Pennsylvania daily telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1857-1862, August 23, 1861, Image 1

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    I I.H F, (4 RA PH
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will be
le the
Alll' I 1 • 1 •
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• $4 i'o
..e wit;tl a week during
ih...lnd wee' Iy during the
y lurt,igbed to subscribers at
vi 7 :
ror par •
,a,ler 010 diSCOlainUtglee (' their news
th • o nhlo.h. , r may continua to seal them until
, 0 1 ar,4l- are paid
eoglo'l or r,tiNe t et, their new4a.
(win Ihe 01110 10 hi. h Cley nrr direetod, they Are
, illoy have '4lllo'lo,e tells and orde ed
ih e
W. Oross
• --*!-• J
• - •
't• •- -
-• 1 ;
1) W. GROSS & CO.,
D1101,E,A1.1.: AND RIC,TAIL
NO, 19
NI Att rr sTREET
11AR R hsw -R PEE' N'A
We are Daily adding to our assortment of
„ale all sl,cli articles as are desirahie, and
would re , peetfolly call your atention to the
large 4 slid best selected stock in this city, of
ulls, varnishes and Ganes
nye.* ta fr 4, Giant and Putty,
•A atilt Colors and Tools,
Pure Ground Spices,
IS:uo'lng Pi sant and A lenhz,l,
Lard, Sperm and Poste One,
tin tles; Vials and Liainp Globes, NN
Ca. 1111,. SIM p, Spongesond Corks,
Ago. ; Sic., Arm , Sco., &c., Ike
With a general variety. of
totted from the best manufacturers and Per
osiers of Europe and this sanntry
Keing very large dealers in
MUM'S 'Asap
tk.' •N -..4 . ), 543 . 3 - )
' 'Al - 1 0 Cei,fll. E 7
'-'2"2. 5... : . ,11' A 1 L ,
Pftij_ .
L 9 I 5'
--..- ° , l : 4 Rit BuR .
We respectfully invite a call, feeling, cone
dent that we eau supply the wants of all on
terms to Etßlr Fatizf:Ctioll
Of till kinds , direct frum the Proprietors
Saponifier and Concentrated Lye I
Wholesale Agents for Svonitier, wide!: We sell
as low ailit can bo purchased in tbo cities
tOiL OIL! 0311110:V Oil,!!
hig large purchasers in these ON, we can
otter induceuftuts to close buyers. Coal Oil
Lamps of the Lucia improved patterns, very
cheap. All kinds 01 lumps changed to bum
°se of you who have not given our HORSE
AND CATILE PCIWDERS n trial know not
tl,r auperitnity,Cnd the advantage they are
in keeping Horses and Cattle healthy and In
g ,od condition.
thotwauile cm testify to the profit they have
derived from gni use of our battle Powders by
the increasing quantity and quality of milk,
besides improVing tile general health and ap
pearance of their Cattle,
Our long ex pelietwe is the business gives us
the advantage of a thorough knowledge of the
tunie, and our arrangements in the cities are
such that we can in a very short time furnish
aeything appertaining to our business, ou the
best of terms.
Thankful lot the liberal patronage bestowed
on our house, we hope by strict attention to
Wsiuess, a careful selection of
fair prices, and the desire to please all, to
merit a continuance of the
acing public
• -
A 11/Le
efts. ,
tgt , vb
) 3 ),
rititsllbilala, 1
r •
le I 11.
;2 00
15 00
HA: 4 . dis6overed the most cartimi, Apood
and effectual remedy in the wool tor
Rims/ Or siX TO rwiLVII Hors
No Mercury or Noxious Drugs
fur A ('lilt. WfIOtAtITID, OR NO CIiAIIOII, IN rlioN I,Ny
Weak akar or the Beek or Litebs, Strieturee. Pali. ,
ch. I Affections of the Kidney , and Bladder, I aTaul ,
WY+ , k pees, Nervoim byhdity, Decay of the Physic Pou
era, Drawnsta, laugnor Low Spirits, CouN o
aomi o mo,
all Ration of the Heart ' , 'Handily, Trembling's, Doom:,
of Sight or Giddinemi, Disease of the Stomach, Affyytict.i
of the Head, 'Hirt'', t, Nt se or :...lrin—those terribly 01,oi
dem arising frau. the indiscretion or Solitary Ramie
Youth—those dreadful and destructive practise: what
produce coustitinamai debility, reader marriaer
anti destroy bah body and mind.
