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BY GEORGE BERGNER
R . JOHNSON
r r e e m d e i d i y l
n m ib o e s
DISEASES OF IMPRUDENCE
MID IR ea Va WWI BOUM.
No allermary or Noxious Drugs.
LOU WARRiNTID, OR NO CHANG!, 11l CRON ORR it
Weakness el tho Baca or Limbs, Strictures, Pales it
the Loins, Affection. of the Kidney. and Bladder, Organic
Weakness, Nervous itobitity, Ilecay or the Physic.' Raw.
ere, Dyspepsia, iatigaor, Low Spirits, Cbulastou of deas,
rout Mama of ths Heart, 'Cremblings, Dounelit
of Sight or Giddiness, Diffease the Stomach, Affections
of ltio dead, 'throat, se or t,ltitt—thoso terrible dlaOr•
ders arising from the indoscretion or Solitary Habits
yo u th-110,e dreadful and destructive practises ustOok,
produce CODElitutamaireinuder marriage impos
sible, and destroy hoth body and md
k nelt egacially who have become the victim' el
0011t3ry lice, that dreadiul and destructive habit which
annuully sweeps 10 00 untimely grave thottatuida of
VlMug men of the must exallud talent and brilliant Intel
[ea, w h o ft ,iot otherwise bare entranced listening
Senates with the thunders of eloqemice or waked to ec•
'goy the hying lyre, may call with full Confidence.
earned persons, or those contemplating marriage, be
ng. aware of physical weakness, should Immediately Goo
inn Dr. J., and be restored to perfect health.
immediately suredend full erifor restored.
11, wile places himself ander the care Of Dr. J. may
renfiougly confide in his honor as a gentleman, and eon,
edatly rely upon hie skill as a physician.
404-OIDSO No. 7 (both Frederick street, Baltimme,
ill., 011 the left band Bide going from Baltimore street, 7
!Lore trom the corner. Be particular In observing the
came or number, or you will mistake the place. Be par.
*du for Ignorant, ?rifting Quacks, with false names,
or Paltry Humbug artifroalet t attracted by the repute•
lion of Dr. Johnson, lurk near.
All letters must contain a Postage Stamp, to Ilse on the
Dr. Johnson member of the Royal College of Surgeons,
London, graduate from one of ttie meat eminent Colleges
of the Culled maw, and the greatest part of whose life
lice been spent in the Hospitals of London, Paris, Phila
delphia end elsewhere, has effected some ot the moat as.
lambing cures that were ever known, Many troubled
nugiug in the ears wad bead when asleep, great ner
vousness, being alarmed at sudden sounds, bashful:mai,
web frequent blushing, attended sometimes with derange..
owni of mind were cured Immediately,
TAKE PARTICULAR NOTICE.
or, ...emcee all these who having Injured them.
10111.8 by or,vote and improper indidgencies, that secret
and solitary i obit which ruins both body and mind, en.
Meng them for either business or society.
Thee. are mime of the sad and melancholy ell vats pro-
Senn oy early habits of youth, viz : Weakness of the
Beck and Limbs, Pains In the Head, Dimness of night,
Loss of Muscular Power, Palpitation of the Resit, Dyt
epsis, Nervous irritability, Derangement or the Digestive
Function, General Debility, Symptoms of Donatemp
Slummy, the fearful enacts ou the adult are moot to
be dreaded t—ltess uf Memory, lb - Wastes of Ideas, De •
pression or Spirits, Evil Forebodings, aversion toslools
ty, Self distrust, Love of Solitude, Timidity, am., are some
of the evil effects.
Thousands of persons of all ages, can now Judge wbat
Is the came of their decline In health, losing their vigor,
becoming weak, pale, nervous and emaciated, have a
Angular appearance about the eyes, msh, and symp
ms of consumption.
who have injured themselves by a certain practice, In
biped hi when alone—a habit frequently learned from
aompantons, or at school, the allecte ol which are
!agility felt, even when asleep, and If not cured, minders
marriage impossible, and destroys bolo mind and body,
should apply immediately.
