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BY GEORGE BERGNER.
D ONE PRIVATE KILLED."
Cold words to tells mother's doting iove
ma her old agwas desolate indeed ;
That the proud staff of her declining years
Was taken from her, at her utmost need.
Brief words—yet it was a terrible to feel,
The bitter woe their scanty limits held!
small jay it seemed, in that sad hour to know
The field was taken and the foe, was quelled.
Was it for this they sent him forth in pride,
A mother's blessing on his boyish head,
A sister's kiszzes on his beardless lips,
Thus to receive him 'viceless cold aaad dead?
He was their Lai, perchance breakinglOved sot
He went— ;nd now-0, hearts lie
Columbia's bles , ing on her bravest sons,,
Hollows the grave his precious forme shellllll.
bifs6 him ! no delusive hope of gain,
No edittedect glory lured his youthful eye;
Lovin;: his country with a boy's proud love,
Counting it little e'en forlier to die..
And so he went—and thus they bear him home,
The crimson stain upon his golden hair,
The hush of death upon his huh-heart,
The heart so eager then to do tali dare.
And though on earth no trumpet sound his
Royally angel harps in heavens shall tell
How, with his young heart full•of holy zeal,
The brave boy-patriot for his country fell.
REPORT IN GEN. FREMONT'S CASE.
THE ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S OBSERVA-
TIONS IN MISSOURI.
Seoretari Cameron's Visit to Ken
tucky and Indiana,
HARRISBURG, PA., Oct. 19, 1861
General; When I did myself the honor to
ask you to, accompany me on my Western tour,
it waswith a view of availing myself of your
experlence'es Adjutant General of the Army.
Finding that the result of my investigation
might (as lat first apprehended) have an im
poi tant effect, not only upon the army of the
West, but upon the interests of the whole
country,, I requested you to take full notes upon
all points connected with the object of my visit.
As you inform me that you have carefully com
plied with my wish, I ndw respectfully request
you to submit your report as early as practica
ble, in order that the President may be cor
rectly advised as to the . admihistration of affairs
connected with the army of the West.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Secretary of War.
Brig. Gen. L. 'fuottss, Adjt. Gen. U. S. A.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 21, 1881.
Snt : I have the honor to submit the report
requested in your letter of the 19th inst.
We arrived at St. Louis, as you are aware, at
1). a. m., Oct. 11 After breakfast, rode to
Benton Barracks, above the city. On the street
'eating to the camp passed a small field work
in course of construction. Found the camp of
great extent, with extensive quarters, construct
ed of rough boards. Much has been said of the
large sums expended in their erection; but some
one mentioned that Gen. McKinstry, principal
Quartermaster, who made the disbursements,
gave the cost as $15,000. If so, it was judi
cious. The total cost, should be ascertained.
General Curtis was in command. Force present,
140 officers, 3,388 men, principally detach
ments, except the First lowa cavalry-34 offi
cers, 004 men— having horses, but without
Gen. Curtis said of General Fremont that he
fount no difficulty in getting access to him,
and when he presented business connected with
his command, it was attended to. Gen. Fre
mont, however, never consulted him on mili
affairs, nor informed him of his plans.
Gen. Curtis remarked that while he would go
with freedom to Gen. Scott and express his
opinions, he would not dare to do so to General
Fremont. He deemed General Fremont une
qual to the command of an army, land said that
he was no more bound by law than by the
winds. Re considered him to be unequal to the
command of the army in Missouri.
After dinner, rode to the Arsenal below the
city : Capt. Callender in charge. Garrison, fcir
its protection, under Major Granger, Third Cav
alry. But very few arms on hand ; a number
of heavy guns designed for gun-boats and mor
ter boats. The Captain is engaged in making
ammunition. He said he had heard that some
Person had a contract for making the carriages
ifor these guns ; that if so, that he knew noth
ng of and that it was entirely irregular, he
being the proper officer to attend to such work.
This, in my opinion, requires investigation.—
Re expected soon to receive funds, and desired
them for current purposes ; was fearful howev
er that they might be diverted to other pay
Visited a large hospital not far distant from
the arsenal, in charge of Assistant Surgeon
Bailey, U. S. A. It was filled with patients,
mostly doing well. R.ispital in fine order, and
a credit to the service. The Doctor had an effi
cient corps of assistants from the Volunteer ser
vice, and in addition a number of Sisters of
Charity as nursers. God bless these pure and
Col. Andrews, Chief Paymaster, called on me
and represented irregularities in the Pay De
pertinent, and desired instructions from the
Secretary for his Goverament, stating that
was required to make payment and transfers of
to law and regulations. Once,
mo ney contrary
olletting to wtat ho conceived an improper
payment, he was threatened with confinement
by a file of soldiers. He exhibited an order for
the transfer of $lOO,OOO to the Quartermaster's
l kpartment t which was irregular. Exhibited
aletracts of payment by one Paymaster, (Major
Frhzer) to 42 persons appointed by Gen. Fre
es lit, 1 Coonel, 3 Majors, 9 Captains, 161
1-leitenants, 11 1 2 d Lieutenants, 1 Surgeon, a
istant surgeons ; total 42. Nineteen of these
tappoint mentstieEngineeno, and are entitled
'"viklia' pay. (See exhibit annexed, No. 1.)
