Newspaper Page Text
Forever float that standard sheet I
Where breathes the foe but falls before us,
With Freedom's soil beneath Jar feet,
And Freedom's banner streaming o'er us.
Friday Afternoon, Aprll 11, 1862.
Proclamation of the President on
the Recent Victories.
By the President of the United States of America
It has pleased Almighty God to vouchsafe
signal victories to the land and naval forces en
gaged in suppressing an interim' rebellion, and
at the same time to avert from our country the
dangers of foreign intervention and invasion
It is, therefore, recommended to the people
of the United States, that at their next weekly
assemblages in their accustomed places of public
wot ship, which shall occur after the notice of
this pr• clamation shall have been received, they
especially ackuowle lge and render thanks to
Our Heavenly Father for these inestimable
blessings; that they then and there implore
spiritual consolations in behalf of all who have
been brought into sat ction by the casualties
and calamities of sedition and civil war, and
that they reverently invoke the Divine guidance
for our National councils, so that they may
speedily result in the restoration of peace, har
mony and unity throughout_ our borders, and
hasten the establishment of fraternal relations
among all the countries of the earth.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my
hand, and caused the seal of the United States
to be affixed.
[L. 8.1 Done at the city of Washington, this
the tenth day of April, in the year of our Lord
one tbonsind eight hundred and sixty-two, and
of the Independence of the United States the
eighty si xth
By the President :
WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State
Sunday next will consequently be the day on
which this order will be read to most of our
armies, and ti .us then will the Bled notes of
thanksgiving ascend to Heaven on the anni
versary of the day that the traitors compelled
a handful of weary end half starved men to
surrender Fort Sumter. On the 13th of April,
1861, Beauregard, flushed with power and
drunken with success, was revelling and rioting
in the city of Charleston, rejoicing at the dis
grace he bad cast upon a nation which had
trained and educated him. On the 13th of
April, 1862, this same thief and traitor, wound
ed, defeated and disgraced, is the mockery of
the rebel army and the neglected outcast of the
rebel government. Such are the charges of
But, one year to the loyal states 1 What
mysterious developments and changes have
taken place in the nation in that period l From
a peaceful people, we have become a nation of
warriors. From common ties struck almost
with dismay at the Met burst of rebellion, we
present the aspect of a military appearance
and preparation such as the werld never before
witnessed, and such as no other nation can
equal or excel]. In one year, so short and yet
so long, the nation has passed from childhood
to manhood. By faithful patience and a devoted
patriotism, the record of which will stir the
blood of all future g. nerations, it has faced and
is now upon the point of conquering an enemy
who counted for his victory not only upon the
arms he stole from us, the money he robbed
our treasury of, and the secret preparations he
had perfected to overa sie a eople made de
fenceless by his titachery, but more yet upon
the thoroughness with which he thought he
ma corrupted the springs of political virtue
throughout the land.
Long have we waited for victory, and long
have the army end the government patiently
submitted to the delay of preparation. All is
ended now, and victory as the harbinger of
peace, sends greeting and joyful assurances to
every part of the Union. We have conquered
the traitor on his own soil. We have humiliated
him in his own strongholds We have reclaimed
the soil which he had devoted to his base uses.
We have retaken the property be stole in the
hour of our unsuspecting and confiding security.
All this, too, in less than a year. Surely we
have reason to be thankful, and as the noon of
the coming Sabbath flashes its glorious sun
light in our paths and around our alkvs, let all
men, soldiers and citizens alike, give thanks to
God, in whom alone is the power of battle, and
from whom must come the influence of victory.
BRIOADIER-GENERAL DOUBLEDAY, in command
of the military defences of the Potomac, has
issued a circular to the regiments in his brigade,
forbidding the commanders from delivering up
negroes, unless the claimants can show author
ity from him. Those who know Gen. Double
day's very decided and soldierly views of the
duty of the army of the Union, in this regard,
will feel sure that the soldiers of his brigade
will not be called upon to go into the business
of man catching.
SENATOR WLISON, of Massachusetts, has in
troduced in the Senate a number of important
amendments to the Fugitive Slave law, es
tablishing trial by jury for the runaways,
abolishing the cruel features of the pretent law,
and debarring rebels from recovering slaves
under any circumstances.
Furl fifteen-inch Dahlgreeo guns are to be
immediately cast at Pittsburg for the armanent
of the new batteries of the Monitor pattern.—
Hitherto but very few of these heavy pieces
have been made.
