Newspaper Page Text
Perivirer Boat that standard sheet t
Where bread hes the foe but laths before to
Wsth Freedom's soli beneath our feet,
And Freedom's banner streaming o'er US
THE UNION-THE (X)NBlrruliON-AND
THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE TAW.
THE UNITED STATES LAWS
ARE PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY lli
TAE PENNSYLVANIA DAILY TELEGRAPH
Friday Afternoon, January 24, 1862.
GOOD FOR PENNSYLVANIA
Pennsylvania is the only state in the Union
having fifteen consolidated regiments in the
field, under one commander.—Washingron cor
reapondence of Philadelphia Press.
As it has required a long time for the corres
pondent of the Press to discover and make
known this fact to its readers, we will remind
that journal of another fact equally as impor
tant, fearful that it may require the same
time to make the discovery to which we desire
to refer. Pennsylvania, as well as being the
only state which has fifteen regiments in the
field, consolidated under one leader, was also
the only state to raise a reserve corps in time to
meet the exigencies created by the expiration of
the term of enlistment of the three months' vol.
unteers. That reserve corps is composed of these
fifteen regiments, and as they are beginning to
attract the attention of the press and the people,
It is no more than just that the projector of this
force should receive the meed of praise which
is his due for his wisdom and foresight under
the circumstances. It was Gov. Curtin who
alone conceived the idea of raising this reserve
corps, and now that its importance is Leing
discovered; and the men thus recruited and
disciplined are taking their place in the army as
the equals of veterans, we would be as unjust
as ungrateful to refuse this acknowledgment.
It Is 'related in the-telegraphic despatches
from Washington, that the Hutchinson family
recently gratuitously gave a s.ries of concerts
On.the month side of the Potomac, for the pur
pose of relieving the monotony of camp life
and cheering the soldiers with the hilarity and
poetry of music and song. Bat unfortunately
for the minstrels, they dared to mingle with
their songs sentiments adverse to the institu
tion Of slavery, sentiments denouncing human
bondage and lauding liberty as the highest con
dition of man on earth, and the greatest bles
sing of God to man while he is in a probation
ary state. For these outrageous sentiments,
the Hut thinsons were summoned before Gener
als Kearney and Franklin, accused of these
enormities for having thus dared to make music
the means of lauding the principle of free
dom on the sacred soil of Virginia.
There Is something so strangely inconsistent
to this fact, that we cannot resist the opportu
nity of thus presenting it to our readers. But
while it is inconsistent so far as it relates to
our charater as a nation striving to put down
a wicked rebellion, it is in perfect consonance
so far with all our acts towards the great cause
of the rebellion. We must put down the re
beitOn—white men must bear their bosoms to
the slave-driver's knife—they must admit the
argument in favor of Institutions which conspire
to destroy the independence of labor and the free
dont of government—but he does not talk or sing
or fight against slavery. If this is right, we have
a happy time in reserve for the future, when
those who thus thrust men from the camps of
freemen become they sing to liberty, are em
powered to compromise with instead of fight
As the action of some of the so-called Union
democrats (i. e. malignant locofocos) is being
spread before their constituents, the fact be
comes palpable that they are determined in
every case to violate'the pledge which secured
them the votes of certain honest though misled
Republicans. The organs of the Republican
party in the districts represented by such men,
,are vigilant in their allusions to these treach
eries, and among the last notices which we
haVe seen of these same Union democrats, is
the following from the Lancaster Examiner. It
inculcates a salutary lesson which deserves to
be repeated in every Republican journal in the
state. We therefore assist in its circulation.
The references of the Examiner were elicited by
the election for State Treasurer, when it says:
Messrs. Hamilton, Hiestand Lehman and My
ers of this county voted for Mr. Moore ; Mr.
