Daily patriot and union. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1858-1868, December 24, 1860, Image 2

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    @139 3515111"qu dc udumu.
lisher: um Proprietors.
Commentiona will not be published in the P 413109
m Unto! unless aoaompanied with the name of the
“that. .
Advertising Agants, 119 Human street, New York, Ind
10 State street, Boston, are the Agents for the Printou-
Alm Union, Ind the moat {nfluentiul und largest circu
hting newspapers in the United Stntes and Canada.
They an authorized m contract for us It our lowest run;-
A wound-hula Alums Passe, platen 39% by 26 inches,
In good order; can be worked either by hand or stem
”var. Tex-ma moderate Inquire at this omen.
we all the uttentionof our yen-1y club snhécriberato the
bet (hat their subscription: will expire during Decem-
her and Jana, ensuing. We should like very much if
our amplign and yea-1y subscribers would renew the!
nhrriptiona and use their influence to extund the cir
annual: of the Warns PARmr an Uzuox.
Isms It which we ofl’er it to clubs are as low a! any
paper containing the nuke snow: of reading mutter
published in the Union. '
In View of fin exintlng state of “him, there will be
an exciting time at Washington, am it in not unlikely
tint we shall hum t lively time at the Stste Capital.—
At are former to 811111 have a reliable correspondent,
and n the httu- competent reporters to gin the Legis
htive new! and all other occurrences worthy of note.
'9 than tlso give our usual compendium of foreign Ind
domestic news, and SW9 no pain to make the Puma!
m Uslou on!) of the but (as it is the cheapest) family
journals in the State
Raping nut om- friendn will make some exertions t 6
atom! the circulation of the paper, either by clubs 'or
omm”, we call attention to the
T E B 1|! 8.
Single copy for one yen, in Manna... ......... .54 00
Single copy during the Immn of the Legislature" 1 00
Plblislud ovary flursday
Dinghy cnpyone year, in 1dvance.................82 00
Ton copies to one addre55.................."...110 00
subscriptions msy commence at my time. Pay at
my: in advance. Any person sending n: 3 club of fifty
lnblcfiben to the Weekly will be entitled to a copy fox
hiu lax-vices. The mice is so low that. we cannot ofer
[resul- inducements tlun this. Additions unybo made
a. my time to a club of subscribers by. remitting $1
In: each additional name. It is no"; necessary to send
u the was of 21.15:: aonntituting ; (dub, u we mnnot
union-k 0 to address each paper to club subscribers
”Wkly. Specimen eopien of the Weekly will be sent
to 111 Illa desire it. .
0. BARRETT k CO..Hlrriflmrg, Pu.
The Senate Committee.
The Vice President has shown great wisdom
and discretion in the composition of the Senate
Committee of Thirteen on the National Crisis.
The fact that he has appointed both Mr. Carr
uxnis and Mr. Douaus on that Committee is
evidence that he divested himself of all personal
partiality and prejudice. and looked solely to
the good. of the country. The duty of consti
tutingthe Committee so as to subserve the great
ends for which it was designed was atask both
dificult and embarrassing, as may be inferred
from the remarks made by Mr. Buscxmnmos
whenannounoing his selections, which we quote
from the Congressional Globe .'
mvrcn PRESIDENT The Senator from Mery
lend will ellnw the Chair to announce the special com
mittee directed to be railed to coneider that portion of
the Pre- ident’l Message which reletes to the disturblnoes
of the country, end. with the leave of the Senate, h:- will
mote a. single remnk. The Chair has found surestdeal
o! difficulty in fuming the Committee, but has tried to
eonpoee it in the spirit which he believes actuated the
Senate in ordering it: appointment. It will be observed
an upon this Committee are two Senotore from one
St‘e. This was unavoidable. Of course the author of
the resolutions becomes the eneirmnn of the Committee;
Ind I no sure the Senate will, for many neeonn, recog
nise the feet tint it was proper that the émihéhl 365%?
Sandor from Kentucky should also be a. member of tint
Committee. The Secretely will read it. _
The Secretory reed the Committee, as follows : Mr.
Penn. Mr. Human, Mr. Gnu-runner, Mr. Sewn“),
Ir. TUOIBB, Mr. Douous. Mr COLLAIBB, Mr Inns.
lir. WADE. Mr. Dunn, Mt. met, Mr. Booms-no, and
It. Girlie.
Mr. Jxrunsox DAVIS declined serving with
out assigning publicly any reason therefor ; but
it is said that his reason given to his friends
was—“lt’s no use—it’s too late.”
The members of the Committee are politically
cloned, including Mr. DAVIS, as five Union
Democrats, one Union man, (Mr. Cnlnxxnnnd
two Secessionist-s, and fivfi Republicans.
The refusal of Jnrnasox DAVIS to 'serve
somewhat dampened the hopes of the Union men
at Washington; but as Georgia is regarded as
the key of the secession‘movement, the accep
tance of Mr. Toouns contributed to counter
balance the depression. ,
Pennsylvania is represented on the Commit
tee by Mr. Brown, who has been unremitting
in his exertions to effect such a compromise as
will save the country from disruption, and who‘
will continue to labor for the restoration of
peace and harmony.
