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LET THE RECORD SPEAK
Dr. Heck's Eestimate of the Safety
of the Country and the Courage
of its Defenders.
Ile Refuses to Appropriate Money to Se
cure the National Honor and Uphold
the. Federal Authority
FREEMEN AND SOLDIERS OF DAUPHIN
• COIINTY, READ I •
While the hot shot and. bombs
were falling thick and fast around
the gallant band who were de
fending their country's honor in
Fort Sumter, Gov. Curtin had
sent into the Legislature of the
state, then in session, a message
suggesting the better organiza
tion of the militia, and asking
for an appropriation of five hun
dred thousand dollars to place
the state on a war footing. The
bill as it passed, can be found. in
the last volume of the laws of
the state, page. 299--and the
proceedings attending its pas
sage in the Holm), in the Journal
of 1861, page 957. We extract
the yeas and nays as they appear
substantial on the Journal of the
YEas..L-Messrs. Abbott, Acker, Alexander,
Anderson, Armstrong, Ashcom, Austin, Ball,
Barnsley, Bartholomew, ,Bisel, Bizler, Blair,
Blanchard, Bliss, Boyer, Bressler, Brewster,
Burns, Butler, (Crawford,) Byrne, Clark, Cowan)
Craig, Douglass, Duncan, Ellenberger, Elliott,
Frazier, Gibboney, Goehring, Gordon, Graham,
Happer, Harvey, Hayes, Hillman, Hood, Hofius,
Huint, Irvin, Koch, Lawrence, Leisenring,
Lowther, M'Gonigal, Marshall, Moore, Mullin,
Ober, Osterhout, Patterson, Pierce, Preston,
Pnghe, Reily, Ridgway, Robinson, Roller, Seltz
er, Shafer, Sheppard,. Smith, (Berks,) Smith
( Philadelphia , ) Stehman, Strang, Taylor
Teller, Thomas, Tracy, Walker, White, Wil
day, Williams, Wilson and Davis, Speaker-76.
NAYS.—Messrs. Brodhead, Butler, (Carbon,
Caldwell, COpe, Dismant, Divins, Donley, Da
field; Dunlap, Gaskill, . .
Hill, Kline, Lichternvallner, M'Donough, Mani
fold, Morrison, Myers, Randall, Reiff and
Freemen of Dauphin county !
Soldiers ! who went at the first ,
call of danger to the capital of
your country, and who still rest
upon your arms night and day
around the limits of that capital,
are you ready to vote for a man
who so lightly estimated the hon
or of your country and the lives
of its defenders ? Dr. _Heck is
one of the old Breckinridge Dem
ocrats who sympathise& with
add still sympathise with and
confide-in the course of the trai
tor, Breckimidge, and showed
his attachment for those who
are at the head of this rebellion
by refusing to make an appro
priation to arm the great state
of -Pennsylvania to aid their
overthrow and its suppression
This man is again before you,
and again solicits your vote that
he may again disgrace the halls
of legislation with his presence
and his conduct. He desires to
be returned that he may aid in
embaiTassing the future efforts
of our noble • old commonwealth
in. assisting to redeem the land
from rebellion by enforcing the
laws and vindicating the federal
adtliority. ` No patriot, no brave,
loyal lover of his country can
vote for Dr. Heck.
CARVER AND GILDER,
Looking Glass and floture Frames
GIIt and , Itisewood liouldings &c.
48 CHESNUT STREEL- NEAR SECOND.
• HARRISBURG, •PA.
French Ittrrors, 78qtutre and Oval Portrait
Frames 11. f, every deserlptlon.
OLD FRA,BiEs'Eri.DILT TO NEW
DWELLING ROUSE WANTED TO RENT.
Acomfortable two or Ihree-etory dwel
lint house, with sia or eight rooms, with rent not
to exceed $175 yer annuet,jor the three, or $l5O for the
two-Story hone, will be rented immediately on AMARAL-
Iion at this once: .-. • '
EKE I SMOKE 1 1 SMOKE
objectieThible when from a CIGAR imrobsaidel
DRUGSTORE, 91 Market
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12 00 4 a,
Discourse Delivered on the National ,last Day,
(Sept. 26,) in St. Matthew's Lutheran Church,
New Street, Philadelphig.
HT W. B. W. .KUTZER
TExT—"I will punish you for all your iniqui
ties."—Amos, iii , .2.
The text is.a threat against the children of
Israel---the announcement of a purpose to visit
upon theta soiree heavy, calamity; as a retribu
tion for their sins. The anther of the thread is
not the prophet, but the Lord God Ortmipotent.