abstract of payments wes furnished,
t 1:31 vouched for as reliable, arithe Pamirs
, , b. It is only given to show the ex
en es of rank appointed to the Major
" sly Guard of only 800 mien, the corn
, ing a Colonel '
&c. (See exhibit'No.
ntent, hole number of irregular .appeints
Aletu. w ,"'''' by Gen. Fremont, was said by Co/.
be nearly 200. The following is a
et these appointment.
ugtOTELis %erne Direaannese,
es ia c , St. Louis, Aug. 28; 1861. f
caval ry, t0 . `,.° 4 ere hereby appointee tr: 4 4
'Jo employed hi the Litid
tation Department, and will report for duty at
these Headquarters. J. C. FREMONT,
"To Captain Faux Voss, present."
(See Exhibit No. 3.)
I also saw a similar appointment given to an
individual on General Fremont's staff as Direct
or of Music with the rank and commission of
Captain of Engineers ! This person was a mu
sician in a theatre in St. Louis. Paymaster
Andrews was verbally instructed by me not to
pay him—the person having presented his two
papers and demanded his pay. Colonel An
drews also stated that these appointments bore
one date, but directed payments, in some cases,
a monthtor two anterior thereto. He was then
iiithout funds , &fie 'lnciaftiniiiint. ..
The principal Co ' Capt. Hairus, had
no outstanding debts. e ex pected funds soon.
Major Allen, Prin 1 Quartermaster, had
recently taken charge I. Lott* but report
ed great irregularities in 11101- Department., and
requested special instructions. This he deemed
important, as orders were communicated by a
variety of persons, in an irregular manner, all
requiring' disbursements oft money. These or
ders were frequently given verbally. (See Ex
hibit No. 4.) He was sending, under Gen'l.
Fremont's orders, large amouqts of forage from
St. Louis to the army at Tiptoh; where corn was
abundant and cheap. The distance was 100
miles. He stated indebtedness of the Quarter
master's Department at St. Louis to be $4,606,-
In regard to the contracts. Without an ex
amination Of the accounts it , will be difficult to
arrive at the facts. It is the expressed belief of
many intelligent gentlemen in St. Louis that
Gen. Fremont has around r y him and his staff,
persons directly and indirectly concerned in
furnishing supplies. The followinig is a copy
of a letter signed by Leonidas Heckell, Cap
tain and A. D. C. Be though, on Gen. Fre
mont's staff, is said to be a contractor for hay,
and forage and mules. The person named in
his note, Col. Degraf, is his partner.
"IDEADQII7ABTX6B Wl2lllllOl DEPARTIKENT,
Camp Lillis, Oct. 2,186 L }
"Sir: ' I am requested by the Commander
General to authorize Col. Degraf to take any
hay that has been contracted for by the Gov
ernment, his receipt for the same being all the
voucher you require.
"Captain and A. D. o.s'
' (See exhibit No. 6.) •
What does this mean ? Contractors deliver
forage direct to Quartermasters, who issue the
same. But here another party steps in, and
for the purpose, if a contractor or the co-partner
of one ; of filling his own contractor. It is diffi
cult to suppose that this - double transaction is
done without a consideration. The accounts in
tEis case should be examined, and the price pail
to Degraf be compared with that paid to the
contractors, whose forage was seized. This same
Captain Haskell, A. D. C., was a contractor for
mules. He deeired Captain. Turnto , to reactive
his animals, "good, bad, and indifferent,", as
Captain Turnley said. This he would not do,
but stated his prices for the different classes of
mules, "wheel," "lead," &o. Besides, he had
more mules than he could possibly send to the
army. Notwithstanding all this, he , received
an orker to inspect and receive Mr. Haskell's
mules as rapidly as possible. Captain Turnley
very soon after received an order from Gen.
Fremont to leave St. Louis and go into the in
terior of Missouri. (See,exhibit No. 7, showing
his great labor and responsibility.)
By directions of General Meigs, advertise
ments were published for proposals to furnish
grain and hay, and contracts were subsequently
made for specific sums-28 cents per bushel for
corn, 30 cents for oats, and $lB 95 cents per
ton for hay. In face of this, another party In
St. Louis, Baird, or Baird & Palmer(Palmer.
being of the old firm in California, Palmer,
Cook & Co., General Fremont's agents in that
State,) were directed to send to Jefferson City,
where hay and corn abound, as fast as possible,
100,000 bushels of oats, with a corresponding
amount of hay, at 88 cents per bushel for the
grain, and $l9 per ton for hay. (See Voucher
Captain Edward M. Davis, a member of his
staff, received a contract by the direct order of
General Fremont for blankets. They were ex
amined by a board of army officers consisting
of Captain Hendershott, Fourth Artillery; Cap
taro Harris, Commissary of Subsistence, and
Captain 'Plumley, • Asisistant ' Quartermaster.