Since the above was written, we see that
Senator DAVIS, yielding to the urgent appeal
of Mr. Yuma, of Florida, has consented to
serve upon the Committee of Thirteen.
A Republican Answer to a Republican.
When Wade’s course for years in stirring up
strife is reeolleezed; when he has gone about
the country preaching up a crusade against ala
mry per se ,- when he has declared there was no
real Union, and could be none with slavery in
it; when he has done yeonmn service, in talk~
ping this into half a million of people, thus in
citing the North against the South, is it. not a
piece of shining brass for him now to stand up
in the Senate and say to the South:
It Now, flat do you compiain of! You are going to
break up this Government. You are going to involve
an in wu- and bleed out of amere suspicion that we Ihnu
tun-com! that which we mud here to vindicate. How
vault,“ be justified in “3° ayes of the civilized world
1,, 1.1;. u monstrous ; poution, Ind mediate it on a
more suspicion?”
Let‘ho less a Republican organ than the
Albafiy Evening Journal, an out-and-out. Seward
print, answer this question for the South. Let
it he lememberad that this press is urging in:
party tofpause, act in thespirit of coxcxmumx,
and save the Union. 011 the very day that
Wade made his war speech, the Journal 'thus
“Bu in this nonfirovlmj we Ire not wholly blemelau.
If there “0 59““ “‘ 0‘“ “Siflhbor’e eyes there are motel
in our on. Too llnyof In forgetthnt when this Union
vel formed. Sheet-y W“ “13 “Ll—Freedom the BIO!!-
nox. While eve—climate, Boil end interest, favoring
and sending our sentiments and lympnthien—hnn been
working out, other States, wnth adverse complication
end element». h-vo worked ‘0” “”231; into Slavery.—
Inwmq upon enemas. of my mung". nag,“ by
tooling: to which we we nexther :nnenmhle nor inditfer.
ant, with no surety to om“ l-t Mme: have deemed it
their duty to deniend the linen?! Slavery elsewhere,
forgetting, in their see], that It amt: 1n the Southern
ltetee under the eon-titutiun, and with the con-ant of
one “than, who bound themselves mg their descend.
”In to obey the: Constitution. 301:6th have been
fo med, prrh‘ll n esbnlrln-hvu. tracts ‘li-‘lllllull‘fl. lulu rm
insarh-s sent into the Slum Slates, teachin_ thfltslnvt‘ry
is sinful and tho! ~luw9§uught to be emanciuued. These
lessons. in harmony with ull 1h humnuiliva of civiliza
tion. were easily learned. But in learning them we did
not find wyriften on the same page. nor in tho Home chap
ter, that In our effort: to abolish Slum-y we should pro
vide in demnlty to the owuen When we refer on we
on": do, ‘l‘mmphu-tly, to the exumplv of England, we
Ire ”0' 9 .t‘! “"3” that! emancipaziannnd compensation
VENPNV‘IIOM 0‘ the lame Act of Parliament.”
Yes; and these Abolilion ennssurles no
doubt went. among the slaves, and with bundles
of the speeches of this Abolitioniat. Wade, de
scribing, in his own words, “the b ighting curse
0f slavery,” and—how the only way to save the
Union was “to divest it entirelyfrom all taint of
slavery." What. does such language mean but
emancipation? The very demagogue who
preached through the North this doctrine, now
has the assurance to stand up in the Senate and
ask—“ What do you complain of ?”
Was there ever such insult? Wade black
gnnrds the chief magistrate by saying that the
Southern mu-n own him its much as they do the
slaves on their pluntatimns. It is notblackguard,
but truth to say, than William Lloyd Gnrrilon,
for years, has owned Wade, and made him do
disuuion work.
Minors or mu: onlgtkggssns T 0 run NORTH
The New York Herald esumates the losses
to both sections of the Union, by the present
national troubles. as follows:
1.08523 A! THE SOUTH.
00tééa..............-........ ...
Rice. tobacco ind naval mm. . . . .
Railroad flutes, hands, flock: and other a5curitiea.............---..-...............
Deprecigtion in land: and nest-008.. .. . . . .. .
l'lom- at tide-want, New ank.... .. ..... . . 31,000.000
Wheat at tide-water. No-w York... . . . .... . . 800.000
Conn at tide-water, New York" . . . . . . ... .. . 360,000
Flam-in the interior........ ............. 20,000.000
Wheat in he interior..." .. mum"... .. 10,000,000
Old and not com in the inn-riot. .. . . ...... 10,000,000
Park in the interior... . .................. 760,000
Im; orted amt! domestic “xiv-lea, iron, wool
enui‘ &.c......- .......................... 20,000,000
Loss 0 mnnul‘ncturea by suspension, hall'-
‘rnrk, 'eis intarent on money. he. .. ..
Decline in railroad shares and bonds. Stun.
county and city bonds, bank clpital and
nharea....... ....................-.