It is worthy of note, that the punishinent was
not to be . inflicted on thein in, their individual,
but in their concrete capacity. .All 'this is eX
plicitly declared ill the context, viz :—"Hear
this word, that the Lord hath spoken against the
whole family which I brought. up frOnithe land
of Egypt, saying, You only have I known of all
the families of earth : Therefore I will punish
you for all your
With remarkable clearness the teat unfolds
the theme of our present discourse, viz :—Ne.-
xmrinL RWPoxspirairr, owing' primarily to
God, and the co-relative doctrine of bivine Na
tional .Relribution. In support of these two de'
mentary Scripture • truths, numerous other pas
sages might be cited, especially from the histo-:
Heil and prophetic books' of the Old Testarnent;
but the aliphatic character of the text renders
other citations superfluons. This is the key to
all dispensations of Providence, not to the Jews
alone,. but to all cities, tribes and nations:
From it we deduce the -instructive lesson, that
. responsibilities are based on the very
same principles of .moral government which
apply to individual 'accountability, and that
God's declaration to Cain :—"lf thou doest not
well, sin lietlx. at the door,'.' is undeniably: true
of both. , . ;
If the both.,
- of this NATIONAL' Feu, so
becomingly recommended by the Chief Magis
trate of the United States shall conduce to an
enlargement of the popular comprehension of
the true idea. of nationality, in , its direct and
palpable relations to GOD, than, will our,entire
people have cause for felicitation . that such ob
servances have taken place.
Desperately .depraved, and 'judicially blind to
the,true .meanings of ,life must they . be, who
imagine that God made the world,and , peopled
it with erect+ of reflecting and intelligent beings,
and then left it and them, and all their vast an,i
complicated affairs, to the capricious vagaries
of • chance. This is atheism, with its most
brazen face. But even of this worst form of
odious infidelity it were folly to deny entire
States and communities may become practically.
guilty. They may. be ophlent in natural, and
I acquired resources, great in extent and, mighty
in power, and : yet God may. not. be in,a.ny. of
their thoughts. True, they proceed, to, no such
excelling height of hapiety'asto proclaim thiar
atheistic infidelity from the how:toils ; but,,
with the, fool in the iisalm, they. whisper it, to
themselves . in . the seciet, self-complace.n.cy of
hardened and obdurate hearts... .
But, how much soever nations may covet a
state or.orphanage, and f .long- to he without fa
ther or mother to ,clieer•them when they do
Well, solace then - Ain adversity, and reblikethern
they commit evil, they cannot, drag Jehovah
from His throne; nor annul His right to govern.
He will still rule and overrule turn and over
turn, and marshal empires .in.their.countes, as
He does the revolving planets in their orbit
The bleeding and,distracted State of our coun
try, phinged so suddenly front the
_heights. : of
affluence and peace into the .clepthis, of• wretch
edness and woe, furaithes no proof that.there
limb Supreme .Governor at the helm„but, proof
altogether to the contrary,.:; This mustering of
companies and regiments; those drinnsbeating;
and banners waving; these marches:and coun
termarches, this tramp of cavalry and glitter.
of bayonets, are not evidence of God's- non
, existence nor of .His passive indifference to itu
man• affairs; b.ut.they are _evidence :of man's,
deep.depravity: • . They speak to. us ; in trunve.t
tones, that God it, and also. that our: national
affairs haye not, been ; conducted
His holy and righteous 'will They prove to us,
that, as a nation, we Yet need, the: baptism
which is,from above-flee Sacred ! affluence Of
the gentle and benign spirit of the. Fatlie - r;
whose fruits are "righteousness, peace and joy
in the Holy Ghost." . • .
The accountability of nations, as suelt, to' the
righteous jurisprudence of heaven, is deducible
from the fact that the samnprinCiples of morel
government which apply, to, individuals ,apply
also to them. Duty is never a thing of latitude.
God gave to Moses, from the height§ of,Sinai, a
law, but it was, unaccompanied by ;inapt or
charts, geographies or, compaisee. It was de
signed for all men, all times, all places. There
is no . Mason or Dixon's line in the Bible Econo
my. Right is right„and wrong is Wrong, with
millions organized into one body, as with each
component part. The principles of eternal Jos
tice, Truth and. Holiness diger in nothing,
whether, applied,to one man, or one million of
men. Things may be lawful, it is true, in seine.
localities, and yet not be right, because equity
and legality are not alwaysterms, of equal Im
port. That:only, is rigl4, hoWevere be it lariful
or unlawful, which is according to. the will of
God ; and by this will are the nations judged.
They, like biditiduals,litive a career to run, a
probation to aecpmblish.,And..as there are de
giees'ofindividual Characer; -'so are theree of
national. All nations are not equal in num
bers, strength, and resources. Like the stars
of the firmanient,-they have different glorlea
'Like the stewards of the.parable, some have one
talent, others two, and others five ,• and of those
to whom`-lieen4ifeit itiost.is required':
We of the United Stites; therefore, have a cot
/celiac, moral agency itig Obligation peculiar to
ourselves. They rest . upon us, and upon us
alone. And that this is not a figment, nor more
rhetorieAl flourish, but a veritable God-given
truth, is patent from the text. It has thiti sig-1
nificant feature, that 'its announced penalties
prim:Hafted on antecedent misimproVed benefits:
The retribution is meted out according to moral
status in exact proportion to , inercies slighted.
