Daily patriot and union. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1858-1868, December 07, 1860, Image 2

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FIL'flL'XY MGR-SING, DEC. 7, 1860
o. mum? .2- ruoxAs'bjmoDOWELL. Pub-
fishers and Fraprietors
nguuxtions will not he publishna inthe-P-u-mor
an] US$65 unlees accOmPAnied with the name 0! the
lather. .
Advertising Agents, 119 Nassau street. New ‘York, Ind
19 State Street, Bostnn, are‘the Agents for thy Dumm
‘sn UNION, and (he. most influential and lwut circa.
Isting newspapers in the suited States mil Gauss,
They unauthorized to contnctfor us at ourlmustmtq;
A newnd-lund ADA-l 8 Pulses, p'hten 39" by ”inches,
in good order; can boa-worked anther by hind-u- “um
power. Tux-ms moderexe Inquire gt this nice.
We cumu- attention of‘our yearly cl uh subscu’ her: to the
fact that their subscriptions‘win expire during Decom-
bf! and January ensuing. “’e should like VH3 mun]: if
our empaig'n and yearly subscribers would renew their
.;bscriptions and i 152 theirinfluence to extend the cir-
cal-tion of' the WEE“! I‘M-mo! AS!) Umox. The
term: at which we offer it telclu'bs ue as low as my
pgpe; containing She nme mount of reading mule?
pnfiinhed in the Union
In view 0? the existing state of main-s. there will be
an exciting time at Wuhington, and his not unlikely
that we shalt have s lively'fime at the State Capital.—
A: the former we shall Inn: 3 reliable correspondent,
nnd a: the Inner competent reporters to give the Legis
lathe new ad an other occurrences worthy of note.—
We shall also give our usual‘compendium of foreign-ml
domestic news, and spare no pain: to make the anw'r
um Usms one of the best (ax-At is the cheapest) family
journals in the fitate.
Hoping that. our hienils wit: make. 50pm exertions to
extend the simulation of (hog-paper, ei 2km“ by chm-Is a:
othewise‘ need! attention ta the
Single mpy for one year, in min-nee"
SingEe copy during the session at" the Legislature“ 1 00
Publiahzd emery Thursday
Singie cn;y one year, in Munch---”
eg to one nAtir cm+
Subscriptions may commence 2.: any time. :Pay al—
any: in advance. Any person sealing us a clubof fifty
subscribers to the Waekly will be entitled‘to a oopy for
his services. The pfice is so low that we-canncrt. omn-
greaterindueementg than this. Addition maybe made
at my time $0 a club -ef subscribers by remitting $1
for each addifionnl name. It is not necessary-to send
as the names of those constituting a club, as we cannot
undertake to address each paper to club subscribers
sepst;tely. Spat-Amen eagles of the Weekly will-be. sent
m all who desire it
G. BARREEI .2 60.,KL-fisbm7‘l’a.
Republicanism against Union
Without some eomyromise is speedily efi'ected
between the Northern and the Southern States,
or rather between. the anti-slaveryisin of the
North and the rights and interests of the South,
it is manifest that {his Union cannot be pre
served. Without suehcomipromise is made, not
only will Sam}: (fueling. and {lie eoiton States
secede, batik will be impossible to hold the bor
_.der States which do'uot desire dissolution, but,
which would be forced to go with the extreme
Soul]: rather than remain exposed to the incur—-
aions .and subject to the aggressions of the
flow, while patriotic men in all ports of the
country are earnestly considering how the
alarming difierences onioug thei-itotes may be
amicably adjusted, it. is evident ihat nothing
eanrbe expected from the Republican party in
its organized capacity. “Ihe 100-ding men oi
the: party show no diapoeition .to compose the
troubles—they olfer no coneessious to assure
'the Southern States that they can remain in the
Union vith safety. So with the principal or
gone of that party, With the exception of the
Albany Eneningl‘aurnal. the Republican news
;npero advise that no compromise be cheat! and
.no concession mode. Rather let the Union go
to pieces than reeede an inch from the position
.horetnlore occupied by the party, in precticaily
the advice {which the Republican press ofi‘ers to
siMyfiMy- _
Ibis impossible to see rery far into the future.
.of this controversy, but two points may be
safely assumed. First, the Earth must yield
.to the South 30 for as to convince them that no
hostility is meditoted to their rights orinstitu.
:tions, in order to preserve the Union. Second,
:this concession must he efl‘ected without the
concurrence of the Republican party as :1 po
litical organization. Eliot that the Northern
States can do anything looking towards har
anony without the assistance of a large portion
.of- those heretofore icting with the Republican
party. Individuals who prefer their country
to their party, and who fell into the Republican
ranks more from the force of circumstances
Mun from deliberate choice, would doubtless
be ready and willing to co-opemtewith notional
men of.other parties in tendering to the South
m'n States expressions and not: denoting {rieml
ship and good will. But there is nothing to
hope from the Republican party. It. has de
termined to stand orfoll in its present. position.