Young men especially who have become the VlCtan , o ,
solitary Vice, that dreadful and destructi re habit whist•
annually sweeps to an untimely grow thousands ",
young men of the most exalted talent and brilliant • Oil-
Wet, who might otherwise have entranced listenli
:inflates with the thunders of elequeuve, or waked n ,
tieing lyre, may call wi h full (menden...
Married persons, or Wee . contemplating marriage, of
tag aware of physical weakness, should Immediately et t.
Still Dr. A. and be restored to perfect health
Inimediately cured and fiat moor rectory/
flu who places himself under the care Cl Ur . J., n,„)
religiously conilde in his honor as a gentleman, and
(Wenny rely upon his skill as a physiclau.
ifirOttice No. 7, South Frederick street, &man...,
Md., on the lett hand side going from Baltimore street,
flours trom the corner. Be per titular in observer .i,
same or number, or you wiLl mistake the place He per
(Molar for Ignorant, Trifling Quacks, with false names
nr Pattry thunbeg Certificates, attracted by 'be rooms,
don el Or. Johnson, lurk near
AU letters must contain a Postage Stamp, to u•o3 on tn.
OR. it iHNS
Ur. Johnson member id tile tinsel Ceilege 01 Burge.m.s,
Loudon , graduate from one of the meat eminent Colim• •
of the United states, and the greatest part ••1 who.", lot
has been spent in the Hospitals of London, pans,
dolphin and eleewbere, has effected some oi the meat
tool:Ming cures that were ever known Many troubtet
with ringing In the ears and bead when asleep, grant ner
veuenessereing alarmed at sudden sound.,
milli frequent blushing, attended sometimes wit 4 derang
moot of mind were eared immediately,
Lit to eases all those who having Injured theta•
wives h., ~ r to and imrroper tudnlaenctes, that secret
Ind aolitary abit which noun both body and min ~ on
fitting thorn for either wool:lessor society.
The, are dOlllO of toe and ami . moinocholy ea tr
Innen nv early habits el youth, via: Wealcuoi.e , tt the
u:k and 'Writhe, Paine nt the Bead, Dinnesal of age.,
I.oEdi or Itfueonter Power, Palpitation el the Heart,
pepaia, Nervous Irrltabtlity, Derangement 01 the Digestive
'unctions, General Debility, Symptoms of Cetpintnp
den, to.
ftleetALLT, the teethil eMcc!s on the Mead Wu .1111.14 tY
as droatlod :—Loto pi oetoory, ConfuMon 01 Wow., UN •
prelusion of Spirits, Forebodlugs, Avonnoo tosool , •
cy, Bolf-distrust, Love of Sonloolo, ko.,:Lre gum
the evil effects.
Thousands of persom of all ogee, oaU 00W {,tdge whet
Is the cause .r their decline in health, losing their vigor,
hemming weak, pale, nervous and emsuasted, have, I
,Ingular appearance about the eyes, cough, and symp•
of consumption.
who nave Injured themselves by a certain prat:hoe, to
Joyed lu when alone—s habit frequently learned trom
old ~ompaniona, or at 'school We streets el which are
~ightly felt, oven when asleep, and if not cured, renders
marriage impoindble, and destroys both mind and body
.thorild apply immediately.
What a pity that a young man, the hopes Ol his coon.
try, the darting of big parents, should be snatched Iron
all prospects and enJoyments of life by the consequences
of deviating trom the path of nature, and Indulging in r
certain secret habit. 'Su . h persons must, before content
plating. . _
client that 11 Booed nd and body are the most lissomely
requisites to promote connubial happiness. Indeed
without these, the Journey through Ilte becomes a wear)
pllgrimagg the prospect hourly darkens to the view; Ott
mind becomes shadowed with despair, and filled with the
melancholy reflection that the happiness of another be.
conies blighted with our own
ay this great and Important remedy, Weakness of MS
'lran are speedily cured, and Cull vigor restored
Thousands of the moat nervous and debilitated win
11 id lost all hope, h tve been immediately relieved. Al
topedinufnts to Marriage, Physical or Mental Disgust ill.
urban, Nervous, 'Trembling, Weakness or 6abausdon or
, he most fearlbi kind, speedily cured.