Peters went with the regular Democracy for
Mr. M'Grath, and Mr. Worley threw his vote away
upon Jonas R. M'Oiintock.. Messrs. Peters and
Worley are paying the Republicans who elected
them to seats in the Legislature with a ven
There were three ballots, on two of which
Mr. Moore lacked but one vote to elect, which
Mr. Worley should have given out of compli
ment to the Republicans who elected him. But,
oh I no, not Mr. Worley, has "no partyism,"
which when applied to a Democrat ouly mean
till after the election, would not permit him to
vote for Mr. Moore, though one of the most
conarroative men in the State. Mr. Raudh was
too aka a Republican for Mr. Worley to vote
for, for Clerk ; Mr. Moore, we suppose, was too
tohika Republican for this model reperesentative
of Repubiicen Lancaster county.
If Mr. Worley thinks likt•trintming course will
send him back by Republican votes, we gums he
THE PLAN OF 1.151 E CAMPAIGN.
There Is, throughout the whole Union, north
of the cotton states, an eager expectation of
some decisive movement of the mighty hosts
of armed men whom we have brought into the
field, and who have hitbertobeen engaged only
in a war of skirmishes. Some tf the best in
formed of our New York cotemporilries are of
the opinion that with a considerable part of
our population in the Atlantic states this expe
dition has been heightened into impatience,
while in the western states both the volunteers
and the , people are in a fever of what can
hardly be called anything less than discontent,
and chafe, like tigers, at the delay. Everybody
feels that there is much to do and that the
time is short, Knowing and feeling this, as
we all do, it is but just to those who are en•
trusted with the administration of public af
fairs to take for granted that they are as sensi
ble of it as we can be, and as anxious to hasten,
by every safe method, the decision of a contro
versy which has been referred - to the dreadful
arbitrament of war.
Those, however, who are looking for an ad
vance of our army from Washington, we are
confident, look to the wrong quarter. Wash
ington is no proper base of military operations
against • the southern states. '1 be true policy
of those who conduct the war is to penetrate to
the centre of the enemy's territory by the most
direct mode of access. The attempt to reach it
by the lines of march from Washington would
be as absurd as if a combatant with a small
sword should attempt to pierce his antagonist's
heart through his shoulder.
The lines of march from Washington are
difficult—obstructed by the exceeding foulness
of the ways at this•season and by the strong
posts of the enemy. Suppose these difficulties
happily overcome—suppose the rebel forces at
Manassas, strong as their p3sition is, beaten
from the ground and forced to retire. They
would make their way to the south and the
south-west, tearing up the railways obstructing
the routes they take in every possible manner,
ravaging the country, consuming and carrying
off its supplies, and leaving behind them a
solitude in which the pursuing army could find
no means of subsistence.
What would then be gained by snch a vic
tory? Little more than the credit of a success
ful engagement. We should have before us a
waste which it would be of no advantage to us
to occupy. The rebel forces, in retiring, would
concentrate themselves within a smaller com-
pass, and there would be no essential diminu
tion of their power of resistance. All the com
munications between the different divisions of
their army and the different parts of the coun
try held by them, would still remain open, and
would have the advantage of being considera
bly shortened. We should have gained pos
session of no point of which we could say that
its occupation was at all decisive of the event
of the war. With the retreat of their army
from Richmond our further advance in that
quarter would end, and we should be met by
their army assembled on a new northern
We think it i 4 agreed by those who under
stand these matters far better than we can pre
tend to do, that the true military policy of
our government is to break up, divide and
scatter the forces of the enemy, instead of
compelling them to collect in a compact body
—to oblige them to defend against us the
different parts of the territory they occupy,
by different fragments of their army, sepa
rated in such a manner as to have no possi
ble communication with each other, and wholly
unable to form a junction. To effect this,
the base of operations should be far south of
Waahington, on the flank of the insurgent re
gion, at some point chosen as near as possible
to the heart of the country possessed by the
enemy, and from which the access to their
most exposed parts would be least difficult.
Oar great river, the Mississippi, and the com
munication which we have opened, through
Western Virginia with Kentucky, fortunately
place such a base of operations in our power,
without any previous fighting. A powerful
central force might thus be planted in the
midst of the enemy's territory, rendering it
wholly impossible to concentrate their forces,
prepared to annihilate the separate divisions
of their army one after another, and ready to
strike immedi•itely and with effect at any point
which it may become desirable to occupy.