If it stands, the Union must fall. If it. falls,
the Union will stand. It. has come to this at
33-5": and the people may as well look at it
straight in the face. The Union of those States
and the continued existence of the Republican
party upon its present anti—slnve‘ry basis are an
utterly irreconcilable that either the Republican.
party must be destroyed. or the Union dissolved-
The two cannot exist together—and it‘ the
Northern people have not sufficient patriotism
left to discard and repudiate the Republican
party, they my make up their minds to bid
good-bye to the Union, and welcome. the era. of
anarchy and confusion as the penalty of adhe—
rence to s revolutionary and destructive party
The issue at the North is between the lie
”Publioan part.)- and line Euionc-van issue which
mun speedily be determined. If the Northern
peoer value the Union above 111 price, they
will d 9 their utmost to preserve it; and in any
gction‘ designed to concilihte the Southern
we: they will encoumer the opposition of the
Ropnbtic'fll P 3"! 0’83115294150‘“, which must. go
uiuicl‘ iii’ the wife; f 0! if “19 people continue
tofollloi theladvice of um Republican press,
thbywilldeliberolely choose disunion with all
in consequences. ’
' Nothing ganja-e {be Repubfiq but I return
:9 fine ’hgagiig'mat principles pr the Dgiylpcryic
party; and such return must. dean-0y the sed
tional principles of the Republican party. The
peopic, we are persuaded. me already prepared
to retrace fixeir steps; convinced, by a short
experience‘ that Republicanism is pc-cnous to
““3 stability of the Union, and that, the on'Qy
safety GOlfiists in close adherence to the Na
tional doctrines espoused 1r y the li’emocrnfic
party, Whifih have conducted the country up to
this perilous epoch in peace and safety.
The following table of the vote of Pennsylva
nia; at. the Presidential election has been care—
fully compared Wiih the oiiicinl returns in the
Mice of the Seal-emu? of—t-he Commonwealth,
and exhioits the number of votes received by
the highest elect-anon each ticket. The tables
heretofore published contained many errors.
Lauboch, whose voic is given as the highest. on
the Reading Elect-oral Ticket, was also on the
Straight-Douglas Ticket, and therefore ran
some 16,000 votes ahead of his associates, not,
on both tickets. Ti‘he vote received by him
represents nearly the whole combined vobe of
the Reading and the Straight-Douglas Electors“
Tickets. The table showing the vote given to
each elector on the several tickets will enable
any person to separate those votes in the ag—
gregate. The-voteof the State may be summed
up time ;
BMJicketfiigheet uune not. onDouglns ticket.lBl,lsB
Straight Dal-gins Ticket.--...............-..... 16,634
Tohl. . . . . .
Vote for Governor
L 338 for President than Governor..."
‘ The aggregate vote for President is somewhat
increased. by taking the highest name on each
coumxas. a
Adams . .. . . .
Ailegheny. . .
Armatrung....-~-----~-‘ 8.355:
8eaver...........r......l 993241
8edf0rd........-.......' 1505!
8e:k5.....,.....-..-r..§ (5781
Ri5k...”..............' 3,050
8radf0rd........~.‘...) 7.091
BWKS...-.....n......-} 5343
‘8ut1er.........‘....<-.. 8,646
irkaria.u-...H..-...l 2,218’
‘ Cenirc......... . w“.
Cumber‘amlfl . - - .
Delaware. .. .. , .
_ ,2 00
10 00
Greene ... _ .
Indiana. .. . .
Junintu . . .
Lancaster. . .
Lyeom lug. , ‘ _
M’Kem.. . . . .
Marcela. . . . . .
Monroe ...
Montwamery , .
Montgnr. - . . . -
Northamptr-m . . .
Philadelphia. . . .
Pike.. ......... .
P0tter...............-.: 1,545
:5chny1ki11.......-.....§ 7,568
5nyder.................: 1,678
80mer5et............‘....3 3,218:
5u11ivan.........‘.......! 429
fiuaquehanna. .. . ..... .. . 1 4:470
Ting: ....--........V..._§ 4,754
ff1ni0n.....,.............i 1.791
Wanuugo ..............,! 2,680
eren.................{ 2,283
\Waahington... . . ... ... .i 4,124
Way-ne.. ..........-.._ .. 2357‘
‘Westmorelnnd ......NN 4,887
Wy0ming...............i 1:286.
Y0rk.v.,.......'......,._..i 5,128
*chnblican. ineading. IDonglus. §Bell
svsxox m: numxc.