The many thousands cured at this Mettett= within toe
last twelve years, and the nuiuoretts Important h'urgtuil
operations porforraed by Ur ' . J. witnessed by the re
porters of the papers, and many other permits, eche= el
which have appeared again and agate before the publie,,
besides his Mending as a gesdieman cluiracter and ri-
SWlutitails, is a sufficient guarantee to the afflicted.
illSi ASEIS OF liII'ItUDENCK —When the misguided
d i n
sod imprudent votary of leasers dads ile bus imbibed
the Heeds of this painful it too often happens that
en ill-timed sense of alum or read of discovery defers
him from applying to those who, from education amid re
speetabilky can alone befriend him, delaying till the eon
slltutioual symptoms or this horrid disease make theii
..ppeartitice, adholing the head, throat, wad, akin, we,
progressing on with frightful rapidity, MI drew miss
period to Ms droadlul Sufferings by sending him to "toot
bourne from whence ao traveler returns . ' It la a mel
diuholy fact that thousands tall victims to ibis terrible
disease, owing to the ouskillelnees 01 ignorant pretend
eta, who, by the use of that deadly puma, mercury, ruin
the constitution and make the residue of the miserable.
To Stsammits.—Ths Doctor's Diplomas haus in Ms
sfirLetters must contain a Stamp w ua on the reply
Ifirlinmadlas sent by Matt.
sir-No. T South Frederick Wont, Baltimore.
FOR RENT. The large brick dwelling
house now occupied by David Mumma Jr. Esq., on
Tuird street near Market, with an office sunaole for an
attorney. Possession given lint of October next. &I.
quire at the Frottionotsry's otHce. Wz. iIITCLUCLL.
FOR GALE.—One of the best business
Mande In the city on reasonable terms, or leased
for three or five yea re alt sated in Market tweet between
Fourth and Filth. Enquire on the pre ndees of
A BUILDING LOT, situate in West Liar•
risburg, fronting on Wiwi street 'A lest, and r uu
anig ba.:k 161 feet, more or less, to a2O foot alley, ad.
Joising on DM, vide the I.roperty of Mr. diummstine.
For particulars enquire io VitliiiihsißlOK Sett it I. tt
Bsrgiv r'a tiooKstore
Hay 8, 1861. mfg
` 13, 4E CIDER 111—Strictly pure, spark
N., tu g and sweet—has received a Silver Nedra or Di
eiUtal at avery State .4,l%CaitUral Fair Mod! 186 d. For
Falai DOCK i 4 W
vtiom one, to Fivo hundred Dollarb
worth rkl CITY 130N11,. Maguire of
C. U 1111.1111ARNALY,
IliSoulhAlOooll street.
Lib very rare lot just reeetvatt mad lor aide by
Whi. OJOS. &el
a disci im
Tw6 Dwre.lloll
Correspondence 01 the Telegraph
WASEIINOTON, Aug. 20, 1861
Campbell's Artillery Regiment (of which
Pennsylvania may well feel proud,) have le
ceived a complement of horses from the gov
erutuent, and are drilling five timeli a day. The
regiment is quartered at the arsenal, a splendid
place {fir artillery practice, and is fast approsi
mating a State of efficiency. I ieel assured the
first volunteer artillery regiment that was ever
iormed in the United States will, when it enters
the field, do credit to the fair fame of the State
from which it hails. Among the officers I no
ticed Capt. Jacob .Barr, of your city, and Lieut.
William Parke, son of Benjamin Park, Beg ,
formerly of ii,arisburg, but now a resident of
Susquehanna county.
The T welfth PennsylVania Itegiment, to which
is attached the Verbeke Rifles, left this city
several days ago, to join Gen. liicCall's com
mand. All the boys were enjoying goodhealth,
and tuarcued up the Avenue to the inspiring
music of "The girl I left behind me."