Inasmuch as it is wholly impossible to do this
from Washington, we hold that it is absurd to
attribute to the government or to the csm
mending officer of our army the ilea-of orler
ing an advance from Washington. They must
see, even more clearly than anybody else, the
advantages of such a plan as that of which we
have spoken ; they must feel the importance
of carrying it into effect before the cold season
has passed ; they must be aware that the lon
ger we delay our preparations the better pre
pared will the rebels be for resistance. We
cannot suppose that they who are not admitted
to the councils of war in which the plan of the
winter campaign is decided upon, are the only
ones who possess the gift of common sense ;
and with this reflection in our minds we may,
we think, confidently look for an early and de
cisive blow to be struck at the vital parts of the
Ws HAVE ex length a connected statement of
the battle of Somerset. It was won by a des
perate bayonet charge made by the ninth Ohlo,
second Minnesota and fourth Kentucky regi
ments, before which the enemy broke and
fled from the woods in which they were con
cealed. General Thomas commanded in the
battle. Our troops behaved gloriously. The
rebels were commanded by Cdttenden and Zol
lleoffer. They had eight thousand men in the
battle, while our force engaged was not more
than three thousand.
Lenox Cr,ornmo Beau.—A Cincinnati paper
states that the government is indebted to three
or four clothing firms of that city, to the
amount of more than two and a half millions
Faasors Daserss, formerly consul at Con
stantinople, has been appointed clerk of the
}route Committee on Foreign Affairs, at Wash
pennogivania IDaitp fiftlegrapt), urban aftcrnoon, Ilanuarp 24, 1862
Letter from South Carolina
Correspoede4ce of the Telegraph.]
HILTON HEAD, 8. C.,
January 17, 1862.
After a delightful passage of three days, from
Old Point Comfort, I arrived here yesterday by
the U. S. tr iusport steamship S. R. Spaulding.
We stopped at Hatteras on the passage to trans
fer Commodore Goldsboro, who has charge of I
the naval part of the Burnside Expedition,
and at that place found part of the fleet an
chored in the sound; the remainder of the fleet
we were informed h.d proceede i up Pamlico.
sound. From one of the staff of the Commo
dore, we learned the 1 . robable destination of
the Expedition, of which, your readers will
doubtless be informed before thin reaches you.
Of its success, I have no doubt. The blow
struck by it, will be the heaviest this mouster
rebellion has yet received, and it will show
them that we have commenced in earnest to
deal with them in a manner their rebellious
On board the steamer Spaulding, we had
about two hundred and fifty soldiers, belong
ing to the afferent regiments now here, most
of whom were left behind in the hospital at
IFortress Monroe, when their regiments sailed
for this point. During the passage, one of
their number was attacked with the measles.
Upon our arrival here, the sick man was con
veyed to a tent prepared for him outside of the
encampment. The balance of the passengers
were furnished with tents and are quartered by
themselves. This precaution was adopted , to.
prevent the possibility of contagion spreading
among the troops. The general health of the
whole division here is very good and but few
deaths have occurred. Tim sanitary regu
lations are very strict, which has the most
beneficial effect upon Um men. It has often
been a wonder to me that there are so few
deaths and so little sickness iu our army, when
it is taken into.consideration, how many puny
men and trot s are enlisted. The duties of a
soldier are such as to require every one to be
able-bodied and sound in every respect; other
wise, they are doomed to the hospital and must
probablyi the grave.
The particulars for a forward movement of
this division of the army is going forward with
as much despatch as possible. The country
here furnishes nothing for the subsistence of
the army except wood and water; everything
else must be brought from the North. In due
time the troops will march from here, but
whether Charleston or Savannah will be the
first point of attack lam unable to say. The
railroad communication between these two
cities is not yet cut off, although some of our
troops have proce,ded on skirmiehing expedi
tions within sight of the rebels guarding the
road. To effectually cut off this communica
tion between the two cities named, will be one
of the first movements ; afterward a descent
upon one, or perhaps both of the. cities simul
taneously by the army and navy. Contrabands
arriving here from the interior of the State in
forms us that everybody able to bear arms are
forced into the army, and apprehensions are
tart that an attack will be made daily.