What a pity that a young man, the hopes of his coon.
try, the darling or his parents, should be snatched Wow
all prospects and enjoyments of life by tits consequences
of deviating from tne path of nature, and Indulging In I
certain secret habit. Su th persons must, before content
effect that a sound mind and body aro the most necessary
requisites to promote connubial happiness. Indeed
without these, the Journey through Ilre bocomea a weary
pilgrimage; the prospect hourly thirteen; to tho view; the
mind becomes shadowed wan despair, and filled with the
melancholy reflection that the happiness of another be.
conies blighted with our owe
DR. JOHNSON'S INFIGOSpiNG REMEDY FOR OR:
By this great and Important remedy, Weakness Of the
glans are speedily mired, and full vigor restored:
fhousands of the moat nervous and debilitated wee
had lost all hope, have beau immediately relieved. A
Impedimenta to Marriage, l'hymeal or Mental Disquallo.
cation, Nervous, Trembling, Weakneas or Exhaustion or
the moat fearful kind, speedily cured.
Tile many thousands Cured at this Instiution within the
last twelve year., and the numeroue important burgh a,
operations performed by Di. J., witnessed by the re.
portere of the papers, and many other persons, eouect. 01
which have appeared again and again belore the
betides Mt ttandiny on a gentleman of character and re.
tponttlility, it %sufficient guarantee to the afflicted.
DISEASES OF IMPRODENIDE.—Whea the misguided
and imprudent votary of pleasure dude tie has imbibed
the made ot this painful disease, it toe often bappent thal
an 111-timed lease of shame or dread of discovery deters
him from applying to those who, from education and re•
spectability can alone befriend hun, delaying till the con
stannous] symptoms of this horrid disease make their
appearance, affecting the head, throat, nose, Pala, iSC,
progressing on with Medial rapidity, WI death pates
period to his dreadful sufferings by sending him tO..ttlet
bourne from whence eo traveler returns." It lea mel
ancholy fact that thousands fall retina to tlii terrible
disease, owing to the utiekillutette al ignorant pretend
ers, who, by the use of that deadly poison mercury, rule
the constitution and make the mirth° of life miserable.
To Struncents.—The Dooter'a Diplomas hang in bin
girLetters must contain a Blimp tons on the reply
WI - Remedies sent by Meth
Bredsriek street, Baltimore.
MILITARY SURGE ItY
HINTS! ON IRE EUERGENCIES
Field, Camp l tand Rospital Practice.
8. Ir. (i&088, M. D
PROMISOR (OT BURCLINT IN TUB JIMIR9O3I COLL/Gb
Far sale at BERGNER'S.CREAP BOOKSTORE..
DUBBER: U. AND CHOLERA
For the oure of these dlstreeslog maladies. Agreeable
to the aste,
Isrery Bolter should procure a bottle of thin-valuable
Medicine before they take up thOtrUao of March. For
ialtatra O.A. SANNTARVA Drug Store,
iD. W. Gross &
kW' A' ^3.
a W. GROSS & CO.,
DR - U G G ISTS,
MARKET ST REEff
DRUGGISTS; PHYSICIANS, STORE•
KEEPERS AND CONSUMERS,
We are daily adding to our assortment of
goods all such articles as are desirable, and
would respectfully call your atention to the
largest and best selected stock in this city, of
DRUGS, CHEMICALS & PAINTS,
01ls, varnishes and Glue.,
Dye-Stuffs, Glass and Patty,t
Artist Colors and Tools,
Pure Ground. Spices,
Burning Fluid and Alcohol,
Lard, Sperm and Pine 011 u,
Bottles, Vials and Lamp Globes,
Castile Soap, Sponges and Corks,
&e.., &c., &0., &e , &e., &e
With a general variety of
PERFUMERY & TOILET ARTICLES,
selected from the best manufacturers and Per
fumers of Europe and this country.