There is no better place in the environs of
the metropolis for a stranger to gratify his cu
riosity than a visit to the • depot. To witness
the lung train of cars arriving hourly, ladened
with subsistence fur our troops, and all kinds ot
armament and ammunition, and the hundreds
of wagons, ready to carry the various articles
to their destination, is, indeed, au interesting
sight. The shifting of the cars is superintended
by Capt. F. Boley, for many years conductor
on the Pennsylvania railroad, and it is surpris
ing how tocurately things are arranged. The
principal mature of this locality is the large
mammoth structure recently erected by order of
the Secretary of War for the accommodation ut
troops on their arrival at the station. The
battling ie about two hundred yards in loupe
and mil yards in width, and is elevated about
three feet trom the level of the ground, in order
to keep the door nee from dampness. It is
thoroughly vvutalated ; and et the east end are
three large pools, minstructed for bathing pur
poses. A sufficient ',unifier of cooks are em
ployed by thetiovernineut ; and every regiment
destined fur this place, before leaving Bat Immure,
telegraphs to the persuu iu charge of this de
pat talent, who, by tue time it arrives, has a
warm and substantial meal in readiness, and
the pools tilled fur the use of the soldiers, which,
you may well believe, are very acceptable to
them atter a hampered and monotonous jour
ney of some hundred miles in the oars. Tins
is a decided improvement. Previous to the
erection of the euttice, the troops would wander
through the streets for a day without anything
to eat, and would render themselves Ji/LIAMIULth
to pedestrians by their threats towards tuuse
whose hands they received such treatment.
Among the fugitives from West Tennessee
here is Col. Houston, a brother of the old hero
of San Jacinto. ite was engaged in the bank
ing business there, and had a large amount of
property, all of watch, according to a decree of
the Richmond cabal, will be confiscated. He
says that be will never go to Tennessee again
until the stars and snipes wave triumphantly
over the State whose soil contains the bones of
the immortal Jackson. I also observed the
Hon. Horace Maynard, who was recently elected
to Congress from East Tennessee, on the streets,
and he looks rather huzzard and care-worn after
his dangerous and exciting efforts in behalf of
the Union cause.
Everything pertaining to the arrival and
movement ot troops is ruled in secresy. This is
certainly right awl proper. If it rule of this
kind had been adopted three months ago; and
adhered to as rigidly as at present, we would
not have met with the disastrous defeat ot the
21st ultimo. Gen. Ail'elellan is in his saddle
almost incessantly. By five o'clock in the
morning he is at work, and continues uninter
ruptedly during the entire day to perform the
arduous duties devolving upon him. There is
iu his behavior and countenance something cold
and reserved, which adds to the emotion which
is ielt in beholding him, and bravely deter,
mines, in the interviews which he grants, to
display the resources of his genius. But his
elevated form, the striking regularity of his
features, his imposing and noble bearing, and
the athletic proportions of his body, at once
strike the stranger with admiration. The Gel
nem is brave and active, insensible to bodily
pain, and, as his past acts have 'moved, fearless
and iutepriti in the hour of danger, and from the
honors showered upon him the people certainly
have the greatest confidence in the man, and
the Administration considers him equal to the
Fault-finding prevails in this city armingly,
not only among the citizens but the soldiers.
The habit is dangerous, and tender to disaffect
the loyalty of others. if persons are defeated
in their applications for positions in the army,
if contractors are fooled in their schemes to
swindle the Government, if individuals who
come here with petitions miles in length for
posts in the departments are rejected, they de
nounce everybody and everything in vindictive
terms. The President is censured, the Cabinet
is threatened, and the impeachment of those in
power is demanded. Such people love the
filthy lucre better than their country, and
should be eschewed as dangerous enemies. We
can never meet with success until there is una
uimity and harmony in our ranks. You may
rest assured that those who find fault, who de
sire peace "when there can be no peace," are
persons who sought, but did not gain, an op
portunity to victimise the Government.
I understand the insurgents are beginning to
repent of their cowardly conduct, but it is hard
ly possible that Gen. ld'Cloilan will revoke the
order issued to transmit them to the Tortugas.
This is a good example, but rather severe pen
alty. it is well known that the above named
place is very hot, the ground sandy, the water
awl, and the mosquitoes exceedingly trouble
some. But the effect that the order has pro
dutcti is prodigious. If insubordination had
been allowed to go unpunished, in a few weeks
tune our army would have been in a demons:-
ized condition and nut worth a cent. But the
bold and vehement mend taken by the General
has lord a happy effect, ani .1 do not th' It we
will hear of any more insubordinations in the
regiments stationed in and around the city.
Some timid persons, owing to the recent order
of the Secretary of War, anticipate an attack
upon this city, bat the majority of our citizens
apprehend no danger whatever. The rebels
dare not attack us, tor they know full well that
with the available force in and around here,
we would whip them far worse than the French
did the Austrians in the battle of Tivoli. The
edict was sent forth for the express purpose 01
uniting the fragments of regiments raised n
the various States,
and to have them brought
on here, not , only to instruct them integiment
al exercise, but brigade drills, a feature that
was not taught our troops previous to the fight
at Manassas... The order-will, vithouttioutn,
knock into chaos:tile asiiitsibtaoUnisair
ny who wish to become officers, but I hope it
will not serve to dampen their ardor.