George M . Keim. . . .117,009 Joseph Launch. . . .194,83-1
Richardvmx... ...192,§91}Isanc Beckhow. .. . ..194,822
Frederick A. Server-111,189. G eorge, D. Jackson..l9-§,580
“'11:. C. Pinter-son. . .I'o273ol‘John A. Ahl-- ».< . .178,240
‘Joiepb. Greelmt. . . . 186,6001J061 B- Danna-- ~ . - ..19i,776
John G. Brenner. . . .131376 Jesse R.'meford. .'.19~i,813
George“ . imby. . .194,5'H;Hontio N. Lee. . . . {177,095
Charles Kelly ... . . .177,414;J0ahuu. B. Howell. . .194,4;11
Oliver I’. James. . . .17.7,433;N, P. Fettetman. . . .181,158
David SelmlL. . . .. . .180,435:Samuel Min-shall. . . .1943“:
Joel L. Lightner. . . .117 ,3205W311inm Book. . . . . . .lfldrflés
Samuel S. Ruben. .1805615’1531011 I). Hamlin. . .180,198
Thoma; 11. WulkerJßOJOQfGlylord Chlirch. . . . 194,834
3. 5. Winchester. . . .194375; . . I
James Puilock. . . . ..‘2557,188,1'. B. Penniman. . . . {361,234
Thomas 11. llowe. ”W ,‘22l;Ulysnes Mercur. . . . $267,221
Edwin-rd 0. Knight. M 25123? George Bresller. . . ..261,223
Robert I'. King. . . . 261,241! A. Brady Sharpe. . ..267,13-1
Henry Bumm. .. . . - £67,219; Daniel I). Geht. . . . "267,205
Robert. M. Faust. . . 367:2‘27 ; Samuel Calvin. . . . . .fli’flll
Nathan Hi11ea......267.182 EdgurG0wan........267,238
John M. Broom’nlr. £67,169 WmJX'Kennan.. . . £267,141
JnmeuW. Fuller. .. £67,225 1. M. Kirkpatrick. £67,233
David E. Stout... . ..‘266,8M James Kerr. . . . .. .. 267,228
Francis W. Christ. 267,239 Richard P . R0bert5..267,280
Durid Manama, Jr. 367,235 Henry Souther. . . . ..267,2‘29
David ngart“ . . . 167,192 John Greer. . . . . . . . £67,167
Thomu u. 111111.. ..267,‘.’A‘3|
JflEpr ILIR emu} _ a v u, .
Wm. M. mini 333;]: h.pcckmn..... 12,669
Peter Williamson“ 1316;05:12nt 'lj‘yleru ... . . 12,631
Eli H. Price... .. .. . .'* 13321:; " " “mm-~— 193.26
Stacy 0. Barcmft. . . I§=6n‘;‘°lulx.i:. Penn-e. . .. 12,647
Anthony], DrexeL 12:6;"J 11 omm. 12,635
Wm. H. sliuglufl' 12’63‘J053Ph A- 115 mm!" . 12,655
$llOB. M.Woodun'.ll 1216535 33:: 11:05:31” ' " 12’333,‘
‘ 51:51: Jcter......_ I)! , ""H 2
Francig S. Bickley 3233!???” L. ngw‘u" 11:75“
David 11. Lem“. - 1336;? B efihen Marcela. .. . 12,620
John Roberts“ . 136;:le . . Henderson}. .. . 12,62;
Wm. W. Mvgui‘én‘; 15:657-105. 11. Hartsmck. . 12,484
Lord mm”. _ ..1 13632! sane Webster". . N 12,606
notcms STRAIGHT-051‘.
John Cessna. .... . u 16,534,;1uhn Black" .... . .. 16,440
John Alexander“ .. . 16,484,6801'59 Gross. ... . . v 14,1“
Frederick Stoever.. . 16,4241 Wm. L. Devan-t“ .. . 11,213
Godfrey Hetzgar.. . . 14,170;Wm. R. Gorgza.. . . . 16,355
Edward Wartmlu... 16,494i}‘rancia L1i1'd.....-. 14,945
Joseph Dominik . . . 16,483,10hu Gulch“. .. . . . . 14,145
Isaiah Jinn-5.-... . 16,9851umvs 3. Leonard... $4,161
Georgen.stiml.... 14,1a5l
A Proposed statement.
The Washington correspondent of the Tri~
bum, who is also “ Indopendem" of the Nbrlb
American, repqus that -‘ {he more conservative
‘- wing of the Southern Dcmncmcy propose, as
“ a basis of adjusmwm, the extension of the
“ Missouri Compromise xo the’l‘acific: the re
“ cognition of the right. to mfx-ry and hold
-‘ slaves scmh ufit, wiLh prone-Hun, if necessary;
“ unli! State governments be formed ; and the
“declanuion‘ that the pom-r of Congress to
“ regulum commerce sdmfl not- be construed to
“ authorize the abolition of the slave-trade
"hex-ween the States. They give assurances
“ that Such a, Irompmmise would hold all [he
“ Southern Slams but South Carolina, and her
“ scecssiun would bu raconsidcnfl.”
Mr. Bruuamx once proposed, in his cele
brated Harvest Home letter In [he Democracy
of Berks counly. [he settlement of the slavery
question by the evasion of Line Missouri line
[Q the Pacific, which Suggeslion was booted at
by Que very same set. of men who afterwards
bedewed the earth with their tears because of
the rupee; of this same, Missouri Compromisg.
After ten or twelve years of slavery ugimtion,
which havebronght the country to the brink
of disiupiion, it is no! surprising thet men
ulmulti iook’ Hack with I?ng Hunt the principle
W .
-l 2.7%
"! 16.725
226 1
2,450 1
5,263 1
1,337 3
2,454 ;
2,311 i
”i 1,736‘
.-. 1,873‘
_.._; 3.593
...“; 4‘531;
1.1, 407‘
..§ 3,454
12,577 1
r 525
2.5.0 ‘
8,808 ‘
3,910 ‘
_i 3,494
g 1,017
g 3,855
“E 3339
..§ 2,422
..: 2,370
...; 381
of settlement, which gave peace to the country
for thirty years was ever departed from, and
seek its rwestablishment as the means of re
storing peace and harmony to -a distracted
The record oi‘ the free-soil pariy upon the
subject of the Misscuri line is singularly in
consistent. lis enactment. was denounced by
those having abolition proclivities. During its
existence they sought to ignore and violato
it by apblying the Wilmot Proviso south of
the line. They ate-sailed it incessantly while
it was regarded by the Southern States as a
protection to their rights; but when it was
thought. advisable to obliterate this line and
establish the principle of popular sovereignty
in its place, its former assailants became
its m'ost devoted friends, and the Republican
party dated its existence from the repeal of
like Missouri Comyromise, with the avowed
purpose of avenging that wrong and rcmedyin g
the alleged evils itiuflicted upon the country.