Being very large dealers in
PAINTS, WHITE LEAD,
LLNSEED OIL, VARNISHES,
WINDOW GLASS, ARTISrSg
COLORS, PAINT AND
IN ALL THEIR VARIETIES,
COLORS AND BRONZE
OF ALL KINDS,
, \ R
9 Pr'f/Olf 911
We respectftuly Invite a call, feeling, con%
dent that we can supply the wants of all on
terms to their satisfaction.
Jon" B AND wart POIXIELAIN 1:1217/31.,
PATENT MEDICINES AND HAIR
Of all kinds, direct from the Proprietors.'
Saponifier and Conoentrated Lye
Wholesale Agents for Saponifier, which we sell
as low es it can be prebend In the cities.
MAYER'S MEDICAL FLUID EXTRACTS,
COAL OIL CARBON OIL I
Being large purchasers in these Oils, we can
ofter inducements to close buyers. Ooal Oil
Lamps of the most improved patterns, very
cheap. All kinds of lamps changed to burn
FARMERS AND GRAZIERS,
aite of you who have not given our HORSE
AND CAME POWDERS a trial know not
their superiority, and the advantage they are
in keeping Horses and Cattle healthy and in
Thousands can testify to the profit they have
derived from the use of our Cattle Powders by
the increasing quantity and quality of milk,
besides improving the general health and ap
pearance of their Cattle.
Our long ex patience in the business gives us
the advantage of a thorough knowledge of the
trade, and our arrangements in the cities are
such that we out in a very short time furnish
anything appertaining to our business, on the
beat of terms.
Thankful for the liberel patronage bestowed
on our house, we hope by strict attention to
business, a careful selection of
at fair prises, and the desire to phlox' all, to
merit a continuums of the a 'disorlra
HARRISBURG, PA., THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 5, 1861
Universal Confidence & Patronage
FOR STATESNIEN, JUDGES, CLERUYMAN,
Ladies and Gentlemen, In all parts of the world Leath;
the effi.atcy ,q Prof. 0 J Wood's Hair Restorative >no
gentlemen of the Sre,a are uusuirnewr In Iti praise. A
few teatimonials only can be here given ; see circular , or
more, and it will be Imo- sibi for you to doubt.
47 Well Street, New Yortr, Dee. 20th, 1818.
Glintelltaw: Your note 02 the 15 h lost., bag been re.
devoo, .aylng that you had heard that I had been beam.
filed by the use of Woo,:,'s flair Seeterative, and request.
Mg my Certificate of the foci if I 6,4 ue , bjeetlen to
I award It to you cheerlul'y, because s tutok tt dup.—
lay age Ss about 50 years; the ecilon.ol. my.Ustr auburn
and dined to curl vomit flee or ox ears slnceittne
gan to turn ?ray, and th ,maip on the emicii of my !mid
to lose its ano daudruffto for,.. It. Hach
of these Msagreeabilides tooreated with time, sod about
four mon.ha sing a fourth was added to them, by bap
falling off the top of my head and threatening to mada
In this unpleasant predicament, I we, induced to try
Wood', Hair ReBtui wive, mainly to arrest the falling
off of my hair, for 1 had realty no expectation that gray
hair could ever be restored to its original color excep
from dyes. I was, however, greatly surprlstd to find
.fter the use of two 100 ties only, that not only was the
falling off arrested, but the color was restores to the gray
hairs and sensibility to the scalp, and dandruff ceased to
form on my bead, very much to the gratification of my
wile, at wuceers solicitation I was induced to try it.
For this, among the many obligations I owe to her sex,
I strongly reco amend all hatbands who value the d
imitation of their w.v a to profit by my example, and
use t If gt Jr.:ng gray or getting bold.
Very ree.pectfutly, BEN. A. LAVENDER.
To 0 J. Wood & CO., 444 Broadway, New York
My family are absent from the city, and I am no long
er at No 11 Carrot place.
Siamaston, Ala , July 20th, 1829.