The blankets were found to be rotten and
worthless. Notwithstanding this decision, they
were purchased and given to the sick and
wounded soldiers in the hospital.
Among the supplies sent by Geri. Fremont to
the army now in field may be enumerated 500
half barrels, to carry water in a country where
water is abundant, and 500 tons of ice.
We examined the barracks in oourse of con
struction in St. Louis, near and around the pri
vate house occupied by him as quarters—the
Brant house, which, by-the-by, is rented for
$6,000 per annum. These barracks have brick
foundations and brick outer walls, weather
boarded, and our sufficient as quartets and sta
bles for 1,000 men. Like those of Camp Canton,
these barracks were built by contract on pub
lished proposals. The are certainly more ex
pensive and more permanent than the quarters
a temporary- army would require, and the pre
cise cost of them, though difficult to be got at,
should be ascertained.
A pontoon bridge has been erected across the
Ohio river by Gen. Fremont, at Paducah. A
ferry boat, in .a region where such boats are
readily procured, would be just as efficient and
much less expensive.
Contracts, it will been seen, were given -to
individuals without resorting to advertisements
for bids, as is required by the law and the army
Having received an intimation from another
quarter of an impropriety, I called on Captain
McKeever, A. A. G., for the hints, which he
gave me as follows : One week after the receipt
of the President's order modifying Gen. Fre
mont's proclamation reladve to the emancipa
tion of slaves, Gen. Fremont, by note to Capt.
McKeever, required him to have .200 copies of
the original Proclamation and Address to the
army of the same date, printed and sent imm,-
diately to Ironton, for the use of Major Garrett
of the Indiana Cavalry, for distribution through
the country. Capt. McKeever had the ooPies
printed and delivered. Fremont's order in this
matter was as follows :
"Adjutant General will have 200 copies of
proclamation of Commander General, dated
80th of August, together with Address to the
Army of the same date, sent immediately to
cavalry. Maj. Garret
Ironton, for the use of Maj. Garret, Indiana
"Sept. 28, 1861. J. C. F. ;Can. Gen."
, We left St. Louis Oct. 2, for Gin. Fretnont's
Iheedquartms, 'llpton, - 160 miles ' distant,
passing themight at Janson City, the Capitol
Of Misseind, 126 miles from St. Louis , General
PricelD oOnleVillsi of the place; with
HARRISBURG, PA., FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 1, 1861.
force of 1,200 men. The Eighth lowa was
there, en route for Tipton. At this place there
were accumulated a large quantityof forage, land
ed from steamboats, and other means of trans
portation; also, the half-barrels for carrying the
water, and a number of mules, which Captain
Turnley said he could mot get forward, having
no control over the transportation by rail
We arrived in Tipton at 8 A M. of the 18th:
The Secretary of War was called, on by. Gael.
Fremont, and, upon,his invitation, accompanied
him to Syracuse, five miles distant, to review
Gen. McKinstry's division, about 8,000 strong.,
This body of troops is said to be the best equipi
ped and best shpplied of the wholearray. They;
certainly are, as far as means of transportation!
are concerned. . ,
At Tipton, besides Glen. • Fremont ' and staff,
his body guard,•&o., I found a part of • Gen.
Hunter's First Division and Gen. AsbOth's
Fourth Division. • • •
The force designed to act against Price con
sists of five divisions, as follows : - .. .
First Division...Hunter's...at Tipt0n...9,760
Second " atGeorgetown9,22o
Fourth " —at Sedalia. : —7,980
Fifth • • ...Asboth's .at Tipton.. . .6,461
Sixth " ...McKintry's.at Syracuse..6,BlB
As soon as I obtained a view of the several
encampments at Tipton, I expressed the opin
ion that the force there assembled could not be
moved, as scarcely any maws of transportation
were visible. I saw Gen. Hunter, second' in
command, and conversed freely with WM. HO
stated that there was great confusion, and that
Gen. Fremont was utterly incompetent ; thikt
his own division was greatly scattered, and the
force there present aefective in many respects";
that he himself required one hundred wagons,
but that he was under orders to march that
day, and some of his troops were already drawn
out on the road.. His cavalry regiment (Ellis')
had horses and indifferent arms, but no equip
ments. The men had to carry their cartridges
in their vest, pockets—consequently on their
first day's march from Jefferson City, in a heavy
rain which fell, the Cartridges were destroyed.
This march to Tipton (85 miles) was'nettle oil a
mud-road,, theavy and mir'yllirith rains; and Par
allel to the railroad, and but a little distance
from it. The troops were directed by General
Fremont to march without provisions or knap
sacks, and without transportation.: , 'violent
rain storm came Up, and'the trdoPs were ex
posed to it all night ;.:were" 4ithout food for
twenty-four hours ; and when food was received
the beef was found to be spoiled.