Becisuse God had been good to Israel,: and .had
brought'theni out of Egypt's' bondage, therefore
He determined, to punish them for all their
- National accountability results also from the
fact, that 'crirriorate and municipal capacities
exist only in We know enough of
Heavento Warrant Ale declaration, that :into
that region of holy, conoord, geographical.dis
tinctions never enter.. inhabitants aro a
unit. 'True;they'cOme fit& the East • and • the
West,'biit they leave all 'Sectional flagiv and'
devices behind. The same banner wayssfover
all`', the banner of King Immanuel:' ; There are
Amerhiaitt; Eng,lish; no French; tio Ger
niange, no 11 : 113h; 'in Heaven. All are of 'one
~country;'epeals. one' langnagi, ' and: have ' -'one
bead, which is Christ..`- The internal 'econoiny
Of belieito same! , ; "Devil:
GILT FRAMES I
`‘INbEiENDEN'T 1N ALL THINGS --NEUTRAL Ili" NONE."
RARRISI3URG, PA, SATURDAY A.FTERNOON,, OCTOBER 5, 1861:
Great Assize the Supreme Judge will give to
each individual mau according to his deals, but
for national sins this world is the only judgment
bar. , •
These boundaries of human influence, it is
true, with our limited capacities, we cannot al
ways trace, theyare so numerous and Complex.
National life its like a woven fabric,: • Composed
of innumerable threads, interlacing - and inter
secting at a million of points, and where one
thread passes in and another out we know not.
"With men this islmpossible, but with God all
thinks are pessible." His omniscience distin
gulches each minute part,rand Hie omnipotence
unravels the woof, rio matter how finely woven.
National responsibility and retribution,',how
ever, have only a:present existence. If they
have not this, they do not exist at all. Their
denial here is hence monstrous impiety, for if
God does not govern the nations, whom does
He govern? Dethrone /dim, from these, and
you dethrone Him wholly. Then is the "King
Eternal" the poorest of all kings, and the "Lord
of glory" the most abject of all lordil
But to the doctrine under review history adds
her crowning Proof. She teaches us that the
decline of `hations never results 'fro'm fatal ne
cessity, as' does the decline of men and trees
when they wax old ; but that it always results
from the venality and demoralization of irain
habitants. The connection between:individual
transgression and individual suffering no one
disputes; but it is not any clearer or surer then
that which exists between the evil course of a
nation and its speedy decay. Is the way of the
individual transgressor hard R—still harder are
the ways of a Community of transgressors for
the reason thatlir confluence of individual ' de
pravities there is an. 'increased momentum of
evil. The decline, of: nations, as their history
proves is, hence , always self-procured.. They_
always die suicides. Their. own sins are always
the prophets of theii coining doom, for Jeho
vah's ministers of wrath are never sent, until,
in the strong language of Isaiah, they "draw
iniquity with cords, and,' sins as with a cart
rope." What weathentoral lesson of the Del
uge ? And what was that of the supernatural
ruins of the Cities : a the Plain ? And what, was
that of Nineveh, and Babylon, and Egypt, - and
Carthage and Rome? And hat is that of Is
rael, in her earthly orphanage ? if it be not
this, what is it? NATIONAL RESPONSMILITY
Divine _National Reliiihalion Ah yes, : the intel
ligent traveler reads these lessons in "every frag
ment of sculptured atone picked up from among
the ruins of • the °Coliseum of Rome, and the
Parthenon' of Athens,. and the- once ., gorgetiuit
temple of the mighty, Karanak, on the Nile.—
Kay we of the United Stats heed the lesson,
before it be forever, too late !