Decline in woolm- - ...........:
Loss on real sud personal entate in New
York- 150,000,000
Lot on real and personal eatate in the inte
rior free State: and cities.... .
T0!51.....-.-...........-..H.<...__.. 47620,!)00
Grand total of losses in the North and
It was stated recently that thirty-five con
servative and leading citizens of Massachu
setts, of ditfereut political parties, had issued
an address to the people of the State on the
present crisis. This address, after speaking of
the perilous condition of the Union, boldly de
clares that the State of Massachusetts has vio
l lated our great national compact. by laws-on
her statute book which are in conflict with the
Constitution and laws of the United States.—
And it then proceeds to point out 'the objec
tionable features of the “personal liberty”bill.
In this connection the address says :
"We hold it to be plain that a State’has not
the constitutional power to subject 'to severe
and ignominions punishment persons who. by
mistake or facts, or misapprehension of law,
and. without any corrupt or wicked intent,
make a claim under the laws and before the
authorities of the United States. If such a
power existed, every law of the United States
could be rendered inoperative by State legislav
tion. For who would demand any right under
a law of the United States, if the penalty of an
innocent failure to prove his case. which may
proceed from merely accidental causes, should
subject him to a fine or five thousa d dollars,
and imprisonment in the State prison for five
years! Yet such is one of the laws now on our ‘
statute book. ‘1
"The volunteer militia are prohibited from
acting in any manner in the rendition of a person
aafiudged to he a fugitive from service. The
Volunteer militia is the only arm on which the
municipal magistrates of our cities and towns
can rely, to quell organized and dangerous
riots. Every one of its members is a member
of the militia of the United States. and they
are armed at the expense and under the autho
rity of the United States, expressly conferred
by the Constitution. Yet this law declares
that the arms of the United States, in the hands
of citizens of the United States, who are apart
of the militia. of the United States, shall nut be
used by them to.protecl; ofl'icers of the law of
the United States from lawless violence in the
streets. of a city, whose peace the common~
wealth is bound to preserve.”
Duty to our common country, to the State,
and to its citizens, it is argued, at some length,
demand the early and unconditional repeal of
the obnoxious law. ‘
‘A very large and enthusiastic Union Meeting
was held at Cincinnati on the evening of the
19th inat. The Engm'rgr says :
Despite the lowering clouds, the frowning
skies and the heavy, drenching rain which
poured down unoeasingly all day, the meeting
was in numbers asplendid success, a. fact which
attests the great interest taken and the warm
sympathy felt by the people in its objects. The
meeting was imposing, not only in‘its numbers,
but in the character of those who composed it.
The solid, substantial men of the city—repre
senting largely its commecialand industrial in
terests—men who have it deep stake in its
prosperity, and who have done much in the
post for its advancement by their energy and
industry—were present. It rejoiced us, much to
see the large proportion of gray-haired vete~
rsns, who ha've retired from an active partici
pation in political and business afl'nirs, but who
on this occasion came up to lend their names
and presence in aid of the grand object of
Union and fraternal feeling between the States.
The-danger to the integrity of our country has
aroused'the patriotism and stirred the hearts
of the masses of the people, both old and young,
to an extraordinary degree, "
The following, among other resolutions, were
adopted :
That we hold all State laws opposing the just
execution of the fugitive slave law not only un
constitutional and void, but misehievous in
their influence on the feelings of the people,
both North and South; and that all good citi
zens will unite to effect the repeal of such laws.
That the clause in the Constitution which
guarantees the rendition of fugitive slaves was
indispensable to the formation, and is indie
pensable to the existence of the Union, right
in itself and necessary to the South, and every
good citizen will faithfully sustain the execu
tion fit: the laws made in pursuance of that
That. we most earnestly disapprove of and
condemn the uncandid and unjust denuncia
tions in each section of the country. against
the people of the other, which have for so many
years been prevalent, and which, originating
wit-h a. few. have at length fixed the prejudices.
embittered the feelings and misguided the
judgments of many, and we believe the uncan
did discussion of the slavery question to be one
chief cause of the political evils of the day,
At Milledgeville, on December 14th, a large
public meeting was held, and the following
resolutions were passed unanimously:
1. That we repudiate the idea that either of
the sluveholding States will, under any cir
cumstancaa, pral’e untrue to 1191‘ own interests
313,000 000
............‘ 180,500,000
.. . 1 000,000
-N .- 150,000,000
ant: [he luoerest 0] 1h 1' sinner DLul-rs,‘uuu the
success of a common cause.
2. That We repudiate the delusive policy of
secession first and co-operation aftermirds.
Inn-rest, safe y and success, anti ordlnnry re
spect to our sister sluveholtling Slat-es, require
consultation with at least as many as will eon—
sult, before secession; and then ”secession
be deemed advisable, (to—operation in secession
and co operation after secesuion. Whatever
mode, manner or re :ress he adopted, the first
step to its successful neeomplishment is to unite
the cbunsels of those Who are equally aggrieved.
and who are simultaneously demanding redress,
or at least as many as will unite with their
counsels. -
3. That in hasty, ill-advised. separate State
secession. we can see nothing but. divisions
among our people, confusion among the slave
holding States, strife around our firesidos, and
ultimate defeat to every movement for the effec
tive redress of our grie want-es.