Tau extent of our Legislative and telegraphic
reports has crowded out several editorials which
will appear to-morrow.
REPORTED EXPRESSLY FOR THE TELEGRAPH.
FRIDAY, April 11, 1862.
The Senate met at 10 o'clock, A. as.
Several private bills were taken up, consid
ered and passed finally.
The Senate then proceeded to the election of
which resulted in the election of Hon.
Gao. V. LAWRENCE, of Washington county, Re
SPEECH OF SPEAKER HALL
Previous to leaving the chair, Speaker HALL
delivered the following address:
SENATORS : Strange, sad thoughts press upon
us, in this closing scene, thoughts, deep, diffuse,
blending the past, present and future, which
we cannot utter, "yet cannot all conceal." We
are about to part each to go back to the consti
tuency which sent him here, some to return to
this Chamber, to fill unexpired terms, others
whose terms have expired, (of whom your
Speaker is one,) to return no more. The silent,
ceaseless lapse of time—change—the rupture of
cherished and intimate relations—must of
course duly impress us all. I resign the trust
you have committed to my hands with the con
sciousness that I have devoted my best efforts
to the discharge of its duties, however, imper
fectly I may have succeeded. Nor is this the only
solace which sustains me, amid the many regrets
of separation. In looking back upon the ses
sion, now about to close, it is with the most
sincere gratification, that I remember your
uniform deference to the chair, your respect
towards each other, and your fidelity to princi
ple which has exorcised from your midst all
petty bickerings and party jealousies. This
propriety of conduct on your part has gone far
to supply the deficiencies of your Speaker.
Your kindly courtesies, ever prompt and spon
taneous, have lent a charm to all our Sena
torial associations. Nor is it to the Parliamen
tary graces developed in this official and public
theatre of action, to which alone, we now revert
with interest. The beautiful amenities belong
ing to personal and friendly intercourse, are not
the least of those things which give to this
parting hour a tinge of sadness. Cold and dreary
indeed were the world without these social
harmonies. They ever give the finest and
purest tints to the picture of human life. These
"memories of the heart," therefore, are hallow
ed. Coming from different districts of the
State, representing, often, diverse and opposte
interests, thrown together for the most part, as
strangers in this public capacity, we have not
been unmindful of the claims which we have
upon each other as social beings. I cannot
forget the many personal intimacies and sincere
friendships here formed. They will be treasured
in memory. 'though our paths in life may be
widely divergent, your images will never be
effaced from my mind. They will cheer and
illumine my future years.
Yet, this moment is not one of unmixed sad
ness. Whilst we regret the dissolution of these
there are many other consid
erations which should cause us to rejoice. The
pain of separation is much relieved by the
thought that, after having labored here, as we
trust, assiduously for the best interests of our
State and nation, we are about to return to our
homes, there to mingle our congratulations with
those of our constituents upon the brightening
prospects of our country, and the splendid suc
cesses which have recently crowned the Federal
arms. The State we represent has borne so con
spicuous and honorable a part in these thrilling
national events, that we cannot be insensible to
their glorious import. Nor can we deem it out
of place, even here and now, to give a brief
expression to those emotions of national pride
and hope which are uppermost in all hearts. To
call to mind legions of heroes, need I more than
name Fort Donelson, where Smith's undaunted
columnscbarged home and stormed the enemy's
works at the point of the bayonet? Sigel's
fame has lent its radiance to the once obscure
name of Pea Ridge, and associated it with the
most resplendent feats of arms, and the sub-
Ernest exhibitions of courage. Roanoke, linked
inseparably with Burnside's name, suggests im
petuous, fiery charges at the cannon's mouth,
and the triumph of military skill and daring
over the staunchest natural and artificial de
fences. Can I pass over in silence the battle
near Winchester, one of the most desperate and
deadly engagements in the annals of war?—
There Pennsylvania was largely represented in
the lists of valor, heroism and death. There, at
the head of his regiment, in the blossom of his
fame, bravest of the brave, fell the gallant
Murray ; and, as his heroic spirit soared to im
mortality, the glorious 84th, amid awful raking
fires, still inspired by their leader's last rallying
cry, with the illustrious 110th close at their
side, in the hour of fate, avenged his death by
prodigies of valor. All honor to the deathless
spirits, whose daring deeds have shorn romance
of half its novelty, and shed such unfading
lustre upon the escutcheon of our State ! But the
process of speech is too slow for the march Of our
victorious legions, and the news of the latest
victory grow old, even while we are relating it.