And now, living as : we do, in the meridian
tight of these .fundaniental axioms, of moral these, what offence is there in the calendrif of
government, are we prepared to confront - at the crime he date' denounce? And 'here let me
oar of Heaven the deniands of the Moral Gov- say, that lied not' the 'pulpit preached 'dishy to
ernor of the Universe ? Do we comprehend the country in, the'':days of our ancestors ' the
as we should the measure of our national ree- American.. BiaVolutiori, would not have been
ponsibilities? It, as we have heard, large bene- fought or won. The great and good Lafayette
fits beget large duties, "does it not follow that declared that without the aid of the evaog,eli
the grand aggregate' of our national responsi- cal pulpits of NeviV : * - Irigland and Pennsylvania
bility is to be do:tubed from all that , God has r the cause of liberty:in,those dark:days would
done for our nation since the, discovery of the have been hopeless: • id' we all know that one
continent by COLUMBUS, when it was yet:a pull- ofthe early pioneeri‘of the Lutheran Cnurch
tary and howling waste, and when every power this country--the brave Gen. Peter "hltilatenburg
I was yet "born to blush unseen, and its —after he had preached . a patriotic sermon,
sweetness on the desert itir,?"threw back his clerical robe and stood before
nation God's mercies to is,as a we would not his congregation in shining regirrientals, his
attempt to recount .' They are as the sands of sword at 'his side, and 'declared that there was a
the seashore, as the leaves . Of the forest, asp the time for all things—it 'time 'to preabii, rind a
stars of heaven—bOurilleas.; • 'We all know how, time to pray, and a .time to fight—and that the
from the first, He Made' our country the nine- time for the latter was' now ltere.l And then,
ling of His providence and' the prodigy of His ordering the drums to beat for recruits at the
love. We know , the characters of the men He church door, he, wept forth and.battled for the
raised up to be the 'launders of the;republic— blood-boughtlegiiey of freedom: 'we are now en
men of blessed memory; upon whose like; we joying. All honor torhigrinemory !
fear, we shall never look again, We know i
how Against the section of country no* n s irms
vast and how fettilei is= our domain, capable of against the Government, we call God tdwitness,
seating at our dailylestiVeboard a familk'nut- we cherish no animosity. There live some of
numbering fOulftilettlei-preseht populate - 1i of our dearest relatiVes; and, in another -Sphere of
the entire globe. ,l ' We know him salubronitaur life, during period of twenty years, - 'eve were a
climate, how inexliausfible our minerals, how zealous:and:consistent ,defender of all liar just
long-branching our rivi rH liow deep ourldhan- constitutional :rights. .! We are so mill.' With
nels, how spacioris bays(' bOw expanded our the ultra: arty Men; who have antagonized'tlie
lakes, how tar-reaching outlines of railway and institution upon which she sets so •inlich value,
telegraph. We knriw; too, under our maimile,s we have
. never been .in league,-aid. have no
Constitution, how beneficent our form of gov- sympathy. But we are an American, and next
emment, securipg liberty, to, the citizert, i dignity to love to . oUr God:and our Savithir and our
to the magistrate, and, : security to all, We uren; we . lade oilr country, and of loVe
know, also, how i numprons
_piny libraries; how we could not divest' ourselves, if we would, for
extensive and charming out . ..literature,. how it is part and parcel of our being. " Ourcountry
beneficent our institutions of learning and lore, is our father and 'our mother, our sister and our
how gigantic our, marinfacturing and coinmer- brother, our •sponsmend our children, andwe
cial capabilities, how immense the yearly in- would as soon think of: renouncing our faith in
crease of our numbers by imnligration, and how Jesus Christ, and turning illahommedan, 'as to
free the church ; tiom meretricious State - entan- renounce our allegiance to our country.
glement. . . The thousand minor considerations that thus-
And if to these blessings we yet add the - un- ter around this controversy we brush away as
licensed possession of, the Holy Scriptures,the cobwebs. They are trifles light as air. We
Christian Sabbath,. .living the Ministry f Re- look to the wunmi issue, and this is of such vital
conciliation, our public schools, our millions of magnitude that it involves the very being of the
newspapers, our'argosies of commerce, our mar- nation. By the Southern leaders, who have
kets, and our facilities for - social intercourse and mounted tnis whiriwind of rebellion, it is af
trade—where is ,the people under the broad firmed, that each single State has the sovereign
canopy of Heaven—whera has it been in the and despotic right, at its own will arid pleasure,
past, since the first assemblages of men, whose to secede frormstlie•lJnion, and thus annul and
debt of resporisilrility. to Almighty God 'wail so destroy it.' ,Froni crar.reading of the political'
great? That arithinetio has not yet been print- history of :the country, we state it as our con::
ed whose figura are' able _to 'demonstrate it. viction, that this theory perverts and destroysi
What was our duty?Aebeforemenandangels, our entire system of 'Government, and that,
should we not have . regarded' our Republic as how much soever it may assume the mask of
GOD'S PRIESTHOOt Itoto Tire WoMn —• set , riirart, liberty, and - prank-itself out in the `garb of pe
like the tribe of Levi,'to' His: special service? triotism, it is as illogical, mnfounded, and de-
Whilst otheenitiOna - were , al -War, leading - ar- structive a herearaelas ever been .concocted by!
mies to conquestby - -the sivord, strewing', - the ambitious plade-huniets since the World began.'
