
parties injured o* aggrieved in any way, nor the city
itself. from resorting to v or maintaining any other remedy
or legal proceedings for 'Miami, sustained or violation:
of law, which bo-a 691.4 and ere provided either by the
statutes of this commonwealth or the con*mon law, if,
in the opinion of the geld party or parties, or of the
executive officers of said curporation, a mor • efficient
and substantial v•eruedy is afforded for I be iv jury or wrong
complained of by statute or th- common law than that
whioh is provided in the several ordLanees of the nail
city; nor shall anything ther. in confab ed be so con.
mimed as to prevent the party or tarties. or the said
city itself, from eeserting, maintaining and prosecuting
both reme les or leg vl proceedings at lb- same lime, and
in each and every case where it may become necessary
President of Common Council,
Passed December 8, 1860.
Attest—Davin Hs Ms, Clerk
TICKETS $1 00. All Tickets meet be pre-paid. far
esh ac the principal Ellitocla and by any Agembrr of ba
NO. oog MA.11.1CP.7
Where they intend to devote their entire time to the
manufacture of
Of all kinds and varieties. in the neatret and most rash.
ionable styles, and at satisfactory; runs.
Their stock will consist, In part, of Gentlemen's Firo,
Calf and Patent Leather Boots and Shoes, latest rtylesi
Ladies' and Misses' Gaiters, and other shoes in great
variety; and In feet everything eonnected with the
Shoe business.
CUSTOMER WORK will be particularly attended to,
and in all cases will satisfaction be warranted. Lasts
fitted up by one of the bete makers in the country.
The long practical Pxperieuce of the und..reigned, Ana
their thorough knowledge of the busbies§ will, they
trust, be sufficient guarantee to the public that they
will do them justice, and furnish them an article that
will recommend itself for utility, cheapness and darn•
bility. pang] JACKSON & 06.
11U CKWPRAT Mlt A 1, * --VXTRA
QUALITY, in 12g and 25 lb bags. just received and
for sale by [jttn9] WIC DOCK, Ja. , & CO.
TICKETS $2.00. To be had at the prineipal Hotels
Respectfully informs the public that be has taken the
well known RESTA URAN T und rtheWit b. Hall. where
he is prepared at all times to serve up 01 STK liS in ever,
style, and Reading and Philadel, his A I.E. Baying long
been in the employ of Mr. W. ureitioger, he guarantees
to serve up Oyeterr , in the same manor 11113 I , bile em
ployed at that establishment. jan44llw
C 0 8 TIII
A . T
Together with a complete assortment, (whylesale end
retail,) embracing everything in the line, sill be meld at
mat, without reserve.
jam. WIC P99s I. CO
rl r
BOARDING.--M-s. ECKERT. in Locust
street, below Third, is prepared to accommodate
number of BOARDERS in the beat manner, end at rea
sonable prices. de2o-eodlm
STAR (eueicatoa) CANDLES,
A large invoice of the above in More, and for sale V
unusually low rates, by
WM. DOCK. Ja.. & CO.,
josit Oppotaito 41 4 ,. co.ri Musa
For sale by WM. MOCK, is., k CO
H. B. /t. G. W. BENNER%
0e194111 2T South Front dare% Philadelphia.
V ELLER'S DRUG STORE'is the place
IX. to buy Patent Media Ines. '