4. That. in theconsultmion and co-operation
of the slaveholding States, We recognize the
maintenance of our rights and equality, the
preservation of our laws, the peace of our
families, the security of our property. the her
mony of our people, the peaceful division'of
the public property, if disunion must ensue,
and the success of whatever plan of redress
may be agreed on and adopted.
5. Thut in selecting delegates to the op
proaching Convention, we urge the people to
see to it that. they do not cast. their votes for
those who are in favor of immediate secession
of Georgia alone; and to avoid doubt 'on this
subject, so vital to our success and peace, we
respecttully suggest. that the people require
every candidate seeking their votes, to take
distinct position against immediate separate
secession, at least until a proper efi'ort for co—
operation has failed.
CHARLESTON. Dec 21.—An earnest prayer
was offered, invoking God’s blessing on the
new-born Confederacy.
Immediately after the reading of the journal,
Mr. Adams moved to exclude the reporters and
Mr. Hardee ofi'ered a. written substitute, ap
pointing u committee to wait. on the Governor.
so that the Cunventinn could advise with him
in secret session relative to the present state
of nfl‘airs. Laid aside.
Mr. Adams Wanted the presence of the Post
master. A motion to that efi‘ect was carried.
Mr. Inglis moved to admit an oflioml reporter.
Mr. Rhett reported from the Committee ap—
pointed to pepnre an address :0 the Southern
peopte. Mr. Rhett read the report at the re
quest of the President. ‘
Mr. Pope moved that the address shauid not
he reported until final action had been taken
on it. '
Mr. Cal-n moved that it be printed, and its
consideration made the special order of to
morrow at 1 o’clock.
A member desired that the address should be
given to nine world in o' precise form, as the
voice of the Convention, and not he liable to
alterations int-sporting and telegraphing, and
thus co'nvey wrong impressions when read to
morrow throughout the country.
Mr. Pope desired that it should not be pub
lished in the journnls.
The vol‘ovon the question that the report
should be printed, but not in the public jour
nals. was put, and there was but three nega
tives. '
The question of making it the special order
of to-morrow, at 1 o'clock, was carried unani
Mr. Wardlow, from the committee appointed
to prepare the oath of oflice, submitted the
fourth Article of the South Carolina Constitu
tion, amended as follows: '
“ All persons who shall be elected or up
pointod to any oflice of profit or trust, before
entering upon the' execution thereof, shall
take, besides the special oaths not repugnant
to this Constitution as prescribed by the Gen
eral Assembly, the following oath :
“ I do solemnly swear (or-affirm) that I will be
faithful and true in the allegiance I bear to
South Carolina, so long as I may oontinue a
citizen thereof, and that I am duly qualified,
according to the Constitution of this State, to
exercise the duties of the ofioo to which I have
been appointed, and will, to the boat of my
ability, discharge the duties of the ofioe, and
preserve, protect‘aud defend the Constitution
of this State—so help me God.”
Mr. Wardlaw moved the adoption of this form
of oath. -
Adebate ensued on motions to insert the word
“high” before “oifice,” and omitting at the
end. "of this State."
Mr. Withers said the clause that. “ every of
ficer appointed lhall take the foliowing oath,”
implied, according to some authorities, that no
other oath shall be taken.
The ordinance was adopted unanimously.
On motion of tax-Governor Adams. the Con
vention went into secret. sesston.
CHARLESTON, Dec. 21.—The Convention are
now balloting, for the second time, for three
Commissioners to be sent to Washington. Mr.
R. W. Barnwell was elected on the first ballot.
Messrs. A. G. Magrath and J L. Orr stand
the next chance for the other two.
CHAnLnsrox,Deo. 21. Midnight—The second
ballot for the two other Commissioners to Wash
ington was unsuccessful. On the third ballot,
tax-Governor J. H. Adams and «ex-Congressman
J. L. Orr. were elected to act with Mr. Barn
well, as Commissioners to treat with the United
States. ~ -
The Intelligencer sees “light. in the North”
from the article of Mr. Weed, in the Albany
Journal. The N. Y. Express says;
“The republican journals, generally, (excep
tions there are,) stand fixed, fast, firm, Iby that
negro !’ The Times even endorses end puffs
Wade’s sectional tirade! The Washington cor
respondent sPeaks of him as ‘the brave senator
from Ohio.’ The Tribune is attackinglhe po
cific plsn of the Albany Evening J- urnal. 0f the
intimation that Weed has been consulting Sew
ard, ‘we (Tribune) judge it to be malicious and
nntrue.’ Nevertheless, others think that as
Weed thinks, so thinks Seward. The editor is
set down to be the ‘premonit-ory symptom’ of
the senator. Wade of Ohio is quoted by the
Tribune as against Weed and his pacifications.”