earth with ptroinischops ruing, and tanning' 'the When our fathers met in solenni council, -- in '
sky yellow withleeStilente—,surely gee coughi; to yonder State Bouse,.fuat to agree to a Declare
have remained at peabei-the Act nation of God, tion of Independence, and next, having seemed ,
running an nnexaniplekt career of holy tienevo- that object': by to ,frame e'Federal'
, lance. Ours should'hO s tebeen the nissiiin. 'to Constibition; the narrow and 6iitiiictedlikk4
I subdue the wilderness:lMM towns - end 'pities, a limited copartnerShiti, in which eaoh . PartuSir,
' foster the arts"-Midteiencei; : construbt avenues at pleasure, with or without cause, might die-'
of commerce,' eidc`f churthes and school-houties, solve, we are sure never once entered into their:
spread the Gospel in destitnte places, inaugurate minds. Stich - a transaction, forsooth, would
an era of brotherhood in the world, and thus not "haie 'needed 'a - eonvocation of sage and
lead the van in the advent of the day of mine- philosophic statesmen to discuss and arrange.
aid glory. Sublime mission. 1 .. Stupenditous If that had been all that was in contemplation,
and august responsibility ! But not an iota a body of the most ordinary men, taken at:ran,
greater than the benefits and blessinge which dom from the highways, would have answered
imposed them.; • . as well. TheMoould conveniently have called
To this mission and .to these reapensibilities; in a county town scrivener, who, for a fee of
alas !we have - been. sadly disloyal. Our stew- Ml* Shillings,', Could have drawn up " the arti
ardslaip we have atnided, -our talents a e have ties," witnessed their execution, and deposited
wasted, our golden opportunities we have mis- them in his wooden chest for safe-keeping !
improved: - OpiLord's money we.have'noti pet But in no such common-place business were
out at usury ? nor evenlidden in thelearthi'but George Washington and Thomas: Jeffe,rsCon, and
have consumed it upon our lust. The streets of John Adams and John Hancock, and Benjamin
our cities have swarmed with staggering: men Franklin and Boger Sherman, embarked ? when
and reckless youth: God's Sabbaths have been they deliberated:oil - American independence and
profaned, and God's exalted name uttered in American institutions; No such 'nerveless;
tones of horrid blasphemy the market places. ricketty, limphig; disjointed piece of imbecility
Corruption . has . stalked with brazen,front . ever proceeded' from their haride.' For - no' such
through ourfLegislatiye t i halls, and, the etistO-. sickly and efferninate.piece of mechanism, did
diens of the public interests have themselves they pledge to each other their lives, their
yielded to the glittering-bait:- -Wamorm's dee- fortune, and their sacred honor. NOI They
la - ration,. `,`.ooery inert /um ais,price„ has ceased • did not meet in the atbinet,. and bond ~the
to. be a slander, and men havo,followed money , knee before God, in prayer, and repair to the
as bees fellow', money. Under; the pretence -of • tented field; and endure a baptism of lib:kid, in,
spreading the pure principles of Freedom, bands order to' erect on these Western p...4haf t
of - affiliated Xobbers have made.Waf,upon race:. patched together" with lenperinf nails and pine
ful neighboring nations, !Iyuch law ' Ala§ boards, leakFatthe:roof, open at front, and
usurped. the,prerogatives a the jayidttljudidarya with large apertures at the side, tgb.e,terja',.by
ago-assaSsizailous and. deadly xouglaketi have : the first gust ottyintlAnd ilia, ancl2Tetktiuto
a . : - • '
, ceased to exoite'•-iiurprise:birAiloir-.freqttontur.—,
Fiauds, forgerias and embezzlsnients, liave well
nigh become the rale: Crinie'ls no longefthil
tdty its ri6litlianie, not triked•to its tine 'ofi-
gin, nor visitedwith its F deserired
Congress hati'mtsed to inspire: eithet trait or'
respect, and was not unfrequently the theatre !
of disgiacdful fights. ' The law-makers hid `-be- !
dome the' Most flagrant law-breakers.' And;
worst df 411, - -the Church. of Christ,, oblivicms of
her true inission,„instead ofpouring oil on the'.
troubled waters, his often aided Id their ttirbu
lence, and has itself betny Min by petty jealciuti
ies and distractions. • ! • . •
Thus u step by step, we have proceeded from
bad to vinrse; until one section of our .coutitry
haiitiltmged ils into one of the most frightful
and unnatural wars that has ever gllitted the
Furies with human woe l Verily, as a 'nation,
we are guiitk: 'Like Jeshunin, we have , illixed
fat and have kicked. Like king Hezekiah;
have not rendered again according to the bene
fits done to us. In deep self-abasement,- then,
bending at theie 'conseefated'alttirg, ittt d rend
ing our hearts and not our garments, with
prayer and supplication, let us .coufess' that
!•righteousness belongeth unto God, .but. unto
us shame and confusion of face."