Hark ! the hoarse thunder from the south west
is pealing through the heavens, and even while
lam speaking the telegraphic wires are ablaze
with the news of an overwhelming victory at
Pittsburg Landing. Of the immense numbers
engaged, the terrible losses on both sides, the
dashing charges, the hand to 114nd encounters.
the deeds of individual daring, and the splendid
results of victory—" 'twere long to tell."—
This is as yet the last greatest victory—a day
to be remembered —" a day of onsets of de
spair." Ah I how poorly the pomp of speech
portrays the glorious reality I In the herald.
ry of war shine immortally the names of Hal
leck, Grant, Siegel, Curtis, Burnside, Shields
and others. Drainsville, Henry, Donelson,
Pea Ridge. Roanoke, Winchester, and Pitts
burg Landing are historic names. At the men
tion of each one of them every loyal Amer
ican heart will leap with joy. Well may we
depart from this chamber prouder of our na
tive State and our radiant national flag, than
ever before. May your affections for the State
you so have honorably represented here, be ever
as ardent as now, and may your love of country
never suffer change or decay. For myself, I
shall ever look back with pleasure upon my as
sociations here, and hope never to have occasion
to change the kindly feelings of friendship and
regard, with which I now bid you farewell.
SPEECH OS SPEAKER LAWRENCE
Mr. LAWRENCE, upon taking the chair
as Speaker of the Senate, delivered the follow
SENATORS: To be selected by my political
friends without opposition, as their candidate
for Speaker of the Senate, and the choice now
ratified by an election, at this most interesting
and critical crisis in the history of the country
—is an honor worthy of one more able and dis
tinguished than myself, and the distinction is
the greater because of the high character for
ability and integrity of those who confer it.
I thank you most sincerely for this evidence
of your confidence and esteem, this endorsement
of my private and public acts while associated
with you in the transaction of business, and
this is but a feeble expression of the gratitude
which I trust I shall ever evince to you all.
We are the representatives of 500,000 electors,
2,000,000 of people, and of over $570,000,000
of property. To legislate with a full appre
ciation of all the varied interests involved,
and so as to meet the just demands of an intel
ligent people, should be our highest purpose.
Although the legislation of the session just
closing has been in many respects unimportant,
let us hope that it will prove acceptable and
useful. Owing to circumstances bayond our
control, what I conceive the most important
measure proposed :or our consideration, and
one which I trust will receive the early atten
tion of those of us who may return, has not
pemiogivania Wait telegrapb fritiap 'Afternoon, aptill 11, 1862
been considered. I refer to the revision of the
revenue laws of the State, and a more just and
uniform assessment, which will bring to light
millions of money now escaping taxation. To
meet the demands of the General Government,
and raise the common revenue for State pur
poses, will absorb a large portion of the products
of the industry of the people, but if the system
of taxation is uniform, the same patriotism
which offers life to defend, will give money
cheerfully to sustain the Government.
'that treason which for years before had been
secretly plotting in darkness the overthrow of
the Constitution, and the dismemberment of the
Union culminated in an assault on Fort Sumter
a year since, and waked the northern hosts to life
and action. So long accustomed to peace, it
required the sound of cannon and the clash of
arms, the exhibition of rebel feet on the flag of
the country, to induce us to believe a people
who owed all they had and all they were to
this beneficent government should attempt its
destruction. Since the days when Caesar flour
ished, there has not been such striking events
as we have witnessed within the last year.
There is no parallel in history to this spec
' tacle. The President chosen by the people was
scarcely permitted to enter the Capital of the
nation, in March, 1861, to assume the oath of
office ; violence, assassination was threatened.
He found all the Departments of the Govern
ment he was expected to administer full of trai
tors, the army and navy completely demor
alized, existing only in name, the arm stolen,
vends of tear held in southern ports, mints robbed,
forts seized, States denying allegiance, and de
fiantly assuming separate and distinct powers.
In short the pillars of the whole structure of
government trembling at the unnatural and un
expected assault ; but the patriotism of the
President was only equalled by that of the
people, as the danger became more imminent
soldiers becomelmore numerous and in the
brief space of one year we find over 600,000
men in the field, well armed, well fed and
ready to die in defence of the Union. Can we
realize the fact that while we are here quietly
pursuing our ordinary duties and peace, plenty,
and comfort reign throughout the Northern
and Western States, there are a few hundred
miles south of us a million of men in arms.
This war cannot cease until the last enemy
of the Union and Constitution is conqured.