If we could expect consistency mm the He—
publiem party we might naturally antiepate
that as so much regret was expreSSezl at the
repeal of the Missouriflompromise, its proposed
restoration would be hailedwith infinite delight
by the Republicans. But Republicanism is
consistent only in its inconsistency. The Tri
bune objects to the restoration and extension
of the Missouri line because “one efl‘ect of’
“this will be to secure Arizona. to the slave
“ power; another to stimulate fillibustering
“raids on‘Mexieo and Central America, with
“a. view to the expansion of the area of sla
“ very." Opposition-to the “ expansion of the
“ area of slavery” is the dominant idea. of the
Republican party, and no settlement will sat
isfy them which recognizes the right of the
South to any part of the common territory.—
The principle of the Missouri Compromise was
well enough so long as it operated against the
South, and because it did work against the
South in its limited extent, its repeal was be
wniled and denounced; but propose to restore
the line and extend it to the Pacific, and it
becomes odious to its former friends, merely
because it might possibly give the Southern
Stat-es a chance of expanding. Abolitionism
is not to be appensed ; it must be subdued.
~ 7
Gormspondence of the Patriot and Union
The aspect of things here to-da-y is even worse
than it has heretofore been. The President’s Mes
sage seems to have had the effect of pleasing neither
party. Mr. Hale, of New Hampshire, made a. vio
lent attack upon the inessago in the Sonata to-day
—-denouueing it as neither one thing nor the other.
He was succeeded by Mr. Irerson, of Georgia, who
made a very decided secession speech. Among
other-things, he said that five States would most
undoubtedly go out before the 4th of March nexr.
andrthat the rest of the Southern Stzttes would fol
low :in due time. The truth is that there is no
hope left- for an amicable odiustment of existing
dilfieulties between the‘North and the South. If
there had been any chance of an amicable ma
rungement of things, such speeches as Mr. Hale
made ill—day will afieetuully shut the door against
all hope of reconciliation. Within the next thirty
days we will have the humiliation of witnessing
the disruption of this once gloriouseonfaderacy.
It is now very apparent: to those who look at
things as they really exist, that not only will the
five States mentioned in my letter of Monday last,
so out of the Union .; but, as Mr. Iverson saidmll
the rest of the. Southern States will follow, and
that soon. This state of things seems inevitable,
from the present temper of those who have the
control at present. It is an alvt'ul, a fearful eir
oumstance, to contemplate, but come it must, and
we had better he prepared forthe worst in time.—
If it can only he done without shedding of blood,
so much the better ;.hnt that, too, seems impossi
ble. Already maybe heard in the streets in this city
the deep muttering: of popular discontent, and the
threat is often uttered, that before this Union shall
be disrupted, there will be blood shed.
n 4
In the House of Representatives, where the
Black Republicans have the sway, there seems to
he a desire to put aside the agitatiém, and they
have actually passed several bills this morning,
out of the usual order of things.
There does not seem to be much dispoaition on
part of the Senate to do business, and yet this re
mark mey'do that body injustice, inasmuch as itis
not usual for Congress to do anything thefirst week,
except so-e preliminary and unimportant business
to in up the time. '
> By next. Monday we will see whether there will
be any legislation done at: ell by the Senate. It is
more thanprohable that both brains-lies willadjonrn
our Manon-ow till Monday or Tuesday next.
Some of the Repuhiie'ane are angry about the en
pointment of the committee of one from each State
to take into consideration that portion of the Presi
dent’s message relating to the present condition of
_the eenntry. They seem to think that in is an
evidence of cowardice an their part. How mis
taken all such men are in their estimate of what.
ought to be done at Such a critical juncture as the
present. This is truly the age of small men, and,
what is worse, a. goodly number of them have been
sent to Congress. ‘ '
The nation has more to fear from this cause then
any other 5 and if the Union is dissolved,“ will be
because we have no men in Gangrene equal to the
task of placing himself in the breach and putting
a stop to the our of secession.
New Unnennssxoxu. APPORTIONMENT.—The
census of 1860 having been completed, it now
remains lo make the new opportionments of
Congressional districts according to that cell
eus. 0n previous occasions ihis has been
accomplished by a, special act of Congress as
soon as the census had been taken, but. by an
act of Congress passed May 23, 1860, it is pro
vided “that from and often the 3d day of March,
1853, the House of Representatives shall he
composed of 233 members," to be appointed
according to the following arrangement: ’
As soon as the returns of the census have
been made to the oflice of the Department of
the Interior, it shall be the duty of the Becrtr
tory of that Departmentto ascertain the aggro
gete representative population of the United
States, which is effected by the following means,
viz: by adding to the whole number of free
persons in the United States, “including those
bound to service for a number of years, and
excluding Indians not taxed, three—fifihs of all
other persons." which aggregate population the
Secretary shall divide by the number 233, and
the product of said division, rejecting my fr“-
tion of a unit, shall he the ratio Ofupportjon.
meat of Representatives among the vel-ious
States. The Secretary of the Interior shali
then proceed in the sumo manner to ascertain
the representative population of each State by
the ratio alrooily determined by him as above
shown; and “18 result of illls lost division
shall be the number of Representatiwg ap
pointed to each State. _
The 19" in the number 01 members caused
by the fractions remaining in the never-oi States
shall be compensated for by nesxgning to so
meny States having the ‘largestfnetiona an ad.
ditional member,- each «for the fraction, 35 may
be 1105.155 t to make the number of Represen
tatives 233. . ‘ 1 .