The crowning iniquity of all, without contro
versy, is this civil war, and no wonder that
there is upon us the transfixed gaze, of -the
civilized'world. Upon the - mereparty cfilestiOns
involved in it we will not'dwell. It is costum
ary, we are aware, on 'days of this kind, with
many minister* to disiluss the political relations
of the country. Many condemn the custom,
and not'without reaton, 'for not a few ministers
`it must be admitted, -have in this particular
abused their sacred: functions, and we are not
• here to defend any abuse. Buti we know, at
ate same time, how much insincerity, is extant
on this subject, and how swift some aie to core--
den:in a ministet for , preaching,; what, 'they term
"politics," when the politics happens not to be
to their likbig;L-wiliiiietts; if . preaches their
Politics, it is all right, and he is honored for his
independence and applauded as true patriot.
With the Divine help . , we shall ever seek to
preserve this pulpit tree from the contamina
tion of politic*, ' Not-.all is politics, however,
that men 'calG politim; and so we regard the
main questiou involved in this war. 'ibis as far
transcends mere party politics as any one thing
can possibly rise.in • magnitude above another.
Besides, the pulpit has not itiaptly. been called
the Minister's Throne, on which, for the time
being, he is King, owing responsibility only, to
God and his own conscience. We do trust,
therefore, the time may never come -M. this
country, when it shall be ,deemed .a desecration
of the pulpit tOdenotinCe Treason and liebellion
—for if the miuistet ilf' God dare not denounce
fragthents I- They counselled,- and
bled, to. construet here a gergeous FaLaun--the
abode of Liberty,:—witb. deep and solid founda
'tions, walls of granite, root of iron; battlement 4
of steel, acid - inittiesses 'thick as the Wall of
China—an .edifice I which, sheltering "the" op'„
pressed•of all nations, would pfd defiance to thd
rude and howling tempests cif ages. A.pariner
ship, indeed!' What an Idea! No 1 They
have founded 'a NATlonone that was to serve'
the world bothas a model andLa blessing, and'
that was to be perpetual as the everlasting'
hills--with a Government distributed into three
great departnientalegislatiVe, ekecutive and
judiciaP—a kind of political Tan ITT - ill rinityi
whose powers, like - , the prismatic colors of the?
rainbow, were to be entirely separate and
tinct, and: yet: blend so inperceptibly that not
human eye cduld diseern the "exact' bonnilaries'
of each. And such a Union and 'suck a Gov-'
eminent, by the blessing of od, they did estab-:
lish ;, and under them our fathers and we have'.
.liVed for more than fourscore years and what'
they have wrought for us'we bave,heard. Let"
the tree'be judged by its fruits. '
A"partnership" of States! The right of each;
to .'secede" at pleasure!. Why, there is not a'
boy twelve years old, who has spent six cone I
cutive months at any one of'otir public'school's,
with a modicum of coinm.ntsense, who will not'
tell you that, such a Go ) ernment would not be
worth losing one night's rest to establish.'
What would it be worth? How long could it"
endure? Could such a Governthent ever be
come a Power on the earth? Could it command'
confidence at home, or respect abroad ? Could'
it negotiate loans, or establish a credit? Could
it confound a foreign foe or defeat a disaffected
domestic one ? Could it:" maintain a fleet or ''au
army ?, Resting on the mere caprices of men,
to all intents•it would be a ,rope of sand, which
every maliclotivadventUrer could tear, in tatters.
And yet;"this'is what the insane 'cadet:s'of 'the
Southern' rebellion are seeking to establish Gy
the force of arms, viz :—Deepotic State Soy,
ereignty—unamenable to any, common Centre,
to God, man,' angel; or devil—a solar aystem,
with the sun lett'out; and Without anrcentre of
gravity:!'Stripped of:its lofty pretentions," what
is it? A lusus . nuiurce --a hydra, with many
heads, but no heart—a monster fungus, gen
es among'the bogs of South Carolina, twin
brother to the Yellow FeVer, only tenfold more
In not a solitary State =paper that emenated
from our fathers do We discover for it any. war
rent. The Declaration of Eidependence Says; it
is not in me: The Constitutiin Cof . the United;
States says, it in Lint nie: :The latter expli-'
citly disavows it. It tells us, that it claims LO
be thei.offsprhig, - not of seperate 'States, but' of
the .People, and that its purpose Is "to fio:in a
more perfect Union." - As - this Union,: therefore,
was formed, by the whole people, and not by
the States, the dissolving and the constituent
poiVer'afe the' kw. No power on earth can dis-'
solve this - doverriment • and Union save only'
_powerthat organized Atiern r via' :—the Peo
pie, in, general convention i . issembled, and they
only under the tie of conscience, binding them
to the retributive justice of his.v6n. Not a so- .
litary Secession -ordinance, therefore, that has
teen ado.pted.hi the South, thlit.doesnot fly in
the face Oftlit'the'sacred PrteeiPlee engrafted on.'
our 'institiltions by. their illustrious founders..