The war has put air end for the time being to
excursions and rural sports, and our citizens are
compelled to while away the hours in the pent
rip city. The Theatre is in operation, but the
actors perform nightly to "a beggarly occount
of empty benches," owing to the intense heat.
It is an old proverb that the laws are silent
amidstarms. The laws are, for the most part,
made for a state of peace, excepting those whicu
expressly refer to war, and the manner, of con
ducting it. When a state of war arises, the
Community necessarily undergoes a great, and
sometimes a rapid change ; the quiet pursuits
society are, to some etUmt, checked, and in
he immediate vicinity of the war, suspended,
and with them the laws, which regulate those
pursuits, must for the time give way to the
Stern necessities of the new stale of things. It
should, however be, and it is, the great effurt
Of an enlightened Government in civilized coun
tries, to keep this disturbance of the peaceful
order of things within the narrowest limits ;
and allow the supremacy of the law to he in
terfered with by military authority as little as
possible. It is in pal ticular a cardinal maxim
'of free governments, that the military com
mander should be subordinate to the civil
. magistrate. There are undoubtedly cases, when
war exists, in wnich the public safety absolute
ly requires that the operation of the laws and
the authority of the civil magistrate should
yield to the paramount considerations which
require summary measures. Thu patriotic
magistrate, of whatever rank, must in such
oases emus t that moral courage—quite equal to
the courage required fur the risks of the neld—
which is needed tor the discharge of the unpop
ular duty of suspending the laws. Ile Luutst mut
I shrink before the reproaches which his conduct
is sure to bring upon him from the timid, the
perverse, and the disaffected, cloaking their
disloyalty under an assumed zeal fur constitu
tional principles. He must take the risk even.
of subsequent disavowal, for poor humanity is
very prune to be wise atter the event and brave
after the danger. But he will confine his in
terference with the regular march of law to the
narrowest limits and fewest occasions,
and be
the drat to welcome the restoration of its au
These are the general maxims which apply
to the conflict of civil and military authority,
and the practical difficulty will naturally be,
not in their general soundness, but in their
application to particular cases. This difficulty
will of course be much greater in the commence
ment of a state of war, than after it has lasted
some time, and the community has been obliged
to conform itself to the exigencies of the con
test. At the present time, those citizens in
some of the border States, who sympathize with
the Confederates, think it hard that they can
not be at peace and at war, in the Union and
out of it, at the same time. They claim the
protection of the Constitution as in a time of
profound peace and universal obedience to the
laws, while they render secret and, when cir
cumstances admit, open aid to those arrayed in
arms against them. They assault the forma
moving to the defence of the Capitol ; they
convey supplies and arms to the enemy ; they
recruit his ranks openly by stealth, and to effect
these objects they sometimes avail themselves
of official position and authority derived from
the government which they assail ; and when
that government, in self-defence, interferes to
arrest these treasonable movements and mach
inations, they clamor that the liberties of the
citizens are invaded.
There are presses, for the most part in the
border States, though some of them are found
in cities more remote from the scene of action,
which are daily pleading the cause of the ene
my, misrepresenting and vilifying the Govern
ment of the United States, exaggerating every
article of unfavorable intelligence, and exerting
themselves to the utmost to dishearten the
friends and defenders of the Constitution and
the Union. But such is the all but superstiti
ous devotion of the people to the liberty of the
press, that these pernicious journals have, with
the exception of a single instant* in St. Louis,
never been interfered with. It seems to have
been thought better by those in authority to
tolerate the mischief of those unpatriotic press
es, than to elevate them to greater importance
by prosecution, or to encroach in the slightest
degree upon that freedom or public discus
don which in ordinary times is justly regarded
as one of the greatest safeguards of liberty.
But It is preposterous to sacrifice the end to the means.