The victories already achieved we trust are but
harbinger's of still greater to come. The patri
otic spirit, the inherent love of the Union
found in our soldiers—leads them to endure
fatigue, to meet death in any and every form,
and that invincible host who with solemn tread
are now marching into the strongholds of tre
son and to whom all hearts are turned, will
plant tine emblem of our nationality on every
fort, city and village of the whole South. If
resisted, blood and carnage will mark their
pathway as in the recent unprecedented battles
and thousands more may fall; but better, far bet
ter, that this mighty host of freemen be strick
en down, than that the enemies of human free
dom should prevail and the Government perish.
How proud are we of the part our State bears in
this contest. The sons of Pennsylvania, as gal
lant, as brave as the "Imperial Guard," are
found in all the divisions of the army. Win
chester has been inscribed on the banners borne
by some of them, and Richmond may soon be
added. Some have fallen in conflict on the
field, exhibiting the highest traits of personal
bravery. Let their names be passed gently
down to our children as examples worthy of
their imitation—and on the tombs of all let the
inscription be made—lfs died for the Union. Let
us sympathise in our heart of hearts with those
who mourn and are in bitterness for the dead.
Wherever you go, you will find the sable weeds
of mourning—hearts stricken with grief—and
these are living evidences of the wickedness of
this monstrous rebellion.
The rebels forced this war upon us, and it
has been waged by the government to defend
the Constitution and the laws—to bring back
revolted States to their allegiance and to pre
serve the Union—and if, in the effort to do this,
if in the march of our army southward and in
self-defence, property is confiscated, and the
chains fall from the limbs of the terror-stricken
slave, let us accept it as God's method oi eman
cipation and trust him for the consequences.
The hour is at hand when we must separate
and return to assume other, and to many of us
more pleasant duties in another sphere. Our
intercourse has been most pleasant and agree
able and attachments, only inferior to those for
our own household, are formed. We have
held and defended our own opinions on all
questions with fervor and zeal, but that
courtesy and self-respect which should always
be found in the representatives of an intelligent
constituency, has characterized our acts, and
we part friends—ardent friends. I go away,
cherishing for all of you the kindest feeling
and the highest personal respect. It is scarcely
possible we shall all meet again in the same
capacity—indeed it is certain we will not—
the future is veiled in uncertainty, but where
ever we are found let us attempt so to perform
our part in the great drama of human affairs,
that when the shadows of the future appear
in view, we may look back on our past history
and say we have not lived in vain.
A committee was appinted to inform the
Governor that the Senate was ready to adjourn
sine die at 12 o'clock.
A committee was also appointed to wait upon
the House of Representatives and inform that
body that the Senate is ready to adjourn at
12 o'clock, is.
The committees after a brief absence, return
ed and made their reports.
Several short speeches were made by the
Senators, when the hour of 12 n. arrived and
the Senate adjourned sine die.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
FRIDAY, April 11, 1862
The House met at 10 o'clock, A. N.
Prayer by Rev. Mr. Martz.
PB.ZEETATION OF A CANE TO THE SPEASZE.
The regular order of business having been
suspended, on motion of Mr. BLANCHARD,
Mr. ARMSTRONG, on behalf of the officers
of the House, presented to the Speaker a hand
some gold-headed cane, making at the same
time some highly complimentary remarks.
The SPEAKER, on receiving the gift, returned
briefly his thanks for the altogether unexpected
The usual committees were appointed to na
tify the Senate and the Governor that the House
would adjourn sine die at 12 N. to-day.
Mr. KAINE offered the following resolution,
which was twice read and adopted :
Resolved, That none of the clerks, officers or
other persons connected with this House, shall
be authorized to return at the next session of
the Legislature, except those authorized by law.
PRINT/NO REPORT ON ARMY VW=
Mr. BLANCHARD offered the followig, which
was twice read and agreed to :
Resolved, That three thousand copies in Eng
lish and one thousand copies in German of the
report of the committee to investigate the army
frauds of 1861, be printed, together with the
testimony, for the use of the House, and the
thanks of the House are hereby tendered to the
members of the committee for the faithful dis
charge of their duties.