Under the `Constitution 1114 - bad'llls power to"
secede; even if the act bad alway bOen acoata-,
1 plished after solemn and,prayerful deliberation.'
Even with such dignFted, accompaniments, Se
cession is revolution—nothing less. , What must
be-onr estimate of it,. then, when etfieterl against
the'declared will of majorities Of • thowlandS of
voters, and when, betweenisunset and sunrise,'
entire States have be6i. literally dragged out of
the Union with Vandal violence, by assem-'
binges of irresponsible": armed men. Then'Se- :
cession has no binding force at all, and in the"
mind of the, true patriot can only garcite emo-*
tions'Of righteOns indignation.
And now, for a Conletterael indignation.,
thus 'prosecuted, and thus sought to be. estab-,
lisheck-a confederacy that is expected: to rise:
on the ruins of the noblest and hest institutions
on which yonder sun t 'in his join ney through!
the heayens„ has ever VPile -- rtlee4, we: RtY.,ye
h '46 - ido*isfiekts.74:4l.l:7 l4a:
upon the people of the fuf roifch - peitce,!
contentment and proaperity . as a smiling Provi
dente : shall see, fit to pour irate an overwhelm
ing cup. Then we would pray that their mea
sure of hipPifiess might be, not only hill, but;
pressed down and running Over. But out of
the Union, and . a4 its sworn enemy, with a con-
science as clean' as ever God has given, we wish
them as much confusion and as
thorough a dispraion'as Wis.brought by an in-'
densed Omnipotence upon the`builders' Of Babell:
May the southern Confederacy die before it is'
born I May it be strangled by its own nurses.
in the very hour and anicle ; of parturition U
May it go the way Of all flesh,. .arid that right
speedily ! • • • . • ' -
The only Secession. we would allow to any
mad malcontents, North or South,,, is, _ that if
they . firid it utterly impossibleany longer
under our institutions,' theY leayellieit country
for their - county's goodi, and in sotnesequester- ,
ed nook or:corner ofithe globe, as yet unpeo-,
plea, seek. toestablish an El Dorado of their .
own. ' ' If the Pickeness and • the Rherts at Sou*
Caroline, can' longer abide this great coim
• try, let them' .secede Mexied; and if the
Philips and.:Lloycl Chansons of 'the .
North are in the same oategory,,,let Ahem se-'
Cede lb: Canada. Thin Lucifer seceded farm'
•lleaven—nOi by'aliaper - oidinanee - merely, bat'
in propria Arsona. But mciclein Seceissionisti
remains M. the fanxily,foreibly seize . ; its possed-'
sions, and endeavor to, break up
- all its ,intetnal l
arrange - Monts: 'Thei ' resfinble who'
gra>ped at the jell:is:of the'smi that' he Might
set theworld on fire: - • •
-Holding, then, that on the park of the GeV:
ernment. of the United,States this.. is not a, mar
of ambition, nor of subjugattori, but strictest'
self defence, for the'reolamationsof the nation's'
property and the maintenance of itsintegrity--;
convinced that the south,. by the, assault
Fort Sumter, committed the Overtact, and is thus.
responSibleforill die 'blood that - has bden and!
shall be Shed=persuaded =that She is seeking 4°l
degrade and destroy the: Republic;. we . : meg-'
nify and preserve it—in such a conflict, involv- - .
ing issues of such ihagnitude, We are not neutral!'
"God - forbid t We are - fOi the corintik, the whole`.
country`, and nothing !but the - couritrY.. PiAbi
we desire; for not an element of ournatnre de-'
lights, in war., But it must . be a pesce that shalt
bririg back safety and honor to. the itePiiblio-- 1
£1: peace 'that Shall - keep - the trui6hAritact- 7 a
pbace that shall restore her authority- and . pos
sessions. . , -
For the accomplishment of such a peace'
some'say it is too .lake—lhat our etindition is
desperate- 4 -ouf doom'. setiled:-'-cour ruin . inevita-!
b , e: W:o do moot think so 'Male there is:life,;
91eX9 is4l:79e_ ,extremity eod's
pertupity. The darkest hour ifs. that which.pre-1
03.48.the_davp,of.day. 81oh_le .410c17:8. cliscip4
ling economy, that in a moment, in the twink-:
.11P‘gftf Pak 9.1 3 1-th9 gkoWied lamtNet:cam. bed
-fib= tinting Mau.
Having procured steam Power Preareg, we are prepay
ad to execute JOB add BOOR PRINTING of every oescrip
jon, cheaper than it can be done at any other establish
ment In the country.
ago-Four lines or less constitute onnhalf square. Eight
nee or more than four conSthute a square.