When it shfll‘ orJUlIl‘:"li19 :5, MW Hatewr
WAsnmm-ox, Dec. 5, 1860.
States shall be admitted into the Union the
Representalin or Representatives assigned to
such Stale or States shall be in addition to the
number of Representatives limited as above,
which exceßß over the regulated number shall
only continue until the time of taking the next
census, when a. new apportionment will be
made. .
When the Secretary (if the Interior shall have
apportioned the Representatives as above he
shall as soon as practicable make out and
transmit, under the seal of his oflioe, to the
House of Representatives, a certificate of the
number of members apportioned to each State;
and shall likewise make out and transmit,
without delay, to the executive of each State a
certificate under his smile! ofiice of the num
ber ot'mtmber‘s appointed to each State.‘ Wash
ington States.
Abstract of the Report of the Secretary
. of the Navy. '
This documentcommences with the report of
aboard of officers appointed to examine into
the expediency of converting the sailing ships
of the Navy into efficient war steamers. The
board. considered it inexpediont to introduce
steam power into any except ships of the line,
all of wlg‘eh it. is proposed to alter thus except
the Delaware, now too defective to permit it.
These ships are to be rezeed and converted into
first class steam frigates. Steamers like the
Minnesota cost $725,000 each, whereas the
proposed alteration would cost but $383,000
for each. 01‘ the sailing frigates, the United
States is not worth repairing. The Constitu
tion Has been repaired, and the remaining six
should be converted into sloops of war, and
finally into storeships. The sloops of war
built. prior to 1840, and the brigs Bainbridge,
Perry and Dolphin, are not large enough for
,storeehips, and will soon have to be replaced
with new vessels. or the six new first clasa
steam sloops of war, five are at sea, and their
performance have been satisfactory. The sixth,
the Pensa‘coln, will soon be completed.
The first class side wheel steamers Susque
hanna, Saranac, and Powhatan may, by intro
ducing screw propulsion, be made efl'ectusl and
economical war steamers. The Secretary re—
commends the gradual, substantial, and per
mamunem lncrease of the navy, accompanied
by Ihe universal introduction into :it: of steam
as a motive power, as a policy essential to the
protection of our coasts and commerce. He
also advocates the resumption of the policy of
appropriations for repairs, as well as main
taining the navy yards in a state of efiiciency.
He speaks of various reforms in the latter in
the employment of operatives. That they were
sadly needed the congressional exposures
proved beyond the shadow of a doubt. The
remainder of the report is interesting to the
miscellaneous reader, but not. of general im—
Ahstmct of the Report of the Secretary of
The rep-art of the War Department furnishes
n. cursory view of the operations of the army
during the year. The Secretary says, that
whilst appropriations have been made to sus
tain the army upon a peace footing, it has been
obliged to prosecute active and songuinm‘y war
from the thirty fifth to the forty-sixth parallel
of north latitude, with very numerous tribes of
handy and warlike Indians, in the wildest and
most remote regions of our mountainous terl’i'
tories. For these movements the sum of half
a million of dollars was required, the necessity
for which was not and could not be foreseen in
the War Department. In view of this embnr-'
rassment the Secretary again urges Congress
to restore to the War Department the superin
tendence.‘ and control of the Indians, as it is
quite impossible to impress on these savages
the idea. of obedience by any other means than
military power. He urges, also, that a large
annual Sum of money might be saved to the
Treosury by using the officers of the army in
discharging many of the duties now performed
by civilians at high salaries.
The opening of the military road from Fort
Benton. on the head of the Missouri river, to
Fort Walla Wells, on the Oregon river; is
dwelt upon as a step which ought to be fol
lowed up, as this line can be made available
for moving large bodies of men from the At
lantic to the Pacific, and will constitute the
means by which we can defend our Pacific pos—
sessions. 0 , -
- The experiments with ordnance have greatly
improved, if they have notperfected, the fabri
cation of seacoasn andgarrison gun carriages
of iron, the mo‘dels and mode of casting of
heavy cannon, and the quality of metal-fqrthe
same; the manufacture of cannon powder, xi
fling of cannon, kc. ’
Abstract of the Reportiof the Postmaster
ll‘his prodigious document abounds so much
in statistics, that it is exceedingly difficult to
condense its substance into an abstract. 0n
the 30th oi‘June last, there were in operation
8502 mail routes, estimated at 240,594 miles in
length, of which miles 27,129 were by railroad,
14,976 by steamboat, 51,577 by coach, and
143,912 by inferior modes. The number of
contractors was 7445. There has been a de.
crease of 19,458 miles in the length of the mail
routes,'but this is made up of a. reduction of
8,464 miles in the length of coe'chroutee, and
4233 in the steamboat routes,'w'hile'the length
of railroad routes has increased 1119 miles.—
There are in the service 40 Mail agents, 1,649
mail messengers, and GS railroad baggage-mar
tern. The number of postmasters appointed
during the year is 6,555, of which 1,140 were
by the establishment of new postoflioes. Whole
number of postofiices in the Union 28,552, .