General Hunter stated to me that he had just
received a written report from one of. the Cplo.-
nels, informing him tliat but tWenty but of a'
hundred of his guns would go off. These were
the guns procured by General Fremont in
Europe. 14111 here state that General Sherman,
at Louisville,. made to me a similar complaint
of .inferiority theei European :gips;
He had giVen the Men orders to file down the
nipples. In conversation .Witir SwOrdif;U r
sistant Quartermaster General atinuisville, juit
from California, he stated that Mr. &lover, Who
was in Europe with General Fretnont, wrote to
some friend in San Francisco that. hisShare'of
the profits of the; purchase of , tfietzie arms
$BO,OOO. ' . ,
When Gen. Hunter received,' at Jefferson
City, orders to march.to Tipton, he was clirecteel
to take 41 wagons with him, when he had' onlyi
40 mules, which fact had been duly reported to
headquarters. At this time, Col. Stevenson, - of
the Seventh Missouri regiment, was, without
Gen. Hunter's knowledge, taken from him,'
leaving him, when under marching ordera, with'
only one regiment at Jefferson City fit to•take
Gen. Hunter also,showed me the order fdr
marching. to Durock Ferry, dated at- Tipton,
October 10, which he did not receive until the
12th. -(Prhibit No. 10.) He also showed me
his reply, proving that it was impossible for
him to comply with the order to march. (Ex
hibit No. 11.) This order was changed 'to one
requiring him to make ti single'day's march.
(Exhibit No. 12.)
When Gem Pope received his ordertn march
at Georgetown, twentylLve miles distant, he
wrote back to thin.' letter, which I
read. It tot forth the utter impossibility of his
moving for the want of transpdrtition flnd silP
plies, and asked whether Gen. Fremont 'could
mean what he had written.
All of the foregoing facts go to show- the
want of military foresight on the part of Gen.
Fremont in directing the necessary means , fot
putting into, and maintaining in the field, the
forces under his command.
Gen. Hunter also stated that although the
second in command, he never was consulted by
Gen. Fremont, and never knew anything of his
intentions. Such a parallel I will venture to
assert, cannot be found in the annals of
ry warfare. I have also
,betm informed that
there is not a Miassimatin on` 'staff—not a
man acquainted personally with the topograpy
and physical .
characteristics of the country or
people • -
The failure of Gen. Fremont to reinfor&
Gen. Lyon demands notice. Gen. Fteniontar - -
rived at St. Louis on the 26th Of July, called
there from New York by a telegraph() despatch
stating that Gen. Lyon was threatened with
destruction by 30,000 rebels. At this time Gen.
Pope had nine regiments in North Missouri,
where the rebels had embodied force.' The boli
federate forces in the State were these under
Price and McCulloch, near Springfield in South
west Missoari, and those under Pillow, Jeff.
Thompson, and Hardee, in Southeast Missouri.
Two regiments held Rolla, near the terminus of
the Southwestern branch of the Pacific Railroad;
while Jefferson City, Booneville, Lexington• and
Kansas City had each a garrison of 800 or 400
men behind intrenchmente. , Cairo'and Bird's
Point, were fortified, and defended with heavy
artillery. (Pilot Knob and Cape Girardeau
were fortified after Gen. Fremont'a arrival.)—
All these places could be reinforced by railroad ,
and river from St. Louis and the Northwestern
States, and could hold out, until reinforced,
even if attacked by superior forces.:
On his arrival in St. Louis, Gen. Fremont was.
met by Capt. Cavender, First Missouri, and
Major Farrar, aid-de-camp to First, .
statements from,the latter, and requests for re-.
inforcementa ; Major Phelps, M. 0„ from Spring
field, Dr. Miller, of Omaha, and, many: other
citizens, having ample means of,.information,
made the same , representations, and .urged the.
sending of reinforcements. To Gov. Gamble,
Gen. FremOnt said, "Gen.-Lyon is es strong,.as
any other officer in this line." He failed to
strengthen Lyon, and the result, as is well
known, was the defeat of that pliant. °freer.
The two regiments at Rolla should have been
pushed forward, and the whole of Pope's• nine
regiments brought by rail to St. Lents and
Itella,"and theme sent to, Ly•M's force. Any
Other General such anomergency.would have
pursued the same obVinua eaarpfl- • '. 4 , -
, The 'he ',ltiingfieldlor` more '
FilEift tired)—odit kitiktmod: disparate ever
Leaving Tipton on the 18th, we arrived at St.
Louis on the same day, and on the 14th the
Secretary, of War directed me to issue the
following instructions to General Fremont:.