We should in this respect learn wisdom from
the enemies of the Union. While we regard as
unbecoming our Christian civilisation that re
sort to lynch law, by which every expression of
opinion ad verse to the popular sentiment is sup
pressed in the seceding Suttee, we ought to re
member that in tolerating a traitorous press
among ourselves, we practice a liberality which
awakens no gratitude at home, and is never re
ciprocated by the opposing Tarty. It is in fact
an absurdity in terms, under the venerable
name of the liberty of the press, to permit the
systematic and licentious abuse of a Govern
ment which is tasked to the utmost in defend
ing the country from general disintegration and
political chaos. The Government of Malta was
once censured in Parliament for some alleged
severity towards the editor of a journal in that
island, and the liberty of the press was declared
to be in danger. The Duke of Wellington said
he was as friendly as anybody to the liberty of
the preen in Londou, but a free press on the Isl
and of Malta was as much out of place as it
would be on the quarter-deck of a man-of-war,
We suppose the most enthusiastic olitunplon of
the liberty of the press would hardly think it
right to publish a journal within the wells of
Fort Mettenry, in which the officers of that gar
rison should be, daily advised to desert and
the men be constantly exhorted to mutiny ;
and whose columns should be filled with
persistent abuse of the Government and all en
gaged in its defence. Why should journals of
that, destription be allowed to diffuse their poi
sen beneath its walls amidst the excitable popu
lation of a large city?
80, too, with reference to the freedom of
speech in debate, one of the vital conditions
of republican liberty. The late session in Con
gress has witnessed a magnanimity on the part
of the majority in both Mouses of a truly ro
mantic cast. The acts and the motives of the
government, in the suppression of the insurrec
tion, (admitted by one its most distinguished
..hiefs to proceed - mainly-from the disappoint
ment of leading aspirant' to office,) have been
assailed from day to day with a virulence !Ind ,
Pert4fttenca which would be harmless in
40 f &aka ' , bit time of ''*call have no
other '4lllecittpaa- the. populsx than-tto
perplex and dishearten those who are staking
life and fortune in the cause of the country.
This generosity excites no gratitude on the part
of those towards whom it is practiced ; and so
far from being reciprocated, the member of the
Confederate Congress at Montgomery or Rich
mond, who should assail the conduct or policy
of that body, as the government of the United.
States has been assailed by the sympathizers
with secession at Washington, would not reach
his hotel in safety. lie would swing from the
next lamp post.
Not merely in all freedom of speech and Of
the press prohibited in the seceded States, but
the most quiet and the humblest rights of citi
zenship are interdicted. When the ordinance
of secession was about to be submitted to the
vote of the people of Virginia, a distinguished
Senator from that State in Congress, and who
in that capacity was under oath to support the
Constitution of the United States, published a
letter, signed with his name, in which he de
clared that such citizens of Virginia as did not
approve the ordinance must leave the State ; a
summary sentence of banishment and confisca
tion against about a third part of the people of
that ancient commonwealth ; a sentence which
the seceding majority are now attempting to
enforce at the point of the bayonet, to illustrate
the principle that " the right of government
leas upon the consent of the governed."
. The ue,essity which, in the time of war, par
tially suspends the operation of the laws, trans
fers the governing power to the military au
thority, not absolutely and without conditions;
far from it ; but under the limitations of the
Constitution, and of the laws enacted to meet
such a state of things. The power which ex
isted in the Boman liepublic of creating a Dic
tator, in seasons of imminent danger, who was
clothed with absolute authority for a limited
period—a power which was substantially,
though not avowedly assumed by Congross iu
the revolutional y war—is unknown to the Con
stitution ; and it is to be devoutly hoped will
never be called into exercise by perils too for
mutable to Le otherwise averted.
For all the ordinary purposes of war, the
President of thu United states is clothed with
the requisite power as " ot
the Army of the United Stated, and ot the mi
litia of the United states, When called into act
ive service." The laws of the land provide the
means for exercising the great powers which he
possesses in this character. The present is not
the first occasion on which they have been
called into action. The proclamation of the
President calling for seventy-live thousand vol
unteers, although not issued till the war had ac
tuatly cominent.ed by the reduction of Fort
Sumpter, by the general armament of the
South, with ordnance and munitions treasona
bly prepared beforehand by the sworn officers
of the United States, and by an official threat of
a movement on Washington, has been denounc
ed by President Davis ,as an • unprovoked mea
sure, whose magnitude transcends all constitu
tional limits, and can aim only at "the subju
gation" of the South.