Mr. HOPKINS, (Washington,) offered the
following resolution, which waa twice read and
Resolved, That the thanks of the House be
hereby tendered to the Hon. John Bows,
Speaker, for his courtesy and the ability with
which he has discharged the duties of the
Mr. SHANNON, submitted the following,
which was twice read:
.Resolved, That the thanks of the House be
COMM:MEW OF NOMICATION
OrtIOSIIB I'Q TUB MUM SIMON
THAVKA TO mg 0,117201 RS
tendered to John A. Smull, Clerk of the House,
for his unwearied exertions in the performance
of his duty and his gentlemanly deportment
towards the members of this body.
Mr. SHANNON. It affords me great pleasure
to offer this resolution. I may say that in the
whole course of my life it has never fallen to my
lot to meet with a gentleman so distinguished
by industry and fidelity in discharging the du
ties of such a position, as the gentleman who is
the subject of this resolution. Unwearied at
his post—vigilant, faithful—always preserving
that gentlemanly demeanor and that excellent
temper which are the indications of the true
Christain gentleman—he has won the universal
regard of all connected with this body. I say
this, not in any spirit of flattery or adulation,
but as the simple meed of justice.
The yeas and nays being called on the adop
tion of the resolution, it was agreed to unani
mously—the result being yeas 98, nays none.
Mr. GRAHAM, on behalf of the members of
the House, presented to Mr. Smull a handsome
gold headed cane.
Resolutions were adopted, tendering thanks to
E. W. Capron, Assistant Clerk, and to the other
officers of the House.
Mr. KAINE, at a quarter before twelve,
moved that Mr, Woodhouse, Postmaster of the
House, be now requested to sing the "Star
Spangled Banner," and that, when the singing
shall have been concluded, the gentleman from
Allegheny, (Mr. WILLI/o'3o address the House.
The motion was agreed to ; and Mr. Wood
house sang, with 'excellent effect, the "Star
Spangled Banner," those present joining in the
Mr. WILLIAMS then made some eloquent
remarks, which elicited much applause.
The vote then being taken on adjourning sine
die, it was carried unanimously.
The SPEAKER, before announcing the result,
spoke as follows :
GI:NIMES OF TllB House OF RBPIIIB3INT ATMs:
The hour appointed for the adjournmeet of this
House. without day, has arrivtd. You have
determiued that the session of 1862 shall now
close. I desire before the hammer falls which
will signal our separation forever—for we shall
not probably ever all meet again—to acknowl
edge in the heartiest manner the kindness you
have shown me personally, the support and
encouragement ydu bare at all times given the
chair, and the prdpriety and decorum you have
uniformly obserled in your deliberations. I
desire also to exprees my regret if at any time
during the session it has been my misfortune
to wound the feeliegs of any member. You
will believe me, whatever my action, my in
tention was right. But lam aware that it is
not often possible, with the best intention, to
be always either correct in decision, or appa
rently impartial in action. If 1 have done any
mem tier wrong, I beg his forgiveness. No one
needs forgiveness at my hands.
This hour dismisses us from legislative labors
and public cares to the repose and sweets of
private life. It brings with it only one regret
—that the friendly, and I am sure, delightful
intercourse among us now ends forever. If
some unpleasant passages occurred, here and
there, among members, heated by debate, they
will es forgotten, or thought of only to laugh
when in 'retirements separated far from
each other, the scenes we acted here are recalled.
But I think a more harmonious body never sat
in this hall. Conciliation and politeness were
rules for the regulation of the House tacitly
adopted by you and rarely indeed infringed.
If there was emulation it was as to who should
best serve the State. If there was rivalry, it
was not the bitter strife of ambitions politicians,
but the generous contest of earnest patriots.
The spirit of party had no theme on this floor.
We had the interests and honor of Pennsylvania
committed to our care at a momentous period
in her history, and in that of the confederacy
of which she is a conspicuous member. Herself
a nation in all the elements of wealth and power,
as well as in territorial extent, her position and
action in relation to the great rebellion—a re
bellion too atrUcious to be fitly characterized—
were felt to be of the utmost importance. Our
constituents, filled with anxiety, and rising
above every unworthy consideration, solicitous
only for the general good, did us the honor of
sending us to this hall to guard and promote
with jealous care, at such a time and in the
midst of such great events, the honor and wel
fare of the State, and to see that no detriment
should come to the Republic through any de
fault or mistake of hers. The honor was great
and the responsibility was great. It was ex
pected that no ignoble or selfish motives would
influence our actions. It was expected that the
same high considerations of patriotic duty which
controlled the constituent in his ballot, would
also govern the representative in his vote. Penn
sylvania justly considered that at this session,
if ever, her representatives should prove them
selves, in zeal and conscientiousness, at least,
worthy of her. Much was expected of us. We
are now about to resign the trust committed to
us to the hands of those who give it. We shall
shortly receive their judgment of the manner
we have administered it. It is to be hoped
they will greet us, upon our return, with the
plaudit, Well done. It is even more to be hoped
that we ourselves, in reviewing the results of
our labors, may have no cause for regret.