"Sr. Lotus, Mo., Oct. 14, 1861.—Gimmar.:—
The Secretary of War directs me to communi
,cite the following as his instructions for your
"In view of the heavy sums due, especially
in the Quartermaster's Department in this city,
amounting to some 54,500,000, 'it is important
that the money, which may now be in the hands
of the disbilrshlg9fficer2, or be received by them,
be applied to the current expenses of your army
in MisSottil, and' theile debts to' remain unpaid
pith they can , f)e, ptoperly' exsixiined' and sent
to, Washington for -settlement;, the' disbursing
officers of the army, to filehurse the funds, And
' not transfer them to irresponsible agents—in
other words, those whti do not hold commis
sions from the President, and are hot under
bonds. All contracts - ilax!esary to be made by
the' distitAing' officers.' `The senior Quarter
master here has been verbally instructed by the
SceretaU !I4 above. ,
Is is depri r d unnecessary to erect field-works
around this city, 'end you will direct their dis
continuance ; also thcate, 'if any in ,course of
oenstruction at Jefferson City. In this connec
tion, it is seen that a number of commissions
have been given by,you. Na payments will:lie
made to officers, except to those whose
appointments have been approved by the Presi
dent. This, of.course, does not apply to officers
with volunteer troops. Colonel Andrews has
been vernally so instructed by the Secretary,;
also', fleet° make transfers of hinds, except for
thepurposeiof paying the troops.'
"The erection of barracks near your quarters
in this city, to be at once discontinued. ~
"The Secretary has been informed that the
I tniipteof Gen. -Lane's `command are cornmit
ting depredations on, our, friends in Western
a paper called" Dispositions for Retaking Spring
del 1." It sets out with a statement that
ispringffeld is the strong stragetical point of that
;wide elevation which separates the waters of
the,Qsage from those of the Arkansas, the key
Ito the whole southwestern Missouri, command_.
'fug' an area of rteixiTY 60,000 miles. Why did
!thitenc4 . enter the brain of the ' Major General
',before the fall of -Lyori, :and he strain every
nervcst4:l,llpicl that important key in his posies
••- , ,
'- '4314 n. Hunter, in ans w er to the paper, replied,
"Why mareVerapringfield; whereibere is no
enemy • and nothing ,to take ? Let me rather
Make.the troops „and ; proceed . to Lexington, in
'what direction Price, was marching, and where
lie" 'expected" 'to be 'joined -by 40,000 rebels.
instead of thii-ho was' sent to Rolla; without
instructions, and Temainedlhere until ordered
to Jefferson Oity o ,4Bllll without instructions, and
iThence to Tipton, where .we found him. (Pee
hi,bit-No.„18,), , , -
IV° stepe have been taken by aenentl Fre
ont to meet Piice in the field,_he moved for
iiillelitßilLiriPailie:9meP7rM"i4thirty9f Al?'"1" -five r- pi ttill4 ilis iAltiti o in f d tt tclllll4g e place, . n inehne
l'ellrefl.tdrt or,more days, evidently expecting
tha some movement would be made against
iiint,. None being nuaile, he advanced , and with
..* innqh superior force, laid . Beige to Lexing
, it&i which wasq. 4 ll ll 4o bi,Mulligam with 2 ,700
moo, on the 12tb. of ,September, and captured
it, in nine.daYs thereafter, on the
..21st of Peep
, N P
ow for the facts ,: to show that :this catas
*phe cOniti:4ave bee S. prevented, and Price's
army destroYed Vetere or after, that 'disastrous
Mere Price got to Lexington, the forces
to, resist Bari were the following : At Jefferson
City,. 6,680 ; at Rolla, 4,000; along the Milani ;
aid St. Joseph Railroad, about 6,000 ; on
the western line of Missouri, under Lane, 'down
near Fort Scistt, 2;200;
,liitilligan's forosat Lex
ingtory 2,700'; &large. force in Illinois, along
late pasisitipid river and on the lowa line. Out,-
side br,St: Lopis were some 17,000 ; in St. Louis
Welt; 18;000., ,Sity, however, that tiiere were
mai 10,000 there., H,unter's plan up to Sun
-64, Sept. 22, was to concentrate from Pt. Louis,
ibstleison ditY andMolkt, also from the Macmi.-
bal and Rt.' joseik Railroad, 20,000 men, and
relieve Mulligan. He said that if Price was a
soldier' Lefington was already fallen ;
energy, Pricii .could ' 'be captured, with ail hie
baggags'ind phinder. . The objection to this
that' etY be urged-that there was no tranapor.•
rion —is asi idle one. The railroad and the river
iveie at command, and 'the march from Sedalia
Was only forty-five !tales long. The force could,
ben. Hunter suiiixisiXig . thrown into Lexing
ton' W l Thiusday, and, 'ea it appears, before it
Was taken. ' -' -
; General Fiemont- ordered Sturgis in North
Missouri to Lexington ; and by crossing the rivet'
to it:MA:tree Mulligan. Sturgis had only 1,100
Men, and on reaching the river opposite the
town - found it commanded by Price, and of
bourse was•compelled to fall back. Hunter's
plan .of moving these troops was to Strike the
Vet at a point beloti Leiington in our control,"
itocross it; andmarch tip!to'tlitt town: In the
terview with• Sen. Fremont, the 'question was
askedi whether any iirdets, lad been 'given 'to teinfoicw'M Walken' and Ahe reply being in• the
negiitive; Geiteralllnutei 'suggested brdeis to
Sturgis, and;' . had the order' then been' given
bytelegtapk 'he 'would hiie inached the river
before '‘Price . had taken possession of the north
bank and• could , have ctossed. 2he order kiss not
, . .