As usual, there is an enormous deficiency in
this department, reaching $5,656,705.49 as the
excess of expenditures over the revenue for
1860. and for the ensuing year a deficiency of
$4,556,600 is figured out. by the Postmaster
General, which, in all probability, will be for
below the real feet. The revenues increase
very gradually, while the expenditures go up
much more rapidly. - .
The Postmaster General has much to say
about his experiments with the penny post, and
he recommends therepeal oi‘ the provision of
the act of lastsession, and that the Dephtment
shall have authority to collect such postage on
all letters delivered by ccrriers as shall be
deemed ‘necossm‘y to compensate them for the
service, provided that it shall not exceed two
cents per letter. lie thinks the results of the
experiment, under all the difficulties encoun
tered, very gratifying, and advocates the sup
port of the private expresses.
501' For. SALL—A subscriber residing in
the State of North Cnroiinnwritea to us, under
date of the 26th ultimo, that he has observed
in one of the papers of the day a tumor to the
effect that “Mr. Corwin; of Ohio, is negotia
ting with the proprieters of the Nation; In~
lclligcnccr for the purchase of that venerable
journal with the intention of converting it into
the organ of Mr. Lincoln.” 0m- correspond—
ent, apparently thinkingihe statement “impor
tant if true,” desires to be authentically in‘
formed in tho premises, and further requests
that we will “define our position."
Protesting against the amenabilily to whiqh
our correspondent Seems to hold us, in calling
for any notice It our hands of the idle tumors
daily written or telegraphed from this city to
the “sensat-ion‘press” at the North to white a.
momentary intcrcst mind then be fax-gotten, we
beg to say, for his personal satisfaction, that the
paragraph hevrefers to has in: foundation what
ever.—~Na.t‘. Intel. ‘ '
\YoLvns ltmunmm ~lt is stated; as I aim
gular that, that, for the first time ih twenty
years, "1193 are now‘ showing themselves in
the Aroostook region, Me. Previous to 840
they were very abundant there. It is a singu~
lat fact,_il_lso‘, that, for the first time “ within
the-memory of_ man“ thq prairig ,fowl is' show-j
in; “9011"“ ram-m points :in :Miohigan, {A._
m“ Wanna: have. beep .killefl the Prmrstz.
season within twenty miles: of th'pifufi i
Union Meeting I Philadelphia—Accident
to the New York Water Works.
Spec“l Dispatch to the Patriot and Union? -
The City Councils passed 9. resolution this
evening authorizing the Mayor to call a, grand
Union meeting of citizens. ,
Dispatches from New York received here say
that two water mains on Fifth avenue broke
this morning. All the water is cut. 011‘. the fac
tories were stopped, and the newapapers had
to send to Brooklyn for water for their boilers.
Policeman were stationed at. the hydrantl, and
city water carts passed through the streets.
The insurance companies are' in apanic. It
will take three days ti) repair the disaster.
Grefitgexcitement prevails in consequence. p.
Sesame—The proceedings were opened with
prayer by the Chaplain. .1 p
_ The journal of yesterday’s proceedings was
read. ‘ .
Mr. Latham, (Cal.,) presented a memorial
from the Chamber of Commerce of San Fran
cisco, praying for the establishment of a daily
overland mail. Laid over for the present.
Mr. Hale,- (N.. H.,)'- moved that when the
Senate adjourned to-day, it be until Monday.
Carried. ' .
Mr. Powell, (Ky.,) according to notice given
yesterday, introduced a resolution that so much
of the President’s Message as relates to the
present agitated and distracted condition of the
country, and the grievances of the slaveholding
and non-slaveholding States, be referred to a
special committee of thirteen members, and that
said committee be instructed to inqure whether
any additional legislation than already within
the sphere of the Federal authority and duty,
be necessary for the protection and security of
the property of the United States; _and if so,
report by bill; and that said Committee be in
structed to consider and report whether it is
deemed expedient to propose an amendment or
amendments to the Constitution of the United
States so as to insure prompt and full protec~
tion of the rights and property of the citizens
of every State and Territory, and insure the
equality of the States and equal rights of their
citizens under the Federal- Constitution. Laid
over for the present. At. quarter past twelve,
M.. Mr. Bigler moved to adjourn. -. Agreed to.
Adjourned till Monday.
House—Mr. Morris, (111.,) said it would be
remembered that on Monday he sought to in
troduce a resolution concerning the perpetuity
of the America-n Union. Since then he had
been called upon by various members, and re
qneetcd to again present it ; therefore he gave
notice that he would do so on Monday next.
Mr. Valiandi‘gham, (011kb,) from the special
committee, appointed at the former session, on
the Senate bill abolishing the freaking privi
lege, made a. report thereon, and proposed cor»
tnin amendments. ' _
Mr. Cobb. (A1a..,) from the Committee on
l’nbljc Lands, reported a. bill to construe the
meaning of the words minimum price of public
land. ‘
Mr. Branch; (N. (_‘..,) had hoped that such
bills would be withheld for the present. in order
that Congress might consider measures of much
more public importance.