When we assembled here on the first Tuesday
of January last, I had the pleasure,
of congratulating you upon the brightening
prospects of the general government in the
prosecution of the war, and upon the proud
position of our own State. To-day we think
we see clearly the beginning of the end. A
rebellion as gigantic in its proportions as appall
ing in its wickedness, is fast being crushed out
by an army called from the body of the citi
zens. We have demonstrated to the world,
what a patriot orator meant when he spoke of
the "giant might of millions of freemen." By
some fortune Pennsylvania's hundred thousand
men have almost all been made " reserves ;"
yet, whenever oursoldiers have had opportunity
as at Drainesville, Roanoke Island, Newbern
and Winchester, they have done what we have
expected of them —their duty. Whatever of
martial glory we had before, they have not
only preserved, but increased. It is pleasant,
as we bid farewell, dismissed from faithful en
deavors in our limited sphere in behalf of
union and liberty, to find the arms of the
Union victorious—the cause of liberty triumph
ant, and to be able to leave the honor of Penn
sylvania, with all confidence, in the hands of
the soldiers whom she has sent to the field
, To the officers of the House, especially those
1 who sit near me, to whom I am greatly in
debted for ready support in every emergency,
I desire to express my thanks and gratitude.
In bidding you an affectionate farewell, per
mit me again cordially to thank you for all
your kindness and courtesy. As you depart,
you take with you my earnest wishes for your
The House then adjourned elm die.
ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR
The Philadelphia Inquirer Restored to the
Privileges of the Magnetic Telegraph.
WimogeroN, April 10
Manapra of 2ilegraph o,ffices:
Satisfactory proof having been furnished to
the War Department by the publishers of the
Philadelphia inquirer, that the recent publica
don of military operations in that newspaper
were made by him without any wilful inten-_
tion of violating the order of the Department,
and is the full belief that they were properly
authorized, the telegraph privileges of the
Philadelphia Inquirer are restored.
By eider of the Setey of War.
E. S. SANFORD,
Military Supervisor of Telegraphs.
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FORM FORTRESS MONROE,
TH --TORM CEASED.
THE BIERBIXAC STILL INVISIBLE.
No Special Change of Affairs at Yorktown,
Generals Lee and Johnson In Command
of the Rebel Forces.
THE BERDAN SHARP-SHOOTERS.
IMPORTANT POSITION SECURED BY
TILE UNION FORCES.
Ituracoruu, April 11.
The Old Point, boat has arrived.
The following are the main points of the
American s special correspondent's letter :
The storm has at length broke, and the sun
shines brightly this afternoon, though the wind
is still blowing.
Nothiner has been seen cr heard of the Mer
rimac to-day and in view of the recent terrible
reverses to the rebels in the west it is doubted
whether they will have the courage to attempt
offensive operations even with their iron-phited
monster. Still desperate circumstances re
quire desperate remedies and their desperate
strait may induce attempts at something in
this way. If she ever does come she will
probably make her appearance to-morrow.
Parties who come hi from the army report no
special change in affairs.
Continual skirmishing is going on and a
brilliant little affair occurred yesterday morn
ing in which Glitna's battery participated with
marked effect, killing and wounding twenty
seven of the rebels.
The rebel position extends across the Penin-
sula from Yorktown to Warwick, near James
river, a short distance above Mulberry point.
The conformation of the land and the making
in of the creek from James river shortens their
line of defence and enables them to command
with their fortifications all the road of the Pe
Generals Lee and Joseph E. Johnston are both
reported to be with the rebel forces here, one
commanding at Yorktown and the other at
Warwick. Magruder, holding a subordinate
command is with the reserves at Williamsburg.
According to reports from rebel deserters, the
rebel forces number about 60,000, of whom
30,000 are reinforcements from the line of the
Rapahannock and about Norfolk.
Despite the weather and bad roads, our gen
erals are pushing forward preparations for the
assault of the rebel works, and not many days
will elapse before Yorktown will be ours, and
Th. glorious news from the west is acting as
an excellent stimulant for our army, and
greatly encourages the troops under their pre
sent hardships to strive to win equal honors.