Gmnnns'ron, Dec. 21.—A grand procession
of Minute Men is in progress tonight in honor
of the secession of the State from the
Federal Union. The procession embraces seV
eral thousand “Minute Men,”-citizens, Stran
gers, firemen and military; with music, ban
ners and transparencies. The line is brilliantly
illuminated with large locomotive reflectors.
presenting quite an imposing display,
The procession formed in front of Secession
Hall, and proceeded to the Mills House, where
the band serenaded Governor Pickeng, Sub
sequently Mr. D. Porter. President of the 8911-
ate, Gen. Simmons. Speaker of the House, Gen.
Jamison, President of the Convention, Mayor
Macheth and others received the same comp“-
ment, and returned their thanks in appropriate
remarks. _
The flug‘carried at, the head
aion wafz that 9f Captain Berry, 3; $1: grocer;-
Columbm, whzch was hoisted ofl‘ G Gamer
Island, New York hay. Overnor s
The city is alive with 1
_ P easurabl - _
1111:3353 nugxber of pnvate residence:,?:fife
s an news a a. t .
illuminated. p p as üblmh'nemfi are
MOBILE, Ala", Dec. 20th.—~The new, of the
passage of the ordinance of secession by South
Carolina. was received here with great. satisfac
tion. A salute of 100 guns was fired by me
military'amirl the cheering and other tokens of
the rejoicing: of the people.
MOBILE. Dec. 21.—The city: is illuminated,
and ameeting is in progress 1n honor of me
secession of South Carolina. The meeting is
immense, andthe wildest enthusiasm prevails.
! Some oi the oldest. men are taking the most
meat art.
”growls, Fla, Dec. 20—45 salute of one
hundred guns was fired here on the reception
of the news of the secession of South Carolina,
and immense enthusiasm was manifested.
Mon-rooms“, Ala, Dec. 20.-—Gov. Moore
ordered a solute of one hundred guns to be
fired at noon to-morrow, in honor of the seces
sion of South Carolina. '
NosroLK, Va., Dec. 21.—A large meeting of
citizens was held at Ashland Hall last night,
and passed resolutions recommending a na
tional and State convention; opposing coer
cion; favoring the arming of the State. and
agninfit opening the slave trade.
Here and at Portsmouth a salute of fifty
guns was fired in honor of South Carolina.—
The Palmetto flag was also displayed here.
WILMINGTON. N. 0.. Dec. 21.—A salute of
one hundred guns was firedhere to-dny in honor
of the secession of South Carolina.
New Onnsans, Dec. 21.—There appears to
he a general demonstration of joy here at the
secession of South Carolina. A salute of 100
guns-was fired to-day, and the Pelican flog un
furled. Impromptu secession speeches from
some of our leading citizens have been deliv
ered. The Marsellaise, polkas, etc, are the
only airs played. . ' ‘
To-day a bust of Calhoun was'exhibited,
decorated with a cockade.
The news of the passage of the secession or
dinance was announced last night from-the
stage of the Varieties Theatre, and received
with enthusiasm.
Naronnz, Miss., Dec. 20,—The election re
turns for the city of Natchez show the vote in
favor of co-operation to be 426, and for imme
diate secession 179.
Now Ours-Aids, Dec. 19.—Meetings are being
held to-night. Several representative districts
have nominated candidates to the convention.
1 There is intense excitement. The co-opera
tionists are making a great struggle to defeat
the secessionists in this city.
, . CESSION. .
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21.—A dispatch from the
editor of the Mississz'ppian and State Gazette,
published at Jackson, directed to the Missis
sippi delegation in Congress, this evening
states that the State of Mississippi has elected
delegates to the Convention in favor of separate
State secession, by a very large majority—say
seventy in a. Convention of one hundred dele
gates. and a popular majority of 80.000 votes.
ALBANI, N. Y., Dec. 20.—The recent mani
festo of Thurlow Weed has created a perfect
furore in the Republican camp throughout the
interior of the State. There are many bitter
denunciations of Weed’s course by the Greeley
school of Republicans, who are preparing to
unite in a. crusade against the veteran manager
that will, in their opinion. crushhim out.
The Charleston Mercury of Wednesday says:
When the State is out of the Union; when the
forts are demanded and refused to be delivered
up to those in whom is vested the title of emi
nent domain, and for whose protection and
defence alone they wore ceded and built up;
and when, the Federal Government showing a
hostile purpose, it shall become necessary and
proper for us to obtain possession, then it will
be right for the world and Black Republicanism
to expect that the State, by her authorities, will
move in the premises. The people will obey
the call for war, and take the forts.
Thurlow Weed arrived at. Springfield on the
19th, and was closeted with Mr. Lincoln seve~
ral hours. It is rumored that Mr. Lincoln did
not entirely approve Wood's programme, but
insisted on several important modifications,
among which was that relative to the recogni
tion of slavery in the Territories. He is also
reported as repudiating geographical lines of
division. The programme as modified will be
taken to Washington by Wood and submitted
to the Republican leaders.