Half square, one day
" one week
I 4 WI months
,OnekS i quare, one day...,
one week ......... .............. 2 00
4, three months 6HIC
six months 10 00
4.4 one year......... ....... ...... 15 00
SIM - Business notices Inserted In the Local Column, at
oeuvre liarriges and Deaths, FIVE GRIDS PER LINE for
Aar Marriges and Deaths to be charged as regular ad.
changed integla.dners. There were. some dark
periods during the Revolutionary War; When
our fathers, almost despaired of success. ' Yet
they struggled on, fearlessly and faithfully, and
at the last the eagle of victory perched upon
,Let no man, then, give up his courage, much
less despair. It cost many precious lives, and
an almost untold treasure, to establish the Re
public. Its preservetion, if there be any differ
ence, is the holiest cause of the two, and is wor
thy of even greater sacrifices. But above all,
whatever else we abandon, let us not let go our
confidence in God. Some trust in the chariots,
and some in horses, bt let us trust in the Lord.
He Can stay the hand' of the devastating, angel;
and when, through' chastisement, He has suffi
ciently purged ns of the 'dross of our national
vanities, we believe He will. In the valley of
Achor, Be will open, to us in the door of hope.
Now we are no longer with Moses on the
mount, but with Jonah In the deep. But
in the God of Ja.cdb is our trust. He can bring
us deliverance. He is our refuge, a very present,
help in trouble. Therefore will we not fear,
though the earth be removed and the moun
tains be carried into the midst of the sea. We
will still give to the country our sons, and our
brothers, and our money, and our tears, and our
prayers, and ourselves—all that we have and all
that we are—an offering and a sacrifice, if need
be, on the altar of patriotism and duty. Hoy
God, them, bless
.our .native land! FOREVER LIVE
AMERICA, THE ASYLUM OF FREEDOM- SOVEREIGN,
ITNITED, FREE, INDEPENDENT AND HAPPY ! AMEN
BY TELEG 1 Jill.
General Fremont to be Superoeeded,
GENERAL WOOL TO BE HIS SUCCESSOR
Brig. Gen. Sherman to be Promoted
to a Major General.
ALL QUIET OY Tfl LOWER POTOMLO.
The Steamer Resolute Fired Upon at
IMPORTANT ARMY ORDER.
WANIENGTOIi, Oct. A.'
The following is the result of inquiries mage
to-day in official quarters :
The charges 'preferrel by Col. Blair against
Gen_ Fremont, on the 26th ultimo, have not
According to the revised army regulations,
the charges are required to be transmitted
through a superior officer—in this case, General
Fremont himself. A copy of them, have been
received to be filed, in the event that he shall
reject 'or decline to transmit the original to the
In response to the request of Gen. Fremont
for a Quarter Master for the. Western Depart
ment„ as Brig_ Gen. Mcllinstry has taken .the
field, Maj. Robert Allen has, been appointed to
that position. He has the reputation of being
one of the best officers of that ,kind, in the em
ployment of the government..
It is further ascertaind that Brig.. Gen. Sher-
Wan is to hie promoted, to a Major Generalship,
and will take command of the Department of
Kentucky, the delicate state of Gen. Anderson's
health alone rendering this arrangement neces
sary• . _
There seems to be no doubt that Gen. Fre
mont will bp superceded, but no officill intima
tion has been sent him of this fact. Gen. Wool
it is thought by those well informed in military
affairs will proceed west under specific instruc
tioris, and may be he will supercede General
Fremont. No positive information however is
derivable on the subject.
R. Pennington, a son of Gov. Pennington,
has been appuinted a captain in the twelfth
J. H. Groove, of Pennsylvania, and Wm.
Chambers, of Illinois, have been appointed
An arrival from the lower Potomac reports
During the fog on Wednesday morning 'the
Resolute: ran quite close to the batteries at Aquia
creek and was fired upon with shell. No one
r:'The sound-of the drum and fife was heard
..ntinually on shore throughout Wednesday
night, but the cause was not known.
An army.order.is just issued announcing that
depredators on private property will be se
verely punished ; that no remission of - the
penalty for such outrages will be exercised, and
that the commanders and guards over such pro
perty will.be held responsible as the principals.
' • CHARTER OF VESSELS.
NEW Yoss, Oct. 4.
The steamers Parkersburg and Potomac have
been charteredlo carry troops. • ,
Tim Sus Go.nal Our.—..lt is said thatthere are
,now more spots on the sun than have been seen
_years ; some of these are visible
through .a. smoked ,glass to the naked. eye.
Several stars—some of them of great brilliancy,
which from their ascertained distance, must have
been as our sun--have totally disappeared from
the sky ; and the question has been raised by
astronomers and scientific men generally,
whether the light and heat of the sun ate gra
dually fading away. As this would be accom
panied by the destructionof all the plants and
animals on earth, it is rather an interesting
question: -The sun's light and heat axe diridn
fished by-the dark opots at the present time
above one per cent
RA! E 3 uF ADViitell3lNG