Capt. Waterbury's company, (G, Fifty-fifth
Pennsylvania volunteers,) is encamped here.
They are in the enjoyment of good health and
spirits, which will doubtltha be good news to
their many relations and friends in Harrisburg.
Since their arrival here they have beau doing
picket duty at the upper end of Hilton head
island, and only returned to camp a few days
ago. At a brigade inspection on Sunday last,
General Veille complimented the "
Guards" as the finest looking company in the
brigade, as it was also the largest. This was
no empty compliment, as the General is a
graduate of West Point, a thorough soldier,
and not one of those men who pass compli
ments to tickle the men.
Corporal William J. Irvin, of Harrisburg,
has been detailed for signal duty. He will be
attached to Gen. Veille's staff. The signal
corps has become one of the most important
arms of the army, and since its adoption nu
such fatal errors as firing into our own friends
Among the arrivals by the last steamer were
Lt. Col. Frank C. Bennett, Capt. I. S. Water
bury and Lieut. of the 66th Penn
sylvania volunteers. Capt. Waterbury brought
a large box of New Year presents for the men
of his company, which were gratefully received
and duly disposed of by the men. Lieut. Levi
Weaver, of the " Robert's Guards," has recov
ered from his recent illness and is now on duty.
Lieut. John Gutehall is flourishing finely, and
during the recent illness of the second lieuten
ant he discharged the arduous duties imposed
upon him with much credit. The command of
the company will now be resumed by Captain
Waterbury. He and Gotshall and Weaver are
loved and esteemed by the men, and when the
huur of trial comes for the sons of Pennsylvania
to strike upon the soil where the Star Spangled
Banner was first insulted by her disloyal sons,
I know they will come out of the conflict with
honor to themselves and their country.
The quarantine, to which I am at 'present
confined, prevents me from giving you any de
tailed accounts of what is going on here, as all
commuuication is cut off witu " the rest of
mankind." But we expect to be released in a
few days, when I will try and write a more in
[The Senate was not in session this morning,
having adjourned over yesterday, until three
o'clock, P. hi., next Monday.]
FIUDAY, Jan. 24, 1862.
The House was called to order at eleven
o'clock, A. M.
Mr. HALL submitted a resolution, which was
adopted, that when the House adjourn it ad
journ to meet on Monday next, at three
o'clock, P. M.
PRINTING THE AUDITOR GSNIIIIAL'S REPORT ON
Mr. ABBOTT offered a resolution, which was
agreed to, that five thousand copies ofdthe Au
ditor General's report on railroads be , printed,
for the use of the souse.
THE SEVEPTBENTH ILEPRIEIRNTATIVB DISTRICT,
Mr. SMITH, (Cheater) offered the follow
Resolved, That the committed appointed to
try the matter of the contested election of
Charles T. Abbot, Esq., be authorized to meet
in the city of Philadelphia for the purpose of
taking evidence at such time and place as they
The resolution was agreed to.
REPORTS OF COMMXITHEB.
A number of bills were reported from the
Standing Committees, including one from the
Committee of Ways and Means, with amend.
meats, entitled an act supplementary to an act
concerning the law of limitations, approved
A number of bills were read in place, includ
ing the following by Mr. Greenbanks, " a sup
plement to an act to exempt property to the
value of $3OO from levy, 5r.0.," passed April 9,
The Homo resumed .the consideration of the
joint resolution, offered by Mr. Rix last W,edpes
day, which was :read as follows:
Rosoltvd, That a select committee of five be
appointed to examine into and investigate 'the
REPORTED EXPRESSLY FOR THE TELEGRAPH.
HOUSE OF SEPRESENTATMO
BILLS IN PLACE
INVESTIOAXION OF STATZ MILITARY CONTILAOII3
contracts made by certain parties with the
agents appointed by the Governor, for the
furnishing of clothing, equipments and supplies
to the Commissary Department for the use of
the three months volunteers, called into service
in compliance with the requisition of the Presi
dent, and ascertain, if possible,
if any frauds
have been committed upon the State, and if so,
to report to this House the nature and extent
of such frauds, and to ascertain, if possible,
the name or names of the parties implicated.