A venerable and well-known citizen of Vir~
gmia, residing in the county or Ritche, has
written to apprise us of a movement which, he
says, is already set on foot in the Northwestern
part of that State, for the purpose of calling a
convention of the people to take into considera
tion the expediency of separating from Virginia
in case of her withdrawing from the Union to
join in the formation of a Southern Confede
racy. Our informant adds that the leaders in
this revolutionary scheme contemplate 'the
erection of a new State, embracing that portion
of Virginia lying west of the Blue Ridge, and
destined to include as many counties east of
said line, along the upper Potomac and nearit.
as may 'be induced by identity of interest to
co-operate in the project. Considerations of
an economical character, determined partly by ‘
the arrangements of the present constitution l
of Virginia, (deemed by many in the Western
part of the State to be unequal in respect to
the rates and objects of taxation,) are repre
sented to be at the bottom of this popular
movement. which, in the opinion of our cor
respondent, awaits only the opporiunity and
the pretext to assume formidable proportions.
——Nutional lntclliyencer, Dec. 21.
It was stated a. few days ago that Senator
Toombs, of Georgia, like the Hon. Thos. R. R.
Cobb, had written a letter urging that State to
co-operste with her sister Southern States, and
to defer secession for the present. The follow
ing extracts from the letter of Mr. Toombs set
forth his views : ’
The Legislature of Georgia have unanimously
declared that the present crisis demands re
sistance, and have unanimously voted to call a
convention of the people to determine the mode
and measure of redress. This is plain lan
guage—it is easily understood. apropos“ to
ream wrongs at the time and in the manner hm
calculated to obtain Bahamas. The Legislature
also unanimously voted a million of dollars to
arm the people of Georgia, in order that they
may repel by force whatever force may he
brought to resist the measures of redress the
people may adopt. Then. upon the questions
that we have wrongs, and that we intend to
redress them by and through the sovereignty
of Georgia, the State is unanimous. What,
then, is likely to divide us? It cannot be the
mode of redress, for it seems all look to secession
—separation from 7 the wrong-doers—as the
ultimate remedy. The time when this remedy
ought to be applied seems to be the most im-'
portant, if not the only point of difl‘erence be
tween us; we ought not to divide upon thiapaint. 7
Many persons think the remedy ought to be
applied immediately, others at a day not to ex
tend beyond the 4th of March next; others
again, supposing that too short a time for the
convenient action of the abolition States, would
extend it only to what might be fairly deemed
a. reasonable and convenient time within which our
mango might be redreseed by the wrong-dom. I
would strongly advise that there be no division ‘
among those who hold either of those opinions.—- l
While I personally favor the position of those
who are opposed to delaying longer than the
4th of March next. I cmm'nly would yield that
point to correct and honest man who were will; we
in the principle, but who are more hopeful of
redress from the aggressors than I am, espe~
cially if any such active meaiores should be
taken by the wrong-doors, as promised, to give
us redress u'nthe Union. But to go beyond the
4th of March, we should require such prelimi
nary measures to be taken before, as would,
with reasonable certainty, lead to adequate re
dress, and in the meantime we should take care
that the delay gives no advantages to the ad
versary and takes none from ourselves.
llow is it possible to remedy these enormous
evxls in the Union? There is but one mode,
9“ only i smothers are delusions and snares,
114°th to lull the people into false security,
to steal fivny‘their rights, and with themihs
power of redress. ' This mode is by amend-
ments to the Constitution of the United States.
In the Union the States cannot make contracts
thh each other; all departments of the gov
ernment would be compelled todisregsrtl them.
To repeal laws hitherto passed by the abolition
States would not be redress; they would re
!"th them 11“!!- year. The amendments of
the Constitution should be such as could neither
be evaded or resisted by the abolition States.
and should not rest for their eflicaoy upon
the oaths of übolitionists—oo oaths can hind
them. The Constitution provides two modes
for its own amendments. Article 6th is as
follows on the point before us:
“The Congress, whenever twothirds of both
Houses shall deem it necessary. shall propose
'amendments to this Constitution, which shall
be valid to all intents and purposes, as pm of
this Constitution, when ratifit-d by the Legis
latures of three-ft urths of the States, 01' l'On
ventions of three-fourths of the States. “8 the
one or the other mode of ratification may be
proposed by Congress,” Ste. .