Berdan's sharp shooters give good accounts
of themselves. They hold the advanced posi
tion under the rebel batteries from which they
constantly harrass the enemy. A head above
the parapet becomes an instant mark for half
a dozen rifles which from a thousand miles dis
tance rarely fail to hit their mark. The rebels
keep well under cover.
One sharp shooter, belonging to the Califor
nia regiment, has almost wholly prevented the
rebels from using a large gun in an important
position. From a well selected rifle pit he
keeps a constant aim upon the gun and hardly
an attempt has been made for two days to fire
it without the rebels losing one or more men
from his deadly aim.
One of the orders of the day is that one of
our divisions has secured an important position
the holding of which will eventually lead
to the forcing of the rebel line of defence.
Much important preliminary work has been
done by our troops, and with the return of
good weather, more active operations will
hardly be postponed many days. The task
before Gen. M'Clellan, the reduction of f orti
fied entrenchments, is that (or which he is
specially qualified, and the result is not
FROM ST. LOUIS.
Extensive Counterfeiting Establishment
Two Hundred and Fifty Thousand Dollars in
Bogus U. S. Treasury Notes Seized.
kIIKEST OF THE COUNTERFEITERS
The police of this city yesterday broke up an
extensive counterfeiting establishment, seized
about twenty-five thousand dollars of bogus
United States treasury notes and some ten
thousand dollars of counterfeit notes on the
State bank of Indiana, together with eleven
bank notes plates and an assortment of imple
ments and material used by bank note en
An adroit counterfeit note engraver named
Harvey Walker alias Hill, and a number of
suspicions characters residing here, all known
to have heretofore engaged in the sale of pass
ing of counterfeit bills, were arrested.
Additional From Yorktown
OUR FORCES GAINING GROUND.
WASHINGTON, April 11.
The steamer King Phillip arrived at the navy
yard at half past eight o'clock this morning.,
having left Ship Point, York river, near York
town, at two o'clock yesterday afternoon.
Capt. Fox, assistant Secretary of the Navy,
Senator Grimes, Hon. Mr. Sedgwick of New
York, and several other gentlemen arrived on
Our forcea before Yorktown are stated to be
hourly gaining ground. Nothing more has
transpired on the river.
MARKETS BY TELEGRAPH.
PHILADELPHIA, April 11.
Flour market firm, with moderate export de
mand; 8,000 bbta. choice Ohio extra family,
part at $5 70 and part on private terms ; su
peifioe is steady at $5 1245 25. Wheat is
again lower; 6,000 bus. Pennsylvania red sold
at $1 20 afloat. Corn is active, and prime
yellow sells at 55c. afloat. Provisions are
firm ; sales of mess pork at $l3 00. Bacon
aides at 6ic. and shoulders at 5 50.; 200
tca. lard sold at Sic, Whisky firmer ; 600
Wols. sold at 24c.
The Great Battle of Pittsburg
DESPERATE CHAR iCTER OF THE CONTEST
COMPLETE DETAILS OF BOTH DAYS'
The Charge Led by General Grant.
Flight of the Rebels In Dismay..
OUR CAVALRY PURSUE THEM,
GENERAL BRAGG REPORTED KILLED.
REPORTED ESCAPE OF GENERAL PEENTISS.
The correspondent of the Cincinnati limes
gives the following account of the Pittsburg
"Our forces were stationed in the form of a
semi -circle, the right resting on a point north of
Crump's Landing, our centre being in front of
the main load to Corinth, and our Left extend
ing to the river in the direction of Hamburg,
four miles north of Pittsburg Lending.
At 2 o'clock, on the morning of the 6th,
-IGO men from General Prentiss' Division were
attacked by the enemy, half a mile in advance
of our lines. Our men fell back on the Twenty
fifth Missouri, swiftly pursued by the enemy.
The advance of the rebels reached Colonel
Peabody's brigade just as the long roll was
sounded and the men were falling into line.
The resistance was but short and they retreated
under a galling fire until they reached the
At via o'clock the attack had become general
along the entire front of our lines. The enemy
in large force, drove in the pickets of General
Sherman's division, and fell on the 45th, 70th
and 72d Ohio regiments Tne•e troops had
never before been in action, and being so un
expectedly attacked, made as able a resistance
as possible, but were, in common with the
forces of Gen. Prentiss, compelled to seek
support on the troops immediately in their
At one o'clock the entire line of both sides
was fully engaged. The roar of °ninon sad
musketry was without intermission from the
main centre to a point extending half way
down the left wing.