The committee shall also examine into such
other contracts and expenditures, made by the
heads of the different departments or their
agents, as they, in their judgment, may deem
proper; and shall have power to send for persons
-1 After some debate,
Aar. GREENS/INK submitted the following
as a substitute:
Waimea, The commissioners appointed by
the Governor to investigate the army frauds
have in their report divulged the fact that ir
regularities, extravagances and frauds were
committed, to the great injury of the Common
wealth by persons engaged in furnishing cloth
ing, equipments and supplies to the militia of
this State under the act of April twelfth, one
thousand eight hundred and sixty-one.
And whereas, judicial inquiry into the same
has to a considerable extent been foiled and no
efficient action has been had in the premises.
Be it .Risolved, That a committee of five be
appointed to investigate the facts in regard to
said abuses, and to report the same to this
House, together with the names of any persons
1 if such there be, from whom the State should
be reimbursed the monies thus fraudulently
obtained ; and that the Governor and heads of
the respective departments be respectively re-
I quested to furnish said committee with any
information or documents in their possession or
control relating to said matters ; and that the
committee have power to send for persons and
The substitute and resolution were debated up
to twelve o'clock w., when the House
Important Correspondenee between
Generale Halle& and Price,
The following correspondence has taken
place between Generals Price and Halleck.—
the material points in Price's letter are as fol
HEAD QUAJITERS, Miesattar STATI GUARD, }
Springfield, Jan. 12.
Garrsaar.:—l have received information that
as Major General commanding this department,
you oave either ordered or allowed the arrest
of citizens in the pursuit of their usual and
peaceful avocations; that men, officers and pri
vates belonging to this army, have been taken
prisoners on the Kansas border, and conveyed
to Fort Leavenworth and as such, and for no
other established offence or crime, been shot in
I have learned that my discharged soldiers
have been subject, whenever and whereve r
they have •shown themselves, and that they
have been, by military coerdon, forced into
a servitude unknown to international and civil
ized usages in such cases,
I have obtained information that individuals
and parties of men specially appointed and in
strucied by me to destroy railroad culverts and
bridges by tearing them up, burning, Sta., have
been arrested and subjected to general court
martial for alleged crimes which all the laws of
warfare heretofore recognized by the civilized
world have regarded as distinctly proper and
I have learned that such persons, when tried,
if convicted of the offence or offences as stated,
are viewed as lawful subjects for capital pun
These statements I cannot believe to be cor
rect, but let us understand each other on this
Do you intend to continue the arrest of citi
zens engaged in their ordinary peaceful pursuits
and treat them as traitors and rebels Y If so
will you make exchanges with me for such as I
may or will make for similar cages? Do you
intend to regard members of this army as per
sons deserving death wherever and whenever
they may be captured, or will you extend to
them the recognized rights of prisoners of war
by the code of civilized warfare ?
Do you regard the destruction of important
roads of transportation facilities for military
purpose as the legal right of beligerent power?
Do you intend to regard men whom I have
specially despatched to destroy roads, burn
bridges, tear up culverts, &0., as amenable to
the enemy's court martial, or will you have
them tried as usual by the propes civil author
ities according to the statutes of the State ?
(Signed.) STFALJNG PRICE.
?daj. Gem. Comd'g Dept.
The following embraces the main portion of
Gen. Haileck's reply :
HEAD QUARTERS, DEFT. OF MISSOURI,
Si. Louis, January 22.
ass. STIMMan DUOS, Comer g B, , c.—GENzam,
Your letter dated Springfield January 12th is
recrived. The troops of which you complain
°lithe Kansas frontier and at Fort Leaven
worth are not under my command. In regard
to them I !eventfully refer you to Major Gen
eral David Hunter, commanding department
Kansas, Headquarters, Fort Leavenworth.