given , until' thew days after this snienneto. ` The loss
of time was thud. . , ,
i Siulligim- vas ordered from Jefferson City,
then garri4onefiwith 6,000 troops, with only
one regitneht,land with that to hold Lexington
until he could bei relieved. When' Lexington
fell;•Pricehad under-his command 20,000 men,
and his •force was receiving daily augmentations
from the disaffected in the State. lie was O'er
initted to gather milt' plunder, and to fall
back loward.Arkatuals unmolested, until I was
it ollpton en the 18th of October, when the .ac
counts were that he was crossing the Osage.
Freniont's order to march was issued to an army
of nearly 40,000; many of the regiments badly
equipped, with inadequate supplies of amlnu-
Otion, clothing and transportation. With
what prospect; it must be inquized, can General
Fremont, under such circumstances, expect to
overtake a retreating army, some. one hundred
miles ahead, with a deep river: between ?
+ 'Gen. Hunter expressed to the Secretary of
Z7ar hts decided opinion that Gen. Fremont
aSincompetent, and . tinfit 'for his extensive
and important 'command. This opinion he
gave reluctantly, for the reason that he held
the position of seconkin command.
The opinion entertidned'by'geittliimen of po
&lien said-intelligence, who ' have approached
and kobseived ikbti is, that he is more fond of
pomp than of tile stern realities of war=that
4 Is mind4.sinaapable of fixed attention or strong
eloncentration—tthat - by his mismanagement of
Ones since: hisiarrival :in lifiesOnti, the' State
has tdmost , beenvlostd- thtir-if-' he is cid
famd‘hotfottanank-the-trorst reitalts ini4li be
r ti ,
'citiatedti ThistbillietOnwrre — nt'UStitilill
iiiitikfittniberiattliio most l itatrrtii*
Missouri. .. ,r;:4p... , L,) :-... 1 :ix ..,,4..
fought on this continent—took place August
10th, when the'brave Lybit fell; and'the troops
borne down by greatly stiperior numbers were
obliged to fall back, , but were unpurstuxEby
badly beaten fOe-,
42hrn. Viemont called tiur mment from North:
Missouri, and "tvent'bith them to Cairo. It is
evident , that hb had no intention of re-enforcing
Gen. Lyon, for.the two regitoenbr at Rolla, 126
miles only from. Spriu,gfteld, received no orders
to march, and . were not Supplied with transpor:
tation, and thirty' or 'flirty MARI 14gems,just
returned t our Springfield,.'iverel dirroliarg at
Rolla, August; 4th,: seven. daysibefore the-battle,
and were returned tqßt.,Lpuis.„
After the native of th ahatlasiditch4Rt:L:nds,
fottr Other merits were %Man *bra ' Rhin 'in
North Missouri, and sent 4o Retain 'to
have called on these troops, before Abe battle,
as after the,hettle,the„,wrelo revelutionery ele
ments Were let loose.
_The six Ogintellis ac
contplishednothing. TheY were - not orderedto
advance and cover thErretreat of Lyon's , army;
although it was,suppesed inst. Louis UAL Price
and McCulloch wenkfollowing it, and that Har
dee had moved up to cut Ofthie retreat - On' the
An advance of three regiments - would have
enabled the army to retrace its steps, and to
beat the forces of Price and McCulloch so badly
that they wduld have been fo f ollow our
force on their retreat.. said that every of
ficer in Lyon's armyexpected to meet reinforce
ments, and to, return with them, and drive
Price arid Miqtilloch from the Southwest.
GerietAl'Htliter-lirrived at St. Lords from
Chicago, called 'thither -on , a suggestion- from
Washington as art adviser.. Genetal Fremont
submitted to him for consideration and advice
Missouri Your attention is directed to this in
the expi3ctation - that yon - Will apply the' cor
rective. ' •
"Maj. Allen desires the service of Capt. Turn
ley for a short time, and the Secretary hopes
you may find it proper micelle thereto.
"I have the honor to l l:every 'respedifully,
"Your obedient servant;
"L. ,THOMlkkAdjutant GeneraL'.
`Maj. Gen. J. C. Faxamix, Commanding De
partment of the West, TiPthn, Mo.'
Instructiorue'werei prhvio given '` ((t. • 12)
to the Hon. Jameserldg-t0 taiseic regiment at
St. Joseph, Mo. (: d J i A . 1 t
We left St. Louis Oct. 14, and arrived, at In
ldianoPolii in the evening. Remained ailndia
'nopolit Oct. 15', andeConvesdd'hiSel3r with GOV.
'Morton, We found• that the State'of Indiana.