To Pfr.T. O. J. WOOD: near SD: Your "Elam Restore-
Dye" has done my hair so MUM good since I commenced
the use of it, that I wish to make known to the PIII3IIO
its effects on the hair, which are great. A man or wo
man may be nearly deprived of hair, and by a resort to
your "Hair Restorative," the hair wilt return more
beautiful than ever; at lea t this is my experience.—
Believe It all I Yours truly,
WM. H. RENEDY.
P can publish the above if you like. By pub
lisbing In our Southern papers you wily get more patron
fig, south. I see several of your certificates in the ko
bite Neradry a strong Southern paper.
WOOD'S EI.WIR RESTORATiVE.
PROP 0. J. Wow) : hear ar : Having bad the =lifer.
tune to 10E0 the best portion of my hair, from the effects
of the yellow fever, in New Orleans in 1861, I was in
duced to make a trial or your preparation, and found it
to answer es tee very thing needed. My hair is now
thick and glossy, and no words can express my oblige.
thins to you is giving to the afflicted such a treasure.
. _ .
The Restorative is put up in bottles of three sizes, viz :
large medium, and small ; the small holds half a Flat,
anal retells for one dollar per bottle ; the medium holds
at least twenty per cent more in proportion to-an .he
small, retails for two dollars per bottle ; the large ht ids
aquart, go per o.nt. more in proportion, and retails lot
O. J. WOOD & CO., Proprietors, 444 Broadway, New
York, and nit Mame& street, Bt. Lows, Slo.
an d sold by all good nrugginta sad Fanoy Goods
GENERAL ORDERI .4 , NO 2.
HEAD QUA-11MB, P. M.
Harrisburg, Aug. 19, 18 . 61.
- DY DIRECTION of the President of the
JD United States, all volunteer regiments or
parts of Regiments accepted directly by the
War Department from Pennsylvania, either with
or without arms, equipments or uniforms, are
to be forwarded at once to Washington. Their
commanders will therefore immediately report
to these headquarters, stating the number of
men and the station from whioh they are to be
taken, that transportation may be furnished
them without delay. By order of
A. G. CURTIN,
Governor and Commander-in-Ude
BIDDLIS, A. C. D aug2
IN coneequence of the death of W. J. E.
Bishop, one t h e firm of et..l.E BISHOP and HUNS, no.
Liu is liereoy given th.+r the soaks or the tate arm are in
the hands of t e surviving partner. sit pesons know
ing, themselves to be inde.tt dto the late arm, and all
th.ae having Maims, will present than, duly antaentles,
led, for setstemesit. . .
SPICED SALMON 11
FRESH AND VEKY DELICATE. Put
up neatly w eve pound CRUD.
WM. DOOlt, &Oa.
FURS! FURS H FURS!
Notice to Merchants and Dealers.
THE HUDSON BAY FUR CO.
win .1. in.i. entire intim, consisting of.
LADIES' AND Catutases' Fu.s, Cunt FOR Cava, GLOM,
Col3.atte, blePet..B9, nUttAl.o AND DIRER Cues, WOLF
AHD OMER SLuoR none, LLI D BUPTALO
At Hal &C., kW &I .
AT A lOWA, ADVANOS ON OM PNIOI.
Country Merctueeti have nere a chance to buy their
stook ot ears from the Dan hand, which win save them
over viv per cent, instead of buying elsewhere.
041 or 'end your orders to Msn.ll J. ICING,
augl9.Btdoaw 78 Broldway, Now York.
CUMBERLAND VALLEY INSTITUTE
REV. 0. EGE & SONS.
SSION commences, September 2, 1861.
Terms, per session of live months in, looludbag Tu.
Bowdlog, Washing &o. dead for a circular.
6 firitHE unity of Government, which con.
slit utes you one people, is now dear to you."—
Waskilgtknes Farewell .dddreit. A nationality is asset'.
tial to the enduring prosperity of our country. True pa
triotism must an from knowledge. It is only a proper
understanding of our civil institutions that can induce
strong and settled attachment to their pricciples, and
Impart ability fur their maintenance.