Thus you oerceive the mod is plain: it is
easily tooled; you can here find a test. which
ought to satisfy every honest resistance man
in Georgia. Do this—ofi‘er in Congress such
amendments of the Constituzion as will give
you ful‘ and ample security for your wrongs;
then if the Black Republican party will vote for
the amendments, or even a majority of them.
in good faith, they can be easily carried through
Conzress; then [think it would be reaeomible
and fair to postpone action until the Legisla
tures of the Northern States could be conveni
ently called together for definite action on the
amendments. If they intend to stun this war
on your rights and your property. they will
adopt such amendments at once in Congresse
If they will not do this, you ought not to delay
an hour after the 4th of March to secede from
the Union. This is a. constitutional and efl'ec~
tun] ultimatum, means somethinn. can he tested
—-cs.n be tested at once. This will he putting
planks where they are good for something. if
they are the right kind ofplanks; but putting
planks in your Georgia platform is putting
them where our experience teaches us they
are powerless for good, and only subject us to
the jihes and jeers of our enemies—a cart load
of new planks in the Georgia platform will not
redress one wrong nor protect one right of the
people of Georgia. Demand additional consti.
tutional securities from your confederntps, and
if they are refusedtconfederate with such of
them as are willing to grant them, or defend
them yourselves. . ,
The Secession Celebration—Hurstiug of a
Cannon—Tue Fons if Attackcd no be
Surrendered to the South I aroflua Au
thorities—The Slaver Bonita.
The serenading procession. last night. was a
grand affair, and was kept up' till after mid
night. 4
A cannon burst at Camden. during the firing
of a salute yesterday, and several persons were
A special Washington dispatch to the Courting
states that Captain Anderson has been ordered
to luv-render the forts to the constituted‘ an
thorities of South Carolina in case the fort:
are attached, but not to surrender to irrespon
sible parties. .
The slaver Bonita. was bound to Norfolk, but
put in here in consequence of stress of'Weather
and the exhausted condition of the crew.
Cssnnnsrox. Dec. 22.—The Convention,
yesterday, adopted a. resolution instructing the
Military Committee to make provisions for
feeding and transporting troops; also, for es
tablishing telegrnph lines to exposed points of
the State. and giving the Governor authority
over all the telegraph lines in case of war or
apprehended invasion.
A resolution appointing a committee to make
a searching inquiry into the business of the
banks, with pom-rs to send for persons, exam
ine bank books and transactions, etc., was made
the special order of to-dey.
The State Sovereignty Convention will pro- ‘
bably take a recess to-day till the 15th of Jan-' 1
nary. .
The Supreme {Court—The kenmcky and
Ohio Mandamus Case.
In the United States Supreme Court, the
matter of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, by
the Governor and Executive authority thereof.
petitioner against the Governor of the State of
Ohio, was taken up. Mr. Monroe having read
the petition and exhibits, and having moved
the Court for a writ of mandamus, or for n
rule to show cause, pursuant to the terms of
the said petition, it was ordered that the motion
be set down for argument on'the 11th of Janu
ary. and it was further ordered that the Clerk
of the Court forthwith send a copy of this order,
and of the petition and exhihits filed therein.
to be served on His Excellency William Denni— 1
son, Governor of Ohio.
The South Carolina Convention:
The Convention met at noon.
Several reports were made from the Com
The Committee appointed in relation to the
Revenue and Post Oflice lawn, reported in favor
of adopting the United Stateshevenue laws
with, perhaps, slight. modifications, the Collee
tor to take oath as an officer of the State.
Postal matters to remain unchanged, as at
Melancholy Suicide.
Mnxonmsmmn,_ N. H., Dec. 22
Mrs. llizabehh Fitch and her only daughter,
three years old, were found dead this morning,
having been poisoned by prussic acid admin~
istered by the mother. Mr. Fitch is in lawyer
in good circumstances. The mother is sup
posed to have been insane, caused by the death
of an older daughter.
Secession Demonstration.
MEMPHIS, Tenn, Dec. 22.
An enthusiastic meeting was held here last
night, to ratify the secession of South Caro
lina. A salute of fifteen guns was fired. and
the Avalanche oflioe and other buildings were
The City of Manchester 011‘ Cape Race.
Sr. Jonxa, Dec. 22.
The steamship City of Manchester, from Liv
erpool on the 12m, via. Queenstown on the 13th.
passed of Cape Race this morning; ail ‘well.
Her news has not yet. been receiVed.
Another Slaver Captured.
New Youx, Dec. 22.
It is reported that the steamer Mohican has
captured another slaver ofi‘ the coast. of Africa,
with nine hundred Africans on board.
Fastlng and Prayer In Massachusetts.
Bos'rox, Dec. 22.
The Governor has issued his proclamation
for a day' of fasting and prayer on the 4th day
of January, in conformity with the recommen
dation of the President.
Baih'oud Accident-
Several cars were crushed last night on the
Shore route train from New York. The bag
gage master was badly hurt.
Resignation of Commodore Kearney.
wa YORK, Dec. 22.
' Commodort- Kearney has resigned his posi
tion in the Navy.
A WmnrALL.—lt is stated that- Geu. Hal-nay,
by the decease of his wife recently in Paris,
has come in posses-non. as the property»: him
self and children, of $5,000,000. _He is a mug
rising fifty years Old} andl by much service
and much exposure, 13 somewhat broken in
health. - ' He is the fourth in the list. bf oursrmy
officers—Scott, Wool and Twiggs coming before
Cnannusrox, Dec. 22
Bnarofl, Dec. 22.