You also complain that individuals and par
ties of men specially appointed, Instructed by
you to destroy railroads, culverts and bridges,
by tearing them up, burning, &c., have been
arrested and subjected to general court martial
for alleged crimea. This statement is in the
main correct. When individuals and parties of
men violate the laws of war, they will be tried
and found guilty, and will be certainly punished,
whether acting under your special appointment
and instructions or not. Yon must be aware,
General, that no orders of yours can save from
punishment spies, marauders, robbers, incendi
aries, guerilla bands, &c , who violate the laws
of war. Yon cannot give immunity to crimi
nals. But let us fully understand each otner
on this point ; it you send armed forces, wear
ing the garb of soldiers, and duly organized
and enlisted ad' legitimate belligerents, to
destroy railroads, - bridges &c. sa a military
act, we shall kill them if possible in open war
fare, er If we can capture them we will
treat them as prisoners of war ; but it is
well understood that you have sent num
bers of your adherents, in the garb of peaceful
citizens and under false pretences, through
our lines into northern Missouri, to rob and
destroy the property of Union men, and burn
and destroy railroad bridges, thus endangering
the lives of thousands ; and this, too, without
military necessity or possible military advan
tage. Moreover, peaceful citizens of Missouri,
quietly working on their farms, have
peen instigated by your emissaries to take
up arms as insurgents, and rob, plun
der, and commit arson and murdtic. They
act under false pretences, and under the guise
of private citizens. You certainly will not pre
tend that men guilty of suck' crimes, although
specially appointed and instructed by you, are
entitled to the,rights and immunities of ordi
nary prisoners of war. If you do, will you ,
refer me to a single authority on the laws of
war which recognises such a claim. ,1 4
I am daily expecting instructions respecting
thu exchange of prisoners of war. I will cow
muuicate with you on that subject as soon as
they are received
Important from the South.
Extracts from Southern Papers.
THE REBELS DISBELIEVE THE DEFEAT
The Story Raised to keep down Re
bellion at Home.
Active Preparations to Prevent the Inva-
THE BURNSIDE EXPEDITION
CAUSES GREAT PEAR.
THE MILITIA CALLED OUT
GREAT EICTTEVENT IN CONSEQUENCE
CEDAR KEY, FLORIDA, CAPTVRRD BY
Capture . of the Schooner Wilder by
the U. S. Form.
The Norfolk Despatcla says in reference to
Kentucky news, we publish a batch of these
despatches and do not believe there is a word of
truth to them. The fact is as the reader will
perceive on reading money articles from the
New York Post, that stocks were going down
at such a rapid rate owing to the failure of the
Burnside Expedition sod the licking they
recently got at the hands of Jeff. Thompson
that it was necessary to steam up in some way
or other to keep down the rebellion at home,
and so they resorted to this, their regular plan
of operating on the stock market and keeping
their spirits up. We suspect that Zollicoffer
has given them a licking, as he commenced
the attack, according to their own account, as
contained in one of the despatches, and it is
not likely that so prudent a commander as
Zollicoffer would have opened the ball on them
and then suffered them to defeat him so easily.
The whole yarn is fishy, and smells strongly of
tt e Wall street stock operations.
The Charlotte, N. C. Democrat, of the 21st
inst., says in anticipation of the invasion of the
North Carolina coast, it is contemplated to call
out the military in several of the eastern counties.
The call haa.not yet been made, but the Raleigh
Journal says it will embrace thirty-three coun
Sr. LOT/18, Jan. 23
P. S.—We learn that the militia have been
ordered ont since the arrival of the Yankee
Burnside expedition at Hatteras, and it ap
pears from the Raleigh Register of Saturday that
a draft has been made in Wake county.
The Register says there is quite an excitement
there in regard to the draft which has been
made for one-third of the enrolled militia.
Substitutes we expect will be in demand.
A flag of truce took three released prisoners
and brought back several ladles and gentlemen
to go north. The storm continues.
The Day Book contains the following dis
IakVANNAH, January 22.—The Ripubiiecat this
morning learns from gentlemeik from Florida
that Cedar Keys was captured by the Fedbitds
on Thursday. Heavy firing was heard in that
direction on the same day.
MOHICAN January 22.—The schooner Wilder,
from Savannah, was captured on the 20th three
miles below Fort Morgan.