"OUR GUYER:4I4)INT An explanatory statement of
the system of Government of the Country," contains the
text of the Constitution of the United States, and the Con
stituttonal provisions of the several States with their
messing and construction, as determined by Judicial an
sheet end precedent and practice, or derived from
mita -+•4 +''tart; digested and arranged for, popular use
Price S 'St ' l ° , 4 hy M. WlTlNfikl,
del H rrisburg, 'a.
FLAGS 1 FLAGS 11
VOTE PAPER AND ENVELOPES with
11 National designs, LAMER. PAMIR with a view ai
the city el astriarirg, prluted and ter sale at
SaIEFFEWS ROOK STORE,
al . Z 4 Near the Rerrtsbnee Bridge.
THE 61/13SCRIBER would respectfully
inform the public that he hat removed his Plumb
ing and Brae Found/rig establishment to No. 22 South
Third street below Herr's HoteL Thankful for past pat
ronage, ho hopes by strict attention to business to merit
a ottutinuance of IL
spl2-dtt J. JON ga.
Wi ENT6 To SELL PACK
AGES of STAIt.uNA.B. . and JIMILRY,
ceo 060 third WA than Can oe puromood elsewhere.—
Coll on or address (stamp enclosed;) J. L. BAILEY,
rolitand No. 161 Court & T est i puma, AIWA.
August 29, 1861. I
SEPARATE sealed proposals will be received
at the office of the Secretary of the Navy,
until 8 o'clock P.M., of Saturday, the 21st of Sep
tember next, for birnishing all the stationery
that may be required by the Navy Department
and the several bureaus from the latter date to
July 1, 1862.
All the articles furnished must be of the
best quality, deliver, d without delay, when or
dered, and to the satisfaction of the head of the
office for which they are required.
• If it be required, each bidder for stationery
must furnish with his proposal a sample of each,
article bid for.
. No bid will be considered which does not
fully conform to the advertisement, and in
which each and every article is not bid for, and
in which more than one price is named for any
Bonds in sufficient amount, with two or more
approved sureties, for the faithful execution of
the contract, will be required of the p,rson or
persons contracting. The authorised names of
the sureties that will be given, as also satisfac
tory testimonials to fulfil the contract, must
accompany the bid ; otherwise it will not be
The Department reserves to itself the right
of ordering a greater or less quantity of each
and every article contracted for, as the public
service may require.
‘Should any article be required not enumerated
in the contract, it is to be furnished at the low
est market price, according to its quality.
The subjoined schedule specifies, as nearly as
can now be done, the amount, quality, and de
scription of each of the articles likely to be re
40 reams heavy white-laid, dispatch cap,
stop-ruled, equal to sample, per ream:
20 reams foolscap, blue or white ruled, per
75 reams extra superfine, blue or white,
laid or wove, letter paper ruled, equal to
sample, per ream.
10 reams Manias paper, 88 by 86 inches flat,
per sample, per ream.
20 reams best bluff or white envelope paper,
royal, flat, per ream.
15 reams best note paper, thick, per ream.
16 reams best note paper, medium, per
20 reams copying or tissue quarto post, per
100 yards tracing cloth, per square yard.
8 reams blotting paper, royal, rer ream.
60 quires patent blotting paper, medium,
80 sheets elephant drawing paper, per
80 sheets dontle elephant drawing paper,
30 sheets antiquarian drawing paper, per
6,000 ertaanblead._ •
1,600 cream-laid envelopes, note size, per 1,000.
600 card envelopes, per 600.
1,000 patent cloth-lined envelopes, 84 by 4
inches, per 1,000.
260 patent cloth-lined envelopes, 54 by 84
inches, per 260.
260 patent cloth lined envelopes, 54 by 84
inches, per 250.
80,000 best buff or white envelopes, Govern
ment pattern, official size, printed
stamp, per 1,000.
80,000 best buff or white envelopes, Govern
ment pattern, official size, engraved
stamp, per 1,000.