Mr. Cobb replied that, he would for that pm»
pose withdraw what he had ofiered, and any
thing he had ten in the shape 9: bills, but until
some conciliatory measure was ofierrdhe would
in other respects perform his duty.
Mr. Branch. I made no rcflgction on the geo
(lemon. ' ' '
_ Mr. Cobb. I did not. understand you.
Mr. Cobb wished to know from Mr. Brunch
what was the meaning of minimum. '
~ Mr. John Cochrane, (N. Y.,) rose to :1 ques
tion of order. ' Minimum is a latin word, and
the business of Congress is required to be con
ducted in the English language. [Laughton]
After further proceedings the bill was passed.
It provides that the word minimum shall be
construed according to the land graduation act,
so as to apply to alternate and reserved sections
of lands granted for railroads or oth‘or internal
improvements, and in favor of actual settlers,
and not to mean $1.25 per aare as now oili
cially construed.
——--—o-—~ awn _ ,
The Secession Movement in Virginia.
' Rlcnmoxv, Dec. 6.
Secretary Floyd writes to the Inquirer, hold
ing the right of secession, but sayingit should
not be exercised until every means is employed
to preserve the Union. lle favorsa State Con
vention. At the banquet. to the Bell Elector-s
last. night, strong speeches were made in favor
of the Union, and _uConvention of the border
States to provide for its preservation. John
Minor Botts opposed the right of secession, and
advocated the employment of force, if thelaws
could not be upheld without it. This tiew ms
approved by two other speakers.
.l‘anncry' Dystrbyed by Fire. .
anrmrnn, N. J., Dec. 6
The Belvidere‘ Tannery was destroyed by fire
last. night, supposed to have originated in the
engine room. The loss is $20,000.
a E NE 7521" 75 7 V 7 WS .
Jix'rnnoxmmnr Fncosln-n'.—~—The Heading
(Pm) Adler of Tuesday last, sit-ates that a cow
of Mr. Moses 8: Miller, of Windsor township,
Berks count-y. on the proceeding Thursday,
dropped four living calves, whose aggregate
weight amounted to 200 lbs. Two lived only a
short time, but the others appear to be vigorous
and thriving, _.“old Berks”hns long been noted
for its biped Democracy, and hence. the owner
of this fecund animal insists upon it that she
is o “genuine Democratic cow,” and defies me
competition of all Black Republicanism.
One of the most fatal visitations of yeilow
faver on record occurred about. two months ago
on the coast of Africa, and is described in the
London Lam-ed of the 36 nit. in the Island of
M'Carlhy on the Gambia. the malady suddenly
broke nut, without. my traceable cause, and
attacked 5.11 the inhabitants not one of whom
recovered except Capt. Fry/Lev, a naval officer
in command at the station. -
RATHER PAn'ncumn.——A lady of Boston:
Maw, writing to a friend, says : “ A ragged
little urchin came to my door not. long since,
asking for old clothes. I brought. him a. vest.
and pain: of pants. which I thought. would be u
comfortable lit. Young America took the gar
ments and examined each, then, with a. discon
nolntc look, said: -'l‘licrc ain’t no watch
pocket !’ "
Snomusu Acummmn-Ehe Taypahannpck
Southerner says that Mr. Joseph B. Evans, of
Kin g and Queen count-y, Ya.., met. with a. shock
ing and fatal accident, while riding ins sulky,
near Carleton’a store, last Thursday week.—
l‘rom some unknown cause the horse took fright
and P‘W' E. against a stomp, liter
ally disemboweling him, and cousin; his death
almost instantly.
The French government has ' appointed a
committee of literary men to read the romancess
published in Parisian journals and report on
their moraliiy. Some pppers have already re
ceived unofficial warning; a number advertised
as forthcoming, will not. be allom-d‘to appear;
and many manuscripts have been returned 10
heir authors. ' _ '
The Chm-mama C’orérié'r: of “91'3“”, says =
Within the P 315" fornight, four places of cab
“ancelftom schoone‘lzß. N. Hawkingnnd 84
packages 91" ammunmon from schooner N. W.
Smith, have been landed at Fort Moultrie.‘
._The dearthyt'fil'é? and qomgor coina‘hss
been 150 2‘39““ Menu; that may? itia'dqsped-
éugb'zvpceedllgfi are mun-'3. MAKES; 3:} ;
The Richmond CVI3.) Examiner states that A,
man named Barber has been expelled from
Cedar Point, in that State, for conspiring with
two negroee belonging to a. man named my”.
ner, to murder their master. The new, w
Were to dig the grave and to about their 31.13.
ler, while Barber and another accomplice we“
to bury him and share his funds. The gun.
had been dug, but remorse caused a revelnaig.
of the intended crime and the subsequcua i -
nouement. -
St. John (N. B.) Glsbe of the 24th 11“., reg-4.14s
the death of a noted colored pugilist at Hamp—
ton, under the following oireumslances:~He
and another party had a. "set-to” with film
gloves, and becoming pretty ”tight,” his 613px:-
nfnf- cleared his hands and dealt nova-I's- 3 ‘s‘!-
rgous blow, which felled him on therapmt. Hr;
hvetl but a short time after. '
The gfi‘ect of climate on the human system is
shown m a striking manner by the inhabizants
of Austgalia, who, in the course of two 0: shree
gensmtx‘one loose the corpulence characteristic
of Englxshmen, and become a tall, gaunt, ran“
gm? race, 111“: the inhabiiants of our 50:231ch
DEBTS or 'ms Nonmuns Ax» Suntan:
Suns—The debts of the free States thiz side
of the' Rocky Mountains, in 1857, amounted
to about $210,000,000; Ind of the slaveStateg
(cities included, of which Baltimore and his"
Orleans owed $29,518,198,) to only about
$116,000,000. 0
New lhnertigemmta.