Mosms, Tan. 2L—Qapt. Cattrell's company
had a sharp contest yesterday at the mouth of
the Lagoon river, over the schooner Wilder.—
No Ices of life do our aide. The enemy lost the
ship's gig 9nd a number of men, but succeeded
in taking possession of the schooner and her
FROM FORTRESS MONROB.
No Arrival from the Burnside Expo
Ihe Report of its being in Pamlico
The Rebel Newspapers on the de
feat of Zollicoffer.
They consider it a Wall Street Story
The Old Point boat brings no news of im
portance. There has been no arrival from the
The Norfolk Day Book of yesterday, dis
credits the accounts of the expedition being in
Pamlico sound, arid says, that a reconnoisance
from Roanoke island on Monday made no such
report. This appears to be the latest advices,
and since then a storm has cut off all commu
nication with the coast.
The Day Book published the federal accounts
of the defeat of Gen. Zollicoffer, butsays it don't
believe a word of it, and tells its readers that
it is a Wall street lie got up raise their spirits
after the defeat of the Yankees by Jeff. Thomson
Despatches from Flag-Officer M'Kean.
THE U. S. FRIGATE POTOMAC TO GO TO
Biloxi, Miss., Taken Possession of
THE LOWER POTOMAC
WASHINGTON, Jan. 24.
The War Department has despatches from
flag-officer dated Ship Island, Jan. 8,
in which he reports the arrival at that place of
the 11. S. steamer Mercedita and 11. S. gunboats
Winona and Sagamore. By the first named
he had received the communication of the
Secretary of the Navy, and says that in
accordance therewith he shall dispatch the
frigate Potomac to Vera erns. Having been
informed that a rebel steamer was at anchor
near Biloxi on the 31st of December. He
dispatched commander Staith.with the steamers
Water Witch, New London and Henry Lewis,
to endeavor to capture ner, but upon reaching
Biloxi it was found that she bad been removed.
Commander Smith demanded the surrender
of the place, which was complied with, and a
detachment it seamen and , marines lauded. A
small sand battery was destioyedmid two guns,
a nine and a six pounder, were brought off.
H. W. HALLECK,
Maj. Gen. Comd'g Depart
sion of North Carolina Coast-
OP A DRAFT.
Bamixons, Jan. 24
BALTIMORE, Jan. 24.
by the Union 'Forces.
The place Wee found to lie altnost
the white pc:pulation but WM o.ed e l v
colored wee, women and children.
The schooner Captain Spedden, 1,. I
lumber, was also captured and brouzlit
the Henry Lewis. She is a very as.. iul
the lumber being much neaded by tlie r a '
hquarter master, fur the construction c,f A
ouses, and the schooner makitti. a ;cult
lighter. Both have been tranSferred
quarter master, at a v dilation fixed
The steamer King Phillip whirl,
from the flotilla last eirenitt.4 repirt,
changed down the river. The Kira: i h:1
now in charge of acting tua,i e r
Capt. Mitchell having re,i_tite.l, tit- 1:1
States brig of War Perry,
anchored below Alexandria,
yesterday afternoon and pro.i.ied.
river in tow of the Posey, tile 1.
on her return to the yard met tie ,
Mount Vernon, making avid he a l,, 1 -, •
he Victory in Kentuc
Further Particulars of the Batt
This morning's papery contain
of the battle at Mill Spring. It wa.
battle. The r.tbels fought Well an I
come only by supra ior fighting ou , ,
According to the rebel ae,:oun,
consisted of toi iufdrary
terns and some cavalry,
10,000 men. They fought in the
ing style, from ravines, and behil l I tre
bushes and rocks.
The brunt of the battle dev,,k,l
Fourth Kentucky, Second 111111,...„-.,
Ohio and Tenth Indiana. For u , arli
the roar of musketry kept up.
Shortly after 11 o'clck, Col
ceeded in flanking the
right, when the 9th Ohio an MI,
charged with the bayonet, Lc/ti,
yells, which broke the tel.)!I r‘•.•
route began. They z
camp, strewing the rowd with in 1-1.• t.
eta,- overcoats and knapiack: , , ,
two guns and caisous.
heart, at the bead of his staff, 1w ,„
of the 4th Kentucky regiment. 1 .