A blacksmith at Menu-mil. France. Mughi
some timr ago. a. quantity or old iron to Wot];
up. Having selected from the 111-up n musket
barrel. he put. it imo his forge to make inn-ed ho;
in order to cut it imo pieces. As hn Was Pull
ingit from the fire, a, loud explosiun was heard
and, at the sun-e moment, he uttered a Piercing,
cry and fell dead. The-barrel bud bven Ml:
loaded. and the' ball, stnking him 9,50": the
abdomen. passed through his lungs, came am
just. below the shoulder, and lodged in a Wall
at some distance.
ARREST or A “ CONFIDENCE MafiqA confi.
dence opvrabm‘, caning himsel' Cro~hy. “limit,
is alleged, has be: u obtaining mfvm'y on false
pretenses for a long while pus! Imm ’waers,
editors. umlwl‘s uf Cungruss, army and a“,
officers, clerpylm-n and "tho-!- persons in “the
higher walks of lite." has been arrvsted in
I%}, York, in which city alone. i! is said, his
dupes can be counfed h, the hundred, While
tho-re is reason to believe that he has victims
in several other cities.
Tun anca or Wuns.—The London eon-cg.
pondvm of the New Orleans Delta say there is
tulk'in England of put-mining _tho Prince, of
Wales to break through the line bf blood royal
martia‘p s, and aruk a lmly to share Ihe throne
with him. wherever he lists. The match with
Prussia is broken ufl‘, and the chances for an
advantageous match With "‘33"? heing very
few, the non bluod royal may have Ihepriv’ilege
of furnishing a Queen for England. Who knows
hut. that. a. Yankee girl may be the lucky fair
Mr. Shaw, the inventor of percussion caps,
died -at Bordentown, New Jersey. recently,
having ntlainv-d the age of eighty-six years.‘
He was born in England.’ A few years ago mu
government granted him quite a. large sum for
his invention for loading.
Srsrusstox.—The can! opnutors of Pitts
hurg have recommended the suspension of
operations in the mines until :1“- lat of Match,
This will throw several thousand miners out
of employment.
Loss or LIFE ON THE LAKES.--Fi7B hundred
and sixty persons mm their deaths on Lakes
Erie, Michigan and Superior, between the 23d
of March and the 25th of November. in period
of eight mon'ha. '
The anniversary of the battle of Trenton will
be celebrated by a sham battle on the 25th in~
New fitmcrtisemmte.
together with OKANGrfi. LEMONS, DRIED
FRl‘l'l'S. 0R ANBFRRII— S, and a variety of
Articles auitable for the Halidnys. Just
received by [6.320.] WM DOCK, 13., a 00.
' ‘
CHILDREN ’3, LAme and GEN'I'S‘ alums ' and
a mu “may of cum-m FURNITURE suitable for
HOLIDAY GIFTS at 1'» ducal prices Also 3 nevllotof
comma]; FURNITURE in sets. 1' by the single piece,
n JAMES B._ BOYD &. SON, '
de2o-2wd. ~ 29 South Second Street.
DECEMBER firth, 26:}; and 26:5.
PROFESSOR J. H. ANDERSON. In . the wizard of
the World, Colmopolimn Monarch of Mogicinnn, and
Cyclogmfic Thnumaturgiut, in his elaborately GRAND
. u mun AND nun-ran or mon-r o’ononx.
Admission Twenty-five coma. '
Children Fifteen Cents.
Do ~15 open It 7 o’clock. To commence at 5 quarter
befora 8. 11620-6“
’ MUMM a CO 'B,
In store And for sale by .
nnnssmn runs,
nnncuws, ' .
“ch FANS,
Imm commas,
cum owns.
SEWING anns,
Pun noxzs,
rung. AND nabs! hummus in Rose Wood Cases
&c.. km, lac.
(1820 > 91 Market street.
OTARD, DUPUY an 00:,
That, if the CITY, SCHOOL AND WATER 143133
not pmd on or before the 29th inst, that the" Wlll 11"
an addition of five per cent. added, and the watts: Shirt
03 without delay. Byprder of the Committee.
0. 0. ZIMMEBMAN, Collector.
- Oflice No. 28 South Second street. Gels-flu!
Orncn or run inhuman}, Don-luau", um. 10! .
AND Luzon-run Rummn 00..
. PHILADIDPHIA. Den, 8, 1860.
A much] meeting of the Stockholder: of the B Kc
GASTER RAILROAD COMPANY will be held on Thurs
day, the 27th inst, at 11 o’clock, a, 111.. at Salmon: Street
Hull (Susan! street, betwean Sixth and Seventh ”1'99?”
in the city of Philadelphia, for the purpofl of "I“ng
or rejecting a contract for a. more permanent 9‘“ 0‘
their road to the Pennsylvania Rgillgwd Compmy,
' 0
By order of the Bond of Di'efimohan 1. Anna,
WH IS K Y S , ‘
110.103 MARKET srnnnr,
«121114. [can
CRANBERRIES—‘éA very Superior lot
‘ at [99:26.] WM, 1309):, In. a 00’s
I'3 MAI-k 9! street
MARETI' 65 00.