At a time when the population of the United
States did not exceed four and a half millions,
Gen. Washington called out fifteen thousand
troops to suppress an insurrection in the western
counties of Pennsylvania. Our population is
now thirty millions, and the insurrection has
assumed the dimensions of a civil war. The
only reasonable objection to the military preparations
of the United Slates is, that they did not at once pro
ceed on that gigantic scale, which wisdom and humani
ty alike dictate, as the only means of bringing the in
auspicious conflict to a speedy close. To let it drag
on by inadequate means is to prolong the suf whicn it inflicts on both parts of the
Union at the South, who look with aching eyes
for the hour of deliverance ; and to augment
all the difficulties which are to be overcome be
fore peace is restored to the country.
Secessionist Outrages in Kentucky.
The Cincinnati Gazelle says :
"Since the commencement of the present
difficulties, Cynthiana has been the active agent
of every rebellious act in that section of Ken
tucky. The first secession movements in the
State received their impetus in that place, and
every outrage, from those upon individuals for
the mere expression of a loyal opinion, to at
tempting to burn a bridge, commenced in Cyn
thiana. The first secession flag reported to
have been flung to the breeze in the State float
ed over the roofs of that city, which may justly
be termed the Baltimore of Kentucky. A tew
days since an attempt was made to burn a
bridge in its immediate vicinage, in accordance
with threats that no more government arms
should pass through, and on Friday an infuri
ated and armed mob of rebels rushed on board
a freight train in transit for the purpose of
searching it. The mob in its individual aspect
more resembled demons incarnate than angry
human beings, and their disappointment was
immeasurable when no government arms or
munitions of war were found. The mob swore
that no more governmentproperty or, as they
expressed themselves, no more 'Lincoln guns
and stuff—should pass through that city.'
SPIRITED CAVALRY lionsas.—A writer who
professes to know the points of a good "war
horse" thus speaks of these animals :
"Dull, sluggish horses can never be trained tb
the point requisite for an efficient cavalry hors*.
Almost as much depends, in a successful charge
of cavalry, on the horse as the man. Indeed,
it may be doubted whether raw recruits mountepl
on well drilled horses would not be more ser
viceable than veteran troops mounted on cluni
sey, "low-spirite i" animals. At the battle of
the Pyt amide the horses of hinzad Bey's cavalry
charged repeatedly in squadrons on the French
after their riders were killed. Eo did the French
horses at Waterloo on the English, under thb
same circumstances.
And wheuthe Marquis Romani' was compelled
to leave his horses on the shores of Denmark,
after the embarkation of the troops for Spain,
we all remember how they formed themselves
into two hostile armies, as the ships of their
late masters faded in the distance, and char& d
upon each other with such fury that the earth
shook for miles around, and the terrified inhab-
itants of the country fled panic-stricken to their
houses. So temble was the slaughter of these
fine Andalusian horses, that out of a body 9f
10,000, but a few hundred remained alive.
A Naw DAIMGRZEN Gtrs.—A trial of a new
6 inch 12-grooved rifled Dalbgreen gun, was
made at the Washington navy yard recently.
The gun was designed by Commander Dalh
green to avoid any superfluous weight, and yet
preserve the requisite strength for effective
service. The experiment was conducted in the
presence of several ,engineenl, rind
was highly satisfactory. The firing was at, the
target 1,800 yards distant, the Shot being
sixty-iota- *Kind Conical 'WV The iliziger
the gun is four and a-half mules:',a ',pi , 14
steam tirintiqltrt.
Baring procured Steam Power Proem, we ere prspar.
ed to execute JOB add BOOK PRINTING °revery oeserlp.
lion, cheaper than it can be done at any other establish
ment In the country.
si- Four Uric or PEs constitute one-half square. Bight
lieu or mon, than fom maul uses square.
Haif : . quare, one day
one week
tt one month...,
l 4 three months
nix months...
One year
One s.A..are, one day
one week....
one month...
Et three mouths
tt six months
one year
Sir Buslnca notices Inserted in ihe Lecal &KM or
before Ilan-Jana and Dcatha FIVR CnETS PER LINE for
each inEernon.
NO. 97
Idareges and Deaths to be ' , barged as regular ad
BY TELEG I .'fl.
Mayor Berrett still Refuses to Take
the Oath of Allegiance.
Some fears of fevar and ague are exit) eased
here, provided certain camps in this vicinity are
not moved to better positions, now that the un
healthy season is coming on. The matter has
attracted attention in the proper quarter and
will be seen to without delay.