80,000 beat buff or white envelopes, Govern
ment pattern, official size, lithographed
stamp, per 1,000.
6,000 best buff or white envelopes, Govern
ment pattern, letter size, lithographed
stamp, per 1,000.
1,000 best buff or white envelopes, Govern-,
ment pattern, letter else, unstamped,pee
6,000 beet white official envelopes, 104 by 64
inches, lithographed, per 1,000.
20 gross s teel pens, on cards or in boxes,
(the Department to have the liberty of
selecting from all the different kinds
manufactured,) per gross.
24 gold pens, large size, with silver exten
sion holders, best manufactured, per
40 quarts Maynard & Noyes' black ink, in
bottles, per quart.
36 quarte best London copying ink, Ar
nold's or Terry's, in bottles, per quart.
24 ounce bottles cerise, Guyott & Co., su
perfine carmine, per bottle.
1,000 quills, No. 80, opaque or clarified, per
75 dozen red tape, assorted numbers, per
6 dozen silk taste, per dozen.
• 4 dozen penknives, Rodgers' beet, buck
or pearl handles, large size, 4 blades or
equal, per dozen.
4 dozen errassers , large size, ivory handles, in
cases, Rodgers best, per dozen.
1 dozen pairs of shears, 8 inch blade, per doz.
1 dozen pairs of shears, 614richblade m or doz.
1 dozen pairs of shears, 5 inch blade, per doz.
1 dozn pairs of scissors, per dozen:
2 dozen 9 inch ivory folders, per dozen.
1 dozen rulers, parallel or glide percha, per
30 dozen black lead pencils, Faber's best, as
sorted, per dozen.
10 dozen best American draviing pencils, as
sorted, per dozen.
12 dozen Faber's red and blue pencils, per doz.
2 dozen' sable brushes, assorted per dozen.
2 dozen camel hair brushes, assorted, per doz.
2 dozen'sticks beet India ink, per stick.
80 pounds extra superfine sealing wax, per
16 pounds best quality wafers, per pound,
10 pounds best white gum arabic, per pound.
6 dozen"prepared mucilage and brush, large,
5 dozen prepared mucilage and brush, small,
10 pounds best hemp twine, per pound.
10 pounds best linen twine, per pound.
6 quarts best black sand, per quart.
6 dozen best prepared India rubber, per dos.
Sept. 4 sept 4,6, 18, 20.
W. H. Keuedy
IMISIIEL RIJN A
HENRY PEFF ER.
61 1 7/0E -THIRD STREET, (SHELL'S ROW,)
Reeidence, Matsui street near Fourth.
NEAR MAR W 2
CITY OF N.LitalliitUßG,
The Rebels in Misery.
A correspondent of the Charleston Mercury,
writing from Richmond, tells tales out of school
" There is universal complaint made of the
want of efficiency in the Commissariat Depart
ment. It was felt severely and , immediately
after the battle of Manassas. Our brave troops,
particularly the sick and wounded, suffered
greatly. Some of the troops were without pro
visions from Sunday breakfast until Tuesday
after the battle. Since then it has occurred
more than once that many have been without
food for twenty-lour hours. Great indigna
tion is felt throughout the army and in
Richmond on account of this on us and
unendurable inefficiency. The ency of
the army is impaired, and even its move
ments retarded, through the want of .sup
plies. I learn it has been and is a matter
of bitter complaint and earnest remonstrance by
the Commanding Generals. And not only is
there a want of sufficient quantity, but the pro
visions are not good—are, In fact, positively
unwholesome. It is not only so at the camps
in Fairfax county, where the army is large, but
also in other camps. A great deal of sickness is
the natural consequence. One regiment near
Acquia Creek has lust sixty men, and another
thirty. The weather has been intensely hot,
and the great mortality is attributed by the
troops to bad providuns, unsuitable at any time,
especially during such a season.