‘ And descriptions, for sale low by .
H 900“: J... .3: co
jun! received, and for sale in quantum; to 535?. pur
chasers, by JAMIE M. WHEELER.
Also, OAK AND PINE constantly on hand a: the
lowest prices. dccfi
or Tm: ,
DECEMBER 4., 133').
Ann‘s :
Loans and .1)i5c0unt.5......... .........$766,3i:3 {)8
Stock of the Commonwealth.....,... 50,5013 Du
Spcme 71.961293”
United States Low 19.51%? ”(I
Due hyother Banks.,.. $90,392 7-1
Notes ofot'herßanks... 44,983 00
Stocks (all present market value)
BODdS we . :a I: . ..
Real E5tate“........................
Due to other Banks
$762,971: 5-.
The above statement is correct, to
of my knowledge and belief.
J. W. WEIR, Cm...
Sworn and subscribed before me,
decG-dflt DAVID HAmus, 1'
nuannungn a!
{D'A large supplynlwnyson hand. Fox-ant: s‘, mam;
facturer’s prices. Magazine two miles below :1: 1:1.
women; received at Warehouse. no]?
Suitsroontaining DRESSING BUREA 32'. BEIJ—
and a. ROCKING CHAIR from $23 to $4O a suit. ,
BUREAUS AND BEDSi‘EADS from $4.50 to slot-fro,
and other articles at equally low figure at £53 Ware
Room: of JAMES R. BOYsil & SON,
hole-dlm 29 South Seconi atmet.
- JAMES'R. BOYD k 803:".
- 29 SOUTH sucoxn STREET,
A large variety of TETE—A~TETE SOFAS. AR.“
RACKS, kcA Call Ind enmina our stock and prices, u;
n can lell I! low as can ba bought in the flute,
nolG-lilm . v -
‘,'. ’1 'JACKSON & CO.
Have opened a. Boot ‘and Show Store at No. 93;; MAR -
KET STREET. corner of Fourth, when: they seep con—
stantly on hand a full and varied assortment of the
Having been engaged in tha 81101-1 UPPER BUSI»
NESS in thin city for more than a. year, they are pre
pared to make ALL KINDS 01“ FANCY SHOES to
order, It short noiice. of the heat matéi-lué. Mid n‘i-r.
muted to give sutiafacti on ev'ury way.
affluent! can and exun‘iue my assort'mgut‘ befam
put-chain; elsewhere.
{D'Bemumber the place—9o,; Market “rest, sign 0
the [non-dam] GOLDKK BOOT.
soul mm- coxxun or 111 m AND lunar srlsms
The undersigned would regretfully inform the Public
this he has film: the thaw Hotel, formerly known :9
“ THE MANSION HOUSE,” which he has mama and.
nawlyvfunilhed thronghout. _ . _ -
.The Romano spawns and cammodmufi, and tarnished
with every convenience :0 be found in the has: Hotels in.
the cit .
The gUNITED STATSS” is admirablylocazeé for the
convenienca of t rnyelerp, being under the same roof with
the Pennsylvania Rain-om! Depot, and thus saving both
luck hire and porterago of baggage. No pains will be
spared to render the .: UNITED STATES ” n pleasant Ind
agreeable residence to 11l who mly favor it with their
patronage. Chm-gel moderate. ,
uc‘z'Z-damwly H. W. KANAG A, l‘mpfierox.
020. I. BOLTON, I'RL-?.?..’r:rux,
4; A it 11 .
The move well known And long established Hotel is
now undnrgoing i thorough renovation, and being in .
pen degree nawly furnished, under the proprietorship
of Mr. GIOIGE J. 1501.705,th bu been In inmate or
the homo for the last three years, and in well known to
m gueau.
Thankful for the liberal patronage which 5: has en.
joyed, I nheerfnlly commend'Mr. Bolton to the public
favor. je‘l-dazwy WILLIAM BBEHLEBM
CAPITAL AND A55ET5........ . . . .téng‘vaf.
ft 112' INSURANCE _
mmmn AND 5551915.”..........31.m,4.5.m.
The undersigned, ..3 Agent for the Ibo" well know!»
Oompuueg, will make Insurance Igsinst loss In: damn-g:
by fire, either perpetmlly ur annually, on propel}: in
either téwngor cumin“ 2 " '
Maine “a Inland Tungportation Risk: :1» nun.
Mpl, personally or b! ”3“" to
docl 41871! unwilling, n.
‘ Instruct-ind” _-
ll'no‘lfi.H-,H~- vv a w.mx;r.;,,_¢_co.
---Of all aim
135,37: :4
29,000 (m
5,604) m
14,500 00
$1,093. "
$526-$133 00
190.575 72
51,995: S“
~. tn~•