The rebels made a desperate charge on the
14th Ohio battery, and not being sufficiently
sustained by infantry, it fell into their hands.
Another severe fight occurred for the possession
of the sth Ohio battery, and three of its guns
were taken by the enemy.
By eleven o'clock commanders of regiments
had fallen, and in some cases not a single held
officer remained ; yet the fighting continutd
with an earnestness which showed that the con
test on both sides was for " death or victory I"
Foot by foot the ground was contested, and,
finding it imposs.ble to drive back our centre,
the enemy slackened their fire and made a vig
orous effort on our left wing, endeavoring to
outflank and drive it to the river bank. This
wing was under Gen. Huriburt, and was com
posed of the 14th, 32d, 44th and 57th Indians,
Bth, 18th and 21st Illinois. Fronting its line,
however, were the 54th, 57th and 77th Ohio,
and sth Ohio cavalry of Sherman's division.
• For nearly two hours a sheet of fire blazed
from both columns, the rebels fighting with &
valor that was only equalled by those contend
ing with them. While ihe contest raged the
hottest, the gunboat Tylor passed up the river
to a point opposite the enemy and poured in
broadsides from her immense guns, grestlyaid-
Mg in forcing the enemy back. Up to three
o'clock, the battle raged with a fury that de
fies description. The rebels had found their
attempts to break our lines unavailing. They
bad striven to drive in our main column, and
finding that impesale, had turned all our
strength upon our left. Foiled in that_quarter
they now made another attack on our centre,
and made every effort to rout our forces before
the reinforcements which had been sent for
should come up.
At five o'clock there was a short cessation
in the firing of the enemy, their lines falling
back for nearly half a mile. They then sud
denly wheeled, and again threw their entire
force upon left wing, determined to make a
final struggle in that quarter; but the gun
boats Taylor and Lexington poured in their
shot thick and fast with terrible effect.
In the meantime Gen. Lew. Wallace, who
had taken a circuitous route for Crump's
Landing, appeared suddenly on the enemy's
right wing. In the face of this combination
of circumstances, the rebels felt that their en
terprise that day was a failure, and as night
was approaching, fell back until they reached
an advantageous position somewhat in the
rear of, yet occupying the main road to Co
The gunboats continued to send their shell
after them until they got out of range
After a weary watch of several hours of in
tense anxiety, the advance regiment of General
Buell's army appeared on the opposite bank of
the river, and the work of crossing the river
began, the Thirty-sixth Indiana and Sixty
eighth Ohio being the first to cross, followed by
the main portion of Nelson's and Bruce's
ST. LOUIS, April 10
Cheer after cheer greeted their arrival, and
they were immediately sent to the advance r
where they rested on their arms.
All night long steamers were engaged is
ferrying Gen. Buell's forces across. When day
light broke it was evident that the rebels, too,
had been strongly reinforced.
The battle was opened by the rebels at 7
o'clock, from the Corinth road, and in half an
hour extended along the whole line.
At nine o'clock the sound of artillery and
musketry fully equalled that of the previous
day. The enemy was met by the reinforce
ments and the still nu:mewled soldiers of yes
terday with an energy they could not have ex
pected. It became evident ttiat they were
avoiding the extreme of our left wing, and
endeavoring with perseverance and determina
tion to find some weak points by which to turn
our forces. They left one point, but returned
to it immediately, and then as suddenly, by
some masterly stroke of Generalship, directed
most vigorous attack upon some division where
they fancied they would not be expected ; but
the fire of our lints was as steady as clock
work, and it soon became evident that the
enemy considered the tack he had undertaken
a hopeless one.
Further reinforcements now began to arrive,
and they were posted on the right of the main
centre, under Wallace. Generals Grant, Buell,
Nelson, tqlerman and Crittenden were every
where present, directing the movements for a
new stroke on the enemy. Suddenly both
Wings of our army were turned upon the ene
my, with the intention of driving them into an
extensive ravine. At the same time a powerful
battery was stationed in the open field, and
poured volley after volley of canister into the
At 14 o'clock the roar of the battle shook
the earth. The Union guns were fired with all
the energy that the prospect of the enemy's•
defeat inspired, while the rebels' fire was not
so vigorous, and they evinced a desire to with
draw. They finally fell slowly back, keeping
up a fire from their artillery and musketry along
their whole column, as they retreated. They
moved in excellent order, battling at every
CINCFLANATI, April 10
The Second Day's Fight.