" The country people, camp traders, sutlers
too, in the neighborhood of Fredericksburg and
Acquia Creek, charge the poor fellows most ex
tortionate prices for everything they buy. I
have heard it is the same in other places, but
that it is there lam assured by the best au
" And not only is the department of subsis
tence ill-managed, but the equally indispens
able department to the mobility and effi
ciency, transportation, is also lamentably be
hind. It was the condition of these two
branches of the army which prevented General
Beauregard from advancing to meet McDowell,
as he had intended. It was his unprepared
ness in these which prevented him from fol
lowing the defeated enemy from Manassas. It
is these which now paralyze him, prevent a
forward movement, and is daily losing the
south the substantial fruits of the great victory.
Beauregard has used superhuman exertions, and
struggled against terrible and unappreciated
difficulties and discouragements. His great
determination, and the pluck of his troops, have
accomplished wonders. But the Executive via
inertia is a huge obstacle to success, and the pub
lic interest peremptorily requires that no man,
or set of men, shoulJ stand in the way."
Luther's Residence at Wittenberg.
Ascending a rough, neglected stairway, I en
tered the room in which Luther resided after
his marriage. His old furniture is still there.
There is a table on which he wrote—the chair
he sea t wham
he to an conver-ea with - ma -Calm
rina—all chipped and sliced,by Vandal travel
ent There, too, lit the old large stove, whose
plates are covered with figures of the four even
gelists, cast after devices by Luther himself.
That, fortunately, cannot be cut into chips. A
little case protected by glass doors, contains a
number of relics, such as specimens of his hand
writing, some old documents and embroidery
wrought by his wife. There are fragments of
a drinking glass, said to have been broken by
Peter the Great. When a young man he visit
ed Wittenberg, and desired 'o carry away the
glass, but being refused permission, he dash -d
it in pieces ou the floor—an act worthy of this
haugh y and paesionate Czar.
There, too, is a beer mug of large size, which
thiee centuries have not changed the Ger
man's devotion to his favorite beverage. Over
the door is a scrawl in chalk, protected by glass
which may be guessed to be "Peter," and tra
dition says was written by the Czar. If so, the
scribbling propetkity is not confinvi. to Ameri
cans. In an adjoining room is the de k k from
which the great Reformer lectured. On its
front are four circular paintings, representing
the four faculties of the university—law, medi
cine, theology and philosophy, The latter
contains a fine female figure which my guide
said was a likeness of Catharine, showing alike
Luther's taste and affection. On the walls are
portraits by Crenach. There is also a cast
taken after Luther's death.
I was looking at these momnments . , and ask
ed where is Luther's when my guide pointed to
a plain stone at my feet, which was a part of
the floor, whereon was the name of Luther.
Itemoving this there is a neat bronze tablet,
with his name, and date of birth and death.
Such is the simple monument; a simular one
marks where Melancthon sleeps. —Bishop
Coming Back to First Principles.
The first cannon ever used by the English
were made of stout wooden staves hooped with
iron. At the battle of Cressy, guns thus made
barrel wise were used ; but they generally burst
ed after a few dischat gee, doing quite as much
execution upon their owners as upon the enemy.
The Griffin guns, now being largely made at
Phoenixville, in this State, for the use of the
Government, are got up upon the same princi
ple ; but they are considerably improved in re
spect to strength. The Griffin guns are made
by laying a sufficient number of strips of iron
together to form the lining of the bore of the
cannon. When the irou staves are thus "set
up," long rods of the toughest and best iron,
and made flat, are rolled closely together around
the staves at white heat, and in contracting dur
the operation of cooling, they of coursed bind
with very great force. Six layers of hoops
are laid on in this manner, the hoops running
obliquely, and the direction of the oblique
ness alternating with each layer. After
these wrappers have all been put on, the mass
is heated to a white heat, and passed through a
powerful rolling mill until the whole is welded
together. The trunnions, or arms, are then
welded on. The ooteide of the weapon is finish
ed off on the lathe, the inside is bored out and
rifled, and the cannon is complete. Any person
with the first idea of mechanism will see at a
glance the immense advantage in respect to
strength possessed by these guns over the ordi
nary cast-iron affairs. The tough fibres of the
iron rnn just in the direction in which they are
needed to meet the explosive force of the pow
der ; and there is about as much difference be
tween their strength and that of ordinary can
non, as there is between& Yankee bucket turned
out of the solid wood, and without hoops, and an
oaken vessel well finished with stout iron bands.