.hadcome_nobly up, to the work of suppressing
the rebeilion,. Fifty-five regiinents„with sever*
batteries of had been raised and equip.- .
largOr number 'of ti cops proportion to
population than any other State) has - sent into
!field.. 'Abe beet .spirit prevailed, . and it. was.
!manifest that addition* tgqpgs, could readily,bc
raised. The Governor bal — witablielied an am -
'md, and furnished'aWthtk Indiana littoPS ivfth
;full -supplies r ammunitiont eluding-Mimed ,
iammunition Pr ree estilhory;!
This *venal was Visited, Ind found P. be to felt
;operation It Waetinder ilio'bhargicof
!,potent pyrotachnigt. quite* timber tif females
Were :employed t making 'cartridges,:: and .1
`venture to assert that the, eiesupttiqq:*.egii*
to that which is Manufactured, anywhere else.
Gov. Morton` littitedthat'his'fittide deride 'phi:
loose were exhaustek-buti the Secretarydesired
Lim to continue his . operations, and. informed
'him that the Government would , pay, for what,
'had`been furnished hills° troop& in the field.
It it suggested that an •otheer or. ordnincs tie
mutt to Lidianopolis to inspect the arsenal, and
ascertain the amount, expended , in, the nmnufac
mire of ammunition, t with a ,view to reiraburs-
Mg the State. •
We left- Indisiutpolis; Oat: - 10;.for
Ky., where we arrived at-1?
and had an interview aAtli Gen. SherMaPpROMI
'ending the Department oC Cumberland. He
gave a gloomy 'Pletdelif ' in - Kent:ll64;
Mating that the yoinie Men were generally
isicessionists, and had joined - theeonfedeentss,.
While the Union men, the aged : 444 eellierver
tives, would not enrol themselves to engage in
Conflict with 'their relation 'oh the Otfiet
But few regiments could,, , beeraiiiidy: Hs'said
that Buckner. was in admice.of- Green River
With a heavy force on the road to Louisville,
and an attack might •beidaily expected, which
with the foree he had he would not be able to
'resist; but neverthelees he would, fight them.
He, as well as well is citizens • of ,the State, said
that the bo rder
d State Kentucky `must futhis h !
the troops to drive the •lebehifroni the State.
His force then consisted of'lo,ooo' troops in
advance of LOUBIVIIIBO/1 , camp at Nolin river
and on the Louisville, and Nashv4l4,a Railroad
at various points; at Camp Pick Robinson, or
acting in conjunaiOn' with d4keitel Thomas,
9,000 ; and two regiments at ;Henderson, on
the. Ohio, at the monthl of,the....O.reen river.—
(lieepaper No. 14.) On being asked the ques
tion, what' forest "im deemed ',necemary, he
promptly replied - 200,000 'me'n; This converse
tion. occcirredin trers presence of ex-Secretary
autkvit? and Opneml Woeds. ,The• Secretary of .
War replied that he supposed that the Ken
pickians would' Astit aliy 'Millibar take, up
arms to operate agidnatithe rebels:
Baths thoight G43ll:'Shdrutiiii river-esliniat-'
ed the number and power oitherrebel :forces*, ,
that the Government would furnish troops to
Kentucky to accomplish the work ; but that
he (the Secretary) was tired of . defensive wa r,
and that the troops must=assume the offensive
and carry the wart° the firesides of the enerny,
that the season for oPert4 ol B in, Western Vir
ginia was about over, and that he onld take
the troops from there and send 'them to ' Ken
tucky, but he begged of Gen.' Sherman to as
sume the offensive and to keep the rebels here •
after on the defensive. ,
that the Cumherland Ford - and Gap should be
seized, and the 'East Tennessee' and Virginia
Railroad taken possession of, and the artery
that supplied the rebellion grit straight off.
Copiplaint was made of the want of arms,
and on the queetion being asked; What became'
of the arms we sent to Kentucky ? we were in
formed by General. Sherman that they had pass
el them into the handiof the Home Guards- and
could not be recovered; that many were tdready
in the hands of the rebels;: and otheirri refuited
to surrender those in their ponsitision,- alleging
the desire to use them indeftince,of. their Indi-
Vidual homes if invalid; fu the hands of in
dividuals, and scattered - over'llts' State, these
arms are lostlo the army in• Kentucky:
Having ascertained that 6,200 arms had sr
rived from Europe At. Philadelphia,: 3,000. of
them were order& Ictov-Morton, who prom 7
ised th place them'iiiinediately in the hand s of,
troops to be sent to Iterituelry. •. The remaining
3,200 rwereiseht-to Gen...Slisman aeLoubwilloo
N. tie. W.B.Wicade,-Att iFiltisbini , 1% 8 0 0 strong,.
two companies of the Nineteenth Infantry, cri 4 a
Indianapolis, the Eighth Wisconsin regiment
I' t Et , Loniiii•theJ SectiAld I ifinneitntiV , thruntiebt s
Ititiobwg, andtvirolreginienta tiffirsseqrdiblii
PA—tki.g9T.4994.‘' ', , t' " ! fvdEffikalitt. .