General McClellan insists on a more rigid sys
tem of responsibility in the subordinate militia
Much property has been carelessly or dis
honestly appropriated, heretofo:e, such as pro
visions and horses, and it is to this that the Ge
neral refers.
The streets of Washington are in a shocking
condition, owing to the late rains and want of
Mayor Berrett seems to have very little in
terest in the condition of the city. He still re
fuses to take the oath of allegiance.
Much fteling is manife•ted at the release, by
order of the Secretary of War, of the rebrl pris
oners who go to Norfglk. t,-day under a fisg, of
truce. Among them is one Colonel. A captain
is also of their number.
A fugitive slave was yesterday arrested near
Rockville. Md., and subsequently given up.
He was hanging about one of our camps until
pursued, when ho ran into the country.
The Government is satisfied that General
Fremont could not have sent reinforcements to
the aid of General Lyon previous to the late
battle at Springfield, without risking the Fed
eral success in Southeastern Missouri.
The California Regiment was reviewed, this
morning, by the President and Gen. Scott.
This regiment is now in fine condition. It is
encamped a mile and a half from the city.
The rebel leaders uudoubtedly intended, some
ten days ago, to cross over into Maryland and
try their fortunes there. It is, however, be
lieved that they are afraid to venture on so dar
ing and hazardous a step.
About 1I o'clock this morning, 11. S. Mar
shal Millward proceeded to the office of the
Christian Observer, Fourth street, below Chestnut,
and to the composing room of that journal, and
seized the type and all the other appurtenances.
The Christen Observer was formerly an organ
of the New School Presbyterian Church, but
recently its pro-slavery tendencies caused it to
be generally repudiated by that denomination.
The editor is the Rev. A. Converse, D, D., a
native of Vermont, but more recently of Rich
mond, Va. His son, F. Bartlett Converse, is
the assistant editor. The seizure was made in
consequence of the peculiar virulence of some
matter in its last issue, in reference to this "on
holy war."
For a long time the Observer has been very
obnoxious, but its "religious" character rather
screened it from seizure. Of late, however, its
utterances have been so very violent as to at
tract the attention of the authorities to it. Its
stoppage is the result. • No other rebel paper is
now issued in 1-hiadelphia.
Enw&nD Eviturrr
A letter from Curraooa reports that the pirate
Sumter has taken the schooner Abby Bradford
off Laguayra. The Venezulean authorities re
fused the Sumter admission, and despatched a
schooner to the Los Recess, seventy miles north
of Laguvra, to recapture the bark Joseph Max
well, at anchor there.
Designers and En...ravers on Woods
EXECUTE all kinds of Wood Engraving
with beauty, correctness and dispatch. Original
designs furnished for Fine Book illustrations. Persons
wishing outs, by sending &Photograph or Buglers - ern c pe,
can have views of Colleges, Churches, stare Vint ts,
Machines, Stoves, Patents, Sic., engraved as well on per
sonal application
Fancy Envelopes, Labels, Bill Readings. ;nos, num,
visiting, Business and other Cards, engrav in the
highest style 01 art, and at the lowest prices
For rpecitlletiß of fine engraving, see the 'indurated
works of J. B. Lipiiiscottk CO.. B. H. Both r &Co
°c at lyd
and lota grono.±, pleassatly loon d on Front bt.,
belareen Mulberry 811.0eL Washingtoo Avenue.
Also TWO LARGE PIANUS In goon nmnalna and ot
Gallant tone. Apply to
CARLISLE, Cumberland t•outity, Pa.—The pro
prietors take pleasure to announcing that they are now
pre p ire,' ree ire vbsfiorst Perseus desiring a healthy
location for the summer Will find this 006 or the mss. de
lightful places In the country. The ureteral' these springs
*moot be surpassed for drinking, bathing a,d medium]
purposes For information and Galician address
D. C. B1:111NLT
jai& 2m
dtiBWRIBER would respectfully
1. inform U public that he ha • removed his Plumb
ing arid Brava eounditii - ailltiilatieneut w No. r/ Sou tb
fibtrdistreet below deer's Hotel. fbankful for past oa
t mlithfmtr a k i rstia.ittritacHkAp., biyezesa to? merit
WAsumaToN, Aug. 22
NEW Yowt., Aug. 22
City Property for Sale.
No. ZS, South Second street.
30 26
1 0(1
2 00
3 00
6 00
13 00
2 00
3 60
6 00
10 00
16 00
I. JON Ni.