The Griffin gun, made in the manner we .4 4 ve
described, should be proof against btu 2l4 4-7 -
rDigatth. ' '
PRICE ONE CENT
LATEST FROM WASHINGTON.
WASE/NOTON, Sept. 4
All is quiet here to-day, and the weather be
' ing very warm, there is no disposition( to
unnecessarily excited about anything. - 1 "
The Republican of to-day has a dispatcliebt
the capture of twenty South Caroliniantx94-4
Massachusetts regiment near Ilarper's Ferry.
The War Department has no such news, but it
has news of a picket skirmish, in which live
Virginians were captured.
John' Dwyer, of this city, a British subject,
complains of outrages committed on him by our
troops. He says his family were turned out of
doors, and his furniture destrop.d. It is re
ported that Lord Lyons has demanded redness
from our Government
The Richmond papers are favoring the re
lease of Congressman Ely, now held as a pri
soner of war at Richmond.
IMPORTANT FROM KENTUCKY
It is understood in Frankfort that Governor
Magoffin refusns to play into the hands of the
the rabid secessionists ; that he has had a quar
rel with Breckinridge and refuses to demand the
breaking up of the United States camp in Giw
rad county, and declares he will submit to the
will of the majority of the people of Kentucky,
as may be expressed through the Legislature.
"FItANICFORT, Sept. S.—Go*. Magoffin has
privately declared to several members of the
Legislature his determination to sustain the
action of the Legislature, whatever it may be,
to the extent of his power. Neither House has
yet done anything offichlly, except the organi
zation of the lower House.
"The Senate is occupied in settlfrig contested
seats, but I am assured that the Legislature
will abandon the neutrality position, vote to
raise the State's quota of troops, and assume
her portion of the military tan levy, without
putting the government to the trouble of col
lecting it. Kentucky is all right. This may
be, relied upon."
PROM FORT PICKETS.
New YOBX, Sept. 4.
The gunboat Wyandotte halo arrived from
Fort Pickens with advice's to the 28d.
Letters from the Fort report that the rebel
iroope'dew:rung and gang home.
The health of our troops is good.
The Colorado was at Fort Pickens, and the
Santee, Keystone State and Crusader were at
Key West on the 28th ult. The prisoners cap
tared at Fort Hatteras have been transferred to
James L. Equire, hailing from Halifax, N.
8., was arrested this morning. He is charged
with conspiring against the government, and
has been committed to prison for trial—bail be
ing refused. He was on hie way to Memphis
and a rebel uniform was found in his trunk.
This and other suspicious circumstances led to
SARATOGA, Sept. 4.—James Chapin, a rebel
officer of Vicksburg was arrested here today and
sent to . Fort Lafayette.
SEIZURE OF REBEL GOODS IN CINOIN
Yesterday the IJ. S. Marshal seised the inter
est of the citizens of the rebel States in merohaar ,
dise, now for sale on commission in this city,
amounting to s5O 000,
FREIGHT REDUCED I
SHORT & QUICK ROUTE
TO AND FROM • -
Goods Ordered in the
the same Night.
Leave New York at 7 P. 11., by the Feat
Through Facpreee Train, arriving In Harrisburg
at 8 A. M.
WITHOUT CHANGE OF OARS.
Order Goods marked
via 110 - PW.EXPIVESS CO.,
General Moe. 74 Broadvray, New York.
B ranc h 41 0;2 64
Fier further information enquire
N.anamse* ;Aug: 1§61.-dtf
CINCINNATI, Sept. 4
Bosrox, Fept. 4.
CINCINNATI, Sept. 4.