:Cement for 4. ofr ii i
en. .. , y,
....14)., t . . f.•
PRICE , ONE CENT.
We left Louisville at 8 P. M. fig Lexington,
abcOmpanied by Gen. SheiMan and Mr. Guth
rie ; remained there a few hours, and then went
to Cincinnati. At Lexington, also, wo found
that the opinion existed that the young men of
Kentucky had joined the•rebele, that no large
bodies of troops could be raised in Kentucky,
and that the defence of the State must necessa
rily devolve upon the Free States of the West
and the Northwest.
- L. THOMAS, Adjutant General,
Hon. Snioa CAMIRON, Secretary of War.
LATER FROM MISSOURI
Arrival of Gen, Fremont and Staff at
GRANO RECEPTION OF TBDISAL-ARMY.
The Loss of Fremont's Body Guard
in the Late Fight.
TWO REBEL COLONELS KILLED,
EN. PRICE !NUE VICINITY OF CARTHAGE.
[Spacial. to this St. Louis Repubrwxrn.]
Fainunres HEAD QUARTERS, &top Lyon,
Springfield, Mo., Oct._ 28.—General Fremont
and staff arrived here yesterday, and the Ben
ton cadets, Col. Corr's cavalry, Major Holman's
,sharpshooters and Gen. Sigel's command at dif..
, terent periods during the same day. Finding
inn professed rebels in the place, our troops were
!received with delight. The Stara and Stripes
.being displayed at numerous houses, and men
women and children wavinglandkereldefs from
! almost every doorway.
Major White of the prarie scouts whose com
mand started 'with Major Zagongi for Spring
!field had been quite ill, and was Captured by
'the .rebels while riding in a buggy, and.after
I 'the , fight.was taken several miles out of tOrttt
by a guard of twenty rebels, but was rewired by
' party .of the Green County , Homecluards and
ptnow. here, , , .
iThe loss of Frentotals'boay guard in theft
desperate charge offriday last was fifteen killed,
itwenty-tbree wounded and twenty-six misting.
trhree of the wounded' have since died, and
POubtless many. of the missing will soon report
tlAmselves. The rebel loss is stated at from
fifty to sixty killed and forty or fifty wounded.
The rebels were commanded by Colonels John- ,
eon, Frazier,. Price and Turner. The lattertwo.'
Of whom are said to have been killed.
", Gen. Freniont will probably remain here nn
the other divisions. of the army arrive.
Gen. Price is still reported to be in the vicini
ty of Carthage, but nothing definite is known
of his whereabouts.
Wmanxerrolt, Oct. 81
After inquiring in ()Tidal quarters, I am told
that no written orders as to the exact destina
tion of the naval expedition were given, and
that neither the President nor the Secretart of
the Navy know where it is going. the place
Of landing is left to the discretion of Comic,-
dore Dupont, of course in consultation with 1
General Sherman. -
The War Department refuses tom:toile the
authority of General Lane as a Brigadier Gen
eral, and declines to / furigsh lain, with an engi
An arrival from the Lower p:ttomac divhdoit
to-clay, represents all quiet in that region. , The
tebele are still in force at their batteries. No
vessels are arriving.
The sword, sash and pistols of the late rebo
Colt Mel; Jahn A. Washington, who was killed
in WeStern Virginia, were today presented to
4 The citizens of Washington are signing -
ions the, Seeretary of War to , seize the wood
end coal on hand. here, so as to prevent suffer
ing, as the speculators are asking ezherbitant
The mdy Pennsylvania soldiers reported to
day, among the deaths at the hospitals, are
Daniel I.osch, of the Forty-seventh and B. F.
Haskell, of the First regiment.
DURATION OF HIIMAIK Lurs.—A Paris corres
pondent says that from cause at present _not
known, the average of the duration of human
life is rapidly diminishing. From 1825 to 1850
this average was forty years ; it is now Very
little more than thirty-seven years, according
to recent statistical returns.
AN AussuaN NOBLEMAN Baron thliiilbeirstein,
who has just died at Vienna,luus by will bequeath_
en 200,000 florins to each of the .ttravenities of
Vienna and Peague, to , be etnploYed in misting
poor students, and 40,000 null= to a Iddlia.
Zollner, an actress.
A NEW FlA , ll.—Some of the southern papers
suggest that the Confederaby should discard the
Stars, and Stripes altarether. A flag like that
used by Kositiusco, when fighting the battles of
freedom in Poland, is prposed—a Phtieblue
itel,d with White eagle.
Y/W9peen of Spain recently placed the sick
Onncess, Donna Coecepeion, in the hands of a
liorpaiwithic dOctor,ivhen the principal physi
alan of - her majesty, Dr: Corral, stance resigned '
/*Ate, antiolhetitesondi, Dr. Dr'ament, left
IliMetutrouciXt" pays $750 for frentrisrhv•
ows of a house on the spare ofAoeigehat
twee the Prueshui coronation.