Zollicoffer lost his way in the
deuly emergtd before Colonel
companied some staff I t
mistook each other fur friends,
within a few yards of each other.
their mistake both halted, and pp. o r.
hand to hand cottlict. t I, le „;
aids shot at Col. Fry, bac ,rulr,
horse down. Tae fe.iercl orhuirri rut L
drew his six shooter en I
from his saddle at no Lir,t ti-e. L.
staff deserted their chiei s
taken to Somerset the thy af.er t . Le rrA
An East Teeneeeeean t n
Inertia says all the credit and hens
tle is due to the Tenth tudiae i. N u r
Fourth Kentucky, and S:•coutt
meats, fur they did all the
handed with the exception that
they received from the irtiihr.
fought nobly, and never wavered t r.
fix.td determination to gain the c,_, . ,[.
combatants were so near sari,
time, that the powder buruLd
the discharge of each other's
THE U. S. GUNBOAT 111 , J 1
The United States Ruche a
St. Thomas on the 4th, wain,: ihc
City sailed on a cruise the s.twe
XXXVIIth Congress—First S
Mr. FESSINDRN, (Nle.,) twat the C:
on 'Finance, reported bit k the
appropriate ten thousand dollar, :t:
penses of the committee of the II
to contracts in any Department ,; the
Mr. SHAMAN introduced a Wi rLit
new Bureaus in the Navy Dimtinel
Mr. GRIMES, (lowa,) introdth. , l
viding for the charter of era titt butt;
District of Columbia. Referred.
Mr. Dials (Ky.) preaented the
Robert Wilson, appointed S
sour', to fill the vacancy cause' hy it
sion of Polk.
Mr. WILKINSON (Minn.) moved tte
credentials and certain paper; he 111
Committee on Judiciary. lie
report of certain mteting&, held A ,it
of May last, and Mr. Wilson iv :a
committee who reported a eel ;t4
two of which are as follows :
Resolved, That we, the people bete
declare our fealty and b)111 path!.
for the protection of southern inatitut.
Resolved, That we condemn a, I htthl
diabolical the war now riajrd hy tr,
Government against the S o uth.
Mr. Dews said twat Mr. Wth-o ,
in the resolutions, and they ie
without his sanction in :toy
paper read, signed by Gov. flali ...Li
attesting his loyalty, ake a I Itt.t
Winos to Mr. DAVIS, askii4 a tit;:
vestigatlon, so that the country uut;tit
fled of his loyalty.
Mr. POMEROY, (Kan.,) tittitt that tit?.
Wilson and knew that he had thi
being a good Union man. His
so good that he had to go a retilti
lowa to get home and was hooted
rest of the Union men by the met tr
Mr. WlLKumsoN withdrew his it.
Mr. Wilson took the oath.
On motion of Mr. TRUMBULL IL i ,, 1 1
tion to certain Judicial district, th
States courts was taken up.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTAfivE
The House resumed the cou,,idel iti
bill, making more btringent i'
thresp.;rlintduioaunsllnigteurocrosnreee Act, ;L.: o,i , t
lar. EDWARDS, H) the (0 1 '
explanation, said that the pre6eht 10
by vending intoxicating drinks
Indian limits or frontier; Lell,''
for further legislation to pot, tle
from such degrading and de,tluJi‘
MASKETS BY TELEGAA
There is more demand for the
of Flour, and 3,000 bids. Lxtra tdully
$5 69(4156, and 500 bbls. extra at z. 5
perliao is selliug in a salad w ay at
$6 37i. Rye Flour is gtuely at 63
Jorn Meal at $3. Mere is a [air deal.
Wheat, and 5,000 bush. red sold at
$l. 35. 200 bosh. Pennsylvania Bye
72@730. Cora is in fair rrque,t, au,
bush. new yellow sold at 58e. oats are
" asc. PIOVi6iOIIB are dull—sales 0
Pork at $l2 50; aud 500 oreised ji
Coffee is held vary Brody. Sugar aud
are er is some speonarion:
for whiskey, and rims are firmer
600 bble. Ohio at 25e.